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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939625

ABSTRACT

The judgment of the type of arrhythmia is the key to the prevention and diagnosis of early cardiovascular disease. Therefore, electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis has been widely used as an important basis for doctors to diagnose. However, due to the large differences in ECG signal morphology among different patients and the unbalanced distribution of categories, the existing automatic detection algorithms for arrhythmias have certain difficulties in the identification process. This paper designs a variable scale fusion network model for automatic recognition of heart rhythm types. In this study, a variable-scale fusion network model was proposed for automatic identification of heart rhythm types. The improved ECG generation network (EGAN) module was used to solve the imbalance of ECG data, and the ECG signal was reproduced in two dimensions in the form of gray recurrence plot (GRP) and spectrogram. Combined with the branching structure of the model, the automatic classification of variable-length heart beats was realized. The results of the study were verified by the Massachusetts institute of technology and Beth Israel hospital (MIT-BIH) arrhythmia database, which distinguished eight heart rhythm types. The average accuracy rate reached 99.36%, and the sensitivity and specificity were 96.11% and 99.84%, respectively. In conclusion, it is expected that this method can be used for clinical auxiliary diagnosis and smart wearable devices in the future.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Databases, Factual , Electrocardiography/methods , Heart Rate , Humans
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928224

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is of great significance for the early risk classification of sudden cardiac death and the screening of family genetic diseases. This research proposed a HCM automatic detection method based on convolution neural network (CNN) model, using single-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) signal as the research object. Firstly, the R-wave peak locations of single-lead ECG signal were determined, followed by the ECG signal segmentation and resample in units of heart beats, then a CNN model was built to automatically extract the deep features in the ECG signal and perform automatic classification and HCM detection. The experimental data is derived from 108 ECG records extracted from three public databases provided by PhysioNet, the database established in this research consists of 14,459 heartbeats, and each heartbeat contains 128 sampling points. The results revealed that the optimized CNN model could effectively detect HCM, the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity were 95.98%, 98.03% and 95.79% respectively. In this research, the deep learning method was introduced for the analysis of single-lead ECG of HCM patients, which could not only overcome the technical limitations of conventional detection methods based on multi-lead ECG, but also has important application value for assisting doctor in fast and convenient large-scale HCM preliminary screening.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnosis , Databases, Factual , Electrocardiography , Heart Rate , Humans , Neural Networks, Computer
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To overview the methodological quality, report quality and evidence quality of the systematic review (SR) of acupuncture for vascular cognitive impairment ( VCI ).@*METHODS@#The SRs regarding acupuncture for VCI were searched in PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, CNKI, SinoMed, Wanfang and VIP databases. The retrieval period was from the establishment of the database to September 24, 2020. The report quality, methodological quality and evidence quality of the included SRs were evaluated by PRISMA statement, the AMSTAR 2 tool and the GRADE system.@*RESULTS@#A total of 22 SRs were included, including 102 outcome indexes. The methodological quality was generally low, with low scores on items 2, 5, 7, 10, 14, 15 and 16. The report quality was good, with scores ranging from 19 points to 24.5 points. The problems of report quality were mainly reflected in the aspects of structural abstract, program and registration, other analysis and funding sources. The level of outcome indexes of SRs was mostly low or very low, and the main leading factor was limitation, followed by inconsistency and inaccuracy.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture for VCI is supported by low quality evidence of evidence-based medicine, but the methodological quality and evidence body quality of relevant SRs are poor, and the standardization is needed to be improved.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Cognitive Dysfunction/therapy , Databases, Factual , Humans , Research Report , Systematic Reviews as Topic
5.
Medwave ; 21(6): e8223, jul. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284251

ABSTRACT

Objective This living systematic review aims to provide a timely, rigorous and continuously updated summary of the evidence available on the role of pulmonary rehabilitation in the treatment of patients with COVID-19. Design This is the protocol of a living systematic review. Data sources We will conduct searches in the L·OVE (Living OVerview of Evidence) platform for COVID-19, a system that maps PICO questions to a repository maintained through regular searches in electronic databases, preprint servers, trial registries and other resources relevant to COVID-19. No date or language restrictions will be applied. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies and methods We adapted an already published common protocol for multiple parallel systematic reviews to the specificities of this question. We will include randomized trials evaluating the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation as monotherapy or in combination with other interventions-versus sham or no treatment in patients with COVID-19. Two reviewers will independently screen each study for eligibility, extract data, and assess the risk of bias. We will pool the results using meta-analysis and will apply the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system to assess the certainty of the evidence for each outcome. Ethics and dissemination No ethics approval is considered necessary. The results of this review will be widely disseminated via peer-reviewed publications, social networks and traditional media.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/rehabilitation , Lung Diseases/rehabilitation , Research Design , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Databases, Factual , Recovery of Function , Systematic Reviews as Topic , COVID-19/complications , Lung Diseases/virology
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 309-314, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285077

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia (Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia) is the official journal of the Brazilian Society of Dermatology, which has been published since 1925, with free, bilingual access. There are several bibliometric indicators that estimate aspects of a journal's scientific influence. Its analysis, based especially on the evolutionary trend, allows identifying the journal's strengths and weaknesses, in addition to guiding editorial policies. Objectives: To evaluate the trends of the main bibliometric indicators of Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia, in the decade of 2010-2019. Methods: Methodological study that proposed the analysis of bibliometric indicators published by Journal Citation Reports, SCImago, and Scopus, for the journal Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia, from 2010 to 2019. The following aspects were evaluated: Impact factor, Immediacy index, SJR (SCImago), in addition to the number of citations, citable items, Cite Score, percentage of external citations, percentage of cited articles, percentage of citable articles, and the article influence score. Results: There was an increase in the main bibliometric indicators in the last decade: impact factor (0.337 to 1.121), immediacy index (0.054 to 0.204),Eigenfactor (0.00025 to 0.00394), SJR (0.176 to 0.453). The percentage of external citations (48.4% to 94.1%) and cited articles (24.7% to 51.4%) also increased. The increase in the impact factors of Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia in the period was more significant than that of the dermatology journals (1,667 to 2,118) and the Brazilian journals (1,247 to 1,408), indexed in the Journal Citation Reports. Study limitations: Failure in the classification and registration of the databases. Conclusions: There has been a consistent increase in the scientific influence of Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia in the last decade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bibliometrics , Brazil , Databases, Factual
7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 100-106, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280105

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: A scientometric analysis produced in ophthalmic genetics and gene therapy research is lacking. The purpose of this study is to present a holistic analysis of ophthalmic genetics literature. Methods: The data used in this study were obtained from the Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection. All published documents between 1975-2019 were included. The data exported from WoS enabled the extensive details of ophthalmic genetics related literature including countries, institutions, authors, citations and keywords. Scientometric network maps of keywords and also country and institution co-authorships were created with free software. Global contributions of the countries to the ophthalmic genetics literature were shown by a graphic. Results: The search query revealed a total of 2322 documents. Most of the documents were original articles (75.75%). USA was the leading country by producing 45.39% of all documents in ophthalmic genetics research followed by UK, Germany, China and France. Pennsylvania University was the most contributing institution in the literature (5.25%) followed by University College London and Moorfields Eye Hospital. The average citations per item was 29.4. The most used keywords over a 40-year period were 'family', 'cell', 'photoreceptor' and 'expression'. Conclusions: USA and UK dominated the ophthalmic genetics research. A substantial increase in the number of published documents in this field were observed after 2010.


RESUMO Objetivo: A literatura carece de análise cienciométrica produzida em genética oftálmica e de pesquisa em terapia genética. O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar uma análise holística da literatura genética oftálmica. Métodos: Os dados utilizados neste estudo foram obtidos na base de dados Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection. Todos os documentos publicados entre 1975 e 2019 foram incluídos na análise. Os dados exportados da WoS viabilizaram acesso a amplos detalhes da literatura relacionada à genética oftálmica, incluindo países, instituições, autores, citações e palavras-chave. Mapas de rede cienciométrica foram criados por meio de software gratuito, com base em palavras-chave e em coautorias de países e instituições. As contribuições globais dos países para a literatura sobre genética oftálmica foram apresentadas em gráfico. Resultados: a busca por pesquisas revelou um total de 2.322 documentos cuja maioria eram artigos originais (75,75%). Os EUA foram o país que mais produziu artigos sobre o tema, com 45,39% de todos os documentos em pesquisa genética oftálmica; ele foi seguido pelo Reino Unido, Alemanha, China e França. A Universidade da Pensilvânia foi a instituição que mais contribuiu para a literatura (5,25%), e foi seguida pela University College London e pelo Moorfields Eye Hospital. A média de citações por item foi de 29,4. As palavras-chave mais usadas em um período de 40 anos foram 'família', 'célula', 'fotorreceptor' e 'expressão'. Conclusões: Os EUA e o Reino Unido dominaram a pesquisa em genética oftálmica. Após 2010, observou-se um aumento substancial no número de documentos publicados nessa área.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Therapy , Bibliometrics , Eye Diseases, Hereditary , Eye Diseases/genetics , Eye Diseases/therapy , Ophthalmology/trends , Periodicals as Topic/trends , Periodicals as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Publications , Publishing/statistics & numerical data , Databases, Factual , Genomics/trends , Genetic Research
8.
Rev. invest. clín ; 73(2): 120-126, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251872

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Underestimation of the number of cases during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been a constant concern worldwide. Detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA using real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is the most common method to confirm a case. However, these tests have suboptimal sensitivity. Objective: The objective of the study was to estimate the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases, intensive care unit (ICU) admissions and deaths in Mexico, accounting for the probabilities of false-negative tests. Methods: We used publicly available, national databases of all SARS-CoV-2 tests performed at public laboratories in Mexico between February 27 and October 31, 2020. We used the estimated probabilities of false-negative tests based on the day of clinical sample collection after symptom initiation calculated previously. With the resulting model, we estimated the corrected daily number of cases, ICU admissions, and deaths. Results: Among 2,024,822 people tested in Mexico between February 27 and October 31 with an available result, we estimated 1,248,583 (95% confidence interval 1,094,850-1,572,818) cases, compared to 902,343 cases reported with positive tests. ICU admissions and deaths were 15% and 8% higher than reported, respectively. Conclusion: Accounting for SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR-based diagnostic testsҠprecision is a simple way to improve estimations for the true number of COVID-19 cases among tested persons.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 Testing/methods , COVID-19/diagnosis , Databases, Factual , Sensitivity and Specificity , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , False Negative Reactions , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Mexico/epidemiology
9.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 91(1): 58-65, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152861

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to develop, train, and test different neural network (NN) algorithm-based models to improve the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score performance to predict in-hospital mortality after an acute coronary syndrome. Methods: We analyzed a prospective database, including 40 admission variables of 1255 patients admitted with the acute coronary syndrome in a community hospital. Individual predictors included in GRACE score were used to train and test three NN algorithm-based models (guided models), namely: one- and two-hidden layer multilayer perceptron and a radial basis function network. Three extra NNs were built using the 40 admission variables of the entire database (unguided models). Expected mortality according to GRACE score was calculated using the logistic regression equation. Results: In terms of receiver operating characteristic area and negative predictive value (NPV), almost all NN algorithms outperformed logistic regression. Only radial basis function models obtained a better accuracy level based on NPV improvement, at the expense of positive predictive value (PPV) reduction. The independent normalized importance of variables for the best unguided NN was: creatinine 100%, Killip class 61%, ejection fraction 52%, age 44%, maximum creatine-kinase level 41%, glycemia 40%, left bundle branch block 35%, and weight 33%, among the top 8 predictors. Conclusions: Treatment of individual predictors of GRACE score with NN algorithms improved accuracy and discrimination power in all models with respect to the traditional logistic regression approach; nevertheless, PPV was only marginally enhanced. Unguided variable selection would be able to achieve better results in PPV terms.


Resumen Objetivo: El objetivo fue desarrollar, entrenar y probar diferentes modelos basados en algoritmos de redes neuronales (RN) para mejorar el rendimiento del score del Registro Global de Eventos Coronarios Agudos (GRACE) para predecir la mortalidad hospitalaria después de un síndrome coronario agudo. Métodos: Analizamos una base de datos prospectiva que incluía 40 variables de ingreso de 1255 pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo en un hospital comunitario. Las variables incluidas en la puntuación GRACE se usaron para entrenar y probar tres algoritmos basados en RN (modelos guiados), a saber: perceptrones multicapa de una y dos capas ocultas y una red de función de base radial. Se construyeron tres RN adicionales utilizando las 40 variables de admisión de toda la base de datos (modelos no guiados). La mortalidad esperada según el GRACE se calculó usando la ecuación de regresión logística. Resultados: En términos del área ROC y valor predictivo negativo (VPN), casi todos los algoritmos RN superaron la regresión logística. Solo los modelos de función de base radial obtuvieron un mejor nivel de precisión basado en la mejora del VPN, pero a expensas de la reducción del valor predictivo positivo (VPP). La importancia normalizada de las variables incluidas en la mejor RN no guiada fue: creatinina 100%, clase Killip 61%, fracción de eyección 52%, edad 44%, nivel máximo de creatina quinasa 41%, glucemia 40%, bloqueo de rama izquierda 35%, y peso 33%, entre los 8 predictores principales. Conclusiones: El tratamiento de las variables del score GRACE mediante algoritmos de RN mejoró la precisión y la discriminación en todos los modelos con respecto al enfoque tradicional de regresión logística; sin embargo, el VPP solo mejoró marginalmente. La selección no guiada de variables podría mejorar los resultados en términos de PPV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Algorithms , Registries , Neural Networks, Computer , Hospital Mortality , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , Prognosis , Databases, Factual
11.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(1): 58-66, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153106

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The United States of America has the highest gun ownership rate of all high-income nations, and firearms have been identified as a leading cause of ocular trauma and visual impairment. The purpose of this study was to characterize firearm-associated ocular injury and identify at-risk groups. Methods: Patients admitted with firearm-associated ocular injury were identified from the National Trauma Data Bank (2008-2014) using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnostic codes and E-codes for external causes. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 24 software. Significance was set at p<0.05. Results: Of the 235,254 patients, 8,715 (3.7%) admitted with firearm-associated trauma had ocular injuries. Mean (standard deviation) age was 33.8 (16.9) years. Most were males (85.7%), White (46.6%), and from the South (42.9%). Black patients comprised 35% of cases. Common injuries were orbital fractures (38.6%) and open globe injuries (34.7%). Frequent locations of injury were at home (43.8%) and on the street (21.4%). Black patients had the highest risk of experiencing assault (odds ratio [OR]: 9.0; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.02-10.11; p<0.001) and street location of injury (OR: 3.05; 95% CI: 2.74-3.39; p<0.001), while White patients had the highest risk of self-­inflicted injury (OR: 10.53; 95% CI: 9.39-11.81; p<0.001) and home location of injury (OR: 3.64; 95% CI: 3.33-3.98; p<0.001). There was a steadily increasing risk of self-inflicted injuries with age peaking in those >80 years (OR: 12.01; 95% CI: 7.49-19.23; p<0.001). Mean (standard deviation) Glasgow Coma Scale and injury severity scores were 10 (5.5) and 18.6 (13.0), respectively. Most injuries (53.1%) were classified as severe or very severe injury, 64.6% had traumatic brain injury, and mortality occurred in 16% of cases. Conclusion: Most firearm-associated ocular injuries occurred in young, male, White, and Southern patients. Blacks were disproportionally affected. Most firearm-associated ocular injuries were sight-­threatening and associated with traumatic brain injury. The majority survived, with potential long-term disabilities. The demographic differences identified in this study may represent potential targets for prevention.


RESUMO Objetivo: Os Estados Unidos têm a maior taxa de posse de armas de fogo de todos os países de alta renda e essas armas foram identificados como uma das maiores causas de trauma ocular e deficiência visual. O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar as lesões oculares associadas a armas de fogo e identificar grupos de risco. Métodos: Foram identificados pacientes hospitalizados com lesões oculares associadas a armas de fogo no período de 2008 a 2014, a partir do Banco de Dados Nacional de Trauma (National Trauma Data Bank), usando os códigos de diagnósticos da CID9MC e códigos "E" para causas externas. A análise estatística foi efetuada usando o programa SPSS. O nível de significância considerado foi de p<0,05. Resultados: De um total de 235.254 pacientes hospitalizados com trauma associado a armas de fogo, 8.715 (3,7%) tinham lesões oculares. A média de idade foi de 33,8 (DP 16,9) anos. A maioria foi de homens (85,7%), brancos (46,6%) e da região Sul (42,9%); 35% dos pacientes eram negros. As lesões mais comuns foram fraturas de órbita (38,6%) e lesões de globo aberto (34,7%). Os locais mais frequentes foram a residência (43,8%) e a rua (21,4%). Pacientes negros tiveram maior probabilidade de sofrer agressões (RP=9,0, IC 95%=8,02-10,11; p<0,001) e da ocorrência ser na rua (RP=3,05, IC 95%=2,74-3,39; p<0,001), enquanto pacientes brancos tiveram maior probabilidade de lesões autoprovocadas (RP=10,53, IC 95%=9,39-11,81; p<0,001) e da ocorrência ser na residência (RP=3,64, IC 95%=3,33-3,98; p<0,001). A probabilidade de lesões autoprovocadas aumentou com a idade de forma consistente, atingindo o máximo em pacientes com mais de 80 anos (RP=12,01, IC 95%=7,49-19,23; p<0,001). A pontuação média na escala de coma de Glasgow foi 10 (DP 5,5) e na escala de severidade da lesão foi 18,6 (DP 13,0). A maioria das lesões (53,1%) foi classificada como severa ou muito severa. Dentre os pacientes, 64,6% tiveram lesão cerebral traumática e 16% evoluíram a óbito. Conclusão: A maior parte das lesões oculares relacionadas a armas de fogo ocorreu em pacientes jovens, do sexo masculino, brancos e sulistas. Negros foram afetados desproporcionalmente. A maior parte das lesões oculares relacionadas a armas de fogo apresentou riscos à visão e foi associada a lesões cerebrais traumáticas. A maioria dos pacientes sobreviveu, mas com potencial para invalidez no longo prazo. As diferenças demográficas identificadas podem ser potencialmente alvos de ações preventivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Firearms , Eye Injuries/etiology , Eye Injuries/epidemiology , Databases, Factual , Whites , United States/epidemiology , Injury Severity Score , Retrospective Studies
12.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 24: e210044, 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288484

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Objetivo: Estimar o grau de concordância e validade dos diagnósticos de neoplasias malignas relacionadas à exposição ao asbesto registrados no Sistema de Informação Hospitalar do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH/SUS), em comparação aos Registros Hospitalares de Câncer do Estado de São Paulo (RHC/SP). Métodos: Óbitos com registros de neoplasias malignas associadas ao asbesto foram identificados e extraídos do SIH/SUS entre 2007 e 2014. Óbitos nos casos de câncer registrados na base do RHC/SP foram extraídos para o mesmo período. Essas bases foram unidas pelos mesmos indivíduos empregando-se o software Link Plus. Um único diagnóstico codificado pela CID-O3 ou CID-10 selecionado de cada sistema foi analisado. A proporção de concordância e a sensibilidade, especificidade e valores preditivos foram estimados. Resultados: Encontraram-se 19.458 pares com registros nas duas bases. A proporção de concordância foi elevada, variando de 92,4% para a localização primária desconhecida a 99,7% para o câncer de pleura. O índice Kappa variou de 0,05 (IC95% 0,04 - 0,07) para o câncer de pleura a 0,85 (IC95% 0,84 - 0,87) para o câncer de pulmão. A menor sensibilidade foi de 0,08 (IC95% 0,01 - 0,25), para o câncer de pleura, e a maior de 0,90 (IC95% 0,90 - 0,91), para o câncer de pulmão. Conclusão: Diagnósticos de neoplasias malignas associadas ao asbesto alcançaram maiores níveis de concordância e validade quando comuns. Os diagnósticos mais raros apresentaram baixa acurácia no SIH/SUS.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To estimate the degree of agreement and validity of diagnoses of asbestos-related malignant neoplasms registered in the Hospital Information System of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SIH/SUS), in comparison to the Hospital Cancer Registries of the State of São Paulo (HCR/SP). Methods: Deaths with records of malignant neoplasms associated with asbestos were identified and extracted from SIH/SUS between 2007 and 2014. Deaths in cases registered in the HCR/SP were extracted for the same period. The databases were linked using software Link Plus. A single ICD-10-coded diagnosis selected from each system was analyzed. The proportion of agreement, and the sensitivity, specificity and predictive values were estimated. Results: 19,458 pairs were found with records in both bases. The proportion of agreement was high, ranging from 92.4% for the unknown primary site, to 99.7% for cancer of the pleura. The Kappa Index ranged from 0.05 (95%CI 0.04 - 0.07) for cancer of the pleura to 0.85 (95%CI 0.84 - 0.87) for lung cancer. Sensitivity varied from 0.08 (95%CI 0.01 - 0.25) for cancer of the pleura, to 0.90 (95%CI 0.90 - 0.91) for lung cancer. Conclusion: Diagnosis of asbestos-related malignancies reached higher levels of agreement and validity when common. Rare diagnoses showed low accuracy in SIH/SUS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asbestos , Hospital Information Systems , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/etiology , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Databases, Factual
13.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 24: e210011, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156024

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objective: To develop a linkage algorithm to match anonymous death records of cancer of the larynx (ICD-10 C32X), retrieved from the Mortality Information System (SIM) and the Hospital Information System of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SIH-SUS) in Brazil. Methodology: Death records containing ICD-10 C32X codes were retrieved from SIM and SIH-SUS, limited to individuals aged 30 years and over, between 2002 and 2012, in the state of São Paulo. The databases were linked using a unique key identifier developed with sociodemographic data shared by both systems. Linkage performance was ascertained by applying the same procedure to similar non-anonymous databases. True pairs were those having the same identification variables. Results: A total of 14,311 eligible death records were found. Most records, 10,674 (74.6%), were exclusive to SIM. Only 1,853 (12.9%) deaths were registered in both systems, representing true pairs. A total of 1,784 (12.5%) cases of laryngeal cancer in the SIH-SUS database were tracked in SIM with different causes of death. The linkage failed to match 167 (9.4%) records due to inconsistencies in the key identifier. Conclusion: The authors found that linking anonymous data from mortality and hospital records is a feasible measure to track missing records and may improve cancer statistics.


RESUMO: Objetivo: Desenvolver um algoritmo de vinculação de registros para parear registros de óbito por câncer de laringe (CID-10 C32X), recuperados do Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade (SIM) e do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH-SUS) do Brasil. Métodos: Foram filtrados registros de óbitos contendo códigos CID-10 C32X do SIM e do SIH-SUS, de indivíduos de mais de 30 anos, entre 2002 e 2012, no Estado de São Paulo. As bases de dados foram vinculadas por meio de um identificador único e de variáveis sociodemográficas comuns a ambos os sistemas. O desempenho da vinculação de dados foi aferido aplicando-se o mesmo procedimento em bancos de dados nominais. Os pares verdadeiros apresentavam os mesmos valores nas variáveis de identificação. Resultados: Ao todo, 14.311 registros elegíveis de óbito foram encontrados. A maioria dos registros, 10.674 (74.6%), era exclusiva do SIM. Apenas 1.853 (12.9%) óbitos foram registrados em ambos os sistemas, representando pares verdadeiros. Um total de 1.784 (12.5%) casos de câncer de laringe presentes no SIH-SUS constavam com diferentes causas de óbito no SIM. Houve falha na vinculação em 167 (9.4%) registros, devido a inconsistências na chave de identificação. Conclusão: Constatou-se que a vinculação de dados anônimos de registros hospitalares e registros de óbito é viável e pode auxiliar na melhoria de estatísticas de câncer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Laryngeal Neoplasms/mortality , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Algorithms , Brazil/epidemiology , Information Systems , Death Certificates , Feasibility Studies , Databases, Factual , Hospital Information Systems
14.
Clinics ; 76: e2182, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286065

ABSTRACT

Our systematic review evaluates surgically relevant information about corona mortis (CM), such as anatomical structure, size, laterality, incidence, and anthropometric correlations. This study aimed to provide data about anastomosis in an attempt to avoid iatrogenic damage during surgery. Articles were searched online using the descriptor "Corona Mortis" in PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) (Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Saúde [LILACS], MEDLINE, indice bibliografico espaãol en ciencias de la salud [IBECS]), and SciELO database. The time range was set between 1995 and 2020. The articles were selected according to their titles and later the abstracts' relation to our research purpose. All the selected articles were read entirely. A manual search based of the references cited in these articles was also conducted to identify other articles or books of interest. Forty references fulfilled the criteria for this review. The mean incidence of CM was 63% (the majority venous) among 3,107 hemipelvises. The incidence of bilateral CM was lower than that of unilateral variations based on the analysis of 831 pelvises. The mean caliber of the anastomosis was 2.8 mm among 1,608 hemipelvises. There is no consensus concerning the anthropometric influences in CM. Finally, we concluded that CM is not an unusual anatomical variation and that we must not underestimate the risk of encountering the anastomosis during surgery. Anatomical knowledge of CM is, therefore, essential in preventing accidents for surgeons who approach the inguinal and retropubic regions.


Subject(s)
Pelvis , Databases, Factual
15.
Salud colect ; 17: e3339, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341668

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Para realizar un inventario de fuentes de datos nacionales sobre utilización de medicamentos en Argentina y verificar las fuentes de datos disponibles públicamente, llevamos a cabo un estudio transversal que investiga la existencia de bases de datos nacionales y provinciales sobre utilización de medicamentos. En julio de 2020, realizamos una búsqueda en sitios web de instituciones gubernamentales, una búsqueda sistemática en bases de datos bibliográficas sobre "drug utilization research" en Argentina y una encuesta de expertos. Se identificaron 31 fuentes de datos de utilización de medicamentos, solo una era de acceso público y conveniente, cinco publicaban datos agregados y proporcionaban un acceso más detallado mediante solicitud formal, solo siete fuentes (23%) informaban datos nacionales, y la mayoría de ellas (n=29) incluían solo datos del sector público de salud. Aunque se han encontrado fuentes de datos de utilización de medicamentos en Argentina, el acceso a investigadores y legisladores sigue siendo una barrera importante. Aumentar la transparencia de los datos de salud a través de fuentes disponibles públicamente para analizar la información de salud pública es crucial para construir un sistema de salud más sólido.


ABSTRACT In order to compile an inventory of national data sources for drug utilization research (DUR) in Argentina and to verify publicly available data sources, we performed a cross-sectional study that sought to identify national and provincial databases of drug use. In July 2020, we searched the websites of government institutions, carried out a systematic query of bibliographic databases for "drug utilization research" conducted in Argentina, and conducted a survey with local experts. Data collected included: the institution responsible for the database, population covered, accessibility, source of the data, healthcare setting, geographic information, and whether data were individual or aggregated. Descriptive analyses were then performed. We identified 31 data sources for DUR; only one was publicly and conveniently accessible. Five published aggregated data and provide more detailed access by formal request. Only seven sources (23%) reported national data, and most (n=29) included only data from the public healthcare sector. Although data sources for DUR have been found in Argentina, limited access by researchers and policymakers is still an significant obstacle. Increasing health data transparency by making data sources publicly available for the purpose of analyzing public health information is crucial for building a stronger health system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Information Storage and Retrieval , Drug Utilization , Cross-Sectional Studies , Databases, Factual , Delivery of Health Care
16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1583, 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345014

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The creation of a computerized clinical database with the ability to collect prospective information from patients and with the possibility of rescue and crossing data enables scientific studies of higher quality and credibility in less time. Aim: To validate, in a single master protocol, the clinical data referring to Surgery of Digestive System in a multidisciplinary way, incorporating in the SINPE© platform, and to verify the incidence of digestive diseases based on the prospectively performed collections. Method: Organize in one software, in a standardized structure, all the pre-existing items in the SINPE© database; the theoretical basis was computerized through the MIGRASINPE© module creating a single multiprofessional master protocol for use as a whole. Results: The existing specific protocols were created and/or adapted - they correspond to the most prevalent digestive diseases - unifying them. The possibility of multiprofessional use was created by integrating all data collected from medicine, nursing, physiotherapy, nutrition and health management in a prospective way. The total was 4,281 collections, distributed as follows: extrahepatic biliary tract, n=1,786; esophagus, n=1015; anorectal, n=736; colon, n=550; small intestine, n=86; pancreas, n=71; stomach, n=23; liver, n=14. Conclusions: The validation of the unification and structuring in a single master protocol of the clinical data referring to the Surgery of the Digestive System in a multiprofessional and prospective way was possible and the epidemiological study carried out allowed to identify the most prevalent digestive diseases.


RESUMO Racional: A criação de um banco de dados clínicos informatizado com a capacidade de coletar informações dos pacientes de forma prospectiva e com possibilidade de resgate e cruzamento viabiliza estudos científicos de maior qualidade e credibilidade em menor tempo. Objetivos: Validar em único protocolo mestre os dados clínicos referentes à Cirurgia do Aparelho Digestivo de forma multiprofissional incorporando-o na plataforma SINPE©, e verificar a incidência das doenças digestivas com base nas coletas prospectivamente realizadas. Método: Organizar no software em estrutura padronizada todos os itens pré-existentes no banco de dados do SINPE©, informatizar a base teórica através do módulo MIGRASINPE© criando-se um único protocolo mestre multiprofissional para uso como um todo. Resultados: Foram criados e/ou adaptados os protocolos específicos existentes que correspondem às doenças digestivas mais prevalentes unificando-os. Criou-se a possibilidade de uso multiprofissional integrando todos os dados coletados da medicina, enfermagem, fisioterapia, nutrição e gestão em saúde de maneira prospectiva. O total foi de 4.281 coletas assim distribuídas: vias biliares extra-hepáticas, n=1.786; esôfago, n=1015; anorretais, n=736; cólon, n=550; intestino delgado, n=86; pâncreas, n=71; estômago, n=23; fígado, n=14. Conclusões: A validação da unificação e estruturação em único protocolo mestre dos dados clínicos referentes à Cirurgia do Aparelho Digestivo de forma multiprofissional e prospectiva foi possível e o estudo epidemiológico realizado permitiu identificar as doenças mais prevalentes nesse aparelho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Clinical Protocols , Prospective Studies , Databases, Factual , Electronics
17.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(12): e00281020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355957

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study aimed to analyze the trend in the standardized suicide rates by gender, according to Brazil's geographic regions from 2000 to 2017. Mortality data were retrieved from the Brazilian Mortality Information System database. Linear regression models were used, and Durbin-Watson tests were applied to detect the independence of the residues, as well as Prais-Winsten to control serial autocorrelation. We classified the trends as increasing, decreasing, and stable at 5% significance level. The standardized rate of deaths by suicide for men increased by 75%, from 6.5 to 11.3 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. For women, the increase was 85%, from 1.6 to 3.0 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. We found a gradual increase in the standardized suicide rates in all regions for both genders. The growth magnitude of suicide rates in the South is twice for women, whereas for the Northeast it is greater for men. The South and the Central-West regions presented the highest rates, whereas the North the lowest. The trend of standardized rates of suicide is linear and significantly increasing for Brazil and its total geographic regions for both genders. Male and female suicide rates indicate different risk rates according to gender.


Resumo: O estudo buscou analisar a tendência nas taxas de suicídio padronizadas por gênero de acordo com as macrorregiões brasileiras entre 2000 e 2017. Os dados de mortalidade foram obtidos do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade. Foram utilizados modelos de regressão linear, e testes de Durbin-Watson foram aplicados para verificar a independência dos resíduos, assim como testes de Prais-Winsten para controlar a autocorrelação seriada. As tendências foram classificadas como crescentes, decrescentes e estáveis, com nível de significância de 5%. A taxa de suicídio padronizada para o sexo masculino aumentou em 75%, de 6,5 para 11,3 óbitos por 100.000 habitantes. Para o sexo feminino, o aumento foi de 85%, de 1,6 para 3,0 óbitos por 100.000 habitantes. Foi observado um aumento gradual nas taxas de suicídio padronizadas em todas as macrorregiões e em ambos os sexos. O crescimento nas taxas de suicídio no Sul é o dobro para as mulheres, enquanto no Nordeste é maior para os homens. As regiões Sul e Centro-oeste apresentaram as maiores taxas, e a Região Norte apresentou a menor. A tendência das taxas de suicídio padronizadas é linear e cresce significativamente no Brasil e em todas as macrorregiões e em ambos os sexos. As taxas de suicídio em homens e mulheres evidenciam diferenças de risco de acordo com gênero.


Resumen: El objetivo del estudio fue analizar la tendencia en las tasas estandarizadas de suicidio por género, según las regiones geográficas brasileñas de 2000 a 2017. Los datos de mortalidad fueron recuperados de la base de datos del Sistema de Información sobre Mortalidad brasileño. Se usaron modelos de regresión lineal, y se aplicaron pruebas Durbin-Watson para detectar la independencia de los residuos, al igual que el de Prais-Winsten para controlar la autocorrelación en series. Las tendencias fueron clasificadas como crecientes, decrecientes y estables a un nivel de un 5% significancia. La tasa estandarizada de muertes por suicidio para hombres se incrementó en un 75%, de 6,5 a 11,3 muertes por 100.000 habitantes. Para las mujeres, el incremento fue de un 85%, de 1,6 a 3,0 muertes por 100.000 habitantes. El incremento gradual en las tasas de suicidio estandarizado se encontró en todas las regiones para ambos géneros. La magnitud del crecimiento de las tasas de suicidio en el Sur es el doble para mujeres, mientras que para el Noreste es más grande para hombres. Las regiones Sur y Centro-oeste presentaron las tasas más altas, mientras que el Norte la más baja. La tendencia de las tasas estandarizadas de suicidio es lineal y significativamente está aumentando en Brasil y en el total de regiones geográficas para ambos géneros. Las tasas de suicidios de hombres y mujeres mantienen la evidencia de diferencias de riesgo según el género.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Suicide , Brazil/epidemiology , Information Systems , Linear Models , Databases, Factual
18.
Clinics ; 76: e2388, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Remarkable changes in the epidemiology of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) have occurred in many countries during last few decades, which have also affected Brazilian mortality concurrently. This study aimed to investigate mortality trends related to AAA mortality in Brazil from 2000 to 2016. METHODS: Annual AAA mortality data was extracted from the public databases of the Mortality Information System, and processed by the Multiple Cause Tabulator. RESULTS: In Brazil, 2000 through 2016, AAA occurred in 69,513 overall deaths; in 79.6% as underlying and in 20.4% as an associated cause of death, corresponding to rates respectively of 2.45, 1.95 and 0.50 deaths per 100,000 population; 65.4% male and 34.6% female; 60.6% in the Southeast region. The mean ages at death were 71.141 years overall, and 70.385 years and 72.573 years for men and women, respectively. Ruptured AAA occurred in 64.3% of the deaths where AAA was an underlying cause, and in 18.0% of the deaths where AAA was an associated cause. The standardized rates increased during 2000-2008, followed by a decrease during 2008-2016, resulting in an average annual percent change decline of -0.2 (confidence interval [CI], -0.5 to 0.2) for the entire 2000-2016 period. As associated causes, shock (39.2%), hemorrhages (33.0%), and hypertensive diseases (26.7%) prevailed with ruptured aneurysms, while hypertensive diseases (29.4%) were associated with unruptured aneurysms. A significant seasonal variation, highest during autumn and followed by in winter, was observed in the overall ruptured and unruptured AAA deaths. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the need to accurately document epidemiologic trends related to AAA in Brazil. We demonstrate the burden of AAA on mortality in older individuals, and our results may assist with effective planning of mortality prevention and control in patients with AAA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Hypertension , Brazil/epidemiology , Databases, Factual
19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252009

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los objetivos de este artículo son describir las características del abordaje de vinculación de bases de datos administrativos y sus usos en investigación en salud pública, y discutir las potencialidades y retos para su implementación en Ecuador. La vinculación de bases de datos permite integrar datos de una misma persona dispersos en distintos subsectores como salud, educación, justicia, inmigración y programas sociales, y posibilita investigaciones que informen una gestión más eficiente de programas y políticas sociales y de salud. Las principales ventajas del uso de bases de datos relacionadas son la diversidad de datos, la cobertura poblacional, la estabilidad temporal y el costo menor en comparación con la recolección de datos primarios. A pesar de la disponibilidad de herramientas para procesar, vincular y analizar grandes conjuntos de datos, el uso de este abordaje es mínimo en los países de América Latina. Ecuador tiene un alto potencial para explotar este abordaje, debido a la obligatoriedad del uso de un identificador único en la prestación de servicios de salud, que permite la vinculación con otros sistemas de información nacionales. Sin embargo, enfrenta una serie de retos técnicos, ético-legales, culturales y políticos. Para aprovechar su potencial, Ecuador necesita desarrollar una estrategia de gobernanza de datos que incluya normativas de acceso y uso de los datos, de manera simultánea con mecanismos de control y calidad de los datos, una mayor inversión en formación profesional en el uso de los datos dentro y fuera del sector salud, y colaboraciones entre entidades gubernamentales, universidades y organizaciones de la sociedad civil.


ABSTRACT The objective of this article is to describe the characteristics of addressing the linkage of administrative databases and the uses of such linkages in public health research, and also to discuss the opportunities and challenges for implementation in Ecuador. The linkage of databases makes it possible to integrate a person's data that may be scattered across different subsectors such as health, education, justice, immigration, and social programs. It also facilitates research that can inform more efficient management of social and health programs and policies. The main advantages of using linked databases are: diversity of data, population coverage, stability over time, and lower cost in comparison to primary data collection. Despite the availability of tools to process, link, and analyze large data sets, there has been minimal use of this approach in Latin American countries. Ecuador is well positioned to implement this approach, due to compulsory use of a unique ID in health services delivery, which permits linkages with other national information systems. However, the country faces several cultural, technical, ethical, legal, and political challenges. To take advantage of its potential, Ecuador needs to develop a data governance strategy that includes standards for data access and data use, as well as mechanisms for data control and quality, greater investment in professional training in data use both within and beyond the health sector, and collaborations between government entities, universities, and civil society organizations.


RESUMO Os objetivos deste artigo são descrever as características do método de vinculação de bancos de dados administrativos e sua utilização em pesquisa em saúde pública e examinar o potencial e os desafios para sua implementação no Equador. A vinculação de bancos de dados possibilita integrar dados de uma mesma pessoa dispersos em subsetores diversos como saúde, educação, justiça, imigração e programas sociais e realizar pesquisas para subsidiar a gestão mais eficiente de programas e políticas sociais e de saúde. Entre as principais vantagens de utilizar bancos de dados vinculados estão diversidade dos dados, cobertura populacional, estabilidade temporal e custo menor em comparação à coleta de dados primários. Apesar de existirem ferramentas para processar, vincular e analisar grandes conjuntos de dados, a utilização deste método é mínima nos países da América Latina. O Equador possui um grande potencial para beneficiar-se com este método devido à obrigatoriedade do uso de um identificador único na prestação de serviços de saúde, o que permite a vinculação com outros sistemas de informação nacionais, mas enfrenta uma série de desafios técnicos, éticos-legais, culturais e políticos. Para aproveitá-lo, o país precisa elaborar uma estratégia de governança de dados contendo um conjunto de normas para o acesso e a utilização simultâneos com mecanismos de controle e qualidade dos dados, maior investimento em formação profissional no uso dos dados dentro e fora da área da saúde e colaboração entre entidades governamentais, universidades e organizações da sociedade civil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Information Storage and Retrieval , Data Management , Medical Record Linkage , Databases, Factual , Delivery of Health Care , Public Health Informatics , Ecuador
20.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 30(4): e2021075, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346024

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar registros de anomalias congênitas com cobertura nacional existentes no mundo, destacando suas principais características históricas e operacionais. Métodos: Revisão documental, mediante busca na base Medline/Pubmed e consulta a dados provenientes de relatórios, documentos oficiais e sítios eletrônicos. Foram incluídos trabalhos com relato de pelo menos um registro nacional. Resultados: Foram identificados 40 registros nacionais de anomalias congênitas em 39 países diferentes. Todos os registros incluídos no estudo localizavam-se em países de renda alta ou média superior, com concentração na Europa. A maior parte dos registros foi de base populacional, de notificação compulsória e com tempo limite para notificação de até 1 ano de idade. O registro brasileiro apresentou a maior cobertura anual. Conclusão: Os registros discutidos apresentaram características diversas, relacionadas à realidade de cada país. Os resultados apresentados fornecem subsídios para a temática da vigilância das anomalias congênitas, sobretudo em locais onde se deseja implementar tal atividade.


Objetivo: Identificar registros de anomalías congénitas con cobertura nacional existentes en el mundo, destacando sus principales características históricas y operativas. Métodos: Revisión documental de literatura en la base de datos Medline/Pubmed y datos de informes, documentos oficiales y sitios web. Se incluyeron trabajos con informes de al menos un registro nacional. Resultados: Se identificaron 40 registros nacionales de anomalías congénitas en 39 países diferentes. Todos los registros incluidos se ubicaron en países de ingresos altos y medianos altos, con una concentración en Europa. La mayoría de los registros eran de base poblacional, con notificación obligatoria y un límite de tiempo de notificación de hasta 1 año. El registro brasileño presentá la cobertura anual más alta. Conclusión: Los registros discutidos presentaban características diferentes y relacionadas con la realidad de cada país. Los resultados presentados proporcionan subsidios para la vigilancia de anomalías congénitas, especialmente en lugares que deseen implementar dicha actividad.


Objective: To identify registers of congenital anomalies with national coverage currently available around the world, highlighting their main historical and operational characteristics. Methods: This was a documentary study by means of a Medline database search (via PubMed) and searches involving reports, official documents and websites. Studies reporting at least one national registry were included. Results: 40 registers of national congenital anomalies were identified in 39 different countries. All registers included in the study were concentrated in upper-middle or high-income countries located in Europe. Most of the registers were population-based, compulsory notification and with a time limit for notification of up to 1 year of age. The Brazilian register showed the highest annual coverage. Conclusion: The registers analyzed showed different characteristics, related to the reality of each country. The results presented provide support for the theme of congenital anomalies surveillance, especially in places where such activity is intended to be implemented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Congenital Abnormalities , Global Health/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiological Monitoring , Brazil , Birth Certificates , Global Health/history , Databases, Factual , International Cooperation
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