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1.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(1): 58-64, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376906

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Pancreatitis is a frequent pathology in our environment, mostly related to benign biliary pathology. It can progress to severe forms in 10-15 % of cases, where the pancreatic tissue becomes necrotic and forms large collections with risk of infection. We do not have epidemiological data about the incidence or management of this complication in Colombia. Aim: This study aims to study the prevalence of infected pancreatic necrosis and describe the cases identified in a quaternary care hospital between 2014 and 2021. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional observational study. We analyzed records of patients diagnosed with stage 2 pancreatitis. Those cases with infected pancreatic necrosis that underwent debridement plus laparoscopic and open surgical drainage at Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi in Bogotá, Colombia, between January 2014 and January 2021 were studied. A convenience sampling was carried out without calculating the sample size. We collected the patients' demographic and clinical variables, performing a descriptive statistical analysis in Excel. Qualitative variables were described through absolute and relative frequencies, while quantitative ones were expressed through measures of central tendency and dispersion based on their distribution. Results: We analyzed 1020 episodes of pancreatitis, finding pancreatic necrosis in 30 patients, i.e., a period prevalence of 2.9 %. Of the patients, 83 % (n = 25) underwent open drainage, with 48 % (n = 12) mortality. About laparoscopic management, the reduction in postoperative organ failure was 40 % (n = 2), with a 30 % shorter hospital stay than the open drainage approach. Those patients with a level of procalcitonin (PCT) lower than 1.8 ng/mL had less mortality. Conclusions: The laparoscopic approach shows promising results regarding final morbidity and mortality.


Resumen Introducción: la pancreatitis es una patología frecuente en nuestro medio, mayormente relacionada con la patología biliar benigna. Esta puede progresar a formas severas en 10 %-15 % de los casos, en donde el tejido pancreático se necrosa y forma grandes colecciones, con riesgo de infección. En Colombia no conocemos los datos epidemiológicos acerca de la incidencia de este tipo de complicaciones, ni del manejo de las mismas. Objetivo: este estudio tiene como objetivo estudiar la prevalencia de la necrosis pancreática infectada y describir los casos identificados en un hospital de alto nivel de complejidad entre 2014 y 2021. Métodos: estudio observacional de corte transversal. Se analizaron los registros de pacientes diagnosticados con pancreatitis en segunda etapa. Se estudiaron aquellos casos que presentaron necrosis pancreática infectada y se sometieron a desbridamiento más drenaje quirúrgico por vía laparoscópica y abierta en el Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi de Bogotá, Colombia, entre enero de 2014 y enero de 2021. Se realizó un muestreo por conveniencia, sin cálculo de tamaño de muestra. Se recolectaron variables demográficas y clínicas de los pacientes. Se realizó un análisis estadístico descriptivo de las variables obtenidas en Excel. Las variables cualitativas se describieron a través de frecuencias absolutas y relativas; mientras que las cuantitativas se expresaron mediante medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión en función de su distribución. Resultados: se analizaron 1020 episodios de pancreatitis y se evidenció necrosis pancreática en 30 pacientes, es decir, una prevalencia de período de 2,9 %. De los pacientes, 83 % (n = 25) se llevó a drenajes por vía abierta, con un 48 % (n = 12) de mortalidad. En relación con el manejo por vía laparoscópica, la reducción en la falla orgánica posoperatoria fue de 40 % (n = 2), con un 30 % menos de duración en la estancia hospitalaria, comparado con la vía abierta. Aquellos pacientes que presentaron un nivel de procalcitonina (PCT) menor de 1,8 ng/mL tuvieron menos mortalidad. Conclusiones: el abordaje laparoscópico muestra resultados prometedores en cuanto a la morbilidad y mortalidad final observada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pancreatitis , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing , Debridement , Infections , Patients , Demography , Incidence , Prevalence , Sampling Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Mortality , Sample Size , Hospitals
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928476

ABSTRACT

Prosthetic infection is one of the severe postoperative complications of arthroplasty. Mixed bacterial-fungal prosthetic infection is rare but can be disastrous. This case was a 76-year-old female suffered from prosthetic infection following total hip replacement due to femoral neck fracture and underwent multiple debridements. The culture of periprosthetic tissue was bacteriologically sterile following the first debridement, while the Staphylococcus hominis was identified in the second debridement in the previous hospitalization where fungal infection had not been considered. Thus the pathogen spectrum of anti-infection therapy failed to contain fungus. Ultimately, the culture result of our sampled periprosthetic tissue during the third debridement was Candida albicans without bacterium in our hospital. The fungal prosthetic infection was successfully treated by a two-stage revision with antifungal drugs. Accurate diagnosis and standardized treatment is the key to the therapy of infection after hip arthroplasty, especially for mixed bacterial-fungal prosthetic infection.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Debridement , Female , Fungi , Hip Prosthesis/adverse effects , Humans , Mycoses/drug therapy , Prosthesis-Related Infections/therapy , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928474

ABSTRACT

Chronic wounds have always been a tough fight in clinical practice, which can not only make patients suffer from pain physically and mentally but also impose a heavy burden on the society. More than one factor is relevant to each step of the development of chronic wounds. Along with the in-depth research, we have realized that figuring out the pathophysiological mechanism of chronic wounds is the foundation of treatment, while wound infection is the key point concerned. The cause of infection should be identified and prevented promptly once diagnosed. This paper mainly describes the mechanism, diagnosis and therapeutic strategies of chronic wound infection, and will put an emphasis on the principle of debridement.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Debridement , Humans , Wound Infection/therapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928261

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of arthroscopic debridement combined with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection for Kellgren-Lawrence(K-L) gradeⅠ-Ⅲ knee osteoarthritis (KOA) .@*METHODS@#Totally 117 patients with KOA who underwent arthroscopic debridement combined with injection from November 2015 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to different injection drugs, the patients were divided into sodium hyaluronate group(group A) and PRP group(group B). In group A, there were 60 patients, including 27 males and 33 females, aged from 49 to 67 years old with an average age of (54.1±4.8) years old;12 patients with gradeⅠ, 23 patients with gradeⅡand 25 patients with grade Ⅲ according to K-L clssification, 2 ml(20 g) sodium hyaluronate was injected into knee joint after intraoperative, 1, 2, 3 weeks after operation for 4 times. In group B, there were 57 patients, including 25 males and 32 females, aged from 47 to 70 years old with an average of (55.8±5.0) years old, 10 patients with gradeⅠ, 20 patients with gradeⅡand 27 patients with grade Ⅲ according to K-L classification, injected 5 ml PRP at the same time. Postoperative complications was recorded between two groups. Postoperative visual analogue scale(VAS) and Lysholm score at 3, 6, 12 months were used to evaluate improvement of knee pain and joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 19 months with an average of (14.1±1.6) months. There was no significant difference in postopertaive complications between group A and group B (P>0.05). Postoperative VAS score in group A at 3, 6, 12 months were 3.0±0.8, 2.0±0.8, 2.6±0.9 respectively, and 2.9±0.8, 1.9±0.7, 2.2±0.8 in group B respectively; and no differnece at 3 and 6 months after operation between two groups (P<0.05), while VAS score in group B was higher than group A at 12 months after operation(P<0.05). Postoperative Lysholm score in group A at 1, 6, 12 months (86.6±1.8, 93.1±2.0, 86.7±1.7) were lower than group B(88.9±1.9, 95.0±2.0, 89.0±1.9)(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic debridement combined with sodium hyaluronate or PRP injection for K-L gradeⅠ-Ⅲ KOA could effectively relieve pain and improve joint function with higher safety in short term, but the medium-long-term effect of PRP injection is stable.


Subject(s)
Aged , Debridement , Female , Humans , Injections, Intra-Articular , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 363-368, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936019

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of en bloc resection and debridement combined with gluteus maximus muscle flap in the treatment of ischial tubercle pressure ulcer complicated with chronic osteomyelitis. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From May 2018 to February 2020, 8 patients with pressure ulcers on the ischial tuberosity combined with chronic osteomyelitis who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Fuyang Minsheng Hospital, including 5 males and 3 females, aged 38-69 years, with unilateral lesions in 6 patients and bilateral lesions in 2 patients. According to the anatomical classification of Cierny-Mader osteomyelitis, there were 6 patients (7 sides) with focal type, and 2 patients (3 sides) with diffuse type. The wound areas were 3 cm×2 cm to 12 cm×9 cm on admission. The pressure ulcer and chronic osteomyelitis lesions were completely removed by en bloc resection and debridement. The chronic infectious lesions were transformed into sterile incisions like fresh wounds by one surgical procedure, and the gluteus maximus muscle flaps with areas of 10 cm×6 cm to 15 cm×9 cm were excised to transfer and fill the ineffective cavity. The wounds of 5 patients were sutured directly, and the wounds of 3 patients were closed by local flap transfer. The intraoperative blood loss volume and blood transfusion, and length of hospital stay of patients were recorded. The incision healing and flap survival of patients were observed after operation. The recurrence of pressure ulcer and osteomyelitis, the appearance of the affected area, and the secondary dysfunction and deformity of the muscle flap donor site of patients were observed during followed up. Results: The intraoperative blood loss volume of the 8 patients was 220 to 900 (430±150) mL; 5 patients received intraoperative blood transfusion, of which 2 patients received 3 U suspended red blood cells and 3 patients received 2 U suspended red blood cells. The length of hospital stay was 18 to 29 (23.5±2.0) d for the 8 patients. In this group of patients, the incisions of 7 patients healed, while in one case, the incision suture was torn off during turning over and healed after secondary suture. The flaps survived well in 3 patients who underwent local flap transfer. During the follow-up period of 6-20 months, no recurrence of pressure ulcer or osteomyelitis occurred in 8 patients, the affected part had skin with good texture, mild pigmentation, and no sinus tract formation, and no secondary dysfunction or deformity occurred in the donor site. Conclusions: The en bloc resection and debridement combined with gluteus maximus muscle flap has good clinical effects on ischial tubercle pressure ulcer complicated with chronic osteomyelitis. Neither pressure ulcer nor osteomyelitis recurs post operation. The skin texture and appearance of the affected area are good, and the donor site has no secondary dysfunction or deformity.


Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Debridement , Female , Humans , Male , Muscles/surgery , Osteomyelitis/surgery , Perforator Flap , Pressure Ulcer/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 81-83, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935979

ABSTRACT

On November 17, 2013, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University admitted a 23-year-old male patient with a high-temperature steel bar penetration injury from scrotum to buttocks who was transferred from another hospital. Expanded debridement, suture, and drainage of the perineum, right thigh, and right hip were performed as soon as possible after admission. A sputum suction tube was used as the guide mark for expanded debridement during the operation to ensure the accuracy of the direction and scope of expanded debridement. The incision was treated with vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) and full drainage. On the 20th day after the operation (the 25th day after admission), the unhealed wound was transplanted with split-thickness skin graft from the right thigh, and the drainage of the operation area and dressing change were strengthened. On the 53rd day after injury, the patient was discharged after complete wound healing. This case suggests that VSD after early debridement is an effective means to treat high-temperature steel bar penetration injuries.


Subject(s)
Adult , Buttocks , Debridement , Drainage , Humans , Male , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Scrotum/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Steel , Temperature , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 432-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935617

ABSTRACT

Mini-invasive surgical or endoscopic step-up approach is the first choice of pancreatic necrosectomy for infected wall-off necrosis. Surgical debridement has the advantage of high efficiency,low cost and good accessibility,while the complication rate of pancreatic fistula and incision hernia after endoscopic necrosectomy is low.Laparoscopic transgastric necrosectomy(LTGN) can combine the advantages of surgical and endoscopic debridement,and may become one of the important methods for the surgical treatment of necrotizing pancreatitis in the future. This paper focuses on the technical advantages,surgical points,indications and application status of LTGN,so as to provide reference for the technical promotion.


Subject(s)
Debridement/methods , Drainage/methods , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Necrosis/complications , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
8.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20220027, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375803

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto Na pandemia de covid-19, os serviços de saúde diminuíram os atendimentos e procedimentos eletivos. Pacientes de cirurgia vascular são grupo de risco para adquirir formas graves da infecção, ao mesmo tempo que são suscetíveis a apresentar complicações de suas doenças de base caso não tenham acompanhamento rotineiro. Dessa forma, faz-se necessário entender os impactos e as consequências diretas e indiretas da pandemia com relação aos pacientes vasculares. Objetivos Avaliar o impacto de 1 ano de pandemia em um serviço de Cirurgia Vascular, assim como a mudança do perfil de cirurgias no mesmo período. Métodos Foi feita a análise de prontuários de pacientes submetidos a cirurgias eletivas e de urgência entre 2019 e 2021. Em conjunto, foi realizada uma revisão de literatura com as palavras-chave "cirurgia vascular", "covid-19" e "amputações". Os dados foram analisados com o programa computacional Stata/SE v.14.1 (StataCorpLP, EUA). Resultados Foram identificadas 1.043 cirurgias no período de estudo, sendo 51,6% pré-pandemia e 48,4% durante a pandemia. Observou-se redução no número de cirurgias eletivas e aumento no número de amputações de membros inferiores e desbridamentos cirúrgicos. Foi possível observar também aumento de pacientes com doença arterial obstrutiva periférica com classificação de Rutherford avançada, assim como de casos de pé diabético. Conclusões A diminuição dos atendimentos eletivos e o receio dos pacientes em procurar os serviços de saúde durante o período da pandemia são os prováveis motivos que justificam o aumento da gravidade dos quadros dos pacientes, com maior necessidade de amputação de membros inferiores, desbridamento cirúrgico e mudanças no perfil de cirurgia do serviço.


Abstract Background During the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare services reduced the number of elective procedures performed. Vascular surgery patients are a group at risk of contracting severe forms of the infection, but are also susceptible to complications of their underlying diseases if they do not receive routine care. It is therefore necessary to understand the direct and indirect impacts and consequences of the pandemic on vascular patients. Objectives To assess the impact of 1 year of the pandemic on a vascular surgery service and changes to the profile of surgeries during the same period. Methods An analysis was conducted of the medical records of patients who underwent elective and emergency surgery from 2019 to 2021. A review of the literature was also conducted, using the search terms "vascular surgery", "COVID-19", and "amputations". Data were analyzed with Stata/SE v.14.1 (StataCorpLP, United States). Results A total of 1,043 surgeries were identified during the study period, 51.6% conducted pre-pandemic and 48.4% performed during the pandemic. There was a reduction in the number of elective surgeries and an increase in the number of lower limb amputations and surgical debridements. Increases were also observed in the proportion of patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease with advanced Rutherford classifications and in the number of cases of diabetic foot. Conclusions The reduction in elective care and patients' reluctance to seek health services during the pandemic are the probable causes of increased severity of patient status, with greater need for lower limb amputation and surgical debridement and changes to the profile of the surgery performed at the service.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diabetic Foot/epidemiology , Lower Extremity/surgery , Debridement/statistics & numerical data , Peripheral Arterial Disease/epidemiology , Amputation/statistics & numerical data , Social Isolation , Surgicenters , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics
9.
Medisan ; 25(5)2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1346546

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso clínico de un anciano de 73 años de edad, que fue asistido en el Cuerpo de Guardia del Hospital General Docente Enrique Cabrera Cossío de La Habana por haber sido mordido en el rostro, en la región supraciliar derecha, por un perro, que le causó una herida avulsiva, con pérdida considerable de tejidos blandos, abundante sangrado y dolor. Luego de efectuar antisepsia del área y profilaxis con antibióticos, se practicó rápidamente el procedimiento quirúrgico, que consistió en desbridamiento de la herida y reconstrucción del defecto a través de plastia primaria con técnica de colgajos locales de avance y rotación, lo que permitió una evolución favorable, tanto estética como funcional, en el paciente.


The case report of a 73 years old man is presented. He was assisted in the Emergency Service of Enrique Cabrera Cossío Teaching General Hospital in Havana city, due to a dog bite in his face, in the right supraciliary region, that caused him a lacerated wound, with considerable loss of soft tissues, abundant bleeding and pain. After making antisepsis of the area and prevention with antibiotics, the surgical procedure was quickly practiced that consisted on debridement of the wound and reconstruction of the defect through primary plasty with technique of advance and rotation local flaps, that allowed a favorable clinical course in the patient, both cosmetic and functional.


Subject(s)
Bites and Stings/surgery , Aged , Dogs , Surgical Flaps , Debridement
10.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(4): 565-570, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347146

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study presents the method used for chest reconstruction and treatment of mediastinitis following cardiac surgery at the Heart Institute of the University of São Paulo Medical School. After infection control with antibiotic therapy associated with aggressive surgical debridement and negative pressure wound therapy, chest reconstruction is performed using flaps. The advantages and disadvantages of negative pressure wound therapy are discussed, as well as options for flap-based chest reconstruction according to the characteristics of the patient and sternum. Further studies are needed to provide evidence to support the decisions when facing this great challenge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Mediastinitis/etiology , Schools, Medical , Sternum/surgery , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Debridement , Sternotomy/adverse effects
11.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 53(1): 20-26, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1252895

ABSTRACT

Cuando fracasa el tratamiento conservador en el Estadio I de Disfunción del Tendón Tibial posterior (DTTP), se debe indicar sinovectomía y debridamiento del tendón. En este estudio evaluamos la evolución con 8 años mínimo de seguimiento, de los pacientes con esta patología tratados vía tenoscópica. Este es un estudio retrospectivo de pacientes operados entre el año 2008 y el año 2011. En ese período de tiempo se intervinieron 11 pacientes con esta patología. Sólo 9 de los 11 pacientes operados pudieron ser evaluados. 7 pacientes mejoraron su sintomatología según el VAS y no progresaron a estadio II. En 3 pacientes se evidenció lesión tendinosa durante la tendoscopía y ameritaron reparación a cielo abierto. La sinovectomía tendoscópica del TTP es un procedimiento quirúrgico efectivo para tratar a los pacientes con DTTP Estadio I, rebeldes a tratamiento conservador(AU)


When conservative treatment fails for Stage I Posterior Tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD), synovectomy and tendon debridement is indicated. In this study we evaluate tendoscopic treatment results for this pathology with a minimum of 8 years follow up. This is a retrospective study of patients after tendoscopic surgery performed between 2008 and 2011. 9 of the 11 patients were available for evaluation. 7 improved their symptoms according to VAS scale, and did not progress to stage II. In 3 patients tendon tear was visualized during tendoscopy and needed open repair. PTT tendoscopy is an effective surgical treatment to treat Stage I PTTD, failing to conservative treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Flatfoot , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction/pathology , Tendinopathy , Synovectomy , Ultrasonics , Cryotherapy , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Debridement
12.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 143-145, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280101

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 27-year-old healthy man with a history of bilateral photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) enhancement after femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) presented with decreased uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) of 20/125 in the right eye (OD) and 20/300 in the left eye (OS) six months after PRK. Examination revealed bilateral dense subepithelial opacities. Both eyes (OU) were treated with superficial keratectomy combined with phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) and adjunctive application of mitomycin C 0.02%. At three months follow up UDVA was 20/30 OD and 20/25 OS. Superficial keratectomy combined with PTK seems to be a safe and efficient technique for treatment of dense subepithelial scar formation following PRK enhancement after LASIK.


RESUMO Um homem saudável de 27 anos de idade com história de aprimoramento com ceratectomia fotorrefrativa (PRK) bilateral, após Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ (LASIK) com laser de femtossegundos, apresentou diminuição da acuidade visual à distância não corrigida (AVNC) de 20/125 no olho direito (OD) e 20/300 no olho esquerdo (OE) seis meses após PRK. O exame revelou opacidades subepiteliais densas bilaterais. Ambos os olhos (AO) foram tratados com queratectomia superficial combinada com ceratectomia fototerapêutica (PTK) e aplicação adjuvante de mitomicina C a 0,02%. Aos três meses de acompanhamento, o AVNC foi de 20/30 OD e 20/25 OE. A ceratectomia superficial combinada com PTK parece ser uma técnica segura e eficiente para o tratamento da formação densa de cicatrizes subepiteliais após o aprimoramento com PRK pós-LASIK.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Fibrosis/therapy , Photorefractive Keratectomy/adverse effects , Wound Healing , Fibrosis/etiology , Visual Acuity , Mitomycin/administration & dosage , Photorefractive Keratectomy/methods , Corneal Opacity/diagnosis , Corneal Opacity/etiology , Corneal Topography , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ , Debridement , Corneal Surgery, Laser , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Myopia/surgery
13.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 115-118, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287251

ABSTRACT

Resumen El tratamiento escalonado de la pancreatitis aguda necrotizante infectada consiste en el uso de antibióticos de amplio espectro, drenaje y necrosectomía mínimamente invasiva, si fuese necesaria. Esto ha reemplazado a la cirugía abierta como el estándar de tratamiento. El desbridamiento retroperitoneal video asistido (VARD), es una forma de necrosectomía quirúrgica mínimamente invasiva. Presentamos una serie de 5 casos (2 mujeres y 3 varones) con pancreatitis aguda grave y necrosis pancreática infectada tratados de forma escalonada y VARD. El rango de edad fue de 27 a 60 años. Todos los pacientes tuvieron pancreatitis de etiología biliar. El rango del APACHE II fue de 16 a 20. El rango del tiempo para el drenaje percutáneo lumbar fue de 4 a 7 semanas. Hubo una complicación del drenaje percutáneo (fistula duodenal) que se resolvió con tratamiento médico. Los cultivos de todas las necrosis fueron positivos. El tiempo para la realización del VARD tuvo un rango de 6 a 10 semanas. Un paciente requirió dos procedimientos. Hubo dos fístulas pancreáticas tipo B asociadas al VARD, que se trataron conservadoramente. No hubo mortalidad. A largo plazo, dos pacientes fueron diagnosticados de insuficiencia pancreática exocrina y endocrina. Concluimos que en los pacientes con necrosis pancreática infectada que requieran desbridamiento, el VARD es una alternativa segura, efectiva y con buenos resultados a largo plazo.


Abstract The step-up approach for infected necrotizing pancreatitis, consisting of broad-spectrum antibiotics, drainage followed, if necessary, by minimally invasive necrosectomy, has replaced open surgery as the standard of management. Video-assisted retroperitoneal debridement (VARD) is a surgical minimally invasive necrosectomy. This is a 5 cases series (2 female and 3 males) with severe acute pancreatitis and infected pancreatic necrosis who underwent step up approach and VARD. The age ranged from 27 to 60 years old. Al patients had biliary pancreatitis. APACHE II ranged from 16 to 20. The time to percutaneous lumbar drainage ranged from 4 to 7 weeks. There was one complication associated with percutaneous drainage (duodenal fistula) with nonoperative management. All necrotizing pancreatitis had positive cultures. The time to perform VARD ranged from 6 to 10 weeks. One patient required two procedures. There were two type B pancreatic fistulas associated with VARD, managed nonoperatively. There was no mortality. During long-term follow-up two patients were diagnosed with exocrine and endocrine pancreatic insufficiency. We conclude that VARD is a safe and effective procedure in patients with infected necrotizing pancreatitis requiring debridement, and with good long-term outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/surgery , Retroperitoneal Space , Acute Disease , Treatment Outcome , Debridement
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879420

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and superiority of direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation in the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis.@*METHODS@#From June 2013 to August 2016, the clinical data of 83 patients with lumbar tuberculosis were retrospectively analyzed, including 55 males and 28 females, aged from 27 to 72 (49.5±13.5) years. These 83 patients were divided into two groups according to different operation methods, 35 cases in group A were treated with direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation;48 cases in group B were treated with anterior traditional extraperitoneal debridement combined with posterior internal fixation. After operation, regular quadruple antituberculosis drugs were continued for 18 months. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, bone graft fusion time and complications were compared between the two groups. Visual analogue score (VAS) of lumbar pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), sagittal Cobb angle, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein(CRP) values before and after operation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The operation was successfully completed in both groups, and the operation mode was not changed during operation. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay were (149.4±13.3) min, (354.3±69.0) ml, (9.4±1.6) d in group A and(116.8±10.0) min, (721.9±172.3) ml, (11.8±1.7) d in group B, respectively, with significant difference between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two kinds of operation can obtain satisfactory clinical effect. Direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation can reduce intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay, which is conducive to early rehabilitation of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Transplantation , Debridement , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery
15.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(4): e0020, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288634

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O Lasik é a técnica de cirurgia refrativa mais utilizada no mundo. Apesar de segura e efetiva, ela pode levar a algumas complicações. O crescimento epitelial pós-Lasik é uma complicação pós-operatória incomum, com prevalência maior em casos de retratamento. Geralmente, é um achado não progressivo e assintomático, que não requer tratamento, mas, em uma minoria de pacientes, os sintomas podem ser clinicamente significantes e variados. O tratamento é feito com debridamento mecânico do crescimento epitelial, mas alguns recursos adjuvantes também podem ser utilizados. O presente estudo consiste em um relato de caso de paciente com crescimento epitelial pós-Lasik que apresentou quatro recidivas após intervenções de debridamento epitelial, sutura de lamela corneana e ablação a laser. No quinto procedimento, o paciente foi finalmente tratado com combinação de debridamento epitelial, uso de álcool a 20% e cola de fibrina. Entretanto, a regressão do crescimento epitelial e a melhora da acuidade visual só ocorreram ao longo dos meses após a intervenção, o que mostra a importância de esperar um tempo para que ocorra a melhora da visão no pós-operatório, evitando-se reintervenções.


ABSTRACT Lasik is the most often performed laser refractive surgery worldwide. Despite its efficacy and safety, some complications may occur. Epithelial ingrowth is a rare postoperative complication of Lasik, with an increased prevalence in cases of retreatment. Epithelial ingrowth is usually a nonprogressive and asymptomatic finding, which requires no treatment; however, in a minority of cases, symptoms may be clinically significant and diverse. Treatment is done with mechanical debridement of the affected interface, and additional interventions may be required. This study reported a case of recalcitrant epithelial ingrowth after Lasik, whichrelapsed four times after mechanical debridement, flap lift and laser ablation. In the fifth intervention, the patient was finally treated with a combined scraping/use of 20% alcohol and fibrin glue. However, regression of epithelial ingrowth and better visual acuity were only observed some months after the intervention, which shows the importance of waiting for better vision in the postoperative period, thus avoiding new reinterventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Epithelium, Corneal/surgery , Epithelium, Corneal/pathology , Corneal Diseases/etiology , Corneal Diseases/therapy , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ/adverse effects , Recurrence , Reoperation , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive , Combined Modality Therapy , Debridement , Ethanol/administration & dosage
16.
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 27(1): 43-47, 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1372407

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio que caracterizó a los pacientes que reciben tratamiento quirúrgico en el Hospital Roosevelt por pie diabético según la Clasificación Wagner. El objetivo era determinar el tratamiento quirúrgico brindado al paciente con pie diabético, basado en la clasificación Wagner, en el Departamento de Cirugía del Hospital Roosevelt durante el período de enero a octubre 2015. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo estudiando a los pacientes con diagnóstico de pie diabético, con una muestra de 81 pacientes. Se encontró que 56% presentaron grado IV, edad de 56-65 años en 38%, de sexo masculino 65%. 134 procedimientos quirúrgicos realizados, más común lavado y desbridamiento en 38%. Principalmente diagnóstico de Diabetes mellitus tipo II, con tiempo diagnóstico mayor a 10 años en 51%. Uso de hipoglucemiantes orales 49%. De los estudiados, 41% no presentaba ninguna comorbilidad. Se concluyó que el tratamiento quirúrgico más frecuente para Pie diabético Wagner II y III fue el lavado y desbridamiento, grado IV amputación de dedos y grado V las amputaciones femorales supracondíleas. Caracterizados como pacientes en rango de edad entre los 56-65 años, de sexo masculino, que padece Diabetes mellitus tipo II, clasificado como pie diabético Wagner IV, ameritando tratamiento quirúrgico como amputación de dedos seguido de amputaciones radicales descritas como amputación supracondílea, con tiempo de diagnóstico mayor a 10 años, con tratamiento de hipoglucemiantes orales, y sin ninguna comorbilidad médica asociada. (AU)


A study was conducted that characterized patients receiving surgical treatment at Roosevelt Hospital for diabetic foot according to the Wagner Classification. The objective was to determine the surgical treatment provided to the patient with diabetic foot, based on the Wagner classification, in the Department of Surgery at Roosevelt Hospital during the period from January to October 2015. A descriptive study was carried out studying patients with a diagnosis of diabetic foot, with a sample of 81 patients. It was found that 56% had grade IV, age 56-65 years in 38%, male 65%. 134 surgical procedures performed, the most common was lavage and debridement in 38%. Mainly diagnosis of type II diabetes mellitus, with a diagnosis time greater than 10 years in 51%. Use of oral hypoglycemic agents 49%. Of those studied, 41% did not present any comorbidity. The conclusion was that the most frequent surgical treatment for Wagner II and III was lavage and debridement, grade IV finger amputation and grade V supracondylar femoral amputations. Characterized as patients in the age range between 56-65 years, male, suffering from type II diabetes mellitus, classified as Wagner IV diabetic foot, meriting surgical treatment such as amputation of fingers followed by radical amputations described as supracondylar amputation, with time of diagnosis greater than 10 years, with treatment of oral ypoglycemic agents, and without any associated medical comorbidity. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diabetic Foot/surgery , Time Factors , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetic Foot/classification , Diabetic Foot/epidemiology , Age Distribution , Debridement , Diabetes Complications/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Amputation , Hyperglycemia/drug therapy
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To discuss the clinical effect of antibiotic bone cement in the treatment of infectious wound of lower extremity.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to January 2019, 28 patients who had infection wounds of lower extremity were treated by antibiotic bone cement, including 21 males and 7 females with age of 34 to 76 (53.8±16.5) years old. The wound area after the initial debridement was 4 cm×3 cm to 12 cm×8 cm. All patients were treated with the antibiotic bone cement, when infection was controlled and fresh granulation tissue grew on the wound surface, local sutures or skin grafts were performed. The changes of white blood cell (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), C reactive protein(CRP) and positive rate of bacterial culture of wound secretions were recorded andcompared before and after 2 weeks of the operation. The healing time, recurrence rate and complications of fresh granulation on wound surface were calculated.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 3 to 6(4.3±1.2) months. After the recurrence of diabetic foot wound infection, 3 patients presented different degree of rupture, and the remaining patients had good wound healing. No serious complications such as aggravation of infection and amputation occurred. The WBC, ESR and CRP of the patients were decreased significantly after operation compared with that before operation (9.1±1.2)×109/L vs. (11.4±2.2)×109/L, (23.5±7.6) mm/ h vs. (57.1±14.9) mg/L, (44.2±13.1) mg/L vs. (89.2±26.7) mg/L (@*CONCLUSION@#The antibiotic bone cement can control infection of lower extremity wound effectively, promote the growth of fresh granulation tissue and wound healing.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Debridement , Female , Humans , Lower Extremity/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Skin Transplantation , Treatment Outcome
18.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(10): 602-604, 20200000. fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362562

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Decision making in determining management of post-trauma patient is very important, especially for traumatic in the small bones, fingers and toes. The global predictor to determine the management of retaining or amputating the limb is using the Mangled Extrimity Severity Score (MESS) scoring system, values above 7 are the indication for amputation. The decision maker have to pay attention for the end result of the actions which were performed in the initial management. Material and Methods: One case is reported from Orthopaedic emergency department Hospital in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. A 39-year old male with motor vehicle accident trauma at left foot region since 6 hours before admitted to hospital, later was diagnosed with open comminutive fracture shaft proximal phalang of left 5th toe, the Mangled Extrimity Severity Score (MESS) was 8. Patient underwent emergency debridement and retained the toe by performed Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) K-Wire. Results: This patient has a good clinical outcome by following up 2 weeks and 8 months after surgery by retain the affected side with debridement and Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) K-Wire. Patient can ambulate normally with full weight bearing, and there is no difficulty to wearing shoe or sandal. Conclusions: Determination of action by retaining the traumatized limb needs to be considered for the good of the patient, but it is necessary to provide informed consent to the patient and family that there will be a possibility of tissue death with the worst possibility of limb amputation


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Toe Joint/surgery , Bone Wires , Injury Severity Score , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Foot Injuries/therapy , Debridement , Fracture Fixation, Internal
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 625-628, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144203

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the incidence of infection in patients with gunshot-related fractures, and to correlate this finding with the occurrence of surgical debridement in the emergency room. Methods A retrospective, observational, descriptive study that included all cases of fractures caused by firearms between January 2010 and December 2014; 245 fractures in 223 patients were included. Results There was surgical-site infection in 8.5% of the fractures, and the mean number of debridements required to control the infectious process was of 1.273 ± 0.608. A correlation was identified between the surgical treatment chosen and the affected body segment (p< 0.001). The surgical treatment in the emergency room had a correlation with the occurrence of infection (p< 0.001; Chi-squared test). Conclusion Patients with gunshot injuries treated non-operatively presented less severe and stable lesions; thus, the incidence of complications in this group was found to be lower. On the other hand, those patients with complex lesions underwent debridement and external fixation. Therefore, a greater number of infectious complications in patients submitted to external fixation was found, as expected.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar a incidência de infecção em pacientes com fraturas por arma de fogo, e correlacionar esse achado com a ocorrência de desbridamento cirúrgico na sala de emergência. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo, observacional e descritivo, que incluiu todos os casos de fraturas causadas por armas de fogo entre janeiro de 2010 e dezembro de 2014; foram incluídas 245 fraturas em 223 pacientes. Resultados Houve infecção do local cirúrgico em 8,5% das fraturas, e a média de desbridamentos necessários para controlar o processo infeccioso foi de 1,273 ± 0,608. Foi identificada correlação entre o tratamento cirúrgico escolhido e o segmento corporal afetado (p< 0,001). O tratamento cirúrgico na sala de emergência teve correlação com a ocorrência de infecção (p< 0,001; teste do qui-quadrado). Conclusão Pacientes com ferimentos à bala tratados de forma não operatória apresentaram lesões menos graves e estáveis; portanto, a incidência de complicações nesse grupo foi menor. Por outro lado, os pacientes com lesões complexas foram aqueles submetidos a desbridamento e fixação externa. Portanto, como esperado, foi encontrado um maior número de complicações infecciosas em pacientes submetidos à fixação externa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Wound Infection/epidemiology , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot/epidemiology , Firearms , Debridement , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fractures, Bone , Fires , Hand , Infections
20.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(7): 451-456, 20200000. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1366974

ABSTRACT

Aim of the Study: Compare the corneal demarcation line (DL) depth after corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) with subtotal versus customized corneal epithelium debridement using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Design: Prospective case-control study. Materials and Methods: The study enrolled 18 patients with bilateral progressive keratoconus. Both eyes treated by CXL using 3 mW/cm2 / 30 minutes setting. One eye with subtotal epithelial debridement (about 9 mm diameter) and the contralateral eye with customized debridement (approximately 1 mm single horizontal central scratch). One month postoperatively, patients had AS-OCT imaging to detect and measure the depth ofDL. Results: Patients' age mean was 25.17 years +/- 4.81 SD. Epithelial healing completed with in 3-7 days in conventional treatment group and demarcation line was evident in 16 eyes (89%) with a mean depth of 290.31 µm while in customized debridement group, the epithelial healing lasted less than 24 hours and DL was detectable in 10 patients (55.5 %) with a mean DL depth of 221 µm with a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05). Subjective postoperative pain graded as "moderate to severe" in about 77% of eyes underwent 9 mm epi-off CXL compared with 55% of those with customized debridement group. Conclusions: Although the DL if found in majority cases, but the shallow location in customized corneal debridement cases questioned the efficacy of this technique despite the quick re-epithelialization and less postoperative pain that accompanied it


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Collagen , Epithelium, Corneal , Corneal Stroma/surgery , Debridement , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Keratoconus/pathology
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