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2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(6): 1190-1191, Nov.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892930

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We report a rare case of emphysematous cystitis in a 66-year-old woman with a history of diabetes mellitus. The predisposition of diabetes mellitus and infection of gas-forming bacteria is considered to precede the manifestation of emphysematous cystitis. The present recommended diagnosis test is computed tomography, which have definite value in the evaluation of gas accumulation in bladder wall, or an air-fluid level in bladder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Cystitis/diagnostic imaging , Emphysema/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cystitis/etiology , Emphysema/etiology
3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 548-550, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224210

ABSTRACT

Retroperitoneal fibrosis was first described in 1905 by Albarran, a French urologist, who performed ureterolysis for ureteral compression produced by the disease. However, this disease became an established clinical entity by Ormond's account in the English literature in 1948. Pericystitis plastica has been used the define an extremely rare type of Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (IRF) constricting the bladder. In this study, we discussed the recovery of 29-year-old woman with pericystitis plastica who was misdiagnosed as pelvic malignancy or a chronic/subacut pelvic inflammation at the first evaluation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cystitis/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/diagnostic imaging , Pelvic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retroperitoneal Fibrosis/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25838

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the etiologies of urinary bladder involvement in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the clinicoradiologic features of gastrointestinal tract manifestations and clinical outcomes in patients with lupus cystitis accompanied by gastrointestinal manifestations. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review on 413 patients with SLE. Patients were selected for review on the basis of lower urinary tract symptoms including urinary frequency, urgency and urinary incontinence. Radiologic studies were analyzed in patients with lupus cystitis. RESULTS: Ten consecutive patients, complicated with lower urinary tract symptoms, were identified. Underlying etiologies were as follows: lupus cystitis in five, neurogenic dysfunction secondary to transverse myelitis in three, cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis in one and tuberculous cystitis in one patient. All patients with lupus cystitis showed gastrointestinal manifestations, such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhea during the periods of cystitis symptoms. In all patients with lupus cystitis, paralytic ileus was demonstrated on plain abdominal X-ray and ascites, bilateral hydroureteronephrosis and thickened bladder wall were identified on abdominal ultrasound or CT. Abdominal CT revealed bowel wall thickening in four of the five patients. The main sites of thickened bowel on abdominal CT were territory supplied by superior mesenteric artery. Two of five patients with lupus cystitis expired during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Diverse etiologies may cause lower urinary tract symptoms in patients with SLE. Lupus cystitis is strongly associated with gastrointestinal involvement and abdominal CT can be a useful radiologic tool to investigate the gastrointestinal tract involvement in patients with lupus cystitis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Cystitis/diagnostic imaging , Cystitis , Cystitis/epidemiology , Female , Gastrointestinal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Gastrointestinal Diseases/epidemiology , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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