Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 91
Filter
1.
Brasília; Brasil. Ministério da Saúde; 2022.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1373168
3.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3278, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289400

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En la atención odontológica a niños es crucial seleccionar materiales restaurativos con buen rendimiento clínico y corto tiempo de aplicación, especialmente en pacientes con capacidad de atención limitada. Las resinas compuestas, con el mejoramiento de sus propiedades físicas y mecánicas, constituyen hoy uno de los materiales de mayor elección por el odontopediatra. Las resinas de relleno masivo son una alternativa atractiva para las restauraciones en el sector posterior. Objetivo: Comparar el grado de microfiltración marginal de resinas de relleno masivo y nanohíbrida en molares deciduos. Métodos: Estudio experimental, in vitro, en cuarenta molares deciduos; exodonciados por motivos terapéuticos, divididos en dos grupos. Grupo I: resina nanohíbrida con técnica incremental (Tetric® N Ceram - Ivoclar Vivadent) y Grupo II: resina de relleno masivo con técnica monoincremental (Tetric® N Ceram bulk fill - Ivoclar Vivadent). Se realizó un proceso de termociclado manual de 500 ciclos, entre 5 ºC ± 2 ºC y 55 ºC ± 2 ºC. Las muestras fueron sumergidas en azul de metileno al 0,5 por ciento durante 24 horas a 37 ºC. Se analizaron con el microscopio estereoscópico de luz a 40X. Resultados: Todas las muestras presentaron microfiltración. Con el uso de resina nanohíbrida, el 25 presentó microfiltración leve; el 30 por ciento, moderada; y el 45 por ciento, severa. En el grupo de la resina de relleno masivo, el 30 por ciento presentó microfiltración leve; el 35 por ciento, moderada; y el 35 por ciento, severa. No se encontró diferencia significativa entre ambos grupos (p = 0,55). Conclusiones: Ambas resinas, de relleno masivo y nanohíbrida, presentaron similar microfiltración marginal in vitro, en molares deciduos; por lo que la técnica de relleno masivo, por su fácil y rápida aplicación en un solo tiempo, es una buena alternativa en la rehabilitación dental odontopediátrica(AU)


Introduction: In children's dental care it is crucial to select restorative materials of proven clinical quality and a short application period, particularly with patients of limited attention capacity. Due to their improved physical and mechanical properties, composite resins are currently one of the materials of choice for children's dental care. Bulk fill resins are an attractive alternative for posterior restorations. Objective: Compare the degree of marginal microleakage of bulk fill and nanohybrid resins in deciduous teeth. Methods: An experimental in vitro study was conducted of 40 deciduous teeth extracted for therapeutic reasons, which were divided into two groups. Group I: nanohybrid resin by incremental technique (Tetric® N Ceram - Ivoclar Vivadent) and Group II: bulk fill resin by monoincremental technique (Tetric® N Ceram bulk fill - Ivoclar Vivadent). A manual 500-cycle thermocycling procedure was performed at 5ºC ± 2ºC to 55ºC ± 2ºC. The samples were soaked in 0.5 percent methylene blue at 37ºC for 24 hours and analyzed under a light stereo microscope at 40X. Results: Microleakage was present in all the samples. In the nanohybrid resin group, microleakage was mild in 25 percent, moderate in 30 percent and severe in 45 percent. In the bulk fill resin group, microleakage was mild in 30 percent, moderate in 35 percent and severe in 35 percent. No significant difference was found between the groups (p = 0.55). Conclusions: Both resins, bulk fill and nanohybrid, presented similar in vitro marginal microleakage in deciduous molars. The bulk fill technique is therefore a good alternative for children's dental rehabilitation, due to its easy and fast application in a single session(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Dental Care/methods , Composite Resins/administration & dosage , Dental Materials/adverse effects
4.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3271, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289404

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las urgencias médicas durante la atención estomatológica son eventos que pueden poner en peligro la salud de los pacientes. Objetivo: Caracterizar las urgencias médicas que se les han presentado a los estomatólogos durante su práctica profesional. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal, de enero a marzo de 2019. El universo estuvo constituido por los estomatólogos de 12 de las 20 clínicas estomatológicas de subordinación docente a la Facultad de Estomatología de La Habana "Raúl González Sánchez". Variables utilizadas fueron: presencia de urgencias, tipo de especialidades, frecuencia de las urgencias médicas, tipo de urgencia médica, procederes estomatológicos y cantidad de urgencias. Resultados: El 61,2 por ciento de los encuestados refirió que eran eventos poco frecuentes, el 50,8 por ciento presentó dos urgencias médicas. Las urgencias más frecuentes fueron las lipotimias (29,9 por ciento) y los síncopes vaso vágales (25,2 por ciento). Conclusiones: Las urgencias médicas son eventos que pueden producirse durante la atención estomatológica. El presente estudio aborda un área del conocimiento poco estudiada en Estomatología en Cuba. Los profesionales, durante los procederes estomatológicos, juegan un papel protagónico en la prevención de las urgencias médicas y en su tratamiento inicial. Los datos epidemiológicos y clínicos de estos eventos, aportados por esta investigación, pueden servir de referencia a otros estudios(AU)


Introduction: Medical emergencies occurring during dental care may pose a risk to the health of patients. Objective: Characterize medical emergencies experienced by dentists in their professional practice. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from January to March 2019. The study universe was the dentists of 12 of the 20 university dental clinics attached to the Dental School of Havana. The variables analyzed were occurrence of emergencies, specialty, frequency of medical emergencies, type of medical emergency, dental procedures and number of emergencies. Results: 61.2 percent of the respondents stated that medical emergencies were not frequent, and 50.8 percent reported two medical emergencies. The most common emergencies were loss of consciousness (29.9 percent) and vasovagal syncope (25.2 percent). Conclusions: Medical emergencies may occur during dental care. The study addresses an area of dental practice not much dealt with in Cuba. During the performance of dental procedures, professionals play a leading role in the prevention of medical emergencies and their initial treatment. The epidemiological and clinical data about these events contributed by this research may serve as reference for other studies(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Professional Practice , Dental Care/methods , Syncope, Vasovagal/etiology , Emergencies , Schools, Dental , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346669

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the profile of the dental teleconsulting in the Pediatric Dentistry field of Telehealth Brazil Networks Program, in Minas Gerais centers, Brazil. Material and Methods: Asynchronous dental teleconsulting was evaluated in the Pediatric Dentistry specialty, extracted from secondary databases of the telehealth centers: the Clinical Hospital of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais and UFMG Medical School, from July 2015 to July 2017. The variables collected were: type of issues and area and sub-area of Pediatric Dentistry. The results were descriptively analyzed using the SPSS v.22,0 program by frequencies. Results: Most of the issues in the Pediatric Dentistry specialty were about clinical conduct (81.4%). There was a predominance of issues regarding prevention (16.6%), surgery (15.3%), tooth eruption (15.1%), endodontics (12.1%), harmful oral habits (9.7%), patient cooperation (8.7%), primary teeth trauma (7.2%) and dentistry (6.7%). Regarding sub-areas, most issues were related to child oral hygiene (68.5%), tooth extraction (92%), tooth eruption chronology (65.6%), pulp diagnosis (49.0%), bruxism (64%), patient management (74.3%), post-trauma treatment (79.3%), and restoration (88.9%). Conclusion: Pediatric Dentistry teleconsulting suggested a difficulty of the professionals in the pediatric patient approach. Continuing education programs and training courses for professionals working in primary health care are crucial for the comprehensive care of pediatric patients.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care/methods , Brazil/epidemiology , Dental Care/methods , Pediatric Dentistry , Education, Distance/methods , Teledentistry , Oral Hygiene , Cross-Sectional Studies , Telemedicine/methods
7.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(4): e2985, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144448

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La salud bucal requiere un análisis contextual y social en poblaciones consideradas vulnerables. Objetivo: Describir la situación de salud bucal en un grupo de escolares con limitación visual y su relación con determinantes sociales, familiares e individual. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo en 21 escolares con limitación visual y 15 adultos significativos. Se realizó una encuesta que indagó por datos sociodemográficos, hábitos y utilización de servicios de salud bucal. Mediante examen clínico se aplicaron los siguientes indicadores: índice de O'Leary, índice gingival de Löe y Silness, índice COP-D de Klein y Palmer, tradicional y modificado, e índice significante de caries (SiC). Análisis descriptivo de frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: Los datos se agruparon bajo tres contextos: social, familiar e individual. En el contexto social se encontró que un 40 por ciento (n = 6) de los encuestados pertenecían al régimen subsidiado, además el 53,3 por ciento (n = 8) manifestó tener dificultades para acceder a los servicios de odontología. En cuanto al espacio familiar se detectó que el 53 por ciento (n = 8) de la población pertenece al estrato socioeconómico bajo y solo el 60 por ciento (n = 9) de los participantes en el estudio habían concluido la secundaria. Finalmente, el individual, el 100 por ciento de los escolares presentaban control de placa deficiente (73,3 por ciento ± 23,7). El índice significante de caries tradicional fue de 4,3 (± 2,4) y el modificado de 6,7 (± 1,7). Se encontró un índice gingival moderado en el 100 por ciento de los escolares con un promedio de 23,5 (± 24,5). Conclusiones: Las principales barreras se identifican en la posición social (ocupación, ingresos, educación), lo que repercute en la situación de salud bucal. Es necesario abordar este tipo de población desde un enfoque participativo, continuo e integral que empodere a sus cuidadores y transforme sus prácticas a través de la promoción de la salud(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Oral health requires a contextual and social analysis in populations considered vulnerable. Objective: Establish the oral health status of a group of visually impaired schoolchildren and its relationship to social, family and individual determinants. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted of 21 visually impaired schoolchildren and 15 significant adults. A survey was applied to collect sociodemographic information and data about habits and use of oral health care services. Clinical examination was based on the following indicators: O'Leary's index, Löe and Silness's gingivitis index, Klein and Palmer's COP-D index, both traditional and modified, and significant caries index (SiC). Descriptive analysis was performed of absolute and relative frequencies. Results: The data were distributed into three categories: social, family and individual. Social analysis found that 40 percent (n = 6) of the respondents were in the subsidized sector, whereas 53.3 percent (n = 8) reported difficulties to access dental care services. With respect to the family environment, it was found that 53 percent (n = 8) of the study population were from a low socioeconomic stratum and only 60 percent (n = 9) of the participants in the study had completed secondary education. Individual analysis revealed that 100 percent of the schoolchildren showed evidence of poor plaque control (73.3 percent ± 23.7). The traditional significant caries index was 4.3 (± 2.4), whereas the modified significant caries index was 6.7 (± 1.7). A moderate gingivitis index was found in 100 percent of the schoolchildren with an average 23.5 (± 24.5). Conclusions: The main hurdles identified had to do with the social status (occupation, income, education), all of which has an impact on the oral health status. It is necessary to address this type of population with a participative, continuous, integral approach which empowers care givers and transforms their practices via health promotion(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Oral Health , Health Surveys/methods , Visually Impaired Persons , Dental Caries/therapy , Health Promotion/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Dental Care/methods
8.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(4): e3442, Oct.-Dec. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149888

ABSTRACT

Tema a presentar: En tiempos de COVID-19, debido al riesgo de transmisión derivado de varios procederes estomatológicos, se requiere reforzar la protección de los pacientes y de los trabajadores. Por tanto, se hace necesario actualizar a la comunidad científica y a los decisores de políticas en salud pública sobre aspectos esenciales para el perfeccionamiento de la gestión de la atención de salud bucal durante la pandemia. Comentarios principales: Con un enfoque actualizado según las experiencias internacionales, se trató el tema de la evaluación del riesgo laboral en estomatología y la gestión de la atención estomatológica durante la presente pandemia de COVID-19. Consideraciones globales: La profesión estomatológica tiene ante sí la responsabilidad de evitar la transmisión nosocomial de infecciones en los centros laborales, en las áreas de desempeño y que el personal en ejercicio de las acciones de salud esté protegido y no se convierta en trasmisor que ponga en riesgo a sus compañeros de trabajo, a la población que atiende, a su familia y a la población en general. El desempeño de los especialistas debe responder en todo momento a la ética médica y velar por ofrecer alternativas a las necesidades de salud bucal de la población en todas las situaciones de la vida social. La efectividad del accionar dependerá del perfeccionamiento de la gestión de la atención de salud bucal en tiempos de la COVID-19(AU)


Topic to be presented: In the time of COVID-19, and due to the risk of transmission derived from various dental procedures, it is necessary to enhance the protection of patients and workers. The scientific community and public health policy makers should therefore be updated on essential contents related to the improved management of oral health care during the pandemic. Main remarks: The topic of occupational risk assessment and dental care management during the current COVID-19 pandemic was addressed with an updated approach in keeping with international experiences. General considerations: The dental care profession has the responsibility of preventing nosocomial transmission of infections at work places and performance areas, as well as ensuring the protection of those involved in health actions, so that they do not become infected and transmit the disease to their colleagues, their patients, their family and the population at large. Specialists should always comply with medical ethics and offer alternatives to the oral health care needs of the population in all social life situations. The effectiveness of such actions will depend on improving the management of oral health care in the time of COVID-19(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Services Administration/ethics , Dental Care/methods , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Occupational Risks , Health Policy
10.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(3): e3315, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126520

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La enfermedad por coronavirus (COVID-19), catalogada como pandemia por la Organización Mundial de la Salud, ha causado muchas muertes a poblaciones vulnerables debido a la alta capacidad de contagio. Estas rutas de contagio son por contacto directo e indirecto, incluso, de personas asintomáticas. En el presente artículo se sintetizan, desde una perspectiva de la realidad del Perú, algunas consideraciones a tener en cuenta en la salud bucal a propósito de la pandemia de la COVID-19 y los retos profesionales del estomatólogo en la consulta estatal y privada. Comentarios principales: Los procedimientos que generan aerosoles o microgotas desde la cavidad bucal potencian el riesgo de contagio al personal sanitario, especialmente al estomatólogo, puesto que, incluso los procedimientos de urgencia o emergencia estomatológica utilizan instrumental que genera posibles medios de contaminación. Las instituciones afines a la estomatología tienen el deber de establecer protocolos de bioseguridad para la atención estomatológica de urgencia y emergencia y de rutina para evitar generar cadenas de contagio. El deber del estomatólogo en esta emergencia sanitaria es seguir los lineamientos de bioseguridad para la atención estomatológica en los establecimientos de salud del sector estatal y privado. Consideraciones finales: La práctica estomatológica es potencialmente de riesgo en la pandemia por COVID-19, a pesar de ello, es deber del estomatólogo cumplir su rol como profesional sanitario considerando las normas de bioseguridad establecidas por las instituciones de salud(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), classified as a pandemic by the World Health Organization, has affected many deaths to vulnerable populations due to its high transmission capacity. These transmission routes are by direct and indirect contact even of asymptomatic people. This article presents some considerations to take into account regarding the COVID-19 pandemic in oral health and the professional challenges of the stomatologist in state and private consultation from a perspective of the reality of Peru. Main remarks: Procedures that generate aerosols or droplets from the oral cavity increase the risk of transmission to health personnel, especially the stomatologist; since even dental emergency procedures require the use of instruments that generate possible means of contamination. The institutions related to stomatology have to establish biosafety protocols for dental emergency and routine practice to avoid generating chains of transmission. The role of the dentist in this health emergency is to follow biosafety guidelines for dental care in state and private health center. Final considerations: Dental practice is potentially risky in the COVID-19 pandemic, despite this, it is the duty of the dentist to fulfill his role as a health professional considering the biosecurity standards established by the health institutions(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Health , Dental Care/methods , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Containment of Biohazards/methods , Risk , Dental Staff/standards , Emergencies
11.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(3): e2891, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126518

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: Diversas situações no consultório odontológico podem gerar quadros de emergência. A administração de anestésicos locais, o atendimento odontológico aos pacientes com comprometimento sistêmico, ansiedade e medo são muitas vezes as causas mais comuns. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o nível de percepção dos alunos de Odontologia frente às principais emergências odontológicas. Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo transversal e descritivo com abordagem quantitativa dos dados por meio dos questionários. Foram entrevistados 138 alunos cursando do 5º ao 10º período de odontologia da Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, na cidade de Patos, Paraíba. Resultados: Foi observado que 86,2 porcento do total de entrevistados responderam saber a diferença entre urgência e emergência; 52,2 porcento dos alunos confirmaram receber ou terem recebido instruções extracurriculares sobre o assunto; 59,4 porcento responderam que o aprendizado fornecido na graduação sobre este tema não está sendo suficiente. Cerca de 17,4 porcento destes alunos responderam saber realizar as manobras de Reanimação Cardiopulmonar, 11,6 porcento dos entrevistados relataram que se sentiam preparados para lidar com uma situação de emergência e 81,9 porcento dos alunos pretendem buscar uma formação complementar durante ou após a graduação. Conclusão: Verificou-se que os alunos de graduação em odontologia apresentaram um baixo nível de percepção sobre as emergências médicas no consultório odontológico(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: Varias situaciones en el consultorio dental pueden generar casos de emergencia. La administración de anestésicos locales, el cuidado dental a pacientes con deterioro sistémico, ansiedad y miedo, son a menudo las causas más comunes. Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de percepción de los alumnos de odontología frente a las principales emergencias odontológicas. Métodos: Se trató de un estudio transversal y descriptivo de los datos por medio de los cuestionarios. Se entrevistaron 138 alumnos del 5.º al 10.º periodo de odontología de la Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, en la ciudad de Patos, Paraíba. Resultados: Se observó que el 86,2 por ciento del total de alumnos entrevistados sabían la diferencia entre urgencia y emergencia; 52,2 por ciento de los alumnos confirmaron recibir o haber recibido instrucciones extracurriculares sobre el asunto. El 59,4 por ciento respondió que el aprendizaje proporcionado en la graduación sobre este tema no está siendo suficiente. Alrededor del 17,4 por ciento de estos alumnos respondieron a saber realizar las maniobras de resucitación cardiopulmonar, 11,6 por ciento de los entrevistados se sentían preparados para lidiar con una situación de emergencia y el 81,9 por ciento de los alumnos entrevistados pretenden buscar una formación complementaria durante o después de la graduación. Conclusión: Se descubrió que los estudiantes de odontología tenían un bajo nivel de percepción sobre emergencias médicas en el consultorio odontológico(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Several situations in the dental office may cause emergency cases. Administration of local anesthetics, dental care to patients with systemic deterioration, anxiety and fear are often the most common causes. Objective: To evaluate the dental level of perception of dental students facing the main dental emergencies. Methods: This was a cross-sectional and descriptive study of the data through questionnaires. We interviewed 138 students from the 5th to the 10th period of Dental Medicine at the Federal University of Campina Grande, in the city of Patos, Paraíba. Results: We observed that 86.2 percent of the interviewed students knew the difference between urgency and emergency; 52.2 percent of the students confirmed receiving or having received extracurricular instructions about the topic; 59.4 percent answered that the learning provided about this topic after graduation is not being sufficient. About 17.4 percent of these students responded positively to knowing how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers; 11.6 percent of those interviewed felt themselves prepared to deal with an emergency situation, while 81.9 percent of the students interviewed intended to seek complementary training during or after graduation. Conclusion: Dental students were found to have a low level of perception about medical emergencies in the dental office(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Perception , Students, Dental , Emergency Identification , Emergencies/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Care/methods , Dental Offices
13.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e3245, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251706

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El brote de la enfermedad del coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) ha sido declarado emergencia de salud pública de importancia internacional. Los estomatólogos, entre el personal sanitario, son los más expuestos a la enfermedad porque su área de trabajo es la boca, sitio que se reconoce como el lugar a partir del cual se contagia la enfermedad. Objetivo: Esclarecer elementos relacionados con la COVID-19 y las medidas a tener en cuenta para la prevención del contagio del personal de salud del área estomatológica. Comentarios principales: No se ha descubierto un método único que cumpla con todos los requisitos con respecto a las infecciones asociadas a la atención médica. En el enfrentamiento a la COVID-19 cumplen un papel importante las precauciones estándares, o sea, medidas que se aplican a todos los pacientes, independientemente del diagnóstico o de si se conoce si tiene una infección o está colonizado por un agente. El SARS-CoV-2 es un virus envuelto, y esta característica lo hace más sensible a la acción de las sustancias desinfectantes. Consideraciones globales: La COVID-19 manifiesta síntomas no específicos. Los más comunes son fiebre, anorexia y tos seca. La transmisión probablemente ocurre a través de la propagación del virus en el aire y por contacto. Con la implementación de precauciones estándares entre las que se encuentran la higiene de las manos, uso de equipos de protección personal y el cuidado del medio ambiente, se puede disminuir la posibilidad del contagio y contribuir a controlar la diseminación. Es importante que los proveedores de atención médica, dentro de los que se encuentra el personal de salud del área estomatológica, y el público conozcan este nuevo virus para que las acciones coordinadas, oportunas y efectivas puedan ayudar a prevenir casos adicionales o malos resultados ante el enfrentamiento a esta pandemia(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been declared a worldwide public health emergency. Dentists are the health care providers most directly exposed to this condition, since their area of activity is the mouth, a location recognized as the site through which the disease is transmitted. Objective: Clarify some notions about COVID-19 and the measures to be taken to prevent transmission to dental care providers. Main remarks: A single method has not been discovered which meets all the requirements concerning infections associated to medical care. In the struggle against COVID-19 an important role is played by standard precautions, i.e. measures applied to all patients, irrespective of their diagnosis or whether they are known to have an infection or be colonized by a given agent. SARS-CoV-2 is an enveloped virus, a characteristic that makes it more sensitive to the action of disinfectants. General considerations: COVID-19 presents non-specific symptoms, the most common of which are fever, anorexia and dry coughing. Transmission probably occurs by the spread of the virus in the air and by direct contact. Implementation of standard precautions, among which are hand hygiene, the use of personal protection equipment and care for the environment, will lead to a reduction in the chances of contagion and will contribute to control the spread of the disease. It is important for medical care providers, among them dental care professionals, and the public at large to know about this new virus, so that coordinated, timely and effective actions may be taken which will help prevent the occurrence of new cases or bad results in the struggle against this pandemic(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Care/methods , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Personal Protection/prevention & control , Health Personnel , Hand Hygiene/methods
14.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2968, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251705

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Dental care is considered to be an example of complex manual interventions in the medical sector. The vision presented describes the organization of dental care based on the application of modern telecommunication technologies. In developed countries, general dental practitioners have a positive attitude toward incorporating teledentistry into their practice. In PubMed there is a tendency to increase the states by telehealth key words and tags, including teledentistry. Those health care tendencies show a steady trend toward the broadening of teledentistry services(AU)


RESUMEN El cuidado dental se considera un ejemplo de intervenciones manuales complejas en la industria médica. La visión presentada describe la organización de la atención dental basada en la aplicación de las modernas tecnologías de telecomunicación. En los países avanzados, los odontólogos generales tienen una actitud positiva ante la idea de introducir la teledentistería en su práctica. En PubMed hay una tendencia a aumentar los estados por las palabras clave y las etiquetas de la telesalud, incluida la teledentistería. Esas tendencias en materia de atención de la salud muestran una tendencia constante a la ampliación de los servicios de teledentistería(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Telecommunications/trends , Dental Care/methods , Telemedicine/trends , Delivery of Health Care/methods , Databases, Bibliographic/trends
17.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 299-309, 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, BNUY-Odon | ID: biblio-1114896

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 es una enfermedad altamente contagiosa y potencialmente mortal que nos acompañara por largo tiempo. Las profesiones de la salud y la vida en general ha sido afectada de forma significativa en todo lugar del mundo. La odontología ha pasado de una etapa de gran desarrollo clínico a una etapa donde el manejo de barrera de protección, el control de tratamientos y el tiempo asignado a los pacientes cambiará la forma de realizar la profesión. El presente trabajo pretende resumir las indicaciones y recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia disponible y realizar un análisis de la condiciones de salud oral para Latinoamérica en esta época de pandemia.


COVID-19 is a profound, highly contagious and life-threatening viral disease that will be with us for a long time. Health Care-related professions and life in its entirety are significantly, and perhaps irreversibly affected, all around the World. COVID-19 is and will continue to transform Dentistry and its practise. Based on the available evidence accrued to date, this work attempts to address such changes, current and anticipated, as well as present recommendations for clinical practise implementation, tailored for Latin/South America, in light of such lifealtering momentous pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Dental Care/standards , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Dental Care/methods , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Dentistry , Emergencies , Personal Protective Equipment , Betacoronavirus , Latin America , Masks
18.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094410

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To evaluate if factors related to the mother's previous guidance on her children's dental health and the school attendance of children influence the regular dental care of preschoolers living in the rural area of a municipality in Southern Brazil. METHODS A population-based study was conducted with 264 children under five years of age and their mothers. Socioeconomic and behavioral data were collected using a questionnaire, and the children were subjected to dental health tests. The outcome was the regular use of dental services. The main exposure variables were children's care in daycare centers or schools and maternal guidance on the child's dental health. Poisson regression analysis with robust variance adjustment was used to estimate prevalence ratios, considering a 95% confidence interval. RESULTS The prevalence of regular use was 11.4% (95%CI 7.5-15.2). In the adjusted analysis, the regular use of services was associated with the child attending day care center/school (PR = 2.44; 95%CI 1.38-4.34), and the mother received dental health guidance (PR = 4.13; 95%CI 1.77-9.61), even with control for socioeconomic, maternal and child variables. CONCLUSION When mothers receive previous information on child dental health care and children attend schools or daycare centers, the likelihood of regular dental appointments in preschoolers living in rural locations increases.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar se fatores relacionados à orientação prévia da mãe sobre saúde bucal dos seus filhos e a frequência escolar das crianças influenciam o atendimento odontológico regular de pré-escolares moradores da área rural de um município do Sul do Brasil. MÉTODOS Um estudo de base populacional foi conduzido com 264 crianças menores de cinco anos e suas mães. Dados socioeconômicos e comportamentais foram coletados por meio de questionário e as crianças foram submetidas a exames de saúde bucal. O desfecho foi o uso regular de serviços odontológicos. As variáveis de exposição principais foram o atendimento infantil em creches ou escolas e orientação materna sobre a saúde bucal da criança. A análise de regressão de Poisson com ajuste robusto de variância foi utilizada para estimar as razões de prevalência e intervalos de confiança de 95%. RESULTADOS A prevalência de uso regular foi 11,4% (IC95% 7,5-15,2). Na análise ajustada o uso regular de serviços foi associado à criança frequentar creche/escola (RP = 2,44; IC95% 1,38-4,34) e a mãe ter recebido orientação de saúde bucal (RP = 4,13; IC95% 1,77-9,61), mesmo com controle para variáveis socioeconômicas, maternas e da criança. CONCLUSÃO Quando as mães recebem informações prévias sobre os cuidados com a saúde bucal infantil e as crianças frequentam escolas ou creches, aumenta a probabilidade de consultas odontológicas regulares em pré-escolares residentes em localidades rurais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Schools/statistics & numerical data , Oral Health/education , Health Education, Dental , Dental Care/methods , Delivery of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Rural Population , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Rural Health , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Care/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged , Mother-Child Relations
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL