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Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(4): 437-443, abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014244


Background: Hodgkin lymphoma has a high rate of curability, even in advanced stages. Aim: To assess the results of Hodgkin lymphoma treatment using the ABVD (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine) chemotherapy regimen. Material and Methods: Analysis of a database held by the Chilean Ministry of Health, including all patients treated at accredited cancer treatment centers. Results: Data for 915 patients, median age 35 years (range 15-86 years) and followed for a median of 97 months (range 1-347 months) were analyzed. Forty-one percent had localized disease. Overall survival at five years for localized and advanced stages was 92% and 74%, respectively. The figures for progression free survival were 87% and 64%, respectively. Patients with relapse who received autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) had a five year overall survival of 92%, compared to 64% among those who did not undergo this procedure (p < 0.01). The Guarantees in Health Program set up by the Ministry of Health, was associated with earlier stage disease at diagnosis. Conclusions: The ABVD regimen achieves high rates of cure in localized stages of the disease but the results in advanced stages are not optimal. ASCT significantly improves survival in patients with relapse. The Guarantees in Health Program is associated with earlier diagnosis of the disease.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Hodgkin Disease/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Vinblastine/therapeutic use , Bleomycin/therapeutic use , Hodgkin Disease/mortality , Hodgkin Disease/pathology , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Chile , Treatment Outcome , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Disease-Free Survival , Dacarbazine/therapeutic use , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786526


Enteroviral infections are common in neonates. One important infection pathway is vertical transmission from an infected mother to her neonate. Here, we report the early detection and successful treatment of a vertically transmitted fulminant enteroviral infection associated with myocarditis and hepatitis. The patient had a sudden onset of high fever on the fourth day of life and developed severe, rapidly progressing symptoms of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC), hepatitis, and myocarditis accompanied by tachyarrhythmia. As it was the peak season for enteroviral infections and both the mother and the patient's 36-month-old sibling had a high fever around the time of delivery, we suspected an enteroviral infection. Thus, we initiated prompt evaluation of enteroviral infection, as well as close observation and intensive care of the neonate. We strongly recommend evaluation for the possibility of vertical enterovirus infection in neonates when the mother is suspected of having a viral infection (e.g., high fever and negative results from bacterial infectious studies) around the time of delivery and when the neonate shows some early symptoms of infectious diseases such as thrombocytopenia, DIC, hepatitis, and myocarditis. Early detection of enteroviral infections and prompt implementation of proper treatment are key to reduce the risk of complications and mortality associated with enteroviral infections in neonates.

Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Child, Preschool , Communicable Diseases , Critical Care , Dacarbazine , Enterovirus , Enterovirus Infections , Fever , Hepatitis , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Mortality , Mothers , Myocarditis , Seasons , Siblings , Tachycardia , Thrombocytopenia
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760666


Placental abruption is a condition that should be carefully considered in perinatal management because it is associated with serious events in both the mother and neonate, such as intrauterine fetal death, cerebral palsy, obstetric critical bleeding, and uncontrollable bleeding. The concomitant presence of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) more easily causes critical bleeding that may necessitate hysterectomy or multi-organ failure resulting in maternal death. Therefore, early management should be provided to prevent progression to serious conditions by performing both hemostatic procedures and DIC treatment. To take measures to improve the outcomes in both the mother and neonate, health guidance for pregnant women, early diagnosis, early treatment, development of the emergency care system, and provision of a system for transport to higher-level medical institutions should be implemented.

Abruptio Placentae , Cerebral Palsy , Dacarbazine , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Early Diagnosis , Emergency Medical Services , Female , Fetal Death , Fibrinogen , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hysterectomy , Infant, Newborn , Maternal Death , Mothers , Obstetric Surgical Procedures , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759745


A 40-year-old man presented with pruritic, multiple, variable-sized, erythematous umbilicated papules on the trunk and both extremities for 4 months. He was diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma (stage IIA) after histopathologic examination of a neck mass that developed a month ago. A punch biopsy was performed on his right lower leg. Histological examination showed transepidermal elimination of the degenerated collagen. Masson's trichrome staining was performed to distinguish collagen fibers from the muscular tissue; using Masson's stain, the collagen appeared as a bluish color crossing from the dermis to the epidermis. The diagnosis of acquired reactive perforating collagenosis was made. The skin lesions showed much improvement after 6 cycles of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine chemotherapy. Acquired perforating disorders are a group of cutaneous disorders that occur in adults with chronic kidney disease or diabetes mellitus. Cases of acquired perforating disorders associated with Hodgkin's lymphoma have been rarely reported in the English literature. To our knowledge, this is the first case of acquired reactive perforating collagenosis in a Korean patient with Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Adult , Biopsy , Bleomycin , Collagen , Dacarbazine , Dermis , Diabetes Mellitus , Diagnosis , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Epidermis , Extremities , Hodgkin Disease , Humans , Leg , Neck , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Skin , Vinblastine
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 28(2): e2018325, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012074


Objetivo: estimar o impacto orçamentário incremental da terapia-alvo para tratamento de primeira linha do melanoma avançado não cirúrgico e metastático, em comparação à dacarbazina. Métodos: análise de impacto orçamentário na perspectiva do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) do Brasil; a partir de dados demográficos e estimativas da incidência, foi delimitada a população no horizonte temporal de três anos (2018-2020) e estimados os custos diretos médicos; foi considerado cenário de referência o tratamento com dacarbazina, e como cenários alternativos a terapia-alvo com vemurafenibe, dabrafenibe, vemurafenibe + cobimetinibe e dabrafenibe + trametinibe; a avaliação das incertezas foi conduzida mediante análise por cenários. Resultados: o impacto orçamentário incremental variou de R$ 451.867.881,00 a R$ 768.860.968,00, representando 0,70 a 1,53% dos gastos anuais totais com medicamentos ambulatoriais no SUS; no melhor e no pior cenário, os resultados variaram de R$ 289.160.835,00 a R$,00. Conclusão: a terapia-alvo, comparada à dacarbazina, implica impacto excessivo no orçamento, desfavorecendo eventual incorporação.

Objetivo: estimar el impacto presupuestario incremental de la terapia dirigida para tratamiento de primera línea del melanoma avanzado no quirúrgico y metastásico comparado con la dacarbazina. Métodos: análisis de impacto presupuestario, en la perspectiva del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) de Brasil; a partir de datos demográficos y estimaciones de incidencia se delimitó la población en un horizonte temporal de tres años (2018-2020) y se estimaron los costos directos médicos. El escenario de referencia fue el tratamiento con dacarbazina y los escenarios alternativos la terapia dirigida con vemurafenib, dabrafenib, vemurafenib + cobimetinib y dabrafenib + trametinib; la evaluación de incertidumbre se llevó a cabo mediante análisis por escenarios. Resultados: el impacto presupuestario incremental varió de R$ 451.867.881,00 a R$ 768.860.968,00, representando 0,70 a 1,53% de gastos anuales totales con medicamentos de ambulatorios en el SUS; en el mejor y el peor escenario los resultados variaron de R$ 289.160.835,00 a R$,00. Conclusión: el uso de terapia dirigida comparado a la dacarbazina implica en impacto excesivo en el presupuesto, desfavoreciendo una eventual incorporación.

Objective: to estimate the incremental budget impact of target therapy for first-line treatment of advanced non-surgical and metastatic melanoma compared to dacarbazine treatment. Methods: budget impact analysis, from the Brazilian National Health System (SUS) perspective; based on demographic data and incidence estimates, the population over a three-year time horizon (2018-2020) was delimited and the direct medical costs were estimated; the reference scenario was treatment with dacarbazine, and the alternative scenarios were target therapy with vemurafenib, dabrafenib, vemurafenib + cobimetinib and dabrafenib + trametinib; uncertainty assessment was conducted through scenario analysis. Results: the incremental budget impact ranged from R$ 451,867,881.00 to R$ 768,860,968.00, representing 0.70 to 1.53% of total SUS annual outpatient drugs expenditure; in best and worst scenario, results ranged from R$ 289,160,835.00 to R$ 1,107,081,926.00. Conclusion: the use of target therapy compared to dacarbazine implies an excessive impact on the budget, this bring unfovorable to its possible incorporation.

Humans , Costs and Cost Analysis/trends , Dacarbazine/administration & dosage , Dacarbazine/therapeutic use , Molecular Targeted Therapy/methods , Molecular Targeted Therapy/trends , Melanoma/drug therapy , Melanoma/epidemiology , Skin Neoplasms/drug therapy , Unified Health System , Public Health/trends , Health Care Costs/trends , Neoplasm Metastasis/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/economics
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(6): 393-398, June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950553


ABSTRACT Background Glioma, the most common primary malignant brain tumor in adults, is highly aggressive and associated with a poor prognosis. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the association of genetic polymorphisms related to angiogenesis and apoptosis with gliomas, as well as comorbidities, lifestyle, clinical profile, survival and response to treatment (temozolomide [TMZ] and radiotherapy [RT]) in patients with the disease. Methods In a total of 303 individuals, genotypes were performed by real-time PCR, and clinical data, lifestyle and comorbidities were obtained from medical records and questionnaires. The significance level was set at 5%. Results Smoking, alcohol consumption, systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus and body mass index prevailed among patients, compared to controls (p < 0.05). The heterozygous genotype rs1468727 (T/C) and the homozygous genotype rs2010963 (G/G) (p > 0.05) were observed in both groups. Lifestyle and comorbidities showed independent risk factors for the disease (p < 0.0001, p = 0.0069, p = 0.0394, respectively). Patients with low-grade gliomas had a survival rate of 80.0 ± 1.7% in three years. For the combination of TMZ+RT, survival was 78.7 ± 7.6% in 20 months, compared to TMZ only (21.9 ± 5.1%, p = 0.8711). Conclusions Genetic variants were not associated with gliomas. Specific lifestyle habits and comorbidities stood out as independent risk factors for the disease. Low-grade gliomas showed an increase in patient survival with TMZ+RT treatment.

RESUMO Introdução Glioma, tumor cerebral maligno, é altamente agressivo e associado a mau prognóstico. Os objetivos deste estudo foram avaliar a associação de polimorfismos genéticos relacionados a angiogênese e apoptose em pacientes com glioma, bem como suas comorbidades, hábitos de vida, perfil clínico, sobrevida e resposta ao tratamento (temozolomida [TMZ] e radioterapia [RT]). Métodos 303 indivíduos foram genotipados por PCR em tempo real, e foram coletados dados clínicos, hábitos de vida e comorbidades. Admitiu-se nível de significância para valor p < 0,05. Resultados Tabagismo, elitismo, hipertensão arterial sistêmica, diabetes mellitus e índice de massa corporal prevaleceram entre os pacientes, comprados aos controles (p < 0,05). O genótipo heterozigoto rs1468727 (T/C) e homozigoto rs2010963 (G/G) (p > 0,05) foram observados em ambos os grupos. Tabagismo, elitismo, hipertensão arterial sistêmica, diabetes mellitus e índice de massa corporal apresentaram fatores de risco independentes para a doença (p < 0.0001, p = 0.0069, p = 0.0394, respectivamente). Os pacientes com gliomas de baixo grau apresentaram sobrevida de 80,0 ± 1,7% em três anos. Para a combinação de RT e TMZ, a sobrevida foi de 78,7±7,6% em 20 meses, em comparação com TMZ (21,9 ± 5,1%, p = 0,8711). Conclusões As variantes genéticas não estiveram associadas aos gliomas. Hábitos de vida e comorbidades específicas destacaram-se como fatores de risco independentes para a doença. O tratamento com TMZ + RT mostrou aumento na sobrevida dos pacientes.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Apoptosis/genetics , Glioma/genetics , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Brain Neoplasms/therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/administration & dosage , Dacarbazine/administration & dosage , Dacarbazine/analogs & derivatives , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Temozolomide , Genotype , Glioma/pathology , Glioma/therapy , Life Style , Neovascularization, Pathologic
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(4): 523-527, abr. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-961424


Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a lethal entity, characterized by extensive epidermal necrosis and multiorgan failure. Hemophagocytic syndrome (HFS) is also a rare and lethal syndrome characterized by hyperinflammation that leads to the appearance of fever, pancytopenia, organomegaly and hemophagocytosis. The concomitance of these diseases is extremely uncommon. We report a 38 years old female, who during the course of a HFS secondary to Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL), presented a TEN secondary to antibiotics. She was admitted due to a consumptive syndrome, lymphadenopathy, visceromegaly and severe pancytopenia. Laboratory and bone marrow tests confirmed HFS. Due to constant fever, imipenem was indicated. On the third day she started with pain and skin rash. She evolved with positive Nikolsky sign. Cutaneous biopsy was concordant with extensive TEN, which was managed with intravenous immunoglobulin and dexamethasone. A complete response and normalization of the blood count were achieved. Finally, the lymph node biopsy showed HL of mixed cellularity type, which was managed with 8 cycles of ABVD chemotherapy, achieving complete remission.

Humans , Female , Adult , Hodgkin Disease/complications , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/etiology , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/etiology , Vinblastine , Bleomycin , Hodgkin Disease/pathology , Hodgkin Disease/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Doxorubicin , Imipenem/adverse effects , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/pathology , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Dacarbazine , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/pathology , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects
Gut and Liver ; : 471-477, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715584


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently, recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rTM) has been developed as a new drug for disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). This study aims to evaluate the clinical benefit of rTM in patients with sepsis-induced DIC caused by acute cholangitis who underwent biliary drainage. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups: the rTM therapy group and the non-rTM therapy group. The primary outcome was the DIC resolution rate at 7 days, and the secondary outcome was 28-day mortality rate. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were treated by rTM, and 36 patients were treated without rTM for DIC. The rate of resolution of DIC at day 7 was significantly higher in the rTM group than in the non-rTM group (82.9% vs 55.6%, p=0.0012). Compared with the non-rTM group, the 28-day survival rate of the r-TM group was significantly higher (rTM vs non-rTM, 91.4% vs 69.4%, p=0.014). According to multivariate analysis, non-rTM (hazard ratio [HR], 2.681) and CRP (HR, 2.370) were factors related to decreased survival. CONCLUSIONS: rTM treatment may have a positive impact on improving DIC and survival rates in patients with severe acute cholangitis.

Cholangitis , Dacarbazine , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Drainage , Humans , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Survival Rate , Thrombomodulin , Thrombosis
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715060


OBJECTIVE: Clinically, consumptive coagulopathy, such as disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC), is the most important among the common venomous snakebite complications owing to the serious hemorrhage risk associated with this condition. We evaluated the predictive value of the delta neutrophil index (DNI)—a new indicator for immature granulocytes—for DIC diagnosis. METHODS: This retrospective observational study consecutively assessed adult patients with venomous snakebites for over 51 months. Patients were categorized into the no DIC and DIC groups. DNI values were measured within 24 hours after snakebite. RESULTS: Thirty patients (26.3%) developed DIC. The DIC group had significantly higher median initial DNI than the no DIC group (0% vs. 0.2%, P < 0.001). When the DIC group was divided into early and late groups (within and over 24 hours after snakebite, respectively), the DNI of the former was significantly higher than that of the latter and no DIC group. The late DIC group had significantly higher DNI than the no DIC group. Furthermore, DNI positively correlated with the DIC score (r=0.548, P < 0.001). The initial DNI (odds ratio, 4.449; 95% confidence interval, 1.738 to 11.388; P=0.002) was an early DIC predictor. The area under the curve based on the initial DNI’s receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.724. CONCLUSION: DNI values were significantly higher in the DIC group. Additionally, DNI was an early predictor of DIC development in patients with venomous snakebites in the emergency department.

Adult , Dacarbazine , Diagnosis , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hemorrhage , Humans , Neutrophils , Observational Study , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Snake Bites , Venoms
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764862


BACKGROUND: Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) contributes to poor outcome in the early phase of trauma. We aimed to analyze and compare the prognostic performances of the International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis (ISTH) and the Korean Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis (KSTH) scores in the early phase of trauma. METHODS: Receiver operating characteristics analysis was used to examine the prognostic performance of both scores, and multivariate analysis was used to estimate the prognostic impact of the ISTH and KSTH scores in the early phase of trauma. The primary outcome was 24-hour mortality and the secondary outcome was massive transfusion. RESULTS: Of 1,229 patients included in the study, the 24-hour mortality rate was 7.6% (n = 93), and 8.1% (n = 99) of patients who received massive transfusions. The area under the curves (AUCs) of the KSTH and ISTH scores for 24-hour mortality were 0.784 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.760–0.807) and 0.744 (95% CI, 0.718–0.768), respectively. The AUC of KSTH and ISTH scores for massive transfusion were 0.758 (95% CI, 0.734–0.782) and 0.646 (95% CI, 0.619–0.673), respectively. The AUCs of the KSTH score was significantly different from those of the ISTH score. Overt DIC according to KSTH criteria only, was independently associated with 24-hour mortality (odds ratio [OR], 2.630; 95% CI, 1.456–4.752). Only the KSTH score was independently associated with massive transfusion (OR, 1.563; 95% CI, 1.182–2.068). CONCLUSION: The KSTH score demonstrates a better prognostic performance for outcomes than the ISTH score in the early phase of trauma.

Area Under Curve , Dacarbazine , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Hemostasis , Humans , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Thrombosis
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713651


OBJECTIVES: In most countries around the world, sex work is an illegal activity. Female sex workers (FSWs) in Iran hide their identities, and they are known to be a hard-to-reach population. Despite free access to HIV testing, fewer than half of FSWs receive HIV testing. The purpose of this study was to characterize the reasons for which FSWs do not seek testing at drop-in centers (DICs) and voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) centers in Iran. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in 2016. The participants were 24 FSWs who received services at VCT centers and DICs for vulnerable females in the north of Iran and 9 males who were the clients of FSWs. In this study, we made use of purposive sampling and carried out a thematic analysis. RESULTS: We found 4 major and 6 minor themes. The major themes were: fear of being infected (with HIV), stigma, indifference, and knowledge. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the significant efforts made by the government of Iran to establish and expand DICs for vulnerable females, the number of FSWs receiving services at these centers has not been very considerable. Consequently, by introducing and implementing training programs for peer groups, it may be possible to take steps toward establishing strategic programs for the control and prevention of HIV/AIDS.

Counseling , Dacarbazine , Education , Female , Health Services , HIV , Humans , Iran , Male , Peer Group , Sex Workers
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 573-588, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777032


In gliomas, the canonical Wingless/Int (WNT)/β-catenin pathway is increased while peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) is downregulated. The two systems act in an opposite manner. This review focuses on the interplay between WNT/β-catenin signaling and PPAR-γ and their metabolic implications as potential therapeutic target in gliomas. Activation of the WNT/β-catenin pathway stimulates the transcription of genes involved in proliferation, invasion, nucleotide synthesis, tumor growth, and angiogenesis. Activation of PPAR-γ agonists inhibits various signaling pathways such as the JAK/STAT, WNT/β-catenin, and PI3K/Akt pathways, which reduces tumor growth, cell proliferation, cell invasiveness, and angiogenesis. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, curcumin, antipsychotic drugs, adiponectin, and sulforaphane downregulate the WNT/β-catenin pathway through the upregulation of PPAR-γ and thus appear to provide an interesting therapeutic approach for gliomas. Temozolomide (TMZ) is an antiangiogenic agent. The downstream action of this opposite interplay may explain the TMZ-resistance often reported in gliomas.

Animals , Brain Neoplasms , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Dacarbazine , Pharmacology , Down-Regulation , Glioma , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Humans , PPAR gamma , Metabolism , Temozolomide , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Physiology
Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter ; 39(4): 325-330, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-898956


Abstract Background: Reports dealing with clinical outcomes of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma in low- to middle-income countries are scarce and response to therapy is poorly documented. This report describes the characteristics and clinical outcomes of patients with classical Hodgkin's lymphoma from a single institution in Latin America. Method: A retrospective study was conducted over ten years of patients with classical Hodgkin's lymphoma treated at a referral center. Progression-free and overall survival rates were estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis. The univariate Cox regression model was used to estimate associations between important variables and clinical outcomes. Main results: One hundred and twenty-eight patients were analyzed. The mean age was 28.5 years. The five-year progression-free and overall survival were 37.3% and 78.9%, respectively. Of the whole group, 55 (43%) were primary refractory cases. Only 39/83 (47%) patients with advanced disease vs. 34/45 (75.6%) in early stages (p-value = 0.002) achieved complete remission. Those with advanced disease had a five-year overall survival of 68.7% vs. 91.8% for early disease (p-value = 0.132). Thirty-one patients relapsed (24.2%) and 20 (64.5%) received a transplant. The hazard ratio for progression with bone marrow infiltration was 2.628 (p-value = 0.037). For death, an International Prognostic Score ≥4 had a hazard ratio of 3.355 (p-value = 0.050) in univariate analysis. Two-thirds of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma patients diagnosed at advanced stages had a low progression-free survival but an overall survival similar to high-income countries. Conclusion: Patients diagnosed with classical Hodgkin's lymphoma in Northeastern Mexico had a significantly low progression-free survival rate and presented with advanced disease, underscoring the need for earlier diagnosis and improved contemporary therapeutic strategies in these mainly young productive-age Hodgkin's lymphoma patients.

Vincristine , Bleomycin , Hodgkin Disease , Doxorubicin , Survival Rate , Dacarbazine , Latin America
Acta cir. bras ; 32(12): 1006-1012, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886195


Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of nivolumab and comparison with dacarbazine (DTIC) on peritoneal carcinomatosis of malignant melanoma in mouse model. Methods: Mouse skin melanoma cells was injected under the capsule of the peritoneal surface in the left side of the abdomen. On postoperative day ten, mouses randomised into three groups. Group 1: Control, Group 2: HIPEC (Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy) with DTIC and Group 3: HIPEC with Nivolumab. After the sacrification on postoperative day fifteen, peritoneum evaluated macroscopically and histopathologically by using peritoneal regression grading score (PRGS). Results: In the 15th day exploration, all animals developed extensive intraperitoneal tumor growth in Group 1. In Group 2 and Group 3 median tumor size was 0.7±0.3cm and 0.3±0.2cm respectively (p: 0.023). Peritoneal carcinomatosis index (PCI) were significantly lower in Group 3 than other groups (p: 0.019). The lowest total tumor nodules in group 3 was 4 ± 2. The PGRS score was found significantly lower in Group 3 than other groups (p: 0.03). Lymphocytic response rate was found higher in the Group 3. Conclusions: It has been found that nivolumab significantly better than DTIC on peritoneal metastases of malign melanoma in mouse models. Nivolumab treatment gives promising results with pathological evidence in the treatment of metastatic disease of malignant melanoma.

Animals , Male , Rats , Peritoneal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Peritoneum/pathology , Melanoma/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Peritoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Peritoneal Neoplasms/pathology , Peritoneal Neoplasms/secondary , Peritoneum/drug effects , Random Allocation , Regression Analysis , Dacarbazine/therapeutic use , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Neoplasm Grading , Nivolumab , Hyperthermia, Induced , Melanoma/secondary , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(5): 619-622, mayo 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043141


Background: Recent trials show that > 90% of patients with early stage Hodgkin`s Lymphoma (ESHL) can be cured, especially when using the ABVD (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine) chemotherapeutic (CT) protocol. The use of radiotherapy (RT) is variable and can be selected according to the presence of specific risk factors, including PET-CT, as recently reported. Aim: To report the experience in the treatment of ESHL. Material and Methods: Retrospective and descriptive analysis of patients with ESHL treated at the Red de Salud UC-Christus between 2011-2015. Results: Twenty-two patients were treated. In 73%, the tumor was of nodular sclerosis histologic type. Most patients (95%) were in stage II, and 78% had a favorable prognosis according to the Deutsche Hodgkin Studiengruppe (GHSG) criteria. All patients were stratified using PET-CT and treated using the ABVD CT protocol, for 4-6 cycles. Only 5 patients received RT. There was no change of conduct after interim-PET-CT results. Ninety one percent of patients achieved complete response and there were two cases of refractory disease. Both cases underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. After 17 months of median follow-up, 91% of patients are relapse-free, and only one patient died (5%). Conclusions: ABVD offers excellent results for ESHL patients. The benefit of PET-CT should be evaluated with prospective protocols, aiming to select patients needing RT or to reduce the number of CT cycles.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Hodgkin Disease/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Vinblastine/administration & dosage , Bleomycin/administration & dosage , Remission Induction , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Disease-Free Survival , Dacarbazine/administration & dosage
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786942


A 22-year-old woman was diagnosed with intermediate risk stage II Hodgkin lymphoma and treated with three cycles of adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) followed by involved-field radiation therapy. A complete metabolic remission was achieved after two cycles of ABVD, which was maintained until three years after completion of treatment. Follow-up FDG-PET/CT four years after completion of treatment, however, showed a new FDG-avid (Deauville score of 4) lesion in the right scapula, suggesting relapsed disease. Computer tomography (CT)-guided biopsy of this lesion was performed and subsequent histological examination revealed a radiation-induced giant cell granuloma.

Biopsy , Bleomycin , Dacarbazine , Doxorubicin , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Giant Cells , Granuloma, Giant Cell , Hodgkin Disease , Humans , Scapula , Vinblastine , Young Adult
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 103-110, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110643


BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency and characteristics of HLA-DR⁻/CD34⁻ acute myeloid leukemia (AML) also known as acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)-like AML. METHODS: This study included 683 newly diagnosed patients with AML. After exclusion of 211 patients with recurrent genetic abnormalities, one with acute panmyelosis with myelofibrosis, two with myeloid leukemia associated with Down syndrome, and two devoid of metaphase cells, we classified the remaining 467 patients as follows: group 1, HLA-DR⁺/CD34⁺ (typical AML); group 2, HLA-DR⁺/CD34⁻ or HLA-DR⁻/CD34⁺; group 3, APL-like AML. RESULTS: Group 1 comprised 294 patients, group 2 comprised 133, and group 3 comprised 40. Therefore, the frequency of APL-like AML among 683 unselected patients with AML was 5.9%. Group 3 patients had significantly higher leukocyte counts and bone marrow (BM) blast percentages, higher frequencies of normal karyotypes and NPM1 mutation, higher fractions of CD33-positive cells, higher concentrations of fibrin degradation products and D-dimers, lower frequencies of complex karyotypes, monosomal karyotypes and poor cytogenetic risk, lower fractions of CD13-positive cells, and lower fibrinogen concentrations, compared with group 1 patients. The values of the BM blast percentage, number of CD33-positive cells, and DIC score of the patients with APL-like AML were intermediate between those of the patients with typical AML and APL. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that APL-like AML is not uncommon, and it has characteristics distinguishable from those of typical AML. APL-like AML may have some pathophysiological relationships with APL, which need further investigation.

Bone Marrow , Cytogenetics , Dacarbazine , Down Syndrome , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Fibrinogen , HLA-DR Antigens , Humans , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Leukocyte Count , Metaphase , Primary Myelofibrosis
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 36(3): 84-90, sept. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146685


El melanoma ha experimentado un aumento constante en su tasa de incidencia en las últimas cinco décadas a nivel mundial. El pronóstico del paciente con melanoma se relaciona con el estadio de la enfermedad al momento del diagnóstico, con una sobrevida global media de 6,2 meses en pacientes con melanoma metastásico. El avance en las investigaciones sobre la biología y el comportamiento tumoral permitió el desarrollo de nuevas terapias con distintos mecanismos de acción y mayor eficacia. En esta revisión se abordan las terapias biológicas en melanoma metastásico, su mecanismo de acción y principales resultados en ensayos clínicos. (AU)

Melanoma has experienced a consistent increase in incidence over the past five decades worldwide. The prognosis of patients with melanoma is related to the stage of disease at diagnosis, with a median overall survival of 6.2 months in metastatic melanoma. Progress in research on tumor biology allowed the development of new therapies with different mechanisms of action and greater efficiency. In this review, biologic therapies in metastatic melanoma, its mechanism of action and main results in clinical trials are discussed. (AU)

Humans , Biological Therapy , Melanoma/therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis/therapy , Incidence , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1/antagonists & inhibitors , Dacarbazine/adverse effects , Dacarbazine/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Ipilimumab/adverse effects , Ipilimumab/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological/therapeutic use , Vemurafenib/adverse effects , Vemurafenib/therapeutic use , Nivolumab/adverse effects , Nivolumab/therapeutic use , Immunotherapy
GJO-Gulf Journal of Oncology [The]. 2016; (20): 6-11
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-175736


Introduction: Glioblastoma Multiforme [WHO grade IV glioma] still remains a dreadful diagnosis in oncology with the median survival ranging between 12 to 17 months, despite the recent advances in its management[11,12] It is the most common malignant primary tumour in adults[13]. The standard of care is Maximal Safe Resection followed by Concomitant ChemoRadiotherapy

Methods: During the period 2006 to 2010 at Radium Institute, Patna Medical College and Hospital [PMCH] in India, a study was conducted on 37 newly diagnosed GBM cases in which the control-arm [c-arm] received Conventional Radiotherapy [60Gy/30 number] only whereas the study arm [s-arm] received Concomitant Chemoradiotherapy followed by Adjuvant Temozolomide

Results: The median survival was 15.4 months in the s-arm as compared to 12.4 months in the c-arm. The OS showed a significant improvement with p-value of 0.05 and PFS also showed a benefit with a p-value of 0.005

Conclusion: The results were encouraging with improvement in OS as well as PFS in the s-arm and were at par with the other similar studies conducted in different parts of the world

Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Chemoradiotherapy , Dacarbazine/analogs & derivatives , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256583


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of RITA, a small molecule that targets p53, combined with temozolomide (TMZ) on proliferation, colony formation and apoptosis of human glioblastoma U87 cells and explore the underlying mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cultured U87 cells were treated with RITA (1, 5, 10, 20 µmol/L), TMZ, or RITA+TMZ (half dose) for 24, 48 or 72 h. MTS assay were used to detect the cell proliferation, and the cell proliferation rate and inhibitory rate were calculated. The effect of combined treatments was evaluated by the q value. The expressions of p53, p21 and other apoptosis-associated genes were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting; cell apoptosis was assayed using flow cytometry with Annexin V/PI double staining; colony formation of the cells was detected with crystal violet staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MTS assay showed that RITA at the 4 doses more potently inhibited U87 cell viability than TMZ at 72 h (P=0.000) with inhibitory rates of 25.94%-41.38% and 3.84%-8.20%, respectively. RITA combined with TMZ caused a more significant inhibition of U87 cells (29.21%-52.11%) than RITA (P<0.01) and TMZ (P=0.000) alone. At the doses above 5 µmol/L, the combined treatments with RITA+TMZ for 48 h resulted in q values exceeding 1.2 and showed an obvious synergistic effect of the drugs. Both RITA and TMZ, especially the latter, significantly increased the expressions of p53, p21, puma, and other apoptosis-associated genes to accelerate apoptosis and inhibit the growth and colony formation of U87 cells, and the effect was more obvious with a combined treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RITA inhibits the growth of human glioblastoma cells and enhance their sensitivity to TMZ by up-regulating p53 expression, and when combined, RITA and TMZ show a synergistic effect to cause a stronger cell inhibition.</p>

Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Dacarbazine , Pharmacology , Furans , Pharmacology , Glioblastoma , Drug Therapy , Humans