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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774344

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the consistency of gene mutation sites between bone marrow DNA (BM-tDNA) and perepheral plasma circulating tumor DNA (PP-ctDNA) in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).@*METHODS@#The simultaneous sampled BM and PP from 19 patients (SBPP) was detected by NGS-127 gene panel, and the consistency of VAF between BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA was analyzed. The peripheral blood cell tumor DNA (PC-tDNA) of 5 out of 19 patients was detected randomly, the consistency of VAF among PC-tDNA,BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA was analyzed. The non simultaneous sampled BM and PP from 13 patients (NBPP) was detected, and the difference value of VAF between BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA in SBPP and NBPP was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The average concentration of PP-ctDNA in SBPP was 0.59 ng/µl and 0.604 ng/µl in NBPP. The median concentration of PP-ctDNA in SBPP and NBPP was 0.330 ng/µl and 0.338 ng/µl, respectively. The study showed a good consistency of VAF between BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA in the SBPP (R=0.9693, P<0.05), and the consistency of VAF between BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA in single base replacement (SNP) sites (R=0.9712) was better than that in insertion deletion (Indel) sites (R=0.6813). The results showed a good consistency of VAF between BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA both in 12 patients before treatment (R=0.9325, P<0.05) and 5 patients (R=0.9875, P<0.05) after treatment. The results also showed that the VAF of PC-tDNA had a good consistency with the VAF of BM-tDNA (R=0.8783) and PP-ctDNA (R=0.8783) (P<0.05). The difference value of VAF between BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA in SBPP was significantly lower than that in NBPP (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PP can replace BM as a biological sample for genes mutation detection in patients with MDS due to its stable concentration, high degree of consistency with bone marrow in clinical significant mutation sites and easy collection.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Neoplasms , Circulating Tumor DNA , DNA, Neoplasm , Humans , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(9): e7427, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951761

ABSTRACT

Genetic and functional aberrations of guanine nucleotide-binding protein, alpha stimulating (GNAS), aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein (AIP), and pituitary tumor transforming gene (PTTG) are among the most prominent events in pituitary tumorigenesis. A cohort of Brazilian patients with somatotropinomas (n=41) and non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPA, n=21) from a single tertiary-referral center were evaluated for GNAS and AIP mutations and gene expression of AIP and PTTG. Results were compared to the clinical and biological (Ki67 and p53 expression) characteristics of tumors and their response to therapy, if applicable. Genetic analysis revealed that 27% of somatotropinomas and 4.8% of NFPA harbored GNAS mutations (P=0.05). However, no differences were observed in clinical characteristics, tumor extension, response to somatostatin analog therapy, hormonal/surgical remission rates, Ki67 index, and p53 expression between mutated and non-mutated somatotropinomas patients. PTTG overexpression (RQ mean=10.6, min=4.39, max=11.9) and AIP underexpression (RQ mean=0.56, min=0.46-max=0.92) were found in virtually all cases without a statistically significant relationship with clinical and biological tumor features. No patients exhibited somatic or germline pathogenic AIP mutations. In conclusion, mutations in GNAS and abnormal PTTG and AIP expression had no impact on tumor features and treatment outcomes in this cohort. Our data support some previous studies and point to the need for further investigations, probably involving epigenetic and transcriptome analysis, to improve our understanding of pituitary tumor behavior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pituitary Neoplasms/genetics , Adenoma/genetics , Germ-Line Mutation/genetics , Growth Hormone-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma/genetics , Pituitary Gland/pathology , Pituitary Neoplasms/pathology , Brazil , DNA, Neoplasm , Genetic Markers , Adenoma/pathology , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Cohort Studies , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Growth Hormone-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma/pathology , Carcinogenesis
3.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(4): 419-430, abr. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902494

ABSTRACT

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is an heterogeneous disease. Three carcinogenic pathways determine its molecular profile: microsatellite instability (MSI), chromosomal instability (CIN) and CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP). Based on the new molecular classification, four consensus CRC molecular subtypes (CMS) are established, which are related to clinical, pathological and biological characteristics of the tumor. Aim: To classify Chilean patients with sporadic CRC according to the new consensus molecular subtypes of carcinogenic pathways. Material and Methods: Prospective analytical study of 53 patients with a mean age of 70 years (55% males) with CRC, operated at a private clinic, without neoadjuvant treatment. From normal and tumor tissue DNA of each patient, CIN, MSI and CIMP were analyzed. Combining these variables, tumors were classified as CMS1/MSI-immune, CMS2/canonical, CMS3/metabolic and CMS4/mesenchymal. Results: CMS1 tumors (19%) were located in the right colon, were in early stages, had MMR complex deficiencies and 67% had an activating mutation of the BRAF oncogene. CMS2 tumors (31%) were located in the left colon, had moderate differentiation, absence of vascular invasion, lymphatic and mucin. CMS3 tumors (29%) were also left-sided, with absence of vascular and lymphatic invasion, and 29% had an activating mutation of the KRAS oncogene. CMS4 tumors (21%) showed advanced stages and presence of metastases. Conclusions: This new molecular classification contributes to understanding the heterogeneity of tumors. It is possible to differentiate molecular subgroups of a single pathological diagnosis of adenocarcinoma, opening the door to personalized medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , DNA, Neoplasm/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , DNA Methylation/genetics , Microsatellite Instability , Phenotype , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Chile , Prospective Studies , Consensus , Mutation
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69707

ABSTRACT

EGFR and KRAS mutations are two of the most common mutations that are present in lung cancer. Screening and detecting these mutations are of issue these days, and many different methods and tissue samples are currently used to effectively detect these two mutations. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the testing for EGFR and KRAS mutations by pyrosequencing method, and compared the yield of cytology versus histology specimens in a consecutive series of patients with lung cancer. We retrospectively reviewed EGFR and KRAS mutation results of 399 (patients with EGFR mutation test) and 323 patients (patients with KRAS mutation test) diagnosed with lung cancer in Konkuk University Medical Center from 2008 to 2014. Among them, 60 patients had received both EGFR and KRAS mutation studies. We compared the detection rate of EGFR and KRAS tests in cytology, biopsy, and resection specimens. EGFR and KRAS mutations were detected in 29.8% and 8.7% of total patients, and the positive mutation results of EGFR and KRAS were mutually exclusive. The detection rate of EGFR mutation in cytology was higher than non-cytology (biopsy or resection) materials (cytology: 48.5%, non-cytology: 26.1%), and the detection rate of KRAS mutation in cytology specimens was comparable to non-cytology specimens (cytology: 8.3%, non-cytology: 8.7%). We suggest that cytology specimens are good alternatives that can readily substitute tissue samples for testing both EGFR and KRAS mutations. Moreover, pyrosequencing method is highly sensitive in detecting EGFR and KRAS mutations in lung cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , DNA, Neoplasm/chemistry , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Retrospective Studies , ras Proteins/genetics
5.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 151-158, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788353

ABSTRACT

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are tumor cells that are separated from the primary site or metastatic lesion and disseminate in blood circulation. CTCs are considered to be part of the long process of cancer metastasis. As a 'liquid biopsy', CTC molecular examination and investigation of single cancer cells create an important opportunity for providing an understanding of cancer biology and the process of metastasis. In the last decade, we have seen dramatic development in defining the role of CTCs in lung cancer in terms of diagnosis, genomic alteration determination, treatment response and, finally, prognosis prediction. The aims of this review are to understand the basic biology and to review methods of detection of CTCs that apply to the various types of solid tumor. Furthermore, we explored clinical applications, including treatment monitoring to anticipate therapy resistance as well as biomarker analysis, in the context of lung cancer. We also explored the potential use of cell-free circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in the genomic alteration analysis of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Biology , Blood Circulation , Diagnosis , DNA , DNA, Neoplasm , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating , Prognosis
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277934

ABSTRACT

Molecular techniques can be very useful in detecting a patient's tumor to guide treatment decisions is increasingly been applied in the care and management of cancer patients. Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) containing mutations can be identified in the plasma of cancer patients during the course of the disease. As a non-invasive "liquid biopsies",ctDNA is a potential surrogate for the entire tumor genome. The use of ctDNA might help to determine the disease prognosis,monitor disease progression,monitor the molecular resistance and monitor the tumor heterogeneity. Future developments will need to provide clinical standards to validate the ctDNA as a clinical biomarker and improve the reproducibility and accuracy,in order to be better exploited for personalized medicine.


Subject(s)
DNA, Neoplasm , Blood , Humans , Mutation , Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis , Precision Medicine , Prognosis , Reproducibility of Results
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232502

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen methylations of CpG islands in prostate cancer using restriction landmark genomic scanning (RLGS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The DNA was extracted from homogeneous cells captured by laser capture microdissection in 20 prostate cancer and 18 benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) tissues for scanning the CpG islands using RLGS. The methylation status of each CpG island was compared between the cancer and BPH samples to screen the genes involved in prostate cancer development. The screened genes were uploaded to DAVID database for GO analysis, and the genes with the most significant methylation were analyzed by pyrosequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS AND CONCLUSION</b>Among all the tested CpG islands, 10245 (37.2%) in prostate cancer and 8658 (30.3%) in BPH samples were found to be abnormally methylated, and >60% of the methylated CpG islands were in the promoter region. Compared with BPH samples, the prostate cancer samples showed differential methyation in 735 CpG islands, including 458 hepermethyated and 256 hypomethelated ones. Seven genes (DPYS, P16, APC, GSTP1, TMEM122, RARB, and ARHGAP20) in prostate cancer were identified to have distinct methylations. Bioinformatics analysis suggested that these genes were associated with several biomolecular and biological processes, and among them DPYS gene was involved in 13 GO anotated biologic functions, development of 50 diseases and 47 protein interactions. Pyrosequencing of 7 sites of the CPG island in DPYS gene showed a methylation frequency of 32.7%, suggesting the importance of DPYS gene in the carcinogenesis and progression of prostate cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
CpG Islands , DNA Methylation , DNA, Neoplasm , Genetics , Genomics , Humans , Male , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Genetics , Prostatic Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Genetics
8.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 151-158, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25333

ABSTRACT

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are tumor cells that are separated from the primary site or metastatic lesion and disseminate in blood circulation. CTCs are considered to be part of the long process of cancer metastasis. As a 'liquid biopsy', CTC molecular examination and investigation of single cancer cells create an important opportunity for providing an understanding of cancer biology and the process of metastasis. In the last decade, we have seen dramatic development in defining the role of CTCs in lung cancer in terms of diagnosis, genomic alteration determination, treatment response and, finally, prognosis prediction. The aims of this review are to understand the basic biology and to review methods of detection of CTCs that apply to the various types of solid tumor. Furthermore, we explored clinical applications, including treatment monitoring to anticipate therapy resistance as well as biomarker analysis, in the context of lung cancer. We also explored the potential use of cell-free circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in the genomic alteration analysis of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Biology , Blood Circulation , Diagnosis , DNA , DNA, Neoplasm , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating , Prognosis
9.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 52(4): 293-298, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-771930

ABSTRACT

Background - Colorectal cancer is one of the main cause of cancer in the world. Colonoscopy is the best screen method, however the compliance is less than 50%. Quantification of human DNA (hDNA) in the feces may be a possible screen non-invasive method that is a consequence of the high proliferation and exfoliation of cancer cells. Objective - To quantify the human DNA in the stools of patients with colorectal cancer or polyps. Methods - Fifty patients with CRC, 26 polyps and 53 with normal colonoscopy were included. Total and human DNA were analyzed from the frozen stools. Results - An increased concentration of hDNA in the stools was observed in colorectal cancer patients compared to controls and polyps. Tumors localized in the left side of the colon had higher concentrations of hDNA. There were no difference between polyps and controls. A cut off of 0.87 ng/mL of human DNA was determined for colorectal cancer patients by the ROC curve, with a sensitivity of 66% and a specificity of 86.8%. For polyps the cut off was 0.41, the sensitivity was 41% and the specificity 77.4%. Conclusion - A higher concentration of hDNA had been found in colorectal cancer patients The quantification of hDNA from the stools can be a trial method for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer.


Contexto - O câncer colorretal é, mundialmente, uma das principais causas de câncer. A colonoscopia é o melhor método de rastreamento, no entanto a adesão é inferior a 50%. A quantificação de DNA humano (hDNA) nas fezes pode ser um possível método não invasivo de rastreamento, que é consequência da elevada proliferação e esfoliação de células cancerosas. Objetivo - Quantificar o DNA humano nas fezes de pacientes com câncer colorretal ou pólipos Métodos - Cinquenta pacientes com câncer colorretal, 26 pólipos e 53 com colonoscopia normal foram incluídas. DNA total e humano foram analisados a partir de fezes congeladas. Resultados - Maior concentração de hDNA nas fezes foi observada em pacientes com câncer colorretal em comparação com controles e pólipos. Pacientes com tumores localizados no cólon esquerdo apresentaram concentrações mais elevadas de hDNA. Não houve diferença entre pólipos e controles. Um nível de corte de 0.87ng/mL de DNA humano foi determinado para pacientes com câncer colorretal pela curva ROC, com sensibilidade de 66% e especificidade de 86,8%. Para pólipos o nível de corte foi de 0,41, a sensibilidade foi de 41% e a especificidade de 77,4%. Conclusão - Maior concentração de hDNA foi encontrada em pacientes com câncer colorretal. A quantificação de hDNA das fezes pode ser um método de rastreio do câncer colorretal.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , DNA, Neoplasm/analysis , Feces/chemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Colonoscopy , Neoplasm Staging , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reproducibility of Results , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
11.
Rev. latinoam. enferm ; 23(2): 259-266, Feb-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-747163

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: to assess the clinical effect of topical treatment using Ulmo honey associated with oral ascorbic acid in patients with venous ulcers. METHOD: longitudinal and descriptive quantitative study. During one year, 18 patients were assessed who were clinically diagnosed with venous ulcer in different stages, male and female, adult, with a mean injury time of 13 months. Ulmo honey was topically applied daily. The dressing was applied in accordance with the technical standard for advanced dressings, combined with the daily oral consumptions of 500 mg of ascorbic acid. The monitoring instrument is the assessment table of venous ulcers. RESULTS: full healing was achieved in 100% of the venous ulcers. No signs of complications were observed, such as allergies or infection. CONCLUSION: the proposed treatment showed excellent clinical results for the healing of venous ulcers. The honey demonstrated debriding and non-adherent properties, was easy to apply and remove and was well accepted by the users. The described results generated a research line on chronic wound treatment. .


OBJETIVO: avaliar o efeito clínico de tratamento tópico com mel de Ulmo associado à administração oral de ácido ascórbico em pacientes portadores de úlceras venosas. MÉTODO: estudo quantitativo descritivo longitudinal. Um total de 18 pacientes adultos, ambos os sexos, clinicamente diagnosticados com úlcera venosa em diferentes estágios e com duração de 13 meses em média, foram avaliados pelo período de um ano. A aplicação tópica diária de mel de Ulmo foi realizada de acordo com a norma técnica de tratamento avançado combinada com o consumo diário de 500 mg de ácido ascórbico. O instrumento usado para monitoramento foi a tabela de avaliação de úlceras venosas. RESULTADOS: cicatrização completa foi observada em 100% das úlceras venosas. Não foram observados sinais de complicação tais como alergias ou infecção. CONCLUSÃO: o tratamento proposto apresentou resultados clínicos excelentes na cicatrização das úlceras venosas. Além de favorecer o debridamento, o mel não é aderente, é fácil de aplicar e remover, e é de fácil aceitação por parte dos usuários. Os resultados descritos geraram uma linha investigativa no tratamento de feridas crônicas. .


OBJETIVO: evaluar el efecto clínico del tratamiento con miel de Ulmo tópico asociado a ácido ascórbico oral en pacientes portadores de úlceras venosas. MÉTODO: estudio cuantitativo descriptivo longitudinal. Durante el período de un año se evaluaron 18 pacientes diagnosticados clínicamente de úlcera venosa en sus diferentes estadios, de ambos sexos, adultos, con 13 meses promedio de antigüedad de la lesión. Se realizó la aplicación tópica diaria de miel de Ulmo con curación según la norma técnica de curaciones avanzadas, combinada con el consumo oral diario de 500 mg de ácido ascórbico. El instrumento de seguimiento es la tabla de valoración de úlceras venosas. RESULTADOS: se logró la cicatrización total en el 100% de las úlceras venosas. No se observaron signos de complicación, tales como alergias o infección. CONCLUSIÓN: el tratamiento propuesto mostró excelentes resultados clínicos en la cicatrización de úlceras venosas, presentando la miel propiedades debridantes, no adherentes, fácil de aplicar, remover y aceptación del usuario. Los resultados descritos generaron una línea investigativa en el tratamiento de heridas crónicas. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Breast Neoplasms/etiology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Germ-Line Mutation/genetics , Pharmacogenetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , /genetics , DNA, Neoplasm/genetics , Follow-Up Studies , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genotype , Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Methyltransferases/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis , Registries , Risk Factors , United States/epidemiology
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 634-640, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93956

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The BRAF(V600E) mutation represents a novel indicator of the progression and aggressiveness of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical significance of free circulating mutant BRAF(V600E) in predicting the advanced disease of PTC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy seven matched tumor and plasma samples obtained from patients with both benign and PTC were analyzed for BRAF(V600E) mutation using a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) clamp real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: The BRAF(V600E) mutation was absent in tumor DNA samples obtained from patients with benign follicular adenomas or adenomatous goiter. In contrast, 49 of 72 (68.1%) PTC tumors were positive for the BRAF(V600E) mutation. Among them, 3 (6.1%) patients with PTC were positive for BRAF(V600E) mutation in plasma and tumor. However, all 3 patients (100%) had lateral lymph node and lung metastasis. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the BRAF(V600E) mutation can be detected using a PNA clamp real-time PCR in the blood of PTC patients with lung metastasis. Future studies are warranted to determine clinical significance of serum BRAF(V600E) mutation in large prospective studies.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Papillary/genetics , Adult , Aged , Carcinoma/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , DNA, Neoplasm/genetics , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Staging , Peptide Nucleic Acids , Prospective Studies , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics
14.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1075-1078, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357917

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the temporal pattern of DNA breaks induced by nanosecond electric pulses (nsEP) in cisplatin-sensitive and cisplatin-resistant human ovarian cancer cells. Human ovarian cancer cells A2780 (cisplatin-sensitive subline) and C30 (cisplatin-resistant subline) were exposed to nsEP. Sham exposed groups were shame exposed to nsEP. Cell viability was determined using CCK-8 assay after 0 h, 4 h, 8 h, 12 h and 24 h, respectively, and the percentage of dead cells was calculated. The DNA break was detected with the alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay), and the 75th percentiles of TL (tail length), TM (tail moment) and OTM (Olive tail moment) were measured. Cell viability displayed an early decrease and late increase, with the valley value seen at 8 h. Percentages of cell death and comet-formed in A2780 cells were higher than those in C30 cells (P < 0.05) at 8 h, respectively. TL, TM and OTM in C30 cells were less than those in A2780 cells (P < 0.05). The percentage of comet-formed correlated with that of cell death in either A2780 (r = 0.997, P < 0.05) or C30 (r = 0.998, P < 0.05) cells. DNA breaks induced by nsEP in cisplatin-sensitive cells differred from that in resistant cells, and DNA break resulted in fraction of cell death.


Subject(s)
Cell Survival , Cisplatin , Comet Assay , DNA Breaks , DNA, Neoplasm , Electricity , Female , Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms , Pathology
16.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 109-116, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-217669

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Genetic variations among prostate cancer (PCa) patients who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP) and pelvic lymph node dissection were evaluated to predict lymph node invasion (LNI). Exome arrays were used to develop a clinicogenetic model that combined clinical data related to PCa and individual genetic variations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We genotyped 242,186 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by using a custom HumanExome BeadChip v1.0 (Illumina Inc.) from the blood DNA of 341 patients with PCa. The genetic data were analyzed to calculate an odds ratio as an estimate of the relative risk of LNI. We compared the accuracies of the multivariate logistic model incorporating clinical factors between the included and excluded selected SNPs. The Cox proportional hazard models with or without genetic factors for predicting biochemical recurrence (BCR) were analyzed. RESULTS: The genetic analysis indicated that five SNPs (rs75444444, rs8055236, rs2301277, rs9300039, and rs6908581) were significant for predicting LNI in patients with PCa. When a multivariate model incorporating clinical factors was devised to predict LNI, the predictive accuracy of the multivariate model was 80.7%. By adding genetic factors in the aforementioned multivariate model, the predictive accuracy increased to 93.2% (p=0.006). These genetic variations were significant factors for predicting BCR after adjustment for other variables and after adding the predictive gain to BCR. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of the exome array, the selected SNPs were predictors for LNI. The addition of individualized genetic information effectively enhanced the predictive accuracy of LNI and BCR among patients with PCa who underwent RP.


Subject(s)
Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Biopsy , DNA, Neoplasm/genetics , Exome , Gene Frequency , Genome , Genotype , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Models, Genetic , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics
17.
J. bras. nefrol ; 36(4): 446-450, Oct-Dec/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731140

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) is one of the complications of the use of intravascular contrast agents, being defined as a reduction of the glomerular filtration rate caused by the iodinated contrast. Most CIN data derive from the cardiovascular literature, which identified as the most consistent risk factors pre-existing chronic renal insufficiency and diabetes mellitus. However, these studies limit their conclusions to a more specific patient population. Computerized tomography as a cause of CIN has been studied less often. Objective: To report on the incidence of computerized tomography contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) in an inpatient population of a tertiary general hospital, identifying potentially avoidable risk factors. Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study with inpatients admitted at a tertiary hospital requiring contrast-induced CT. The primary outcome was the development of CIN, measure by the alteration of serum creatinine or glomerular filtration rate in 48 or 72 hours. Through clinical interview, we verified possible risk factors and preventive measures instituted by the medical team and their association with development of CIN. Results: Of a total of 410 patients, 35 (8.5%) developed CIN. There was a positive correlation between CIN and the presence of diabetes mellitus (OR = 2.15; 95%CI 1.35-4.06; p = 0.02), heart failure (OR = 2.23; 95%CI 1.18-8.8; p = 0.022), and renal failure (OR = 3.36; 95%CI 1.57- 7.17; p = 0.002) Conclusion: Incidence of CIN varies according to the population. Diabetes mellitus, heart failure and renal failure were independent risk factors for the development of CT-associated CIN. Further studies are needed to better understand and treat CT-associated CIN. .


Introdução: Nefropatia induzida por contraste (NIC) é consequência do uso de meios de contraste intravenoso, sendo definida como uma redução da taxa de filtração glomerular. A maioria dos dados de NIC são da literatura cardiovascular, que identificou como fatores de risco insuficiência renal crônica e diabetes. Entretanto, esses estudos limitam suas conclusões a uma população especifica de pacientes. Tomografia Computadorizada contrastada como causa de NIC foi menos estudada. Objetivo: Reportar incidência de NIC numa população de pacientes internados em hospital terciário submetidos à tomografia computadorizada com contraste, identificando possíveis fatores de risco evitáveis. Métodos: Realizamos um estudo de coorte prospectivo com pacientes internados em hospital terciário e que necessitaram de tomografia computadorizada com contraste. O desfecho primário foi desenvolvimento de NIC, verificado por meio da variação da creatinina sérica ou taxa de filtração glomerular em 48 ou 72 horas. Em entrevista clínica, verificamos possíveis fatores de risco, assim como medidas preventivas instituídas pela equipe médica e suas possíveis associações com desenvolvimento de NIC. Resultados: Do total de 410 pacientes, 35 (8,5%) desenvolveram NIC. Houve correlação positiva entre desenvolvimento de NIC e a presença de diabetes mellitus (OR = 2,15; 95%CI 1,35-4,06; p = 0,02), insuficiência cardíaca (OR = 2,23; 95%CI 1,18-8,8; p = 0,022), e insuficiência renal (OR = 3,36; 95%CI 1,57-7,17; p = 0,002). Conclusão: A incidência de NIC varia de acordo com a população. Diabetes, insuficiência cardíaca e insuficiência renal foram fatores de risco independentes para o desenvolvimento de NIC. Mais estudos são ...


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Caspases/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Sulindac/analogs & derivatives , Sulindac/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Apoptosis/physiology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/enzymology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Division/drug effects , DNA, Neoplasm/antagonists & inhibitors , DNA, Neoplasm/biosynthesis , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Liver Neoplasms/enzymology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Sphingomyelin Phosphodiesterase/metabolism , Tumor Cells, Cultured
18.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 142(11): 1407-1414, nov. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-734876

ABSTRACT

Background: The molecular testing of KRAS mutation status in metastatic colorectal cancer patients is mandatory to identify patients eligible for anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody therapy. Aim: To report the frequency of KRAS gene mutations in Chilean patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Material and Methods: A cohort of 262 Chilean patients with CRC aged 26 to 90 years (53% males), was studied. KRAS mutation status was analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and correlated with clinicopathological data. Results: Ninety-eight patients (37%) were positive for KRAS mutations. G12D was the most common mutation with a frequency of 36.7%, followed by G12V (25.5%), G13D (17.3%), G12A (7.1%), G12C (6.1%), G12S (5.1%) and G12R (2%). The frequency of the mutation in left, right colon and rectal tumors was 37.8, 32.6 and 44.9%, respectively. Among tumors with mutations, 86.7% were well or moderately differentiated tumors and the rest were poorly differentiated. No significant associations between KRAS gene mutations and other clinicopathological features of the tumor were observed. Conclusions: The frequencies of KRAS mutations reported in this study are similar to frequencies reported for European and North-American populations, lower than in a Spanish study and higher than in a Peruvian study.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics , ras Proteins/genetics , Age Factors , Chile/ethnology , Colorectal Neoplasms/ethnology , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , DNA Mutational Analysis , DNA, Neoplasm/genetics , Epidermal Growth Factor/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , Prospective Studies , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sex Factors
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349720

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the genetic characteristics of human acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line Molt-4, and evaluate its application in measuring telomere length by Flow-FISH. Molt-4 cell line was cultured in suspension and subcultured regularly. Eight different passages of Molt-4 cells in exponential stage were selected.The growth curves were drawn by cell counting method, meanwhile calculating the population doubling times of cells,DNA ploidies were determined by flow cytometry,karyotypes were analyzed by G-banding and telomere lengths were measured by Southern blot. The results showed that the population doubling time of Molt-4 cell line was (1.315 ± 0.062) d, DNA ploidy index was (2.085 ± 0.0093) , and the telomere length was (32.05 ± 5.27) kb. There were no significant difference among different passages (P = 0.931,0.888 and 0.935 separately). The karyotypes showed that the chromosome numbers of Molt-4 cell line were from 91 to 99 in different metaphases, and the majority of them were hypertetraploid, and stable and recurrent structural abnormalities of chromosomes could be kept. It is concluded that the stable genetic characteristics and the longer telomere length of Molt-4 cell line makes it be a feasible control cells in measurement of telomere length by Flow-FISH.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , DNA, Neoplasm , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Karyotyping , Ploidies , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Telomere , Genetics
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351074

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to screen human papillomavirus (HPV) types associated with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma of Kazakh in Xinjiang using the gene chip technique and study the clinical significance of this application. The DNAs were collected from esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissues and healthy esophageal mucosa of Kazakh adults in Xinjiang, and amplified firstly using HPV MY09/11 and then using HPV G5+/6+ to screen positive HPV specimens. These positive specimens were further detected by the gene chip technique to screen highly pathogenic HPV types. After determination with nested PCR amplification with HPV MY09/11 and G5+/6+, the infection rate of HPV was 66.67% in the esophageal squamous cell carcinoma group and 12.12% in the healthy control group. By testing the positive HPV specimens from the esophageal squamous cell carcinoma group, the infection rate of HPV16 was 97.72% and the co-infection rate of HPV16 and HPV18 was 2.27%. HPV16 infection may be involved in the development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in Xinjiang Hazakh adults.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Ethnology , Genetics , Virology , Case-Control Studies , China , DNA, Neoplasm , Genetics , DNA, Viral , Genetics , Esophageal Neoplasms , Ethnology , Genetics , Virology , Female , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Genetics , Human papillomavirus 16 , Genetics , Human papillomavirus 18 , Genetics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Molecular Typing , Methods , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Methods , Papillomaviridae , Classification , Genetics , Physiology , Papillomavirus Infections , Ethnology , Genetics , Virology , Polymerase Chain Reaction
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