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1.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18946, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364411

ABSTRACT

Abstract To investigate structure-property relationship of polymer-based curcumin solid dispersion (SD), three acrylic polymers were used to formulate curcumin SD by solvent evaporation method. Curcumin Eudragit EPO SD (cur@EPO), curcumin Eudragit RS PO SD (cur@RSPO) and curcumin Eudragit RL PO SD (cur@RLPO) showed deep red, golden orange and reddish orange color, respectively. Cur@RSPO entrapped 15.42 wt% of curcumin followed by cur@RL PO and cur@EPO. FTIR spectra indicated that in cur@EPO, curcumin may transfer hydrogen to the dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate group and thus change its color to red. In contrast, curcumin may form hydrogen bonding with Eudragit RS PO and Eudragit RL. Curcumin exists in amorphous state in three SDs as proved by differential scanning calorimetry and X-Ray diffraction measurement. In vitro digestion presented that lower pH value in simulated gastric fluid (SGF) stimulates the curcumin release from cur@EPO while permeability influences the release profile in other two SDs. When in simulated intestinal fluid (SIF), first order release model governs the release behaviors of all three SDs which showed sustained release pattern. Our results are helpful to elucidate how structure of polymer may impact on the major properties of curcumin contained SD and will be promising to broaden its therapeutic applications.


Subject(s)
Polymers , Curcumin/analysis , Methods , Solvents/administration & dosage , X-Ray Diffraction/instrumentation , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Calorimetry, Differential Scanning/methods , Evaporation/classification , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Color , Citrus sinensis/classification , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e214034, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282553

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare Enterococcus faecalis reduction after antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) used with methylene blue, toluidine blue, tannin, and curcumin as photosensitizers, an adjunct to endodontic chemomechanical preparation (CMP) in root canals of human teeth. Methods: A total of 120 single-rooted teeth were divided into 6 groups (n = 20): G1- CMP and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); G2- CMP and saline solution; G3- CMP, 2.5% NaOCl, and aPDT with 0.005% methylene blue; G4- CMP, 2.5% NaOCl, and aPDT with 0.005% toluidine blue; G5- CMP, 2.5% NaOCl, and aPDT with 0.005% tannin; and G6- CMP, 2.5% NaOCl, and aPDT with 0.005% curcumin. A portable semiconductor laser was used (660 nm, 100 mW, 1.8 J, 180s) in groups 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and a blue LED light-curing (420-480 nm, 1200 mV/cm2 ) in G6. For all groups, a 5 min pre-irradiation time was applied. Samples were collected before (initial collection), immediately after (intermediate collection) and 7 days after CMP (final collection) for colony-forming unit (CFU) counting. The Kruskal-Wallis test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were performed (p < 0.05; 95% confidence interval). Results: In between-group comparisons, there was no significant difference observed in the number of CFUs at the initial (p >< 0.001) and final collections (p >< 0.001) for G2 and G3. In within-group comparisons, the number of CFUs showed a decreasing trend in G4 (p = 0.007) and G5 (p = 0.001). Conclusion: Photosensitizers promoted E. faecalis reduction, with better results for tannin and curcumin. Alternative photosensitizers should be the focus of further studies.>< 0.05; 95% confidence interval). Results: In between-group comparisons, there was no significant difference observed in the number of CFUs at the initial (p < 0.001) and final collections (p >< 0.001) for G2 and G3. In within-group comparisons, the number of CFUs showed a decreasing trend in G4 (p = 0.007) and G5 (p = 0.001). Conclusion: Photosensitizers promoted E. faecalis reduction, with better results for tannin and curcumin. Alternative photosensitizers should be the focus of further studies.>< 0.001) and final collections (p < 0.001) for G2 and G3. In within-group comparisons, the number of CFUs showed a decreasing trend in G4 (p = 0.007) and G5 (p = 0.001). Conclusion: Photosensitizers promoted E. faecalis reduction, with better results for tannin and curcumin. Alternative photosensitizers should be the focus of further studies>< 0.001) for G2 and G3. In within-group comparisons, the number of CFUs showed a decreasing trend in G4 (p = 0.007) and G5 (p = 0.001). Conclusion: Photosensitizers promoted E. faecalis reduction, with better results for tannin and curcumin. Alternative photosensitizers should be the focus of further studies


Subject(s)
Photochemotherapy , Tannins , Photosensitizing Agents , Curcumin , Endodontics
4.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200093, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153294

ABSTRACT

HIGHLIGHTS Sodium arsenite can cause neoplastic transformation in cells. Curcumin reduced cell viability and increased LDH activity in transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells. Curcumin caused DNA damage in transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells. Curcumin may play a protective role in sodium arsenite-induced toxicity.


Abstract Arsenic is a toxic substance that spreads widely around the environment and accumulates as metalloid in the earth's crust. Arsenic and its derivatives are found in drinking water, nutrients, soil, and air. Exposure to arsenic is associated with lung, blood, skin cancer and various lesions. Curcumin is a polyphenolic compound derived from Curcuma longa (turmeric) rhizome and is one of the main curcuminoids. Curcumin is known to be antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic effects. This study aimed to investigate the potential of sodium arsenite to transform embryonic fibroblast cells and to evaluate the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of curcumin in neoplastic transformed cells. Neoplastic cells transformation was induced by sodium arsenite in Balb/c 3T3 cells at the end of 32 days. After transformation assay, the transformed cells were treated with various concentration of curcumin to evaluate cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase activity and DNA damage for 24h. The results revealed that curcumin decreased cell viability and increased the activity of lactate dehydrogenase enzyme in neoplastic transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells. In conclusion, the results demonstrated that curcumin has an anticancer effect on neoplastic transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells by causing DNA damage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Arsenic/toxicity , DNA Damage , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Curcumin/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , BALB 3T3 Cells , Fibroblasts/pathology
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2077-2084, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887782

ABSTRACT

Curcumin is exclusively isolated from Zingiberaceae plants with a broad spectrum of bioactivities. In the present study, we used the diketide-CoA synthase (DCS) and curcumin synthase (CURS) genes to construct a non-natural fusion gene encoding diketide-CoA synthase::curcumin synthase (DCS::CURS). This fusion protein, together with the acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) and the 4-coumarate coenzyme A ligase (4CL), were introduced into Escherichia coli for the production of curcumin from ferulic acid. The process is divided into two stages, the growth stage using LB medium and the fermentation stage using the modified M9 medium. The yield of curcumin reached 386.8 mg/L by optimizing the induction of protein expression in the growth stage, and optimizing the inoculum volume, medium composition and fermentation time in the fermentation stage, as well as the addition of macroporous resin AB-8 into the second medium to attenuate the toxicity of the end product. The exploitation of the non-natural fusion protein DCS::CURS for the production of curcumin provides a new alternative to further promoting the production of curcumin and the related analogues.


Subject(s)
Curcumin/pharmacology , Escherichia coli/genetics , Fermentation
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879044

ABSTRACT

L~*, a~* and b~* values of prepared slices of Curcumae Rhizoma were measured by spectrophotometer. SPSS 21.0 was used for discriminant analysis to establish the color range and mathematical prediction model of prepared slices of Curcumae Rhizoma. The values of L~*, a~* and b~* of kwangsiensis ranged from 58.09-62.40, 4.53-5.66 and 23.61-24.29, while the values of L~*, a~* and b~* of phaeocaulis were between 64.02-70.71,-0.89-4.13 and 44.59-54.52, respectively. The values of L~*, a~* and b~* of wenyujin were 68.55-70.99,-0.11-1.47 and 28.26-32.19, respectively. The mathematical prediction model was proved to be able to realize 100% identification of Curcumae Rhizome of different origins through original and cross validation and external samples validation. A dual wavelength HPLC was established; the contents of 9 sesquiterpenoids and 3 Curcumae Rhizomes were determined simultaneously; and the contents of Curcumae Rhizome of different origins were determined. The results showed that kwangsiensis had higher contents of neocurdione, β-elemene and isocurcumaenol, phaeocaulis curcumin, furadienone, demethoxycurcumin and curcumin; and wenyujin mainly contained curdione, furadienes and guimarone. Pearson correlation analysis on L~*, a~*, b~* value and content of 12 components showed that curcumin, furadienone, demethoxycurcumin and curcumin had a significant positive correlation with b~* value(P<0.01). There was a significant negative correlation between neocurdione, β-elemene and isocurcumaenol and L~* value(P<0.01). Curdione, furadienes and guimarone were significantly correlated with L~* value(P<0.01),indicating that the appearance co-lor of Curcumae Rhizoma could reflect the change of the content of the internal components. This study provided reference for the rapid recognition of Curcumae Rhizoma and the establishment of quality evaluation system.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Color , Curcuma , Curcumin , Rhizome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878893

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the potential mechanism of curcumin in mediating interleukin-6(IL-6)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3) signaling pathway to repair intestinal mucosal injury induced by 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) chemotherapy for colon cancer. SD rats were intraperitoneally injected with 60 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) 5-FU for 4 days to establish a model of intestinal mucosal injury. Then the rats were randomly divided into model group(equal volume of normal saline), curcumin low, medium and high dose groups(50, 100, 200 mg·kg~(-1)), and normal SD rats were used as control group(equal volume of normal saline). Each group received gavage administration for 4 consecutive days, and the changes of body weight and feces were recorded every day. After administration, blood was collected from the heart, and jejunum tissues were collected. The levels of serum interleukin-1β(IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were detected by ELISA, and at the same time, the concentration of Evans blue(EB) in jejunum was measured. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the pathological state of jejunum, and the length of jejunum villi and the depth of crypt were measured. The positive expression levels of claudin, occludin and ZO-1 were detected by immunohistochemistry. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of IL-6, p-STAT3, E-cadherin, vimentin and N-cadherin in jejunum tissues. The results showed that, curcumin significantly increased body weight and fecal weight(P<0.05 or P<0.01), decreased fecal score, EB concentration, IL-1β and TNF-α levels(P<0.05 or P<0.01) in rats. In addition, curcumin maintained the integrity of mucosal surface and villi structure of jejunum to a large extent, and reduced pathological changes in a dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, curcumin could increase the positive expression of occludin, claudin and ZO-1(P<0.05 or P<0.01), repair intestinal barrier function, downregulate the protein expression of IL-6, p-STAT3, vimentin and N-cadherin in jejunum tissues(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and upregulate the protein expression of E-cadherin(P<0.05). Therefore, curcumin could repair the intestinal mucosal injury induced by 5-FU chemotherapy for colon cancer, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of IL-6/STAT3 signal and the inhibition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT) process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Curcumin , Fluorouracil/toxicity , Interleukin-6/genetics , Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 404-417, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878571

ABSTRACT

Curcuminoids are rare diketone compounds in plants and can be found in the rhizome of Curcuma longa as well as other Zingiberaceae and Araceae. Curcuminoids have been widely used in food and medical area owing to the yellow colors, as well as the antioxidant and many other pharmacological activities. Curcuminoids are a mixture of compounds containing curcumin, demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin, which have distinct benzene ring substituents. Currently, curcuminoids are exclusively produced through plant extraction, which do not satisfy the meeting of the market demand. Empowered with new synthetic biology tools and metabolic engineering strategies, there is renewed interest in production of curcuminoids using microorganisms. Heterologous production of curcuminoids has been achieved using Escherichia coli, Yarrowia lipolytica, Pseudomonas putida and Aspergillus oryzae via engineering of curcuminoids biosynthesis pathway. In this review, we first describe the biological activities and various applications of curcuminoids. Next, we summarize the biosynthetic pathway of curcuminoids in Curcuma longa and discuss the catalytic mechanisms of curcumin synthases. Then, we thoroughly explore recent advances in the use of distinct microorganisms for the production of curcuminoids with a special focus on metabolic engineering strategies. Finally, we prospect the microbial production of curcuminoids by highlighting some promising techniques and approaches.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Biosynthetic Pathways/genetics , Curcumin , Diarylheptanoids , Metabolic Engineering , Plant Extracts
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to review the efficacy of curcumin in the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis systematically.@*METHODS@#We searched seven databases, including Web of Science, PubMed, EBSCO, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, WanFang Data, and VIP, to obtain randomized controlled trials related to the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis by curcumin. Each database was searched from inception to 30 June 2019. RevMan 5.3 software was used for the meta-analysis.@*RESULTS@#Six randomized controlled trials involving 350 patients were included in this study. Meta-analysis showed that curcumin can increase the maximal mouth opening and improve burning sensation compared with placebo treatment. Curcumin was not as effective as the controls in achieving maximal mouth opening after 1 month of treatment. However, no statistically significant difference was observed between the treatments from 2 months to 6 months. Curcumin significantly improved burning sensation compared with the controls after 3 months of treatment. No statistically significant diffe-rence in burning sensation was observed between the curcumin and control groups after 1, 2, and 6 months of treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The current evidence shows that curcumin is an effective treatment for improving maximal mouth opening and burning sensation in patients with oral submucous fibrosis. Given the limited number and low quality of the included studies, however, more high-quality studies are needed to verify these findings.


Subject(s)
Curcumin , Databases, Factual , Humans , Oral Submucous Fibrosis/drug therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
10.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-12, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178040

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the subcutaneous tissue response after different protocols to photodynamic therapy (PDT). In Phase 1, were tested the diode laser (used for 1min) associated to the photosensitizer phenothiazine chloride solution (PCS) in different concentrations. In Phase 2 ­ the diode laser and LED were tested associated to two different photosensitizers, PCS and Curcumin, in different exposure times of light application. Material and Methods: After 7, 21 and 63-days the animals were euthanized and the subcutaneous tissue processed to histological analysis. Qualitative and semi-quantitative descriptions of the inflammatory process and immunohistochemical technique were performed. The obtained data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's post-test (α= 0.5). Results: On Phase 1, the tissue response was very similar among the groups. For the inflammatory infiltrate, PCS with concentration of 10mg/mL exhibited the most intense reaction (p > 0.05). On Phase 2, at 7-days period, the analyzed parameters presented small magnitude and after 21 and 63-days, all the parameters demonstrated tissue compatibility. Conclusion: Both photosensitizers presented proper tissue compatibility regardless the different concentrations used on Phase 1 and different durations of light exposure on Phase 2 (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou a resposta do tecido subcutâneo após terapia fotodinâmica, utilizando na Fase 1 - laser diodo por 1min e solução fotossensibilizadora de cloreto de fenotiazina (CF) em diferentes concentrações e Fase 2 - laser diodo e LED e dois fotossensibilizadores, CF e Curcumina, em diferentes tempos de exposição da aplicação de luz. Material e Métodos: Após 7, 21 e 63 dias, foram realizadas descrições qualitativas e semiquantitativas do processo inflamatório e técnica de imunoistoquímica. Os dados foram analisados pelo pós-teste de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn (α = 0,5). Resultados: Na Fase 1, a resposta do tecido foi muito semelhante. O infiltrado inflamatório, na concentração de 10 mg / mL, exibiu reação mais intensa (p > 0,05). Na Fase 2, aos 7 dias, os parâmetros analisados apresentaram pequena magnitude. Aos 21 e 63 dias, todos os parâmetros demonstraram compatibilidade com o tecido. Conclusão: Ambos os fotossensibilizadores apresentaram compatibilidade de tecido adequada, independentemente das diferentes concentrações utilizadas na Fase 1 e diferentes durações de exposição à luz na Fase 2 (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Photochemotherapy , Rats, Inbred Strains , Curcumin , Subcutaneous Tissue
11.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 7(3): 412-441, 26 de noviembre 2020. ^c27 cmilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1141472

ABSTRACT

Las infecciones respiratorias constituyen una importante causa de morbilidad y mortalidad a nivel mundial, incrementándose su relevancia ante la reciente infección por SARS-CoV-2, causante de la pandemia de COVID-19. Las opciones terapéuticas para esta infección respiratoria son escasas y sin eficacia comprobada. El objetivo de esta revisión fue buscar la información sobre plantas con actividad antiviral o viricida publicada en los últimos 10 años, en las bases de datos de Google Scholar, Scopus y PubMed. La búsqueda priorizó aquellas especies disponibles en Guatemala, la cual se complementó con la búsqueda de moléculas con actividad antiviral para finalmente postular aquellas que puedan prevenir la infección o aminorar la patogénesis del SARS-CoV-2. Se detectaron más de 170 especies con actividad antiviral y se organizó la información por país o región y tipo de actividad antiviral contra virus específicos. De las especies de mayor disponibilidad en Guatemala se seleccionaron 20. La revisión culmina con 15 artículos que proponen plantas o moléculas con potencial actividad específica en el manejo de la pandemia por SARS-CoV-2. Se concluye que existen especies vegetales (Curcuma longa, Echinacea purpurea, Psidium guajava, Allium sativum, Salvia officinalis y Eucalyptus globulus) y fitocompuestos vegetales (hesperidina, rutina, diosmina, apiina, aloe-emodina, piperina, capsaicina, curcumina, oleuropeina, rhamnetina y gallato de epicatequina) que podrían contribuir al manejo de la enfermedad. Se insta a académicos y autoridades a poner más atención a estas opciones terapéuticas que nos ofrece la naturaleza y que podrían contribuir a aliviar el colapso de los sistemas de salud prevalentes.


Respiratory infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, increasing their relevance by the recent SARS-CoV-2 infection causing the COVID-19 pandemic. Therapeutic options for this respiratory infection are scarce and without proven effectiveness. The objective of this review was the search for information on plants with antiviral or viricidal activity published in the last 10 years in the Google Scholar, Scopus, and PubMed databases. The search prioritized those species available in Guatemala, was completed with the search of molecules with potential to prevent infection or reduce the activity of SARS-CoV-2 infection. More than 170 species with antiviral activity were detected and the information organized in surveys by country or region, activity against specific viruses and antiviral information on the 20 most commonly available species in the country. It is complemented with a summary of 15 articles that proposed plants or molecules with potential specific activity in the management of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. It is concluded there are plant species (Curcuma longa, Echinacea purpurea, Psidium guajava, Allium sativum, Salvia officinalis and Eucalyptus globulus) and phytocompounds isolated from these species (hesperidin, rutin, diosmin, apiine, aloe-emodin, piperine, capsaicin, curcumin, oleuropein and epicatechin gallate) that could contribute to the management of the disease. Academics and authorities are urged to pay more attention to these therapeutic options that nature offer to us and could contribute to alleviate the collapse of the prevailing health systems in the country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plants, Medicinal/drug effects , Respiratory Tract Infections , Therapeutics , Catechin/therapeutic use , Echinacea , Curcumin/therapeutic use , Salvia officinalis , Psidium , Diosmin , Aloe , Eucalyptus , Betacoronavirus , Garlic , COVID-19 , Guatemala , Hesperidin
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 1805-1812, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131556

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation with different doses of Curcuma longa hydrolate on the hematological, immunological and zootechnical parameters of Nile tilapia cultivated in a recirculation system (RAS). Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) were used, distributed in 16 polyethylene boxes, divided into four treatments: 0.0%; 2.5%; 7.5% and 10.0% of Curcuma longa hydrolate, in quadruplicate. After 45 days of treatment, four fish per experimental unit were anesthetized to remove blood aliquot for hematological and immunological analyzes and dissect the liver to evaluate the hepatosomatic index and final biometry. In the haematological analysis, the fish fed with 2.5% had a higher number of leukocytes, monocytes and lymphocytes than control, while the doses of 7.5% and 10.0% did not differ. Antimicrobial activity showed a significant decrease as the dose of C. longa hydrolate increased. The other hematological, immunological, hepatosomatic index and zootechnical data did not differ between treatments. Thus, supplementation of the hydrolate of Curcuma longa at a dosage of 2.5%, improved and maintained blood-immune homeostasis parameters in these animals, being suggested for further studies.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da suplementação dietética com diferentes doses de hidrolato de Curcuma longa nos parâmetros hematológicos, imunológicos e zootécnicos da tilápia-do-nilo cultivada em sistema de recirculação. Utilizou-se tilápia- do-nilo (Oreochromis niloticus), distribuída em 16 caixas de polietileno, divididas em quatro tratamentos: 0,0%; 2,5%7,5% e 10,0% de hidrolato de Curcuma longa, em quadruplicata. Após 45 dias de tratamento, quatro peixes por unidade experimental foram anestesiados para remover uma alíquota sanguínea para análises hematológicas e imunológicas, e removeu-se o fígado para avaliar o índice hepatossomático e a biometria final. Na análise hematológica, os peixes alimentados com 2,5% apresentaram maior número de leucócitos, monócitos e linfócitos que no controle, enquanto as doses de 7,5% e 10,0% não diferiram. Por outro lado, a atividade antimicrobiana apresentou uma redução significativa à medida que a dose de hidrolato de C. longa aumentou. Os demais dados hematológicos, imunológicos, hepatossomáticos e zootécnicos não diferiram entre os tratamentos. Assim, a suplementação do hidrolato de Curcuma longa, na dose de 2,5%, melhorou os parâmetros hematoimunológicos e manteve a homeostase nesses animais, sendo sugerida para novos estudos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Curcumin/administration & dosage , Cichlids/immunology , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Phytotherapy/veterinary
13.
Dent. press endod ; 10(1): 54-61, Jan-Apr2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344238

ABSTRACT

Pacientes submetidos à clareação dentária relatam sensibilidade pós-operatória relacionada ao peróxido de hidrogênio (H2 O2 ) que penetra no tecido pulpar. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito anti-inflamatório do ibuprofeno, Otosporin® e gel de curcumina na polpa dentária de ratos após procedimento clareador. Métodos: Cinquenta ratos foram divididos em GC ­ controle (gel placebo); CLA ­ clareação (H2 O2 35%, 30 minutos); CLA-I ­ clareação e administração oral de ibuprofeno (duas vezes a cada 12 horas, 2 dias sucessivos); CLA-O ­ clareação seguida da aplicação de Otosporin® nas superfícies dos molares (10 minutos); e CLA-C ­ sessão clareadora seguida do gel de curcumina (10 minutos). Após dois dias, os ratos foram mortos para análise histológica e testes estatísticos foram realizados(p<0,05). Resultados: CLA, CLA-I e CLA-C apresentaram inflamação severa ou necrose no terço oclusal da polpa coronária (p>0,05); CLA-O apresentou inflamação leve e foi semelhante ao GC (p>0,05) e dife- rente dos outros grupos (p<0,05). No terço médio, o grupo CLA-O apresentou menor infiltrado inflamatório e permaneceu diferente do grupo CLA (p<0,05); CLA, CLA-I e CLA-C foram semelhantes (p>0,05). No terço cervical, CLA, CLA-I e CLA-C tiveram redução da inflamação, sem diferença entre os grupos clareados (p>0,05). Conclusões: O Otosporin® pode reduzir a inflamação na polpa após clareação dentária; esse resultado não foi observado utilizando ibuprofeno ou gel de curcumina. Portanto, esse estudo mostra uma nova possibilidade de pós-tratamento em dentes clareados por meio do uso de Otosporin®, que minimiza a inflamação gerada ao tecido pulpar pelo gel clareador. Consequentemente, poderá haver redução da sensibilidade pós-operatória (AU).


Introduction: Patients undergoing dental bleaching relate to postoperative sensitivity, that is linked to hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) penetrating on the dental pulp. This study evaluated the anti-inflammatory effect of ibuprofen, Otosporin®, and curcumin gel on the pulp of the rats' teeth after bleaching. Methods: Fifty rats were divided into CG: controlplacebo gel; BLE: bleached (35% H2O2, 30 minutes); BLE-I: bleached and ibuprofen oral administration (twice every 12 hours in 2 successive days); BLE-O: bleached followed by Otosporin® application in the molar surfaces (10 minutes); and BLE-C: bleaching session followed curcumin gel (10 minutes). After two days, the rats were killed for histological analysis. Statistical tests were performed (P<.05). Results: BLE, BLE-I, and BLE-C had severe inflammation or necrosis in the occlusal third of coronal pulp (P>.05); BLE-O had mild inflammation and was similar from CG (P>.05) and different from other groups (P<.05). In the middle third, BLE-O group had lower inflammatory infiltration and remained different from BLE group (P<.05); BLE, BLE-I, and BLE-C were similar (P>.05). In the cervical third, BLE, BLE-I, and BLE-C had a reduction of inflammation, without difference between bleached groups (P>.05). Conclusions: Otosporin® can reduce the inflammation in the pulp after dental bleaching; this result was not observed using ibuprofen or curcumin gel. Therefore, this study shows a new teeth bleaching posttreatment possibility using Otosporin®, which minimizes the inflammation generated to the pulp tissue by the bleaching gel. This could consequently minimize the postoperative sensitivity (AU).


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Tooth Bleaching , Dental Pulp , Hydrogen Peroxide , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Curcumin
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786072

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is crucial to limiting vascular disease. Previously we reported that acrolein, a known toxin in tobacco smoke, might play an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis via an inflammatory response involving cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and prostaglandin production in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Curcumin has been known to improve vascular function and have anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated whether curcumin prevents the induction of inflammatory response caused by acrolein.METHODS: Anti-inflammatory effects of curcumin were examined in acrolein-stimulated HUVECs. Induction of proteins, mRNA, prostaglandin and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were measured using immunoblot analysis, real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry, respectively.RESULTS: Curcumin attenuates inflammatory response via inhibition of COX-2 expression and prostaglandin production in acrolein-induced human endothelial cells. This inhibition by curcumin results in the abolition of phosphorylation of protein kinase C, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, and cAMP response element-binding protein. Furthermore, curcumin suppresses the production of ROS and endoplasmic reticulum stress via phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor-2α caused by acrolein.CONCLUSION: These results suggest that curcumin might be a useful agent against endothelial dysfunction caused by acrolein-induced inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Acrolein , Atherosclerosis , Curcumin , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Endothelial Cells , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Inflammation , Phosphorylation , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Protein Kinase C , Protein Kinases , Reactive Oxygen Species , RNA, Messenger , Smoke , Tobacco , Vascular Diseases
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828399

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the supersaturation and maintenance time of drug dispersion in curcumin self-nanoemulsion(CUR-SNEDDS), precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were introduced to prepare curcumin supersaturated self-emulsion(CUR-SSNEDDS). The composition of CUR-SNEDDS prescriptions was selected through the solubility test, the compatibility of oil phase and surfactant, the investigation of the emulsifying ability of the surfactant and the drawing of the pseudo-ternary phase diagram. Analytic hierarchy process was used in combination with central composite design-response surface method to optimize the prescription. The type and dosage of precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were selected to maintain the supersaturated concentration and duration of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluids. At the same time, polarizing microscope was used to evaluate the crystallization inhibition effect and the quality and in vitro release behavior of CUR-SSNEDDS. The prepared CUR-SSNEDDS prescription was capryol 90-kolliphor RH40-transcutol HP-Soluplus(7.93∶66.71∶25.36∶5), with the drug loading of(65.12±1.25) mg·g~(-1). CUR-SSNEDDS was transparent yellow, and the nanoemulsion droplets were spherical with uniform distribution. The emulsification time was(21.02±0.13) s, the average particle size was(57.03±0.35) nm, the polydispersity index(PDI) was(0.23 ± 0.01), and the Zeta potential was(-18.10±1.30) mV. CUR-SSNEDDS significantly inhibited the generation and growth of crystals after in vitro dilution. The supersaturation could be maintained above 10 within 2 h, and the dissolution rate and degree of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluid were significantly increased. Soluplus could effectively maintain the supersaturated state of CUR and enhance CUR dissolution in vitro.


Subject(s)
Biological Availability , Curcumin , Emulsions , Nanoparticles , Particle Size , Solubility , Surface-Active Agents
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828394

ABSTRACT

Curcumin was used to interfere with acute pancreatitis model rats to explore its possible mechanism. One hundred and twenty rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, model+curcumin group, model+mock+curcumin group, model+antagonist+curcumin group and model+curcumin+LY294002 group, with 20 rats in each group. The wet/dry weight ratio of pancreatic tissue was measured and the pathological changes of pancreas were observed by HE staining. The apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining; the levels of serum amylase, lipase, Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by ELISA, and the levels of PI3 K, Akt and p-Akt in pancreatic tissue were measured by Western blot. HE staining showed that curcumin could improve the pathological changes of pancreas and reduce the pathological score of pancreas, while ELISA results showed that curcumin could decrease the levels of amylase, lipase and Bax in peripheral serum and increase the concentration of Bcl-2. Western blot results showed that the expression levels of PI3 K and p-Akt in pancreatic tissue of model rats were up-regulated after the intervention of curcumin, and the apoptosis rate of pancreatic cells decreased in TUNEL staining. The above effects could be weakened by miR-198 antagonist and PI3 K-Akt signal pathway inhibitor LY294002. In conclusion, curcumin has an ideal effect on acute pancreatitis, and its mechanism may be mediated by miR-198-PI3 K-Akt axis.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Animals , Apoptosis , Curcumin , MicroRNAs , Pancreatitis , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828374

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to establish a rapid and accurate method for identification of raw and vinegar-processed rhizomes of Curcuma kwangsiensis, in order to predict the content of curcumin compounds for scientific evaluation. A complete set of bionics recognition mode was adopted. The digital odor signal of raw and vinegar-processed rhizomes of Curcuma kwangsiensis were obtained by e-nose, and analyzed by back propagation(BP) neural network algorithm, with the accuracy, the sensitivity and specificity in discriminant model, correlation coefficient as well as the mean square error in regression model as the evaluation indexes. The experimental results showed that the three indexes of the e-nose signal discrimination model established by the neural network algorithm were 100% in training set, correction set and prediction set, which were obviously better than the traditional decision tree, naive bayes, support vector machine, K nearest neighbor and boost classification, and could accurately differentiate the raw and vinegar products. Correlation coefficient and mean square error of the regression model in prediction set were 0.974 8 and 0.117 5 respectively, and could well predict curcumin compounds content in Curcuma kwangsiensis, and demonstrate the superiority of the simulation biometrics model in the analysis of traditional Chinese medicine. By BP neural network algorithm, e-nose odor fingerprint could quickly, conveniently and accurately realize the discrimination and regression, which suggested that more bionics information acquisition and identification patterns could be combined in the field of traditional Chinese medicine, so as to provide ideas and methods for the rapid evaluation and stan-dardization of the quality of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid , Bayes Theorem , Curcuma , Curcumin , Electronic Nose , Neural Networks, Computer , Rhizome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878786

ABSTRACT

Orthogonal experiments were used to optimize the process parameters of curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles; the particle size, electric potential and morphology under the electron microscope were systematically detected for the curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles; and the stability and in vitro release of the curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles were investigated. With DID fluorescent dye as the fluorescent probe, flow cytometry was used to study the uptake of nanomicelles by breast cancer cells, and laser confocal microscopy was used to study the mitochondrial targeting and lysosomal escape functions of nanomicelles. Under the same dosage conditions, the effect of curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles on promoting the apoptosis of breast cancer cells was evaluated. The optimal particle size of curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelle was(17.3±0.3) nm, and the Zeta potential was(14.6±2.6) mV in orthogonal test. Under such conditions, the micelle appeared as regular spheres under the transmission electron microscope. Fluorescence test results showed that TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles can promote drug uptake by tumor cells, escape from lysosomal phagocytosis, and target the mitochondria. The cell survival rate and Hoechst staining positive test results showed that curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles had a good effect on promoting apoptosis of breast cancer cells. The curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL micelles can significantly reduce the mitochondrial membrane potential of breast cancer cells, increase the release of cytochrome C, significantly increase the expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 and reduce the expression of anti-apoptotic Bax protein. These test results were significantly better than those of curcumin PEG-PCL nanomicelles and curcumin, with statistically significant differences. The results revealed that curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles can well target breast cancer cell mitochondria and escape from the lysosomal capture, thereby enhancing the drug's role in promoting tumor cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Curcumin/pharmacology , Humans , Lysosomes , Micelles , Mitochondria , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Polyethylene Glycols
20.
Biol. Res ; 53: 31, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124214

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In modern societies, sleep deprivation is a serious health problem. This problem could be induced by a variety of reasons, including lifestyle habits or neurological disorders. Chronic sleep deprivation (CSD) could have complex biological consequences, such as changes in neural autonomic control, increased oxidative stress, and inflammatory responses. The superior cervical ganglion (SCG) is an important sympathetic component of the autonomic nervous system. CSD can lead to a wide range of neurological consequences in SCG, which mainly supply innervations to circadian system and other structures. As the active component of Curcuma longa, curcumin possesses many therapeutic properties; including neuroprotective. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of CSD on the SCG histomorphometrical changes and the protective effect of curcumin in preventing these changes. METHODS: Thirty-six male rats were randomly assigned to the control, curcumin, CSD, CSD + curcumin, grid floor control, and grid floor + curcumin groups. The CSD was induced by a modified multiple platform apparatus for 21 days and animals were sacrificed at the end of CSD or treatment, and their SCGs removed for stereological and TUNEL evaluations and also spatial arrangement of neurons in this structure. RESULTS: Concerning stereological findings, CSD significantly reduced the volume of SCG and its total number of neurons and satellite glial cells in comparison with the control animals ( P < 0.05). Treatment of CSD with curcumin prevented these decreases. Furthermore, TUNEL evaluation showed significant apoptosis in the SCG cells in the CSD group, and treatment with curcumin significantly decreased this apoptosis ( P < 0.01). This decrease in apoptosis was observed in all control groups that received curcumin. CSD also changed the spatial arrangement of ganglionic neurons into a random pattern, whereas treatment with curcumin preserved its regular pattern. CONCLUSIONS: CSD could potentially induce neuronal loss and structural changes including random spatial distribution in the SCG neurons. Deleterious effects of sleep deprivation could be prevented by the oral administration of curcumin. Furthermore, the consumption of curcumin in a healthy person might lead to a reduction of cell death.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Sleep Deprivation/pathology , Sleep Deprivation/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Superior Cervical Ganglion/drug effects , Curcumin/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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