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1.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e56546, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367534

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study is to determine the psychological well-being of patients who underwent stem cell transplantation. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 100 patients. Data were collected face-to-face using an introductory information form and the Brief Symptom Inventory.When the results of the patients were examined, the interpersonal sensitivity of the sub-dimensions of the scale was found to be 5.0 ± 4.06, depression 7.60 ± 5.37, and anxiety disorder 7.90 ± 5.34. There was a significant difference between the diagnosistime of the patients and all sub-factors of the scale, except phobic anxiety. It was found that the psychological state of the patients was directly related to the time of first diagnosis. As a result, the importance of following the psychological processof the patients during the treatment process was revealed when planning nursing care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patients/psychology , Stem Cell Transplantation/nursing , Emotional Adjustment/ethics , Nursing Care/ethics , Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis , Anxiety Disorders/nursing , Anxiety Disorders/rehabilitation , Paranoid Disorders/diagnosis , Paranoid Disorders/nursing , Paranoid Disorders/therapy , Psychotic Disorders/diagnosis , Psychotic Disorders/nursing , Psychotic Disorders/therapy , Somatoform Disorders/diagnosis , Somatoform Disorders/nursing , Somatoform Disorders/therapy , Bone Marrow , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/diagnosis , Depression/nursing , Hostility , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/diagnosis , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/nursing , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/therapy
2.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 33: e3337, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385994

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The purpose was to analyze the potential differences in the motivation factors of volunteers according to the demographics; sex, level of education, and type of events in Brazil. The Volunteer Motivations Scale for International Sporting Events was administered to Brazilian volunteers via an online survey. Back-translation was used to ensure accuracy between the original scales. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to perform the transcultural adaptation. MANOVA was utilized to compare differences in demographic variables. Volunteers were motivated by two factors: Love of Sports and Community Involvement. The level of education verified significant differences only in the love of sport factor. The MANOVA revealed that the volunteers with a lower level of schooling (incomplete and elementary school) have higher levels of motivation (love for sport) compared to volunteers with high school, undergraduate, master's and PhD degrees. The interaction between sex and level of education indicated a significant difference in the same factor, and the interaction sex and type of event with the factor Community Involvement. Therefore, the results identify some differences in demographics. It is concluded that Volunteers' motivation is linked to the love of sport and involvement with the community and is related to sex and schooling, highlighting the importance of investigating volunteer motivations amongst sports events to promote positive development in management practices, specially to Brazilian sports events.


RESUMO O objetivo foi analisar as potenciais diferenças nos fatores de motivação de voluntários de acordo com os dados demográficos; sexo, nível de escolaridade e tipo de eventos no Brasil. A Escala de Motivação de Voluntários para Eventos Esportivos Internacionais foi aplicada a voluntários brasileiros por meio de um questionário online. A retrotradução foi usada para garantir a precisão entre as escalas originais. A análise fatorial confirmatória foi utilizada para realizar a adaptação transcultural. MANOVA foi utilizada para comparar diferenças nas variáveis demográficas. Os voluntários foram motivados por dois fatores: Amor ao Esporte e Envolvimento Comunitário. O nível de escolaridade verificou diferenças significativas apenas no fator amor ao esporte. A MANOVA revelou que os voluntários com menor escolaridade (escola primaria e incompleta) possuem níveis de motivação (amor ao esporte) maiores comparado aos voluntários com ensino médio, graduação, mestrado e doutorado. A interação entre sexo e escolaridade indicou diferença significativa no mesmo fator, e a interação sexo e tipo de evento com o fator Envolvimento na Comunidade. Portanto, os resultados identificam algumas diferenças demográficas. Conclui-se que a motivação dos voluntários está atrelada ao amor ao esporte e envolvimento com a comunidade e possui relações com sexo e escolaridade, destacando a importância de investigar as motivações do voluntariado entre os eventos esportivos para promover o desenvolvimento positivo das práticas de gestão, especialmente dos eventos esportivos brasileiros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Sports/education , Volunteers/education , Motivation , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Community Participation , Workforce , Statistical Data , Love
4.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(4): 240-244, 20210000. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359454

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La desnutrición es un importante problema de salud en el grupo de edad de pediatría que contribuye a aumentar la mortalidad y morbilidad de los pacientes ingresados. Pacientes y método: Estudio descriptivo, aleatorizado, transversal de 2965 casos entre 6 y 60 meses de los cuales 500 casos tenían desnutrición desde el 15 de noviembre de 2019 al 31 de enero de 2020, datos hospitalarios para evaluar la incidencia de desnutrición aguda severa y desnutrición aguda moderada y leve. Desnutrición y su relación con algunos factores sociodemográficos (trabajo paterno, peso al nacer, tipo de alimentación, edad, sexo). Resultados: la incidencia de desnutrición aguda severa es 1%, la incidencia de desnutrición aguda moderada es 10% y desnutrición leve 27% de la muestra de pacientes tomada 469 pacientes existe una fuerte relación de todos los grados de desnutrición con la edad paterna y bajo nacimiento peso con alguna relación con el tipo de alimentación. Conclusiones: si bien la incidencia de desnutrición aguda severa ha disminuido en los últimos años en el hospital universitario de Karbala, existe un marcado aumento en la incidencia de desnutrición aguda moderada y desnutrición leve con su impacto en la salud pediátrica general en cuanto a morbilidad y mortalidad se deben tomar esfuerzos para manejar la desnutrición aguda moderada y desnutrición leve ofreciendo asesoramiento y apoyo nutricional especialmente en personas que no son Empleadores gubernamentales.


Background: Malnutrition is a major health problem in pediatrics age group contribute to increase mortality and morbidity of admitted patients. Patients and method: A descriptive randomized cross sectional study of 2965 cases between 6 -60 months from which 500 cases had malnutrition from15th of November 2019 to 31st of January 2020 hospital-based data to evaluate incidence of sever acute malnutrition and moderate acute malnutrition and mild malnutrition and its relation to some sociodemographic factors (paternal job, birth weight, type of feeding, age, sex). Results: the incidence of severe acute Malnutrition is 1%, the incidence of moderate acute malnutrition is 10% and mild malnutrition 27% from the sample of patients taken 469 patients there is a strong relationship of all degree of malnutrition to paternal age and low birth weight with some relation to type of feeding. Conclusions: while the incidence of severe acute malnutrition has been decreased last years In Karbala teaching hospital, there is marked increase in incidence of moderate acute malnutrition and mild malnutrition with their impact on general pediatric health regarding morbidity and mortality efforts should be taken to manage the moderate acute malnutrition and mild malnutrition by offering nutritional advice and support especially in people who are not governmental Employer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Socioeconomic Factors , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies/statistics & numerical data , Morbidity , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/mortality
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(4): 187-201, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359376

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La aparición de un nuevo coronavirus, el SARS-CoV-2, ha sido catalogado el 2019 como una pandemia por la OMS, teniendo hasta la actualidad más de 170 millones de infectados y 3.53 millones de fallecidos. Objetivo: El presente artículo tiene como objetivo realizar una revisión de la bibliografía publicada sobre los factores de riesgo asociados a mortalidad en pacientes con COVID-19. Métodos: La revisión se realizó a través de la búsqueda electrónica de diversos artículos científicos relacionados con el tema. Se utilizó la pregunta PEO: ¿Cuáles son los factores de riesgo asociados a mortalidad en pacientes con COVID-19? Las fuentes de búsqueda fueron PubMed, Scielo y Google Scholar. Las palabras clave fueron: "coronavirus infections", en combinación con "risk factors" y "mortality"; "infecciones por coronavirus" junto con "COVID-19", "factores de riesgo" y "mortalidad". Se seleccionaron los artículos publicados desde 07 de mayo de 2020 hasta 28 de abril de 2021. Resultados: De los 76 artículos encontrados se descartaron 57 por no cumplir con nuestros criterios de inclusión y exclusión, quedando 19 artículos para esta revisión. Los factores de riesgo significativos para mortalidad por COVID-19 fueron: Edad > 60 años, sexo masculino, estancia hospitalaria prolongada, presencia de comorbilidades, presencia de signos y síntomas de la enfermedad y biomarcadores alterados, etc. Conclusión: Diversos factores de riesgos se asocian a mortalidad por COVID-19: Edad > 60 años, sexo masculino, estancia hospitalaria prolongada, presencia de comorbilidades, presencia de signos y síntomas de la enfermedad y biomarcadores alterados entre otros


Introduction: The appearance of a new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, has been classified in 2019 as a pandemic by the WHO, having to date more than 170 million infected and 3.53 million deaths. Objective: This article aims to conduct a systematic review of several scientific publications about the risk factors associated with mortality in patients with COVID-19. Methods: The review was conducted through an electronic search of several scientific articles related to this topic. The PEO question was used: What are the risk factors associated with mortality in patients with COVID-19? The search sources were PubMed, Scielo, and Google Scholar. The keywords used to search were: "coronavirus infections", in combination with "risk factors" and "mortality"; "infecciones por coronavirus" along with "COVID-19", "factores de riesgo" and "mortalidad". Articles published from May 7, 2020 to April 28, 2021 were selected. Results: Of the 76 articles found, 57 were discarded for not meeting our inclusion and exclusion criteria, leaving 19 articles for this review. Significant risk factors for mortality from COVID-19 were: Age > 60 years, male sex, prolonged hospital stay, presence of comorbidities, presence of signs and symptoms of the disease and altered biomarkers, etc. Conclusion: Various risk factors are associated with mortality from COVID-19: Age> 60 years, male gender, prolonged hospital stay, presence of comorbidities, presence of signs and symptoms of the disease and altered biomarkers, among others


Subject(s)
Humans , Social Change , Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information , Comorbidity , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Library Materials , PubMed , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/mortality
6.
Rev. bras. estud. popul ; 38: e0148, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280028

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho tem como objetivo estimar a população vulnerável a perdas habitacionais residente na Região Metropolitana de São Paulo (RMSP). Para isso utilizam-se os microdados da amostra do Censo Demográfico de 2010 produzido pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). São selecionados os microdados sobre renda familiar, espécies e tipos de domicílios e condições de ocupação de domicílios particulares permanentes com base em premissas teóricas e conceituais relativas a "deslocabilidade" (displaceability) (YIFTACHEL, 2017), insegurança e alienação habitacional (MADDEN; MARCUSE, 2016), transitoriedade permanente (ROLNIK, 2015), gentrificação e rent gap (SMITH, 2010) e gentrificação e value gap (HAMNETT; RANDOLPH, 1986 apud LEES et al., 2008). O cálculo da estimativa da população "deslocalizável" e vulnerável a perdas habitacionais residente na RMSP resulta em 3.423.265 pessoas (2010).


The present work aims to estimate the population vulnerable to housing loss living in the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo (RMSP). For this purpose, we used microdata from the 2010 Demographic Census sample produced by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Microdata related to family income, species and types of households and conditions of occupation of permanent private households are selected based on theoretical and conceptual premises related to displaceability (YIFTACHEL, 2017), housing insecurity and alienation, (MADDEN; MARCUSE, 2016), permanent transience (ROLNIK, 2015), gentrification and rent gap (SMITH, 2010) and gentrification and value gap (HAMNETT; RANDOLPH, 1986 in LEES et al., 2008). The estimated displaceable population vulnerable to housing loss living in the RMSP is 3,423,265 people (2010).


El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo estimar la población vulnerable a la pérdida de vivienda que vive en la Región Metropolitana de San Pablo(RMSP). Para ello se utilizan microdatos de la muestra del censo demográfico de 2010 del Instituto Brasileño de Geografía y Estadística (IBGE). Los microdatos relacionados con los ingresos familiares, las especies y los tipos de hogares y las condiciones de ocupación de los hogares privados permanentes se seleccionan en función de premisas teóricas y conceptuales relacionadas con la deslocabilidad (displaceability) (YIFTACHEL, 2017), inseguridad y alienación de la vivienda (MADDEN; MARCUSE, 2016), transición permanente (ROLNIK, 2015), gentrificación y rent gap (SMITH, 2010) y gentrificación y value gap (HAMNETT; RANDOLPH, 1986 in LEES et al., 2008). El cálculo de laestimación de lapoblación deslocalizable y vulnerable a la pérdida de vivienda que vive en la RMSP da como resultado 3.423.265 personas (2010).


Subject(s)
Humans , Vulnerable Populations , Housing Instability , Housing , Residence Characteristics , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Censuses , Income , Occupations
8.
Buenos Aires; GCBA. Dirección General de Estadística y Censos; nov. 2020. a) f: 50 l:57 p. tab, graf.(Población de Buenos Aires, 17, 29).
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1146287

ABSTRACT

En un nuevo contexto de la migración en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, el presente informe tiene como objetivo analizar las características sociodemográficas de los principales orígenes que integran el conjunto de inmigrantes externos y que, como se mencionó, presentan particularidades en su composición y antigüedad de residencia en la Ciudad, considerando asimismo desde una perspectiva comparativa a los residentes nacidos en el país. Para este informe se explotaron los datos de la última Encuesta Anual de Hogares disponible correspondiente a 2019 que releva la Dirección General de Estadística y Censos sobre la base de una muestra probabilística de viviendas y hogares residentes en CABA y que contiene preguntas específicas sobre el lugar de nacimiento y el año desde que la persona reside en forma continua, que permiten identificar la antigüedad y cohortes de inmigrantes. (AU)


Subject(s)
Population , Population Dynamics/trends , Population Dynamics/statistics & numerical data , Demography/trends , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Emigration and Immigration/trends , Emigration and Immigration/statistics & numerical data , Resident Population , Human Migration/trends , Human Migration/statistics & numerical data
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 194-200, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136176

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND To describe the current distribution and historical evolution of undergraduate courses in medicine in Brasil. METHODS Analytical cross-sectional study of secondary data. Through the Ministry of Education, the data of the medical courses were obtained, and through the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, the population and economic data of the Brazilian states were obtained. RESULTS In Brasil, there were 298 medical courses (1,42 courses / million inhabitants) in January 2018, totaling 31,126 vacancies per year, with 9,217 gratuitous vacancies (29.6%) and 17,963 vacancies in the hinterland (57, 7%). In Brazilian states, there are positive and statistically significant (p <0.001) correlations of the variables: "vacancies" and "population" (R 0.92); "vacancies" and "gross domestic product" ("GDP") (R 0.83); "percentage of vacancies in the hinterland" and "population in the hinterland" (R 0.71) and "percentage of vacancies in the hinterland" and "GDP" (R 0.64). There was a negative and statistically significant correlation between "gratuitous vacancy percentage" and "GDP" (R -0.54, p = 0.003). More paid courses than gratuitous courses and more courses in the hinterland than in the capitals have been created since 1964, in proportions that have remained similar since then, but in higher numbers since 2002. CONCLUSIONS The distribution of medical courses in Brasil correlates with the population and economical production of each state. The expansion of Brazilian medical education, which has been accelerated since 2002, is based mainly on paid courses in the hinterland, in the same pattern since 1964.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Descrever a distribuição e evolução histórica das vagas em cursos de graduação em medicina no Brasil. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal analítico de dados secundários. No Ministério da Educação obtiveram-se dados dos cursos de medicina e no Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística foram obtidos dados populacionais e econômicos dos estados. RESULTADOS Havia no Brasil, até janeiro de 2018, 298 cursos de medicina (1,42 curso/milhão de habitantes), totalizando 31.126 vagas anuais, com 9.217 vagas gratuitas (29,6%) e 17.963 vagas no interior do País (57,7%). Nos estados há correlações positivas e significativas (p<0,001) das variáveis: "vagas em medicina" e "população" (R 0,92); "vagas em medicina" e "produto interno bruto" ("PIB") (R 0,83); "percentual de vagas em medicina no interior" e "população no interior" (R 0,71) e "percentual de vagas em medicina no interior" e "PIB" (R 0,64). Há correlação negativa e significativa entre "percentual de vagas gratuitas" e "PIB" (R -0,54, p=0,003). Passaram a ser criados mais cursos pagos do que gratuitos e mais cursos no interior do que nas capitais a partir de 1964 (p <0,001), e a relação curso/milhão de habitantes aumentou a partir de 2002 (p<0,001). CONCLUSÕES A distribuição de vagas em cursos de medicina no Brasil correlaciona-se à população e à produção econômica de cada estado. A expansão do ensino médico brasileiro, acelerada além do crescimento populacional a partir de 2002, é baseada principalmente em cursos pagos no interior dos estados brasileiros, característica inalterada desde 1964.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Schools, Medical/history , Schools, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Education, Medical, Undergraduate/history , Education, Medical, Undergraduate/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Demography/history , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Geography
10.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 24(4): e20200062, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1114749

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivos Identificar o perfil social, hábitos de vida e morbidades referidas, de mulheres detentas; identificar a Qualidade de Vida-QV dessas mulheres e associá-la às variáveis perfil social, hábitos de vida e morbidades referidas. Método Pesquisa transversal, correlacional, de campo, com abordagem quantitativa, realizada com 287 detentas, no período de 15 de outubro a 16 de novembro de 2018. Utilizou-se para avaliar a qualidade de vida o WHOQOL-Bref. Resultados A média dos escores da Qualidade de Vida Geral das detentas foi baixa (46), o domínio com maior média foi o Físico e o menor o Meio Ambiente. As morbidades mais referidas foram dor musculoesquelética (52,9%) e doenças respiratórias (25,4%). Houve associação entre a QV e a avaliação ruim / péssima da saúde, em todos os domínios e das morbidades referidas na maioria deles. Conclusões e Implicações para a prática As morbidades referidas, a avaliação negativa da saúde, alguns hábitos de vida e a estrutura da prisão interferiram na percepção da QV das detentas. Conhecer o perfil social e de saúde das mulheres e as situações vivenciadas no cárcere, pode contribuir para o planejamento de intervenções que possam minimizar os agravos à saúde e o impacto na qualidade de vida dessas mulheres.


RESUMEM Objetivos Identificar el perfil social, los hábitos de vida y las morbilidades referidas de las mujeres reclusas; identificar la Calidad de Vida (QV) de estas mujeres y asociarla con variables sociodemográficas, hábitos de vida y morbilidades referidas. Método Investigación transversal, correlacional, de campo, con un enfoque cuantitativo, realizada con 287 reclusas, en el periodo del 15 de octubre al 16 de noviembre de 2018. El WHOQOL-Bref se utilizó para evaluar la calidad de vida. Resultados Los escores promedios de la calidad general de vida de las reclusas fue baja (46), el dominio con la media más alta fue el Físico y el más bajo el Medio Ambiente. Las morbilidades más referidas fueron dolor musculoesquelético (52,9%) y enfermedades respiratorias (25,4%). Hubo asociación entre la QV y la evaluación mala/pésima de la salud en todos los dominios y morbilidades referidas en la mayoría de ellos. Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica Las morbilidades referidas, la evaluación negativa de la salud, algunos hábitos de vida y la estructura de la prisión interfirieron en la percepción de QV de las reclusas. Conocer el perfil social y de salud de las mujeres y las situaciones experimentadas en prisión puede contribuir a la planificación de intervenciones que puedan minimizar los problemas de salud y el impacto en la calidad de vida de estas mujeres.


ABSTRACT Objectives To identify the social profile, lifestyle habits, and morbidities of women prisoners; to identify their quality of life (QoL) and to associate this with the sociodemographic variables, lifestyle habits, and morbidities reported. Method This cross-sectional, correlational, quantitative field study was conducted with 287 incarcerated women, from October 15 to November 16, 2018. The WHOQOL-Bref was used to assess their quality of life. Results The mean score of the prisoners' Overall Quality of Life was low (46). The Physical domain presented the highest mean and the Environment the lowest. The most commonly reported morbidities were musculoskeletal pain (52.9%) and respiratory diseases (25.4%). There was an association between QoL and the assessment of poor/very poor health in all the domains and the morbidities reported in the majority of them. Conclusions and implications for the practice The morbidities reported the negative assessment of health, some lifestyle habits, and the prison structure interfered with the prisoners' perception of QoL. Identifying the social and health profile of the women and the situations experienced in prison can contribute to the planning of interventions that can minimize health problems and the impact on their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Prisoners , Quality of Life , Women's Health/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Health Profile , Demography/statistics & numerical data
11.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(6): 479-485, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094528

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) may lead to viral replication and development of antiretroviral resistance. OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with nonadherence to ART among people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (PLWHA). DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in a tertiary-level hospital in northeastern Brazil. METHODS: Intake of less than 90% of the antiretroviral drugs prescribed in the last week prior to the interview was defined as nonadherence. Intake was evaluated using a questionnaire. Descriptive and multivariate analyses were conducted on the study population, with estimation of the respective odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: The prevalence of nonadherence was 28.4%. Significant associations were found regarding the following variables: age less than 35 years, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, lack of medication and lack of knowledge regarding the patient's HIV status, on the part of the patient's partner or family. CONCLUSIONS: Encouragement of adherence to antiretroviral therapy is one of the fundamental pillars of treatment for HIV-infected patients. The high proportion of nonadherence (28.4%) and the predictive factors related to this indicate that it is necessary to improve patients' adherence to antiretroviral therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Anti-HIV Agents/therapeutic use , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active/statistics & numerical data , Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Treatment Adherence and Compliance/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Attitude to Health , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active/psychology , Medication Adherence/psychology , Treatment Adherence and Compliance/psychology
12.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(10): 700-709, oct 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1025979

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Achondroplasia (Ach) is the most frequent cause of dwarfism. The first therapeutic strategy offered to patients with Ach was. However, GH has played un important role in Ach and Hypochondroplasia (Hch), despite short-term and long-term effects. Purpose: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy of GH in the height of patients with Ach and Hch in the short and long term. Methods: 12 studies were included selected from the Pubmed database (3 Randomized Clinical trials (RCTs) and 9 prospective studies) from 1993 to 2014. Comparing high and low doses of GH. The systematic review included 9 prospective studies and the high-dose GH arm of the 3 RCTs. Inclusion criteria was focused on paediatric patients with Ach and Hch treated with GH. Demographic variables were collected including age, gender, dose, height and follow-up. The height variables included height increase and height velocity. Finally, 363 patients with Ach and 41 patients with Hcb were included. A was performed with a follow-up from one to 3 years. Results: In patients with Ach the average height velocity at one, two and three years were 2.65, 1.07 and -0.87 cm/years respectively (p<0.05). The RCTs showed a significant increase in height velocity in patients treated with high dose of GH (MD= 1.38, 95% CI: 0.68-2.07, p=0.0001, I2=0%) . Height at one year increased 0.61 cm. The RCTs did not show significant differences (MD 0.11, 95% CI: 0.17-0.39, p=0.44, I2 = 0%). Finally, patients with Hch increased height velocity 4 cm/year at the first year (p<0.05). Conclusion: GH treatment is beneficial in the shor-term height of children with Ach and Hch. GH effect on different ages and subgroups is unknown, as well as its possible long--term consequences


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Achondroplasia/therapy , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Human Growth Hormone/administration & dosage , Human Growth Hormone/therapeutic use
13.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(4): 1007-1012, Jul.-Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1020530

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the association between sex (male and female) and sociodemographic, reproductive and sexual variables in teenagers and identify the highest rates of social and health issues among them. Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 239 adolescents enrolled in a public school of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, whose data were produced by applying a structured form processed in Stata. Results: The research indicated an association between females and higher education level (p = 0.02), living with both parents (p = 0.02) and a higher rate of mental, social and behavioral issues. Being a man was associated with sexual initiation (p = 0.00), which occurred before they turned 14 years old (p = 0.05). Conclusion: The study variables behave, depending on sex, with smaller or greater chances of experiencing harmful situations, this understanding being essential for subsidizing educational activities that promote the quality of life of teenagers.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Verificar la asociación entre el sexo (hombre y mujer) y las variables sociodemográficas, sexuales y reproductivas de adolescentes e identificar los mayores promedios de problemas sociales y de salud de ellos. Método: Estudio transversal en el cual participaron 239 adolescentes matriculados en una escuela pública de Salvador, Bahía, Brasil; siendo recolectados los datos mediante la aplicación de formulario estructurado y procesados en el programa Stata. Resultados: La investigación presentó una asociación entre el sexo femenino y mayor nivel de escolaridad (p-valor = 0,02), convivir con ambos padres (p-valor = 0,02) y con un mayor promedio de problemas psíquicos, sociales y comportamentales. Se asoció ser hombre con la iniciación sexual (p-valor = 0,00), que ocurre hasta los 14 años de edad (p-valor = 0,05). Conclusión: Las variables en cuestión se comportaron, dependiendo del sexo, con menor o mayor posibilidad para una experiencia de agravios, siendo fundamental entenderlas para subsidiar acciones que promuevan la calidad de vida de los adolescentes.


RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar a associação entre sexo (homem e mulher) e as variáveis sociodemográficas, sexuais e reprodutivas para adolescentes e identificar maiores médias de problemas sociais e de saúde para estes. Método: Estudo transversal realizado com 239 adolescentes matriculados numa escola pública de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil, cujos dados foram produzidos mediante aplicação de formulário estruturado e processado no programa Stata. Resultados: A pesquisa apontou associação entre o sexo feminino e maior escolaridade (p-valor = 0,02), conviver com ambos os pais (p-valor = 0,02) e com maior média de problemas psíquicos, sociais e comportamentais. Ser homem foi associado com iniciação sexual (p-valor = 0,00) e desta ocorrer até os 14 anos (p-valor = 0,05). Conclusão: As variáveis em estudo se comportam, a depender do sexo, com menor ou maior chance para vivência de agravos, sendo essencial tal compreensão no sentido de subsidiar ações que promovam a qualidade de vida dos adolescentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Social Class , Sex Factors , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Health Status , Pregnancy in Adolescence/prevention & control , Pregnancy in Adolescence/psychology , Public Health Nursing/methods , Risk-Taking , Sexual Behavior/psychology , Sex Education/methods , Brazil/epidemiology , Demography/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Adolescent Behavior/psychology
14.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(3): 283-291, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013785

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los condilomas o verrugas genitales (VG) son la infección de transmisión sexual (ITS) más diagnosticada en los centros de ITS en Chile, pero no existen estadísticas poblacionales. Objetivos: Describir la prevalencia de VG en pacientes de 18-60 años que acuden a consulta ambulatoria de dermatología, ginecología y urología; características demográficas de los pacientes y prácticas de diagnóstico y tratamiento. Material y Métodos: A una muestra de especialistas chilenos estratificados por región, población y sexo de pacientes se les proporcionó un diario de registro y aplicó un cuestionario. Resultados: Prevalencia VG grupo total: 2,4%; en grupo etario 18-34 años: 3,7%; en grupo etario 35-60 años: 1,29% (p = 0,0000). La edad media de los pacientes con VG fue 29,4 años en mujeres y 32,7 años en hombres (p = 0,019); la distribución por edad fue diferente según sexo y sistema de salud. La inspección visual fue el método diagnóstico más frecuente y la crema de imiquimod el tratamiento más común. Hubo diferencias en el uso de herramientas diagnósticas y terapéuticas según sexo del paciente, especialidad del médico y sistema de salud. Conclusiones: Existe una alta prevalencia de VG, que debería ser tomada en cuenta para planificar las intervenciones de salud pública para abordar este problema.


Introduction: Condylomas or genital warts (GW) are the most frequently diagnosed sexually transmitted infection (STI) in STI centers in Chile, but there are no population statistics available. Objectives: To describe the prevalence of GW in patients from 18-60 years of age who attend outpatient dermatology, gynecology and urology practice; the demographic characteristics of the patients and the diagnostic and treatment tools. Methods: A sample of Chilean specialists stratified by region, population and gender of patients was provided with a logbook and answered a questionnaire. Results: The GW prevalence was 2.44% for the whole group; 3.76% for the 18-34 age group and 1.29% for the 35-60 years group (p = 0.0000). The average age of patients with GW was 29.4 years in women and 32.7 years in men (p = 0.019). The distribution by age was different according to gender and health system. Visual inspection was the most frequent diagnostic method used and imiquimod cream the most common treatment, however, there were differences in the use of diagnostic and therapeutic tools according to the patient's gender, specialty of the doctor and health system. Conclusions: The high prevalence of GW confirmed the need and importance of public health interventions to address this problem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Outpatients/statistics & numerical data , Condylomata Acuminata/epidemiology , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Professional Practice/statistics & numerical data , Condylomata Acuminata/diagnosis , Condylomata Acuminata/drug therapy , Chile/epidemiology , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Incidence , Prevalence , Health Surveys , Dermatologists/statistics & numerical data , Urologists/statistics & numerical data , Imiquimod/therapeutic use , Gynecology/statistics & numerical data , Health Facilities, Proprietary/statistics & numerical data , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
15.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(2): 66-70, abr.-jun. 2019. graf.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026500

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Trazer um panorama atualizado acerca dos índices de internações e mortalidade por amebíase nos últimos 5 anos pelo sistema de saúde público brasileiro. Métodos: As informações analisadas foram pesquisadas no banco de dados do Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde, considerandose as seguintes variáveis: amebíase; internações e mortalidade; sexo; faixa etária; e período de 2012 a 2016. Resultados: De 14.268 internações por amebíase em todo o Brasil, 4.252 foram em 2012, 3.248 em 2013, 2.552 em 2014, 2.033 em 2015 e 2.183 em 2016. Na Região Norte, encontraram-se os dois Estados com maior e menor número de internações da região e do país: o Pará, com 4.379 casos, e Roraima, com 5. Na Região Nordeste, o Maranhão foi o Estado com mais notificações (4.114) e o segundo maior do Brasil. Na Região Sudeste, Minas Gerais apresentou maior número de registros (793); no Sul, foi o Paraná (325) e, no Centro-Oeste, Goiás (731). Dos Estados com registro de mortalidade, na Região Norte, o Amazonas obteve maior valor (1,02); no Nordeste, foi o Sergipe (5,26); no Sudeste, o Rio de Janeiro (7,81); no Sul, o Rio Grande do Sul (5,26); e, no Centro-Oeste, o Mato Grosso (1,22). Conclusão: Apesar de uma redução no número de internações, as estatísticas para a amebíase ainda continuam altas, principalmente, considerando- se que se trata de uma patologia que poderia ser evitada. É necessário investir em mais medidas educativas, que ensinem a população a evitar a contaminação pelo Entamoeba spp., bem como que seja promovidas ações de saneamento básico e abastecimento de água potável adequados para todas as regiões do Brasil. (AU)


Objective: To provide an updated picture of the hospitalization rates, and mortality due to amebiasis in the last 5 years in the Brazilian public health system. Methods: The information analyzed was searched in the Informatics Department of the Unified Health System database, considering the following variables: amebiasis; hospitalizations and mortality; gender; age group; and period from 2012-2016. Results: Of 14,268 hospitalizations for amebiasis throughout Brazil, 4,252 were in 2012, 3,248 in 2013, 2,552 in 2014, 2,033 in 2015, and 2,183 in 2016. In the North Region, there were the two states with the highest and lowest number of hospitalizations in the region and in the country: the state of Pará, with 4,379 cases, and of Roraima with 5. In the Northeast region, the state of Maranhão was the one with more notifications (4,114), and the second largest one in Brazil. In the Southeast region, the stat of Minas Gerais presented the highest number of records (793); in the South region, it was the state of Paraná (325); and in Center-West, Goiás (731). Of the states with mortality records, in the North region Amazonas reached the highest value (1.02); in the Northeast, Sergipe (5,26); in the Southeast, Rio de Janeiro (7.81); in the South, Rio Grande do Sul (5.26); and in the Center-West region, Mato Grosso (1,22). Conclusion: Despite a reduction in the number of hospitalizations, the statistics for amebiasis are still high, mainly considering that it is a pathology that could be avoided. It is necessary to invest in more educational measures, which teach the population how to avoid contamination by Entamoeba spp., as well as to promote basic sanitation actions, and drinking water supply suitable for all regions of Brazil. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Amebiasis/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Health Profile , Brazil/epidemiology , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Emergencies , Amebiasis/mortality , Hospitalization
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(2): 71-75, abr.-jun. 2019. graf.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026502

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Realizar uma análise estatística das internações de pacientes idosos com osteomielite, por região brasileira. Métodos: Foram pesquisadas informações de saúde disponíveis na plataforma do Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde (DATASUS), avaliando-se, de 2012 a 2016, as variáveis: internações por osteomielite (M86 do CID-10), faixa etária acima de 60 anos, sexo e etnia. Resultados: De 78.967 pacientes internados por osteomielite no Brasil, 16.736 (21,19%) eram idosos, com a Região Sudeste registrando maior número de casos (7.163 internações; 42,79%), seguida da Nordeste (5.165; 30,86%), da Sul (2.462; 14,71%), da Centro-Oeste (1.162; 6,9%) e da Norte (784; 4,6%). O número de internações manteve-se relativamente constante, com média de 3.347 casos por ano. Pacientes de 60 a 69 anos foram os com maior registro (8.786 casos; 52,49%). Em segundo lugar, ficaram os de 70 a 79 anos (5.232; 31,2%) e, por último, os acima de 80 anos (2.718; 16,24%). Em relação ao sexo, o masculino notificou 9.232 internações (55,16%), com 7.504 (44,83%) para o feminino. A etnia branca apresentou maior número de notificações (6.117; 36,54%), principalmente nas Regiões Sudeste e Sul, seguida pela parda (4.947; 29,55%), que se destacou dentre as demais regiões. Conclusão: Diante da heterogeneidade de fatores que predispõem à osteomielite, com destaque para o diabetes mellitus, urge garantir um manejo precoce da infecção e de comorbidades causadoras, a fim de evitar complicações debilitantes ao idoso, bem como prevenir futuras recidivas e internações onerosas ao sistema de saúde brasileiro. (AU)


Objective: To perform a statistical analysis of hospitalizations of elderly patients with osteomyelitis, by Brazilian region. Methods: Health information available from the Informatics Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS) platform was investigated, from 2012 to 2016. The following variables were assessed: admissions due to osteomyelitis (ICD-10 M86), age group over 60, gender and ethnicity. Results: Of the 78,967 patients hospitalized due to osteomyelitis in Brazil, 16,736 (21.19%) were elderly, with the Southeast Region having a higher number of cases (7,163 admissions - 42.79%), followed by the Northeast (5,165 - 30.86%), South (2,462 - 14,71%), Midwest (1,162 - 6,9%), and North (784 - 4,6%). The number of hospitalizations remained relatively constant, with an average of 3,347 cases per year. Patients aged 60 to 69 years were the ones with the highest registry (8,786 cases - 52.49%); in second place, those aged 70 to 79 years (5,232 - 31.2%) and, finally, those above 80 years old (2,718 - 16.24%). Regarding gender, males accounted for 9,232 hospitalizations (55.16%), with 7,504 (44.83%) for females. White people had the highest number of reports (6,177 - 36.54%), mainly in the Southeast and South Regions, followed by browns (4,947 - 29.55%), who were more prevalent in the other regions. Conclusion: In view of the heterogeneity of factors that predispose to osteomyelitis, especially diabetes mellitus, it is urgent that early management of the infection and causative comorbidities is ensured, in order to avoid debilitating complications for the elderly, as well as to prevent future relapses, and costly hospitalizations to the Brazilian health system. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Osteomyelitis/epidemiology , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Osteomyelitis/complications , Osteomyelitis/etiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Staphylococcus aureus/pathogenicity , Brazil/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Sex Factors , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Incidence , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Age Factors , Sex Distribution , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Health Vulnerability , Ethnic Distribution
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(2): 76-80, abr.-jun. 2019. graf.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026504

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil de pacientes em idade reprodutiva internadas por epilepsia nas regiões brasileiras em 5 anos, elucidando os riscos promovidos por ela durante a gravidez e abordando o gerenciamento do quadro. Métodos: Pesquisa e análise de dados disponibilizados pelo Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde (DATASUS), acerca das internações em mulheres em idade reprodutiva (10 a 49 anos) por epilepsia, avaliando a ocorrência, de acordo com faixa etária, etnia e região do Brasil, no período de janeiro de 2012 a dezembro de 2016. Resultados: No total, foram notificadas 42.204 internações de mulheres em idade reprodutiva associadas à epilepsia, estando a maior parte delas (22,66%) na faixa de 20 a 29 anos e na de 40 a 49 anos (22,59%). O Sudeste correspondeu a 43,01% do total de casos (18.152), seguido pela Região Sul, com 9.456 registros (22,4%), e pelo Nordeste (8.245; 19,53%). A etnia mais atingida foi a de brancas (15.804; 37,44% dos atendimentos) e pardas (12.200; 28,9%). Conclusão: O planejamento da gravidez em mulheres epilépticas contribui para redução dos riscos tanto maternos quanto fetais, pois permite ao prescritor e à gestante pesar quais os benefícios e os malefícios de cada terapia anticonvulsivante disponível. Vale lembrar que uma abordagem individualizada da paciente epiléptica grávida por equipe multidisciplinar se faz necessária para melhorar os desfechos e prevenir internações por crises convulsivas. (AU)


Objective: To describe the profile of female patients in childbearing age hospitalized due to epilepsy in the Brazilian regions in 5 years, elucidating the risks it causes during pregnancy, and addressing the management of the condition. Methods: Research and analysis of data provided by the Informatics Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS), concerning hospitalizations of women of childbearing age (10-49 years) due to epilepsy, evaluating the occurrence according to age, ethnicity and the region in Brazil, from January 2012 to December 2016. Results: A total of 42,204 admissions of women of childbearing age due to epilepsy were reported, with most of them in the age group from 20 to 29 years old (22,66%), and in the 40-49 age group (22.59%). The Southeast Region accounted for 43.01% of the total number of cases (18,152), followed by the South Region, with 9,456 records (22.4%), and the Northeast (8,245 - 19.53%). The most affected ethnic group was the white one (15,804; 37,44% of the admissions) and brown one (12,200; 28,9%). Conclusion: Pregnancy planning in epileptic women contributes to both maternal and fetal risk reduction, since it allows the prescriber and the pregnant woman to weigh the benefits and harms of each available anticonvulsant therapy. It is worth remembering that an individualized, multidisciplinary approach of the epileptic pregnant patient is necessary to improve the outcomes, and to prevent hospitalizations due to seizures. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Epilepsy/epidemiology , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Prenatal Care , Abnormalities, Drug-Induced/prevention & control , Pregnancy/drug effects , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Incidence , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Age Distribution , Pregnancy, Unplanned/drug effects , Epilepsy/drug therapy , Ethnic Distribution , Family Planning Services , Anticonvulsants/adverse effects , Anticonvulsants/therapeutic use
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(2): 81-84, abr.-jun. 2019. graf.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026509

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Trazer um panorama dos últimos 5 anos acerca das internações e mortalidade por sequelas da tuberculose em pacientes com mais de 60 anos. Métodos: Utilização de dados disponibilizados pelo DATASUS, com as seguintes variáveis: sequelas de tuberculose (B90 do CID-10); sexo; faixa etária ≥60 anos; de janeiro de 2012 a dezembro de 2016; nas regiões brasileiras. Resultados: De 349 idosos internados por sequelas de tuberculose, 137 (39,25%) foram na Região Nordeste, 100 (28,65%) na Sudeste, 73 (20,91%) na Sul, 32 (9,16%) na Centro-Oeste e 7 (2,0%) na Norte, sendo 79 casos em 2012, 80 em 2013, 42 em 2014, 70 em 2015 e 78 em 2016. A maioria dos pacientes (216) era do sexo masculino, bem como 66,76% dos casos encontravam-se na faixa dos 60 aos 69 anos. A taxa nacional de mortalidade foi de 8,02, com 17,81 na Região Sul, 14,29 na Norte, 6,0 na Sudeste, 5,11 na Nordeste e 3,13 na Centro-Oeste. O maior número se deu em 2013 (11,25) e o menor em 2012 (5,06). A faixa etária com maior mortalidade foi a de acima de 80 anos, com 24,0, e o sexo mais predominante, o masculino, com 9,72. Conclusão: A análise dos dados epidemiológicos supracitados é essencial para um melhor manejo dos pacientes idosos, de maneira a diminuir cada vez mais os índices de complicações, tratando de maneira eficaz e monitorando atentamente quaisquer eventos durante a internação desses pacientes. (AU)


Objective: To provide an overview of the last 5 years on hospitalizations and mortality from tuberculosis sequelae in patients over 60 years of age. Methods: Use of data provided by DATASUS, with the following variables: tuberculosis sequelae (B90 of ICD- 10); gender; age range ≥60 years; from January / 2012 to December / 2016; in the Brazilian regions. Results: Of 349 elderly people hospitalized for TB sequelae, 137 (39.25%) were from the Northeast region, 100 (28.65%) from the Southeast, 73 (20.91%) from the South, 32 (9.16%) from the In the Central West, and 7 (2.0%) from the North, with 79 cases in 2012, 80 in 2013, 42 in 2014, 70 in 2015 and 78 in 2016. Most patients (216) were male, and 66.76% of the cases were in the range of 60 to 69 years. The national mortality rate was 8.02, with 17.81 in the South region, 14.29 in the North, 6.0 in the Southeast, 5.11 in the Northeast, and 3.13 in the Midwest. The highest number occurred in 2013 (11.25), and the lowest in 2012 (5.06). The age group with the highest mortality was over 80 years old, with 24.0, and male gender was the most predominant, with 9.72. Conclusion: The analysis of the abovementioned epidemiological data is essential for a better management of the elderly patients, in order to reduce the complication rates, treating effectively, and closely monitoring any events during these patients hospitalization. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Tuberculosis/mortality , Brazil/epidemiology , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Tuberculosis/complications , Tuberculosis/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Incidence , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Age Factors , Age and Sex Distribution
20.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 48: e20180103, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-991495

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Dental implant therapy, when well planned, can contribute to the patient's quality of life and is an important tool for solving a serious public health problem in various parts of the world. Objective This study investigated peri-implant health in fixed implants supported by an immediate loading technique and to associate those outcomes with sociodemographic conditions. Material and method After the disassembly of the prostheses on implants with the "Branemark Model" the peri-implant health of 93 patients was evaluated using dental plaque index (DPI), probing pocket depths (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP), clinical attachment levels (CAL), and presence of gingival hyperplasia. Patients also answered a questionnaire about their gender, age, socioeconomic status (Brazilian Association of Research Companies - ABEP), general health and tobacco use. Result The most constant clinical findings were the presence of plaque, followed by gingival hyperplasia and periimplantitis, which was associated with disease progression. Most of the patients in the study were female, Caucasian, and under 60 years of age, with prostheses located in their lower arch, and they belonged to social classes A and B. Conclusion The presence of dental biofilm occurred in almost all implants and was not related to the presence of periimplantitis. The progression of periimplantitis with bone loss was related to sub gingival bleeding. The sociodemographic characteristics in the study did not present great correlations with the clinical variables of the dental implants studied.


RESUMO Introdução A terapia de implantes dentais, quando bem planejada, pode contribuir para a qualidade de vida do paciente e é uma ferramenta importante para solucionar um sério problema de saúde pública em várias partes do mundo. Objetivo Este estudo investigou a saúde peri-implantar em implantes fixos apoiados por uma técnica de carga imediata e associou esses resultados a condições sociodemográficas. Material e método Após a desmontagem das próteses sobre implantes com o "Modelo de Branemark", a avaliação peri-implantar de 93 pacientes foi avaliada por meio do índice de placa dental (IPD), profundidade de sondagem (PS), sangramento à sondagem (SS), níveis clínicos de fixação (NCF) e presença de hiperplasia gengival. Os pacientes também responderam a um questionário sobre sexo, idade, nível socioeconômico (Associação Brasileira de Empresas de Pesquisa - ABEP), saúde geral e tabagismo. Resultado Os achados clínicos mais constantes foram a presença de placa, seguida de hiperplasia gengival e periimplantite, que esteve associada à progressão da doença. A maioria dos pacientes do estudo era do sexo feminino, caucasiana e com idade inferior a 60 anos, com próteses localizadas na arcada inferior, pertencentes às classes sociais A e B. Conclusão A presença de biofilme dentário ocorreu em quase todos os implantes e não foi relacionado à presença de periimplantite. A progressão da peri-implantite com perda óssea foi relacionada ao sangramento subgengival. As características sociodemográficas do estudo não apresentaram grandes correlações com as variáveis clínicas dos implantes dentários estudados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Immediate Dental Implant Loading , Quality of Life , Tobacco Use Disorder , Biofilms , Denture, Partial , Peri-Implantitis , Mandible
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