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1.
Univ. salud ; 23(2): 109-119, mayo-ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1252314

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares han provocado el incremento de arritmias en la población, aumentando el uso de dispositivos como el cardiodesfibrilador, que, si bien previene las arritmias, puede afectar la calidad de vida. Objetivo: Describir la asociación que existe entre la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud, la ansiedad y la depresión en personas portadoras de un cardiodesfibrilador. Materiales y métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo correlacional, de corte transversal, donde participaron 85 pacientes con implante de cardiodesfibrilador. Se aplicó una ficha sociodemográfica, los instrumentos Cuestionario de Salud (SF-36), el Inventario de Ansiedad y Depresión de Beck. Resultados: El 81,2% de los participantes fueron hombres con rango de edad 36-92 años. La calidad de vida relacionada con la salud mostró correlación negativa media con respecto a la ansiedad (r=‒0,622; p<0,001) y moderada, respecto a la depresión (rs=‒0,599; p<0,001). Conclusiones: Portar un cardiodesfibrilador puede desencadenar ansiedad y depresión, si estos no se intervienen oportunamente la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud puede deteriorarse, por ello, es importante implementar acciones tempranas que generen bienestar.


Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases have caused a rise in arrhythmias, increasing the use caridoverter defibrillators. Although, these devices prevent arrhythmias, they may also affect the quality of life. Objective: To describe the association between quality of life and health, anxiety and depression in people who use cardioverter defibrillators. Materials and methods: A qualitative, descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional study was carried out with 85 patients using implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Sociodemographic records, the Health Questionnaire (SF-36), and the Beck Anxiety and Depression Questionnaire were used. Results: 81.2% of participants were men with their ages ranging between 36 and 92 years. The health-related quality of life showed a negative correlation with respect to anxiety (r=- 0.622) and a slight correlation with depression (rs=-0.599; p<0.001). Conclusions: The use of a cardioverter-defibrillator can trigger anxiety and depression that can deteriorate the health-related quality of life if not timely intervened. It is important to implement early actions that generate well-being.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Quality of Life , Defibrillators, Implantable , Catheters, Indwelling , Death, Sudden , Depression , Cardiovascular Nursing
2.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(1): 24-29, ene.-feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341256

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La interpretación del electrocardiograma del deportista muchas veces se ve complicada por los cambios producidos por el entrenamiento prolongado. Objetivos: Comparar la aplicación de los criterios de Seattle para valoración electrocardiográfica en deportistas en un grupo de cardiólogos del instituto de Cardiología y medicina del deporte, contra un profesional especializado en electrocardiografía del deportista, bajo los mismos criterios. Material y métodos: Sobre una base de datos prospectiva de pacientes que concurrieron al centro de medicina del deporte entre junio de 2017 y enero de 2018 para realización de apto físico, se incluyeron para el análisis 499 electrocardiogramas. Siete cardiólogos del Instituto de deportes (IW) valoraron los electrocardiogramas como "normales"; "alteraciones normales" o "alteraciones dudosas o anormales" (que requirieron más estudios en el seguimiento) conociendo los antecedentes del paciente al igual que los estudios realizados y la valoración cruzada de los electrocardiogramas dentro del instituto. Un cardiólogo del cuerpo médico de Boca Juniors especializado en electrocardiografía del deportista (FR) valoró los 499 electrocardiogramas de manera ciega (sin conocer los datos demográficos de los pacientes o los antecedentes patológicos) utilizando los mismos criterios. Resultados: De un total de 499 electrocardiogramas, 448 (89%) fueron interpretados como normales por el especialista en electrocardiografía del deporte vs. 459 (91%) por los cardiólogos del instituto de deporte. Respecto a alteraciones normales, 21 (4%) electrocardiogramas fueron considerados como alteraciones normales para el especialista en electrocardiografía vs. 23 (4%) por el instituto de deportes. 30 (6%) electrocardiogramas presentaron alteraciones dudosas o anormales para el especialista vs. 17 (3%) para el instituto de deporte. Conclusiones: La interpretación electrocardiográfica puede presentar variaciones de un centro a otro a pesar de utilizar criterios estandarizados. Es probable que la evaluación clínica influencie los resultados.


Abstract Introduction: The interpretation of the athlete's electrocardiogram is often complicated by the changes produced by prolonged training. Objective: To compare the application of Seattle criteria for electrocardiographic assessment in a group of cardiologists against a professional specialized in electrocardiography of the athlete under the same criteria. Material and methods: On a prospective database of recreational athletes who attended between June 2017 and January 2018 to perform physical fitness, 499 electrocardiograms were included for the analysis. Seven cardiologists from the Sports Institute (IW) rated the electrocardiograms as "normal"; "Normal alterations" or "dubious or abnormal alterations" knowing the patient's background as well as the studies performed. A cardiologist from the Boca Juniors medical team specialized in sportsman's electrocardiography (RF) assessed the 499 electrocardiograms blindly (without knowing the demographic data of the patients or the pathological background) using the same criteria. Results: Out of a total of 499 electrocardiograms, 448 (89%) were interpreted as normal by the sports electrocardiography specialist vs 459 (91%) by the cardiologists of the sports institute. Regarding normal alterations, 21 (4%) electrocardiograms were considered normal alterations for the electrocardiography specialist vs 23 (4%) by the sports institute. 30 (6%) electrocardiograms showed doubtful or abnormal alterations for the specialist vs 17 (3%) for the sports institute. Conclusions: The electrocardiographic interpretation can present variations from one center to another despite using standardized criteria. It is likely that the clinical evaluation.


Subject(s)
Electrocardiography , Sports Medicine , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory , Death, Sudden
3.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(1): 80-85, ene.-feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341264

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de QT largo representa un grupo de desórdenes electrofisiológicos cardiacos, caracterizados por la prolongación del intervalo QT, que se asocian a muerte súbita, taquicardias ventriculares y síncope. Se presenta el caso de dos familias con la descripción clínica de los afectados, el estudio genético y el respectivo manejo, y se hace una breve actualización de la literatura sobre el síndrome de QT largo.


Abstract Long QT syndrome represents a group of electrophysiologic disorders characterized by a prolongation in the QT interval that are associated with sudden death, ventricular tachycardia and syncope. We present 2 families describing the clinical presentation, the genetic study and their respective treatment also there is a brief review about long QT syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Romano-Ward Syndrome , Syncope , Tachycardia, Ventricular , Death, Sudden
4.
Alger. J. health sci. (Online. Oran) ; 3(2): 39-43, 2021. Tables, figures
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1293019

ABSTRACT

La maladie à coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) est déclarée pandémie mondiale depuis le 11 mars 2020 avec des chiffres qui avoisinent les 30 millions d'infections confirmées dans le monde et un million de décès. Le nombre d'arrêts cardiaques extrahospitalier a doublé dans certaines régions laissant de nombreux spécialistes se pencher sur la relation entre la mort subite et l'infection au SARS-CoV-2. Un des principaux mécanismes de mort subite par infection COVID-19 est l'arythmie, très fréquemment décrite chez les malades hospitalisés dans le cadre de prise en charge de la COVID-19. Les embolies pulmonaires fatales et les lésions myocardiques sont aussi des mécanismes à citer. Ces dernières peuvent être des lésions directes causant une myocardite virale ou des lésions indirectes par inadéquation entre apports et besoins en substrats énergétiques. La sensibilisation au concept du «near-term prevention¼ pourra faire partie de l'arsenal prophylactique des morts subites, en face de la peur de consultation déjà installée en population générale en période pandémique. Cet article a pour objectif de recenser les mécanismes principaux de mort subite liée à l'infection par le SARS-CoV-2 et de faire sortir les moyens de prévention primaire pouvant être mis en avant en situation pandémique.


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been declared a global pandemic since March 11, 2020 with approaching 30 million confirmed infections and one million deaths worldwide. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests have doubled in some areas allowing several physicians to look into the relationship between sudden death and SARSCoV-2 infection. One of the main mechanisms of sudden death from COVID-19 infection is arrhythmia, very frequently described in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Fatal pulmonary embolism and myocardial damage are identically involved. These latter could be direct at the origin of the viral myocarditis or indirect secondary to an inadequacy of energy substrates. Awareness of the «near-term prevention¼ concept could be part of the prophylactic arsenal of sudden deaths, in the face of the fear of hospital consultation already installed in the general population during the pandemic period. This article aims to identify the main mechanisms of sudden cardiac death linked to SARS-CoV-2 infection and to bring out the means of primary prevention that can be put forward in a pandemic situation.


Subject(s)
Death, Sudden , Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Pulmonary Embolism , Algeria
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880680

ABSTRACT

Early recognition and treatment for early warning electrocardiogram (ECG) of sudden death are very important to prevent and treat malignant arrhythmia and sudden death. Previous studies have found that R-on-T and T wave alternation, and QT interval prolongation are closely related to malignant arrhythmia or sudden death, which are included in the critical value of ECG.By analyzing the ECG characteristics of 4 patients with sudden death, we found that although the causes of the patients were different, there were transient prolongation of QT interval after premature contraction in 12 lead ECG, followed by malignant arrhythmia or sudden death. Thus, we thought that the transient prolongation of QT interval after premature contraction had a high value for warning malignant arrhythmia or sudden death. This phenomenon should be paid enough attention to reduce the risk of sudden death.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Death, Sudden , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Electrocardiography , Humans , Long QT Syndrome/diagnosis
6.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(4): eabc237, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361571

ABSTRACT

Fundamentos: Miocardiopatia não compactada (MCNC) caracteriza-se por hipertrabeculações e recessos profundos no ventrículo esquerdo, com apresentação clínica heterogênea, desde pacientes assintomáticos a insuficiência cardíaca (IC), eventos tromboembólicos arritmias com risco de morte súbita. Por ser rara e não apresentar critérios diagnósticos bem definidos, sua história natural na pediatria é pouco conhecida. Este estudo descreve a apresentação e evolução clínica de pacientes portadores de MCNC. Metodologia: Estudo observacional, longitudinal, prospectivo, de pacientes pediátricos atendidos em um centro de referência em cardiologia pediátrica provenientes da região metropolitana II do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, com fenótipo de MCNC ao ecocardiograma (ECO) no período de 2 anos de acompanhamento, provenientes do Registro ChARisMa. Resultados: Analisados seis pacientes com MCNC, de 4 a 14 anos de idade, média de idade de 7,5 anos (DP: 3,93), 3 do sexo masculino (50%). Apresentando-se com IC (n=2), sopro cardíaco (n=1), arritmia cardíaca (n=1), assintomático (n=1) ou em investigação de síndrome genética (n=1). Fenótipos ao ECO: MCNC/Miocardiopatia dilatada (n=1) e MCNC/Miocardiopatia restritiva (n=1), fenótipo isolado de MCNC (n=4). A ressonância magnética cardíaca foi realizada, confirmando o diagnóstico (n=4). Os desfechos observados foram tromboembolismo, indicação de transplante cardíaco e taquicardia ventricular sustentada. Conclusões: Esta série de casos proporciona dados relevantes da MCNC pediátrica, mostrando a heterogeneidade da apresentação clínica, bem como a ocorrência de complicações potencialmente fatais. São necessários mais estudos prospectivos para que seu diagnóstico seja corretamente realizado e sua evolução clínica, resposta terapêutica e prognóstico sejam mais bem conhecidos. (AU)


Background: Non-compacted cardiomyopathy (NCCM) is characterized by hypertrabeculations and deep recesses in the left ventricle, with a heterogeneous clinical presentation, ranging from asymptomatic patients to those with heart failure (HF), thromboembolic events and arrhythmias with risk of sudden death. As it is rare and does not have well-defined diagnostic criteria, its natural history in pediatrics is poorly understood. This study describes the clinical presentation and clinical course of patients with NCCM. Methodology: Observational, longitudinal, prospective study of pediatric patients seen at a pediatric cardiology referral center from metropolitan region II in the state of Rio de Janeiro, with NCCM phenotype on echocardiogram (ECHO) during a 2-year follow-up, from the ChARisMa registry. Results: 6 patients aged 4 to 14, with NCCM, were analyzed. Mean age 7.5 years (SD: 3.93), 3 males (50%). The patients presented HF (n=2), cardiac murmur (n=1), cardiac arrhythmia (n=1), were asymptomatic (n=1) or were under investigation for a genetic syndrome (n=1). Phenotypes on ECHO: NCCM/dilated cardiomyopathy (n=1) and NCCM/restrictive cardiomyopathy (n=1), isolated phenotype of NCCM (n=4). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was performed and confirmed the diagnosis (n=4). The outcomes observed were thromboembolism, indication for heart transplantation, and sustained ventricular tachycardia. Conclusions:This case series provides relevant data for pediatric NCCM as it shows its heterogeneous clinical presentation and potentially fatal complications. More prospective studies are needed for an accurate diagnosis and to allow its clinical course, therapeutic response and prognosis to be better known. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/classification , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/physiopathology , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/diagnostic imaging , Cardiomyopathies/genetics , Time Factors , Echocardiography/statistics & numerical data , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Continuity of Patient Care , Death, Sudden , Heart Failure/complications
9.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41(spe3): e196281, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340438

ABSTRACT

Resumo A morte fora de lugar, a perda dos projetos futuros, das idealizações depositadas no filho e o lugar insubstituível que ele ocupa no imaginário dos pais dificultam o processo de elaboração do luto. Neste trabalho, buscou-se compreender como os pais vivenciam a perda de um filho ainda criança e discutir aspectos característicos desses casos. Foi realizada uma pesquisa qualitativa, em que se entrevistou 11 pais que perderam os filhos crianças, cujas mortes ocorreram em um intervalo que varia entre quatro meses e um ano e quatro meses em relação à entrevista. As entrevistas foram semiestruturadas com eixos norteadores que direcionaram os temas a serem abordados, e os dados foram trabalhados por meio da análise temática, revelando os núcleos de sentido da comunicação. Entre os principais elementos constituintes das narrativas, destacam-se: a dor incomparável, culpa, as experiências diferentes entre pais e mães, os outros filhos, o sentimento de perda de uma parte de si, a perda do objeto narcísico e a vivência do luto diante do funcionamento social contemporâneo. O estudo demonstrou a importância de considerar a singularidade do luto parental e não o confundir com a melancolia. Esses aspectos precisam ser reconhecidos, junto às diferenças que marcam as experiências distintas entre pai e mãe, o narcisismo dos pais e o contexto contemporâneo, a fim de auxiliar na construção de intervenções adequadas nesses casos. Sublinha-se a importância da fala na organização de uma narrativa que permita a construção de um sentido para a perda e a elaboração do luto. (AU)


Abstract The sudden death; the interruption of future projects, of the idealizations set upon a child; and its irreplaceable role within parents' imagination hamper the grief resolution process due to the loss of a child. Thus, this study aimed to understand how parents experience the loss of a child, discussing particular aspects related to this situation. Through a qualitative approach, semi-structured interviews guided by thematic axes were conducted with 11 parents who had lost their children between four months and one year and four months before the interview. Collected data underwent thematic analysis, revealing the communication cores. Incomparable pain, guilt, different experiences between fathers and mothers, other children, the feeling of losing a part of themselves, the loss of a narcissistic object, and the experience of grief towards the contemporary social functioning were the main elements present in parents' narratives. This study demonstrates the importance of considering the singularity of the parental grief without misinterpreting it as melancholy. To help developing appropriate interventions aimed at these cases, one must recognize the aforementioned aspects, as well as the differences marking paternal and maternal experiences, parents' narcissism, and the contemporary context. The findings also point to the relevance of speech in organizing a narrative that enables the construction of a meaning for the loss and grief resolution.(AU)


Resumen La muerte fuera de lugar, la pérdida de proyectos futuros, de idealizaciones para el hijo y el lugar insustituible que este ocupa en lo imaginario de los padres hace que el proceso del duelo sea difícil. En este trabajo, se pretendió comprender cómo los padres vivencian la pérdida de un hijo aún niño y discutir los aspectos característicos de este caso. Para tanto, se realizó una investigación cualitativa, en que se entrevistaron 11 padres que perdieron hijos aún niños, cuyas muertes ocurrieron entre los cuatro meses y un año y cuatro meses antes de la entrevista. Las entrevistas semiestructuradas incluían ejes que direccionaron hacia temas predefinidos, y para el análisis de los datos se aplicó el análisis temático revelando los núcleos de sentido de la comunicación. Entre los principales elementos constituyentes de las narrativas se destacan: el dolor incomparable, la culpa, las experiencias diferentes entre el padre y la madre, los otros hijos, el sentimiento de perder una parte de sí, la pérdida del objeto narcisista y la vivencia del duelo por el funcionamiento social contemporáneo. El estudio demostró la importancia de considerar la singularidad del duelo parental y no confundirlo con la melancolía. Es necesario reconocer estos aspectos junto con las diferencias que marcan las experiencias distintas entre el padre y la madre, el narcisismo de los padres y el contexto contemporáneo, con la finalidad de contribuir con intervenciones adecuadas a esos casos. Se destaca la importancia del habla en la organización de una narrativa que permita la construcción de un significado para la pérdida y la elaboración del duelo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Parents , Bereavement , Death , Interpersonal Relations , Narcissism , Pain , Grief , Communication , Death, Sudden , Narration , Qualitative Research , Depressive Disorder , Fathers , Social Interaction , Imagination , Mothers
10.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(3)2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292756

ABSTRACT

O sinal RAC (retroaortic anomalous coronary ou artéria coronária anômala retroaórtica) é um achado desconhecido, descrito ao ecocardiograma transtorácico como uma estrutura tubular ecogênica, localizada na face atrial do sulco atrioventricular. Apresentamos um caso onde o sinal RAC se apresenta na ecocardiografia transesofágica (ETE). O conhecimento do sinal RAC e a avaliação com ETE aumentam a sensibilidade e a especificidade e conferem a oportunidade de avaliar características anatômicas de alto risco, importantes na avaliação do risco de morte súbita.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Myocardial Ischemia/etiology , Coronary Vessel Anomalies/genetics , Stroke/diagnosis , Death, Sudden/etiology , Heart Defects, Congenital , Sinus of Valsalva/abnormalities , Echocardiography/methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods
13.
14.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020226, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142402

ABSTRACT

Uterine rupture during pregnancy is a known complication of placenta accreta. This paper presents a case of sudden maternal death in the 27th week of gestation due to a ruptured uterine scar at the site of placenta accreta with a short inter-pregnancy period of 6 months with previous two C-sections. Autopsy findings revealed a massive hemoperitoneum and a thinned out anterolateral uterine wall. Internal examination revealed clotted and fluid blood in the peritoneal cavity with rupture of the anterior uterine wall at the site of the placenta accreta in a healed cesarean section scar. Placenta accreta is a rare complication of pregnancy. However, it is becoming more frequent and a significant risk factor with the increasing rate of C-section.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Placenta Accreta , Uterine Rupture , Cesarean Section , Maternal Death , Pregnancy Complications , Autopsy , Cicatrix , Fatal Outcome , Death, Sudden
15.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 12(2): 116-123, 03 de diciembre 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1145741

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La miocardiopatía hipertrófica obstructiva, es una patología de orden genético, cuyo evento más grave es la muerte súbita. El diagnóstico se basa en los hallazgos imagenológicos, constatándose un ventrículo izquierdo hipertrófico no dilatado, en ausencia de otras patologías que puedan explicar dichas alteraciones. El tratamiento médico tiene como objetivo mejorar la discapacidad funcional y el llenado diastólico, aquellos pacientes que continúan sintomáticos pese al tratamiento farmacológico, con obstrucción del tracto de salida del ventrículo izquierdo significativo, la miomectomía septal es de elección, no obstante, la ablación septal con alcohol es una alternativa a la cirugía. Se presenta una paciente de 39 años con síncope e insuficiencia cardíaca, con diagnóstico confirmado por imágenes de miocardiopatía hipertrófica asimétrica obstructiva, en quien persisten los síntomas a pesar del tratamiento médico, por lo que se realizó la ablación septal con alcohol, obteniendo resultados satisfactorios. La miocardiopatía hipertrófica obstructiva ha sido considerada como una patología poco frecuente, no obstante, en la actualidad es cada vez más diagnosticada, gracias al mayor conocimiento de su expresión fenotípica. La ablación septal con alcohol ha demostrado ser una opción segura y eficaz en nuestro medio, constituyendo una alternativa razonable de tratamiento alternativo a la cirugía, en pacientes seleccionados.


ABSTRACT Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disease, the most serious event of which is sudden death. Diagnosis is based on imaging findings, noting a hypertrophic undilated left ventricle, in the absence of other pathologies that may explain these alterations. The objective of the medical treatment is to improve functional disability and diastolic filling. In those patients who continue to be symptomatic despite drug treatment, with significant left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, septal myomectomy is recommended; however, septal alcohol ablation is an alternative to surgery. We present a 39-year-old patient with syncope and heart failure, with an image-confirmed diagnosis of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, in whom symptoms persisted despite medical treatment, for which septal alcohol ablation was performed, obtaining satisfactory results. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy has been considered a rare pathology, however, it is currently being diagnosed more and more, thanks to the greater knowledge of its phenotypic expression. Septal alcohol ablation has proven to be a safe and effective option in our setting, constituting a reasonable alternative treatment to surgery in selected patients.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Death, Sudden , Ethanol , Heart Ventricles
16.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(3): 299-301, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137176

ABSTRACT

Abstract Crisponi syndrome is a rare and severe heritable disorder characterised by muscle contractions, trismus, apnea, feeding troubles, and unexplained high fever spikes with multiple organ failure. Here we report perioperative care for endoscopic gastrostomy of a 17 month-old female child with Crisponi syndrome. Temperature in the surgery room was strictly monitored and maintained at 19ºC. The patient was exposed to both inhaled and intravenous anesthetic agents. Surgical and perioperative periods were uneventful. Episodes of fever in Crisponi syndrome arise from CRLF1 mutation, which differs from the physiological pathway underlying malignant hyperthermia.


Resumo A Síndrome de Crisponi é uma condição clínica hereditária grave e rara caracterizada por contrações musculares, trismo, apneia, distúrbios na alimentação, picos de febre alta e inexplicável, e falência de múltiplos órgãos. Descrevemos o cuidado perioperatório de paciente pediátrica com 17 meses de idade, portadora da Síndrome de Crisponi, submetida a gastrostomia endoscópica. A temperatura da sala de cirurgia foi cuidadosamente monitorizada e mantida a 19ºC. A paciente foi submetida a agentes anestésicos inalatórios e venosos. O cuidado cirúrgico e perioperatório desenvolveram-se sem incidentes. As crises de febre na Síndrome de Crisponi originam-se de mutação no gene CRLF1, o que as diferenciam do mecanismo fisiopatológico da hipertermia maligna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Trismus/congenital , Hand Deformities, Congenital , Gastrostomy , Facies , Death, Sudden , Hyperhidrosis , Anesthesia, General
17.
CorSalud ; 12(2): 189-197,
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133609

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los problemas de muerte súbita y reanimación cardiopulmocerebral intrahospitalarias pueden tener estructurada una respuesta común; sin embargo, en la mayoría de los hospitales no se dispone de una estrategia orientada a su solución. Este trabajo actualiza sobre las principales alternativas para reducir la letalidad por muerte súbita intrahospitalaria y presenta una propuesta del Hospital General de Cienfuegos. El abordaje institucional para mayor supervivencia y menor discapacidad ante la muerte súbita dependerá de iniciativas multidisciplinarias enfocadas a la calidad y prevención, en los diferentes eslabones, de la reanimación cardiopulmocerebral. Un hospital cardioprotegido integra procesos gerenciales, organizativos, asistenciales, académicos y logísticos para todos los eslabones de la cadena de supervivencia ante una emergencia médica, principalmente la parada cardíaca súbita. La propuesta del Hospital General de Cienfuegos como institución cardioprotegida agrupa todos los elementos de un sistema integrado de reanimación cardiopulmocerebral enfocado hacia la calidad, seguridad y satisfacción de pacientes y prestadores.


ABSTRACT In-hospital sudden death and cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation problems could have a common structured response. However, most hospitals lack a solution-oriented strategy. This paper provides detailed update on the main alternatives to reduce lethality of in-hospital sudden death and presents a proposal from the "Hospital General de Cienfuegos". The institutional approach for greater survival and lesser disability when facing sudden death will be based on multidisciplinary initiatives primarily centered on quality and prevention in the different stages of cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation. A cardio-protected hospital comprises management, organizational, assistance, academic and logistical processes for every single link of the survival chain in a medical emergency event, mainly sudden cardiac arrest. The proposal of the "Hospital General de Cienfuegos", a cardio-protected facility, brings together all elements of an integrated cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation system aimed at quality, safety and satisfaction of patients and caregivers.


Subject(s)
Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Death, Sudden , Hospital Rapid Response Team , Heart Arrest , Hospitals
19.
CorSalud ; 12(1): 99-103, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124648

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White es una cardiopatía no estructural poco frecuente que pertenece a los denominados síndromes de preexcitación ventricular. Está asociada al desarrollo de muerte súbita, pues puede inducir a la aparición de arritmias malignas y su diagnóstico puede establecerse a través de la realización de un electrocardiograma. En caso de presentarse en personas vinculadas a la práctica deportiva, con el desarrollo de ejercicio físico intenso, puede incrementar el riesgo de muerte súbita. Se describe el caso de un atleta de alto rendimiento con diagnóstico de síndrome de Wolf Parkinson White y se presentan las pautas a seguir, según los criterios internacionales para la interpretación del electrocardiograma en deportistas.


ABSTRACT Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is a rare and non-structural heart disease, which belongs to the ventricular preexcitation syndromes. It is associated with the development of sudden death, as it can induce the appearance of malignant arrhythmias in the patient and its diagnosis can be established through electrocardiogram. If it takes place in people linked to sport, with the development of intense physical exercise, it can increase the risk of sudden death. The case of a high-performance athlete with a diagnosis of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is described, and the guidelines to be followed according to international criteria for the interpretation of the electrocardiogram in sportsmen and women are presented.


Subject(s)
Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome , Death, Sudden , Electrocardiography , Athletes
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