Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.117
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 83: e0011, 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535606

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar os aspectos clínicos e patológicos da catarata congênita secundária às infecções por sífilis, toxoplasmose, rubéola, citomegalovírus e herpes simples. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão de literatura, na qual foram incluídos artigos de periódicos indexados às bases de dados PubMed®, Cochrane, Lilacs, Embase e SciELO de 2010 a 2023. Resultados: Foram encontrados 45 artigos, e, após seleção, restaram 9 artigos. Além disso, foram adicionados artigos para enriquecer a discussão. A infecção por sífilis está relacionada a alterações corneanas. O citomegalovírus e a toxoplasmose estão relacionados com a coriorretinite e/ou microftalmia. A rubéola é responsável por causar catarata, glaucoma, microftalmia e retinite em sal e pimenta. Conclusão: Foram abordadas as principais etiologias infecciosas e seu quadro clínico na CC. O melhor tratamento para CC é cirúrgico associado a acompanhamento clínico, mas a prevenção é a maneira mais eficaz de combater a CC de etiologia infecciosa. O diagnóstico precoce e o tratamento efetivo previnem alterações e sequelas visuais irreversíveis. Nesse contexto, mostram-se importantes as ações de políticas públicas para o melhor desfecho clínico e melhor qualidade de vida.


ABSTRACT Objective: To review the clinical and pathological aspects of CC secondary to infections by syphilis, toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex. Methods: This is a literature review. Articles from journals indexed to PubMed, COCHRANE, LILACS, EMBASE and SCIELO from 2010 to 2023 were included. Results: A total of 45 articles were found, which, after selection, remained in 9 articles. Some articles were included to enrich the discussion in this topic. The infection caused by syphilis is related to corneal changes. Cytomegalovirus and Toxoplasmosis due to chorioretinitis and/or microphthalmia. Rubella is responsible for causing cataracts, glaucoma, microphthalmia, and salt and pepper retinitis. Conclusion: The main infectious etiologies and their clinical status in CC were addressed. The best treatment for CC is surgery associated with clinical follow-up, but prevention is the most effective way to combat CC of infectious etiology. Early diagnosis and effective treatment prevent irreversible visual changes and sequelae. In this context, public policy actions are important for the best clinical outcome and better quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Rubella/complications , Cataract/congenital , Cataract/etiology , Syphilis/complications , Toxoplasmosis/complications , Cytomegalovirus , Herpes Zoster/complications
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 278-283, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971073

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of breastfeeding on immune function in infants with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 135 infants with HCMV infection who were admitted to Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2021 to May 2022, and all these infants received breastfeeding. According to the results of breast milk HCMV-DNA testing, the infants were divided into two groups: breast milk HCMV positive (n=78) and breast milk HCMV negative (n=57). According to the median breast milk HCMV-DNA load, the infants in the breast milk HCMV positive group were further divided into two subgroups: high viral load and low viral load (n=39 each). Related indicators were compared between the breast milk positive and negative HCMV groups and between the breast milk high viral load and low viral load subgroups, including the percentages of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets (CD3+ T cells, CD3+CD4+ T cells, CD3+CD8+ T cells, and CD19+ B cells), CD4+/CD8+ ratio, IgG, IgM, IgA, and urine HCMV-DNA load.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the percentages of CD3+ T cells, CD3+CD4+ T cells, CD3+CD8+ T cells, and CD19+ B cells, CD4+/CD8+ ratio, IgG, IgM, IgA, and urine HCMV-DNA load between the breast milk HCMV positive and HCMV negative groups, as well as between the breast milk high viral load and low viral load subgroups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Breastfeeding with HCMV does not affect the immune function of infants with HCMV infection.


Subject(s)
Female , Child , Humans , Infant , Breast Feeding , Cytomegalovirus Infections , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Retrospective Studies , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Milk, Human , Cytomegalovirus , Immunity , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 513-521, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982089

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the risk factors of cytomegalovirus (CMV) and refractory CMV infection (RCI) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and their influences on survival.@*METHODS@#A total of 246 patients who received allo-HSCT from 2015 to 2020 were divided into CMV group (n=67) and non-CMV group (n=179) according to whether they had CMV infection. Patients with CMV infection were further divided into RCI group (n=18) and non-RCI group (n=49) according to whether they had RCI. The risk factors of CMV infection and RCI were analyzed, and the diagnostic significance of Logistics regression model was verified by ROC curve. The differences of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) between groups and the risk factors affecting OS were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#For patients with CMV infection, the median time of the first CMV infection was 48(7-183) days after allo-HSCT, and the median duration was 21 (7-158) days. Older age, EB viremia and gradeⅡ-Ⅳacute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) significantly increased the risk of CMV infection (P=0.032, <0.001 and 0.037, respectively). Risk factors for RCI were EB viremia and the peak value of CMV-DNA at diagnosis≥1×104 copies/ml (P=0.039 and 0.006, respectively). White blood cell (WBC)≥4×109/L at 14 days after transplantation was a protective factor for CMV infection and RCI (P=0.013 and 0.014, respectively). The OS rate in CMV group was significantly lower than that in non-CMV group (P=0.033), and also significantly lower in RCI group than that in non-RCI group (P=0.043). Hematopoietic reconstruction was a favorable factor for OS (P<0.001), whereas CMV-DNA≥1.0×104 copies/ml within 60 days after transplantation was a risk factor for OS (P=0.005).@*CONCLUSION@#The late recovery of WBC and the combination of EB viremia after transplantation are common risk factors for CMV infection and RCI. CMV-DNA load of 1×104 copies/ml is an important threshold, higher than which is associated with higher RCI and lower OS risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Viremia/complications , Retrospective Studies , Cytomegalovirus Infections/complications , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Cytomegalovirus , Graft vs Host Disease/complications
4.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 826-832, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985993

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of letermovir in primary prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in patients receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: This retrospective, cohort study was conducted using data of patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation at Peking University Institute of Hematology and received letermovir for primary prophylaxis between May 1, 2022 and August 30, 2022. The inclusion criteria of the letermovir group were as follows: letermovir initiation within 30 days after transplantation and continuation for≥90 days after transplantation. Patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation within the same time period but did not receive letermovir prophylaxis were selected in a 1∶4 ratio as controls. The main outcomes were the incidence of CMV infection and CMV disease after transplantation as well as the possible effects of letermovir on acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and bone marrow suppression. Categorical variables were analyzed by chi-square test, and continuous variables were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for evaluating incidence differences. Results: Seventeen patients were included in the letermovir prophylaxis group. The median patient age in the letermovir group was significantly greater than that in the control group (43 yr vs. 15 yr; Z=-4.28, P<0.001). The two groups showed no significant difference in sex distribution and primary diseases, etc. (all P>0.05). The proportion of CMV-seronegative donors was significantly higher in the letermovir prophylaxis group in comparison with the control group (8/17 vs. 0/68, χ2=35.32, P<0.001). Three out of the 17 patients in the letermovir group experienced CMV reactivation, which was significantly lower than the incidence of CMV reactivation in the control group (3/17 vs. 40/68, χ2=9.23, P=0.002), and no CMV disease development observed in the letermovir group. Letermovir showed no significant effects on platelet engraftment (P=0.105), aGVHD (P=0.348), and 100-day NRM (P=0.474). Conclusions: Preliminary data suggest that letermovir may effectively reduce the incidence of CMV infection after haploidentical transplantation without influencing aGVHD, NRM, and bone marrow suppression. Prospective randomized controlled studies are required to further verify these findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytomegalovirus , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Prospective Studies , Cytomegalovirus Infections/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Recurrence , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 94(3)sept. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409149

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La infección congénita por citomegalovirus es causa de pérdida auditiva y alteraciones cognitivas. La infección perinatal por este virus es más frecuente en neonatos< 1500 g y produce menos secuelas neurológicas. Objetivo: Describir la evaluación neurológica en el primer año de vida en niños muy bajo peso al nacer con infección por citomegalovirus. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y longitudinal en el que se incuyeron 14 neonatos< 1500 g, con diagnóstico de infección congénita o perinatal por citomegalovirus; a los cuales se les realizó evaluación del neurodesarrollo, ultrasonido craneal, potenciales evocados auditivos de tallo cerebral y potenciales visuales a las 40 semanas, a los seis meses y al año de edad gestacional corregida. En la primera evaluación se realizó además, electroencefalograma. Resultados: El 43 por ciento tuvo infección congénita y 57 por ciento infección perinatal. A las 40 semanas se evaluaron completamente 79 % de los casos, a los seis meses 64 por ciento y al año 36 por ciento. No se observaron anormalidades en el ultrasonido craneal, ni en el electroencefalograma. Al año de edad corregida, se detectaron alteraciones ligeras del neurodesarrolo en 33,3 por ciento del total de casos (2/6) y con igual porcentaje en los niños con infección congénita (1/3) y perinatal (1/3). En ningún paciente evaluado se detectó sordera neurosensorial, ni daño del nervio visual. Conclusiones: Las alteraciones del neurodesarrollo encontradas al año de edad corregida pueden estar relacionadas con la prematuridad o la infección por citomegalovirus. El seguimiento a mediano y largo plazo es necesario para detectar otras secuelas neurológicas de debut tardío(AU)


Introduction: Congenital cytomegalovirus infection is a cause of hearing loss and cognitive impairments. Perinatal infection by this virus is more frequent in neonates< 1500 g and produces fewer neurological sequelae. Objective: To describe neurological evaluation in the first year of life in very low birth weight children with cytomegalovirus infection. Methods: A descriptive and longitudinal study involving 14 neonates< 1500 g, with a diagnosis of congenital or perinatal cytomegalovirus infection; to which neurodevelopmental evaluation, cranial ultrasound, auditory brain stem evoked potentials and visual potentials were performed at 40 weeks, six months and one year of corrected gestational age. In the first evaluation, electroencephalogram was also performed. Results: 43 percent had congenital infection and 57 percent perinatal infection. At 40 weeks, 79 percent of cases were fully evaluated, at six months 64 percent and at one year 36 percent. No abnormalities were observed on the cranial ultrasound or electroencephalogram. At one year of corrected age, slight alterations in neurodevelopment were detected in 33.3 percent of all cases (2/6) and with the same percentage in children with congenital (1/3) and perinatal (1/3) infection. In no patient evaluated, sensorineural deafness or visual nerve damage was detected. Conclusions: The neurodevelopmental alterations found at one year of corrected age may be related to prematurity or cytomegalovirus infection. Medium- and long-term follow-up is necessary to detect other late-onset neurological sequelae(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Aftercare/methods , Cytomegalovirus Infections/etiology , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight/growth & development , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Observational Studies as Topic
6.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1158-1164, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970654

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of curcumin (Cur) against human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in vitro. Human embryonic lung fibroblasts were cultured in vitro. The tetrazolium salt (MTS) method was used to detect the effects of Cur on cell viability. The cells were divided into control group, HCMV group, HCMV + (PFA) group and HCMV + Cur group in this study. The cytopathic effect (CPE) of each group was observed by plaque test, then the copy number of HCMV DNA in each group was detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and the expression of HCMV proteins in different sequence was detected by Western blot. The results showed that when the concentration of Cur was not higher than 15 μmol/L, there was no significant change in cell growth and viability in the Cur group compared with the control group (P>0.05). After the cells were infected by HCMV for 5 d, the cells began to show CPE, and the number of plaques increased with time. Pretreatment with Cur significantly reduced CPE in a dose-dependent manner. After the cells were infected by HCMV, the DNA copy number and protein expression gradually increased in a time-dependent manner. Pretreatment with Cur significantly inhibited HCMV DNA copies and downregulate HCMV protein expression levels in a concentration-dependent manner, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In conclusion, Cur may exert anti-HCMV activity by inhibiting the replication of HCMV DNA and down-regulating the expression levels of different sequence proteins of HCMV. This study provides a new experimental basis for the development of anti-HCMV infectious drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Curcumin/therapeutic use , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/drug therapy , Plaque, Atherosclerotic
7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 267-271, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936145

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the consistency of cytomegalovirus deoxyribo nucleic acid (CMV-DNA) and immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibody detections in patients with different clinical characteristics and their guiding value for clinical practice.@*METHODS@#From December 2014 to November 2019, a total of 507 patients who were detected with both CMV-IgM and CMV-DNA were collected in Peking University International Hospital. Their general information, such as gender, age and clinical data, including the patient's diagnosis, medication, and outcome were also collected. The groups were stratified according to whether CMV-DNA was negative or positive, CMV-IgM was negative or positive, age, gender, and whether they received immunosuppressive therapy or not. The Pearson Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of the rates between the groups. P < 0.05 means the difference is statisti-cally significant.@*RESULTS@#Of the 507 patients submitted for examination, 55 (10.85%) were positive for CMV-DNA, 74 (14.60%) were positive for CMV-IgM, and 20 (3.94%) were positive for both CMV-DNA and CMV-IgM. Of the 55 patients with CMV-DNA positive, 37 were male, accounting for 67.27%. In addition, 25 patients were older than 60 years, accounting for 45.45% and 33 patients received immunosuppressive therapy, accounting for 60%. The rates were higher than that of CMV-DNA negative group, 47.35% (P=0.005), 68.14% (P=0.043), 46.02% (P=0.050), respectively. Of the patients with both CMV-DNA and IgM positive, 45% received immunosuppressive threapy, which was lower than that of CMV-DNA positive but IgM negative patients (68.57%, P=0.086), and also lower than CMV-DNA negative but IgM positive patients (68.52%, P=0.064). In the patients with both CMV-DNA and IgM positive, 91.67% showed remission after receiving ganciclovir, whereas in the patients with CMV-DNA positive but IgM negative, the rate was only 60% (P=0.067).@*CONCLUSION@#CMV-IgM antibody detection is affected by age, gender, and immune status. It is not recommended to use CMV-IgM alone to determine CMV infection in patients with immunosuppressive status and those older than 60 years. CMV-DNA and CMV-IgM combined detection may help to predict patients' immune status and outcomes of antiviral therapy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Antibodies, Viral , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/drug therapy , DNA , Immunoglobulin M , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Nucleic Acids
8.
BioSC. (Curitiba, Impresso) ; 80(Supl.1): 36-39, 20220000.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417803

ABSTRACT

Casos de infecção pelo coronavírus surgiram em 2019 e fatores de risco podem conduzir complicações, entre elas, a coinfecção viral podendo comprometer a resposta imunológica e interferir no prognóstico. Objetivos: Analisar estudos sobre coinfecção viral na COVID-19, avaliando prevalência e correlação com seu prognóstico. Métodos: Foram realizadas buscas em bases de dados utilizando os descritores: SARS-COV 2, coinfecção, vírus, coronavírus, e COVID-19. Resultados: Foram selecionados 12 artigos com os seguintes vírus: influenza, HIV e herpes. Apesar da coinfecção com influenza ser pouco prevalente, seu reconhecimento permitiu compreender diferentes manifestações clínicas e tratamento adequado. Já a coinfecção com HIV revelou que pacientes com AIDS não tratada tiveram pior prognóstico. Por fim, a coinfecção com herpes resultou em reativação, com os seguintes tipos associados: HSV-1, HSV-3, EBV, CMV e HHV-6. Conclusão: Não há evidências científicas suficientes para afirmar que a coinfecção com SARS-COV 2 com outros vírus traz pior prognóstico para COVID-19, sendo necessários mais estudos sobre tais interações


Cases of coronavirus infection emerged in 2019 and risk factors can lead to complications, including viral coinfection, which can compromise the immune response and interfere with prognosis. Objectives: To analyze studies on viral coinfection in COVID-19, evaluating prevalence and correlation with its prognosis. Methods: Database searches were performed using the descriptors: SARS-COV 2, coinfection, virus, coronavirus, and COVID-19. Results: Twelve articles with the following viruses were selected: influenza, HIV and herpes. Although coinfection with influenza is not very prevalent, its recognition made it possible to understand different clinical manifestations and appropriate treatment. Coinfection with HIV revealed that patients with untreated AIDS had a worse prognosis. Finally, coinfection with herpes resulted in reactivation, with the following types associated: HSV-1, HSV-3, EBV, CMV, and HHV-6. Conclusion: There is not enough scientific evidence to state that co-infection with SARS-COV 2 with other viruses brings a worse prognosis for COVID-19, and further studies on such interactions are needed


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Coinfection , COVID-19 , HIV , Coronavirus , Herpesvirus 6, Human , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Cytomegalovirus , SARS-CoV-2 , Herpes Simplex , Herpes Zoster
10.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 53(4): 61-70, Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376422

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Porcine cytomegalovirus(PCMV) is a recognized pathogen of domestic swine that is widely distributed around the world. PCMV is the etiological agent of inclusion body rhinitis and has also been associated with other diseases that cause substantial losses in swine production. Wild boar populations can act as reservoirs of numerous infectious agents that affect pig livestock, including PCMV. The aim of this work was to assess the circulation of this virus in free-living wild boars that inhabit Northeastern Patagonia (Buenos Aires and Río Negro Provinces), Argentina. Nested-PCR assays were conducted to evaluate the presence of PCMV in samples of tonsil tissue collected from 62 wild boar individuals. It was found that the overall rate of infection was about 56%, with significant higher values (almost 90%) in the age group corresponding to piglets (animals less than 6 months old). In addition, a seasonal variation was observed in the PCMV detection rate, with an increase during the transition from summer to autumn. In conclusion, this study confirmed that wild boars are major carriers and dispersal agents of PCMV in Northeastern Patagonia, which raises the necessity to evaluate the extent to which this virus affects local livestock production.


RESUMEN El citomegalovirus porcino (CMVP) es un reconocido patógeno de los cerdos domésticos y cuenta con una amplia distribución mundial. Es el agente etiológico de la rinitis por cuerpos de inclusión y también se lo ha asociado con otras enfermedades que causan pérdidas sustanciales en la producción porcina. Las poblaciones de jabalíes pueden actuar como reservorios de numerosos agentes infecciosos que afectan al ganado porcino, incluido el CMVP. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la circulación de este virus en jabalíes de vida libre que habitan en la región noreste de la Patagonia argentina, en las provincias de Buenos Aires y Río Negro. Se realizaron ensayos de PCR anidada para evaluar la presencia de CMVP en muestras de tejido de amígdalas tomadas de 62 jabalíes. Se encontró que la tasa general de infección fue de aproximadamente el 56%, con valores significativamente más altos (casi el 90%) en el grupo de edad correspondiente a los lechones (animales con menos de 6meses). Además, se observó una variación estacional en la tasa de detección de CMVP, con un incremento durante la transición de verano a otoño. En conclusión, este estudio confirmó que los jabalíes son importantes portadores y agentes de dispersión del CMVP en el noreste patagónico, lo cual plantea la necesidad de evaluar en qué medida este virus afecta la producción ganadera local.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine Diseases , Cytomegalovirus , Argentina/epidemiology , Swine , Swine Diseases/epidemiology , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Sus scrofa
11.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(4)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409007

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir las características del endotelio corneal por microscopia confocal en pacientes con lesiones basofílicas de inclusión como patognomónicas de endotelitis por citomegalovirus. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional de casos clínicos en pacientes con diagnóstico de endotelitis por citomegalovirus, atendidos en la Consulta de Córnea del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer", entre febrero del año 2010 y junio del 2018. La muestra incluyó 39 pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de endotelitis, a quienes se les realizó microscopia confocal con el equipo Confoscan 4 (Nidek Technologies). Resultados: De los 39 pacientes, 29 fueron del sexo masculino y 10 del femenino. Todos tenían entre 41 y 60 años de edad. En el 97,4 por ciento de los casos existió el antecedente de una conjuntivitis viral y un solo paciente fue positivo de HIV (2,6 por ciento). La mejor agudeza visual corregida de 0,3 o menos se mostró en el 100 por ciento de ellos antes del tratamiento, y después de este los 39 tenían entre 0,8 y 1,0. En el 100 por ciento de los casos se observaron cuerpos de inclusión basofílicos en el endotelio corneal, que fueron apreciables mediante la microscopia confocal. Conclusiones: Existe una relación entre la presencia de cuerpos de inclusión basofílicos en el endotelio corneal y las pruebas virológicas a citomegalovirus positivas, lo que puede permitir hacer PCR a casos que ya tienen confirmación mediante microscopia confocal de las características patognomónicas del endotelio corneal(AU)


Objective: Describe the characteristics of the corneal endothelium by confocal microscopy in patients with inclusion basophilic lesions as pathognomonic signs of cytomegalovirus endotheliitis. Methods: An observational study was conducted of clinical cases of patients diagnosed with cytomegalovirus endotheliitis attending the Cornea Service at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from February 2010 to June 2018. The study sample was 39 patients with a clinical diagnosis of endotheliitis who underwent confocal microscopy with a Confoscan 4 device (Nidek Technologies). Results: Of the 39 patients examined, 29 were male and 10 were female. All were aged 41-60 years. 97.4 percent had a history of viral conjunctivitis and only one was HIV positive (2.6 percent). Best corrected visual acuity was 0.3 or less in 100 percent before treatment, and 0.8 to 1.0 after treatment. Inclusion basophilic bodies visible by confocal microscopy were observed in the corneal endothelium of all patients. Conclusions: A relationship exists between the presence of inclusion basophilic bodies in the corneal endothelium and virological tests positive for cytomegalovirus, making it possible to perform PCR testing in cases with confocal microscopy confirmation of the pathognomonic characteristics of the corneal endothelium(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Endothelium, Corneal/injuries , Conjunctivitis, Viral/etiology , Microscopy, Confocal/methods , Cytomegalovirus , Clinical Diagnosis , Observational Studies as Topic
12.
Acta méd. costarric ; 63(2)jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1383368

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Determinar el curso de infecciones virales por un periodo de un año, mediante la medición de la carga viral de Adenovirus, virus BK, virus Epstein-Barr, Citomegalovirus y Herpesvirus humano 6, en 30 pacientes del Hospital San Juan de Dios, sometidos a trasplante de riñón o células progenitoras hematopoyéticas. Métodos: Se determinaron las cargas virales en diez muestras de sangre por paciente: una muestra pretransplante, ocho muestras obtenidas cada dos semanas postrasplante y una última muestra a los seis meses posteriores al trasplante. La cuantificación de los virus se realizó por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa en tiempo real y, solo en el caso del Adenovirus, por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa de punto final. También se determinaron los genotipos de Citomegalovirus en los pacientes positivos para este virus, utilizando una reacción en cadena de la polimerasa dirigida al gen de la glicoproteína B y secuenciación de los fragmentos amplificados. Las secuencias obtenidas fueron comparadas y alineadas con una secuencia de referencia, utilizando el programa Clustal Omega. Resultados: Al 77 % de los pacientes se les detectó al menos uno de los cinco virus analizados y el virus con mayor prevalencia fue el Citomegalovirus, con un 57% de positividad del total de la población. El genotipo de Citomegalovirus que más se detectó fue el genotipo 3. Se monitoreó el comportamiento de las cargas virales para cada virus analizado y la proporción de su incidencia entre pacientes masculinos y femeninos. Conclusiones: La cuantificación y caracterización de virus en pacientes de trasplante, permite un mejor manejo clínico del paciente con infecciones oportunistas y también un manejo más adecuado de las terapias farmacológicas.


Summary Aim: The objective of this study was to determine the course of viral infections during a period of one year, by measuring viral loads for Adenovirus, BK virus, Epstein-Barr virus, Cytomegalovirus and Human herpesvirus 6, in 30 patients from the San Juan de Dios National Hospital, undergoing kidney or hematopoietic progenitor cell transplants. Methods: Viral loads were determined in ten blood samples from each patient: a pre- transplant sample, eight samples obtained at two-week intervals post-transplant and one last sample at six months post-transplant. Viral quantification was performed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and, only for Adenovirus, by end-point polymerase chain reaction. Also, Cytomegalovirus genotypes were determined in patients that tested positive for this virus, by polymerase chain reaction directed towards the glycoprotein B gene and sequencing of the amplified fragments. These sequences were compared and aligned with a reference sequence, using the Clustal Omega Program. Results: The results of the study indicated that 77% of the patients had at least one of the five viruses detected and the virus with the highest prevalence was Cytomegalovirus, exhibiting 57% positivity in the total population studied. The most frequent Cytomegalovirus genotype detected was genotype 3. The viral load behavior was monitored for each virus analyzed as well as the incidence proportion between male and female patients. Conclusions. Viral quantification and characterization in transplant patients allows for better clinical management of patients with opportunistic infections and also a better management of pharmacological therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Kidney Transplantation , Cytomegalovirus , Immune Tolerance , Costa Rica , Genotype
13.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(2): e1255, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280373

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las adenopatías, linfadenopatías o linfoadenomegalias constituyen causas frecuentes de consulta pediátrica. Estas entidades nosológicas pueden variar desde infecciones benignas transitorias hasta procesos malignos como linfoma, metástasis de tumores y otros. Objetivo: Describir un caso clínico con un síndrome adénico que por las características semiológicas sugería un proceso oncoproliferativo y los resultados de los estudios complementarios confirmaron un proceso infeccioso causado por Toxoplasma gondii. Presentación de caso: Adolescente femenina de 11 años de edad, eutrófica, con antecedentes personales de salud. Ingresó en el Hospital Pediátrico Universitario "William Soler " por presentar aumento de volumen en la región cérvico-lateral derecha. Al examen físico se palpó una adenopatía de aproximadamente 2 x 3 cm de diámetro, dura, inmóvil, no dolorosa, sin signos de inflamación, no adherida a planos profundos; evolutivamente, apareció otra adenopatía en posición cervical derecha baja, de iguales características. Se indicó hemograma, velocidad de sedimentación globular, proteína C reactiva, transaminasas, glicemia, proteínas totales, albúmina, triglicéridos, colesterol, marcadores tumorales, ecografía, rayos X de tórax, serología para detectar anticuerpos anti citomegalovirus, virus de inmunodeficiencia humana y Toxoplasma gondii. Se realizó, además, biopsia para estudio por anatomía patológica y biología molecular. Se concluyó el caso como un síndrome adénico de etiología toxoplásmica. Conclusiones: En pacientes adolescentes con adenopatías cervicales, independientemente de tamaño, tiempo de evolución y consistencia, se debe realizar diagnóstico diferencial por infección por Toxoplasma gondii, teniendo en cuenta que las adenopatías causadas por este parásito pueden tener algunas características similares a las ocasionadas por procesos oncoproliferativos que pueden presentarse a esta edad(AU)


Introduction: Adenopathies, lymphadenopathies or lymphadenomegalies are common causes of pediatric consultation. These nosological entities can range from transient benign infections to malignant processes such as lymphoma, tumor metastases, and others. Objective: Describe a clinical case with an adenic syndrome that from the semiological characteristics suggested an onco-proliferative process and the results of the complementary studies confirmed an infectious process caused by Toxoplasma gondii. Case presentation: 11-year-old female adolescent, eutrophic, with a personal health history. She was admitted at "William Soler" University Pediatric Hospital after presenting volume increase in the right lateral cervical region. An adenopathy of approximately 2 x 3 cm in diameter, hard, motionless, non-painful, with no signs of inflammation, not attached to deep planes was found at the physical examination; in the evolution, another adenopathy appeared in a lower right cervical position, with equal characteristics. Blood counts, globular sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, transaminases, glycemia, total proteins, albumin, triglycerides, cholesterol, tumor markers, ultrasound, chest x-rays, serology for anti-cytomegalovirus antibodies, human immunodeficiency virus and Toxoplasma gondii tests were indicated. Biopsy was also performed for study by pathological anatomy and molecular biology. The case was concluded as an adenic toxoplasmic syndrome. Conclusions: In adolescent patients with cervical adenopathies, regardless of size, evolution time and consistency, differential diagnosis for Toxoplasma gondii infection should be made, taking into account that adenopathies caused by this parasite may have some characteristics similar to those caused by onco-proliferative processes that may occur at this age(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Biopsy , Biomarkers, Tumor , Cytomegalovirus , Molecular Biology
14.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 63-66, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251549

ABSTRACT

Resumen La atresia biliar asociada con inmunoglobulina M (IgM) positiva para citomegalovirus (CMV) es una entidad infrecuente que se caracteriza por la obliteración inflamatoria progresiva de los conductos intra- o extrahepáticos producida por una reacción autoinmune perinatal contra el CMV. El diagnóstico se realiza con IgM positiva para CMV y biopsia hepática con evidencia de atresia de las vías biliares. El conocimiento y la identificación temprana de esta patología conduce a un manejo quirúrgico temprano, mejorando considerablemente el pronóstico de estos pacientes. Se presenta un caso clínico de una paciente de 82 días de edad con un cuadro de acolia, coluria e ictericia de inicio tardío, asociado con hiperbilirrubinemia a expensas de la directa, elevación de perfil hepático e IgM positiva para CMV. La colangiorresonancia intraoperatoria confirmó el cuadro de atresia de las vías biliares. Se realizó una derivación biliodigestiva tipo Kasai y la toma de biopsia hepática que confirmó el cuadro clínico.


Abstract Biliary atresia associated with positive cytomegalovirus IgM results is a rare condition characterized by progressive inflammatory obliteration of the intra- or extrahepatic ducts. It is caused by a perinatal autoimmune reaction against cytomegalovirus (CMV). Diagnosis is made based on positive IgM for CMV and liver biopsy with evidence of bile duct atresia. Knowledge and timely identification of this disease leads to early surgical management, considerably improving the prognosis of these patients. This is the clinical case of an 82-day-old female patient with late-onset acholia, choluria, and jaundice, associated with conjugated hyperbilirubinemia, elevated liver function tests and positive CMV IgM results. Intraoperative cholangioresonance confirmed bile duct atresia. The Kasai procedure was performed, and a liver biopsy was taken, confirming the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Biliary Atresia , Cytomegalovirus , Jaundice
15.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 28(1): 57-63, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341361

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein en el adulto es un reto diagnóstico. Su baja incidencia y su sintomatología poco específica configuran un cuadro clínico que puede pasar desapercibido en diversas ocasiones o solaparse bajo el peso de diferentes sospechas diagnósticas. La púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein no es un cuadro de espectro único. Se considera un grupo de enfermedades de manifestación heterogénea con un eje patogénico común dado por el hallazgo de inflamación de la pared en vasos de pequeño calibre mediada por complejos inmunes. Este es el caso de un paciente de 70 arios quien cursa con un cuadro compatible con púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein, de inicio tardío, caracterizada por su difícil manejo y constantes recaídas. a pesar del uso cuidadoso de las pautas terapéuticas establecidas por los consensos actuales. En este paciente se documentó, de forma concomitante, una infección por citomegalovirus que al recibir tratamiento permitió el control adecuado de síntomas. Adicionalmente, este paciente presentaba una linfocitopenia que parecía ser secundaria a la infección viral.


ABSTRACT Henoch-Schönlein purpura in the adult is a diagnostic challenge. Its low incidence and its unspecific symptomatology in this age group, establish a clinical chart that can be ignored on several occasions. Henoch-Schönlein purpura is considered a group of diseases of heterogeneous manifestation with a common pathogenic axis: the finding of inflammation of the wall of the small calibre vessels, mediated by immune complexes. The case is presented of a 70-year-old patient with a difficult to treat Henoch-Schönlein purpura, with constant relapses despite the use of the therapeutic guidelines established in the current guidelines. In this patient, a concomitant cytomegalovirus infection was documented that, after receiving treatment, allowed adequate control of symptoms. Additionally, this patient also had a lymphocytopenia that was secondary to cytomegalovirus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , IgA Vasculitis , Cytomegalovirus , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Cytomegalovirus Infections
16.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(1): e1279, ene.-mar. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251719

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La infección por citomegalovirus es muy frecuente en pacientes sometidos a trasplante de progenitores hematopoyéticos, debido a tratamientos mieloablativos de acondicionamiento, disparidad genética y al tratamiento inmunosupresor, y ocurre fundamentalmente después de la toma del implante. Objetivos: Actualizar el diagnóstico, manejo y seguimiento de la infección por citomegalovirus en pacientes trasplantados. Métodos: Se realizó revisión bibliográfica en los idiomas español e inglés, utilizando los motores de búsqueda de Pubmed, Google Académico y Scielo sobre el diagnóstico y manejo del citomegalovirus en pacientes receptores de trasplante hematopoyético. Análisis y síntesis de la información: Se recolectó y organizó la información obtenida siguiendo cronológicamente el surgimiento de técnicas para diagnóstico y la aparición de nuevos medicamentos en los últimos años. Se seleccionaron artículos recientes de expertos en el tema en revistas prestigiosas, donde se evidencia la importancia del diagnóstico adelantado y el inicio del tratamiento. Conclusiones: En la actualidad se cuenta con nuevas formas de diagnóstico y medicamentos novedosos para el citomegalovirus, pero la mortalidad puede llegar a ser alta, si el paciente no es tratado antes de que aparezcan los síntomas de la enfermedad e incluso a pesar del tratamiento. En ocasiones, no es posible erradicar el virus, lo que lleva a complicaciones importantes y a la muerte. La enfermedad citomegálica continúa siendo una complicación frecuente en estos pacientes a pesar de las medidas para evitar su reactivación(AU)


Introduction: Cytomegalovirus infection is very common in patients undergoing hematopoietic progenitor transplantation, due to myeloablative conditioning treatments, genetic disparity, and immunosuppressive treatment, and occurs mainly after the engrafment. Objective: A review and update of the diagnosis and management of cytomegalovirus is made in hematopoietic transplant recipients. Method: A bibliographic review was carried out in Spanish and English, using the search engines of Pubmed, Scholar Google and Scielo about the diagnosis and management of cytomegalovirus in hematopoietic transplant recipients. Development: The information obtained was collected and organized chronologically about the emergence of techniques for diagnosis and the appearance of new drugs in recent years. Recent articles by experts in prestigious journals were reviewed and the importance of early diagnosis and initiation of treatment is evidenced. Conclusions: There are currently new forms of diagnosis and novel medications, but mortality can be high, if the patient is not treated before the symptoms of the disease appear and even despite treatment, sometimes it is not possible to eradicate the virus, leading to major complications and death. Cytomegalic disease continues to be a frequent complication in these patients despite measures to prevent virus reactivation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cytomegalovirus Infections/complications , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnosis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Cytomegalovirus , Early Diagnosis , Transplant Recipients
17.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 650-655, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887743

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV), two of the most prevalent human herpesviruses, cause a wide spectrum of diseases and symptoms and are associated with serious health problem. In this study, we developed an internal control reference recombinase-aided amplification (ICR-RAA) assay for the rapid detection of EBV and CMV within 30 min. The assay had a sensitivity of 5 and 1 copies/test for EBV and CMV, respectively, with no cross reaction with other pathogens. In comparison with those of the commercial quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), the sensitivity of the EBV and CMV ICR-RAAs using extracted DNA was 93.33% and 84.84%, respectively; the specificity was 98.75% and 100.00%, respectively; and the Kappa values were 0.930 and 0.892 (


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/virology , DNA, Viral/analysis , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/virology , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Recombinases/genetics
18.
Infectio ; 24(4): 262-265, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114880

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El infarto esplénico ocurre cuando la arteria esplénica o alguna de sus ramas quedan ocluidas, ya sea por émbolos distantes o por trombosis in situ. Dentro de la literatura mundial hay muy pocos casos documentados de infarto esplénico asociado a infección por Citomegalovirus, por lo que este podría considerarse el primero en Colombia. Presentación del Caso: Se trata de una paciente femenina de 53 años quien fue atendida en una institución de tercer nivel de la Ciudad de Bogotá, Colombia, por cuadro de dolor abdominal, a quien se le realizó una tomografía abdominal contrastada que demostró en el bazo una lesión hipodensa en cuña correspondiente con infarto esplénico por lo cual se realizaron estudios complementarios evidenciando como único dato positivo la positividad de la IgM para Citomegalovirus, descartándose eventos de h ipercoagulabilidad. Discusión: El infarto esplénico es una condición infrecuente que normalmente se presenta con síntomas variables e inespecíficos, dentro de las enfermedades infecciosas que corresponden con aproximadamente el 30% de los diagnósticos de Infarto esplénico, la infección por Citomegalovirus únicamente ha sido reportada en muy pocos casos. Se presenta el caso de una mujer joven con infarto esplénico como diagnóstico final de dolor abdominal en quien se descartaron causas de hipercoagulabilidad y se confirma la infección aguda por Citomegalovirus, lo cual se ha descrito muy poco en la literatura y puede considerarse el primer caso reportado en Colombia.


Abstract Introduction: Splenic infarction occurs when the splenic artery or any of its branches are occluded, either by distant emboli or by thrombosis in situ. Within the world literature, there are very few documented cases of splenic infarction associated with Cytomegalovirus infection, so this could be considered the first in Colombia. Case Presentation: This is a 53-year-old female patient who was treated at a third-level institution in the City of Bogotá, Colombia, for symptoms of abdominal pain, who underwent a contrasted abdominal tomography that she demonstrated in the spleen. a hypodense wedge lesion corresponding to splenic infarction, for which reason complementary studies were carried out, showing the positivity of IgM for Cytomegalovirus as the only positive data, ruling out events of hypercoagulability. Discussion: Splenic infarction is an infrequent condition that normally presents with variable and nonspecific symptoms. Among infectious diseases that correspond to approximately 30% of the diagnoses of splenic infarction, Cytomegalovirus infection has only been reported in very few cases. The case of a young woman with splenic infarction is presented as the final diagnosis of abdominal pain in whom causes of hypercoagulability were ruled out and acute infection by Cytomegalovirus was confirmed, which has been described very little in the literature and can be considered the first reported case In colombia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Splenic Infarction , Cytomegalovirus , Infections , Spleen , Splenic Artery , Abdominal Pain , Colombia , Single-Case Studies as Topic
19.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(5): 531-540, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1144247

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Para los pacientes receptores de trasplante hepático (TH) la hepatitis por citomegalovirus (CMV) constituye una entidad de difícil diagnóstico. Nuestro objetivo fue determinar la real incidencia de hepatitis por CMV aplicando técnicas diagnósticas más específicas. Material y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo/ prospectivo, en un centro de trasplante hepático. Período de estudio: años 2009 al 2019. Se incluyeron los TH que presentaron elementos sugestivos y/o específicos de CMV en la histopatología de la punción biopsia hepática (PBH), a los que se les realizó inmunohistoquimica (IHQ) en la PBH. Población control n = 17. Resultados: 41 casos cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. La IHQ fue positiva en n = 6 (14,6%). En la población control, la IHQ fue negativa en el 100% de los casos. Esto traduce un valor predictor negativo de 100% para la histopatología en el diagnóstico de hepatitis por CMV, con un valor predictor positivo de 14,6%. En 85% de los pacientes con IHQ negativa, hubo diagnósticos alternativos. La terapia antiviral en la fase retrospectiva se indicó en 48% y en la prospectiva en 21%. Conclusiones: Combinar la histopatología con la IHQ optimiza el diagnóstico de hepatitis por CMV; lo que permite la racionalización del uso de antivirales de alto costo y la búsqueda de etiologías diferenciales.


Abstract Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) hepatitis constitutes a challenging diagnostic entity in liver transplant (LT) recipients. Aim: To determine the real incidence of CMV hepatitis using more specific diagnostic tools as those currently used before. Methods: Retrospective/prospective study conducted in a hepatic transplant unit from 2009 to 2019. LT recipients with CMV specific or suggestive elements in histopathology of hepatic biopsies were included. Immunohistochemistry (IHQ) was performed in tissue samples of the studied cohort as well as in a control one. Results: 41 patients met the inclusion criteria. IHQ was diagnostic in 6 (14.6%), and was negative in 100% of the control population. The negative predictive value of the histopathology for CMV hepatitis diagnosis was 100% and the positive predictive value was 14.6%. 85% of patients in whom the IHQ was negative had alternative diagnosis Antiviral therapy in the retrospective analysis was indicated in 48% of patients and in 21% of the prospectively analyzed cohort. Conclusions: Histopathology and IHQ combination improves the diagnostic accuracy of CMV hepatitis which translates into a rational us of expensive antiviral therapy and to search for differential diagnosis


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver Transplantation , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnosis , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Cytomegalovirus , Hepatitis/drug therapy
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL