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2.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(2): e1255, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280373

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las adenopatías, linfadenopatías o linfoadenomegalias constituyen causas frecuentes de consulta pediátrica. Estas entidades nosológicas pueden variar desde infecciones benignas transitorias hasta procesos malignos como linfoma, metástasis de tumores y otros. Objetivo: Describir un caso clínico con un síndrome adénico que por las características semiológicas sugería un proceso oncoproliferativo y los resultados de los estudios complementarios confirmaron un proceso infeccioso causado por Toxoplasma gondii. Presentación de caso: Adolescente femenina de 11 años de edad, eutrófica, con antecedentes personales de salud. Ingresó en el Hospital Pediátrico Universitario "William Soler " por presentar aumento de volumen en la región cérvico-lateral derecha. Al examen físico se palpó una adenopatía de aproximadamente 2 x 3 cm de diámetro, dura, inmóvil, no dolorosa, sin signos de inflamación, no adherida a planos profundos; evolutivamente, apareció otra adenopatía en posición cervical derecha baja, de iguales características. Se indicó hemograma, velocidad de sedimentación globular, proteína C reactiva, transaminasas, glicemia, proteínas totales, albúmina, triglicéridos, colesterol, marcadores tumorales, ecografía, rayos X de tórax, serología para detectar anticuerpos anti citomegalovirus, virus de inmunodeficiencia humana y Toxoplasma gondii. Se realizó, además, biopsia para estudio por anatomía patológica y biología molecular. Se concluyó el caso como un síndrome adénico de etiología toxoplásmica. Conclusiones: En pacientes adolescentes con adenopatías cervicales, independientemente de tamaño, tiempo de evolución y consistencia, se debe realizar diagnóstico diferencial por infección por Toxoplasma gondii, teniendo en cuenta que las adenopatías causadas por este parásito pueden tener algunas características similares a las ocasionadas por procesos oncoproliferativos que pueden presentarse a esta edad(AU)


Introduction: Adenopathies, lymphadenopathies or lymphadenomegalies are common causes of pediatric consultation. These nosological entities can range from transient benign infections to malignant processes such as lymphoma, tumor metastases, and others. Objective: Describe a clinical case with an adenic syndrome that from the semiological characteristics suggested an onco-proliferative process and the results of the complementary studies confirmed an infectious process caused by Toxoplasma gondii. Case presentation: 11-year-old female adolescent, eutrophic, with a personal health history. She was admitted at "William Soler" University Pediatric Hospital after presenting volume increase in the right lateral cervical region. An adenopathy of approximately 2 x 3 cm in diameter, hard, motionless, non-painful, with no signs of inflammation, not attached to deep planes was found at the physical examination; in the evolution, another adenopathy appeared in a lower right cervical position, with equal characteristics. Blood counts, globular sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, transaminases, glycemia, total proteins, albumin, triglycerides, cholesterol, tumor markers, ultrasound, chest x-rays, serology for anti-cytomegalovirus antibodies, human immunodeficiency virus and Toxoplasma gondii tests were indicated. Biopsy was also performed for study by pathological anatomy and molecular biology. The case was concluded as an adenic toxoplasmic syndrome. Conclusions: In adolescent patients with cervical adenopathies, regardless of size, evolution time and consistency, differential diagnosis for Toxoplasma gondii infection should be made, taking into account that adenopathies caused by this parasite may have some characteristics similar to those caused by onco-proliferative processes that may occur at this age(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Biopsy , Biomarkers, Tumor , Cytomegalovirus , Molecular Biology
3.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 63-66, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251549

ABSTRACT

Resumen La atresia biliar asociada con inmunoglobulina M (IgM) positiva para citomegalovirus (CMV) es una entidad infrecuente que se caracteriza por la obliteración inflamatoria progresiva de los conductos intra- o extrahepáticos producida por una reacción autoinmune perinatal contra el CMV. El diagnóstico se realiza con IgM positiva para CMV y biopsia hepática con evidencia de atresia de las vías biliares. El conocimiento y la identificación temprana de esta patología conduce a un manejo quirúrgico temprano, mejorando considerablemente el pronóstico de estos pacientes. Se presenta un caso clínico de una paciente de 82 días de edad con un cuadro de acolia, coluria e ictericia de inicio tardío, asociado con hiperbilirrubinemia a expensas de la directa, elevación de perfil hepático e IgM positiva para CMV. La colangiorresonancia intraoperatoria confirmó el cuadro de atresia de las vías biliares. Se realizó una derivación biliodigestiva tipo Kasai y la toma de biopsia hepática que confirmó el cuadro clínico.


Abstract Biliary atresia associated with positive cytomegalovirus IgM results is a rare condition characterized by progressive inflammatory obliteration of the intra- or extrahepatic ducts. It is caused by a perinatal autoimmune reaction against cytomegalovirus (CMV). Diagnosis is made based on positive IgM for CMV and liver biopsy with evidence of bile duct atresia. Knowledge and timely identification of this disease leads to early surgical management, considerably improving the prognosis of these patients. This is the clinical case of an 82-day-old female patient with late-onset acholia, choluria, and jaundice, associated with conjugated hyperbilirubinemia, elevated liver function tests and positive CMV IgM results. Intraoperative cholangioresonance confirmed bile duct atresia. The Kasai procedure was performed, and a liver biopsy was taken, confirming the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Biliary Atresia , Cytomegalovirus , Jaundice
4.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(1): e1279, ene.-mar. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251719

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La infección por citomegalovirus es muy frecuente en pacientes sometidos a trasplante de progenitores hematopoyéticos, debido a tratamientos mieloablativos de acondicionamiento, disparidad genética y al tratamiento inmunosupresor, y ocurre fundamentalmente después de la toma del implante. Objetivos: Actualizar el diagnóstico, manejo y seguimiento de la infección por citomegalovirus en pacientes trasplantados. Métodos: Se realizó revisión bibliográfica en los idiomas español e inglés, utilizando los motores de búsqueda de Pubmed, Google Académico y Scielo sobre el diagnóstico y manejo del citomegalovirus en pacientes receptores de trasplante hematopoyético. Análisis y síntesis de la información: Se recolectó y organizó la información obtenida siguiendo cronológicamente el surgimiento de técnicas para diagnóstico y la aparición de nuevos medicamentos en los últimos años. Se seleccionaron artículos recientes de expertos en el tema en revistas prestigiosas, donde se evidencia la importancia del diagnóstico adelantado y el inicio del tratamiento. Conclusiones: En la actualidad se cuenta con nuevas formas de diagnóstico y medicamentos novedosos para el citomegalovirus, pero la mortalidad puede llegar a ser alta, si el paciente no es tratado antes de que aparezcan los síntomas de la enfermedad e incluso a pesar del tratamiento. En ocasiones, no es posible erradicar el virus, lo que lleva a complicaciones importantes y a la muerte. La enfermedad citomegálica continúa siendo una complicación frecuente en estos pacientes a pesar de las medidas para evitar su reactivación(AU)


Introduction: Cytomegalovirus infection is very common in patients undergoing hematopoietic progenitor transplantation, due to myeloablative conditioning treatments, genetic disparity, and immunosuppressive treatment, and occurs mainly after the engrafment. Objective: A review and update of the diagnosis and management of cytomegalovirus is made in hematopoietic transplant recipients. Method: A bibliographic review was carried out in Spanish and English, using the search engines of Pubmed, Scholar Google and Scielo about the diagnosis and management of cytomegalovirus in hematopoietic transplant recipients. Development: The information obtained was collected and organized chronologically about the emergence of techniques for diagnosis and the appearance of new drugs in recent years. Recent articles by experts in prestigious journals were reviewed and the importance of early diagnosis and initiation of treatment is evidenced. Conclusions: There are currently new forms of diagnosis and novel medications, but mortality can be high, if the patient is not treated before the symptoms of the disease appear and even despite treatment, sometimes it is not possible to eradicate the virus, leading to major complications and death. Cytomegalic disease continues to be a frequent complication in these patients despite measures to prevent virus reactivation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytomegalovirus Infections/complications , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnosis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Cytomegalovirus , Early Diagnosis , Transplant Recipients
5.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 28(1): 57-63, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341361

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein en el adulto es un reto diagnóstico. Su baja incidencia y su sintomatología poco específica configuran un cuadro clínico que puede pasar desapercibido en diversas ocasiones o solaparse bajo el peso de diferentes sospechas diagnósticas. La púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein no es un cuadro de espectro único. Se considera un grupo de enfermedades de manifestación heterogénea con un eje patogénico común dado por el hallazgo de inflamación de la pared en vasos de pequeño calibre mediada por complejos inmunes. Este es el caso de un paciente de 70 arios quien cursa con un cuadro compatible con púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein, de inicio tardío, caracterizada por su difícil manejo y constantes recaídas. a pesar del uso cuidadoso de las pautas terapéuticas establecidas por los consensos actuales. En este paciente se documentó, de forma concomitante, una infección por citomegalovirus que al recibir tratamiento permitió el control adecuado de síntomas. Adicionalmente, este paciente presentaba una linfocitopenia que parecía ser secundaria a la infección viral.


ABSTRACT Henoch-Schönlein purpura in the adult is a diagnostic challenge. Its low incidence and its unspecific symptomatology in this age group, establish a clinical chart that can be ignored on several occasions. Henoch-Schönlein purpura is considered a group of diseases of heterogeneous manifestation with a common pathogenic axis: the finding of inflammation of the wall of the small calibre vessels, mediated by immune complexes. The case is presented of a 70-year-old patient with a difficult to treat Henoch-Schönlein purpura, with constant relapses despite the use of the therapeutic guidelines established in the current guidelines. In this patient, a concomitant cytomegalovirus infection was documented that, after receiving treatment, allowed adequate control of symptoms. Additionally, this patient also had a lymphocytopenia that was secondary to cytomegalovirus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Cytomegalovirus , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Cytomegalovirus Infections
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887743

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV), two of the most prevalent human herpesviruses, cause a wide spectrum of diseases and symptoms and are associated with serious health problem. In this study, we developed an internal control reference recombinase-aided amplification (ICR-RAA) assay for the rapid detection of EBV and CMV within 30 min. The assay had a sensitivity of 5 and 1 copies/test for EBV and CMV, respectively, with no cross reaction with other pathogens. In comparison with those of the commercial quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), the sensitivity of the EBV and CMV ICR-RAAs using extracted DNA was 93.33% and 84.84%, respectively; the specificity was 98.75% and 100.00%, respectively; and the Kappa values were 0.930 and 0.892 (


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/virology , DNA, Viral/analysis , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/virology , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Recombinases/genetics , Young Adult
7.
Infectio ; 24(4): 262-265, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114880

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El infarto esplénico ocurre cuando la arteria esplénica o alguna de sus ramas quedan ocluidas, ya sea por émbolos distantes o por trombosis in situ. Dentro de la literatura mundial hay muy pocos casos documentados de infarto esplénico asociado a infección por Citomegalovirus, por lo que este podría considerarse el primero en Colombia. Presentación del Caso: Se trata de una paciente femenina de 53 años quien fue atendida en una institución de tercer nivel de la Ciudad de Bogotá, Colombia, por cuadro de dolor abdominal, a quien se le realizó una tomografía abdominal contrastada que demostró en el bazo una lesión hipodensa en cuña correspondiente con infarto esplénico por lo cual se realizaron estudios complementarios evidenciando como único dato positivo la positividad de la IgM para Citomegalovirus, descartándose eventos de h ipercoagulabilidad. Discusión: El infarto esplénico es una condición infrecuente que normalmente se presenta con síntomas variables e inespecíficos, dentro de las enfermedades infecciosas que corresponden con aproximadamente el 30% de los diagnósticos de Infarto esplénico, la infección por Citomegalovirus únicamente ha sido reportada en muy pocos casos. Se presenta el caso de una mujer joven con infarto esplénico como diagnóstico final de dolor abdominal en quien se descartaron causas de hipercoagulabilidad y se confirma la infección aguda por Citomegalovirus, lo cual se ha descrito muy poco en la literatura y puede considerarse el primer caso reportado en Colombia.


Abstract Introduction: Splenic infarction occurs when the splenic artery or any of its branches are occluded, either by distant emboli or by thrombosis in situ. Within the world literature, there are very few documented cases of splenic infarction associated with Cytomegalovirus infection, so this could be considered the first in Colombia. Case Presentation: This is a 53-year-old female patient who was treated at a third-level institution in the City of Bogotá, Colombia, for symptoms of abdominal pain, who underwent a contrasted abdominal tomography that she demonstrated in the spleen. a hypodense wedge lesion corresponding to splenic infarction, for which reason complementary studies were carried out, showing the positivity of IgM for Cytomegalovirus as the only positive data, ruling out events of hypercoagulability. Discussion: Splenic infarction is an infrequent condition that normally presents with variable and nonspecific symptoms. Among infectious diseases that correspond to approximately 30% of the diagnoses of splenic infarction, Cytomegalovirus infection has only been reported in very few cases. The case of a young woman with splenic infarction is presented as the final diagnosis of abdominal pain in whom causes of hypercoagulability were ruled out and acute infection by Cytomegalovirus was confirmed, which has been described very little in the literature and can be considered the first reported case In colombia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Splenic Infarction , Cytomegalovirus , Infections , Spleen , Splenic Artery , Abdominal Pain , Colombia , Single-Case Studies as Topic
8.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(5): 531-540, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144247

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Para los pacientes receptores de trasplante hepático (TH) la hepatitis por citomegalovirus (CMV) constituye una entidad de difícil diagnóstico. Nuestro objetivo fue determinar la real incidencia de hepatitis por CMV aplicando técnicas diagnósticas más específicas. Material y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo/ prospectivo, en un centro de trasplante hepático. Período de estudio: años 2009 al 2019. Se incluyeron los TH que presentaron elementos sugestivos y/o específicos de CMV en la histopatología de la punción biopsia hepática (PBH), a los que se les realizó inmunohistoquimica (IHQ) en la PBH. Población control n = 17. Resultados: 41 casos cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. La IHQ fue positiva en n = 6 (14,6%). En la población control, la IHQ fue negativa en el 100% de los casos. Esto traduce un valor predictor negativo de 100% para la histopatología en el diagnóstico de hepatitis por CMV, con un valor predictor positivo de 14,6%. En 85% de los pacientes con IHQ negativa, hubo diagnósticos alternativos. La terapia antiviral en la fase retrospectiva se indicó en 48% y en la prospectiva en 21%. Conclusiones: Combinar la histopatología con la IHQ optimiza el diagnóstico de hepatitis por CMV; lo que permite la racionalización del uso de antivirales de alto costo y la búsqueda de etiologías diferenciales.


Abstract Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) hepatitis constitutes a challenging diagnostic entity in liver transplant (LT) recipients. Aim: To determine the real incidence of CMV hepatitis using more specific diagnostic tools as those currently used before. Methods: Retrospective/prospective study conducted in a hepatic transplant unit from 2009 to 2019. LT recipients with CMV specific or suggestive elements in histopathology of hepatic biopsies were included. Immunohistochemistry (IHQ) was performed in tissue samples of the studied cohort as well as in a control one. Results: 41 patients met the inclusion criteria. IHQ was diagnostic in 6 (14.6%), and was negative in 100% of the control population. The negative predictive value of the histopathology for CMV hepatitis diagnosis was 100% and the positive predictive value was 14.6%. 85% of patients in whom the IHQ was negative had alternative diagnosis Antiviral therapy in the retrospective analysis was indicated in 48% of patients and in 21% of the prospectively analyzed cohort. Conclusions: Histopathology and IHQ combination improves the diagnostic accuracy of CMV hepatitis which translates into a rational us of expensive antiviral therapy and to search for differential diagnosis


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver Transplantation , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnosis , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Cytomegalovirus , Hepatitis/drug therapy
10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(6): 789-793, June 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136275

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine the rates of IgG and IgM antibodies against cytomegalovirus, rubella, and Toxoplasma gondii (all of which may cause congenital infections) in women of childbearing age who were admitted to Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University Training and Research Hospital. METHODS Between January 2015 and December 2017, Toxoplasma gondii, rubella, and cytomegalovirus IgM and IgG antibody levels were studied using the ELISA method (Architect i2000SR, Abbott, Germany) in patients aged 15 to 45 who attended the obstetrics and gynecology outpatient clinics. Toxoplasma gondii and cytomegalovirus IgG avidity levels were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS A total of 13.470 tests were conducted in the laboratory. Seropositivity percentages of IgM antibodies were found to be 1.3%, 0.5%, and 1.6% for Toxoplasma (n = 3607), rubella (n = 3931), and cytomegalovirus (n = 3795), respectively. The seropositivity percentages of IgG antibodies were 22%, 94.2%, and 98.2% for Toxoplasma (n = 702), rubella (n = 693), and cytomegalovirus (n = 679), respectively. Primary infection (acute, recently acquired) was found in 7 (35%) patients with low Toxoplasma IgG avidity. One (3%) patient with low cytomegalovirus IgG avidity had a primary infection. CONCLUSION Toxoplasma gondii seronegativity was found to be high in the region. Therefore, screening women of childbearing age may be important for the prevention of congenital infections caused by Toxoplasma gondii.


RESUMO OBJETIVO O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar as taxas de anticorpos IgG e IgM contra citomegalovírus, rubéola e Toxoplasma gondii (todos os quais podem causar infecções congênitas) em mulheres em idade fértil que foram admitidas no Hospital de Pesquisa e Treinamento da Universidade Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal. MÉTODOS Entre janeiro de 2015 e dezembro de 2017, os níveis de anticorpos IgG e IgM para Toxoplasma gondii, rubéola e citomegalovírus foram estudados usando o método Elisa (Architect i2000SR, Abbott, Alemanha) em pacientes de 15 a 45 anos que compareceram a ambulatórios de obstetrícia e ginecologia. Os níveis de avidez de IgG para Toxoplasma gondii e citomegalovírus foram analisados retrospectivamente. RESULTADOS Um total de 13.470 testes foram realizados em laboratório. As porcentagens de soropositividade dos anticorpos IgM foram de 1,3%, 0,5% e 1,6% para Toxoplasma (n=3.607), rubéola (n=3.931) e citomegalovírus (n=3.795), respectivamente. As porcentagens de soropositividade dos anticorpos IgG foram 22%, 94,2% e 98,2% para Toxoplasma (n=702), rubéola (n=693) e citomegalovírus (n=679), respectivamente. Infecção primária (aguda, adquirida recentemente) foi encontrada em sete (35%) pacientes com baixa avidez para Toxoplasma IgG. Um (3%) paciente com baixa avidez para citomegalovírus IgG teve uma infecção primária. CONCLUSÃO A soronegatividade do Toxoplasma gondii foi alta na região. Portanto, testar mulheres em idade fértil pode ser importante para a prevenção de infecções congênitas causadas pelo Toxoplasma gondii.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Rubella/blood , Toxoplasmosis/blood , Cytomegalovirus Infections/blood , Toxoplasma , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Retrospective Studies , Cytomegalovirus , Middle Aged
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(6): 778-786, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139371

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an opportunistic infection (OI) in immunosuppressed patients. However, there are no clear cut-off values available for quantitative plasmatic CMV measures (viral load [VL]) to discriminate those with CMV illness from those infected suffering a transient viral reactivation. Aim: To estimate a CMV VL cut-off point that discriminates infected patients and those with CMV related diseases, and to clinically characterize AIDS patients with this OI. Patients and Methods: Retrospective analysis of AIDS patients admitted by any reason between years 2017 and 2019 and who had a positive plasma CMV VL at any titer. Cases were categorized with illness or infected using accepted criteria and the cut-off value was obtained by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis. Results: Twelve patients were identified as having a CMV-associated illness and seven with CMV infection. A CMV VL of 3,800 copies/mL had a sensitivity of 91.6% and 100% specificity to discriminate both states. Of the 12 patients with CMV illness, all were in AIDS stage and only five were receiving HIV therapy. Predominant clinical presentations were gastrointestinal (50%), followed by liver involvement (25%) and CMV disease (25%). All patients were treated with ganciclovir or valganciclovir. Ten patients had a favorable response (83.3%), one patient only had a laboratory improvement (8.3%) and one died during treatment (8.3%). Drug toxicity was recorded in nine patients but in only three cases, a dose adjustment was necessary. Conclusions: The predominant clinical manifestation in our series was gastrointestinal. A CMV VL cutoff level of CMV VL of 3,800 copies / mL is useful to discriminate infected patients from those with CMV related disease.


Antecedentes: Citomegalovirus (CMV) es una infección oportunista (IO) en pacientes inmunosuprimidos. Sin embargo, se requieren puntos de corte de carga viral (CV) para discriminar a aquellos con enfermedad por CMV de aquellos infectados que sufren una reactivación viral transitoria. Objetivos: Estimar un punto de corte de la CV de CMV que discrimine a los enfermos de los infectados y, además, caracterizar clínicamente a los pacientes con sida que presentan esta IO. Pacientes y Métodos: Análisis retrospectivo de pacientes con sida hospitalizados por cualquier motivo entre los años 2017 y 2019, y que presentaron un CV de CMV plasmática positiva a cualquier título. Los casos se clasificaron como enfermos utilizando criterios aceptados y el valor de corte se obtuvo mediante análisis de una curva ROC. Resultados: Durante el período de estudio, 12 pacientes fueron identificados con enfermedad asociada al CMV y siete con infección. Una CV de 3.800 copias/ml logró una sensibilidad de 91,6% y una especificidad de 100% para discriminar ambos estados. De los 12 pacientes enfermos, todos estaban en etapa de sida y solo 5 recibían terapia contra el VIH. La presentación clínica predominante fue gastrointestinal (50%) seguida del compromiso hepático (25%) y de la enfermedad por CMV (25%). Todos los pacientes fueron tratados con ganciclovir o valganciclovir. Diez pacientes tuvieron una respuesta favorable (83,3%), uno solo tuvo mejoría de laboratorio (8,3%) y otro paciente falleció durante el tratamiento (8,3%). Nueve pacientes evolucionaron con toxicidad farmacológica, pero en solo 3 casos fue necesario ajustar las dosis. Conclusiones: La forma predominante de presentación de la enfermedad fue gastrointestinal. Un punto de corte de 3.800 copias/ml discrimina pacientes infectados de aquellos con la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/complications , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/drug therapy , Cytomegalovirus Infections/complications , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnosis , Cytomegalovirus Infections/drug therapy , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Ganciclovir/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Viral Load , Cytomegalovirus
12.
Rev. colomb. nefrol. (En línea) ; 7(1): 113-120, ene.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1144378

ABSTRACT

Resumen La infección por citomegalovirus (CMV) es un riesgo latente en pacientes inmunocomprometidos por trasplante renal, asociándose con aumento del riesgo de rechazo del injerto y muerte. La infección por CMV puede manifestarse como infección activa o enfermedad por CMV (dividida en síndrome por CMV y enfermedad tisular invasiva por CMV). Presentamos dos casos de enfermedad tisular invasiva por CMV, la cual se presentó entre los primeros siete meses posteriores al trasplante. Ambos casos eran D+/R-; recibieron agentes depletores de linfocitos y micofenolato y profilaxis para CMV de acuerdo con las guías de práctica clínica. Los criterios para enfermedad por CMV incluyeron replicación viral detectable en sangre, hallazgos endoscópicos clásicos y confirmación histopatológica. Hacemos énfasis en la necesidad de identificar los factores de riesgo para la infección por CMV en pacientes con trasplante renal, especialmente el seroestatus donador/receptor y los medicamentos inmunosupresores. Aun cuando las guías de práctica clínica sugieren de uno a tres meses de profilaxis para CMV en casos de alto riesgo, debería considerarse la profilaxis extendida y el ajuste de los medicamentos inmunosupresores.


Abstract Cytomegalovirus infection is a latent risk among immunocompromised kidney transplant recipients and is associated with increased risk of allograft failure and death. CMV infection can manifest as active infection or as CMV disease (divided in CMV syndrome and CMV tissue-invasive disease). We present two cases of tissue invasive CMV disease, presenting within 7 months after kidney transplantation. Both cases were D+/R-, received lymphocyte-depleting agents and mycophenolate, and both received CMV prophylaxis according to General Practice Guidelines. CMV disease criteria included detectable viral replication in blood, classical endoscopic findings and histopathological confirmation. We emphasize the need of categorical identification of CMV infection risk factors among kidney transplantation recipients, specially CMV donor/recipient serostatus and immunosuppressive medication. Although clinical practice guidelines suggest 1 to 3 months CMV prophylaxis in high-risk cases, extended prophylaxis and immunosuppressive medication adjustment should be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Kidney Transplantation , Patients , Colitis , Cytomegalovirus , Mexico
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1223-1231, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826855

ABSTRACT

In order to prepare human-mouse chimeric cytomegalovirus-immunoglobulin M (CMV-IgM) in vitro and study the effects of different signal peptides on the secretion of CMV-IgM, genes were amplified from hybridoma cell line using RLM-RACE to construct the expression vector of chimeric CMV-IgM. Then, the signal peptide of SigF itself was replaced by five different secreted signal peptides (SigA-SigE) by PCR method, and the CHO cell was chosen as host cell for in vitro expression. SDS-PAGE, SEC-HPLC and ELISA experiments were carried out to evaluate the protein expression level and immunoreactivity of the purified CMV-IgM. A 910 kDa recombinant protein was successfully prepared and signal peptides (SigA-SigE) had an increased expressed CMV-IgM, which were 6.72, 5.19, 1.44, 1.85 and 1.98 times higher than that of the CMV 6# cell signal peptide SigF. In summary, this work provides a theoretical basis for the development of human-mouse chimeric CMV-IgM, and a novel route to increase the expression level of CMV-IgM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Cricetinae , Cytomegalovirus , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Gene Expression , Humans , Immunoglobulin M , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Protein Sorting Signals , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Allergy and Immunology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828977

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection and peripheral blood CD14 CD16 monocytes in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease (CHD), and to elucidate the mechanism of pathogenesis in CHD by analyzing the correlation between infection, inflammation, and CHD, to provide a basis for the prevention, evaluation, and treatment of the disease.@*Methods@#In total, 192 patients with CHD were divided into three groups: latent CHD, angina pectoris, and myocardial infarction. HCMV-IgM and -IgG antibodies were assessed using ELISA; CD14 CD16 monocytes were counted using a five-type automated hematology analyzer; mononuclear cells were assessed using fluorescence-activated cell sorting; and an automatic biochemical analyzer was used to measure the levels of triglyceride, cholesterol, high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterols, lipoprotein, hs-CRp and Hcy.@*Results@#The positive rates of HCMV-IgM and -IgG were significantly higher in the CHD groups than in the control group. HCMV infection affects lipid metabolism to promote immune and inflammatory responses.@*Conclusion@#HCMV infection has a specific correlation with the occurrence and development of CHD. The expression of CD14 CD16 mononuclear cells in the CHD group was increased accordingly and correlated with acute HCMV infection. Thus, HCMV antibody as well as peripheral blood CD14 CD16 mononuclear cells can be used to monitor the occurrence and development of CHD.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Epidemiology , Virology , China , Epidemiology , Coronary Disease , Epidemiology , Virology , Cytomegalovirus , Physiology , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Humans , Incidence , Inflammation , Epidemiology , Leukocyte Count , Monocytes , Metabolism , Myocardial Infarction , Epidemiology , Virology
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785348

ABSTRACT

Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are severe cutaneous adverse reactions. Although viral reactivation is associated with DRESS syndrome, its role in TEN remains unclear. An 80-year-old woman visited our hospital because of fever and skin eruption. DRESS syndrome was diagnosed and was thought to caused by the use of the drug allopurinol. She was treated by discontinuation of the drug and administration of systemic steroids. She recovered from DRESS syndrome and was discharged from the hospital with tapering doses of steroids prescribed. One week after discharge, she visited our hospital again as the skin rash recurred and oral pain as well as oral and ocular mucosal lesions developed. In addition to the skin rash, blisters and Nikolsky's sign that were different from the skin lesions present in the previous DRESS syndrome were observed. Unlike those in DRESS syndrome, the viral serological test results were positive for anti-cytomegalovirus (CMV) IgM and CMV polymerase chain reaction. Therefore, it was thought that TEN was due to reactivation of CMV and she was treated this with ganciclovir and intravenous immunoglobulin. Here, we report a case of TEN caused by viral reactivation after DRESS syndrome developed after use of allopurinol which recovered after steroid treatment.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Allopurinol , Blister , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Cytomegalovirus , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome , Eosinophilia , Exanthema , Female , Fever , Ganciclovir , Humans , Immunoglobulin M , Immunoglobulins , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Serologic Tests , Skin , Steroids , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200501, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143149

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to clarify the association between oral human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and periodontitis in Japanese adults. Methodology In total, 190 patients (75 men and 115 women; mean age, 70.2 years) who visited Hiroshima University Hospital between March 2018 and May 2020 were included. Oral rinse samples were taken to examine the presence of HCMV DNA using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). P. gingivalis was detected by semi-quantitative PCR analysis. Results HCMV DNA was present in nine of 190 patients (4.7%). There were significant associations between HCMV presence and the presence of ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with bleeding on probing (BOP) (P<0.01) and ≥6-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP (P=0.01). However, no significant relationship was observed between HCMV presence and periodontal epithelial surface area scores. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the presence of ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP was significantly associated with HCMV (odds ratio, 14.4; P=0.01). Propensity score matching was performed between patients presenting ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP (i.e., active periodontitis) and patients without ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP; 62 matched pairs were generated. Patients who had ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP showed a higher rate of HCMV presence (9.7%) than those who lacked ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP (0.0%). There was a significant relationship between HCMV presence and ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP (P=0.03). A significant relationship was found between HCMV/P. gingivalis DNA presence and ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP (P=0.03). Conclusions Coinfection of oral HCMV and P. gingivalis was significantly associated with active periodontitis. Moreover, interactions between oral HCMV and P. gingivalis may be related to the severity of periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Periodontitis/microbiology , Periodontitis/epidemiology , Periodontitis/virology , Bacteroidaceae Infections/epidemiology , Cytomegalovirus Infections/epidemiology , Periodontal Pocket/microbiology , Periodontal Pocket/virology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Cytomegalovirus , Coinfection , Japan/epidemiology
19.
Clinics ; 75: e1498, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055886

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of intraocular fluid analysis as a diagnostic aid for uveitis. METHODS: Twenty-eight samples (27 patients including 3 HIV-infected patients) with active (n=24) or non-active (n=4) uveitis were submitted to aqueous (AH; n=12) or vitreous humor (VH) analysis (n=16). All samples were analyzed by quantitative PCR for herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella zoster virus (VZV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Toxoplasma gondii. RESULTS: The positivity of the PCR in AH was 41.7% (5/12), with 50% (2/4) in immunocompetent and 67% (2/3) in HIV+ patients. The positivity of the PCR in VH was 31.2% (5/16), with 13% (1/8) in immunocompetent and 50% (4/8) in immunosuppressed HIV negative patients. The analysis was a determinant in the diagnostic definition in 58% of HA and 50% of VH. CONCLUSION: Even in posterior uveitis, initial AH analysis may be helpful. A careful formulation of possible clinical diagnosis seems to increase the chance of intraocular sample analysis being meaningful.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aqueous Humor/microbiology , Aqueous Humor/parasitology , Aqueous Humor/virology , Uveitis/diagnosis , Vitreous Body/microbiology , Vitreous Body/parasitology , Toxoplasma , Uveitis/microbiology , Uveitis/parasitology , Uveitis/virology , Vitreous Body/virology , DNA, Viral/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , HIV-1 , Immunocompromised Host , Simplexvirus/genetics , Simplexvirus/immunology , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Herpesvirus 3, Human/genetics , Herpesvirus 3, Human/immunology , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus/immunology , Immunocompetence
20.
Rev. cientif. cienc. med ; 23(1): 92-96, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126284

ABSTRACT

La atresia de vías biliares es una alteración con gran importancia clínica, más frecuente en la primera infancia, se caracteriza por la obliteración proliferativa de los conductos biliares que progresa a fibrosis hepática, cirrosis e insuficiencia hepática en etapa terminal. El objetivo es presentar un caso clínico inusual y conocer la forma de actuar ante un caso similar. Se trata de paciente femenino de 4 meses de edad, con piel y mucosas ictéricas - verdosas, con hígado palpable debajo del reborde costal derecho, bazo palpable debajo del reborde costal izquierdo. Serología para Citomegalovirus positivo. La ecografía abdominal reporto: Atresia de vías biliares. Se indicó una portoenterostomia de Kasai, sin embargo por la edad de la paciente, el procedimiento quirúrgico no se realizó. La atresia de vías biliares es una patología poco frecuente, su etiología es desconocida, pero es importante saber reconocerla durante los primeros 2 meses de vida, para evitar complicaciones.


Biliary Atresia is a disorder with great clinical importance more frequent in early childhood, characterized by proliferative obliteration of the bile ducts that progresses to liver fibrosis, cirrhosis and end stage liver failure. The objective is to present an unusual clinical case and to know how to act in such a case. It is a female patient of 4 months of age, with icteric skin and mucosa - greenish, with palpable liver below the right costal ridge, palpable spleen below the left costal ridge. Serology for Cytomegalovirus positive.Abdominal ultrasound reported: Biliary Atresia A portoenterostomy of Kasai was indicated, however due to the age of the patient, the surgical procedure was not performed. Biliary Atresia is a rare disease, its etiology is unknown, but it is important to recognize it during the first 2 months of life, to avoid complications.


Subject(s)
Biliary Atresia , Cytomegalovirus , Pathology , Fibrosis
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