Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 693
Archiv. med. fam. gen. (En línea) ; 18(2): 24-26, jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1292526
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 36-44, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134335


ABSTRACT Objectives: This review aims to study the role of the abdominal wall in testicular migration process during the human fetal period. Materials and Methods: We performed a descriptive review of the literature about the role of the abdominal wall in testicular migration during the human fetal period. Results: The rise in intra-abdominal pressure is a supporting factor for testicular migration. This process has two phases: the abdominal and the inguinal-scrotal stages. The passage of the testis through the inguinal canal occurs very quickly between 21 and 25 WPC. Bilateral cryptorchidism in Prune Belly syndrome is explained by the impaired contraction of the muscles of the abdominal wall; mechanical obstruction due to bladder distention and structural alteration of the inguinal canal, which hampers the passage of the testis during the inguinoscrotal stage of testicular migration. Abdominal wall defects as gastroschisis and omphaloceles are associated with undescended testes in around 30 to 40% of the cases. Conclusions: Abdominal pressure wound is an auxiliary force in testicular migration. Patients with abdominal wall defects are associated with undescendend testis in more than 30% of the cases probably due to mechanical factors; the Prune Belly Syndrome has anatomical changes in the anterior abdominal wall that hinder the increase of intra-abdominal pressure which could be the cause of cryptorchidism in this syndrome.

Humans , Male , Prune Belly Syndrome , Cryptorchidism , Scrotum , Testis , Inguinal Canal
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 14(3): 4241-4249, 2021.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1292604


Contexte et objectifs. Le devenir des pathologies du canal péritonéo-vaginal (CPV) et de la migration testiculaire chez l'enfant est peu connu. L'objectif de ce travail était de décrire les aspects cliniques et le devenir de ces pathologies. Méthodes. Etude documentaire descriptive portant sur les hernies, hydrocèles, cryptorchidies et torsions du cordon spermatique opérées chez le garçon âgé de 0 à 16 ans, au Centre hospitalier de Louga, Sénégal, de janvier 2018 à décembre 2019. Résultats. 184 dossiers des patients ont été colligés, soit 32,5 % de patients opérés au cours de la période. Leur âge moyen était de 5,4 ± 4,3 ans. Ces pathologies englobaient : hernies inguinales (n=37 dont 3 étranglements), hydrocèles (n=113), cryptorchidies (n=27), testicules oscillants (n=2) et torsions du cordon spermatique (n=5). L'abord a été inguinal dans 96,1 %. Le traitement a consisté en : ligature du CPV, abaissement testiculaire, orchidopexie, orchidectomie. Aucune récidive, atrophie ou fonte testiculaire n'a été observée en trois mois de suivi. Conclusion. La prise en charge en urgence ou non des pathologies du CPV et de la migration testiculaire chez l'enfant est fréquente dans notre pratique, sans complication à courte terme. Le défi réside dans le suivi à long terme en raison des complications tardives

Context and objectives. Little is known about the outcome of patent processus vaginalis and testicular migration pathologies in children. The objectives of this study were to analyze clinical and therapeutic features of these pathologies. Methods. This was a descriptive retrospective study involving boys aged 0 to 16 years, operated for inguinal hernias, hydroceles, cryptorchidisms and testicular torsions, at the Louga Regional Hospital Center, Senegal, from January 2018 to December 2019. Results. 184 patients were recorded, which represented 32.5 % of all patients operated in the same period. Their average age was 5.4 ± 4.3 years. The managed pathologies were: inguinal hernias (n= 37 including 3 incarcerated hernias), hydroceles (n= 113), cryptorchidisms (n= 27), retractile testicles (n=2) and testicular torsions (n= 5). Inguinal approach was performed in 96,1 % of cases. Surgical managements were: ligature of the patent processus vaginalis, relocating the testicle within the scrotum, orchidopexy and orchidectomy. No recurrence, no purulent testicular discharge or testicular atrophy was encountered. Conclusion. Processus vaginalis and testicular migration pathologies are common in our practice. At 3 months of surgical operation, no complication was observed. However, the challenge is long-term follow-up due to late complications

Humans , Vagina , Cryptorchidism , Hernia, Inguinal , Testicular Hydrocele , Senegal
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 1064-1070, Sept.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040062


ABSTRACT The anti-Müllerian hormone triggers the regression of uterus and fallopian tubes in male embryos; if there are problems in the synthesis or action of this protein, Müllerian structures persist in an otherwise phenotypic male. The most frequent clinical presentation of Persistent Mullerian Duct syndrome is cryptorchidism and inguinal hernia. The few cases reported in adults are incidental findings or inguinal hernias. However, we present an adult male with history of bilateral cryptorchidism with unsuccessful orchidopexy, who presents with a large abdominal mass with the finding of a seminomatous tumor and persistence of Müllerian structures, in whom the variant c.916delC (p.Leu306Cysfs*29) in the AMHR2 gene not previously reported was documented.

Humans , Male , Adult , Phenotype , Disorder of Sex Development, 46,XY/genetics , Homozygote , Mutation , Syndrome , Testicular Neoplasms/surgery , Testicular Neoplasms/genetics , Seminoma/surgery , Seminoma/genetics , Colombia , Cytogenetic Analysis , Cryptorchidism/surgery , Cryptorchidism/genetics , Anti-Mullerian Hormone/genetics , Disorder of Sex Development, 46,XY/surgery , Mullerian Ducts/abnormalities , Mullerian Ducts/surgery
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764510


SHORT syndrome is an extremely rare congenital condition due to a chromosomal mutation of the PIK3R1 gene found at 5q13.1. SHORT is a mnemonic representing six manifestations of the syndrome: (S) short stature, (H) hyperextensibility of joints and/or inguinal hernia, (O) ocular depression, (R) Rieger anomaly, and (T) teething delay. Other key aspects of this syndrome not found in the mnemonic include lipodystrophy, triangular face with dimpled chin (progeroid facies, commonly referred to as facial gestalt), hearing loss, vision loss, insulin resistance, and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). 3q duplication syndrome is rare syndrome that occurs due to a gain of function mutation found at 3q25.31-33 that presents with a wide array of manifestations including internal organ defects, genitourinary malformations, hand and foot deformities, and mental disability. We present a case of a 2 year and 3 month old male with SHORT syndrome and concurrent 3q duplication syndrome. The patient presented at birth with many of the common manifestations of SHORT syndrome such as bossing of frontal bone of skull, triangular shaped face, lipodystrophy, micrognathia, sunken eyes, and thin, wrinkled skin (progeroid appearance). Additionally, he presented with findings associated with 3q duplication syndrome such as cleft palate and cryptorchidism. Although there is no specific treatment for these conditions, pediatricians should focus on referring patients to various specialists in order to treat each individual manifestation.

Chin , Cleft Palate , Cryptorchidism , Depression , Facies , Fetal Growth Retardation , Foot Deformities , Frontal Bone , Hand , Hearing Loss , Hernia, Inguinal , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Joints , Lipodystrophy , Male , Micrognathism , Parturition , Skin , Skull , Specialization , Tooth , Tooth Eruption
Rev. Hosp. Niños B.Aires ; 60(270): 284-292, sept. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099869


La criptorquidia se define como la falta de descenso a la porción inferior del escroto de uno o ambos testículos. Constituye el trastorno endocrinológico más frecuente en el varón y puede formar parte de enfermedades sindrómicas diversas o presentarse de manera aislada. La criptorquidia es un reconocido factor de riesgo asociado a infertilidad y cáncer testicular en la adultez. Sin embargo, no hay consenso sobre el momento óptimo para efectuar la orquidopexia y así disminuir el riesgo de cáncer testicular. Realizamos una revisión sistemática de la literatura en las bases norteamericana Medline y latinoamericana Lilacs con el objetivo de analizar la evidencia existente sobre el riesgo de desarrollar cáncer testicular asociado a una orquidopexia tardía en pacientes con antecedente de criptorquidia. Para llevar a cabo la búsqueda utilizamos las siguientes palabras claves: "Cryptorchidism", "Testicular neoplasm" y "Orchidopexy". Luego de filtrar y analizar los trabajos hallados, cuatro cumplieron con todos los criterios de la búsqueda. Esta revisión sistemática nos permite concluir que los pacientes con antecedente de criptorquidia presentan un riesgo incrementado de cáncer testicular y que dicho riesgo se incrementa a medida que la corrección de la criptorquidia se posterga, aunque se realice antes del inicio puberal

Cryptorchidism is defined as the lack of testicular descent to the lower part of the scrotum and can involve one or both testicles. It represents the most frequent endocrine disease in male children and it can occur as an isolated disorder or as a syndromic disease feature. Cryptorchidism is a highly recognized risk factor for infertility and testicular cancer in adulthood. Nevertheless, there is no consensus about the ideal time for orchidopexy aimed to decrease testicular cancer risk. We developed a systematic review of the literature through two databases: the North American Medline and the Latin American Lilacs to analyse the available evidence up to now about testicular cancer risk linked to delayed orchidopexy in patients with cryptorchidism. We used "Cryptorchidism", "Testicular neoplasm" and "Orchidopexy" as key words to conduct our search. We then filtered and evaluated the articles matching our search and four of them fulfilled the search criteria. This systematic review allows us to conclude that there is an increased risk for testicular cancer in patients with cryptorchidism and that risk is higher when treatment is delayed despite being accomplished before puberty

Male , Testicular Neoplasms , Cryptorchidism , Orchiopexy , Pediatrics
Rev. Hosp. Niños B.Aires ; 60(270): 214-222, sept. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-998451


Introducción: La capacidad funcional del testículo en los niños con criptorquidia ha recibido poca atención. La hormona anti-mülleriana (AMH), producida por la célula de Sertoli, es el marcador ideal para evaluar la función testicular durante la infancia. Objetivo: Caracterizar la función testicular en niños prepuberales antes de la orquidopexia. Investigar la asociación entre función testicular y las características de la criptorquidia. Pacientes y métodos: Estudio de corte transversal y analítico, retrospectivo. Medida de resultado principal: concentración de AMH. Medidas de resultados secundarias: concentraciones de gonadotrofinas y testosterona. Para comparación, se utilizaron los niveles hormonales de 179 niños normales. Resultados: Se seleccionaron 186 pacientes con criptorquidia bilateral y 124 con criptorquidia unilateral. La mediana de SDS de AMH fue menor a 0 en ambos grupos. La concentración sérica de AMH fue más baja en pacientes con criptorquidia bilateral que en niños controles y en niños con criptorquidia unilateral. La testosterona estuvo disminuida en niños menores de 6 meses. Las gonadotrofinas estuvieron aumentadas en un bajo porcentaje de los casos. Conclusión: Los niños prepuberales con criptorquidia, especialmente aquellos con criptorquidia bilateral, tienen menor producción de AMH y una considerable prevalencia de disfunción testicular

Introduction: Little information is available on testicular function in boys with cryptorchidism. Anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) is a good marker of testicular functionin childhood. Objective: the aim of this study was to assess testicular function in boys with cryptorchidism before orchiopexy, and to look for an association between testicular function and features of cryptorchidism. Patients and methods: We performed a cross-sectional, retrospective study. Main outcome measure was serum AMH concentration, and secondary variables were gonadotropin and testosterone concentrations. For comparison, levels in 179 normal boys were compared. Results: 186 boys with bilateral cryptorchidism and 124 with unilateral cryptorchidism were included. Mean SDS AMH was below 0 in both groups. Mean serum AMH was lower in boys with bilateral cryptorchidism, as compared to unilateral cryptorchidism and controls between 6 months and 8.9 years of age. Testosterone was lower than normal in boys < 6 months of age. Gonadotropins were rarely affected. Conclusions: Prepubertal boys with cryptorchidism, especially those with bilateral forms, have a lower AMH production, reflecting testicular dysfunction

Male , Cryptorchidism , Gonadotropins , Hypogonadism , Pediatrics , Sertoli Cells , Testosterone
Rev. méd. hondur ; 86(1/2): 30-33, ene-. jul. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007197


Introducción: El síndrome de persistencia de los conductos müllerianos es un raro trastorno de la diferenciación sexual con menos de 300 casos publicados, que se caracteriza por la presencia en la persona afectada de ambos sistemas reproductores masculino y femenino. Un varón con cariotipo XY fenotípicamente masculino en quien el conducto de Müller (útero, trompas, 2/3 superior de la vagi-na) no sufrió regresión. Caso clínico: Masculino de 14 meses de edad ingresado en el Hospital de Especialidades del Seguro Social para laparoscopía diagnostica por criptorquidia bilateral con testículos no palpables y pene normal. En la laparoscopía se identiicó trompas, útero y 2/3 superior de la vagina. Además, se tomó biopsia de ambas gónadas que conirmó presencia de tejido testicular normal para la edad. Con estos datos se programa para orquidopexia bilateral más histerectomía, colpectomía y salpingectomía bilateral. Es controlado en consulta externa de endocrinología y cirugía con evolución normal. Conclusiones: El síndrome de persistencia de los conductos mül-lerianos es muy raro debe sospecharse en masculinos con criptorquidia bilateral con testículos no palpables y pene normal. El abordaje inicial debe ser laparoscopía diagnóstica con toma de biopsia de ambas gónadas y luego en la segunda intervención ya con el reporte de patología proceder a la orquidopexia bilateral más la remoción de los elementos del conducto de Müller...(AU)

Humans , Male , Infant , Cryptorchidism/complications , Ovotesticular Disorders of Sex Development/complications , Mullerian Ducts/surgery , Disorder of Sex Development, 46,XY
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717065


X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita (AHC) is a rare disorder that usually presents clinically as adrenal insufficiency in early infancy. It is caused by mutations in the NR0B1 gene which is located on the short arm of chromosome X (Xp21). The NR0B1 gene plays an important role in normal development and function of both the adrenal and gonadal axes and some patients with the disease can present in adolescence with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Testicular microlithiasis is an ultrasonographic finding of unknown etiology that has been associated with several benign conditions such as cryptorchidism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, varicoceles, and testicular malignancy. We report the case of an 11-year-old boy who was diagnosed at the age of 8 months with X-linked AHC due to adrenal failure and presented testicular microlithiasis during follow-up. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of an X-linked AHC patient diagnosed with testicular microlithiasis in follow-up.

Adolescent , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital , Adrenal Insufficiency , Arm , Child , Cryptorchidism , Follow-Up Studies , Gonads , Humans , Hypogonadism , Male , Varicocele
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 205-208, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716887


Prune belly syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly usually presented with triad characteristic feature of deficient abdominal muscles, cryptorchidism, and urinary tract anomalies. Here, we present a case with all the characteristic features of prune belly and the associated secondary features which were observed on detailed dissection and exploration of the fetus.

Abdominal Muscles , Anus, Imperforate , Cryptorchidism , Fetus , Hydronephrosis , Male , Prune Belly Syndrome , Urinary Tract
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740665


PURPOSE: Preoperative ultrasonography (USG) in pediatric inguinal hernia has controversy. In this study, we analyzed the cases of pediatric inguinal hernia with/without preoperative USG and discussed whether USG is necessary. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 1,441 patients who underwent inguinal hernia repair in Seoul National University Children's Hospital between January 2011 and August 2016 retrospectively. RESULTS: Male were 69.3% and age at operation was 37.8±36.5 months old. There were 150 patients (10.4%) performed USG preoperatively. The department ordered to perform USG included department of surgery (n=71), emergency medicine (n=42), pediatrics (n=26), urology (n=10) and outside hospital (n=1). The reasons of performing USG included evaluation for hernia laterality (n=82), incarceration (n=28), testis (n=15), request of parents (n=14), scrotal mass (n=6) and incidentally found during evaluation for another disease (n=5). Excepting 5 cases of incidental finding, of 145 cases with USG, 12 (8.3%) cases changed the surgical plan; change to bilateral repair from unilateral repair (n=5), emergency operation due to incarceration (n=4) which include 1 salpingo-oophorectomy, 1 open abdomen surgery and 2 hernia repair after reduction of ovary, change to co-operation of orchiopexy (n=2) and change to laparoscopic surgery from open surgery due to herniation of both ovaries into one inguinal canal (n=1). In group without USG (n=1,291), 5 patients (0.4%) had unexpected problems during operation; 2 co-operation of orchiopexy because of transverse testicular ectopia (n=1) and right undescended testis (n=1), 2 hypertrophy of major labia and 1 retroperitoneal lymphangioma at inguinal area misdiagnosed as inguinal hernia. CONCLUSION: It was difficult to interpret the meaning of preoperative USG because not all patients had performed it. In this study, 10.4% of patients performed USG and 8.3% of them changed surgical plan. About 0.4% of patients without preoperative USG would have benefited from it for surgery if they had performed it. Since the percentage is too low, it is unreasonable to conclude that USG has diagnostic utility in inguinal hernia in this study.

Abdomen , Child , Cryptorchidism , Emergencies , Emergency Medicine , Female , Hernia , Hernia, Inguinal , Herniorrhaphy , Humans , Hypertrophy , Incidental Findings , Inguinal Canal , Laparoscopy , Lymphangioma , Male , Medical Records , Orchiopexy , Ovary , Parents , Pediatrics , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Testis , Ultrasonography , Urology
Biol. Res ; 51: 12, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950898


BACKGROUND: Chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 6 (CCR6) is present in sperm and plays a significant role in sperm motility and chemotaxis acting in the reproductive tracts. However, the expression and functional significance of CCR6 in testis are still poorly understood, especially in the process of spermatogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: CCR6 was expressed in spermatogenic cell lines and its expression was shown in an age-dependent upregulation manner from puberty to adulthood in mouse testis. Immunostaining results confirmed the localization of CCR 6 in testis. Further chemotaxis assays demonstrated that spermatogenic cells GC-1 and -2 exhibited a directional movement toward CCR6-specific ligand such as CCL20 or Sertoli cells in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: The present findings indicate that CCR6 is involved in the chemotaxis of spermatogenic cells in vitro and promotes chemotaxis under non-inflammatory conditions during normal spermatogenesis.

Humans , Animals , Male , Mice , Rabbits , Spermatogenesis/physiology , Chemotaxis/physiology , Cryptorchidism/metabolism , Chemokine CCL20/metabolism , Receptors, CCR6/metabolism , Sertoli Cells , Sperm Motility/physiology , Testis/physiology , Immunohistochemistry , Blotting, Western , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Mice, Inbred C57BL
Rev. argent. endocrinol. metab ; 54(4): 196-203, dic. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-957986


Los niños con restricción del crecimiento intrauterino (RCIU) presentan en la vida posnatal una serie de alteraciones metabólicas y hormonales, y tienen predisposición al desarrollo de obesidad, hipertensión arterial, enfermedad cardiovascular, resistencia a la insulina y diabetes tipo 2. La exposición a un ambiente intrauterino desfavorable en fases críticas del desarrollo puede tener un efecto deletéreo sobre la gónada en formación. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica y puesta al día sobre la posible asociación entre RCIU y alteraciones de la función gonadal en niños y adolescentes de ambos sexos. Para facilitar la actualización, se dividió por etapas en: 1, prenatal; 2, posnatal y prepuberal; 3, puberal, y 4, adulta. La mayoría de los niños que nacen muy prematuros o con muy bajo peso al nacer hacen una transición sin obstáculos desde la infancia a la edad adulta con respecto a la salud reproductiva. Sin embargo, en los varones se puede observar criptorquidia, hipospadias, cáncer testicular y menor fertilidad, y en las niñas, pubertad y menarca temprana, hiperandrogenismo y síndrome de ovario poliquístico. Existen datos controvertidos y se necesitan más estudios para aclarar la relación entre el RCIU y la función hipotálamo-hipófiso-gonadal.

Low birth weight due to intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with an increased risk of obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes during postnatal life. Exposure to an unfavourable intrauterine environment in critical phases of development may have a deleterious effect on the forming gonad. The objective was to carry out a bibliographic review and update on the possible association between IUGR and alterations of gonadal function in children and adolescents of both sexes. To facilitate the update, this was divided into stages: 1, prenatal; 2, postnatal and pre-pubertal; 3, puberal, and 4, adult. Most children born preterm or with low birth weight make a normal transition from childhood to adulthood with respect to reproductive health. However, cryptorchidism, hypospadias, testicular cancer and lower fertility could be observed in boys, and early puberty and menarche, hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovarian syndrome in girls. However, the data are controversial, and further studies are needed to clarify the relationship between IUGR and pituitary gonadal function.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Small for Gestational Age/growth & development , Fetal Growth Retardation/physiopathology , Gonadal Disorders/etiology , Puberty, Precocious/embryology , Hyperandrogenism/embryology , Cryptorchidism/embryology , Hypospadias/embryology
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(8): 693-696, Aug. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896392


Summary Introduction: Cryptorchidism is a common and prevalent condition in patients with Down syndrome. Environmental factors, such as smoking, can be associated with malformations during fetal development. The study of the prevalence of cryptorchidism and its association with parental tobacco use in Down syndrome can contribute to alert health care professionals, patients and family members regarding the prevention of the harms caused by cryptorchidism and its possible predisposing factors. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of cryptorchidism in Down syndrome and its association with maternal and paternal smoking. Method: Forty (40) patients of a public clinic specialized in Down syndrome were evaluated, using a semi-structured questionnaire for evaluation of antecedents and sociodemographic characteristics, as well as physical and complementary examinations. Results: Cryptorchidism was observed in 27.5% of the patients (95CI 15.98-42.96). Of these, 55% (5/9) were the children of mothers who smoked during pregnancy, and 19.35% (6/31) were the children of mothers who did not smoke during pregnancy (OR = 5.26 [95CI 1.06-25.41]; p=0.032). Similarly, paternal smoking was also observed in greater frequency among the parents of cryptorchid patients compared with subjects with descended testis, 63.36% (7/11) and 31.03% (9/29), respectively (OR = 3.89 [95CI 0.91-16.73]; p=0.060). Conclusion: The prevalence of cryptorchidism is high in patients with Down syndrome. We can show a strong association between smoking parents and the occurrence of cryptorchidism, especially when it comes to maternal smoking.

Resumo Introdução: A criptorquidia é uma condição comum e prevalente em pacientes com síndrome de Down. Fatores ambientais, como o tabagismo, estão associados a malformações fetais. A avaliação da prevalência do criptorquidismo e a associação com tabagismo dos pais na síndrome de Down podem contribuir para alertar os profissionais de saúde e familiares sobre a prevenção dos danos causados pelo criptorquidismo e os possíveis fatores predisponentes. Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência de criptorquidismo na síndrome de Down e a associação com tabagismo materno e paterno. Método: Quarenta (40) pacientes acompanhados em um centro de referência para atendimento da síndrome de Down foram avaliados por meio de questionário semiestruturado para avaliação de antecedentes parentais e características sociodemográficas, bem como de exames físico e laboratoriais complementares. Resultados: Criptorquidia foi observada em 27,5% dos pacientes (IC95% 15,98-42,96). Nesses pacientes, o criptorquidismo foi encontrado em 55% (5/9) das crianças cujas mães fumavam e em 19,35% (6/31) daquelas cujas mães não fumavam (OR = 5,26 [IC95% 1,06-25,41]; p=0,032). Do mesmo modo, o tabagismo paterno foi observado com maior frequência entre crianças com criptorquidia, 63,36% (7/11) e 31,03% (9/29), respectivamente (OR = 3,89 [IC95% 0,91-16,73]; p=0,060). Conclusão: A prevalência de criptorquidismo é alta em pacientes com síndrome de Down. Podemos mostrar uma forte associação entre hábito tabágico dos pais e ocorrência de criptorquidismo, especialmente no caso de tabagismo materno.

Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Parents , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Smoking/adverse effects , Down Syndrome , Cryptorchidism/etiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Cryptorchidism/epidemiology
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(2): 223-225, Apr.-June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891370


ABSTRACT Ectopic penis is usually associated with penoscrotal transposition, and it is rarely observed in isolation. We report a surgical approach for an extremely rare case. A 10-year-old male patient with bilateral cryptorchidism and ectopic penis and scrotum in perineal area, with no penoscrotal transposition, representing an association not yet described in literature. A previous orchiopexy failed due to ectopic scrotum. By means of an inverted Y incision, the penis was mobilized and a perineal skin flap in form of a testicular sac was prepared. Finally orchiopexy was performed. The surgery was essential to treat cryptorchidism and to improve the self-image of the patient.

RESUMO O pênis ectópico geralmente ocorre associado à transposição peno-escrotal, sendo raro isoladamente. Relatamos uma abordagem cirúrgica para um caso extremamente raro. Tratava-se de paciente do sexo masculino, 10 anos, com criptorquidia bilateral e pênis e escroto ectópicos, na região perineal, sem transposição peno-escrotal, representando uma associação ainda não descrita na literatura. Orquidopexia prévia sem sucesso, devido à ectopia do escroto. Por meio de uma incisão em Y invertido, mobilizou-se o pênis e preparou-se um retalho da pele perineal em forma de bolsa testicular. Por fim, realizou-se a orquidopexia. A cirurgia foi fundamental para tratar a criptorquidia e promover ganho na autoimagem do paciente.

Humans , Male , Child , Penis/abnormalities , Penis/surgery , Scrotum/surgery , Cryptorchidism/surgery , Scrotum/abnormalities , Circumcision, Male/methods , Orchiopexy/methods
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-883364


Objetivos: Diagnosticar e manejar patologias comuns do trato genital masculino. Métodos: Revisão da literatura do ano de 2011 ao 2017 em base de dados PubMed. Resultados: Hipospádia é a localização anômala do meato uretral. Seu diagnóstico é clínico. As indicações cirúrgicas são anormalidades funcionais e estéticas. Fimose é descrita como impossibilidade de retração do prepcio para exposição da glande peniana, sendo um evento fisiológico quando apresenta resolução espontânea. Nos casos patológicos, o tratamento é primeiramente realizado com corticoide tópico. Se falha, o tratamento é cirúrgico. Hidrocele é o acúmulo de líquido na bolsa escrotal. O diagnóstico é clínico e por transiluminação escrotal. A maioria dos casos regride espontaneamente até os 24-36 meses. A cirurgia é considerada padrão-ouro para hidrocele comunicante na criança. Criptorquidia é a falha na migração do testículo até a bolsa escrotal. Seu diagnóstico é clínico, através da palpação testicular bilateral. Caso os testículos não estejam presentes na bolsa escrotal até os 6 meses de idade, a cirurgia é imprescindível, pelo risco de infertilidade e malignização. Conclusões: É essencial que o médico generalista saiba reconhecer tais condições com o intuito de iniciar prontamente o tratamento adequado, evitando suas complicações.

Aims: Diagnose and manage common pathologies of the male genital tract. Methods: Literary review of the last 6 years in the PubMed database. Results: Hypospadia is an anomalous location of the urethral meatus. The diagnosis is clinical. Surgical indications are functional and aesthetic abnormalities. Fimosis is described as impossibility of retraction of the foreskin to expose the penile glans, it is a physiological event when it presents spontaneous resolution. In pathological cases, treatment is first performed with topical corticosteroids. If it fails, the treatment is surgical. Hydrocele is the accumulation of fluid in the scrotal sac. The diagnosis is clinical and scrotal transillumination. Most cases regress spontaneously up to 24-36 months. Surgery is considered gold standard in cases of communicant hydrocele in children. Cryptorchidism is the failure of the migration of the testis to scrotal sac. The diagnosis is clinical through bilateral testicular palpation. If the testicles are not present in the scrotal sac until 6 months of age, surgery is essential, due to the risk of infertility and malignancy. Conclusions: It is imperative that the general practitioner knows how to recognize such conditions in order to promptly initiate appropriate treatment, avoiding complications.

Genital Diseases, Male/surgery , Pediatrics , Child , Cryptorchidism/surgery , Hypospadias/surgery , Phimosis/surgery , Testicular Hydrocele/surgery
Rev. méd. (La Paz) ; 23(1): 25-29, 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIBOCS | ID: biblio-902418


OBJETIVO: Establecer las características clínico epidemiológicas de criptorquidia en pacientes internados en los meses de septiembre a diciembre de 2016 DISEÑO: estudio descriptivo y prospectivo donde se realizó la recolección de datos de una serie de casos de pacientes internados con criptorquidia LUGAR: Hospital del Niño "Dr. Ovidio Aliaga Uría" (La Paz- Bolivia) MÉTODOS: Se incluyeron 64 pacientes de edades entre 1 y 10 años. Se realizó una entrevista estructurada a los padres aplicando un instrumento precodificado, previo consentimiento verbal. Luego se realizó una revisión del expediente clínico para completar datos. Se ingresó los datos a una base Excel, se procedió al análisis de los mismos a través del uso de la estadística descriptiva. RESULTADOS: El rango de edad de tratamiento fue 1 año a 10 años y 2meses, con promedio de 3 años y 8 meses; la edad al momento del diagnóstico en promedio fue 2 años y 9 meses. El tiempo transcurrido entre diagnóstico y tratamiento fue 11 meses. La criptorquidia derecha fue más frecuente con 53%. El hallazgo diagnóstico se realizó en primera instancia por un familiar en 28% y en 72% por un personal de salud. El 68% fue diagnosticado en el primer nivel, 9% en segundo y 23% en el tercero. CONCLUSIONES: La edad en la que se opera y diagnostica la criptorquidia en nuestro medio no está dentro de las recomendaciones americanas y europeas.

OBJECTIVE: To establish the clinical epidemiological characteristics of cryptorchidism in hospitalized patients from September to December 2016 DESIGN: descriptive and prospective study where the data collection of a series of inpatient cases with cryptorchidism PLACE: Hospital del Niño "Dr. Ovidio Aliaga Uría "(La Paz- Bolivia) METHODS: We included 64 patients aged 1 to 10 years. A structured interview was conducted with parents using a pre-coded instrument, with prior verbal consent. A review of the clinical file was completed to complete data. The data were entered into an Excel database, and the analysis was performed through the use of descriptive statistics. RESULTS: The age range of treatment was 1 year to 10 years and 2 months, with an average of 3 years and 8 months; The average age at diagnosis was 2 years and 9 months. The time elapsed between diagnosis and treatment was 11 months. The most common type of cryptorchidism was the right one with 53%. The diagnostic finding was made in the first instance by a relative in 28% and in 72% by a health personnel. 68% were diagnosed in the first level, 9% in the second and 23% in the third. CONCLUSIONS: The age at which cryptorchidism is operated and diagnosed in our country is not within the American and European recommendations.

Cryptorchidism/diagnosis , Pediatrics/statistics & numerical data , Mathematical Computing , Cryptorchidism/surgery
Med. Afr. noire (En ligne) ; 64(07): 359-362, 2017.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1266261


Introduction : Le Prune Belly Syndrome (PBS) (ou syndrome d'Eagle-Barrett) est une affection congénitale rare qui touche principalement les garçons. Il est caractérisé par la triade classique aplasie musculaire de la paroi abdominale antérieure, cryptorchidie bilatérale ou agénésie des testicules chez le garçon et malformation des voies urinaires.Observation : Il s'agissait d'un garçon de deux mois admis pour investigation d'une anomalie de la paroi abdominale antérieure constatée depuis la naissance. L'examen physique avait permis de retrouver une aplasie de la musculature abdominale avec un abdomen distendu flasque et étalé, une peau fripée faisant apparaitre l'empreinte des anses intestinales. Au niveau génital il y avait un hypospadias balano-prépucial avec un prépuce en chapeau de gendarme, une cryptorchidie bilatérale. L'échographie abdomino-pelvienne avait montré une mégavessie, une urétéro-hydronéphrose bilatérale et une absence de visibilité des testicules. L'urétro-cystographie rétrograde était normale. Le reste du bilan malformatif était normal.Conclusion : Le PBS reste une affection congénitale rare. Les formes avec absence de manifestations extra-urinaires sont de bon pronostic

Cryptorchidism , Infant , Male , Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms , Prune Belly Syndrome , Senegal