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2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(2): 105-110, maio-ago. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252353

ABSTRACT

Este artigo tem como objetivo avaliar o estado nutricional em relação à presença de cáries dentárias em crianças de 4 a 6 anos de idade, do município de Cajamar, São Paulo. Trata-se de estudo transversal com crianças entre 4 a 6 anos (n=1642), acompanhadas pelo Programa Saúde na Escola (PSE) do Município de Cajamar, São Paulo. A classificação do estado nutricional foi baseada no Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) e a avaliação das condições bucais, por meio do índice ceo-d e critério para Risco de Cárie. A análise do estado nutricional, faixa etária e sexo conforme o número de cáries, foi feita por meio dos testes Mann-Whitney U e Kruskal-Wallis (p<0,05). Observou-se maior prevalência de meninos entre 4 a 6 anos. Em todas as faixas etárias a prevalência de excesso de peso foi de aproximadamente 30% e eutrofia em torno de 70%. 65% (n=1068) das crianças não apresentavam risco de cárie (A) e 28,8% (n=475), alto risco (D, E e F). Das 1162 crianças sem cáries, 0,2% eram magras (n=2), 67,2% (n=781) eutróficas e 32,7% (n=380) possuíam excesso de peso. A frequência de 1 a 5 cáries maior entre meninas e de 6 ou mais cáries, entre meninos. Segundo estado nutricional, o número médio do número de cáries foi de 2,17 para magreza, 0,93 para eutrofia e 0,65 para excesso de peso (p<0,010). Conclui-se que houve diferença entre número cáries e estado nutricional, na qual crianças com déficit nutricional apresentavam maior número de cáries dentárias comparadas às eutróficas ou com excesso de peso, sugerindo-se a inclusão do estado nutricional na avaliação odontológica.


This article aims at evaluating the nutritional status in relation to the presence of dental caries in children aged 4 to 6 years in the city of Cajamar, in the state of São Paulo. It is a cross-sectional study with children aged 4 to 6 years (n=1642) accompanied by the School Health Program of the City of Cajamar, São Paulo. The nutritional status classification was based on the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the evaluation of oral conditions, through the ceo-d index, and criteria for risk for caries. The analysis of the nutritional status, age, and sex according to the number of caries was made through the Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests (p<0.05). A higher prevalence was observed among boys aged 4 to 6 years. In all age groups, there was a prevalence of 30% of overweight children, and eutrophy of approximately 70%. A total of 65% (n=1068) of the children presented no risk of caries (A), whereas 28.8% (n=475) showed high risk (D, E, and F). Among the 1162 children with no caries, 0.2% were thin (n=2); 67.2% (n=781) eutrophic; and 32.7% (n=380) were overweight. Girls presented a higher frequency of 1 to 5 caries while boys presented frequency of having 6 or more caries. According to the nutritional status, the average number of caries was 2.17 for thin individuals; 0.93 for eutrophic individuals; and 0.65 for overweight individuals (p<0.010). It could be concluded that there was a difference between the number of caries and the nutritional status, in which children with nutritional deficit presented a higher number of dental caries when compared to eutrophic or overweight ones, suggesting the inclusion of the nutritional status in the dental evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Nutrition Assessment , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Thinness , Nutrition Programs/organization & administration , Body Mass Index , Public Health/education , Protein-Energy Malnutrition/diagnosis , Dentistry , Overweight , Pediatric Obesity , Diet, Healthy
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878447

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to compare the salivary biochemical indices between caries-free individuals and those with early childhood caries (ECC), and construct a saliva-based caries diagnostic model by analyzing the correlation between salivary biochemical indices and caries severity.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 children aged 4-6 years were selected and divided into two groups: individuals with ECC (C group, @*RESULTS@#The NO@*CONCLUSIONS@#Salivary biochemical indices can contribute to the diagnosis and risk assessment of ECC.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Humans , Saliva
4.
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136741

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the prevalence of self-reported trouble sleeping due to dental problems and its association with oral conditions in schoolchildren. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study carried out with a representative sample of 1,589 schoolchildren aged 8-10 years enrolled in public schools from Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Non-clinical data included a questionnaire about socioeconomic indicators answered by parents/guardians. Children were questioned about whether they had trouble sleeping due to dental problems and about previous history of toothache. Clinical oral examinations were performed to evaluate dental caries - Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth Index (DMFT/dmft index) and its clinical consequences [PUFA/pufa index: considering the presence of pulpal involvement (P/p); ulceration of tissues due to tooth fragments from decayed crowns (U/u); fistula (F/f); and abscesses (A/a), and traumatic dental injuries (TDI)]. We conducted a descriptive analysis and used adjusted logistic regression models (p<0.05; 95%CI). Results: The prevalence of trouble sleeping due to dental problems was 28%. Children with untreated dental caries (OR 1.32; 95%CI 1.05-1.67) and clinical consequences from the PUFA/pufa index (OR 1.89; 95%CI 1.45-2.46) had higher chances of reporting trouble sleeping due to dental problems. Conclusions: Approximately one-third of the children declared having trouble sleeping due to dental problems. Untreated dental caries and its clinical consequences were associated with self-reported trouble sleeping due to dental problems in schoolchildren.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a prevalência de problemas para dormir por motivos dentários autorrelatado e sua associação com condições orais adversas em escolares. Métodos: Estudo transversal com amostra representativa de 1589 escolares de 8 a 10 anos matriculados em escolas públicas de Florianópolis, Brasil. Os dados não clínicos incluíram um questionário sobre indicadores socioeconômicos respondidos pelos pais/cuidadores. As crianças foram questionadas se tinham problemas para dormir por motivos dentários e sobre episódios anteriores de dor de dente. Foram realizados exames clínicos orais para avaliar: cárie dentária - Índice de Dentes Cariados, Perdidos e Obturados (índice CPO-D/ceo-d) - e suas consequências clínicas (índice PUFA/pufa - presença de envolvimento pulpar (P/p); ulceração (U/u); fístula (F/f); e abscessos (A/a) e traumatismo dental (TD). Foram realizados análise descritiva e modelos ajustados de regressão logística (p<0,05; IC95%). Resultados: A prevalência de problemas para dormir por motivos dentários foi de 28%. Crianças com cárie dentária não tratada (OR 1,32; IC95% 1,05-1,67) e presença de índice PUFA/pufa (OR 1,89; IC95% 1,45-2,46) apresentaram maiores chances de relatar problemas para dormir devido a razões dentárias. Conclusões: Aproximadamente, um terço das crianças apresentou problemas para dormir devido a razões dentárias. Cárie dentária não tratada e suas consequências clínicas foram associadas a problemas autorrelatados para dormir por motivos dentários em escolares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sleep Wake Disorders/epidemiology , Toothache/epidemiology , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Students/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Caries/diagnosis
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287488

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess clinical dental status in military firefighters of Rio de Janeiro State and compare data with Brazilian National and Regional oral health surveys. Material and Methods: A sample of 926 military firefighters was examined using the visible biofilm index, the DMFT index and the Community Periodontal Index (CPI). Clinical exams were performed by 15 trained dentists. The Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test with Bonferroni correction were used. Results: Higher biofilm accumulation was associated with increased age. The mean DMFT index for the whole sample of this study was 12.74 (±7.03), and the 'filled' component was the most prevalent (69.9%), whereas the 'decayed' and 'missing' components were, respectively, 8.4% and 21.7%. There was a higher prevalence of periodontal diseases with increasing age, ranging from 57.1% in firefighters of 34 years or less to 70.5% in the ones between 35 and 44 years old and 75.4% in participants at age 45 years or older. Clinical dental status of the military firefighters who belonged to the age group 35-44 was better than the one observed for the Brazilian population at the same age range. However, pathological conditions that can be solved with health promotion strategies associated with dental procedures of low complexity still persist. Conclusion: These results suggest that the availability of dental health care services itself does not represent the most effective approach to the oral health problems found in the studied population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Brazil/epidemiology , Dental Health Surveys/methods , Oral Health , Health Care Surveys/methods , Firefighters , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Clinical Diagnosis/diagnosis , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Health Services , Dental Plaque , Dentists
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287486

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the detection rate of root canal orifices of maxillary first molar by various techniques in the Indian population. Material and Methods: A total of 50 maxillary 1st molar cases were selected and sequentially divided into four groups: Group I: Naked eye; Group II: Surgical loupe; Group III: Surgical operating microscope; and Group IV: Fluorescein sodium dye. After access opening, the number of root canal orifices was detected in all cases with these methods. Results: By naked eye and surgical loupe, a total of 171 root canal orifices were detected, by a surgical operating microscope, 176, and by fluorescein sodium dye, 177 root canal orifices were detected. The detection rate of root canal orifices is as follows: Group I (96.61%) = Group II (96.61%) < Group III (99.44%) < Group IV (100%) and detection rate of MB-2 canal orifices Group I (40%) = Group II (40%) < Group III (50%) < Group IV (52%). No significant difference in the number of canal orifices detected could be seen for any of the comparisons. No significant difference was observed between the naked eye and surgical loupe techniques. Although the surgical operating microscope detected more root canal orifices, it did not have a significantly higher detection than the other two techniques. Conclusion: No significant difference was seen among various methods. However, the use of a surgical operating microscope and fluorescein sodium dye increased the detection rate of root canal orifices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Fluorescein , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Endodontics , Molar , Chi-Square Distribution , Clinical Diagnosis , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Endodontists , India
7.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250439

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the dental practice patterns related to caries prevention in children aged 6-18 years and associated factors. Material and Methods: Dentists (n=162) from Araraquara, Brazil, completed two paper questionnaires: (1) one about characteristics of their practice and their patient population; and (2) a translated version of the "Assessment of Caries Diagnosis and Caries Treatment" Questionnaire from the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. Regression analyses were used for data analysis (p<0.05). Results: Dentists reported using in-office fluoride (IOF) and dental sealants (DS) in 74.2% and 45.1% of their pediatric patients, respectively. Regression analysis showed that female dentists (p=0.035 for DS; p=0.044 for IOF; p=0.011 for non-prescription fluoride rinse), those with advanced degrees (p=0.032 for prescription of fluoride), those who graduated from a private dental school (p=0.018 for chlorhexidine rinse), those who provided caries prevention regimens (p<0.001 for DS; p=0.004 for IOF; p=0.013 for non-prescription fluoride rinse), those with a greater percentage of patients interested in a caries prevention regimen (p=0.007 for non-prescription fluoride rinse), those working in a private practice model (p=0.047 for prescription of fluoride) were more likely to recommend some type of preventive methods to their pediatric patients. Conclusion: Dentists reported recommending IOF to most of their pediatric patients. Certain dentists', practices', and patients' characteristics were associated to some caries prevention regimens recommended by dentists.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Brazil/epidemiology , Preventive Dentistry , Practice Patterns, Dentists' , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries/therapy , Dentists , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Fluorine
8.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(6): 483-489, dic. 31, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178943

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Oral health can be defined as the absence of pathologies and disorders that affect the stomatognathic system. Objetives: This study aimed to determine the characteristics of self-assessment oral health status, in the clinical experience of dental caries, periodontal status, periodontal fixation loss and to investigate the association between self-reported and clinical oral health status among Paraguayans adults during early 2017. Material and Methods: The design is cross-sectional. Two dentists carried out the oral examinations following the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO). Results: There were 333 adult participants with a mean age of 35 ± 13 years. Most (77.2%) of the participants were female. Missing teeth (5.32±6), filled teeth (3.56±4), and decayed teeth (2.55±3) were also detected. Almost half (48.0%) of participants had dental calculus, while 5.8% had a periodontal pocket and 48.6% periodontal fixation loss. The self-perception of oral health was poor in 12.3% of participants, fair in 29.8%, normal in 31.8%, good in 16.2%, and excellent in 9.9%. Oral health self-assessment was positive in 58.0% and negative in 42.0%. A statistically significant difference was found when comparing the DMFT index according to self-perception of oral health, the score being higher in those who had negative self-perception; obtaining similar results in the decayed component. Conclusion: Negative oral health self-perception was associated with a high DMFT index, of this, the decayed component was the only one that presented statistically significant differences.


Introducción: La salud bucodental puede ser definida como la ausencia de patologías y trastornos que afectan el sistema estomatognático. Objetivos: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar las características de la autoevaluación del estado de salud bucal, en la experiencia clínica de la caries dental, el estado periodontal, la fijación de la pérdida periodontal e investigar la asociación entre el estado de salud bucal autoinformado y clínico entre los adultos paraguayos a principios de 2017. Material y Métodos: El diseño es transversal. Dos odontólogos fueron calibrados para el examen bucal, siguiendo las recomendaciones de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Resultados: Participaron 333 sujetos, el promedio de edad fue de 34.93 (DE=12.64) años, 77.2% eran mujeres. El 21.1% de las piezas dentarias estaban perdidas, el 12.2% obturadas y el 9.2% cariadas. El 48.0% presentó cálculo dental, 5.8% el bolsa periodontal y el 48.6% pérdida de fijación. La autopercepción de salud bucal fue para el 12.3% pobre, el 29.8% regular, el 31.8% normal, el 16.2% buena y el 9.9% excelente. Tuvieron una autoevaluación de su salud oral positiva el 58.0% y negativa el 42.0%. Se encontró diferencia estadísticamente significativa al comparar el DMFT index según la autopercepción de salud oral, siendo mayor el puntaje en los negativos; obteniéndose resultados similares con el componente cariado. Conclusión: La autopercepción de salud oral negativa se asoció con un elevado DMFT index, de este, el componente cariado fue el único que presentó diferencias estadísticamente significativas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Oral Health , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Paraguay/epidemiology , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , DMF Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Caries/diagnosis
9.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 90-94, sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128958

ABSTRACT

Las afecciones bucodentales constituyen un problema de salud pública por su alta prevalencia y su fuerte impacto individual y colectivo en términos de dolor, malestar y discapacidad social y funcional. El Centro de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria San Pantaleón, ubicado en la provincia de Buenos Aires, brinda asistencia sanitaria gratuita a la comunidad. Un relevamiento documentó que el 97% de los concurrentes presentaba caries y no se lavaban los dientes por falta de cepillo y pasta dental. Se decidió llevar adelante un programa de promoción de la salud bucodental. El objetivo fue evaluar su implementación; que incluyó: a) rastreo de caries y problemas odontológicos; b) coordinación interinstitucional; c) entrega de cepillos y pasta dental; d) intervención educativa; e) extensión comunitaria. Participaron en forma irregular 120 niñas, niños y adolescentes entre 5 y 18 años del Centro de Apoyo Escolar Fundación Bajo Boulogne. Se realizaron dos encuentros educativos y entrega de cepillos y pasta dental. En la revisión odontológica inicial sobre 60 participantes se detectaron caries en 43 (71,6%), que fueron derivados para tratamiento odontológico, pero concurrieron solo 26 (60,4%). El conocimiento sobre salud bucodental mostró cambios entre los más pequeños luego de las intervenciones educativas. Se logró implementar el programa, cumplimentando las actividades propuestas. Pero surgieron barreras que dificultaron la cobertura. En cuanto a la eficacia de la intervención educativa, no se logró mostrar cambios en el conocimiento. Se consiguió la detección oportuna, la incorporación de hábitos como el cepillado dentro de la institución educativa, la articulación para mejorar el acceso a la atención y la vinculación entre los diferentes actores comunitarios. (AU)


Oral disorders are a public health problem due to their high prevalence and their strong individual and collective impact in terms of pain, discomfort, and social and functional disability. The San Pantaleón Family and Community Medicine Center, located in the province of Buenos Aires, provides free healthcare to the community. A survey documented that 97% of those present had cavities and did not brush their teeth due to a lack of brush and toothpaste. It was decided to carry out an oral health promotion program. The objective was to evaluate its implementation; which included: a) tracking of caries and dental problems; b) inter-institutional coordination; c) delivery of brushes and toothpaste; d) educational intervention; e) community extension. 120 girls and boys and adolescents between 5 and 18 years of age from the Bajo Boulogne Foundation School Support Center irregularly participated. Two educational meetings were held, handing out brushes and toothpaste. In the initial dental review of 60 participants, caries was detected in 43 (71.6%), who were referred for dental treatment, with only 26 (60.4%) concurring. Oral health knowledge showed changes among the youngest after educational interventions. It was possible to implement the program, completing the proposed activities. Barriers arose that made coverage difficult. Regarding the effectiveness of the educational intervention, it was not possible to show changes in knowledge. Timely detection was achieved, the incorporation of habits such as brushing within the educational institution, articulation to improve access to care and the link between the different community actors. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Oral Health/education , Health Education, Dental/statistics & numerical data , Oral Hygiene/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , School Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Toothbrushing/statistics & numerical data , Oral Health/trends , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Public Health/statistics & numerical data , Health Education, Dental/methods , Health Education, Dental/trends , Community Dentistry/education , Community Dentistry/statistics & numerical data , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Mouth Diseases/prevention & control
10.
Rev. cient. Esc. Univ. Cienc. Salud ; 7(1): 22-28, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223261

ABSTRACT

Según la Organización Mundial dela Salud (OMS), entre el 60 y 90% de la población infantil presenta lesiones cariosas concavitación. Las patologías pulpares son consecuencia de la evolución de la caries o traumatismo dental, manifestándose con dolor, inflamación o infección, que obliga a los pacientesa acudir de forma urgente a la consulta odontológica con cuadros de pulpitis reversible, irreversible o necrosis pulpar. Dependiendo dela gravedad de la patología, esta puede intervenirse mediante terapias curativas y cuando ha alcanzado un nivel muy avanzado, laúnica opción es la exodoncia, dejando secuelas a corto, mediano y largo plazo en el niño. Objetivo: Analizar las diferentes patologías pulpares en molares de ciduos de pacientes infantiles entre 5 y 9 años que acuden a la clínica de Odontopediatría de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras (UNAH) durante 2016-2018.Pacientes y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y cuantitativo.Se recolectaron historias clínicas de niños entre 5 y 9 años que acudieron entre 2014 -2016 con una muestra de 310 expedientes de un universo de1605. Resultados: Predominaron las patologías pulpares en el género masculino (54.2%). La caries dental fue la etiología más registrada (77.34%),predominó la pulpitis reversible (9.3%), el órgano dentario más afectado, en el sistema de nomenclatura FDI, (Federation Dentaire Internationale), fue el primer molar deciduo inferior izquierdo (7,4). El tratamiento más realizado fue pulpotomía (15.2%). Conclusión: en la población infantil la caries dental no tratada evolucionó en su mayoría apulpitis reversible...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Pulpitis , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Tooth Injuries , Dental Pulp
11.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(1): e007, ene.-abr. 2020. ilus., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1095499

ABSTRACT

El Sistema Internacional de Clasificación y Manejo de la Caries (ICCMS) es un conjunto de protocolos clínicos basados en tener un mejor enfoque en el diagnóstico, tratamiento y prevención de la caries dental. Consiste en modificar los factores de riesgo y tratar los dientes con lesiones de caries activas para preservar la estructura del diente y restaurarlo solo cuando sea necesario. El objetivo de este estudio es presentar las herramientas de diagnóstico actuales para mejorar el proceso de toma de decisiones al seleccionar un plan de tratamiento y permitirnos una atención más individualizada en cada paciente. (AU)


The International System of Classification and Management of Caries (ICCMS) is a comprehensive set of clinical protocols aimed at providing a better approach to the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of dental caries. Modification of risk factors, treatment of teeth with active caries lesions and the preservation of the structure of dental enamel in order to restore tooth structure only when necessary are ideal approaches that odontopediatricians should incorporate into daily practice. The objective of this study was to present the current diagnostic tools to improve the decision-making process when selecting treatment plans and provide more individualized care to each patient. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/prevention & control
12.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 7(2): 86-96, jul.-dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1046732

ABSTRACT

El diagnóstico de caries dental ya no es más como el diagnóstico tradicional que mencionaba histológicamente el inicio y el final de una cavidad. Se ha demostrado que los criterios de diagnóstico y las herramientas utilizadas en la detección de lesiones de caries afectan la toma de decisiones para su tratamiento. Hoy en día, la caries dental es considerada un proceso; por ello, en el presente artículo, se describen nuevas propuestas que nos ayudarán con el diagnóstico, manejo y control de dicha enfermedad. Los criterios Cambra e Icdas son los que teóricamente tienen sustento bajo evidencia científica de lo que es actualmente la patología y su desarrollo, por lo que se describen los antecedentes históricos de su desarrollo, sus principales características, y se proponen opciones de integración al proceso diagnóstico actual a favor de una mayor conservación de la estructura dentaria. (AU)


The diagnosis of dental caries is no longer like the traditional diagnosis that histologically mentioned at the beginning and end of a cavity. It has been shown that the diagnostic criteria and tools used in the detection of caries lesions affect the decision-making process for caries treatment. Today tooth decay is considered as a process; That is why in this article new proposals are presented that will help us with the diagnosis, management and control of said disease. The criteria Cambra and Icdas, are those that theoretically have sustenance under scientific evidence of what is currently the pathology and its development; Therefore, the historical background of the development of Cambra and Icdas, its main characteristics are described, and integration options are proposed to the current diagnostic process in favor of greater preservation of the dental structure. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/prevention & control
13.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 21(1): 67-81, Jan.-Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091472

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of the ICDAS and the DIAGNOdent Pen in the diagnosis of occlusal caries lesions without cavitation, and for basing treatment decisions on the results obtained. Eighty permanent molar teeth that were healthy and non-cavitated or that had an initial occlusal lesion were evaluated. All teeth were investigated using DIAGNOdent Pen and ICDAS by four examiners. Histological evaluation of teeth was performed using stereomicroscopy by a histologist and different experienced dentist. For evaluation of the data, weighted kappa values (kw), sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and likelihood ratio (LR+) values of the tests were calculated. The diagnostic results obtained using the DIAGNOdent Pen were found to correlate better with the results obtained from histological sections than those obtained using ICDAS. When the treatment decisions of the observers depending on the results of ICDAS, and ICDAS and DIAGNOdent Pen combination were compared with the decisions made based on histological examinations, the decisions based on ICDAS and DIAGNOdent Pen combined (kw: 0.522) were more accurate than the ones based on ICDAS (kw: 0.415) alone. In conclution, professional experience is an effective factor in diagnosing occlusal caries lesions without cavitation with ICDAS and in making treatment decisions for them. DIAGNOdent Pen is sufficient in diagnosing occlusal caries lesions without cavitation.


Resumen El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la eficacia de ICDAS y de DIAGNOdent Pen en el diagnóstico de lesiones de caries oclusales no cavitadas. Ochenta molares permanentes sanos y no cavitados fueron utilizados. Todos los dientes fueron investigados usando DIAGNOdent Pen e ICDAS por cuatro examinadores. La evaluación histológica de los dientes se realizó mediante estereomicroscopía por un histólogo y por un dentista con previa experiencia. Los resultados diagnósticos obtenidos con el DIAGNOdent Pen se correlacionan mejor con los resultados obtenidos a partir de las secciones histológicas cuando comparados a los obtenidos utilizando ICDAS. Las decisiones basadas en el uso combinado de ICDAS y DIAGNOdent Pen (kw: 0.522) fueron más precisas que los basados en ICDAS (kw: 0.415). En conclusión, la experiencia profesional es un factor eficaz en diagnóstico de lesiones de caries oclusal sin cavitación con ICDAS y en la toma de decisiones de tratamiento. DIAGNOdent Pen es una herramienta confiable para diagnosticar lesiones de caries oclusales sin cavitación.


Subject(s)
Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/etiology , Methods
14.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 107(1): 25-32, ene.-mar. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-998725

ABSTRACT

La ICCC (International Caries Consensus Cooperation) ­constituida por expertos de doce países de América del Norte y del Sur, Europa y Australasia­ se ha reunido en grupos de trabajo para producir documentos referidos a las definiciones y las terminologías de la caries dental, así como los abordajes actuales de su tratamiento. Recientemente, sus publicaciones fueron incluidas en un libro titulado Excavación de las caries. Evolución en el tratamiento de las lesiones de caries cavitadas. El presente trabajo tiene por objeto plantear y revisar los conceptos surgidos de esas publicaciones (AU)


Experts in cariology research from twelve countries covering North and South America, Europe and Australasia met at the International Caries Consensus Collaboration (ICCC), and published a series of papers related to modern caries definitions, terminology and current approaches for treating carious lesions. A book entitled Caries excavation. Evolution of treating cavitated caries lesions was recently published by this authors. The objetive of this paper is to communicate and review the concepts exposed in the mentioned documents (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Tooth, Deciduous , Tooth Remineralization , Composite Resins , Textbook , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Glass Ionomer Cements
15.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4543, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997899

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare self-perceived information and clinically diagnosed dental caries status among Indonesian children aged 12­15 years. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire was used to obtain self-perceived information. Clinical examinations were conducted to determine the mean number of decayed, missing or filled teeth (DMFT) and the presence of severely decayed teeth with visible pulpal involvement, ulceration caused by dislocated tooth fragments, fistula, and abscess (PUFA). The study included 494 children aged 12­15 years recruited from six junior high schools in Jakarta, Indonesia. The clinical examination results and responses to the self-perceived assessment questionnaire were compared to determine the sensitivity and specificity. Results: The proportions of children with dental caries and clinical consequences of untreated dental caries in this study were 69.4% and 17.6%, respectively, with mean DMFT and PUFA index scores of 2.4 and 0.2, respectively. For the DMFT index, the self-perceived need for oral treatment had the highest sensitivity (86%), while the dental pain had the highest specificity (89%). For the PUFA index, the self perceived oral health condition had the highest sensitivity (92%), while the self-perceived dental pain had the highest specificity (82%). However, none of the self-perceived variables had both high sensitivity and specificity. Conclusion: Self-perceived information obtained from the questionnaire can not properly evaluate the clinical status of dental caries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Self Concept , Clinical Diagnosis/diagnosis , DMF Index , Oral Health , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Indonesia , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4423, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997917

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the oral health conditions of hospitalized children, as well as describe the knowledge and practices of oral health care adopted by their parents/guardians. Material and Methods:The sample was composed of 46 children who had been hospitalized for at least five days, who had erupted teeth in the oral cavity and were accompanied by their parents/guardians. Information was collected in relation to: theoral health status of children (DMFT/DEF), the socioeconomic profile and access to information on health and oral hygiene of the parents/guardians anddata regarding the hospitalization of the children. The data were analyzed using the Fisher, Pearson's and Mann Whitney's Chi-squared tests, with a confidence level of 95%.Results:47.8% of the hospitalized children had experienced caries, and the most relevant component for the determination of the experience of caries was the presence of decayed teeth (0.50 to 1.94). A total of 97.8% of parents/guardians said they had not received information on oral health and hygiene, 100.0% had not received guidance on the sugar contained in medicines or the salivary decrease caused by the medications. 34.8% of the children did not perform oral hygiene during hospitalization. According to medical records, 58.7% took liquid medication orally. Conclusion:The hospitalized children had precarious oral health conditions, with the occurrence of carious lesions of the teeth. The presence of risk factors for dental caries in hospitalized children was observed (poor oral hygiene, low schooling and income of parents/guardians, limited knowledge of parents/guardians regarding health care and oral hygiene, consumption of medicines with cariogenic potential) (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Primary Health Care , Socioeconomic Factors , Tooth Eruption , Brazil , Child , Child, Hospitalized , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Oral Hygiene/education , Chi-Square Distribution , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4189, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997966

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the sweetness taste preference levels and their relationship with the nutritional and dental caries patterns among preschool children. Material and Methods: The participants of this cross-sectional study were 191 children aged 4 to 5 years, who were regularly attending public Child Education Centers of a city southern Brazil. Children's preference for sugar was evaluated by the Sweet Preference Inventory; caries prevalence, according to the World Health Organization criteria, and nutritional status, by anthropometric weight and stature measurements, in accordance with child growth standards of the World Health Organization. Results: High levels of sweetness preference were identified. The majority of children (67.5%) opted for the most concentrated sucrose solutions. Excess weight was recorded in 27.7% of the preschoolers. The prevalence of caries was 51.8%, with the mean dmf-t equal to 1.92 (± 2.72) and the decayed (c) component responsible for 94.2% of the index. No significant association between sweetness preference and the nutritional or the oral health patterns could be established. In addition, no association between excess weight and dental caries was identified. The diseases studied were only associated with sociodemographic variables. Excess weight was associated with maternal age (p=0.004) and caries experience with family income (p=0.013). Conclusion: No significant associations could be stablished between the sweetness taste preference and the diseases studied, nor between excess weight and dental caries. However, the findings of high patterns of sweet preference, excess weight and untreated caries experience, highlight the need for the implementation of integrated public policies aimed at controlling both nutritional and of oral health problems in the studied population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Brazil , Eating , Nutritional Status , Dietary Sucrose , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Feeding Behavior , Chi-Square Distribution , Child , Child Development , Anthropometry/methods , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Health Policy
18.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4387, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compared the accuracy of digital radiography in the diagnosis of interproximal caries in permanent teeth with conventional radiography and visual examination. Material and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 78 human premolars, which seem normal in primary examination, are mounted on the plaster in a pair-wise manner and their caries are visually evaluated. Conventional and digital radiographic images are taken under the same conditions and their caries are graded with Confidence Score. To determine the golden standard, after mesiodistal incision, the teeth are examined using stereomicroscopy. Finally, the results obtained by visual observation and conventional radiography as well as digital images were compared with those obtained from the stereomicroscopy to determine their accuracy in detecting the interproximal caries. Results: The consistencies between the visual, digital, and conventional methods with the standard method (microscopic histology) are 53%, 78%, and 50% respectively - all of them are significant (p<0.05). The highest and the lowest sensitivities are related to the digital (96%) and visual (88%) methods respectively, while the highest and lowest specificities are related to the digital (79%) and conventional (50%) methods respectively. The highest and lowest positive predictive value is related to the digital (79%) and conventional (80%) methods respectively. The highest and lowest negative predictive values are related to the digital (90%) and visual (71%) methods respectively. Compared with the standard methodology, the most accurate diagnostic accuracy can be seen for the digital method (91%). Conclusion: There is no significant difference in the diagnosis of interproximal caries by different methods, and the only advantage of digital radiography, compared with the conventional one, is storing radiographs without losing important information and the lower dose of radiation for the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bicuspid , Dentition, Permanent , Radiography, Dental, Digital/instrumentation , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Chi-Square Distribution , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Radiography, Bitewing/instrumentation , Iran
19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4511, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998257

ABSTRACT

Objective: To verify the relationship of feeding practices of potential risk to dental caries in early childhood with sociodemographic variables, prematurity and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit admission (NICU). Material and Methods: Data from medical records of infants and preschool children, including feeding practices (breastfeeding, bottle feeding, feeding during sleep, introduction and frequency of sugar use), sociodemographic variables, prematurity and NICU admission were collected. Chi-square, Fisher and Maximum Likelihood Ratio tests were used. Results: The number of medical records was 222 in the age group of 01-45 months. Breastfeeding was not present in 66.7% of preterm infants (p=0.003) and 66.1% of infants admitted at NICU (p=0.011). The use of feeding bottle occurred in 58.4% of infants whose mothers work / study; 58.4% of preterm infants and 60.9% of children admitted at NICU (p<0.001). Feeding during sleep occurred in 70.5% of infants aged 1-24 months (p<0.001); 51.4% were single children (p=0.010) and 76.7% did not attend daycare centers (p=0.003). The introduction of sugar occurred in 60.6% in the age group of 01-24 months. The use of sugar more than 3x / day occurred in 52.6% of infants aged 25-45 months (p=0.003) and; 51.8% with mothers whose schooling corresponded to elementary school (p=0.039). Conclusion: Among caries-risk feeding practices, there was relationship between breastfeeding and prematurity and NICU admission; use of feeding bottle and mothers who worked and / or studied, prematurity and NICU admission; feeding during sleep and younger children, single child and those who did not attend daycare centers; and higher frequency of sugar use and older infants, and maternal schooling corresponding to elementary school.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Infant, Premature , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Diet, Cariogenic/methods , Feeding Behavior , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Medical Records , Risk Factors
20.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056854

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To assess agreement between reports of parents and children about children's oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Material and Methods: A total of 50 pairs of preschool-aged children, aged 5-6 years and their parents, who sought dental care at the Faculty of Dentistry of the Federal University of Amazonas, answered the Brazilian version of the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for 5-year-old children (SOHO-5). SOHO-5 was completed through face-to-face independent interviews. A specific instrument containing information about demographics and socioeconomic conditions of children and their families was also applied to parents. Children's oral examinations were performed for the diagnosis of dental caries (dmft). The agreement between total and items scores was evaluated using the means comparison and the correlation analysis, calculated by the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) Results: There was a significant difference between the means of parent-child reports in total scores (p=0.0028) and items associated with difficulty speaking (p=0.038) and difficulty playing (p=0.0034). Children reported worse OHRQoL than their caregivers, suggesting different perceptions between them. The ICC for the total score of parent-child reports was 0.44 (95% CI, 0.02-0.68). Higher SOHO-5 scores were found in children with dental caries experience Conclusion: Moderate agreement was observed, suggesting that the reports of parents should be complementary to those of preschool children about the OHRQoL, allowing the clinician to make the best treatment decision, according to the different views and expectations of both.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Quality of Life , Child , Oral Health/education , Dental Care , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Oral , Parents , Perception , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies
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