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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210298, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252387

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most well-known malignancies that affect the human population worldwide. The early diagnosis and early intervention of OSCC help improve the survival rate of the patients. The tumour free surgical margins are a positive prognostic factor for recurrence-free survival. The molecular markers can be used to detect the tumour free surgical margins. Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the expression of p53 & Cyclin D1 marker in resected surgical apparently clear margins and to correlate the p53 & Cyclin D1 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and patient outcome. Methods: The study population included retrospective cases of OSCC with apparently clear margins (2017-18) n=10 and Clinicopathological variables relevant to survival analysis were recorded. Finally, two margins were selected from each case, a total of 20 margins were included in this study. Paraffin-embedded wax blocks retrieved and tissue sections were made. Expression of cyclin D1 and p 53 was assessed by the immunohistochemical staining procedure Results: Positive expressions Cyclin D1 in 40% of mild dysplasia margins and 60% in clearance adequate margins were present. p53 expression was seen in 16% of mild dysplasia margins and 84% in clearance adequate margins. The expression of p53 and Cyclin D1 molecular markers are noted in the basal & parabasal layer of epithelium. Conclusion: Molecular markers could play a more reliable method for the assessment of dysplasia at the margins


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Cyclin D1
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739656

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer related death due to a poor prognosis. In this study, we investigated the effect of Gomisin G on colon cancer growth and examined the underlying mechanism of action. We found that Gomisin G significantly suppressed the viability and colony formation of LoVo cells. Gomisin G reduced the phosphorylation level of AKT implying that Gomisin G suppressed the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway. Gomisin G also induced apoptosis shown by Annexin V staining and an increased level of cleaved poly-ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) and Caspase-3 proteins. Furthermore, Gomisin G remarkably triggered the accumulation of cells at the sub-G1 phase which represents apoptotic cells. In addition, the level of cyclin D1 and phosphorylated retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (Rb) was also reduced by the treatment with Gomisin G thus curtailing cell cycle progression. These findings show the suppressive effect of Gomisin G by inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis in LoVo cells. Taken together, these results suggest Gomisin G could be developed as a potential therapeutic compound against colon cancer.


Subject(s)
Annexin A5 , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Cell Cycle , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cyclin D1 , Phosphorylation , Prognosis , Retinoblastoma , Ribose
3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1620-1631, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763199

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Nonylphenol (NP) is an endocrine disruptor found in products such as cleaners, plastics, and detergents. It exerts actions similar to endogenous 17β-estradiol (E2) and is reported to influence various cancers. However, its role in colon cancer remains elusive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Colon cancer cell lines COLO 205 and SW480 were employed in our study. The cells were treated with NP or E2 followed by measurement of apoptosis and proliferation using flow cytometry and MTT assays, respectively. G protein–coupled estrogen receptor 30 (GPR30) expression was visualized using immunofluorescence and Western blot. To investigate the underlying mechanism, the expression levels of GPR30, p-protein kinase A (PKA), c-myc, cyclin D1, and ERK1/2 were analyzed using Western blot. Meanwhile, the GPR30 antagonist G15 was utilized to validate the role of GPR30 in colon cancer progression. Finally, the effect of a GPR30 inhibitor on tumor growth was determined in vivo using tumor xenograft mouse models. RESULTS: NP facilitated the proliferation of colon cancer cells and induced apoptosis failure in vitro. Western blot revealed increased GPR30 expression levels in response to NP treatment. Cyclin D1, p-PKA, c-myc, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen, proteins that regulate the cell cycle, were all upregulated by NP, and NP-mediated ERK1/2 activation and subsequent cell proliferation were abrogated by the GPR30 inhibitor G15. Moreover, colon cancer mice that received G15 administration demonstrated impaired tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSION: Low dose NP promotes the growth of colon tumors through GPR30-mediated activation of ERK1/2 signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Cycle , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Cyclin D1 , Detergents , Estrogens , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Heterografts , In Vitro Techniques , Mice , Phosphotransferases , Plastics , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762713

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was aimed to investigate the combination effect of endoxifen and emodin on estrogen receptor (ER) positive breast cancer cell lines and to explain the mechanism of the combination effect. METHODS: We conducted this study on MCF-7 (ER+/human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 [HER2]−), T47D (ER+/HER2−), ZR-75-1 (ER+/HER2+), and BT474 (ER+/HER2+) cell lines, which confirmed combination effect of endoxifen and emodin. Optimal concentrations for combination were determined to study the effects on proliferation of MCF-7 and ZR-75-1 cells. Analysis of the combination effect was carried out in the CompuSyn software. The combination of downstream mechanisms, and combined effects of other similar compounds were tested on the MCF-7 and ZR 75-1 cell lines. Protein expression was confirmed by western blot. RESULTS: The combination of endoxifen and emodin had antagonistic effects on MCF-7 and ZR-75-1cell lines (combination index > 1). We validated the antagonistic effect in T47D and BT474 cell lines. During the combined treatment, the results showed elevated amounts of cyclin D1 and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (pERK). Analysis of drug interactions showed antagonistic effect between endoxifen and chemical compounds similar to emodin, such as chrysophanol or rhein, in MCF-7 and ZR-75-1 cells. CONCLUSION: Addition of emodin attenuated tamoxifen's treatment effect via cyclin D1 and pERK up-regulation in ER-positive breast cancer cell lines.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cell Line , Cyclin D1 , Drug Interactions , Emodin , Epidermal Growth Factor , Estrogens , Phosphotransferases , Phytoestrogens , Tamoxifen , Therapeutic Uses , Up-Regulation
5.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 509-516, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762085

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to verify the induction and mechanism of selective apoptosis in G361 melanoma cells using anti-HER2 antibody-conjugated gold nanoparticles (GNP-HER2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following GNP-HER2 treatment of G361 cells, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis were measured by WST-1 assay, Hemacolor staining, Hoechst staining, immunofluorescence staining, fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis, and Western blotting.


Subject(s)
Actins , Apoptosis Inducing Factor , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Caspase 3 , Caspases , Cell Adhesion , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Death , Cyclin A , Cyclin D1 , Cyclin E , Cyclins , Cytochromes c , Cytoplasm , DNA Fragmentation , Down-Regulation , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Focal Adhesions , Melanoma , Mitochondria , Nanoparticles , Phosphotransferases , ErbB Receptors , Up-Regulation
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761897

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Provision of optimal endometrial stromal cells is essential in uterine tissue engineering. Culture of these cells is significantly influenced by gonadotropin hormones. This investigation attempted to define the proliferation profiles of murine uterine endometrial stromal cells during in vitro culture with recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH), urinary follicle stimulating hormone (uFSH), and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). METHODS: Murine uterine endometrial stromal cells were collected from 8-week-old mice and cultured in vitro up to 72 h, with rFSH, uFSH, or hCG. Cell cycles were analyzed by BrdU assay, and cyclin D1 expression was evaluated according to dose and duration of gonadotropin treatment. RESULTS: BrdU assay showed a further inhibitory effect on murine uterine endometrial stromal cell proliferation when cultured with rFSH compared to uFSH, and a similar inhibitory proliferation profile when cultured with hCG at a specific range of concentrations. The expression of cyclin D1 of murine uterine endometrial stromal cells was down-regulated when cultured with rFSH, uFSH, or hCG, compared to control. CONCLUSIONS: FSH may inhibit the proliferation of murine uterine endometrial stromal cells during in vitro culture. rFSH may have more significant inhibitory effects on the proliferation of endometrial stromal cells than uFSH. Establishing an optimal endocrine milieu is necessary using more advanced combination of female hormones for in vitro culture of this type of cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bromodeoxyuridine , Cell Cycle , Chorionic Gonadotropin , Cyclin D1 , Female , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Gonadotropins , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Mice , Stromal Cells , Tissue Engineering , Uterus
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764302

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Baicalein is a bioactive flavone that is originally extracted from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. This plant has long served as Chinese herbal medicine in the management of multiple diseases including inflammatory bowel diseases. Although it has been revealed that baicalein inhibits experimental colitis in mice, the molecular mechanisms still remain largely unrecognized. METHODS: The experimental colitis was induced in mice by 3% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in drinking water. The mice were given baicalein (10 or 25 mg/kg) by gavage for 7 days before and after DSS administration. Expression of COX-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and molecules involved in NF-κB signaling, such as inhibitor of κBα (IκBα), pIκBα, p65, and phospho-p65 was examined by Western blot analysis in the tissue of the mouse colon. Activity of IκB kinase β (IKKβ) was assessed by measuring the relative amount of radioactive γ-phosphate of ATP transferred to the IκBα substrate protein. The expression and phosphorylation of STAT3 and its target gene cyclin D1 were also measured. RESULTS: Baicalein prominently mitigated the severity of DSS-induced colitis in mice. It inhibited the expression of COX-2 and iNOS. Moreover, baicalein attenuated activity and phosphorylation of IKKβ and subsequent degradation of IκBα. Baicalein suppressed the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of p65, resulting in a reduced DNA binding activity of NF-κB. Baicalein also suppressed the phosphorylation of STAT3 and expression of cyclin D1. Baicalein exhibited the synergistic effect on inhibition of COX-2 induced by DSS with curcumin, an ingredient of turmeric. CONCLUSIONS: Protective effects of baicalein on DSS-induced colitis are associated with suppression of NF-κB and STAT3 signaling pathways, which may contribute to its cancer preventive effects on colon carcinogenesis.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate , Animals , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blotting, Western , Carcinogenesis , Colitis , Colon , Curcuma , Curcumin , Cyclin D1 , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Dextran Sulfate , Dextrans , DNA , Drinking Water , Herbal Medicine , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Mice , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Plants , Scutellaria baicalensis
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764039

ABSTRACT

Tannic acid (TA) is a water-soluble polyphenol compound found in various herbal plants. We investigated the chemopreventive effects of TA on FaDu hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. In an 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, TA showed dose-dependent cytotoxicity with a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 50 µM. Cell cycle analysis and immunofluorescence imaging demonstrated that under low-dose (25 µM) treatment, FaDu cells were arrested in G2/M phase, and as the dose of TA was increased, apoptosis was induced with the increase of cell population at sub-G1 phase. The expressions of various cyclins, including cyclin D1 and cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK-1 and CDK-2), were down-regulated at low doses of TA, whereas apoptotic effectors such as cleaved caspase 3, cleaved caspase 7, and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) were expressed in a dose-dependent manner in Western blotting. In addition, TA-induced apoptosis of FaDu cells might be mediated by the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, with the upregulation of p-AKT/p-PKB (phosphorylated protein kinase B) and p-ERK. Overall, our data support the hypothesis that TA is a potential candidate agent for the treatment of hypopharyngeal cancer.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Caspase 3 , Caspase 7 , Cell Cycle , Cyclin D1 , Cyclin-Dependent Kinases , Cyclins , Epithelial Cells , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , Phosphotransferases , Protein Kinases , Tannins , Up-Regulation
9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 271-279, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775632

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Cyclic RNA (circRNA) is a new type of non-coding RNA (ncRNA) which is different from traditional linear RNA. More and more studies suggest that circRNA can be used as a biological marker of many malignant tumors and becomes a potential target for treatment. Therefore, searching for new molecular targets of lung adenocarcinoma from the circRNA will help to reveal the new mechanism of the occurrence and development of lung adenocarcinoma, and provide new ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment. In this study, the biological function of circ_0007766, a highly expressed circRNA found in a screen of lung adenocarcinoma tissue, was verified and analyzed in vitro, so as to preliminarily explore the mechanism of circ_0007766 in promoting the proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma.@*METHODS@#The expression level of circ_0007766 in lung adenocarcinoma cells was detected by qPCR. Then siRNA was used to knock down the expression of circ_0007766. The effects of knockdown of circ_0007766 on proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of lung adenocarcinoma cells were detected by CCK8, scratch test, PI staining and Annexin V/PI double staining. In addition, the biological mechanism of circ_0007766 in lung adenocarcinoma was preliminarily studied by qPCR and Western blots.@*RESULTS@#The expression of circ_0007766 in lung adenocarcinoma cell lines was detected by qPCR. The expression of circ_0007766 was interfered in SPCA-1 cells. The proliferation and migration abilities of cells were inhibited. The cell cycle was arrested in G0/G1 phase, but the apoptosis was not affected. The deletion of circ_0007766 did not affect the expression of ERBB2, but influenced the mRNA and protein expression of Cyclin D1/Cyclin E1/CDK4.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In vitro functional studies have shown that circ_0007766 may promote the proliferation and migration of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Further molecular mechanism studies have found that circ_0007766 can up-regulate the expression of Cyclin D1/Cyclin E1/CDK4, which are the key proteins of cell cycle, and thus promote the malignant proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma. From the perspective of circRNA, this study will provide new clues for the pathogenesis, development and prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma, and provide new target for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Pathology , Apoptosis , Genetics , Cell Cycle , Genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Genetics , Cell-Free Nucleic Acids , Genetics , Cyclin D1 , Genetics , Cyclin E , Genetics , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 , Genetics , Humans , Oncogene Proteins , Genetics , Up-Regulation , Genetics
10.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 221-229, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786400

ABSTRACT

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) modulates a variety of genes involved in the regulation of critical functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, metastasis, and immunity. For many cancers, elevated levels of STAT3 signaling have been associated with a poor prognosis and the development of chemotherapy resistance. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of a novel small-molecule inhibitor of STAT3, STX-0119, on the cell viability and survival of human lung cancer cells. STX-0119 inhibited activated STAT3 and the expression of STAT3-regulated oncoproteins such as c-Myc, cyclin D1, and survivin in lung cancer cells. STX-0119 also decreased the amount of STAT3 in the nuclear fraction as well as induced apoptosis of these lung cancer cell lines as evidenced by increases in apoptotic cells (Annexin V positive) and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage. The efficacy of STX-0119 in a mouse xenograft model was confirmed. However, a hematological side effect, which had not been previously reported, was observed. The level of white blood cells was significantly lowered when treated at the dose at which STX-0119 alone showed a significant tumor-suppressive effect. In conclusion, we suggest that STX-0119 may be a potent therapeutic agent against lung cancer. Consideration of the side effect suggests, it is necessary to study whether low-dose STX-0119 is effective for lung treatment with a combination of classic lung cancer therapeutics.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Cyclin D1 , Drug Therapy , Heterografts , Humans , Leukocytes , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Mice , Neoplasm Metastasis , Oncogene Proteins , Prognosis , STAT3 Transcription Factor
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786128

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The worldwide incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue (SCCOT) in young patients has been increasing. We investigated clinicopathologic features of this unique population and compared them with those of SCCOT in the elderly to delineate its pathogenesis.METHODS: We compared clinicopathological parameters between patients under and over 45 years old. Immunohistochemical assays of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, androgen receptor, p53, p16, mdm2, cyclin D1, and glutathione S-transferase P1 were also compared between them.RESULTS: Among 189 cases, 51 patients (27.0%) were under 45 years of age. A higher proportion of women was seen in the young group, but was not statistically significant. Smoking and drinking behaviors between age groups were similar. Histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis showed no significant difference by age and sex other than higher histologic grades observed in young patients.CONCLUSIONS: SCCOT in young adults has similar clinicopathological features to that in the elderly, suggesting that both progress via similar pathogenetic pathways.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cyclin D1 , Drinking , Drinking Behavior , Epithelial Cells , Estrogens , Female , Glutathione Transferase , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Incidence , Mouth Neoplasms , Receptors, Androgen , Receptors, Progesterone , Smoke , Smoking , Tongue , Young Adult
12.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 267-276, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771316

ABSTRACT

Shenkang injection (SKI) is a classic prescription composed of Radix Astragali, rhubarb, Astragalus, Safflower, and Salvia. This treatment was approved by the State Food and Drug Administration of China in 1999 for treatment of chronic kidney diseases based on good efficacy and safety. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of SKI against high glucose (HG)-induced renal tubular cell senescence and its underlying mechanism. Primary renal proximal tubule epithelial cells were cultured in (1) control medium (control group), medium containing 5 mmol/L glucose; (2) mannitol medium (mannitol group), medium containing 5 mmol/L glucose, and 25 mmol/L mannitol; (3) HG medium (HG group) containing 30 mmol/L glucose; (4) SKI treatment at high (200 mg/L), medium (100 mg/L), or low (50 mg/L) concentration in HG medium (HG + SKI group); or (5) 200 mg/L SKI treatment in control medium (control + SKI group) for 72 h. HG-induced senescent cells showed the emergence of senescence associated heterochromatin foci, up-regulation of P16 and cyclin D1, increased senescence-associated β-galactosidase activity, and elevated expression of membrane decoy receptor 2. SKI treatment potently prevented these changes in a dose-independent manner. SKI treatment prevented HG-induced up-regulation of pro-senescence molecule mammalian target of rapamycin and p66Shc and down-regulation of anti-senescence molecules klotho, sirt1, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-g in renal tubular epithelial cells. SKI may be a novel strategy for protecting against HG-induced renal tubular cell senescence in treatment of diabetic nephropathy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Cellular Senescence , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Metabolism , Diabetic Nephropathies , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Epithelial Cells , Metabolism , Glucose , Kidney Tubules, Proximal , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773395

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The compound 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), a persistent organic pollutant, is harmful to the nervous system, but its effects on the brain are still unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of TCDD on astrocytes proliferation and underlying molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#The cell proliferation was measured by EdU-based proliferation assay and PI staining by flow cytometry. Protein expression levels were detected by Western blotting. Immunofluorescence, cytoplasmic and nuclear fractions separation were used to assess the distribution of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3).@*RESULTS@#C6 cells treated with 10 and 50 nmol/L TCDD for 24 h showed significant promotion of the proliferation of. The exposure to TCDD resulted in the upregulation in the expression levels of phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-Akt), phosphorylated STAT3, and cyclin D1 in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The inhibition of Akt expression with LY294002 or STAT3 expression with AG490 abolished the TCDD-induced cyclin D1 upregulation and cell proliferation. Furthermore, LY294002 suppressed the activation of STAT3. Finally, TCDD promoted the translocation of STAT3 from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, and LY294002 treatment blocked this effect.@*CONCLUSION@#TCDD exposure promotes the proliferation of astrocyte cells via the Akt/STAT3/cyclin D1 pathway, leading to astrogliosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Astrocytes , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Environmental Pollutants , Toxicity , Neurotoxins , Toxicity , Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins , Toxicity , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Metabolism
14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1414, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973381

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background : It is believed that the Wnt pathway is one of the most important signaling involved in gastric carcinogenesis. Aim : To analyze the protein expression of canonical and non-canonical Wnt pathways in gastric carcinoma. Method : The immunohistochemistry was performed in 72 specimens of gastric carcinomas for evaluating the expression of Wnt-5a, FZD5, GSK3β, axin, CK1, ubiquitin, cyclin D1 and c-myc. Results : There were significant differences for cytoplasm and nucleus ubiquitin for moderately and well differentiated tumors (p=0.03) and for those of the intestinal type of the Lauren classification (p=0.03). The absence of c-myc was related to Lauren's intestinal tumors (p=0.03). Expression of CK1 in the cytoplasm was related to compromised margin (p=0.03). Expression of cyclin D1 protein was more intense in male patients (p=0.03) There was no relation of the positive or negative expression of the Wnt-5a, FZD5, GSK3 and Axin with any clinicopathological variables. Conclusion: The canonical WNT pathway is involved in gastric carcinoma.


RESUMO Racional : Acredita-se que a via Wnt é uma das mais importantes da sinalização envolvidas na carcinogênese gástrica. Objetivos : Analisar a expressão das proteínas das vias Wnt canônicas e não-canônicas no carcinoma gástrico e relacionar sua expressão com as variáveisclinicopatológicas. Método : Foram coletadas 72 amostras de carcinoma gástrico, e áreas representativas do tumor foram selecionadas para o Tissue Microarray. Imunoistoquímica foi realizada para avaliar a expressão de Wnt-5a, FZD5, GSK3β, axina, CK1, ubiquitina, ciclina D1 e c-myc. Resultados : Houve diferenças significativas para a expressão de ubiquitina no citoplasma e núcleo para tumores moderadamente e bem diferenciados (p=0,03) e para aqueles do tipo intestinal da classificação de Lauren (p=0,03). A expressão negativa da proteína c-myc no citoplasma foi relacionada aos tumores intestinais de Lauren (p=0,028). A expressão positiva de CK1 no citoplasma das células neoplásicas foi relacionada a tumores com margens cirúrgicas livre de envolvimento neoplásico (p=0,03). A expressão positiva da proteína ciclina D1 foi maior nos tumores dos homens (p=0,03). Não houve relação da expressão positiva ou negativa das proteínas Wnt-5a e FZD5 no citoplasma ou núcleo com quaisquer variáveis clinicopatológicas. O mesmo foi observado para GSK3β e Axin. Conclusões : A relação da expressão das proteínas da via canônica com as variáveis epidemiológicas e tumorais sugere sua participação na carcinogênese gástrica. Por outro lado, a ausência da relação das expressões das proteínas da via não-canônica sugere sua não participação na carcinogênese gástrica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stomach Neoplasms/chemistry , Carcinoma/chemistry , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Neoplasm Proteins/analysis , Reference Values , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/analysis , Cyclin D1/analysis , Ubiquitin/analysis , Casein Kinase I/analysis , Frizzled Receptors/analysis , Axin Protein/analysis , Carcinogenesis , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/analysis , Wnt-5a Protein/analysis , Neoplasm Staging
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the interaction between interleukin-17 (IL-17) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and how their interaction affects the growth of mouse hepatoma Hepa1-6 cells.@*METHODS@#Hepa1-6 cells treated with IL-17 and IFN-γ either alone or in combination were examined for changes in cell proliferation using MTT assay and in cell cycle distribution using flow cytometry. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), cyclin D1, P21 and P16 and the phosphorylation of p38MAPK, ERK1/2 and Stat1 in the cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, IFN-γ treatment obviously inhibited the growth and proliferation of Hepa1-6 cells, induced cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase, reduced the protein expression of PCNA and cyclin D1, and increased the protein expression of P21. IL-17 alone had no effect on the growth of Hepa1-6 cells. In the combined treatment, IL-17 significantly antagonized the effects of IFN-γ. Compared with those treated with IFN-γ alone, the cells with the combined treatment showed significantly decreased G0/G1 cell population, increased the protein expressions of PCNA and cyclin D1, and decreased the protein expression of P21. IL-17 significantly inhibited IFN-γ-induced phosphorylation of p38MAPK and ERK1/2 without affecting the phosphorylation of Stat1.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IL-17 obviously reverses the antitumor effects of IFN-γ to promote the proliferation of mouse hepatoma cells and accelerate the development of hepatocellular carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Metabolism , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-17 , Pharmacology , Liver Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Mice , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 326-335, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742551

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) gene, which located in 1q23.1, is recurrently amplified in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, it is unknown whether PRCC is overexpressed in primary NSCLCs and whether PRCC overexpression contributes to lung tumorigenesis. In this study, we aimed to identify the profiles of PRCC expression in Korean NSCLC patients and to elucidate the role of PRCC overexpression on lung tumorigenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed immunohistochemistry analysis with a tissue array containing 161 primary NSCLCs. Small interfering RNA targeting PRCC (siPRCC) was transfected into two lung cancer cell lines (NCI-H358 and A549), after which tumor growth, migration, and invasion were observed. Expressions of cell proliferation-, cell cycle-, and metastasis-related molecules were examined by Western blot analysis. We also explored the in vivo effect of PRCC silencing. RESULTS: PRCC overexpression was recurrently observed in NSCLCs (95/161, 59%). After siPRCC treatment, tumor cell proliferation, colony formation, and anchorage independent growth were significantly reduced (p < 0.001 for all three effects). Migration and invasiveness were also significantly repressed (p < 0.001 for both effects). Reflecting cell proliferation, cell cycle, and metastasis, the expressions of Ki67, cyclin D1, AKT-1, pAKT, NF-kB p65, vimentin and CXCL-12 were found to be downregulated. Through mouse xenograft analysis, we confirmed that PRCC silencing significantly repressed a xenograft tumor mass in vivo (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The present data provide evidence that PRCC overexpression is involved in the tumorigenesis and progression of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Carcinogenesis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Cell Cycle , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1 , Heterografts , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Mice , Neoplasm Metastasis , NF-kappa B , RNA, Small Interfering , Vimentin
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728028

ABSTRACT

Decursin is a major biological active component of Angelica gigas Nakai and is known to induce apoptosis of metastatic prostatic cancer cells. Recently, other reports have been commissioned to examine the anticancer activities of this plant. In this study, we evaluated the inhibitory activity and related mechanism of action of decursin against glioblastoma cell line. Decursin demonstrated cytotoxic effects on U87 and C6 glioma cells in a dose-dependent manner but not in primary glial cells. Additionally, decursin increased apoptotic bodies and phosphorylated JNK and p38 in U87 cells. Decursin also down-regulated Bcl-2 as well as cell cycle dependent proteins, CDK-4 and cyclin D1. Furthermore, decursin-induced apoptosis was dependent on the caspase activation in U87 cells. Taken together, our data provide the evidence that decursin induces apoptosis in glioblastoma cells, making it a potential candidate as a chemotherapeutic drug against brain tumor.


Subject(s)
Angelica , Apoptosis , Brain Neoplasms , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Line , Cyclin D1 , Extracellular Vesicles , Glioblastoma , Glioma , Neuroglia , Plants , Prostatic Neoplasms
18.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 17(3): 322-329, nov 19, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247694

ABSTRACT

O câncer de boca ocupa uma posição de destaque em relação ao número total de casos registrados no Brasil. A displasia epitelial (DE) oral é um achado histopatológico associado a um risco aumentado de transformação maligna do epitélio oral. A falha nos mecanismos de sinalização celular, no controle do ciclo celular ou nos mecanismos para reparar danos celulares pode favorecer a processos que culminam com a progressão para o câncer. Objetivo: avaliar comparativamente a resposta clínica da marcação do azul de toluidina (AT) e a imunoexpressão da proteína ciclina D1, uma proteína nuclear de grande importância como regulador da transição da fase G1 para fase S do ciclo celular, em leucoplasias oral (LO). Metodologia: avaliamos 12 pacientes que apresentavam, na cavidade bucal, lesões com diagnóstico clínico de LO. O estudo se desenvolveu em duas etapas: clínica e laboratorial. Foi feita marcação com AT e avaliação Imuno-histoquímica, respectivamente. Após análise quantitativa das lâminas, os dados obtidos foram analisados pelo programa BIOESTAT 2.0, por meio dos testes de Spearman e pelo teste de correlações múltiplas de Pearson. Resultados: não foi observada relação entre a marcação clínica do AT, o grau de displasia da lesão e a imunoexpressão da Ciclina D1 em LO. Conclusão: 82% das lesões apresentaram DE em graus variados, confirmando a necessidade de se realizar o diagnóstico histopatológico das LO e o acompanhamento clínico posterior dos pacientes.


Mouth cancer occupies a prominent position in relation to the total number of cases registered in Brazil. Oral epithelial dysplasia (ED) is a histopathological finding associated with an increased risk of malignant transformation of oral epithelium. The failure in the mechanisms of cell signaling, cell cycle control mechanisms or to repair cell damage can favor processes that culminate with the progression to cancer. Objective: evaluate comparatively the clinical response of the toluidine blue marking (TB) and immuno-expression of cyclin D1 protein, a nuclear protein of great importance as a factor regulating the transition from G1 phase to S phase of the cell cycle, in oral leukoplakia (OL). Methodology: we evaluated 12 patients who presented lesions in the oral cavity with clinical diagnosis of OL. The study was developed in two stages: Clinical and Laboratorial. Marking was made with TB and immunohistochemical evaluation, respectively. After quantitative analysis of blades, the data obtained were analyzed by BIOESTAT program 2.0 through Spearman tests and by Pearson multiple correlation test. Results: no relation was observed between clinical marking of TB, the degree of dysplasia of the lesion and the immuno-expression of Cyclin D1 in OL. Conclusion: 82% of the lesions presented DE in varying degrees, confirming the need to perform histopathological diagnosis of the OL and the subsequent clinical monitoring of the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tolonium Chloride , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Cyclin D1/analysis , Coloring Agents , Immunohistochemistry , Disease Progression
19.
Appl. cancer res ; 38: 1-4, jan. 30, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-910442

ABSTRACT

Background: Cyclin D1 is a protein essential for transition from G1 to S phase during cell cycle progression, which has an oncogenic potential and is highly expressed in several human malignancies. However, in view of the heterogeneity of the findings in the literature, the prognostic value of cyclin D1 expression still needs to be validated in different cohorts of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. Methods: Bone marrow samples from 13 healthy donors and 45 adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia were included. Cyclin D1 gene expression was evaluated by quantitative PCR. For statistical analysis, Mann­Whitney test, Fisher's exact test, Chi-squared test and Cox regression were used, as appropriate. All p values were two-sided with a significance level of 5%. Results: Cyclin D1 mRNA levels were similar between primary cells from ALL patients and healthy donors. In ALL patients, high cyclin D1 expression was associated with older age at the diagnosis, presence of BCR-ABL1, and lower white blood cell counts. Importantly, increased cyclin D1 expression was an independent factor that predicted worse overall survival in our adult ALL cohort. Conclusion: Increased levels of cyclin D1 negatively impacted on ALL survival outcome, suggesting that this gene is involved in the malignant phenotype of ALL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Prognosis , Survival , Cyclin D1 , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740103

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: 15,16-dihydrotanshinone I (DHTS) is a natural abietane diterpenoid that is mainly found in the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Labiatae). DHTS exhibits a potential anti-proliferative effect in various human cancer cells. However, the mechanisms of action of DHTS as an anti-cancer agent have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, the present study investigated the anti-cancer effect of DHTS in terms of cell cycle regulation and the regulation of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in SK-HEP-1 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. METHODS: The anti-proliferative effects of DHTS were evaluated by the sulforhodamine B assay in SK-HEP-1 cells. Cell cycle distribution was analyzed by flow cytometry. The elucidation of mechanisms of action such as the AMPK/AKT/mTOR and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway was assessed by Western blot analysis. RESULTS: DHTS showed a significant anti-proliferative activity against SK-HEP-1 cells. DHTS induced cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase, which was mediated by downregulation of cyclin D1, cyclin A, cyclin E, CDK4, CDK2, c-Myc and p-Rb expression and with increased expression of the CDK inhibitor p21. DHTS also activated the AMPK signaling. In addition, DHTS downregulated the Akt/mTOR and MAPK signaling pathways. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the anti-proliferative activity of DHTS might be associated with the induction of G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest and regulation of AMPK/Akt/mTOR and MAPK signaling pathways in SK-HEP-1 cells.


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Cycle , Cyclin A , Cyclin D1 , Cyclin E , Cyclins , Down-Regulation , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Protein Kinases , Salvia miltiorrhiza
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