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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928092

ABSTRACT

Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta is one of the most commonly used medicinal materials in Mongolian medicine. Due to the strong toxicity of Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta, Mongolian medicine often uses Chebulae Fructus, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma to reduce the toxicity, so as to ensure the curative effect of Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta while ensuring its clinical curative effect, but the mechanism is not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Chebulae Fructus, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta on the mRNA transcription and protein translation of cytochrome P450(CYP450) in the liver of normal rats. Male SD rats were randomly divided into negative control(NC) group, phenobarbital(PB) group(0.08 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), Chebulae Fructus group(0.254 2 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma group(0.254 2 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta group(0.254 2 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1))and compatibility group(0.254 2 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1),taking Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta as the standard). After continuous administration for 8 days, the activities of total bile acid(TBA), alkaline phosphatase(ALP), amino-transferase(ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase(AST)in serum were detected, the pathological changes of liver tissue were observed, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of CYP1 A2, CYP2 C11 and CYP3 A1 were observed. Compared with the NC group, the serum ALP, ALT and AST activities in the Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta group were significantly increased, and the ALP, ALT and AST activities were decreased after compatibility. At the same time, compatibility could reduce the liver injury caused by Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta. The results showed that Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta could inhibit the expression of CYP1 A2, CYP2 C11 and CYP3 A1, and could up-regulate the expression of CYP1 A2, CYP2 C11 and CYP3 A1 when combined with Chebulae Fructus and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. The level of translation was consistent with that of transcription. The compatibility of Chebulae Fructus and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma with Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta could up-regulate the expression of CYP450 enzyme, reduce the accumulation time of aconitine in vivo, and play a role in reducing toxicity, and this effect may start from gene transcription.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza , Liver , Male , Plant Extracts , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Terminalia
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to assess the associations between maternal drug use, cytochrome P450 ( CYP450) genetic polymorphisms, and their interactions with the risk of congenital heart defects (CHDs) in offspring.@*METHODS@#A case-control study involving 569 mothers of CHD cases and 652 controls was conducted from November 2017 to January 2020.@*RESULTS@#After adjusting for potential confounding factors, the results show that mothers who used ovulatory drugs (adjusted odds ratio [a OR] = 2.12; 95% confidence interval [ CI]: 1.08-4.16), antidepressants (a OR = 2.56; 95% CI: 1.36-4.82), antiabortifacients (a OR = 1.55; 95% CI: 1.00-2.40), or traditional Chinese drugs (a OR = 1.97; 95% CI: 1.26-3.09) during pregnancy were at a significantly higher risk of CHDs in offspring. Maternal CYP450 genetic polymorphisms at rs1065852 (A/T vs. A/A: OR = 1.53, 95% CI: 1.10-2.14; T/T vs. A/A: OR = 1.57, 95% CI: 1.07-2.31) and rs16947 (G/G vs. C/C: OR = 3.41, 95% CI: 1.82-6.39) were also significantly associated with the risk of CHDs in offspring. Additionally, significant interactions were observed between the CYP450genetic variants and drug use on the development of CHDs.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In those of Chinese descent, ovulatory drugs, antidepressants, antiabortifacients, and traditional Chinese medicines may be associated with the risk of CHDs in offspring. Maternal CYP450 genes may regulate the effects of maternal drug exposure on fetal heart development.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics , Female , Genotype , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Polymorphism, Genetic , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/drug therapy
3.
Ciencia Tecnología y Salud ; 8(2): 220-231, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1353228

ABSTRACT

El uso de inhibidores de calcineurina, en particular de tacrolimus como terapia inmunosupresora se ha generalizado a nivel mundial, permitiendo mejorar la tasa de sobrevida del injerto y la calidad de vida del paciente trasplantado. Con el acceso a los estudios de farmacogenética, los grupos de trasplante a nivel mundial se han visto motivados a realizar estudios genéticos que permitan interpretar la influencia de polimorfismos de genes como mTOR, PPP3CA, FK BP1A, FKBP2, y FOXP3, sin embargo, los más estudiados en la población trasplantada para optimizar la dosis de tacrolimus y ciclosporina son los polimorfismos del citocromo p450, CYP3A4 y CYP3A5.El objetivo de la presente revisión narrativa es examinar publicaciones recientes que estudien la relación entre el polimorfismo de CYP3A4/5 y el metabolismo de tacrolimus en pacientes trasplantados renales.Se revisó literatura reciente extraída de los sitios NCBI PubMed y PharmGKB.org en la que se hubiera investigado la influencia de los polimorfismos de CYP3A4/5 en el metabolismo de tacrolimus en trasplantados renales. Se identificó variaciones genéticas de CYP3A4/5 en pacientes trasplantados tratados con tacrolimus que permitirán a los médicos trasplantólogos dosificar de manera precisa el inmunosupresor. El uso de análisis farmacogenéticos permite determinar las variables genéticas del CYP3A4/5, y por lo tanto la toma de decisiones personalizadas en la dosis de inicio y de mantenimiento del inmunosupresor tacrolimus para alcanzar los niveles óptimos y con ello disminuir el riesgo de rechazo, de infecciones asociadas a inmunosupresión, y de toxicidad por el medicamento.


The use of the calcineurin inhibitor tacrolimus as immunosuppressive therapy, has become widespread world-wide, improving the graft's survival rate and the quality of life of the transplanted patient. With access to pharmacogenetic studies, transplant groups worldwide have been motivated to conduct genetic studies to inter-pret the influence of polymorphisms of genes such asmTOR, PPP3CA, FK BP1A, FKBP2, and FOXP3, however the most studied in the transplanted population to optimize the dose of tacrolimus and cyclosporine are those of cytochrome p450,CYP3A4 and CYP3A5. The objective of this narrative review is to examine recent publications studying the relationship betweenCYP3A4/5polymorphism, and tacrolimus metabolism in renal transplant patients. Literature extracted from the NCBI PubMed site and PharmGKB.org, from the past five years, which investigated the influence ofCYP3A4/5polymorphism on tacrolimus metabolism in renal transplants had been reviewed. Genetic variations ofCYP3A4/5 were identified in transplant patients treated with tacrolimus that will allow transplant physicians to dose the immunosuppressant accurately. The use of pharmacogenetic analyses makes it possible to determine the genetic polymorphisms ofCYP3A4/5, and therefore the decision-making cus-tomized at the starting and maintenance dose of the tacrolimus immunosuppressant to achieve optimal levels and thereby reduce the risk of rejection, immunosuppression-associated infections, and drug toxicity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmacogenetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Kidney Transplantation , Tacrolimus , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A/drug effects , Immunosuppression Therapy/adverse effects , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Prescription Drugs/toxicity , Calcineurin Inhibitors
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888176

ABSTRACT

Leaves of Euryale ferox are rich in anthocyanins. Anthocyanin synthesis is one of the important branches of the flavonoid synthesis pathway, in which flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase(F3'H) can participate in the formation of important intermediate products of anthocyanin synthesis. According to the data of E. ferox transcriptome, F3'H cDNA sequence was cloned in the leaves of E. ferox and named as EfF3'H. The correlation between EfF3'H gene expression and synthesis of flavonoids was analyzed by a series of bioinforma-tics tools and qRT-PCR. Moreover, the biological function of EfF3'H was verified by the heterologous expression in yeast. Our results showed that EfF3'H comprised a 1 566 bp open reading frame which encoded a hydrophilic transmembrane protein composed of 521 amino acid residues. It was predicted to be located in the plasma membrane. Combined with predictive analysis of conserved domains, this protein belongs to the cytochrome P450(CYP450) superfamily. The qRT-PCR results revealed that the expression level of EfF3'H was significantly different among different cultivars and was highly correlated with the content of related flavonoids in the leaves. Eukaryotic expression studies showed that EfF3'H protein had the biological activity of converting kaempferol to quercetin. In this study, EfF3'H cDNA was cloned from the leaves of E. ferox for the first time, and the biological function of the protein was verified. It provi-ded a scientific basis for further utilizing the leaves of E. ferox and laid a foundation for the further analysis of the biosynthesis pathway of flavonoids in medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
Anthocyanins , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/metabolism , Plant Leaves/metabolism , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Transcriptome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888069

ABSTRACT

Sanguinarine is the main active component of the Papaver plants, and protopine-6-hydroxylase(P6 H), involved in the sanguinarine biosynthetic pathway, can oxidize protopine to 6-hydroxyprotopine. The investigation on the diversity of P6 H genes in the medicinal Papaver plants contributes to the acquirement of P6 H with high activity to increase the biosynthesis of sanguinarine. Five P6 H genes in P. somniferum, P. orientale, and P. rhoeas were discovered based on the re-sequencing data of the Papaver species, followed by bioinformatics analysis. With the elongation factor 1α(EF-1α), which exhibits stable expression in the root and stem, as the internal reference gene, the transcription levels of P6H genes in roots and stems of the Papaver plants were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. As indicated by the re-sequencing results, there were two genotypes of P6H in P. somniferum and P. orientale, respectively, and only one in P. rhoeas. The bioinformatics analysis showed that the P6 H proteins of the three Papaver plants contained the conserved domain cl12078, which is the characteristic of p450 supergene family, and transmembrane regions. The existence of signal peptide remained verification. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR results revealed that the transcription level of P6 H in roots of P. somniferum was about 1.44 times of that in stems(α=0.05). The present study confirmed genetic diversity of P6 H in the three medicinal Papaver plants, which lays a basis for the research on the biosynthesis pathway and mechanism of sanguinarine in Papaver species.


Subject(s)
Benzophenanthridines , Berberine Alkaloids , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics , Genetic Variation , Papaver/genetics
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 631-645, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887698

ABSTRACT

Arachidonic acids (AA) widely exist in multiple organs and can be metabolized into small lipid molecules with strong biological functions through several pathways. Among them, epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) and 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), which are produced by cytochrome P450 enzymes, have attracted a lot of attentions, especially in vascular homeostasis. The regulation of vascular function is the foundation of vascular homeostasis, which is mainly achieved by manipulating the vascular structure and biological function. In the past 30 years, the roles of EETs and 20-HETE in the regulation of vascular function have been widely explored. In this review, we discussed the effects of EETs and 20-HETE on angiogenesis and vascular inflammation, respectively. Generally, EETs can dilate blood vessels and inhibit vascular inflammation, while 20-HETE can induce vasoconstriction and vascular inflammation. Interestingly, both EETs and 20-HETE can promote angiogenesis. In addition, the roles of EETs and 20-HETE in several vascular diseases, such as hypertension and cardiac ischemia, were discussed. Finally, the therapeutic perspectives of EETs and 20-HETE for vascular diseases were also summarized.


Subject(s)
Arachidonic Acid , Arachidonic Acids , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Humans , Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acids , Hypertension , Vasoconstriction
7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 617-630, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887697

ABSTRACT

The morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases are increasing annually, which is one of the primary causes of human death. Recent studies have shown that epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), endogenous metabolites of arachidonic acid (AA) via CYP450 epoxygenase, possess a spectrum of protective properties in cardiovascular system. EETs not only alleviate cardiac remodeling and injury in different pathological models, but also improve subsequent hemodynamic disturbances and cardiac dysfunction. Meanwhile, various studies have demonstrated that EETs, as endothelial-derived hyperpolarizing factors, regulate vascular tone by activating various ion channels on endothelium and smooth muscle, which in turn can lower blood pressure, improve coronary blood flow and regulate pulmonary artery pressure. In addition, EETs are protective in endothelium, including inhibiting inflammation and adhesion of endothelial cells, attenuating platelet aggregation, promoting fibrinolysis and revascularization. EETs can also prevent aortic remodeling, including attenuating atherosclerosis, adventitial remodeling, and aortic calcification. Therefore, it is clinically important to study the physiological and pathophysiological effects of EETs in the cardiovascular system to further elucidate the mechanisms, as well as provide new strategy for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. This review summarizes the endogenous cardioprotective effects and mechanisms of EETs in order to provide a new insight for research in this field.


Subject(s)
8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid/pharmacology , Cardiovascular System , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Eicosanoids , Endothelial Cells , Humans
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 606-616, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887696

ABSTRACT

Eicosanoids are oxidized derivatives of 20-carbon polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). In recent years, the role and mechanism of eicosanoids in cardiovascular diseases have attracted extensive attention. Substrate PUFAs including arachidonic acid are metabolized by cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase, cytochrome P450 oxidase enzymes, or non-enzymatic auto-oxidation. Eicosanoid metabolomics is an effective approach to study the complex metabolic network of eicosanoids. In this review, we discussed the biosynthesis and functional activities of eicosanoids, the strategies of eicosanoid metabolomics, and applications and research progress of eicosanoid metabolomics in cardiovascular diseases, which might offer new insights and strategies for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Arachidonic Acid , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Eicosanoids , Humans , Metabolomics
9.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 20(2): 467-471, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136441

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: the present study aimed to evaluate the association between the rs1799998 polymorphism of the CYP11B2 gene and the susceptibility to preeclampsia (PE) in a Brazilian population. Methods: the study group comprised 61 women who were diagnosed with PE. The control group included 116 women who did not show changes in their blood pressure levels during their pregnancies. The rs1799998 polymorphism of the CYP11B2 gene was amplified by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed using the SNPStat program to evaluate the risk of the CYP11B2 gene rs1799998 polymorphism contributing to PE. Results: the PE group had the following genotypes: 1.64% CC, 91.80% CT, and 6.56% TT. In the control group, the observed genotypic frequencies were: 11% CC, 73% CT, and 16% TT. The genotypic frequency distribution did not fit the Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) in either study group. The multiple logistic regression analysis showed a statistically significant difference for the rs1799998 polymorphism in the recessive model. Conclusion: the results suggest an association between the recessive model of C/C genotype of the rs1799998 polymorphism of the CYP11B2 gene and susceptibility to PE.


Resumo Objetivos: avaliar a associação entre o polimorfismo rs1799998 do gene CYP11B2 e a suscetibilidade à PE em uma população brasileira. Métodos: participaram desse estudo 61 mulheres com PE e 116 mulheres normotensas. O polimorfismo rs1799998 do gene CYP11B2 foi amplificado por PCR alelo-específica. O risco do polimorfismo rs1799998 do gene CYP11B2 contribuir com a PE foi avaliado pela análise de regressão logística múltipla. Resultados: as frequências genotípicas observadas foram 1.64% CC, 91.80% CT e 6.56% TT no grupo PE e 11%CC, 73%CT e 16%TT grupo controle. A distribuição da frequência genotípica não estava em Equilíbrio de Hardy Weinberg em nenhum dos grupos estudados. A análise de regressão logística múltipla demonstrou diferença estatisticamente significativa para o polimorfismo rs1799998 no modelo recessivo. Conclusão: o presente trabalho sugere associação do genótipo C/C no modelo recessivo, do polimorfismo rs1799998 do gene CYP11B2 com a suscetibilidade a PE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Polymorphism, Genetic , Pre-Eclampsia/genetics , Cytochrome P-450 CYP11B2 , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Brazil , Genetic Markers , Logistic Models , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetic Profile
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(1): 25-31, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088722

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Cytochrome P450 2J2 is mostly expressed in extrahepatic tissues; it metabolizes arachidonic acid to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids, with various cardio protective and anti-inflammatory effects. CYP2J2 polymorphism has been identified as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, but its association with psoriasis remains unknown. Objective: To evaluate CYP2J2 polymorphism as a risk factor for psoriasis in the Turkish population. Methods: There were 94 patients with psoriasis and 100 age- and sex-matched healthy controls included in the study. Detailed demographic and clinical characteristics were recorded, and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) scores were calculated for psoriasis patients. Venous blood samples were collected from all the participants and CYP2J2 50G>T (rs890293) polymorphism was analyzed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: Both T allele and TT + GT genotype frequencies were increased in psoriasis vulgaris patients compared to the control group (p = 0.024 and p = 0.029 respectively, OR = 2.82, 95% CI: 1.11-7.15) No association between CYP2J2 polymorphism and clinical features of psoriasis was identified. Study limitations: A limited number of patients were included in the study. Conclusion: CYP2J2 50G>T (rs890293) polymorphism was associated with an increased risk for PsV in the Turkish population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Polymorphism, Genetic , Psoriasis/genetics , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics , Turkey , Cardiovascular Diseases/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Age of Onset , Statistics, Nonparametric , Genetic Association Studies , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Middle Aged
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1346-1355, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826842

ABSTRACT

Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases as powerful biocatalysts catalyze a wide range of chemical reactions to facilitate exogenous substances metabolism and biosynthesis of natural products. In order to explore new catalytic reactions and increase the number of P450 biocatalysts used in synthetic biology, a new self-sufficient cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (P450(VpMO)), belongs to CYP116B class, was mined from Variovorax paradoxus S110 genome and expressed in Escherichia coli. Based on characterization of the enzymatic properties, it shows that the optimal pH and temperature for P450(VpMO) reaction activity are 8.0 and 45 °C, respectively. P450(VpMO) is relatively stable at temperatures below 35 °C. The Km and kcat of P450(VpMO) toward 4-Methoxyacetophenone are 0.458 mmol/L and 2.438 min⁻¹, respectively. Importantly, P450(VpMO) was able to catalyze the demethylation reaction for a range of substrates containing methoxy group. Its demethylation reactivity is reasonably better than other P450s belongs to CYP116B class, particularly, for 4-methoxyacetophenone with a great conversion efficiency at 91%, showing that P450(VpMO) could be used as a great biocatalyst candidate for further analysis.


Subject(s)
Catalysis , Comamonadaceae , Genetics , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Synthetic Biology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828429

ABSTRACT

In this study, based on the transcriptome database of suspension cells of Arnebia euchroma, we explored two candidate cytochrome P450 enzyme genes that might relate to the shikonin biosynthesis downstream pathway when CYP76B74 sequence was referenced. We constructed interference-type hairy roots of candidate genes and cultured them. We measured the fresh weight, dry weight, total naphthoquinone content, shikonin and its derivatives content and expression levels of key enzyme genes involved in shikonin biosynthesis pathway. The effects of candidate genes on the growth and shikonin production of A. euchroma hairy roots were discussed, and the possible regulatory mechanisms that candidate genes affected shikonin synthesis were discussed. Through local Blast and phylogenetic analysis, two candidate CYP450 genes(CYP76B75 and CYP76B100) with high homology to CYP76B74 in A. euchroma were screened, and corresponding interference hairy roots were constructed. Compared with the control(RNAi-control), the fresh weight of CYP76B75 interfered hairy root(RNAi-CYP76B75) and CYP76B100 interfered hairy root(RNAi-CYP76B100) were significantly reduced, while dry weight were not affected, so the dry rate increased significantly. Except for β-acetoxyisovalerylalkannin, which is high in three groups of hairy roots, the contents of shikonin, deoxyshikonin, acetylshikonin, β,β'-dimethacrylicalkannin, β-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin,β-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin, isobutyrylshikonin and total naphthoquinones showed a consistent pattern: RNAi-CYP76B75>RNAi-CYP76B100>RNAi-control. Among them, the synthesis of β-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin was most significantly promoted by interfering with the expression of CYP76B75. The content of β-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin in RNAi-CYP76B75 was 11.7 times that of RNAi-control. RESULTS:: of real-time qPCR analysis showed that compared to RNAi-control, the expression levels of AePGT gene in RNAi-CYP76B75 and RNAi-CYP76B100 were not changed significantly, and the expression levels of CYP76B74 and AeHMGR were up-regulated. In addition, the expression level of CYP76B100 in RNAi-CYP76B75 was down-regulated, whereas in RNAi-CYP76B100, the expression of CYP76B75 was significantly up-regulated. Therefore, this study confirmed that when the expression of CYP76B75 and CYP76B100 were interrupted, the growth of hairy roots were suppressed, but the synthesis of shikonin were promoted. They might increase the shikonin biosynthesis by up-regulating the expression of CYP76B74 in the hairy roots of A. euchroma.


Subject(s)
Boraginaceae , Genetics , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Naphthoquinones , Phylogeny , Plant Roots , RNA , RNA Interference
13.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 23(6): 381-387, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089317

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Setting: Treatment of tuberculosis (TB) can result in Drug-Induced Liver Injury (DILI) since hepatotoxic metabolites are formed during the biotransformation of isoniazid (INH).DILI can be related to the genetic profile of the patient. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the CYP2E1 gene and GSTM1 and GSTT1 deletion polymorphisms have been associated with adverse events caused by INH. Objective: To characterize the genetic polymorphisms of CYP2E1, GSTT1 and GSTM1 in TB carriers. Design: This is an observational prospective cohort study of 45 patients undergoing treatment of TB. PCR-RFLP and multiplex-PCR were used. Results: The distribution of genotypic frequency in the promoter region (CYP2E1 gene) was: 98% wild genotype and 2% heterozygous. Intronic region: 78% wild genotype; 20% heterozygous and 2% homozygous variant. GST enzyme genes: 24% Null GSTM1 and 22% Null GSTT1. Patients with any variant allele of the CYP2E1 gene were grouped in the statistical analyses. Conclusion: Patients with the CYP2E1 variant genotype or Null GSTT1 showed higher risk of presenting DILI (p = 0.09; OR: 4.57; 95% CI: 0.75-27.6). Individuals with both genotypes had no increased risk compared to individuals with one genotype.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/genetics , Antitubercular Agents/adverse effects , Polymorphism, Genetic , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/enzymology , Prospective Studies , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/enzymology , Cytochrome P450 Family 2 , Genotype , Liver/drug effects , Liver/enzymology , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use
14.
Gut and Liver ; : 450-460, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763854

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: For the clinical application of stem cell therapy, functional enhancement is needed to increase the survival rate and the engraftment rate. The purpose of this study was to investigate functional enhancement of the paracrine effect using stem cells and hepatocyte-like cells and to minimize stem cell homing by using a scaffold system in a liver disease model. METHODS: A microporator was used to overexpress Foxa2 in adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs), which were cultured in a poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) scaffold. Later, the ADSCs were cultured in hepatic differentiation medium for 2 weeks by a 3-step method. For in vivo experiments, Foxa2-overexpressing ADSCs were loaded in the scaffold, cultured in hepatic differentiation medium and later were implanted in the dorsa of nude mice subjected to acute liver injury (thioacetamide intraperitoneal injection). RESULTS: Foxa2-overexpressing ADSCs showed greater increases in hepatocyte-specific gene markers (alpha fetoprotein [AFP], cytokeratin 18 [CK18], and albumin), cytoplasmic glycogen storage, and cytochrome P450 expression than cells that underwent the conventional differentiation method. In vivo experiments using the nude mouse model showed that 2 weeks after scaffold implantation, the mRNA expression of AFP, CK18, dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (CD26), and connexin 32 (CX32) was higher in the Foxa2-overexpressing ADSCs group than in the ADSCs group. The Foxa2-overexpressing ADSCs scaffold treatment group showed attenuated liver injury without stem cell homing in the thioacetamide-induced acute liver injury model. CONCLUSIONS: Foxa2-overexpressing ADSCs applied in a scaffold system enhanced hepatocyte-like differentiation and attenuated acute liver damage in an acute liver injury model without homing effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Cytoplasm , Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 , Fetal Proteins , Glycogen , Keratin-18 , Liver Diseases , Liver Failure, Acute , Liver , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Methods , Mice , Mice, Nude , RNA, Messenger , Stem Cells , Survival Rate
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763043

ABSTRACT

Human cytochrome P450 2C9 is a highly polymorphic enzyme that is required for drug and xenobiotic metabolism. Here, we studied eleven P450 2C9 genetic variants—including three novel variants F69S, L310V, and Q324X—that were clinically identified in Korean patients. P450 2C9 variant enzymes were expressed in Escherichia coli and their bicistronic membrane fractions were prepared The CO-binding spectra were obtained for nine enzyme variants, indicating P450 holoenzymes, but not for the M02 (L90P) variant. The M11 (Q324X) variant could not be expressed due to an early nonsense mutation. LC-MS/MS analysis was performed to measure the catalytic activities of the P450 2C9 variants, using diclofenac as a substrate. Steady-state kinetic analysis revealed that the catalytic efficiency of all nine P450 2C9 variants was lower than that of the wild type P450 2C9 enzyme. The M05 (R150L) and M06 (P279T) variants showed high k(cat) values; however, their K(m) values were also high. As the M01 (F69S), M03 (R124Q), M04 (R125H), M08 (I359L), M09 (I359T), and M10 (A477T) variants exhibited higher K(m) and lower k(cat) values than that of the wild type enzyme, their catalytic efficiency decreased by approximately 50-fold compared to the wild type enzyme. Furthermore, the novel variant M07 (L310V) showed lower k(cat) and K(m) values than the wild type enzyme, which resulted in its decreased (80%) catalytic efficiency. The X-ray crystal structure of P450 2C9 revealed the presence of mutations in the residues surrounding the substrate-binding cavity. Functional characterization of these genetic variants can help understand the pharmacogenetic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Cytochromes , Diclofenac , Escherichia coli , Holoenzymes , Humans , Membranes , Metabolism , Pharmacogenetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773677

ABSTRACT

Cytochrome P450 family is a kind of biocatalyst widely existing in nature. It has many functions such as catalyzing the biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites and regulating phytoremediation. Based on the analysis of proteome data of Tripterygium wilfordii,the CYP450 gene of T. wilfordii was preliminarily analyzed and predicted by various bioinformatics methods. The results showed that after the expression of T. wilfordii suspension cells was induced by methyl jasmonate,the proteomic data of T. wilfordii were obtained and analyzed,and 10 CYP450 proteins of T. wilfordii were finally screened out. By analyzing the phylogenetic tree constructed with CYP450 gene of Arabidopsis family,the 10 CYP450 proteins were clustered into 6 different CYP450 families. The physical and chemical properties of CYP450 proteins in different families were different. The secondary structure of CYP450 proteins was mainly composed of irregular curls. Eight subcellular localization results of CYP450 proteins were chloroplasts and the rest were plastids. Subsequently,the conserved domains( heme active sites) shared by CYP450 genes were found by analyzing the results of multiple sequence alignment. Finally,by analyzing the transcriptome data of T. wilfordii,the expression distribution of T. wilfordii in different tissues was preliminarily confirmed,which verified its correlation with the biosynthesis of active components of T. wilfordii,and provided important genetic resources for the analysis of biosynthesis pathway of active components of T. wilfordii.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Chemistry , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Chemistry , Proteomics , Tissue Distribution , Tripterygium
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773236

ABSTRACT

Tanshinones are abietane-type norditerpenoid quinones that make up the main bioactive ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza. Cytochrome CYP450 plays an important role in the post-structural modification of tanshinone biosynthesis pathway. Long non-coding RNA( lncRNA) have been defined as transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides,which have been functionally characterized in regulating the growth and development,secondary metabolism and stress of medicinal plants. In this study,we perform a comprehensive identification of lncRNAs in response to tanshinone metabolism induced by yeast extract( YE) and Ag~+ S. miltiorrhiza hairy roots. Deep RNA sequencing was used to identify a set of different 8 942 lncRNAs,of which 6 755 were intergenic lncRNAs. We predicted a total of 1 115 814 lncRNA-coding gene pairs,including 122 lncRNA-coding gene as cis pairs. The correlation analysis between lncRNA and CYP450 related to tanshinone biosynthesis was carried out and a total of 16 249 lncRNA-CYP450 target gene pairs were identified. Further analysis with functional known CYP76 AH1,CYP76 AH3 and CYP76 AK1 involved in tanshinone biosynthesis,we also identified a set of 216 target genes. These candidate genes will be the important target in the downstream regulation mechanism analysis of the tanshinone biosynthesis pathway.


Subject(s)
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Genetics , Abietanes , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Roots , RNA, Long Noncoding , Genetics , RNA, Plant , Genetics , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Genetics
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776900

ABSTRACT

Anemone flaccida Fr. Schmidt is a perennial medicinal herb that contains pentacyclic triterpenoid saponins as the major bioactive constituents. In China, the rhizomes are used as treatments for a variety of ailments including arthritis. However, yields of the saponins are low, and little is known about the plant's genetic background or phytohormonal responsiveness. Using one-quarter of the 454 pyrosequencing information from the Roche GS FLX Titanium platform, we performed a transcriptomic analysis to identify 157 genes putatively encoding 26 enzymes involved in the synthesis of the bioactive compounds. It was revealed that there are two biosynthetic pathways of triterpene saponins in A. flaccida. One pathway depends on β-amyrin synthase and is similar to that found in other plants. The second, subsidiary ("backburner") pathway is catalyzed by camelliol C synthase and yields β-amyrin as minor byproduct. Both pathways used cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases (CYPs) and family 1 uridine diphosphate glycosyltransferases (UGTs) to modify the triterpenoid backbone. The expression of CYPs and UGTs were quite different in roots treated with the phytohormones methyl jasmonate, salicylic acid and indole-3-acetic acid. This study provides the first large-scale transcriptional dataset for the biosynthetic pathways of triterpene saponins and their phytohormonal responsiveness in the genus Anemone.


Subject(s)
Anemone , Genetics , Metabolism , Biosynthetic Pathways , Genetics , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Glycosyltransferases , Genetics , Metabolism , Oleanolic Acid , Metabolism , Plant Growth Regulators , Pharmacology , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Plants, Medicinal , Rhizome , Genetics , Metabolism , Saponins , Metabolism , Triterpenes , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776751

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child affected with multiple malformations.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from the child and her parents. Tro whole exome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis were carried out. Suspicted mutations were verified by PCR and Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The patient, a 2-year-old girl, presented with multiple malformations including dysmorphism, skeletal malformations and ambigulous genitalia. Through genetic testing, she was diagnosed with Antley-Bixler syndrome caused by compound heterozygous mutations of the POR gene (c.919G>T and c.1615G>A), which were derived from her mother and father, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous mutations of the POR gene probably underlie the Antley-Bixler syndrome in this patient.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple , Genetics , Antley-Bixler Syndrome Phenotype , Genetics , Child, Preschool , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Genetics , Female , Humans , Mutation , Whole Exome Sequencing
20.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(4): 749-756, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974295

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Pyrene and benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) are high molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) recalcitrant to microbial attack. Although studies related to the microbial degradation of PAHs have been carried out in the last decades, little is known about degradation of these environmental pollutants by fungi from marine origin. Therefore, this study aimed to select one PAHs degrader among three marine-derived basidiomycete fungi and to study its pyrene detoxification/degradation. Marasmiellus sp. CBMAI 1062 showed higher levels of pyrene and BaP degradation and was subjected to studies related to pyrene degradation optimization using experimental design, acute toxicity, organic carbon removal (TOC), and metabolite evaluation. The experimental design resulted in an efficient pyrene degradation, reducing the experiment time while the PAH concentration applied in the assays was increased. The selected fungus was able to degrade almost 100% of pyrene (0.08 mg mL-1) after 48 h of incubation under saline condition, without generating toxic compounds and with a TOC reduction of 17%. Intermediate metabolites of pyrene degradation were identified, suggesting that the fungus degraded the compound via the cytochrome P450 system and epoxide hydrolases. These results highlight the relevance of marine-derived fungi in the field of PAH bioremediation, adding value to the blue biotechnology.


Subject(s)
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons/metabolism , Seawater/microbiology , Basidiomycota/metabolism , Phylogeny , Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons/chemistry , Pyrenes/metabolism , Pyrenes/chemistry , Basidiomycota/isolation & purification , Basidiomycota/classification , Basidiomycota/genetics , Benzo(a)pyrene/metabolism , Benzo(a)pyrene/chemistry , Biodegradation, Environmental , Fungal Proteins/genetics , Fungal Proteins/metabolism , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/metabolism
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