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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879906

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of dexamethasone (DEX) on the expression of Dynein heavy chain (DHC) and Dynactin in the cytoplasm of fetal rat cerebral cortical neurons cultured @*METHODS@#Primary cerebral cortical neurons of fetal rats were cultured @*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the mRNA expression levels of DHC and Dynactin among the three groups at all time points (@*CONCLUSIONS@#DEX affects the protein expression of DHC and Dynactin in the fetal rat cerebral cortical neurons cultured


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytoplasm , Dexamethasone/pharmacology , Dynactin Complex/genetics , Dyneins , Neurons , Rats
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1113-1125, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826866

ABSTRACT

ORF3 protein, the single accessory protein encoded by porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), is related to viral pathogenicity. In order to determine the cytoplasmic location signal of PEDV ORF3, we constructed a series of recombinant plasmids carrying full-length or truncated segments of PEDV DR13 ORF3 protein. When the acquired plasmids were transfected into Vero cells, expression and distribution of the EGFP-fused full-length ORF3 protein and its truncated forms in the cells were observed by laser confocal microscopy. The results showed that ORF3 protein or their truncated forms containing 40-91 aa segment including two transmembrane domains were localized in the cytoplasm, whereas ORF3 truncated peptides without the 40-91 aa segment were distributed in the whole cell (in both cytoplasm and nucleus). This suggests that the 40-91 aa is the key structural domain determining cytoplasmic location of PEDV ORF3 protein. The discovery provides reference for further clarifying intracellular transport and biological function of PEDV ORF3 protein.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Chlorocebus aethiops , Coronavirus Infections , Virology , Cytoplasm , Virology , Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus , Genetics , Protein Domains , Swine , Vero Cells , Viral Proteins , Chemistry , Metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1261-1268, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826851

ABSTRACT

The phenomenon of phase separation of intracellular biological macromolecules is an emerging research field that has received great attention in recent years. As an aggregation and compartment mechanism of cell biochemical reactions, it widely exists in nature and participates in important physiological processes such as gene transcription and regulation, as well as influences organism's response to external stimuli. Disequilibrium of phase separation may lead to the occurrence of some major diseases. Researchers in cross-cutting fields are trying to examine dementia and other related diseases from a new perspective of phase separation, exploring its molecular mechanism and the potential possibility of intervention and treatment. This review intends to introduce the latest research progress in this field, summarize the major research directions, biochemical basis, its relationship with disease occurrence, and giving a future perspective of key problems to focus on.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemistry Techniques, Analytical , Cytoplasm , Chemistry , Metabolism , Humans , Macromolecular Substances , Research
4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 262-266, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811468

ABSTRACT

The World Health Organization 2016 edition assigned anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement-associated renal cell carcinoma (ALK-RCC) as an emerging renal tumor entity. Identifying ALK-RCC is important because ALK inhibitors have been shown to be effective in treatment. Here, we report the case of a 14-year-old young man with ALK-RCC. Computed tomography revealed a well-demarcated 5.3-cm enhancing mass at the upper pole of the left kidney. There was no further history or symptoms of the sickle-cell trait. The patient underwent left radical nephrectomy. Pathologically, the mass was diagnosed as an unclassified RCC. Targeted next-generation sequencing identified a TPM3-ALK fusion gene. The present report and literature review demonstrate that TPM3-ALK RCC may be associated with distinct clinicopathological features. Microscopically, the tumors showed diffuse growth and tubulocystic changes with inflammatory cell infiltration. Tumor cells were dis-cohesive and epithelioid with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and cytoplasmic vacuoles. If morphological features and TFE3 expression are present in adolescent and young patients, molecular tests for ALK translocation should be performed. This awareness is critically important, because ALK rearrangement confers sensitivity to ALK inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Cytoplasm , Eosinophils , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , Kidney , Lymphoma , Nephrectomy , Phosphotransferases , Vacuoles , World Health Organization
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811184

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rosae Multiflorae fructus (RMF), known to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, has been used as a traditional remedy for inflammatory diseases such as arthritis in Eastern Asia. However, its effect on osteoclasts, which play a crucial role in resorptive inflammatory bone diseases, is yet to be elucidated.METHODS: The effect of extract of RMF (RMF-E) on receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-mediated osteoclastogenesis was examined by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining, real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. In addition, RANKL-induced Ca2⁺-oscillation was also investigated.RESULTS: RMF-E remarkably inhibited TRAP+-osteoclast and resorptive pit formation in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, the expression of c-Fos and nuclear factor of activated T-cells cytoplasmic, known as pivotal transcription factors for osteoclast formation in vitro and in vivo, and that of the osteoclast differentiation markers such as Acp5, Oscar, CtsK, Atp6v0d2, Tm7sf4, and Nfatc1 were significantly decreased by RMF-E treatment during osteoclastogenesis. The inhibitory effect of RMF-E on RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis was caused by the suppression of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation, and RANKL-induced Ca2⁺-oscillation removal via inactivation of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), and subsequently phospholipase C-γ2.CONCLUSIONS: RMF-E negatively regulates osteoclast differentiation and formation. These findings suggest the possibility of RMF-E as a traditional therapeutic agent against osteoclast-related bone disorders such as osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Acid Phosphatase , Antigens, Differentiation , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Blotting, Western , Bone Diseases , Calcium Signaling , Cytoplasm , Far East , In Vitro Techniques , Osteoclasts , Osteogenesis , Osteoporosis , Periodontitis , Phospholipases , Protein Kinases , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rosa , T-Lymphocytes , Transcription Factors
6.
Biol. Res ; 52: 6, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011409

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pollen development is an energy-consuming process that particularly occurs during meiosis. Low levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) may cause cell death, resulting in CMS (cytoplasmic male sterility). DNA sequence differences in ATP synthase genes have been revealed between the N- and S-cytoplasms in the cotton CMS system. However, very few data are available at the RNA level. In this study, we compared five ATP synthase genes in the H276A, H276B and fertile F1 (H276A/H268) lines using RNA editing, RNA blotting and quantitative real time-PCR (qRT-PCR) to explore their contribution to CMS. A molecular marker for identifying male sterile cytoplasm (MSC) was also developed. RESULTS: RNA blotting revealed the absence of any novel orf for the ATP synthase gene sequence in the three lines. Forty-one RNA editing sites were identified in the coding sequences. RNA editing showed that proteins had 32.43% higher hydrophobicity and that 39.02% of RNA editing sites had proline converted to leucine. Two new stop codons were detected in atp6 and atp9 by RNA editing. Real-time qRT-PCR data showed that the atp1, atp6, atp8, and atp9 genes had substantially lower expression levels in H276A compared with those in H276B. By contrast, the expression levels of all five genes were increased in F1 (H276A/H268). Moreover, a molecular marker based on a 6-bp deletion upstream of atp8 in H276A was developed to identify male sterile cytoplasm (MSC) in cotton. CONCLUSIONS: Our data substantially contributes to the understanding of the function of ATP synthase genes in cotton CMS. Therefore, we suggest that ATP synthase genes might be an indirect cause of cotton CMS. Further research is needed to investigate the relationship among ATP synthase genes in cotton CMS.


Subject(s)
Cell Membrane/genetics , RNA Editing , Adenosine Triphosphatases/genetics , Gossypium/enzymology , Plant Infertility/genetics , DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant/genetics , Gossypium/genetics , Cytoplasm/metabolism , RNA, Mitochondrial/genetics
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 10-21, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719692

ABSTRACT

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a group of systemic necrotising vasculitides, which often involve small vessels, and which lead to few or no immune deposits in affected organs. According to clinical manifestations and pathological features, AAV is classified into three variants: microscopic polyangiitis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), and eosinophilic GPA. The American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria contributed to the classification of AAV, although currently the algorithm suggested by the European Medicines Agency in 2007 and the Chapel Hill Consensus Conference Nomenclature of Vasculitides proposed in 2012 have encouraged physicians to classify AAV patients properly. So far, there have been noticeable advancements in studies on the pathophysiology of AAV and the classification criteria for AAV in Western countries. However, studies analysing clinical features of Korean patients with AAV have only been conducted and reported since 2000. One year-, 5 year-, and 10 year-cumulative patient survival rates are reported as 96.1, 94.8, and 92.8%. Furthermore, initial vasculitis activity, prognostic factor score, age and specific organ-involvement have been found to be associated with either all-cause mortality or poor disease course. The rate of serious infection is 28.6%, and 1 year-, 5 year- and 10 year-cumulative hospitalised infection free survival rates range from 85.1% to 72.7%. The overall standardised incidence ratio of cancer in AAV patients was deemed 1.43 compared to the general Korean population.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Classification , Consensus , Cytoplasm , Eosinophils , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Microscopic Polyangiitis , Mortality , Rheumatology , Survival Rate , Vasculitis
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741208

ABSTRACT

Primary central nervous system lymphoma of T-cell origin (T-PCNSL) is rare, and its clinicopathological features remain unclear. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma of γδ T-cell origin is an aggressive lymphoma mainly involving extranodal sites. Here, we report a case of γδ T-PCNSL involving the intramedullary spinal cord and presenting with paraplegia. A 75-year-old Korean woman visited the hospital complaining of back pain and lower extremity weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed multifocal enhancing intramedullary nodular lesions in the thoracic and lumbar spinal cord. An enhancing nodular lesion was observed in the periventricular white matter of the lateral ventricle in the brain. There were no other abnormalities in systemic organs or skin. Laminectomy and tumor removal were performed. The tumor consisted of monomorphic, medium-to-large atypical lymphocytes with pale-to-eosinophilic cytoplasm. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were CD3(+), TCRβF1(-), TCRγ(+), CD30(-), CD4(-), CD8(-), CD56(+), TIA1(+), granzyme B(+), and CD103(+). Epstein-Barr virus in situ was negative. This case represents a unique T-PCNSL of γδ T-cell origin involving the spinal cord.


Subject(s)
Aged , Back Pain , Brain , Central Nervous System , Cytoplasm , Female , Granzymes , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Laminectomy , Lateral Ventricles , Lower Extremity , Lymphocytes , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Paraplegia , Skin , Spinal Cord Diseases , Spinal Cord , T-Lymphocytes , White Matter
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741205

ABSTRACT

Secretory carcinoma of the salivary gland (SC) is a newly introduced rare salivary gland tumor that shares histological, immunohistochemical, and genetic characteristics with secretory carcinoma of the breast. Here, we report the cytologic features of two cases of SC confirmed by surgical resection. In these two cases, SC was incidentally detected in a 64-year-old female and a 56-yearold male. Fine needle aspiration cytology revealed nests of tumor cells with a papillary or glandular structure floating in mucinous secretions. The tumor cells demonstrated uniform, round, smooth nuclear contours and distinct nucleoli. Multiple characteristic cytoplasmic vacuoles were revealed. Singly scattered tumor cells frequently showed variable sized cytoplasmic vacuoles. The cytopathologic diagnosis of SC should be considered when characteristic cytological findings are revealed. Further immunohistochemistry and gene analyses are helpful to diagnose SC.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Breast , Clothing , Cytoplasm , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Mammary Analogue Secretory Carcinoma , Middle Aged , Mucins , Salivary Glands , Vacuoles
11.
Immune Network ; : e1-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740213

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the prototypic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by production of autoantibodies to various nuclear antigens and overexpression of genes regulated by IFN-I called IFN signature. Genetic studies on SLE patients and mutational analyses of mouse models demonstrate crucial roles of nucleic acid (NA) sensors in development of SLE. Although NA sensors are involved in induction of anti-microbial immune responses by recognizing microbial NAs, recognition of self NAs by NA sensors induces production of autoantibodies to NAs in B cells and production of IFN-I in plasmacytoid dendritic cells. Among various NA sensors, the endosomal RNA sensor TLR7 plays an essential role in development of SLE at least in mouse models. CD72 is an inhibitory B cell co-receptor containing an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM) in the cytoplasmic region and a C-type lectin like-domain (CTLD) in the extracellular region. CD72 is known to regulate development of SLE because CD72 polymorphisms associate with SLE in both human and mice and CD72−/− mice develop relatively severe lupus-like disease. CD72 specifically recognizes the RNA-containing endogenous TLR7 ligand Sm/RNP by its extracellular CTLD, and inhibits B cell responses to Sm/RNP by ITIM-mediated signal inhibition. These findings indicate that CD72 inhibits development of SLE by suppressing TLR7-dependent B cell response to self NAs. CD72 is thus involved in discrimination of self-NAs from microbial NAs by specifically suppressing autoimmune responses to self-NAs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Nuclear , Autoantibodies , Autoantigens , Autoimmune Diseases , Autoimmunity , B-Lymphocytes , Cytoplasm , Dendritic Cells , Discrimination, Psychological , Humans , Immunoreceptor Tyrosine-Based Inhibition Motif , Lectins, C-Type , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Mice , RNA
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the expression pattern of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) and its phosphorylated forms, GSK3β phosphorylated at Ser9 (pS9GSK3β), and GSK3β phosphorylated at Tyr216 (pY216GSK3β), in cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (AC). METHODS: We performed immunohistochemical staining for GSK3β, pS9GSK3β, and pY216GSK3β in 64 SCC and 20 AC cases and compared their expression patterns between the 2 tumor types. RESULTS: Increased GSK3β and pS9GSK3β expression but decreased pY216GSK3β expression compared with that in the normal cervix were observed in both SCC and AC specimens. Specifically, the levels of GSK3β and pS9GSK3β were significantly increased in SCC and AC, respectively. GSK3β was localized in the nucleus and/or cytoplasm of SCC and AC cells. However, pS9GSK3β was predominantly localized in the membrane of AC cells, whereas it was present in the nucleus and/or cytoplasm of SCC cells. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the phosphorylation status of GSK3β changes during cervical cancer development and the different expression levels and patterns of GSK3β and pS9GSK3β are associated with the specific histologic phenotype of cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cervix Uteri , Cytoplasm , Epithelial Cells , Female , Glycogen Synthase Kinases , Membranes , Phenotype , Phosphorylation , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 509-516, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762085

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to verify the induction and mechanism of selective apoptosis in G361 melanoma cells using anti-HER2 antibody-conjugated gold nanoparticles (GNP-HER2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following GNP-HER2 treatment of G361 cells, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis were measured by WST-1 assay, Hemacolor staining, Hoechst staining, immunofluorescence staining, fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis, and Western blotting.


Subject(s)
Actins , Apoptosis Inducing Factor , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Caspase 3 , Caspases , Cell Adhesion , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Death , Cyclin A , Cyclin D1 , Cyclin E , Cyclins , Cytochromes c , Cytoplasm , DNA Fragmentation , Down-Regulation , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Focal Adhesions , Melanoma , Mitochondria , Nanoparticles , Phosphotransferases , ErbB Receptors , Up-Regulation
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1164-1173, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762068

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score was developed to detect undernutrition in patients. Here, we investigated whether the CONUT score estimated at diagnosis could help predict poor outcomes [all-cause mortality, relapse, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD)] of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed and collated data, including baseline characteristics, clinical manifestations (to calculate AAV-specific indices), and laboratory results, from 196 newly diagnosed AAV patients. Serum albumin, peripheral lymphocyte, and total cholesterol levels (at diagnosis) were used to calculate CONUT scores. RESULTS: In total, 111 patients had high CONUT scores (≥3), which showed higher frequency of myeloperoxidase-ANCA and ANCA positivity, and demonstrated higher AAV-specific indices. The optimal cut-offs of CONUT score (at diagnosis) for predicting all-cause mortality and ESRD were ≥3.5 and ≥2.5, respectively. Patients with CONUT scores higher than the cut-off at diagnosis exhibited lower cumulative and ESRD-free survival rates compared to those with lower scores than the cut-off. In multivariable analyses, diabetes mellitus [hazard ratio (HR): 4.394], five-factor score (HR: 3.051), and CONUT score ≥3.5 (HR: 4.307) at diagnosis were independent predictors of all-cause mortality, while only serum creatinine (HR: 1.714) was an independent predictor of ESRD occurrence. CONCLUSION: CONUT score at diagnosis is associated with all-cause mortality in AAV patients.


Subject(s)
Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis , Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Cholesterol , Creatinine , Cytoplasm , Diabetes Mellitus , Diagnosis , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Lymphocytes , Malnutrition , Mortality , Nutritional Status , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Serum Albumin , Survival Rate , Vasculitis
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760483

ABSTRACT

Surface immunoglobulin light-chain restriction is evidence of clonality in mature B-cell neoplasms. An aberrant pattern of surface light-chain expression can also be considered evidence of clonality. However, because this result could occur due to nonspecific staining or failure to stain, careful interpretation is required for accurate diagnosis. According to a previous study, flow cytometric analysis of the cytoplasmic pattern of light-chain expression in mature B-cell neoplasms is a viable approach to confirming clonality. Herein, we report a case, in which clonality could not be proven by surface light-chain analysis, but was demonstrated by cytoplasmic light-chain analysis. The case was in a patient with B-cell lymphoma showing non-specific surface expression of light-chains. This case support consideration of flow cytometric analysis of cytoplasmic light-chain expression patterns when aberrant surface light chain expression is observed, to confirm clonality of mature B-cell neoplasms.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Cytoplasm , Diagnosis , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Lymphoma, B-Cell
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760337

ABSTRACT

A renal oncocytoma was diagnosed in an 8-year-old female Maltese dog with a history of renal cysts. Tumor cells were not detected until six months after observation of renal cysts. Nephrectomy was performed to treat the neoplasia. Tumor-like masses with numerous nodules were observed in the inner surface of cysts present in the caudal part of the left kidney. Histologically, the tumor consisted of cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. The diagnosis was based on histological features, periodic acid-Schiff reaction, and immunohistochemical cytokeratin staining. Based on a literature review, this is the first canine renal oncocytoma case reported in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adenoma, Oxyphilic , Animals , Child , Cytoplasm , Diagnosis , Dogs , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Keratins , Kidney , Korea , Nephrectomy , Periodic Acid-Schiff Reaction
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765101

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), one of the most widely used brominated flame-retardants, is a representative persistent organic pollutants group. Studies on TBBPA toxicity have been conducted using various target cells; however, few studies have investigated TBBPA toxicity in bone cells. Therefore, this study investigated the in vitro effects of TBBPA on osteoclasts, a cell type involved in bone metabolism. METHODS: RAW264.7 cells were cultured in medium containing 50 ng/mL receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) and varying concentrations of TBBPA. To evaluate the effects of TBBPA on the differentiation and function of osteoclasts, osteoclast-specific gene expression, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity, bone resorbing activity, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and mitochondrial superoxide were measured. RESULTS: The presence of 20 μM TBBPA significantly increased TRAP activity in RANKL-stimulated RAW264.7 cells, the bone resorbing activity of osteoclasts, and the gene expression of Akt2, nuclear factor of activated T-cells cytoplasmic 1, and chloride channel voltage-sensitive 7. However, TBBPA treatment caused no change in the expression of carbonic anhydrase II, cathepsin K, osteopetrosis-associated transmembrane protein 1, Src, extracellular signal-related kinase, GAB2, c-Fos, or matrix metalloproteinase 9. Furthermore, 20 μM TBBPA caused a significant decrease in MMP and a significant increase in mitochondrial superoxide production. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that TBBPA promotes osteoclast differentiation and activity. The mechanism of TBBPA-stimulated osteoclastogenesis might include increased expression of several genes involved in osteoclast differentiation and reactive oxygen species production.


Subject(s)
Acid Phosphatase , Carbonic Anhydrase II , Cathepsin K , Chloride Channels , Cytoplasm , Gene Expression , In Vitro Techniques , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Metabolism , Osteoclasts , Phosphotransferases , RANK Ligand , Reactive Oxygen Species , Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B , Superoxides , T-Lymphocytes
18.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 491-496, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764273

ABSTRACT

Histiocytic sarcoma is a rare hematologic malignancy, with very few cases of primary histiocytic sarcoma of the breast described in English scientific literature. Herein, we describe a case of primary histiocytic sarcoma of the breast in a 75-year-old woman, with no clinical history of malignant tumors, who presented with a palpable solitary breast mass. Microscopically, the resected breast mass showed large pleomorphic cells, some multinucleated giant cells, and admixed inflammatory components. The pleomorphic tumor cells further showed a diffuse, noncohesive growth pattern, an abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, and strong and diffuse immunoreactivity for cluster of differentiation (CD) 68 and CD163. Furthermore, a whole-body positron-emission tomography/computed tomography using deoxy-2-[¹⁸F]fluoro-D-glucose performed after surgery showed no other masses or lesions. After surgical excision, the patient was followed up, and no evidence of tumor recurrence or metastasis was noted.


Subject(s)
Aged , Breast , Cytoplasm , Eosinophils , Female , Giant Cells , Hematologic Neoplasms , Histiocytes , Histiocytic Sarcoma , Humans , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence
19.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 559-562, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762372

ABSTRACT

Syringocystadenocarcinoma papilliferum (SCACP) is a rare malignant adnexal neoplasm, which is considered as a malignant counterpart of syringocystadenoma papilliferum (SCAP). Clinically, SCACP appears as a nodule, inflammatory plaque, or tumor. The lesion is usually covered with crusts, which are formed by secretion of the apocrine epithelial cells. Histologically, SCACP resembles SCAP, with cystic papillomatous invaginations connected to the skin surface by funnel-shaped structures lined by infundibular epithelium. The stroma of the tumor consists of a dense inflammatory infiltrate of plasma cells and lymphocytes. SCACP differs from SCAP in terms of the architectural and cytological features of the tumor cells, and is characterized by higher nuclear cytoplasmic ratio, nuclear irregularity, coarse chromatin, and increased mitotic activity. However, the immunohistochemical findings of SCACP vary. Since only 49 cases of SCACP have been reported in the English literature, the clinical and histologic characteristics of SCACP have not been fully established. Further studies on the diagnostic criteria for SCACP are warranted. Here, we report a rare case of SCACP and present a review of other relevant literature.


Subject(s)
Chromatin , Cytoplasm , Epithelial Cells , Epithelium , Lymphocytes , Plasma Cells , Skin , Sweat Gland Neoplasms
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762199

ABSTRACT

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA, also known as the Churg-Strauss syndrome) is a disorder characterized by asthma, peripheral eosinophilia and systemic vasculitis. It rarely occurs in children, so that physicians may frequently mistake it for a simple uncontrolled asthma. Since a subsequent cardiac involvement is critical for the prognosis, it is important to suspect EGPA in children with severe, uncontrolled asthma. The cardiac manifestations in EGPA are variable from asymptomatic electrocardiogram abnormalities to pericarditis with pericardial effusion, myocarditis with cardiomyopathy, heart failure, and sudden cardiac death. Although delayed treatment may lead to fatal cardiac complications in EGPA, adequate immune suppression can reverse cardiac impairment. We report a 14-year-old girl with persistent asthma refractory to steroids who was eventually diagnosed with an anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-negative EGPA.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma , Cardiomyopathies , Child , Churg-Strauss Syndrome , Cytoplasm , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Electrocardiography , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Female , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis , Heart Failure , Heart , Humans , Myocarditis , Pericardial Effusion , Pericarditis , Prognosis , Steroids , Systemic Vasculitis
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