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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(6): 1278-1286, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355681

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of cyclosporine 1% alone or associated with oral mucosa transplantation (OMT) in dogs with dry keratoconjunctivitis (KCS). Schirmer Tear Test (STT-1) and Tear Film Osmolarity (TFO) were measured in both eyes of 30 adult dogs (before and 45 days after treatment. The animals were divided into three groups (10 dogs for group): control (normal dogs), group I (GI, treated with 1% cyclosporine alone), and group II (GII, treated with 1% cyclosporine and OMT). All STT-1 and TFO values were subjected to the Shapiro-Wilk normality test, and all were normally distributed. STT-1 and TFO values before and after treatment were subjected to the T-Student Test. The STT­1 and TFO values of the right eye were subjected to Repeated Measures ANOVA followed by a Tukey Test for comparison between groups I and II. Means with a value of p≤0.05 were considered significant. There was a decreased osmolarity in both groups after treatment. Mean osmolarity in GII (322.60±16.56 mOsm/L) was significantly lower than GI (336.40±5.66 mOsm/L). The OMT associated with cyclosporine 1% improved the osmolarity of the tear film in dogs with KCS with a seeming synergism between the clinical and surgical treatments.(AU)


Avaliou-se o uso de ciclosporina 1% isolada ou associada ao transplante de mucosa oral (TMO) em cães com ceratoconjuntivite seca (CCS). O teste lacrimal de Schirmer (TLS-1) e a osmolaridade do filme lacrimal (OFL) foram medidos em ambos os olhos, em 30 cães adultos, antes e 45 dias após o tratamento. Os animais foram divididos em três grupos (10 cães por grupo): controle (cães saudáveis), grupo I (GI, tratados apenas com ciclosporina 1%) e grupo II (GII, tratados com 1% de ciclosporina associada ao TMO). Todos os valores do TLS-1 e da OFL foram submetidos ao teste de normalidade Shapiro-Wilk, e todos foram distribuídos normalmente. Os valores de TLS-1 e OFT antes e depois do tratamento foram submetidos ao teste T-Student. Os valores TLS-1 e OFT do olho direito foram submetidos à ANOVA de medidas repetidas, seguida por um teste de Tukey para comparação entre os grupos I e II. Valor de P≤0,05 foi considerado significativo. Houve uma diminuição da osmolaridade em ambos os grupos após o tratamento. A osmolaridade média no GII (322,60±16,56 mOsm/L) foi significativamente inferior à no GI (336,40±5,66 mOsm/L). O TMO associado à ciclosporina 1% melhorou a osmolaridade do filme lacrimal em cães com CCS, com uma sinergia aparente entre os tratamentos clínicos e cirúrgicos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca/therapy , Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca/veterinary , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Mouth Mucosa/transplantation , Osmolar Concentration , Lacrimal Apparatus
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e247-e251, Junio 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248216

ABSTRACT

La reacción a drogas con eosinofilia y síntomas sistémicos es una reacción adversa cutánea rara, potencialmente grave. Puede presentar fiebre, erupción cutánea polimorfa, edema facial y/o linfoadenopatías. La reactivación del virus herpes humano tipo 6 se asocia a un curso más grave y/o prolongado.Un lactante de 22 meses en tratamiento con fenobarbital presentó lesiones eritematopapulares, fiebre, leucocitosis, proteína C reactiva elevada y alteración de pruebas hepáticas. Se realizó biopsia de piel compatible con reacción adversa a drogas. Se trató con corticoides sistémicos e inmunoglobulina intravenosa sin respuesta. La reacción en cadena de la polimerasa para virus herpes humano tipo 6 resultó positiva. Se inició ciclosporina más prednisona, con buena respuesta. Existe poca evidencia del uso de ciclosporina en adultos, cuando los corticoides sistémicos son inefectivos. Este es el primer reporte pediátrico Podría ser una alternativa efectiva o un complemento de los corticosteroides sistémicos cuando no responde a tratamientos convencionales.


Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms is a rare and potentially serious skin adverse reaction, with fever, polymorphous skin rash, facial edema, and/or lymphadenopathy. Reactivation of human herpes virus type 6 has been associated with a more severe and/or prolonged course. A 22-month-old infant under phenobarbital treatment developed erythematous-papular lesions, fever, leukocytosis, elevated C-reactive protein, and abnormal liver tests. The skin biopsy was compatible with an adverse drug reaction. Treatment with systemic corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin had no response. Polymerase chain reaction for human herpesvirus type 6 was positive, and cyclosporine plus prednisone was started with a good response. There is little evidence for the use of cyclosporine in adults when systemic corticosteroids are ineffective. This is the first report of pediatric drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms treated with cyclosporine, which could be an effective alternative or an adjunct to systemic corticosteroid therapy unresponsive to conventional treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Herpesvirus 6, Human , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/diagnosis , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Eosinophilia , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/complications , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/therapy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921532

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of cyclosporin A(CsA)and CsA combined with recombined human erythropoietin(rhEPO)in the treatment of patients with chronic aplastic anemia(CAA).Methods Data of 79 patients with CAA treated at Department of Hematology,PUMC Hospital between January 2016 and June 2018 were collected for retrospective analysis.Forty-five patients were treated with CsA+rhEPO,and the other 34 patients with CsA alone.All the enrolled patients were treated for at least 1.5-2.0 years and followed for at least 1.0 year.The efficacy,side effects,long-term outcomes were compared between the two groups,and factors that may influence the efficacy were analyzed.Results The patients treated with CsA+rhEPO included 14 males and 31 females,with a median age of 43(19,73)years old.The median treatment duration of CsA and rhEPO was 26(12,38)and 4(3,6)months,respectively,and the median followed-up time was 24(12,42)months.The patients treated with CsA alone included 16 males and 18 females,with a median age of 36(16,85)years old.The median CsA treatment duration was 24(12,40)months and the median follow-up time was 25(12,40)months.There was no statistical difference in baseline characteristics between the two groups(all


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Erythropoietin/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Recombinant Proteins , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
4.
Brasília; s.n; 15 jun. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1100400

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referente ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 15 artigos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Renin-Angiotensin System , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Natalizumab/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
5.
s.l; s.n; 3 jun. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1099470

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referente ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 16 artigos.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Interferons/therapeutic use , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Dexmedetomidine/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Leflunomide/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 713-716, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054898

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hyperzincemia and hypercalprotectinemia is a rare inflammatory disease caused by a mutation in the PSTPIP1 gene, with a dysregulation of calprotectin metabolism. Calprotectin is a zinc-binding protein with antimicrobial properties and pro-inflammatory action. The authors report the case of a 20 year-old girl with cutaneous ulcers comparable with pyoderma gangrenosum, growth failure and chronic anemia, who was given the diagnosis of hyperzincemia and hypercalprotectinemia. Measurement of serum zinc and calprotectin concentrations are indicated in these cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/pathology , Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors/pathology , Zinc/blood , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex/blood , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors/drug therapy
7.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(3): 236-238, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001314

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This report was written to describe a case of unilateral brimonidine-induced conjunctival lichen planus. Because the ophthalmic examination indicated chronic conjunctivitis or drug-induced pseudopemphigoid, the patient underwent thorough ophthalmic and systemic examinations, as well as conjunctival biopsy and direct immunofluorescence studies. A 71-year-old woman with unilateral left eye findings of chronic conjunctivitis was referred to our Ophthalmology Department. The patient reported that chronic conjunctivitis began shortly after she initiated use of topical brimonidine. Ophthalmic examination revealed foreshortening of the inferior fornix and symblepharon. Conjunctival biopsy revealed submucous lymphocytes and shaggy distribution of fibrinogen on direct immunofluorescence; this was suggestive of ocular lichen planus. No other systemic lesions were found that were consistent with the presentation of lichen planus. A good response was observed to topical cyclosporine treatment. To our knowledge, this may be the first report of unilateral ocular lichen planus without systemic findings. The correlation with the initiation of topical brimonidine suggests that this might be the first case of biopsy-confirmed brimonidine-induced ocular lichen planus.


RESUMO Este relato é para descrever um caso de líquen plano conjuntival unilateral induzido por brimonidina. Como o exame oftalmológico indicava conjuntivite crônica ou pseudopenfigóide induzido por medicamento, o paciente foi submetido a exames oftalmológicos e sistémicos completos, além de biópsia conjuntival e estudos de imunofluorescência direta. Uma mulher de 71 anos de idade com achados unilaterais do olho esquerdo de conjuntivite crônica foi encaminhada ao nosso departamento de Oftalmologia. A paciente relatou que a conjuntivite crônica começou logo após o início do uso da brimonidina tópica. O exame oftalmológico revelou encurtamento do fórnice inferior e do symblepharon. A biópsia conjuntival revelou linfócitos submucosos e distribuição felpuda de fibrinogênio na imunofluorescência direta; isso era sugestivo de líquen plano ocular. Não foram encontradas outras lesões sistêmicas compatíveis com a apresentação do líquen plano. Uma boa resposta foi observada no tratamento tópico com ciclosporina. Pelo nosso conhecimento, este pode ser o primeiro relato de líquen plano ocular unilateral sem achados sistêmicos. A correlação com o início da brimonidina tópica sugere que este pode ser o primeiro caso de líquen plano ocular induzido por brimonidina confirmado por biópsia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Conjunctival Diseases/chemically induced , Brimonidine Tartrate/adverse effects , Lichen Planus/chemically induced , Antihypertensive Agents/adverse effects , Biopsy , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Conjunctiva/pathology , Conjunctival Diseases/pathology , Conjunctival Diseases/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Lichen Planus/pathology , Lichen Planus/drug therapy
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(4): 547-553, Apr. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003058

ABSTRACT

The Guidelines Project, an initiative of the Brazilian Medical Association, aims to combine information from the medical field in order to standardize producers to assist the reasoning and decision-making of doctors. The information provided through this project must be assessed and criticized by the physician responsible for the conduct that will be adopted, depending on the conditions and the clinical status of each patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Remission Induction , Brazil , Treatment Outcome , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Clinical Decision-Making
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(2,supl.1): 76-107, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011088

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects 1.3% of the Brazilian population. The most common clinical manifestations are erythematous, scaling lesions that affect both genders and can occur on any anatomical site, preferentially involving the knees, elbows, scalp and genitals. Besides the impact on the quality of life, the systemic nature of the disease makes psoriasis an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, especially in young patients with severe disease. By an initiative of the Brazilian Society of Dermatology, dermatologists with renowned clinical experience in the management of psoriasis were invited to form a work group that, in a partnership with the Brazilian Medical Association, dedicated themselves to create the Plaque Psoriasis Diagnostic and Treatment Guidelines. The relevant issues for the diagnosis (evaluation of severity and comorbidities) and treatment of plaque psoriasis were defined. The issues generated a search strategy in the Medline-PubMed database up to July 2018. Subsequently, the answers to the questions of the recommendations were devised, and each reference selected presented the respective level of recommendation and strength of scientific evidence. The final recommendations for making up the final text were worded by the coordinators.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psoriasis/diagnosis , Psoriasis/therapy , Phototherapy/methods , Psoriasis/epidemiology , Societies, Medical , Time Factors , Vitamin D/analysis , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Comorbidity , Anthralin/therapeutic use , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Dermatology , Drug Combinations , Calcineurin Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 35(1): e658, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093484

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El agrandamiento gingival es el aumento exagerado y desfigurante del volumen de la encía. Su aparición se asocia a fármacos, entre los que se encuentran los inmunosupresores y los bloqueadores de los canales de calcio como la ciclosporina A y amlodipino. Objetivo: Describir un caso clínico de agrandamiento gingival asociado a ciclosporina A y amlodipino, con periodontitis crónica subyacente, su tratamiento y prevención de recidiva. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino, de 50 años de edad, antecedentes de hipertensión arterial, asma bronquial y hepatitis C, además de presentar insuficiencia renal crónica para la cual se le realizó un trasplante renal. Recibe tratamiento con ciclosporina A y amlodipino. Al examen clínico se observaron aumento de volumen generalizado en la encía, que cubría completamente la corona de los dientes, bolsas periodontales de 5 a 8 mm, sangramiento gingival y movilidad dentaria. Principales comentarios: El proceso diagnóstico permitió comprobar que además del agrandamiento gingival generalizado existía una periodontitis crónica generalizada. Conclusiones: La ingestión de un inmunosupresor como la ciclosporina A con el uso de un bloqueador de los canales de calcio, el amlodipino, y la influencia de factores de connotación local, parecen ser los responsables de la aparición combinada del agrandamiento gingival generalizado y la periodontitis crónica concomitante. La fase higiénica contribuyó considerablemente a mejorar el estado periodontal, cuya solución definitiva se alcanzó con la cirugía periodontal convencional. Se corrobora la importancia del examen periodontal en pacientes candidatos a trasplantes de órganos(AU)


Introduction: Gingival enlargement is an exaggerated and disfiguring increase in gum volume, associating its appearance with drugs like immunosuppressants and calcium channel's blockers such as cyclosporine A and Amlodipine. Objective: To describe a clinical case of gingival enlargement associated to cyclosporine A and amlodipine, presenting chronic underlying periodontitis, its treatment and prevention in case of recurrence. Case Presentation: Male patient, 50 years old with a history of arterial hypertension, bronchial asthma and hepatitis C, and presenting chronic renal failure leading renal transplant. The patient was treated with cyclosporine A and amlodipine. In the clinical examination was observed an increased volume in the gum, which completely covered the crown of the teeth, also periodontal bags of 5 to 8 mm, gingival bleeding and dental mobility. Main Comments: The diagnostic process allowed to verify that in addition to the generalized gingival enlargement there was a generalized chronic periodontitis. Conclusions: The ingestion of an immunosuppressant such as Cyclosporin A with the use of a calcium channel's blocker, amlodipine, and the influence of local connotation factors seem to be responsible for the combined appearance of generalized gingival enlargement and concomitant chronic periodontitis. The hygienic phase contributed considerably to improve the periodontal state, whose definitive solution was achieved with conventional periodontal surgery. The importance of periodontal examination in patients who are candidates for organ transplants is corroborated(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Amlodipine/therapeutic use
11.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 145-151, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002413

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Anemia is a frequent multifactorial complication of CKD seen in patients on dialysis derived mainly from impaired erythropoietin (EPO) production. A less common cause of anemia in individuals with CKD is pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) secondary to the production of anti-EPO antibodies. Objective: This paper aimed two describe two cases of PRCA secondary to the production of anti-EPO antibodies including choice of treatment, patient progression, and a literature review. Materials: This study included the cases of two patients with CKD on hemodialysis with severe anemia in need of specific investigation and management. Results: Patient 1 with CKD secondary to hypertension treated with EPO for 7 months showed persistent decreases in hemoglobin (Hb) levels despite the subcutaneous administration of increasing doses of EPO; the patient required recurring blood transfusions. Workup and imaging tests were negative for the main causes of anemia in individuals with CKD on dialysis. Patient 2 with CKD secondary to adult polycystic kidney disease had been taking EPO for 2 years. The patient developed severe abrupt anemia the month he was started on HD, and required recurring transfusions to treat the symptoms of anemia. Workup and imaging findings were inconclusive. Specific laboratory tests confirmed the patients had anti-EPO antibodies. After six months of immunosuppressant therapy (corticosteroids + cyclosporine) the patients were stable with Hb > 9.0 g/dl. Conclusion: PRCA is a rare condition among patients on dialysis treated with rhEPO and should be considered as a possible cause of refractory anemia. Treating patients with PRCA may be challenging, since the specific management and diagnostic procedures needed in this condition are not always readily available.


RESUMO Introdução: Anemia é complicação frequente da Doença Renal Crônica (DRC) em pacientes dialíticos. Apresenta caráter multifatorial principalmente pela insuficiente produção de eritropoietina (EPO). Situação rara causadora de anemia na DRC é Aplasia Pura de Células Vermelhas (APCV), em decorrência da produção de anticorpos anti-EPO. Objetivo: Descrever 2 casos de APCV com formação de anticorpos anti-EPO, sua abordagem clínica, evolução e revisão de literatura. Métodos: Dois pacientes em hemodiálise que desenvolveram anemia grave, necessitando investigação e manejo específico. Resultados: Paciente nº 1: feminina, 75 anos, DRC secundária à hipertensão arterial. Após 7 meses com EPO desenvolveu queda persistente em valores de hemoglobina (Hb) mesmo com incremento em doses EPO SC, necessitando transfusões de sangue recorrentes. Extensa investigação laboratorial e de imagem resultou negativa para principais causas de anemia. Paciente nº 2: masculino, 66 anos, DRC secundária à DRPA, há 2 anos em uso de EPO. No mês de entrada em HD desenvolveu anemia severa, também exigindo transfusões recorrentes para tratamento da anemia sintomática. Extensa investigação laboratorial e por imagem, sem chegar a uma conclusão definitiva. Em ambos os casos a presença de anticorpos anti-EPO foi confirmada por exames laboratoriais específicos. Terapia imunossupressora resultou em estabilização do quadro e Hb > 9,0 g/dl em ambos os pacientes, 6 meses após início do tratamento. Conclusão: APCV é condição rara entre pacientes dialíticos que recebem EPOHuR e deve ser lembrada como causa de anemia refratária. Seu manejo específico e diagnóstico laboratorial nem sempre acessível, tornando desafiadora a condução dos casos para o nefrologista.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Erythropoietin/immunology , Erythropoietin/therapeutic use , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Red-Cell Aplasia, Pure/etiology , Antibodies, Neutralizing/blood , Kidney Failure, Chronic/drug therapy , Recombinant Proteins/adverse effects , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Erythropoietin/biosynthesis , Erythropoietin/adverse effects , Kidney Transplantation , Treatment Outcome , Cyclosporine/administration & dosage , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Red-Cell Aplasia, Pure/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
12.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 81(6): 466-470, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973856

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study reports the effects of combined use of oral doxycycline and topical cyclosporine on ocular signs, symptoms, and tear film parameters in rosacea patients. Methods: Fifty-four right eyes of 54 patients were included in this study. All patients underwent full ophthalmologic examination-including best corrected visual acuity measurement, slit-lamp anterior segment and fundus examination, tear film break-up time, and Schirmer test-before treatment and six months post-treatment. Patients were divided into two treatment groups. The first group was treated with oral doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for the first month and once daily for the following two months. The second group received topical 0.05% cyclosporine emulsion drops twice daily for six months in addition to the oral doxycycline treatment regimen. All patients received preservati ve-free artificial tear drops, warm compress, eyelash cleaning, and topical corticosteroid drops three times daily for one month. Results: A significant improvement in ocular signs and symptoms was recorded for all patients in groups 1 and 2 after treatment. There was not a significant difference in terms of itching, burning, meibomian gland inspissation, corneal neovascularization, and conjunctival hyperemia score changes between groups 1 and 2. The increases in Schirmer test and break-up time scores were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1. Conclusions: Our results support the finding that topical cyclosporine in addition to the standard regimen improves tear function, as shown by Schirmer test and break-up time scores, in ocular rosacea patients.


RESUMO Objetivo: Este estudo relata os efeitos do uso combinado de doxiciclina oral e ciclosporina tópica sobre sinais e sintomas oculares e sobre parâmetros do filme lacrimal em pacientes com rosácea. Métodos: Cinquenta e quatro olhos direitos de 54 pacientes foram incluídos no estudo. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a exame oftalmológico completo - incluindo a melhor medida da acuidade visual corrigida, segmento anterior em lâmpada de fenda e exame de fundo de olho, tempo de ruptura do filme lacrimal e teste de Schirmer - antes do tratamento e após seis meses de tratamento. O primeiro grupo foi tratado com doxiciclina oral 100 mg duas vezes ao dia no primeiro mês e uma vez ao dia nos dois meses seguintes. O segundo grupo recebeu gotas tópicas de emulsão de ciclosporina a 0,05% duas vezes ao dia por seis meses, além do tratamento com doxiciclina por via oral. Todos os pacientes receberam gotas de lágrima artificial sem conservantes, compressas mormas, limpeza de cílios e gotas de corticosteróide tópico três vezes ao dia durante um mês. Resultados: Uma melhora significativa nos sinais e sintomas oculares foi registrada para todos os pacientes do grupo 1 e 2 após o tratamento. Não houve diferença significativa em termos de prurido, queimação, inspeção da glândula meibomiana, neovascularização da cór nea e alterações na pontuação da hiperemia conjuntival entre os grupos 1 e 2. O teste de Schirmer e o aumento do tempo de ruptura no grupo 2 foram significativamente maiores do que no grupo 1. Conclusões: Os autores concluíram que os resultados apoiam a descoberta de que a ciclosporina tópica, além do tratamento padrão, melhora a função lacrimal como demonstrado pelo teste de Schirmer e o tempo de ruptura em pacientes com rosácea ocular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Doxycycline/therapeutic use , Rosacea/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Tears/drug effects , Tears/physiology , Administration, Oral , Retrospective Studies , Cyclosporine/administration & dosage , Cyclosporine/pharmacology , Doxycycline/administration & dosage , Doxycycline/pharmacology , Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological , Drug Therapy, Combination , Administration, Ophthalmic , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
13.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 29(4): 499-508, out.-dez. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899544

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La necrolisis epidérmica tóxica es una reacción cutánea adversa de tipo inmunológico secundaria en la mayor parte de los casos a la administración de un fármaco. La necrolisis epidérmica tóxica, el síndrome de Steven Johnson y el eritema exudativo multiforme forman parte del mismo espectro de enfermedad. La mortalidad de la necrolisis epidérmica tóxica es alrededor del 30%. La fisiopatología de la necrolisis epidérmica tóxica es semejante en muchos aspectos a la de las quemaduras dérmicas superficiales. La afectación mucosa del epitelio ocular y genital se asocia con secuelas graves si no se trata de forma temprana. Se acepta en general que los pacientes con necrolisis epidérmica tóxica son tratados mejor en unidades de grandes quemados, donde existe experiencia en el manejo de enfermos con pérdida cutánea extensa. El tratamiento es de soporte, eliminación y cobertura con derivados biosintéticos de la piel de las zonas afectadas, tratamiento de la afectación mucosa, y tratamiento inmunosupresor específico. De los tratamientos ensayados sólo se usa actualmente en la mayor parte de los centros la inmunoglobulina G y la ciclosporina A, aun cuando no existe evidencia sólida para recomendar ningún tratamiento específico. Entre los aspectos particulares del tratamiento de esta enfermedad se encuentra la prevención de secuelas relacionadas con la formación de sinequias, los cuidados oculares para prevenir secuelas graves que pueden conducir a la ceguera, y el tratamiento específico inmunosupresor. Un mejor conocimiento de los principios del manejo de la necrolisis epidérmica tóxica llevará a un mejor manejo de la enfermedad, a una mayor supervivencia y una menor prevalencia de las secuelas.


ABSTRACT Toxic epidermal necrolysis is an adverse immunological skin reaction secondary in most cases to the administration of a drug. Toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and multiform exudative erythema are part of the same disease spectrum. The mortality rate from toxic epidermal necrolysis is approximately 30%. The pathophysiology of toxic epidermal necrolysis is similar in many respects to that of superficial skin burns. Mucosal involvement of the ocular and genital epithelium is associated with serious sequelae if the condition is not treated early. It is generally accepted that patients with toxic epidermal necrolysis are better treated in burn units, which are experienced in the management of patients with extensive skin loss. Treatment includes support, elimination, and coverage with biosynthetic derivatives of the skin in affected areas, treatment of mucosal involvement, and specific immunosuppressive treatment. Of the treatments tested, only immunoglobulin G and cyclosporin A are currently used in most centers, even though there is no solid evidence to recommend any specific treatment. The particular aspects of the treatment of this disease include the prevention of sequelae related to the formation of synechiae, eye care to prevent serious sequelae that can lead to blindness, and specific immunosuppressive treatment. Better knowledge of the management principles of toxic epidermal necrolysis will lead to better disease management, higher survival rates, and lower prevalence of sequelae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/physiopathology , Critical Illness , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulin G/therapeutic use , Survival Rate , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/complications , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/therapy , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Disease Progression
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(3): 319-322, May-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886975

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Von Zumbusch type of generalized pustular psoriasis is a rare variant of psoriasis in children. It can occur in patients with or without psoriasis vulgaris. Objective: The aim of the study was to discuss the precipitating factors, clinical manifestations, laboratory data and therapy of von Zumbusch type of generalized pustular psoriasis in children from southwestern China and to improve the diagnosis and treatment level. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted for inpatients aged 14 years old or less with von Zumbusch type of generalized pustular psoriasis in our department from 2005 to 2014. Results: A total of 26 patients were included, of whom four (15.38%) had previous history of psoriasis vulgaris and one (3.85%) had previous history of psoriasis arthropathica. Mean onset age was 6.90 years. Gender distribution was equivalent. Incidence of the disease in summer and autumn was higher than that in winter and spring. Nineteen (73.08%) cases were triggered by infection, two (7.69%) cases were caused by sudden discontinuation of systemic use of corticosteroid. Twenty-four (92.31%) cases had concomitant fever. The initial lesion manifested as non-follicular sterile pustules on erythema. Sixteen patients responded well to acitretin, 11 to Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TwHF), two to cyclosporine, and one to methotrexate. Study limitations: This study is a retrospective one and the number of cases is small. CONCLUSION: Von Zumbusch type of generalized pustular psoriasis is a rare disease in children, infection is the most common precipitating factor, acitretin is the first-line therapy, traditional Chinese medicine TwHF also can be used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Psoriasis/diagnosis , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Psoriasis/classification , Psoriasis/etiology , China , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Acitretin/therapeutic use
15.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 30(3): f:207-l:218, mai.-jun. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-836675

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: Embora muitas pesquisas tenham sido conduzidas com um determinado antioxidante ou mPTP individualmente, pouca atenção tem sido dada para os efeitos da co-administração de um antioxidante e um inibidor de mPTP sobre a disfunção cardíaca após a lesão de I/R. Objetivos: Este estudo objetiva determinar os efeitos do ácido gálico (como antioxidante) combinado com a ciclosporina A (CsA) (como inibidor de mPTP) na função cardíaca e endotelial na disfunção induzida por I/R (função de NO). Métodos: Ratos Wistar machos foram pré-tratados com ácido gálico (7,5, 15 ou 30 mg.kg-1 de peso corporal, diariamente) por um período de 10 dias. Em seguida, o coração foi isolado e exposto a isquemia de 30 minutos e perfundido por CsA (0,2 µM) 20 min durante o período de reperfusão. Resultados: Os dados mostraram que o tamanho do infarto foi significativamente diminuído por CsA e ácido gálico sozinho (p < 0,05, ANOVA unidirecional seguido de teste LSD). A combinação de ambos os fármacos, entretanto, apresentou efeitos de melhora mais significativos (p < 0,001). A combinação destes dois fármacos melhorou mais significativamente a taxa máxima de aumento e de queda da pressão ventricular (± dp.dt-1 máx), o duplo produto (DP), a pressão ventricular esquerda desenvolvida (PVED), a frequência cardíaca e o fluxo coronário quando comparada à aplicação de apenas um deles (p < 0,05, medidas repetidas ANOVA seguidas de teste de LSD). Conclusões: Em conclusão, o benefício de um antioxidante concomitante com um inibidor da mPTP poderia ter efeitos mais benéficos sobre a disfunção cardíaca induzida pela lesão I/R


Background: Although many researches have been conducted on either a certain antioxidant or mPTP individually, little attention has been drawn to the effects of co-administration of an antioxidant and mPTP inhibitor together on cardiac dysfunction after I/R injury. Objectives: This study aims at determining the effects of gallic acid (as Antioxidant) combined with cyclosporine A (CsA) (as mPTP inhibitor) on I/R induced cardiac and endothelial (role of NO) dysfunction. Methods: Male Wistar rats were pretreated with gallic acid (7.5, 15, or 30mg.kg-1 body weight, daily) for a period of 10 days. Then, the heart was isolated and exposed to 30-minute ischemia and perfused by CsA (0.2 µM) 20 min during reperfusion period. Results: The data have shown that infarct size was decreased significantly by CsA and gallic acid alone (p < 0.05, one way ANOVA followed by LSD test), however the combination of both drugs had more significant improving effects (p < 0.001). The combination of these two drugs improved more significantly maximum rate of rise and fall of ventricular pressure (±dp.dt-1 max), rate pressure product (RPP), left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), heart rate and coronary flow rather than applying each one alone (p < 0.05, repeated measurement ANOVA followed by LSD test). Conclusion: In conclusion, benefiting from an antioxidant concomitant with an mPTP inhibitor could have more improving effects on the cardiac dysfunction induced by I/R injury


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Antioxidants , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Gallic Acid/therapeutic use , Ischemia/physiopathology , Rats , Reperfusion/methods , Analysis of Variance , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Heart Rate , Heart/anatomy & histology , Models, Animal , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Reactive Oxygen Species , Ventricular Function
18.
Bogotá; IETS; mayo 2016. tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-846797

ABSTRACT

Tecnologías evaluadas: Intervención: e verolimus más ciclosporina y corticoesteroide en pacientes con trasplante de corazón. Comparador: micofenolato más ciclosporina y prednisona. Población: Adultos receptor es trasplante de corazón por primera vez. Perspectiva: ercer pagador, que en el caso colombiano corresponde al Sistema General de Seguridad Social en Salud (SGSSS). Horizonte temporal: El horizonte temporal de este AIP en el caso base corresponde a un año. Adicionalmente se reportan las estimaciones del impacto presupuestal para los años 2 y 3, bajo el supuesto de la inclusión en el POS en el año 1. Costos incluidos: Costos de los medicamentos incluidos en la terapia de mantenimiento. Fuente de costos: SISMED. Escenarios: Se realizaron análisis de escenarios que contemplaron una tasa de inserción del nuevo tratamiento inferior al 100% como terapia de conversión más no de tratamiento de primera línea y diferentes tasas de crecimiento para los años 2 y 3. Resultados: En un escenario con tasa de inserción del 100% del nuevo tratamiento, el impacto resupuestal es de $1.492.857.500,75 para el año 1.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Everolimus/therapeutic use , Graft Rejection/drug therapy , Heart Transplantation , Mycophenolic Acid/analogs & derivatives , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Transplant Recipients , Biomedical Technology , Colombia , Costs and Cost Analysis/methods , Drug Therapy, Combination , Reproducibility of Results
19.
Bogotá; IETS; mayo 2016. tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-846814

ABSTRACT

Tecnologías evaluadas: Intervención: Everolimus más ciclosporina y corticoesteroide en pacientes con trasplante de riñón. Comparador: Micofenolato más ciclosporina y prednisona. Población: Adultos receptores trasplante de riñón por primera vez. Perspectiva: Tercer pagador, que en el caso colombiano corresponde al Sistema General de Seguridad Social en Salud (SGSSS). Horizonte temporal: El horizonte temporal de este AIP en el caso base corresponde a un año. Adicionalmente se reportan las estimaciones del impacto presupuestal para los años 2 y 3, bajo el supuesto de la inclusión en el POS en el año 1. Costos incluidos: Costos de los medicamentos incluidos en la terapia de mantenimiento. Fuente de costos: SISMED. Escenarios: Se realizaron análisis de escenarios que contemplaron una tasa de inserción del nuevo tratamiento inferior al 100% como terapia de conversión más no de tratamiento de primera línea y diferentes tasas de crecimiento para los años 2 y 3. Resultados: En un escenario con tasa de inserción del 100% del nuevo tratamiento, el impacto presupuestal es de $14.045.896.237para el año 1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Everolimus/therapeutic use , Graft Rejection/drug therapy , Kidney Transplantation , Mycophenolic Acid/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Transplant Recipients , Biomedical Technology , Colombia , Costs and Cost Analysis/methods , Drug Therapy, Combination , Reproducibility of Results
20.
Clinics ; 71(4): 216-220, Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-781419

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Chronic rejection remains a major cause of graft failure with indication for re-transplantation. The incidence of chronic rejection remains high in the pediatric population. Although several risk factors have been implicated in adults, the prognostic factors for the evolution and reversibility of chronic rejection in pediatric liver transplantation are not known. Hence, the current study aimed to determine the factors involved in the progression or reversibility of pediatric chronic rejection by evaluating a series of chronic rejection cases following liver transplantation. METHODS: Chronic rejection cases were identified by performing liver biopsies on patients based on clinical suspicion. Treatment included maintaining high levels of tacrolimus and the introduction of mofetil mycophenolate. The children were divided into 2 groups: those with favorable outcomes and those with adverse outcomes. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify potential risk factors in these groups. RESULTS: Among 537 children subjected to liver transplantation, chronic rejection occurred in 29 patients (5.4%). In 10 patients (10/29, 34.5%), remission of chronic rejection was achieved with immunosuppression (favorable outcomes group). In the remaining 19 patients (19/29, 65.5%), rejection could not be controlled (adverse outcomes group) and resulted in re-transplantation (7 patients, 24.1%) or death (12 patients, 41.4%). Statistical analysis showed that the presence of ductopenia was associated with worse outcomes (risk ratio=2.08, p=0.01). CONCLUSION: The presence of ductopenia is associated with poor prognosis in pediatric patients with chronic graft rejection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Graft Rejection/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use , Biopsy , Chronic Disease , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Graft Rejection/etiology , Graft Rejection/immunology , Graft Rejection/pathology , Graft Survival/drug effects , Kidney Diseases/surgery , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Multivariate Analysis , Mycophenolic Acid/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Survival Rate , Tacrolimus/blood
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