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3.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(1)jan./fev./mar. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371187

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O carcinoma primário de apêndice é uma condição rara. Muitas revisões retrospectivas internacionais delineiam a experiência de diferentes centros em neoplasias apendiculares. Por sua vez, o tratamento do câncer nessa localização é complexo e depende do subtipo histológico e da extensão da doença. Um dos tratamentos mais promissores é a cirurgia citorredutora (CCR) associada à quimioterapia intraperitoneal hipertérmica (HIPEC). No Brasil, não há descrição de séries de casos que tiveram essa abordagem terapêutica. O objetivo desta série de casos é analisar as características sociodemográficas e o tipo de intervenção terapêutica em pacientes com doenças malignas de apêndice em um Centro de Assistência de Alta Complexidade em Oncologia III (Cacon III). Relato dos casos: Foram incluídos 43 casos de tumores primários de apêndice. O adenocarcinoma do apêndice do tipo mucinoso de baixo grau foi a neoplasia mais diagnosticada. O principal protocolo utilizado foi de uma a duas cirurgias e aplicação de mitomicina C em temperatura média de 40 graus. Os casos apresentaram grande heterogeneidade quanto ao uso do protocolo. Conclusão: O presente relato de 43 casos é importante por se tratar de um tumor raro nessa localização. A modalidade terapêutica descrita é promissora, mas não há protocolo definido para essa finalidade. É necessário atualizar as diretrizes terapêuticas para normatizar a conduta internamente, especialmente em se tratando de uma unidade de referência nacional


Introduction: Primary appendix carcinoma is a rare condition. Many international retrospective reviews outline the experience of different centers in appendicular neoplasms. The cancer treatment in this location is complex and depends on the histological subtype and the extent of the disease. One of the most promising treatments is cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). In Brazil, there is no description of series of cases with this therapeutic approach. The purpose of this case series is to analyze the sociodemographic characteristics and the type of therapeutic intervention in patients with malignant diseases of the appendix in a High Complexity Care Center in Oncology III (Cacon III). Case reports: 43 cases of primary appendix tumors were included. Low-grade mucinous adenocarcinoma was the most diagnosed neoplasm. The main protocol used was 1 to 2 surgeries and application of mitomycin C at an average temperature of 40 degrees. There was great heterogeneity regarding the use of the protocol. Conclusion: The present report of 43 cases is important because it is a rare tumor with this location. The therapeutic modality described is promising, but there is no defined protocol for this purpose. It is necessary to update the therapeutic guidelines to standardize the conduct internally, especially in the case of a national reference unit


Introducción: El carcinoma primario de apéndice es una entidad poco frecuente. Numerosas revisiones retrospectivas internacionales describen la experiencia de diferentes centros en neoplasias apendiculares. A su vez, el tratamiento de esta localización del cáncer es complejo y depende del subtipo histológico y la extensión de la enfermedad. Uno de los tratamientos más prometedores es la cirugía citorreductora (CCR) asociada a quimioterapia intraperitoneal hipertérmica (HIPEC). En Brasil, no hay descripción de series de casos que tuvieran este abordaje terapéutico. El propósito de esta serie de casos es analizar las características sociodemográficas y el tipo de intervención terapéutica en pacientes con enfermedades malignas del apéndice en un Centro Asistencial de Alta Complejidad en Oncología III (Cacón III). Reporte de los casos: Se incluyeron 43 casos de tumores primarios de apéndice. El adenocarcinoma mucinoso de bajo grado tuvo la mayor incidencia. El protocolo principal utilizado fue de una a dos cirugías y aplicación de mitomicina C a una temperatura promedio de 40 grados. Los casos mostraron gran heterogeneidad en cuanto al uso del protocolo. Conclusión: El presente informe es importante porque es un tumor raro. La modalidad terapéutica descrita es prometedora, pero no existe un protocolo definido para tal fin. Es necesario actualizar las pautas terapéuticas para normalizar la conducta internamente, especialmente en el caso de una unidad de referencia nacional


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Appendiceal Neoplasms , Mitomycin , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy
4.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223135, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365387

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to report the final analysis of a phase 2 trial assessing the efficacy and safety of short-course hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Methods: this was an open-label, multicenter, single-arm trial of HIPEC in patients with advanced EOC who underwent interval cytoreductive surgery (iCRS) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). HIPEC was performed as a concentration-based regimen of platinum-based chemotherapy for 30 minutes. Primary endpoint was the rate of disease progression occurring at nine months following iCRS plus HIPEC (PD9). Secondary endpoints were postoperative complications, time to start adjuvant chemotherapy, length of hospital and ICU stay, quality of life (QoL) over treatment, and ultimately 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Analysis was by intention-to-treat with final database lock for survival outcomes on February 23, 2021. Results: fifteen patients with stage III EOC were enrolled between February 2015 and July 2019, in four centers. The intention to treat PD9 was 6.7%. With a median follow-up of 33 months (IQR, 24.3-46.5), the median PFS was 18.1 months and corresponding 2-year rates of PFS and OS was 33.3% and 93.3%, respectively. Three patients (20%) experienced graded III complications. Median length of hospital and ICU stay was 5 (IQR, 4-6.5) and 1 (IQR, 1-1) days, respectively. Time to restart systemic chemotherapy was 39 (IQR, 35-49.3) days and no significant difference over time in QoL was observed. Conclusions: we demonstrate preliminary efficacy and safety of short-course HIPEC in patient with advanced EOC.


RESUMO Objetivo: apresentar a análise final de ensaio clínico de fase 2 que avaliou a eficácia e a segurança da quimioterapia intraperitoneal hipertérmica (HIPEC) de curta duração em pacientes com câncer epitelial de ovário avançado (EOC). Métodos: estudo aberto, multicêntrico, de braço único avaliando a HIPEC em pacientes com EOC avançado submetidos a cirurgia citorredutora de intervalo (iCRS) após quimioterapia neoadjuvante (NACT). A HIPEC foi realizada como regime baseado na concentração de cisplatina, perfundida por 30 minutos. O desfecho primário foi a taxa de progressão da doença 9 meses após a iCRS com HIPEC (PD9). Os desfechos secundários foram complicações pós-operatórias, tempo para iniciar a quimioterapia adjuvante, tempo de internação e permanência em UTI, qualidade de vida (QoL) ao longo do tratamento e, finalmente, sobrevida cumulativa livre de progressão (PSF) e global (OS) em 2 anos. As análises foram em intenção de tratar (ITT) com fechamento dos dados para análise da sobrevida em 23 de fevereiro de 2021. Resultados: quinze pacientes com EOC em estágio III foram incluídos no estudo entre fevereiro de 2015 e julho de 2019 em quatro centros recrutadores. A PD9 por ITT foi de 6,7%. Com acompanhamento mediano de 33 meses (IQR, 24,3-46,5), a PFS mediana foi de 18,1 meses e as taxas correspondentes de PFS e OS em 2 anos foram 33,3% e 93,3%, respectivamente. Três pacientes (20%) apresentaram complicações grau III. O tempo mediano de internamento hospitalar e em UTI foi de 5 (IQR, 4-6,5) e 1 (IQR, 1-1) dias, respectivamente. O tempo para reinício da quimioterapia sistêmica foi de 39 dias (IQR, 35-49,3) e não foi observada diferença significativa na QoL ao longo do tratamento. Conclusões: demonstrou-se eficácia e segurança preliminares da HIPEC de curta duração em pacientes com EOC avançado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Quality of Life , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/drug therapy , Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(6): 1162-1175, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340020

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate surgical complications and oncological outcomes of patients submitted to primary radical inguinal surgical debulking (PRISD) and myocutaneous pediculate flap reconstruction (MPFR) for locally advanced penile cancer (PC). Materials and Methods: Forty-two patients with ulcerated and/or fixed bulky inguinal masses underwent unilateral or bilateral PRISD with MPFR. Tensor fascia lata flap (TFL) was the standard of care for all patients. Additional use of the gracilis flap (GF) was carried out when necessary. Contra-lateral radical inguinal lymphadenectomy (RIL) was conduced when PRISD was performed unilaterally. Surgical complications were analyzed and stratified into minor and major according to the Bevan-Thomas classification. Adjunctive treatments were assessed and oncological outcomes analyzed. Results: Of the 42 patients evaluated, 10 (23.8%) underwent bilateral PRISD and 32 (76.2%) unilateral PRISD with contra-lateral RIL, totaling 84 lymphadenectomies. A total of 62 MPFRs were performed, 52 with TFL and 10 with GF. A total of 53 complications were identified, 49 related to PRISD with MPFR and 4 to RIL. Adjuvant chemotherapy was carried out in 16 patients. Median follow-up was 10.8 months with a median overall survival (OS) of 14.0 months against 6.0 months (p=0.006) for patients submitted to PRISD with adjuvant chemotherapy in relation to surgery alone. Conclusions: PRISD alone for advanced loco-regional PC is unlikely to promote long-term survival, although it can lead to temporary local control of the disease. Despite the feasibility of the procedure, it is related to high incidence of complications. Surgical treatment with adjuvant chemotherapy is associated with improved OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Penile Neoplasms/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Myocutaneous Flap , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Lymph Node Excision
6.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 176-181, June 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286986

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Ovarian metastases of gastrointestinal origin, also called Krukenberg tumors, have a guarded prognosis. Physicians need to look for alternatives in diagnosis and treatment for this clinical condition in order to improve the outcome of the patients. Objectives: To report the experience of the authors in the treatment of these patients, and to perform a review of the literature on the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis for ovarian metastases from colorectal cancer. Methods: We collected clinical information regarding the patients treated for ovarian metastasis from colorectal adenocarcinoma at our coloproctology service, and performed a search on the PubMed database using the terms colorectal cancer, ovarian metastasis, Krukenberg tumor and surgery. Conclusion: Large abdominal tumors are the most frequent presentation of ovarian metastasis from colorectal cancer. The diagnosis is based on a histopathological analysis, levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cancer antigen 125 (CA-125), and immunohistochemical studies for the cytokeratin 20 (CK20), caudal-type homeobox 2 (CDX2) and vilina markers. Citoreductive surgical procedures are the most promising approach to treatment, with the highest impact on overall survival. The prognosis is negatively influenced by the extent of the metastasis, by citoreductive surgical procedures with persistence of macro- or microscopic foci of the disease, and by low scores on the general well-being index of the patient. (AU)


Introdução: As metástases ovarianas de tumores gastrointestinais, também chamadas de tumores de Krukenberg, são neoplasias de prognóstico reservado. Exigem conhecimento de alternativas diagnósticas e terapêuticas para garantir melhora da sobrevida das pacientes. Objetivos: Relatar a experiência dos autores no tratamento dessas pacientes, e fazer uma revisão da literatura sobre a epidemiologia, apresentação clínica, diagnóstico, tratamento e prognóstico das metástases ovarianas do câncer colorretal. Métodos: Foi realizada uma coleta de informações clínicas de pacientes tratados por metástases ovarianas de adenocarcinoma colorretal em nosso serviço de coloproctologia, em conjunto com uma pesquisa na base de dados PubMed com os termos colorectal cancer, ovarian metastasis, Krukenberg tumor, e surgery. Conclusão: Volumosas massas abdominais constituem a principal apresentação clínica da doença. As alternativas diagnósticas incluem a avaliação histopatológica, a identificação dos níveis de antígeno cárcino-embriônico (ACE) e de antígeno de câncer 125 (CA-125), e exame imunoistoquímico de espécimes cirúrgicos para os marcadores citoqueratina 20 (CK20), homeobox 2 do tipo caudal (CDX2), e vilina. O tratamento citorredutor completo demonstrou o maior impacto na sobrevida dos pacientes. O prognóstico é influenciado negativamente pela extensão da doença metastática, por cirurgia citorredutiva com persistência focos microscópicos ou macroscópicos da doença, e baixo escore de índice de bem-estar geral do paciente. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/etiology , Adenocarcinoma , Krukenberg Tumor , Neoplasm Metastasis , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Ovarian Neoplasms/therapy , Colorectal Neoplasms/complications , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures
7.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(1): 74-79, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153589

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Upper airway obstruction, secondary to neoplasms presenting with stridor, is traditionally treated by tracheostomy. However, this common procedure can potentially have an impact on the long-term outcome, with tumor implantation into the tracheostomized wound leading to peristomal recurrence after laryngectomy, with the risk of stomal recurrence. Objective: To describe our clinical experience with tumor debulking as an alternative treatment choice of tracheotomy in patients with advanced larynx cancer at a tertiary referral center. Methods: A retrospective chart review of 87 subjects who had advanced larynx cancer (T3/4) with airway obstruction from our institutional database was conducted. Medical records including demographics, daily notes during hospitalization, and operative notes were used for clinical data of patients. The strategy for maintaining the airway patency was tracheotomy (emergency or awake) and tumor debulking (laser or coblation). Endophytic and exophytic laryngeal tumors were also noted. Results: In 41/87 (47.1%) patients, a tracheotomy was performed as an initial treatment (11 were emergency, 30 were planned) to maintain airway patency. Tumor debulking was performed in 28 exophytic and 18 endophytic lesions by laser or coblation (17 and 29 patients, respectively). Tracheotomy was performed in 5 patients (4 endophytic, 1 exophytic) who could not tolerate debulking surgery due to aspiration, edema and dyspnea. Three of the them who required subsequent tracheotomy was in the laser group and two in the coblation group. The success rate of laser debulking was 82.35% (14/17) and 93.1% (27/29) for coblation. Conclusion: Tumor debulking is a safe and effective method to avoid awake tracheotomy in patients suffering from airway obstruction due to advanced larynx cancer.


Resumo Introdução: A obstrução das vias aéreas superiores com estridor, secundária a neoplasias, é tradicionalmente tratada com traqueotomia. No entanto, este procedimento comum pode potencialmente ter um impacto sobre o desfecho a longo prazo, com a implantação do tumor na ferida cirúrgica da traqueotomia, o que leva à recorrência peristomal após laringectomia, com o risco de recorrência do estoma. Objetivo: Descrever nossa experiência clínica com a redução do volume tumoral como tratamento alternativo à traqueotomia em pacientes com câncer avançado de laringe em um centro de referência terciário. Método: Foi realizada uma revisão retrospectiva de prontuários de 87 indivíduos com câncer avançado de laringe (T3/T4) com obstrução das vias aéreas em nosso banco de dados institucional. Registros médicos incluindo dados demográficos, anotações diárias durante a hospitalização e anotações operacionais foram utilizados como dados clínicos dos pacientes. A estratégia para manter a patência das vias aéreas foi a traqueotomia (emergência ou em pacientes acordados) e redução do volume tumoral (por laser ou coblation). Tumores endofíticos e exofíticos da laringe também foram anotados. Resultados: Uma traqueotomia foi realizada como tratamento inicial em 41/87 (47,1%) pacientes (11 foram de emergência, 30 foram eletivas) para manter a patência das vias aéreas. A redução do volume tumoral foi realizada em 28 lesões exofíticas e 18 endofíticas por laser ou coblation (17 e 29 pacientes, respectivamente). A traqueotomia foi realizada em 5 pacientes (4 endofíticos, 1 exofítico) que não podiam tolerar a cirurgia de redução de volume devido à aspiração, edema e dispneia. Três deles que necessitaram de uma traqueotomia subsequente estavam no grupo de laser e dois no grupo coblation. A taxa de sucesso da redução tumoral foi de 82,35% (14/17) para o laser e 93,1% (27/29) para coblation. Conclusão: A redução do volume tumoral é um método seguro e eficaz para evitar a traqueotomia com paciente acordado, nos casos de obstrução das vias aéreas devido ao câncer de laringe avançado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/complications , Airway Obstruction/surgery , Airway Obstruction/etiology , Tracheotomy , Tracheostomy , Retrospective Studies , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
8.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(2): 137-144, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281110

ABSTRACT

El Tumor Desmoplásico Intraabdominal de células pequeñas y redondas es un tumor agresivo, poco frecuente, el pronóstico es pobre y presenta una supervivencia total de 15% a los 5 años. Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente con diagnóstico de Tumor Desmoplásico, sometido a cirugía citoreductora y quimioterapia intraperitoneal hipertérmica internado durante 46 días en el Hospital de Clínicas de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, donde recibió un tratamiento multidisciplinario. El tratamiento kinésico inició posterior a la cirugía y continuó de manera ambulatoria logrando finalmente la marcha independiente, completándose un total de 20 sesiones. La evolución clínica kinésica quirúrgica demostró la importancia del trabajo interdisciplinario desde el primer contacto con el paciente. A pesar del desenlace desfavorable del paciente, en el tiempo de recuperación post quirúrgico se pudo acceder a las terapéuticas logrando importantes resultados respecto a la independencia física. El reporte presentado corresponde al tercer caso de esta patología, sometido a cirugía en el Hospital de Clínicas de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, el aporte de este informe nos permite valorar el manejo integral de un paciente oncológico.


The desmoplastic small round cell tumor is a rare aggressive tumor, the prognosis is poor and it has a total survival of 15% at 5 years. We presented the clinical case of a patient with a diagnosis of desmoplastic tumor, who underwent cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy, hospitalized for 46 days, where he received multidisciplinary treatment.Physical Therapy treatment began after surgery and continued on an outpatient basis, finally achieving independent walking, completing a total of 20 sessions. The clinical evolution demonstrated the importance of interdisciplinary work from the first contact with the patient. Despite the unfavorable outcome of the patient, in the post-surgical recovery time, therapeutics could be accessed, achieving important results regarding physical independence. The report presented corresponds to the third case of this pathology, submitted to surgery at the Hospital de Clínicas of the Faculty of Medical Sciences, the contribution of this report allows us to assess the comprehensive management of an oncological patient.


Subject(s)
Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Neoplasms , Clinical Evolution , Diagnosis
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811220

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) for the treatment of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has remained controversial. This meta-analysis was performed to systematically assess the efficacy and safety of NACT versus primary debulking surgery (PDS) in patients with EOC.METHODS: PubMed, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Cochrane Library were queried to assess the therapeutic value of NACT versus PDS in EOC. Electronic databases were queried by using the keywords “ovarian cancer/neoplasms”, “primary debulking surgery”, and “neoadjuvant chemotherapy”.RESULTS: The available trials were pooled, and hazard ratios (HRs), relative risk ratios (RRs) and associated 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were determined. Sixteen trials involving 57,450 participants with EOC (NACT, 9,475; PDS, 47,975) were evaluated. We found that NACT resulted in markedly decreased overall survival than PDS in patients with EOC (HR=1.30; 95% CI=1.13–1.49; heterogeneity: p<0.001, ²=82.7%). Furthermore, our results demonstrated that the NACT group displayed increased completeness of debulking removal (RR=1.69, 95% CI=1.32–2.17; heterogeneity: p<0.001, ²=81.9%), and reduced risk of postsurgical death (RR=0.18, 95% CI=0.06–0.51; heterogeneity: p=0.698, ²=0%) and major infection (RR=0.29, 95% CI=0.17–0.51; heterogeneity: p=0.777, ²=0%) compared with patients administered PDS.CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis indicated that NACT results in increased completeness of debulking removal, and reduced risk of postsurgical death and major infection compared with PDS, while PDS is associated with improved survival in comparison with NACT in EOC patients.TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO Identifier: CRD42019120625


Subject(s)
Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Drug Therapy , Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Odds Ratio , Ovarian Neoplasms , Population Characteristics
10.
Repert. med. cir ; 29(1): 41-47, 2020. graf.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1116567

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la citorreducción más quimioterapia hipertérmica intraoperatoria (HIPEC) aborda la carcinomatosis peritoneal (CP) como una enfermedad locorregional, con respuesta adecuada en la supervivencia considerando la severidad de la patología. La agresividad del procedimiento se asocia con altos índices de morbimortalidad. Objetivo: evaluar la supervivencia global y libre de enfermedad a 1 año en pacientes con CP, en quienes se realizó tratamiento mediante citorreducción más HIPEC en el Hospital Infantil Universitario de San José entre enero 2016 y diciembre 2017. Metodología: estudio observacional de una cohorte con CP de diferentes etiologías que recibieron citorreducción más HIPEC, se obtuvo información a partir de las historias clínicas. Resultados: se incluyeron 10 casos con una mediana de edad de 49 años (RIC 43-54) y CP de origen primario en apéndice (60%, n=6), colon (20%, n=2) y ovario (20%, n=2). El índice de carcinomatosis peritoneal (ICP) presentó una mediana de 14.5 (RIC 6-24). Se observó recaída en 3 pacientes y 4 desenlaces fatales. Se estimó una supervivencia global de 54% y libre de enfermedad de 58% a un año. Conclusión: se encontraron mejores resultados en supervivencia global y libre de enfermedad a un año que los descritos en quimioterapia sistémica. Es importante la selección estricta de los pacientes, así como efectuar estudios con un mayor número para determinar con evidencia la relación entre el procedimiento y la supervivencia global y libre de enfermedad.


Introduction: cytorreductive surgery (CRS) paired with hyperthermic intraoperative chemotherapy (HIPEC), approach peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) as a localized regional disease with adequate survival response according to disease severity. CRS with HIPEC is regarded as a highly morbid procedure with high mortality rates. Objective: to review the 1-year overall survival and disease-free survival in patients with PC that had been treated with CRS with HIPEC at Hospital Infantil Universitario de San José between January 2016 and December 2017. Methodology: an observational study analyzing a cohort of patients with PC secondary to various primary tumors who received CRS with HIPEC. Data was collected from clinical records. Results: we included 10 cases with mean age of 49 years (IQR 43-54) and PC secondary to appendix (60%, n=6), colon (20%, n=2) and ovary (20%, n=2) primary tumors. The peritoneal carcinomatosis index (PCI) was 14.5 (IQR 6-24). PC recurred in 3 patients and 4 patients died. A 1-year overall survival rate of 54% was estimated and a 1-year disease-free survival of 58% was obtained. Conclusion: our results of 1-year overall and disease-free survival rates were better to those described for systemic chemotherapy. Strict patient selection, as well as, conducting larger studies is recommended to allow an evidence-based determination of overall and disease-free survival in patients treated with CRS with HIPEC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma , Peritoneum , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Hyperthermia, Induced
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202458, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136591

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We aim to alert the difference between groups while comparing studies of abdominal oncological operations performed either by minimally invasive or laparotomic approaches and potential conflicts of interest in presenting or interpreting the results. Considering the large volume of scientific articles that are published, there is a need to consider the quality of the scientific production that leads to clinical decision making. In this regards, it is important to take into account the choice of the surgical access route. Randomized, controlled clinical trials are the standard for comparing the effectiveness between these interventions. Although some studies indicate advantages in minimally invasive access, caution is needed when interpreting these findings. There is no detailed observation in each of the comparative study about the real limitations and potential indications for minimally invasive procedures, such as the indications for selected and less advanced cases, in less complex cavities, as well as its elective characteristic. Several abdominal oncological operations via laparotomy would not be plausible to be completely performed through a minimally invasive access. These cases should be carefully selected and excluded from the comparative group. The comparison should be carried out, in a balanced way, with a group that could also have undergone a minimally invasive access, avoiding bias in selecting those cases of minor complexity, placed in the minimally invasive group. It is not a question of criticizing the minimally invasive technologies, but of respecting the surgeon's clinical decision regarding the most convenient method, revalidating the well-performed traditional laparotomy route, which has been unfairly criticized or downplayed by many people.


RESUMO Objetivamos alertar a desigualdade entre grupos de pacientes, em estudos comparativos de cirurgias oncológicas abdominais por acessos minimamente invasivos ou laparotômicos, e os possíveis conflitos de interesse na demonstração ou interpretação dos resultados. Diante do grande volume de artigos científicos produzidos, há necessidade de se considerar a qualidade da produção científica de estudos para a tomada da decisão clínica quanto à eleição da via de acesso cirúrgico. Ensaios clínicos randomizados e controlados são o padrão para comparar a eficácia entre estas intervenções em situações diversas. Apesar de alguns estudos indicarem vantagens no acesso minimamente invasivo, é preciso cautela na interpretação desses achados. Não se percebe detalhada discussão que alerte, em cada estudo comparativo, sobre os reais limites e indicações possíveis de cirurgias minimamente invasivas, como indicações para casos selecionados, menos avançados, mais eletivos, e em cavidades menos complexas. Diversas cirurgias oncológicas abdominais via laparotômica não seriam plausíveis de serem, completamente, realizadas por acesso minimamente invasivo. Estas deveriam ser, criteriosamente, selecionadas e excluídas do grupo comparativo. A comparação deve ser, equilibradamente, realizada com grupo que, muito provavelmente, também poderia ter sido submetido ao acesso minimamente invasivo a contento, evitando viés de seleção da concentração de casos de complexidade menor no grupo da cirurgia minimamente invasiva. Não se trata, aqui, de desmerecer as tecnologias minimamente invasivas, mas de respeito à decisão clínica do cirurgião pelo método mais conveniente, revalidando a via laparotômica tradicional bem procedida, a qual tem sido, injustamente, criticada ou inferiorizada por muitos em nosso meio.


Subject(s)
Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Laparotomy , Elective Surgical Procedures , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
12.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202534, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136590

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: to evaluate the effect of short-course (i.e.: 30 minutes) HIPEC on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in our feasibility study; NCT02249013. Methods: a prespecified secondary end-point of our open-label, multicenter, single-arm, phase 2 trial on safety and efficacy was assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30, version 3.0). Patients were required to complete the HRQoL questionnaire at baseline, after HIPEC, and after the end of the treatment. Changes of HRQoL over time were assessed by median scores for each domain and analyzed by Friedman`s test at a significant two-sided level of 0.05. Results: fifteen patients with high tumor burden EOC were recruited from our public health system between February 2015 and July 2019. A baseline EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire and at least one follow-up questionnaire was received from all of the patients. No significant difference over time in the QLQC30 summary scores was observed (p>0.05). The transitory impairment on patients HRQoL immediately after the short-course HIPEC trended to return to baseline at the end of the multimodal treatment. Conclusions: we found no significant impairment of short-course HIPEC on patients HRQoL into the context of our comprehensive treatment protocol.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o impacto da quimioterapia intraperitoneal hipertérmica (HIPEC) de curta duração (i.e.: 30 minutos) na qualidade de vida (QoL) relacionada à saúde (HRQoL) no contexto de ensaio clínico terapêutico piloto; NCT02249013. Métodos: avaliou-se o desfecho secundário predeterminado de HRQoL em ensaio clínico de fase 2 de segurança e eficácia, aberto, multicêntrico, de braço único, utilizando-se o questionário European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life (EORTC QLQ-C30, versão 3.0). As pacientes foram solicitadas a responder o questionário de HRQoL antes do tratamento, após a HIPEC, e ao fim do tratamento interdisciplinar. As variações da HRQoL ao longo do tempo foram avaliadas pelas medianas dos escores de cada domínio e analisadas pelo teste de Friedman, considerando-se nível de significância estatística bicaudal de 5%. Resultados: quinze pacientes com câncer de ovário de grande volume tumoral foram recrutadas do sistema de saúde pública (i.e.: SUS) entre fevereiro de 2015 e julho 2019. Um questionário basal e pelo menos um questionário de acompanhamento foram coletados de todas as pacientes. Não se observou diferença significativa ao longo do tempo na HRQoL em nenhum dos domínios ou sintomas estudados (p> 0,05). O comprometimento transitório da HRQoL imediatamente após a HIPEC de curta duração tendeu a retornar à linha de base ao final do tratamento multimodal. Conclusões: não se observou impacto significativo da HIPEC de curta duração sobre a HRQoL no contexto deste protocolo de tratamento interdisciplinar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tumor Burden , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/psychology , Hyperthermia, Induced/psychology , Middle Aged
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764564

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In patients with recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC) in whom surgery is likely to render them disease-free, it is unclear whether secondary cytoreductive surgery (SCS) combined with chemotherapy is superior to chemotherapy alone. The aim of this study was to evaluate the 2 treatment options in Tian-model low-risk patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 118 ROC cases treated in our hospital between 2004 and 2016. Of these, 52 platinum-sensitive cases were classified as low-risk (complete resection anticipated) using the Tian model. Prognostic factors were assessed with univariate and multivariate analysis using Cox's regression model. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared in patients treated with SCS plus chemotherapy (SCS group) and those treated with chemotherapy alone (chemotherapy group), using a propensity-score-based matching method. RESULTS: By multivariate analysis, the only factor associated with better OS was SCS. PFS and OS were significantly longer in the SCS group compared to the chemotherapy group in the matched cohort (median PFS: 21.7 vs. 15.1 months, p=0.027 and median OS: 91.4 vs. 33.4 months, p=0.008, respectively). In cases with multiple-site recurrence, the SCS group also showed significantly longer OS than the chemotherapy group (median 91.4 vs. 34.8 months, p=0.022). In almost all SCS cases, cooperation was required from other departments, and operation time was lengthy (median 323 minutes); however, no serious complications occurred. CONCLUSION: SCS combined with chemotherapy results in better PFS and OS than chemotherapy alone in first platinum-sensitive ROC patients categorized as low-risk by Tian's model.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Humans , Methods , Multivariate Analysis , Ovarian Neoplasms , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To treat advanced ovarian cancer, interval debulking surgery (IDS) is performed after 3 cycles each of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and postoperative chemotherapy (IDS group). If we expect that complete resection cannot be achieved by IDS, debulking surgery is performed after administering additional 3 cycles of chemotherapy without postoperative chemotherapy (Add-C group). We evaluated the survival outcomes of the Add-C group and determined their serum cancer antigen 125 (CA125) levels to predict complete surgery. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all stage III and IV ovarian, fallopian tube, and peritoneal cancer patients treated with NAC in 2007–2016 was conducted. RESULTS: About 117 patients comprised the IDS group and 26 comprised the Add-C group. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that Add-C group had an equivalent effect on progression-free survival (PFS; p=0.09) and overall survival (OS; p=0.94) compared with the IDS group. Multivariate analysis revealed that patients who developed residual disease after surgery had worse PFS (hazard ratio [HR]=2.18; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.45–3.28) and OS (HR=2.33; 95% CI=1.43–3.79), and those who received <6 cycles of chemotherapy had worse PFS (HR=5.30; 95% CI=2.56–10.99) and OS (HR=3.05; 95% CI=1.46–6.38). The preoperative serum CA125 cutoff level was 30 U/mL based on Youden index method. CONCLUSIONS: Administering 3 additional cycles of chemotherapy followed by debulking surgery exhibited equivalent effects on survival as IDS followed by 3 cycles of postoperative chemotherapy. Preoperative serum CA125 levels of ≤30 U/mL may be a useful predictor of achieving complete surgery.


Subject(s)
CA-125 Antigen , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Fallopian Tubes , Female , Humans , Methods , Multivariate Analysis , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Ovarian Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764524

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Evidences from animal models seem to suggest that minimally invasive surgery may enhance cisplatin diffusion when the drug is administered in the context of post-operative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). The present study evaluates the cisplatin pharmacokinetic profile in a prospective series of women with platinum sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer treated with open secondary cytoreductive surgery (O-SCS) or minimally-invasive secondary cytoreductive surgery (MI-SCS). METHODS: Cisplatin levels were assessed at 0, 20, 40, 60, and 120 minutes in: 1) blood samples, 2) peritoneal perfusate, and 3) peritoneal biopsies at the end of HIPEC. Median Cmax has been used to identify women with high and low drug levels. Progression-free survival (PFS) was calculated as the time elapsed between SCS+HIPEC and secondary recurrence or last follow-up visit. RESULTS: Nine (45.0%) women received MI-SCS, and 11 (55.0%) O-SCS. At 60 minutes, median cisplatin Cmax in peritoneal tissue was higher in patients treated with MI-SCS compared to O-SCS (Cmax=8.262 µg/mL vs. Cmax=4.057 µg/mL). Furthermore, median cisplatin plasma Cmax was higher in patients treated with MI-SCS compared to O-SCS (Cmax=0.511 vs. Cmax=0.254 µg/mL; p-value=0.012) at 120 minutes. With a median follow-up time of 24 months, women with higher cisplatin peritoneal Cmax showed a longer PFS compared to women with low cisplatin peritoneal levels (2-years PFS=70% vs. 35%; p-value=0.054). CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate for the first time that minimally invasive route enhances cisplatin peritoneal tissue uptake during HIPEC, further evaluations are needed to confirm the correlation between peritoneal cisplatin levels after HIPEC and survival. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01539785


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Cisplatin , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Diffusion , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Endoscopy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Models, Animal , Ovarian Neoplasms , Pharmacokinetics , Plasma , Platinum , Prospective Studies , Recurrence
18.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 34(3): 292-299, 20190813. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1016117

ABSTRACT

El mesotelioma peritoneal es una neoplasia que se origina en las células mesoteliales del peritoneo. Histórica-mente, la supervivencia de los pacientes con mesotelioma peritoneal maligno sin tratamiento, es menor de 12 meses y se considera una neoplasia resistente a la quimioterapia. La citorreducción quirúrgica y la quimioterapia regional administrada como quimioterapia hipertérmica intraperitoneal (Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemothe-rapy, HIPEC) se asocia con mejor supervivencia a largo plazo.Se presenta el caso de un paciente con antecedentes de exposición al asbesto y con diagnóstico de mesotelioma peritoneal maligno de tipo epitelioide, que fue tratado con cirugía citorreductora más quimioterapia hipertérmica intraperitoneal en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología con una supervivencia de un año libre de enfermedad


Peritoneal mesothelioma is originated at the mesothelial cells of the peritoneum. Historically the survival of patients with this disease is less than 12 months without treatment and it is considered a neoplasm resistant to chemotherapy. Citorreductive surgery with hiperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is associated with an increased long-term survival. Here we present the case of a patient who had a past history of asbestos exposure and who was diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma of the epithelioid subtype. The patient was treated with cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología (Bogotá, Colombia) and has had a 12 month disease free survival


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesothelioma , Chemotherapy, Cancer, Regional Perfusion , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Hyperthermia, Induced
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719244

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To examine outcomes of patients having treatments for newly diagnosed advanced stage low-grade serous ovarian cancer (LGSC). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case series of women affected by advanced stage (stage IIIB or more) LGSC undergoing surgery in a single oncologic center between January 2000 and December 2017. Survival outcomes were assessed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox models. RESULTS: Data of 72 patients were retrieved. Primary cytoreductive surgery was attempted in 68 (94.4%) patients: 19 (27.9%) had residual disease (RD) >1 cm after primary surgery. Interval debulking surgery (IDS) was attempted in 15 of these 19 (78.9%) patients and the remaining 4 patients having not primary debulking surgery. Twelve out of 19 (63.1%) patients having IDS had RD. After a mean (±standard deviation) follow-up was 61.6 (±37.2) months, 50 (69.4%) and 22 (30.5%) patients recurred and died of disease, respectively. Via multivariate analysis, non-optimal cytoreduction (hazard ratio [HR]=2.79; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.16–6.70; p=0.021) and International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecologists (FIGO) stage IV (HR=3.15; 95% CI=1.29–7.66; p=0.011) were associated with worse disease-free survival. Via multivariate analysis, absence of significant comorbidities (HR=0.56; 95% CI=0.29–1.10; p=0.093) and primary instead of IDS (HR=2.95; 95% CI=1.12–7.74; p=0.027) were independently associated with an improved overall survival. CONCLUSION: LGSC is at high risk of early recurrence. However, owing to the indolent nature of the disease, the majority of patients are long-term survivors. Further prospective studies and innovative treatment modalities are warranted to improve patients care.


Subject(s)
Comorbidity , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Obstetrics , Ovarian Neoplasms , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survivors
20.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 38(2): 172-178, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954589

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: To evaluate the combined treatment with cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy for peritoneal carcinomatosis arising from colorectal cancer, pseudomyxoma peritonei and mesothelioma. Methods: Data were obtained from 73 patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis arising from colorectal cancer (52.1%), pseudomyxoma peritonei (41.1%) or mesothelioma (6.8%) between 2002 and 2011. We reported the morbidity grade (II, III and IV), mortality and survival rates of the candidates after cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Results: 41 (56.2%) women participated, and the median age was 50 years. Thirty-nine patients (53.4%) underwent complete cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Patients who underwent a complete cytoreduction received intraperitoneal chemotherapy with mitomycin C, from which only 16/39 (41%) had hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (41-42 °C). The overall morbidity rate was 23.3% and the grade III/IV complication rate was 12.3%. The overall mortality rate was 5.5%. The univariate analysis showed that cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy (p = .029), a blood transfusion (p = .002) and the operative time (p = .001) were significant for the occurrence of postoperative complications. Patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer who underwent complete cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy had overall survival rates of 81.3%, 12.5% and 12.5% at 1, 3 and 5 years, respectively. Patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from pseudomyxoma peritonei who underwent complete cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy had overall survival rates of 84.2%, 77.7% and 77.7% at 1, 3 and 5 years, respectively. Conclusion: The combined treatment for peritoneal carcinomatosis may be performed safely with acceptable morbidity and mortality in a specialized unit setting. Although over half of patients underwent normothermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy, our results were comparable to results from others centers.


RESUMO Introdução: O objetivo foi avaliar o tratamento combinado da cirurgia citorredutora e quimioterapia intraperitoneal em pacientes com carcinomatose peritoneal secundária ao câncer colorretal, pseudomixoma peritoneal e mesotelioma. Métodos: Foram obtidos dados de 73 pacientes com carcinomatose peritoneal secundária ao cirurgia citorredutora (52.1%), pseudomixoma peritoneal (41,1%) ou mesotelioma (6,8%). Foram avaliados o grau de morbidade, a taxa de mortalidade e as taxas de sobrevida após a cirurgia citorredutora e quimioterapia intraperitoneal. Resultados: 41 (56,2%) pacientes do sexo feminino participaram, com média de idade de 50 anos. 39 pacientes (53,4%) foram submetidos a cirurgia citorredutora completa e quimioterapia intraperitoneal. Todos esses receberam Mitomicina C, sendo 16/39 (41%) quimioterapia intraperitoneal hipertérmica (41-42°C). A morbidade global foi 23,3%, com taxa de mortalidade global de 5,5%. A análise univariada mostrou que câncer colorretal e quimioterapia intraperitoneal (p = .029), transfusão sanguínea (p = .002) e tempo operatório (p = .001) foram associados com complicações pós-operatórias. Pacientes com carcinomatose peritoneal secundária ao cirurgia citorredutora submetidos a cirurgia citorredutora completa e quimioterapia intraperitoneal tiveram sobrevida global de 81,3%; 12,5% e 12,5% em 1, 3 e 5 anos, respectivamente. Os pacientes com pseudomixoma peritoneal que foram submetidos a cirurgia citorredutora completa e quimioterapia intraperitoneal tiveram sobrevida global de 84,2%; 77,7% e 77.7% em 1, 3 e 5 anos, respectivamente. Conclusão: O tratamento combinado para carcinomatose peritoneal é seguro quando realizado em centros terciários com experiência no procedimento. Embora mais da metade dos pacientes tenham sido submetidos a quimioterapia intraperitoneal normotérmica após a cirurgia citorredutora completa, os resultados podem ser comparados a de outros centros que utilizam exclusivamente a quimioterapia hipertérmica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Peritoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Peritoneal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Peritoneal Neoplasms/therapy , Pseudomyxoma Peritonei/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy/methods , Mesothelioma/surgery
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