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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify new biomarkers and molecular pathogenesis of Down syndrome (DS) by analyzing differentially expressed miRNAs in the placentas and their biological pathways.@*METHODS@#Whole transcriptome sequencing was used to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs in DS (n=3) and normal placental samples (n=3) diagnosed by prenatal diagnosis. The target genes were predicted using miRWalk, Targetscan and miRDB, and GO and KEGG pathway analyses were performed for gene enrichment studies.@*RESULTS@#We identified a total of 82 differentially expressed miRNAs in the placental tissues of DS, including 29 up-regulated miRNAs (fold change ≥2, P < 0.05) and 15 down-regulated miRNAs (fold change ≥2, P < 0.05), among which 10 miRNAs with relatively high expression abundance were selected for further analysis, including 4 up-regulated and 6 down-regulated miRNAs. These selected miRNAs shared the common target genes BTBD3 and AUTS2, both of which were associated with neurodevelopment. GO analysis showed that the target genes of the selected miRNAs were mainly enriched in protein binding, hydrolytic enzymes, metal ion binding protein combining, transferase activity, nucleotide, cytoplasmic constituents, nucleus composition, transcriptional regulation, RNA metabolism regulation, DNA-dependent RNA polymerase Ⅱ promoter transcriptional regulation, eye development, and sensory organ development. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the target genes of these differentially expressed miRNAs were involved in the signaling pathways including tumor-related signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, Ras signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway, cytoskeletal regulatory signaling pathway, purine metabolization-related signaling pathway and P53 signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#The differentially expressed miRNAs may play important roles in placental damage and pregnancy pathology in DS and provide clues for the prevention and treatment of mental retardation-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Down Syndrome/metabolism , Female , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Placenta/metabolism , Pregnancy , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Transcriptome , Whole Exome Sequencing
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939852

ABSTRACT

The progressive destruction of condylar cartilage is a hallmark of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA); however, its mechanism is incompletely understood. Here, we show that Kindlin-2, a key focal adhesion protein, is strongly detected in cells of mandibular condylar cartilage in mice. We find that genetic ablation of Kindlin-2 in aggrecan-expressing condylar chondrocytes induces multiple spontaneous osteoarthritic lesions, including progressive cartilage loss and deformation, surface fissures, and ectopic cartilage and bone formation in TMJ. Kindlin-2 loss significantly downregulates the expression of aggrecan, Col2a1 and Proteoglycan 4 (Prg4), all anabolic extracellular matrix proteins, and promotes catabolic metabolism in TMJ cartilage by inducing expression of Runx2 and Mmp13 in condylar chondrocytes. Kindlin-2 loss decreases TMJ chondrocyte proliferation in condylar cartilages. Furthermore, Kindlin-2 loss promotes the release of cytochrome c as well as caspase 3 activation, and accelerates chondrocyte apoptosis in vitro and TMJ. Collectively, these findings reveal a crucial role of Kindlin-2 in condylar chondrocytes to maintain TMJ homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Aggrecans/metabolism , Animals , Cartilage, Articular/metabolism , Chondrocytes/pathology , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Mice , Muscle Proteins/metabolism , Osteoarthritis/pathology , Temporomandibular Joint/pathology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928432

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with myopathy and cerebellar atrophy with ataxia.@*METHODS@#Clinical examinations and laboratory testing were carried out for the patient. The proband and the parents' genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples and subjected to trio whole-exome sequencing. Candidate variant was validated by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The 1-year-and-8-month-old boy manifested motor developmental delay, ataxia, hypomyotonia, increased serum creatine kinase. Cranial MRI showed cerebellar atrophy with progressive aggravation. Genetic testing revealed that the patient has harbored compound heterozygous variants of the MSTO1 gene, namely c.13delG (p.Ala5ProfsTer68) and c.971C>T (p.Thr324Ile), which were respectively inherited from his mother and father. The former was unreported previously and was predicted to be likely pathogenic, whilst the latter has been reported previously and was predicted to be of uncertain significance.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous c.13delG (p.Ala5ProfsTer68) and c.971C>T (p.Thr324Ile) variants probably underlay the disease in the proband. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of MSTO1 gene variants underlying mitochondrial myopathy and cerebellar atrophy with ataxia.


Subject(s)
Ataxia/genetics , Atrophy/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Child , Cytoskeletal Proteins/genetics , Humans , Infant , Male , Mitochondrial Myopathies , Mutation , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Whole Exome Sequencing
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880327

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Prenatal stress can cause neurobiological and behavioral defects in offspring; environmental factors play a crucial role in regulating the development of brain and behavioral; this study was designed to test and verify whether an enriched environment can repair learning and memory impairment in offspring rats induced by prenatal stress and to explore its mechanism involving the expression of insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-2) and activity-regulated cytoskeletal-associated protein (Arc) in the hippocampus of the offspring.@*METHODS@#Rats were selected to establish a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model during pregnancy. Offspring were weaned on 21st day and housed under either standard or an enriched environment. The learning and memory ability were tested using Morris water maze and Y-maze. The expression of IGF-2 and Arc mRNA and protein were respectively measured by using RT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#There was an elevation in the plasma corticosterone level of rat model of maternal chronic stress during pregnancy. Maternal stress's offspring exposed to an enriched environment could decrease their plasma corticosterone level and improve their weight. The offspring of maternal stress during pregnancy exhibited abnormalities in Morris water maze and Y-maze, which were improved in an enriched environment. The expression of IGF-2, Arc mRNA, and protein in offspring of maternal stress during pregnancy was boosted and some relationships existed between these parameters after being exposed enriched environment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The learning and memory impairment in offspring of prenatal stress can be rectified by the enriched environment, the mechanism of which is related to the decreasing plasma corticosterone and increasing hippocampal IGF-2 and Arc of offspring rats following maternal chronic stress during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Female , Gene Expression Regulation , Hippocampus/metabolism , Insulin-Like Growth Factor II/metabolism , Learning , Learning Disabilities/psychology , Male , Memory Disorders/psychology , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Pregnancy , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/psychology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Social Environment , Stress, Psychological/genetics
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878331

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The underlying mechanism of Ezrin in ovarian cancer (OVCA) is far from being understood. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the role of Ezrin in OVCA cells (SKOV3 and CaOV3) and investigate the associated molecular mechanisms.@*Methods@#We performed Western blotting, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, MTT, cell colony, cell wound healing, transwell migration and invasion, RhoA and Rac active pull down assays, and confocal immunofluorescence experiments to evaluate the functions and molecular mechanisms of Ezrin overexpression or knockdown in the proliferation and metastasis of OVCA cells.@*Results@#The ectopic expression of Ezrin significantly increased cell proliferation, invasiveness, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in OVCA cells. By contrast, the knockdown of endogenous Ezrin prevented OVCA cell proliferation, invasiveness, and EMT. Lastly, we observed that Ezrin can positively regulate the active forms of RhoA rather than Rac-1 in OVCA cells, thereby promoting robust stress fiber formation.@*Conclusion@#Our results indicated that Ezrin regulates OVCA cell proliferation and invasiveness by modulating EMT and induces actin stress fiber formation by regulating Rho-GTPase activity, which provides novel insights into the treatment of the OVCA.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Stress Fibers/metabolism , rhoA GTP-Binding Protein/metabolism
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922032

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features and molecular genetic etiology of a patient with 3-M (Miller McKusick Malvaux) syndrome from a consanguineous parentage family, and to explore the relationship between genotype and phenotype.@*METHODS@#After the consent of the proband's guardian and the informed consent form was signed, DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the proband and her parents for chromosome microarray analysis, medical exome sequencing and parental verification.@*RESULTS@#A total of 247.1 Mb loss of heterozygosity was found in the proband with a CytoScan 750K array. Furthermore, a homozygous variant (c.458dupG) of the OBSL1 gene was found using high-throughput sequencing, which was inherited from her parents. Based on the criteria and guidelines of genetic variation of American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the variant is predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PM2+PP4), and only one case was reported previously.@*CONCLUSION@#Spina bifida occulta and lower eyelid fat pad may be a special phenotype of c.458dupG variant of the OBSL1 gene. Our study may provide a useful reference for evaluating the relationship between genotype and phenotype of 3-M syndrome type 2.


Subject(s)
Cytoskeletal Proteins , Dwarfism , Female , Genomics , Humans , Molecular Biology , Muscle Hypotonia , Mutation , Pedigree , Spine/abnormalities , Whole Exome Sequencing
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921828

ABSTRACT

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) play an important role in the formation of immunothrombosis. However, how vascular endothelial cells mediate the formation of NETs has not been fully understood. We stimulated neutrophils firmly attached on the endothelial cell surface intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) for 4 h, then labeled NETs-DNA with Sytox green dye and the formation of NETs was observed by fluorescent microscopy. The area and fluorescence intensity of NETs-DNA were analyzed to quantify the formation of NETs. The results showed that both PMA and LPS were able to induce firmly adhered neutrophils on ICAM-1 to produce NETs. NETs induced by PMA were independent of neither β2 integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) nor macrophage antigen complex-1 (Mac-1). In contrast, LPS-stimulated NETs were mediated by Mac-1 integrin, but not by LFA-1. After inhibition of actin filaments or Talin-1, the formation of NETs irrespective of the stimulus was significantly reduced. This study reveals the mechanism of the direct interaction between neutrophils and endothelial cells to produce NETs under inflammatory conditions, providing a new theoretical basis for the treatment of related diseases and the development of new drugs.


Subject(s)
Cytoskeletal Proteins , Endothelial Cells , Extracellular Traps , Integrins , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Macrophages , Neutrophils
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880764

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the antitumor effect of ponatinib on the growth of cholangiocarcinoma xenograft derived from a clinical patient in a mouse model expressing FGFR2-CCDC6 fusion protein.@*METHODS@#Lung metastatic tumor tissue was collected from a patient with advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and implanted subcutaneously a NOD/SCID/ Il2rg-knockout (NSG) mouse. The tumor tissues were harvested and transplanted in nude mice to establish mouse models bearing patient-derived xenograft (PDX) of cholangiocarcinoma expressing FGFR2-CCDC6 fusion protein. The PDX mouse models were divided into 4 groups for treatment with citrate buffer (control group), intragastric administration of 20 mg/kg ponatinib dissolved in citrate buffer (ponatinib group), weekly intraperitoneal injections of 50 mg/kg gemcitabine and 2.5 mg/ kg cisplatin (gemcitabine group), or ponatinib combined with gemcitabine and cisplatin at the same doses (10 mice in each group, and 9 mice were evaluated in ponatinib group). The expressions of p-FGFR, p-FRS2, p-AKT, p-ERK, CD31, and Ki-67 in the xenografts were evaluated with immunohistochemistry, and cell apoptosis was analyzed with cleaved caspase-3 (CC3) staining and TUNEL staining. Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of FGFR2, p-FGFR, AKT, p-AKT, ERK, p-ERK, FRS2 and p-FRS2 in the tumor tissues.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in the control group, the mice in ponatinib group showed a significantly reduced tumor volume (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ponatinib can regulate FGFR signaling to inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of tumor cells in mice bearing patient-derived cholangiocarcinoma xenograft with FGFR2 fusion. FGFR inhibitor can serve as a treatment option for patients with cholangiocarcinoma with FGFR2 fusion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Duct Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cholangiocarcinoma/genetics , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Heterografts , Humans , Imidazoles , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, Nude , Mice, SCID , Pyridazines , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 2 , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
9.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e190348, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091246

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND It was previously demonstrated that CMC-20, a nitazoxanide and N-methyl-1H-benzimidazole hybrid molecule, had higher in vitro activity against Giardia intestinalis WB strain than metronidazole and albendazole and similar to nitazoxanide. OBJETIVES To evaluate the in vitro activity of CMC-20 against G. intestinalis strains with different susceptibility/resistance to albendazole and nitazoxanide and evaluate its effect on the distribution of parasite cytoskeletal proteins and its in vivo giardicidal activity. METHODS CMC-20 activity was tested against two isolates from patients with chronic and acute giardiasis, an experimentally induced albendazole resistant strain and a nitazoxanide resistant clinical isolate. CMC-20 effect on the distribution of parasite cytoskeletal proteins was analysed by indirect immunofluorescence and its activity was evaluated in a murine model of giardiasis. FINDINGS CMC-20 showed broad activity against susceptible and resistant strains to albendazole and nitaxozanide. It affected the parasite microtubule reservoir and triggered the parasite encystation. In this process, alpha-7.2 giardin co-localised with CWP-1 protein. CMC-20 reduced the infection time and cyst load in feces of G. muris infected mice similar to albendazole. MAIN CONCLUSIONS The in vitro and in vivo giardicidal activity of CMC-20 suggests its potential use in the treatment of giardiasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Thiazoles/pharmacology , Albendazole/pharmacology , Giardia lamblia/drug effects , Cytoskeletal Proteins/drug effects , Antiprotozoal Agents/pharmacology , Thiazoles/chemistry , Time Factors , Albendazole/chemistry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Parasitic Sensitivity Tests , Antiprotozoal Agents/chemistry
10.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e190348, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056773

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND It was previously demonstrated that CMC-20, a nitazoxanide and N-methyl-1H-benzimidazole hybrid molecule, had higher in vitro activity against Giardia intestinalis WB strain than metronidazole and albendazole and similar to nitazoxanide. OBJETIVES To evaluate the in vitro activity of CMC-20 against G. intestinalis strains with different susceptibility/resistance to albendazole and nitazoxanide and evaluate its effect on the distribution of parasite cytoskeletal proteins and its in vivo giardicidal activity. METHODS CMC-20 activity was tested against two isolates from patients with chronic and acute giardiasis, an experimentally induced albendazole resistant strain and a nitazoxanide resistant clinical isolate. CMC-20 effect on the distribution of parasite cytoskeletal proteins was analysed by indirect immunofluorescence and its activity was evaluated in a murine model of giardiasis. FINDINGS CMC-20 showed broad activity against susceptible and resistant strains to albendazole and nitaxozanide. It affected the parasite microtubule reservoir and triggered the parasite encystation. In this process, alpha-7.2 giardin co-localised with CWP-1 protein. CMC-20 reduced the infection time and cyst load in feces of G. muris infected mice similar to albendazole. MAIN CONCLUSIONS The in vitro and in vivo giardicidal activity of CMC-20 suggests its potential use in the treatment of giardiasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Thiazoles/pharmacology , Albendazole/pharmacology , Giardia lamblia/drug effects , Cytoskeletal Proteins/drug effects , Antiprotozoal Agents/pharmacology , Thiazoles/chemistry , Time Factors , Albendazole/chemistry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Parasitic Sensitivity Tests , Antiprotozoal Agents/chemistry
11.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 362-375, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763768

ABSTRACT

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a distinct neurodegenerative disease that associated with repetitive head trauma. CTE is neuropathologically defined by the perivascular accumulation of abnormally phosphorylated tau protein in the depths of the sulci in the cerebral cortices. In advanced CTE, hyperphosphorylated tau protein deposits are found in widespread regions of brain, however the mechanisms of the progressive neurodegeneration in CTE are not fully understood. In order to identify which proteomic signatures are associated with CTE, we prepared RIPA-soluble fractions and performed quantitative proteomic analysis of postmortem brain tissue from individuals neuropathologically diagnosed with CTE. We found that axonal guidance signaling pathwayrelated proteins were most significantly decreased in CTE. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis showed that axonal signaling pathway-related proteins were down regulated in neurons and oligodendrocytes and neuron-specific cytoskeletal proteins such as TUBB3 and CFL1 were reduced in the neuropils and cell body in CTE. Moreover, oligodendrocyte-specific proteins such as MAG and TUBB4 were decreased in the neuropils in both gray matter and white matter in CTE, which correlated with the degree of axonal injury and degeneration. Our findings indicate that deregulation of axonal guidance proteins in neurons and oligodendrocytes is associated with the neuropathology in CTE. Together, altered axonal guidance proteins may be potential pathological markers for CTE.


Subject(s)
Axons , Blotting, Western , Brain Injury, Chronic , Brain , Cell Body , Cerebral Cortex , Craniocerebral Trauma , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Gray Matter , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Neurons , Neuropathology , Neuropil , Oligodendroglia , tau Proteins , White Matter
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771993

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of two pedigrees affected with congenital arthrogryposis.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing (WES) was used to screen potential variations in the proband. Suspected variations were analyzed with bioinformatics software and validated by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#A heterozygous c.1123G>A (p.Glu375Lys) variation was detected in the proband and an affected fetus from pedigree 1, while a de novo heterozygous c.118 G>A (p.Val40Met) variation was detected in an affected fetus from pedigree 2.@*CONCLUSION@#The two heterozygous variations of the MYH3 gene probably underlie the disease in the pedigrees. Above results have facilitated genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Arthrogryposis , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Genetics , Female , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Whole Exome Sequencing
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771944

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen for MYOC gene variants among sporadic patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG).@*METHODS@#For 398 patients with POAG, Sanger sequencing was applied to detect potential variants of the MYOC gene.@*RESULTS@#Eight patients (2.0%) were found to harbor variations of the MYOC gene. These included five types of variants, among which c.667C>T (p.Pro223Ser) and c.1138G>T (p.Asp380Tyr) were novel. c.382C>T (p.Arg128Trp), c.1109C>T(p.Pro370Leu) and c.1130C>A (p.Thr377Lys) were previously associated with POAG. Alignment of amino acid sequences of MYOC proteins of various species revealed that the two novel variants have occurred at highly conserved positions. c.1138G>T was predicted to be possible pathogenic by Bioinformatic analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#Two novel variants of the MYOC gene were detected among sporadic POAG patients, which enriched its variant spectrum.


Subject(s)
Cytoskeletal Proteins , Genetics , Eye Proteins , Genetics , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Genetics , Glycoproteins , Genetics , Humans , Mutation
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1117-1125, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771816

ABSTRACT

To prepare polyclonal antibody (PcAb) against Escherichia coli filamentous thermosensitive protein Z (Ec-FtsZ), the artificially synthesized gene fragment coding Ec-FtsZ was subcloned into pET-22b(+) plasmid, and Ec-FtsZ protein was expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3) cell under an optimal bacterial expression condition. Then Ec-FtsZ protein was purified by HisTrap affinity chromatography, and the GTPase (Guanosine triphosphatase) activity of purified Ec-FtsZ protein was further analyzed by malachite green assay. Subsequently, the purified Ec-FtsZ protein was used to immunize rat subcutaneously for preparation of anti-Ec-FtsZ PcAb. The results of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Western blotting analysis and immunofluorescence assay showed that the titer of PcAb was 1:256 000, and PcAb exhibited a perfect antigenic specificity against purified and endogenous Ec-FtsZ protein. All these data indicated that the anti-Ec-FtsZ PcAb is successfully prepared, which can be used for further cellular function study and biochemical analysis of Ec-FtsZ protein in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Antibody Specificity , Bacterial Proteins , Blotting, Western , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Escherichia coli , Plasmids , Rats
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772285

ABSTRACT

To screen for additional treatment targets against tongue cancer, we evaluated the contributions of extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK), AKT and ezrin in cancer development. Immunohistochemical staining showed that ERK and ezrin expressions were significantly higher in invasive squamous cell carcinoma than in carcinoma in situ. To investigate the roles of ERK and ezrin in cancer development, we used the non-woven silica fibre sheet Cellbed with a structure resembling the loose connective tissue morphology in a novel 3D culture system. We confirmed that the 3D system using Cellbed accurately mimicked cancer cell morphology in vivo. Furthermore, cell projections were much more apparent in 3D-cultured tongue cancer cell lines than in 2D cultures. Typically, under conventional 2D culture conditions, F-actin and cortactin are colocalized in the form of puncta within cells. However, in the 3D-cultured cells, colocalization was mainly observed at the cell margins, including the projections. Projections containing F-actin and cortactin colocalization were predicted to be invadopodia. Although suppressing ezrin expression with small interfering RNA transfection caused no marked changes in morphology, cell projection formation was decreased, and the tumour thickness in vertical sections after 3D culture was markedly decreased after suppressing ERK activity because both the invasion ability and proliferation were inhibited. An association between cortactin activation as well as ERK activity and invadopodia formation was detected. Our novel 3D culture systems using Cellbed™ are simple and useful for in vitro studies before conducting animal experiments. ERK contributes to tongue cancer development by increasing both cancer cell proliferation and migration via cortactin activation.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma in Situ , Metabolism , Pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Culture Techniques , Methods , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Metabolism , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Metabolism , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Pathology , Phosphorylation , Podosomes , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Silicon Dioxide , Tongue Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Tumor Cells, Cultured
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(3): e7033, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889046

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we successfully demonstrated for the first time the existence of cardiac proteomic differences between non-selectively bred rats with distinct intrinsic exercise capacities. A proteomic approach based on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry was used to study the left ventricle (LV) tissue proteome of rats with distinct intrinsic exercise capacity. Low running performance (LRP) and high running performance (HRP) rats were categorized by a treadmill exercise test, according to distance run to exhaustion. The running capacity of HRPs was 3.5-fold greater than LRPs. Protein profiling revealed 29 differences between HRP and LRP rats (15 proteins were identified). We detected alterations in components involved in metabolism, antioxidant and stress response, microfibrillar and cytoskeletal proteins. Contractile proteins were upregulated in the LVs of HRP rats (α-myosin heavy chain-6, myosin light chain-1 and creatine kinase), whereas the LVs of LRP rats exhibited upregulation in proteins associated with stress response (aldehyde dehydrogenase 2, α-crystallin B chain and HSPβ-2). In addition, the cytoskeletal proteins desmin and α-actin were upregulated in LRPs. Taken together, our results suggest that the increased contractile protein levels in HRP rats partly accounted for their improved exercise capacity, and that proteins considered risk factors to the development of cardiovascular disease were expressed in higher amounts in LRP animals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Running/physiology , Proteins/metabolism , Heart Function Tests/methods , Myocardium/metabolism , Organ Size , Rats, Inbred Strains , Mass Spectrometry , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Proteins/isolation & purification , Contractile Proteins/metabolism , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Proteomics , Desmin/metabolism , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism
17.
São Paulo; s.n; 2018. 64 p. ilust, tabelas, quadros.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1280885

ABSTRACT

Os tumores de glândulas salivares compreendem um grupo heterogêneo de lesões, apresentando diferentes características histológicas e comportamento clínico diverso. A grande variação no padrão histológico das lesões benignas de glândulas salivares muitas vezes é atribuída à presença de células mioepiteliais que apresentam padrões distintos em cada neoplasia: o mioepitelioma (M) é composto predominantemente por células mioepiteliais, o adenoma de células basais (ACB) é composto predominantemente por células epiteliais e o adenoma pleomórfico (AP) composto por variações de células mioepiteliais e epiteliais. O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar a expressão de um painel de proteínas do citoesqueleto (citoceratina 14 (CK14), vimentina, actina de músculo liso (AML), calponina e caldesmon), da matriz extracelular (colágeno) e proteína PLAG1, em neoplasias benignas das glândulas salivares por meio de técnica imunoistoquímica. Para tanto foram selecionadas 28 amostras de AP, 3 de M, 5 de ACB e 3 amostras de glândulas salivares histologicamente normais. A proteína CK14 foi predominantemente expressa no adenoma pleomórfico e adenoma de células basais. A AML foi expressa em todos os casos de adenoma pleomórfico e sua expressão foi menos frequente no adenoma de células basais e mioepitelioma. Caldesmon e vimentina foram expressas em todos os casos de AP, M e ACB. A proteína calponina foi expressa em todos os casos de mioepitelioma e adenoma de células basais e frequentemente positiva no adenoma pleomórfico. Colágeno tipo IV foi raramente expresso nos casos de adenoma pleomórfico e no adenoma de células basais. PLAG1 foi expressa na maioria dos tumores. Utilizando análise de clusterização hierárquica não foi possível classificar os diferentes tumores benignos de glândula salivar. A análise estatística demonstrou que a AML é mais expressa em adenoma pleomórfico e que existe uma associação entre a expressão das proteínas calponina e PLAG1. Nossos resultados sugerem que o mioepitelioma, adenoma pleomórfico e adenoma de células basais representam espectros histológicos de um mesmo tumor


Salivary gland tumors comprise a heterogeneous group of lesions, presenting different histological characteristics and diverse clinical behavior. The large variation in the histological pattern of benign lesions of the salivary glands is often attributed to the presence of myoepithelial cells presenting distinct patterns in each neoplasia: myoepithelioma is predominantly composed of myoepithelial cells, basal cell adenoma is composed predominantly of epithelial cells and pleomorphic adenoma composed of variations of myoepithelial and epithelial cells. The aim of this work was to determine a myoepithelial cell signature in benign salivary gland neoplasms using a panel of cytoskeleton proteins (cytokeratin, vimentin, smooth muscle actin, calponin and caldesmon), extracellular matrix protein (collagen) and PLAG1 protein by means of immunohistochemical technique. For this purpose 28 samples of pleomorphic adenoma, 3 of myoepithelioma, 5 of basal cell adenoma and 3 samples of histologically normal salivary glands were selected. CK14 protein was predominantly expressed in pleomorphic adenoma and basal cell adenoma. Smooth muscle actin was expressed in all cases of pleomorphic adenoma and its expression was less frequent in basal cell adenoma and myoepithelioma. Caldesmon and vimentin were expressed in all cases of pelomorphic adenoma, myoepithelioma and basal cell adenoma. Calponin protein was expressed in all cases of myoepithelioma and basal cell adenoma and frequently positive in pleomorphic adenoma. Type IV collagen was rarely expressed in cases of pleomorphic adenoma and basal cell adenoma. PLAG1 was expressed in the majority of the tumors. Using hierarchical clustering analysis it was not possible to classify the different benign tumors of the salivary gland. Statistical analysis demonstrated that smooth muscle actin is more expressed in pleomorphic adenoma and that there is an association between the expression of the calponin and PLAG1 proteins. Our results suggest that myoepithelioma, pleomorphic adenoma, and basal cell adenoma represent histological spectra of the same tumor


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Immunohistochemistry , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Myoepithelioma , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Retrospective Studies
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(4): e5356, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839281

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the correlation of ezrin and galectin-3 expressions with prognosis in cervical cancer. The immunohistochemical method was applied to detect ezrin and galectin-3 expressions in normal cervix tissues (n=30), cervicitis tissues (n=28), cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) tissues (classified as I-III, n=89), and cervical carcinoma tissues (n=84). Follow-up was conducted for 5 to 78 months to analyze the correlation of protein expressions with prognosis. Ezrin and galectin-3 expressions in cervical cancer were significantly higher than in normal cervix, cervicitis and CIN (all P<0.05), and expressions in CIN were significantly higher than in normal cervix and cervicitis (both P<0.05). The expressions of ezrin and galectin-3 were both related with histological grade, deep myometrial invasion and lymph node metastasis (all P<0.05). Spearman analysis showed that ezrin expression was positively correlated with galectin-3 expression in cervical cancer (r=0.355, P<0.05). The survival rate of patients with high expressions of ezrin and galectin-3 was significantly lower than those with low expressions of proteins (both P<0.05). The expressions of ezrin and galectin-3, histological grade, depth of stromal invasion, and lymph node metastasis are risk factors affecting the survival rate of patients with cervical cancer. The expressions of ezrin and galectin-3 were correlated with the development of cervical cancer, and overexpressions of those proteins were indicative of poor prognosis in patients with cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Carcinoma, Adenosquamous/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/metabolism , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Galectin 3/metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lymph Nodes/metabolism , Lymphatic Metastasis , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Reference Values , Time Factors
19.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 25(2): 187-195, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785166

ABSTRACT

Abstract Giardia duodenalis is divided into eight assemblages (named A to H). Isolates of assemblage A are divided into four sub-assemblages (AI, AII, AIII and AIV). While isolates of sub-assemblage AII are almost exclusively detected in human hosts, isolates of assemblage B are encountered in a multitude of animal hosts and humans. Here, we isolated single cysts of G. duodenalis from a human stool sample and found that one of them had overlaps of assemblage AII and B alleles and an unexpectedly high number of variants of the beta-giardin (Bg) and GLORF-C4 (OrfC4) alleles. In addition, one of the Bg alleles of that cyst had a fragment of sub-assemblage AII interspersed with fragments of assemblage B, thus indicating that this allele may be a recombinant between sequences A and B. Our results are unprecedented and put a check on the statement that different assemblages of G. duodenalis represent species with different host specificities.


Resumo A espécie Giardia duodenalis é dividida em oito grupos (nomeados de A a H). Isolados do grupo A são divididos em quatro subgrupos (AI, AII, AIII and AIV). Enquanto isolados do subgrupo AII são detectados quase exclusivamente em hospedeiros humanos, isolados do subgrupo B são encontrados em uma grande variedade de hospedeiros entre animais e humanos. Neste trabalho, foi constatado que, dentre diversos cistos individualizados de G. duodenalis provenientes de fezes de origem humana, um cisto continha os alelos AII e B e um número inesperado de variantes de alelos codificadores de beta giardina e GLORF-C4. Ainda, um dos alelos beta giardina desse cisto possuía fragmentos AII intercalando um fragmento B, indicando que esse alelo pode ser um recombinante entre alelos AII e B. Os resultados aqui apresentados são inéditos e colocam em dúvida o conceito atual de que os diferentes grupos de G. duodenalis representam espécies distintas com diferentes graus de especificidade por hospedeiros.


Subject(s)
Animals , Protozoan Proteins/genetics , Giardia lamblia/genetics , Cysts/genetics , Cytoskeletal Proteins/genetics , Alleles , Genetic Carrier Screening/veterinary , Giardia lamblia/classification , Genotype
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749702

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of Testin gene, and analyze its possible relationship with the clinicopathological features of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma.@*METHOD@#The expression of Testin in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry methods, semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. The correlations of Testin to clinicopathologic features of nasopharyngeal carcinoma were analyzed.@*RESULT@#The positive expression rate of Testin in NPC biopsy tissue was 37.8% (17/ 45), while it was 88.9% (40/45) in the normal tissue; The expression of Testin mRNA was significantly lower than that in the normal tissue (P 0.05); but it had significant correlation with lympho node metastasis, distant metastasis and differentiation degree.@*CONCLUSION@#The decreased expression of Testin gene may play an importmant role in the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. And thus Testin gene might be a novel candidate of tumor-suppressor. It may be an objective marker for prognostic factor and malignant level for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Metabolism , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , LIM Domain Proteins , Metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism
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