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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 706-711, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529935

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The purpose of the present study is to compare intraoperative blood loss, operating time, laminectomy time, hospital length of stay, and complications in thoracolumbar spinal decompression using ultrasonic bone scalpels (UBSs) with conventional procedures. Methods Forty-two patients who underwent decompressive laminectomy and pedicular screw fusion with a surgical level of 1-5 levels between February 1, 2020, and June 30, 2022, in a single institution were evaluated for eligibility, and 11 were excluded due to a history of spinal surgery (n= 3), spinal tumor (n= 3), and spinal infection (n= 5). A total of 31 patients were randomly divided into the UBS group (n =15) and the conventional group (n =16). Intraoperative blood loss, operating time, laminectomy time, hospital length of stay, and complications were recorded. Results Intraoperative blood loss and laminectomy time were significantly lower in the UBS group (656.0 ± 167.6 ml, 54.5 ± 27.4 minutes, respectively) than in the conventional group (936.9 ± 413.2 ml, 73.4 ± 28.1 minutes, respectively). Overall operation time, hospital length of stay, and complications were all similar between the groups. Conclusion The UBS is a useful instrument for procedures performed near the dura mater or other neural tissue without excessive heat or mechanical injury. This device is recommended for various spinal surgeries in addition to high-speed burrs and Kerrison rongeurs.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo é comparar perda de sangue intraoperatória, tempo de operação, tempo de laminectomia, tempo de internação hospitalar e complicações na descompressão espinhal torácica utilizando bisturis ósseos ultrassônicos (BOUs) em relação aos procedimentos convencionais. Métodos Quarenta e dois pacientes submetidos a laminectomia descompressiva e fusão pedicular do parafuso com um nível cirúrgico de 1 a 5, entre 1° de fevereiro de 2020 e 30 de junho de 2022 em uma única instituição, foram avaliados para elegibilidade e 11 foram excluídos devido ao histórico de cirurgia espinhal (n= 3), tumor espinhal (n= 3) e infecção espinhal (n= 5). Perda de sangue intraoperatória, tempo de operação, tempo de laminectomia, tempo de internação e complicações foram registradas. Resultados A perda de sangue intraoperatória e o tempo de laminectomia foram significativamente menores no grupo BOU (656,0 ± 167,6 ml, 54,5 ± 27,4 min, respectivamente) do que no grupo convencional (936,9 ± 413,2 ml, 73,4 ± 28,1 min, respectivamente). O tempo de funcionamento total, o tempo de internação e as complicações foram todos semelhantes entre os grupos. Conclusão O bisturi ósseo ultrassônico é um instrumento útil para procedimentos realizados próximos à dura-máter ou outro tecido neural sem calor excessivo ou lesão mecânica. Este dispositivo é recomendado para várias cirurgias de coluna vertebral, juntamente com rebarbas de alta velocidade e pinça Kerrison.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Thoracic Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Decompression, Surgical , Laminectomy
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 538-541, May-June 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449829

ABSTRACT

Abstract Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common compressive neuropathy in the human body. Its symptoms result from compression of the median nerve in the carpus. The treatment can be conservative, with medications and/or infiltrations that alleviate the symptoms, or surgical, which is more effective, with decompression of the median nerve by surgical section of the flexor retinaculum of the carpus. The anesthetic technique varies according to the anesthesia method: sedation, venous locoregional anesthesia and, more recently, wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet (WALANT), which can be performed by the surgeons themselves. The WALANT technique uses local anesthesia with a vasoconstrictor, and does not require the use of a tourniquet on the upper limb nor sedation. The median nerve block in ultrasound-guided WALANT provides better accuracy to the technique, with greater patient safety; in the present article, its use in the performance of carpal tunnel decompression is described, and the literature is reviewed.


Resumo A síndrome do túnel do carpo (STC) é a neuropatía compressiva mais comum do corpo humano. Seus sintomas decorrem da compressão do nervo mediano no carpo. O tratamento pode ser incruento, com medicações e/ou infiltrações que amenizam os sintomas, ou cruento, mais eficaz, com a descompressão do nervo mediano pela seção cirúrgicadoretináculodos flexores do carpo. A técnica anestésica varia de acordo com o serviço de anestesia: sedação, anestesia locorregional venosa e, mais recentemente, a anestesia local com o paciente acordado e sem torniquete (wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet, WALANT), que pode ser realizada pelo próprio cirurgião. Por utilizar anestesia local com vasoconstritor, essa técnica dispensa o uso de torniquete no membro superior e a necessidade de sedação. O bloqueio do nervo mediano na WALANT guiada por ultrassonografiaconfere melhor precisão àtécnica,e mais segurança ao paciente, e, neste artigo seu uso na realização da descompressão do túnel do carpo é descrito, e a literatura, revisada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Ultrasonography , Decompression, Surgical , Anesthesia, Local
3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 289-294, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970865

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical effect of decompression and bone grafting on osteonecrosis of the femoral head(ONFH) at different sites of necrotic lesions.@*METHODS@#A total of 105 patients with ARCOⅡstage ONFH admitted from January 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 71 males and 34 females, with an average age of (55.20±10.98) years old. The mean course of all patients was(15.91±9.85) months. According to Japanese Inveatigation Committee (JIC) classification, all patients were divided into 4 types:17 cases of type A, 26 cases of type B, 33 cases of type C1 and 29 cases of type C2. All four groups were treated with decompression of the pulp core and bone grafting. Visual analogue scale(VAS) and Harris hip joint score were used before and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after the operation, and the collapse of the femoral head was observed by X-ray examination within 2 years.@*RESULTS@#All 105 patients were successful on operation without complications, and the mean follow-up duration was (24.45±2.75) months. Harris score showed that there was no statistical difference among four groups before surgery and 3, 6 months after surgery (P>0.05);at 12 and 24 months after surgery, there were significant differences among all groups (P<0.01). There were significant differences in intragroup Harris scores at preoperative and postoperative time points among four groups (P<0.01). VAS showed that there was no statistical difference among four groups before and 3, 6 months after surgery (P>0.05);at 12 and 24 months after surgery, there were significant differences among all groups (P<0.01). There were significant differences in VAS at preoperative and postoperative time points among four groups (P<0.01). None of the patients in four groups had femoral head collapse before and 3, 6 months after surgery. At 12 months after operation, there were 3 cases of femoral head collapse in group C and 4 cases in group C2(P>0.05);At 24 months after operation, 1 case of femoral head collapse occurred in group B, 6 cases in group C1 and 8 cases in group C2(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Core decompression and bone grafting can improve the effect of ONFH and hip preservation. The effect of hip preservation for ONFH is closely related to the location of the osteonecrosis lesion, so the influence of the location of lesion on the effect of hip preservation should be considered in clinical treatment, so as to make better preoperative hip preservation plan.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Femur Head Necrosis/diagnosis , Femur Head/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Decompression, Surgical , Bone Transplantation
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 92-98, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970826

ABSTRACT

The spine is the most common site of bone metastases from malignant tumors, with metastatic epidural spinal cord compression occurring in about 10% of patients with spinal metastases. Palliative radiotherapy and simple laminectomy and decompression have been the main treatments for metastatic spinal cord compression. The former is ineffective and delayed for radiation-insensitive tumors, and the latter often impairs spinal stability. With the continuous improvement of surgical techniques and instrumentation in recent years, the treatment model of spinal metastases has changed a lot. Decompression surgery underwent open decompression, separation surgery, minimally invasive surgery and laser interintermal thermal ablation decompression. However, no matter what kind of surgical plan is adopted, it should be assessed precisely according to the specific situation of the patient to minimize the risk of surgery as far as possible to ensure the smooth follow-up radiotherapy. This paper reviews the research progress of decompression for spinal metastases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Cord Compression/surgery , Spinal Neoplasms/secondary , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Spine/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 43-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970817

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of percutaneous foraminal endoscopy in the treatment of lumbar lateral recess stenosis in elderly.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 31 elderly patients with lumbar lateral recess stenosis treated by percutaneous foraminal endoscopic decompression from March 2018 to August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Including 16 males and 15 females, aged from 65 to 81 years with an average of (71.13±5.20) years, the course of disease ranged from 3 months to 7 years with an average of (14.36±6.52) months. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were used to assess clinical symptom and functional status before operation and 1, 6, 12 months after operation. At the final follow-up, the modified Macnab standard was used to evaluate clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All patients were completed the operation successfully. The operation time was from 75 to 120 min with an average of (97.84±11.22 ) min. All 31 patients were followed up from 12 to 28 months with an average of (17.29±5.56) months. Postoperative lumbago-leg pain VAS and ODI were significantly improved at 1, 6, and 12 months(P<0.01). At the final follow-up, according to the modified Macnab standard to evaluate the effect, 23 got excellent results, 5 good, 3 fair. One patient had severe adhesions between peripheral tissues and nerve root, and postoperative sensory abnormalities in the lower extremities were treated conservatively with traditional Chinese medicine and neurotrophic drugs, which recovered at 2 weeks after surgery. No complications such as nerve root injury and infection occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#The intervertebral foraminal endoscopy technique, which is performed under local anesthesia for a short period of operation, ensures adequate decompression while minimizing complications, and is a safe and effective surgical procedure for elderly patients with lumbar lateral recess stenosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Infant , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Retrospective Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 550-553, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the value of high-resolution ultrasound the diagnosis and prognosis of cubital tunnel syndrome.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to June 2019, 47 patients with cubital tunnel syndrome were treated with ulnar nerve release and anterior subcutaneous transposition. There were 41 males and 6 females, aged from 27 to 73 years old. There were 31 cases on the right, 15 cases on the left, and 1 case on both sides. The diameter of ulnar nerve was measured by high-resolution ultrasound pre-and post-operatively, and measured directly during the operation. The recovery status of the patients was evaluated by the trial standard of ulnar nerve function assessment, and the satisfaction of the patients was assessed.@*RESULTS@#All the 47 cases were followed up for an average of 12 months and the incisions healed well. The diameter of ulnar nerve at the compression level was (0.16±0.04) cm pre-operatively, and the diameter of ulnar nerve was (0.23±0.04) cm post-operatively. The evaluation of ulnar nerve function:excellent in 16 cases, good in 18 cases and fair in 13 cases. Twelve months post-operatively, 28 patients were satisfied, 10 patients were general and 9 patients were dissatisfied.@*CONCLUSION@#The preoperative examination of ulnar nerve by high-resolution ultrasound is consistent with the intuitive measurement during operation, and the result of postoperative examination of ulnar nerve by high-resolution ultrasound is consistent with follow-up results. High-resolution ultrasound is an effective auxiliary method for the diagnosis and treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cubital Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Ulnar Nerve/surgery , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Prognosis
7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 495-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981721

ABSTRACT

Wallis dynamic stabilization system is a surgical approach in the non-fusion technique of lumbar spine, consisting of interspinous blockers and dacron artificial ligaments that provide stability to the spine while maintaining a degree of motion in the affected segment. Recent studies have demonstrated the significant benefits of Wallis dynamic stabilization system in treating lumbar degenerative diseases. It not only improves clinical symptoms, but also effectively delays complications such as adjacent segmental degeneration. This paper aims to review the literature related to the Wallis dynamic stabilization system and degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine to describe the long-term prognostic effect of this system in the treatment of such diseases. This review provides a theoretical basis and reference for selecting surgical methods to treat degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fusion/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Treatment Outcome
8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 480-486, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981718

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate early clinical efficacy of unilateral biportal endoscopy technique for the treatment of lumbar postoperative adjacent segmental diseases.@*METHODS@#Fourteen patients with lumbar postoperative adjacent segmental diseases were treated with unilateral biportal endoscopy technique from June 2019 to June 2020. Among them, there were 9 males and 5 females, aged from 52 to 73 years old, and the interval between primary and revision operations ranged from 19 to 64 months. Adjacent segmental degeneration occurred after lumbar fusion in 10 patients and after lumbar nonfusion fixation in 4 patients. All the patients received unilateral biportal endoscopy assisted posterior unilateral lamina decompression or unilateral approach to the contralateral decompression. The operation time, postoperative hospital stay and complications were observed. The visual analogue scale (VAS) of low back pain and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) score were recorded before operation and at 3 days, 3 months, and 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All procedures were successfully completed. Surgical duration ranged from 32 to 151 min. Postoperative CT showed adequate decompression and preservation of most joints. Out of bed walking 1 to 3 days after surgery, postoperative hospital stay was 1 to 8 days, and postoperative follow-up was 6 to 11 months. All 14 patients returned to normal life within 3 weeks after surgery, and VAS, ODI, and mJOA scores improved significantly at 3 days and 3, 6 months after surgery. One patient occurred cerebrospinal fluid leak after operation, received local compression suture, and the wound healed after conservative treatment. One patient occurred postoperative cauda equina neurologic deficit, which was gradually recovered about 1 month after rehabilitation therapy. One patients advented transient pain of lower limbs after surgery, and the symptoms were relieved after 7 days of treatment with hormones, dehydration drugs and symptomatic management.@*CONCLUSION@#Unilateral biportal endoscopy technique has a good early clinical efficacy in the treatment of lumbar postoperative adjacent segmental diseases, which may provide a new minimally invasive, non-fixation option for the treatment of adjacent segment disease.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Spinal Fusion/methods , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 895-900, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the application and progress of different minimally invasive spinal decompression in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).@*METHODS@#The domestic and foreign literature on the application of different minimally invasive spinal decompression in the treatment of LSS was extensively reviewed, and the advantages, disadvantages, and complications of different surgical methods were summarized.@*RESULTS@#At present, minimally invasive spinal decompression mainly includes microscopic bilateral decompression, microendoscopic decompression, percutaneous endoscopic lumbar decompression, unilateral biportal endoscopy, and so on. Compared with traditional open surgery, different minimally invasive spinal decompression techniques can reduce the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative pain of patients, thereby reducing hospital stay and saving treatment costs.@*CONCLUSION@#The indications of different minimally invasive spinal decompression are different, but there are certain advantages and disadvantages. When patients have clear surgical indications, individualized treatment plans should be formulated according to the symptoms and signs of patients, combined with imaging manifestations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Laminectomy/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 742-747, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the application of surgical strategies for the treatment of cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) involving the C 2 segment.@*METHODS@#The literature about the surgery for cervical OPLL involving C 2 segment was reviewed, and the indications, advantages, and disadvantages of surgery were summarized.@*RESULTS@#For cervical OPLL involving the C 2 segments, laminectomy is suitable for patients with OPLL involving multiple segments, often combined with screw fixation, and has the advantages of adequate decompression and restoration of cervical curvature, with the disadvantages of loss of cervical fixed segmental mobility. Canal-expansive laminoplasty is suitable for patients with positive K-line and has the advantages of simple operation and preservation of cervical segmental mobility, and the disadvantages include progression of ossification, axial symptoms, and fracture of the portal axis. Dome-like laminoplasty is suitable for patients without kyphosis/cervical instability and with negative R-line, and can reduce the occurrence of axial symptoms, with the disadvantage of limited decompression. The Shelter technique is suitable for patients with single/double segments and canal encroachment >50% and allows for direct decompression, but is technically demanding and involves risk of dural tear and nerve injury. Double-dome laminoplasty is suitable for patients without kyphosis/cervical instability. Its advantages are the reduction of damage to the cervical semispinal muscles and attachment points and maintenance of cervical curvature, but there is progress in postoperative ossification.@*CONCLUSION@#OPLL involving the C 2 segment is a complex subtype of cervical OPLL, which is mainly treated through posterior surgery. However, the degree of spinal cord floatation is limited, and with the progress of ossification, the long-term effectiveness is poor. More research is needed to address the etiology of OPLL and to establish a systematic treatment strategy for cervical OPLL involving the C 2 segment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Longitudinal Ligaments/surgery , Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Osteogenesis , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Laminoplasty/methods , Kyphosis/surgery , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 706-712, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981656

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the early effectiveness of unilateral biportal endoscopy (UBE) laminectomy in the treatment of two-level lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 98 patients with two-level LSS treated with UBE between September 2020 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 53 males and 45 females with an average age of 59.9 years (range, 32-79 years). Among them, there were 56 cases of mixed spinal stenosis, 23 cases of central spinal canal stenosis, and 19 cases of nerve root canal stenosis. The duration of symptoms was 1.5- 10 years, with an average of 5.4 years. The operative segments were L 2, 3 and L 3, 4 in 2 cases, L 3, 4 and L 4, 5 in 29 cases, L 4, 5 and L 5, S 1 in 67 cases. All patients had different degrees of low back pain, among of which 76 cases were with unilateral lower extremity symptoms and 22 cases were with bilateral lower extremity symptoms. There were 29 cases of bilateral decompression in both segments, 63 cases of unilateral decompression in both segments, and 6 cases of unilateral decompression and bilateral decompression of each segment. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, total incision length, hospitalization stay, ambulation time, and related complications were recorded. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to assess the low back and leg pain before operation and at 3 days, 3 months after operation, and at last follow-up. The Oswestry disability index (ODI) was used to evaluate the functional recovery of lumbar spine before operation and at 3 months and last follow-up after operation. Modified MacNab criteria was used to evaluate clinical outcomes at last follow-up. Imaging examinations were performed before and after operation to measure the preservation rate of articular process, modified Pfirrmann scale, disc height (DH), lumbar lordosis angle (LLA), and cross-sectional area of the canal (CAC), and the CAC improvement rate was calculated.@*RESULTS@#All patients underwent surgery successfully. The operation time was (106.7±25.1) minutes, the intraoperative blood loss was (67.7±14.2) mL, and the total incision length was (3.2±0.4) cm. The hospitalization stay was 8 (7, 9) days, and the ambulation time was 3 (3, 4) days. All the wounds healed by first intention. Dural tear occurred in 1 case during operation, and mild headache occurred in 1 case after operation. All patients were followed up 13-28 months with an average of 19.3 months, and there was no recurrence or reoperation during the follow-up. At last follow-up, the preservation rate of articular process was 84.7%±7.3%. The modified Pfirrmann scale and DH were significantly different from those before operation ( P<0.05), while the LLA was not significantly different from that before operation ( P=0.050). The CAC significantly improved ( P<0.05), and the CAC improvement rate was 108.1%±17.8%. The VAS scores of low back pain and leg pain and ODI at each time point after operation significantly improved when compared with those before operation, and the differences between each time points were significant ( P<0.05). According to the modified MacNab criteria, 63 cases were excellent, 25 cases were good, and 10 cases were fair, with an excellent and good rate of 89.8%.@*CONCLUSION@#UBE laminectomy is a safe and effective technique with little trauma and fast recovery for two-level LSS and the early effectiveness is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Laminectomy , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Low Back Pain , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Endoscopy , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Decompression, Surgical , Surgical Wound/surgery , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1444937

ABSTRACT

El nervio mediano desciende por el brazo y, en el codo, comienza a atravesar estructuras que pueden generar compresión, como el ligamento de Struthers, el lacertus fibrosus, el pronador redondo, el flexor superficial de los dedos. Finalmente, en la muñeca, se encuentra otro sitio de compresión producido por el ligamento transverso del carpo. Todas estas estructuras pueden provocar signos y síntomas de atrapamiento nervioso y favorecer el deterioro funcional del nervio. Nuestro objetivo es dar a conocer una actualización sobre estos sitios de atrapamiento del nervio mediano, y cómo realizar un diagnóstico preciso e indicar un trata-miento adecuado. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


The median nerve is a nervous structure that begins to cross structures at the level of the elbow that might cause compression. The Struthers ligament, lacertus fibrosus, pronator teres, and flexor digitorum superficialis are among them. Finally, the transverse carpal ligament creates another compression site in the wrist. All these structures can develop pathological signs and symptoms of nerve entrapment, which favors nerve functional degradation. Our objective is to provide an update on these median nerve entrap-ment sites, as well as information on how to establish an accurate diagnosis and provide adequate treatment. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Wrist Joint , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Decompression, Surgical , Median Neuropathy , Elbow , Median Nerve
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1183-1188, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970805

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of robot-assisted core decompression and conventional core decompression in treating ARCO Ⅰ stage necrosis of femoral head.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 60(unilateral operation) patients who underwent core decompression for femoral head necrosis from February 2018 to February 2020. Among them, 30 patients(30 hips) were underwent robot-assisted core decompression (RCD group), including 19 males and 11 females, aged from 17 to 58 years old with an average of(38.50±10.61) years old;30 patients(30 hips) were underwent traditional core decompression surgery (CCD group), including 20 males and 10 females, aged from 20 to 55 years old with an average of (40.63±10.63) years old. Intraoperative fluoroscopy times, intraoperative blood loss and operation time between two groups, and Harris score, visual analogue scale (VAS) before opertaion and 24 months after operation were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, RCD group followed up from 21 to 26 months with an average of(23.40±1.65) months, CCD group followed up from 21 to 26 months with an average of (23.30±1.66) months, and had no difference between two groups(P>0.05). The number of intraoperative X-ray fluoroscopy, intraoperative blood loss and operative time in RCD group were (9.43±1.14) times, (153.80±22.04) ml, (33.40±1.87) min, respectively;while(19.67±1.32) times, (165.04±20.41) ml and (54.75±3.46) min in CCD group respectively;and there were statistical difference between two groups(P<0.05). In addition, there were no statistical difference between two groups in Harris score and VAS at 24 months after operation(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with conventional core decompression, robot-assisted core decompression could reduce the number of intraoperative fluoroscopy, shorten operation time, and reduce risk of surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Blood Loss, Surgical , Robotics , Bone Transplantation , Decompression, Surgical , Femur Head/surgery
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 400-404, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928331

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous endoscopic spine decompression(PSED) in recent years in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis(DLSS) achieved excellent results.Compared with traditional open surgery, which is characterized by large trauma, much bleeding, longer bed stay and slow recovery, the rapid development of PSED technology has greatly reduced the surgical trauma, postoperative recovery time and complications of DLSS patients. PSED core as the target therapy, with minimal trauma at the same time to achieve satisfactory decompression effect for lumbar spinal stenosis. Depending on the level, location, and degree of lumbar spinal stenosis, it is important to determine the ideal treatment. However, in practice, PSED has insufficient understanding of the treatment of different pathological types of lumbar spinal stenosis, such as indication selection, surgical approach selection, advantages and limitations of various approaches, and endoscopic vertebral fusion.At present, with the deepening of PSED research and the improvement of endoscopic instruments, great progress has been made in the treatment of DLSS.In this paper, the research progress in the treatment of DLSS by PSED in recent years will be described from four aspects, namely, the grasp of indications, the selection of approaches, the advantages and disadvantages of endoscopic approaches, and endoscope-assisted vertebral fusion, in order to provide certain guidance for the clinical treatment of DLSS by PSED.


Subject(s)
Humans , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
15.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(4): 155-162, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1411045

ABSTRACT

Descripta por Ahlbäck en 1968, la osteonecrosis de rodilla es una patología con un gran potencial de morbilidad. Está dividida en tres grandes grupos: primaria/espontánea, postoperatoria y secundaria/atraumática. Esta última podría estar directamente relacionada con el consumo prolongado de corticoides. Su tratamiento constituye un desafío para el cirujano ortopedista. Va a depender del estadio de la enfermedad y del colapso articular, y se intentará siempre preservar la superficie articular nativa. Dentro de las distintas opciones terapéuticas, las terapias biológicas constituyen una herramienta potencialmente valiosa como complemento al tratamiento quirúrgico, y muestran resultados clínicos esperanzadores. Presentamos el caso de una paciente con una osteonecrosis de rodilla bilateral, secundaria al consumo crónico de corticoides, tratada con una artroscopía bilateral asociada a perforaciones subcondrales descompresivas y aplicación subcondral de concentrado de médula ósea (CMO), con evolución satisfactoria de los síntomas a los treinta meses de seguimiento en la rodilla derecha, mientras que en la rodilla izquierda presentó una evolución tórpida de los síntomas a partir de los veinticuatro meses, por lo que está en plan de reemplazo articular.


Described by Ahlbäck in 1968, osteonecrosis of the knee is a pathology with great potential for morbidity. It is divided into three large groups: primary/spontaneous, postoperative, and secondary/atraumatic. The latter might be directly related to prolonged consumption of steroids. Its treatment is a challenge for the orthopedist. It will depend on the disease stage and articular collapse, always trying to preserve the native articular surface. Within the different therapeutic options, biological therapies are a potentially valuable tool as a complement to surgical treatment, showing encouraging clinical results. We present the case of a female patient with bilateral osteonecrosis of the knee, secondary to chronic consumption of steroids, treated with bilateral arthroscopy associated with decompressive subchondral perforations and subchondral application of bone marrow concentrate (BMC), with a satisfactory evolution of symptoms after thirty months of follow-up in the right knee. However, the left knee showed a torpid evolution of symptoms after twenty-four months of follow-up, so she is on a joint replacement plan


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Osteonecrosis/surgery , Bone Marrow , Decompression, Surgical , Knee/surgery , Osteonecrosis/rehabilitation , Osteonecrosis/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Care/rehabilitation , Arthroscopy , Knee/diagnostic imaging
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378009

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Las cirugías con WALANT han ganado gran popularidad hoy en día. La ventaja principal que ofrece esta técnica es la de prescindir del torniquete y así eliminar las molestias que este genera. Nuestra hipótesis es que la descompresión del túnel carpiano con anestesia local y manguito neumático, realizada por un cirujano experimentado, en un tiempo quirúrgico corto, permite obtener similares resultados que con la cirugía con WALANT. materiales y métodos:Se diseñó un estudio de cohortes prospectivo comparativo clínico. Se incluyeron 23 pacientes (30 manos) con síndrome del túnel carpiano. Se asignó a los pacientes en forma aleatorizada, a 2 grupos: grupo 1, operados con anestesia local y grupo 2, operados con WALANT. Se realizó un análisis estadístico. Resultados:Todas las variables mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas respecto a los valores preoperatorios para los dos grupos. Respecto a la relación entre los dos grupos, los resultados funcionales de dolor y grado de satisfacción posoperatorios no mostraron diferencias con significancia estadística. Conclusiones: En nuestro estudio, la descompresión del túnel carpiano con anestesia local y torniquete y la realizada con WALANT arrojaron similares resultados. En cirujanos con experiencia posiblemente la anestesia local con torniquete sea suficiente para realizar el procedimiento, y así evitar las bajas, pero complejas complicaciones de la epinefrina. Nivel de Evidencia: II


Objective: Surgeries with the WALANT technique have recently become popular. The main advantage of this technique is that it avoids using the tourniquet and eliminates the discomfort it generates. We hypothesize that carpal tunnel decompression with local anesthesia and a pneumatic tourniquet, performed by an experienced surgeon in a short surgical time, allows us to obtain similar outcomes to the WALANT technique surgery. Materials and methods: We designed a prospective clinical comparative cohort study. We included twenty-three patients (30 hands) with carpal tunnel syndrome. Two groups of patients were randomized. Group 1 consisted of patients operated on with local anesthesia, and Group 2 included those operated on with the WALANT technique. We carried out a statistical analysis. Results: All the variables showed statistically significant differences concerning the preoperative values for the two groups. Regarding the relationship between those two groups, the functional outcomes of pain and degree of postoperative satisfaction did not show statistically significant differences. Conclusions: In our study, carpal tunnel decompression performed with local anesthesia with a tourniquet and those achieved with the WALANT technique had similar outcomes. In the hands of experienced surgeons, local anesthesia with a tourniquet may be sufficient to perform the procedure, thus avoiding the few but complex complications of epinephrine. Level of Evidence: II


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Tourniquets , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Decompression, Surgical , Anesthesia, Local
17.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(4): 1-12, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348242

ABSTRACT

El queratoquiste es una lesión odontogénica benigna de comportamiento agresivo, que deriva probablemente de la lámina dental. Se localiza frecuentemente en la parte posterior del hueso mandibular en la zona del tercer molar, ángulo mandibular y puede progresar hacia la rama y el cuerpo, presentando una asociación directa con órganos dentales retenidos. Existe una amplia variedad de técnicas para el tratamiento de esta lesión, como pueden ser descompresión, marsupialización, enucleación y la resección en bloque, así como también la combinación de estas con métodos coadyuvantes. El interés en esta lesión radica por su elevado índice de recidiva que se estima en un 20-30% en la población en general, sin embargo, en la actualidad se ha optado por el uso de tratamientos conservadores como la marsupialización y la descompresión que han demostrado una mayor efectividad y menor recidiva. Es por esto que tras el tratamiento de las lesiones es importante dar un seguimiento a largo plazo. El objetivo de la publicación es presentar el reporte de un caso clínico de un paciente masculino de 21 años con un diagnóstico de queratoquiste odontogénico tratado con una técnica de descompresión durante cinco meses para su posterior enucleación quirúrgica.Se ha comprobado que el tratamiento de descompresión seguido de enucleación y acompañado de métodos coadyuvantes resulta un manejo terapéutico adecuado para los queratoquistes por demostrar su menor tasa de recidiva y su comportamiento noble con estructuras vitales vecinas. Sin embargo, en todos los casos se debe realizar un seguimiento periódico para prevenir la recurrencia de la lesión.


Introduction: Keratocyst is a benign odontogenic lesion with aggressive behavior, probably derived from the dental lamina. It is frequently located in the posterior part of the mandibular bone in the area of the third molar, mandibular angle and can progress towards the ramus and the body, presenting a direct association with retained dental organs. There is a wide variety of techniques for the treatment of this lesion, such as decompression, marsupialization, enucleation, and en bloc resection, as well as the combination of these with adjuvant methods. The interest in this lesion stems from its high recurrence rate, which is estimated to be 20-30% in the general population, however, at present the use of conservative treatments such as marsupialization and decompression has been chosen. demonstrated greater effectiveness and less recurrence. This is why after treating the lesions it is important to give a long-term follow-up.The objective of the publication is to present the report of a clinical case of a 21-year-old male patient with a diagnosis of odontogenic keratocyst treated with a decompression technique for five months for subsequent surgical enucleation.Conclusion: It has been proven that decompression treatment followed by enucleation and accompanied by adjuvant methods is an adequate therapeutic management for keratocysts as it demonstrates its lower rate of recurrence and its noble behavior with neighboring vital structures. However, in all cases, regular monitoring should be carried out to prevent recurrence of the lesion


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Odontogenic Cysts/surgery , Odontogenic Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Panoramic , Decompression, Surgical
19.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 127-132, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280102

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Conheça as características demográficas e clínicas da Órbita Associada da Tiroide (OAT), bem como a taxa de exigência da cirurgia orbital em pacientes do Centro Médico Nacional do Oeste. Métodos. Estudo observacional, transversal, descritivo e retrospetivo realizado analisando os registos de pacientes diagnosticados com OAT tratados num centro de cuidados de terceiro nível de janeiro de 2005 a julho de 2016. Os resultados. Um total de 236 órbitas de 118 pacientes foram avaliados, com uma idade média de 47,3 (13,2 anos, 74,6% eram do sexo feminino e 25,4% masculinos. 4,2% dos doentes foram tratados com hipotiroidismo, 94,1% com hipertireoidismo e 1,7% com goiter tóxico difuso. 44,9% dos doentes estudados com restrição de movimento ocular,10,2% com queratopatia de exposição e 51,7% com hipertensão intraocular. 34,7% dos doentes avaliados no serviço necessitaram de descompressão orbital, 16,1% de cirurgia palpebral e 8,5% de correção do hatrabisma. Na gestão conservadora destes doentes, 48,3% exigiam o uso de lubrificantes tópicos dos olhos, enquanto 52,5% dos pacientes necessitavam do uso de hipotensivos oculares em número variável. As conclusões. A OAT foi associada principalmente ao hipertiroidismo, sendo mais comum em pacientes do sexo feminino entre os 40 e os 59 anos; mais de 50% dos pacientes necessitaram do uso de hipotensivos oculares. Da mesma forma, a gestão cirúrgica foi realizada em mais de 50% dos pacientes, sendo a descompressão orbital a intervenção mais frequente.


ABSTRACT Objective. To know the demographic and clinical characteristics of Thyroid Associated Orbitopathy (TAO), as well as the requirement rate of orbital surgery in patients of the Orbit Service in the National Medical Center of the West, IMSS. Methods. Observational, cross-cutting, descriptive and retrospective study carried out analyzing the records of patients diagnosed with TAO and treated at a third-level care center from January 2005 to July 2016. Results. A total of 236 orbits of 118 patients were valued, with an average age of 47.3 ± 13.2 years, 74.6% were female and 25.4% male. 4.2% of patients were treated with hypothyroidism, 94.1% with hyperthyroidism and 1.7% with diffuse toxic goiter. 44.9% of patients studied had eye movement restriction,10.2% exposure keratopathy and 51.7% intraocular hypertension. 34.7% of patients valued in the service required orbital decompression, 16.1% palpebral surgery and 8.5% strabism correction. In the conservative management of these patients 48.3% required the use of topical eye lubricants, while 52.5% required the use of eye hypotensives in variable numbers. Conclusions. TAO was mainly associated with hyperthyroidism, being more common in female patients between the age of 40 and 59; more than 50% of patients required the use of eye hypotensives. Likewise, surgical management was performed in more than 50% of patients, with orbital decompression being the most frequent intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Orbital Diseases/surgery , Orbital Diseases/etiology , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Thyroid Diseases/complications , Exophthalmos/surgery , Exophthalmos/etiology , Orbit/surgery , Exophthalmos/diagnosis , Graves Disease/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Intraocular Pressure
20.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 575-584, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888750

ABSTRACT

Spinal disease is an important cause of cervical discomfort, low back pain, radiating pain in the limbs, and neurogenic intermittent claudication, and its incidence is increasing annually. From the etiological viewpoint, these symptoms are directly caused by the compression of the spinal cord, nerve roots, and blood vessels and are most effectively treated with surgery. Spinal surgeries are primarily performed using two different techniques: spinal canal decompression and internal fixation. In the past, tactile sensation was the primary method used by surgeons to understand the state of the tissue within the operating area. However, this method has several disadvantages because of its subjectivity. Therefore, it has become the focus of spinal surgery research so as to strengthen the objectivity of tissue state recognition, improve the accuracy of safe area location, and avoid surgical injury to tissues. Aside from traditional imaging methods, surgical sensing techniques based on force, bioelectrical impedance, and other methods have been gradually developed and tested in the clinical setting. This article reviews the progress of different tissue state recognition methods in spinal surgery and summarizes their advantages and disadvantages.


Subject(s)
Humans , Decompression, Surgical
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