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1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 205-208, jul.-ago. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292587

ABSTRACT

El maltrato infantil es un tema polémico en la actualidad, y se caracteriza por realizar acciones u omisiones intencionales destinadas a menoscabar o afectar la integridad física y/o psicológica de un menor. Frecuentemente se considera a la caries en niños como un indicador objetivo de maltrato infantil. La caries es una enfermedad extremadamente común en la población infantil en México y en el mundo, por lo que su relación con el maltrato infantil carece de un sustento real. El desarrollo de caries en niños no es un evento premeditado ni intencional, es más bien la consecuencia de malos hábitos higiénicos y dietéticos que el odontólogo tiene la obligación de corregir y erradicar para asistir a los pacientes pediátricos a recuperar su salud bucodental. El objetivo del presente artículo es debatir la relación entre la caries temprana de la infancia y el maltrato infantil (AU)


Child abuse is currently a controversial issue and is characterized by intentional actions or omissions intended to undermine the physical and/or psychological integrity of a minor. Caries in children is often considered an objective indicator of child abuse. Caries is an extremely common disease in the child population in Mexico and in the world, so its relationship with child abuse lacks any real support. The development of cavities in children is not a premeditated or intentional event, it is rather the consequence of poor hygienic and dietary habits that the dentist has the obligation to correct and eradicate in order to assist pediatric patients to regain their oral health. The aim of this article is to discuss the relationship between early childhood caries and child abuse (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child Abuse , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries/etiology , Oral Hygiene , Parent-Child Relations , Bottle Feeding/adverse effects , Health Education, Dental , Diet, Cariogenic/adverse effects
2.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 124-136, ago. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348429

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de esta revisión narrativa es analizar críticamente las publicaciones sobre las diferentes estrategias y técnicas que la literatura odontológica mundial recomienda para la atención de los niños que rechazan el tratamiento (AU)


The purpose of this narrative review is to do a critically analysis of all the papers currently published on different strategies and techniques recommended by the world dental literature for the management of children who refuse dental treatment or non-compliant child patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Child Behavior , Dental Anxiety , Dental Care for Children , Pediatric Dentistry , Dentist-Patient Relations
3.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(1): 12-17, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368349

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se conhecer a percepção de crianças sobre a prática odontológica por meio de desenhos à mão livre e de um questionário sobre a sua experiência odontológica prévia. Trata-se de um estudo observacional transversal, com análise de dados quantitativa e descritiva, realizado com 266 crianças de 7 a 12 anos de escolas públicas e privadas da cidade de Piancó (PB) e seus responsáveis. Os dados foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva e inferencial (Exato de Fisher e Qui-quadrado de Pearson) operados pelo programa SPSS v. 20.0., adotando nível de significância de 5%. Observou-se que 69,2% das crianças já tinham ido ao dentista e 65,0% tinha recebido trata mento preventivo. A impressão positiva do cirurgião-dentista foi expressa por 63,2% das crianças, que ainda o classificaram como uma pessoa amistosa (92,3%). Das crianças avaliadas, 89,1% receberam orientações sobre os procedimentos odontológicos realizados anteriormente, das quais, 86,9% compreenderam as orientações prévias ao tratamento. Houve associação entre ser de escola pública e possuir renda familiar igual ou inferior a um salário mínimo (p<0,001), bem como entre a impressão geral do desenho e o entendimento das explicações prévias ao tratamento (p=0,046). Conclui-se neste estudo que a imagem do profissional está intimamente relacionada com a comunicação que ele desenvolve com o paciente, havendo necessidade de qualificação continuada ao profissional que atenda ao público infantil... (AU)


The aims were to get to know the children's perception of dental practice through freehand drawings and a questionnaire about their previous dental experience. This is a cross-sectional observational study, with quantitative and descriptive data analysis, carried out with 266 children aged 7 to 12 years from public and private schools in the city of Piancó (PB) and their parents. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Fisher's Exact and Pearson's Chi-square) operated by the SPSS v. 20.0., Adopting a significance level of 5%. It was observed that 69.2% of the children had already gone to the dentist and 65.0% had received preventive treatment. The positive impression of the dentist was expressed by 63.2% of the children, who still classified him as a friendly person (92.3%). Of the children evaluated, 89.1% received guidance on the dental procedures performed previously, of which, 86.9% understood the guidelines prior to treatment. There was an association between being from a public school and having a family income equal to or less than a minimum wage (p <0.001), as well as between the general impression of the draw ing and the understanding of the explanations prior to treatment (p = 0.046). It is concluded in the study that the image of the professional is closely related to the communication that he develops with the pa tient, with the need for continued qualification to the professional that serves the child audience... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Child , Pediatric Dentistry , Dental Care for Children
4.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(1): 25-29, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368411

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a condição de saúde bucal de pacientes em terapia oncológica. Trata-se de um estudo observacional transversal realizado no Centro OncoHematologico de Pernambuco (CEONHPE), vinculado ao Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz (HUOC), da Universidade de Pernambuco (UPE). Foram incluídos no estudo pacientes com idade entre 1 e 19 anos, de ambos os sexos, totalizando uma amostra de 177 pacientes, dentre os quais 25 realizaram o índice de placa, 111 submeteram-se ao índice de Dentes Cariados, Perdidos e Obturados (CPOD) e 129 ao índice de Dentes Decíduos Cariados, Com Extração Indicada e Obturados (ceo-d). Foi realizada coleta de dados secundários obtidos nas fichas clínicas dos pacientes que estiveram em atendimento no ano de 2018. Através da análise estatística descritiva foram consideradas as variáveis: condição de saúde bucal, idade, gênero, diagnóstico oncológico e fase atual do tratamento. Com relação às condições de saúde bucal foram avaliadas: condições de higiene oral (índice de placa de O´Leary); cárie (CPO-D e ceo-d). Verificou-se que houve predominância do índice CPO-D e ceo-d em zero e o índice de placa foi considerado insatisfatório na maioria dos pacientes. Portanto, apesar de baixo índice de cárie, foi constatado elevado índice de placa bacteriana...(AU)


This study aimed to assess the oral health condition of patients undergoing cancer therapy. This is a cross-sectional observational study carried out at the Centro OncoHematologico de Pernambuco (CEON-HPE), linked to the Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz (HUOC), of the University of Pernambuco (UPE). The study included patients aged between 1 and 19 years old, of both sexes, totaling a sample of 177 patients, among whom 25 underwent the plaque index, 111 underwent the Decayed, Lost and Filled Teeth Index (CPOD) and 129 to the Decayed Deciduous Teeth Index, with Extraction Indicated and Filled (ceo-d). Secondary data were collected from the clinical records of patients who were in care in 2018. Through the descriptive statistical analysis, the variables were considered: oral health condition, age, gender, cancer diagnosis and current treatment stage. Regarding oral health conditions, the following were evaluated: oral hygiene conditions (O´Leary plaque index); caries (CPOD e ceo-d). It was found that there was a pre dominance of the CPOD index and ceo-d at zero and the plaque index was considered unsatisfactory in most patients. Therefore, despite a low rate of caries, a high rate of plaque was found... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Oral Hygiene , DMF Index , Health Status , Oral Health , Pediatric Dentistry , Dental Care for Children , Dental Plaque , Therapeutics , Universities , Neoplasms
5.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 3-8, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255177

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar clínicamente el comportamiento, el tiempo operatorio requerido, el costo y la dificultad de diferentes técnicas de restauración en piezas primarias, empleando ionómero vítreo fotoactivado (IVF) polvo/líquido, con y sin uso de acondicionamiento dentinario, y en cápsulas, con acondicionamiento. Materiales y métodos: El diseño de este estudio fue experimental y comparativo. Se realizaron, en 18 pacientes de 7±2 años, 33 restauraciones con IVF de una o más piezas primarias vitales con lesiones amelodentinarias en 1 o 2 superficies. Según su día de concurrencia a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Niños, se empleó: A) IVF polvo/líquido, con acondicionamiento (3M™ VitremerTM); B) IVF polvo/líquido, sin acondicionamiento (3M™ VitremerTM); y C) IVF en cápsulas, con acondicionamiento (Riva Light Cure). Las restauraciones fueron evaluadas clínicamente al inicio y a los 12 meses según los siguientes criterios: pérdida total, pérdida total con caries, requerimiento de reemplazo por pérdida parcial, requerimiento de reemplazo por caries, aceptable con deterioro, en condiciones. El grado de dificultad se analizó utilizando una planilla diseñada para tal fin. El tiempo operatorio requerido se midió sin considerar el tiempo de inserción. Resultados: El tiempo operatorio requerido fue de 2 minutos, 15 segundos en A; 1 minuto, 25 segundos en B; y 1 minuto, 10 segundos en C, sin considerar el tiempo de inserción. El costo fue 61,11% mayor para C. La dificultad fue de 3,2±0,6 para A y B, y de 1,5±0,7 para C (ANOVA; P<0,001). El comportamiento clínico no registró diferencias significativas entre los grupos (Fisher; P=0,339). Conclusión: Los ionómeros de restauración fotoactivados encapsulados utilizados en este estudio presentaron menor dificultad de manipulación, mayor costo y similar comportamiento clínico a un año que las presentaciones polvo-líquido, con o sin uso de acondicionamiento previo en piezas primarias (AU)


Aim: To assess the clinical performance, operative time required, cost and technical difficulties of different restorative techniques in primary teeth, using light cured glass ionomers (LCG), powder/liquid, with and without dentin conditioning and light cured glass ionomer in capsules with conditioning. Materials and methods: The design of this study was experimental and comparative. 33 restorations with LCG were performed in 18 patients, 7 ± 2-years-old, in one or more vital primary teeth with carious lesions involving one or more tooth surfaces. Patients were assigned to one of the three groups according to the day of the week in which they attended to the Pediatric Department of the Dental School: A) LCG powder/liquid, with conditioning (3M™ VitremerTM); B) LCG powder/liquid without conditioning (3M™ VitremerTM); and C) LCG in capsules with conditioning (Riva Light Cure). The restorations were clinically evaluated at baseline and after 12 months according to the following criteria: complete loss of the restoration, complete loss with caries, need of replacement because of partial loss, need of replacement because of caries, good condition with some wear and good condition. Technical difficulties were analyzed using a data sheet designed for that purpose. The operative time required was evaluated without considering the insertion time. Results: Time operative time required was 2 minutes 15 seconds in A, 1 minute 25 seconds in B and 1 minute 10 seconds in C. Cost was 61.11% higher for C. Difficulty was 3.2±0.6 for A and B and 1.5±0.7 for C (ANOVA; P<0.001). No significant differences were observed among the three groups in relation to the clinical performance (Fisher; P=0.339). Conclusions: In these 12 months, study in primary teeth, the light cured glass ionomers used dispensed in capsules showed to be the easiest to handle, had higher cost and similar clinical performance than the powder liquid presentations with and without dentin conditioner (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Care for Children/methods , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Glass Ionomer Cements/therapeutic use , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Clinical Trial , Costs and Cost Analysis , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Time-to-Treatment
6.
Rev. ADM ; 78(2): 100-105, mar.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247906

ABSTRACT

Trastorno neurológico enmarcado dentro de los trastornos de espectro autista (TEA) cuyas manifestaciones se reflejan en los ámbitos de la comunicación, interacción e imaginación social. Se clasifica en el manual diagnóstico y estadístico de trastornos mentales (DSM IV), se caracteriza por un mayor o menor grado de deterioro en las habilidades de lenguaje y comunicación, así como patrones repetitivos o restrictivos de pensamiento y comportamiento. El síntoma más distintivo es el interés obsesivo en un solo objeto o tema y la exclusión de cualquier otro pero siempre conservando habilidades de lenguaje. El pronóstico es bueno, debido a la compensación cognitiva, el enfoque repetitivo y restrictivo a actividades humanas productivas o generadoras de deferencias particulares, aunque no hay tratamiento específico, sino más bien interdisciplinario e individualizado, éste consiste en manejar los síntomas conductuales y la comorbilidad de forma independiente ya sea farmacológica o intervencionista. Paciente masculino de cinco años de edad, con un peso de 26 kg, cuadro de inmunizaciones completas, previamente diagnosticado con trastorno de Asperger (2015); caries dental de diversos grados, manejo estomatológico para su rehabilitación. El objetivo de este reporte es dar a conocer los cuidados para el tratamiento dental en pacientes con este trastorno (AU)


Neurological disorder known as autism spectrum disorders (ASD) whose main manifestations are reflected in the areas of communication, interaction and social imagination. It was first classified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM lV), characterized by a greater or lesser degree of deterioration in language and communication skills, as well as repetitive patterns or restrictive of thought and behavior. The most distinctive symptom is obsessive interest in a single object or topic and the exclusion of any other, but always retaining language skills. The prognosis is good in most of the cases, due to the cognitive compensation, the repetitive and restrictive approach to productive or deferential human activities, although there is no specific treatment, but rather interdisciplinary and individualized, this consists of managing behavioral symptoms and comorbidity independently either pharmacologically or interventionally. Male patient with five years old and weight of 26 kg, complete immunization chart, previously diagnosed with Asperger's disorder (2015); with dental caries of various degrees implementing dental management. The objective of this report is to make aware of the care and behavior management for dental treatment in patients with this Disorder (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Dental Care for Disabled , Dental Care for Children , Asperger Syndrome , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Patient Care Team , Prognosis , Signs and Symptoms , Behavioral Symptoms , Rett Syndrome , Dental Caries/therapy , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Diagnosis, Differential , Mouth Diseases/therapy , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(1): e10161, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142567

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to describe the timing of the first dental visit and investigate the association of socioeconomic and behavioral factors with dental visit delay among 10/11-year-old children from two live-birth population cohorts with extremely contrasting socioeconomic profiles. Follow-up data (2004-2005) from cohorts of Ribeirão Preto (RP) (n=790) and São Luís (SL) (n=673) were evaluated. Delay in dental visit was defined as not visiting a dentist before the age of 7. Covariates included family socioeconomic characteristics, mother-related health behavior, and child-related characteristics. Prevalence ratios with robust standard errors were estimated. In both cohorts, less than 5% of children had visited a dentist before the age of two and about 35% of them had not visited a dentist before the age of seven. Lower mother's schooling and lack of private health insurance were associated with the delay in first dental visit for both cohorts. A small number of mother's prenatal care visits and being from a single-father family or a family without parents were only associated in the RP cohort, while having ≥4 siblings and lifetime dental pain were associated in the SL cohort. The association with dental pain probably reveals a preventive care-seeking behavior. Therefore, the percentage of delayed first dental visit of children was very high even among those with the most educated mothers. Further studies are necessary to analyze recent changes and underlying factors related to access to first dental visit after the implementation of the National Oral Health Policy in 2006.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Socioeconomic Factors , Dental Care for Children/trends , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cohort Studies , Educational Status
8.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 71-76, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252970

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: analizar y describir los requerimientos de atención quirúrgica y no quirúrgica de urgencia en la población infantil y juvenil en un servicio de urgencias de Argentina durante el aislamiento social preventivo y obligatorio (ASPO). Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo de análisis retrospectivo durante el período inicial de 93 días de ASPO, comprendido entre 20 de marzo de 2020 hasta el 20 de junio de 2020. Se registraron los pacientes menores de 17 años que acudieron al servicio de urgencias del Hospital Odontológico de la Universidad de Buenos Aires y se caracterizó aquellos que requerían distintos tipos de tratamientos. Resultados: se atendieron 4654 pacientes durante el periodo estudiado, de los cuales 116 eran menores de 17 años. Se realizaron 142 prestaciones. A 63 piezas dentarias se les realizó la exodoncia. A otras 63, algún tipo de tratamiento endodóntico. 11 piezas requirieron de restauraciones directas, y en 5 se realizaron otros tipos de tratamientos. Conclusión: fue importante la presencia de recurso humano calificado en el área de la cirugía bucal y pediátrica en los servicios de guardia, considerando el incremento sustancial de necesidad de tratamiento suscitado durante el ASPO (AU)


Objective: to analyse and describe the requirements for emergency surgical and non-surgical care in the paediatric population in an emergency department in Argentina during Preventive and Mandatory Social Isolation. Materials and Methods: an observational, descriptive, retrospective study was conducted during the initial period of 93 days of Preventive and Mandatory Social Isolation, from March 20, 2020 to June 20, 2020. Patients under 17 years of age who attended the emergency department of the Dental Hospital of the University of Buenos Aires were registered and those requiring different types of treatment were characterised. Results: 4654 patients were seen during the period studied, 116 of whom were under 17 years of age. A total of 142 services were performed. Sixty-three teeth were exodontically extracted. A further 63 underwent some form of endodontic treatment. 11 teeth required direct restorations and 5 required other types of treatment. Conclusion: the presence of qualified human resources in oral and paediatric surgery in the on-call services was important, considering the substantial increase in the need for treatment during the ASPO (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Surgery, Oral , Coronavirus Infections , Dental Care for Children , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Schools, Dental , Toothache/epidemiology , Universities , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Needs Assessment , Dental Pulp Diseases/epidemiology , Dental Service, Hospital , Emergencies , Observational Study , Focal Infection, Dental/epidemiology
9.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 46-56, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1223620

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência de erros radiográficos em radiografias periapicais de uma clínica de Odontopediatria em uma instituição de ensino superior de Teresina-Piauí. Métodos: Tratou-se de estudo transversal retrospectivo. Foram coletados dados sociodemográficos e radiográficos (localização e presença de erros de técnica radiográfica, processamento e armazenamento). As radiografias foram analisadas por um único examinador calibrado (kappa > 0,80). Foi realizada análise descritiva dos dados, teste Qui-Quadrado, razão de prevalência não-ajustadas (RPnãoajust) e intervalos de confiança (IC 95%). Considerou-se significativo valor de p < 0,05. Resultados: Das 208 radiografias analisadas, 187 (89,9%) possuíam algum tipo de erro. O erro mais prevalente foi de técnica radiográfica (n = 115; 55,3%). Entre esses, a radiografia tremida foi o mais frequente (n = 57; 28,4%). O erro de processamento mais frequente foi presença de digitais (n = 37; 17,8%). Todos os erros de armazenamento (n = 89; 100%) estavam relacionados a não identificação do paciente. O erro de técnica esteve associado com os pacientes de idade menor que 5 anos (RPnãoajus = 1,2 IC95% 1,1-1,3) comparando com idade entre 6 e 10 anos. Não houve associação entre tipo de erro radiográfico e a dentição avaliada nas radiografias (p > 0,05). Conclusão: A quantidade de erros detectados neste estudo foi alta e o mais frequente foi quanto à técnica radiográfica mal executada. Todos os erros de armazenamento observados foram devido a não identificação do paciente. Há uma maior frequência de erros de técnica radiográfica em pacientes com menos de 5 anos se comparados aos de 6 a 10 anos.


Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of radiographic errors in periapical radiographs of a pediatric dentistry clinic in a higher education institution in Teresina, Piauí, Brazil. Methods: This work is a retrospective cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic and radiographic data (location and presence of radiographic technique errors, processing, and storage) were collected. The radiographs were analyzed by a single calibrated examiner (kappa > 0.80). Descriptive analysis of the data, chi-square test, unadjusted prevalence ratio (PRnon-adjusted), and confidence intervals (95% CI) were performed. A p-value < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Of the 208 radiographs analyzed in this study, 187 (89.9%) presented some type of error. The most prevalent error was the radiographic technique (n = 115; 55.3%). Among these, shaky radiography was the most frequent (n = 57; 28.4%). The most frequent processing error was the presence of fingerprints (n = 37; 17.8%). All storage errors (n = 89; 100%) were related to failure to identify the patient. The technical error was associated with patients younger than 5 years of age (PRnon-adjusted = 1.2; 95% CI 1.1-1.3) compared with 6 to 10 years of age. No association was observed between the type of radiographic error and the dentition assessed on the radiographs (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The number of errors detected in this study was high and the most frequent concerned the poorly performed radiographic technique. All storage errors observed in this study were due to the failure to identify the patients. Children under 5 years of age proved to be more prone to technical radiographic errors than those of 6 to 10 years of age.


Subject(s)
Child , Quality Control , X-Rays , Radiography, Dental , Child , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Pediatric Dentistry , Dental Care for Children , Cross-Sectional Studies
10.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(83): 7-12, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342061

ABSTRACT

La American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (2020) define a la caries temprana de la infancia (CTI) como una forma severa de caries de etiología multifactorial que compromete la dentición primaria de niños pre-escolares. Afecta principalmente a los incisivos primarios superiores seguidos de los primeros molares primarios, pudiendo promover el desarrollo de hábitos parafuncionales, reducción de la eficacia masticatoria, pérdida de la dimensión vertical, alteraciones en la fonación y defectos estéticos que causan repercusiones emocionales e impacto psicosocial. La insuficiente cantidad y calidad de estructura coronaria remanente, luego de la eliminación del tejido cariado, puede comprometer la adhesión de los materiales de restauración. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar la atención y el seguimiento a dos años de un paciente preescolar que presenta CTI, que concurrió para su atención a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Niños de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Comprehensive Dental Care , Crowns , Dental Caries/rehabilitation , Esthetics, Dental , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Tooth, Deciduous , Post and Core Technique , Dental Care for Children/methods
11.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250456

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the children's primary dental treatment needs reported by the parents and pediatric dentists. Material and Methods: 125 children (36 girls and 89 boys) and their parents participated in this study. The children's decayed-missing-filled teeth/teeth surfaces scores were recorded. A questionnaire about their children's primary dental treatment needs was conducted with the parents. Shapiro-Wilk test was used to test the normality of the data. Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the clinical findings according to the categorical variables. The Chi-Square test was used to compare the categorical data. Also, multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine the effect of some variables on children's dmft/DMFT scores. The significance level was accepted as p<0.05. Results: The average age of the children who participated in the study was 7.59 ± 2.36 years. The main reason for applying to the paedodontics clinic was dental caries (38.4%), followed by dental pain (33.6%). As for the primary dental treatment needs, 28% of the parents said they needed dental filling, while 19.2% said they needed orthodontic treatment. According to the pediatric dentists, while the treatment rate of dental caries was 47.2% as the primary treatment need, it was only 4.8% for the orthodontic treatments. Conclusion: Turkish children who were admitted to paedodontics clinics were too old and dental caries and dental pain were the most common reasons for these visits to the clinics. The children's needs for primary treatment varied according to parents and pediatric dentists. There is a need for more comprehensive studies about the subject.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Parents , Child , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Health Services , Dentists , Turkey/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Linear Models , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351215

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the role of poverty and its related factors on early childhood caries (ECC) experience among deprived children. Material and Methods: This population-based cross-sectional study surveyed 418 children aged one to six years enrolled in Brazilian public preschools from an area of the country known for its high social deprivation. Intraoral examination of children evaluated dental caries experience (dmft). Parents/caregivers answered a questionnaire with sociodemographic indicators. Family income was dichotomized into below or above poverty line. Data analysis used Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney test, and Multivariate Logistic Regression analysis (p<0.05). Results: Predisposing variables for an increased chance of ECC were: age group 3-4 years (OR: 4.89; 95% CI: 2.32-10.31), age group 5-6-years (OR: 5.60; 95% CI: 2.60-12.04), being part of families living below poverty line (OR: 1.88; 95% CI: 1.04-3.38) and having mothers with less than nine years of schooling (OR: 2.86; 95% CI: 2.77-7.14). Children from families living below poverty line presented higher dmft (2.9 +3.8; p=0.001) and untreated dental caries (d component) (2.7 +3.7; p=0.002). Conclusion: ECC in a poor population was influenced by indicators of social deprivation. The poorest of poor children from mothers with less years of schooling were at higher risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Poverty , Socioeconomic Factors , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Schools, Nursery , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric
13.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 166-174, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1344665

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de lesões cervicais não cariosas em crianças na dentição decídua e possíveis fatores etiológicos associados. Métodos:Após a aprovação do Comitê de Ética ­ CEP/UESPI (3.289.732), o estudo transversal foi realizado em 360 crianças com idade entre 2 a 6 anos, de escolas públicas e privadas, divididas em dois grupos: G1 (com lesões cervicais) e G2 (sem lesões cervicais). Foi aplicado um questionário aos pais, seguido do exame clínico das crianças. Foram consideradas lesões detectadas pelo tato e visualmente. Foram realizadas avaliações das médias e dos desvios padrão para variáveis quantitativas. Obteve-se porcentagens e frequências, realizando-se análises de associação entre as variáveis qualitativas a partir do qui-quadrado e comparação da idade média a partir do teste t (p < 0,05). Resultados: Somente lesões do tipo abfração foram encontradas na amostra (5%) e os indivíduos de raça branca apresentaram uma maior prevalência em relação aos demais (55,5%). Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa (p < 0,001) e essas lesões foram identificadas somente em escolas privadas. Quanto ao sexo, em G1, houve diferença estatisticamente significativa, (p = 0,01) com maior prevalência no masculino (66,7%). Os dentes mais acometidos em ordem decrescente foram os caninos e incisivos centrais superiores seguidos dos caninos e incisivos centrais inferiores. Conclusão: A prevalência de lesões cervicais não cariosas, do tipo abfração, em crianças de 2 a 6 anos de idade foi de 5%, tendo sido encontradas somente em escolas privadas, com predominância no sexo masculino. Houve associação entre a abfração e o tipo de escova utilizada na escovação dentária, apresentando maior frequência de lesões quando escovas duras eram utilizadas e escovação forte era executada.


Aim:To determine the prevalence of non-carious cervical lesions in children in the primary dentition and possible associated etiological factors. Method: After approval by the Ethics Committee - CEP / UESPI (3,289,732) ­ this cross-sectional study was carried out on 360 children, from 2 to 6 years of age, from public and private schools, divided into two groups: G1 (with cervical lesions) and G2 (without cervical lesions). A questionnaire was applied to the parents, followed by the children's clinical examination. Lesions detected by touch and visually were considered. Evaluations of means and standard deviations were performed for quantitative variables. Percentages and frequencies were obtained, analyzing the association between qualitative variables based on the chi-square test and comparing the average age using the t test (p < 0.05). Results:Only abfraction-type lesions were found in the sample (5%), and white individuals presented a higher prevalence in relation to the others (55.5%). There was a statistically significant difference (p < 0.001), and these lesions were found only in private schools. As for sex, in G1, there was a statistically significant difference (p = 0.01) with a higher prevalence in males (66.7%). The most affected teeth in decreasing order were the canines and upper central incisors, followed by the canines and lower central incisors. Conclusion: The prevalence of non-carious cervical lesions of the abfraction type in children from 2 to 6 years of age was 5%, which was only found in private schools, with a predominance in males. An association was found between the abfraction and the type of brush used in toothbrushing, with a higher frequency of lesions when hard brushes were used and strong brushing was performed.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth Abrasion , Tooth, Deciduous , Tooth Erosion , Dental Care for Children , Neck Injuries , Dentistry, Operative , Tooth Wear
14.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 175-188, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1344667

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo dessa revisão sistemática e meta-análise foi avaliar estudos que fizeram uma comparação da ocorrência de cárie dentária entre crianças/adolescentes com Diabetes tipo 1 (DM1) e crianças/adolescentes sem essa condição. Métodos:Buscas computadorizadas no Web ofScience, Scopus, Lilacs, PubMed, OpenGrey e Google Scholar foram realizadas até dezembro de 2020. A seleção dos estudos foi feita por dois autores independentemente. Referências que preenchiam os critérios de elegibilidade foram incluídas. O risco de viés foi avaliado com a escala Newcastle Ottawa. Meta-análises foram conduzidas. Diferença média (DM) e intervalos de confiança (IC) foram fornecidos. Resultados: Durante as buscas nas bases de dados, 751 referências foram recuperadas. Após remoção de 102 duplicatas, 649 referências foram avaliadas e 16 estudos foram incluídos nessa revisão sistemática e meta-análise. Os estudos incluídos tiveram resultados discrepantes. Duas meta-análises demonstraram que não houve diferença significativa na média de dentes permanentes com cárie entre crianças/adolescentes com DM1 e crianças/adolescentes sem DM1 (DM = 0,07; IC = -0,68 ­ 0,82) e que não houve diferença significativa na média de superfícies de dentes permanentes com cárie entre crianças/adolescentes com DM1 e crianças/adolescentes sem DM1 (DM = 0,20; IC = -2,22 ­ 2,61). Uma terceira meta-análise revelou que crianças/adolescentes sem DM1 apresentavam uma média de dentes decíduos com cárie significativamente maior do que crianças/adolescentes com DM1 (DM = 0,34; IC = 0,31 ­ 0,37). O maior problema de risco de viés dos estudos foi para a definição dos controles e comparação de casos e controles. Conclusão: A ocorrência de cárie parece ser menor entre crianças/adolescentes com DM1 em comparação a crianças/adolescentes sem DM1.


Aim:The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate studies in which children/adolescents with type 1 Diabetes (DM1) were compared with children/adolescents without DM1 as regards dental caries. Methods: Electronic searches in Web ofScience, Scopus, Lilacs, PubMed, OpenGrey, and Google Scholar databases were conducted up to December/2020. Study selection was carried out separately by two reviewers. References that met the eligibility criteria were included. Risk of bias was evaluated using the Newcastle Ottawa scale. Meta-analyses were conducted. Mean difference (MD) and confidence intervals (CI) were provided. Results:In the database searches, 751 references were retrieved. Following the removal of 102 duplicates, 649 references were assessed, and 16 studies were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. Discrepancies in results were found among the included studies. Two meta-analyses demonstrated no significant difference between children/adolescents with DM1 and children/adolescents without DM1 regarding the mean number of permanent teeth with caries (MD = 0.07; CI = -0.68 ­ 0.82), as well as no significant difference between children/adolescents with DM1 and children/adolescents without DM1 with respect to the mean number of permanent tooth surfaces with caries (MD = 0.20; CI = -2.22 ­ 2.61). The third meta-analysis revealed that children/adolescents without DM1 had a significantly higher mean number of primary teeth with caries in comparison to children/adolescents with DM1 (MD = 0.34; CI = 0.31 ­ 0.37). The major issues in the risk of bias assessment were the definition of controls and comparison between cases and controls. Conclusion: The occurrence of caries seems to be lower in children/adolescents with DM1 than in children/adolescents without DM1.


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Adolescent , Meta-Analysis , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Systematic Review
15.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 253-259, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352601

ABSTRACT

Case report: This article presents the case of an 11-year-old patient who sought orthodontic treatment, complaining of crooked teeth. In anamnesis, an emotional and physical dependence was reported regarding the act of breastfeeding. Considerations on the diagnosis, psychological implications, and clinical approach in this rare case were addressed. An orthodontic treatment and myofunctional therapy were performed to resolve the occlusal and functional aspects of the patient. Psychological therapy for the child and her mother was required to handle emotional sequelae. Conclusion: Multidisciplinary treatment was prescribed. Dentists should be aware of this need in cases of patients with special characteristics for treatment beyond oral problems. In orthodontics, this may be the difference between effective treatment outcomes or not.


Relato de caso: Este artigo apresenta o caso de uma paciente de 11 anos que procurou tratamento ortodôntico com queixa de "dentes tortos". Na anamnese, foi relatada dependência emocional e física da criança em relação ao ato de amamentar. Considerações sobre diagnóstico, implicações psicológicas, abordagem clínica neste raro caso foram abordadas. Foi realizado tratamento ortodôntico e terapia miofuncional para resolução dos aspectos oclusais e funcionais do paciente. Um acompanhamento psicológico para crianças e sua mãe foi necessária para abordar sequelas emocionais inerentes. Conclusão: Um tratamento multiprofissional foi instituído e o dentista deve estar atento a essa necessidade nos casos de pacientes com características especiais, visando uma abordagem além dos problemas bucais. Na Ortodontia, essa pode ser a diferença entre os resultados eficazes do tratamento ou não.


Subject(s)
Child , Orthodontics , Breast Feeding/adverse effects , Deglutition Disorders , Myofunctional Therapy , Malocclusion , Dental Care for Children , Dental Occlusion
16.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(84): 27-31, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366295

ABSTRACT

En la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, en la asignatura Clínica Integral para Niños y Adolescentes, los estudiantes del último año de la Carrera de Odontología realizan procedimientos clínicos y prácticos indispensables en la atención inicial de las urgencias en niños y adolescentes, restituyendo la integridad coronaria en lesiones producidas por traumatismos en piezas primarias y permanentes. Estudios publicados sobre la temática refieren que la mayoría de los estudiantes de pregrado no están lo suficientemente calificados, o tienen un conocimiento insuficiente para manejar situaciones de urgencias en traumatología dental. Sin embargo, se ha demostrado que existe un impacto positivo entre los estudiantes luego de recibir una clase teórica. El objetivo es determinar el nivel de conocimientos de los estudiantes de odontología del último año de la carrera en el manejo de los traumatismos dentoalveolares en niños y adolescentes, antes y después de recibir las clases teóricas (modalidad online) sobre esta temática (AU)


Subject(s)
Students, Dental , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Tooth Injuries/therapy , Education, Distance , Educational Measurement , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Tooth, Deciduous , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Data Collection , Longitudinal Studies , Tooth Injuries/etiology , Dental Care for Children , Dentition, Permanent , Emergencies , Observational Study
17.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 260-265, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352621

ABSTRACT

Aim:To evaluate the impact of the recording of teeth whose clinical conditions rarely vary (anterior teeth and third molars) in inter-examiner agreement measurements. Methods:Clinical data from 56 schoolchildren, 12 years of age, previously collected by two examiners, according to the "Oral Health Surveys: basic methods" codes and criteria, were analyzed in the present study. The effects from including/excluding such teeth upon reproducibility were measured by general percentage agreement (GPA) and Kappa statistics (к) performances. Results: The exclusion of anterior teeth associated with the inclusion of third molars produced a decrease in GPA that was simultaneous to an increase in the weighted Kappa (nominal data) and simple (dichotomous data) values. The incorrect inclusion of third molars (GPA = 100%; к = + 1) in the reproducibility measurement artificially increased the inter-examiner Kappa values. Conclusion: The inclusion/exclusion of anterior teeth and third molars, seeking a more reliable agreement among examiners, can have a positive or negative impact on the measured reproducibility values. A clear warning about the impact of including third molars in the reproducibility measurement, in the 12 years old age group, should be performed in "Oral Health Surveys: basic methods" and similar manuals.


Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto do registro de dentes anteriores e terceiros molares, cujas condições clínicas pouco variam, sobre as mensurações de concordância inter-examinadores. Métodos: Dados clínicos de 56 escolares de 12 anos de idade, previamente coletados por 2 examinadores, segundo os códigos e critérios expressos no "Levantamentos em Saúde Bucal: métodos básicos" foram analisados neste estudo. Os efeitos da inclusão/exclusão destes dentes sobre a concordância inter-examinadores foram mensurados calculando-se a porcentagem geral de concordância (GPA) e estatística Kappa (к). Resultados:A inclusão de terceiros molares aumentou a GPA para dados dicotomizados ou não. A exclusão de dentes anteriores diminuiu a GPA para dados dicotomizados ou não. Quando associada à inclusão de terceiros molares, sob perfeita concordância (к = +1), os valores de Kappa foram artificialmente aumentados tanto para dados dicotomizados quanto não-dicotomizados. Conclusão: A inclusão/exclusão de dentes anteriores e/ou de terceiros molares, no sentido de se evidenciar melhor as discordâncias entre examinadores, podem impactar positiva ou negativamente sobre a fidedignidade da reprodutibilidade mensurada. Uma advertência clara sobre o impacto da inclusão dos dentes terceiros molares no cálculo da reprodutibilidade, para a faixa etária de 12 anos, deveria estar presente no "Levantamentos em Saúde Bucal: métodos básicos" e manuais semelhantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , DMF Index , Dental Caries , Incisor , Molar, Third , Oral Health , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Care for Children
18.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 244-252, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348380

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar na literatura quais são os hábitos associados à mordida aberta anterior em crianças. Métodos: Realizou-se uma pesquisa bibliográfica referente aos artigos publicados de 2015 a 2020 nos bancos de dados on-line PubMed, Embase, SciELO, LILACS e BBO utilizando descritores e sinônimos MeSH, DeCS e Emtree com as seguintes etapas: identificação, triagem, elegibilidade e inclusão. Foram incluídos estudos observacionais, transversais ou de coorte, e artigos que demonstrassem hábitos associados à mordida aberta anterior em crianças de 2 a 12 anos de idade. Relatos de caso, revisões da literatura e outros tipos de estudos que não estavam de acordo com os critérios foram excluídos. Os artigos foram analisados por dois pesquisadores independentes e os estudos selecionados foram avaliados quanto à qualidade metodológica. Resultados: De um total de 462 artigos encontrados apenas 9 foram selecionados para o estudo. Desses, 8 (88,9%) apresentaram alta ou moderada qualidade metodológica, sendo apenas 1 (11,1%), dentre os artigos, de baixa qualidade. Mediante à análise dos estudos inclusos, observou-se que a manutenção de hábitos orais como sucção digital (66,6% dos artigos) e de chupeta (77,7%), bem como uso de mamadeira (33,3%) e duração do tempo de aleitamento materno (22,2%) pode ocasionar alterações na oclusão, fala, respiração, crescimento craniofacial, afetando diretamente a qualidade de vida da criança. Conclusão:Uma vez que a infância é a fase adequada para a implementação de novos hábitos saudáveis e tratamentos, é imprescindível que o cirurgião-dentista conheça essa associação, e adote medidas terapêuticas e preventivas.


Aim: To perform an analysis of in the literature regarding which habits are associated with anterior open bite in children. Methods:This was a bibliographic study conducted using articles published from 2015 to 2020 in the PubMed, Embase, SciELO, LILACS, and BBO online databases, using MeSH, DeCS, and Emtree descriptors and synonyms with the following steps: identification, screening, eligibility, and inclusion. Observational, cross-sectional, or cohort studies, as well as and articles demonstrating habits associated with anterior open bite in children aged 2 to 12 years, were included. Case reports, literature reviews, and other types of studies that were not in accordance with the criteria were excluded. The articles were evaluated by two independent researchers, and the selected studies were evaluated for methodological quality. Results:Of a total of 462 articles found, only nine were selected for the study. Of these, eight (88.9%) presented high or moderate methodological quality, with only 1 (11.1%) of the articles presenting a low quality. Through the analysis of the included studies, it was observed that the maintenance of oral habits, such as finger sucking (66.6% of the articles) and pacifiers (77.7%), as well as the use of a bottle (33.3%) and the duration of breastfeeding time (22.2%), may cause changes in occlusion, speech, breathing, and craniofacial growth, directly affecting the child's quality of life. Conclusion: Since childhood is the appropriate phase for the implementation of new healthy habits and treatments, it is essential for the dentist to understand this association and adopt therapeutic and preventive measures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Sucking Behavior , Open Bite/etiology , Pacifiers/adverse effects , Nursing Bottles , Fingersucking , Risk Factors , Dental Care for Children
19.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287495

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To provide an overview of the most relevant studies on non-pharmacological behaviour management techniques for contemporary children, the so-called alpha generation, who undergo dental treatment. Material and Methods: A systematic search was performed on the Medline/PubMed and Google Scholar (grey literature) databases. The articles were read and data collected by two reviewers on an independent basis. Two reviewers collected data from the studies selected in tables structured by using the Rayyan QCRI software. The following data were extracted: year of study, child's age, child's gender, technique used. Results: A total of 322 articles were found, remaining only 17 after duplicates were removed and inclusion and exclusion criteria applied. The studies were conducted between 2010 and 2019 in Saudi Arabia, Greece, India, Brazil, USA, Italy, and Switzerland. The samples ranged from 15 to 306 children aged between 3 and 10 years old. The children attended the dental office for different reasons, ranging from simple prevention to endodontic treatment under local anaesthesia. Several behaviour modification methods are known to be used before and during a dental consultation. Conclusion: After reading the articles, we concluded that alpha generation children are inserted in a daily environment of modernization and that conventional non-pharmacological techniques using technology, such as audio-visual glasses, are more interesting and make children distracted and relaxed during dental treatment, thus minimizing their stress, anxiety and fear.


Subject(s)
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Child Behavior , Dental Anxiety , Dental Care for Children , Handling, Psychological , Brazil , Child , Pediatric Dentistry
20.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(3): 48-53, Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1342952

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Cárie na Primeira Infância (CPI) é o termo utilizado para descrever a cárie dentária em crianças menores de 6 anos de idade. Objetivo: Relatar o tratamento reabilitador estético e funcional de uma criança com CPI. Relato do caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 5 anos de idade, compareceu à clínica de Odontopediatria da Faculdade de Odontologia de Araçatuba (FOA/UNESP), acompanhado pela mãe, que relatou como queixa principal dor e presença de cárie. Ao exame clínico intrabucal, constatou-se na arcada superior lesões de cárie em todos os dentes, exceto nos dentes 55, já restaurado, e dente 65, hígido. Na arcada inferior, lesões de cárie foram observadas nos dentes 74 e 84. Após diagnóstico clínico e radiográfico, optou-se por realizar a confecção de coroa de aço para os dentes 74 e 84, exodontia dos dentes 51, 52, 61 e 64, instalação de aparelho mantenedor de espaço funcional removível e restaurações dos demais dentes afetados com compósito resinoso. Conclusão: Foi possível recuperar as funções estéticas, fonéticas e mastigatórias do paciente, colaborando para a melhora da autoestima da criança, o que gerou satisfação dos familiares. A educação em saúde bucal realizada com a criança e os responsáveis foi essencial para o sucesso do tratamento e a manutenção da saúde bucal.


Introduction: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the term used to describe dental caries in children under 6 years of age. Objective: Report the aesthetic and functional rehabilitation treatment of a child with ECC. Case report: A 5-year-old male patient was attended at the to the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of the Araçatuba Dental School (FOA/UNESP), accompanied by his mother, who reported pain and dental caries as the main complaint. On intraoral clinical examination, caries lesions were found in all upper teeth, except for tooth 55, already restored, and tooth 65, healthy. In the lower arch, caries lesions were observed in teeth 74 and 84. After clinical and radiographic diagnosis, it was decided for the manufacture of steel crown for teeth 74 and 84, extraction of teeth 51, 52, 61 and 64, installation of removable functional space maintenance device and restorations of the other affected teeth with composite resin. Conclusion: In view of the treatment performed, it was possible to recover the aesthetic, phonetic and masticatory functions, contributing to the improvement of the child's self-esteem as well assatisfaction of family members. Oral health education carried out with the child and his parents was essential for the success of the treatment and the maintenance of oral health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries/rehabilitation , Self Concept , Health Education, Dental , Dental Caries/psychology
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