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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1531279

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar una serie de casos de fracturas vertebrales en pasajeros de autobús asociadas al pasaje por reductores de velocidad. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo de una serie de casos de lesiones vertebrales torácicas y lumbosacras sufridas por pasajeros a causa del impacto del vehículo con reductores de velocidad. Se incluyó a pacientes tratados en dos instituciones, entre el 1 de enero de 2012 y el 1 de enero de 2023. Resultados: Se registraron 23 pacientes con lesiones vertebrales de la columna toraco-lumbosacra, 14 mujeres (60,9%) y 9 hombres (39,1%), promedio de la edad 43 años (DE ± 12; rango 25-62). Casi todos eran pasajeros (n = 22; 95,7%) que viajaban sentados en la última fila del autobús (n = 20; 86,5%). Un solo caso correspondía a un conductor del vehículo. Se documentaron 29 lesiones vertebrales, 28 fracturas toracolumbares (de T10 a L2; 96,6%) y una fractura de coxis (3,4%). La vértebra más comprometida fue L1 (n = 16; 55%). Las fracturas más graves (A3/A4) se asociaron con tratamiento quirúrgico (p = 0,007) y una mayor mediana de días de internación (p = 0,005). Conclusiones: Las lesiones vertebrales asociadas al impacto vehicular con reductores de velocidad son fracturas causadas por un mecanismo de compresión axial, más frecuentes en pasajeros ubicados en la última fila de asientos del autobús. Comprometen predominantemente la charnela toracolumbar y la vértebra fracturada con más frecuencia es L1 y exclusivamente uno de los platillos vertebrales. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: To present a case series of spinal fractures in bus passengers caused by passing over speed bumps. materials and methods: A descriptive and retrospective study of a case series of thoracic and lumbosacral spinal injuries suffered by passengers as a result of vehicle impacts with speed bumps was conducted. Patients treated at two institutions from January 1, 2012 to January 1, 2023 were included. Results: 23 patients with vertebral injuries of the thoracolumbosacral spine were recorded: 14 women (60.9%) and 9 men (39.1%), average age 43 years (SD±12; range=25-62). Almost all of the patients were passengers (n=22, 95.7%) sitting in the last row of seats on the bus (n=20, 86.5%). A single case was documented involving the vehicle's driver. 29 spinal injuries were recorded, 28 thoracolumbar fractures (from T10 to L2; 96.6%) and 1 coccyx fracture (3.4%). The most frequently involved vertebra was L1 (n=16; 55%). The most severe fractures (A3/A4) were associated with surgical treatment (p=0.007) and a longer median hospital stay (p=0.005). Conclusions: Spinal injuries during vehicular impact with speed bumps are caused by an axial compression mechanism, with greater involvement of passengers who are located in the last row of seats. They primarily affect the thoracolumbar joint, with the L1 vertebra and exclusively one of the vertebral endplates being fractured most frequently. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Spinal Injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae , Spinal Fractures , Motor Vehicles , Deceleration , Fractures, Compression , Traffic , Lumbar Vertebrae
2.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22 (2), 2023;22(2): 832, 16 octubre 2023. ilus, tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524835

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La disección de aorta es una patología poco frecuente, cuando se presenta, lo hace de una manera catastrófica manifestada por dolor torácico o lumbar intenso acompañado de compromiso hemodinámico agudo, un diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano suelen ser cruciales para evitar la muerte del paciente, así mismo, una disección de aorta puede ser secundario a un trauma torácico por desaceleración y se presenta en 1,5% a 2%, lo que induce sobre todo a un desgarro localizado en la región del istmo aórtico. CASO CLÍNICO. Paciente masculino de 35 años, con antecedente de accidente en vehículo motorizado que provocó un traumatismo cráneo encefálico moderado, hematoma epidural parietal derecho, con resolución quirúrgica hace 18 meses, se descartó lesiones a nivel de tórax con radiografía de tórax normal, además se realizó ecografía FAST en ventana perihepática, suprapúbica, periesplénica y subxi-foidea sin encontrar alteración. Acudió al servicio de emergencia por un cuadro de hemiparesia derecha más disartria de 4 horas de evolución, se realiza tomografía de cráneo sin encontrarse lesión, catalogándose como evento cerebrovascular isquémico con recuperación neurológica. Durante su estancia hospitalaria presenta un cuadro de disnea de grandes esfuerzos y tras realizar exámenes complementarios de control se llega a una conclusión de una cardiomegalia, por lo que es referido a consulta de cardiología donde se realiza ecocardiograma, en la cual se observa disección de aorta ascendente más aneurisma por lo que se decide su ingreso y se instaura tratamiento mediante medidas de soporte, con derivación a hospital de especialidades para cirugía cardiotorácica. CONCLUSIONES. La disección de aorta secundario a un traumatis-mo es poco frecuente, sin embargo, el diagnostico siempre debe estar presente en caso de trauma por desaceleración, ya que es vital para la supervivencia del paciente y su manejo oportuno.


INTRODUCTION. Aortic dissection is an infrequent pathology; when it occurs, it does so in a catastrophic manner manifested by intense thoracic or lumbar pain accompanied by acute he-modynamic compromise. Early diagnosis and treatment are usually crucial to avoid the patient's death; likewise, aortic dissection can be secondary to thoracic trauma due to deceleration and occurs in 1.5% to 2%, which mainly induces a localized tear in the region of the aortic isthmus. CLINICAL CASE. 35-year-old male patient, with a history of motor vehicle accident that caused a moderate head injury, right parietal epidural hematoma, with surgical resolution 18 months ago, chest injuries were ruled out with normal chest X-ray, and FAST ultrasound was performed in perihepatic, suprapubic, perisplenic and subxiphoid window without finding any alteration. She went to the emergency department for a picture of right hemiparesis and dysarthria of 4 hours of evolution, a cranial tomography was performed without finding any lesion, being clas-sified as an ischemic cerebrovascular event with neurological recovery. During his hospital stay he presented with dyspnea of great effort and after performing complementary control tests, a cardiomegaly was found, so he is referred to a cardiology clinic where an echocardiogram is per-formed, which showed dissection of the ascending aorta plus aneurysm, admission is decided and treatment is instituted through supportive measures, with referral to a specialty hospital for cardiothoracic surgery. CONCLUSIONS. Aortic dissection secondary to trauma is rare, however, the diagnosis should always be present in case of trauma due to deceleration, as it is vital for the survival of the patient and its timely treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Thoracic Surgery , Wounds and Injuries , Deceleration , Traffic Trauma Care , Dissection, Thoracic Aorta , Aneurysm , Chest Pain , Accidents, Traffic , Low Back Pain , Cardiomegaly , Dyspnea , Ecuador , Brain Injuries, Traumatic
3.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(3): 258-264, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388659

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La aneuploidía más común entre los recién nacidos vivos es el síndrome de Down (SD). En estos niños el crecimiento está disminuido, con una frecuencia del 25% de restricción del crecimiento intrauterino, pero no se ha establecido el papel de la insuficiencia placentaria. El objetivo es estudiar la resistencia placentaria a través del Doppler de arteria umbilical con índice de pulsatilidad (IP) y el tiempo medio de desaceleración (t/2), y el posible efecto de la insuficiencia placentaria en fetos con SD. MÉTODO: Se realizó Doppler en la arteria umbilical en 78 fetos con SD, se midieron el IP y el t/2, y se compararon los resultados con los pesos de nacimiento. RESULTADOS: Se estudiaron 78 fetos con SD con 214 mediciones Doppler. El t/2 y el IP estaban alterados en el 71,5% y el 65% de las mediciones, respectivamente. La incidencia de t/2 alterado aumenta con la edad gestacional desde un 28,6% a las 15-20 semanas hasta un 89,3% sobre las 36 semanas (p < 0,01); cifras similares se observan para el IP. La clasificación de los pesos fue: 64% adecuados, 12% grandes y 24% pequeños para la edad gestacional. La última medición de t/2 antes del parto era normal en el 17% y estaba alterada en el 83%. En el caso del IP, los valores fueron normales en el 27% y anormales en el 73%. El peso de nacimiento, la edad gestacional y el porcentaje de niños adecuados para la edad gestacional eran significativamente mayores en el grupo con Doppler normal que en el grupo con Doppler alterado. El z-score del t/2 estaba marcadamente alterado (−2.23), pero el del peso de nacimiento solo estaba algo disminuido (−0,39). La mortalidad perinatal fue del 10%, significativamente mayor cuando el flujo diastólico era ausente o reverso. CONCLUSIONES: El estudio demuestra que los fetos con SD tienen una alta incidencia de alteración del Doppler umbilical para el IP y el t/2, lo cual sugiere una insuficiencia placentaria grave. Este deterioro parece iniciarse hacia el final del segundo trimestre y aumenta con la edad gestacional. Sin embargo, en estos fetos, la insuficiencia placentaria produce una ligera caída en el crecimiento fetal. Como hipótesis general pensamos que en los fetos con SD hay datos claros de insuficiencia placentaria, pero habría algún factor que les protegería de una restricción grave del crecimiento.


INTRODUCTION: The most common aneuploidy in live newborns is Down syndrome (DS), in these children growth is decreased, with a frequency of 25-36% of fetal growth restriction (FGR); however, it is not established the role of placental insufficiency. The objective is to study the Doppler of the umbilical artery with pulsatility index (PI) and half peak systolic velocity (hPSV) deceleration time and the possible role of placental insufficiency in fetuses with DS. METHOD: Doppler was performed in fetuses with DS, the umbilical artery and IP and hPSV were measured, and the results were compared with birth weights. RESULTS: 78 fetuses with DS were studied with 214 Doppler measurements. hPSV and the IP were altered in 71.5% and 65% of the measurements; the incidence of abnormal hPSV increases with gestational age from 28.6% between 15 to 20 weeks, to 89.3% over 36 weeks (p < 0.01), similar figures are observed with respect to the PI. The weight classification was: 24% of FGR, 12% of great for age and 64% of adequate for gestational age (AGA). The last measurement of hPSV before delivery was normal in 17% of the fetuses and was abnormal in 83%, in the case of PI the normal and abnormal values were 27 and 73%, respectively. Birth weight, gestational age, and the percentage of AGA children were significantly higher in the normal Doppler group than in the abnormal Doppler group. The hPSV z-score was markedly altered (−2.23), but the birth weight z-score is slightly decreased (−0.39). Perinatal mortality is 10% and is significantly higher when diastolic flow is absent or reverse. CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that DS fetuses have a high incidence of abnormal umbilical Doppler measured with IP and hPSV, which suggests severe placental insufficiency, this deterioration seems to start towards the end of the second trimester and increases with gestational age. However, in these fetuses, placental insufficiency causes a discrete drop in fetal growth. As a general hypothesis, we think that there is clear evidence of placental insufficiency in fetuses with DS, but there would be some factor that would protect these fetuses from severe growth restriction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Umbilical Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Down Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Placental Insufficiency/etiology , Blood Flow Velocity , Pulsatile Flow , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Gestational Age , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Deceleration , Fetal Growth Retardation/etiology
4.
Motriz (Online) ; 27: e10210015121, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346584

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: Lower-body non-contact injuries in team sport athletes (TSAs) are associated when absorbing force, during cutting and landing movements due to a lack of eccentric strength and decreased neuromuscular control leading to excessively higher joint forces. Thus, this project aimed to identify if TSAs had different acceleration and deceleration force profiles compared to a control group (non-TSA) when performing drop jumps (DJs). Methods: University TSAs (n = 15) and non-TSAs (n = 10) performed a series of DJs from a 39 cm box onto a force-plate. All data were normalized to the individual's body mass. Between-group differences in ground reaction force (GRF), rate of force development (RFD), and propulsive and breaking impulses were compared via t-tests and standardized differences. Results: TSAs had significantly, and meaningfully greater RFD than the non-TSAs (p < 0.01, Hedges' g (ES) = 1.24, 53%). While not statistically significant, the non-TSA group produced practically larger mean GRFs than TSAs (p = .09, ES = 0.72, 12.1%). No significant or meaningful between-group differences were detected for propulsive impulse (p = 0.08, ES = 0.41, 9.1%), braking impulse (p = 0.85, ES = 0.25, 4.6%), or impulse ratio (p = 0.35, ES = 0.21, 6.7%). Conclusions: This study shows the presence of significant RFD differences during the DJ in TSAs compared to non-TSAs. Furthermore, this investigation also showed there was no difference between TSA and students in GRF and impulse metrics. Implications from these findings suggest that TSAs can produce force rapidly, but deceleration metrics were not different from untrained students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deceleration , Muscle Strength , Acceleration , Team Sports
5.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 1-8, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713608

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the effect on uterine contraction frequency (UCF), blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns and psychophysical symptoms (physical discomfort, anxiety, and depression) of structured bed exercise (SBE) in hospitalized high-risk pregnant women prescribed bed rest. METHODS: Forty-five hospitalized high risk pregnant women at >24 weeks of pregnancy prescribed bed rest were randomly assigned to the experimental or control group. From January to May 2014, data were collected using electronic fetal monitoring and patient monitoring of UCF, BP, HR and FHR patterns, and psychophysical symptoms were measured using the antenatal physical discomfort scale, state-trait anxiety scale, and Edinburgh postnatal depression scale. RESULTS: UCF, BP, HR, and FHR patterns (rate, variability, acceleration, and deceleration) did not differ significantly between the experimental and control groups. The experimental group showed a significant increase in baseline FHR after SBE within the normal range, and after SBE, it reduced to the FHR before SBE. The variability, acceleration and deceleration of FHR before and after SBE did not differ significantly between two groups. Moreover, there was no statistically significant difference before and after SBE in the experimental group. Also, the experimental group showed statistically significant decreases in physical discomfort score. However, there were no significant differences in depression and anxiety score between two groups. CONCLUSIONS: SBE in hospitalized high-risk pregnant women under bed rest did not increase the risk to the fetus, and relieved physical discomfort and anxiety. Therefore, SBE should be considered as a nursing intervention in hospitalized high-risk pregnant women.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Acceleration , Anxiety , Bed Rest , Blood Pressure , Cardiotocography , Deceleration , Depression , Depression, Postpartum , Fetal Heart , Fetus , Heart Rate , Heart Rate, Fetal , Monitoring, Physiologic , Nursing , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pregnant Women , Reference Values , Uterine Contraction
6.
MedicalExpress (São Paulo, Online) ; 4(4)July-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894359

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Adequate muscle reaction time is essential for protecting the joints against injuries during sports activities. This phenomenon of time of acceleration has been investigated through methodologies such as trapdoor experiments and electromyography. However, isokinetic analysis is an assessment method that is more dynamic and shows behavior closer to the functionality of the sport. Sports that involve running, such as long distance running and triathlon, have high lower-limb injury rates, particularly in relation to the ankle joint. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare isokinetic acceleration and deceleration times of the dorsiflexor and plantar flexor musculature of the ankle in long-distance runners, triathletes and non-athletic individuals. METHOD: The sample comprised 75 individuals (men aged 18-42 years), divided into three groups: triathlete group, long-distance runner group and control group. The individuals were tested bilaterally on an isokinetic dynamometer. The evaluation modes used were (i) concentric/eccentric for plantar flexion and dorsiflexion, and (ii) eccentric/concentric for plantar flexion and dorsiflexion. We used (a) analysis of variance and Tukey's post hoc test; (b) Kruskal-Wallis and Müller-Dunn post hoc tsts; (c) Chi-square tests. RESULTS: The acceleration time during concentric contraction was statistically different only between the control group and the long-distance runner group, such that the controls presented faster acceleraton. CONCLUSION: This may signify a deficiency in their motor sensory control during concentric activity of the dorsiflexors.


INTRODUÇÃO: O tempo adequado de reação muscular é essencial para proteger as articulações contra lesões durante atividades esportivas. Este fenômeno de tempo de aceleração tem sido investigado por meio de metodologias como experimentos com trampolim e eletromiografia. No entanto, a análise isocinética é um método de avaliação que é mais dinâmico e mostra comportamento mais próximo da funcionalidade do esporte. Corrida de longa distância e triatlo têm altas taxas de lesão de membros inferiores, particularmente em relação à articulação do tornozelo. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar e comparar os tempos de aceleração e desaceleração isocinética do dorsiflexor e da musculatura flexora plantar do tornozelo em corredores de longa distância, triatletas e indivíduos não atléticos. MÉTODO: A amostra incluiu 75 indivíduos (homens com idade entre 18-42 anos), divididos em três grupos: triatletas, corredores de longa distância e grupo controle. Os indivíduos foram testados bilateralmente em um dinamômetro isocinético. Os modos de avaliação utilizados foram: 1. concêntricos/excêntricos para flexão plantar e dorsiflexão; 2. excêntricos/concêntricos para flexão plantar e dorsiflexão. A análise estatística utilizou análise de variância e teste post hoc de Tukey; Testes post hoc de Kruskal-Wallis e Müller-Dunn e testes Qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS: O tempo de aceleração durante a contração excêntrica foi estatisticamente diferente apenas entre o grupo controle e o grupo corredor de longa distância: os controles apresentaram aceleração mais rápida. CONCLUSÃO: Este resultado pode indicar uma deficiência no controle sensorial do seu motor durante a atividade concêntrica dos dorsiflexores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Running , Deceleration , Athletes , Acceleration , Ankle/physiology
7.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 93-95, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164170

ABSTRACT

The seat belt is designed for safety in a motor vehicle and should be worn to prevent severe injuries. But, the seat belt itself can be an injury factor in combination with deceleration forces applied to fixation points of mobile viscera. Here, we present a 23-year-man with traumatic transection of the appendix, highly mobile viscera, following seat belt injury.


Subject(s)
Appendix , Deceleration , Motor Vehicles , Seat Belts , Viscera
8.
Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound ; : 40-47, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89909

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In adults, tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is a recommended component of routine echocardiography. However, TDI velocities are less accepted in pediatrics, due to their strong variability and age dependence in children. This study examines the distribution of myocardial tissue Doppler velocities in healthy children to assess the effect of age with cardiac growth on the various echocardiographic measurements. METHODS: Total 144 healthy children were enrolled in this study. They were recruited from the pediatric outpatient clinic for routine well-child visits. The statistical relationships between age and TDI values were analyzed. Also, the statistical relationships between body surface area (BSA) and TDI values, left ventricle end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD) and TDI values were analyzed. Also, we conducted multivariate analysis of cardiac growth parameters such as, age, BSA, LVEDD and TDI velocity data. RESULTS: All of the age, BSA, and LVEDD had positive correlations with deceleration time (DT), pressure half-time (PHT), peak early diastolic myocardial velocity, peak systolic myocardial velocity, and had negative correlations with peak late diastolic velocity (A) and the ratio of trans-mitral inflow velocity to early diastolic velocity of mitral annulus (E/E'). In the multivariate analysis, all of the age, BSA, and LVEDD had positive correlations with DT, PHT, and negative correlations with A and E/E'. CONCLUSION: The cardiac growth parameters related alterations of E/E' may suggest that diastolic myocardial velocities are cardiac growth dependent, and diastolic function has positive correlation with cardiac growth in pediatric group. This cardiac growth related myocardial functional variation would be important for assessment of cardiac involvement either in healthy and sick child.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Body Surface Area , Deceleration , Echocardiography , Heart Ventricles , Multivariate Analysis , Pediatrics
9.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 394-401, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43726

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Empirical evidence is lacking on the cumulative disease burden of obesity and hypertension and its impact on cardiac function and exercise capacity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the presence of obesity and hypertension together was associated with cardiac dysfunction and exercise capacity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Using a retrospective study design, medical records were reviewed for echocardiographic and treadmill exercise stress test data. Subjects were grouped according to four categories: normal control, obese, hypertensive, or obese and hypertensive. RESULTS: Obese, hypertensive persons showed significantly lower Ea and E/A ratio and greater E/Ea ratio, deceleration time, left ventricular (LV) mass, and LV mass index compared to their counter parts (normal control, obese and/or hypertensive) (all p<0.05), after controlling for age and sex. After controlling for age and sex, significant differences in exercise capacity indices were found, with the obese group having shorter exercise time, lower metabolic equivalents, and lower maximal oxygen uptake than the normal control, hypertensive, or both groups (all p<0.05). The hypertensive or obese and hypertensive group had greater maximal blood pressure compared with the normal control group (all p<0.001). Obese and hypertensive persons were approximately three times more likely to have diastolic dysfunction (odd ratio=2.96, p=0.001), when compared to the reference group (normotensive, non-obese, or hypertensive only persons). CONCLUSION: Diastolic dysfunction was associated with obesity and/or hypertension. The cumulative risk of obesity and hypertension and their impact on diastolic dysfunction which could be modifiable could reduce exercise capacity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Deceleration , Echocardiography , Exercise Test , Hypertension , Medical Records , Metabolic Equivalent , Obesity , Oxygen , Retrospective Studies
10.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 18(1): 142-148, jan.-mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-780045

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Piper permucronatum is a perennial shrub, a medicinal plant native to the Amazon Rainforest. Traditionally, the tea of its leaves is used to combat menstrual and intestinal cramps, stomach pain, digestive problems, diarrhea, hemorrhage, and nausea. Its leaf’s essential oil is effective against Aedes aegypti larvae; its flavones and flavanones have a fungicidal effect against Clamidosporium cladosporioides and C. sphaerospermum; its hexanic extract is effective against Leishmania amazonensis. The objective of this study was to provide a protocol for callus induction from P. permucronatum leaves and an identification of the callus growth pattern, focusing on the deceleration phase, when the callus cells must be subcultured into liquid medium in order to produce a cell suspension cultures. Leaf explants were inoculated in a solid MS medium supplemented with factorial combinations of 2,4-D, BA, NAA and GA3. Callus formation was evaluated weekly until the 49th day. Subsequently, new explants were inoculated at the hormonal combination that resulted in the highest callus cell proliferation and, every seven days during a period of 70 days, samples were dried and weighed to determine the callus growth pattern. NAA and GA3 were not effective for callus induction. Combinations of 2,4-D and BA resulted in callus induction and proliferation. The highest percentage of callus induction was observed with the combination of 4.52 µM 2,4-D and 4.44 µM BA. The calluses thereby produced were friable and whitish. The callus growth pattern followed a sigmoid shape. The deceleration phase started on the 56th day of culture.


RESUMO Indução e padrão de crescimento de calos de folhas de Piper permucronatum. Piper permucronatum é um arbusto perene, uma planta medicinal native da Floresta Amazônica. Tradicionalmente, o chá de suas folhas é usado em casos de cólicas menstruais e intestinais, dores de estômago, problemas digestivos, diarreia, hemorragia e náusea. O óleo essencial das folhas é efetivo contra a larva de Aedes aegypti; suas flavonas e flavanonas têm efeito fungicida contra Clamidosporium cladosporioides e C. sphaerospermum; seu extrato hexânico é efetivo contra Leishmania amazonensis. O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar um protocolo para indução de calos em folhas de P. permucronatum e identificar o padrão de crescimento dos calos, com foco na fase de desaceleração, quando as células de calo devem ser subcultivadas em meio líquido para produzir culturas de células em suspensão. Explantes foliares foram inoculados em meio MS sólido suplementado com combinações fatoriais de 2,4-D, BAP, ANA e GA3. A formação de calos foi avaliada semanalmente até o 49º dia. Posteriormente, novos explantes foram inoculados na combinação hormonal que resultou na maior proliferação de células de calo e, a cada sete dias durante 70 dias, amostras foram secas e pesadas para determinar o padrão de crescimento dos calos. ANA e GA3 não foram efetivas para a indução de calos. Combinações de 2,4-D e BAP resultaram em indução e proliferação de calos. A maior porcentagem de indução de calos foi observada com a combinação de 4,52 µM de 2,4-D e 4,44 µM de BAP. Os calos produzidos eram friáveis e esbranquiçados. O crescimento dos calos seguiu um padrão sigmoide. A fase de desaceleração iniciou no 56º dia de cultivo.


Subject(s)
Plant Growth Regulators/analysis , Piperaceae/classification , Plants, Medicinal/classification , Deceleration
11.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 163-167, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-32541

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study is to emphasize the efficacy of the myocardial performance index and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) in the determination of impaired cardiac functions and recovery period following the treatment in children with adenoid and/or tonsillar hypertrophy. METHODS: Fifty-three healthy children after routine laboratory, imaging and clinical examinations, with adenoid and/or tonsillar hypertrophy were evaluated before and 3 months after adenotonsillectomy for cardiac functions using M mode and Doppler echocardiography. RESULTS: The mean age of cases was 6.4±3.0 years, 34 (65%) were male, and 19 (35%) were female. Pulmonary hypertension was observed to be mild in 3 patients and moderate in 1 patient preoperatively. When the preoperative and postoperative echocardiographic measurements of the patients were compared, the tricuspid valve E wave velocity, the E/A ratio (E, early diastolic flow rate; A, late diastolic flow rate), and the TAPSE values were determined to be significantly higher postoperatively (P<0.05). The tricuspid valve deceleration time, the isovolumetric relaxation time and the systolic pulmonary artery pressure were found to be significantly lower compared to the preoperative values (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy may prevent cardiac dysfunctions that can develop in the later periods due to adenoid and/or tonsil hypertrophy in children, before the appearance of the clinical findings of cardiac failure.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Adenoidectomy , Adenoids , Deceleration , Echocardiography , Echocardiography, Doppler , Heart Failure , Heart Ventricles , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Hypertrophy , Palatine Tonsil , Pulmonary Artery , Relaxation , Tonsillectomy , Tricuspid Valve
12.
Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound ; : 128-134, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11229

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We sought to assess echocardiographic predictors of left ventricular (LV) adverse remodeling after successfully reperfused acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). LV remodeling is commonly found in STEMI patients and it may suggest adverse outcome in acute myocardial infarction. We sought to identify whether 2D strain and torsion be independent parameters for prediction of LV adverse remodeling. METHODS: We investigated 208 patients with low-risk STEMI patients who had follow up echocardiography at 6 or more months. After clinical assessments, all patients received revascularization according to current guideline. LV remodeling was defined as > 20% increase in end-diastolic volume (EDV) at follow up. RESULTS: During the follow-up (11.9 ± 5.3 months), 53 patients (25.5%) showed LV remodeling. In univariate analysis, EDV, end-systolic volume, deceleration time (DT), CK-MB, and global longitudinal strain (GLS) were associated with LV remodeling. In multivariate analysis, EDV [hazard ratio (HR): 0.922, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.897-0.948, p< 0.001], GLS (HR: 0.842, 95% CI: 0.728-0.974, p = 0.020), DT (HR: 0.989, 95% CI: 0.980-0.998, p = 0.023) and CK-MB (HR: 1.003, 95% CI: 1.000-1.005, p = 0.033) independently predicted LV remodeling. However, global circumferential strain, net twist, and twist or untwist rate were not associated with remodeling. CONCLUSION: Of various parameters of speckle strain, only GLS predicted adverse remodeling in STEMI patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deceleration , Echocardiography , Follow-Up Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Myocardial Infarction , Ventricular Remodeling
13.
Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound ; : 144-152, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11227

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic and functional evaluation with Doppler and tissue Doppler study as a part of comprehensive echocardiography is essential but normal reference values have never been reported from Korean normal population especially according to age and sex. METHODS: Using Normal echOcaRdiographic Measurements in a KoreAn popuLation study subjects, we obtained normal reference values for Doppler and tissue Doppler echocardiography including tricuspid annular velocities according to current guidelines and compared values according to gender and age groups. RESULTS: Mitral early diastolic (E) and late diastolic (A) velocity as well as E/A ratio were significantly higher in women compared to those in men. Conversely, mitral peak systolic and late diastolic annular velocity in both septal and lateral mitral annulus were significantly lower in women compared to those in men. However, there were no significant differences in both septal and lateral mitral early diastolic annular (e') velocity between men and women. In both men and women, mitral E velocity and its deceleration time as well as both E/A and E/e' ratio considerably increased with age. There were no significant differences in tricuspid inflow velocities and tricuspid lateral annular velocities between men and women except e' velocity, which was significantly higher in women compared to that in men. However, changes in both tricuspid inflow and lateral annular velocities according to age were similar to those in mitral velocities. CONCLUSION: Since there were significant differences in Doppler and tissue Doppler echocardiographic variables between men and women and changes according to age were even more considerable in both gender groups, normal Doppler echocardiographic values should be differentially applied based on age and sex.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Deceleration , Echocardiography , Echocardiography, Doppler , Hemodynamics , Reference Values
14.
Journal of Korean Diabetes ; : 252-259, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-726854

ABSTRACT

Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone that is released from enteroendocrine L-cells upon nutrient absorption; it stimulates glucose-dependent insulin secretion from pancreatic betacells. GLP-1 has pleiotropic effects including deceleration of gastric emptying, decreased appetite, and increased satiety. Treatment with GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes without increasing the risk of hypoglycemia or weight gain. Current GLP-1RAs can be classified by their structure (exendin-4-based or human GLP-1-based), duration of action, and molecular size. Different GLP-1RAs exhibit different pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Herein we review the characteristics of available GLP-1RAs and discuss current issues such as insulin combination therapy and anti-obesity effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Absorption , Appetite , Deceleration , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Gastric Emptying , Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 , Hypoglycemia , Incretins , Insulin , Obesity , Pharmacokinetics , Weight Gain , Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor
15.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 326-330, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-212419

ABSTRACT

In traffic accidents, wearing a seatbelt can cause abdominal aortic injury due to an abrupt deceleration. We report a case of abdominal aorta dissection caused by a seat belt in a frontal motor vehicle collision. The initial symptoms and signs were vague or uncertain. However, he complained severe abdominal pain with seat belt sign below the umbilicus. Abdominal computed tomography scans showed an initial flap of the abdominal aorta with hematoma and hazy stranding of the mesentery.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Accidents, Traffic , Aorta, Abdominal , Deceleration , Hematoma , Mesentery , Motor Vehicles , Seat Belts , Umbilicus
16.
Korean Journal of Legal Medicine ; : 182-185, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224685

ABSTRACT

Although the innominate artery is protected by a bony structure, traumatic injury of this vessel has been reported. These injuries usually occur after blunt chest trauma or sudden deceleration, and are often coupled with other associated injuries. However, we experienced an unusual occurrence where a deceased patient with no history of blunt trauma and no apparent injury on the chest, head, or neck showed an isolated injury of the innominate artery with extensive hemorrhage at the postmortem examination. In the present report, we describe the present case, indicating the characteristics of the innominate artery injury, and review the associated literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autopsy , Brachiocephalic Trunk , Deceleration , Glycosaminoglycans , Head , Hemorrhage , Neck , Thorax
17.
The Korean Journal of Sports Medicine ; : 123-129, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107658

ABSTRACT

The shoulder injury was resulted from muscle imbalance between acceleration and deceleration during the throwing. The agonist-antagonist muscle strength relationship for throwing was formerly described as functional ratios of eccentric external rotator to concentric internal rotator moments and eccentric internal rotator to concentric external rotator moments. The purpose of this study was to measure the ratio of concentric and eccentric strength of the shoulder rotators by isokinetic muscle performance in Korean throwing college athletes for descriptive data. On 10 dominant shoulders of asymptomatic throwing college athletes applying Cybex II isokinetic dynamometer, concentric and eccentric muscle strength of the rotators were measured at the speed of 90degrees/s, 180degrees/s, 240degrees/s. Maximal torque ratio of the eccentric strength of the external rotator against the concentric strength of the internal rotator was 1.25, 1.13, 1.21 at the each speed. The functional external eccentric-to-internal concentric ratio was similar with previous published studies. There was no significant difference between each speed. Eccentric strength of the external rotator was higher than concentric strength of the internal rotator during internal and external rotation at all speeds. This functional assessment of strength testing that reflected the importance of eccentric external rotation strength for the dynamic shoulder joint stability during the throwing. Therefore, the increase of the eccentric strength of the external rotator would be helpful to prevent the shoulder injury and to treat for rehabilitation of injured shoulder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acceleration , Athletes , Deceleration , Muscle Strength , Muscles , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder , Shoulder Joint , Torque
18.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 89-92, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107379

ABSTRACT

Hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis in pregnancy is not a common complication. Moreover, ketoacidosis in gestational diabetes occurs rarely. Here we report a case of ketoacidosis with hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis in a patient with gestational diabetes that was successfully treated with insulin and supportive care. In this case, a 36-year-old woman (at 32 weeks' gestation) was diagnosed with gestational diabetes 4 weeks prior, but did not have well controlled blood sugar. She complained of severe epigastric pain concomitant with nausea and vomiting. Radiology and laboratory tests found hypertriglyceridemia (1,996 mg/dL), acute pancreatitis, and ketoacidosis with absence of fetal deceleration on a non-stress test. The patient's condition improved with insulin therapy and fluid replacement. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a case of ketoacidosis with hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis in a patient with gestational diabetes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Blood Glucose , Deceleration , Diabetes, Gestational , Hypertriglyceridemia , Insulin , Ketosis , Nausea , Pancreatitis , Vomiting
19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 287-295, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226269

ABSTRACT

The present review presents basic concepts of blood rheology related to vascular diseases. Blood flow in large arteries is dominated by inertial forces exhibited at high flow velocities, while viscous forces (i.e., blood rheology) play an almost negligible role. When high flow velocity is compromised by sudden deceleration as at a bifurcation, endothelial cell dysfunction can occur along the outer wall of the bifurcation, initiating inflammatory gene expression and, through mechanotransduction, the cascade of events associated with atherosclerosis. In sharp contrast, the flow of blood in microvessels is dominated by viscous shear forces since the inertial forces are negligible due to low flow velocities. Shear stress is a critical parameter in microvascular flow, and a force-balance approach is proposed for determining microvascular shear stress, accounting for the low Reynolds numbers and the dominance of viscous forces over inertial forces. Accordingly, when the attractive forces between erythrocytes (represented by the yield stress of blood) are greater than the shear force produced by microvascular flow, tissue perfusion itself cannot be sustained, leading to capillary loss. The yield stress parameter is presented as a diagnostic candidate for future clinical research, specifically, as a fluid dynamic biomarker for microvascular disorders. The relation between the yield stress and diastolic blood viscosity (DBV) is described using the Casson model for viscosity, from which one may be able determine thresholds of DBV where the risk of microvascular disorders is high.


Subject(s)
Accounting , Arteries , Atherosclerosis , Blood Viscosity , Capillaries , Deceleration , Endothelial Cells , Erythrocytes , Gene Expression , Hemorheology , Hydrodynamics , Microvascular Angina , Microvessels , Perfusion , Rheology , Vascular Diseases , Viscosity
20.
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing ; : 195-204, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95396

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the spouse's aromatherapy massage on labor pain, anxiety during labor and childbirth satisfaction for laboring women. METHODS: The subjects of this study were laboring women who didn't have any complication during pregnancy and who have admitted for childbirth with their spouse to E. hospital in D city. This study was carried out from June to November in 2007. The subjects were allocated into three groups: spouse's aromatherapy massage group, spouse's carrier oil massage group and control group. Aromatherapy massage and carrier oil massage was applied for ten minutes every hour after the cervix dilated 5cm. The subjects in the control group were with their spouse during labor. RESULTS: The labor pain by VAS was significantly different among the three groups (Kruskal-Wallis chi2=7.09 p=.029) in the deceleration phase. The anxiety during labor by VAS were significantly different among the three groups (Kruskal-Wallis chi2=6.77 p=.034) in the deceleration phase. There was no significant difference in childbirth satisfaction among the three groups. CONCLUSION: The spouse's aromatherapy massage using Lavender, Clary sage, Frankincense and Neroli could be effective in decreasing labor pain and decreasing anxiety level during labor.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Anxiety , Aromatherapy , Boswellia , Cervix Uteri , Deceleration , Labor Pain , Lavandula , Massage , Parturition , Spouses
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