Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 623
Filter
1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 51: 17-27, May. 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343317

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In order to produce an effective callus in Echinacea purpurea L.; determination of the explant type and growth regulators that best respond to callus induction and the optimization of the culture conditions to increase the amount of caffeic acid derivatives (CADs) in the obtained callus. CADs contents of callus cultures of E. purpurea were evaluated by establishing an effective callus induction system in vitro. RESULTS: Various medium containing different growth regulators were tested using leaf, petiole, cotyledon and root as the explants. The best callus development was achieved in MS medium with 1.0 mg l 1 2,4- D + 2.0 mg l 1 BAP in leaf, 1.0 mg l 1 NAA + 0.5 mg l 1 TDZ in petiole, 2.0 mg l 1 NAA + 1.0 mg l 1 TDZ in cotyledon and 0.5 mg l 1 NAA + 0.5 mg l 1 BAP in roots. Upon optimisation of callus growth, each type of explant was cultured for 4, 6, 8 and 10 weeks in medium for the analyses of caftaric acid, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid and chicoric acid contents. The highest amounts of caftaric acid (4.11 mg/g) and chicoric acid (57.89 mg/g) were found from petiole explants and chlorogenic acid (8.83 mg/g) from root explants at the end of the 10-week culture time. CONCLUSIONS: As a result of the present study, the production of caffeic acid derivatives was performed by providing the optimization of E. purpurea L. callus cultures. Effective and repeatable protocols established in this study may offer help for further studies investigating the production of caffeic acid derivatives in vitro.


Subject(s)
Caffeic Acids , Echinacea , Plant Growth Regulators , Time Factors , In Vitro Techniques , Cells, Cultured , Plant Roots/growth & development , Plant Leaves/growth & development , Cotyledon/growth & development , Culture Techniques
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(1): 13-21, ene.-feb- 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152240

ABSTRACT

Existe una creciente preocupación sobre el tema de la infección cruzada en clínicas y laboratorios dentales. El laboratorio odontológico debe seguir normas de bioseguridad que garanticen a todo el equipo de salud la prevención de estas infecciones. Los técnicos que allí laboran corren el riesgo de exponer su cara a salpicaduras, así como a rocíos de sangre y saliva. Este estudio fue diseñado para saber si los laboratorios a los que recurrimos cumplen con estas normas de bioseguridad, y qué tan confiados podemos estar de la desinfección por parte de ellos, ya que las prótesis deberían estar desinfectadas correctamente antes de colocarlas en boca (AU)


There is growing concern about the issue of cross infection in dental clinics and laboratories. The dental laboratory must follow biosafety standards that guarantee the prevention of these infections to the entire health team. The technicians who work there run the risk of exposing their face to splashes and spray of blood and saliva. This study was designed to find out if the laboratories we use comply with these biosafety standards, and how confident we can be of their disinfection by them, since the prostheses should be properly disinfected before placing them in the mouth (AU)


Subject(s)
Disinfection , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections , Dental Prosthesis/adverse effects , Infection Control, Dental/methods , Laboratories, Dental , Colony Count, Microbial , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Analysis of Variance , Dental Offices/standards , Culture Techniques
3.
Ciencia Tecnología y Salud ; 8(2): 184-201, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1353111

ABSTRACT

El fósforo (P) es un elemento esencial en la producción agrícola, pero debido a su compleja dinámica en el suelo, solo una pequeña cantidad es aprovechable para las plantas, ya que la mayoría del P se encuentra en formas insolubles, especialmente, en suelos Andisoles de origen volcánico. Los microorganismos con capacidad solubilizadora de fósforo (MSF) son una alternativa para transformar el P a formas solubles y aprovechables por las plantas; además de brindar múltiples beneficios ambientales. Este trabajo identificó y evaluó in vitro, aislados nativos de Pseudomonas fluorescens Mingula, obtenidos de regiones guatemaltecas con suelos Andisoles que limitan la producción agrícola por la alta fijación de P. Se realizaron cultivos in vitro de la bacteria en medio National Botanical Research Instituteís phosphate growth (NBRIP), con fosfato tricálcico Ca3(PO4)2 como fuente de P insoluble y se midió el índice de solubilización de fósforo (ISF). Un total de 35 aislados de P. fluorescensfueron identificados y confirmados por PCR específico. El análisis de relaciones genéticas con el marcador AFLP, mostró dos grupos: el grupo A incluyó a los aislados con ISF mayores a 1.75, mientras el grupo B incluyó a aquellos con ISF menor a 1.75. La comparación de ISF entre los aislados y departamentos, demostró diferencia estadísticamente significativa (p < .001), con el aislado Pf_33 como más eficiente. Debido al potencial de solubilización de los aislados nativos del grupo genético A (ISF > 1.75), estos se recomiendan para futuras investigaciones que determinen su respuesta a condiciones de campo y estrategias para el desarrollo de biofertilizantes.


Phosphorus (P) is an essential element in agricultural production, but due to its complex dynamics in the soil, only a tiny amount is usable by plants. This is because most P is in insoluble forms, especially in volcanic Andisol soils. Microorganisms with phosphorus solubilizing capacity (MSF) are an alternative for transforming P into soluble forms usable by plants and providing multiple environmental benefits. This research identified and evaluated in vitro native isolates of Pseudomonas fluorescens Mingula, obtained from Guatemalan regions with Andisol soils that limit agricultural production due to high P fixation. In vitro cultures of the bacteria were grown on the National Botanical Research Instituteís phosphate medium (NBRIP), with tricalcium phosphate Ca3(PO4)2 as a source of insoluble P, and We measured the phosphorus solubilization index (PSI). We identified and confirmed a total of 35 isolates of P. fluorescens by specific PCR. Using the AFLP marker, genetic relationship analysis showed two groups: group A included isolates with PSI greater than 1.75, while group B included those with FSI less than 1.75. Comparing of PSI between isolates and departments showed statistically significant dif-ferences (p < 0.001), respectively, with the Pf_33 isolate as the most efficient. Because of the high solubilization potential of the native isolates of genetic group A (FSI > 1.75), We recommend future research to determine their response to field conditions and strategies for biofertilizer development.


Subject(s)
Phosphorus/analysis , Solubility , Pseudomonas fluorescens , Soil Quality , Crops, Agricultural/growth & development , Culture Techniques/methods
4.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2208-2219, sept.-oct. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144728

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: para lograr el adecuado y precoz diagnóstico de la infección en pie diabético, es necesario la obtención de una muestra bacteriológica de calidad para la identificación del germen causal. Objetivo: identificar posibles relaciones entre los resultados obtenidos, en el cultivo realizado mediante hisopado superficial versus el obtenido mediante biopsia de los tejidos profundos en la infección del pie diabético. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio explicativo observacional, longitudinal, prospectivo en el Servicio Provincial de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular del Hospital Provincial Clínico Quirúrgico Universitario "Comandante Faustino Pérez", durante un periodo de 3 años desde enero del 2016 hasta diciembre del 2018. Una selección muestral no probabilística determinó una muestra constituida por 138 extremidades en 132 pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de pie diabético infectado, que requirieron cirugía para desbridamiento de la lesión. Aceptaron ser incluidos en la investigación y para el aislamiento del germen causal fueron empleados ambos métodos de cultivo: hisopado superficial y biopsia de los tejidos profundos. Resultados: el promedio de microorganismos aislados se incrementó en relación con la severidad de la infección del pie diabético, con mayor incremento en el aislamiento hecho por el hisopado superficial. El hisopado superficial posee pobre correlación con los gérmenes aislados mediante el cultivo de la biopsia de los tejidos profundos. Conclusiones: las muestras deben ser obtenidas preferentemente por curetaje. En el diagnóstico de la infección del pie diabético es de gran utilidad, por su rapidez y concordancia con los resultados del cultivo, efectuar siempre una tinción de Gram a partir del mismo sitio (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: to arrive to an adequate and precocious diagnosis of the diabetic foot infection, it is necessary to obtain a qualitative bacteriological sample to identify the causing germ. Objective: to identify possible relationships between the results obtained both, in the culture made through superficial swab and the culture obtained from deep tissues biopsy in the diabetic foot infection. Materials and methods: a prospective, longitudinal, observational, explicative study was carried out in the Provincial Service of Angiology and Vascular Surgery of Provincial University Clinical Surgical Hospital "Comandante Faustino Pérez", in a period of three years, from January 2016 to December 2018. A non-probabilistic sampling choose a sample of 138 lower limbs in 132 patients with clinical diagnosis of infected diabetic foot, who required surgery for lesion debridement. They gave their consent to be included in the research; for the isolation of the casual germ were used both culture methods, superficial swab and deep tissues biopsy. Results: the average of isolated microorganism increased in relation to the severity of the diabetic food infection, with higher increase in the isolation obtained by superficial swab. The superficial swab shows poor correlation with the germ isolates by the culture the deep tissue biopsy. Conclusions: the samples should be gathered preferably by curettage. In the diagnosis of the diabetic foot infection, it is very useful, due to its speed and concordance with the culture results, to make always a Gram staining beginning from the same place (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biopsy/methods , Diabetic Foot/diagnosis , Specimen Handling/methods , Clinical Diagnosis/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures/standards , Culture Techniques/standards
5.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(4): 421-436, jul. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149032

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los estreptococos del grupo Streptococcus anginosus (EGA), también llamados "Streptococcus milleri" fueron reconocidos como parte de los estreptococos del grupo viridans (EGV) desde principios del siglo XX. Sin embargo, su rol como patógenos humanos comenzó a destacarse recién en la década de 1970. Esta actualización consta de tres partes: en esta primera parte se tratarán los aspectos taxonómicos y microbiológicos así como los métodos de identificación de los EGA. El crecimiento de estas bacterias es relativamente lento, las colonias son pequeñas, incluso a las 48-72 horas de incubación y la mayoría de las cepas despide un olor a caramelo característico cuando crecen en agar sangre. Su crecimiento es estimulado en una atmósfera con 5% de CO2. Últimamente, con el reconocimiento de la asociación de los EGA con episodios indeseables en pacientes con fibrosis quística se han desarrollado medios selectivos para poner de manifiesto su presencia en las vías aéreas. Los métodos fenotípicos e incluso algunos genotípicos carecen de precisión para identificar las tres especies del grupo (Streptococcus anginosus, Streptococcus constellatus y Streptococcus intermedius) e incluso pueden fallar en su clasificación a nivel de grupo. Dentro de los métodos moleculares, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) no puede ser tomado como referencia para llegar a subespecie, pero sí es muy eficiente en la identificación a nivel de especie. Para algunos autores la secuenciación del gen sodA podría ser una buena opción, pero el gold standard es el multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA).


Abstract Streptococci from the Streptococcus anginosus group (SAG), also called "Streptococcus milleri", have been recognized as belonging to the viridans group (VGS) since the beginning of the 20th century. Their role as human pathogens, however, only began to emerge in the 1970s. This review consists of three parts: the first part will deal with the taxonomic and microbiological aspects and the identification methods of SAGs. The growth of these bacteria is relatively slow; the colonies are small even after 48-72 hours of incubation and most of the strains give off a characteristic caramel odor when they grow on blood agar. Their growth is stimulated in an atmosphere with 5% CO2. Lately, with the recognition of the association of SAGs with undesirable episodes in patients with cystic fibrosis, selective media have been developed to reveal their presence in the airways. Phenotypic and even some genotypic methods lack precision in identifying the three species in the group (Streptococcus anginosus, Streptococcus constellatus, and Streptococcus intermedius) and may even fail to classify at the group level. Among the molecular methods, MALDI-TOF MS cannot be taken as a reference to arrive at subspecies, but it is very efficient to identify at the species level. For some authors, sequencing the sodA gene may be a good option, but the gold standard is multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA).


Resumo Os estreptococos do grupo Streptococcus anginosus (EGA), também chamados de "Streptococcus milleri", foram reconhecidos como pertencentes ao grupo viridans (EGV) desde o início do século XX. Seu papel como patógenos humanos, no entanto, só começou a surgir na década de 1970. Esta atualização consiste em três partes: nesta primeira parte, trataremos dos aspectos taxonômicos e microbiológicos e dos métodos de identificação dos EGAs. O crescimento dessas bactérias é relativamente lento, as colônias são pequenas mesmo após 48-72 horas de incubação e a maioria das cepas emitem um cheiro de caramelo característico quando crescem em ágar sangue. Seu crescimento é estimulado em uma atmosfera com 5% de CO2. Ultimamente, com o reconhecimento da associação dos EGAs com episódios indesejáveis em pacientes com fibrose cística, foram desenvolvidos meios seletivos para revelar sua presença nas vias aéreas. Os métodos fenotípicos e mesmo alguns genotípicos carecem de precisão na identificação das três espécies do grupo (Streptococcus anginosus, Streptococcus constellatus e Streptococcus intermedius) e podem até falhar em sua classificação em nível de grupo. Entre os métodos moleculares, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) não pode ser tomado como referência para chegar a subespécie, mas é muito eficiente na identificação em nível de spécie. Para alguns autores, o sequenciamento do gene sodA poderia ser uma boa opção, mas o padrão-ouro é a análise de sequência multilocus (MLSA).


Subject(s)
Streptococcus anginosus/classification , Streptococcus constellatus/classification , Streptococcus intermedius/classification , Culture Techniques
6.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(2): 175-184, abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115514

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: revisar los diferentes métodos de diagnóstico de la tricomoniasis vaginal disponibles hasta el presente. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: se revisó la bibliografía latinoamericano e internacional a través de los sitios electrónicos de Pub-Med y Scielo. RESULTADOS: la Tricomonas vaginalis es considera como la enfermedad de transmisión sexual no viral, curable más frecuente y prevalente en el mundo. Se revisan los diferentes de métodos para diagnosticar la presencia de la tricomonas vaginalis en pacientes femeninos con síntomas y signos de la infección producida por el protozoario flagelado. CONCLUSIONES: se revisaron los diferentes métodos de diagnostico de la infección producida por la Tricomonas vaginalis en pacientes femeninas, desde los clásicos hasta los más actuales que emplean alta tecnología.


OBJECTIVE: to review the different diagnostic methods of Trichomonas vaginal available at the present time. MATERIAL AND METHOD: it was reviewed the Latin-American and international bibliography using the Pub-Med and Scielo web sites. RESULTS: Trichomonas vaginalis is considered the most common and prevalent sexual transmitted disease curable and non-viral worldwide. It was reviewed the different methods to diagnose the presence of Trichomonas vaginalis in female patients with symptoms and signs of infection produces by the flagellate protozoa. CONCLUSION: Different methods of diagnosis of the infection produced by Trichomonas vaginalis, since the classics to the most current methods that use high technology, were reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Trichomonas Vaginitis/diagnosis , Trichomonas vaginalis , Vaginal Smears , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Culture Techniques , Antigens/analysis
7.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180735, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132190

ABSTRACT

Abstract Thevetia peruviana is an ornamental shrub grown-up in many tropical region of the world. This plant produces secondary metabolites with biological properties of interest for the pharmaceutical industry. The objective was to determine the secondary metabolites profile of callus and cell suspension cultures of T. peruviana and compare them with those from explant (fruit pulp). Extracts in 50% aqueous ethanol and ethyl acetate were prepared. The phytochemical analysis was performed using standard chemical tests and thin layer chromatography. In addition, total phenolic and flavonoids compounds (TPC and TFC), total cardiac glycosides (TCG) and total antioxidant activity (TAA) was determined during the cell suspension growth. Phenolic chemical profile was also analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Common metabolites (alkaloids, amino acids, antioxidants, cardiac glycosides, leucoanthocyanidins, flavonoids, phenols, sugars and triterpenes) were detected in all samples. The maximum production of extracellular TCG, TPC, TFC and TAA in cells suspensions were at 6-12 days; in contrast, intracellular content was relatively constant during the exponential grown phase (0 to 12-days). HPLC analysis detected one compound with retention time at 11.6 min; this compound was tentatively identified as dihydroquercetin, a flavonoid with anti-cancer properties. These results provide evidence on the utility of the in vitro cell cultures of T. peruviana for valuable pharmaceutical compounds production.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Thevetia/cytology , Phytochemicals/biosynthesis , Triterpenes , Flavonoids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Anticarcinogenic Agents , Thevetia/chemistry , Culture Techniques , Phytochemicals/analysis , Antioxidants
8.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 6(2): 25-34, dic. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1291263

ABSTRACT

El estudio de la megacariopoyesis humana se ha visto obstaculizado por la relativa escasez de megacariocitos en la médula ósea (0,05-0,2 % de las células medulares), lo que ha llevado a la optimización de protocolos de expansión in vitro a partir de precursores de diversos orígenes (cordón umbilical, médula ósea y sangre periférica con o sin movilización previa). Los cultivos celulares a partir de precursores han permitido la producción y el estudio tanto de megacariocitos así como de proplaquetas y plaquetas Sin embargo, la producción in vitro óptima de megacariocitos que culminen todos los estadios de diferenciación es un reto aún no resuelto. En este trabajo reportamos los hallazgos concernientes a la determinación de las condiciones y concentraciones de trombopoyetina para lograr una óptima relación entre la cantidad de trombopoyetina empleada y el porcentaje y grado de diferenciación megacariocítica en muestras obtenidas de cinco donantes alogénicos aceptados para trasplante de médula ósea.


The study of human megakaryocytopoiesis has been hampered by the relative scarcity of megakaryocytes in bone marrow (0.05-0.2 % of medullary cells), which has led to the optimization of protocols of in vitro expansion of precursors from diverse sources (umbilical cord, bone marrow and peripheral blood with or without previous mobilization). Cell cultures from different precursors have allowed the production and study of megakaryocytes as well as proplatelets and platelets. However, the in vitro production of megakaryocytes that culminate all stages of differentiation is a challenge that has not yet been resolved. In this work we report the findings related to the determination of thrombopoietin treatment conditions and concentrations to achieve an optimal relationship between the amount of thrombopoietin and the percentage and degree of megakaryocytic differentiation in five allogeneic donors that were accepted for bone marrow transplantation.


O estudo da megacariopoiese humana tem sido dificultado pela relativa escassez de megacariócitos na medula óssea (0,05-0,2 % das células medulares), o que levou à otimização dos protocolos de expansão in vitro a partir de precursores de diversas origens (cordão umbilical, medula óssea e sangue periférico com ou sem mobilização prévia). Culturas de células a partir de precursores permitiram a produção e o estudo tanto de megacariócitos e de proplaquetas e plaquetas. No entanto, a produção ótima in vitro de megacariócitos que culminam em todas as fases de diferenciação é um desafio ainda não resolvido. Neste trabalho, relatamos as descobertas relativas à determinação das condições e concentrações de trombopoietina para obter uma relação ótima entre a quantidade de trombopoietina usada e a taxa e o grau de diferenciação megacariocítica em amostras obtidas de cinco doadores alogênicos aceitos para transplante de medula óssea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombopoietin/analysis , Megakaryocytes/cytology , Antigens, CD34/analysis , Cells, Cultured/cytology , Leukapheresis , Protocols , Platelet Membrane Glycoprotein IIb/analysis , Integrin beta3/analysis , Culture Techniques/methods
9.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(5): 300-303, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042389

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: A blefarite é uma das condições mais comumente encontradas na prática oftalmológica e se constitui em uma causa frequente de irritação e desconforto ocular. Por ser uma doença de difícil tratamento, os autores buscaram compreender melhor a epidemiologia, etiologia, apresentações clínicas, tratamento e evolução de seus pacientes, visando maior sucesso terapêutico. Métodos: Foram avaliados retrospectivamente e transversalmente o prontuário de 124 pacientes do Centro de Oftalmologia Tadeu Cvintal, os quais apresentavam blefarite e foram submetidos à classificação de gravidade e coleta de secreções palpebrais para cultura bacteriana e antibiograma. Resultados: A media da idade dos pacientes foi de 67,4 anos, o sexo feminino foi responsável por 70 (56,4%) casos e o masculino por 54 (43,5%). Quanto à gravidade da doença, constatou-se 71 casos de blefarite leve (56,8%), 52 (41,6%) com intensidade moderada e 2 (1,6%) casos graves. Avaliando o seguimento do tratamento da doença, foi observado que 103 (82,4%) pacientes não retornaram para avaliar o resultado do tratamento e apenas 22 (17,6%) retornaram. Em relação às culturas realizadas, 82 (66,1%) não apresentaram crescimento microbiano. Dentre as 42 (33,8%) amostras positivas, os Staphylococcus coagulase negativo foram os mais prevalentes, sobretudo os Staphylococcus epidermidis, responsável por 35 (83,3%) delas. Quanto à sensibilidade aos antibióticos, os agentes de nossa amostra demonstraram maior resistência à Penicilina, Eritromicina e Ciprofloxacino e 100% de sensibilidade à Linezolida, Vancomicina e Daptomicina. Conclusão: Conhecendo melhor as características epidemiológicas da blefarite e a sensibilidade antimicrobiana das bactérias envolvidas, é possível oferecer tratamentos mais eficazes.


Abstract Objective: Blepharitis is one of the most commonly encountered conditions in ophthalmic practice and is a frequent cause of eye irritation and discomfort. Being a difficult to treat disease, the authors sought to better understand the epidemiology, etiology, clinical presentations, treatment and evolution of their patients, aiming at greater therapeutic success. Methods: The medical records of 124 patients of Centro de Oftalmologia Tadeu Cvintal who had blepharitis were retrospectively and cross-sectionally evaluated and underwent severity classification and collection of eyelid secretions for bacterial culture and antibiogram. Results: The mean age of the patients was 67.4 years, females accounted for 70 (56.4%) cases and males for 54 (43.5%). Regarding the severity of the disease, there were 71 cases of mild blepharitis (56.8%), 52 (41.6%) with moderate intensity and 2 (1.6%) severe cases. Evaluating the follow-up of treatment of the disease, it was observed that 103 (82.4%) patients did not return to evaluate the treatment outcome and only 22 (17.6%) returned. In respect of the cultures performed, 82 (66.1%) did not show microbial growth. Among the 42 (33.8%) positive samples, coagulase-negative staphylococci were the most prevalent, especially Staphylococcus epidermidis, responsible for 35 (83.3%) of them. As for antibiotic sensitivity, the agents in our sample showed greater resistance to Penicillin, Erythromycin and Ciprofloxacin and 100% sensitivity to Linezolid, Vancomycin and Daptomycin. Conclusion: By better understanding the epidemiological characteristics of blepharitis and the antimicrobial sensitivity of the bacteria involved, it is possible to offer more effective treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blepharitis/etiology , Blepharitis/drug therapy , Blepharitis/epidemiology , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Daptomycin/therapeutic use , Linezolid/therapeutic use , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Culture Techniques
10.
Intestinal Research ; : 311-316, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764160

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an idiopathic, multi-etiological disease characterized by inflammation and mucosal destruction of the gastrointestinal tract. Despite the remarkable advance in immunomodulating therapies, there still remains a certain population of patients who are refractory to conventional as well as biologic therapies and fail to achieve mucosal healing. To improve the prognosis of those patients, at least 2 types of stem cells have been tested for their potential therapeutic use. Transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells or mesenchymal stem cells have been tested in several clinical studies, but their beneficial effect still remains controversial. In this review, we would like to overview the recent clinical challenges of stem cell-based therapies in IBD and also introduce our new therapeutic plan of intestinal stem cell transplantation for IBD, based on our ex vivo intestinal organoid culture technique.


Subject(s)
Biological Therapy , Culture Techniques , Gastrointestinal Tract , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Inflammation , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Organoids , Prognosis , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells
11.
Biomedical Engineering Letters ; (4): 351-358, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785518

ABSTRACT

Hearing loss is very common and economically burdensome. No accepted therapeutic modality for sensorineural hearing loss is yet available; most clinicians emphasize rehabilitation, placing hearing aids and cochlear implants. Photobiomodulation (PBM) employs light energy to enhance or modulate the activities of specific organs, and is a popular non-invasive therapy used to treat skin lesions and neurodegenerative disorders. Efforts to use PBM to improve hearing have been ongoing for several decades. Initial in vitro studies using cell lines and ex vivo culture techniques have now been supplanted by in vivo studies in animals; PBM protects the sensory epithelium and triggers neural regeneration. Many reports have used PBM to treat tinnitus. In this brief review, we introduce PBM applications in hearing research, helpful protocols, and relevant background literature.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Cochlear Implants , Culture Techniques , Epithelium , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Hearing , In Vitro Techniques , Low-Level Light Therapy , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Regeneration , Rehabilitation , Skin , Tinnitus
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(6): 761-767, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977107

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are a frequent cause of bacteremia, especially in neonates. The major virulence determinant in CoNS is the ability to produce biofilms, which is conferred by the icaADBC genes. This study aimed to assess different methods for the detection of biofilm formation in 176 CoNS isolates from blood cultures of newborns. METHODS: The presence of the icaACD genes was assessed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and biofilm formation was assessed on congo red agar (CRA), by the tube method (TM), and on tissue culture plates (TCP). RESULTS: Of the 176 CoNS isolates, 30.1% expressed icaACD and 11.4% expressed icaAD. The CRA assay and TM showed that 42% and 38.6% of the isolates were biofilm producing, respectively. On TCP, 40.9% of the isolates produced biofilms; 21% were weakly adherent and 19.9% were strongly adherent. When compared to the gold standard technique (PCR), the CRAassay showed 79% sensitivity and 84% specificity (kappa = 0.64), TM showed 78% sensitivity and 89% specificity (kappa = 0.68), and TCP showed 99% sensitivity and 100% specificity (kappa = 0.99). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, ~42% of CoNS isolates produced biofilms, and the presence of icaACD was associated with a greater capacity to form biofilms. Compared to the other phenotypic methodologies, TCP is an ideal procedure for routine laboratory use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Staphylococcal Infections/diagnosis , Staphylococcus/isolation & purification , Bacteremia/microbiology , Biofilms/growth & development , Staphylococcal Infections/microbiology , Staphylococcus/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sensitivity and Specificity , Congo Red , Culture Techniques , Genotype
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713268

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Infection remains the main cause of morbidity and mortality in liver transplantation (LT) recipients; however infection is notoriously difficult to diagnose because its usual signs and symptoms of infection may be masked or absent. This study comprises an analysis of bacterial infections in the early period after LT. METHODS: This is a study of 129 adults who underwent LT from January 2013 to December 2013, and it includes patients who were followed daily from the day of transplantation to 1-week posttransplantation using bacteriological cultures of blood, urine, sputum, and drained ascites. RESULTS: The following factors were significantly different between the positive and negative culture groups: living donor LT vs. deceased donor LT (odds ratio [OR], 3.269; P = 0.003), model for end-stage liver disease score (OR, 4.364; P < 0.001), and Child-Pugh classification (P = 0.007). Neither positive culture nor negative culture was associated with infection within 4 weeks of surgery (P = 0.03), and most events were due to surgical complications (75%). CONCLUSION: Since the full effect of immunosuppression is not yet present during the first month after LT, we suggest that the number of bacterial culture test could be reduced such that they are performed every other day depending on patient's situation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ascites , Bacterial Infections , Classification , Culture Techniques , Humans , Immunosuppression , Liver Diseases , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Living Donors , Masks , Mortality , Sputum , Tissue Donors
14.
Niger. J. Dent. Res ; 3(2): 79-83, 2018. ilus
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1266974

ABSTRACT

Objective: Culture is the way of life of a people; and is an integral component of their day-to-day existence. It influences the daily routine of a people, including their diet, dressing, religious disposition, and surprisingly, the degree to which orthodox medical practices impact their daily lives. Appreciating underlying cultural context will help health care workers influence patient's perceptions, especially where cultural practices are not in tandem with medical best practices. This is important, for example, in administration of informed consent for surgery. This study explored cultural beliefs of patients in relation to some common maxillofacial practices in Kano, Nigeria. Methods: Patient's perceptions on oral cancers, use of nasogastric tubes, and tooth extraction was conducted amongst patients attending maxillofacial outpatient clinic of a tertiary Nigerian hospital from January to December 2015 using a non-structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire. Results: Seventy-seven (77) patients were surveyed (52 males and 25 females), with ages ranging from 16 to 75 years. Most were aged 51-60 years (44.2%). Only 6.5% of respondents had higher than secondary education. Responses to the aetiology and treatment of oral cancers, use of nasogastric tubes for maxillofacial surgery patients and extraction of teeth showed cultural perceptions usually at variance with medical best practices. Conclusion: Patients' expectations and fears of maxillofacial surgery procedures are affected by their cultural beliefs. Proper acceptance of this, combined with targeted education and counselling may enhance patient's co-operation and acceptance of necessary surgical procedures when orthodox medical care is sought


Subject(s)
Culture Techniques , Maxillofacial Prosthesis Implantation , Nigeria , Surgery, Oral
15.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(4): 785-790, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889167

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Early diagnosis of tuberculosis is of major clinical importance. Among 4733 clinical specimens collected from 3363 patients and subjected to Ziehl-Neelsen microscopy, 4109 were inoculated onto Löwenstein-Jensen slants and 3139 in Bactec/9000MB. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) was performed in 3139 specimens, whereas, a genotypic assay was directly applied in 93 Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex PCR-positive for isoniazid and rifampicin resistance detection specimens (GenoType MTBDRplus). Recovered M. tuberculosis isolates (64) as well as, 21 more sent from Regional Hospitals were tested for antimycobacterial resistance with a phenotypic (manual MGIT-SIRE) and a genotypic assay (GenoType MTBDRplus). PCR in the clinical specimens showed excellent specificity (97.4%) and accuracy (96.8%), good sensitivity (70.4%), but low positive predictive value (40.3%). MGIT-SIRE performed to M. tuberculosis did not confer a reliable result in 16 isolates. Of the remaining 69 isolates, 15 were resistant to streptomycin, seven to isoniazid, seven to ethambutol and five to rifampicin. GenoType MTBDRplus correctly detected isoniazid (seven) and rifampicin-resistant M. tuberculosis strains (five), showing an excellent performance overall (100%). Susceptibility results by the molecular assay applied directly to clinical specimens were identical to those obtained from recovered isolates of the corresponding patients. Combining molecular and conventional methods greatly contribute to early diagnosis and accurate susceptibility testing of tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Culture Techniques/methods , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques/methods , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolation & purification , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Antitubercular Agents/pharmacology , Culture Techniques/economics , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Genotype , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques/economics , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/drug effects , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genetics , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/growth & development , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/drug therapy , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/microbiology , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/microbiology
16.
Bol. micol. (Valparaiso En linea) ; 32(2): 8-14, dic. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-907570

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En las últimas décadas, la frecuencia de infecciones fúngicas invasivas causadas por levaduras ha aumentado en las Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI), especialmente en pacientes graves con estadías prolongadas y en inmunocomprometidos. En ocasiones pueden presentarse como infecciones asociadas a la atención de salud (IAAS) por incumplimiento de medidas efectivas en prevención. Candida albicans es la especie más frecuentemente aislada, aunque el número de especies no albicans resistentes a fluconazol ha aumentado y la mortalidad asociada es mayor en los pacientes infectados con estas especies, motivo de preocupación puesto de manifiesto por los datos de vigilancia recientes. Objetivo: establecer la frecuencia de portación de levaduras de importancia clínica aisladas de las manos de estudiantes de las carreras de Medicina y Enfermería de la Universidad de Talca. Métodos: se tomaron 208 muestras de las manos de estudiantes, estas se dividieron en dos categorías: la primera es el ciclo básico de los estudiantes sin contacto con hospitales, la segunda es el pre-clínico y clínico de los estudiantes que tienen contacto con hospitales. Resultados: hubo 11.2 por ciento de portación en manos de estudiantes de Medicina y 9.9 por ciento para los de Enfermería. En los aislamientos predominó la Candida parapsilosis (45.5 por ciento); Candida guillermondii (18.2 por ciento); Candida famata (9.1 por ciento), y Candida albicans (4.5 por ciento) Schwanniomyces etchellsii (18.2 por ciento) y Cryptococcus humícola (4.5 por ciento). Conclusión: la portación de levaduras en manos de estudiantes de carreras de salud, aumenta significativamente en aquellos que tienen mayor contacto con las unidades hospitalarias, así como la diversidad de especies y la cantidad de unidades formadoras de colonias.


Introduction: In the last decades, the frequency of invasive fungal infections caused by yeast has increased in the Intensive Care Units (ICU), especially in severe patients with prolonged stays and in immunocompromised patients. Sometimes they can present as infections associated with health care (IAAS) due to non-compliance with effective prevention measures. Candida albicans is the most frequently isolated species, although the number of non-albicans species resistant to fluconazole has increased and the associated mortality is higher in patients infected with these species, a concern highlighted by recent surveillance data. Objective: to establish the frequency of carrying of yeasts of clinical importance isolated from the hands of students of the careers of Medicine and Nursing of the University of Talca. Methods: 208 samples were taken from the hands of students, these were divided into two categories: the first is the basic cycle of students without contact with hospitals, the second is the pre-clinical and clinical students who have contact with hospitals. Results: there was a: 11.2 percent portation in the hands of medical students and 9.9 percent for Nursing students. In the isolates Candida parapsilosis prevailed (45.5 percent); Candida guillermondii (18.2 percent); Candida famata (9.1 percent), and Candida albicans (4.5 percent) Schwanniomyces etchellsii (18.2 percent) and Cryptococcus humicola (4.5 percent). Conclusion: the carrying of yeasts in the hands of students of health careers increases significantly in those who have greater contact with hospital units, as well as the diversity of species and the number of colony forming units.


Subject(s)
Humans , Candida/isolation & purification , Hand Disinfection , Hand/microbiology , Intensive Care Units , Mycoses/epidemiology , Students, Medical , Students, Nursing , Ascomycota , Basidiomycota , Chile , Culture Techniques/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Specimen Handling/methods
18.
Biol. Res ; 50: 25, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950892

ABSTRACT

Jojoba is considered a promising oil crop and is cultivated for diverse purposes in many countries. The jojoba seed produces unique high-quality oil with a wide range of applications such as medical and industrial-related products. The plant also has potential value in combatting desertification and land degradation in dry and semi-dry areas. Although the plant is known for its high-temperature and high-salinity tolerance growth ability, issues such as its male-biased ratio, relatively late flowering and seed production time hamper the cultivation of this plant. The development of efficient biotechnological platforms for better cultivation and an improved production cycle is a necessity for farmers cultivating the plant. In the last 20 years, many efforts have been made for in vitro cultivation of jojoba by applying different molecular biology techniques. However, there is a lot of work to be done in order to reach satisfactory results that help to overcome cultivation problems. This review presents a historical overview, the medical and industrial importance of the jojoba plant, agronomy aspects and nutrient requirements for the plant's cultivation, and the role of recent biotechnology and molecular biology findings in jojoba research.


Subject(s)
Waxes , Magnoliopsida/growth & development , Biotechnology , Plant Roots , Magnoliopsida/chemistry , Culture Techniques , Acclimatization
19.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 231-236, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812780

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate whether in vitro culture medium (IVCM) for sparse spermatozoa can improve human sperm motility for the purpose of helping clinicians, laboratorians and patients choose a better strategy of assisted reproduction.@*METHODS@#Semen samples were obtained from 178 males for routine semen examination from March to August 2016, including 151 cases of asthenozoospermia and 27 cases of normal sperm motility. A total of 200 μl was collected from each sample and divided into two equal portions and equal volumes of IVCM (experimental group) and F10 (1×) (control group) were added to the two portions, respectively, followed by 30-minute incubation at 37℃ in an incubator with 5% CO2. Sperm concentration, motility and viability and the percentages of progressively motile, non-progressively motile and immotile sperm were recorded before and after incubation.@*RESULTS@#After activated with IVCM, neither the samples with asthenozoospermia nor those with normal sperm motility showed any statistically significant difference in sperm viability from the baseline or the control group (P>0.05). The rates of progressively and non-progressively motile sperm from the asthenozoospermia males were increased by 14.02% and 4.86% respectively, while that of immotile sperm decreased by 19.01% in the experimental group (P >0.01), and similar results were observed in the semen samples from the men with normal sperm motility. The percentage of reduced immotile viable sperm was positively correlated with that of immotile viable sperm in both the asthenozoospermia patients (r = 0.260, P <0.01) and the men with normal sperm motility (r = 0.679, P <0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#IVCM can increase sperm motility without affecting sperm viability in men with either asthenozoospermia or normal sperm motility. The larger the proportion of immotile viable sperm, the higher the percentages of progressively and non-progressively motile sperm in the semen after IVCM activation, and this correlation is more significant in men with normal sperm motility than in asthenozoospermia patients.


Subject(s)
Asthenozoospermia , Therapeutics , Culture Media , Culture Techniques , Humans , Male , Semen , Semen Analysis , Methods , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Physiology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180603

ABSTRACT

The present study was performed to reveal the current status and risk factors of Strongyloides stercoralis infections in the villages of Kenethao district, Xayaburi Province, Lao PDR. Fecal specimens were collected and examined for S. stercoralis using Koga-agar plate culture technique. Among 516 individuals, the prevalence of S. stercoralis and hookworm infection was 44.2% and 17.1%, respectively. Co-infection was detected in 13.2% of the cases. The prevalence did not significantly differ between males and females (P=0.193). However, the prevalence of S. stercoralis infection increased significantly with age (P=0.041). Of the risk factors examined, both performing farming activities (P=0.001) and walking barefoot when going outside of the house (P=0.003) showed significant correlations with S. stercoralis infections. Our results suggest that S. stercoralis is highly endemic in this area. The National Helminth Control Program of Lao PDR should take actions to control S. stercoralis infection. In addition, provision of health education about the benefits of wearing shoes would be important for reducing infection in the study area. Moreover, the application of high-sensitivity diagnostic approaches is needed to obtain the true impact of S. stercoralis infections in all rural communities in order to provide surveillance activities in Lao PDR.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Coinfection , Culture Techniques , Female , Health Education , Helminths , Hookworm Infections , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Rural Population , Shoes , Strongyloides stercoralis , Strongyloides , Walking
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL