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J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 107-114, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394411


Background: Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) is a lethal regional progression in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Treatment with complete cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) achieves better local control than systemic palliative chemotherapy. Objectives: To assess the efficacy on the prognosis of CRS and HIPEC compared with CRS only and to identify possible clinicopathological factors associated with the recurrence of PC. Methods: The present retrospective study included all colorectal carcinoma cases with PC subjected to CRS with or without HIPC from January 2009 to June 2018 at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. The outcome is evaluated in terms of recurrence-free survival (RFS) and its predictors. Results: Out of the 61 patients, 45 patients (73.8%) underwent CRS plus HIPEC, and 16 (26.2%) underwent CRS alone. The 1-year RFS was 55.7%, with a median of 12 months. The risk factors for recurrence identified in the univariate analysis were T4 primary tumor, high-grade, positive lymphovascular invasion (LVI), positive extracapsular nodal spread, and patients treated with CRS only, without HIPEC. In the multivariate analysis, the independent risk factors for recurrence were high grade and patients treated with CRS only. Conclusion: T4 primary tumor, high grade, positive LVI, and positive extracapsular nodal spread seemed to be important predictors of recurrence following the treatment of PC. Our study also demonstrated that the addition of HIPEC to CRS improved the RFS. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Peritoneal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Recurrence , Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy , Neoplasm Staging
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943028


Objective: To analyzed perioperative safety of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) for patients with colorectal cancer peritoneal metastasis (CRPM) and to construct a predictive model for serious advese events (SAE). Methods: A descriptive case-series study was conducted to retrospectively collect the clinicopathological data and treatment status (operation time, number of organ resection, number of peritoneal resection, and blood loss, etc.) of 100 patients with peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer or appendix mucinous adenocarcinoma who underwent CRS at the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2019 to August 2021. There were 53 males and 47 females. The median age was 52.0 (39.0-61.8) years old. Fifty-two patients had synchronous peritoneal metastasis and 48 had metachronous peritoneal metastasis. Fifty-two patients received preoperative neoadjuvant therapy. Primary tumor was located in the left colon, the right colon and the rectum in 43, 28 and 14 cases, respectively. Fifteen patients had appendix mucinous adenocarcinoma. Measures of skewed distribution are expressed as M (range). Perioperative safety was analyzed, perioperative grade III or higher was defined as SAE. Risk factors associated with the occurrence of SAEs were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. A nomogram was plotted by R software to predict SAE, the efficacy of which was evaluated using the area under the ROC curve (AUC) and correction curves. Results: The median peritoneal cancer index (PCI) score was 16 (1-39). Sixty-eight (68.0%) patients achieved complete tumor reduction (tumor reduction score: 0-1). Sixty-two patients were treated with intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion chemotherapy (HIPEC). Twenty-one (21.0%) patients developed 37 SAEs of grade III-IV, including 2 cases of ureteral injury, 6 cases of perioperative massive hemorrhage or anemia, 7 cases of digestive system, 15 cases of respiratory system, 4 cases of cardiovascular system, 1 case of skin incision dehiscence, and 2 cases of abdominal infection. No grade V SAE was found. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that CEA (OR: 8.980, 95%CI: 1.428-56.457, P=0.019), PCI score (OR: 7.924, 95%CI: 1.486-42.259, P=0.015), intraoperative albumin infusion (OR: 48.959, 95%CI: 2.115-1133.289, P=0.015) and total volume of infusion (OR: 24.729, 95%CI: 3.956-154.562, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for perioperative SAE in CRS (all P<0.05). Based on the result of multivariate regression models, a predictive nomogram was constructed. Internal verification showed that the AUC of the nomogram was 0.926 (95%CI: 0.872-0.980), indicating good prediction accuracy and consistency. Conclusions: CRS is a safe and effective method to treat CRPM. Strict screening of patients and perioperative fluid management are important guarantees for reducing the morbidity of SAE.

Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/therapy , Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Appendiceal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Combined Modality Therapy , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Female , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Peritoneal Neoplasms/secondary , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202534, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136590


ABSTRACT Introduction: to evaluate the effect of short-course (i.e.: 30 minutes) HIPEC on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in our feasibility study; NCT02249013. Methods: a prespecified secondary end-point of our open-label, multicenter, single-arm, phase 2 trial on safety and efficacy was assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30, version 3.0). Patients were required to complete the HRQoL questionnaire at baseline, after HIPEC, and after the end of the treatment. Changes of HRQoL over time were assessed by median scores for each domain and analyzed by Friedman`s test at a significant two-sided level of 0.05. Results: fifteen patients with high tumor burden EOC were recruited from our public health system between February 2015 and July 2019. A baseline EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire and at least one follow-up questionnaire was received from all of the patients. No significant difference over time in the QLQC30 summary scores was observed (p>0.05). The transitory impairment on patients HRQoL immediately after the short-course HIPEC trended to return to baseline at the end of the multimodal treatment. Conclusions: we found no significant impairment of short-course HIPEC on patients HRQoL into the context of our comprehensive treatment protocol.

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o impacto da quimioterapia intraperitoneal hipertérmica (HIPEC) de curta duração (i.e.: 30 minutos) na qualidade de vida (QoL) relacionada à saúde (HRQoL) no contexto de ensaio clínico terapêutico piloto; NCT02249013. Métodos: avaliou-se o desfecho secundário predeterminado de HRQoL em ensaio clínico de fase 2 de segurança e eficácia, aberto, multicêntrico, de braço único, utilizando-se o questionário European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life (EORTC QLQ-C30, versão 3.0). As pacientes foram solicitadas a responder o questionário de HRQoL antes do tratamento, após a HIPEC, e ao fim do tratamento interdisciplinar. As variações da HRQoL ao longo do tempo foram avaliadas pelas medianas dos escores de cada domínio e analisadas pelo teste de Friedman, considerando-se nível de significância estatística bicaudal de 5%. Resultados: quinze pacientes com câncer de ovário de grande volume tumoral foram recrutadas do sistema de saúde pública (i.e.: SUS) entre fevereiro de 2015 e julho 2019. Um questionário basal e pelo menos um questionário de acompanhamento foram coletados de todas as pacientes. Não se observou diferença significativa ao longo do tempo na HRQoL em nenhum dos domínios ou sintomas estudados (p> 0,05). O comprometimento transitório da HRQoL imediatamente após a HIPEC de curta duração tendeu a retornar à linha de base ao final do tratamento multimodal. Conclusões: não se observou impacto significativo da HIPEC de curta duração sobre a HRQoL no contexto deste protocolo de tratamento interdisciplinar.

Humans , Female , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tumor Burden , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/psychology , Hyperthermia, Induced/psychology , Middle Aged
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 83(1): 62-79, feb. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899973


RESUMEN El Cáncer de Ovario Epitelial es la novena causa de cáncer en la mujer y la neoplasia ginecológica más letal en países desarrollados. La mayoría de las pacientes son diagnosticadas en etapa avanzada de la enfermedad debido a la ausencia de síntomas específicos. La cirugía y la quimioterapia cumplen un rol fundamental en el tratamiento de esta enfermedad. En pacientes con enfermedad avanzada (estadios III - IV) al momento del diagnóstico, la extirpación de todo tumor macroscópico (citorreducción óptima) ha demostrado ser el factor pronóstico más importante, demostrando un beneficio tanto en tiempo libre de enfermedad como en sobrevida global. Nuestro objetivo es describir, desde una perspectiva multidisciplinaria, los aspectos técnicos más relevantes de la citorreducción del abdomen superior para aquellas pacientes con neoplasias de origen ginecológico.

ABSTRACT Epithelial Ovarian cancer is the ninth most frequent cancer in women and the most lethal gynecologic malignancy in developed countries. The majority of patients are diagnosed in advanced stage of the disease due to the lack of specific symptoms. Surgery and systemic treatment play a key role in the treatment of this disease. For those patients with advanced stage at the time of diagnosis (III - IV), removal of all macroscopic disease (optimal cytoreduction) has been shown as the most important prognostic factor, demonstrating improvement not only in progression free survival but also in overall survival. Our aim is to describe, in a multidisciplinary fashion, the most relevant aspect about oncological debulking procedures in the upper abdominal cavity for women with gynecological malignancies.

Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial/surgery , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Ovarian Neoplasms/therapy , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Abdominal Cavity/surgery
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(5): 457-459, 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978015


Objetivo: Reportar un caso clínico de hepatocarcinoma fibrolamelar metastásico y su manejo multidisciplinario. Caso clínico: Paciente de 24 años de edad con dolor abdominal, distensión abdominal y fiebre. Se le realizó tomografía computarizada de abdomen donde se encontró tumoración hepática irregular. Se realizó laparotomía con evidencia de múltiples implantes en cavidad abdominal y se diagnosticó mediante estudio histopatológico hepatocarcinoma fibrolamelar metastásico. Se decidió realizar citorreducción más quimioterapia hipertérmica intraperitoneal (HIPEC). La sobrevida de la paciente fue de 11 meses. Discusión: El hepatocarcinoma fibrolamelar es un tumor raro. Aún no hay consenso sobre el mejor tratamiento en pacientes con metástasis que tengan buena funcionalidad. El manejo actual se basa en la quimioterapia sistémica y la resección quirúrgica en casos localizados. En el caso de nuestra paciente, la cirugía citorreductora más HIPEC se realizó con la intención de mejorar la supervivencia. Se necesita más evidencia para definir esta estrategia como tratamiento estándar.

Aim: To report a clinical case of metastatic fibrolamellar hepatocarcinoma and its multidisciplinary management. Case report: 24 year-old patient with abdominal pain, bloating and fever. A computed tomography of the abdomen was performed; an irregular hepatic tumor was found. A laparotomy was performed with evidence of multiple implants in the abdominal cavity and the histopathology report was metastatic fibrolamellar hepatocarcinoma. It was decided to perform cytoreductive surgery plus HIPEC. The patient's survival was 11 months. Discussion: Fibrolamellar hepatocarcinoma is a rare tumor. There is still no consensus on the treatment of choice in patients with metastases with good functionality status. Current management is based on systemic chemotherapy and surgical resection in localized cases. In the case of our patient, cytoreductive surgery plus HIPEC was performed with the intention of improving survival. More evidence is needed to define this strategy as standard treatment.

Humans , Female , Adult , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Peritoneal Neoplasms/secondary , Peritoneal Neoplasms/therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Treatment Outcome , Fatal Outcome , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Hepatectomy , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Liver Neoplasms/pathology
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(4): e1909, 2018. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-956574


RESUMO A carcinomatose peritoneal é a evolução natural das neoplasias gastrointestinais, ginecológicas e primárias do peritônio. Nos últimos anos, a carcinomatose passou a ser considerada uma doença confinada ao peritônio, e não mais uma doença disseminada. Desta forma, a associação de citorredução cirúrgica associada à quimioterapia intraperitoneal se tornou o ponto chave no controle das metástases peritoneais. Tradicionalmente, a quimioterapia intraperitoneal é aplicada utilizando soluções líquidas. Uma nova modalidade de infusão da quimioterapia na cavidade abdominal surge como uma alternativa ao método tradicional. A chamada PIPAC (Pressurized Intraperitoneal Aerosol Chemotherapy) transforma a solução terapêutica líquida em um spray aerossolizado, potencializando a distribuição e penetração da quimioterapia intraperitoneal. Este relato tem por objetivo descrever essa nova técnica cirúrgica inovadora, realizada pela primeira vez por um monoportal no Brasil, alterando a forma descrita originalmente para a aplicação da PIPAC.

ABSTRACT Peritoneal carcinomatosis is the natural course of gastrointestinal, gynecologic, and primary peritoneal neoplasms. In recent years, our understanding of carcinomatosis has changed; it is no longer considered a disseminated condition, but rather a disease confined to the peritoneum. Thus, the combination of cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy has become the cornerstone of control of peritoneal metastases. Traditionally, intraperitoneal chemotherapy is delivered in the form of liquid solutions. However, a new mode of chemotherapy delivery to the abdominal cavity has arisen as an alternative to the conventional method. In Pressurized Intraperitoneal Aerosol Chemotherapy (PIPAC), the liquid solution is aerosolized into a spray, potentiating the distribution and penetration of the chemotherapeutic agent intraperitoneally. The present study aims to describe a novel form of this innovative surgical technique performed for the first time in Brazil, in a modification of the technique originally described for PIPAC: delivery through a single-port device.

Humans , Palliative Care/standards , Peritoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/standards , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage , Operating Rooms/standards , Palliative Care/methods , Peritoneal Neoplasms/secondary , Pressure , Aerosols/administration & dosage , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/instrumentation , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 37(2): 134-139, Apr.-June 2017. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893965


ABSTRACT Background: Colon cancer (CC) one of the most common oncological disease in World. Up to 30% patients in Russia have metastatic CC at first visiting to oncologist. The treatment results still controversial. Nowadays, minimally invasive laparoscopic precision technique allowed extending the indication for cytoreductive surgery even in patients with severe comorbidities. Materials and methods: 89 patients with colon cancer (T1-4a) and curable synchronous distant metastases include in study. All patients underwent cytoreductive surgery with primary tumor resection. In study group (44) we performed laparoscopic surgery, in main group (45) - open surgery procedure. The groups were similar by sex, age, tumor localization and histological structure, comorbidities. Results: R0 resection performed 27% patients. The average number of lymph node removal was similar 13 and 12 respectively. Average operation time was significantly longer in study group 210 vs 120 min. In study group blood loss was lower: 300 mL vs 1200 mL. Postoperative patient recovery shorter after laparoscopic surgery (p < 0.05): time to activation 2.2 vs 3.9 days; time to first peristalsis - 1.8 vs 4.5 days; first bowel movement - 3.4 vs 4.8 days; first food taken - 2.9 vs 3.9 days. Shorter time of analgesics intake - 2.3 vs 4.4 days, p < 0.05. Hospital stay shorter: 9.3 vs 13.4 days, p = 0.05. Time to start chemotherapy reduced since 27.5 to 14.7 days, p < 0.05. Postoperative complications lower in study group: 6.8 vs 17.8%, p = 0.05. Kaplan-Meier 2-year overall survival were similar: 69.5% vs 61.6%, p = 0.96. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cytoreductive surgery for metastatic CC is safe, minimized surgical trauma and speed up patient recovery.

RESUMO Fundamento: Câncer de cólon (CC) é uma das doenças oncológicas mais comuns no mundo. Até 30% dos pacientes na Rússia têm CC metastático na primeira visita ao oncologista. Os resultados do tratamento ainda são controversos. Atualmente, a técnica de precisão laparoscópica minimamente invasiva permitiu estender a indicação para a cirurgia citorredutora mesmo em pacientes com comorbidades graves. Materiais e métodos: 89 pacientes com câncer de cólon (T1-4a) e metástases distantes síncronas curáveis foram incluídos no estudo. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à cirurgia citorredutora com ressecção do tumor primário. No grupo de estudo (44) realizamos cirurgia laparoscópica, no grupo principal (45), a cirurgia aberta. Os grupos eram semelhantes em relação à sexo, idade, localização e estrutura histológica do tumor, e comorbidades. Resultados: A ressecção R0 foi realizada em 27% dos pacientes. O número médio de remoção de linfonodos foi similar, 13 e 12, respectivamente. O tempo médio de cirurgia foi significativamente mais longo no grupo de estudo, 210 versus 120 min. A perda de sangue foi menor no grupo de estudo: 300 mL versus 1200 mL. A recuperação pós-operatória foi mais curta após a cirurgia laparoscópica (p < 0,05): tempo de ativação - 2,2 vs. 3,9 dias; tempo até o primeiro peristaltismo - 1,8 vs. 4,5 dias; primeiro movimento intestinal - 3.4 vs. 4.8 dias; primeiro alimento consumido - 2.9 vs. 3.9 dias. Menor tempo de ingestão de analgésicos - 2,3 versus 4,4 dias, p < 0,05; menor tempo de hospitalização: 9,3 vs. 13,4 dias, p = 0,05. O tempo para iniciar a quimioterapia foi reduzido de 27,5 para 14,7 dias, p < 0,05. Complicações pós-operatórias menores no grupo de estudo: 6,8 vs. 17,8%, p = 0,05. A sobrevivência global de Kaplan-Meier aos 2 anos foi semelhante: 69,5% vs. 61,6%, p = 0,96. Conclusão: A cirurgia citorredutora laparoscópica para CC metastático é segura, minimiza o trauma cirúrgico e acelera a recuperação do paciente.

Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21468


OBJECTIVE: Patients with advanced or recurrent ovarian cancer often have metastatic disease in the upper abdominal region, especially to the right hemidiaphragm, which requires diaphragmatic resection in order to achieve optimal cytoreduction. The aim of this surgical video is to demonstrate repair of a diaphragmatic injury and placement of tube thoracostomy during right upper quadrant peritonectomy in a patient with recurrent ovarian cancer. METHODS: This is the case of a 45-year-old woman presented with platinum sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer. Abdomen computed tomography also confirmed peritoneal carcinomatosis and pelvic recurrent mass. HIPEC was administered after complete cytoreduction including bilateral upper quadrant peritonectomy, during which diaphragmatic injury occurred near the central tendon and pleural cavity was entered. We inserted a chest tube through the 6th intercostal space in the anterior axillary line in order to prevent postoperative massive pleural effusion. Diaphragmatic defect was closed primarily after the tube placement. The chest tube was withdrawn on the third postoperative day and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 25 without any complications. RESULTS: The central tendon of diaphragm is the most vulnerable part for lacerations. Diaphragmatic repairs could be performed by various techniques; interrupted or continuous, locking or non-locking sutures, with either permanent or absorbable materials. In our view, all of the techniques provide similar results and surgeons can choose any of them as long as they are comfortable with the procedure. CONCLUSION: In most cases, these lacerations can be repaired primarily without necessitating tube thoracostomy. However, performance of HIPEC can cause massive pleural effusions which can lead to significant pulmonary morbidity. Therefore, retrograde placement of the chest tube under direct vision is quite straightforward when the diaphragm is opened.

Chest Tubes , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Diaphragm/injuries , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Peritoneum/surgery , Thoracostomy/methods
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-213432


OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of laparoscopic cytoreduction in patients with localized recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) by comparing its outcomes to those of laparotomy. METHODS: We performed retrospective analysis in 79 EOC patients who had a localized single recurrent site, as demonstrated by computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging, or positron emission tomography/CT scan; had no ascites; were disease-free for 12 or more months prior; and who had undergone secondary cytoreduction (laparoscopy in 31 patients, laparotomy in 48 patients) at Samsung Medical Center between 2002 and 2013. By reviewing the electronic medical records, we investigated the patients' baseline characteristics, surgical characteristics, and surgical outcomes. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between laparoscopy and laparotomy patients in terms of age, body mass index, cancer antigen 125 level, tumor type, initial stage, grade, recurrence site, type of procedures used in the secondary cytoreduction, adjuvant chemotherapy, and disease-free interval from the previous treatment. With regards to surgical outcomes, reduced operating time, shorter hospital stay, and less estimated blood loss were achieved in the laparoscopy group. Complete debulking was achieved in all cases in the laparoscopy group. CONCLUSION: The laparoscopic approach is feasible without compromising morbidity and survival in selected groups of patients with recurrent EOC. The laparoscopic approach can be a possible treatment option for recurrent EOC.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Feasibility Studies , Female , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial/diagnostic imaging , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ovary/diagnostic imaging , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Young Adult
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123436


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of systematic retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy during interval debulking surgery (IDS) in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 124 advanced EOC patients and analyzed the details of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT), IDS, postoperative treatment, and prognoses. RESULTS: Following IDS, 98 patients had no gross residual disease (NGRD), 15 had residual disease sized or =1 cm (suboptimal). Two-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 88.8% and 39.8% in the NGRD group, 40.0% and 13.3% in the optimal group (p<0.001 vs. NGRD for both), and 36.3% and 0% in the suboptimal group, respectively. Five-year OS and 2-year PFS rates were 62% and 56.1% in the lymph node-negative (LN-) group and 26.2% and 24.5% in the lymph node-positive (LN+) group (p=0.0033 and p=0.0024 vs. LN-, respectively). Furthermore, survival in the LN+ group, despite surgical removal of positive nodes, was the same as that in the unknown LN status group, in which lymphadenectomy was not performed (p=0.616 and p=0.895, respectively). Multivariate analysis identified gross residual tumor during IDS (hazard ratio, 3.68; 95% confidence interval, 1.31 to 10.33 vs. NGRD) as the only independent predictor of poor OS. CONCLUSION: NGRD after IDS improved prognosis in advanced EOC patients treated with NACT-IDS. However, while systematic retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy during IDS may predict outcome, it does not confer therapeutic benefits.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymphatic Metastasis , Middle Aged , Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial/mortality , Ovarian Neoplasms/mortality , Retroperitoneal Space , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123432


Ovarian cancer is the eighth most frequent cancer in women and is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy worldwide. The majority of ovarian cancer patients are newly diagnosed presenting with advanced-stage disease. Primary cytoreductive surgery and adjuvant taxane- and platinum-based combination chemotherapy are the standard treatment for advanced ovarian cancer. A number of studies have consistently shown that successful cytoreductive surgery and the resultant minimal residual disease are significantly associated with survival in patients with this disease. Much has been written and even more debated regarding the competing perspectives of biology of ovarian cancer versus the value of aggressive surgical resection. This review will focus on the current evidences and outcomes supporting the positive impact of aggressive surgical effort on survival in the primary management of ovarian cancer.

Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Evidence-Based Medicine , Female , Humans , Neoplasm, Residual/surgery , Observer Variation , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Retrospective Studies
Colomb. med ; 45(2): 77-80, Apr.-June 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-720245


Introduction: Disseminated Peritoneal Adenomucinosis (DPAM) is an infrequent presentation of appendiceal cancer. Infrequently, umbilical or inguinal hernias could be the first clinical manifestation of this condition; DPAM extension to the scrotum may be anatomically viable. Treatment with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is the standard of treatment for DPAM. We hypothesize that these same treatment principles, consisting of CRS with hyperthermic chemoperfusion of the scrotum (HCS), could be applied to the scrotal dissemination of DPAM. Methods: We reviewed our Institution's prospective cancer database and identified two cases of DPAM with extension to the scrotum. Their medical records were examined, and close follow-up was performed. Tumor histopathology and cytoreduction scores were evaluated. Tumor progression was monitored on follow-up by physical examination, tumor markers (CEA, CA 125, CA 19.9) and abdomino-pelvic CT scan. Results: Two patients who previously had CRS/ HIPEC for DPAM were successfully treated with HSC. Both patients are alive and free of disease at 88 and 57 months following initial CRS/HIPEC, and 50 and 32 months following CRS/HCS, respectively. Conclusion: Increased awareness by surgeons to the coexistence of inguinal hernia with peritoneal neoplasm and the need for a surgical repair is raised. CRS/HCS may be employed to treat patients with DPAM extension to the scrotum. Successful outcome is dependent on complete cytoreduction of metastatic tumor.

Introducción: La Adenomucinosis Peritoneal Diseminada (DPAM, por el término en inglés) es una presentación no frecuente del cáncer de apéndice. Infrecuentemente, las hernias umbilicales o inguinales pueden ser la primera manifestación clínica de esta condición; la extensión al escroto puede ser anatómicamente viable. La cirugía citoreductiva (CRS, por el término en inglés) con quimioterapia hipertérmica intraperitoneal (HIPEC, por el término en inglés) es el tratamiento estándar para DPAM. Nuestra hipótesis es que los mismos principios terapéuticos, consistentes en CRS con quimioterapia hipertérmica del escroto (HCS, por el término en inglés), pueden ser aplicados para DPAM con extensión al escroto. Métodos: Revisamos una base de datos prospectiva en nuestra Institución donde se identificaron dos casos de DPAM con extensión al escroto. Se examinaron sus historias clínicas, y se realizaron controles cercanos. La histopatología tumoral y la citoreducción fueron evaluados. La progresión tumoral fue monitorizada en los controles mediante examen físico, marcadores tumorales (CEA, CA 125, CA 19.9) y TAC abdomino-pélvico. Resultados: Dos pacientes a quienes se les practicó previamente CRS/HIPEC por DPAM fueron exitosamente tratados con CRS/HSC. Ambos pacientes se encuentran vivos y sin evidencia de enfermedad 88 y 57 meses después de la CRS/HIPEC inicial y a 50 y 32 meses post CRS/HCS, respectivamente. Conclusión: La precaución de los cirujanos sobre la coexistencia de hernias inguinales con neoplasias peritoneales y la necesidad de reparo quirúrgico debe ser incrementada. La CRS/HCS puede ser empleada en el tratamiento a pacientes con DPAM con extensión al escroto. Los resultados clínicos son dependientes de una citoreducción completa del tumor metastásico.

Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Appendiceal Neoplasms/therapy , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Peritoneal Neoplasms/therapy , Scrotum/pathology , Appendiceal Neoplasms/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Combined Modality Therapy , Disease Progression , Follow-Up Studies , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods , Peritoneal Neoplasms/pathology , Pseudomyxoma Peritonei/pathology , Pseudomyxoma Peritonei/therapy , Treatment Outcome
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202144


Japan Society of Gynecologic Oncology (JSGO) recently revised its Ovarian Cancer Treatment Guidelines and the 4th edition will be released next year. This Guidelines state that lymphadenectomy is essential to allow accurate assessment of the clinical stage in early ovarian cancer, but there is no randomized controlled trial that shows any therapeutic efficacy of lymphadenectomy. In patients with advanced stage tumors, lymphadenectomy should be considered if optimal debulking has been performed. I fully agree with this recommendation of the JSGO and I would like to discuss the role of lymphadenectomy in the management of ovarian cancer.

Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Female , Humans , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Practice Guidelines as Topic