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1.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(3): e1334, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347537

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El dengue es considerada la más importante de todas las arbovirosis por su gran carga de enfermedad e implicaciones sociales. Es una enfermedad infecciosa causada por cualquiera de los cuatro serotipos del complejo dengue, que se trasmite al hombre a través de la picada de un mosquito del género Aedes. Objetivo: Caracterizar las manifestaciones clínicas en lactantes con dengue confirmado. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo de las manifestaciones clínicas de150 lactantes con diagnóstico de dengue confirmado por serología que fueron hospitalizados en el Hospital Materno Infantil "Dr. Ángel Arturo Aballí" en el período de julio- septiembre del año 2014. Resultados: Los lactantes entre 7 y 12 meses de edad fueron los más afectados (66,8 por ciento), con predominio del sexo femenino (54,0 por ciento). Las principales manifestaciones clínicas fueron: fiebre, manifestaciones respiratorias altas y exantema. La aparición de los signos de alarma coincidió con la defervescencia de la fiebre en 14 niños (9,3 por ciento) y los vómitos frecuentes y la letargia o irritabilidad fueron los síntomas más reiterados. Un solo paciente (0,7 por ciento) presentó cuadro clínico de choque. Conclusiones: Durante el primer año de vida, la enfermedad dengue puede presentarse de modo particular y semejar cualquier otra infección viral. El criterio epidemiológico tiene suma importancia, así como la presencia de fiebre, exantema y las manifestaciones respiratorias que no siempre se asocian al dengue en otras edades(AU)


Introduction: Dengue is considered the most important of all arboviruses because of its high burden of disease and social implications. It is an infectious disease caused by any of the four serotypes of the dengue complex, which is transmitted to the human beings through the bite of a mosquito of Aedes genus. Objective: Characterize the clinical manifestations in infants with confirmed dengue. Methods: An observational, descriptive and retrospective study of the clinical manifestations of 150 infants with a diagnosis of dengue confirmed by serology who were hospitalized at "Dr. Ángel Arturo Aballí" Mother and Child Hospital in the period July-September 2014 was conducted. Results: Infants between 7 and 12 months of age were the most affected (66.8 percent), with a predominance of females (54.0 percent). The main clinical manifestations were: fever, upper respiratory tract manifestations and rash. The appearance of the warning signs coincided with the defervescence of fever in 14 children (9.3 percent) and frequent vomiting and lethargy or irritability were the most repeated symptoms. Just one patient (0.7 percent) presented a clinical picture of shock. Conclusions: During the first year of life, dengue disease can occur in a particular way and resemble any other viral infection. The epidemiological criterion is extremely important, as well as the presence of fever, rash and respiratory manifestations that are not always associated with dengue at other ages(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Arbovirus Infections/therapy , Communicable Diseases/epidemiology , Dengue/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
2.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 73(1): e451, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280321

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Existen más de 390 millones de personas infectadas y 20 000 muertes anualmente a causa del dengue en el mundo. El chikungunya ocasionó una larga epidemia en las Américas con más de 2 millones y medio de casos hasta el 2017. Objetivo: Identificar las características sociodemográficas y clínicas de los casos de dengue y chikungunya informados para el periodo 2014-2017 en Nariño, Colombia. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal. Se revisaron retrospectivamente las bases de datos del Instituto Departamental de Salud de Nariño y del Hospital Universitario Departamental de Nariño. Resultados: Para el periodo de estudio hubo 2 514 hospitalizaciones por dengue y 460 por chikungunya. Se identificaron 22 casos de dengue grave, con una muerte para el año 2017. La revisión de expedientes de 1 735 pacientes con información completa reveló que las manifestaciones clínicas más frecuentes para dengue fueron: fiebre (100 por ciento), cefalea (84,6 por ciento) y mialgias (83,7 por ciento), seguidos de artralgias, rash y dolor abdominal. El sexo masculino predominó en los casos de diagnóstico de dengue (56,8 por ciento) y el femenino en el diagnóstico de chikungunya (52,0 por ciento. Tanto dengue como chikungunya fueron más frecuentes en la población mayor de 40 años con el 24,5 por ciento y 27,2 por ciento, respectivamente. Conclusiones: La sintomatología similar y los casos complicados resaltan la necesidad de contar con diagnósticos oportunos y diferenciales y capacitación al personal de salud, apoyados por entidades gubernamentales. Se requiere generar programas de intervención enfocados a edades productivas y en regiones con condiciones medioambientales propicias para el desarrollo de vectores transmisores de enfermedades(AU)


Introduction: More than 390 million dengue cases and 20 000 deaths due to this condition are reported worldwide every year. Chikungunya caused a large epidemic in the Americas with more than two and a half million cases until the year 2017. Objective: Identify the clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of the dengue and chikungunya cases reported for the period 2014-2017 in Nariño, Colombia. Methods: A cross-sectional observational descriptive study was conducted. A retrospective review was carried out of the databases at Nariño Departmental Health Institute and Nariño Departmental University Hospital. Results: During the study period there were 2 514 hospital admissions with dengue and 460 with chikungunya. A total 22 severe dengue cases and one death were identified for the year 2017. Review of the medical records of 1 735 patients with complete information revealed that the most common clinical manifestations of dengue were fever (100 percent), headache (84.6 percent) and myalgia (83.7 percent), followed by arthralgia, rash and abdominal pain. A predominance was found of the male sex in dengue cases (56.8 percent) and of the female sex in chikungunya cases (52.0 percent). Both conditions were more frequent in the population aged over 40 years, with 24.5 percent and 27.2 percent, respectively. Conclusions: The similar symptoms and the presence of complicated cases highlight the need for timely differential diagnosis and the training of the health personnel, with the support of government agencies. It is required to develop intervention programs aimed at working ages and regions with environmental conditions favorable for the spread of disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dengue/diagnosis , Chikungunya Fever/diagnosis , Colombia/epidemiology
3.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(1): 61-66, ene.-feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279075

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La distinción clínica entre infecciones arbovirales y las provocadas por rickettsias es crucial para iniciar el tratamiento médico apropiado. Objetivo: Comparar las diferencias entre fiebre manchada de las Montañas Rocosas (FMMR) y otras enfermedades transmitidas por vector (dengue y chikungunya) con presentación clínica similar e identificar los datos que pudieran ayudar al diagnóstico rápido de esas enfermedades. Métodos: Se evaluaron datos sociodemográficos, clínicos y de laboratorio de 399 pacientes de cinco hospitales y clínicas en Sonora, México, entre 2004 y 2016, con el diagnóstico confirmado por laboratorio de FMMR, dengue o chikungunya. Resultados: El grupo con FMMR presentó la mayor letalidad (49/63 muertes, 77.8 %), seguido por el de chikungunya (3/161, 1.9 %) y el de dengue (3/161, 1.9 %). Las diferencias clínicas consistieron en la presencia de exantema, edema y prurito; además, se documentaron diferencias en múltiples biomarcadores como plaquetas, hemoglobina, bilirrubina indirecta y niveles de sodio sérico. Conclusión: El exantema en palmas y plantas, edema y ausencia de prurito, aunados a niveles altos de bilirrubina directa y trombocitopenia severa pudieran ser indicadores útiles para diferenciar a pacientes con FMMR en etapas avanzadas de aquellos con dengue y chikungunya.


Abstract Introduction: Clinical distinction between arbovirus infections and those caused by rickettsia is crucial to initiate appropriate medical treatment. Objective: To compare the differences between Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) and other vector-borne diseases (dengue and chikungunya) with similar clinical presentation, and to identify data that could aid rapid diagnosis of these diseases. Methods: Sociodemographic, clinical and laboratory data of 399 patients from five hospitals and clinics of Sonora, Mexico, with laboratory-confirmed diagnosis of RMSF, dengue, or chikungunya between 2004 and 2016 were evaluated. Results: The RMSF group had the highest lethality (49/63 deaths, 77.8 %), followed by the chikungunya group (3/161, 1.9 %) and the dengue group (3/161, 1.9 %). Clinical differences included the presence of rash, edema, and pruritus; in addition, differences in multiple biomarkers such as platelets, hemoglobin, indirect bilirubin, and serum sodium levels were documented. Conclusion: Rash on the palms and soles, edema and absence of pruritus, together with high levels of direct bilirubin and severe thrombocytopenia could be useful indicators to differentiate patients at RMSF advanced stages from those with dengue and chikungunya.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/diagnosis , Dengue/diagnosis , Chikungunya Fever/diagnosis , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/complications , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/mortality , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dengue/complications , Dengue/mortality , Diagnosis, Differential , Symptom Assessment , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Chikungunya Fever/mortality , Mexico/epidemiology
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(1): 85-87, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152795

ABSTRACT

Abstract There have been several clinical manifestations associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection since 2019, including dermatological signs and symptoms. In this article, the authors report a case of a previously healthy patient with COVID-19 who was mistakenly diagnosed with dengue fever due to a skin rash. By the time the patient's investigation was initiated, Joinville (Santa Catarina, Brazil) had approximately 5,000 confirmed cases of dengue fever and 1,700 cases of COVID-19 in 2020. Thus, the authors emphasize that in endemic regions such as Brazil, the two diseases must be considered until proven otherwise. Finally, the authors warn of the possibility of co-infection with these two viruses in regions that are facing both epidemics at the same time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dengue/diagnosis , Exanthema/diagnosis , COVID-19 , Brazil , SARS-CoV-2
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(1): 88-90, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152790

ABSTRACT

Abstract The authors present a case of dengue fever mimicking rubella. Male patient, in the second episode of dengue fever, presented afebrile, with diffuse morbilliform rash and craniocaudal progression, having subsequently affected his palms and soles. On the third day of clinical evolution, serologies did not indicate IgM, IgG, or NS1, but on the sixth day of evolution, IgM and IgG were reactive for dengue fever. Previous episodes of dengue are a risk factor for the development of more severe conditions, but this was atypical because the patient was afebrile and had a rubelliform rash. The case also illustrates an early IgG anamnestic response, as it was a reinfection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Rubella , Dengue/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Antibodies, Viral
6.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 55: 41, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1280610

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To evaluate the performance of post mortem laboratory analysis in identifying the causes of hemorrhagic fever and/or neuroinvasive disease in deaths by arbovirus infection. METHODS Retrospective cross-sectional study based on the differential analysis and final outcome obtained in patients whose samples underwent laboratory testing for arboviruses at the Pathology Center of the Adolfo Lutz Institute, in São Paulo, Brazil. RESULTS Of the 1355 adults clinically diagnosed with hemorrhagic fever and/or neuroinvasive disease, the most commonly attributed cause of death and the most common final outcome was dengue fever. Almost half of the samples tested negative on all laboratory tests conducted. CONCLUSION The failure to identify the causative agent in a great number of cases highlights a gap in the diagnosis of deaths of unknown etiology. Additional immunohistochemical and molecular assessments need to be added to the post-mortem protocol if all laboratory evaluations performed fail to identify a causative agent. While part of our findings may be due to technical issues related to sample fixation, better information availability when making the initial diagnosis is crucial. Including molecular approaches might lead to a significant advancement in diagnostic accuracy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Dengue/diagnosis , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
7.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e08912020, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250824

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Cerebrospinal fluid analysis contributes to the diagnosis and neuropathogenesis of neuroinvasive arboviruses. Neurological complications caused by dengue, Zika, and chikungunya infections have high clinical relevance because of their high potential to cause death or neurological deficits. We aimed to evaluate the use of cerebrospinal fluid assays for diagnostic support in neurological disorders associated with dengue, chikungunya, and Zika infections. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out by searching the electronic databases LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, and Embase for articles written in English, Portuguese, or Spanish in the last 19 years. Published studies were reviewed using the terms "dengue," "Zika", "chikungunya", alone or in combination with "cerebrospinal fluid" in the period from 2000 to 2019. RESULTS: A total of 98,060 studies were identified; of these, 1.1% (1,041 studies, 58,478 cases) used cerebrospinal fluid assays for neurological investigations. The most frequent neurological disorders included encephalitis (41.4%), congenital syndromes (17%), and microcephaly associated with Zika virus infections (8.9%). Neuroinvasive disorders were confirmed in 8.03% of 58,478 cases by specific cerebrospinal fluid analyses. The main methods used were IgM-specific antibodies (66%) and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (10%). The largest number of scientific papers (29%) originated from Brazil, followed by India (18.4%) and the United States (14.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Although cerebrospinal fluid analysis is of great importance for increasing neurological diagnostic accuracy and contributes to the early diagnosis of neuroinvasive dengue, chikungunya, and Zika infections, it is underused in routine laboratory investigations worldwide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chikungunya virus , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue Virus , Chikungunya Fever/diagnosis , Zika Virus , Zika Virus Infection/diagnosis , Brazil
8.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200118, 2021. tab, graf, mapas
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1154768

ABSTRACT

The early symptoms of leptospirosis and dengue fever are difficult to distinguish and can cause diagnostic confusion. Due to the large dengue epidemics that has occurred in Brazil in recent years, it is possible that cases of leptospirosis were unreported. Therefore, we performed a retrospective study to detect leptospirosis in patients who were tested for dengue, but whose laboratory diagnoses were negative. Methods: Sera samples from 2,017 patients from 48 cities located in the central region of São Paulo state, Brazil, were studied. All samples were subjected to the microscopic agglutination test (MAT), 305 of which were taken from patients five days or less since the onset of symptoms, and were additionally subjected to real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: The overall prevalence of leptospirosis cases was 21 (1.04%), with 20 through MAT (18 for Icterohaemorrhagiae and two for the Cynopteri serogroup) and one through PCR (amplicon sequencing compatible with Leptospira interrogans). According to previously established criteria, eight cases of leptospirosis were classified as "confirmed" and 13 as "probable". The Brazilian notification system for health surveillance had no records for 16 patients positive for leptospirosis and, thus, they were considered unreported cases. Statistical analyses revealed that the prevalence of leptospirosis was higher in men (1.56%) than in women (0.56%), and the mean age was higher in positive patients (43.7 years) than in negative ones (32.3 years). Conclusion: The results indicated that patients suspected of dengue fever had evidence of leptospirosis or Leptospira infection, and most of these cases were unreported in the Brazilian notification system. The high burden of dengue may contribute to the misdiagnosis of leptospirosis, and health professionals should increase their awareness of leptospirosis as an important differential diagnosis of patients with suspicion of dengue.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dengue/diagnosis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Leptospirosis/diagnosis , Health Surveillance , Agglutination Tests
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e05192020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155590

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Dengue presents with a variable clinical course, ranging from mild illness to potentially fatal hemorrhage and shock. We aimed to evaluate the capabilities of various hematological parameters observed early in the course of illness for predicting the clinical outcomes of illness. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of children admitted in the pediatric inpatient services of the institute with dengue between 2017 and 2019. We determined the relationships between the hematological parameters observed during the first evaluation and the various clinical outcomes. RESULTS: We evaluated data from 613 patients (age range, 26 days to 17 years). Of these, 29.85% exhibited fever with warning signs, and 8.97% had severe dengue. Lower values of hemoglobin, platelet count, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, and mean platelet volume, and higher values of total leukocyte count (TLC), hematocrit, and red cell distribution width variably correlated with numerous clinical outcomes-duration of hospital stay, development of complications, requirement of blood component transfusion, inotropic support, and mortality. Among the parameters, TLC ≥20,000/mL and initial platelet count ≤20,000/mL significantly associated with mortality, with odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of 11.81 (4.21-33.80) and 5.53 (1.90-16.09), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Hematological parameters observed early during dengue infection may predict its clinical outcomes in infected children. Initial high TLC and low platelet count are potential predictors of fatal outcomes in the course of disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Severe Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Hematocrit , India/epidemiology , Leukocyte Count
11.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(supl.6): 94-96, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250324

ABSTRACT

Resumen El dengue es una arbovirosis confinada a las áreas geográficas donde habitan sus vectores, los mosquitos Aedes aegypti y Aedes albopictus. La transmisión ocurre principalmente durante el verano, pero la persistencia del insecto en el ambiente puede extenderla hasta el otoño en climas templados y cálidos. En nuestro país, este año la trasmisión estacional del dengue se superpuso temporalmente con la pandemia de COVID-19, producida por el SARS-CoV-2, un coronavirus causante de afecciones respiratorias graves con eventual desenlace fatal. Por otro lado, el HIV es un retrovirus que debilita el sistema inmune favoreciendo las infecciones por numerosos patógenos oportunistas. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con infección HIV sin tratamiento que desarrolló infección simultánea por dengue y SARS-CoV-2 con evolución favorable.


Abstract Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease confined to the geographical areas where its vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are present. The transmission occurs mainly during the summer but it can extend to autumn months in warm climates. In our country, this year the seasonal transmission of dengue overlapped with the COVID-19 pandemic, caused by SARS-CoV-2, a novel coronavirus responsible of serious respiratory conditions with eventual fatal outcomes. On the other hand, the HIV is a retrovirus that causes disease by weakening the immune system, favoring infections by numerous opportunistic pathogens. We present the case of an untreated HIV patient who developed simultaneous infection with dengue and SARS-CoV-2 with favorable evolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Aedes , Dengue/complications , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue Virus , Coinfection , COVID-19 , HIV Infections/complications , Dengue/epidemiology , Pandemics , Mosquito Vectors , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e671, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156451

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades producidas por arbovirus son un problema grave a nivel mundial. Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes estudiados por sospecha de arbovirosis en una institución de salud. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal en el policlínico Edor de los Reyes Martínez Áreas del municipio Jiguaní, provincia Granma, en el periodo comprendido entre el 1 de enero y el 31 de diciembre de 2019. Se trabajó con una muestra de 2947 personas y se estudiaron las siguientes variables: edad, sexo, consejos populares, forma de identificación de signos/síntomas, diagnóstico inicial y positividad a dengue. Resultados: El 40,07 por ciento de los casos estudiados pertenece al consejo popular Jiguaní Norte. Fueron pacientes femeninas 1590 (53,95 por ciento). El rango de edad predominante fue 41-60 años (n = 1222; 41,47 por ciento). En 1908 (64,74 por ciento) pacientes la identificación de signos y síntomas sugerentes de arbovirosis fue mediante las pesquisas. El 98,88 por ciento de los pacientes (n = 2914) fue diagnosticado inicialmente con síndrome febril inespecífico. La única arbovirosis identificada fue el dengue, el que se encontró en 637 pacientes. Octubre fue el mes con mayor número de pacientes estudiados (n = 1063; 36,07 por ciento). Conclusiones: La mayoría de los casos pertenecía al sexo femenino y a la zona urbanizada del municipio. El consejo popular urbano Jiguaní Norte fue el que más casos positivos a dengue aportó(AU)


Introduction: Arbovirus infections are a serious global health problem. Objective: Characterize the patients studied for suspected arbovirus infection at a health institution. Methods: A cross-sectional observational descriptive study was conducted at Edor de los Reyes Martínez Arias polyclinic in the municipality of Jiguaní, province of Granma, from 1 January to 31 December 2019. The study sample was 2947 people, and the variables examined were age, sex, people's council, form of sign / symptom identification, initial diagnosis and positivity for dengue. Results: Of the cases studied, 40.07 percent were from the people's council of Jiguaní Norte. 1590 patients were female (53.95 percent). The prevailing age group was 41-60 years (n = 1222; 41.47 percent). In 1908 patients (64.74 percent) signs and symptoms suggesting arbovirus infection were identified through screening. 98.88 percent of the patients (n = 2914) were initially diagnosed with unspecific febrile syndrome. The only arbovirus infection identified was dengue, which was detected in 637 patients. October was the month when the highest number of patients were studied (n = 1063; 36.07 percent). Conclusions: Most cases were female and from urbanized areas in the municipality. Jiguaní Norte urban people's council contributed the most dengue positive cases(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Arbovirus Infections/epidemiology , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue/prevention & control , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
14.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(2): 115-123, mar.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126927

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los progresos en el concepto de la Salud Pública han introducido nuevos enfoques como el concepto de vigilancia sindrómica, dentro de las que se encuentra el síndrome febril inespecífico. Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes con diagnóstico de dengue en pacientes con síndrome febril inespecífico. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal, en el área de salud del Policlínico Docente "Ángel Machaco Ameijeiras" de Guanabacoa, La Habana, entre enero y diciembre de 2019; la población de estudio fue de 580 pacientes. Se empleó un modelo de recolección de datos y las variables a medir fueron: edad, sexo, resultado de inmunoglobulina M, mes, zona de procedencia de la paciente urbana o semiurbana y síntomas como cefalea, artralgia, decaimiento, mareos, náuseas, rash, fiebre, dolor retro ocular, mialgias y dolor abdominal. Resultados: Predominó el grupo de edad 1-19 años con 281 pacientes para un 48,44 %, el aumento de los casos con inicio en julio y culminó en diciembre, predominio de los casos negativos sobre los positivos, representado el sexo femenino, las zonas urbanas presentó la mayor cantidad de casos con un 72,58 % y valor p=0,00. Predominó la fiebre como síntoma fundamental, presente en el 87 % de los pacientes. Conclusiones: El grupo de edad más representativo fue de 1-19 años, el aumento de los casos inició en el mes de julio y 229 presentaron dengue, predominando la zona urbana, con la fiebre como síntoma cardinal.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Progress in public health concept has introduced new approaches such as the concept of syndromic surveillance, which includes non-specific febrile syndrome. Objective: To describe patients diagnosed with dengue virus in patients with non-specific febrile síndrome. Method: A cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study was conducted in the health area of the "Angel Machaco Ameijeiras" Teaching Polyclinic in Guanabacoa, Havana, from January to December 2019; the population studied was 580 patients. A data collection model was used and the variables to be measured were: age, sex, immunoglobulin M result, month, urban or semi-urban patient's area of origin and symptoms such as headache, arthralgia, malaise, dizziness, nausea, rash, fever, retro ocular pain, myalgias and abdominal pain. Results: The age group between 1 and 19 years predominated, 281 patients for a 48.44 %, the increase of cases starting in July and ending in December, negative cases rather than positive one are predominant, representing the female sex, urban areas presented the highest number of cases with 72.58 % and p value=0.00. Fever was the predominant symptom, present in 87% of the patients. Conclusions: The most representative age group with fever was between 1 and 19 years, the increase in cases began in July and 229 patients presented dengue virus, predominantly in urban areas, with fever as a cardinal symptom.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dengue/diagnosis , Fever of Unknown Origin/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
15.
Rev. pediatr. electrón ; 17(1): 1-12, abr 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099829

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El dengue representa un importante problema de salud pública en países como Colombia. Usualmente se trata de una patología autolimitada con buena respuesta a manejo sintomático ambulatorio, sin embargo, cuadros con síntomas atípicos pueden complicar el diagnóstico dando lugar a manifestaciones inusuales que comprometen la vida del paciente. Objetivo: Describir la información del tema expuesto resaltando aspectos relevantes como diagnóstico y manejo. Metodología: Se efectuó una revisión bibliográfica con búsqueda electrónica en las siguientes bases de datos: PubMed, MEDLINE, Medscape, Scopus; en inglés y español incluyéndose diferentes tipos de artículo (artículos originales, revisiones de temas y guías de manejo que abordaran síntomas inusuales de dengue en pediatría desde el año 2009 al 2019. Resultados: Se obtuvo 414 referencias después de una revisión de artículos, donde se describe el tema de complicaciones relacionadas con esta patología en pediatría, se seleccionaron 50 artículos en texto completo que cumplían los requisitos de búsqueda. Conclusiones: El tema de manifestaciones atípicas del dengue tiene poca revisión registrada en el área de pediatría, son complicaciones poco frecuentes por lo cual la evidencia es escasa, estas se deben tener en cuenta para manejo y tratamiento oportuno.


Introduction: Dengue represents a major public health problem in countries like Colombia. Usually it is a self-limited pathology with good response to outpatient symptomatic management, however, pictures with atypical symptoms can complicate the diagnosis resulting in unusual manifestations that compromise the patient's life. Objective: Describe the information on the exposed topic highlighting relevant aspects such as diagnosis and management. Methodology: A bibliographic review was carried out with electronic search in the following databases: PubMed, MEDLINE, Medscape, Scopus; in English and Spanish including different types of article (original articles, review of topics and management guides that will address unusual symptoms of dengue in pediatrics from 2009 to 2019. Results: 414 references were obtained after an article review, which describes the topic of complications related to this pathology in pediatrics, 50 articles were selected in full text that met the search requirements. Conclusions: The issue of atypical manifestations of dengue has little revision registered in the area of pediatrics, they are rare complications, so the evidence is scarce, these should be taken into account for timely management and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Dengue/complications , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue/pathology , Dengue Virus , Disease Progression , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/etiology , Nervous System Diseases/etiology
16.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(1): 58-64, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089331

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Although performance of rapid immunochromatographic tests (RITs) for dengue virus (DENV) serotypes 1, 2 and 3 is relatively settled, evidence on accuracy of RITs for DENV-4 are based on studies with small sample sizes and with discrepant results. Objectives: To assess accuracy and inter-observer agreement of RITs targeting dengue nonstructural protein-1 (NS1) antigen - Dengue NS1-Bioeasy™, Dengue NS1 Ag Strip-Bio-Rad™, IVB Dengue Ag NS1-Orangelife™ and Dengue NS1-K130-Bioclin™ in DENV-4 samples. Methods: Study sample (n = 324) included adults presenting at an emergency unit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with fever of ≤72 h and two or more dengue symptoms. A serum sample from each patient was tested by each RIT. A positive reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction was considered as the reference standard for dengue diagnosis. The diagnostic parameters analyzed for each RIT were sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and likelihood ratios. Each RIT was read by homogeneous (two junior nurses) or heterogeneous (one junior nurse and one senior biologist) pairs. Agreement was estimated by simple kappa with 95% confidence interval, positive (Ppos) and negative (Pneg) proportion concordance and prevalence and bias adjusted kappa, rated from poor (k < 0.0) to almost perfect (0.8 < k < 1.0), and perfect (k = 1). Results: NS1 RITs for DENV-4 diagnosis showed high specificity (95.9%-99.4%), but low sensitivity (14.7%-45.4%). Bioeasy™ had the best performance, with a positive likelihood ratio of 26.0 (95% CI: 8.4;81.0). Inter-observer agreement was almost perfect for all evaluated RITs. Mismatches in confirmed dengue were more common for the Bioclin™ (Ppos 88.3-90.0 %) and Orangelife™ (Ppos 91.7-94.1 %) tests. Conclusions: For DENV-4, the tested RITs had high specificity, but lower sensitivity compared to published results for other serotypes. They should not be used for screening purposes. Different brands may have very different performances. This should be considered upon deciding of using RITs in DENV-4 outbreaks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Chromatography, Affinity/standards , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue Virus/isolation & purification , Reference Standards , Brazil , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Observer Variation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Chromatography, Affinity/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dengue/immunology , Dengue/virology , Serogroup
17.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 29(3): e2019354, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101140

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a circulação viral de dengue em Belo Horizonte, Brasil, de 2009 a 2014. Métodos: trata-se de estudo de série de casos de dengue infectados por diferentes sorotipos do vírus, identificados por isolamento viral ou RT-PCR; foi realizado linkage das bases de dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (Sinan), do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH/SUS) e do Gerenciador de Ambiente Laboratorial (GAL). Resultados: foram relacionados 91,1% dos registros (n=775); entre os casos (n=851), 60,4% (n=514) foram confirmados como DENV-1, 22,1% (n=188) como DENV-4, 9,8% (n=83) como DENV-2 e 7,7% (n=66) como DENV-3; DENV-2 apresentou maior percentual de casos graves (4,5%). Conclusão: DENV-1 prevaleceu e circulou em todos os anos avaliados.


Objetivo: describir la circulación viral del dengue en Belo Horizonte, Brasil, de 2009 a 2014. Métodos: se trata de estudio de una serie de casos de dengue infectados por diferentes serotipos del virus, identificados por aislamiento viral o RT-PCR; se realizó una conexión con las bases de datos del Sistema de Información para Enfermedades de Notificación (Sinan), el Sistema del Información Hospitalaria del Sistema Único de Salud (SIH/SUS) y el Gestor de Ambiente de Laboratorio (GAL). Resultados: fueron relacionados 91,1% de los registros (n=775); entre los casos (n=851), el 60,4% (n=514) fue confirmado como DENV-1, 22,1% (n=188) como DENV-4, 9,8% (n=83) como DENV-2 y 7,7% (n=66) como DENV-3; DENV-2 tuvo un mayor porcentaje de casos graves (4,5%). Conclusión: DENV-1 prevaleció y circuló en todos los años evaluados.


Objective: to describe dengue virus circulation in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, from 2009 to 2014. Methods: this is a series study of cases of dengue infected by different virus serotypes, identified by virus isolation or RT-PCR; database linkage was performed between the Notifiable Health Conditions Information System (SINAN), the Brazilian National Health System Hospital Information System (SIH/SUS) and the Laboratory Environment Manager (GAL). Results: 91.1% of the records were linked (n=775); among the cases (n=851), 60.4% (n=514) were confirmed as DENV-1, 22.1% (n=188) DENV-4, 9.8% (n=83) as DENV-2, and 7.7% (n=66) as DENV-3; DENV-2 accounted for a higher percentage of severe cases (4.5%). Conclusion: DENV-1 prevailed and circulated in all evaluated years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue/epidemiology , Dengue Virus/isolation & purification , Brazil/epidemiology , Disease Notification/statistics & numerical data , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Epidemiological Monitoring , Health Information Systems/statistics & numerical data
18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5078, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056051

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the performance of indirect immunofluorescence for serological diagnosis of dengue virus in a population with high prevalence of arboviruses. Methods: Two-hundred serum samples from patients with clinical suspicion of dengue fever were tested by immunoenzymatic and indirect immunofluorescence assay BIOCHIP® mosaic. Specificity, sensitivity and Kappa coefficient were calculated. Discordant samples were tested by polymerase chain reaction for confirmation. Results: Of the 200 samples, 20% were positive and 80% negative for anti-dengue virus IgM antibodies in the immunoenzymatic test. Of the 40 positives, 25% were negative in indirect immunofluorescence. Of these ten discordant results, only 20% were also negative in the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Of the 160 negatives in the immunoenzymatic test, 5% were positive in indirect immunofluorescence. Of these nine discordant results, 33% were positive in the PCR. The Kappa coefficient was 0.7 (0.572-0.829). Sensitivity and specificity of indirect immunofluorescence were respectively 75% and 94%. For anti-dengue virus IgG antibodies, of the 200 samples, 15.5% were positive and 84.5% were negative in the immunoenzymatic test. Of the 31 positives, 12.9% were negative in indirect immunofluorescence. Of these four discordant results, 25% were negative in the PCR. Of the 169 negatives, 8% were positive in indirect immunofluorescence. Of these 14 discordant results, 64% were also positive in the PCR. The Kappa coefficient was 0.695 (0.563-0.83). Sensitivity and specificity of indirect immunofluorescence were 87.1% and 91.7%, respectively. Conclusion: For diagnosis of acute infection, the immunoenzymatic test is enough, and the use of additional methods is not warranted. Replacing the immunoenzymatic test by indirect immunofluorescence would compromise the sensitivity for IgM. However, indirect immunofluorescence can distinguish three arboviruses simultaneously, an advantage during concomitant epidemics.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o desempenho da imunofluorescência indireta no diagnóstico sorológico de dengue em uma população com alta prevalência de arboviroses. Métodos: Duzentas amostras de soro de pacientes com suspeita clínica de dengue foram testadas por ensaio imunoenzimático e imunofluorescência indireta mosaico BIOCHIP®. Foram calculados especificidade, sensibilidade e coeficiente Kappa. Nas amostras discordantes, realizou-se reação em cadeia da polimerase como método confirmatório. Resultados: Das 200 amostras, 20% foram positivas e 80% negativas para IgM antivírus da dengue no ensaio imunoenzimático. Das 40 positivas, 25% foram negativas na imunofluorescência indireta. Destas dez negativas, apenas 20% eram também negativas na reação em cadeia da polimerase. Das 160 negativas no ensaio imunoenzimático, 5% foram positivas na imunofluorescência indireta. Por fim, dentre as nove discordantes, 33% tiveram vírus da dengue detectado na reação em cadeia da polimerase. O coeficiente Kappa foi 0,70 (0,57-0,82). Sensibilidade e especificidade por imunofluorescência indireta foram, respectivamente, 75% e 94%. Para IgG antivírus da dengue, de 200 amostras, 15,5% foram positivas e 84,5% negativas no ensaio imunoenzimático. Das 31 positivas, 12,9% foram negativas na imunofluorescência indireta. Destas quatro discordantes, 25% apresentaram vírus da dengue não detectado na reação em cadeia da polimerase. Das 169 negativas, 8% foram positivas na imunofluorescência indireta. Destas, 64% foram positivas também na reação em cadeia da polimerase. O coeficiente Kappa foi 0,695 (0,56-0,83). Sensibilidade e a especificidade por imunofluorescência indireta foram, respectivamente, 87,1% e 91,7%. Conclusão: Ensaio imunoenzimático seria suficiente para diagnóstico sorológico de infecção aguda, não justificando a incorporação da imunofluorescência indireta. Substituir ensaio imunoenzimático pela imunofluorescência indireta poderia comprometer a sensibilidade para IgM. Contudo, a imunofluorescência indireta auxilia diferenciar três arboviroses simultaneamente, sendo vantajoso em epidemias concomitantes.


Subject(s)
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect/methods , Dengue/diagnosis , Arboviruses/isolation & purification , Reference Standards , Brazil , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin M/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/standards , Serologic Tests/methods , Serologic Tests/standards , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sensitivity and Specificity , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect/standards , Dengue/immunology , Dengue Virus/isolation & purification , Antibodies, Viral/immunology
19.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRW4890, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056050

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To demonstrate the impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage status in children younger than 5 years in Latin America and the Caribbean. Methods A systematic literature review was carried out on the direct and indirect effects of pneumococcal vaccine in the carriage status, after implementation in childhood immunization programs. Studies carried out in children younger than 5 years were selected from the PubMed® and Virtual Health Library databases, and data collected after implementation of pneumococcal vaccine in Latin America and the Caribbean, between 2008 and 2018. Results From 1,396 articles identified, 738 were selected based on titles and abstracts. After duplicate removal, 31 studies were eligible for full-text reading, resulting in 6 publications for analysis. All selected publications were observational studies and indicated a decrease in the carriage and vaccine types, and an increase in the circulation of non-vaccine serotypes, such as 6A, 19A, 35B, 21 and 38. We did not identify changes in the antimicrobial resistance after vaccine implementation. Conclusion A decrease in the carriage status of vaccine types and non-vaccine types was detected. The continuous monitoring of pneumococcal vaccine effect is fundamental to demonstrate the impact of the carriage status and, consequently, of invasive pneumococcal disease, allowing better targeting approaches in countries that included pneumococcal vaccine in their immunization programs. Our study protocol was registered in PROSPERO (www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero) under number CRD42018096719.


RESUMO Objetivo Demonstrar o impacto das vacinas pneumocócicas conjugadas no estado de portador de Streptococcus pneumoniae em crianças menores de 5 anos na América Latina e no Caribe. Métodos Foi realizada revisão sistemática da literatura sobre os efeitos diretos e indiretos da vacina pneumocócica no estado de portador em crianças menores de 5 anos, após a implantação da vacina nos calendários de imunização infantil. A partir de dados da PubMed®e da Biblioteca Virtual da Saúde, foram selecionados estudos de portador em crianças menores de 5 anos, com dados coletados após implementação da vacina de 2008 a 2018, na América Latina e no Caribe. Resultados Dos 1.396 artigos identificados, 738 foram selecionados mediante leitura de títulos e resumos. Após a extração dos duplicados, 31 foram elegíveis para leitura do texto completo, restando 6 artigos para análise. Todos os estudos selecionados eram observacionais e indicavam diminuição do portador e tipos vacinais, e aumento da circulação de sorotipos não vacinais, como 6A, 19A, 35B, 21 e 38. Não foi observada alteração na resistência antimicrobiana após a introdução da vacina. Conclusão Detectou-se redução no estado de portador, dos tipos vacinais e não vacinais. O monitoramento contínuo do efeito das vacinas pneumocócicas é fundamental, para demonstrar o impacto do estado de portador e, consequentemente, da doença pneumocócica invasiva, permitindo o melhor direcionamento nas ações em saúde para os países que incluíram a vacina no calendário de imunização. Nosso protocolo de estudo foi registrado no PROSPERO (www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero) sob o número CRD42018096719.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect/methods , Dengue/diagnosis , Arboviruses/isolation & purification , Reference Standards , Brazil , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin M/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/standards , Serologic Tests/methods , Serologic Tests/standards , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sensitivity and Specificity , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect/standards , Dengue/immunology , Dengue Virus/isolation & purification , Antibodies, Viral/immunology
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2206-2215, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878479

ABSTRACT

Dengue virus (DENV) is the most widely transmitted arbovirus in the world. Due to the lack of diagnostic technology to quickly identify the virus serotypes in patients, severe dengue hemorrhagic fever cases caused by repeated infections remain high. To realize the rapid differential diagnosis of different serotypes of DENV infection by immunological methods, in this study, four DENV serotype NS1 proteins were expressed and purified in mammalian cells. Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against NS1 protein were obtained by hybridoma technology after immunizing BALB/c mice. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, indirect immunofluorescence assay, dot blotting, and Western blotting were used to confirm the reactivity of MAbs to viral native NS1 and recombinant NS1 protein. These MAbs include not only the universal antibodies that recognize all DENV 1-4 serotype NS1, but also serotype-specific antibodies against DENV-1, DENV-2 and DENV-4. Double antibody sandwich ELISA was established based on these antibodies, which can be used to achieve rapid differential diagnosis of serotypes of DENV infection. Preparation of DENV serotype-specific MAbs and establishment of an ELISA technology for identifying DENV serotypes has laid the foundation for the rapid diagnosis of DENV clinical infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibodies, Viral/metabolism , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue Virus/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serogroup , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/immunology
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