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1.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 427-433, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356952

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la litiasis biliar tiene una prevalencia actual en Occidente del 10-20%. El 7-16% de los pacientes presentan también coledocolitiasis. El diagnóstico preoperatorio de coledocolitiasis es difícil de establecer. Objetivo: establecer nuestra experiencia en el estudio de la patología biliar complicada y el manejo de la coledocolitiasis en dos tiempos, como terapéutica de elección. Material y métodos: estudio prospectivo, observacional. Pacientes con patología biliar sometidos a procedimientos en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Vidal, desde el 30/06/2019 al 30/12/2019. Resultados: la ecografía hepato-bilio-pancreática (HPB) es específica, con exactitud del 80,9% y sensibilidad del 50%. La colangio resonancia magnética (CRNM) es 100% específica, tiene exactitud del 84,6% y sensibilidad de 67%. La colangio pancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (ERCP -por sus siglas en inglés-), durante la primera colangiografía mostró en el 100% litiasis coledociana, pero, luego del tratamiento, la colangiografía de "control" muestra 0% de sensibilidad, 100% especificidad, con exactitud del 15,4%. En los hallazgos intraoperatorios, el cístico dilatado en asociación con alteraciones humorales ha demostrado una sensibilidad del 100%, especificidad del 90% y tasa de exactitud de 93,6%. Conclusión: la colangiografía intraoperatoria (CIO) es el procedimiento de referencia ("gold standard") en el abordaje de la patología biliar complicada, siendo su uso sistemático. La asociación entre alteraciones de parámetros humorales y el cístico dilatado resulta un parámetro con alto valor predictivo para la presencia de litiasis coledociana.


ABSTRACT Background: Nowadays, the prevalence of gallstones ranges between 10 and 20% in Western world, and 7-16% of the patients also present choledocholithiasis. The preoperative diagnosis of choledocholithiasis is difficult. Objective: To establish our experience in the evaluation of complicated gallstone disease and two-stage management of choledochal lithiasis as standard or care. Material and methods: This prospective and observational study included patients hospitalized with gallstone disease undergoing procedures in the Department of General Surgery of Hospital Vidal from June 30, 2019, to December 30, 2019. Results: Ultrasound of the liver, biliary tract and pancreas was specific, with accuracy of 80.9% and sensitivity of 50%. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) had a sensitivity of 100%, accuracy of 84.6% and sensitivity of 67%. As for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis was made in 100% of the cases during the first cholangiography while "control" cholangiography had a sensitivity of 0%, specificity of 100% and accuracy of 15.4%. The presence of a dilated cystic duct intraoperatively in association with abnormal biochemical parameters had a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 90%, and accuracy of 93.6%. Conclusion: Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) is the gold standard procedure for the management of complicated gallstone disease. The association of biochemical parameters and a dilated cystic duct has high predictive value for choledochal lithiasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biliary Tract , Cholangiography , Lithiasis , Pancreas , Pathology , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Cholelithiasis , Gallstones , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Cystic Duct , Choledocholithiasis/complications , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Liver , Methods
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 30-34, Feb. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056392

ABSTRACT

Realizar un estudio anatómico in vivo con la especial y pequeña disección quirúrgica durante una colecistectomía laparoscópica sobre las variaciones de la arteria cística. Estudio prospectivo de 38 meses, en 2000 pacientes consecutivos sometidos a colecistectomía laparoscópica programada, sin signos de inflamación aguda, ni alteración que impida disección y correcta evaluación del triángulo hepatocístico. Se disecó quirúrgicamente identificándose la arteria cística y posible duplicación, eran clínicamente importantes aquellas con diámetro mayor a 1,5 mm, requerían maniobra hemostática. Se anotaron los hallazgos en planilla especial a los fines del presente estudio. En 1831 casos había arteria única en medio del triángulo hepatocístico. Hubo 169 variaciones (8,45 %). En 97 casos: doble vascularización, con una arteria en situación normal y otra ubicada lateralmente al triangulo hepatocístico. En 44 pacientes había una arteria única lateralmente al conducto cístico que no lo cruzaba nunca. En 22 casos existía una arteria cruzando el colédoco y el cístico entrando en el triángulo. En 6 oportunidades una doble arteria, una en el triángulo hepatocístico y otra lateralmente que no cruzaba el cístico ni colédoco. En una oportunidad se observó una sola arteria importante que salía directamente de la placa cística entre segmento 4 y 5, y en otro caso solo pequeñas arterias proveniente de la placa cística. Podemos dividirlas en arterias únicas o dobles, en base exclusiva a la necesidad de maniobra hemostática. Podemos decir que las variaciones estarán presentes en aproximadamente 1/12 casos y necesitará una maniobra hemostática especial en 1/20 casos.


This is an anatomical study with the special and small dissection of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy on the surgically important variations of the cystic artery. A prospective, 19-month study was conducted in 2000, including consecutive patients undergoing programmed laparoscopic cholecystectomy, without signs of acute inflammation, or alteration, that would prevent dissection and correct evaluation of the cystohepatic triangle. It was surgically dissected, identifying the main cystic artery and its possible collateral arteries. Those with a diameter greater than 1.5 mm being considered as clinically important, requiring haemostatic maneuver (clipping and / or electrocoagulation). The findings were recorded on a special form for the purposes of this study. The classic, single-artery arrangement in the middle of the cystohepatic triangle was found in 1831 cases. The variations found were 169 (8.45 %). In 97 cases there was double vascularization, with one artery in normal position and another outside the cystic duct. In 44 patients, a single artery that did not cross the cystic was observed. In 22 cases an artery outside the cystic but crossing it before the duct. In 6 cases a double artery, one in the cystohepatic triangle and another outside the triangle, did not cross the cystic or the bile duct. In one instance, a single major artery was seen emerging directly from the cystic plaque between segments four and five. These can be divided into single or double arteries, based exclusively on the need for hemostatic maneuver. Knowledge of anatomical variations of the cystic artery is important for the surgeon. The variation presents in 1 of 12 cases, and requires a special hemostatic maneuver in 1 of 20 cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cystic Duct/blood supply , Anatomic Variation , Gallbladder/blood supply , Gallbladder Diseases/surgery , Hepatic Artery/anatomy & histology , Prospective Studies , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic
3.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(1): 46-54, Jan. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1091658

ABSTRACT

Primary hepatobiliary neoplasms (PHN) are uncommon in cats, and originate in hepatocytes, intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts, mesenchymal cells, and cells of neuroendocrine origin. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of PHN in cats diagnosed in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil, for a period of 17 years, determining their epidemiological, anatomopathological and immunohistochemical aspects. Necropsy reports of 2.090 cats were analyzed, 125 were diagnosed with primary hepatobiliary diseases, of which 15 were cases of PHN, representing 12% of the specific hepatobiliary conditions and 0.7% of the necropsies. All PHN were malignant, of which 93.3% had epithelial origin and 6.7% presented mesenchymal origin. Cholangiocarcinoma was the most commonly diagnosed neoplasm, followed by hepatocellular carcinoma and hemangiosarcoma. In general, cats with no defined breed were the most affected. Concerning sex, 60% were females and 40% males. Age ranged from five to 18 years, with a mean age of 10.5 years (median of ten years). Grossly, cholangiocarcinoma and hemangiosarcoma were multinodular and hepatocellular carcinoma was massive. Microscopically, cholangiocarcinomas were arranged in acini and ducts, whereas hepatocellular carcinomas were arranged in solid sheets or trabeculae. On immunohistochemistry, cholangiocarcinomas, hepatocellular carcinomas, and hemangiosarcomas were positive for the antibodies CK 7, Hep Par-1, and vimentin and von Willebrand factor, respectively.(AU)


Neoplasias hepatobiliares primárias (NHP) são incomuns em gatos e se originam de hepatócitos, células dos ductos biliares intra e extra-hepáticos, células mesenquimais e ainda células de origem neuroendócrina. O objetivo do trabalho foi determinar a frequência das NHP em gatos diagnosticados na Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre, no período de 17 anos, abordando seus aspectos epidemiológicos, anatomopatológicos e imuno-histoquímicos (IHQ). Foram analisados os laudos de necropsia de 2.090 gatos sendo que 125 foram diagnosticados com doenças hepatobiliares primárias, destes 15 foram casos de NHP, representando 12% das condições hepatobiliares específicas e 0,7% do total de necropsias. Todos os diagnósticos de NHP eram malignos, destes 93,3% apresentaram origem epitelial e 6,7% mesenquimal. Colangiocarcinoma foi a neoplasia mais diagnosticada, seguido do carcinoma hepatocelular e hemangiossarcoma. De uma maneira geral, os gatos sem raça definida foram os mais acometidos. Em relação ao sexo 60% eram fêmeas e 40% machos. A idade variou de cinco a 18 anos, com a idade média de 10,5 anos (mediana de 10 anos). Macroscopicamente o colangiocarcinoma e hemangiossarcoma eram multinodulares, e o carcinoma hepatocelular, maciço. À histologia, houve predomínio do arranjo acinar e ductal nos colangiocarcinomas e sólido, no carcinoma hepatocelular. Na IHQ os colangiocarcinomas foram reativos para CK 7, carcinoma hepatocelular para Hep Par-1 e hemangiossarcoma para vimentina e fator de von Willebrand.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Bile Duct Neoplasms/pathology , Bile Duct Neoplasms/veterinary , Bile Duct Neoplasms/epidemiology , Cholangiocarcinoma/veterinary , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/veterinary , Cystic Duct , Hemangiosarcoma/veterinary , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787233

ABSTRACT

Endobiliary radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a procedure performed widely to induce locoregional tumor control by the transfer of thermal energy to the lesion and subsequent tumor necrosis. A 72-year-old male with a prior history of acute calculous cholangitis and perforated cholecystitis was admitted to the Kyungpook National University Hospital complaining of fever and nausea. He had an indwelling percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) catheter from the previous episode of perforated cholecystitis. An abdominal CT scan showed marked dilation of both the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts. Common bile duct cancer was confirmed histologically after an endobiliary biopsy. A surgical resection was considered to be the initial treatment option. During open surgery, multiple metastatic nodules were present in the small bowel mesentery and anterior abdominal wall. Resection of the tumor was not feasible, so endobiliary RFA was performed prior to biliary stenting. Cholecystectomy was required for the removal of the PTGBD catheter, but the surgical procedure could not be performed due to a cystic ductal invasion of the tumor. Instead, chemical ablation of the gallbladder (GB) with pure ethanol was performed to breakdown the GB mucosa. Palliative treatment for a biliary obstruction was achieved successfully using these procedures. In addition, a PTGBD catheter was removed successfully without significant side effects. As a result, an improvement in the patient's quality of life was accomplished.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Wall , Aged , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Biopsy , Catheter Ablation , Catheters , Cholangiocarcinoma , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystitis , Common Bile Duct , Cystic Duct , Drainage , Ethanol , Fever , Gallbladder , Humans , Male , Mesentery , Mucous Membrane , Nausea , Necrosis , Palliative Care , Quality of Life , Stents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 35(1): 7-10, Ene-Jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1120626

ABSTRACT

Con el objetivo de describir el uso del LigaSure® para el sellado del conducto cístico en pacientes intervenidos por colecistectomía laparoscópica en la Sociedad Anticancerosa del Estado Lara, durante el lapso junio 2012-junio 2017, se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal de recolección retrospectiva de datos de 62 historias clínicas de pacientes intervenidos por colecistectomía laparoscópica asistida por sellado del conducto cístico con LigaSure® los cuales se caracterizaron por un promedio de edad de 47,58 ± 14,11 años, predominio del sexo femenino (64,52%) y un tiempo promedio quirúrgico de 41,74 ± 7,99 minutos. No se registraron complicaciones intraoperatorias ni postoperatorias y la estancia postquirúrgica en 77,42% de los pacientes fue de 24 horas. En conclusión, el uso del LigaSure® para el sellado del conducto cístico resultó una técnica segura para pacientes intervenidos por colecistectomía laparoscópica.


In order to describe LigaSure® use for sealing of the cystic duct in patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the Sociedad Anticancerosa del Estado Lara during the period June 2012-June 2017 we conducted a descriptive transversal study with retrospective data collection of 62 medical charts. Results show that the average patient age was 47.58 ± 14.11 years with a female predominance (64.52%) and an average surgical time of 41.74 ± 7.99 minutes. There was no intraoperative or postoperative complications and the postsurgical stay in 77.42% of patients was 24 hours. In conclusion, the use of LigaSure® for cystic duct sealing is a safe technique for patients who undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Cystic Duct , Bile Ducts/physiopathology , Hemoperitoneum
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738993

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Differentiating extraluminal compressions from true subepithelial tumors in the duodenum by endoscopy alone is difficult. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is one of the most useful diagnostic modalities for this purpose. Extraluminal compression in the duodenum is occasionally observed, but its clinical significance has not been reported. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of extraluminal compression in the duodenum according to lesion location. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 22 patients diagnosed as having extraluminal compression in the duodenum based on EUS findings between January 2006 and December 2017. Some patients underwent abdominal computed tomography for accurate diagnosis. RESULTS: The location of the extraluminal compression was the duodenal bulb in 10 cases, the superior duodenal angle in 10 cases, and the second portion of the duodenum in 2 cases. Of the 22 cases, 12 were caused by normal structures, including vessels, the right kidney, the gallbladder, and the pancreas, and 10 were caused by pathological lesions, including the hepatic cyst, remnant cystic duct and dilated common bile duct after cholecystectomy; gallstones, gallbladder polyps, remnant cystic duct cancer, and pseudomyxoma peritoneii. The anterior wall of the duodenum was the most frequent location of extraluminal compression. However, the lesions in the anterior wall of the duodenal bulb and superior duodenal angle showed a high frequency of pathologic lesions, including malignancy. CONCLUSIONS: If the extraluminal compression is found in the anterior wall of the duodenum, EUS is needed because of the high frequency of pathological lesions.


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Common Bile Duct , Cystic Duct , Diagnosis , Duodenum , Endoscopy , Endosonography , Gallbladder , Gallstones , Humans , Kidney , Pancreas , Polyps , Retrospective Studies
7.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 159-167, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763413

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Bile leak is one of the most common complications of liver transplantation. The treatment options for bile leaks include conservative management, surgical re-intervention, percutaneous drainage and endoscopic drainage. We aimed to perform a systematic review to identify the efficacy of endoscopic treatment in the resolution of post-transplant bile leaks. METHODS: Two independent reviewers performed systematic literature search in PubMed, ISI Web of Science, grey literature and relevant references in May 2017. Human studies in English with documented post-liver transplant bile leaks were included. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies were included in the final analysis. The pooled efficacy of biliary stents for the resolution of post-transplant bile leaks was 82.43% compared with 87.15% efficacy of nasobiliary tubes. The efficacy of biliary stents was lower for anastomotic leaks (69.23%) compared to T-tube (90.9%) or cut-surface/ cystic duct stump related leaks (92.8%). Similarly, the efficacy of nasobiliary tube was also lower for anastomotic leaks (58.33%) compared to T-tube or cut-surface related leaks (100%). CONCLUSIONS: In this systematic review, the overall efficacy was 82.43% in biliary stent group, and 87.15% in nasobiliary tube group. Both biliary stent and nasobiliary tube were more effective in managing non-anastomotic leaks compared to anastomotic leaks.


Subject(s)
Anastomotic Leak , Bile , Biliary Fistula , Cystic Duct , Drainage , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Stents
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 308-310, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990043

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Given that the gallbladder and the biliary tract are subject to multiple anatomical variants, detailed knowledge of embryology and its anatomical variants is essential for the recognition of the surgical field when the gallbladder is removed laparoscopically or by laparotomy, even when radiology procedures are performed. During a necropsy procedure, when performing the dissection of the bile duct is a rare anatomical variant of the bile duct, in this case the cystic duct joins at the confluence of the right and left hepatic ducts giving an appearance of trident. This rare anatomical variant in the formation of common bile duct is found during the exploration of the bile duct during a necropsy procedure, it is clear that the wrong ligation of a common hepatic duct can cause a great morbi-mortality in the postsurgical of biliary surgery. This rare anatomical variant not previously described is put in consideration to the scientific community. Anatomical variants of the biliary tract are associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality, causing serious bile duct injuries. Only the surgical skill of the surgeon and his open mind to the possibilities of abnormalities make the performance of cholecystectomy a safe procedure.


RESUMEN: Dado que la vesícula biliar y el tracto biliar están sujetos a múltiples variantes anatómicas, el conocimiento detallado de la embriología y sus variantes anatómicas es esencial para el reconocimiento del campo quirúrgico cuando la vesícula biliar se extirpa laparoscópicamente o por laparotomía, incluso cuando se realizan procedimientos de radiología. Durante un procedimiento de necropsia, se realiza la disección del conducto biliar y se observa una variante anatómica inusual del conducto biliar; en este caso, el conducto cístico se une a la confluencia de los conductos hepáticos derecho e izquierdo dando una apariencia de tridente. Esta rara variante anatómica en la formación del conducto biliar común puede causar una gran morbimortalidad en la cirugía biliar asociado a una ligadura incorrecta. Esta extraña variante anatómica no descrita anteriormente se reporta a la comunidad científica, debido a que las variantes anatómicas del tracto biliar se asocian con altas tasas de morbilidad y mortalidad, al causar lesiones graves en el conducto biliar. Solo la habilidad quirúrgica del cirujano y su mente abierta a las posibilidades de variaciones anatómicas hacen que la realización de la colecistectomía sea un procedimiento seguro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic/anatomy & histology , Gallbladder/anatomy & histology , Liver/anatomy & histology , Cholecystectomy , Cystic Duct/anatomy & histology , Dissection , Anatomic Variation , Hepatic Duct, Common/anatomy & histology
9.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 598-605, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785664

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: For the treatment of malignant biliary obstruction, endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD) has been widely accepted as a standard procedure. However, post-ERBD complications can affect the lives of patients. The purpose of this study was to identify the predictive factors for these complications, including the patient’s status, cancer status, and stent type.METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis conducted in a single tertiary hospital from January 2007 to July 2017. The following variables were evaluated: sex, age, body mass index, cancer type, history of pancreatitis, gallbladder stone, previous biliary stenting, precut papillotomy, stent type, contrast injection into the pancreatic duct or gallbladder, cystic duct invasion by the tumor, and occlusion of the cystic duct orifice by a metal stent.RESULTS: Multivariate analysis showed that contrast injection into the pancreatic duct was a risk factor for pancreatitis. Patients with a history of bile drainage showed a lower risk of pancreatitis. For cholecystitis, the analysis revealed contrast injection into the gallbladder and cystic duct invasion by the tumor as important predictive factors. Metal stents showed a greater risk of post-procedure pancreatitis than plastic stents, but did not affect the incidence of cholecystitis.CONCLUSIONS: Considering that contrast injection is the most important factor for both complications, a careful approach by the physician is essential in preventing the occurrence of any complications. Further, choosing the type of stent is an important factor for patients at a risk of post-procedure pancreatitis.


Subject(s)
Bile , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Body Mass Index , Cholecystitis , Cystic Duct , Drainage , Gallbladder , Humans , Incidence , Multivariate Analysis , Pancreatic Ducts , Pancreatitis , Plastics , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stents , Tertiary Care Centers
10.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-989569

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Cystic tumors of the neck are rare in adults. Some of them include metastatic nodes, branchial cysts, thyroglossal cysts and lymphangiomas, among others. Clinically speaking, lymphangiomas are slow-growing soft masses located in different spaces of the neck. Case report: This paper reports the case of a 36-year-old woman presenting with lymph-angioma, who consulted due to a right lateral mass in the neck of 20 days of evolution without associated systemic symptoms. Although relapse is frequent, the patient was successfully treated with surgery, without evidence of recurrence at 12 months of follow-up. Discussion: When cystic tumors of the neck occur in children, surgical urgencies may arise due to obstruction of the airway. However, lymphangioma in adults only produce contour deformity and rarely require urgent intervention, which allows for conservative management such as observation, repeated drainage or sclerotherapy that can be done using OK-432 (Picibanil). Nevertheless, surgery remains a good treatment option, but some complications may occur. Conclusion: Different treatment options were reviewed, which led to conclude that surgical resection of lymphangiomas continues to be a good treatment for this complex neck lesion.


RESUMEN Introducción: Los tumores quísticos del cuello son inusuales en los adultos. Sin embargo, se pueden encontrar metástasis a ganglios, quistes branquiales, quistes tiroglosos, linfangiomas, entre otros. Clínicamente, estos últimos son masas blandas de crecimiento lento que se localizan en diferentes espacios del cuello. Reporte de caso: Se reporta un caso de linfangioma en una mujer de 36 años, quien consultó por masa lateral derecha del cuello con evolución de 20 días sin síntomas sistémicos asociados. A pesar de que la recaída es frecuente, la paciente fue tratada con cirugía exitosa sin evidencia de recidiva durante 12 meses de seguimiento. Discusión: Cuando se presentan en niños, los tumores quísticos del cuello se pueden convertir en urgencias quirúrgicas debido a obstrucción de la vía aérea; no obstante, en los adultos solo producen deformidad de contorno y rara vez requieren una intervención apremiante, lo que permite conductas conservadoras como la observación, el drenaje repetido o la escleroterapia. Esta última puede hacerse con el OK-432 (Picibanil); sin embargo, la cirugía es una buena opción de tratamiento sin estar exenta de complicaciones. Conclusión: Se realizó revisión de las diferentes opciones de tratamiento y se concluyó que la resección quirúrgica de los linfagiomas continúa siendo la opción más adecuada para el manejo de esta compleja lesión del cuello.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphangioma , Picibanil , Sclerotherapy , Adult , Cystic Duct
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718628

ABSTRACT

During laparoscopic cholecystectomy, a surgical clip is used to control the cystic duct and cystic artery. In the past, metallic clips were usually used, but over recent years, interest in the use of Hem-o-lok clips has increased. Surgical clip migration into the common bile duct (CBD) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy has rarely been reported and the majority of reported cases involved metallic clips. In this report, we describe the case of a 53-year-old woman who presented with abdominal pain caused by migration of a Hem-o-lok clip into the CBD. The patient had undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy 10 months previously. Abdominal CT revealed an indistinct, minute, radiation-impermeable object in the distal CBD. The object was successfully removed by sphincterotomy via ERCP using a stone basket and was identified as a Hem-o-lok clip.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Arteries , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Common Bile Duct , Cystic Duct , Female , Foreign-Body Migration , Humans , Middle Aged , Surgical Instruments , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715800

ABSTRACT

Mirizzi syndrome (MS) is a rare complication of cholecystolithiasis that is characterized by obstruction of the common hepatic duct due to mechanical compression by impacted stones in the neck of the gallbladder or the cystic duct. Treatment of MS is surgical, and operative procedure would vary depending on its classification type. Biliary stricture after surgical treatment of MS is an unusual complication and endoscopic approach is not possible for patients who have undergone bilioenteric anastomosis. We report a case of a 60-year-old patient with biliary anastomotic stricture after surgical management of MS who was successfully treated with long-term percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage.


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Cholecystolithiasis , Choledochostomy , Classification , Constriction, Pathologic , Cystic Duct , Drainage , Gallbladder , Hepatic Duct, Common , Humans , Middle Aged , Mirizzi Syndrome , Neck , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative
13.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 450-462, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716591

ABSTRACT

Surgery remains the standard treatment for acute cholecystitis except in high-risk candidates where percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PT-GBD), endoscopic transpapillary cystic duct stenting (ET-CDS), and endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) are potential choices. PT-GBD is contraindicated in patients with coagulopathy or ascites and is not preferred by patients owing to aesthetic reasons. ET-CDS is successful only if the cystic duct can be visualized and cannulated. For 189 patients who underwent EUS-GBD via insertion of a lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS), the composite technical success rate was 95.2%, which increased to 96.8% when LAMS was combined with co-axial self-expandable metal stent (SEMS). The composite clinical success rate was 96.7%. We observed a small risk of recurrent cholecystitis (5.1%), gastrointestinal bleeding (2.6%) and stent migration (1.1%). Cautery enhanced LAMS significantly decreases the stent deployment time compared to non-cautery enhanced LAMS. Prophylactic placement of a pigtail stent or SEMS through the LAMS avoids re-interventions, particularly in patients, where it is intended to remain in situ indefinitely. Limited evidence suggests that the efficacy of EUS-GBD via LAMS is comparable to that of PT-GBD with the former showing better results in postoperative pain, length of hospitalization, and need for antibiotics. EUS-GBD via LAMS is a safe and efficacious option when performed by experts.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Ascites , Cautery , Cholecystitis , Cholecystitis, Acute , Cystic Duct , Drainage , Gallbladder , Hemorrhage , Hospitalization , Humans , Pain, Postoperative , Stents
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741515

ABSTRACT

A 2-year-old, spayed female, Korean domestic short-hair cat was presented with depression and vomiting. The patient had history of weight loss lasting seven months. Physical examination revealed icterus in the pinna, oral mucosa, and sclera. Based on ultrasonography and computed tomography, tentative diagnosis was extrahepatic biliary tract obstruction with acquired portosystemic shunt (PSS). Tumor or inflammation of hepatobiliary system was suspected as the cause of obstruction of the common bile duct. But it could not be determined without biopsy. The severely dilated cystic duct was considered to cause portal hypertension and secondary multiple PSS. The patient expired without histopathologic examination.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biliary Tract , Biopsy , Cats , Child, Preschool , Cholestasis, Extrahepatic , Common Bile Duct , Cystic Duct , Depression , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Hypertension, Portal , Inflammation , Jaundice , Mouth Mucosa , Physical Examination , Portasystemic Shunt, Surgical , Sclera , Ultrasonography , Vomiting , Weight Loss
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56106

ABSTRACT

Duplicated gallbladder (GB) is a rare congenital disease. Surgical management of a duplicated GB needs special care because of concurrent bile duct anomalies and the risk of injuring adjacent arteries during surgery. An 80-year-old man visited an emergency room with right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) revealed cholecystitis with a 2-bodied GB. Because of this unusual finding, magnetic resonance choledochopancreatography was performed to detect possible biliary anomalies. The 2 GB bodies were unified at the neck with a common cystic duct, a so-called V-shaped duplicated GB. The patient's right posterior hepatic duct joined the common bile duct (CBD) near the cystic duct. The patient underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy without adjacent organ injury, and was discharged uneventfully. Surgeons should carefully evaluate the patient preoperatively and select adequate surgical procedures in patients with suspected duplicated GB because of the risk of concurrent biliary anomalies.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged, 80 and over , Arteries , Bile Ducts , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystitis , Cholecystitis, Acute , Common Bile Duct , Cystic Duct , Emergency Service, Hospital , Gallbladder , Hepatic Duct, Common , Humans , Laparoscopy , Neck , Patient Rights , Surgeons
16.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 301-304, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165379

ABSTRACT

We report the successful conversion of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) to endoscopic transpapillary gallbladder stenting (ETGS) with insertion of an antegrade guidewire into the duodenum. An 84-year-old man presented with severe acute cholecystitis and septic shock. He had significant comorbidities, and emergent PC was successfully performed. Subsequent ETGS was attempted but unsuccessful owing to difficulties with cystic duct cannulation. However, via the PC tract, the guidewire was passed antegradely into the duodenum, and ETGS with a double-pigtail plastic stent was successfully performed with the rendezvous technique. The PC tube was removed, and no recurrence was reported during the 17-month follow-up period. Conversion of PC to ETGS is a viable option in patients with acute cholecystitis who are not candidates for surgery. Antegrade guidewire insertion via the PC tract may increase the success rate of conversion and decrease the risk of procedure-related complications.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Catheterization , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholecystitis, Acute , Cholecystostomy , Comorbidity , Cystic Duct , Drainage , Duodenum , Follow-Up Studies , Gallbladder , Humans , Plastics , Recurrence , Shock, Septic , Stents
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180593

ABSTRACT

We report a case of successfully removed gallstone by endoscopic transpapillary approach with recurrent acute cholecystitis. An 84-year-old man presented with acute calculous cholecystitis. He is concurrently diagnosed with colon cancer at the time of admission. After percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD), He was discharged. After a total of seven PTGBD exchanges for three years, we successfully removed gallstone via an endoscopic transpapillary approach, and no recurrence was reported during the 27-month follow-up period. This procedure may be performed in patients who can access to the gallbladder through the cystic duct.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystitis , Cholecystitis, Acute , Cholecystostomy , Colonic Neoplasms , Cystic Duct , Drainage , Follow-Up Studies , Gallbladder , Gallstones , Humans , Recurrence
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143192

ABSTRACT

Mirizzi syndrome is a rare complication, resulting in bile duct obstruction and jaundice that usually arise from impacted gallstone in the cystic duct or neck of the gallbladder. It is vitally important to confirm underlying cystic duct anomaly in Mirizzi syndrome since it can produce surgical difficulty and higher complications. Generally, Mirizzi syndrome is treated surgically while endoscopic treatment is limited. Herein, we present Mirizzi syndrome with low lying cystic duct and remnant cyst duct calculi treated successfully by biliary stent and administration of choleretic agent, following by balloon dilatation on cystic duct and balloon extraction of the stone.


Subject(s)
Calculi , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Cholestasis , Cystic Duct , Deception , Dilatation , Gallbladder , Gallstones , Humans , Jaundice , Mirizzi Syndrome , Neck , Stents
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143185

ABSTRACT

Mirizzi syndrome is a rare complication, resulting in bile duct obstruction and jaundice that usually arise from impacted gallstone in the cystic duct or neck of the gallbladder. It is vitally important to confirm underlying cystic duct anomaly in Mirizzi syndrome since it can produce surgical difficulty and higher complications. Generally, Mirizzi syndrome is treated surgically while endoscopic treatment is limited. Herein, we present Mirizzi syndrome with low lying cystic duct and remnant cyst duct calculi treated successfully by biliary stent and administration of choleretic agent, following by balloon dilatation on cystic duct and balloon extraction of the stone.


Subject(s)
Calculi , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Cholestasis , Cystic Duct , Deception , Dilatation , Gallbladder , Gallstones , Humans , Jaundice , Mirizzi Syndrome , Neck , Stents
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52103

ABSTRACT

Near-infrared fluorescent cholangiography (NIRFC) is an emerging technique for easy intraoperative recognition of biliary anatomy. We present a case of cystic duct variation detected by NIRFC which had a potential risk for biliary injury if not detected. A 32-year-old female was admitted to the Seoul St. Mary's Hospital for surgery for an incidental gallbladder polyp. We performed laparoscopic cholecystectomy with NIRFC. In fluorescence mode, a long cystic duct and an accessory short hepatic duct joining to the cystic duct were found and the operation was completed safely. The patient recovered successfully. NIRFC is expected to be a promising procedure that will help minimize biliary injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cholangiography , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cystic Duct , Female , Fluorescence , Gallbladder , Hepatic Duct, Common , Humans , Polyps , Seoul
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