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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981828

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical significance of combined newborn hearing and deafness gene screening in Yuncheng area of Shanxi Province.@*METHODS@#Results of audiological examinations, including transient evoked otoacoustic emission and automatic discriminative auditory brainstem evoked potentials, for 6 723 newborns born in Yuncheng area from January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. Those who failed one of the tests were considered to have failed the examination. A deafness-related gene testing kit was used to detect 15 hot spot variants of common deafness-associated genes in China including GJB2, SLC26A4, GJB3, and mtDNA12S rRNA. Neonates who had passed the audiological examinations and those who had not were compared using a chi-square test.@*RESULTS@#Among the 6 723 neonates, 363 (5.40%) were found to carry variants. These have included 166 cases (2.47%) with GJB2 gene variants, 136 cases (2.03%) with SLC26A4 gene variants, 26 cases (0.39%) with mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene variants, and 33 cases (0.49%) with GJB3 gene variants. Among the 6 723 neonates, 267 had failed initial hearing screening, among which 244 had accepted a re-examination, for which 14 cases (5.73%) had failed again. This has yielded an approximate prevalence of hearing disorder of 0.21% (14/6 723). Among 230 newborns who had passed the re-examination, 10 (4.34%) were found to have carried a variant. By contrast, 4 out of the 14 neonates (28.57%) who had failed the re-examination had carried a variant, and there was a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Genetic screening can provide an effective supplement to newborn hearing screening, and the combined screening can provide a best model for the prevention of hearing loss, which can enable early detection of deafness risks, targeted prevention measures, and genetic counseling to provide accurate prognosis for the newborns.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Connexins/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Deafness/genetics , Connexin 26/genetics , Neonatal Screening/methods , Mutation , Genetic Testing/methods , China/epidemiology , Hearing , DNA Mutational Analysis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981801

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of genetic screening by high-throughput sequencing (HTS) for the early diagnosis of neonatal diseases.@*METHODS@#A total of 2 060 neonates born at Ningbo Women and Children's Hospital from March to September 2021 were selected as the study subjects. All neonates had undergone conventional tandem mass spectrometry metabolite analysis and fluorescent immunoassay analysis. HTS was carried out to detect the definite pathogenic variant sites with high-frequency of 135 disease-related genes. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing or multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA).@*RESULTS@#Among the 2 060 newborns, 31 were diagnosed with genetic diseases, 557 were found to be carriers, and 1 472 were negative. Among the 31 neonates, 5 had G6PD, 19 had hereditary non-syndromic deafness due to variants of GJB2, GJB3 and MT-RNR1 genes, 2 had PAH gene variants, 1 had GAA gene variants, 1 had SMN1 gene variants, 2 had MTTL1 gene variants, and 1 had GH1 gene variants. Clinically, 1 child had Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), 1 had Glycogen storage disease II, 2 had congenital deafness, and 5 had G6PD deficiency. One mother was diagnosed with SMA. No patient was detected by conventional tandem mass spectrometry. Conventional fluorescence immunoassay had revealed 5 cases of G6PD deficiency (all positive by genetic screening) and 2 cases of hypothyroidism (identified as carriers). The most common variants identified in this region have involved DUOX2 (3.93%), ATP7B (2.48%), SLC26A4 (2.38%), GJB2 (2.33%), PAH (2.09%) and SLC22A5 genes (2.09%).@*CONCLUSION@#Neonatal genetic screening has a wide range of detection and high detection rate, which can significantly improve the efficacy of newborn screening when combined with conventional screening and facilitate secondary prevention for the affected children, diagnosis of family members and genetic counseling for the carriers.


Subject(s)
Child , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Female , Prospective Studies , Connexins/genetics , Connexin 26/genetics , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency , Mutation , Sulfate Transporters/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Genetic Testing/methods , Deafness/genetics , Neonatal Screening/methods , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Solute Carrier Family 22 Member 5/genetics
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with pleural effusion have no opportunity for surgery treatment. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are the first-line drugs for these patients with EGFR-sensitive mutation. However, the disease progression and drug update during or after treatment of EGFR-TKIs bring more challenges and puzzles to clinical diagnosis and treatment, which inevitably requires archived pleural cell samples for EGFR re-examination or comparative study. Understanding the DNA quality of archived pleural fluid samples and effectively using archival data of pleural fluid cells are of great significance for tracing the origin of cases and basic medical research. This study aims to evaluate the consistency of EGFR mutant gene expression between the 2 methods, and to explore a reliable way for preserving cytological data and making full use of cytological archival data via cell HE staining smear and cell paraffin section.@*METHODS@#A total of 57 pleural fluid cytology cases in the Department of Pathology of China Aerospace Center Hospital from October 2014 to April 2021 were selected. Tumor cells were detected by cell HE staining smears and immunohistochemical staining for TTF-1 and Napsin A in the paired cell paraffin sections. There were more than 200 tumor cells in cell HE staining smear and the proportion of tumor cells were ≥70% in matched cell paraffin sections. Patients with 2 cell smears (one for cell data retention and the other for DNA extraction) were selected as the research subjects, and 57 pleural fluid samples were enrolled. EGFR gene mutation was detected by amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction in 57 paired cell HE staining smears and cell paraffin sections. DNA concentration was 2 ng/μL. Cell HE smear was amplified side-by-side with DNA samples from paired cell paraffin sections. Result determination was according to the requirements of the reagent instructions. The external control cycle threshold (Ct) value of the No. 8 well of the samples to be tested was between 13 and 21, which was considered as successful and reliable samples. When the Ct value of EGFR gene mutation was <26, it was considered as positive; when the Ct value was between 26 and 29, it was critical positive; when the Ct value was equal or more than 29, it was negative. ΔCt value was the difference between mutant Ct value and externally controlled Ct value. The smaller the ΔCt value was, the better the quality of DNA of the detected sample was.@*RESULTS@#Among the 57 pleural effusion samples, 42 patients were hospitalized with pleural effusion as the first symptom, accounting for 73.7% (42/57). EGFR mutation was detected in 37 samples [64.9% (37/57)]. The mutation rate for 19del was 37.8% (14/37) while for L858R was 48.6% (18/37). Females were 56.7% (21/37) of mutation cases. The mutation consistency rate of cell HE staining smear and matched cell paraffin sections was 100%. The ΔCt values of cell HE staining smears were less than those of matched cell paraffin sections. The mutation Ct values of 37 cytological samples were statistically analyzed according to the preservation periods of the years of 2014-2015, 2016-2017, 2018-2019, and 2020-2021. There were significant differences in cell paraffin section in the years of 2014-2015 and 2016-2017 compared with the years of 2018-2019 and 2020-2021, while no significant differences were found in cell HE staining smear. Statistical analysis of externally controlled Ct values of 57 cytological samples showed that there were significant differences between cell HE staining smears and cell paraffin section in the years of 2014-2015 and 2016-2017, compared with the years of 2018-2019 and 2020-2021. The mutational Ct values of 37 paired cell blocks and smears were all <26, and the externally controlled Ct values of 57 paired cell paraffin sections and HE staining smears were all between 13 and 21.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The DNA quality of cell HE smears and matched cell paraffin section met the qualified requirements. Two methods possess show an excellent consistency in detecting EGFR mutation in NSCLC pleural fluid samples. The DNA quality of cell HE staining smear is better than that of cell paraffin sections, so cell HE staining smear can be used as important supplement of the gene test source. It should be noted that the limitation of cell HE staining smears is non-reproducibility, so multiple smears of pleural fluid are recommended to be prepared for multiple tests.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , DNA Mutational Analysis/methods , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mutation , Paraffin/therapeutic use , Pleural Effusion/genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Staining and Labeling
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9549, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142579

ABSTRACT

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have important application value in the research of population genetics, hereditary diseases, tumors, and drug development. Conventional methods for detecting SNPs are typically based on PCR or DNA sequencing, which is time-consuming, costly, and requires complex instrumentation. In this study, we present a duplex probe-directed recombinase amplification (duplex-PDRA) assay that can perform real-time detection of two SNPs (rs6983267 and rs1447295) in four reactions in two tubes at 39°C within 30 min. The sensitivity of duplex-PDRA was 2×103-104 copies per reaction and no cross-reactivity was observed. A total of 382 clinical samples (179 prostate cancer patients and 203 controls) from northern China were collected and tested by duplex-PDRA assay and direct sequencing. The genotyping results were completely identical. In addition, the association analysis of two SNPs with prostate cancer risk and bone metastasis was conducted. We found that the TT genotype of rs6983267 (OR: 0.42; 95%CI: 0.23-0.78; P=0.005) decreased the risk of prostate cancer, while the CA genotype of rs1447295 (OR: 1.89; 95%CI: 1.20-2.96; P=0.005) increased the risk of prostate cancer. However, no association between the two SNPs (rs6983267 and rs1447295) and bone metastasis in prostate cancer was found in this study (P>0.05). In conclusion, the duplex-PDRA assay is an effective method for the simultaneous detection of two SNPs and shows great potential for widespread use in research and clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis/methods , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Case-Control Studies , China , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Recombinases , Genotype
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942557

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical manifestations of a patient with branchiootic syndrome(BOS) and her families and to carry out genetic testing in order to specify the biological pathogenesis. Methods: Clinical data of the patient and her families were collected. Genomic DNA in the peripheral blood of the proband and her family members was extracted. All exons of 406 deafness-related susceptible genes as well as their flanking regions were sequenced by high-throughput sequencing, and the mutation sites of the proband and her parents were validated by Sanger sequencing. Results: There were nine members in three generations, of whom four presented with hearing loss, preauricular fistula and branchial fistula which met the diagnostic criteria of BOS. Proband and her mother presented with auricle malformation and inner ear malformation. And no one had abnormalities in the kidneys of all the patients. Pedigree analysis revealed that the mode of inheritance in the family was consistent with the autosomal dominant pattern. Mutational analysis showed that all the affected patients detected a heterozygous frameshift variation c.1255delT in the EYA1 gene, which had not been reported. Genotype and phenotype were co-isolated in this family. Such a frameshift variation produced a premature termination codon, thereby causing premature termination of translation (p.C419VFS*12). ACMG identified that the mutation was pathogenic. This mutation was novel and not detected in controls. A heterozygous missense variation mutation c.403G>A(p.G135S) in EYA1 gene was also detected in three members of this family. ACMG identified that the mutation clinical significance was uncertain. However, two of whom were normal, which seemed the disease was not caused by this mutation in this family. Conclusions: A novel frameshift mutation in EYA1(c.1255delT) is the main molecular etiology of BOS in the Chinese family. This study expands the mutational spectrum of EYA1 gene. The clinical manifestations are heterogeneous among patients in this family. The diagnosis of BOS should combine gene tests with clinical phenotypes analysis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Branchio-Oto-Renal Syndrome/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Genetic Testing , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Pedigree , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases/genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942419

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the variation of genes associated with Usher syndrome type 1(USH1)in 136 Chinese deafness families from Henan province. Methods: The data of 136 deafness families tested by next-generation sequencing(NGS) which identified in the center of genetics and prenatal diagnosis of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from November 2016 to December 2019 were analysized and the variation frequency of six genes related to Usher syndrome type 1(MYO7A, USH1C, CDH23, PCDH15, USH1G, CIB2) were summarized. Results: Five deafness families were detected nine pathogenic or likely pathogenic variations in two genes, accounting for 3.7% of all families. Among them, four families were caused by MYO7A variations and one family was caused by CDH23 variation. Meanwhile, seven variations of two genes were reported for the first time. They were c.313delG, c.5257dupA, c.5435A>T, c.5636G>C, c.5722T>G of MYO7A, and c.155_166del, c.4802delA of CDH23. The patients' vision of family 2 and family 3 had no obvious abnormality at present, but according to genetic diagnosis and walking dealy, they were considered to be USH1. Conclusions: MYO7A is the most common caustive gene associated with USH1 in Henan deafness patients, the application of next-generation sequencing technology can make USH1 patients diagnosed earlier before the visual symptoms appear.


Subject(s)
Humans , China/epidemiology , DNA Mutational Analysis , Deafness/genetics , Mutation , Myosin VIIa , Myosins/genetics , Pedigree , Usher Syndromes/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of 170 cases of macrodactyly.@*METHODS@#Medical records of 170 macrodactyly patients at Beijing Jishuitan Hospital between March 2006 and October 2019, including demographic characteristics, clinical presentations, anatomical distributions, X-rays, pathological findings, and treatments, were reviewed. PIK3CA mutation analyses of 12 patients were also reviewed.@*RESULTS@#Disease incidence was similar across sex and geographical regions. Multiple-digit involvement was 3.9 times more frequent than single-digit involvement. In upper deformit: ies, the index finger, middle finger and thumb were mostly involved, and the second and third toes were the most affected on the foot. Two digits were affected more often than three digits, with the affected multiple digits were adjacent most time. The cases of progressive macrodactyly, in which the affected digits grew at a faster rate than the unaffected digits, were found more than static type. Most of progressive macrodactyly were noticed at birth. In terms of nerve involvement, affected fingers mostly occurred in the median nerve innervation area (79.4%) accompanied by median nerve and brunches enlargement and fat infiltration, i.e., nerve territory oriented; affected toes mostly occurred in the medial plantar nerve innervation area (89.1%), marked with overgrowth of adipose tissue with a lesser degree of neural overgrowth, i.e., lipomatous. Only 17 cases had comorbid of syndactyly. The metacarpal bones were involved only in progressive type of macrodactyly. Ten of the 12 cases subjected to PIK3CA mutation analysis were positive. Among all tested specimens, PIK3CA mutation levels ranged from 7% to 27%. In terms of tissue sources in which a mutation was found, adipose tissue had the highest mutation detection rate, followed by nerve and skin. All the DNA samples of blood from the 12 PIK3CA mutation-positive patients were negative.@*CONCLUSION@#Macrodactyly fingers mostly occurred in the median nerve innervation area accompanied by median nerve and brunches enlargement and fat infiltration. The index and middle fingers were mostly involved. Macrodactyly toes mostly occurred in the medial plantar nerve innervation area, marked with overgrowth of adipose tissue with a lesser degree of neural overgrowth. The second and third toes were the most affected on the foot. A high proportion (83%) of isolated macrodactyly patients carry activating PIK3CA mutations. Adipose, nerve, and skin tissues provide the highest PIK3CA mutation detection yield among all types of tissue studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , DNA Mutational Analysis , Fingers/abnormalities , Limb Deformities, Congenital , Mutation , Toes
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect common pathogenic variants associated with congenital deafness among neonates from Huizhou and surrounding areas and discuss its implications.@*METHODS@#Thirteen hot-spot mutations in four most common pathogenic genes were screened among 20 934 neonates from March 2017 to December 2019.@*RESULTS@#In total 760 neonates were found to carry common pathogenic variants (3.63%). Sixty two neonates have carried homozygous/compound heterozygous variants or homoplasmy/heteroplasmy mutations of mtDNA (0.29%). Further analysis of five abnormal cases revealed that 3 of them have carried compound heterozygous mutations of GJB2 gene, and 2 were due to compound heterozygous variants of the CDH23 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#Genetic testing has a great clinical significance for the prevention and reduction of congenital hearing loss, but the scope needs to be updated and redefined by removing mutation sites with a very low rate, adding new significant sites, and improvement of the technical strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Connexin 26 , Connexins/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Deafness/genetics , Genetic Testing , Hearing Loss/genetics , Mutation , Neonatal Screening
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922002

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic pathogenesis of X-linked agammaglobulinemia in two patients for clinical diagnosis and family counseling.@*METHODS@#Data was collected from the patients' family including clinical information, blood immunoglobulin level, as well as classification and subgrouping of B lymphocytes. Gene mutations were screened by whole exome sequencing (WES) through next-generation sequencing (NGS), the result was verified with Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#A BTK c.1627T>C (p.Ser543Pro) variant was found in the pedigree. The phenotype and variant have co-segregated in the pedigree. The variant was not found in population database. The variant has affected in the kinase domain which contained no benign variants and is harmful as predicted through bioinformatic analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#BTK c.1627T>C (p.Ser543Pro) is a pathogenic variant contributing to X-linked agammaglobulinemia in this pedigree. Above finding has provided reproduction guidance for this family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Agammaglobulinaemia Tyrosine Kinase/genetics , Agammaglobulinemia/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked , Mutation , Pedigree
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879606

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic variation of a Chinese family affected with congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis and albinism.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out to screen potential variants within genomic DNA extracted from the proband and his parents. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) was applied when variants were not found completely. Suspected variants were validated by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#WES has identified a heterozygous c.1729G>C (p.G577R) variant of NTRK1 gene and two heterozygous variants of OCA2 gene, namely c.1363A>G (p.R455G) and c.1182+1G>A. WGS has identified two additional heterozygous variants c.(851-798C>T; 851-794C>G) in deep intronic regions of the NTRK1 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous variants of the NTRK1 gene probably underlay the congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis. And the compound heterozygous variants of the OCA2 gene probably underlay the albinism in the proband. In the case where no variant is detected by WES in the coding region, WGS should be considered to screen potential variants in the whole genome.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Albinism , DNA Mutational Analysis , Hereditary Sensory and Autonomic Neuropathies/genetics , Heterozygote , Membrane Transport Proteins , Mutation , Pedigree
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis for 29 Chinese pedigrees affected with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and assess efficacy of combined next generation sequencing (NGS) and multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) for the diagnosis.@*METHODS@#NGS and MLPA were used in conjunct to detect variants of TSC1 and TSC2 genes among the probands of the pedigrees. Paternity test was carried out to exclude maternal DNA contamination. Prenatal diagnosis was provided to 14 couples based on the discoveries in the probands.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-seven variants were identified in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes among the 29 pedigrees, which yielded a detection rate of 93.1%. Respectively, 5 (18.5%) and 22 (81.5%) variants were identified in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes. Twelve variants were unreported previously. Prenatal diagnosis showed that five fetuses were affected with TSC, whilst the remaining nine were unaffected.@*CONCLUSION@#Above finding has expanded the spectrum of TSC1 and TSC2 gene variants. Combined NGS and MLPA has enabled diagnosis of TSC with efficiency and accuracy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , DNA Mutational Analysis , Genetic Testing , Mutation , Prenatal Diagnosis , Tuberous Sclerosis/genetics , Tuberous Sclerosis Complex 1 Protein/genetics , Tuberous Sclerosis Complex 2 Protein/genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879552

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report on the clinical, metabolic and genetic characteristics of a child with carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1A (CPT1A) deficiency.@*METHODS@#Clinical data and the level of acylcarnitine for a child who initially presented as epilepsy were analyzed. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the child and her parents and subjected to next-generation sequencing (NGS).@*RESULTS@#Mass spectrometry of blood acylcarnitine indicated increased carnitine 0 (C0) and significantly increased C0/ (C16+C18). DNA sequencing revealed that the child has carried compound heterozygous variants of the CPT1A gene, namely c.1846G>A and c.2201T>C, which were respectively inherited from her mother and father.@*CONCLUSION@#CPT1A presenting initially as epilepsy was unreported previously. Analysis of blood acylcarnitine C0 and C0/ (C16 + C18) ratio and NGS are necessary for the identification and diagnosis of CPT1A deficiency. The c.1846G>A and c.2201T>C variants of the CPT1A gene probably underlay the disease in this child. Above finding has also enriched the spectrum of CPT1A gene variants.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Carnitine/blood , Carnitine O-Palmitoyltransferase/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Hypoglycemia/genetics , Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors/genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing for an abortus suspected with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS).@*METHODS@#History of gestation and the family was taken. Combined with prenatal ultrasonography and the phenotype of the abortus, a diagnosis was made for the proband. Fetal tissue and peripheral blood samples of its parents were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA. Whole exome sequencing was carried out to detect mutations related to the phenotype. Suspected mutations were verified in the parents through Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Prenatal ultrasound found that the forearms and hands of the fetus were anomalous, in addition with poorly formed vermis cerebellum, slight micrognathia, and increased echo of bilateral renal parenchyma. Examination of the abortus has noted upper limb and facial malformations. Whole exome sequencing revealed that the fetus carried a heterozygous c.2118delG (p.Lys706fs) frameshift mutation of the NIPBL gene. The same mutation was not found in either parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous c.2118delG (p.Lys706fs) frameshift mutation of the NIPBL gene probably underlies the CdLS in the fetus. Above finding has provided a basis for the genetic counseling for the family.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , De Lange Syndrome/pathology , Fetus , Mutation , Phenotype , Exome Sequencing
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879520

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the mutation site in a pedigree affected with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and verify its impact on the protein function.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from the proband and his pedigree members for the extraction of genomic DNA. Mutational analysis was performed on the proband through whole-exome sequencing. Suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing. A series of molecular methods including PCR amplification, restriction enzyme digestion, ligation and transformation were also used to construct wild-type and mutant eukaryotic expression vectors of the PKD2 gene, which were transfected into HEK293T and HeLa cells for the observation of protein expression and cell localization.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to harbor a c.2051dupA (p. Tyr684Ter) frame shift mutation of the PKD2 gene, which caused repeat of the 2051st nucleotide of its cDNA sequence and a truncated protein. Immunofluorescence experiment showed that the localization of the mutant protein within the cell was altered compared with the wild-type, which may be due to deletion of the C-terminus of the PKD2 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.2051dupA (p. Tyr684Ter) mutation of the PKD2 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of ADPKD in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , DNA Mutational Analysis , Frameshift Mutation , HEK293 Cells , HeLa Cells , Pedigree , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant/physiopathology , Protein Kinases/genetics , Protein Transport/genetics , Exome Sequencing
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879517

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the results of concurrent hearing and deafness genetic screening and follow up of newborns.@*METHODS@#In total 33 911 babies born to 5 designated hospitals in Nanshan District of Shenzhen city from October 2017 to December 2019 were included. All subjects underwent concurrent hearing and deafness genetic screening covering 21 variants of 4 genes including GJB2, SLC26A4, GJB3 and Mt12SrRNA. For those with positive results, Sanger sequencing was carried out for confirmation.@*RESULTS@#93.32% subjects passed the first-round hearing screening, and 87.01% passed the recheck testing. The overall detection rate was 4.18%. The detection rates for GJB2, SLC26A4, GJB3 and Mt12srRNA variants were 1.98%, 1.58%, 0.37% and 0.25%, respectively. 126 and 84 subjects were found with high risk for delayed-onset and drug-induced hearing loss, respectively. In addition, 4 and 5 subjects were found to harbor homozygous/compound heterozygous variants of the GJB2 and SLC26A4 genes, respectively. Concurrent screening showed that subjects (with heterozygous variants) who did not passed the two round hearing test were as follows: GJB2 with 6.75% in the first round and 2.61% in the second round testing, SLC26A4 (3.3%/1.2%), GJB3 (0.72%/0.14%) and 12SrRNA (0.36%/Nil), respectively. Moreover, the No-pass rate in the subjects with homozygous or compound variants in single gene, heterozygous variant in single gene, heterozygous variant in multiple genes, and homozygous variant in GJB3 gene were significantly higher than the subjects with negative results of genetic screening.@*CONCLUSION@#Concurrent newborn genetic screening can enhance the effectiveness of hearing screening and enable earlier identification and intervention for children with hearing impairment. Follow-up can improve the diagnostic rate for children who are positive for the concurrent screening. Nevertheless, genetic and hearing screening cannot replace the diagnostic testing. It is necessary to conduct comprehensive analysis for the results of genetic and hearing screening and radiological examinations. Sanger sequencing and next-generation sequencing are critical for ascertain the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , China/epidemiology , DNA Mutational Analysis , Deafness/genetics , Follow-Up Studies , Genes/genetics , Genetic Testing/statistics & numerical data , Hearing/genetics , Hearing Tests/statistics & numerical data , Mutation , Neonatal Screening
16.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 38: e2018351, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092150

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) mutations in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) from the Newborn Screening Service in Mato Grosso, Midwest Brazil. Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study. The sample consisted of 19 PKU patients diagnosed by newborn screening. Molecular analysis: DNA extraction using the "salting-out" method. Detection of IVS10nt-11G>A, V388M, R261Q, R261X, R252W, and R408W mutations by the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) technique. Results: Two mutant alleles were identified in four patients (21.1%), one allele in five patients (26.2%), and none in the remaining ten patients (52.6%). A total of 13/38 alleles were detected, corresponding to 34.2% of the PAH alleles present. The most prevalent variant was V388M (13.2% of the alleles), followed by R261Q (10.1%) and IVS10nt-11G>A (7.9%). Three variants (R261X, R252W, and R408W) were not found. The most frequent mutation types were: missense mutation in eight alleles (18.4%) and splicing in four alleles (10.5%). The model proposed by Guldberg to determine a genotype/phenotype correlation was applied to four classical PKU patients with two identified mutations. In three of them, the predicted moderate/moderate or moderate PKU phenotype did not coincide with the actual diagnosis. The prediction coincided with the diagnosis of one classic PKU patient. The estimated incidence of PKU for Mato Grosso, Brazil, was 1:33,342 live births from 2003 to 2015. Conclusion: The only mutations found in the analyzed samples were the IVS10nt-11G>A, V388M, and R261Q. The genotype/phenotype correlation only occurred in four (5.3%) patients.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar mutações da fenilalanina hidroxilase (PAH) em pacientes com PKU (fenilcetonúria) do Serviço de Triagem Neonatal em Mato Grosso. Métodos: Estudo de corte transversal. Amostra composta de 19 pacientes com PKU através do exame de triagem neonatal biológica. Análise molecular: a) extração de DNA pela metodologia "salting out". B) detecção de mutações IVS10nt-11G>A, V388M, R261Q, R261X, R252W e R408W pela técnica de polimorfismo de comprimento de fragmento de restrição (RFLP). Resultados: Dois alelos foram identificados em quatro pacientes (21,1%), um alelo em cinco pacientes (26,2%) e nenhum nos dez pacientes restantes (52,6%). Um total de 13/38 alelos foram identificados, correspondendo a 34,2% dos alelos PAH presentes. A variante mais prevalente foi a V388M (13,2% dos alelos), seguida de R261Q (10,1%) e IVS10nt-11G>A (7,9%). Três variantes (R261X, R252W e R408W) não foram encontradas. Os tipos de mutações mais frequentes foram: troca de sentido em oito alelos (18,4%) e emenda em quatro alelos (10,5%). O modelo proposto por Guldberg para determinar uma correlação genótipo/fenótipo foi aplicado para quatro pacientes clássicos de PKU, com duas mutações identificadas. Em três, o fenótipo previsto de PKU moderada/moderada ou moderada não coincidiu com o diagnóstico real. A predição coincidiu com o diagnóstico de um paciente PKU clássico. A incidência de PKU estimada para Mato Grosso, Brasil foi de 1:33.342 nascidos vivos para o período de 2003 a 2015. Conclusões: Foram encontradas apenas as mutações IVS10nt-11G>A, V388M, R261Q nas amostras analisadas. A correlação genótipo/fenótipo ocorreu em quatro (5,3%) pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Phenylalanine Hydroxylase/genetics , Phenylketonurias/genetics , Alternative Splicing , Mutation, Missense , Phenotype , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Brazil , DNA Mutational Analysis/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Neonatal Screening , Alleles , Genotype
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828321

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the type and carrier rate of deafness-related variants in Dongguan, China.@*METHODS@#A total of 16 182 subjects were screened. Heel blood samples were collected from newborns, while peripheral venous blood samples were collected from the remainders. For each individual, 100 variations of 18 deafness susceptibility genes were detected.@*RESULTS@#In total 1631 deafness-related variants (including 5 homozygous mutations) were detected, which gave a detection rate of 10.08%. The detection rate of SLC26A4 gene variants was the highest (845 cases, 5.22%), which was followed by GJB2 (673 cases, 4.16%), GJB3 (100 cases, 0.62%), TMC1 (12 cases, 0.07%), and MYO15A (1 case, 0.01%). The detection rate for GJB2 c.235delC variant was the highest (524 cases, 3.24%), which was followed by SLC26A4 IVS7-2A>G variant (270 cases, 1.67%). Thirty three individuals (0.20%) carried two variants at the same time, 7 of them (0.04%) carried compound heterozygous variants of the same gene.@*CONCLUSION@#To expand the range of screening can help with determination of the carrier status and provision of early intervention and genetic counseling for the examinees.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , China , DNA Mutational Analysis , Deafness , Genetics , Genes , Genetic Counseling , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetic Testing , Genetic Variation , Mutation , RNA, Ribosomal
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879478

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the phenotype and genotype of a patient affected with inherited antithrombin deficiency.@*METHODS@#All exons and exon-intron boundaries of the AT genes were subjected to PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing. The influence of variants on the disease was predicted using bioinformatic software (MutationTaster).@*RESULTS@#The results of all coagulation tests were normal, though the antithrombin activity and antigen content of the proband and his father have decreased significantly (34%, 48% and 12.97 mg/dL, 15.60 mg/dL, respectively). His mother was normal. Genetic analysis revealed that the proband and his father both carried a heterozygous g.2736dupT variant of the AT gene. Bioinformatic analysis suggested that the variant may be pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The proband and his father both had type I hereditary antithrombin deficiency caused by a g.2736dupT variant of the AT gene. The variant was unreported previously.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antithrombin III/genetics , Antithrombin III Deficiency/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Genetic Testing , Heterozygote , Mutation , Pedigree
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879469

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect additional variants for newborn carriers of single heterozygous variants of the GJB2 or SLC26A4 gene by genechip analysis in Changsha area, and explore the variation spectrum of deafness-related genes in this region.@*METHODS@#For 462 newborns carrying single heterozygous variants of the GJB2 or SLC26A4 gene, all exons of the genes were subjected to Sanger sequencing. The pathogenicity of the variants was analyzed by database and literature search.@*RESULTS@#For 305 newborns carrying a heterozygous GJB2 variant, 143 (46.49%) were found to carry additional variants, including 29 (9.51%) with c.109G>A likely pathogenic variant, and 1 (6.48%) with c.551G>A pathogenic variant. Among 153 newborns carrying single heterozygous variant of the SLC26A4 gene, 2 (1.31%) were found with a c.281C>T variant, and 1 (0.65%) with a c.1547_1548ins pathogenic variant. Among 4 newborns simultaneously carrying GJB2 and SLC26A4 variants, two were found to carry c.109G>A and c.844T>C variants (clinical significance unknown), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#For newborns carrying single heterozygous variants of the GJB2 or SLC26A4 gene by genechip analysis, the detection rate for other variants is quite high. Sanger sequencing can significantly improve the detection rate of high-risk newborns and enrich the variant spectrum of deafness genes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Connexins/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Deafness/genetics , Genetic Carrier Screening , Heterozygote , Mutation , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Sulfate Transporters/genetics
20.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 51(4): 307-315, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057394

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico molecular en una población de 9.422 donantes de sangre de la provincia de Corrientes (noreste de Argentina), con el fin de determinar la prevalencia del virus linfotrópico T del humano tipos 1 y 2 (human T-cell lymphotropic virus: HTLV-1/2), de identificar filogenéticamente a los subtipos/subgrupos de HTLV-1 y 2 encontrados y de realizar el análisis de mutaciones. Sobre la base de los resultados obtenidos, se demostró que tanto el HTLV-1 como el HTLV-2 se encuentran circulando en una población de bajo riesgo de Corrientes, si bien con una prevalencia similar a las de áreas no endémicas. Los estudios filogenéticos identificaron al subtipo Cosmopolita subgrupo Transcontinental (Aa) del HTLV-1 y al subtipo b del HTLV-2. Los donantes infectados no manifestaron antecedentes de riesgo tales como transfusiones, uso de drogas inyectables ni parejas sexuales de riesgo o seropositivas para HTLV-1/2. Estos resultados indican que estos virus fueron transmitidos de madre a hijo, posiblemente de generación en generación, y que estas cepas fueron introducidas en la población caucásica de esta región a partir de ascendientes originarios de áreas endémicas del país o por contacto producido tiempo atrás con individuos infectados de otros países. Nuestros resultados demuestran por primera vez la presencia de HTLV-1 y HTLV-2 en la provincia de Corrientes. Y si bien se puede considerar a esta provincia como área no endémica, se destaca la necesidad de incluir a estos retrovirus en un programa nacional de salud pública, con el fin de contar con profesionales capacitados para realizar su diagnóstico y brindar la información necesaria en relación con la atención primaria y el seguimiento de los pacientes.


Abstract A molecular epidemiological study was conducted in a population of 9422 blood donors in the province of Corrientes, Northeastern Argentina, to determine the prevalence of Human T-cell lymphotropic virus types 1 and 2 (HTLV-1/2), the phylogenetic identification of HTLV-1 and 2 subtypes/subgroups and perform a mutation analysis. Based on the results obtained, it was shown that both HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 are circulating in a low-risk population of Corrientes, although with a similar prevalence to that of non-endemic areas. Phylogenetic studies identified the HTLV-1 Cosmopolitan subtype Transcontinental subgroup (Aa), and the HTLV-2 subtype b. Infected donors reported neither a history of risk factors such as transfusions, intravenous drug use, nor risky or HTLV-1/2 seropositive sexual partners. These results suggest that these viruses were transmitted from mother to child, possibly from generation to generation, and that these strains were introduced into the Caucasian population of this region from ancestors originating from endemic areas of the country either from or through contact with individuals from other countries years ago. Our results demonstrate for the first time the presence of HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 in the province of Corrientes. Moreover, although the province can be considered a non-endemic area, the need to include these retroviruses in a national Public Health program is highlighted, in order to have qualified professionals duly trained to make their diagnosis and provide the necessary information in relation to primary care and patient follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1/genetics , Human T-lymphotropic virus 2/genetics , Argentina/epidemiology , Blood Donors , DNA Mutational Analysis/methods , Epidemiologic Studies , Prevalence
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