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1.
Autops. Case Rep ; 12: e2021351, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355722
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(3): e0011, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280118

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The authors report the case of a male adult presenting significant ocular complications and irreversible visual impairment, resulting from the long-term progression and late diagnosis of an iris cyst in the right eye, probably secondary to trauma. The patient was admitted to Hospital Universitário Antonio Pedro with a total corneal opacity that blocked direct visualization of the anterior chamber. Ultrasound biomicroscopy was crucial for the anatomic study, and the patient was submitted to enucleation for aesthetic improvement and clarifying diagnosis. We concluded athalamia and deformation of the anterior segment, due to expansion of the cyst, led to gradual elevation of the intraocular pressure and damage of the optic nerve, resulting in visual loss.


RESUMO Relatamos o caso de um paciente com evolução e diagnóstico tardios de cisto de íris no olho direito, provavelmente secundário a trauma, com complicações importantes e baixa irreversível da visão, tendo sido admitido no Hospital Universitário Antônio Pedro já com leucoma total da córnea e câmara anterior indevassável. A biomicroscopia ultrassônica se mostrou imprescindível para o estudo anatômico, sendo o paciente finalmente submetido à enucleação, para melhora estética e elucidação diagnóstica. Concluímos que a atalamia e a desestruturação do segmento anterior, consequentes ao crescimento cístico, levaram a um gradativo aumento da pressão intraocular e lesão do nervo óptico, com consequente perda da visão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cysts/complications , Cysts/diagnosis , Iris Diseases/diagnosis , Ophthalmoscopy , Tonometry, Ocular/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Eye Enucleation , Visual Acuity , Iris/diagnostic imaging , Ocular Hypertension/diagnosis , Ocular Hypertension/etiology , Blindness/etiology , Corneal Topography , Cysts/surgery , Cysts/pathology , Corneal Pachymetry , Slit Lamp Microscopy/methods , Iris Diseases/surgery , Iris Diseases/complications , Iris Diseases/pathology
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 201-209, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136173

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of electrosurgery fulguration as a treatment for Bartholin's gland cysts. DESIGN Retrospective study with a comparative control group performed on Hospital Brigadeiro and in the Disciplina de Ginecologia do Departamento de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo from February 2005 to March 2009. Patients: Patients with Bartholin's gland cyst were divided into three treatment groups: group 1 electrosurgery (n=169 cases); group 2 - gland excision with the conventional technique using a cold scalpel (n = 51 cases); group 3 - marsupialization (n=11 cases). We reviewed the clinical and surgical history, physical examination, description of the surgical technique, postoperative results (success and complications), and follow-up data. RESULTS There is no difference between groups in relation to intraoperative bleeding, hematoma, and complete healing in a single treatment session. However, electrosurgery shows the lower percentage of recurrences 18 (10,7%) compared to the Marsupialization technique (group 3, p=.031). Recurrences occurred in 18 (10,7%), 3 (5,9%), and 4 (36,4%) cases. After retreatment by the same technique, there was a complete cure rate of 90% (152/169) for group 1, and 98% (50/51) for group 2. The cost of group 1 was lower than that of other groups. CONCLUSION The fulguration with electrosurgery of the capsule of Bartholin's cyst is an effective method of treatment, andthe cost of this technique is lower than the conventional technique and marsupialization.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar a eficácia da fulguração da eletrocirurgia como tratamento para os cistos da glândula de Bartholin. MÉTODOS Estudo retrospectivo, grupo controle comparativo realizado no Hospital Brigadeiro e disciplina de Ginecologia do Departamento de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, de fevereiro de 2005 a março de 2009. Pacientes com cisto de glândula de Bartholin foram divididos em três grupos de tratamento: grupo 1 - eletrocirurgia (n = 169 casos); grupo 2 - excisão da glândula com técnica convencional utilizando bisturi frio (n = 51 casos); grupo 3 - marsupialização (n = 11 casos). Revisamos a história clínica e cirúrgica, o exame físico, a descrição da técnica cirúrgica, os resultados pós-operatórios (sucesso e complicações) e os dados de acompanhamento. RESULTADOS Não há diferença entre os grupos em relação ao sangramento intraoperatório, hematoma e cicatrização completa em uma única sessão de tratamento. No entanto, a eletrocirurgia mostrou o percentual mínimo de recidivas, 18 (10,7%), em relação à técnica de marsupialização (grupo 3, p = 0,031). Recorrências ocorreram em 18 (10,7%), três (5,9%) e quatro (36,4%) casos. Após o retratamento pela mesma técnica, houve taxa de cura completa: 90% (152/169) para o grupo 1 e 98% (50/51) para o grupo 2. O custo do grupo 1 foi menor do que os dos outros grupos. CONCLUSÃO A fulguração com eletrocirurgia da cápsula do cisto de Bartholin é um método efetivo de tratamento, mas o custo dessa técnica é menor do que a técnica de convenção e a marsupialização.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Bartholin's Glands/surgery , Cysts/surgery , Electrosurgery/methods , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Time Factors , Bartholin's Glands/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cysts/pathology , Electrosurgery/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications , Middle Aged
4.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(2): 178-183, 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015185

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Pseudocyst of the pinna is a rare condition that occurs when fluid accumulates in the intercartilagenous space of the auricle. The main goal when treating this condition is to keep acceptable cosmetic results with no recurrence rate. Objective: To demonstrate the superior impact of incision and drainage of auricular pseudocysts with the insertion of a catheter drain and daily irrigation as the treatment of this condition. Methods: A total of 42 patients with auricular pseudocysts were enrolled in the present study in the period between May 2011 and May 2017. All of the patients were treated with incision and drainage with compression. The average follow-up time reached ~ 6 months in all of the cases. Results: All of the patients had satisfactory cosmetic results with no recurrence and no complications. Conclusion: Among the different methods of surgical treatment of pseudocyst of the pinna, incision and drainage with daily irrigation is a significantly efficientmethod both for the eradication of auricular pseudocysts and for good cosmetic results (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cysts/surgery , Ear Cartilage , Ear Diseases/surgery , Drainage , Retrospective Studies , Cysts/blood supply , Cysts/pathology , Ear Cartilage/blood supply , Ear Diseases/pathology
5.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(10): 1102-1111, dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978745

ABSTRACT

Background:: Pulmonary cystic nodules are a relatively frequent finding in chest computed tomography (CT). There is a possible association between this finding and lung cancer. Aim: To report eight patients with malignant lung cystic lesions. Material and Methods: Retrospective analysis of images in a CT database from 2007 to 2015, looking for cystic lesions of the lung with wall thickening, whose pathological diagnosis was lung cancer. Results: We identified eight patients with cystic nodules aged 44 to 77 years, of which five were women. Six were active and two former smokers. The pathological diagnosis was adenocarcinoma in seven cases and squamous cell in one. The mean diameter of the cystic lesions was 11.5 mm. The mean diagnostic delay time was 871 days (range 0-1592). The main finding was a gradual thickening of the nodule walls. Conclusions: The presentation of lung cancer as cystic nodules is uncommon. In this series, the change in morphology due to a thickening of the walls with or without a diameter increase, was the clue for the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Cysts/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnostic imaging , Adenocarcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Smoking/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Tumor Burden , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
6.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 37(4): 374-378, oct.-dic. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991283

ABSTRACT

El feocromocitoma quístico gigante es tumor adrenal raro en el que predomina el curso asintomático; por lo que muchos de los casos no son diagnosticados hasta el momento de la cirugía. La simple movilización del tumor se asocia con el paso a la sangre de grandes cantidades de catecolaminas y a una elevada morbimortalidad.; por esta razón la cirugía per se y su manejo perioperatorio constituyen un enorme desafío. En este artículo se presenta el caso de un feocromocitoma gigante maligno (35 cm) que ocupaba todo el hemiabdomen derecho. Aun con el diagnóstico preoperatorio de feocromocitoma, el bloqueo farmacológico preoperatorio y las medidas intraoperatorias, el paciente falleció poco antes de que finalizara la cirugía.


The giant cystic pheochromocytoma is a rare adrenal tumor in the predominantly asymptomatic course; so many cases are not diagnosed until the time of surgery. The simple mobilization of the tumor is associated with the passage to the blood of large amounts of catecholamines and high morbidity and mortality. So the surgery itself and perioperative management are a huge challenge. This article describes the case of a malignant giant pheochromocytoma (35 cm) which occupied the entire right abdomen. Even with the preoperative diagnosis of pheochromocytoma, pharmacological blockade preoperative and intraoperative measures, the patient died shortly before the end of surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Pheochromocytoma/diagnostic imaging , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Pheochromocytoma/surgery , Pheochromocytoma/metabolism , Pheochromocytoma/pathology , Preanesthetic Medication , Catecholamines/metabolism , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/surgery , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/metabolism , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Fatal Outcome , Adrenal Medulla/metabolism , Adrenal Medulla/pathology , Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists/administration & dosage , Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/administration & dosage , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Cysts/surgery , Cysts/metabolism , Cysts/pathology , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Tumor Burden , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Intraoperative Complications/physiopathology
7.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 77(3): 239-245, set. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902771

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los quistes de cuerda vocal son una causa relativamente frecuente de disfonía. Su origen es aún controversial, y su diagnóstico y manejo continúan siendo un desafío clínico. Objetivo: Exponer y analizar las características clínicas de los quistes de cuerda vocal en nuestra serie de pacientes. Material y método: Estudio retrospectivo descriptivo de los pacientes con diagnóstico de quiste de cuerda vocal atendidos en nuestro centro entre junio de 2012 y diciembre de 2015. Resultados: Se atendieron 44 pacientes con diagnóstico de quiste de cuerda vocal, lo que representa el 4,32% de las consultas en nuestro Centro de Voz. La mayoría de los pacientes fueron adultos, y de ellos el 68,29% correspondió a mujeres. El 34,1% de los pacientes fueron sometidos a tratamíento quirúrgico con técnica de microfonocirugía. El 75% de los pacientes operados presentó mejoría en patrón de onda mucosa videolaringoestroboscópica. Todos los pacientes en los que se disponía de encuestas de valoración subjetiva de la voz pre y posoperatorias demostraron mejoría vocal significativa. Conclusión: Los quistes de cuerda vocal son lesiones que afectan a niños y adultos. La videolaringoestroboscopía es clave en el diagnóstico de estas lesiones, y el tratamiento quirúrgico con microfonocirugía es efectiva en cuanto a resultados vocales desde el punto de vista anatómico y funcional.


Introduction: Vocal cord cysts are a relatively frequent cause of dysphonia. Their origin is still controversial, and their diagnosis and management continue to be a clinical challenge. Aim: To describe and analyze the clinical characteristics of vocal cord cysts in our series of patients. Material and method: Descriptive retrospective study of patients with diagnosis of vocal cord cyst attended in our center between June 2012 and December 2015. Results: 44 patients had the diagnosis of vocal cord cyst, which represents 4.32% of the patients that attended our Voice Center during that period. Most of the patients were adults, and among them 68.29% corresponded to women. 34.1% of the patients were submitted to surgical treatment with microphonosurgery technique. 75% of the surgical patients presented an improvement in the pattern of the videolaryngostroboscopic mucosal wave. All the patients in which pre and postsurgical subjective voice assessment polls were available, showed a significant voice improvement. Conclusion: Vocal cord cysts are lesions that affect both children and adults. The videolaryngostroboscopy evaluation is key in the diagnosis of these lesions, and the surgical treatment with microphonosurgery is effective in terms of anatomical and functional vocal results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Vocal Cords/surgery , Vocal Cords/pathology , Laryngeal Diseases/surgery , Laryngeal Diseases/pathology , Cysts/surgery , Cysts/pathology , Laryngeal Diseases/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Cysts/diagnosis , Stroboscopy , Dysphonia/etiology , Laryngoscopy , Microsurgery/methods
8.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(8): 433-435, Aug. 2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-898886

ABSTRACT

Abstract Genital leiomyomas are rare tumors that can often be misdiagnosed as Bartholin cyst. We report a case of a 32-year-old patient who had a cystic nodulation in the left labium majus that was suggestive of Bartholin cyst. A resection surgery was performed, and the definitive histopathology diagnosis was vulvar leiomyoma. The macroscopic features of cystic lesions difficult the differential diagnosis between leiomyoma and Bartholin cyst; therefore, a histopathologic examination is often recommended.


Resumo Os leiomiomas genitais são tumores raros, e frequentemente são diagnosticados como cisto de Bartholin. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 32 anos em que ocorreu nodulação cística no grande lábio esquerdo sugestiva de cisto de Bartholin. Uma cirurgia de ressecção foi realizada, e o diagnóstico histopatológico definitivo foi leiomioma vulvar. As características macroscópicas das lesões císticas dificultam o diagnóstico diferencial entre o leiomioma e o cisto de Bartholin, demodo que o exame histopatológico é frequentemente recomendado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Bartholin's Glands , Vulvar Diseases/pathology , Vulvar Neoplasms/pathology , Cysts/pathology , Leiomyoma/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential
9.
Rev. chil. cir ; 69(4): 315-319, ago. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899608

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las lesiones quísticas esplénicas son poco frecuentes; pueden ser clasificadas en primarias y secundarias según la presencia de revestimiento epitelial. Los quistes parasitarios son provocados por especies de Equinococcus y su manejo es específico. Suelen ser lesiones asintomáticas y el tratamiento depende de su tamaño y de la aparición de manifestaciones clínicas. El abordaje quirúrgico tradicional ha sido la esplenectomía, pero con el reconocimiento de las complicaciones inmunológicas, han tenido auge las alternativas que conservan parénquima esplénico. Objetivo: Comunicar la experiencia en el manejo quirúrgico de esta enfermedad en nuestro centro. Resultados: Se presenta la serie de 11 casos de quistes esplénicos no parasitarios que recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico durante los últimos 15 años. La mayoría de las intervenciones fueron laparoscópicas y no se registró morbimortalidad. Discusión: En el tratamiento de los quistes del bazo no parasitarios actualmente se reconoce el valor de preservar parénquima y función esplénica. La esplenectomía, cirugía cuyo estándar actual es mediante laparoscopia, ha sido progresivamente desplazada por alternativas conservadoras. Las opciones terapéuticas dependen del desarrollo de síntomas, del tamaño y de la ubicación de las lesiones. Conclusiones: Los quistes esplénicos son poco frecuentes. Ante la necesidad de tratamiento quirúrgico el abordaje laparoscópico y las cirugías que conservan parénquima esplénico deberían ser de elección.


Introduction: Splenic cysts are rare. They have been classified in primary or secondary lesions based on the presence or absence of an epithelial lining. Parasitic cysts are caused by Echinococcus spp. and have a particular management. Splenic cysts are usually asymptomatic, treatment depends on the development of symptoms and diameter. Traditionally, splenectomy has been the standard surgery, but updated knowledge about the role of the spleen in preventing some infections has led to more conservative options. Objective: To report our experience in surgical management of the disease. Results: Our series includes 11 patients with non-parasitic splenic cysts treated surgically, during the last 15 years. Most were laparoscopic interventions and no morbidity or mortality was registered. Discussion: Surgical treatment for non-parasitic splenic cysts actually favours conservative techniques; salvage of the spleen whenever possible is fully justified based on updated knowledge of the role it plays in promoting protection against infection. Splenectomy, nowadays performed by laparoscopy, has been partially displaced. Treatment options depends on the cyst diameter, development of symptoms and localization. Conclusions: Splenic cysts are unfrequent. If surgical treatment is needed, laparoscopy and interventions conserving splenic parenchyma should be the election.


Subject(s)
Humans , Splenectomy/methods , Splenic Diseases/surgery , Laparoscopy , Cysts/surgery , Spleen/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Cysts/pathology
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(4): 562-564, July-Aug. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886988

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Winer's dilated pore is an infrequent appendageal tumor characterized by a giant comedone on the face, neck, and upper trunk in adults. We report a 57-year-old woman who developed multiple asymptomatic black papules on both labia majora. Histopathology showed grouped dilated follicles lined by keratinizing squamous epithelium in the superficial dermis. The superficial lining epithelium and interfollicular epidermis were atrophic, while the deep epithelium showed mild proliferation and melanin pigmentation with a few short projections extending into the surrounding dermis. We diagnosed multiple Winer's dilated pores based on late-onset lesions and pathological features. This patient may represent the first case of multiple vulvar Winer's dilated pores. We suggest that electrocautery may be effective for treating this type of superficial entity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Vulvar Neoplasms/diagnosis , Hair Follicle/pathology , Nevus/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Vulvar Neoplasms/pathology , Postmenopause , Cysts/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Hair Diseases/diagnosis
11.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 76(3): 153-156, maio-jun. 2017. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-899059

ABSTRACT

Resumo A ictiose lamelar é uma doença congênita de herança autossômica recessiva que se caracteriza clinicamente por descamação de toda a superfície corporal devido hiperceratose mucocutânea que pode levar a comprometimento oftalmológico. Neste estudo relatamos um caso de cisto ductal de glândula lacrimal em paciente portador de ictiose lamelar atendido no Hospital Oftalmológico de Anápolis.


Abstract Lamellar ichthyosis is a congenital disease autosomal recessive which is characterized clinically by peeling of all the body surface due hyperkeratosis mucocutaneous that can cause ocular involvement. We reported a case of ductal cyst of the lacrimal gland in patient with lamellar ichthyosis attended in the Ophthalmological Hospital of Anápolis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Ichthyosiform Erythroderma, Congenital/complications , Cysts/diagnosis , Cysts/etiology , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases/diagnosis , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Cysts/surgery , Cysts/pathology , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases/surgery
12.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 67(2): 214-216, Mar.-Apr. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843380

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tracheobronchial rupture is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication commonly caused by neck and chest trauma. Iatrogenic tracheobronchial rupture can be caused by intubation, tracheostomy, bronchoscopy but also linked to pre-existing primary diseases. Paratracheal air cysts, infrequently described in literature, seem to be associated with obstructive lung disease and weaknesses in right posterior lateral wall of the trachea. We report a case of a paratracheal air cyst rupture in a previous healthy patient.


Resumo A ruptura traqueobrônquica (RTB) é uma complicação rara, mas potencialmente fatal, comumente causada por trauma de pescoço e tórax. A RTB iatrogênica pode ser causada por intubação, traqueostomia, broncoscopia, mas também pode estar relacionada a doenças primárias preexistentes. Os cistos aéreos paratraqueais, raramente descritos na literatura, parecem estar associados à doença pulmonar obstrutiva e fraqueza da parede posterolateral direita da traqueia. Relatamos o caso de uma ruptura de cisto aéreo paratraqueal em paciente previamente saudável.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Rupture/diagnosis , Tracheal Diseases/diagnosis , Cysts/diagnosis , Rupture/pathology , Trachea/injuries , Tracheal Diseases/pathology , Cysts/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 27(4): 412-415, out.-dez. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-770037

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Relatamos o caso de um uma criança de 2 anos de idade que sobreviveu após um episódio agudo de hemorragia intracraniana espontânea grave com sinais clínicos e radiológicos de hipertensão intracraniana e herniação transtentorial. O paciente foi para cirurgia de urgência para drenagem do hematoma, sendo inserido um cateter para monitorar a pressão intracraniana. Na análise da tomografia de crânio inicial, antes da drenagem do hematoma, constatou-se um cisto cerebral contralateral ao hematoma que, segundo análise do neurocirurgião e do neuroradiologista, possivelmente evitou um desfecho pior, visto que o cisto serviu de acomodação para o cérebro após a hemorragia maciça. Após investigação, constatou-se tratar de um caso de hemofilia tipo A sem diagnóstico prévio. O paciente foi tratado em terapia intensiva com controle da pressão intracraniana, reposição de fator VIII e obteve alta sem sequelas neurológicas evidentes.


ABSTRACT We report the case of a 2-year-old child who survived an acute episode of severe spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage with clinical and radiological signs of intracranial hypertension and transtentorial herniation. The patient underwent emergency surgery to drain the hematoma, and a catheter was inserted to monitor intracranial pressure. In the initial computed tomography analysis performed prior to hematoma drainage, a brain cyst was evident contralateral to the hematoma, which, based on the analysis by the care team, possibly helped to avoid a worse outcome because the cyst accommodated the brain after the massive hemorrhage. After the investigation, the patient was determined to have previously undiagnosed hemophilia A. The patient underwent treatment in intensive care, which included the control of intracranial pressure, factor VIII replacement and discharge without signs of neurological impairment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Intracranial Hypertension/etiology , Intracranial Hemorrhages/etiology , Hemophilia A/complications , Brain/pathology , Factor VIII/administration & dosage , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Intracranial Hemorrhages/surgery , Intracranial Hemorrhages/pathology , Cysts/etiology , Cysts/pathology , Hematoma/etiology , Hematoma/pathology , Hemophilia A/diagnosis , Hemophilia A/drug therapy
14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 28(4): 282-285, Nov.-Dec. 2015. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-770270

ABSTRACT

Background: Delaitre and Maignien performed the first successful laparoscopic splenectomy in 1991. After that, laparoscopic splenectomy has become one of the most frequently performed laparoscopic solid organ procedures. Aim: To demonstrate the surgical techique of laparoscopic splenetomy with reduced portals. Methods: A reduce port laparoscopic splenectomy was performed by using a 10 mm and two 5 mm trocars. To entered the abdomen a trans-umbilical open technique was done and a 10 mm trocar was placed. A subcostal 5 mm trocar was placed under direct vision at the level of the anterior axillary line and another 5 mm port was inserted at the mid-epigastric region. Once it was completely dissected and freed from all of its attachments the hilum, splenic artery and vein, was clipped with hem-o-lock and divided with scissors. Then an endobag was used to retrieve the spleen after being morcellated trough the umbilical incision. Results: This technique was used in a 15 years old female with epigastric and left upper quadrant pain. An abdominal ultrasound demonstrated a giant cyst located in the spleen. Laboratory tests findings were normal. The CT scan was also done, and showed a giant cyst, which squeeze the stomach. The patient tolerated well the procedure, with an unremarkable postoperative. She was discharge home 72 h after the surgery. Conclusion: The use of reduce port minimizes abdominal trauma and has the hypothetical advantages of shorter postoperative stay, greater pain control, and better cosmesis. Laparoscopic splenectomy for giant cysts by using reduce port trocars is safe and feasible and less invasive.


Racional: Delaitre e Maignien realizaram a primeira esplenectomia laparoscópica bem sucedida em 1991. Depois disso, a esplenectomia laparoscópica tornou-se um dos procedimentos laparoscópicos de órgãos sólidos mais frequentemente realizadas. Objetivo: Demonstrar a técnica cirúrgica de esplenectomia laparoscópica com portais reduzidos. Métodos: A esplenectomia laparoscópica reduzida em potais foi realizada usando um trocarte de 10 mm e dois de 5 mm. A entrada abdominal se dá pela técnica aberta trans-umbilical e um trocarte de 10 mm foi aí colocado. Um de 5 mm subcostal foi colocado sob visão direta no nível da linha axilar anterior e outra trocarte de 5 mm foi inserido na região médio-epigástrica. Uma vez completamente dissecado e liberado todos os seus ligamentos do hilo, a artéria e veia esplênicas foram ligadas com hem-o-lock e seccionado com tesoura. Em seguida, um Endobag foi usado para retirar o baço após ser ele morcelado através da incisão umbilical. Resultado: Esta técnica foi utilizada em uma jovem de 15 anos com dor epigástrica e em hipocôndrio esquerdo. Ultrassom abdominal mostrou um cisto gigante localizado no baço. Exames complementares tiveram resultados normais. TC mostrou um cisto gigante, que projetava-se para o estômago. A paciente tolerou bem o procedimento, com pós-operatório normal. Ela teve alta hospitalar em 72 h após a operação. Conclusão: A diminuição de portais minimiza o trauma abdominal e tem as vantagens conhecidas de menor tempo de pós-operatório, maior controle da dor, e melhor efeito cosmético. A esplenectomia laparoscópica para cistos gigantes usando trocárteres reduzidos é segura, viável e menos invasiva.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Cysts/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Splenectomy/methods , Splenic Diseases/surgery , Cysts/pathology , Epithelium , Splenic Diseases/pathology
15.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 58(9): 958-961, 12/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732179

ABSTRACT

Thyroid hormone biosynthetic defects are rare causes of congenital hypothyroidism. Although, initial presentations are usually diffuse goiter and hypothyroidism, subsequently they may develop thyroid nodules and or thyroid cancer. We describe a case of hypothyroidism due to dyshormonogenesis whose one of the previously solid nodules degenerates into a large cyst. A 22-year-old male was referred to our clinic for evaluation of enlarging thyroid nodule. Hypothyroidism was diagnosed in infancy, however due to poor compliance to treatment TSH values were elevated most of the times. When he was fifteen the first nodule was detected which was a solid cold nodule. Fine needle aspiration was in favor of benign follicular nodule. Seven years later we found a large multi nodular thyroid with a predominant large cyst corresponding to the previously detected solid nodule. 21cc straw colored fluid was aspirated. Cytology was reported as benign cystic nodule. The patient underwent thyroidectomy and pathology confirmed a benign thyroid cyst. Although underreported thyroid dyshormonogenesis may progress to cystic degeneration. Taking into account the risk of malignancy and eventually cyst formation, we recommend more frequent evaluation in the face of nodule formation in these patients. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2014;58(9):958-61.


Os defeitos de biossíntese do hormônio tiroidiano são causas raras de hipotireoidismo congênito. Embora as apresentações iniciais sejam geralmente bócio difuso e hipotireoidismo, nódulos tiroidianos ou câncer de tiroide podem se desenvolver subsequentemente. Descrevemos aqui um caso de hipotireoidismo causado por disormonogênese e no qual um dos nódulos sólidos degenerou em um grande cisto. Um homem de 22 anos de idade foi encaminhado para nossa clínica para avaliação do aumento de um nódulo tiroidiano. O hipotireoidismo foi diagnosticado na infância. Entretanto, em razão da baixa conformidade ao tratamento, os valores de TSH estavam elevados na maior parte do tempo. Quando o paciente tinha 15 anos de idade, um primeiro nódulo sólido e frio foi detectado. A aspiração por agulha fina mostrou um nódulo folicular benigno. Sete anos depois encontramos múltiplos nódulos na tiroide e um grande cisto predominante que correspondia ao nódulo sólido anteriormente detectado. Foram aspirados 21cc de fluido cor de palha. A citologia mostrou um nódulo cístico benigno. O paciente foi submetido à tiroidectomia e o exame histopatológico confirmou um cisto tiroidiano benigno. Embora não seja comumente relatada, a disormonogênese da tiroide pode progredir para a degeneração cística. Ao serem considerados o risco de malignidade e a eventual formação de cistos, recomendamos uma avaliação mais frequente da formação de nódulos nesses pacientes. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2014;58(9):958-61.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Congenital Hypothyroidism/surgery , Cysts/pathology , Goiter, Nodular/pathology , Thyroid Nodule/pathology , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Congenital Hypothyroidism/blood , Congenital Hypothyroidism/drug therapy , Cysts/diagnosis , Disease Progression , Goiter, Nodular/diagnosis , Thyroidectomy , Treatment Outcome , Thyroid Nodule/diagnosis , Thyrotropin/drug effects , Thyroxine/therapeutic use
16.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 34(4): 260-264, Oct-Dec/2014. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732567

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Tailgut cysts or cystic hamartomas are rare developmental tumors of the pre-sacral space. Their true incidence is not well known but we must think on it when we have a patient with a multicystic uncapsulated tumor at presacral space. Tailgut cysts are often asymptomatic, and in other cases present with chronic perineal pain, constipation or rectal tenesmus. They must be treated to avoid complications such as infections (perianal fistula or abscess) and malignant degenerations (usually adenocarcinoma). Case report: One patient with anal pain was diagnosed with a perianal abscess. He was operated but at the second month review a MRI revealed a multilocular lesion in the presacral suggesting the presence of a retrorectal cystic hamartoma. An elective operation was performed by endoanal surgical approach using TAMIS. En bloc resection of the cyst was achieved with safe margins. The pathology result reported retrorectal cystic hamartoma. The patient was asymptomatic with no signs of recurrence in subsequent controls. Our experience, despite being based on one case, is evidence that TAMIS (Transanal Minimally Invasive Surgery) allows a minimally invasive dissection with similar benefits as the use of TEM/TEO devices. (AU)


Introdução: Tail gut cysts ou hamartomas císticos são tumores raros de desenvolvimento do espaço pré-sacral. Sua verdadeira incidência não é bem conhecida, mas devemos pensarnele quando temos um paciente com um tumor uncapsulated multicística no espaço présacral. Hamartomas císticos são muitas vezes assintomáticas, em outros casos, apresentase com dor perineal crônica, constipação ou tenesmo retal. Eles devem ser tratados para evitar complicações, como infecções (fístula perianal ou abscesso) e degenerações malignas (geralmente adenocarcinoma). Relato de Caso: Um paciente com dor anal foi diagnosticado com um abscesso perianal. Ele foi operado, mas na revisão do segundo mês uma ressonância magnética revelou uma lesão multilocular no pré-sacral, sugerindo a presença de um hamartoma cístico retrorretal. Uma operação eletiva foi realizada por abordagem cirúrgica endoanal usando TAMIS. A resseção em bloco do cisto foi conseguido com margens seguras. O resultado do exame patológico relatou hamartoma cístico retrorretal. O paciente encontrava-se assintomático, sem sinais de recidiva em controles posteriores. A nossa experiência, apesar de ser baseado em um dos casos, as provas que TAMIS (cirurgia transanal minimamente invasiva) permite um esvaziamento minimamente invasivo com benefícios similares como o uso de dispositivos de MET/TEO. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Hamartoma/surgery , Rectum/surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cysts/pathology , Hamartoma/diagnosis
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 40(5): 656-665, 12/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731128

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze surgical methods and evaluate treatment efficacy and safety for managing adrenal cystic lesions. Materials and methods All patients presenting with adrenal lesions of the West China Hospital were reviewed retrospectively from January 2003 to April 2013 and 47 were diagnosed as adrenal cysts. Basic information, clinical history, physical examination, laboratory investigations, abdominal ultrasound and enhanced computed tomography were detailed noted. Cysts with different surgical management were analyzed and surgery option operative time, postoperative complications and after-surgery hospital stay were all noted. The final diagnosis was judged by histopathology. Patients were followed from 3 month to 10 years. Results All the 47 patients with a mean age of 43.8 years were managed by surgical intervention. Compared laparoscopic technology with open technology, the laparoscopic has the advantage of a shorter operation time, shorter hospital stay after surgery and enhanced cosmesis. The histopathologic result was: 23 (50%) were endothelial cysts and 16 (35%) were pseudocysts. One patient had evidence to recurrence at the followed-up stage. Conclusion Adrenal cysts are rare and with the development of imaging techniques many of these are diagnosed incidentally. CT has advantages in detecting the cysts with haemorrhage, intracystic debris, calcification and mixed adrenal mass. Minimally invasive surgery offers equivalent efficacy to traditional open procedures, while providing a shorter operation time, shorter convalescence and improved cosmesis. Patients after surgical resection should be followed up closely especially if functional cysts and histopathology of cystic tumor are present. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adrenal Gland Diseases/surgery , Cysts/surgery , Adrenal Gland Diseases/pathology , Adrenalectomy/methods , Cysts/pathology , Length of Stay , Laparoscopy/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Operative Time , Recurrence , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
18.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 58(7): 776-778, 10/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-726258

ABSTRACT

Parathyroid cysts (PCs) are rare lesions, located in the neck and anterior mediastinal region. The vast majority are non-functioning, presented as nodular cervical lesions. Large, non-functioning PCs can manifest with compressive symptoms of the surrounding tissues. Rarely, PCs produce excessive amounts of parathyroid hormone (PTH), resulting in primary hyperparathyroidism. We report a case of functional PC, describing its diagnostic and therapeutic approach.


Os cistos de paratireoide (PCs) são lesões raras, localizadas no pescoço e na região do mediastino anterior. A grande maioria é não funcionante, apresentando-se como lesões cervicais nodulares. PCs não funcionantes de grandes dimensões podem se manifestar com sintomas compressivos. Raramente, PCs produzem quantidades excessivas de hormônio da paratireoide (PTH), o que resulta em hiperparatiroidismo primário. Relatamos um caso de PC funcional, descrevendo sua abordagem diagnóstica e terapêutica.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adenoma/pathology , Cysts/pathology , Parathyroid Diseases/pathology , Parathyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Adenoma/surgery , Calcium/blood , Cysts/surgery , Parathyroidectomy , Parathyroid Diseases/complications , Parathyroid Diseases/surgery , Parathyroid Hormone/blood , Parathyroid Neoplasms/complications , Parathyroid Neoplasms/surgery
19.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 85(5): 584-587, oct. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-731646

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The Skene duct cyst, classified as a paraurethral cyst, is a rare congenital abnormality in female neonates and it may manifest throughout the course of life. The incidence varies from 1 in 2000 to 3000 female births. Objective: To expose the characteristics and symptoms of a Skene duct cyst at different stages of child development in order to carry out a timely suspicion and diagnosis. Case report: The first case is a female newborn who presented a painless yellowish tumor adjacent to the urethral meatus, which drained spontaneously; the second case is a teenager who consulted due to leucorrhea for a year and a three-centimeter diameter paraurethral injury between the labia minora, which required surgical treatment and study of the paraurethral mass. Conclusions: Based on the literature review, we concluded that the frequency of Skene duct cyst is higher than the number of reported cases. Cyst removal, marsupialization, puncture and aspiration are all effective treatment methods. Spontaneous drainage is also appropriate in certain cases. We suggest the use of the least aggressive technique according to each case.


Introducción: El quiste del conducto de Skene, se describe dentro de los quistes parauretrales, siendo una rara anomalía congénita descrita en neonatos de sexo femenino, que se puede presentar en el transcurso de la vida. La incidencia varía de 1 cada 2.000-3.000 recién nacidos vivos femeninos. Objetivo: Dar a conocer las características y formas de presentación del quiste del conducto de Skene en distintas etapas del desarrollo del niño para su sospecha y diagnóstico oportuno. Casos clínicos: Se presenta una recién nacida con una lesión tumoral amarillenta, adyacente al meato uretral, no dolorosa, que drena espontáneamente y un segundo caso de una adolescente que consulto por leucorrea de un año de evolución, con una lesión parauretral de tres centímetros de diámetro entre labios menores, que requirió tratamiento quirúrgico y estudio de la masa parauretral. Conclusiones: Basado en la revisión de la literatura, concluimos que la frecuencia de los quistes de conducto de Skene es más alta que el número de casos informados. La extirpación, marsupialización, la punción y aspiración del quiste son todos métodos eficaces de tratamiento. El drenaje espontáneo también es una conducta apropiada en ciertos casos. Se sugiere utilizar la técnica menos agresiva acorde a cada caso.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Cysts/pathology , Urethral Diseases/pathology , Vulva/pathology , Cysts/surgery , Drainage/methods , Treatment Outcome , Urethral Diseases/surgery , Vulva/surgery
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(7): 584-593, 07/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-712971

ABSTRACT

Positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has improved cyst infection (CI) management in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). The determinants of kidney and/or liver involvement, however, remain uncertain. In this study, we evaluated clinical and imaging factors associated with CI in kidney (KCI) and liver (LCI) in ADPKD. A retrospective cohort study was performed in hospital-admitted ADPKD patients with suspected CI. Clinical, imaging and surgical data were analyzed. Features of infected cysts were evaluated by PET/CT. Total kidney (TKV) and liver (TLV) volumes were measured by CT-derived multiplanar reconstruction. CI was detected in 18 patients who experienced 24 episodes during an interval of 30 months (LCI in 12, KCI in 10 and concomitant infection in 2). Sensitivities of CT, magnetic resonance imaging and PET/CT were 25.0, 71.4, and 95.0%. Dysuria (P<0.05), positive urine culture (P<0.01), and previous hematuria (P<0.05) were associated with KCI. Weight loss (P<0.01) and increased C-reactive protein levels (P<0.05) were associated with LCI. PET/CT revealed that three or more infected cysts were present in 70% of the episodes. TKV was higher in kidney-affected than in LCI patients (AUC=0.91, P<0.05), with a cut-off of 2502 mL (72.7% sensitivity, 100.0% specificity). TLV was higher in liver-affected than in KCI patients (AUC=0.89, P<0.01) with a cut-off of 2815 mL (80.0% sensitivity, 87.5% specificity). A greater need for invasive procedures was observed in LCI (P<0.01), and the overall mortality was 20.8%. This study supports PET/CT as the most sensitive imaging method for diagnosis of cyst infection, confirms the multifocal nature of most hospital-admitted episodes, and reveals an association of kidney and liver volumes with this complication.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cysts/microbiology , Hospitalization , Kidney/pathology , Liver/pathology , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant/microbiology , Brazil/epidemiology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Chi-Square Distribution , Cysts/pathology , Dysuria/microbiology , Hematuria/microbiology , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Incidental Findings , Liver/microbiology , Positron-Emission Tomography , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant/mortality , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Statistics, Nonparametric , Weight Loss
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