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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(5): e10274, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153553

ABSTRACT

Prolactin (PRL) plays critical roles in regulation of biological functions with the binding of specific prolactin receptor (PRLR). Revealing the expression patterns of PRLR at different developmental stages is beneficial to better understand the role of PRL and its mechanism of action in striped hamsters. In this study, the cDNA sequence of PRLR (2866-base-pairs) was harvested from the pituitary of mature female striped hamsters (Cricetulus barabensis) that contains an 834-base-pair 5′-untranslated region (1-834 bp), a 1848-base-pair open reading frame (835-2682 bp), and a 184-base-pair 3′-untranslated region (2683-2866). The 1848-base-pair open reading frame encodes a mature prolactin-binding protein of 592 amino acids. In the mature PRLR, two prolactin-binding motifs, 12 cysteines, and five potential Asn-linked glycosylation sites were detected. Our results showed that the PRLR mRNA quantity in the hypothalamus, pituitary, ovaries, or testis was developmental-stage-dependent, with the highest level at sub-adult stage and the lowest level at old stage. We also found that PRLR mRNAs were highest in pituitary, medium level in hypothalamus, and lowest in ovaries or testis. PRLR mRNAs were significantly higher in males than in females, except in the hypothalamus and pituitary from 7-week-old striped hamsters. Moreover, the PRLR mRNAs in the hypothalamus, pituitary, and ovaries or testis were positively correlated with the expression levels of GnRH in the hypothalamus. These results indicated that the PRLR has conserved domain in striped hamster, but also possesses specific character. PRLR has multiple biological functions including positively regulating reproduction in the striped hamster.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Prolactin/genetics , Receptors, Prolactin/genetics , Receptors, Prolactin/metabolism , Pituitary Gland/metabolism , Cricetinae , Sequence Analysis , DNA, Complementary/genetics
2.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 41: 48-55, sept. 2019. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087162

ABSTRACT

Background: Plant gene homologs that control cell differentiation can be used as biotechnological tools to study the in vitro cell proliferation competence of tissue culture-recalcitrant species such as peppers. It has been demonstrated that SERK1 homologs enhance embryogenic competence when overexpressed in transformed tissues; therefore, cloning of a pepper SERK1 homolog was performed to further evaluate its biotechnological potential. Results: A Capsicum chinense SERK full-length cDNA (CchSERK1) was cloned and characterized at the molecular level. Its deduced amino acid sequence exhibits high identity with sequences annotated as SERK1 and predicted-SERK2 homologs in the genomes of the Capsicum annuum CM-334 and Zunla-1 varieties, respectively, and with SERK1 homologs from members of the Solanaceae family. Transcription of CchSERK1 in plant tissues, measured by quantitative RT-PCR, was higher in stems, flowers, and roots but lower in leaves and floral primordia. During seed development, CchSERK1 was transcribed in all zygotic stages, with higher expression at 14 days post anthesis. During somatic embryogenesis, CchSERK1 was transcribed at all differentiation stages, with a high increment in the heart stage and lower levels at the torpedo/cotyledonal stages. Conclusion: DNA sequence alignments and gene expression patterns suggest that CchSERK1 is the C. chinense SERK1 homolog. Significant levels of CchSERK1 transcripts were found in tissues with cell differentiation activities such as vascular axes and during the development of zygotic and somatic embryos. These results suggest that CchSERK1 might have regulatory functions in cell differentiation and could be used as a biotechnological tool to study the recalcitrance of peppers to proliferate in vitro.


Subject(s)
Capsicum/genetics , Cloning, Molecular , In Vitro Techniques , Biotechnology , Gene Expression , Cell Differentiation , Genes, Plant , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Solanaceae/genetics , Arabidopsis Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Embryonic Development , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
3.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 30: 12-17, nov. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021049

ABSTRACT

Background: Molluscs can accumulate carotenoids in their body tissues by predominantly feeding on aquatic plant sources. Carotenoid transport and absorption are determined by the regulation of various proteins such as Scavenger receptor class B(SR-BI). We report the identification and characterisation of pearl oyster Pinctada fuctada martensii SR-BI (PmSR-BI). The correlation between total carotenoid content (TCC) and gene expression was also estimated. Results: The full-length cDNA of PmSR-BI was 1828 bp, including an open-reading frame encoding of 1518 bp with a pI value of 5.83. PmSR-BI protein contains a hydrophobic CD36 domain and four centrally clustered cysteine residues for the arrangement of disulphide bridges. The deduced amino acid sequence had an identity of 30% to 60% with the SR-B of other organisms. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that mRNA transcripts were expressed in multiple tissues of adult pearl oyster. A higher expression of PmSR-BI gene was observed in the hepatopancreas than in the adductor muscle, gill and mantle. The TCC and gene expression of PmSR-BI were significantly correlated (P b 0.05), with a correlation coefficient of 0.978. Conclusions: The results suggested that PmSR-BI is involved in the absorption of carotenoids in the pearl oyster P. fuctada martensii.


Subject(s)
Carotenoids/metabolism , Pinctada , Receptors, Scavenger/genetics , Receptors, Scavenger/metabolism , Terpenes , Vitamin A/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Gene Expression , Cloning, Molecular , Sequence Analysis , Abscisic Acid , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
4.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 29: 47-56, sept. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1017093

ABSTRACT

Background: The salivary glands of Lucilia sericata are the first organs to express specific endopeptidase enzymes. These enzymes play a central role in wound healing, and they have potential to be used therapeutically. Methods: Rapid amplification of cDNA ends and rapid amplification of genomic ends were used to identify the coding sequence of MMP-1 from L. sericata. Different segments of MMP1 gene, namely the middle part, 3' end, and 5' end, were cloned, sequenced, and analyzed using bioinformatics tools to determine the distinct features of MMP-1 protein. Results: Assembling the different segments revealed that the complete mRNA sequence of MMP-1 is 1932 bp long. CDS is 1212 bp long and is responsible for the production of MMP-1 of 404 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular weight of 45.1 kDa. The middle part, 3' end, and 5' end sequences were 933, 503, and 496 bp. In addition, it was revealed that the MMP-1 genomic sequence includes three exons and two introns. Furthermore, the three-dimensional structure of L. sericata MMP-1 protein was evaluated, and its alignment defined that it has high similarity to chain A of human MMP-2 with 100% confidence, 72% coverage, and 38% identity according to the SWISS-MODEL modeling analysis. Conclusions: MMP-1 of L. sericata has a close relationship with its homologs in invertebrates and other insects. The present study significantly contributes to understanding the function, classification, and evolution of the characterized MMP-1 from L. sericata and provides basic required information for the development of an effective medical bioproduct.


Subject(s)
Salivary Glands/enzymology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/genetics , Diptera/enzymology , Diptera/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, RNA , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Computational Biology , Larva
5.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 110(5): 677-683, Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755902

ABSTRACT

Full-length dengue virus (DENV) cDNA clones are an invaluable tool for many studies, including those on the development of attenuated or chimeric vaccines and on host-virus interactions. Furthermore, the importance of low passage DENV infectious clones should be highlighted, as these may harbour critical and unique strain-specific viral components from field-circulating isolates. The successful construction of a functional Brazilian low passage DENV serotype 2 full-length clone through homologous recombination reported here supports the use of a strategy that has been shown to be highly useful by our group for the development of flavivirus infectious clones and replicons.

.


Subject(s)
DNA, Complementary/genetics , Dengue Virus/genetics , RNA, Viral/genetics , Brazil , Cloning, Molecular , Molecular Sequence Data , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Virus Replication
6.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 18(3): 169-174, May 2015. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-750643

ABSTRACT

Background Hepcidins, a kind of cysteine-rich antimicrobial peptides, play important roles in host immunological processes and iron regulation, which have been identified from several fish species. The rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus), an endemic cyprinid fish in China, has been used extensively as model animal in laboratory. However, little is known about its hepcidin. Here, we report the cloning and characterization of a hepcidin gene from the liver of Chinese rare minnow. Results The full-length cDNA of rare minnow hepcidin is 662 bp, which contains an ORF of 273 bp encoding a prepropeptide of 90 amino acid residues. The predicted prepropeptide contains three domains: a signal peptide of 24 amino acids, a prodomain of 41 amino acids, and a mature peptide of 25 amino acids. Sequence alignment showed eight conserved cysteine residues in the mature peptide, which formed four disulfide bonds in spatial structure. The deduced structure of mature peptide showed a high degree of homology to the human hepcidin. Phylogenetic analysis showed that it had a close relationship with zebrafish hepcidin, and clustered in a clade with these from Cyprinidae. Synthetic peptide of rare minnow hepcidin could inhibit the growth of Gram positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus and Gram negative bacteria Escherichia coli and Aeromonas hydrophila. Conclusion These results suggested that rare minnow hepcidin had typical structure of hepcidins and antibacterial activity. It could participate in innate immune response as an antibacterial agent and be used as antibiotic substance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cyprinidae , Hepcidins/genetics , Hepcidins/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemistry , Phylogeny , Cloning, Molecular , Sequence Analysis , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Cysteine
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66460

ABSTRACT

Integrin alphavbeta3 plays a major role in various signaling pathways, cell apoptosis, and tumor angiogenesis. To examine the functions and roles of alphavbeta3 integrin, a stable CHO-677 cell line expressing the murine alphavbeta3 heterodimer (designated as "CHO-677-malphavbeta3" cells) was established using a highly efficient lentiviral-mediated gene transfer technique. Integrin subunits alphav and beta3 were detected at the gene and protein levels by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and indirect immunofluorescent assay (IFA), respectively, in the CHO-677-malphavbeta3 cell line at the 20th passage, implying that these genes were successfully introduced into the CHO-677 cells and expressed stably. A plaque-forming assay, 50% tissue culture infective dose (TCID50), real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, and IFA were used to detect the replication levels of Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) in the CHO-677-malphavbeta3 cell line. After infection with FMDV/O/ZK/93, the cell line showed a significant increase in viral RNA and protein compared with CHO-677 cells. These findings suggest that we successfully established a stable alphavbeta3-receptor-expressing cell line with increased susceptibility to FMDV. This cell line will be very useful for further investigation of alphavbeta3 integrin, and as a cell model for FMDV research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Suckling , CHO Cells , Cloning, Molecular , Cricetulus , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Disease Susceptibility/virology , Foot-and-Mouth Disease/genetics , Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus/physiology , Integrin alphaVbeta3/genetics , Mice
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130564

ABSTRACT

Clonorchis sinensis habitating in the bile duct of mammals causes clonorchiasis endemic in East Asian countries. Parkin is a RING-between-RING protein and has E3-ubiquitin ligase activity catalyzing ubiquitination and degradation of substrate proteins. A cDNA clone of C. sinensis was predicted to encode a polypeptide homologous to parkin (CsParkin) including 5 domains (Ubl, RING0, RING1, IBR, and RING2). The cysteine and histidine residues binding to Zn2+ were all conserved and participated in formation of tertiary structural RINGs. Conserved residues were also an E2-binding site in RING1 domain and a catalytic cysteine residue in the RING2 domain. Native CsParkin was determined to have an estimated molecular weight of 45.7 kDa from C. sinensis adults by immunoblotting. CsParkin revealed E3-ubiquitin ligase activity and higher expression in metacercariae than in adults. CsParkin was localized in the locomotive and male reproductive organs of C. sinensis adults, and extensively in metacercariae. Parkin has been found to participate in regulating mitochondrial function and energy metabolism in mammalian cells. From these results, it is suggested that CsParkin play roles in energy metabolism of the locomotive organs, and possibly in protein metabolism of the reproductive organs of C. sinensis.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Clonorchis sinensis/enzymology , Cluster Analysis , Conserved Sequence , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Energy Metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , Mitochondria/metabolism , Models, Molecular , Molecular Weight , Phylogeny , Protein Conformation , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/chemistry
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130557

ABSTRACT

Clonorchis sinensis habitating in the bile duct of mammals causes clonorchiasis endemic in East Asian countries. Parkin is a RING-between-RING protein and has E3-ubiquitin ligase activity catalyzing ubiquitination and degradation of substrate proteins. A cDNA clone of C. sinensis was predicted to encode a polypeptide homologous to parkin (CsParkin) including 5 domains (Ubl, RING0, RING1, IBR, and RING2). The cysteine and histidine residues binding to Zn2+ were all conserved and participated in formation of tertiary structural RINGs. Conserved residues were also an E2-binding site in RING1 domain and a catalytic cysteine residue in the RING2 domain. Native CsParkin was determined to have an estimated molecular weight of 45.7 kDa from C. sinensis adults by immunoblotting. CsParkin revealed E3-ubiquitin ligase activity and higher expression in metacercariae than in adults. CsParkin was localized in the locomotive and male reproductive organs of C. sinensis adults, and extensively in metacercariae. Parkin has been found to participate in regulating mitochondrial function and energy metabolism in mammalian cells. From these results, it is suggested that CsParkin play roles in energy metabolism of the locomotive organs, and possibly in protein metabolism of the reproductive organs of C. sinensis.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Clonorchis sinensis/enzymology , Cluster Analysis , Conserved Sequence , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Energy Metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , Mitochondria/metabolism , Models, Molecular , Molecular Weight , Phylogeny , Protein Conformation , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/chemistry
10.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 21(4): 1397-1415, Oct-Dec/2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-732516

ABSTRACT

Se analiza el significado del concepto de “obsesión” en el alienismo del siglo XIX. Desde el punto de vista clínico, la descripción de Esquirol fue completada por otros autores (Jules Falret, Legrand du Saulle). En el ámbito de la reflexión psicopatológica, el alienismo francés, con el delirio emotivo de Morel o la psicastenia de Janet, defendió la teoría emocional, frente al trastorno intelectual propuesto por los médicos alemanes. Finalmente, se insiste en la importancia del marco cultural en la aparición de los síntomas obsesivos y de su interpretación. En este sentido, se estudian las relaciones de los escrúpulos religiosos con la melancolía o la aparición de categorías diagnósticas sometidas a los códigos y mentalidades fin-de-siècle.


The article analyses the significance of the concept of “obsession” in nineteenth-century alienism. From a clinical point of view, Esquirol’s description was completed by other authors (Jules Falret, Legrand du Saulle). In the area of psychopathological studies, French alienism, with Morel’s emotional delirium or Janet’s psychasthenia, defended the emotional theory, as opposed to the intellectual disorder proposed by German doctors. Lastly, the importance of the cultural framework is stressed in the appearance of obsessive symptoms and their interpretation. Along these lines, the article discusses the relationship of religious scruples to melancholy or the appearance of diagnostic categories subject to fin de siècle codes and mentalities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Floxuridine/pharmacology , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/genetics , Thymidine Phosphorylase/genetics , Cell Communication , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Transfection , Tumor Cells, Cultured/drug effects , Tumor Cells, Cultured/enzymology , Tumor Cells, Cultured/pathology
11.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 34(3): 387-402, July-Sept. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-726799

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El factor de transcripción asociado a la microftalmia ( Microphtalmia-Associated Transcription Factor , MITF) regula la expresión de genes específicos, pero no se conoce su expresión y su función a nivel cardiaco. Objetivos. Identificar la expresión del MITF en corazón y en cardiomiocitos aislados de cobayo, describir los cambios morfológicos asociados con su disminución y evaluar los niveles relativos de su expresión en cardiomiocitos aislados en condiciones de preacondicionamiento isquémico. Materiales y métodos. El análisis de la expresión relativa de la isoforma específica de tejido cardiaco ( heart-type MITF, MITF-H), se determinó mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) en tiempo real semicuantitativa, secuenciación y Western blot . La disminución del ARNm del MITF se indujo con un ARN pequeño de interferencia ( short hairpin RNA interference , shRNAi) específico. El tamaño, el diámetro y el número de fibras musculares se evaluaron por observación directa con microscopía de luz. Resultados. Se amplificó un fragmento de 281 pb de ADNc; el análisis de la secuencia confirmó la identidad del exón 1 y la isoforma H del MITF. La interferencia del ARNm del MITF se asoció con un mayor índice cardiaco (peso corazón/peso corporal: 5,46 x 10 -3 Vs. 4,6 x 10 -3 ) y un incremento del diámetro de las fibras cardiacas (50,2±16 µm Vs. 38,7±14,7 µm; p<0,05, n=150). En los cardiomiocitos aislados en condiciones de preacondicionamiento isquémico, se observó una expresión relativa del MITF-H mayor que en los miocitos en normoxia y expuestos a lesión por isquemia simulada (80 y 100 veces más, n=5, p<0,05, n=3). Conclusión. Los resultados sugieren que el MITF-H podría estar involucrado en la hipertrofia, la respuesta al estrés por isquemia y la supervivencia de cardiomiocitos de cobayo.


Introduction: The microphthalmia -associated transcription factor ( MITF ) regulates the expression of specific genes and its cardiac expression and function is not known. Objectives: To identify the expression of MITF in hearts and isolated cardiomyocytes from Guinea pigs, to describe morphological changes associated with mRNA interference of MITF and to evaluate their relative changes in expression in isolated cardiomyocytes under ischemic preconditioning. Materials and methods: The cardiac specific isoform, MITF-H, and relative expression level analysis, was determined by semi-quantitative real time PCR, sequencing and Western blotting. Reduction of mRNA-MITF-H was induced by transduction of specific-MITF-shRNAi interference. The cardiac morphological changes, diameter and number of cardiac fibers were evaluated by direct observation and light microscopy. Results: A cDNA fragment of 281 bp was amplified from heart and isolated ventricular cardiac myocytes. Sequence analysis confirmed the identity of the isoform MITF-H, exon 1. The MITF silencing was associated with an increase in cardiac index (heart weight/body weight vs . 5.46 x 10 -3 vs 4.6 x 10 -3 ) and higher diameter of cardiac fibers (50.2±16 µ m vs 38,7±14,7 µ m p<0.05, n=150). In isolated cardiac myocytes under ischemic preconditioning we observed a higher relative expression compared with that measured in myocytes exposed to normoxia and simulated ischemia (eighty and one hundred times, p <0.05, n = 5). Conclusion. The results suggest that MITF-H isoform may be involved in Guinea pig cardiac hypertrophy, response to stress by ischemia and cardiomyocytes survival.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Guinea Pigs , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/metabolism , Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor/physiology , Myocardium/metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism , Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/genetics , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial , Molecular Sequence Data , Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor/antagonists & inhibitors , Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor/biosynthesis , Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor/genetics , Myocardial Ischemia/genetics , Myocardial Ischemia/metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac/pathology , Oxygen/pharmacology , Protein Isoforms/biosynthesis , Protein Isoforms/genetics , Protein Isoforms/physiology , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering/pharmacology , Sequence Alignment , Sequence Homology
12.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2014 Aug; 51(4): 302-307
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154252

ABSTRACT

Full-length cDNAs are very important for genome annotation and functional analysis of genes. The number of full-length cDNAs from watermelon remains limited. Here we report first the construction of a full-length enriched cDNA library from Fusarium wilt stressed watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Thunb.) cultivar PI296341 root tissues using the SMART method. The titer of primary cDNA library and amplified library was 2.21 × 106 and 2.0 × 1010 pfu/ml, respectively and the rate of recombinant was above 85%. The size of insert fragment ranged from 0.3 to 2.0 kb. In this study, we first cloned a gene named ClWRKY1, which was 1981 bp long and encoded a protein consisting of 394 amino acids. It contained two characteristic WRKY domains and two zinc finger motifs. Quantitative real-time PCR showed that ClWRKY1 expression levels reached maximum level at 12 h after inoculation with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum. The full-length cDNA library of watermelon root tissues is not only essential for the cloning of genes which are known, but also an initial key for the screening and cloning of new genes that might be involved in resistance to Fusarium wilt.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , Citrullus/genetics , DNA Primers , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Fusarium/pathogenicity , Genes, Plant , Molecular Sequence Data , RNA, Plant/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recombination, Genetic , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Transcription Factors/chemistry , Transcription Factors/genetics
13.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 85(2): 213-221, abr. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-711583

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Enfermedad Granulomatosa Crónica (EGC) se presenta como consecuencia de mutaciones en los genes que codifican 5 de las subunidades del sistema NADPH oxidasa humano. Su forma más común es causada por cambios en el gen CYBB que codifica gp91 phox. Objetivo: Identificar el defecto molecular que lleva a la presentación de la EGC. Caso clínico: Paciente de sexo masculino con antecedentes de enfermedad diarreica aguda y abscesos perianales recurrentes desde los 2 meses. A los 6 meses, presentó una inflamación crónica del colon y colitis bacteriana. A los 3 años tenía infecciones en las vías respiratorias inferiores y perianales. Estudio compatible con EGC. El análisis del ADNc identificó expresión anormal del ARNm, lo cual se confirmó al realizar la secuenciación. Específicamente se observó la ausencia del exón 2. Adicionalmente, los datos de la secuenciación del ADNg identificaron una alteración en el sitio aceptor de "splicing" del intrón 1, que incluye una deleción seguida de la inserción de 3 nucleótidos (c.46-14_-11delTTCT insGAA). Conclusiones: Se presenta el primer estudio molecular de un paciente con EGC por defecto de "splicing" reportado en Colombia. La definición de la mutación y su correlación con el fenotipo es importante para proveer una apropiada consejería genética al paciente y su familia.


Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is caused by mutations in the genes that encode five of the subunits of the human NADPH oxidase. The most common form is caused by mutations in CYBB, the human gene encoding gp 91 phox. Objective: To identify the molecular defects causing CGD. Case report: A male patient with a history of acute diarrhea and recurrent perianal abscess since two months old. At 6 months, the patient presented a chronic inflammatory disease of the colon and bacterial colitis. After three years, he developed infections in the lower and perianal respiratory tract. The cDNA analysis identified abnormal mRNA expression, which was confirmed by sequencing. Specifically the exclusion of exon 2 was observed. Additionally, gDNA sequencing identified an alteration in the acceptor splice site of intron 1, including a deletion followed by insertion of three nucleotides (c.46-14_-11delTTCT insGAA). Conclusions: The first molecular study of a patient with CGD due to splicing pattern change, reported in Colombia, is presented. The definition of the mutation and its correlation with the phenotype is essential to provide appropriate genetic counseling to patients and their families.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Chromosomes, Human, X , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic/genetics , Mutation , NADPH Oxidases/genetics , DNA, Complementary/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Base Sequence , Cell Separation , Exons , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic/diagnosis , Flow Cytometry , Phenotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational , RNA Splicing
14.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2013 Dec; 51(12): 1130-1136
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-150302

ABSTRACT

The genomic and cDNA sequences of BnSUT1C were isolated from B. napus. Combination of cDNA and genomic DNA sequences revealed that the BnSUT1C gene contained three exons and two introns. The cDNA encodes a protein of 513 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 54.7 kDa and an isoelectric point of 9.12. It exhibits typical features of sucrose transporter with 12 trans-membranes spanning domains. BnSUT1C showed highly homologous with AtSUC1 and AtSUC5. A histidine residue, which is conserved across all functional sucrose transporter proteins in higher plants, is located at position 66 of the BnSUT1C. Two putative pollen-specific cis-elements, AGAAA and GTGA motifs, are located in 5′-upstream of BnSUT1C. The spatial and temporal expression patterns carried out by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Real-Time PCR, which indicated that BnSUT1C predominantly expressed in later developmental stages of anther, as tapetal cells began to shrink and collapse. BnSUT1C could mediate the uptake of sucrose in the pollen and retrieval of tapetal degenerated products during pollen maturation.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Arabidopsis/genetics , Base Sequence , Brassica napus/genetics , Cloning, Molecular , DNA/genetics , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Membrane Transport Proteins/isolation & purification , Plant Proteins/genetics , Plant Proteins/isolation & purification , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Transcriptome
15.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2013 Dec; 50(6): 537-547
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154210

ABSTRACT

Phytic acid, the major storage form of phosphorus in plant seeds is degraded by the phytases to yield inositol and free phosphate, contributing thereby to the improved bioavailability of phytate phosphorus and essential minerals in plant foods and simultaneous reduction in phosphorus pollution of the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. As a possible strategy for altering seed phytate levels, the approach involving reduction of phytate content by ectopically expressing endogenous phytase gene during seed development of soybean (Glycine max L. cv. Pusa-20) was attempted in the present study. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR revealed the maximum expression of phytase gene transcripts in germinating cotyledons (~10 days after germinations), compared to other vegetative tissues. A full-length phytase cDNA was amplified from the germinating seedlings by splicing by overlap extension (SOE)-PCR and its sequence analysis revealed an open-reading-frame of 1644 bp, including an N terminal signal peptide of 28 amino acids. Predicted amino acid sequence (547-aa) of molecular mass 62 kDa on alignment with related purple acid phosphatases in other plants shared five conserved domains and seven invariant amino acids involved in coordination of the metals in the binuclear center of purple acid phosphatases. Owing to a large number of E. coli low-usage codons in soybean phytase gene, the modified gene was cloned into a prokaryotic expression vector pET-28a (+) and its expression in E. coli was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis. Bioassay of the crude expression product in E. coli revealed a functional phytase gene, showing a great potential for developing low phytate transgenic soybean through its seed-specific overexpression in the early stages of seed development.


Subject(s)
6-Phytase/biosynthesis , 6-Phytase/chemistry , 6-Phytase/genetics , Amino Acid Sequence , Cloning, Molecular , Codon/genetics , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Genetic Engineering/methods , Minerals/metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Organ Specificity , Phosphorus/metabolism , Phylogeny , Seedlings/genetics , Sequence Homology , Soybeans/enzymology , Soybeans/genetics , Soybeans/metabolism
16.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2013 Aug; 50(4): 273-277
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-148607

ABSTRACT

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are broad spectrum antibiotics, which mostly act without specific receptors. Identification of AMPs is important in the current scenario of emerging multi-drug resistant bacteria. In the present study, in an attempt to identify new AMPs, myeloid cathelicidin cDNAs were synthesized from buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bone marrow and were amplified using specific primers. Sequence analysis of cloned cDNAs revealed three novel myeloid cathelicidins. They were named based on the number of active amino acids in the C-terminal region of their predicted peptide sequences as BuMAP-28 (having an additional Gly at position 22nd), BuMAP-29 (having an additional IIe at position 27) and BuMAP-34, compared to BMAP-27, BMAP-28 and BMAP-34 of cattle. The BuMAPs showed 93%, 95% and 87% homology respectively with that of its cattle counterpart. Predicted number of amino acids of the cDNAs was 159, 155 and 157 residues, with cationic C-terminal sequences of 28, 29 and 34, respectively, which correspond to putative antimicrobial domains. Several amino acid substitutions were observed in all the three cathelicidins. The conformation of the peptides was predicted to be alpha helical, having total net positive charge and hydrophobicity, similar to that of BMAPs in cattle. Comparative analysis of the predicted peptides suggested potential antimicrobial activity and the sequence variations detected might enable the peptides to act as effective broad spectrum antimicrobial agents.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides/chemistry , Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides/genetics , Base Sequence , Buffaloes/genetics , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Myeloid Cells/metabolism
17.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2013; 26 (3): 431-438
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-142600

ABSTRACT

TRPV3 ion channels mediate thermo-transduction, nociception, inflammation and dermatitis in mammals. TRPV1-4 proteins have been shown to have conserved cysteine-residues in the pore-forming regions. These residues participate in channel activation via S-nitrosylation of channel proteins. Camphor is a commonly used ligand for TRPV3 channels. Thus the knowledge about the potential binding/interacting site[s] for camphor will help to design effective and potent analgesic compounds. In an overlap-extension PCR method, following primer-pairs were used to mutate conserved cysteine-residues in the pore-region of TRPV3 channels; GATTGAGAATcCTCCAAGGACAAAAAGGAC, TRPV3-C612S-Fw and GTCCTTGGAGgACTTCTCAATCAGTCAGTGAGG, TRPV3-C612S-Rv primers pair. And for TRPV3-C619S: GGACTCcAGTTCCTATGGCCAGC, TRPV3-C619S-Fw and GCTGGCCATAgGAACTGGAGTCC, TRPV3-C619S-Rv respectively. All cDNA constructs were confirmed by DNA-sequencing and used to make cRNAs. Oocytes expressing mTRPV3-C619S and mTRPV3-C612S mutant channels were challenged with 2-APB [1 mM], camphor [10 mM] and dihydrocarveol [10 mM] either at -40 mV or +40 mV holding potentials in voltage-clamp experiments. Responses of both mutants to 2-APB were similar to wild-type mTRPV3. Interestingly, responses to camphor were totally lost in mTRPV3-C619S mutant, while responses to dihydrocarveol remained intact. In contrast mTRPV3-C612S displayed slightly altered [16 +/- 2% reduction] phenotype with respect to camphor sensitivity. It is concluded that pore-region cysteines play critical role in camphor sensitivity of TRPV3 ion channels


Subject(s)
Animals , Camphor/pharmacology , Boron Compounds/pharmacology , Amino Acid Sequence , Binding Sites , Xenopus , Cysteine/metabolism , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Mice , Molecular Sequence Data , Monoterpenes/pharmacology
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-79739

ABSTRACT

Vaccination is considered a promising alternative for controlling tick infestations. Haemaphysalis longicornis midgut proteins separated by SDS-PAGE and transferred to polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) membrane were screened for protective value against bites. The western blot demonstrated the immunogenicity of 92 kDa protein (P92). The analysis of the P92 amino acid sequence by LC-MS/MS indicated that it was a H. longicornis paramyosin (Hl-Pmy). The full lenghth cDNA of Hl-Pmy was obtained by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) which consisted of 2,783 bp with a 161 bp 3' untranslated region. Sequence alignment of tick paramyosin (Pmy) showed that Hl-Pmy shared a high level of conservation among ticks. Comparison with the protective epitope sequence of other invertebrate Pmy, it was calculated that the protective epitope of Hl-Pmy was a peptide (LEEAEGSSETVVEMNKKRDTE) named LEE, which was close to the N-terminal of Hl-Pmy protein. The secondary structure analysis suggested that LEE had non-helical segments within an alpha-helical structure. These results provide the basis for developing a vaccine against biting H. longicornis ticks.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Antigens/genetics , Base Sequence , Blotting, Western , Chromatography, Liquid , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Epitopes , Gene Expression Regulation/physiology , Ixodidae/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
19.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 107(3): 310-316, May 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-624011

ABSTRACT

The aim of this work was the partial purification and subsequent evaluation of chitinase expression during the various growth phases of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Initially, PbCTS1r was expressed as a recombinant protein and displayed enzymatic activity against 4-MU-[N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc)]3 and 4-MU-(GlcNAc)2. Two proteins, 45 kDa and 39 kDa in size, were partially purified from P. brasiliensis yeast crude extract using cation-exchange chromatography coupled with HPLC and were characterised as PbCTS1 and PbCTS2, respectively. Anti-PbCTS1r antibody recognised two proteins in the crude extracts of yeast and the transitional stage between mycelial and yeast phases. In crude extracts of mycelium, only the 45 kDa protein was detected. However, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction led to the detection of small quantities of Pbcts2 transcript in the mycelial phase. In the yeast cell wall extract, only the 39 kDa protein was detected. Moreover, both proteins were secreted by the yeast parasitic phase, suggesting that these proteins participate in the modulation of the fungal environment. Phylogenetic analysis of the predicted PbCTS1 and PbCTS2 proteins indicated that they code for distinct chitinases in P. brasiliensis. During evolution, P. brasiliensis could have acquired the paralogues Pbcts1 and Pbcts2 for growth and survival in diverse environments in both saprophytic and parasitic phases.


Subject(s)
Chitinases/metabolism , Mycelium/enzymology , Paracoccidioides/enzymology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chitinases/genetics , DNA, Complementary/genetics , DNA, Fungal/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Mycelium/growth & development , Phylogeny , Paracoccidioides/genetics , Paracoccidioides/growth & development , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
20.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 15(1): 5-5, Jan. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-640531

ABSTRACT

Chalcone isomerase (CHI) is the key enzyme that catalyzes chalcone into (2S)-flavanol or (2S)-5-desoxidation flavanol. The full length cDNA (1050 bp) of AhCHI (Arachis hypogaea CHI gene) was cloned by large scale EST sequencing using a peanut immature seed cDNA library. Sequence analysis results indicated that it was a type I CHI gene (with the accession number JN660794). The ORF of AhCHI was 768 bp, encoding a peptide of 255 amino acids with a pI of 5.189. Sequence alignment showed that the coding region of AhCHI gene is highly conserved to compare with CHI genes from other plant species. Peanut cDNA microarray and semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis indicated that AhCHI was highly expressed in pegs. The expression level in flower and root was higher than the expression level in stem and leaf. AhCHI was expressed in a high level in seeds with a purple seed coat, while its expression was low in seed with white seed coat.


Subject(s)
Arachis/enzymology , Arachis/genetics , Cloning, Molecular , Intramolecular Lyases/genetics , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Gene Expression
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