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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(supl.3): 5261-5272, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345775

ABSTRACT

Abstract This article aims to assess whether alterations of oral functions (AOF) are associated with malocclusion (MO)'s type and severity. Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 332 adolescents aged 12 years in São Luís-MA, Northeastern Brazil. MO criteria included Angle's classification, Dental Aesthetic Index, and other morphological problems. The AOF were evaluated by breathing, phonation, chewing, and swallowing. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated using logistic and multinomial regression analyses (α=5%). Mouth breathing was associated with defined (OR=3.84; 95%CI=1.45-10.12), disabling (OR=4.34; 95%CI=1.99-9.49), and class III (OR=4.15; 95%CI=1.19-14.54) MO. Phonation problems were associated with defined (OR=2.01; 95%CI=1.02-4.39), disabling (OR=3.04; 95%CI=1.55-5.96), and Class II (OR=2.02; 95%CI=1.28-3.18) MO. Chewing disorders were associated with posterior crossbite (PCB) (OR=2.32; 95%CI=1.12-4.82). Swallowing disorders were associated with Class III MO (OR=5.66; 95%CI=1.35-23.71), PCB (OR=6.13; 95%CI=2.76-13.62), and posterior open bite (OR=4.53; 95%CI=1.72-8.92). Breathing and phonation alterations are associated with MO in anterior arch segments, while chewing and swallowing disorders, in the posterior segments.


Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar se alterações das funções orais (AFO) estão associadas ao tipo e gravidade da maloclusão (MO). Estudo transversal com amostra representativa de 332 adolescentes de 12 anos em São Luís-MA, Nordeste do Brasil. Critérios de MO incluíram Classificação de Angle, Índice de Estética Dental e outros problemas morfológicos. As AFO foram avaliadas por respiração, fonação, mastigação e deglutição. Odds ratios (OR) e intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC95%) foram calculados em análises de regressão logística e multinomial (α=5%). Respiração oral foi associada com MO definida (OR=3,84; IC95%=1,45-10,12), incapacitante (OR=4,34; IC95%=1,99-9,49) e classe III (OR=4,15; IC95%=1,19-14,54). Problemas de fonação foram associados às MO definidas (OR=2,01; IC95%=1,02-4,39), incapacitantes (OR=3,04; IC95%=1,55-5,96) e Classe II (OR=2,02; IC95%=1,28-3,18). Alterações na mastigação foram associadas à mordida cruzada posterior (MCP) (OR=2,32; IC95%=1,12-4,82). Deglutição atípica foi associada à MO Classe III (OR=5,66; IC95%=1,35-23,71), MCP (OR=6,13; IC95%=2,76-13,62) e mordida aberta posterior (OR=4,53; IC95%=1,72-8,92). Alterações de respiração e fonação estão associadas às MO nos segmentos anteriores do arco, enquanto as de mastigação e deglutição, nos segmentos posteriores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Malocclusion/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Deglutition , Mastication
2.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 296-301, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345287

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: High-resolution manometry (HRM) represents a potential tool for measuring pharyngoesophageal phonation pressures. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate pharyngeal, esophageal upper sphincteric and esophageal pressures during different phonation tasks. METHODS: 12 (six males, mean age 27 years) professional singers underwent HRM and produced four different vocal tasks at low, medium and high vocal loudness: vowel /ae/, ascending five note scale, word /hey/ and word /go/. Pressures were measured at pharynx, upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and esophagus. Visual analysis of the HRM topographic plots were performed. RESULTS: Esophageal pressures are higher during vocalization than at rest. Pharyngeal and UES phonation pressures does not differ significantly from rest pressures. Visual analysis of the topographic plots showed an important UES pressure increasement during phonation. CONCLUSION: HRM is a valuable tool for measuring pharyngoesophageal pressures during phonation. Esophageal pressures are higher during phonation than at rest and tend to increase with vocal loudness increment. The topographic plot provides additional data about phonatory mechanism physiology, especially at the UES region.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A manometria de alta resolução (MAR) é uma ferramenta de grande potencial para mensuração das pressões faringoesofágicas durante a fonação. OBJETIVO: O estudo visa avaliar pressões faringianas, do esfíncter esofagiano superior e do esôfago durante manobras fonatórias. MÉTODOS: Doze (seis homens, idade média 27 anos) cantores profissionais foram submetidos à MAR e produziram quatro tarefas vocais em intensidade baixa, média e alta: vogal / ae /, escala ascendente de cinco notas, palavras /hey/ e /go/. Pressões aos níveis da faringe, esfíncter esofagiano superior e esôfago foram aferidas além de análise visual dos traçados. RESULTADOS: Pressões esofágicas foram maiores na vocalização que no repouso. Pressões da faringe e esfíncter esofagiano superior durante a fonação não foram diferentes que no repouso. Análise visual dos traçados mostrou importante incremento da pressão do esfíncter durante a fonação. CONCLUSÃO: MAR é uma ferramenta valiosa para mensurar as pressões faringoesofágicas durante a fonação. Pressões esofágicas são maiores durante a fonação que no repouso e tendem a aumentar com maior intensidade sonora. Análise visual dos traçados mostram dados adicionais sobre a fisiologia do mecanismo da fonação, especialmente na região do esfíncter esofagiano superior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pharynx , Esophageal Sphincter, Upper , Pressure , Deglutition , Manometry
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 909-915, Jul.-Aug. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285276

ABSTRACT

In the last decades in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul - Brazil, the reduction in the preservation of areas due to the degradation of the biome and destruction of the natural environment has caused animals, mainly in the order of non-human primates, to come closer to towns and highways, increasing the number of accidents and in some cases, deaths. New surgical techniques have been developed that favor these species as explained in this report. The howler monkey patient was traumatized in the facial region damaging important vital structures such as facial muscle groups responsible for swallowing food, chewing, breathing, defense, and communication (vocalization and mimicry), in addition to the cartilaginous nasal structures. However, reconstructive facial surgical techniques, used on humans, showed satisfactory results from an anatomical, functional, and aesthetic point of view in howler monkey, with acceptance of the animal with a safe postoperative period for a full recovery of the primate patient.(AU)


Nas últimas décadas, no estado do Mato Grosso do Sul - Brasil, a redução de áreas preservadas pela degradação de biomas e pela destruição de habitat naturais tem favorecido a aproximação de animais - muitos desses, primatas não humanos - em cidades e rodovias, aumentando o número de acidentes e, em alguns casos, de mortes. Novas técnicas cirúrgicas têm sido desenvolvidas, favorecendo essas espécies, como reportado neste trabalho. O paciente macaco bugio foi traumatizado em região facial, envolvendo importantes estruturas vitais, como grupos musculares faciais responsáveis pela apreensão alimentar, mastigação, respiração, defesa e comunicação (vocalização e mímicas), além das estruturas cartilaginosas nasais. No entanto, técnicas cirúrgicas reconstrutivas em face aplicadas e descritas em humanos apresentaram resultados satisfatórios dos pontos de vista anatômico, fisiológico e visual nos macacos bugio, com aceitação deles diante do estresse, com pós-operatório seguro, resultando na reabilitação do paciente primata.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Deglutition , Alouatta caraya/surgery , Mastication , Primates/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/veterinary , Accidents , Oral Surgical Procedures/veterinary , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/veterinary
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1303-1307, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921049

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of nape cluster acupuncture on swallowing function and respiratory function in patients with post-stroke dysphagia, and to explore its relationship to cerebral arterial flow and neurotrophic factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients with post-stroke dysphagia were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 60 patients in each one. The conventional swallowing rehabilitation therapy and respiratory function training were adopted in the control group. On the basis of treatment in the control group, nape cluster acupuncture was applied at Fengchi (GB 20), Tianzhu (BL 10), Wangu (GB 12), Lianquan (CV 23), Panglianquan (Extra), once a day; pricking blood was applied at Jinjin (EX-HN 12) and Yuye (EX-HN 13), once every 2 days. Both groups were treated for 2 weeks. The therapeutic efficacy was compared between the two groups, and the swallowing function (scores of Kubota water swallowing test, standardized swallowing assessment [SSA] and video fluoroscopic swallowing study [VFSS]), the respiratory function indexes (forced vital capacity [FVC], maximal voluntary ventilation [MVV] and maximal expiratory time), the bilateral cerebral arterial hemodynamics parameters (systolic peak velocity [Vs], mean flow velocity [Vm] and vascular resistance index [RI]) and the serology indexes (brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], nerve growth factor [NGF] and insulin-like growth factors-1 [IGF-1]) before and after treatment were observed in the both groups.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 80.0% (48/60) in the observation group, which was superior to 60.0% (36/60) in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of the conventional rehabilitation training, nape cluster acupuncture can effectively improve the swallowing function and respiratory function in patients with post-stroke dysphagia, its mechanism may be related to the improvement of cerebral hemodynamics and the regulation of neurotrophic factors.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Deglutition , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Humans , Treatment Outcome
5.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 26: e2498, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350151

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Descrever os instrumentos utilizados para captação e análise acústica dos sinais de ausculta cervical e identificar aqueles com maior potencial para aplicação na clínica fonoaudiológica. Estratégia de pesquisa Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura. As buscas foram realizadas nas bases de dados MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus e Web of Science, a partir da combinação de termos de relevância e operadores booleanos, durante o mês de novembro de 2020. Critérios de seleção Artigos científicos publicados nos idiomas português, espanhol ou inglês, nos últimos cinco anos (2016-2020) e que apresentassem estudo da ausculta cervical. Resultados Foram encontrados 98 artigos. Após a aplicação dos critérios de seleção, 26 artigos foram selecionados para esta revisão. Para captação dos sinais de ausculta cervical, o microfone foi o instrumento mais utilizado, seguido pela técnica de ausculta cervical de alta resolução, que combina sinais acústicos e vibratórios registrados por um microfone e um acelerômetro, respectivamente. Softwares e/ou algoritmos foram selecionados para análise acústica dos sinais, de acordo com o objetivo de cada estudo. Conclusão O método de ausculta cervical de alta resolução e a análise acústica por meio de algoritmos de aprendizado de máquina apresentaram grande potencial para utilização na prática clínica fonoaudiológica para avaliação e monitoramento da deglutição.


ABSTRACT Purpose Describe the instruments used to capture and analyze the acoustic signals obtained from cervical auscultation, and identify those with the greatest potential for application in the speech pathology clinic. Research strategy This is an integrative literature review. Searches were performed in the MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases in November 2020, using relevant keywords combined with Boolean operators. Selection criteria Scientific articles published in Portuguese, Spanish or English in the last five years (2016-2020) and that presented a study of cervical auscultation. Results Ninety-eight articles were found. After the application of selection criteria, 26 articles were selected for this review. Microphones were the most common instruments used to perform cervical auscultation, followed by high-resolution cervical auscultation techniques, which combine acoustic and vibrational signals recorded by a microphone and an accelerometer, respectively. Acoustic analysis was performed using different software packages and/or algorithms depending on the goals of each study. Conclusion The combination of high-resolution cervical auscultation and machine learning for acoustic analysis has great potential for utilization in the clinical assessment and monitoring of swallowing in speech pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Auscultation , Stethoscopes , Deglutition/physiology , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Accelerometry
6.
CoDAS ; 33(6): e20200102, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286140

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Sintetizar o estado do conhecimento científico sobre biomecânica da língua durante a deglutição após laringectomia total. Estratégia de pesquisa Formulou-se a questão PICO e combinações de descritores e termos livres para busca nas bases de dados PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, LILACS e SciELO. Critérios de seleção incluíram-se artigos nos idiomas português, inglês ou espanhol; sem limite de tempo; com resultados sobre a biomecânica da língua durante a deglutição em laringectomizados totais; e estudos do tipo ensaio clínico randomizado ou não randomizado, coorte, caso controle, transversal, série de casos e estudos de caso. Análise dos dados analisou-se ano, país, população, objetivo, delineamento do estudo, instrumentos de avaliação, principais desfechos e qualidade metodológica. Resultados Foram incluídos quatro estudos realizados nos Estados Unidos, um na Austrália e um no Brasil, publicados entre 1986 e 2014. Em todos os estudos incluídos a biomecânica da língua foi um desfecho secundário. A maioria dos artigos teve baixa qualidade metodológica, com amostras pequenas, predomínio do sexo masculino e desenho transversal prevalente. Os instrumentos de avaliação foram videofluoroscopia, manometria, acelerômetro ou dispositivo para captar pressão de língua. Resultados principais indicaram mais força de propulsão da base de língua para superar a alta resistência da neofaringe ao fluxo do bolo alimentar; redução do contato e pressão entre base de língua e parede posterior da faringe; resíduo em base de língua após deglutição; pressão aumentada e resistência reduzida da língua oral. Conclusão Existem indícios de movimentos compensatórios de língua durante a deglutição após laringectomia total, porém, as evidências científicas são insuficientes.


ABSTRACT Purpose To synthesize the state of scientific knowledge about biomechanics of the tongue during swallowing after total laryngectomy. Research strategy The PICO question and combinations of descriptors and single terms were formulated in the PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, LILACS, and SciELO databases. Selection criteria Articles in Portuguese, English, or Spanish were included, without time limit, with results on the biomechanics of the tongue during swallowing and total laryngectomy, and studies on randomized or non-randomized clinical trials, cohort, case control, cross-sectional, case series, and case studies. Data analysis year, country, population, objective, study design, assessment methods, main outcomes, and methodological quality were analyzed. Results There were four studies in the United States, one in Australia, and one in Brazil, all published between 1986 and 2014. In all studies, the biomechanics of the tongue was the secondary outcome. Most articles had low methodological quality, small samples, predominance of the male gender, and a prevalent cross-sectional design. The assessment instruments were fluoroscopy, manometry, accelerometer or a device to capture tongue pressure. Main results indicated a higher propulsion force of the tongue base to overcome the high resistance of the neopharynx to the bolus flow, reduced contact and pressure between the base of the tongue and the posterior pharyngeal wall, residues in the tongue base after swallowing, increased pressure, and reduced resistance of the oral tongue. Conclusion There are indications of compensatory tongue movements during swallowing after total laryngectomy; however, the scientific evidence is insufficient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Deglutition , Pressure , Tongue , Biomechanical Phenomena , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Laryngectomy
7.
CoDAS ; 33(5): e20200203, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286129

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Diversos comprometimentos da deglutição têm sido relatados em indivíduos com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC), tendo como causa a desvantagem mecânica da musculatura respiratória devido à hiperinsuflação. Dentre as estratégias terapêuticas, até o momento, não foram encontrados relatos na literatura sobre o uso da terapia manual (TM) no manejo dos transtornos da deglutição nesta população. O objetivo do estudo foi verificar os desfechos de um programa de TM sobre a biomecânica da deglutição de indivíduos com DPOC. Método Foram avaliados 18 indivíduos com idade média 66,06±8,86 anos, 61,1% (11) homens e VEF1%médio 40,28±16,73 antes e após-programa de TM. As medidas analisadas foram: tempo de trânsito oral, tempo de trânsito faríngeo (TTF), número de deglutições, resíduos em valéculas (VL) e seios piriformes, penetração/aspiração e excursão hiolaríngea na deglutição das consistências líquida e pastosa. Resultados Houve diferença significativa no TTF (p=0,04), resíduos em VL (p=0,03), elevação máxima do hioide (p=0,003) e deslocamento do hioide (p=0,02) na deglutição da consistência pastosa. Na consistência líquida apenas redução de resíduos em VL (p=0,001). Conclusão O programa de TM interferiu na biomecânica da deglutição de indivíduos DPOC demonstrada pela redução do TTF, resíduos em VL e maior elevação e deslocamento do hioide na consistência pastosa. Na consistência líquida houve redução de resíduos em VL.


ABSTRACT Purpose Several swallowing disorders have been reported in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients due to the mechanical disadvantage of the respiratory muscles caused by hyperinflation. To date, no reports have been found in the literature among the therapeutic strategies on the use of manual therapy (MT) to manage swallowing disorders in COPD. The aim of the study was to verify the outcomes of a TM program on the biomechanics of swallowing of individuals with COPD. Methods 18 individuals with a mean age of 66.06 ± 8.86 years, 61.1% (11) men, and a FEV1% mean of 40.28 ± 16.73 were evaluated before and after TM. The measures analyzed were: oral transit time, pharyngeal transit time (PTT), number of swallows, vallecular (VL) residue and pyriform sinuses, penetration/aspiration and hyolaryngeal excursion in liquid and pasty consistencies. Results A significant difference was found in PTT (p=0.04), VL residue (p=0.03), maximal hyoid elevation (p=0.003), and displacement of hyoid (p=0.02) in the pasty consistency. In the liquid consistency, we found a decrease in VL residue (p=0.001). Conclusion The MT program influenced the swallowing biomechanics of COPD patients demonstrated by a reduction in PTT and VL residue and increased hyoid elevation and displacement in the pasty consistency. In the liquid consistency, a decrease in VL residue was found.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Biomechanical Phenomena , Deglutition , Middle Aged
8.
CoDAS ; 33(5): e20200107, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286127

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Traduzir e adaptar para o português brasileiro o protocolo Modified Swallowing Assessment (MSA) para pacientes pós-acidente vascular cerebral. Método Trata-se de uma etapa inicial do processo de validação do Modified Swallowing Assessment para o português brasileiro. Foi realizada a tradução por dois fonoaudiólogos bilíngues e a síntese das traduções por dois avaliadores externos, especialistas em disfagia. A versão síntese no idioma alvo (português) foi retrotraduzida para o idioma fonte (inglês). Após a síntese das versões traduzidas, o instrumento foi aplicado em 22 indivíduos com acidente vascular cerebral. Resultados Os avaliadores debateram sobre todos os resultados das etapas do estudo considerando o conceito do teste e o público alvo. As discrepâncias semânticas, linguísticas e conceituais encontradas no processo de tradução e adaptação foram adequadas, para que os itens fossem compatíveis com a cultura brasileira. Conclusão O MSA foi traduzido e adaptado para o português brasileiro (MSA-BR). O processo de tradução e adaptação transcultural manteve todos os itens do protocolo original, preservando-se os padrões e as características do instrumento original.


ABSTRACT Purpose To translate and adapt the Modified Swallowing Assessment (MSA) protocol for post-stroke patients into Brazilian Portuguese. Methods This is an initial stage of the Brazilian Portuguese Modified Swallowing Assessment validation process. Translation was performed by two bilingual speech therapists and the translations synthesis evaluations by two external dysphagia experts. The synthesis version in the target language (Portuguese) was back-translated into the source language (English). After the synthesis of the translated versions, the instrument was applied to 22 post-stroke individuals. Results Health professionals discussed all the results of the study stages considering the instrument concept and the target population. The semantic, linguistic and conceptual equivalences found in the translation and adaptation process were adequate, not requiring modifications since the items were consistent with the Brazilian culture. Conclusion MSA was translated and adapted to Brazilian Portuguese (MSA-BR). The translation and cross-cultural adaptation process included all the items of the original protocol and maintained the standards and characteristics of the instrument.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deglutition , Language , Translations , Brazil , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eAO5715, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249743

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the association between aging and the functional aspects of swallowing (laryngeal penetration and laryngotracheal aspiration) in individuals who underwent supracricoid laryngectomy in the late period and without complaints. Methods: A total of 70 patients, 56 (80%) aged >60 years and 14 (20%) <60 years, under outpatient follow-up, after cancer treatment and with no complaints of swallowing, performed functional evaluation using the swallowing videofluoroscopy. Image classification was performed using the penetration-aspiration scale developed by Rosenbek. The χ2 test and logistic regression were applied to associate the age categories to the outcomes (penetration and aspiration). Results: Patients aged over 60 years had a higher prevalence of penetration (24.29%) and aspiration (48.57%) than patients aged under 60 years. In this sample, aspiration was associated with age. Patients aged over 60 years were more likely to present penetration (27% more) during swallowing than patients under 60 years. Patients aged over 60 years had an approximately four-fold greater probability of laryngotracheal aspiration than patients aged under 60 years. Conclusion: In patients without complaints of swallowing in the late postoperative period of supracricoid laryngectomy, there is a greater probability of laryngotracheal aspiration in elderly aged over 60 years than in individuals under 60 years.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a associação entre o envelhecimento e os aspectos funcionais da deglutição (penetração laríngea e aspiração laringotraqueal) em indivíduos submetidos à laringectomia supracricóidea no período tardio e sem queixas. Métodos: Setenta pacientes, sendo 56 (80%) >60 anos e 14 (20%) <60 anos, em acompanhamento ambulatorial, após tratamento oncológico e sem queixas de deglutição, realizaram avaliação funcional por meio da videofluoroscopia da deglutição. A classificação das imagens foi realizada por meio da escala de penetração-aspiração desenvolvida por Rosenbek. O teste do χ2 e a regressão logística foram aplicados para associação das categorias de idade aos desfechos (penetração e aspiração). Resultados: Os pacientes com idade acima de 60 anos apresentaram maior prevalência de penetração (24,29%) e aspiração (48,57%) do que aqueles com idade inferior a 60 anos. Nesta amostra, a aspiração se mostrou associada à idade. Pacientes acima de 60 anos tiveram chance 27% maior de penetração durante a deglutição do que os com menos de 60 anos. Pacientes acima de 60 anos tiveram chance aproximadamente quatro vezes maior de aspiração laringotraqueal do que pacientes com menos de 60 anos. Conclusão: Em pacientes sem queixas de deglutição no pós-operatório tardio de laringectomia supracricóidea, há maior chance de aspiração laringotraqueal em idosos acima de 60 anos do que em indivíduos abaixo de 60 anos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Deglutition Disorders/epidemiology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Larynx , Postoperative Period , Treatment Outcome , Deglutition , Laryngectomy
10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1354565

ABSTRACT

El labio fisurado se define como una anomalía congénita de la cabeza y el cuello, observándose una mayor incidencia en personas del sexo masculino. El tratamiento por excelencia es la intervención quirúrgica, en la búsqueda de una adecuada funcionalidad y un buen resultado estético, para cumplir con este objetivo es necesario el trabajo interprofesional, en el cual participa el fonoaudiólogo, durante el proceso de evaluación e intervención terapéutica. El objetivo de la revisión narrativa fue abordar principalmente los procesos de evaluación e intervención fonoaudiológica en niños con labio fisurado. Para su desarrollo fue realizada una búsqueda de información en las bases de datos PubMed, Scopus y Lilacs, posteriormente fue realizado un análisis crítico de la información. En la presente revisión narrativa se proponen realizar un recuento sobre aspectos relacionados con la historia de la clasificación del labio fisurado, factores etiológicos, procesos de intervención quirúrgica realizada en los niños con labio fisurado, que permitan comprender el proceso de la evaluación clínica fonoaudiológica en las áreas de deglución, lenguaje, habla, voz y las propuestas de intervención terapéutica en niños con labio fisurado de acuerdo con las evidencias presentadas en la literatura.


Cleft lip is defined as a congenital anomaly of head and neck, with a higher incidence in males. The treatment par excellence is surgical intervention seeking to achieve functionality and the best aesthetic result) for this the interprofessional work is necessary, in which the speech pathologist participates on the evaluation process and therapeutic intervention in swallowing, speech and language. The objective of this narrative review was to primarily address the processes of evaluation and speech therapy intervention in children with cleft lip. For its development, a search of information in PubMed, Scopus and Lilacs databases, subsequently a critical analysis of the information was made. This narrative review proposed to make a synthesis of the history, the etiological factors and the surgical intervention processes that are performed in children with cleft lip, this allows to understand the actions and importance of the speech pathologist's work in the processes of evaluation with specific protocols that involve all areas; swallowing, language, speech, voice, hearing and speech pathologist therapy intervention in children with cleft lip, based on the evidence that allows to acknowledge positive results, being promising for this population the implementation of summer camps


Subject(s)
Therapeutics , Cleft Lip , Language Therapy , Lip , Speech , Speech Therapy , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Congenital Abnormalities , Incidence , Classification , Protocols , Deglutition , Information , Hearing , Language
11.
Revista Areté ; 21(1): 33-41, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1354622

ABSTRACT

La iniciativa internacional para la estandarización de la dieta de disfagia (IDDSI) clasifica la viscosidad de los líquidos por niveles y determina metodologías específicas para evaluar cada consistencia. Con todo, la iniciativa no determina las medidas específicas de espesante requeridas para obtener cada nivel de viscosidad y sugiere hacer adaptaciones de acuerdo con las condiciones particulares de aplicación. Este estudio desarrolló una propuesta para la preparación de viscosidades mediante pruebas experimentales en las que se controló rigurosamente la cantidad de espesante y agua haciendo uso de instrumentos de mezclado de fácil acceso en entornos clínicos (vasos plásticos, jarra de agua, baja lenguas para integrar los elementos y cronómetro para considerar el tiempo de fraguado). Posterior a ello, cada nivel de viscosidad obtenido fue evaluado con el test de flujo propuesto por las IDDSI. Como resultado, este estudio especifica las cantidades necesarias de agua y espesante para conseguir viscosidad en bebidas de 0-4. Los hallazgos presentados, tienen en cuenta factores influyentes como la ubicación geográfica, temperatura y altitud. Se espera que esta propuesta incida en las dinámicas de evaluación de la deglución en el área clínica colombiana de forma que esta sea más precisa y eficaz. Finalmente, es pertinente realizar futuras investigaciones que determinen medidas específicas de espesante para lograr cambios en la viscosidad de líquidos diferentes al agua e igualmente necesario, replicar esta propuesta con otros espesantes de más fácil acceso para los usuarios y que tengan en cuenta otros aspectos como la palatabilidad


The International Dysphagia Diet Standardisation Initiative (IDDSI) classifies the viscosity of liquids by levels and determines specific methods to evaluate each consistency. However, the initiative does not determine the specific measures of thickener required to obtain each level of viscosity and suggests making adaptations according to the particular conditions of application. This study developed a proposal for the preparation of viscosities through experimental tests in which the amount of thickener and water was rigorously controlled using mixing instruments that were easily accessible in clinical settings (plastic cups, pitcher of water, tongue depressors to integrate the elements and timer to consider setting time). After that, each level of viscosity obtained was evaluated with the flow test proposed by the IDDSI. As a result, this study specifies the required amounts of water and thickener to achieve drinks viscosities 0-4. The findings presented take into account influencing factors such as geographic location, temperature and altitude. It is expected that this proposal will affect the dynamics of swallowing assessment in the Colombian clinical area so that it is more precise and effective. Finally, it is pertinent to carry out future investigations that determine specific measures of thickener to achieve changes in the viscosity of liquids other than water and it is equally necessary to replicate this proposal with other thickeners that are easier for users to access and that take into account other aspects such as palatability.


Subject(s)
Tongue , Deglutition Disorders , Deglutition , Reference Standards , Viscosity , Volition , Beverages , Water , Preparedness , Diet , Thickeners
12.
Revista Areté ; 21(1): 43-54, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1354630

ABSTRACT

El objetivo fue presentar la metodología de nuestro protocolo de evaluación nasofibroscópica de la deglución de manera cooperativa y difundir entre los otorrinolaringólogos y fonoaudiólogos que es un proceso ágil, sencillo y fácilmente factible de estudiar, diagnosticar y planear la terapia de las disfagias orofaríngeas de manera conjunta en el equipo multidisciplinar. Fue un estudio descriptivo transversal donde se aplicó la nasofibroscopía de la deglución mediante el protocolo de evaluación funcional como método multidisciplinario cooperativo, tomando una muestra piloto de 29 adultos, con una edad promedio de 66.5 años. Se realizó en pacientes sin ninguna alteración en el estado de conciencia y que presenten hallazgos compatibles con disfagia en el contexto de patología neurológica, post intubación y algunos pacientes disfónicos. El protocolo se inicia con la anamnesis, examen físico y funcional de las estructuras orofaciales, y finaliza con el examen endoscópico clínico de las estructuras implicadas en la disfagia orofaríngea. Después de la aplicación de la prueba piloto, se observó los sucesos durante el proceso de deglución. Los hallazgos frecuentes fueron: presencia de residuos en las valléculas y recesos faríngeos, además de escape posterior de líquidos tras tras ingestión de consistencia tipo pudín y en consistencia tipo néctar respectivamente. Se concluye que la nasofibroscopía de la deglución es un examen objetivo muy versátil, fácil y seguro de realizar, permitiendo así un diagnóstico adecuado de la disfagia orofaríngea, que sí se aplica de la manera cooperativa entre el fonoaudiólogo y el otorrinolaringólogo puede orientar el trabajo de rehabilitación y la conducta terapéutica.


The objective was to present the methodology of our protocol for the nasofibroscopic evaluation of swallowing in a cooperative manner and to disseminate among otolaryngologists and speech therapists that it is an agile, simple and easily feasible process to study, diagnose and plan the therapy of oropharyngeal dysphagia jointly in the multidisciplinary team. It was a cross- sectional descriptive pilot study where fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing was applied using the functional assessment protocol as a cooperative multidisciplinary method, taking a pilot sample of 29 adults, with an average age of 66.5 years. It was performed in patients without any alteration in the state of consciousness and who present findings compatible with dysphagia in the context of neurological pathology, post- intubation and some dysphonic patients. The protocol begins with the anamnesis, physical and functional examination of the orofacial structures, and ends with the clinical endoscopic examination of the structures involved in oropharyngeal dysphagia. After the application of the pilot test, the events during the swallowing process were observed. The frequent findings were: presence of residues in the vallecules and pharyngeal recesses after ingestion of a pudding-like consistency, as well as subsequent leakage of liquids in a nectar- like consistency. It is concluded that swallowing nasofibrosopia is a very versatile, easy and safe objective examination to perform, which allows an adequate diagnosis of oropharyngeal dysphagia, which if applied cooperatively between the speech therapist and the otolaryngologist can guide the work rehabilitation and therapeutic behavior.


Subject(s)
Deglutition Disorders , Deglutition , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Otolaryngology , Pathology , Patients , Physical Examination , Therapeutics , Work , Diagnosis , Eating , Methodology
13.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(3): e20200290, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1149304

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo compreender a experiência de mães de crianças traqueostomizadas, entre 0 e 24 meses de idade, que retomaram o aleitamento materno com o uso de válvula de deglutição Passy-Muir®. Método pesquisa descritiva, de natureza qualitativa, com 11 mães de crianças traqueostomizadas que adaptaram a válvula de deglutição Passy-Muir®, acompanhadas em um centro de reabilitação e fonoaudiologia, mediante entrevistas semiestruturadas, nos meses de junho a agosto de 2017. A análise foi fundamentada nos pressupostos da análise de conteúdo temática. Resultados na experiência das mães, após a traqueostomia da criança, o uso da válvula de deglutição Passy-Muir® minimizou as dificuldades no aleitamento materno. Superado o processo de adaptação da válvula, foram percebidos seus benefícios. São descritos os sentimentos das mães nesse processo, suas expectativas quanto ao uso do dispositivo e o prazer e plenitude para a mulher no retorno do aleitamento materno. Conclusões e implicações para a prática observaram-se segurança ao aleitar, menor produção de secreção, reduções no número de aspirações de vias áreas, melhora no padrão respiratório, vocalizações (balbucios e choro), melhora na qualidade do sono da criança. Novas pesquisas que abordem o aleitamento materno de crianças traqueostomizadas são necessárias para aprofundar conhecimentos nesta área.


Resumen Objetivo comprender la experiencia de las madres de niños traqueostomizados, entre 0 y 24 meses de edad, que reanudaron la lactancia materna con el uso de la válvula de deglución Passy-Muir®. Método estudio descriptivo, de carácter cualitativo, en el que participaron 11 madres de niños traqueostomizados, mediante seguimiento en un centro de rehabilitación y logopedia, que adaptó la válvula de deglución Passy-Muir®, con entrevistas semiestructuradas, de junio a agosto de 2017. El análisis se basó en los presupuestos del análisis de contenido temático. Resultados en la experiencia de las madres, después de la traqueotomía del niño, el uso de la válvula de deglución Passy-Muir® minimizó las dificultades en la lactancia. Una vez superado el proceso de adaptación de la válvula, se hicieron realidad sus beneficios. Se describen los sentimientos de las madres en el proceso de adaptación de la válvula, sus expectativas con el uso de la válvula y el placer y plenitud para la mujer en el regreso de la lactancia. Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica Se observó seguridad durante la lactancia, reducción de la producción de secreciones, reducciones diarias en el número de aspiraciones de las vías aéreas, advirtiéndose mejoras en el patrón respiratorio, vocalizaciones (balbuceo y llanto) y en la calidad del sueño del niño. Es necesita más investigación que aborde la lactancia materna de niños traqueostomizados, solidificando los conocimientos en esta área.


Abstract Objective To understand the experience of mothers of tracheostomized children between 0 and 24 months old, who resumed breastfeeding with the use of the Passy-Muir® deglutition valve. Method A descriptive study with a qualitative approach and semistructured interviews conducted from June to August 2017 in which the participants were 11 mothers of tracheostomized children, by follow-up in a rehabilitation and logopedia center, which adapted the Passy-Muir® deglutition valve. The analysis was based on the assumptions of thematic content analysis. Results the mothers' experience, after the child's tracheostomy, the use of the Passy-Muir® swallowing valve minimized the difficulties in breastfeeding. Once the valve adaptation process was overcome, its benefits were realized. The mothers' feelings in the process of adapting the valve are described, their expectations with the use of the valve and pleasure and fullness for the woman in the return of breastfeeding. Conclusions and implications for practice Safety during breastfeeding, reduction in the production of secretions, and reductions in the number of airway aspirations were observed, noticing improvements in the respiratory pattern, in the vocalizations (mumbling and crying), and in the child's sleep quality. Further research is needed to address breastfeeding of tracheostomized children to deepen knowledge in this area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child , Adult , Breast Feeding/instrumentation , Tracheostomy/rehabilitation , Deglutition , Breast Feeding/methods , Child Care/methods , Qualitative Research
14.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 11(1): 42-58, 2021. tab, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1128590

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: desarrollar y aplicar un manual para evaluar los procesos de deglución y rendimiento masticatorio, dirigido a estudiantes y profesionales de odontología. Método: se realizó un estudio con enfoque cuali-cuantitativo, a partir de dos técnicas de recolección de información: documental para reunir información de los procedimientos y observacional para la aplicación del manual. Los métodos seleccionados fueron el rendimiento masticatorio (Albert T) y de deglución (Técnica Payne); el diseño se esbozó según la metodología para mejorar la calidad de los procesos y una guía técnica de elaboración de manuales de procedimientos en salud. Así, el manual cuenta con introducción, antecedentes históricos, alcance y objetivo, flujograma, descripción de procedimientos de evaluación de la deglución, del rendimiento masticatorio y bibliografía. Este fue aplicado en 27 pacientes de la clínica de ortodoncia, a quienes se les diagnosticó deglución atípica, y se midió el rendimiento masticatorio para conocer la mediana de tamaño de partícula (MTP) de cada individuo. Resultados: el manual se realizó basándose en dos procedimientos, uno con el diagnóstico de deglución y otro con rendimiento masticatorio. Este último fue aplicado por dos estudiantes investigadores a una muestra de 27 pacientes, cuyo resultado fue una mediana de tamaño total de partícula de MTP = 5.35 mm2. Hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre sexos (MTP en hombres: 6,0 mm2 y mujeres 5.1 mm2) siendo las mujeres quienes presentaron mejor desempeño masticatorio. Conclusión: al aplicar el manual, los estudiantes evaluaron el rendimiento masticatorio y la deglución, con lo cual lograron resultados medibles, aplicables y reproducibles.


Objective: To apply a manual to evaluate swallowing and chewing performance aimed at dental students and professionals. Method: A study was carried out with a qualitative-quantitative approach developing two information gathering techniques: documentary to gather information on procedures and observational in the application of the manual. The methods of chewing performance (Albert T) and swallowing (Payne Technique) were selected; the design was outlined according to the methodology to improve the quality of the processes and a technical guide for the elaboration of manuals of health procedures; in the development phase, the thematic units were created and the manual was prepared with: cover, back cover, authors, introduction, historical background, scope and objective, flow chart, description of swallowing evaluation procedures, chewing performance and bibliography; this was applied to 27 patients from the orthodontic clinic, who were diagnosed with atypical swallowing, and the masticatory performance was measured to determine the median particle size (MTP) of each individual evaluated. Results: The manual was made based on two procedures, one with swallowing diagnosis and the other with masticatory performance, which was applied by two student researchers to a sample of 27 patients, yielding a median total particle size of MTP = 5.35 mm2. There was a statistically significant difference between the sexes (MTP in men: 6.0 mm2 and women 5.1 mm2), with women presenting the best masticatory performance Conclusion: when applying the manual, the students evaluated the chewing performance and swallowing, achieving measurable, applicable and reproducible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deglutition/physiology , Mastication/physiology , Reference Standards , Students, Dental , Methodology , Malocclusion , Mastication
15.
CoDAS ; 33(2): e20190219, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249612

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Adaptar e validar conteúdo e aparência do Protocolo de Avaliação Miofuncional Orofacial com Escores Expandido (AMIOFE-E) para lactentes de 6 a 24 meses de idade. Método Estudo de validação. Os parâmetros foram baseados em literatura sobre desenvolvimento motor orofacial, experiência dos autores e painel de 10 especialistas. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva, Índice de Validade de Conteúdo e concordância entre especialistas. Resultados O protocolo foi organizado em blocos funcionais após manutenção, exclusão, modificação e acréscimo de itens, adaptando-se à faixa etária. Obteve-se alto nível de concordância em 90% dos itens. Na versão final foram acrescidos: histórico de alimentação e hábitos parafuncionais orofaciais, mobilidade facial, dentição, modo oral de respiração, deglutição de pastoso e detalhamentos específicos para a faixa etária. Acrescentou-se um manual operacional e uma tabela para registro de escores. Conclusão O Protocolo AMIOFE-E Lactentes e respectivo manual operacional foram validados quanto ao conteúdo e aparência, e poderá contribuir no diagnóstico miofuncional orofacial na faixa etária de 6 a 24 meses de idade.


ABSTRACT Purpose Adapt and validate the content and appearance of the Expanded Protocol of Orofacial Myofunctional Evaluation with Scores (OMES-E) for nursing infants aged 6 to 24 months. Methods This is a validation study. The parameters were based on the literature on orofacial motor development, the authors' experience, and on a committee of ten members. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, content validity index, and agreement among experts. Results The protocol was organized into functional blocks after maintenance, exclusion, modification, and addition of items, and was adapted according to the age group. A high level of agreement between experts was obtained for 90% of the items. The final version of the protocol includes new items such as history of feeding, orofacial parafunctional habits, facial mobility, dentition, oral breathing mode, swallowing of pasty food, and details specific for the age group. An operational manual and a table for recording the scores were also included. Conclusions The OMES-E Infants protocol was validated for its content and appearance, and may contribute to orofacial myofunctional diagnosis in the 6 to 24-month age group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Deglutition Disorders/diagnosis , Facial Muscles , Reproducibility of Results , Deglutition
16.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(6): e558-e561, dic 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146222

ABSTRACT

La ingestión involuntaria o la aspiración de un dispositivo o pieza de arco de los brackets y/u ortodoncias pueden constituir una emergencia médica con complicaciones potencialmente peligrosas. El objetivo de esta comunicación es describir una complicación poco frecuente del desplazamiento e ingesta posterior del arco de brackets.Paciente de 13 años de edad, que sufrió la ruptura de la ortodoncia durante la alimentación, con la posterior ingesta de una parte. Padeció disfagia, que no mejoró a pesar de la ingesta de alimentos blandos. Consultó en el Servicio de Emergencias y presentó disfagia, sialorrea, dolor en la faringe y dificultad respiratoria leve. Se realizó la extracción del elemento de ortodoncia por vía endoscópica; se observó el alambre incrustado a nivel del polo inferior de la amígdala derecha y se extrajo. Se realizó, además, esofagoscopía, y no se observaron restos de este en el esófago. La paciente recibió el alta sin secuelas


Involuntary ingestion or aspiration of a brace device and/or orthodontic arch part can constitute a medical emergency with potentially dangerous complications. The objective of this communication is to describe a rare complication of posterior displacement and ingestion of the brace arch.A 13-year-old girl, suffers from a break in orthodontia during feeding, with the subsequent ingestion of part of it. She presented dysphagia after the fact; it did not improve despite the intake of soft foods. She consulted in the Emergency Department for dysphagia, sialorrhea, pain in the pharynx and mild respiratory distress. Extraction of the orthodontic element was performed endoscopically. The embedded wire was observed at the level of the lower pole of the right amygdala and it was removed. Esophagoscopy was also performed, not observing remains of it in the esophagus. The patient was discharged without sequelae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Orthodontic Brackets , Hypopharynx , Deglutition , Endoscopy , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging
17.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(3): 385-394, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144904

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los pacientes con COVID-19 pueden presentar dificultades en la alimentación por distintos factores, entre los que destacan el aumento del esfuerzo respiratorio, uso de dispositivos de apoyo ventilatorio, compromiso neurológico y disfagia postextubación. La evaluación clínica es fundamental, pero debe ser realizada con precaución y con elementos de protección personal, ya que es un procedimiento generador de aerosoles, al igual que la evaluación instrumental mediante videofluoroscopía y evaluación fibroendoscópica de la deglución. Las recomendaciones de manejo deben basarse en la evaluación clínica adaptada, tanto para pacientes ambulatorios como hospitalizados, y debe incluir el manejo nutricional, compensatorio y el seguimiento clínico periódico para evitar las consecuencias de la disfagia orofaríngea, y así disminuir la tasa de neumonía aspirativa, causa importante de morbimortalidad.


Abstract Patients with COVID-19 may present feeding difficulties due to different factors, like the increase in respiratory effort, use of ventilatory support devices, neurological compromise and post-extubation dysphagia. Clinical evaluation is essential, but it must be carried out with caution and using personal protection elements, since it is an aerosol-generating procedure, as well as the instrumental evaluation by videofluoroscopy and fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing. Treatment should be based on adapted clinical evaluation, for both outpatients and hospitalized patients, and should include nutritional treatment, compensatory management and periodic clinical follow-up to avoid the consequences of oropharyngeal dysphagia and decrease the rate of aspiration pneumonia major cause of morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Deglutition Disorders/diet therapy , Deglutition , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
18.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(3): 1-12, sept. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151886

ABSTRACT

El proceso de envejecimiento va acompañado de demandas y adaptaciones del organismo para mejorar la calidad de vida, incluido el mantenimiento de la dieta del individuo. Las dificultades de alimentación pueden minimizarse frente a las acciones de promoción de la salud vinculadas al conocimiento popular. El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer la percepción de las personas mayores sobre la deglución en el proceso de envejecimiento y verificar la presencia de mitos y verdades que impregnan este tema. Para ello se definió una metodología de investigación cualitativa del tipo de investigación acción participativa, articulada con el itinerario de investigación de Paulo Freire. Se llevó a cabo en cuatro círculos de cultura, con ocho participantes de edad avanzada, entre los meses de octubre y diciembre de 2018. Las etapas de investigación temática, codificación y decodificación se llevaron a cabo simultáneamente con la develación crítica de acuerdo a cómo la metodología freireana prevé el proceso analítico. La investigación temática reveló 32 temas generadores que culminaron en tres temas significativos, a saber: (a) Mitos y verdades relacionados con la sensación de atoro, (b) Comprensión y percepción de las dificultades para deglutir y (c). Cuidado de la deglución, discutido a lo largo de los círculos culturales. Las personas mayores participaron activamente, hablando sobre sus creencias con respecto a la deglución y los factores que pueden conducir a sensación de atoro, así como los métodos utilizados por ellos para su corrección. Como conclusión fue posible notar que las personas mayores tienen creencias que se les transmitieron culturalmente y que los usan de forma natural y adaptativa para compensar sus dificultades. Los participantes demostraron comprender los aspectos intrínsecos que influyen en el acto de tragar, así como la importancia de una acción coordinada y consciente, para que no desarrollen con el tiempo las consecuencias derivadas de la presbifagia.


The aging process is accompanied by demands and adaptations of the body to improve the quality of life, including the maintenance of the individual's diet. Eating difficulties can be minimized in the face of health promotion actions linked to popular knowledge.The objective to know the perception of the elderly about swallowing in the aging process and to verify the presence of myths and truths that pervade this topic.Qualitative research of the type of participatory action research, articulated with the Research Itinerary of Paulo Freire. It was carried out in four Culture Circles, with eight elderly participants, between the months of October and December 2018, and the stages of thematic research, coding and decoding were carried out simultaneously with the critical unveiling, such as the methodology Freireana foresees the analytical process.The thematic investigation revealed 32 generating themes that culminated in three significant themes, namely: (a) Myths and truths related to choking, (b) Understanding and perception of swallowing difficulties, and (c). Swallowing Care, Discussed Across Cultural Circles. The elders participated actively, speaking about their beliefs regarding swallowing and the factors that can lead to choking, as well as the methods used by them to unblock themselves.It was possible to notice that the elderly has beliefs that were transmitted to them culturally and that they use them in a natural and adaptive way to compensate for their difficulties. The participants demonstrated understanding of the intrinsic aspects that influence the act of swallowing, as well as the importance of a coordinated and conscious action, so that the consequences derived from presbyophagia do not develop over time


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Perception , Aging , Deglutition , Health Promotion , Surveys and Questionnaires , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences
19.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(2): 150-153, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131645

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is associated with slower transit of the bolus through the pharynx and upper esophageal sphincter. Functional heartburn has similar symptoms to gastroesophageal reflux disease, however, the symptoms are not caused by reflux. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this investigation was to evaluate oral and pharyngeal transit in patients with functional heartburn, with the hypothesis that, similar to patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, they have changes in pharyngeal and upper esophageal sphincter transit time. METHODS: Oral and pharyngeal transit was evaluated by videofluoroscopy in eight women with functional heartburn, five with mild dysphagia for solid foods, and 12 female controls. Controls and patients swallowed in duplicate 5 mL and 10 mL of liquid and paste boluses. RESULTS: No difference in the oral or pharyngeal transit time was found between patients and controls. No aspiration of bolus into the airways was detected in any individual. Pharyngeal residues were detected in the same proportion of swallows, in patients (12.5%) and controls (15.0%), after swallows of 10 mL paste bolus. CONCLUSION: Oral, pharyngeal and upper esophageal sphincter transit time are similar in patients with functional heartburn to healthy controls.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A doença do refluxo gastroesofágico está associada ao trânsito mais lento do bolo deglutido pela faringe e esfíncter superior do esôfago. Pirose funcional tem sintomas similares aos de doença do refluxo gastroesofágico, entretanto eles não são consequência de refluxo. OBJETIVO: Como na pirose funcional os sintomas são semelhantes aos da doença do refluxo gastroesofágico, o objetivo desta investigação foi avaliar a duração do trânsito do bolo deglutido pela boca, faringe e esfíncter superior do esôfago em pacientes com pirose funcional, com a hipótese de que esses pacientes também apresentem alteração no trânsito. MÉTODOS: Pelo método videofluoroscópico foi avaliado o trânsito oral e faríngeo de oito pacientes do sexo feminino com pirose funcional, cinco com disfagia leve para alimentos sólidos, e 12 indivíduos controles do sexo feminino. Controles e pacientes deglutiram em duplicata 5 mL e 10 mL de bolos com a consistências líquida e pastosa. RESULTADOS: Com bolo líquido e pastoso não houve diferença na duração do trânsito oral, faríngeo e pelo esfíncter superior do esôfago entre controles e pacientes. Não houve aspiração do bolo para as vias aéreas em nenhum indivíduo. Os resíduos faríngeos foram observados na mesma proporção das deglutições em pacientes (12,5%) e controles (15%), com a deglutição de 10 mL de bolo pastoso. CONCLUSÃO: A duração do trânsito oral, faríngeo e pelo esfíncter superior do esôfago foi semelhante nos pacientes com pirose funcional e controles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pharynx , Heartburn , Deglutition Disorders , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Deglutition , Manometry
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