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1.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 72-79, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339324

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective was assess the influence of untreated caries and socioeconomic status (SES) on school dropout among adolescents. A six-year cohort study was conducted with random sample of adolescents (12 years-old) who had been evaluated initially in 2012 from Santa Maria, Brazil. Sex, socioeconomic status (mother's education and household income), and untreated caries were collected at the baseline. The outcome variable was collected at the follow-up through self-report and was divided into three categories: adolescents who only studied, who studied and employed, and who school dropouts. A multinomial regression model was performed to assess the influence of oral disease and SES on school leaving, through relative risk ratio (RRR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). From of 1,134 adolescents evaluated at the baseline, 768 participants with a mean age of 17.5 years were re-evaluated at follow-up (67.8% response rate). Male (RRR: 2.31; 95%CI: 1.19-4.48) and adolescents with untreated caries at the baseline had an increment in school-leaving (RRR: 2.26; 95%CI: 1.12-4.56). Mothers with low education (RRR: 2.24; 95%CI: 1.09-4.61) had a higher probability of having children who leave school. Untreated caries and low SES in early adolescence can influence the tendency to school dropouts.


Resumo O objetivo foi avaliar a influência da cárie dentária não tratada e do status socioeconômico (SES) sobre o abandono escolar dos adolescentes. Foi realizado um estudo de coorte de seis anos de acompanhamento com uma amostra aleatória de adolescentes (12 anos de idade) avaliados inicialmente em 2012 em Santa Maria, Brasil. Sexo, status socioeconômico (educação da mãe e renda familiar) e cárie não tratada foram coletados no início do estudo. A variável de desfecho foi coletada no acompanhamento por meio do autorrelato e foi dividida em três categorias: adolescentes que apenas estudavam, aqueles que estudavam e trabalhavam e quem tinha abandonado a escola. Um modelo de regressão multinomial foi realizado para avaliar a influência da doença bucal e do SES sobre o abandono escolar, por meio da razão de risco relativo (RRR) e intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%). Dos 1.134 adolescentes avaliados no início do estudo, 768 participantes com idade média de 17,5 anos foram reavaliados no acompanhamento (taxa de resposta de 67,8%). Meninos (RRR: 2,31; IC 95%: 1,19- 4,48) e adolescentes com cárie não tratada no início do estudo tiveram um incremento no abandono escolar (RRR: 2,26; IC 95%: 1,12-4,56). Mães com baixa escolaridade (RRR: 2,24; IC95%: 1,09-4,61) tiveram maior probabilidade de ter filhos que abandonaram a escola. Cárie dentária não tratada e baixo SES no início da adolescência pode influenciar a tendência de evasão escolar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Schools , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Social Class , Brazil/epidemiology , Cohort Studies
2.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 849-856, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921887

ABSTRACT

Caries of children under 3 years old has such characteristics as early onset, multiple tooth involvement and rapid development. It may affect the mastication and digestive functions of the children, as well as oral and systemic development, and may become a risk factor for systemic diseases. In order to standardize the prevention and treatment of the caries of the infants and toddlers, to fully utilize the existing medical resources to prevent caries, to reduce the incidence rate and to increase the treatment rate, and to improve the oral health statuses of the infants and toddlers in China, the Society of Pediatric Dentistry and the Society of Preventive Dentistry of the Chinese Stomatological Association convened experts of pediatric dentistry and preventive dentistry from 19 universities and hospitals to conduct profound discussions on this topic, and finally developed the present guideline on diagnosis, prevention, clinical practice and effect evaluation for caries of children under 3 years old suitable to China's conditions.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , China , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Humans , Infant , Pediatric Dentistry , Preventive Dentistry
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921394

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the efficacy and health economics of the comprehensive therapy for the children with severe early child caries (S-ECC) under dental general anesthesia (DGA) and conventional outpatient treatment to provide references for dentists and parents in the choice of clinical treatment.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on S-ECC children aged 36-71 months and who received dental treatment under general anesthesia or routine outpatient situation. The filled tooth survival rate, treatment cost, and cost-filled tooth survival time of the two groups were compared, and the curative effect and health economics was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The filled tooth survival rate of the DGA group was higher than that of the routine outpatient group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with the conventional outpatient treatment group, the treatment outcomes of S-ECC under general anesthesia were better, and the costs were higher. However, no significant difference was observed in the total medical cost-filled tooth survival time between these two groups, and the conventional outpatient treatment did not have evident economic advantages.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Dental , Anesthesia, General , Child , Dental Care , Dental Caries , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Humans , Outpatients , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2832-2837, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921190

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS@#Previous surveys have found that children with iron deficiency (ID) were likely to suffer from early childhood caries (ECC). We aimed to assess the scientific evidence about whether ID is intrinsically related to ECC.@*METHODS@#The medical subject headings (MeSH) terms and free words were searched on PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, and the Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals from March 2020 to September 2020. Two researchers independently screened the articles. Data extraction and cross-checking were performed for the studies that met the inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis was performed using the Cochrane Collaboration's Review Manager 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#After excluding duplication and irrelevant literature, 12 case-control studies were included in the study. The meta-analysis demonstrated that children with ECC were more likely to have ID (odds ratio [OR] = 2.63, 95% confidence interval [CI]: [1.85, 3.73], P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant association found between the level of serum ferritin and ECC (weighted mean difference (WMD) = -5.80, 95% CI: [-11.97, 0.37], P = 0.07). Children with ECC were more likely to have iron-deficiency anemia (OR = 2.74, 95% CI: [2.41,3.11], P < 0.001). The hemoglobin (HGB) levels in the ECC group were significantly lower compared with that in the ECC-free group (WMD = -9.96, 95% CI: [-15.45, -4.46], P = 0.0004). The mean corpuscular volume (MCV) levels in the ECC group were significantly lower compared with that in the ECC-free group (WMD = -3.72, 95% CI: [-6.65, -0.79], P = 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ID was more prevalent in children with ECC, and the markers of iron status in the ECC group, such as serum ferritin, HGB, and MCV, were relatively lower than the ECC-free group.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Erythrocyte Indices , Humans
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878447

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to compare the salivary biochemical indices between caries-free individuals and those with early childhood caries (ECC), and construct a saliva-based caries diagnostic model by analyzing the correlation between salivary biochemical indices and caries severity.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 children aged 4-6 years were selected and divided into two groups: individuals with ECC (C group, @*RESULTS@#The NO@*CONCLUSIONS@#Salivary biochemical indices can contribute to the diagnosis and risk assessment of ECC.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Humans , Saliva
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878409

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate caries status and its impact factors in preschool children in plateau and to provide reference for caries prevention in highlands.@*METHODS@#Examination of caries was performed on 1 597 children aged 3-5 years old in 11 kindergartens in Changdu, Xizang, in accordance with the 4th National Oral Health Survey standards and methods. Their parents were surveyed with the questionnaire regarding oral hygiene habit and consciousness about oral health and related factors. All the data were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of caries among children aged 3-5 years old in Changdu was 52.85%, with dmft index of 2.44. The caries rate and dmft of children aged 3 years old were lower than those of children aged 4 and 5 years old (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence of ca-ries in children aged 3-5 years old in Changdu increases with aging. Good oral hygiene and eating habits and regular oral examination can reduce the rate of caries.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Cross-Sectional Studies , DMF Index , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Female , Humans , Male , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene , Prevalence
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200778, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340096

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective this study evaluated the mineral and microbiological response of biofilms originating from different types of saliva inoculum with distinct levels of caries activity. Methodology the biofilms grown over enamel specimens originated from saliva collected from a single donor or five donors with two distinct levels of caries activity (caries-active and caries-free) or from pooling saliva from ten donors (five caries-active and five caries-free). The percentage surface hardness change (%SHC) and microbiological counts served as outcome variables. Results the caries activity of donors did not affect the %SHC values. Inoculum from five donors compared to a single donor showed higher %SHC values (p=0.019). Higher lactobacilli counts were observed when saliva from caries-active donors was used as the inoculum (p=0.017). Pooled saliva from both caries activity levels showed higher mutans streptococci counts (p<0.017). Conclusion Overall, pooled saliva increased the mineral response of the derived biofilms, but all the inoculum conditions formed cariogenic biofilms and caries lesions independently of caries activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Saliva , Dental Caries , Streptococcus mutans , Biofilms , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Minerals
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e076, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278590

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to identify if the prevalence of dental pain (past and / or present) is associated with caries experience in Mexican children, as well as to characterize factors associated with dental pain. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a consecutive sample of 309 children 2 to 12 years old who were patients at a dental school clinic in Toluca, Mexico. Data were collected from clinical records. The dependent variable had three categories: 0 = have never had dental pain, 1 = had dental pain before the appointment, and 2 = current dental pain. Non-parametric statistical tests were used in the analysis. A multivariate multinomial logistic regression model was generated in Stata 11.0. Average age was 5.71 ± 2.43 years and 50.8% were boys. The joint dmft+DMFT index was 9.11 ± 4.19. It was observed that 56.6% of children did not report having experienced dental pain, 30.7% reported having previously had dental pain, and 12.6% had pain when the clinical appointment took place. In the multivariate model, variables associated (p < .05) with previous dental pain were age (OR = 1.13); the dmft + DMFT index (OR = 1.13), having had a last dental visit for curative/emergency reasons (OR = 2.41) and prior experience of dental trauma (OR = 2.59). For current pain, only the joint dmft + DMFT index (OR = 1.10, p < 0.05) had significant associations. Almost half of the children had experienced dental pain in their lifetime. Since caries experience is a factor associated with dental pain, decreasing caries levels may ameliorate suffering from dental pain in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Pain , DMF Index , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mexico/epidemiology
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e031, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1153623

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the intraoral distribution of untreated caries and tooth loss and estimate the impact of different socioeconomic factors on the occurrence of these outcomes. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 652 18-year-old male adolescents from the city of Sapucaia do Sul, Brazil, who conscripted for military service. The participants answered a questionnaire addressing sociodemographic variables. Two trained and calibrated examiners performed the clinical examinations for the diagnosis of dental caries using the criteria of the World Health Organization. Tooth group and adolescent were the units of analysis for the primary outcomes of the study. Poisson regression analysis with robust variance was performed, with the calculation of crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). The prevalence of caries experience and untreated caries was 70.2% and 39.3%, respectively, and 9.4% of the adolescents had missing teeth. Sixty-seven percent of the untreated caries and 98.8% of missing teeth were in first molars. The probability of dental caries and tooth loss was significantly higher among adolescents with less schooling (PR = 2.56; 95%CI: 1.97-3.32 and PR = 3.28; 95%CI: 1.61-6.65, respectively) and those whose mothers had less schooling (PR = 1.31; 95%CI: 1.03-1.67 and PR = 2.30; 95%CI: 1.18-4.50, respectively). In conclusion, the occurrence of untreated dental caries and tooth loss was concentrated in the first molars of adolescents. Moreover, the prevalence of both conditions was higher among adolescents with low schooling and whose mothers had low schooling, reflecting the strong intraoral and socioeconomic polarization of these outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Socioeconomic Factors , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Caries Susceptibility
10.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(5): e2120218, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345935

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study evaluated the effectiveness of preventive strategies on caries risk reduction in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment, using the Cariogram program. Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, samples were selected using a convenience quota sampling technique, in a public dental school. At first, caries risk profile was determined for each subject using the Cariogram before brackets bonding. The sample size consisted of 36 patients. The intervention group (n = 18) received preventive programs, and the control group (n = 18) was trained based on the routine oral health education by means of pamphlets. Then, Cariogram parameters were calculated for patients in both groups after six months. Results: The age range of participants was from 12 to 29 years. The mean percentage of the "Actual chance of avoiding new cavities" section in the intervention group increased from 45.72 ± 21.64 to 62.50 ± 17.64. However, the mean percentage of other parameters - such as "Diet", "Bacteria" and "Susceptibility" - decreased after six months (p< 0.001). Besides, the differences in the mean percentage between intervention and control group at the end of the study period (T1) related to the Cariogram parameters were statistically significant (p< 0.001). Accordingly, the mean percentage of 'Actual chance of avoiding new cavities'' parameter in the intervention group (62.50) was statistically higher than in the control group (42.44) (p< 0.001). Conclusion: Implementing different preventive approaches is able to reduce the caries risk in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment, which can be clearly demonstrated using Cariogram program.


RESUMO Objetivo: O presente estudo usou o software Cariogram para avaliar a eficácia de estratégias preventivas para redução do risco de cáries em pacientes sob tratamento ortodôntico. Métodos: Nesse estudo quase-experimental, as amostras foram selecionadas por meio de uma técnica de amostragem por cota de conveniência, em uma faculdade pública de Odontologia. Inicialmente, o perfil de risco de cárie foi determinado para cada indivíduo usando o Cariogram antes da colagem dos braquetes. A amostra consistiu de 36 pacientes: o grupo experimental (n = 18) recebeu programas preventivos, e o grupo controle (n = 18) recebeu orientações sobre a saúde bucal por meio de folhetos. Após seis meses, os parâmetros obtidos por meio do Cariogram foram calculados novamente para os pacientes de ambos os grupos. Resultados: A faixa etária dos participantes foi de 12 a 29 anos. A porcentagem média da seção "Probabilidade real de prevenir novas cáries" no grupo experimental aumentou de 45,72 ± 21,64 para 62,50 ± 17,64. Por outro lado, a porcentagem média de outros parâmetros - como "Dieta", "Bactérias" e "Suscetibilidade" - diminuiu após seis meses (p< 0,001). Além disso, as diferenças nas porcentagens médias entre o grupo experimental e o grupo controle ao fim do estudo (T1), relacionadas aos parâmetros do Cariogram, foram estatisticamente significativas (p< 0,001). Assim, a porcentagem média do parâmetro "Probabilidade real de prevenir novas cáries" no grupo experimental (62,50) foi estatisticamente maior do que no grupo controle (42,44) (p< 0,001). Conclusão: A implementação de diferentes abordagens preventivas pode reduzir o risco de cárie em pacientes sob tratamento ortodôntico com aparelhos fixos, o que pode ser observado claramente por meio do software Cariogram.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Preventive Health Services , Computers , Risk Assessment/methods , Risk Reduction Behavior
11.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210007, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1289857

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Sugar ingestion is the most important isolated factor related to dental caries. Contact with sugary foods at an early age may represent a risk to the oral health of preschool children. Objective To evaluate the timing of the introduction of sugar in the diet of preschoolers and its association with early childhood caries. Material and method Cross-sectional population-based study with 888 five-year-old preschoolers from public and private schools. Parents answered a questionnaire on sociodemographic data, eating habits and oral health. The variables timing of sugar introduction (>1 year and ≤1 year) and dental caries experience were dichotomized and data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Poisson regression (p<0.05). Result The introduction of sugar in the diet occurred during the first twelve months of life for 73.8% of preschoolers. There was no association between the timing of sugar introduction and early childhood caries (p>0.05). The interruption of exclusive breastfeeding and low family income increased the prevalence of preschoolers having early contact with sugar by 32% and 23%, respectively (p<0.05). The prevalence of early childhood caries was 42.3% and was associated with a lower level of maternal education, low income, increased frequency of ingestion of candy and the use of nonfluoridated toothpaste (p<0.05). Conclusion The introduction of sugar in the diet occurred during the first year of life in most preschoolers and there was no association with early childhood caries.


Resumo Introdução A ingestão de açúcar é um importante fator relacionado à cárie dentária. O contato com alimentos açucarados em idade precoce pode representar risco para a saúde bucal de crianças em idade pré-escolar. Objetivo Avaliar o momento de introdução do açúcar na dieta de pré-escolares e sua associação com a cárie na primeira infância. Material e método Estudo transversal de base populacional com 888 pré-escolares de cinco anos de escolas públicas e privadas. Os pais responderam questionário sobre dados sociodemográficos, hábitos alimentares e saúde bucal. As variáveis ​​tempo de introdução do açúcar (> 1 ano e ≤1 ano) e experiência de cárie dentária foram dicotomizadas e os dados foram analisados ​​por meio de estatística descritiva e regressão de Poisson (p <0,05). Resultado A introdução do açúcar na dieta ocorreu nos primeiros doze meses de vida para 73,8% dos pré-escolares. Não houve associação entre o momento de introdução do açúcar e a cárie na primeira infância (p> 0,05). A interrupção do aleitamento materno exclusivo e a baixa renda familiar aumentaram a prevalência de pré-escolares com contato precoce com açúcar em 32% e 23%, respectivamente (p <0,05). A prevalência de cárie na primeira infância foi de 42,3% e esteve associada à menor escolaridade materna, baixa renda, maior frequência de ingestão de doces e uso de dentifrício não fluoretado (p <0,05). Conclusão A introdução de açúcar na dieta ocorreu durante o primeiro ano de vida na maioria dos pré-escolares e não houve associação com cárie na primeira infância.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child, Preschool , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Population Studies in Public Health , Dietary Sugars
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35(supl.1): e054, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249388

ABSTRACT

Abstract Dental caries remains highly prevalent in Latin American and Caribbean countries (LACC). However, this disease can be controlled through interventions that implement evidence-based strategies in an affordable manner and that target all population groups instead of the most affluent only. Therefore, the aim of this report was to summarize the main scientifically documented community interventions and strategies based on restriction of sugars consumption, use of fluoride, and the use of occlusal sealants for caries control in LACC. A critical literature review was carried out in a systematic manner that included defined search strategies, independent review of the identified publications, and compilation of results in this report. Three systematic searches were conducted using the PubMed, LILACS, and SciELO databases to identify studies related to community interventions and strategies for caries control in LACC. Of the 37 publications identified, twenty-six focused on fluoride use, eight on occlusal sealant use, and three on the restriction of sugar consumption. Documented community interventions for sugars restriction were scarce in the region and were based on food supplementation, sugar replacement, and education. Thus, local and/or national policies should prioritize investment in upstream, coherent, and integrated population-wide policies such as taxes on sugary drinks and stronger regulation of advertising and promotion of sugary foods and drinks mainly targeting children. The main fluoride-based strategies used drinking water, refined domestic salt, cow milk, toothpaste and, to a lesser extent, mouth-rinses, acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gels, and varnishes to deliver fluoride to the population. Evidence of fluoride use was seen in Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Studies reporting the use of occlusal sealants were mainly located in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Peru, Mexico, and Venezuela. Community interventions restricting sugar consumption should be implemented at the individual level and through public policies. The use of fluoride must be monitored at the local, regional, and national levels so as to achieve maximum anti-caries effect while also minimizing the risk of dental fluorosis. Moreover, fluoridated water and salt programs, used as a mutually exclusive community level strategy for caries control, should expand their benefits to reach non-covered areas of the LACC while also simultaneously providing adequate surveillance of the fluoride concentration delivered to the population. Regulating the concentration of soluble fluoride (for anti-caries effect) in dentifrice formulations is also necessary in order to provide the population with an effective strategy for disease control. Targeting culturally appropriate, economically sustainable caries control interventions to rural populations and native ethnic groups such as indigenous people, quilombolas (African-origin), and riverside Amazonian people remains a crucial challenge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Panama , Peru , Argentina , Uruguay , Brazil , Chile , Colombia , Caribbean Region , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Guatemala , Latin America/epidemiology , Mexico , Nicaragua
13.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 12-18, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056495

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La caries dental no tratada es la enfermedad crónica más frecuente en adultos y la caries no tratada en dientes temporales es la décima enfermedad crónica más frecuente. En Chile los adultos presentan un COPD promedio entre 3,76 - 22,16, pero los estudios no son en población representativa y no existen estudios comparativos entre ceod/ COPD e ICDASTM. A nivel mundial, su prevalencia puede alcanzar el 100 % de la población estudiada. Se buscará evaluar si existen diferencias en la sensibilidad y especificidad en la detección de caries utilizando ICDASTM y ceod/COPD. Se realizó una revisión sistemática cualitativa realizando una búsqueda sobre los índices de caries ceod/COPD y sistema ICDASTM, tanto en Chile como a nivel mundial, en las bases de datos Medline, ClinicalKey y SciELO encontrando 3.581, de ellos, 21 se leyeron por completo y 14 cumplieron nuestros criterios. La sensibilidad y especificidad es mayor con ICDASTM que con el índice ceod/COPD y entrega hasta un 43 % más información al detectar lesiones no cavitadas, pero necesita de mayor tiempo para su realización y más recursos al utilizar luz, aire comprimido y una profilaxis previa al examen. Capacitaciones previas, conocimientos y experiencia en ICDASTM son fundamentales para el mejor resultado, estudios demostraron que mientras mayor experiencia, la sensibilidad y especificidad aumentaba a diferencia del índice ceod/COPD. Se deben realizar más estudios comparativos entre ambos índices e incluir ICDASTM en niños por su capacidad de detectar lesiones no cavitadas las cuales son las más prevalentes en dientes temporales.


ABSTRACT: Untreated dental caries is the most frequent chronic disease in adults and untreated caries in primary teeth is the tenth most frequent chronic disease. In Chile, adults have an average DMFT between 3.76-22.16, but the studies are not in a representative population and there are no comparative studies between dmft/DMFT and ICDASTM. Worldwide, its prevalence can reach 100 % of the population studied. The objective of the study was to evaluate if there are differences in the sensitivity and specificity in the detection of caries using ICDASTM and dmft/DMFT. A qualitative systematic review was done, carrying out a search on the dmft/DMFT index and the ICDASTM system, both in Chile and worldwide, in the Medline, ClinicalKey and SciELO databases, finding 3,581, of which, 21 were read completely and 14 met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The sensitivity and specificity is greater with ICDASTM than with the dmft/DMFT index and delivers up to 43 % more information when detecting non-cavitated lesions, but it needs more time for its realization and more resources because it needs to use light, compressed air and prophylaxis before the examination. Previous training, knowledge and experience in ICDASTM are fundamental for the best results. Studies showed that the greater the experience, the sensitivity and specificity increased, unlike the dmft/DMFT index. More comparative studies should be conducted between both indexes and include ICDASTM in children for their ability to detect non-cavitated lesions, which are the most prevalent in temporary teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Photochemotherapy/methods , DMF Index , Dental Caries/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Photosensitizing Agents , Dental Caries Susceptibility
14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): 38-43, 2020-02-00. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1095346

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El asma es una enfermedad inflamatoria crónica con alta prevalencia en pacientes pediátricos. Existen resultados contradictorios respecto al efecto de esta enfermedad en los índices de caries dental. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de caries dental en pacientes pediátricos asmáticos con medicación inhalatoria. Población y métodos. Estudio de casos y controles cuya muestra estuvo conformada por pacientes pediátricos que acudieron al Centro Médico Naval "Cirujano Mayor Santiago Távara" de diciembre de 2014 a marzo de 2015. Se dividieron en dos grupos: el primero (casos), integrado por pacientes asmáticos que utilizaban inhaladores en su tratamiento; el segundo (controles), por pacientes sanos del mismo nosocomio. Se realizó una evaluación médica para determinar tipo, tiempo y frecuencia del tratamiento y un examen oral para determinar la prevalencia de caries dental y el índice de dientes cariados, perdidos y obturados (CPOD). Resultados. Se encontró que la prevalencia de caries dental en el grupo control fue del 34,2 %, mientras, en el grupo casos, fue del 28,3 % (p = 0,094). Con respecto al índice de caries dental, el grupo control presentó CPOD de 4,73 ± 0,32, y el grupo casos, de 3,98 ± 0,31 (p = 0,08). Sin embargo, se evidenció que, a mayor tiempo de tratamiento con los inhaladores, el índice CPOD aumentaba significativamente (p = 0,04).Conclusiones. La medicación inhalatoria no incrementa la prevalencia de caries dental en pacientes pediátricos asmáticos. Sin embargo, existe una relación directa entre la duración del tratamiento y la prevalencia de caries dental


Introduction. Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that is highly prevalent among pediatric patients. The results about the effect of asthma on the rate of dental caries are contradictory. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental caries in asthma pediatric patients using inhaled drugs. Population and methods. Case-control study in a sample made up of pediatric patients who attended Centro Médico Naval "Cirujano Mayor Santiago Távara" between December 2014 and March 2015. Patients were divided into two groups: group A (cases) included asthma patients using inhalers as part of their treatment; group B (controls), healthy subjects who attended the same facility. A medical examination was done to determine the type, time, and frequency of treatment and an oral exam, to establish the prevalence of dental caries and the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index. Results. The prevalence of dental caries was 34.2 % in the control group and 28.3 % in the case group (p = 0.094). In relation to the rate of dental caries, the DMFT index in the control group was 4.73 ± 0.32, and 3.98 ± 0.31 in the case group (p = 0.08). However, it was evidenced that a longer duration of inhaler use led to a significantly higher DMFT index (p = 0.04).Conclusions. Inhaled drugs do not increase the prevalence of dental caries in asthma pediatric patients. However, there is a direct relationship between treatment duration and the prevalence of dental caries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Asthma/drug therapy , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Metered Dose Inhalers , Dry Powder Inhalers , Bronchodilator Agents/administration & dosage , Case-Control Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Tooth Loss , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Dental Care for Children
15.
Rev. ADM ; 77(1): 17-21, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087830

ABSTRACT

La caries es una infección que afecta a cualquier persona sin importar edad, género o clase social. Es importante enfocar la atención odontológica a pacientes de tercera edad ya que tienden a un crecimiento anual de 3.8% de la población mexicana. Actualmente, se han realizado campañas de salud bucal para esta población; a pesar de los múltiples esfuerzos realizados para la prevención y erradicación de dicha enfermedad existe un descuido en los tratamientos para pacientes de la tercera edad, lo cual puede favorecer la pérdida de dientes. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la prevalencia y severidad de caries en adultos mayores en la clínica de odontología de la Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP). Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo; se revisaron 345 expedientes de pacientes de tercera edad del 2017 al 2018, que asistieron por primera vez a consulta. Se obtiene la prevalencia y severidad a través del índice CPOD (cariados, perdidos y obturados). La prevalencia de dientes cariados fue 79%; se obtuvo un CPOD de 18.63 (alto riesgo). Se concluye el implementar medidas preventivas que impacten en mayor dimensión a la caries, para su disminución o erradicación en pacientes geriátricos (AU)


Caries is an infection that affects anyone regardless of their age, gender or social class. It is, however, important to focus dental care on elderly patients as that part of the Mexican population is growing at 3.8% annually. Currently, oral health campaigns have been carried out for this population, but despite the multiple efforts undertaken for prevention and eradication of the disease, treatment for elderly patients is often overlooked. The consequence of this lack of treatment can be the loss of teeth. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence and severity of caries in elderly patients at the dental clinic of the Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP). A descriptive, retrospective study was carried out where the records of 345 elderly, first-time patients were reviewed for the 2017-2018 period. The prevalence and severity of caries was determined using the DMFT index (decay, missing, filled). The prevalence of carious teeth was 79% with a DMFT of 18.63 indicating high risk. We conclude that preventive measures should be implemented to impact and decrease caries in geriatric patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , DMF Index , Dental Care for Aged , Dental Caries/pathology , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Schools, Dental , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Age and Sex Distribution , Mexico
16.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e201431, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1152146

ABSTRACT

Dental caries is a significant public health problem afflicting about a third of the world's population which impacts nutrition, quality of life and systemic health. Aim: We explored associations between dental caries, odontogenic infections, oral hygiene and anthropometric measurements of children in Lagos, Nigeria. Methods: A pretested validated questionnaire was administered on 278 children who also received anthropometric assessment and dental examinations. Caries was scored according to WHO criteria and untreated dental caries by the Pulpal Exposure, Ulceration, Fistula, Abcess (PUFA/pufa) index. The weight for age (WAZ), height for age (HAZ), and weight for height (WHZ) parameters evaluated nutritional status. Categorical and continuous data were analysed by χ2-test and ANOVA. Regression analysis was done and statistical significance set at p ≤ 0.05. Results: The prevalence of Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT + dmft) > 0 was 220 (79.1%) and the proportion of d+D teeth in dmft+DMFT index was 194 (70.0%). The prevalence of odontogenic infections due to caries (PUFA + pufa > 0) was 172 (61.8%). 74 (26.6%) children were stunted; 12 (4.3%) were underweight while 30 (10.8%) were wasted. Children with PUFA + pufa > 1 had increased risk of wasting (OR: 2.45; 95% CI: 1.16-4.88). Children with DMFT+dmft >5 were also significantly underweight with odds ratios of 2.34 (95% CI 1.04-4.33). Conclusions: There was significant association between untreated dental caries, odontogenic infections and stunting, wasting and being underweight among the children studied. Policy makers should be aware of the additional burden that oral neglect has on anthropometric indices


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Oral Hygiene , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Dental Caries , Dental Caries Susceptibility
18.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 107(1): 25-32, ene.-mar. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-998725

ABSTRACT

La ICCC (International Caries Consensus Cooperation) ­constituida por expertos de doce países de América del Norte y del Sur, Europa y Australasia­ se ha reunido en grupos de trabajo para producir documentos referidos a las definiciones y las terminologías de la caries dental, así como los abordajes actuales de su tratamiento. Recientemente, sus publicaciones fueron incluidas en un libro titulado Excavación de las caries. Evolución en el tratamiento de las lesiones de caries cavitadas. El presente trabajo tiene por objeto plantear y revisar los conceptos surgidos de esas publicaciones (AU)


Experts in cariology research from twelve countries covering North and South America, Europe and Australasia met at the International Caries Consensus Collaboration (ICCC), and published a series of papers related to modern caries definitions, terminology and current approaches for treating carious lesions. A book entitled Caries excavation. Evolution of treating cavitated caries lesions was recently published by this authors. The objetive of this paper is to communicate and review the concepts exposed in the mentioned documents (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Tooth, Deciduous , Tooth Remineralization , Composite Resins , Textbook , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Glass Ionomer Cements
19.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(1): e1495, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003872

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Pacientes submetidos à radioterapia para tratamento de neoplasias malignas na região de cabeça e pescoço são propensos a desenvolver complicações orais como a cárie de radiação, que evolui rapidamente e é altamente destrutiva.É reconhecido que o seu desenvolvimento está associado a alterações pós-radioterápicas nas glândulas salivares maiores, o que resulta em hipossalivação e alteração nos constituintes salivares. No entanto, tem sido aceito que danos diretos causados pela radiação à estrutura dentária podem acelerar a progressão da cárie e estudos têm demonstrado alterações morfológicas e físicas em dentes humanos após radioterapia. Objetivo: Propõe-se apresentar um caso de cárie de radiação e os efeitos diretos da radioterapia na estrutura dentária. Relato de caso: Paciente masculino, 60 anos de idade, com queixa principal de fragilidade dentária; relatou história de carcinoma epidermóide em língua há 18 meses e que o protocolo de tratamento aplicado foi quimioterapia (38 sessões), radioterapia (38 sessões) e cirurgia. Ao exame físico, dentre as alterações observadas, destacou-se a presença de regiões cervicais dentárias enegrecidas com coroas bastante fragilizadas em todos os dentes remanescentes, características de cárie de radiação. Foi realizado um tratamento atraumático, que está em acompanhamento. Conclusões: A cárie de radiação tem como principal fator etiológico alterações salivares qualitativas e quantitativas. A discussão sobre os efeitos diretos da radioterapia sobre a estrutura dentária ainda é bastante polêmica na literatura odontológica. Desta forma, sugere-se que mais estudos sejam realizados de forma sistemática, de maneira mais completa e padronizada(AU)


Introducción: Los pacientes sometidos a radioterapia para el tratamiento de tumores malignos en la cabeza y el cuello son propensos a desarrollar complicaciones bucales, tales como caries de radiación que evoluciona rápidamente y es altamente destructiva. Se reconoce que el desarrollo se asocia con cambios posradioterapia en las glándulas salivales, que resulta en hiposalivación y el cambio en los componentes salivales. Sin embargo, se ha aceptado que los daños por radiación directa a la estructura dental puede acelerar la progresión de la caries y los estudios han demostrado cambios morfológicos y físicos en los dientes humanos después de la radioterapia. Objetivo: presentar un caso de caries de radiación y los efectos directos de la radiación en la estructura dental. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 60 años de edad, se quejaba de fragilidad dental, con historia notificada de carcinoma de células escamosas en la lengua hace 18 meses y con protocolo de tratamiento aplicado de quimioterapia (38 sesiones), terapia de radiación (38 sesiones) y cirugía. En el examen físico, de los cambios observados, se destacó la presencia de regiones cervicales dentarias negruzcas con coronas bastante frágiles en todos los dientes restantes, características de caries de radiación. El tratamiento atraumático se realizó y el paciente está bajo observación. Conclusiones: los cambios cuantitativos y cualitativos salivales actúa como el factor causal principal de la caries por radiación. La discusión acerca de los efectos directos de la radiación sobre la estructura del diente es todavía muy controvertido en la literatura dental. Por lo tanto, se sugiere que se realicen estudios adicionales de manera sistemática, más completa y estandarizada(AU)


Introduction: Patients undergoing radiotherapy as treatment for malignant head and neck tumors are prone to develop oral complications such as radiation caries, which evolves rapidly and is highly destructive. Such development is known to be caused by post-radiotherapy alterations in salivary glands resulting in hyposalivation and changes in salivary components. However, it has been accepted that damage by direct radiation to the dental structure may hasten the progress of caries development, and studies have shown the morphological and physical changes occurring in human teeth after radiotherapy. Objective: Present a case of radiation caries and the direct effects of radiation on dental structure. Case presentation: A 60-year-old male patient complains of dental fragility. The patient was diagnosed with squamous-cell carcinoma of the tongue 18 months ago and indicated chemotherapy (38 sessions), radiotherapy (38 sessions) and surgery. Physical examination revealed among other changes the presence of blackish cervical areas with quite fragile crowns in all remaining teeth, which are characteristic of radiation caries. Non-traumatic treatment was performed and the patient is now under observation. Conclusions: Salivary quantitative and qualitative changes are the main cause of radiation caries. Discussion about the direct effects of radiation on dental structure is still quite controversial in the literature on the topic. It is therefore suggested to conduct further studies in a more systematic, complete and standardized manner(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Dental Caries Susceptibility/radiation effects , Mouth Diseases/complications , Tongue Neoplasms/drug therapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy
20.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4622, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998003

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the pattern and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) by using the decayed and filled surface (dfs) index in preschool children in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia. Material and Methods: A convenience sample of 270 preschool children below 5 years of age (144 boys, 126 girls) attending outpatient pediatric dental clinics was selected for the study. World Health Organization criteria were used to diagnose caries through assessment of the dfs index. Information regarding oral hygiene practices, socio-economic status, and educational status of the mother was obtained through a structured questionnaire given to mothers. The data were statistically analyzed with the Chi-square test and Student's t-test. Results: 73% of children were not brushing regularly; 74.4% of them were using fluoridated toothpaste. In the maxillary teeth, boys had a higher mean dfs index (10.25), as well as a higher number of decayed surfaces (ds), than girls. In the mandibular teeth, boys and girls had similar mean dfs indices. Significant differences were observed between boys and girls regarding filled buccal surfaces (p=0.001) and occlusal surfaces (p=0.001) in maxillary teeth. The mandibular first molar was the most commonly affected tooth (93.3%); lower anterior teeth were the least affected teeth (2-4%) among the primary dentition. Conclusion: The ECC pattern in the northern region of Saudi Arabia follows the typical pattern of nursing caries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Saudi Arabia , Oral Health , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries/etiology , Ambulatory Care , Chi-Square Distribution , Child Day Care Centers , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pediatric Dentistry , Dental Caries Susceptibility
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