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1.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(4): e1637, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360017

ABSTRACT

RESUMO - INTRODUÇÃO: O papilomavírus humano (HPV) é agente das doenças sexualmente transmissíveis de maior prevalência no mundo que estão associadas ao câncer do colo do útero e canal anal. A ação do HPV na carcinogênese colorretal não está ainda estabelecida. OBJETIVO: Estudar a eventual correlação entre a presença do HPV tipo 16 e a expressão gênica da proteína p16INK4a e da oncoproteína E7 de HPV e de seus níveis no tecido do carcinoma colorretal. METODOS: Estudo retrospectivo caso-controle de 79 doentes com carcinoma colorretal divididos em dois grupos: HPV presente e HPV ausente. Foi realizada reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR), além da hibridização do tipo dot blot para o HPV 16 e o HPV 18 Amostras do tecido colorretal também foram submetidas ao estudo imuno-histoquimico para avaliar o nível tecidual das proteínas E7 e p16INK4a. RESULTADOS: O HPV foi identificado em 36 (45,6%) casos. Não houve diferença significante entre os grupos quanto ao sexo (p=0,056), idade (p=0,1), localização cólica e/ou retal (0,098) e presença do HPV. A expressão gênica da oncoproteína E7 de HPV estava presente em 3,12% dos casos (p=0,9) e a expressão da proteína p16INK4a foi observada em 46,3% (p=0,27) dos indivíduos com detecção do HPV. CONCLUSÃO: A expressão gênica e os níveis teciduais da oncoproteína E7 e da proteína p16INK4a encontrados nos pacientes positivos para o HPV sugerem a ausência de atividade oncogênica do HPV tipo 16 no carcinoma colorretal.


ABSTRACT - BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the agent of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases in the world associated with cervix and anal canal cancer. The action of HPV on colorectal carcinogenesis is not yet established. OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to study the possible correlation between the presence of HPV16 and the gene expression of p16INK4a protein and HPV E7 oncoprotein and their levels in colorectal carcinoma tissue. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of 79 patients with colorectal carcinoma was divided into two groups: HPV-positive and HPV-negative. The polymerase chain reaction was performed, in addition to dot-blot hybridization for HPV16 and HPV18. Colorectal tissue samples were also subjected to immunohistochemical study to assess the tissue level of E7 and p16INK4a proteins. RESULTS: HPV was identified in 36 (45.6%) cases. There was no significant difference between groups regarding gender (p=0.056), age (p=0.1), colic and/or rectal location (0.098), and presence of HPV. Gene expression of HPV E7 oncoprotein was present in 3.12% of cases (p=0.9), and p16INK4a protein expression was observed in 46.3% (p=0.27) of those selected with HPV detection. CONCLUSION: Gene expression and tissue levels of E7 oncoprotein and p16INK4a protein found in HPV-positive patients suggest the absence of HPV16 oncogenic activity in colorectal carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/virology , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Papillomavirus E7 Proteins/genetics , DNA, Viral , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Human papillomavirus 16/genetics
2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 351-357, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132605

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Human papilloma virus is an etiological risk factor for a subset of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. HPV has been proven to be a powerful prognostic biomarker for oropharyngeal cancer, but its role in the larynx has not been explored in depth. The developmental mechanisms of laryngeal carcinomas are quite complex and controlled by various factors. Smoking and alcohol are most important risk factors. Recent studies indicate that HPV infection also plays an important role in larynx carcinomas. HPV related laryngeal carcinomas especially occur at the supraglottic region of larynx. Objective: We aimed to determine the frequency of HPV/protein16 positivity in patients with laryngeal carcinoma and association of HPV and/or p16 positivity with variables such as age, sex, smoking habits, tumor localization, lymph node metastasis, recurrence and survival in advanced stage laryngeal carcinoma in our study. Methods: This retrospective study included 90 patients with advanced laryngeal carcinoma. The Control group was 10 normal larynx mucosa specimens. The presence of HPV was investigated polyclonally by polymerase chain reaction, and protein16 with immunohistochemical method. In HPV positive cases, the presence of HPV types 16, 18 were evaluated by polymerase chain reaction. Demographic features of patients were noted. Patient survival and association with HPV/protein16 was determined. Results: Polyclonal HPV positivity was detected in 11 (12.2%) of 90 cases. Out of these 11 cases, HPV 16 was positive in 6, HPV 18 in 4, and both HPV 16 and 18 were positive in 1. In 18 (20%) of the cases, p16 was positive. Six of the cases (6.6%) had both HPV and protein16 positivity. In cases where protein16 alone or HPV and protein16 were co-positive, alcohol use was less and the tumor was found more likely to be localized in the supraglottic area. These ratios were statistically significant. Supraglottic localization of tumor was determined to be increased in protein16 positive cases. The correlation between protein16 positivity and supraglottic area location was determined to be statistically significant (p= 0.011). 55.6% of protein16 positive cases was located in the supraglottic region, 33.3% was glottic and 11.1% was transglottic. Although life expectancy over 5 years were numerically higher in HPV and protein16 positive cases, this was not found to be statistically significant. There was no statistically significant relationship between HPV positivity and mean age, differentiation, smoking and alcohol use, tumor progression, lymph node metastasis, localization, recurrence, cause of mortality and treatment methods in our study. The mean follow-up period of our patients was 6.7 years. Conclusion: The close relationship between HPV and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma could not be shown in larynx malignancy in many studies, including our study. Our findings support a limited role of HPV in laryngeal carcinogenesis. Protein16 is not a reliable surrogate for HPV status in laryngeal cancers and is not a predictor of laryngeal cancer survival. Supraglottic localization of tumor was determined to be increased in protein16 positive cases. The correlation between protein16 positivity and supraglottic area location was determined to be statistically significant. There is a need for more populated clinical trials, where neoplastic proliferation is better demonstrated and the accuracy of the results obtained is supported by different techniques.


Resumo Introdução: O papilomavírus humano é um fator de risco etiológico para um subconjunto de carcinoma espinocelular de cabeça e pescoço. Tem sido demonstrado que o HPV é um poderoso biomarcador prognóstico para o câncer de orofaringe, mas seu papel na laringe ainda não foi explorado em profundidade. Os mecanismos de desenvolvimento dos carcinomas de laringe são bastante complexos e controlados por vários fatores. Tabagismo e álcool são os fatores de risco mais importantes. Estudos recentes indicam que a infecção pelo HPV também desempenha um papel importante nos carcinomas da laringe. Os carcinomas laríngeos relacionados ao HPV ocorrem especialmente na região supraglótica. Objetivo: Nosso objetivo foi determinar a frequência da positividade para o HPV / proteína 16 em pacientes com carcinoma da laringe e a associação da positividade para o HPV e /ou proteína 16 com variáveis como idade, sexo, tabagismo, localização do tumor, metástase linfonodal, recidiva e sobrevivência de carcinoma da laringe em estágio avançado em nosso estudo. Método: Este estudo retrospectivo incluiu 90 pacientes com carcinoma laríngeo avançado. O grupo controle incluiu 10 amostras de mucosa laríngea normal. A presença de HPV foi inves-tigada por anticorpo policlonal através de reação de polimerase em cadeia e a proteína 16 por método imunohistoquímico. Nos casos positivos para o HPV, a presença dos tipos 16 e 18 do foi avaliada por reação de polimerase em cadeia. As características demográficas dos pacientes foram observadas. A sobrevida dos pacientes e a associação com HPV / proteína 16 foram determinadas. Resultados: A positividade com anticorpo policlonal do HPV foi detectada em 11 (12,2%) dos 90 casos. Desses 11 casos, o HPV 16 foi positivo em 6, o HPV 18 em 4 e o HPV 16 e 18 foram positivos em 1. Em 18 (20%) dos casos, a proteína 16 foi positiva. Seis dos casos (6,6%) apresentaram positividade para HPV e proteína16. Nos casos positivos apenas para a proteína 16 ou quando HPV e a proteína 16 foram co-positivos, a ingestão de álcool foi menor e o tumor apresentou maior probabilidade de estar localizado na área supraglótica. Essas proporções foram estatisticamente significantes. A localização supraglótica do tumor foi maior em casos positivos para proteína 16. A correlação entre positividade para proteína 16 e localização da área supraglótica foi estatisticamente significante (p = 0,011). Dos casos positivos para proteína 16, 55,6% foram supraglóticos, 33,3% glóticos e 11,1% transglóticos. Embora a expectativa de vida acima de 5 anos tenha sido numericamente maior nos casos positivos para HPV e proteína 16, isso não foi estatisticamente significante. Não houve relação estatisticamente significante entre positividade do HPV e média de idade, diferenciação, tabagismo e uso de álcool, progressão tumoral, metástase linfonodal, localização, recidiva, causa de mortalidade e métodos de tratamento em nosso estudo. O período médio de seguimento de nossos pacientes foi de 6,7 anos. Conclusão: A estreita relação entre HPV e carcinoma espinocelular orofaríngeo não pôde ser demonstrada na laringe em muitos estudos, inclusive no nosso estudo. Nossos achados confirmam um papel limitado do HPV na carcinogênese da laringe. A proteína 16 não é um substituto confiável para o status do HPV nos cânceres de laringe e não é preditor da sobrevida do câncer de laringe. A localização supraglótica do tumor foi maior em casos positivos para proteína16. A correlação entre positividade para proteína 16 e localização na área supraglótica foi determinada como estatisticamente significante. Há necessidade de ensaios clínicos com amostras maiores, nos quais a proliferação neoplásica seja melhor demonstrada e a precisão dos resultados obtidos seja apoiada por diferentes técnicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Laryngeal Neoplasms/blood , Laryngeal Neoplasms/virology , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/blood , Human papillomavirus 16/genetics , Human papillomavirus 18/genetics , Prognosis , Laryngeal Neoplasms/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Neoplasm Staging
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e8876, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089338

ABSTRACT

The immune stimulatory and anti-neoplastic functions of type I interferon have long been applied for the treatment of melanoma. However, the systemic application of high levels of this recombinant protein is often met with toxicity. An approach that provides localized, yet transient, production of type I interferon may overcome this limitation. We propose that the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as delivery vehicles for the production of interferon-β (IFNβ) may be beneficial when applied together with our cancer gene therapy approach. In our previous studies, we have shown that adenovirus-mediated gene therapy with IFNβ was especially effective in combination with p19Arf gene transfer, resulting in immunogenic cell death. Here we showed that MSCs derived from mouse adipose tissue were susceptible to transduction with adenovirus, expressed the transgene reliably, and yet were not especially sensitive to IFNβ production. MSCs used to produce IFNβ inhibited B16 mouse melanoma cells in a co-culture assay. Moreover, the presence of p19Arf in the B16 cells sensitizes them to the IFNβ produced by the MSCs. These data represent a critical demonstration of the use of MSCs as carriers of adenovirus encoding IFNβ and applied as an anti-cancer strategy in combination with p19Arf gene therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Melanoma, Experimental/therapy , Interferon-beta/metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/administration & dosage , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Transduction, Genetic , Melanoma, Experimental/metabolism , Genetic Therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred C57BL
4.
Biol. Res ; 53: 27, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124212

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Circular RNA (circRNA) is highly expressed in the brain tissue, but its molecular mechanism in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion remains unclear. Here, we explored the role and underlying mechanisms of circRNA antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (circ_ANRIL) in oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R)-induced cell injury. RESULTS: The expression of circ_ANRIL in OGD/R-induced human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) was significantly up-regulated, while that of miR-622 was significantly down-regulated. Overexpression of circ_ANRIL significantly inhibited the proliferation of OGD/R-induced HBMECs and aggravated OGD/R-induced cell apoptosis. Moreover, circ_ANRIL overexpression further increased the secretion of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-a, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in OGD/R-treated HBMECs. The results of bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay indicated that circ_ANRIL served as an miR-622 sponge to negatively regulate the expression of miR-622 in OGD/R-treated HBMECs. Additionally, circ_ANRIL silencing exerted anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects by positively regulating the expression of miR-622. Furthermore, inhibition of OGD/R-induced activation of the nuclear factor (NF)-kB pathway by circ_ANRIL silencing was significantly reversed by treatment with miR-622 inhibitor. CONCLUSIONS: Knockdown of circ_ANRIL improved OGD/R-induced cell damage, apoptosis, and inflammatory responses by inhibiting the NF-κB pathway through sponging miR-622.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Hypoxia, Brain/metabolism , MicroRNAs/physiology , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Circular , Oxygen , Brain , Apoptosis , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Endothelial Cells , RNA, Long Noncoding , Glucose/metabolism , Inflammation
5.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5236, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133772

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To follow the expansion of mesenchymal stem cells from umbilical cords by two classic senescence markers, p16 (INK4A) and p21 (CDKN1A), using practical, fast, and less expensive methods than the gold standard Western blotting technique, to evaluate its applicability in the laboratory. Methods Mesenchymal stem cells from umbilical cords were isolated from Wharton's jelly and, after quality control, morphological and immunophenotypic characterization by flow cytometry, were expanded in culture until coming close to cell cycle arrest (replicative senescence). Results A comparison was made between young cells, at passage 5, and pre-senescent cells, at passage 10, evaluating the protein expression of the classic cell senescence markers p16 and p21, comparing the results obtained by Western blotting with those obtained by flow cytometry and indirect immunofluorescence. Conclusion Follow-up of cell cultures, through indirect p16 immunofluorescence, allows the identification of mesenchymal stem cells from umbilical cord cultures at risk of reaching replicative senescence.


RESUMO Objetivo Acompanhar a expansão de células-tronco mesenquimais de cordão umbilical por dois marcadores clássicos de senescência, p16 (INK4A) e p21 (CDKN1A), usando métodos práticos, rápidos e com custo menor do que a técnica padrão-ouro de Western blotting, para avaliar sua aplicabilidade em laboratório. Métodos Células-tronco mesenquimais de cordão umbilical foram isoladas da geleia de Wharton e, após controle de qualidade e caracterização morfológica e imunofenotípica por citometria de fluxo, foram expandidas em cultura, até chegarem próximas à parada do ciclo celular (senescência replicativa). Resultados Foi feita a comparação entre células jovens, na passagem 5, e células pré-senescentes, na passagem 10, avaliando a expressão proteica dos marcadores clássicos de senescência celular p16 e p21, comparando os resultados obtidos por Western blotting com os obtidos por citometria de fluxo e imunofluorescência indireta. Conclusão O seguimento de culturas celulares, por meio da imunofluorescência indireta de p16, permite identificar as culturas de células-tronco mesenquimais de cordão umbilical em risco de atingirem a senescência replicativa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Umbilical Cord/physiology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique/methods , Cellular Senescence , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Flow Cytometry/methods , Biomarkers/blood , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
6.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 267-276, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771316

ABSTRACT

Shenkang injection (SKI) is a classic prescription composed of Radix Astragali, rhubarb, Astragalus, Safflower, and Salvia. This treatment was approved by the State Food and Drug Administration of China in 1999 for treatment of chronic kidney diseases based on good efficacy and safety. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of SKI against high glucose (HG)-induced renal tubular cell senescence and its underlying mechanism. Primary renal proximal tubule epithelial cells were cultured in (1) control medium (control group), medium containing 5 mmol/L glucose; (2) mannitol medium (mannitol group), medium containing 5 mmol/L glucose, and 25 mmol/L mannitol; (3) HG medium (HG group) containing 30 mmol/L glucose; (4) SKI treatment at high (200 mg/L), medium (100 mg/L), or low (50 mg/L) concentration in HG medium (HG + SKI group); or (5) 200 mg/L SKI treatment in control medium (control + SKI group) for 72 h. HG-induced senescent cells showed the emergence of senescence associated heterochromatin foci, up-regulation of P16 and cyclin D1, increased senescence-associated β-galactosidase activity, and elevated expression of membrane decoy receptor 2. SKI treatment potently prevented these changes in a dose-independent manner. SKI treatment prevented HG-induced up-regulation of pro-senescence molecule mammalian target of rapamycin and p66Shc and down-regulation of anti-senescence molecules klotho, sirt1, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-g in renal tubular epithelial cells. SKI may be a novel strategy for protecting against HG-induced renal tubular cell senescence in treatment of diabetic nephropathy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Cellular Senescence , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Metabolism , Diabetic Nephropathies , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Epithelial Cells , Metabolism , Glucose , Kidney Tubules, Proximal , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1001-1007, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771848

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the methylation status of CHD5 gene promoter in bone marrow from acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, and the underlying mechanism for initiating the pathogenesis of AML via p19/p53/p21 pathway.@*METHODS@#Methylation status of the CHD5 gene promoter was detected by using methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSPCR) in bone marrow from AML patients, and the iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) samples were served as control. The expression of CHD5, p19, p53 and p21 was determined by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The methylation of CHD5 gene in bone marrow from AML patients increased significantly (39.06%) as compared with control group (6.67%). The methylation of CHD5 gene significantly correlated with chromosome karyotype differentiation (P<0.01), but did not correlate with the patient's sex, age and clinical classification (P>0.05). The mRNA expression of CHD5 gene in AML decreased, compared with control group, the mRNA and protein expression of p19, p53 and p21 in AML with CHD5 methylation promoter decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#The hypermeltylation of CHD5 gene promoter in AML patients can lead to decrease of CHD5, p19, p53 and p21 expression levels which may reduce the inhibitory effect on proliferation of leukemia cells through the regulation of p19, p53 and p21 pathway, thus promotes the occurence of AML.


Subject(s)
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , DNA Helicases , DNA Methylation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773542

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between and gene methylation with aging in the general population.@*METHODS@#We collected peripheral blood samples from 284 male and 246 female healthy subjects for detection of methylation levels of and genes using quantitative methylation-specific PCR (qMSP). The relationship between the methylation levels of and genes and aging was analyzed using Spearman or Pearson correlation test.@*RESULTS@#We found a significant positive correlation between the methylation levels of the two genes in these subjects ( < 0.05). In the overall population as well in the female subjects, methylation was found to be inversely correlated with age ( < 0.05). The methylation levels of and genes were inversely correlated with TG, ApoE, Lp(a) and AST in the overall population ( < 0.05). In both the female and male subjects, the methylation levels of the two genes were inversely correlated with Lp(a) ( < 0.05). In the male subjects, methylation was inversely correlated with AST ( < 0.05), while methylation was inversely correlated with HDL and ApoE ( < 0.05). In the female subjects, methylation was positively correlated with LDL and inversely correlated with ApoE and AST ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The methylation levels of and are closely related to age and the levels of multiple proteins in healthy subjects.


Subject(s)
Aging , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15 , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Metabolism , DNA Methylation , Female , Humans , Male , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e180456, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976239

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Epigenetic modifications in host cells, like p16 ink4a methylation, have been considered as putative complementary mechanisms for cancer development. Because only a small proportion of infected women develop cervical cancer, other factors might be involved in carcinogenesis, either independently or in association with high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infections, including epigenetic factors. OBJECTIVES We hypothesised that p16 ink4a methylation might have a role in cancer development driven by HPV16, mainly in the presence of intact E1/E2 genes. Thus, our objectives were to assess the status of p16 ink4a methylation and the HPV16 E1/E2 integrity in samples in different stages of cervical diseases. METHODS Presence of HPV16 was determined by E6 type-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Methylation status of the p16 ink4a promoter was assessed by methylation-specific PCR in 87 cervical specimens comprising 29 low-grade (LSIL), 41 high-grade (HSIL) lesions, and 17 cervical cancers (CC). Characterisation of E1 and E2 disruption (as an indirect indicator of the presence of episomal viral DNA) was performed by PCR amplifications. FINDINGS We observed a significantly increased trend (nptrend = 0.0320) in the proportion of methylated p16 ink4a in cervical samples during cancer development. Concomitant E1 and E2 disruptions were the most frequent pattern found in all groups: CC (76%), HSIL (54%), and LSIL (73%). No statistically significant differences between p16 ink4a methylation and E1/E2 integrity, in histological groups, was observed. MAIN CONCLUSIONS There was an increase in methylation of the p16 ink4a promoter from pre-neoplastic lesions to cancer. Additionally, a high frequency of E1/E2 disruptions in LSIL/HSIL suggested that viral DNA integration was an early event in cervical disease. Moreover, the methylation status was apparently independent of HPV16 integrity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papillomaviridae/physiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control , Methylation/drug effects , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Integration Host Factors/therapeutic use
10.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(3): 338-343, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951840

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Sinonasal inverted papilloma constitute relevant therapeutic problem due to destructive character of growth, tendency to recur and the possibility of malignant transformation. Therefore, many attempts to identify risk factors for inverted papilloma occurrence have been undertaken, as well as research to find markers that would allow for the earlier detection of tumors and the application of adequate therapy. A widely known risk factor of inverted papilloma is HPV infection. One of the markers of HPV infection and the ongoing effect of this change (although arousing some controversy) is the expression of the p16 protein. Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze the correlation between the expression of p16 as a surrogate of HPV infection in analyzed histopathological material and epidemiological variables, recurrences or malignant transformation. Methods: The retrospective study includes a group of 53 patients (18 women and 35 men) undergoing treatment for sinonasal inverted papilloma in the period of 2002-2012. The intensity of the p16 protein in histopathological material was scored as: 0 - no expression, 1 - diffuse expression (borderline) and 2 - positive expression; or 0 - no expression/diffuse expression (borderline); 1 - positive expression. The Ethics Committee agreement was obtained (1089/12; 245/13). Results and conclusion: There was no statistically significant relationship between the expression of p16 and the age of patients, cigarette smoking, tumor location, tumor staging according to the Krouse and Cannady classification, the presence of dysplasia or the occurrence of relapse.


Resumo Introdução: Papiloma invertido nasossinusal constitui um problema terapêutico relevante devido ao caráter destrutivo do crescimento, a tendência à recorrência e a possibilidade de transformação maligna. Assim, muitas tentativas têm sido realizadas para identificar fatores de risco para ocorrência de papiloma invertido, bem como pesquisas para encontrar marcadores que permitam a detecção precoce de tumores e a utilização de terapia adequada. Um fator de risco amplamente conhecido de papiloma invertido é a infecção pelo HPV. Um dos marcadores da infecção por HPV e do efeito contínuo dessa alteração (embora suscite alguma controvérsia) é a expressão da proteína p16. Objetivo: Analisar a correlação entre a expressão de p16 como um substituto da infecção pelo HPV no material histopatológico analisado e as variáveis epidemiológicas, recorrências ou transformação maligna. Método: O estudo retrospectivo inclui um grupo de 53 pacientes (18 mulheres e 35 homens) submetidos a tratamento para papiloma invertido nasossinusal de 2002 a 2012. A intensidade da expressão da proteína p16 no material histopatológico foi pontuada como: 0 - sem expressão, 1 - expressão difusa (limite) e 2 - expressão positiva; ou 0 - sem expressão/expressão difusa (limite); 1 - expressão positiva. O Comitê de Ética aprovou o estudo (1.089/12; 245/13). Resultados e conclusão: Não houve relação estatisticamente significante entre a expressão de p16 e a idade dos pacientes, o tabagismo, a localização tumoral e o estadiamento tumoral de acordo com a classificação de Krouse e Cannady, presença de displasia ou ocorrência de recidiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Papilloma, Inverted/metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate paraffin section thickness in immunohistochemical detection of p16 expression in cervical tissue samples.@*METHODS@#p16 immunohistochemical staining was performed in 150 cases of chronic cervicitis, 126 cases of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions(LSIL), 96 cases of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) and 78 cases of cervical cancer from January 2014 to March 2018 in Zhongshan Boai Hospital. The results of p16 protein expression in paraffin sections with thickness of 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 μm were compared using Logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#With the increase of slice thickness, the staining of p16 protein in nucleus gradually increased. The thickness of cervical slices in chronic cervicitis and cervical cancer samples had no significant effect on the positive rate of p16 protein(=7.817 and 1.332, both >0.05), while the thickness of slices in LSIL and HSIL samples had significant effect on the positive rate of p16 protein (=17.688 and 10.182, <0.05 or <0.01). The stable and reliable results were obtained when the slices were between 3 and 5 μm thick.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Paraffin sections with thickness of 3.0-5.0 μm are recommended for immnohistochemical staining of p16 protein in cervical tissue samples.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Genetics , Metabolism , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Genetics , Metabolism , Female , Histocytological Preparation Techniques , Reference Standards , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Paraffin , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
12.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 264-269, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718841

ABSTRACT

Cell cycle dysfunction can cause severe diseases, including neurodegenerative disease and cancer. Mutations in cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors controlling the G1 phase of the cell cycle are prevalent in various cancers. Mice lacking the tumor suppressors p16(Ink4a) (Cdkn2a, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2a), p19(Arf) (an alternative reading frame product of Cdkn2a,), and p27(Kip1) (Cdkn1b, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1b) result in malignant progression of epithelial cancers, sarcomas, and melanomas, respectively. Here, we generated knockout mouse models for each of these three cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors using engineered nucleases. The p16(Ink4a) and p19(Arf) knockout mice were generated via transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), and p27(Kip1) knockout mice via clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated nuclease 9 (CRISPR/Cas9). These gene editing technologies were targeted to the first exon of each gene, to induce frameshifts producing premature termination codons. Unlike preexisting embryonic stem cell-based knockout mice, our mouse models are free from selectable markers or other external gene insertions, permitting more precise study of cell cycle-related diseases without confounding influences of foreign DNA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Cycle , Codon, Nonsense , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , DNA , Exons , G1 Phase , Genome , Melanoma , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Mutagenesis, Insertional , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Phosphotransferases , Reading Frames , Sarcoma
13.
Clinics ; 73(supl.1): e479s, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952830

ABSTRACT

While cancer immunotherapy has gained much deserved attention in recent years, many areas regarding the optimization of such modalities remain unexplored, including the development of novel approaches and the strategic combination of therapies that target multiple aspects of the cancer-immunity cycle. Our own work involves the use of gene transfer technology to promote cell death and immune stimulation. Such immunogenic cell death, mediated by the combined transfer of the alternate reading frame (p14ARF in humans and p19Arf in mice) and the interferon-β cDNA in our case, was shown to promote an antitumor immune response in mouse models of melanoma and lung carcinoma. With these encouraging results, we are now setting out on the road toward translational and preclinical development of our novel immunotherapeutic approach. Here, we outline the perspectives and challenges that we face, including the use of human tumor and immune cells to verify the response seen in mouse models and the incorporation of clinically relevant models, such as patient-derived xenografts and spontaneous tumors in animals. In addition, we seek to combine our immunotherapeutic approach with other treatments, such as chemotherapy or checkpoint blockade, with the goal of reducing dosage and increasing efficacy. The success of any translational research requires the cooperation of a multidisciplinary team of professionals involved in laboratory and clinical research, a relationship that is fostered at the Cancer Institute of Sao Paulo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Therapy/methods , Reading Frames/genetics , Interferon-beta/therapeutic use , Gene Transfer Techniques , Immunotherapy/methods , Neoplasms/therapy , Cell Death/genetics , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF/genetics , Neoplasms/immunology
14.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(6): 288-293, June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-898869

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the expressions of biomarkers p16 and Ki-67 in low-grade (LG) or high-grade (HG) lesions, and to relate them to risk factors and the recurrence of these lesions. Methods A retrospective case-control study of 86 patients with LG and HG lesions who underwent a loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) between 1999 and 2004. The control group was composed of 69 women with no recurrence, and the study group, of 17 patients with recurrence. All patients were followed-up over a two-year period after surgery, and screened every six months, including cytology and colposcopy. Biopsy samples collected from LEEP were submitted to immunohistochemical analysis for p16 and Ki-67. The statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software (SPSS, IBM-SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL, US), with a significant p < 0.05. Results The biomarkers p16 and Ki-67, separately or combined, showed no relation to recurrence on the total analysis. However, evaluating specifically HG lesions, the positive expression (2+ and 3 + ) of p16/Ki-67 was associated with recurrence (0.010). In addition, p16 isolated was also more expressive in HG lesions (2+ and 3 + , p= 0.018), but it was unrelated to recurrence. Conclusion Proteins p16 and Ki-67, both isolated and combined, are not reliable primary markers for the recurrence of cervical lesions in the majority of LG lesions. However, analyzing only the group with prior diagnosis of HG lesions, the expressions of p16 and of p16/Ki-67 were associated with recurrence, and they may be useful in monitoring these cases.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar as positividades dos biomarcadores p16 e Ki-67 em lesões de baixo grau (BG) ou de alto grau (AG), e relacioná-las com os fatores de risco e com a recidiva dessas lesões. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo caso-controle, com 86 pacientes com lesões de BG e AG, submetidas à conização por cirurgia de alta frequência entre 1999 e 2004. O grupo de controle foi constituído de 69 mulheres sem recidivas, e o grupo de estudo, de 17 pacientes que recidivaram. Todas as pacientes foram acompanhadas durante dois anos após a cirurgia, com controle a cada seis meses, incluindo citologia e colposcopia. As peças provenientes de cirurgia de alta frequência (CAF) foram submetidas a imunohistoquímica para p16 e Ki-67. A análise estatística foi realizada com o programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, IBM-SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL, EUA), com p significante quando < 0,05. Resultados Isoladamente ou em conjunto, p16 e Ki-67 não se relacionaram com as recidivas quando analisados na totalidade dos casos. Entretanto, avaliando especificamente as lesões de AG, a positividade (2+ e 3 + ) do conjunto p16/Ki-67 foi relacionada com recidiva (0,010). No mais, p16, isoladamente, foi também mais expresso nas lesões de AG (2+ e 3 + , p= 0,018), mas sem relação com recidiva. Conclusão Quando testadas na totalidade dos casos, as proteínas p16 e Ki-67, separadas ou em conjunto, se mostraram ineficientes como marcadores primários de recidiva de lesões precursoras. Entretanto, quando avaliadas somente no grupo diagnóstico prévio de lesão de AG, as expressões das proteínas p16 e p16/Ki-67 têm relação com a recidiva, e podem ser úteis no acompanhamento desses casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Precancerous Conditions/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/chemistry , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/analysis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Conization/methods , Electrosurgery , Neoplasm Grading
15.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 44(2): 131-139, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-842657

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective : to study the association between the histological grading of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN I, CIN II and CIN III) and the immunohistochemical expression for p16ink4a, hTert and Ki67, as well as to evaluate the relationship of these markers with the risk of recurrence after surgical treatment. Methods : we studied a historical cohort of 94 women with intraepithelial lesions CIN I (low grade), CIN II and CIN III (high grades) submitted to conization or electrosurgical excision of the transformation zone. We evaluated all surgical specimens for immunohistochemical expression of p16ink4a, hTert and Ki67. Results : the mean age was 38.2 years; p16ink4a was absent in most CIN I cases. In patients with CIN II or I/II (association of low and high-grade lesions), we observed p16ink4a ≤10%. In patients with CIN III, we found a higher expression frequency of p16ink4a >50%. In CIN I, the majority had Ki67≤10% and low frequency of Ki67>50%. In the CIN III category, there were fewer patients with Ki67≤10%, and Ki67 was absent in most patients of CIN II and III groups. There was no association between hTert expression and histologic grade. There were no statistically significant differences between the expression of the markers in patients with and without recurrence. Conclusion : there was a statistically significant association of p16ink4a and Ki67 with histological grade. The markers' expression, as for disease recurrence, was not statistically significant in the period evaluated.


RESUMO Objetivo: estudar a associação entre a graduação histológica das neoplasias intraepiteliais cervicais (NIC I, NIC II e NIC III) e a expressão imuno-histoquímica para p16ink4a, hTert e Ki67, assim como, avaliar a relação destes marcadores com o risco de recorrência após tratamento cirúrgico. Métodos: estudo de coorte histórica de 94 mulheres portadoras de lesões intraepiteliais NIC I (baixo grau), NIC II e NIC III (altos graus), submetidas à conização ou à excisão eletrocirúrgica da zona de transformação. Todas as peças cirúrgicas foram avaliadas quanto à expressão imuno-histoquímica para p16ink4a, hTert e Ki67. Resultados: a média de idade das pacientes foi 38,2 anos. Nas pacientes NIC I, a p16ink4a estava ausente na maioria dos casos; nas pacientes NIC II ou I/II (associação de lesões de baixo e alto graus), observou-se frequência de p16ink4a≤10%. Nas pacientes NIC III, observou-se maior frequência de expressão de p16ink4a>50%. Na categoria NIC I, a maioria apresentava Ki67≤10% e baixa frequência de Ki67>50%. Na categoria NIC III houve menor número de pacientes com Ki67≤10%, sendo que a maior parte das pacientes tinha Ki67 ausente nos grupos NIC II e III. Não houve associação entre a expressão do marcador imuno-histoquímico hTert e a graduação histológica. Não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre as expressões dos marcadores em pacientes com e sem recorrência. Conclusão: houve associação estatisticamente significativa apenas de p16ink4a e Ki67 com a graduação histológica. A expressão dos marcadores em relação à recorrência da doença não foi estatisticamente significativa no período avaliado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/metabolism , Telomerase/biosynthesis , Ki-67 Antigen/biosynthesis , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/biosynthesis , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/pathology , Neoplasm Grading
16.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(1): 21-25, Jan. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843908

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic utility of the p16ink4a protein expression as a marker for adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, p16ink4a expression was evaluated in 30 cervical biopsies from patients diagnosed with invasive adenocarcinoma from 2 reference clinics in Brazil, and compared with 18 biopsies of endocervical polyps (control cases). The performance of the tests for p16ink4a was evaluated using a conventional contingency table, and the Kappa (k) index was used to evaluate the agreement of the marker with the tissue diagnosis. Results: In total, 66% of the invasive adenocarcinoma cases were positive for p16ink4a. All of the adenomatous polyps cases used as negative controls were shown to be negative for p16ink4a. The marker showed a high sensitivity and a high negative predictive value. The Kappa index was good for p16ink4a (k 1/4 0.6). Conclusion: Considering the strong association between the p16ink4a marker and the cervical adenocarcinoma, its use represents an important tool for reducing incorrect diagnoses of adenocarcinoma and thereby avoiding overtreatment.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a utilidade diagnóstica da expressão da proteína p16ink4a como marcador de adenocarcinoma do colo. Métodos: Em estudo transversal, a expressão de p16ink4a foi avaliada em 30 biópsias cervicais de pacientes diagnosticadas com adenocarcinoma invasivo de colo uterino provenientes de dois serviços de referência no Brasil, comparando com achados em 18 biópsias de pólipos endocervicais (grupo de controle). Para avaliar a performance do teste, foi utilizada tabela de contingência convencional, e para avaliar a concordância com o diagnóstico, foi aplicado o índice de Kappa (k). Resultados: No total, 66% dos casos de adenocarcinoma invasivo foram positivos para p16ink4a. Todos os pólipos adenomatosos foram negativos para p16ink4a. O marcador mostrou uma alta sensibilidade e alto valor preditivo negativo. O índice de Kappa foi bom para p16ink4a (k 1/4 0.6). Conclusion: Considerando a forte associação entre o marcador p16ink4a e o adenocarcinoma cervical, seu uso representa uma ferramenta importante para reduzir o risco de diagnóstico incorreto de adenocarcinoma e, por conseguinte, evitar o excesso de tratamentos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/biosynthesis , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/chemistry , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/chemistry , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology
17.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 373-376, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93879

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Porokeratosis
18.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 43(2): 72-79, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782917

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the influence of Ki-67 and P16INK4a proteins immunohistochemical expressions on the clinical and morphological parameters of perioral squamous cell carcinoma induced with 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene (DMBA) in mice. Methods: we topically induced the lesions in the oral commissure of ten Swiss mice for 20 weeks, determining the time to tumors onset and the average tumor volume up to 26 weeks. In histopathological analysis, the variables studied were histological malignancy grade and the immunohistochemical expression of Ki-67 and P16INK4a proteins. The correlation between variables was determined by application of the Spearman correlation test. Results: the mean time to onset of perioral lesions was 21.1 ± 2.13 weeks; mean tumor volume was 555.91 ± 205.52 mm3. Of the induced tumors, 80% were classified as low score and 20% high score. There was diffuse positivity for Ki-67 in 100% of lesions - Proliferation Index (PI) of 50.1 ± 18.0. There was a strong direct correlation between Ki-67 immunoreactivity and tumor volume (R = 0.702) and a low correlation with the malignancy score (R = 0.486). The P16INK4a protein expression was heterogeneous, showing a weak correlation with tumor volume (R = 0.334). There was no correlation between the immunohistochemical expression of the two proteins studied. Conclusion: in an experimental model of DMBA-induced perioral carcinogenesis, tumor progression was associated with the tumor proliferative fraction (Ki-67 positive cells) and with tumor histological grading, but not with P16INK4a expression.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a influência da expressão imuno-histoquímica das proteínas Ki-67 e p16INK4a sobre parâmetros clínico-morfológicos em carcinomas espinocelulares periorais quimicamente induzidos com 9,10-dimetil-1,2-benzantraceno (DMBA) em modelo murino. Métodos: as lesões foram induzidas topicamente na comissura labial de dez camundongos Swiss durante 20 semanas, sendo determinado o momento de surgimento dos tumores e volume tumoral médio até 26 semanas. Na análise histopatológica, as variáveis estudadas foram gradação histológica de malignidade tumoral e expressão imuno-histoquímica das proteínas Ki-67 e p16INK4a. A correlação entre as variáveis estudadas foi determinada pela aplicação do teste de correlação de Spearman. Resultados: o tempo médio de surgimento das lesões periorais foi 21,1±2,13 semanas. Volume tumoral médio foi de 555,91±205,52mm3. Dos tumores produzidos, 80% foram classificados como de baixo escore e 20%, alto escore. Evidenciou-se positividade difusa para Ki-67 em 100% das lesões - índice de marcação (PI) de 50,1±18,0. Verificou-se correlação direta forte entre a imunoexpressão do Ki-67 e o volume tumoral (R=0,702) e fraca correlação com o escore de malignidade (R=0,486). A expressão da proteína p16INK4a foi heterogênea, mostrando fraca correlação com o volume tumoral (R=0,334). Não houve correlação entre a expressão imuno-histoquímica das duas proteínas estudadas. Conclusão: Em modelo experimental de carcinogênese perioral DMBA-induzida, a progressão tumoral está associada à fração proliferativa do tumor (células ki-67 positivas) e com a gradação histológica tumoral, porém não com a expressão da p16INK4a.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mouth Neoplasms/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/biosynthesis , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/biosynthesis , Neoplasms, Experimental/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/chemically induced , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/chemically induced , Mice , Neoplasms, Experimental/chemically induced
19.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 38(2): 82-87, Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-775631

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to determine the expression of the immunohistochemical markers p16 and Ki-67 in cervical intraepithelial neoplasms and their influence on the level of agreement among different observers and for the same observer. Methods The study included 184 patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasms previously confirmed through biopsies performed between 2005 and 2006. Three pathologists reviewed the biopsies by using hematoxylin-eosin staining to reach a consensus on the diagnosis. Subsequently, an immunohistochemical study analyzed the expression of p16 and Ki-67 in such cases. Results The comparison among the reviewing pathologists revealed only moderate agreement (kappa = 0.44). The agreement improved when the differentiation of highgrade lesions (cervical intraepithelial neoplasm - CIN - 3) was analyzed (kappa = 0.59). p16 staining exhibited a high negative predictive value and sensitivity; however, the specificity was low. Overall, both qualitative and quantitative analyses of p16 and a quantitative analysis Ki-67 exhibited low accuracy. The agreement among diagnoses before immunohistochemistry was 0.47. The use of immunohistochemistry increased the agreement to 0.68. Conclusion Our study showed that the agreement among observers using traditional diagnostic criteria of cervical intraepithelial lesions can improve with the use of immunohistochemistry.


Objetivo Observar a expressão dos marcadores imuno-histoquímicos p16 e Ki-67 em neoplasias intraepiteliais cervicais e sua influência na concordância entre observadores diferentes e, entre o mesmo observador. Métodos Foram incluídas no estudo 184 pacientes com neoplasias cervicais intraepiteliais confirmadas por biópsia realizadas durante os anos de 2005 e 2006. As biópsias foram revistas, primeiramente, por três patologistas utilizando-se apenas a coloração de Hematoxilina-Eosina. Foi realizado um consenso acerca do diagnóstico. Posteriormente, foi realizado o estudo imuno-histoquímico e analisada a expressão de p16 e Ki- 67 nesses casos. Resultados A comparação entre os patologistas revisoresmostrou uma concordância apenas regular (k = 0,44. A concordância foi melhor quando analisada apenas a capacidade de diferenciar lesões de alto grau (NIC 3) (k = 0,59). A marcação de p16 mostrou alto valor preditivo negativo e sensibilidade, porém baixa especificidade. Em geral, tanto p16 qualitativo, quanto p16 quantitativo e Ki-67 quantitativo mostraram baixa acurácia geral. A concordância entre os diagnósticos antes da imuno-histoquímica obteve k = 0,47, e após o auxílio da imuno-histoquímica houve um aumento do Kappa para 0,68. A marcação de p16 mostrou alto valor preditivo negativo e sensibilidade, porém baixa especificidade. Em geral, tanto p16 qualitativo, quanto p16 quantitativo e Ki-67 quantitativo mostraram baixa acurácia geral. Conclusão Nosso estudo mostrou que a concordância no diagnóstico tradicional de lesões intraepiteliais cervicais é regular e que pode ser melhorada como o auxílio da imuno-histoquímica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/diagnosis , Ki-67 Antigen , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Immunohistochemistry , Papillomavirus Infections , Sensitivity and Specificity
20.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 43(1): 35-41, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-779023

ABSTRACT

Objective: Io evaluate the expression of p16INK4a and p53 biomarkers in conization specimens from patients with high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (HG-CIN), correlating them with the ability to predict the recurrence. Methods : we conducted a retrospective study of patients with HG-CIN in cervical biopsy treated with conization between January 1999 and January 2006 who had a minimum follow-up of 18 months. The expression of the p16 and p53 was assessed by tissue microarrays and correlated with disease recurrence. For analysis, we used the test of proportions (chi-square), considering value p<0.05, 95% CI and calculations of sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of these immunomarkers in predicting recurrence. Results : the series comprised 83 patients aged between 16 and 86 years (35±11.7), divided into two groups: 30 with HG-CIN recurrence (study group) and 53 without recurrence (control group). Mean age, parity, smoking and conization technique were similar in both groups. The p53 expression was present in 43% of the study group and 57% of the control group, and the p16 was present in 43% of the study group and in 57% of the control group (p>0.05). p53 had a positive predictive value (PPV) of 42% and negative predictive value (NPV) of 73%, sensitivity 70%, specificity of 47% and accuracy of 59%. The p16, PPV 42%, NPV 72%, sensitivity 66%, specificity of 49% and accuracy of 56%. Conclusion : immunohistochemistry expression of p53 and p16 showed low sensitivity and low specificity as predictors of HG-CIN recurrence after conization treatment.


Objetivo : avaliar a expressão dos biomarcadores p16INK4a e p53, nas peças de conização de pacientes com neoplasia intraepitelial cervical de alto grau (NIC-AG), correlacionando com a capacidade de predizer o risco de recorrência. Métodos : estudo retrospectivo de pacientes com NIC-AG em biópsia de colo uterino, tratadas por conização, entre janeiro de 1999 e janeiro de 2006 e seguimento mínimo de 18 meses. A expressão dos biomarcadores p16 e p53 foi avaliada através de técnica de microarranjos teciduais e correlacionada com a recorrência da doença. Para análise utilizou-se o teste das proporções (qui-quadrado), considerando valor p<0,05, IC95% e cálculos de sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia destes imunomarcadores na predição de recorrência. Resultados : oitenta e três pacientes, idade entre 16 e 86 anos (35±11,7), divididas em dois grupos: 30 com recorrência da NIC-AG (grupo estudo) e 53 sem recorrência (grupo controle). A média de idade, paridade, hábito de fumar e técnica de conização foram semelhantes nos dois grupos. A expressão do p53 esteve presente em 43% do grupo estudo e 57% do grupo controle e para o p16 esteve presente em 43% do grupo estudo e 57% do grupo controle (p>0,05). O p53 apresentou valor preditivo positivo (VPP) de 42% e valor preditivo negativo (VPN) de 73%, sensibilidade de 70%, especificidade de 47% e acurácia de 59%. O p16, VPP de 42% e VPN de 72%, sensibilidade de 66%, especificidade de 49% e acurácia de 56%. Conclusão : a expressão imunoistoquiímica do p53 e do p16 apresentaram baixa sensibilidade e baixa especificidade como marcadores capazes de predizer a recorrência da NIC-AG tratada por conização.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/chemistry , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/analysis , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/chemistry , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/analysis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Immunohistochemistry , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/surgery , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/pathology , Conization , Middle Aged
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