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1.
Revagog (Impresa) ; 3(2): 64-65, Abr-Jun. 2021. graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1348106

ABSTRACT

Las glándulas de Skene se encuentran localizadas en la región lateral de la uretra distal, por lo general son asintomáticas sin embargo en ciertas ocasiones pueden obstruirse creando acumulación de líquido en su interior, el cual provoca síntomas, abscesos o quistes que pueden ser tratados con tratamiento médico o quirúrgico. En este caso se presenta una mujer que consulta en múltiples ocasiones por salida de secreción purulenta de la glándula de skene, ya tratada con esquemas antibióticos en 3 ocasiones, sin embargo al persistir con recurrencia de absceso a pesar de antibioterapia se realiza abordaje quirúrgico para resección de la misma (AU)


Skene's glands are located in the lateral region of the distal urethra, are usually asymptomatic however on certain occasions they can become clogged creating accumulation of fluid inside, which causes symptoms, abscesses or cysts They can be treated with medical or surgical treatment. In this case, a woman is presented who consults in multiple sometimes due to discharge of purulent secretion from the skene's gland, she already treated with antibiotic regimens on 3 occasions, however When abscess recurrence persists despite antibiotic therapy, performs surgical approach for its resection


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Cysts/drug therapy , Abscess/drug therapy , Urethra/physiopathology , Cystoscopy/methods , Cysts/surgery
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(3): e0011, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280118

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The authors report the case of a male adult presenting significant ocular complications and irreversible visual impairment, resulting from the long-term progression and late diagnosis of an iris cyst in the right eye, probably secondary to trauma. The patient was admitted to Hospital Universitário Antonio Pedro with a total corneal opacity that blocked direct visualization of the anterior chamber. Ultrasound biomicroscopy was crucial for the anatomic study, and the patient was submitted to enucleation for aesthetic improvement and clarifying diagnosis. We concluded athalamia and deformation of the anterior segment, due to expansion of the cyst, led to gradual elevation of the intraocular pressure and damage of the optic nerve, resulting in visual loss.


RESUMO Relatamos o caso de um paciente com evolução e diagnóstico tardios de cisto de íris no olho direito, provavelmente secundário a trauma, com complicações importantes e baixa irreversível da visão, tendo sido admitido no Hospital Universitário Antônio Pedro já com leucoma total da córnea e câmara anterior indevassável. A biomicroscopia ultrassônica se mostrou imprescindível para o estudo anatômico, sendo o paciente finalmente submetido à enucleação, para melhora estética e elucidação diagnóstica. Concluímos que a atalamia e a desestruturação do segmento anterior, consequentes ao crescimento cístico, levaram a um gradativo aumento da pressão intraocular e lesão do nervo óptico, com consequente perda da visão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cysts/complications , Cysts/diagnosis , Iris Diseases/diagnosis , Ophthalmoscopy , Tonometry, Ocular/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Eye Enucleation , Visual Acuity , Iris/diagnostic imaging , Ocular Hypertension/diagnosis , Ocular Hypertension/etiology , Blindness/etiology , Corneal Topography , Cysts/surgery , Cysts/pathology , Corneal Pachymetry , Slit Lamp Microscopy/methods , Iris Diseases/surgery , Iris Diseases/complications , Iris Diseases/pathology
3.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 490-497, dic. 2020. il, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288161

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la neoplasia sólida pseudopapilar del páncreas es una entidad rara, que típicamente se presenta en mujeres jóvenes. Suele presentar síntomas abdominales inespecíficos. Es un tumor maligno de bajo grado de malignidad. Objetivos : el objetivo del siguiente informe de serie de casos es presentar 9 casos tratados en un cen tro y realizar una revisión bibliográfica del tema. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo descriptivo de los casos con diagnóstico anatomopatoló gico de neoplasia sólida pseudopapilar en el Servicio de Cirugía General, desde febrero de 2013 hasta septiembre de 2019. Se contemplaron como variables: edad, sexo, localización del tumor, tratamiento quirúrgico realizado, tiempo operatorio, complicaciones, estancia hospitalaria y seguimiento alejado. Resultados: fueron 9 casos, todos de sexo femenino con media de edad de 30 años (rango 20 a 70 años). La localización más frecuente fue en cola de páncreas en 4 casos (45%). Todas las pacientes fueron sometidas a cirugía, con abordaje laparoscópico en el 60% de los casos (n = 5); la resección pancreática distal con preservación esplénica fue la conducta más utilizada (n = 6). Se constataron tres complicaciones, de las cuales dos fueron colecciones abdominales como consecuencia de una fístula pancreática que se abordaron por vía percutánea, y la restante fue un retardo del vaciamiento gástrico por lo cual la paciente requirió internación prolongada. Conclusión: la neoplasia sólida pseudopapilar pancreática es una enfermedad poco frecuente, ma ligna pero con bajo riesgo de malignidad. Presenta buena sobrevida cuando se somete a cirugía de carácter curativo; la laparoscopia es la vía de abordaje de elección en centros con experiencia.


ABSTRACT Background: Solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas is a rare condition that affects young women. The most common symptom is unspecific abdominal pain. It is a malignant tumor of low malignant potential. Objective: The aim of this study is to report a case series of patients treated in a single center and perform a bibliographic review. Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective study of the cases with pathological diagnosis of solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas treated in the Department of General Surgery between February 2013 and September 2019. The following variables were analyzed; age, sex, tumor location, surgical treatment, operative time, complications, length of hospital stay and long-term follow-up. Results: Nine patients were included; all of them were women with mean age of 30 years (range: 20 - 70 years). The most common location of the tumor was the tail of the pancreas (n = 4; 45%). Surgery was performed in all the cases; five cases underwent video-assisted laparoscopy and spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy was the technique more commonly used (n = 6). Three complications were recorded: two abdominal collections due to biliary leaks were trated by percutaneous approach and the other patient presented delayed gastric emptying and required prolonged hospitalization. Conclusion: Solid pseudopapillary tumor pf the pancreas is a rare low-grade malignant neoplasm. The prognosis is favorable after surgery and laparoscopy is the preferred approach in centers with experience.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Cysts/surgery , Pancreatectomy , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Laparoscopy
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(5): e495-e498, oct 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1122541

ABSTRACT

La tortícolis es un signo clínico definido por la inclinación lateral del cuello y rotación de la cabeza, que puede ser fija o flexible y acompañarse o no de dolor cervical. Aparece en trastornos de diferente complejidad. Ante un caso de tortícolis, es preciso realizar una historia clínica cuidadosa y un examen físico completo, y, en caso de ser persistente, solicitar pruebas de imagen.Se hace referencia a una causa de tortícolis no descrita en la literatura. Se trata de una tumoración quística compresiva en la fosa craneal posterior, quiste de la bolsa de Blake, en una lactante pequeña diagnosticada mediante ecografía en la consulta de Pediatría de Atención Primaria. Tras el diagnóstico, se remitió al centro hospitalario de referencia, donde se intervino de urgencia por Neurocirugía Pediátrica, mediante fenestración de la tumoración por ventriculostomía endoscópica y derivación ventrículo-peritoneal. Actualmente, se encuentra asintomática y sin secuelas.


Torticollis is a clinical sign defined by the lateral inclination of the neck and rotation of the head, which can be fixed or flexible and accompanied or not by cervical pain. It appears in disorders of different complexity. In a case of torticollis it is necessary to carry out a careful medical history and a complete physical examination and, if persistent, request imaging tests.Reference is made to a cause of torticollis not described in the literature. This is a compressive cystic tumor in the posterior cranial fossa, Blake's pouch cyst, in a small infant diagnosed by ultrasound in the Primary Care Pediatrics office. After diagnosis, she was referred to the referral hospital, where emergency intervention was performed by pediatric neurosurgery, by fenestration of the tumor by endoscopic ventriculostomy and ventriculo-peritoneal shunt. She is currently asymptomatic and without sequelae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Torticollis , Cranial Fossa, Posterior/diagnostic imaging , Cysts/diagnosis , Ventriculostomy , Cranial Fossa, Posterior/abnormalities , Cranial Fossa, Posterior/surgery , Cysts/surgery , Hydrocephalus/diagnostic imaging
5.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2388-2397, sept.-oct. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144742

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los quistes de los conductos de Gartner, generalmente pequeños, benignos y asintomáticos, son vestigios del canal mesonéfrico de Wolff. Representan el 11 % de los quistes vaginales, esta es su localización más frecuente según la literatura consultada. Se presentó un caso operado en el Hospital Militar de Matanzas "Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy", de localización en la cara posterior del istmo uterino (AU).


ABSTRAC Gartner's duct cyst, mostly little, benign and asymptomatic, are vestiges of the Wolffian mesonephric duct representing 11 % of the vaginal cysts; this location is the most frequently reported and published one up to date. The authors presented the case of a patient who underwent a surgery in the Military Hospital "Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy¨ with a cyst in the posterior side of the uterine isthmus (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Wolffian Ducts/abnormalities , Cysts/epidemiology , Uterus/abnormalities , Wolffian Ducts/surgery , Ultrasonography/methods , Cysts/surgery , Cysts/diagnosis
6.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(2): 178-183, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115833

ABSTRACT

Los quistes nasolabiales son lesiones quísticas poco frecuentes, que se presentan como ocupación de la fosa canina, el ala nasal o el vestíbulo nasal. Usualmente son asintomáticas, pero pueden infectarse. El diagnóstico se realiza con el examen físico y exámenes imagenológicos, como la tomografía computarizada y/o resonancia magnética. El tratamiento consiste en la extirpación quirúrgica completa por abordaje sublabial, o por marsupialización endoscópica transnasal. Se describen dos casos, uno de ellos es una paciente de sexo femenino que presenta deformidad nasal producto del crecimiento progresivo de un quiste nasolabial unilateral, y otro de un paciente de sexo masculino que presenta una celulitis facial severa, con una tomografía computarizada que muestra quistes nasolabiales bilaterales. Los quistes nasolabiales deben ser considerados como parte del diagnóstico diferencial en otorrinolaringología en cuadros de deformidad nasal y aumento de volumen facial.


Nasolabial cysts are a rare developmental cyst, presenting as a fullness of canine fossa, nasal ala or vestibule of the nose. They are usually asymptomatic but may become infected. The diagnostic approach includes physical examination and imaging studies such as computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging. Treatment is complete surgical excision by sublabial approach, or transnasal endoscopic marsupialization. Here we describe two cases, one female presenting as nasal deformity due to progressive growth of unilateral nasolabial cyst, and a healthy young male presenting severe facial cellulitis, with a computed tomography showing bilateral nasolabial cysts. Nasolabial cyst should be incorporated in the differential diagnosis of nose deformities and facial swelling in otorhinolaryngology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Nose Diseases/surgery , Nose Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Cysts/surgery , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Endoscopy/methods , Nasolabial Fold
7.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(1): 2019115, Jan.-Mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087653

ABSTRACT

Tailgut cysts (TGCs) are rare congenital entities arising from remnants of the embryological postanal primitive gut. Malignancy in TGCs is rare, with the majority being adenocarcinomas and carcinoid tumors. A search of the published literature yielded only 27 cases of adenocarcinoma developing in TGCs. We described the case of a 54-year-old female who presented with complaints of pelvic and perineal pain of several weeks. After the initial work-up, a mass in the right presacral location was diagnosed. She underwent radical resection of the tumor, using a posterior approach. The lesion was removed en bloc with the middle rectum, coccyx, and sacrum (S4­S5). The histopathologic examination revealed an adenocarcinoma arising in a TGC, and the patient received adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Our case underlines that diagnosing a TGC is difficult as it is a rare congenital lesion. Clinical examination may be challenging as TGCs present with various symptoms, which can mimic other commonly proctologic disorders. Patients should be referred to a tertiary center with experience in pelvic surgery and must be managed by a multidisciplinary approach to maximize successful treatment. The recommended treatment is surgical excision given the malignant potential of TGCs and their risk of causing local complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pelvic Neoplasms , Cysts/surgery , Cysts/diagnosis , Congenital Abnormalities , Adenocarcinoma
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 201-209, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136173

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of electrosurgery fulguration as a treatment for Bartholin's gland cysts. DESIGN Retrospective study with a comparative control group performed on Hospital Brigadeiro and in the Disciplina de Ginecologia do Departamento de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo from February 2005 to March 2009. Patients: Patients with Bartholin's gland cyst were divided into three treatment groups: group 1 electrosurgery (n=169 cases); group 2 - gland excision with the conventional technique using a cold scalpel (n = 51 cases); group 3 - marsupialization (n=11 cases). We reviewed the clinical and surgical history, physical examination, description of the surgical technique, postoperative results (success and complications), and follow-up data. RESULTS There is no difference between groups in relation to intraoperative bleeding, hematoma, and complete healing in a single treatment session. However, electrosurgery shows the lower percentage of recurrences 18 (10,7%) compared to the Marsupialization technique (group 3, p=.031). Recurrences occurred in 18 (10,7%), 3 (5,9%), and 4 (36,4%) cases. After retreatment by the same technique, there was a complete cure rate of 90% (152/169) for group 1, and 98% (50/51) for group 2. The cost of group 1 was lower than that of other groups. CONCLUSION The fulguration with electrosurgery of the capsule of Bartholin's cyst is an effective method of treatment, andthe cost of this technique is lower than the conventional technique and marsupialization.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar a eficácia da fulguração da eletrocirurgia como tratamento para os cistos da glândula de Bartholin. MÉTODOS Estudo retrospectivo, grupo controle comparativo realizado no Hospital Brigadeiro e disciplina de Ginecologia do Departamento de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, de fevereiro de 2005 a março de 2009. Pacientes com cisto de glândula de Bartholin foram divididos em três grupos de tratamento: grupo 1 - eletrocirurgia (n = 169 casos); grupo 2 - excisão da glândula com técnica convencional utilizando bisturi frio (n = 51 casos); grupo 3 - marsupialização (n = 11 casos). Revisamos a história clínica e cirúrgica, o exame físico, a descrição da técnica cirúrgica, os resultados pós-operatórios (sucesso e complicações) e os dados de acompanhamento. RESULTADOS Não há diferença entre os grupos em relação ao sangramento intraoperatório, hematoma e cicatrização completa em uma única sessão de tratamento. No entanto, a eletrocirurgia mostrou o percentual mínimo de recidivas, 18 (10,7%), em relação à técnica de marsupialização (grupo 3, p = 0,031). Recorrências ocorreram em 18 (10,7%), três (5,9%) e quatro (36,4%) casos. Após o retratamento pela mesma técnica, houve taxa de cura completa: 90% (152/169) para o grupo 1 e 98% (50/51) para o grupo 2. O custo do grupo 1 foi menor do que os dos outros grupos. CONCLUSÃO A fulguração com eletrocirurgia da cápsula do cisto de Bartholin é um método efetivo de tratamento, mas o custo dessa técnica é menor do que a técnica de convenção e a marsupialização.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Bartholin's Glands/surgery , Cysts/surgery , Electrosurgery/methods , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Time Factors , Bartholin's Glands/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cysts/pathology , Electrosurgery/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(3): 171-174, set. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057359

ABSTRACT

Los quistes de bazo, entre ellos los quistes epidermoides, son una patología infrecuente, la cual ha aumentado su incidencia en los últimos años por el desarrollo de la imagenología. Las indicaciones y la táctica quirúrgica para seguir son motivo de controversia. La indicación de cirugía habitualmente se da por el tamaño, debido al potencial riesgo de infección, la rotura por traumatismos, el sangrado intraquístico, o en caso de presentarse el posible diagnóstico de quiste hidático esplénico. Presentamos el caso clínico de una paciente tratada en nuestro Servicio, quien fue sometida a una esplenectomía laparoscópica por un quiste esplénico, que se sospechaba fuera hidático. Sin embargo, del análisis patológico surgió que era un quiste epidermoide.


Splenic cysts, including epidermoid cysts, are rare disease; its incidence has increased in recent years as a result of the development of diagnostic imaging. The indications and surgical approach are controversial. Surgery is usually indicated on the basis of the size, due to the potential risk of infection, rupture due to trauma, intracystic bleeding, or possible diagnosis of splenic hydatid cyst. We report the clinical case of a female patient treated in our Service, who underwent laparoscopic splenectomy to remove a splenic cyst suspected to be hydatid. However, the pathological analysis revealed an epidermoid cyst.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Cysts , Cysts/surgery , Epidermal Cyst , Epidermal Cyst/surgery , Spleen , Epidermal Cyst/diagnostic imaging
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(4): 416-419, ago. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054948

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento de los lactantes con quistes pulmonares congénitos conlleva una resección quirúrgica. Las variaciones en la ubicación y el tamaño del quiste de aire en el pulmón afectado implican la selección de diferentes estrategias quirúrgicas. La presencia de quistes pulmonares congénitos gigantes que imitan un neumotórax a tensión no permitiría tomar una decisión precisa y realizar un tratamiento oportuno durante una emergencia respiratoria. Los escasos informes sobre este tipo de experiencia hacen referencia a quistes a tensión durante la niñez. En este artículo, presentamos el caso de un niño con un quiste pulmonar congénito gigante que imita neumotórax a tensión según las manifestaciones clínicas y las evaluaciones del diagnóstico por imágenes. La descompresión instantánea del neumotórax a tensión no logró aliviar la dificultad respiratoria del niño. En los niños que presentan evidencia clínica de neumotórax a tensión, se debe excluir la posibilidad de un quiste pulmonar congénito gigante.


Treats of symptomatic infants with congenital cystic lung lesions (CCLLs) need surgical resection. Variable location and size of the air cyst of involved lung mean that different surgical strategies must be selected. The presence of huge CCLLs mimicking tension pneumothorax would hamper accurate judgment and timely treatment in dealing with respiratory emergencies. Rare experience reports are coping with childhood tension cystic lung lesion. We present a case of childhood huge CCLLs which was similar to tension pneumothorax based on clinical manifestations and imaging evaluations. Implementation of instant decompression measure against tension pneumothorax failed to alleviate respiratory distress of child. We should exclude the possibility of huge lung cystic lesion in children when clinical evidence inclines to the diagnosis of tension pneumothorax.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Pneumothorax/diagnostic imaging , Cysts/congenital , Lung Diseases , Pneumothorax/complications , Congenital Abnormalities , Cysts/surgery
12.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 417-419, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042012

ABSTRACT

Abstract Erector spinae plane block is gaining popularity both for its ease of application and as its comparable effect on postoperative analgesia with central regional techniques like paravertebral block or epidural anesthesia. Its use for many indications has been reported in the literature for pediatric patients. We would like to share our experiences in a 2.5-month infant scheduled for thoracotomy for a giant congenital cyst. Single shot erector spinae plane block was done at T4 level before the start of the surgery for both surgical and postoperative analgesia. No complication was seen during both surgery and follow up period. Erector spinae plane block with the combination of paracetamol was adequate for pain relief.


Resumo O bloqueio do plano do músculo eretor da espinha tem ganhado popularidade, tanto pela facilidade de aplicação quanto pelo efeito comparável em analgesia pós-operatória com técnicas regionais centrais, como o bloqueio paravertebral ou a anestesia peridural. Seu uso tem sido relatado na literatura para muitas indicações em pacientes pediátricos. Gostaríamos de compartilhar nossas experiências no caso de um bebê de 2,5 meses de idade programado para toracotomia para excisão de um cisto congênito gigante. O bloqueio do plano do eretor da espinha dorsal com injeção única foi realizado no nível de T4 antes do início da cirurgia para analgesia cirúrgica e pós-operatória. Nenhuma complicação foi observada durante a cirurgia e o período de acompanhamento. O bloqueio do plano do eretor da espinha com a combinação de paracetamol foi adequado para o alívio da dor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Thoracotomy/methods , Nerve Block/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic/administration & dosage , Cysts/surgery , Cysts/congenital , Acetaminophen/administration & dosage
13.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(2): 162-167, abr. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058250

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Presentar un caso de quiste adrenal (QA) gigante resecado por vía mínimamente invasiva y realizar una revisión narrativa de la literatura disponible al respecto. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino de 54 años, con una masa retroperitoneal izquierda de crecimiento lento, asintomático, con imágenes y biopsia sugiriendo un QA complejo con sospecha de infiltración renal. Se indica una resección laparoscópica transabdominal. RESULTADOS: Se encuentra como hallazgo intraoperatorio un QA complejo hemorrágico de 9 cm de diámetro, con adherencia a la fascia de Gerota izquierda, logrando exéresis completa del QA por mínima invasión. El paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente y fue dado de alta al segundo día posoperatorio. Es asintomático en 19 meses de seguimiento. Si bien los QA son benignos, los QA gigantes con crecimiento rápido, sintomáticos o de conversión hemorrágica, pueden ser resecados por adrenalectomía laparoscópica sin aumento de morbimortalidad. DISCUSIÓN: El abordaje laparoscópico de los QA no funcionales gigantes debe ser considerado como el manejo de elección. Es necesaria más evidencia sobre resultados en diferentes abordajes para generar recomendaciones claras. CONCLUSIÓN: Este reporte se suma a la evidencia actual en cuanto al abordaje mínimamente invasivo para QA gigantes hemorrágicos.


OBJECTIVE: Present a giant adrenal cyst (AC) case treated with minimally invasive resection and to perform a narrative literature review available. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 54 year-old male presents with a left retroperitoneal slow growing mass, no symptoms, with a complex AC evidenced by previous images and mass biopsy, with suspected renal infiltration. A transabdominal laparoscopic resection is indicated. RESULTS: A complex hemorrhagic 9 cm diameter AC was found, with adhesions to left Gerota's fascia. Complete resection of the AC was achieved through minimally invasive approach. The patient had an uneventful clinical recovery and was discharged on the second postoperative day. On 19th month of follow-up is completely asymptomatic. Even though the AC are benign lesions, the symptomatic giant AC, with fast growing ratio, and/or hemorrhagic conversion could be resected though laparoscopic adrenalectomy, with no increased morbidity or mortality. DISCUSSION: The laparoscopic approach for giant non-functional AC should be considered as the standard of care. More evidence is required in terms of surgical approach outcomes to define clear recommendations. CONCLUSION: This report adds to the actual evidence in terms of minimally invasive approach for hemorrhagic giant AC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adrenal Gland Diseases/surgery , Adrenalectomy/methods , Cysts/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy , Adrenal Gland Diseases/diagnosis , Cysts/diagnosis
14.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(2): 178-183, 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015185

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Pseudocyst of the pinna is a rare condition that occurs when fluid accumulates in the intercartilagenous space of the auricle. The main goal when treating this condition is to keep acceptable cosmetic results with no recurrence rate. Objective: To demonstrate the superior impact of incision and drainage of auricular pseudocysts with the insertion of a catheter drain and daily irrigation as the treatment of this condition. Methods: A total of 42 patients with auricular pseudocysts were enrolled in the present study in the period between May 2011 and May 2017. All of the patients were treated with incision and drainage with compression. The average follow-up time reached ~ 6 months in all of the cases. Results: All of the patients had satisfactory cosmetic results with no recurrence and no complications. Conclusion: Among the different methods of surgical treatment of pseudocyst of the pinna, incision and drainage with daily irrigation is a significantly efficientmethod both for the eradication of auricular pseudocysts and for good cosmetic results (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cysts/surgery , Ear Cartilage , Ear Diseases/surgery , Drainage , Retrospective Studies , Cysts/blood supply , Cysts/pathology , Ear Cartilage/blood supply , Ear Diseases/pathology
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(5): 733-735, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949952

ABSTRACT

Abstract: We report a case of squamous cell carcinoma originated from a sacrococcygeal tailgut cyst in a 73-year-old female patient. Tailgut cysts are generally multilocal and have a layer of either columnar, squamous or transitional epithelium, or a combination of these. This case was treated with surgical excision and radiotherapy. Cancer presentation of a congenital abnormality in old age is a rare entity. This report is the first case of squamous cell carcinoma developing in a tailgut cyst without any synchronization, as an isolated (pure) pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Cysts/complications , Sacrococcygeal Region , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Cysts/surgery
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 826-830, July-Aug. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954088

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Prostatic utricle cyst is a rare congenital anomaly. Symptomatic cysts require treatment. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice, but is challenging due to close proximity to vas deferens, ejaculatory ducts, bladder, prostate, rectum and pelvic nerves. Complications include rectal injury, ureteral injury, impotence, infertility and faecal incontinence. We here report a rare complication in which bladder was accidentally removed during laparoscopic excision of prostatic utricle cyst. To best of our knowledge such a complication has never been reported previously. We also describe the possible cause of this accident and suggest ways to prevent this disastrous complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Diseases/surgery , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Cystectomy , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Cysts/surgery , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Prostatic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Urinary Bladder/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Intraoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging
17.
Rev. argent. cir ; 110(2): 111-113, jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-957905

ABSTRACT

Entre las complicaciones alejadas de las hernioplastias inguino-crurales, el pseudoquiste hemorrágico crónico, no ha sido referido en nuestro país. Se describen los métodos complementarios de imagenología para el diagnóstico y se destaca la resección quirúrgica como el tratamiento definitivo. Se concluye que esta complicación al igual que la inguinodinia y la recidiva herniaria influyen en el grado de satisfacción posoperatoria.


Among the long term complications of hernioplasty, chronic hemorrhagic pseudocyst has not been reported so far in our country. Complementary imaging methods for diagnosis are described and surgical resection is highlighted as the definitive treatment. It is concluded that this complication as well as inguinodynia and hernia recurrence influence the degree of postoperative satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Cysts/surgery , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects , Pelvis/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Hemorrhage/complications
19.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 77(3): 239-245, set. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902771

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los quistes de cuerda vocal son una causa relativamente frecuente de disfonía. Su origen es aún controversial, y su diagnóstico y manejo continúan siendo un desafío clínico. Objetivo: Exponer y analizar las características clínicas de los quistes de cuerda vocal en nuestra serie de pacientes. Material y método: Estudio retrospectivo descriptivo de los pacientes con diagnóstico de quiste de cuerda vocal atendidos en nuestro centro entre junio de 2012 y diciembre de 2015. Resultados: Se atendieron 44 pacientes con diagnóstico de quiste de cuerda vocal, lo que representa el 4,32% de las consultas en nuestro Centro de Voz. La mayoría de los pacientes fueron adultos, y de ellos el 68,29% correspondió a mujeres. El 34,1% de los pacientes fueron sometidos a tratamíento quirúrgico con técnica de microfonocirugía. El 75% de los pacientes operados presentó mejoría en patrón de onda mucosa videolaringoestroboscópica. Todos los pacientes en los que se disponía de encuestas de valoración subjetiva de la voz pre y posoperatorias demostraron mejoría vocal significativa. Conclusión: Los quistes de cuerda vocal son lesiones que afectan a niños y adultos. La videolaringoestroboscopía es clave en el diagnóstico de estas lesiones, y el tratamiento quirúrgico con microfonocirugía es efectiva en cuanto a resultados vocales desde el punto de vista anatómico y funcional.


Introduction: Vocal cord cysts are a relatively frequent cause of dysphonia. Their origin is still controversial, and their diagnosis and management continue to be a clinical challenge. Aim: To describe and analyze the clinical characteristics of vocal cord cysts in our series of patients. Material and method: Descriptive retrospective study of patients with diagnosis of vocal cord cyst attended in our center between June 2012 and December 2015. Results: 44 patients had the diagnosis of vocal cord cyst, which represents 4.32% of the patients that attended our Voice Center during that period. Most of the patients were adults, and among them 68.29% corresponded to women. 34.1% of the patients were submitted to surgical treatment with microphonosurgery technique. 75% of the surgical patients presented an improvement in the pattern of the videolaryngostroboscopic mucosal wave. All the patients in which pre and postsurgical subjective voice assessment polls were available, showed a significant voice improvement. Conclusion: Vocal cord cysts are lesions that affect both children and adults. The videolaryngostroboscopy evaluation is key in the diagnosis of these lesions, and the surgical treatment with microphonosurgery is effective in terms of anatomical and functional vocal results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Vocal Cords/surgery , Vocal Cords/pathology , Laryngeal Diseases/surgery , Laryngeal Diseases/pathology , Cysts/surgery , Cysts/pathology , Laryngeal Diseases/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Cysts/diagnosis , Stroboscopy , Dysphonia/etiology , Laryngoscopy , Microsurgery/methods
20.
Rev. chil. cir ; 69(4): 315-319, ago. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899608

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las lesiones quísticas esplénicas son poco frecuentes; pueden ser clasificadas en primarias y secundarias según la presencia de revestimiento epitelial. Los quistes parasitarios son provocados por especies de Equinococcus y su manejo es específico. Suelen ser lesiones asintomáticas y el tratamiento depende de su tamaño y de la aparición de manifestaciones clínicas. El abordaje quirúrgico tradicional ha sido la esplenectomía, pero con el reconocimiento de las complicaciones inmunológicas, han tenido auge las alternativas que conservan parénquima esplénico. Objetivo: Comunicar la experiencia en el manejo quirúrgico de esta enfermedad en nuestro centro. Resultados: Se presenta la serie de 11 casos de quistes esplénicos no parasitarios que recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico durante los últimos 15 años. La mayoría de las intervenciones fueron laparoscópicas y no se registró morbimortalidad. Discusión: En el tratamiento de los quistes del bazo no parasitarios actualmente se reconoce el valor de preservar parénquima y función esplénica. La esplenectomía, cirugía cuyo estándar actual es mediante laparoscopia, ha sido progresivamente desplazada por alternativas conservadoras. Las opciones terapéuticas dependen del desarrollo de síntomas, del tamaño y de la ubicación de las lesiones. Conclusiones: Los quistes esplénicos son poco frecuentes. Ante la necesidad de tratamiento quirúrgico el abordaje laparoscópico y las cirugías que conservan parénquima esplénico deberían ser de elección.


Introduction: Splenic cysts are rare. They have been classified in primary or secondary lesions based on the presence or absence of an epithelial lining. Parasitic cysts are caused by Echinococcus spp. and have a particular management. Splenic cysts are usually asymptomatic, treatment depends on the development of symptoms and diameter. Traditionally, splenectomy has been the standard surgery, but updated knowledge about the role of the spleen in preventing some infections has led to more conservative options. Objective: To report our experience in surgical management of the disease. Results: Our series includes 11 patients with non-parasitic splenic cysts treated surgically, during the last 15 years. Most were laparoscopic interventions and no morbidity or mortality was registered. Discussion: Surgical treatment for non-parasitic splenic cysts actually favours conservative techniques; salvage of the spleen whenever possible is fully justified based on updated knowledge of the role it plays in promoting protection against infection. Splenectomy, nowadays performed by laparoscopy, has been partially displaced. Treatment options depends on the cyst diameter, development of symptoms and localization. Conclusions: Splenic cysts are unfrequent. If surgical treatment is needed, laparoscopy and interventions conserving splenic parenchyma should be the election.


Subject(s)
Humans , Splenectomy/methods , Splenic Diseases/surgery , Laparoscopy , Cysts/surgery , Spleen/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Cysts/pathology
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