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1.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 53(3): 353-360, set. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038106

ABSTRACT

La neurocisticercosis (NCC) es la localización en el sistema nervioso central (SNC) humano de la parasitosis provocada por el estadio larvario de la Taenia solium, el cisticerco, que prevalece en áreas urbanas y rurales y constituye un problema de salud pública. El diagnóstico puede efectuarse por exploración imagenológica del SNC con resonancia magnética o tomografía axial computarizada, no siempre disponible, y por pruebas de inmunoensayo (EIA) en sangre, que aportan al diagnóstico rapidez, bajo costo y transferibilidad. Para evaluar su capacidad diagnóstica y validar la precisión de la técnica de ELISA (ensayo inmunoabsorbente ligado a enzimas), en la detección de anticuerpos anti-cisticercos en sueros humanos, se diseñó una seroteca en forma aleatoria y en doble ciego, y se realizó el ELISA con las muestras, utilizando placas sensibilizadas con antígenos obtenidos del fluido vesicular de cisticercos de T. solium. Para la validación se realizaron 20 ensayos empleando controles positivos y negativos, por cuadruplicado en diferentes días, y realizados por más de un operador; el punto de corte para este método fue una densidad óptica de 0,325. La precisión intralaboratorio para el control débil (media=0,532±0,09) fue de %CV=17,51±0,09, y un valor de repetibilidad de %CV=7,04±0,04, cifras que se encuentran dentro de los límites esperados para el método. Con estos resultados se puede concluir que la precisión del ELISA para el serodiagnóstico de NCC se encuentra validada. El ensayo validado proporcionó resultados coherentes y repetidos que permitieron discriminar entre dos resultados dicotómicos y establecer con exactitud la condición de una posible infección, con un nivel de certidumbre estadística predeterminado.


Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the location in the human central nervous system (CNS) of the parasitosis caused by the larval stage of Taenia solium, the cysticercus which prevails in urban and rural areas, constituting a public health problem. Diagnosis can be made by CNS imaging with magnetic resonance or computerized axial tomography, not always available, and by blood immunoassay (EIA) tests, which provide rapidity, low cost and transferability. In order to evaluate its diagnostic capacity and validate the ELISA (Enzyme- Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay) technique in the detection of anti-cysticercus antibodies in human sera, a collection of sera was designed in a randomized and double-blind manner, and the ELISA was performed with the samples, using plates sensitized with antigens obtained from the vesicular fluid of T. solium cysticerci. Twenty trials were conducted, using positive and negative controls, in quadruplicate, on different days, and performed by more than one operator; the cutoff for this method was an optical density of 0.325. The intralaboratory precision for the weak control (mean=0.532±0.09) was %CV=17.51±0.09, and a repeatability value of %CV=7.04±0.04, figures that are within the expected limits for the method, It can be concludedthat the accuracy of the ELISA for serodiagnosis of NCC is validated. The validated test provided consistent and repeated results, which made it possible to discriminate between two dichotomous outcomes, and to establish with accuracy the condition of a possible infection, with a predetermined level of statistical certainty.


A neurocisticercose (NCC) é o local no sistema nervoso central (SNC) humano de parasitose causada pelo estágio larval da Taenia solium, o cisticerco, prevalecente em áreas urbanas e rurais, constituindo um problema de saúde pública. O diagnóstico pode ser feito por varredura imagenológica do SNC com ressonância magnética ou tomografia axial computadorizada, nem sempre disponível, e por testes de imunoensaio (EIA) em sangue, que fornecem ao diagnóstico rapidez, baixo custo e portabilidade. Para avaliar a sua capacidade de diagnóstico e validar a precisão da técnica de ELISA (ensaio imunoabsorvente ligado a enzimas), na detecção de anticorpos anti-cisticercos em soros humanos, um serrarium foi projetado em forma aleatória e em duplo cego, e foi realizado com as amostras o ELISA, utilizando placas sensibilizadas com antígenos derivados do fluido vesicular de cisticercos de T. solium. 20 testes para validação foram realizados, utilizando controles positivos e negativos, em quadruplicado, em dias diferentes, e realizados por mais de um operador; o ponto de corte para este método era uma densidade óptica de 0,325. A precisão intralaboratorial para o controle fraco (média=0,532±0,09) foi de CV%=17,51±0,09, e um valor de repetibilidade de CV%=7,04±0,04, valores que estão dentro dos limites esperados para o método, podendo concluir com esses resultados que a precisão do ELISA para diagnóstico sorológico de NCC é validado. O ensaio validado forneceu resultados consistentes e repetidos, o que permitiu discriminar entre dois resultados dicotômicos e identificar com exatidão a condição de possível infecção com um nível de certeza pré-determinado estatisticamente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Neurocysticercosis/diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Taenia solium , Antibodies/blood
2.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(6): 861-863, Nov.-Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977098

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cysticercosis is caused by the hematogenous dissemination of the larval form (cysticercus) of Taenia solium. It can affect any organ or tissue in the body but commonly affects the subcutaneous tissue, central nervous system, eyes, and skeletal muscle. Skin lesions can assist as a marker in the diagnosis of asymptomatic neurocysticercosis in endemic areas. A 49-year-old HIV positive man presented with multiple cutaneous nodules confirmed as cysticercomas which led to the diagnosis of asymptomatic neurocysticercosis. He was successfully treated with albendazole and steroids at recommended doses with no adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/diagnosis , Cysticercosis/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Albendazole/therapeutic use , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/ethnology , Neurocysticercosis/drug therapy , Neurocysticercosis/diagnostic imaging , Subcutaneous Tissue/parasitology , Middle Aged
3.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(1): 23-28, Jan. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895540

ABSTRACT

A cisticercose bovina é uma zoonose de distribuição mundial. No Brasil, o controle é realizado através do diagnóstico anatomopatológico durante a inspeção post-mortem nos matadouros. Objetivou-se neste estudo determinar a localização de cisticercos nos tecidos rotineiramente inspecionados e sobretudo nos tecidos não rotineiramente inspecionados, verificando a viabilidade dos cisticercos em bovinos infectados de forma experimental (grupo 1) e natural (grupo 2) com ovos de Taenia saginata. Em ambos os grupos foram analisados os tecidos rotineiramente inspecionados nas linhas de inspeção, de acordo com os padrões estabelecidos na legislação do Brasil. Adicionalmente, no grupo 1 foram selecionadas outras regiões anatômicas, representadas por quatro cortes comerciais (acém, alcatra, contrafilé, paleta), além do fígado, esôfago, diafragma e pilares. Com relação à frequência dos cisticercos no grupo 1, nos cortes comerciais, foram encontrados 8,2% de cisticercos no acém, 6,6% na paleta, 6,2% no contrafilé e 5,8% na alcatra. Outros tecidos não rotineiramente inspecionados para a exclusiva pesquisa por cisticercos que apresentaram lesões foram o diafragma, fígado e o esôfago, com 2,7%, 12,0% e 1,2% respectivamente. No grupo 1, os sítios rotineiramente inspecionados predominantes foram o coração (37,7%), músculos mastigatórios (17,1%) e língua (2,3%). No grupo 2 foram encontrados 61,8% dos cisticercos totais no coração, seguido dos músculos mastigatórios (38,2%) e fígado (10,2%). Com relação à viabilidade dos cisticercos no grupo 1, os viáveis predominaram na alcatra (80,0%), diafragma (71,4%) e esôfago (66,7%), já os cisticercos inviáveis predominaram nos músculos mastigatórios (77,3%), coração (76,3%), fígado (71,0%) e língua (50%). No grupo 2, o fígado apresentou 87,5% de cisticercos inviáveis, seguidos da língua (66,7%) e coração (63,2%), e nos tecidos mastigatórios foram encontrados 68,3% de cisticercos viáveis (68,3%). O alto percentual de cisticercos viáveis encontrado nos cortes comerciais, inclusive nos bovinos naturalmente infectados, representa um alerta para a Saúde Pública, pois, no Brasil, são frequentemente consumidos sem sofrer o devido tratamento térmico para inativação do cisticerco, aumentando consideravelmente a chance de infecção por teniose. Os resultados revelaram amplo perfil da manifestação anatomopatológica da cisticercose em diferentes tecidos de bovinos experimentalmente e naturalmente infectados, considerando-se tecidos musculares rotineiramente inspecionados ou não. Assim, o aprimoramento da inspeção sanitária das carcaças bovinas pode incrementar o controle do complexo teniose-cisticercose, diminuindo os riscos para a saúde pública.(AU)


Cysticercosis is a worldwide zoonosis, which demands proper control and monitoring during all beef production chain. In Brazil, the key point for controlling this zoonosis is the anatomopathological exam conducted in slaughterhouses during the post-morten inspection. This study aimed to describe the cysticerci location in tissues not usually examined during the inspection, and to check their viability in bovines infected with Taenia saginata eggs (group 1: experimental; group 2: natural). After slaughtering, animal from both groups were routinely examined for cysticercosis, according official Brazilian standards; group 1 animals were also examined in additional anatomic regions: end cuts (chuck, rump, strip loin, and shoulder), liver, esophagus, diaphragm and pillars. In group 1, cysticerci were identified in chuck (8.2%), shoulder (6.6%), strip loin (6.2%), and rump (5.8%), and also in tissues that are not usually considered during routine inspection, such as diaphragm (2.7%), liver (12.0%) and esophagus (1.2%). Still in group 1, the routine inspection identified cysticerci in hearth (37.7%), head muscles (17.1%), and tongue (2.3%). In group 2, cysticerci were identified in hearth (61.8%), head muscles (38.2%), and liver (10.2%). The viability of cysticerci were predominant in rump (80.0%), diaphragm (71.4%) and esophagus (66.7%) in animals from group 1, while non-viable cysticerci were more frequent in head muscles (77.3%), hearth (76.3%), liver (71.0%), and tongue (50.0%). In group 2, head muscles presented 68.3% of the viable cysticerci, while non-viable cysticerci were identified in liver (87.5%), tongue (66.7%), and hearth (63.2%). The high frequencies of viable cysticerci in end cuts available for consumers, including natural infected bovines, is a Public Health concern, once in Brazil these products were usually consumed without proper heat treatment, increasing the risks of T. saginata infection. The obtained results demonstrated the anatomopathological distribution of cysticercosis in different tissues in experimental and natural infected bovines, considering tissues that are routinely and not routinely examined during inspection. Then, the inspection procedures could be improved by adding such analysis in its routine procedures, in order to increase the proper control of the taeniasis-cysiticercosis complex and to decrease the Public Health risks.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Cysticercosis/prevention & control , Cysticercosis/veterinary , Food Inspection/methods , Taenia saginata , Brazil , Communicable Disease Control/methods , Tissues/parasitology
4.
Acta pediátr. hondu ; 8(1): 731-738, abr.-sept. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-987910

ABSTRACT

La teniasis humana/cisticercosis es una enfer-medad zoonótica causada por la Taenia solium. Fue declarada por la OMS como una de las enfermedades tropicales potencialmente erra-dicables que afecta a las personas más pobres con condiciones ambientales desfavorables. En nuestro país, Honduras, la Dra. Rina Girard de Kaminsky en 1991 encontró tasas de infección de 2-7/1000 en el Hospital Escuela, 10/1000 en el sur y 0-6/1000 en los departamentos de Cortés y Atlántida. La transmisión es a través de un círculo cerdo-humano; en el cual el cerdo lleva las larvas quísticas en su carne (cisticerco-sis), el humano la Taenia adulta (teniasis) en la luz del intestino. La cisticercosis se debe a la infección que puede ser asintomática o sintomática: diarrea, dolor abdominal, migración de proglótides y cisticercos al Sistema Nervioso Central (SNC). El diagnóstico se basa en el cuadro clínico, demostración de los huevos o quistes, pruebas inmunológicas ELISA: inmunoelectroforesis, Tomografía axial computarizada y resonancia magnética. Su tratamiento farmacológico es: Praziquantel y Albendazol a dosis de 10-20 mg/kg/día una dosis, y en Neurocisticercosis 10 días de tratamiento el cual deberá iniciarse una vez controlado el cuadro convulsivo y la hiper-tensión endocraneana. Se presenta un caso de Teniasis en un lactante de 8 meses alimentado exclusivamente con leche materna. El objetivo del presente estudio es reconocer su aparición en cualquier edad, incluyendo los menores de 1 año además de recordar que es erradicable y que se pueden prevenir las complicaciones...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Taenia solium , Taeniasis/mortality , Zoonoses/complications
5.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(3): 205-209, Mar. 2017. tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-842067

ABSTRACT

Com o objetivo de diagnosticar a situação do complexo teníase-cisticercose bovina no município de Salinas, Minas Gerais, foram coletadas amostras de sangue de 355 bovinos distribuídos em 18 propriedades rurais, sorteadas aleatoriamente. Em cada propriedade, foi aplicado um questionário socioeconômico para a análise de fatores que favorecem a manutenção do complexo teníase-cisticercose bovina. Foi realizado também um levantamento epidemiológico dos casos de teníase diagnosticados nos laboratórios credenciados pela Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Salinas, no período de 2007 a 2010. A prevalência de cisticercose bovina foi de 4,70% enquanto as prevalências de teníase, encontradas durante os quatro períodos avaliados, foram de 0,29%, 0,36%, 0,24% e 0,24%. Entre os fatores de risco para a manutenção do complexo teníase-cisticercose analisados, foi observada uma relação estatisticamente significativa entre a ocorrência de cisticercose bovina e a ingestão de carne malpassada pelos entrevistados. Foi concluído que a cisticercose bovina está presente no município de Salinas, Minas Gerais, sendo o tratamento térmico ineficiente da carne bovina o principal fator de risco para a manutenção do complexo teníase-cisticercose, o que reforça a necessidade da adoção de medidas de controle com contínua vigilância epidemiológica e sanitária.(AU)


In order to diagnose the situation of bovine taeniasis-cysticercosis complex in the municipality of Salinas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, blood samples were collected from 355 cattle in 18 randomly selected farms. A socioeconomic questionnaire was filled in each farm for the analysis of factors which favor the maintenance of the taeniasis-cysticercosis complex. An epidemiological survey of human taeniasis was performed through analyses of the Municipal Health Department in the 2007-2010 period. A prevalence of 4.7% for bovine cysticercosis and the frequency of 0.29, 0.36, 0.24 and 0.24% for human taeniasis, during the evaluated period, was found. Among the risk factors, a statistically significant correlation was found between the occurrence of bovine cysticercosis and the ingestion of undercooked meat. It was concluded that bovine cysticercosis is present in the municipality of Salinas, due to inefficient heat treatment of the meat as the main risk factor for maintenance of the taeniasis-cysticercosis complex, reinforcing the need to adopt control measures with continuous epidemiological and health surveillance.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Taeniasis/diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary , Epidemiologic Studies , Immunoblotting/veterinary
6.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 32(3): 485-491, jul.-sep. 2015. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | INS-PERU, LILACS, LIPECS, INS-PERU | ID: lil-790734

ABSTRACT

Evaluar la eficacia de la prueba electroinmunotransferencia (EITB) para la detección de cisticercosis humana utilizando antígeno mix nativo purificado de líquido de cisticerco de Taenia solium. Material y métodos. Estudio observacional de evaluación de prueba diagnóstica. El antígeno mix nativo purificado se extrajo del líquido de cisticerco de cerdos naturalmente parasitados de áreas consideradas endémicas, se evaluó y seleccionó uno de los cuatro métodos de purificación: sulfato de amonio, lecitina de lentejas-sefarosa, Sephadex G-75 y electro-elución. La sensibilidad del antígeno purificado se determinó con EITB y fue evaluada con 50 sueros positivos a cisticercosis y la especificidad con 50 sueros negativos a cisticercosis (20 libres de infección parasitaria y 30 positivos a diferentes parasitosis). Resultados. La concentración óptima del antígeno mix nativo purificado para preparar las tiras EITB fue de 0,82 ug/mm. Por cromatografía de afinidad con lectina de lentejas-sefarosa se visualizaron y purificaron ocho glicoproteínas antigénicas específicas, siendo sus masas relativas de: 13, 14, 17, 18, 23, 24, 31 y 35 kDa; los antígenos purificados obtenidos por los otros métodos no fueron evaluados por EITB, porque no correspondieron a las proteínas antigénicas específicas consideradas entre 13 y 35 KDa. La prueba de EITB utilizando antígeno mix nativo purificado presentó 100% de sensibilidad y 100% de especificidad. Conclusiones. El antígeno mix nativo purificado mejora la eficiencia diagnóstica de la prueba de EITB. Recomendamos la preparación de un kit in house y su validación en campo para que pueda transferirse e implementarse en laboratorios de zonas endémicas del Perú...


Evaluate the efficiency of the enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot test (EITB) for the detection of human cysticercosis using purified native antigen mix from cysticercus fluid of Taenia solium. Material and methods. Observational study of the evaluation of the diagnostic test. The purified native antigen mix was extracted from the fluid of cysticercus from naturally parasitized pigs from areas considered endemic. Four purification methods were evaluated and one was selected: ammonium sulfate, lentil lectin-Sepharose, Sephadex G-75 and Electro-elution. The sensitivity of the purified antigen was determined with EITB and was evaluated with 50 sera positive for cysticercosis and the specificity with 50 sera negative for cysticercosis (20 free of parasitic infection and 30 positive for different parasites). Results. The optimal concentration of the purified native antigen mix to prepare the EITB strips was 0.82 ug/mm. By affinity chromatography with Lentil Lectin-Sepharose we visualized and purified 8 specific antigenic glycoproteins, their relative masses being: 13, 14, 17, 18, 23, 24, 31 and 35 kDa. The purified antigens obtained by the other methods were not evaluated by EITB because they did not correspond to the specific antigenic proteins considered between 13 and 35 kDa. The EITB test using purified native antigen mix showed 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity. Conclusions. The purified antigen native mix improved the diagnostic efficiency of the EITB test. We recommend the preparation of an in-house kit and field validation so that it can be transferred and implemented in laboratories in endemic areas of Peru...


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Taenia solium , Observational Studies as Topic
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 67(4): 1063-1069, July-Aug. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-759244

ABSTRACT

Com o objetivo de diagnosticar a situação do complexo teníase-cisticercose bovina em Minas Gerais, Brasil, foi selecionado o município de São João Evangelista, onde foram coletadas amostras de sangue de 339 bovinos em 15 propriedades rurais, sorteadas aleatoriamente. Em cada propriedade, foi aplicado um questionário socioeconômico para a análise de fatores que favorecem a manutenção do complexo teníase-cisticercose bovina. Foi realizado também o diagnóstico de teníase humana por meio de exame coproparasitológico dos habitantes das propriedades. Encontrou-se a prevalência de 4,1% para cisticercose bovina e a frequência de 2,94% para teníase humana. Entre os fatores de risco para a manutenção do complexo teníase-cisticercose analisados, foi observada uma relação estatisticamente significativa (P=0,042) entre a ocorrência de cisticercose bovina e a ingestão de carne malpassada pelos entrevistados. Concluiu-se que a cisticercose bovina está presente no município de São João Evangelista, MG, em índices considerados endêmicos, sendo o consumo de carne malpassada e não inspecionada o principal fator de risco para a manutenção do complexo teníase-cisticercose, o que reforça a necessidade da adoção de medidas de controle com contínua vigilância epidemiológica e sanitária.


In order to diagnose the situation of bovine taeniasis-cysticercosis complex in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, the city of São João Evangelista was selected, and blood samples were collected from 339 cattle in 15 randomly selected farms. A socioeconomic questionnaire was filled in each property for the analysis of the factors that favor the maintenance of the taeniasis-cysticercosis complex. Additionally, there was the diagnosis of human taeniasis verified by stool examinations of the properties' inhabitants. A prevalence of 4.1% for bovine cysticercosis and the frequency of 2.94% for human taeniasis were found. Among the risk factors, a statistically significant relation (p = 0.042) was found between the occurrence of bovine cysticercosis and the ingestion of undercooked meat. It was concluded that bovine cysticercosis is broadly distributed in the city of São João Evangelista, with rates considered endemic, being the consumption of raw and not-inspected meat the main risk factors for the maintenance of complex taeniasis-cysticercosis, reinforcing the need to adopt control measures with continuous epidemiological and health surveillance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Cysticercosis/veterinary , Risk Factors , Taeniasis/diagnosis , Taeniasis/veterinary , Endemic Diseases/prevention & control , Endemic Diseases/veterinary , Health Surveys
8.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 31(2): 370-374, abr.-jun. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | INS-PERU, LILACS, LIPECS, INS-PERU | ID: lil-719517

ABSTRACT

La cisticercosis es una enfermedad desatendida y endémica en el Perú que afecta comúnmente al sistema nervioso central (SNC), causando la neurocisticercosis (NCC). Sin embargo, son pocos los reportes de cisticercosis diseminada (CCD) en el mundo. Se reporta el caso de un paciente varón de 82 años, natural del departamento de Junín, que presenta pérdida brusca del nivel de conciencia asociada a convulsiones tónico-clónicas generalizadas. La tomografía axial computarizada y la resonancia magnética nuclear cerebral mostraron múltiples lesiones de aspecto quístico con presencia de escólex en su interior y compatibles con NCC masiva; la resonancia magnética nuclear torácica, abdominal y pélvica permitieron evidenciar la diseminación multiorgánica de cisticercos. Aunque es poca la casuística y experiencia terapéutica en los casos de CCD, el paciente recibió tratamiento antiparasitario con albendazol y corticoides, logrando una evolución clínica favorable y sin complicaciones durante la hospitalización.


Cysticercosis is a neglected and endemic disease in Peru that commonly affects the central nervous system (CNS), causing neurocysticercosis (NCC). However, only a few reports of disseminated cysticercosis (DCC) exist in the world. In this article we present a case report of a male, 82 year old patient from the department of Junin (Peru). He presented a sudden loss of consciousness associated with generalized tonic-clonic seizures. CT scan and brain MRI showed multiple cystic lesions with scolex presence inside and compatible with massive NCC. Thoracic, abdominal and pelvic MRI showed multi-organ dissemination of cysticerci. Although there is little therapeutic experience in cases of DCC, the patient received deworming treatment with albendazole and corticoids, in this way a favorable clinical outcome was achieved without complications during hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Cysticercosis/complications , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Peru
9.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 31(2): 297-301, abr.-jun. 2014. tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-719509

ABSTRACT

Con el objetivo de evaluar las pruebas dot blot y aglutinación de látex para la detección de cisticercosis humana con antígeno de líquido de cisticerco de Taenia solium, se usaron 125 sueros humanos, de los cuales 60 procedían de personas con cisticercosis confirmada por Western Blot, 45 de personas con otras enfermedades parasitarias y 20 de personas aparentemente sanas. La concentración óptima del antígeno para impregnar las tiras dot blot fue de 0,01 ug/uL, y para impregnar las partículas de látex fue de 0,092 ug/uL. Para la prueba dot blot se encontró una sensibilidad del 100% y especificidad del 87,7%; para la aglutinación de látex una sensibilidad del 93,3% y especificidad del 89,2%. Ambas pruebas podrían ser de utilidad y factibles de implementar como alternativas de diagnóstico serológico en laboratorios de áreas endémicas del Perú.


In order to evaluate dot blot tests and latex agglutination for the detection of human cysticercosis with liquid antigen of Taenia solium cysticerci, 125 human sera were used, of which 60 were from people with cysticercosis confirmed by Western Blot, 45 with other parasitic diseases and 20 apparently healthy. The optimal concentration of antigen to impregnate dot blot strips was 0.01 ug/uL, and to impregnate the latex particles was 0.092 ug/uL. For the dot blot test, a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 87.7% was found. For latex agglutination, a sensitivity of 93.3% and specificity of 89.2% was found. Both tests may be useful and feasible to implement alternatives of serological diagnosis in laboratories in endemic areas of Peru.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Antigens, Helminth/blood , Blotting, Western , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cysticercosis/blood , Cysticercosis/immunology , Latex Fixation Tests , Peru
10.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 22(2): 270-275, Apr./June/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-679430

ABSTRACT

Bovine cysticercosis, a cosmopolitan disease caused by Taenia saginata, leads to economic losses due to carcass devaluation at slaughter. Sanitary inspection at slaughterhouses, the routine diagnostic method in Brazil, lacks the necessary sensitivity to detect the mildly infected cattle that are typically encoutered in Brazil. In this study we have tested cattle sera from animals diagnosed as positive and negative by veterianry inspection for (1) anti-parasite antibodies using metacestodes antigens (T. solium vesicular fluid and T. saginata secretions) and (2) the HP10 secreted antigen of viable metacestodes. The cut-off values were calculated by ROC curve for intense and mild infections conditions, and by the classical method ( for negative samples). The sensitivity and specificity of these diagnostic tests were different depending on the assumed cut-off value and, importantly, whether the infection was mild or intense. In spite of these observations, however, such ELISA assays for serum antibodies and parasite antigens constitute an important tool for epidemiological porposes, and in establishing priorities for the control of bovine cysticercosis.


A cisticercose bovina, uma doença cosmopolita causada pela Taenia saginata, resulta em perdas econômias devido á desvalorização de carcaças durante o abate. A inspeção sanitária nos frigoríficos, método de diagnóstico de rotina no Brasil, não possui sensibilidade necessária para detectar animais levemente infectados, os quais são tipicamente encontrados no Brasil. Neste estudo testou-se soro de animais diagnosticados positivos e negativos pela inspeção veterinária por (1) anticorpos anti-parasita usando antígenos de metacestóides (fluido vesicular de T. solium e secreções de T. saginata) e (2) antígeno secretado de metacestóides viáveis. Os pontos de corte foram calculados pela curva ROC, considerando condições de intensa e leve infeção, e pelo método clássico ( das amostras negativas). A sensibilidade e a especificidade dos testes diagnósticos foram diferentes dependendo do valor de ponto de corte assumido e, sobretudo, se a infecção era intensa ou leve. Apesar destas observações, no entanto, tanto o ensaio ELISA para anticorpos séricos quanto para antígeno de parasita constituem importante ferramenta para propósitos epidemiológicos e no estabelecimento de prioridades no controle da cisticercose bovina.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Helminth/blood , Cattle Diseases/blood , Cattle Diseases/diagnosis , Cattle/blood , Cysticercosis/veterinary , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Taenia saginata/immunology , Cysticercosis/blood , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Serologic Tests
11.
Lima; s.n; 2013. 43 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-713899

ABSTRACT

Con el propósito de obtener una técnica altamente sensible y de bajo costo para el tamizaje de cisticercosis humana en zonas endémicas, se evaluó la prueba de Dot blot para la detección de anticuerpos en suero de personas infectadas por esta parasitosis. Para evaluar la eficiencia de la técnica, se emplearon sueros confirmados por Western blot, de los cuales, 60 procedían de pacientes con cisticercosis, 45 de pacientes con otras parasitosis y 20 de personas sanas, estos últimos para evaluar reacciones cruzadas. Se usó papel de nitrocelulosa, en el que el antígeno total de líquido vesicular de cisticercosis de Taenia solium fue fijado. A continuación, la tira fue incubada con el suero problema y luego con anti-IgG humano marcado con una enzima. El suero que tenia anticuerpos, al agregar un sustrato cromógeno, originó un producto insoluble que precipitó formando un punto en la zona donde se produjo la reacción antígeno-anticuerpo. La sensibilidad, especificidad, valor predictivo positivo y valor predictivo negativo de la prueba Dot blot fue de: 100 por ciento, 83 por ciento, 84 por ciento y 100 por ciento respectivamente. El índice de Kappa obtenido fue 0,98, lo que la califica como una prueba que tiene muy buena concordancia con el western blot. Por su alta sensibilidad, el uso de la prueba Dot blot parece ser un enfoque adicional para el descarte de cisticercosis, con la ventaja de la simplicidad y rapidez, susceptible de prepararse en regiones endémicas del país, constituyendo una buena alternativa como prueba de tamizaje y para estudios epidemiológicos, recomendándose por tanto su uso.


With the intention of obtaining a highly sensitive technology and of low cost for screening human cysticercosis in endemic zones, Dot blot test was evaluated for the detection of antibodies in persons' whey infected by this parasitosis. To evaluate the efficiency of the technique, there were used serums confirmed by Western blot, of which, 60 were coming from patients with cysticercosis, 45 of patients with other parasitosis and 20 of healthy persons, the above mentioned to evaluate crossed reactions. Nitrocellulose paper was used, in that the total antigen of liquid vesicular of cysticercosis of Taenia solium was fixed. Next, the strip was incubated with serum and then with anti-human IgG labeled with an enzyme. The serum had antibodies, by adding a suitable chromogenic substrate, resulted in an insoluble product which precipitated forming a point in the area where there was a reaction antigen-antibody. The sensibility, specificity, predictive positive value and predictive negative value of the test Dot blot was of: 100 per cent, 83 per cent, 84 per cent and 100 per cent respectively. The Kappa index obtained was 0.98, which qualifies it as a test that has very good conformity with the western blot. For his high sensibility, the use of the test Dot blot seems to be an additional approach for the discarded cards of cysticercosis with the advantage of the simplicity and rapidity, capable of to prepare in endemic regions of the country, constituting a good alternative as a screening test and for epidemiological studies, his use being recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Immunoassay/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serum , Observational Study , Prospective Studies , Qualitative Research
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103949

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the clinical, radiological, and pathological characteristics of intraocular cysticercosis due to Taenia solium metacestode infection. Total 8 patients diagnosed with intraocular cysticercosis at the Red Cross Hospital of Yunnan Province, China were examined retrospectively. Patients with clear dioptic media had undergone fundus chromophotography. All patients underwent B ultrasonography of the ocular region (CT) successive scanning of the orbit and cerebral tissues. Parasites were extracted surgically and then examined pathologically. The fundus chromophotography showed a white and condensing scolex package in the vesicle. The B ultrasonic examination showed a vesicle-like echogenic mass in the vitreous chamber, in which the high-level echo spot was the cysticercus scolex. The pathological examinations showed that the vesicle wall exhibited hyaline degeneration, inflammatory cell infiltration, neuroglial fiber, and glial cell proliferation layers from the inside to the outside. The scolex is round and is composed of the outer tissue (the body wall) and the inner furrow tissue; these tissues migrated together. Primordially differentiated sucking discs were found in one case, but no hooklets were found. The inner scolex tissue was folded like a paper flower. The severity of intraocular disease is closely correlated with the pathophysiological processes of the cysticercus worm. Pathological examination of the intraocular lesions can help to evaluate the course of the disease as well as to provide a scientific basis for effective antiparasitic medication.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Animals , Child , China , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Eye/pathology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Taenia solium/isolation & purification , Young Adult
13.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 32(6): 477-484, jun. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-626490

ABSTRACT

Considerando a necessidade do conhecimento da cisticercose bovina e do aperfeiçoamento dos métodos de diagnóstico desta doença, objetivou-se verificar a ocorrência do Cysticercus bovis nos diversos locais anatômicos, tais como: cabeça, coração, esôfago, diafragma, língua, fígado e carcaça, examinados pelo Serviço de Inspeção Federal. O diagnóstico foi feito por macroscopia, microscopia e PCR com extração de DNA por fervura para a identificação do metacestóide. Dos 22043 bovinos abatidos, 713 (3,23%) estavam infectados. O coração foi o sítio anatômico mais afetado, com 1,90% (420/22043), seguido da cabeça, 1,11% (245/22043), do esôfago, 0,08% (18/22043), da carcaça, 0,07% (15/22043), do diafragma, 0,03% (7/22043), do fígado, 0,02% (5/22043) e da língua, 0,01% (3/22043). Dos cistos obtidos, 58,35% (416/713) estavam mortos e 41,65% (297/713), vivos. As diferenças entre os sítios anatômicos e a condição morfológica dos cistos foram significativas (p < 0,05). Dos 416 cistos mortos, 253 foram examinados por apresentarem características de: lesões nodulares firmes, brancacentas, com material amarelado, por vezes com aspecto calcário, no interior. O exame microscópico revelou granulomas comumente representados por centro necrótico e/ou mineralizado, envolto por histiócitos dispostos em paliçada, células gigantes multinucleadas, infiltrado misto, predominantemente de mononucleares, e fibrose. Por vezes, a periferia das lesões tinha características de tecido de granulação e mineralização em forma de lâminas lineares. Os restos parasitários foram identificados como um material hialino acelular, contendo elementos ovais e circulares, basofílicos, acidófilos e incolores, denominados corpúsculos calcários. Em algumas lesões foram observados raros corpúsculos, dispersos na reação inflamatória. Nódulos fibrosos, ricos em infiltrado linfóide ou crônico ativos, foram frequentemente visualizados. Dos cistos vivos examinados, 65% (13/20) foram positivos para C. bovis , confirmando o diagnóstico ambulatorial e a eficácia do método de PCR utilizado. Em virtude da positividade observada para C. bovis nos exames histopatológico e PCR, particularmente em fígado e esôfago, sugere-se que seja reformulado o artigo 176 do Regulamento de Inspeção Industrial e Sanitária de Produtos de Origem Animal, incluindo estes locais na rotina de inspeção nos matadouros.


Considering the importance of improving methods for diagnosis of bovine Cysticercosis, this study aimed to verify Cysticercus bovis occurrence in different anatomical sites, as head, heart, esophagus, diaphragm, tongue, liver and carcass, examined by federal inspection service. Diagnosis was performed by gross examination, histopatholgy and PCR with boiling DNA extraction for metacestode identification. Of 22043 slaughtered cattle, 713 (3.23%) were infected. The heart was mostly affected with 1.90% (420/22043), followed by head, 1.11% (245/22043), esophagus, 0.08% (18/22043), carcass, 0.07% (15/22043), diaphragm, 0.03% (7/22043), liver, 0.02% (5/22043) and tongue, 0.01% (3/22043). Of the cysts obtained, 58.35% (416/713) were dead and 41.65% (297/713) were alive. The differences among anatomical sites and cysts status were significant (p<0.05). Of the 416 dead cysts 253, characterized by nodular firm whitish lesions, containing yellowish material, some times in calcareous aspect were examined for histopathology. The histological exams of these cysts yielded granulomatous lesions, whose centers were characterized by caseous and/or calcareous material, multinucleate giant cells, histiocytes in palisade and infiltrate composed predominantly by lymphoid cells, wrapped up by fibrosis. Some times the lesions peripheries had granulation tissue and mineralized areas, like linear blade. The parasite debris were like a hyaline, non cellular material with spherical and ovoid, basophilic, eosinophilic and colorless corpuscles. These corpuscles were seen rarely, some times, among inflammatory reaction. Fibrous nodules, rich in lymphoid or mixed infiltrates, were frequently seen. Of the live cysts subjected to PCR with boiling DNA extraction, 65% (13/20) were positive for C. bovis, confirming the ambulatory diagnosis and the efficacy of the PCR procedure used. Due to microscopic and PCR diagnostic exams of C. bovis, mainly in the liver and esophagus, it is suggested changes in the 176 article of the regulatory inspection, by including these sites in the bovine routine inspection at the slaughterhouses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Autopsy/veterinary , Cattle/parasitology , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Cysticercosis/veterinary , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Heart/physiopathology , Esophagus/physiopathology , Liver/physiopathology , Taenia saginata/isolation & purification
14.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-142947

ABSTRACT

Cysticercosis of the oral cavity is a very rare soft tissue lesion and very few cases have been reported worldwide. Here we report a case of a cysticercous cellulosae within the masseter muscle which was diagnosed with the help of high resolution ultrasonography (USG) and ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and managed conservatively using oral antiparasitic medication. Cysticercosis is not commonly considered in the diagnosis of swellings of the head and neck and this is the reason why they are of utmost interest to the practitioner and have to be studied.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Cysticercosis/diagnostic imaging , Female , Humans , Masseter Muscle/parasitology , Masseter Muscle/diagnostic imaging , Muscular Diseases/parasitology , Muscular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Interventional
15.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 32(4): 297-302, Apr. 2012. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-626462

ABSTRACT

Our objective was to evaluate the diagnosis of swine cysticercosis by examining "ante mortem" (inspection of the tongue), "post mortem" (inspection and detailed necropsy) and ELISA for research in serum of antibodies (Ab-ELISA) and antigens (Ag-ELISA). Seven (7) pigs were experimentally infected orally with eggs of Taenia solium and another 10 were naturally infected. In the pigs experimentally infected, inspection of the tongue was negative in all animals, in the routine inspection detailed necropsy and cysticercis were identified in all of them. In pigs with heavy natural infection, inspection of the tongue identified cysticerci in two (20%), while at inspection with necropsy the parasites were identified in large quantities in all animals. In ELISA for antibody search (Ab-ELISA) TS-14 recombinant protein was used, and in search for antigen (Ag-ELISA) a monoclonal antibody against this protein. In animals experimentally infected, blood was collected weekly for 140 days. The Ab-ELISA identified an increase in titers of antibody to cysticerci 21 days after infection, and at the end of the experimental period six animals (86%) were positive to the test. The search for circulating antigens (Ag-ELISA) was positive in two pigs 28 to 91 days after infection. All naturally infected pigs were positive for Ag-ELISA and Ab-ELISA. The search for antibodies and antigens by ELISA in serum from 30 pigs of a local farm and without history of cysticercosis was negative. Thus, the use of TS-14 antigen in ELISA test (Ab-ELISA) can be useful for the diagnosis of cysticercosis in pigs with low infection.


Nosso objetivo foi avaliar o diagnóstico de cisticercose suína através do exame "ante mortem" (inspeção da língua), "post mortem" (inspeção e necropsia detalhada) e teste de ELISA para a pesquisa no soro de anticorpos (Ab-ELISA) e antígenos (Ag -ELISA). Sete (7) suínos foram infectados experimentalmente por via oral com ovos de Taenia solium e outros 10 eram portadores de infecção natural generalizada. Nos suínos experimentalmente infectados, a inspeção da língua foi negativa em todos os animais, na inspeção 4 (57%) estavam infectados, a necropsia detalhada identificou cisticercos em todos os animais. Nos animais com infecção natural generalizada, a inspeção da língua identificou cisticercos em 2 (20%), enquanto que a inspeção e a necropsia os parasitas foram identificados em grande quantidade em todos os animais. No teste de ELISA para a pesquisa de anticorpos (Ab-ELISA) foi utilizada a proteína recombinante TS-14 e para a pesquisa de antígenos (Ag-ELISA) um anticorpo monoclonal produzido contra esta proteína. Nos animais experimentalmente infectados o sangue foi coletado semanalmente por um período de 140 dias. O Ab-ELISA identificou um aumento nos títulos de anticorpos para cisticercos 21 dias após a infecção, sendo que no final do período experimental 6 animais (86%) foram positivos ao teste. A pesquisa de antígenos circulantes (Ag-ELISA), foi positiva em 2 animais, entre os dias 21 e 91 após a infecção . Todos os suínos com infecção natural generalizada foram positivos para Ag-ELISA e Ab-ELISA.A pesquisa de anticorpos e antígenos pelo ELISA realizada no soro de 30 suínos procedentes de uma criação local sem historia de cisticercose foi negativa. Assim o uso do antígeno TS-14 (Ac-ELISA), pode ser útil para o diagnóstico da cisticercose em suínos com baixa infecção.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autopsy , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Cysticercosis/veterinary , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Swine/parasitology , Taenia solium/pathogenicity , Cysticercus/immunology , Tongue/physiopathology
18.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-140095

ABSTRACT

Cysticercosis is a parasitic infestation caused by the larval stage of Taenia solium, a cestodic paratise. It is a common disease in developing countries where it is also endemic. The most commonly infested body organs include subcutaneous tissues, brain and skeletal muscles. It is interesting to note that oral lesion of cysticercosis is a rare event. Here we report an isolated lesion of cysticercosis in the masseter muscle.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Cysticercosis/diagnostic imaging , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Masseter Muscle/parasitology , Masseter Muscle/diagnostic imaging , Muscular Diseases/parasitology , Muscular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Interventional
19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 44(3): 339-343, May-June 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-593363

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Human serofrequency of antibodies against Taenia solium antigens was determined and risk factors for cysticercosis transmission were identified. METHODS: Individuals (n=878) from periurban and rural locations of Lages, SC, were interviewed to gather demographic, sanitary and health information. Interviews and blood sample collections by finger prick on Whatman filter paper were performed from August 2004 to May 2005. Observation determined that 850 samples were suitable for analysis and were tested by ELISA using vesicular fluid of Taenia crassiceps heterologous antigen. To ensure the reliability of the results, 77 samples of the dried blood were matched with sera. The reactive samples were submitted to a serum confirmatory immunoblot (IB) test using purified Taenia crassiceps glycoproteins. RESULTS: The ELISA results for the dried blood and serum samples were statistically consistent. ELISA was positive in 186 (21.9 percent) out of 850 individuals. A group of 213 individuals were asked to collect vein blood for IB (186 with positive result in ELISA and 27 with inappropriate whole blood samples) and 130 attended the request. The IB was positive in 29 (3.4 percent) out of 850 individuals. A significant correlation (p = 0.0364) was determined among individuals who tested positive in the IB assay who practiced both pig rearing and kitchen gardening. CONCLUSIONS: ELISA with dried blood eluted from filter paper was suitable for cysticercosis population surveys. In Lages, human infection was associated with pig rearing and kitchen gardening. The prevalence index was compatible with other Latin American endemic areas.


INTRODUÇÃO: O primeiro levantamento sobre cisticercose humana e identificação dos fatores de risco associados à transmissão, foram realizados em Lages, SC. MÉTODOS: Oitocentos e setenta e sete voluntários de regiões periurbana e rural foram entrevistados e forneceram informações demográficas e condições sanitárias e de saúde. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas por meio de punção digital em papel filtro entre agosto 2004 e maio 2005. Verificou-se que 850 amostras estavam adequadas para análise. No ELISA, utilizou-se o antígeno heterólogo liquido vesicular de Taenia crassiceps. Para assegurar a confiabilidade dos resultados de ELISA, foram pareadas 77 amostras de soro e sangue eluido do papel filtro. A confirmação do diagnóstico sorológico foi feita por immunoblot (IB) com glicoproteínas purificadas de Taenia crassiceps. RESULTADOS: A reatividade de IgG eluída de sangue em papel filtro mostrou-se compatível com a dos soros correspondentes. A triagem por ELISA de 850 indivíduos revelou 186 (21,9 por cento) positivos. De 213 pessoas convidadas a colher soro para IB (186 ELISA positivo e 27 com amostras de sangue total inadequadas), compareceram 130. O IB foi positivo em 29 (3,4 por cento) de 850 amostras. Houve correlação significativa entre IB positivo e a prática de criação de suínos e de horta caseira (p = 0,0364). CONCLUSÕES: ELISA com sangue total em papel filtro mostrou-se adequado para inquéritos populacionais para cisticercose. A transmissão da cisticercose humana na área estudada mostrou correlação com criação suína domestica e horta caseira. A prevalência obtida foi semelhante à relatada em áreas endêmicas da América Latina.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Antibodies, Helminth/blood , Cysticercosis/epidemiology , Taenia/immunology , Blood Specimen Collection/instrumentation , Brazil/epidemiology , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Cysticercosis/parasitology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epidemiologic Methods , Immunoblotting , Paper , Rural Population , Socioeconomic Factors , Swine , Taenia/classification
20.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2011 Apr-June; 29(2): 180-183
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-143806

ABSTRACT

Cysticercosis is a common tropical disease. One of the uncommon manifestations of cysticercosis and a rare complication is its disseminated form. We report an immunocompetent patient with disseminated cysticercosis who had involvement of the brain, subcutaneous tissues, lungs and skeletal muscles and presented with arthritis. He was otherwise asymptomatic in spite of the extensive involvement of multiple organs. A planned approach to therapy is necessary to prevent complications.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis/parasitology , Arthritis/pathology , Brain/parasitology , Brain/pathology , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Cysticercosis/pathology , Cysticercus/isolation & purification , Humans , Lower Extremity/pathology , Lower Extremity/diagnostic imaging , Lung/parasitology , Lung/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Muscle, Skeletal/parasitology , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Radiography, Thoracic , Subcutaneous Tissue/parasitology , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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