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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): e61-e64, feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147268

ABSTRACT

El osteoma osteoide es una lesión ósea benigna que, habitualmente, se acompaña de clínica típica caracterizada por dolor nocturno que mejora con antiinflamatorios no esteroideos. Aunque la presentación clínica es típica, con frecuencia, es común la demora diagnóstica, en especial, en los casos con localización atípica.Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 10 años con dolor en la muñeca izquierda de dos años de evolución con diagnóstico de osteoma osteoide localizado en el hueso grande del carpo. La localización atípica de la lesión conllevó un retraso diagnóstico importante


Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone lesion that is usually accompanied by a typical clinical condition characterized by night pain that improves with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Although the clinical presentation is frequently typical, diagnostic delay is common, especially in cases with an atypical location.We report the case of a 10-year-old patient with left wrist pain of two years of evolution with diagnosis of osteoid osteoma located in capitate bone. The atypical location of the lesion led to a significant diagnostic delay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Osteoma, Osteoid/diagnostic imaging , Osteoma, Osteoid/surgery , Wrist , Curettage , Capitate Bone
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887499

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of the combination of electroacupuncture (EA) at @*METHODS@#A total of 58 patients after uterine curettage of incomplete abortion were randomized into an EA group and a western medication group, 29 cases in each one. In the western medication group, mifepristone tablets were administered orally, 2 tablets each time, once daily. In the EA group, on the base of the treatment as the western medication group, EA was applied to @*RESULTS@#After treatment, the intrauterine residue area and CDFI blood flow signal positive rate were all reduced as compared with the values before treatment in patients of the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The combined treatment of electroacupuncture at


Subject(s)
Abortion, Incomplete/therapy , Abortion, Induced , Acupuncture Points , Curettage , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Pregnancy
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(12): 800-804, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156064

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective In recent years, there has been an increase in the incidence of ectopic pregnancies; therefore, it is important for tertiary centers to report their approaches and outcomes to expand and improve treatment modalities. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the general characteristics, treatment and outcomes of cases diagnosed with ectopic pregnancy. Methods In total, 432 patients treated for ectopic pregnancy between February 2016 and June 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. Results Overall, 370 patients had tubal pregnancy, 32 had cesarean scar pregnancy, 18 had pregnancy of unknown location, 6 had cervical pregnancy, and 6 had interstitial pregnancy. The most important risk factors were advanced age (> 35 years; prevalence: 31.2%) and smoking (prevalence: 27.1%). Thirty patients who did not have any symptoms of rupture and whose human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) levels were ≤ 200 mIU/ml were followed-up with expectant management, while 316 patients whose β-hCG levels were between 1,500 mIU/ml and 5,000 mIU/ml did not have an intrauterine gestational sac on the transvaginal or abdominal ultrasound, did not demonstrate findings of rupture, and were treated with a systemic multi-dose methotrexate treatment protocol. In total, 24 patients who did not respond to the medical treatment, 20 patients whose β-hCG levels were > 5,000 mIU/ml, 16 patients who had shown symptoms of rupture at the initial presentation, and 6 patients diagnosed with interstitial pregnancy underwent surgery. Patients with cervical and scar pregnancies underwent ultrasound-guided curettage, and no additional treatment was needed. Conclusion The fertility status of the patients, the clinical and laboratory findings, and the levels of β-hCG are the factors that must be considered in planning the appropriate treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy, Ectopic/epidemiology , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Pregnancy, Ectopic/etiology , Pregnancy, Ectopic/therapy , Pregnancy, Ectopic/diagnostic imaging , Brazil/epidemiology , Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal/therapeutic use , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Curettage , Tertiary Care Centers , Middle Aged
4.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 324-334, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138628

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: En Chile, existen datos parcializados en cuanto a la prevalencia de aborto. La población migrante ha generado un cambio en las características de las pacientes en situación de aborto. El objetivo es describir las características demográficas y clínicas de las mujeres con aborto de manejo quirúrgico con y sin complicaciones. MÉTODOS: Estudio Descriptivo Transversal. Se incluyeron mujeres atendidas por aborto, sometidas a método de evacuación y que estuvieran ingresadas al sistema SIP/CLAP. Se compararon mujeres con o sin complicaciones con respecto a diferentes características demográficas y clínicas. Se calculó Odd Ratio para algunas variables de interés. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 554 mujeres, un 13% (N= 73) tuvo complicación al ingreso, principalmente hemorrágica (40%). Las características demográficas fueron similares en ambos grupos. Hubo mayor riesgo de complicación en mujeres con abortos previos (OR: 2,4 (IC 1,3-4,5), p =0.00), cuando el diagnóstico de ingreso fue aborto incompleto (OR: 85,3 (IC 25,2-288), p=0,00) y cuando se realizó legrado (OR: 4 (IC 2,5-6,5) p=0,00). La mayoría de las pacientes con complicaciones no planeó el embarazo (OR: 11 (IC 3,4-37,7), p=0,00) y no usó método anticonceptivo en esta gestación. El 70% recibió método anticonceptivo al egreso. CONCLUSIONES: Existen características clínicas asociadas a complicación en mujeres con aborto de manejo quirúrgico en nuestro centro, como diagnóstico de ingreso, embarazo no planificado, aborto previo y tipo de evacuación. Existen limitaciones en cuanto a la cantidad y calidad de información, sin embargo, nuestros resultados permiten conocer el perfil de pacientes atendidas por aborto en nuestro centro.


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: In Chile, there are partial data regarding the prevalence of abortion. The migrant population has generated a change in the characteristics of patients in an abortion situation. The objective is to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of women with surgical abortion with and without complications. METHODS: Transversal Descriptive Study. Women treated for abortion, undergoing evacuation method and who were admitted to the SIP / CLAP system were included. Women with or without complications were compared with respect to different demographic and clinical characteristics. Odd Ratio was calculated for some variables of interest. RESULTS: 554 women were included, 13% (N = 73) had complication at admission, mainly hemorrhagic (40%). Demographic characteristics were similar in both groups. There was an increased risk of complication in women with previous abortions (OR: 2.4 (IC 1.3-4.5), p = 0.00), when the diagnosis of admission was incomplete abortion (OR: 85.3 (IC 25.2- 288), p = 0.00) and when curettage was performed (OR: 4 (IC 2.5-6.5) p = 0.00). The majority of patients with complications did not plan pregnancy (OR: 11 (IC 3.4-37.7), p = 0.00) and did not use a contraceptive method in this pregnancy. 70% received contraceptive method upon discharge. CONCLUSIONS: There are clinical characteristics associated with complications in women with surgical management abortion in our center, such as admission diagnosis, unplanned pregnancy, previous abortion and type of evacuation. There are limitations regarding the quantity and quality of information, however, our results allow us to know the profile of patients treated for abortion in our center.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Abortion, Spontaneous/surgery , Medical Records Systems, Computerized , Curettage , Postoperative Complications , Transients and Migrants , Evacuation , Comorbidity , Abortion, Spontaneous/epidemiology , Chile , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Educational Status
5.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(2): 30-34, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253481

ABSTRACT

Introdução:As lesões fibro-ósseas constituem-se num grupo de lesões caracterizadas por processos de substituição de osso normal por tecido fibroso contendo material mineralizado.O fibroma ossificante juvenil é uma neoplasia fibro-óssea benigna que acomete indivíduos jovens, de comportamento agressivo local e com altas taxas de recidiva. São relatadas duas variantes denominadas de fibroma ossificante juvenil trabecular (FOJT) e o fibromaossificante juvenil psamomatoide (FOJP). Apesar de ambos os padrões demonstrarem características semelhantes, a predileção para idade e os sítios de acometimento sãoespecíficos.O tratamento indicado varia de enucleção e curetagem à ressecção cirúrgica. Este trabalho tem como objetivo relatar um caso de um paciente portador de Fibroma Ossificante Juvenil na maxila. Relato de caso: J.S.B., 18 anos, sexo masculino, procurou o Serviço de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial do Hospital Getúlio Vargas, em Recife/PE, com queixa de "caroço no rosto" com aproximadamente 5 anos de evolução em maxila direita. Paciente foi submetido ao tratamento cirúrgico conservador mediante enucleação, curetagem e osteotomia periférica e está sendo acompanhado há cerca de 10 meses sem apresentar recidiva. Considerações finais: O tratamento mais conservador escolhido foi considerado de sucesso, efetivo, com mínimo de morbidade. Mas, devido à lesão ser considerada agressiva e por possuir alta taxa de recidivas, necessita-se de longo período de acompanhamento... (AU)


Introduction: Fibro-osseous lesions constitute a group of lesions characterized by processes of replacement of normal bone by fibrous tissue containing mineralized material. Juvenile Ossifying Fibroma is a benign fibro-osseous neoplasm that affects young individuals, local aggressive behavior, with high rates of relapse. Two variants named trabecular juvenile ossifying fibroma (TJOF) and psamomatoid juvenile ossifying fibroma (PJOF) are reported. Although both patterns demonstrate similar characteristics, the predilection for age and the sites of involvement are specific. The indicated treatment varies from enucleation and curettage to surgical resection. This article aims to report a case of a patient with juvenile ossifying fibroma in maxilla.Case report:J.S.B., 18 years old, male, sought the Surgery and Traumatology Service of Hospital Getúlio Vargas, Recife / PE, complaining of a "lump in the face" with approximately 5 years of evolution in right maxila. Patient underwent conservative surgical treatmentwas performed through enucleation, curettage and peripheral osteotomy and has been followed for about 10 months without recurrence.Final considerations: The most conservative treatment chosen was considered successful, effective, with minimal morbidity. However, because the injury is considered aggressive and because it has a high rate of recurrence, a long follow-up period is required... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Wounds and Injuries , Fibroma, Ossifying , Face , Maxilla , Neoplasms , Osteotomy , Bone and Bones , Traumatology , Curettage
6.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 38-43, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089367

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Adenoidectomy can be performed with many ways, including curettage and microdebrider endoscopic-assisted adenoidectomy. Those two techniques have advantages and disadvantages. Objective The objective of this study is to research the effects of curettage adenoidectomy and endoscopic-assisted microdebrider adenoidectomy on the tympanum pressures in pediatric patients with adenoid hypertrophy without otitis media with effusion. Methods This prospective descriptive study was performed with 65 patients who had a normal tympanic membrane and normal tympanogram and then underwent adenoidectomy or adenotonsillectomy for adenoid and tonsil hypertrophy. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups: curettage adenoidectomy group and endoscopic microdebrider-assisted adenoidectomy group. They underwent tympanometry, and the preoperative as well as 1st and 7th day postoperative values of the tympanum pressures were compared within and among the groups. Results There were 32 patients in the curettage adenoidectomy group and 33 patients in the microdebrider adenoidectomy group. Statistically significant differences were observed in the median tympanum pressure on the preoperative and 1st and 7th postoperative days for both the left and right ears with curettage adenoidectomy (p < 0.001, p < 0.001). This difference occurred on the 1st postoperative day, and the value returned to normal on the 7th day. There was no significant difference in the median tympanum pressure on the preoperative and 1st and 7th postoperative days for both the left and right ears in the microdebrider adenoidectomy group (p = 0.376, p = 0.128). Conclusion Postoperative Eustachian tube dysfunction is seen less often with the endoscopic-assisted microdebrider adenoidectomy technique than with the conventional adenoidectomy technique.


Resumo Introdução A adenoidectomia pode ser realizada de várias maneiras, inclusive por curetagem e por microdebridador, assistida por endoscopia. Essas duas técnicas têm algumas vantagens e desvantagens. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os efeitos da técnica de adenoidectomia por curetagem e da adenoidectomia por microdebridador assistida por endoscopia sobre a pressão timpânica em pacientes pediátricos com hipertrofia adenoideana sem otite média com efusão. Método Estudo descritivo prospectivo feito com 65 pacientes que apresentavam membrana timpânica e timpanograma normais, que foram então submetidos à adenoidectomia ou adenotonsilectomia por hipertrofia adenoamigdaliana. Os pacientes foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: grupo adenoidectomia por curetagem e grupo adenoidectomia por microdebridador assistida por endoscópio. Todos os pacientes fizeram timpanometria e os valores das pressões do tímpano pré-operatórios e pós-operatórios no 1º e 7º dias foram comparados intragrupos e entre os grupos. Resultados Foram incluídos 32 pacientes no grupo adenoidectomia por curetagem e 33 pacientes no grupo adenoidectomia com microdebridador. Diferenças estatisticamente significantes foram observadas na mediana da diferença entre a pressão timpânica no pré-operatório e no 1º e 7º dias de pós-operatório para ambas as orelhas, direita e esquerda, na adenoidectomia por curetagem (p < 0,001, p < 0,001). Essa diferença ocorreu no 1º dia do pós-operatório e o valor retornou ao normal no 7º dia. Não houve diferença significante na mediana entre pressão timpânica no pré-operatório e no 1º e 7º dias de pós-operatório para as orelhas direita e esquerda no grupo de adenoidectomia com microdebridador (p = 0,376, p = 0,128). Conclusão A disfunção tubária no pós-operatório é observada menos frequentemente com a técnica de adenoidectomia por microdebridador assistida por endoscopia quando comparada com a técnica convencional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adenoidectomy/methods , Curettage/methods , Eustachian Tube/physiopathology , Postoperative Period , Pressure , Acoustic Impedance Tests , Single-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Video-Assisted Surgery/methods , Debridement/methods , Ear, Middle/physiopathology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827512

ABSTRACT

Decompression and curettage can result are effective as treatments for large jaw cysts, which are common diseases in the clinic. Based on a treatment used in a previous study, this paper proposes a "three-step method" to treat large jaw cyst and repair the bone defect by decompression, curettage, and autologous dental bone powder implantation. This paper introduces the processes and key points of the operation involved in the abovementioned method.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Bone Cysts , General Surgery , Bone Transplantation , Curettage , Humans , Jaw Cysts
8.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 70(4): 277-292, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093050

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos: reportar el caso de un embarazo cervical (EC) que recibió manejo conservador exitoso y realizar una revisión de la literatura sobre el tratamiento médico y quirúrgico conservador. Materiales y métodos: se presenta el caso de una paciente con embarazo cervical, quien recibió manejo farmacológico con metotrexate (MTX) y posterior legrado con evolución clínica satisfactoria. Se realizó una búsqueda de artículos en Medline vía PubMed, LILACS, SciElo y Google académico con los términos: "cervical ectopic pregnancy", "conservative treatment", "curettage", "methotrexate", "uterine artery embolization" "hysteroscopy". Se seleccionaron reportes y series de caso, pacientes con embarazo cervical diagnosticado por ultrasonido, de cualquier edad gestacional, sometidas tratamiento médico o quirúrgico conservador. Resultados: se incluyeron 22 estudios; se identificaron 95 pacientes con EC tratados con MTX, con tratamiento exitoso en 93. La complicación más frecuente fue la hemorragia en 12 %; el 26 % requirió tratamiento quirúrgico complementario. Cada vez más, la embolización de arterias uterinas (EAU) se realiza de manera preventiva (7 casos) antes del legrado o del tratamiento con MTX. La histeroscopia es otra alternativa reciente (20 casos). En 2 casos se requirió histerectomía abdominal, uno de los cuales fue un embarazo ístmico cervical. Conclusiones: el tratamiento con MTX sigue siendo el más frecuentemente utilizado. La dilatación y el curetaje con taponamiento endocervical puede ser una opción por considerar en el manejo de urgencia del EC en instituciones de atención primaria. En instituciones donde se dispone de tecnologías de alta complejidad, la embolización de arterias uterinas previa a los procedimientos quirúrgicos y la histeroscopia son opciones que se deben considerar. Dado que actualmente es posible el diagnóstico temprano del EC, se requieren estudios multicéntricos que comparen las diferentes alternativas de manejo para una mejor evaluación de su seguridad y efectividad. Conclusiones: el tratamiento con MTX sigue siendo el más frecuentemente utilizado. La dilatación y el curetaje con taponamiento endocervical puede ser una opción por considerar en el manejo de urgencia del EC en instituciones de atención primaria. En instituciones donde se dispone de tecnologías de alta complejidad, la embolización de arterias uterinas previa a los procedimientos quirúrgicos y la histeroscopia son opciones que se deben considerar. Dado que actualmente es posible el diagnóstico temprano del EC, se requieren estudios multicéntricos que comparen las diferentes alternativas de manejo para una mejor evaluación de su seguridad y efectividad


ABSTRACT Objectives: To report a case of cervical pregnancy (CP) treated successfully with a conservative approach, and to conduct a review of the literature regarding conservative medical and surgical treatment. Materials and Methods: Patient with cervical pregnancy treated pharmacologically with methotrexate (MTX) followed by dilation and curettage, with a satisfactory clinical course. A search of articles was conducted in Medline via PubMed, LILACS, SciElo and Google Scholar using the terms "cervical ectopic pregnancy," "conservative treatment," "curettage,¼ "methotrexate," "uterine artery embolization," "hysteroscopy." Reports and case series were selected of patients with cervical pregnancy diagnosed on ultrasound at any gestational age, subjected to conservative medical or surgical treatment. Results: A total of 22 studies were included; 95 patients with CP treated with MTX were identified, 93 of them successfully treated. The most frequent complication was bleeding in 12%; 26% required complementary surgical treatment. Increasingly, uterine artery embolization (UAE) is carried out preventatively (7 cases) before curettage or treatment with MTX. The hysteroscopy is another recent alternative (20 cases). Abdominal hysterectomy was required in two cases, one of which was a cervico-isthmic pregnancy. Conclusions: Treatment with MTX continues to be the most frequent strategy. Dilation and curettage with endocervical plugging may be an option to consider in the emergency management of EP in primary care institutions. In institutions equipped with high complexity technology, uterine artery embolization before the surgical procedure and histeroscopy are options to be considered. Considering that early diagnosis of EP is now possible, multi-center studies comparing different management options are needed for better assessment of their safety and effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Conservative Treatment , Pregnancy, Ectopic , Curettage , Fertility , Chorionic Gonadotropin
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(6): 714-720, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057963

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Enchondromas are the commonest tumors of the bones of the hand. Treatment approaches vary. The present article presents the characteristics of the tumors, diagnostic methods, and treatments. Methods We discuss the approach used in our institution, where we have treated 48 patients with enchondromas of the hand between 1996 and 2016. Our technique of treatment, which has remained the same over 2 decades, comprises the use of curettage, high-speed burr, and autologous bone graft (harvested with a minimally invasive technique, using a Craig biopsy needle). Results Pain and fractures were the most common symptoms leading the patients to consultation, at frequencies of 33.3% and 31.3%, respectively. A total of 27.1% of the cases were asymptomatic, and their lesions were discovered incidentally. The mean age was 34.4 years (SD = 12.9 years). Tumors were more frequently presented in the ulnar side of the hand, in the fifth ray (41.5%) and in the proximal bones (in the proximal phalanges [43.8%], and in the metacarpal [33.3%]). The size of the tumors ranged from 0.2 cm2 to 5.7 cm2, with a mean of 1.7 cm2 (standard deviation [SD] = 1.0 cm2) and were not associated with fracture (p = 0.291). Fracture was also not associated with any of the symptoms, neither with the age of the patients (p = 0.964). After the treatment, most patients achieved full range of motion (91.7%), with good integration of the bone graft. Three patients presented deficit in range of motion (6.3%) and the incidence of complications was also 6.3% (3 patients). At the end, after the needed surgical revisions, these three patients also recovered full function. They achieved full bone graft integration, regained full range of motion and returned to work. There was no tumor recurrence case during the follow-up period evaluated. For all cases, no donor site complications occurred. Conclusion Our method of treatment has consistently provided good outcomes, with only a few minor complications. Therapeutic level of evidence: IV.


Resumo Objetivo Os encondromas são os tumores mais comuns dos ossos da mão, com uma grande variedade de abordagens terapêuticas. O presente artigo apresenta as características dos tumores, métodos diagnósticos e tratamentos. Métodos Discutimos a abordagem da nossa instituição, onde tratamos 48 pacientes com encondromas da mão, entre 1996 e 2016. Nossa técnica de tratamento, que permanece a mesma ao longo de duas décadas, compreende o uso de curetagem, esmeril de velocidade e enxerto ósseo autólogo (retirado com uma técnica minimamente invasiva, usando uma agulha de Craig). Resultados A dor e as fraturas foram os sintomas mais comuns, levando os pacientes à consulta, nas frequências de 33,3% e 31,3%, respectivamente. Um total de 27,1% dos casos era assintomático, e suas lesões foram descobertas incidentalmente. A média de idade foi de 34,4 anos (desvio padrão [DP] = 12,9 anos). Os tumores foram mais frequentemente encontrados no lado ulnar da mão, no quinto raio (41,5%), e nos ossos proximais (nas falanges proximais [43,8%] e no metacarpo [33,3%]). O tamanho do tumor variou de 0,2 cm2 a 5,7 cm2, com média de 1,7 cm2 (DP = 1,0 cm2) e não foi associado à fratura (p = 0,291). A fratura também não foi associada a nenhum dos sintomas, e nem à idade dos pacientes (p = 0,964). Após o tratamento, a maioria dos pacientes alcançou amplitude completa de movimento (91,7%), com boa integração do enxerto ósseo. Três pacientes apresentaram déficit no arco de movimento (6,3%) e a incidência de complicações também foi de 6,3% (3 pacientes). No final, após as revisões cirúrgicas necessárias, esses três pacientes também recuperaram a função completa. Eles tiveram a integração total do enxerto ósseo, recuperaram toda a amplitude de movimento e retornaram ao trabalho. Não houve nenhum caso de recorrência do tumor durante o período de acompanhamento avaliado. Em nenhum dos casos ocorreram complicações no local doador. Conclusão O nosso método de tratamento forneceu consistentemente bons resultados, com apenas algumas complicações menores. Nível terapêutico de evidência: IV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pain , Biopsy , Bone and Bones , Chondroma , Bone Transplantation , Curettage , Hand Bones , Fractures, Bone , Hand , Neoplasms
10.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 31(4): 123-130, 31-12-2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122027

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Syphilis is an infectious disease caused by Treponema pallidum, its two main routes of transmission are sexual and transplacental (vertical). The latter is of particular worrisome, since it can generate congenital syphilis and can be avoided by early maternal serological screening. Objective: To analyze the conditions of prenatal care for syphilitic pregnant women in Sergipe State between 2007 and 2019. Methods: A cross-sectional, retrospective, and descriptive study was carried out, with the collection of notified cases of gestational and congenital syphilis in the Brazilian Notifiable Diseases Information System (Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação - SINAN). Results: There was a considerable increase in the number of reported cases of gestational syphilis in the last 13 years. About 36% of pregnant women were identified in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy, 68.1% were brown, 56.8% had studied for up to 8 years, and 50.1% were between 20 and 29 years old. The clinical phase latent to the diagnosis was responsible for 70.3% of the cases, followed by the primary (11%) and tertiary (7.3%) phases. Of the total number of pregnant women, 20.2% did not perform the non-treponemal test, and 97.2% were treated with penicillin. Regarding the numbers of congenital syphilis, although 75% of the mothers performed prenatal care, 37.8% received the diagnosis at the time of delivery/curettage, resulting in 72.9% of infant deaths from the disease. Moreover, there was a predominance of untreated partners (77.7%) in relation to those treated (10.8%). Conclusion: Although most of them performed prenatal care, there was a predominance of diagnoses performed only in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy, mainly at the time of delivery or curettage, not respecting the minimum therapeutic interval of 30 days before delivery. Thus, in Sergipe State, the most important factor in the high prevalence of vertical transmission of syphilis is the ineffectiveness of prenatal care provided to infected pregnant women, which remains.


Introdução: a sífilis é uma doença infecciosa causada pelo Treponema pallidum, suas duas principais vias de transmissão são a sexual e a transplacentária (vertical). Este último é particularmente preocupante, pois pode gerar sífilis congênita e pode ser evitado por meio de triagem sorológica materna precoce. Objetivo: Analisar as condições da assistência pré-natal para gestantes sifilíticas no estado de Sergipe entre 2007 e 2019.Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal, retrospectivo e descritivo, com coleta de casos notificados de sífilis gestacional e congênita no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificações (SINAN). Resultados: Houve um aumento considerável no número de casos notificados de sífilis gestacional nos últimos 13 anos. Cerca de 36% das gestantes foram diagnosticadas no 3º trimestre da gestação, 68,1% eram pardas, 56,8% haviam estudado até 8 anos e 50,1% tinham entre 20 e 29 anos. A fase clínica latente ao diagnóstico foi responsável por 70,3% dos casos, seguida das fases primária (11%) e terciária (7,3%). Do total de gestantes, 20,2% não realizaram o teste não treponêmico e 97,2% foram tratadas com penicilina. Em relação aos números de sífilis congênita, embora 75% das mães realizassem o pré-natal, 37,8% receberam o diagnóstico no momento do parto/curetagem, resultando em 72,9% dos óbitos infantis pela doença. Além disso, houve predomínio de parceiros não tratados (77,7%) em relação aos tratados (10,8%).Conclusão: Apesar de a maioria das gestantes realizar o prénatal, houve predomínio de diagnósticos realizados apenas no 3º trimestre da gestação, principalmente no momento do parto ou curetagem, não respeitando o intervalo terapêutico mínimo de 30 dias antes do parto. Assim, no estado de Sergipe, o fator mais importante na alta prevalência da transmissão vertical da sífilis é a ineficácia da assistência pré-natal prestada às gestantes infectadas, que permanece.


Subject(s)
Humans , Syphilis, Congenital , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Pregnant Women , Prenatal Care , Communicable Diseases , Curettage
11.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 45(3): e371, jul.-set. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093665

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El antecedente de cesáreas es el factor de riesgo más importante en el desarrollo de los trastornos del espectro de placenta acreta. La elevación global del indicador de cesárea ha llevado aparejado un aumento en la incidencia de estos trastornos. Sin embargo, deben considerarse entre los riesgos, otras condiciones antenatales asociadas con un daño quirúrgico menos extenso de la pared uterina, tal es el caso de los legrados. Se realiza una revisión de la literatura sobre el tema de los trastornos del espectro de placenta acreta para profundizar sobre su grave repercusión en el embarazo y se recomienda, como parte de la atención prenatal, la pesquisa de placentación acreta en toda gestante con antecedentes de legrados uterinos. La placenta acreta es casi siempre una condición enteramente iatrogénica y en lo que respecta al aborto, profesionales de la salud y paciente podríamos contribuir a la disminución de su incidencia(AU)


ABSTRACT A history of C-sections is the most important risk factor for the development of placenta accreta spectrum disorders. The global elevation of caesarean section indicator has led to increase the incidence of these disorders. However, other antenatal conditions should be considered among the risks, associated with less extensive surgical damage of the uterine wall, such as curettage. A literature review on the subject of placental accreta spectrum disorders is carried out to deepen on the serious impact on pregnancy. Screening of placenta accreta is recommended in all pregnant women with a history of uterine curettage, as part of prenatal care. Placenta accreta is generally an entirely iatrogenic condition. Health professionals and patients could contribute to the reduction of this condition incidence, in regards to abortion(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Placenta Accreta/epidemiology , Prenatal Care/trends , Risk Factors , Curettage/methods , Review Literature as Topic
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760133

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: External auditory canal osteoma is an uncommon benign lesion and represents as unilateral solitary pedunculated mass. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical symptoms of osteoma and its treatment outcomes over a 10-year period in a tertiary hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Eight patients underwent operation to remove an external auditory canal osteoma at Chungbuk National University Hospital from 2008 to 2017. The medical records were retrospectively reviewed with regard to clinical characteristics, size and location of osteoma, method of surgery and treatment outcomes. RESULTS: The average age of patients was 41.8 years with the male predominance of 6:2. All of the lesions in the osteoma were unilateral and solitary (average size 5.0 mm). All of the eight cases were pedunculated: in four cases, the stalks of the osteoma were found on the tympanomastoid suture line and in three cases, it was found on the tympanosquamous suture line. Four patients were asymptomatic, where the lesions were found incidentally during unrelated evaluations. No patients were found with conductive hearing loss in the pure tone audiometry. Transcanal and endaural approach were used in five and three cases, respectively. Most of the cases were removed by curettage only, except for the two who needed additional drilling. The average surgery time was 15.6 minutes. There was no postoperative complication or recurrence. CONCLUSION: The external auditory canal osteoma was mostly unilateral and solitary. The removal of osteoma in the early stage was relatively easy with no recurrence or complication.


Subject(s)
Audiometry , Curettage , Ear Canal , Exostoses , Hearing Loss, Conductive , Humans , Male , Medical Records , Methods , Osteoma , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Sutures , Tertiary Care Centers
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766313

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is one of the most severe complications resulting from radiotherapy (RT) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). It is characterized by persistent exposed and devitalized bone without proper healing for greater than 6 months after a high dose of radiation in the area. To describe the profile and dental management of ORN in HNC patients undergoing RT in an oncological clinical research center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was performed to analyze dental records from HNC patients with ORN treated at an oncological clinical research center from 2013 to 2017. A total of 158 dental records for HNC patients were selected from a total of 583 records. Afterwards, this number was distributed to three examiners for manual assessments. Each examiner was responsible for selecting dental records that contained an ORN description, resulting in 20 dental records. RESULTS: Mean patient age was 60.3 years with males being the most affected sex (80.0%). The most affected area was the posterior region of the mandible (60.0%) followed by the anterior region of the mandible (20.0%) and the posterior region of the maxilla (10.0%). The factors most associated with ORN were dental conditions (70.0%) followed by isolated systemic factors (10.0%) and tumor resection (5.0%). There was total exposed bone closure in 50.0% of cases. The predominant treatment was curettage associated with chlorhexidine 0.12% irrigation (36.0%). CONCLUSION: Poor dental conditions were related to ORN occurrence. ORN management through less invasive therapies was effective for the closure of exposed bone areas and avoidance of infection.


Subject(s)
Chlorhexidine , Curettage , Dental Records , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Head , Humans , Jaw , Male , Mandible , Maxilla , Osteoradionecrosis , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763578

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Giant-cell tumor of bone (GCTB) is a locally aggressive primary benign tumor presenting as an expansile osteolytic lesion affecting the epiphysis of long bones. Denosumab halts the osteolysis by giant cells thereby downstaging the tumor, helping in performing less morbid procedures to remove the tumor. Our aim was to report the incidence of local recurrence (LR) in patients operated following neoadjuvant denosumab, to investigate factors associated with LR following extended curettage for GCTB, and to compare the postoperative functional and oncological outcome of patients operated with and without neoadjuvant denosumab. METHODS: A total of 123 patients with a mean age of 29.6 years undergoing extended curettage for GCTB were retrospectively divided into group 1 receiving neoadjuvant denosumab and group 2 operated without denosumab. The mean follow-up period was 35 months. The perioperative characteristics and outcome were compared between the two groups and the factors for LR of GCTB were analyzed. RESULTS: The incidence of LR among patients operated after neoadjuvant denosumab therapy was 42.8% and was significantly high compared to that in patients without denosumab (p < 0.001). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, use of denosumab as a neoadjuvant was the only factor independently associated with LR following surgery (p = 0.002). Patients treated with denosumab had a lower LR-free survival rate (log-rank, p = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: Denosumab was independently associated with increased LR following surgery for GCTB. Denosumab has to be used cautiously in patients in whom the burden of downstaging the disease outweighs the possible chance of LR.


Subject(s)
Curettage , Denosumab , Epiphyses , Follow-Up Studies , Giant Cell Tumors , Giant Cells , Humans , Incidence , Logistic Models , Osteolysis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764826

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of antibiotic-loaded cement spacers (ALCSs) for the treatment of diabetic foot infections with osteomyelitis as a salvage procedure and to analyze the risk factors of treatment failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reviewed retrospectively 39 cases of diabetic foot infections with osteomyelitis who underwent surgical treatment from 2009 to 2017. The mean age and follow-up period were 62±13 years and 19.2±23.3 months, respectively. Wounds were graded using the Wagner and Strauss classification. X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging (or bone scan) and deep tissue cultures were taken preoperatively to diagnose osteomyelitis. The ankle-brachial index, toe-brachial index (TBI), and current perception threshold were checked. Lower extremity angiography was performed and if necessary, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty was conducted preoperatively. As a surgical treatment, meticulous debridement, bone curettage, and ALCS placement were employed in all cases. Between six and eight weeks after surgery, ALCS removal and autogenous iliac bone graft were performed. The treatment was considered successful if the wounds had healed completely within three months without signs of infection and no additional amputation within six months. RESULTS: The treatment success rate was 82.1% (n=32); 12.8% (n=5) required additional amputation and 5.1% (n=2) showed delayed wound healing. Bacterial growth was confirmed in 82.1% (n=32) with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus being the most commonly identified strain (23.1%, n=9). The lesions were divided anatomically into four groups; the largest number was the toes: (1) toes (41.0%, n=16), (2) metatarsals (35.9%, n=14), (3) midfoot (5.1%, n=2), and (4) hindfoot (17.9%, n=7). A significant difference in the Strauss wound score and TBI was observed between the treatment success group and failure group. CONCLUSION: The insertion of ALCSs can be a useful treatment option in diabetic foot infections with osteomyelitis. Low scores in the Strauss classification and low TBI are risk factors of treatment failure.


Subject(s)
Amputation , Angiography , Angioplasty , Ankle Brachial Index , Classification , Curettage , Debridement , Diabetic Foot , Follow-Up Studies , Lower Extremity , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Metatarsal Bones , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Osteomyelitis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Toes , Transplants , Treatment Failure , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770081

ABSTRACT

This case report describes the unusual occurrence of a flexor digitorum profundus avulsion secondary to an enchondroma of the distal phalanx of the middle finger. The enchondroma was treated by simple curettage with an autogenous bone graft harvested from the olecranon. The avulsed bone fragment was reattached to the distal phalanx using the pull-out suture technique. Bony union and full function of the digit were achieved.


Subject(s)
Chondroma , Curettage , Fingers , Olecranon Process , Suture Techniques , Transplants
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770044

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: A dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma is a rare lethal tumor characterized by a low grade chondrosarcoma juxtaposed with a high grade dedifferentiated sarcoma, such as osteosarcoma, fibrosarcoma. The aim of our study was to document the clinical manifestation and oncologic outcomes of a dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study identified 11 patients who were diagnosed and treated for dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma between January 2007 and December 2016. The identified cohort was then reviewed regarding age, sex, symptom onset, tumor location, magnetic resonance imagings (MRIs), surgical margin, and pathologic diagnosis. The time to local recurrence and/or metastasis, follow-up duration, and the patients' final status were analyzed. RESULTS: The patients were comprised of 7 males and 4 females with a mean age of 54 years (range, 33–80 years). The location of the tumor was in the femur in 6 cases, pelvis in 4 cases, and metatarsal in 1 case. The average tumor diameter was 12.7 cm (range, 6.0–26.1 cm). At the time of diagnosis, 2 patients showed pathologic fracture; 1 patient was Enecking stage IIA, 9 patients were stage IIB, and 1 patient was stage III. Eight patients were classified as a primary dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma and 3 patients were secondary. One of the primary lesions was misinterpreted initially as a low grade chondroid lesion by MRI and underwent curettage. Local recurrence occurred in 8 cases and distant metastasis occurred in 10 cases with a mean duration of 8 months (range, 2–23 months) and 7 months (range, 1–32 months), respectively. The three-year overall survival of patients with dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma was 18%, and 10 patients died due to disease progression. CONCLUSION: Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma developed lung metastases in the early period of the clinical courses and the prognosis was dismal.


Subject(s)
Chondrosarcoma , Cohort Studies , Curettage , Diagnosis , Disease Progression , Female , Femur , Fibrosarcoma , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Spontaneous , Humans , Lung , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Metatarsal Bones , Neoplasm Metastasis , Osteosarcoma , Pathology , Pelvis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Sarcoma
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760668

ABSTRACT

Microinvasive adenocarcinoma is not as well studied as microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma because diagnosis of adenocarcinoma cannot be ascertained for early invasive lesions. However, most clinicians consider a depth of invasion of 3 mm without lympho-vascular space invasion as the maximum limit for conservative management. Microinvasive cervical adenocarcinoma is characterized by a rare incidence of lymph node metastasis and very good prognosis. We describe a 62-year-old patient with an extremely early cervical adenocarcinoma which was detected only by endocervical curettage. However, she had multiple macroscopic pelvic node metastases. Clinicians should consider the probability of lymph node metastasis, although management of stage IA1 cervical adenocarcinoma may still be conservative.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Curettage , Diagnosis , Humans , Incidence , Lymph Nodes , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786343

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To describe the effects and long-term outcomes of incision and curettage treatment in patients with lacrimal gland ductulitis.METHODS: Twenty-four patients (24 eyes) with lacrimal gland ductulitis who were treated at Saevit Eye Hospital from June 2010 to November 2016. All patients underwent incision and curettage through the lacrimal ductule, and granules or concretions were removed. After the procedure, oral and topical antibiotics, oral anti-inflammatory agent were used for a week. Clinical presentations of the patients were analyzed. The resolution of symptoms and inflammatory signs and recurrence were evaluated more than 12 months after the procedure including telephone follow-up by a specialist nurse.RESULTS: Common symptoms were a painful, swelling mass with mucous discharge (17 eyes) and conjunctival injection (7 eyes) at the lateral canthal area. During the procedure, 22 patients (91.7%) had typical sulfur granule of Actinomyces, and 10 patients (41.7%) had many cilia in the expressed debris from the ductule. Twenty-three of 24 patients had resolution of symptoms after the procedure and all but one patient (95.8%) showed no recurrence.CONCLUSIONS: Incision and curettage is a simple and less invasive procedure that may be considered as a first treatment option for lacrimal gland ductulitis. Furthermore, incision and curettage of the affected lacrimal ductule has been shown to be effective at minimizing long-term recurrence of lacrimal ductulitis.


Subject(s)
Actinomyces , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Cilia , Curettage , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lacrimal Apparatus , Recurrence , Specialization , Sulfur , Telephone
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776077

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate clinical effects of expanded curettage and bone cement filling combined with internal fixation in treating Campanacci III giant cell tumor of knee joint.@*METHODS@#From January 2006 to December 2016, 21 patients with Campanacci III giant cell tumor of knee joint were treated by expanded curettage and bone cement filling combined with internal fixation, including 11 males and 10 females with an average age of(35.24±10.56) years old (ranged from 21 to 61 years old). The courses of disease ranged from 1.5 to 24.0 months with an average of(8.1±4.4) months. Among them, 8 patients were distal femur and 13 patients were proximal tibia. All patients were primary tumors. Musculoskeletal Tumor Society(MSTS) scores were used to evaluate lower limb function before and after operation. X-ray was used to observe healing of lesions and the occurrence of adverse reactions.@*RESULTS@#All incisions were healed at grade A without complications such as infection and internal fixation failure. All patients were followed up from 8 to 56 months with an average of (29.62±9.48) months. MSTS score at the latest follow-up 26.71±2.35 was higher than that of before operation 15.24±1.14, and had statistical significance(=20.160, =0.000). The results of X-ray at final following-up showed internal fixation was well, and no loosening and fracture of subchondral bone. Three patients recurred giant cell tumor and replaced with tumor prosthesis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Expanded curettage and bone cement filling with internal fixation for the treatment of Campanacci III giant cell tumor of knee joint could effectively retain limb function and reduce tumor recurrence rate.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Cements , Bone Neoplasms , General Surgery , Curettage , Female , Giant Cell Tumor of Bone , General Surgery , Humans , Knee Joint , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
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