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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 786-790, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351052

ABSTRACT

Resumen El cáncer renal representa el 3 al 4% de todas las lesiones malignas y su detección incidental es cada vez más frecuente. Para los tumores renales cT1a la cirugía es el tratamiento de elección. No todos los pacientes son candidatos a este tipo de tratamiento por elevado riesgo quirúrgico debido a comorbi lidades asociadas o antecedentes de cirugía en dicho órgano. Las guías de la Asociación Americana de Urología recomiendan la termoablación como alternativa a la cirugía en tumores menores a 3 cm. La experiencia con crioablación percutánea en tumores renales es escasa en Latinoamérica y hay pocas publicaciones al respecto en esta región. El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir la efectividad y seguridad de la crioablación percutánea en una cohorte de pacientes adultos con cáncer renal cT1 (menores a 5 cm) como alternativa al tratamiento quirúrgico. Los procedimientos fueron realizados con guía de tomografía computarizada o con un angiógrafo, en condiciones estériles y bajo anestesia general. Los pacientes fueron tratados en condiciones ambulatorias. El seguimiento se realizó con estudios por imágenes, análisis de laboratorio y consulta clínica. Todos tuvieron una respuesta completa constatada por imágenes en los controles evolutivos. El 61% no tuvo complicaciones y en el resto se observaron complicaciones grado 1 como hematuria, retención urinaria y hematoma perirrenal. Se concluyó que la crioablación percutánea es segura y efectiva como alternativa a la cirugía en pacientes con tumores renales.


Abstract Renal cancer represents 3-4% of all malignancies. Its incidental detection is becoming more frequent. Surgery is the gold standard treatment for T1 renal cancer. Still, surgery is not suitable for every patient due to comorbidities or previous kidney surgery. Guidelines provided by The American Urological Association recommend thermoablation therapies as an alternative to surgery in tumors under 3 cm. Experience regarding percutaneous cryoablation in renal tumors is scarce in Latin America and there are only a handful of publications in this region regarding this subject. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness and security of percutaneous cryoablation in a cohort of adult patients with cT1 renal cancer (smaller than 5 cm) as an alternative to surgery. The procedures were performed with CT or Cone Beam CT guidance and under general anesthesia in sterile conditions. Cryoablation was carried out on an outpatient basis. Follow up was done with imaging studies, blood test and clinical consultation. All patients had complete response in imaging studies. There were no complications in 61% of all of them, the remaining patients suffered grade-1 complications such as hematuria, urinary reten tion and perirenal hematoma. In conclusion, percutaneous cryoablation for renal tumors is a safe and effective alternative to surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Cryosurgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
2.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(3): e1066, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352033

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una búsqueda sobre carcinoma basal de párpado, con el objetivo de describir el contexto actual del tratamiento quirúrgico, no quirúrgico y reconstructivo. Con el fin de eliminar el tumor con las menores secuelas funcionales y estéticas posibles, son aceptadas muchas opciones de tratamiento en el manejo actual de esta patología, que incluyen: tratamientos tópicos (imiquimod, interferones, vismodegib, sonidegib), procedimientos mínimamente invasivos (terapia fotodinámica), modalidades ablativas (curetaje, electrocauterización, criocirugía) y procedimientos altamente especializados (resección quirúrgica convencional, radioterapia o cirugía de Mohs). El tratamiento previo, el subtipo histológico, el sitio y el tamaño de la lesión deben considerarse en la planificación quirúrgica, porque se ha demostrado que afectan las tasas de curación. A partir de estos elementos, se desarrolló un algoritmo para el tratamiento del carcinoma basocelular que podría ayudar a elegir la técnica quirúrgica y los márgenes de seguridad, especialmente en lugares donde la cirugía micrográfica no está ampliamente disponible(AU)


A bibliographic search was conducted about basal eyelid carcinoma with the purpose of describing the current context of surgical, non-surgical and reconstructive treatment. Current management of this condition includes many treatment options aimed at removing the tumor with the least possible functional and esthetic sequels. Among them are the following: topical medication (imiquimod, interferons, vismodegib, sonidegib), minimally invasive procedures (photodynamic therapy), ablative therapy (curettage, electrocauterization, cryosurgery) and highly specialized procedures (conventional surgical resection, radiotherapy or Mohs surgery). Surgical planning should consider the previous treatment, the histological subtype, and the site and size of the lesion. These factors have been shown to affect cure rates. Based on these elements, an algorithm was developed for the treatment of basal cell carcinoma which may be useful in selecting the surgical technique and safety margins, particularly in settings where micrographic surgery is not widely available(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/radiotherapy , Mohs Surgery/methods , Cryosurgery/methods , Eyelids/injuries , Review Literature as Topic , Imiquimod/therapeutic use
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(1): 100-105, July. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285226

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Na fibrilação atrial paroxística (FAP), o isolamento das veias pulmonares com criobalão (IVP-CB) tem eficácia semelhante à da ablação por radiofrequência (IVP-RF). Em procedimentos de reablação após IVP-RF, a reconexão das VPs é alta, ao passo que em pacientes com reablação após IVP-CB, as informações são escassas. Objetivo Determinar os locais de reconexão das VPs em pacientes que foram submetidos à reablação após IVP-CB inicial. Métodos Pacientes que foram submetidos a um procedimento de reablação de fibrilação atrial, após um IVP-CB inicial para FAP foram incluídos. O mapeamento eletroanatômico do AE foi utilizado. Um local de reconexão foi definido com a presença de uma voltagem de 0,3mV ou maior nas VPs e condução unidirecional ou bidirecional nas VPs durante o ritmo sinusal. Os locais de reconexão foram identificados por meio de corte paraesternal longitudinal e posteriormente ablacionados com radiofrequência. Resultados Dos 165 pacientes submetidos ao IVP inicial, 27 necessitaram reablações, dos quais 18 (66,6%) eram do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 55+12,3 anos. O tempo de recorrência foi de 8,9+6,4 meses. A reconexão das VPs foi encontrada em 21 (77,8%) pacientes. Houve um total de 132 lacunas de condução, seis por paciente, 3,6 por VP. Um número significativo de lacunas ocorreu na região ântero-superior da VP superior esquerda (VPSE) e nas regiões septal e inferior da VP superior direita (VPSD). Conclusões As VPs superiores apresentaram os locais de maior reconexão, principalmente na região anterior da VPSE e na região septal da VPSD. A razão por trás disso pode ser devido à maior espessura da parede atrial e à dificuldade em alcançar o contato de criobalão adequado.


Abstract Background In paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF), pulmonary vein isolation using cryoballoon (CB-PVI) has similar efficacy as radiofrequency ablation (RF-PVI) has. In redo ablation procedures following RF-PVI, PV reconnection is high, whereas in patients with redo following CB-PVI, information is scarce. Objective To determine the sites of PV reconnection in patients who underwent redo ablation after initial CB-PVI. Methods Patients who underwent an AF redo procedure, following an initial CB-PVI for PAF were included. LA electroanatomic mapping was used. A reconnection site was defined as the presence of a voltage of 0.3mV or greater in the PV and unidirectional or bidirectional conduction in the PV during sinus rhythm. Reconnections sites were identified using a clock-face view description and were ablated with radiofrequency afterwards. Results Out of the 165 patients who underwent initial PVI, 27 required redo ablations, of which 18 (66.6%) were males, with a mean age of 55+12.3 years. The time of recurrence was 8.9+6.4 months. PV reconnection was found in 21 (77.8%) patients. There was a total of 132 conduction gaps, six per patient, 3.6 per PV. A significant number of gaps were in the anterosuperior region of the left superior PV (LSPV), and in the septal and inferior regions of the right superior PV (RSPV). Conclusions The upper PVs had the most reconnection sites, mostly at the anterior region of the LSPV and the septal region of the RSPV. The reason behind this may be due to greater atrial wall thickness, and difficulty in achieving adequate cryoballoon contact.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Pulmonary Veins/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation , Cryosurgery , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2166-2174, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921121

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The effectiveness of bronchial thermoplasty (BT) has been reported in patients with severe asthma. This study compared the effects of BT and cryoballoon ablation (CBA) therapy on the airway smooth muscle (ASM).@*METHODS@#Eight healthy male beagle dogs were included in this experiment. In the preliminary experiment, one dog received BT treatment for both lower lobe bronchus, another dog received CBA treatment for 7 s on the upper and lower lobe of right bronchus, and 30 s on the left upper and lower lobe. The treatments were performed twice at an interval of 1 month. In subsequent experiments, the right lower lobe bronchus was treated with BT, and the left lower lobe bronchus was treated with CBA. The effects of treatment were observed after 1 (n = 3) month and 6 months (n = 3). Hematoxylin-eosin staining, Masson trichrome staining, and immunohistochemical staining were used to compare the effects of BT and CBA therapy on the ASM thickness, collagen fibers synthesis, and M3 receptor expression after treatment. One-way analysis of variance with Dunnett post hoc test was used to analyze the differences among groups.@*RESULTS@#In the preliminary experiment, the ASM ablation effect of 30-s CBA was equivalent to that of 7-s CBA (ASM thickness: 30.52 ± 7.75 μm vs. 17.57 ± 15.20 μm, P = 0.128), but the bronchial mucociliary epithelium did not recover, and large numbers of inflammatory cells had infiltrated the mucosal epithelium at 1-month post-CBA with 30-s freezing. Therefore, we chose 7 s as the CBA treatment time in our follow-up experiments. Compared with the control group (35.81 ± 11.02 μm), BT group and CBA group (13.41 ± 4.40 μm and 4.81 ± 4.44 μm, respectively) had significantly decreased ASM thickness after 1 month (P < 0.001). Furthermore, the ASM thickness was significantly lower in the 1-month post-CBA group than in the 1-month post-BT group (P = 0.015). There was no significant difference in ASM thickness between the BT and CBA groups after six months (9.92 ± 4.42 μm vs. 7.41 ± 7.20 μm, P = 0.540). Compared with the control group (0.161 ± 0.013), the average optical density of the ASM M3 receptor was significantly decreased in 6-month post-BT, 1-month post-CBA, and 6-month post-CBA groups (0.070 ± 0.022, 0.072 ± 0.012, 0.074 ± 0.008, respectively; all P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the average optical density of ASM M3 receptor between the BT and CBA therapy groups after six months (P = 0.613).@*CONCLUSIONS@#CBA therapy effectively ablates the ASM, and its ablation effect is equivalent to that of BT with a shorter onset time. A neural mechanism is involved in both BT and CBA therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bronchi/surgery , Bronchial Thermoplasty , Bronchoscopy , Cryosurgery , Dogs , Humans , Male , Muscle, Smooth
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(3): 528-535, out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131326

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O isolamento elétrico das veias pulmonares é reconhecidamente base fundamental para o tratamento não farmacológico da fibrilação atrial (FA) e, portanto, tem sido recomendado como passo inicial na ablação de FA em todas as diretrizes. A técnica com balão de crioenergia, embora amplamente utilizada na América do Norte e Europa, ainda se encontra em fase inicial em muitos países em desenvolvimento, como o Brasil. Objetivo Avaliar o sucesso e a segurança da técnica de crioablação em nosso serviço, em pacientes com FA paroxística e persistente. Métodos Cento e oito pacientes consecutivos com FA sintomática e refratária ao tratamento farmacológico foram submetidos à crioablação para isolamento das veias pulmonares. Os pacientes foram separados em dois grupos, de acordo com a classificação convencional da FA paroxística (duração de até sete dias) e persistente (FA por mais de sete dias). Dados de recorrência e segurança do procedimento foram analisados respectivamente como desfechos primário e secundário. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados Cento e oito pacientes, com idade média de 58±13 anos, 84 do sexo masculino (77,8%), foram submetidos ao procedimento de crioablação de FA. Sessenta e cinco pacientes apresentavam FA paroxística (60,2%) e 43, FA persistente (39,2%). O tempo médio do procedimento foi de 96,5±29,3 minutos e o tempo médio de fluoroscopia foi de 29,6±11,1 minutos. Foram observadas cinco (4,6%) complicações, nenhuma fatal. Considerando a evolução após os 3 meses iniciais, foram observadas 21 recorrências (19,4%) em período de um ano de seguimento. As taxas de sobrevivência livre de recorrência nos grupos paroxístico e persistente foram de 89,2% e 67,4%, respectivamente. Conclusão A crioablação para isolamento elétrico das veias pulmonares é um método seguro e eficaz para tratamento da FA. Nossos resultados estão consoantes com demais estudos, que sugerem que a tecnologia pode ser utilizada como abordagem inicial, mesmo nos casos de FA persistente. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Electrical isolation of the pulmonary veins is recognized as the cornerstone of non-pharmacological treatment of Atrial Fibrillation (AF), and therefore, has been recommended as the first step in AF ablation according to all guidelines. Even though the cryoballoon technology is widely used in North America and Europe, this experience is still incipient in many developing countries such as Brazil. Objective To evaluate initial results regarding success and safety of the new technology in patients with persistent and paroxysmal AF. Methods One hundred and eight consecutive patients with symptomatic AF refractory to pharmacological treatment were submitted to cryoablation for isolation of the pulmonary veins. Patients were separated into two groups according to AF classification: persistent (AF for over one week); or paroxysmal (shorter episodes). Recurrence and procedural safety data were analyzed respectively as primary and secondary outcomes. The level of significance was 5%. Results One hundred and eight patients, with mean age 58±13 years, 84 males (77.8%), underwent cryoablation. Sixty-five patients had paroxysmal AF (60.2%) and 43 had persistent AF (39.2%). The mean time of the procedure was 96.5±29.3 minutes and the mean fluoroscopy time was 29.6±11.1 minutes. Five (4.6%) complications were observed, none fatal. Considering a blanking period of 3 months, 21 recurrences (19.4%) were observed in a one-year follow-up period. The recurrence-free survival rates of AF in the paroxysmal and persistent groups were 89.2% and 67.4%, respectively. Conclusion Cryoablation for electrical isolation of the pulmonary veins is a safe and effective method for the treatment of AF. Our results are consistent with other studies suggesting that this technology can be used as an initial technique even in cases of persistent AF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pulmonary Veins/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation , Cryosurgery , Recurrence , Brazil , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 396-404, Mar./Apr. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128325

ABSTRACT

A criocirurgia tem sido utilizada no tratamento de diferentes enfermidades de sistemas e órgãos. Contudo, são relatados efeitos adversos, como cicatrização lenta, cicatrizes extensas, disfunção estética e funcional. As lesões que ocorrem naturalmente pela exposição ao frio extremo, comumente, resultam em gangrena. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a influência das células-tronco mesenquimais de origem adiposa (ADSCs) na fase de proliferação da cicatrização de feridas cutâneas. Por meio da aplicação do nitrogênio líquido pela técnica do spray aberto, realizou-se a indução de uma ferida, de aproximadamente 15mm de diâmetro, na região dorsal de cada rato. A ferida recebeu o tratamento de acordo com o grupo ao qual pertencia: 1) aplicação das ADSCs no 15º dia (grupo tratado); 2) aplicação da solução cloreto de sódio 0,9% no 15º dia (grupo sham); 3) nenhuma intervenção até o momento da eutanásia (grupo controle). O grupo tratado com as ADSCs apresentou as maiores taxas de contração média das feridas e obteve diferença estatisticamente significativa em relação ao grupo sham quanto à neovascularização. A terapia com as ADSCs proporcionou uma relevante evolução clínica das feridas, podendo ser constatada ao final do período de avaliação por cicatrizes mais estreitas e compridas.(AU)


Cryosurgery has been used to treat different diseases of systems and organs, although adverse effects have been reported such as delayed wound healing, large scars, esthetical deformation and functional impairment. Injuries caused naturally by the exposure to extreme cold weather conditions mostly result in gangrene. This study aims to evaluate the influence of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in the proliferation phase on cutaneous wound healing. Through the application of liquid nitrogen by the spraying technique, a 15 millimeter diameter lesion was produced in the dorsal region of each rat. The wound received treatment according to the group it belonged: 1) ADSCs application on the 15th day (treated group); 2) application of 0.9% sodium chloride solution on the 15th day (sham group); 3) no intervention until euthanasia (control group). The group treated with ADSCs showed the highest wound average contraction rate; this group got a significant statistical difference in relation to the sham group when it refers to neovascularization. The ADSCs therapy provides an important clinical evolution of wounds. This was verified at the end of the evaluation period through narrower and longer scars.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Wound Healing/physiology , Burns/veterinary , Cryosurgery/veterinary , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Rats, Wistar , Cooling Agents , Cold-Shock Response
8.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 69-76, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131008

ABSTRACT

Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequent arrhythmia; its prevalence is near 2% in the general population; in Mexico, more than one-half million people are affected. AF needs to be considered as a public health problem. Because AF is an independent risk factor associated with mortality, due to embolic events, heart failure, or sudden death; early diagnosis is of utmost importance. In unstable patients with a recent onset of AF, electrical cardioversion should be practiced. In stable patients, once thromboembolic measures have been taken, it is necessary to assess whether it is reasonable to administer an antiarrhythmic drug to restore sinus rhythm or performed electrical cardioversion. For recidivating cases of paroxysmal and persistent presentation, the most effective strategy is performed pulmonary vein isolation with either radiofrequency or cryoballoon energy. Permanent AF is that in which recovery of sinus rhythm is not possible, the distinguishing feature of this phase is the uncontrollable variability of the ventricular frequency and could be treated pharmacologically with atrioventricular (AV) nodal blockers or with a VVIR pacemaker plus AV nodal ablation. The presence of AF has long been associated with the development of cerebral and systemic (pulmonary, limb, coronary, renal, and visceral) embolism. The prevention of embolisms in “valvular” AF should perform with Vitamin K antagonists (VKA). For patients with AF not associated with mitral stenosis or a mechanical valve prosthesis, a choice can be made between anticoagulant drugs, VKA, or direct oral anticoagulants. Antiplatelet agents have the weakest effect in preventing embolism.


Resumen La fibrilación auricular (FA) es una arritmia frecuente; su prevalencia es cercana al 2% en la población general, en México se ven afectados más de medio millón de personas por eso debe considerarse como un problema de salud pública. Debido a que la FA es un factor de riesgo independiente asociado a mortalidad, por eventos embólicos, insuficiencia cardíaca o muerte súbita, la identificación y diagnóstico temprano es de suma importancia. En el inicio reciente de FA en pacientes inestables, se debe practicar la cardioversión eléctrica. En pacientes estables, una vez que se han tomado medidas tromboembólicas, es necesario evaluar si es razonable administrar un medicamento antiarrítmico para restaurar el ritmo sinusal o realizar una cardioversión eléctrica. Para los casos que recidivan, ya sea paroxística o persistente, la estrategia más efectiva es realizar el aislamiento de la venas pulmonares con radiofrecuencia o crioablación con balón. La FA permanente es aquella en la que no es posible la recuperación del ritmo sinusal, la característica distintiva de esta fase de la FA es la variabilidad incontrolable de la frecuencia ventricular. Puede tratarse farmacológicamente con bloqueadores nodales AV o con un marcapasos VVIR mas ablación del nodo AV. La presencia de FA se ha asociado durante mucho tiempo con el desarrollo de embolia cerebral y sistémica (pulmonar, de extremidades, coronaria, renal y visceral). La prevención de embolias en la FA “valvular” debe realizarse con antagonistas de la vitamina K (AVK). Para los pacientes con FA no asociados con estenosis mitral o una prótesis valvular mecánica, se puede elegir entre medicamentos anticoagulantes, AVK o anticoagulantes orales directos (DOAC). Los agentes antiplaquetarios tienen el efecto más débil para prevenir la embolia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/therapy , Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Thromboembolism/etiology , Electric Countershock/methods , Risk Factors , Cryosurgery/methods , Fibrinolytic Agents/administration & dosage , Radiofrequency Ablation/methods , Mexico/epidemiology , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/administration & dosage
9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 525-534, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042053

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the factors impacting on the conversion to sinus rhythm and on the postoperative rhythm findings in the six-month follow-up period of a mitral valve surgery combined with cryoablation Cox-Maze III procedure, in patients with atrial fibrillation. Methods: In this study, we evaluated 80 patients who underwent structural valve disease surgery in combination with cryoablation. Indications for the surgical procedures were determined in the patients according to the presence of rheumatic or non-rheumatic structural disorders in the mitral valve as evaluated by echocardiography. Cox-Maze III procedure and left atrial appendix closure were applied. Results: The results of receiver operating characteristics analysis indicated that the rate of conversion to the sinus rhythm was significantly higher in patients with left atrial diameters ≥ 45.5 mm and with ejection fraction (EF) ≥ 48.5%. However, the statistical differences disappeared in the sixth month. Thromboembolic (TE) events were seen only in three patients in the early period and no more TE events occurred in the six-month follow-up period. Conclusion: The EF and the preoperative left atrial diameter were determined to be the factors impacting on the conversion to sinus rhythm in patients who underwent mitral valve surgery in combination with cryoablation. Mitral valve surgery in combination with ablation for atrial fibrillation does not affect mortality and morbidity in the experienced health centers; however, it remains controversial whether it will provide additional health benefits to the patients compared to those who underwent only mitral valve surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Cryosurgery/methods , Heart Rate/physiology , Mitral Valve/surgery , Postoperative Period , Reference Values , Atrial Fibrillation/prevention & control , Time Factors , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Treatment Outcome , Electrocardiography , Preoperative Period , Heart Atria/surgery , Mitral Valve/physiopathology
10.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 38(2): 113-118, ago. 2019. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042604

ABSTRACT

Abstract An 18-year-old woman with recurrent tachycardia was shown to have orthodromic supraventricular tachycardia through an antero-septal occult pathway near the His. Cryoablation was selected to avoid A-V block. The accesory pathway was finally interrupted after 360 sec of cryoablation. No recurrence was documented after a 12 month follow-up


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/surgery , Cryosurgery/methods , Electrocardiography , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/physiopathology , Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac
11.
Med. infant ; 26(2): 123-129, Junio 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015231

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las taquiarritmias en pediatría son uno de las principales motivos cardiológicos de consulta a la guardia. Durante el primer año de vida presentan una significativa morbi-mortalidad, por lo que el tratamiento farmacológico inmediato es fundamental para reducir la misma. Hasta los 3 años existe la posibilidad de curación espontánea en un porcentaje de éstos pacientes. La indicación de procedimientos de ablación durante los primero 4 años de vida se limita a casos refractarios al tratamiento antiarrítmico, dado que cuanto menor peso presenta el paciente, más pequeño es el corazón y más riesgoso es el mismo. Las taquicardias en pacientes con cardiopatía empeora el pronóstico de la misma. A pesar que el tratamiento farmacológico ha permitido el control de la gran mayoría de ellas, en muchos casos se requieren más de una droga antiarrítmica, con mayor exposición a efectos adversos, y en muchos otros se vuelven refractarias. En las últimas 3 décadas se ha desarrollado en forma exponencial el tratamiento de las taquiarritmias por medio de la ablación por radiofrecuencia o por frío (crioablación). Estos procedimientos han permitido obtener la curación de la mayor parte de las taquiarritmias en pediatría. En nuestro trabajo se evaluaron las indicaciones de dichos procedimientos en una población pediátrica, como así también la tasa de éxito, recurrencia, y la morbimortalidad tanto globalmente, como en cada arritmia (AU)


In children, tachyarrhythmias are one of the main reasons for cardiological consultation at the Department of Emergency. In the first year of life, they are associated with significant morbiditymortality and therefore, immediate drug treatment is essential up to 3 years of age. The indication of ablation procedures during the first 4 years of life is limited to patients refractory to antiarrhythmic treatment, since the lower weight of the patient, the smaller the heart and the riskier the intervention. In patients with heart disease, tachycardia worsens the prognosis. Although pharmacological treatment controls the vast majority of tachyarrhythmias, more than one antiarrhythmic drug is often required, leading to greater exposure to adverse effects, and many become refractory. Over the past three decades, treatment of tachyarrhythmias has developed exponentially with the advent of radiofrequency or cold ablation (cryoablation). These procedures have led to the cure of most tachyarrhythmias in children. Our study assessed the indications for these procedures in a pediatric population, as well as the success and recurrence rates, and morbidity both overall and of each arrhythmia episode (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/epidemiology , Tachycardia/epidemiology , Records , Cryosurgery , /methods , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/surgery , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Tachycardia/surgery , Tachycardia/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
12.
Med. infant ; 26(2): 142-146, Junio 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016341

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento de los trastornos del ritmo cardíaco ha sufrido recientemente una verdadera revolución. El empleo de avanzadas terapéuticas por catéter para tratar una gran variedad de arritmias, utilizando diferentes fuentes de energía, han permitido evolucionar de un tratamiento antiguamente basado casi con exclusividad en el empleo de fármacos antiarrítmicos, como terapia aguda y/o preventiva, a uno actualmente curativo, con el consiguiente avance que estos últimos métodos conllevan para la calidad de vida de nuestros pacientes y sus familias. La tendencia ha continuado con el empleo de navegadores 3 D que ya no requieren el empleo de radiación ionizante para efectuar estos procedimientos y permiten una mayor exactitud para mejorar los excelentes resultados alcanzados. El desarrollo de dispositivos eléctricos como los marcapasos, sumado a la aparición de otros más avanzados como defibriladores y resincronizadores cardíacos también ha contribuido a mejorar la expectativa de vida de muchos niños con cardiopatías diversas. La mejora evidenciada con el empleo de registradores de eventos implantables y el seguimiento mediante monitoreo a distancia de los diferentes dispositivos eléctricos han demostrado mejorar los resultados obtenidos con dichos métodos a largo plazo. Sin duda con la ayuda de la genética en un futuro cercano será posible hacer tratamientos cada vez más específicos para ayudar en casos de arritmias graves hereditarias o causadas por mutaciones en los canales iónicos de las células cardíacas. Si bien existen aún controversias respecto de algunos ítems muy puntuales los mismos se irán aclarando con las experiencias colaborativas en marcha en diferentes centros médicos especializados (AU)


Recently, treatment of heart rhythm disorders has revolutionized. The use of advanced catheter-based therapies to treat a wide spectrum of arrhythmias, using different energy sources, has led the treatment to evolve from an almost exclusively antiarrhythmic drug-based treatment, such as acute and/or preventive therapy, to a currently curative one, with the consequent advance that these latter methods add to the quality of life of our patients and their families. The trend has continued with the use of 3D navigators that no longer require the use of ionizing radiation to perform these procedures and allow greater accuracy to improve the excellent results achieved. The development of electrical devices, such as pacemakers, coupled with the emergence of more advanced devices, such as defibrillators and cardiac resynchronizers, has also been useful to improve the life expectancy of many children with different types of heart disease. The advances evidenced by the use of implantable event loggers and remote monitoring of different electrical devices have shown to improve the long-term results obtained with such methods. Undoubtedly, with the help of genetics in the near future it will be possible to develop increasingly specific therapies to treat patients with severe hereditary arrhythmias or those caused by mutations in the ion channels of the heart cells. Although controversy still exists regarding some very specific issues, these will be clarified with the collaborative experience underway at different specialized medical centers


Subject(s)
Humans , Pacemaker, Artificial , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/surgery , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/therapy , Defibrillators , Cardiac Electrophysiology/trends , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy , Cryosurgery/methods , /methods
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 285-293, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774852

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pulmonary vein (PV) occlusion generally depends on repetitive contrast agent injection when cryoballoon ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). The present study was to compare the effect of cryoballoon ablation for AF guided by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) vs. contrast agent injection.@*METHODS@#Eighty patients with paroxysmal AF (PAF) were enrolled in the study. About 40 patients underwent cryoballoon ablation without TEE (non-TEE group) and the other 40 underwent cryoballoon ablation with TEE for PV occlusion (TEE group). In the TEE group during the procedure, PVs were displayed in 3-dimensional images to guide the balloon to achieve PV occlusion. The patients were followed up at regularly scheduled visits every 2 months.@*RESULTS@#No differences were identified between the groups in regard to the procedure time and cryoablation time for each PV. The fluoroscopy time (6.7 ± 4.2 min vs. 17.9 ± 5.9 min, P < 0.05) and the amount of contrast agent (3.0 ± 5.1 mL vs.18.1 ± 3.4 mL, P < 0.05) in the TEE group were both less than the non-TEE group. At a mean of 13.0 ± 3.3 mon follow-up, success rates were similar between the TEE group and non-TEE group (77.5% vs. 80.0%, P = 0.88).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cryoballoon ablation with TEE for occlusion of the PV is both safe and effective. Less fluoroscopy time and a lower contrast agent load can be achieved with the help of TEE for PV occlusion during procedure.


Subject(s)
Aged , Atrial Fibrillation , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Contrast Media , Cryosurgery , Methods , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional , Methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Veins , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(9): e8446, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019563

ABSTRACT

Left atrial diameter (LAD) has been considered an independent risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF) relapse after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). However, whether LAD or other factors are more predictive of late recurrence in patients with paroxysmal AF remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate the value of pulmonary vein (PV) parameters for predicting AF relapse 1 year after patients underwent cryoablation for paroxysmal AF. Ninety-seven patients with paroxysmal AF who underwent PVI successfully were included. PV parameters were measured through computed tomography scans prior to PVI. A total of 28 patients had recurrence of AF at one-year follow-up. The impact of several variables on recurrence was evaluated in multivariate analyses. LAD and the time from first diagnosis of AF to ablation maintained its significance in predicting the relapse of AF after relevant adjustments in multivariate analysis. When major diameter of right inferior pulmonary vein (RIPV) (net reclassification improvement (NRI) 0.179, CI=0.031-0.326, P<0.05) and cross-sectional area (CSA) of RIPV (NRI: 0.122, CI=0.004-0.240, P<0.05) entered the AF risk model separately, the added predictive capacity was large. The accuracy of the two parameters in predicting recurrence of AF were not inferior (AUC: 0.665 and 0.659, respectively) to echocardiographic LAD (AUC: 0.663). The inclusion of either RIPV major diameter or CSA of RIPV in the model increased the C-index (0.766 and 0.758, respectively). We concluded that major diameter of RIPV had predictive capacity similar to or even better than that of LAD for predicting AF relapse after cryoablation PVI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Veins/anatomy & histology , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Heart Atria/anatomy & histology , Pulmonary Veins/diagnostic imaging , Recurrence , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Treatment Outcome , Catheter Ablation/methods , Cryosurgery/methods , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
15.
Annals of Dermatology ; : S3-S4, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762424

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Cryosurgery , Warts
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(6): 542-552, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977484

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The effects of energy source on the maintenance of sinus rhythm and the contribution of demographic characteristics to the case selection in patients submitted to ablation performed concurrently with mitral valve surgery were analyzed. Methods: Cryothermal (n=42; 43.8%) and radiofrequency (n=54; 56.3%) energy were employed in 96 patients submitted to mitral valve replacement and Cox maze IV procedure. Patients were called for control visits between 15 days and 12 months after discharge. The causal relationship between recurrence of atrial fibrillation and factors such as left atrial diameter, C-reactive protein, hypertension, left ventricular ejection fraction, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and body mass index was determined. Results: Maintenance rates of the sinus rhythm with radiofrequency and cryoablation were 97.6% and 96.3%, respectively, in the first postoperative month, whereas at the 12th postoperative month were 88.1% and 83.3%. No significant difference was found between groups in relation to the energy source. Sensitivity and specificity for left atrial diameter with a cut-off value of 50.5 mm were 85.7% and 70.7%, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity for C-reactive protein with a cut-off value of 12 mg/dL on the 15th postoperative day were 83.3% and 88.9%, respectively. The effect of body mass index on atrial fibrillation recurrence was 3.2 times. Sensitivity and specificity for left ventricular ejection fraction 37% cut-off value were 96.3% and 11.4%, respectively. Atrial fibrillation in hypertensive cases was 5.3 times more. In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, recurrence of atrial fibrillation was 40%. The causal relation between recurrence of atrial fibrillation and the studied factors was established. Conclusion: Demographic characteristics have a significant impact on ablation efficiency, while the type of energy source does not.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Cryosurgery/methods , Radiofrequency Ablation/methods , Mitral Valve/surgery , Postoperative Period , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Electrocardiography , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Heart Valve Diseases/surgery
17.
Rev. costarric. cardiol ; 20(supl.1): 26-31, oct. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978343

ABSTRACT

Resumen La terapia de ablación con catéter de arritmias cardiacas ha revolucionado el manejo de estos padecimientos en las úl timas décadas. La fibrilación atrial, que es una de las arritmias más frecuentes también ha sido susceptible a este tipo de abordaje. La complejidad de sus mecanismos y diferentes formas de manifestación ha hecho que las técnicas para realizar la ablación hayan requerido de un perfeccionamiento progresivo. También la selección de los pacientes que ten drán mayor beneficio del procedimiento lo tenemos más claro hoy en día. En el presente artículo se hace una revisión de estos aspectos y los resultados de los últimos estudios que sustentan las guías actuales para su manejo con esta forma de tratamiento.


Abstract Clinical application of catheter ablation for the treatment of Atrial Fibrillation Cardiac catheter ablation therapy has revolutionized the management of these conditions in the latest decades. Atrial fibrillation, which is one of the most frequent arrhythmias, has also been susceptible to this type of approach. The complexity of its mechanisms and different forms of manifestation has made the techniques to perform the ablation necessary for a progressive improvement. Also the selection of the patients that will have greater benefit of the procedure it is clearer nowadays. In this article we present a review of these aspects and the results of the latest studies that support the current guidelines for their management with this form of treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Atrial Fibrillation , Catheter Ablation , Costa Rica , Cryosurgery
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(5): 440-448, May 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950162

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The influence of pulmonary vein (PV) anatomy on cryo kinetics during cryoballoon (CB) ablation is unclear. Objective: To investigate the relationship between PV anatomy and cryo kinetics during CB ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: Sixty consecutive patients were enrolled. PV anatomy, including ostial diameters (long, short and corrected), ratio between short and long diameters, ostium shape (round, oval, triangular, and narrow), and drainage pattern (typical, with common trunk, common antrum, ostial branch and supernumerary PV) were evaluated on multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) images pre-procedure. Cryo kinetics parameters [balloon freeze time from 0 to -30ºC (BFT), balloon nadir temperature (BNT) and balloon warming time from -30 to +15ºC (BWT)] were recorded during procedure. All p values are two-sided, with values of p < 0.05 considered to be statistically significant. Results: 606 times of freezing cycle were accomplished. Moderate negative correlation was documented between BNT and corrected PV diameter (r = -0.51, p < 0.001) when using 23-mm CBs, and mild negative correlation (r = - 0.32, p = 0.001) was found when using 28-mm CBs. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that PV corrected ostial diameter (OR, 1.4; p = 0.004) predicted a BNT < -51ºC when using 23-mm CBs, while PV ostium oval shape (OR, 0.3; p = 0.033) and PV locations (left inferior PV: OR, 0.04; p = 0.005; right superior PV: OR, 4.3; p = 0.025) predicted BNT < -51ºC when using 28-mm CBs. Conclusions: MDCT can provide PV anatomy accurate evaluation prior CB ablation. PV anatomy is associated with cryo kinetics during ablation.


Resumo Fundamentos: A influência da anatomia da veia pulmonar (VP) na criocinética durante a ablação por criobalão (CB) não está clara. Objetivo: Investigar a relação entre a anatomia da VP e a criocinética durante a ablação com CB para fibrilação atrial (FA). Métodos: sessenta pacientes consecutivos foram matriculados. Foram avaliados em imagens de tomografia computadorizada multidetectora (TCMD) pré-procedimento a anatomia da VP, incluindo diâmetros dos óstios (longo, curto e corrigido), relação entre diâmetros curtos e longos, forma do óstio (redondo, oval, triangular e estreito) e padrão de drenagem (típico, com tronco comum, antro comum, ramo ostial e VP supranumerária). Os parâmetros criocinéticos [tempo de congelamento de balão de 0 a -30ºC (TCB), temperatura do nadir do balão (TNB) e tempo de aquecimento do balão de -30 a + 15ºC (TAB)] foram registrados durante o procedimento. Todos os valores de p são bicaudais, com valores de p < 0,05 considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados: o ciclo de congelamento foi realizado 606 vezes. Correlação negativa moderada foi documentada entre o TNB e o diâmetro VP corrigido (r = - 0,51, p < 0,001) ao usar CBs de 23 mm e correlação negativa leve (r = - 0,32, p = 0,001) foi encontrada ao usar 28- mm CBs. A análise de regressão logística multivariada revelou que o diâmetro corrigido do óstio da VP (OR, 1,4; p = 0,004) previu um TNB < -51ºC ao usar CB de 23 mm, enquanto a forma oval do óstio VP (OR, 0,3; p = 0,033) e as localizações da VP (VP inferior: OR, 0,04; p = 0,005; VP superior direito: OR, 4,3; p = 0,025) previram TNB < -51ºC ao usar CBs de 28 mm. Conclusões: A TCMD pode fornecer uma avaliação precisa da anatomia da VP antes da ablação por CB. A anatomia da VP está associada à criocinética durante a ablação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Veins/anatomy & histology , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Cryosurgery/methods , Pulmonary Veins/physiopathology , Pulmonary Veins/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Kinetics , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Imaging, Three-Dimensional
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(4): 312-320, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888058

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Atrial fibrillation frequently affects patients with valvular heart disease. Ablation of atrial fibrillation during valvular surgery is an alternative for restoring sinus rhythm. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate mid-term results of successful atrial fibrillation surgical ablation during valvular heart disease surgery, to explore left atrium post-ablation mechanics and to identify predictors of recurrence. Methods: Fifty-three consecutive candidates were included. Eligibility criteria for ablation included persistent atrial fibrillation <10 years and left atrium diameter < 6.0 cm. Three months after surgery, echocardiogram, 24-hour Holter monitoring and electrocardiograms were performed in all candidates who maintained sinus rhythm (44 patients). Echo-study included left atrial deformation parameters (strain and strain rate), using 2-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography. Simultaneously, 30 healthy individuals (controls) were analyzed with the same protocol for left atrial performance. Significance was considered with a P value of < 0.05. Results: After a mean follow up of 17 ± 2 months, 13 new post-operative cases of recurrent atrial fibrillation were identified. A total of 1,245 left atrial segments were analysed. Left atrium was severely dilated in the post-surgery group and, mechanical properties of left atrium did not recover after surgery when compared with normal values. Left atrial volume (≥ 64 mL/m2) was the only independent predictor of atrial fibrillation recurrence (p = 0.03). Conclusions: Left atrial volume was larger in patients with atrial fibrillation recurrence and emerges as the main predictor of recurrences, thereby improving the selection of candidates for this therapy; however, no differences were found regarding myocardial deformation parameters. Despite electrical maintenance of sinus rhythm, left atrium mechanics did not recover after atrial fibrillation ablation performed during valvular heart disease surgery.


Resumo Fundamento: A fibrilação atrial frequentemente afeta pacientes com doenças das valvas cardíacas. A ablação da fibrilação atrial durante a cirurgia das válvulas é uma alternativa para restaurar o ritmo sinusal. Objetivos: Este estudo teve como objetivos avaliar resultados em médio prazo da ablação cirúrgica bem sucedida da FA durante cirurgia para doença valvar, para explorar a mecânica do AE após a ablação e identificar preditores de recorrência. Métodos: Foram incluídos 53 candidatos consecutivos. Os critérios de elegibilidade para ablação foram fibrilação atrial persistente <10 anos e diâmetro do átrio esquerdo < 6 cm. Três meses após a cirurgia, foram realizados ecocardiografia, Holter por 24 horas, e eletrocardiografias em todos os candidatos que mantiveram o ritmo sinusal (44 pacientes). O estudo eco incluiu parâmetros de deformação ao átrio esquerdo (strain e taxa de strain) usando ecocardiografia bidimensional com speckle tracking. Simultaneamente, 30 indivíduos sadios (controles) foram analisados com o mesmo protocolo para o desempenho do átrio esquerdo. Um valor de P < 0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados: Após um período médio de acompanhamento de 17 ± 2 meses, 13 novos casos de fibrilação atrial no pós-operatório foram identificados. Um total de 1245 segmentos do átrio esquerdo foi analisado. O grupo pós-cirúrgico apresentou dilatação grave do átrio esquerdo, e as propriedades mecânicas do átrio esquerdo não se recuperaram após a cirurgia quando comparadas com valores normais. O volume do átrio esquerdo (≥ 64 mL/m2) foi o único preditor independente de recorrência de fibrilação atrial (p = 0,03). Conclusões: O volume do átrio esquerdo foi maior nos pacientes com fibrilação atrial recorrente, e desponta como o principal preditor de recorrência, melhorando, assim, a seleção de candidatos para essa terapia. No entanto, não foram encontradas diferenças em relação aos parâmetros de deformação do miocárdio. Apesar da manutenção elétrica do ritmo sinusal, a função mecânica do átrio esquerdo não se recuperou após a ablação da fibrilação atrial realizada durante a cirurgia para doença da valva cardíaca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Cryosurgery/methods , Heart Valve Diseases/surgery , Heart Valve Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Recurrence , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Time Factors , Echocardiography/methods , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Atrial Function, Left/physiology , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Electrocardiography , Heart Atria/surgery , Heart Atria/physiopathology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Heart Rate/physiology , Heart Valve Diseases/physiopathology
20.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 63-66, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765678

ABSTRACT

We report two cases of needle-tract seeding after cryoablation and radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinomas. The seeding nodule appeared 6 and 12 months on the follow-up computed tomographic scan, respectively. In both cases, the seeding nodules were solitary in the chest wall, and could be completely resected.


Subject(s)
Ablation Techniques , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Catheter Ablation , Cryosurgery , Follow-Up Studies , Thoracic Wall , Thorax
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