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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(7): 2635-2642, jul. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278779

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to assess the prevalence of tooth loss and associated factors in institutionalized adolescents. This cross-sectional study included 68 male adolescents incarcerated from Socio-Educational Assistance Center (CASE) aged between 15 and 19 years. Questionnaires were applied individually to assess sociodemographical, economical, medical, behavioral and oral health self-perception variables. All present teeth were evaluated by Decay, Missing, Filling (DMF) Index. The prevalence of tooth loss was analyzed in individuals with ≥1 tooth loss. Associations between tooth loss and exposure variables studied were analyzed by Poisson Regression with robust variance estimation. The prevalence of tooth loss was 47.06%. First molars in the mandible and maxilla and central incisor in the maxilla were the most absent teeth. In the multivariate model, number of decayed teeth, and those that reported daily use of medication were associated with higher tooth loss. Besides, tooth loss was associated with decayed tooth and daily use of medication. Oral health promotion and treatment should be implemented in these institutions to reduce the prevalence of dental loss in these adolescents.


Resumo Esse estudo objetivou avaliar a prevalência de perda dentária e fatores associados em adolescentes institucionalizados. Esse estudo transversal incluiu 68 adolescentes do sexo masculino de um Centro de Atendimento Socioeducativo (CASE) com idades entre 15 e 19 anos. Questionários estruturados foram aplicados individualmente para acessar variáveis sociodemográficas, econômicas, médicas, comportamentais e autopercepção de saúde bucal. Todos os dentes presentes foram avaliados pelo Índice de dentes Cariados, Perdidos e Obturados (CPOD). A prevalência de perda dentária foi analisada em indivíduos com ≥1 dente perdido. Associações entre perda dentária e variáveis de exposição foram analisadas por regressão de Poisson com estimativa de variância robusta. A prevalência de perda dentária foi 47,06%. Primeiros molares na mandíbula e maxila e incisivos centrais na maxila foram os dentes mais ausentes. No modelo multivariado, número de dentes cariados esteve associado com perda dentária, e aqueles que faziam uso diário de medicações foram associados a maior perda dentária. Além disso, perda dentária foi associada com cárie dentária e uso diário de medicação. Promoção de saúde bucal e seu tratamento devem ser implementados nessas instituições para reduzir a prevalência de perda dentária nesses adolescentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Tooth Loss/epidemiology , Adolescent, Institutionalized , Dental Caries , DMF Index , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(7): 2625-2634, jul. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278774

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo foi analisar a associação de fatores socioeconômicos com a prevalência de cárie dentária em adolescentes de São Luís, Maranhão, para responder se as iniquidades sociais persistem na distribuição desta doença. Este é um estudo transversal aninhado a uma coorte prospectiva. Incluímos 2.413 adolescentes de 18-19 anos, avaliados em 2016 (2º seguimento). O desfecho foi a ocorrência de dentes com cárie dentária não tratada (sim ou não), avaliada pelo índice CPO-D. Características socioeconômicas e demográficas foram as variáveis independentes. Foram realizadas análises estatísticas descritivas e de regressão de Poisson, calculando-se razões de prevalência (RPs) brutas e ajustadas (alpha=5%). Pertencer às classes econômicas C (RP=1,23; IC95%:1,11-1,37) ou D-E (RP=1,48; IC95%: 1,32-1,65), estar casado/morar com companheiro (RP=1,22; IC95%:1,07-1,39), ter pais separados (RP=1,11; IC95%1,03-1,19) e maior número de pessoas na residência (RP=1,05; IC95%:1,03-1,07) foram associadas a maior prevalência de cárie dentária. Apesar da implementação da Política Nacional de Saúde Bucal, as iniquidades sociais em saúde bucal de adolescentes persistem. É fundamental que o modelo de atenção à saúde vigente busque a reorientação das estratégias de educação em saúde, direcionando-as a populações vulneráveis.


Abstract This study aimed to analyze the association of socioeconomic factors with the prevalence of dental caries in adolescents from São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil, to answer whether social inequalities persist in distributing this disease. This is a cross-sectional study nested in a prospective cohort. We included 2,413 adolescents aged 18-19 years evaluated in the 2016 second follow-up. The outcome was teeth with untreated dental caries (yes or no) assessed by the DMFT index. Socioeconomic and demographic characteristics were the independent variables. Descriptive statistical and Poisson regression analyses were performed, calculating crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) (alpha=5%). Belonging to economic classes C (PR=1.23; 95% CI: 1.11-1.37) or D-E (PR=1.48; 95% CI: 1.32-1.65), being married/living with a partner (PR=1.22; 95% CI: 1.07-1.39), having separated parents (PR=1.11; 95% CI 1.03-1.19) and a greater number of people in the household (PR=1.05; 95% CI: 1.03-1.07) were associated with a higher prevalence of dental caries. Social inequalities in adolescent oral health persist despite the implementation of the National Oral Health Policy. The current health care model should seek to reorient health education strategies, targeting them at vulnerable populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , DMF Index , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 75-83, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345499

ABSTRACT

Abstract This cross-sectional study evaluated the prevalence and severity of dental caries and fluorosis in children and adolescents using fluoridated toothpaste, from areas with and without fluoridated water. Parents of 5-year-old children and 12-year-old adolescents from neighbourhoods that are supplied with and without fluoridated water answered questionnaires for determining socio-economic and demographic characteristics and habits related to oral health. The individuals were examined, and dental caries and fluorosis were measured by dmft/DMFT and TF indexes, respectively. Descriptive, bivariate and logistic regression analyses were performed (p < 0.05). Of 692 participants, 47.7% were 5-year-olds and 52.3% were 12-year-olds. The mean dmft/DMFT in the 5-year-olds/ 12-year-olds from Exposed and Not Exposed fluoridated water groups was 1.53 (± 2.47) and 3.54 (± 4.10) / 1.53 (± 1.81) and 3.54 (± 3.82), respectively. Children (OR = 2.86, 95% CI = 1.71-4.75) and adolescents (OR = 1.95, 95% CI = 1.24-3.05), who did not consume fluoridated water, had greater caries experience. Among adolescents, there was an association between fluoridated water and the prevalence of very mild/mild fluorosis (OR = 5.45, 95% CI: 3.23-9.19) and moderate fluorosis (OR = 11.11, 95% CI = 4.43-27.87). Children and adolescents, who consumed fluoridated water, presented lower prevalence and severity of dental caries compared to those who used only fluoridated toothpaste as the source of fluoride. There is an association between water fluoridation and very mild/mild and moderate fluorosis in adolescents.


Resumo Este estudo transversal avaliou a prevalência e severidade de cárie dentária e fluorose em crianças de 5 anos e adolescentes de 12 anos usuários de dentifrício fluoretado, em áreas com e sem água fluoretada. Os responsáveis pelas crianças e adolescentes responderam questionários para determinação de características socioeconômicas e demográficas e hábitos relacionados à saúde. Os indivíduos foram examinados e a cárie e a fluorose foram mensuradas pelos índices ceo-d / CPOD e TF, respectivamente. Foram realizadas análises descritivas, bivariadas e de regressão logística (p <0,05). Dos 692 participantes, 47,7% tinham 5 anos e 52,3% tinham 12 anos. A média de ceod / CPOD em crianças de 5/12 anos dos grupos de exposto e não exposto à água fluoretada foi 1,53 (± 2,47) e 3,54 (± 4,10) / 1,53 (± 1,81) e 3,54 (± 3,82), respectivamente. Crianças (OR = 2,86, IC 95% = 1,71-4,75) e adolescentes (OR = 1,95, IC 95% = 1,24-3,05) que não consumiram água fluoretada tiveram maior experiência de cárie. Entre os adolescentes, houve associação entre a água fluoretada e a prevalência de fluorose muito leve / leve (OR = 5,45, IC 95%: 3,23-9,19) e fluorose moderada (OR = 11,11, IC 95% = 4,43-27,87). Crianças e adolescentes que consumiram água fluoretada apresentaram menor prevalência e severidade de cárie dentária em comparação com aqueles que usaram apenas dentifrício fluoretado como fonte de flúor. Houve uma associação entre a fluoretação da água e fluorose muito leve / leve e moderada em adolescentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dentifrices , Fluorosis, Dental/epidemiology , DMF Index , Fluoridation , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fluorides
4.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(1): 25-29, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368411

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a condição de saúde bucal de pacientes em terapia oncológica. Trata-se de um estudo observacional transversal realizado no Centro OncoHematologico de Pernambuco (CEONHPE), vinculado ao Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz (HUOC), da Universidade de Pernambuco (UPE). Foram incluídos no estudo pacientes com idade entre 1 e 19 anos, de ambos os sexos, totalizando uma amostra de 177 pacientes, dentre os quais 25 realizaram o índice de placa, 111 submeteram-se ao índice de Dentes Cariados, Perdidos e Obturados (CPOD) e 129 ao índice de Dentes Decíduos Cariados, Com Extração Indicada e Obturados (ceo-d). Foi realizada coleta de dados secundários obtidos nas fichas clínicas dos pacientes que estiveram em atendimento no ano de 2018. Através da análise estatística descritiva foram consideradas as variáveis: condição de saúde bucal, idade, gênero, diagnóstico oncológico e fase atual do tratamento. Com relação às condições de saúde bucal foram avaliadas: condições de higiene oral (índice de placa de O´Leary); cárie (CPO-D e ceo-d). Verificou-se que houve predominância do índice CPO-D e ceo-d em zero e o índice de placa foi considerado insatisfatório na maioria dos pacientes. Portanto, apesar de baixo índice de cárie, foi constatado elevado índice de placa bacteriana...(AU)


This study aimed to assess the oral health condition of patients undergoing cancer therapy. This is a cross-sectional observational study carried out at the Centro OncoHematologico de Pernambuco (CEON-HPE), linked to the Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz (HUOC), of the University of Pernambuco (UPE). The study included patients aged between 1 and 19 years old, of both sexes, totaling a sample of 177 patients, among whom 25 underwent the plaque index, 111 underwent the Decayed, Lost and Filled Teeth Index (CPOD) and 129 to the Decayed Deciduous Teeth Index, with Extraction Indicated and Filled (ceo-d). Secondary data were collected from the clinical records of patients who were in care in 2018. Through the descriptive statistical analysis, the variables were considered: oral health condition, age, gender, cancer diagnosis and current treatment stage. Regarding oral health conditions, the following were evaluated: oral hygiene conditions (O´Leary plaque index); caries (CPOD e ceo-d). It was found that there was a pre dominance of the CPOD index and ceo-d at zero and the plaque index was considered unsatisfactory in most patients. Therefore, despite a low rate of caries, a high rate of plaque was found... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Oral Hygiene , DMF Index , Health Status , Oral Health , Pediatric Dentistry , Dental Care for Children , Dental Plaque , Therapeutics , Universities , Neoplasms
5.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(1): e042, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254240

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Correlacionar el número de cepillados por día y el índice CPOD en los escolares de 12 años de la parroquia El Vecino (Cuenca, Ecuador) en 2016. Materiales y métodos: El estudio fue de tipo comunicacional, cuantitativo, descriptivo y relacional. La población estuvo conformada por 279 fichas que pertenecen al estudio del mapa epidemiológico para los escolares de la parroquia El Vecino. La ficha de observación incluyó los siguientes datos: número de registro, edad, sexo, parroquia, índice de COPD. Resultados: En lo referente a la correlación entre el número de cepillado por día y el índice de CPOD, se demostró que existe una correlación inversa, la estadística significativa presentó un valor de p = 0,029. Conclusión: El presente estudio demostró que existe una correlación entre el número de cepillados por día y el índice CPOD. (AU)


Objective: Correlate the number of brushes per day and the decay-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) index in 12-year-old school children from the parish "El Vecino Cuenca - Ecuador 2016". Materials and Methods: The study was communicational, quantitative, descriptive and relational. The population consisted of 279 records from the study of the epidemiological map of schoolchildren in the "El Vecino" parish. The database included the registration number, age, sex, parish and DMFT Index. Results: There was an statistically significant inverse correlation between the number of brushes per day and the DMFT index with a p value = 0.029. Conclusion: The present study shows that there is a correlation between the number of brushes per day and the DMFT index. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Toothbrushing , DMF Index , Dental Caries , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Ecuador , Evaluation Studies as Topic
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887899

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the oral health status and awareness of urban children in Lhasa,aiming to provide a data basis for the prevention and treatment of children's caries and the promotion of oral health education. Methods A total of 504 Tibetan students were selected by cluster sampling from 2 primary schools in Chengguan District of Lhasa.All the participants were required to take oral health examination and complete a questionnaire about oral health awareness and behavior. Results The caries prevalence rate and mean decayed-missing-filled tooth(DMFT)of permanent teeth were 75.00% and 2.18±1.91,respectively.The rates of pit and fissure sealant and filling of permanent teeth were 3.77% and 6.81%,respectively.The caries prevalence rate of first permanent molars was 47.62%.The mean DMFT of permanent teeth and caries prevalence rate of first permanent molar were significantly higher in female group(


Subject(s)
Child , DMF Index , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene , Prevalence , Schools , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878409

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate caries status and its impact factors in preschool children in plateau and to provide reference for caries prevention in highlands.@*METHODS@#Examination of caries was performed on 1 597 children aged 3-5 years old in 11 kindergartens in Changdu, Xizang, in accordance with the 4th National Oral Health Survey standards and methods. Their parents were surveyed with the questionnaire regarding oral hygiene habit and consciousness about oral health and related factors. All the data were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of caries among children aged 3-5 years old in Changdu was 52.85%, with dmft index of 2.44. The caries rate and dmft of children aged 3 years old were lower than those of children aged 4 and 5 years old (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence of ca-ries in children aged 3-5 years old in Changdu increases with aging. Good oral hygiene and eating habits and regular oral examination can reduce the rate of caries.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Cross-Sectional Studies , DMF Index , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Female , Humans , Male , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene , Prevalence
8.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 208-217, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348090

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a experiência de cárie dentária e fatores relacionados em adolescentes de 15 a 19 anos de uma escola pública de Manaus-AM. Métodos: O delineamento do estudo foi do tipo transversal, cuja amostra foi constituída por 103 escolares. Para avaliar a cárie dentária foram realizados exames clínicos utilizando o Índice CPO-D (cariados, perdidos, obturados por dente) para avaliar presença de cárie dentária em ficha individual. Também foram aplicados dois questionários referentes aos hábitos de higiene bucal e à percepção da presença de dor dentária nos últimos seis meses e impacto das condições de saúde bucal na vida diária. O Índice Significant Caries Index (SIC) foi utilizado para avaliar a presença da doença cárie dentária em um terço da população com maior CPO-D. Para análise dos dados foram utilizados os programas Microsoft Excel®e Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), adotando o nível de significância de 0,05. Para verificar a hipótese de associação entre variáveis foi utilizado o teste Qui-quadrado de Pearson. Resultados: A média do índice CPO-D encontrada foi de 1,2 considerada baixa; sendo o componente cariado (C) o responsável pela maior parte do Índice CPO-D. O Índice SIC foi de 4,4 evidenciando que um terço da amostra apresentava Índice CPO muito superior à média encontrada, mostrando desigualdade na distribuição da doença no grupo estudado. A frequência de escovação por 3 vezes ao dia foi relatada pela maioria dos adolescentes (57,3%). No entanto, sobre a frequência de consulta dos adolescentes ao cirurgião-dentista, constatou-se que 48,6% dos estudantes nunca procuraram atendimento. Houve relação estatisticamente significante entre presença de cárie dentária e irritabilidade causada pelos dentes (p = 0,011) e dificuldade para falar (p = 0,007). Conclusão: Este estudo apontou baixa experiência de cárie dentária, sendo a frequência de escovação por 3 vezes ao dia relatada pela maioria dos adolescentes. Houve relação estatisticamente significante entre presença de cárie dentária e as questões sobre incômodo ao escovar os dentes e dificuldade para falar.


Aim:To evaluate the experience of tooth decay and its associated factors in teenagers ranging from 15 to 19 years of age in a public high school in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design, whose sample amount was a total of 103 students. To evaluate tooth decay, clinical exams were performed using the DMF-T index (decayed, missing, and filled teeth) to assess the presence of tooth decay (DMF-T) on an individual data record. Two questionnaires were applied regarding oral hygiene habits, perception of the presence of dental pain in the last six months, and impact of oral health conditions on daily life. The Significant Caries Index (SIC Index) was used to assess the presence of tooth decay disease in one third of the population with the highest DMF-T. For data analysis, the Microsoft Excel® and Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) programs were used, adopting a significance level of 0.05. Pearson's chi-square test was used to verify the hypothesis of association between variables. Results:The DMF-T index was 1.2, which is considered low, while the carious component (C) was the most prevalent of the DMF-T Index. The SIC Index was 4.4, showing that one third of the sample had a DMF-T Index that was much higher than the average, revealing an unequal distribution of the disease within the studied group. The frequency of brushing teeth 3 times a day was reported by most teenagers (57.3%). However, regarding the frequency of visits to the dentist, it was found that 48.6% of the students had never sought out dental care. There was a statistically significant relationship between the presence of tooth decay and questions about irritability caused by teeth (p = 0.011) and difficulty in speaking (p = 0.007). Conclusion:This study showed a low experience of tooth decay, with the frequency of brushing 3 times a day reported by most adolescents. There was a statistically significant relationship between the presence of tooth decay and difficulty in speaking.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Oral Hygiene , Toothache , DMF Index , Adolescent , Dental Caries , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287484

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the estimates obtained, considering or not the weighting data. Material and Methods: Secondary data from the Oral Health Survey of the State of São Paulo (SBSP2015) was used for calculation of mean estimates, standard errors of the mean and confidence intervals (CI) for the DMFT index and components (decayed, lost and filled), in the age group of 35-44 years. Multiple logistic regression models were estimated, considering or not the weighting from the sampling plan (p<0.05). Results: It was observed that the estimates of the DMFT index and the carious component did not vary much when the design was considered or not (1.1% and 2.0%, respectively). However, the data referring to the lost and filled component showed greater differences between the values of the means. The averages fluctuated up and down by up to 6.7% for weighted versus unweighted analyses. The standard error was underestimated in the unweighted analysis and the confidence interval showed variations. Differences between the regression models obtained by the weighted and unweighted analysis of the data were detected. Conclusion: Although weighted and unweighted models presented differences of less than 10% in estimates of the mean, confidence intervals, as well as statistical inferences, were different. Thus, weighting should be applied in the population base data analysis collected by sampling with complex designs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , DMF Index , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Public Health Systems Research , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-5, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352544

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the experience of caries and tooth loss in rural citrus workers in Northeast Brazil. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, quantitative, and descriptive study carried out using a non-probabilistic sample of rural citrus workers linked to the Occupational Health Reference Center. Generalist and dental questionnaires were applied and clinical examinations were performed by two calibrated examiners on 619 participants in Basic Health Units to establish the sample DMFT index and to detail their characteristics of interest. Results: The sample was predominantly male (71%), with young adults between 20 and 40 years (50,9%), with low education (76%) and low income (59,3%). The mean DMFT index of the sample was 14.29 and the component regarding tooth loss (M) 9.97, corresponding to approximately 70% of this value. Moreover, 90,1% of the evaluated participants had losses of at least one dental element and 27,8% had a functional loss with less than 21 teeth in the oral cavity, while 86.3% said they had never attended an oral health service. Of the participants who have already attended, 83,6% were over six months ago, motivated by pain (43,8%) and caries (14,7%). Conclusions: The rural citrus workers evaluated had negative experiences with dental caries and a high rate of functional tooth loss, leading them vulnerable to stomatognathic system imbalances and showing the need for prevention and promotion of oral health


Objetivo: Avaliar a experiência de cárie e perda dentária de trabalhadores rurais da citricultura no Nordeste brasileiro. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, quantitativo e descritivo, realizado com amostra não probabilística de citricultores rurais vinculados ao Centro de Referência em Saúde do Trabalhador. Foram aplicados questionários (generalista e odontológico), e exames clínicos foram realizados por dois examinadores calibrados em 619 participantes em Unidades Básicas de Saúde, para estabelecer o índice CPO-D da amostra e detalhar suas características de interesse. Resultados: A amostra foi predominantemente masculina (71%), com adultos jovens entre 20 e 40 anos (50,9%), com baixa escolaridade (76%) e baixa renda (59,3%). O índice CPO-D médio da amostra foi de 14.29, e o componente relativo à perda dentária (P) de 9.97, correspondendo a aproximadamente 70% desse valor. Além disso, 90,1% dos participantes avaliados tiveram perdas de, pelo menos, um elemento dentário, e 27,8% tiveram perda funcional com menos de 21 dentes na cavidade oral, enquanto 86,3% afirmaram nunca ter frequentado um serviço de saúde bucal. Dos participantes que já frequentaram, 83,6% foram há mais de seis meses, motivados por dores (43,8%) e cárie (14,7%). Conclusões: Os citricultores rurais avaliados apresentaram experiências negativas com cárie dentária e alto índice de perda funcional dos dentes, tornando-os vulneráveis aos desequilíbrios do sistema estomatognático e evidenciando a necessidade de prevenção e promoção da saúde bucal.


Subject(s)
Tooth Loss , Dental Caries , Stomatognathic System , DMF Index , Health , Oral Health , Disease Prevention
11.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210048, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352132

ABSTRACT

Introdução O desenvolvimento do complexo craniofacial resulta da interação de fatores genéticos e ambientais. Dentre as ocorrências que podem afetar esse desenvolvimento, estão as odontológicas. A cárie dentária e a má oclusão são de etiologia multifatorial e atingem grande parte da população, podendo impactar a qualidade de vida. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto de fatores clínicos, funcionais e sociais na qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal de crianças e suas famílias. Material e método A amostra consistiu de 753 crianças matriculadas nas escolas públicas da cidade de Araraquara-SP. Foram realizados exames bucais para avaliar a ocorrência cárie dentária (ceo-d e CPO-D) e a má oclusão (Foster, Hamilton) e aplicado um questionário socioeconômico aos pais, além do questionário para avaliação da qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal (ECOHIS). Os dados foram avaliados por meio de análise bivariada e, em seguida, pelo modelo de regressão logística múltipla, considerando o nível de significância de 5%. Resultado A condição social, além das variáveis clínicas de cárie dentaria e trauma dental, apresentou associação com o impacto negativo na qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal nas três sessões do questionário: criança, pais e geral, respectivamente. Conclusão A experiência da cárie dentária, o nível socioeconômico e o trauma dental foram variáveis preditoras para o impacto negativo na qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal de crianças e suas famílias. Os hábitos estão mais relacionados ao índice ceo-d e ao nível socioeconômico do que com a má oclusão.


Introduction The development of the craniofacial complex results from the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Dental caries and malocclusion have a multifactorial etiology and affect a large part of the population, which may impact the quality of life. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of clinical, functional and social factors on oral health-related quality of life of children and their families. Material and method The sample consisted of 753 children enrolled in public schools in the city of Araraquara-SP. Oral examinations were performed to assess dental caries (dmft and DMFT) and malocclusion (Foster, Hamilton) and a socioeconomic questionnaire was administered to the parents, in addition to the quality assessment questionnaire. health-related life expectancy (ECOHIS). Data were evaluated by bivariate analysis and then by multiple logistic regression model, considering the significance level of 5%. Result Social condition, besides the clinical variables dental caries and dental trauma were associated with the negative impact on oral health-related quality of life in the three questionnaire sessions, child, parent and general respectively. Conclusion The experience of dental caries, socioeconomic status and dental trauma were predictive variables for the negative impact on oral health-related quality of life of children and their families. Habits seem to be more related to the dmft index and socioeconomic level than to malocclusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Quality of Life , DMF Index , Oral Health , Dental Caries , Diagnosis, Oral , Malocclusion , Snoring , Social Class , Tooth, Deciduous , Bruxism , Child, Preschool , Dentition, Permanent
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287499

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze caries experience depending on periodontitis affection concomitant or not with cardiovascular risks or mental health issues with the hypothesis that worse accumulated caries experience is not necessarily the result of the presence of concomitant overall health issues. Material and Methods: All subjects of this cross-sectional study were participants of the Dental Registry and DNA Repository project. Variables age, ethnicity, sex, caries experience, periodontitis and mental disease statuses and blood pressure assessment, dental clinical data (DMFT, DMFS and periodontitis) were evaluated and collected from the clinical records. We used chi-square, Fisher's exact, or Student's t-tests to determine differences in frequencies of sex, age, ethnicity, and dental clinical data depending on caries experience, periodontitis, mental health status, and cardiovascular risks. The established alpha was 5%. Results: Of the total 1,437 subjects included in this study, 407 were individuals with high blood pressure and 1,030 were individuals without high blood pressure. Also, 558 were individuals with mental disease and 879 were individuals without mental disease. High blood pressure patients were mostly men (47.17%) and women were the majority when analyzing patients with mental illness (60.04%). Most of the patients in the different groups were white, with a mean age ranging from 15.4 to 88 years. Conclusion: We concluded that caries experience concomitant or not with periodontitis affection does not associate with high blood pressure and mental disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Periodontitis/pathology , Oral Health/education , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Mental Disorders/psychology , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , DMF Index , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical
13.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287494

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the association of oral health indicators and social variables on the frequency of visit to the dentist by persons with intellectual disability (ID). Material and Methods: The study comprised a sample consisting of 149 participants with ID, aged from 11 to 29 years, from non-governmental institutions. Semi-structured interviews were held to collect sociodemographic and psychosocial information with their parents/guardians, followed by oral health evaluations in accordance with World Health Organization criteria. Crude analyses and multiple analysis were conducted to test whether oral health indicators and social data were predictors of the visit to dental care services. Results: In the multiple logistic regression model, individuals with lower DMF-t (OR=3.13; 95% CI=1.40-6.97) and those with less crowded housing (OR=2.33; 95% CI=1.06-5.12) presented less frequency of visits to oral health services. Conclusion: DMFT and crowded housing are associated to the frequency of persons with intellectual disability to dental care as well as this outcome measure affects the oral health of persons with ID. Therefore, identifying limiting factors to dental care of persons with intellectual disability is needed so that this group can receive adequate attention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Oral Health/education , Health Status Indicators , Dental Care for Disabled , Persons with Mental Disabilities , Mental Health Services , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Demography , DMF Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Diagnosis, Oral , Observational Study , Preliminary Data
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1155010

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the influence of parental depression and substance use in the oral health care of children with disabilities. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 151 children with disabilities and their parents/caregivers. To detect the presence of depression and alcohol or tobacco use, the parents/caregivers answered three questionnaires: two versions of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), and the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND). Then, the children with disabilities underwent oral examination to evaluate biofilm control, gingival condition and the dental carie index (decayed, missing, and filled teeth - dmft ̸ DMFT). Results: There was a statistically significant association between tobacco use and dental caries in deciduous teeth (p=0.046). The children of smokers had six times greater need for dental treatment than that of non-smokers (OR= 6.36; CI= 1.3-30.5). There was no statistically significant association between the oral health of the children with disabilities and parental alcohol consumption and depression (p>0.05). Children with medical condition had a higher need for dental treatment than children with intellectual disability (p=0.003). Conclusion: Parental smoking habits increase dental caries in the deciduous teeth of children with disabilities, but parental depression and alcohol use do not influence the oral health of children with disabilities. Children with medical condition have more treatment needs than children with intellectual disability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Tooth, Deciduous/anatomy & histology , Oral Health/education , Caregivers , Disabled Children , Depression , Parents , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , DMF Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Diagnosis, Oral/instrumentation , Patient Health Questionnaire
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e067, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278592

ABSTRACT

Abstract Dental caries remains a major public health problem, with a higher prevalence among in adolescence. The present study aimed to assess the dental caries spectrum profile in children and adolescents in Brazilian public schools. A cross-sectional study was performed in two public schools in Brazil to examine the permanent teeth of children and adolescents. The dental caries were assessed by applying the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) instrument, and the results were distributed as per disease status (healthy/codes 0-2; pre-morbidity/code 3; morbidity/code 4-5; severe morbidity/codes 6-7; mortality/code 8) and by severity as per the CAST-F1 formula (no severity, mild, moderate, and severe). The CAST data were described by age groups (8-9 y, 10-11 y, 12-13 y, 14-15 y, 16-17 y, and 18-19 y). The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to investigate differences in CAST prevalence and severity among the groups (p < 0.05). Total 598 students were enrolled. Most of the subjects were male (53.34%) and belonged to the age group of 12-13 y (34.95%). The variables CAST 0/1 (p = 0.024), CAST (p = 0.024), and CAST-F1 (p = 0.029) showed significant differences among age groups, and the post hoc test showed the differences in these variables as per the age groups of 14-15 y and 16-17 y (CAST 0/1, p = 0.047; CAST, p = 0.047; CAST-F1, p = 0.033). The dental caries spectrum increased from 8 to 19 y with a peak in the prevalence and severity in the middle of adolescence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Schools , Brazil/epidemiology , DMF Index , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e078, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278596

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to assess the discriminant validity of the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) at different thresholds, compared with the Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth Index (dmf) instrument, to discriminate caries risk factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted including children aged 2-5 years from preschools in Southern Brazil. Parents answered a questionnaire, and children were clinically examined using the CAST instrument and, in the following weeks, using the dmf index. Two caries thresholds were adopted for CAST: caries in dentin (CAST4-7/CAST2,4-8) and enamel caries (CAST3-7/CAST2-8). Poisson regression was used in the analysis (p < 0.05). A total of 200 children were included. The prevalence of caries was 47.0% with dmf, 42.5% with CAST4-7, and 77.5% with CAST3-7. When the outcome was caries prevalence, CAST4-7 discriminated between sexes, household crowding, and dental pain, and CAST3-7 discriminated age and family income, while the dmf was associated with dental pain. When experience of caries was the outcome, all the criteria discriminated between sexes, age, family income, household overcrowding, visible dental plaque, and dental pain, while dmf and CAST2-8 also discriminated maternal schooling. The CAST discriminated caries risk factors similar to the dmf index when caries experience was the outcome. When prevalence was considered, CAST was able to discriminate for more individual characteristics than dmf.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Crowding , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Tooth, Deciduous , Brazil/epidemiology , DMF Index , Family Characteristics , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e076, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278590

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to identify if the prevalence of dental pain (past and / or present) is associated with caries experience in Mexican children, as well as to characterize factors associated with dental pain. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a consecutive sample of 309 children 2 to 12 years old who were patients at a dental school clinic in Toluca, Mexico. Data were collected from clinical records. The dependent variable had three categories: 0 = have never had dental pain, 1 = had dental pain before the appointment, and 2 = current dental pain. Non-parametric statistical tests were used in the analysis. A multivariate multinomial logistic regression model was generated in Stata 11.0. Average age was 5.71 ± 2.43 years and 50.8% were boys. The joint dmft+DMFT index was 9.11 ± 4.19. It was observed that 56.6% of children did not report having experienced dental pain, 30.7% reported having previously had dental pain, and 12.6% had pain when the clinical appointment took place. In the multivariate model, variables associated (p < .05) with previous dental pain were age (OR = 1.13); the dmft + DMFT index (OR = 1.13), having had a last dental visit for curative/emergency reasons (OR = 2.41) and prior experience of dental trauma (OR = 2.59). For current pain, only the joint dmft + DMFT index (OR = 1.10, p < 0.05) had significant associations. Almost half of the children had experienced dental pain in their lifetime. Since caries experience is a factor associated with dental pain, decreasing caries levels may ameliorate suffering from dental pain in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Pain , DMF Index , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mexico/epidemiology
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e041, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249372

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study analyzed the association between sedentary behavior (SB), unhealthy food consumption, and dental caries amongst 12-year-old schoolchildren. An epidemiological survey was carried out in the five largest cities (> 80,000 inhabitants) of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected on decayed, missing and filled teeth index (DMFT), sociodemographic characteristics, SB, unhealthy food consumption, and water fluoridation status. The analysis was based on the theoretical framework established by J Sisson. Structural equation models were performed to test the association of dental caries experience with sociodemographic, contextual, and behavioral factors. The mean DMFT index in the five cities was 1.02 (95%CI: 0.39-1.66). Higher sedentary behavior (more than 2 hours/day) [standardized coefficient (SC) = 0.21 95%CI: 0.07-0.39] and higher unhealthy food consumption (more than 4 times/week) [SC = 0.23 (0.10-0.45)] were associated with higher DMFT index than their counterparts. Also, cities with fluoridated water were associated with lower DMFT index [SC = −0.85 (-1.20--0.50)]. Families who had a per capita income above the poverty line had a direct association with unhealthy food consumption [SC = −0.24 (-0.38--0.11)]. Unhealthy food consumption mediated the association of sedentary behavior on DMFT index [SC=0.07 (0.02-0.13)]. Sensitivity analysis confirmed the findings. Sedentary behavior mediated by unhealthy food consumption had a significant association with dental caries experience. Public policies must address transdisciplinary actions to reduce sedentary behavior and unhealthy food consumption and promote water fluoridation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Dental Caries/etiology , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , DMF Index , Fluoridation , Prevalence , Sedentary Behavior
19.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 260-265, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352621

ABSTRACT

Aim:To evaluate the impact of the recording of teeth whose clinical conditions rarely vary (anterior teeth and third molars) in inter-examiner agreement measurements. Methods:Clinical data from 56 schoolchildren, 12 years of age, previously collected by two examiners, according to the "Oral Health Surveys: basic methods" codes and criteria, were analyzed in the present study. The effects from including/excluding such teeth upon reproducibility were measured by general percentage agreement (GPA) and Kappa statistics (к) performances. Results: The exclusion of anterior teeth associated with the inclusion of third molars produced a decrease in GPA that was simultaneous to an increase in the weighted Kappa (nominal data) and simple (dichotomous data) values. The incorrect inclusion of third molars (GPA = 100%; к = + 1) in the reproducibility measurement artificially increased the inter-examiner Kappa values. Conclusion: The inclusion/exclusion of anterior teeth and third molars, seeking a more reliable agreement among examiners, can have a positive or negative impact on the measured reproducibility values. A clear warning about the impact of including third molars in the reproducibility measurement, in the 12 years old age group, should be performed in "Oral Health Surveys: basic methods" and similar manuals.


Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto do registro de dentes anteriores e terceiros molares, cujas condições clínicas pouco variam, sobre as mensurações de concordância inter-examinadores. Métodos: Dados clínicos de 56 escolares de 12 anos de idade, previamente coletados por 2 examinadores, segundo os códigos e critérios expressos no "Levantamentos em Saúde Bucal: métodos básicos" foram analisados neste estudo. Os efeitos da inclusão/exclusão destes dentes sobre a concordância inter-examinadores foram mensurados calculando-se a porcentagem geral de concordância (GPA) e estatística Kappa (к). Resultados:A inclusão de terceiros molares aumentou a GPA para dados dicotomizados ou não. A exclusão de dentes anteriores diminuiu a GPA para dados dicotomizados ou não. Quando associada à inclusão de terceiros molares, sob perfeita concordância (к = +1), os valores de Kappa foram artificialmente aumentados tanto para dados dicotomizados quanto não-dicotomizados. Conclusão: A inclusão/exclusão de dentes anteriores e/ou de terceiros molares, no sentido de se evidenciar melhor as discordâncias entre examinadores, podem impactar positiva ou negativamente sobre a fidedignidade da reprodutibilidade mensurada. Uma advertência clara sobre o impacto da inclusão dos dentes terceiros molares no cálculo da reprodutibilidade, para a faixa etária de 12 anos, deveria estar presente no "Levantamentos em Saúde Bucal: métodos básicos" e manuais semelhantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , DMF Index , Dental Caries , Incisor , Molar, Third , Oral Health , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Care for Children
20.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(3): 28-34, Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1342927

ABSTRACT

Objective :To investigate the influence of parental depression and smoking and alcohol use by parents/caregivers use on oral health in children aged 5-11 years of both sexes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 85 children and their parents/caregivers. Adult respondents completed three questionnaires to assess depression and alcohol and tobacco use: two versions of the PHQ (PatientHealth Questionnaire; PHQ-2 and PHQ-9), AUDIT (Alcohol Use DisordersIdentification Test) for risk assessment of alcohol dependence and abuse, and the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND). The PHQ-2 contained two questions requiring an affirmative or negative answer. Children underwent oral examinations to evaluate biofilm control, gingival bleeding and caries index, specifically DMFT index. Relationships among variables were evaluated using chi-squared tests and Fisher's exact test. Results: Only 10.6% of parents and caregivers consumed tobacco and 24,7% of parents or caregivers manifested depressive symptoms. Regarding alcohol consumption, 10.6% of caregivers presented risk consumption or dependence. A positive association was found between children'sgingival bleeding and their caregivers' risk of alcohol dependence (p=0.038). Conclusion: A positive association between caregivers' risk of alcohol dependence and the presence of gingival bleeding in children was found. Caregivers' depression and alcohol and tobacco use did not influence children's caries.


Objetivo: Investigar a influência da depressão parental e do uso de cigarro e álcool pelos pelos pais/cuidadores na saúde bucal de crianças de 5 a 11 anos de ambos os sexos. Métodos: Um estudo do tipo transversal foi conduzido com 85 crianças e seus respectivos cuidadores. Para detectar a presença de depressão, duas versões do PHQ (Pacient Health Questionnaire) foram aplicadas: o PHQ-2, contendo duas perguntas com opção de resposta afirmativa ou negativa e o segundo, PHQ-9. Para o uso de álcool foi aplicado o AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) para avaliação do risco de dependência e abuso de álcool; e o Fagerstrom para dependência de nicotina. As crianças foram submetidas a exames orais para avaliação do controle de biofilme, sangramento gengival e presença de cárie (índices CPO-D e ceo-d). Para verificar a associação entre as diferentes variáveis, foram utilizados os testes Qui-quadrado e Exato de Fisher. Resultados: Somente 10,6% dos responsáveis faziam uso de tabaco e 24,7% dos mesmos apresentavam sintomas de depressão. Em relação ao consumo de álcool, 10,6% apresentavam consumo de risco ou dependência. Verificou-se associação entre sangramento gengival nas crianças e o risco de dependência de álcool dos responsáveis (p=0,038). Conclusão: Concluiu-se que há uma associação positiva entre o risco de dependência de álcool dos responsáveis e a presença de sangramento gengival no paciente e que a depressão, o uso de álcool e de tabaco pelos cuidadores não influência na experiência de cárie das crianças.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Parents , Tobacco Use Disorder , Oral Health , Caregivers , Depression , Alcoholism , Pilot Projects , DMF Index , Cross-Sectional Studies
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