Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 33
Filter
1.
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136750

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the influence of dental trauma on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children and their families. Methods: A total of 571 children aged five years were randomly selected at public schools. Trauma was clinically evaluated in accordance with the Andreasen classification. Caries experience in the anterior region and increased overjet were determined according to the World Health Organization criteria. The Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) was answered by the parents and used to evaluate OHRQoL. In addition, this questionnaire has aspects related to socioeconomic status. Simple logistic regression was performed, and the raw Odds Ratios with the respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated. The variables with p<0.20 were tested in multiple logistic regression models, and those with p≤0.05 remained in the model and the adjusted odds ratio with respective 95%CI was estimated. Results: Income showed a magnitude of association of 1.56 and 2.70 with the OHRQoL of children and families, respectively. The avulsion variable showed 9.65- and 8.25-times greater chance of influencing the OHRQoL of children and families, respectively. The experience of caries showed 3.80- and 2.42-times greater chance of influencing the OHRQoL of children and families, respectively. Conclusions: Dental trauma did not influence OHRQoL of children and their families negatively. However, avulsion and caries experience in low-income families was associated with a negative perception of OHRQoL.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do traumatismo dentário na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) de crianças e suas famílias. Métodos: 571 crianças de 5 anos de idade foram aleatoriamente selecionadas de escolas públicas. O trauma foi avaliado clinicamente de acordo com a classificação de Andreasen. A experiência de cárie na região anterior e a presença de overjet foram determinadas com base nos critérios da Organização Mundial da Saúde. A versão brasileira do questionário ECOHIS (Escala de Impacto na Saúde Oral na Primeira Infância) avaliou a QVRSB e foi respondida pelos pais; além disso, foram avaliados aspectos socioeconômicos. Realizou-se uma regressão logística simples, bem como as razões de chances brutas com os respectivos intervalos de confiança de 95%. As variáveis ​​com p <0,20 foram testadas nos modelos de regressão logística múltipla, e aquelas com p≤0,05 permaneceram no modelo. Resultados: A renda mostrou uma magnitude de associação de 1,56 e 2,70 com a QVRSB das crianças e famílias, respectivamente. A variável avulsão apresentou chance 9,65 e 8,25 vezes maior de influenciar a QVRSB de crianças e famílias, respectivamente. A experiência de cárie mostrou chance 3,80 e 2,42 vezes maior de influenciar a QVRSB de crianças e famílias, respectivamente. Conclusões: O trauma dental não influenciou negativamente a QVRSB das crianças e suas famílias. Entretanto, especificamente a avulsão, e a experiência de cárie nos dentes anteriores em famílias de baixa renda estiveram associadas a uma percepção negativa da QVRSB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Quality of Life , Tooth Injuries/psychology , Dental Caries/psychology , Malocclusion/psychology , Parents/psychology , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(3): 48-53, Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1342952

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Cárie na Primeira Infância (CPI) é o termo utilizado para descrever a cárie dentária em crianças menores de 6 anos de idade. Objetivo: Relatar o tratamento reabilitador estético e funcional de uma criança com CPI. Relato do caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 5 anos de idade, compareceu à clínica de Odontopediatria da Faculdade de Odontologia de Araçatuba (FOA/UNESP), acompanhado pela mãe, que relatou como queixa principal dor e presença de cárie. Ao exame clínico intrabucal, constatou-se na arcada superior lesões de cárie em todos os dentes, exceto nos dentes 55, já restaurado, e dente 65, hígido. Na arcada inferior, lesões de cárie foram observadas nos dentes 74 e 84. Após diagnóstico clínico e radiográfico, optou-se por realizar a confecção de coroa de aço para os dentes 74 e 84, exodontia dos dentes 51, 52, 61 e 64, instalação de aparelho mantenedor de espaço funcional removível e restaurações dos demais dentes afetados com compósito resinoso. Conclusão: Foi possível recuperar as funções estéticas, fonéticas e mastigatórias do paciente, colaborando para a melhora da autoestima da criança, o que gerou satisfação dos familiares. A educação em saúde bucal realizada com a criança e os responsáveis foi essencial para o sucesso do tratamento e a manutenção da saúde bucal.


Introduction: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the term used to describe dental caries in children under 6 years of age. Objective: Report the aesthetic and functional rehabilitation treatment of a child with ECC. Case report: A 5-year-old male patient was attended at the to the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of the Araçatuba Dental School (FOA/UNESP), accompanied by his mother, who reported pain and dental caries as the main complaint. On intraoral clinical examination, caries lesions were found in all upper teeth, except for tooth 55, already restored, and tooth 65, healthy. In the lower arch, caries lesions were observed in teeth 74 and 84. After clinical and radiographic diagnosis, it was decided for the manufacture of steel crown for teeth 74 and 84, extraction of teeth 51, 52, 61 and 64, installation of removable functional space maintenance device and restorations of the other affected teeth with composite resin. Conclusion: In view of the treatment performed, it was possible to recover the aesthetic, phonetic and masticatory functions, contributing to the improvement of the child's self-esteem as well assatisfaction of family members. Oral health education carried out with the child and his parents was essential for the success of the treatment and the maintenance of oral health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries/rehabilitation , Self Concept , Health Education, Dental , Dental Caries/psychology
3.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(3): 13-21, Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1337968

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of dentalcaries and malocclusion in Brazilian adolescents on the oral health-related qualityof life (OHRQoL) of their families. Methods: A representative cross-sectional studywas conducted with 1168 adolescents from Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil,and their families. Parents/caregivers answered the Brazilian version of the FamilyImpact Scale (B-FIS) to assess the impact of oral conditions on the OHRQoL of thefamilies. Malocclusion was diagnosed using the Dental Aesthetic Index. Dentalcaries was diagnosed using the DMFT index. Three examiners who had undergonetraining and calibration exercises performed the clinical examinations. Sex, ageand social vulnerability of the adolescents were considered confounding variables.Data analysis was performed using bivariate and multivariate Poisson regressionanalysis with robust variance (p<0.05). Results: The analysis adjusted by sex, ageand social vulnerability demonstrated that families of adolescents with untreateddental caries had 29% more impact on Parental/Family Activity (95% CI: 1.11-1.50), 28% on Parental Emotions (95% CI: 1.09-1.51) and 34% on Family Conflict(95% CI: 1.09-1.65) than those without caries. When adjusted for sex and age,malocclusion was associated with Financial Burden (PR=1.39; 95%CI=1.01-1.65),but this variable lost its significance when social vulnerability was included in themultivariate model (PR=1.27; 95% CI: 0.99-1.64). Conclusion: Untreated dentalcaries in adolescents exerted a negative impact on the OHRQoL of their families.Social vulnerability exerted an influence on the impact of malocclusion on theOHRQoL of the families.


Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o impacto da cárie dentária e damá oclusão em adolescentes brasileiros na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúdebucal (QVRSB) de suas famílias. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversalrepresentativo com 1168 adolescentes de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, e suasfamílias. Os pais/responsáveis responderam à versão brasileira da Family ImpactScale (B-FIS) para avaliar o impacto das condições bucais na QVRSB das famílias. Amá oclusão foi diagnosticada pelo Índice de Estética Dental e a cárie dentária peloíndice CPOD. Três examinadores calibrados realizaram exames clínicos. Sexo, idadee vulnerabilidade social dos adolescentes foram coletadas como variáveis de confusão.A análise dos dados foi realizada por meio de análise de regressão de Poisson bivariadae multivariada com variância robusta (p<0,05). Resultados: Resultados ajustados porsexo, idade e vulnerabilidade social demonstraram que famílias de adolescentes comcárie dentária não tratada tiveram 29% mais impacto na Atividade Parental/Familiar(IC95% = 1,11-1,50), 28% nas Emoções Parentais (IC95% = 1,09-1,51) e 34% em ConflitoFamiliar (IC 95% = 1,09-1,65) do que aqueles sem cárie. Quando ajustada para sexo eidade, a má oclusão foi associada ao Encargo Financeiro (RP = 1,39; IC95% = 1,01-1,65); entretanto, perdeu significância quando a vulnerabilidade social foi incluída nomodelo multivariado (RP = 1,27; IC95% = 0,99-1,64). Conclusão: A cárie dentária nãotratada em adolescentes exerceu impacto negativo na QVRSB de suas famílias. Avulnerabilidade social influenciou a ausência de impacto da má oclusão na QVRSBdas famílias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Parent-Child Relations , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Dental Caries/psychology , Malocclusion/psychology , DMF Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880309

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Despite the fact that there are parents who do not take children with untreated dental caries to a dental clinic, few studies have been conducted to identify the responsible underlying social and family factors. The aim of this study was to investigate whether socioeconomic status and lifestyle factors are associated with dental neglect in elementary school children.@*METHODS@#This study was conducted in 2016 with 1655 children from the Super Shokuiku School Project in Toyama. Using Breslow's seven health behaviors, the survey assessed: the grade, sex, and lifestyle of the children; parental internet and game use and lifestyle; socioeconomic status. The odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for having untreated dental caries were calculated using logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#Among the children participating, 152 (3.2%) had untreated dental caries. Among them, 53 (34.9%) had not been taken to a dental clinic despite the school dentist's advice. Dental neglect was significantly associated with children in higher grades (OR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.14-3.78), father's Internet and game use ≥ 2 h/day (OR, 1.99; 95% CI, 1.02-3.88), not being affluent (OR, 2.78; 95% CI, 1.14-6.81), and non-engagement in afterschool activities (OR, 1.99; 95% CI, 1.10-3.62).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Socioeconomic status was the strongest factor associated with dental neglect despite the fact that the children's medical expenses are paid in full by the National Health Insurance in Toyama, Japan. Future studies should investigate what factors prevent parents of non-affluent families from taking their children to dental clinics and how they can be socially supported to access adequate medical care.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Child , Dental Caries/psychology , Female , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Life Style , Male , Prevalence , Social Class
5.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 23: e200051, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101588

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Introduction: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is affected by different clinical conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of gingivitis on OHRQoL in adolescents. Methodology: This cohort study consisted of a random sample of 1,134 schoolchildren enrolled during 2012, in Santa Maria, Brazil. After two years, 743 adolescents were follow-up (response rate: 65.5%). Clinical, socioeconomic and OHRQoL data were collected. OHRQoL was assessed by the short Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ11-14), and gingival bleeding through Community Periodontal Index. Gingivitis was considered with the presence of 15% or more bleeding sites. Poisson regression models were used to evaluate the association between gingivitis and overall and domain-specific CPQ11-14 scores. Prevalence of gingivitis at baseline was considered the main predictor for the OHRQoL at follow-up. Results: Gingivitis at baseline was associated with higher overall CPQ 11-14 score (RR = 1.07; 95%CI 1.01 - 1.14), and emotional well-being (RR = 1.17; 95%CI 1.04 - 1.31), independently of other oral conditions and socioeconomic variables. Conclusions: The findings indicate that gingivitis negatively impacts the adolescents' OHRQoL. Moreover, gender, maternal schooling and household income were also associated with OHRQoL.


RESUMO: Introdução: Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) é afetada por diferentes condições clínicas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da gengivite na QVRSB de adolescentes. Metodologia: Este estudo de coorte consistiu em uma amostra aleatória de 1.134 escolares iniciado em 2012, na cidade de Santa Maria, Brasil. Após dois anos, 743 adolescentes foram acompanhados (taxa de resposta: 65,5%). Dados clínicos, socioeconômicos e de QVRSB foram coletados. A QVRSB foi avaliada pela versão brasileira curta do Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ11-14) e o sangramento gengival foi coletado através do Índice Periodontal Comunitário. Gengivite foi considerada com o indivíduo apresentando 15% ou mais locais de sangramento. Os modelos de regressão de Poisson foram utilizados para avaliar a associação entre gengivite e os escores total e específico do domínio do CPQ11-14. A prevalência de gengivite na primeira avaliação foi considerada o preditor principal para a QVRSB no acompanhamento. Resultados: A gengivite no baseline foi associada à maior pontuação geral do CPQ 11-14 (RR = 1,07; IC95% 1,01 - 1,14) e ao domínio de bem-estar emocional (RR = 1,17; IC95% 1,04 - 1,31), independentemente das outras condições orais e variáveis socioeconômicas. Conclusão: Os achados indicam que a gengivite impacta negativamente a QVRSB de adolescentes. Além disso, sexo, escolaridade materna e renda familiar mensal também foram associados à QVRSB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life , Gingivitis/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Gingival Hemorrhage/psychology , Oral Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cohort Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Tooth Injuries/psychology , Dental Caries/psychology , Gingivitis/epidemiology
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e100, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039300

ABSTRACT

Abstract It has been postulated that oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) may be affected by the sense of coherence (SOC), but there are no epidemiological studies investigating this association in Brazilian adults. The present study was conducted among adults of a mid-sized Brazilian city, with the aim of looking into this association. The probability sampling consisted of 342 adults aged 35-44 years old, from a mid-sized Brazilian city, who were examined at their homes for caries (Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth [DMFT] Index) and periodontal disease (Community Periodontal Index - CPI), according to WHO criteria. The questionnaire applied included demographic factors, socioeconomic information, use of dental services, behavior, SOC and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP). The OHIP outcome, measured by prevalence of the impact, was analyzed by binary logistic regression using a hierarchical approach, a conceptual model, and a 5% significance level. A total of 67.9% of the respondents had one or more impacts on OHRQoL, and 54.4% showed a high SOC. The impact on OHRQoL was more prevalent in adults who had a manual occupation (PR = 2.47, 95%CI 1.24-4.93), those who perceived the need for dental treatment (PR = 2.93, 95%CI 1.67-5.14), and those who had untreated caries (PR = 1.93, 95%CI 1.07-3.47). Those with a low SOC had a twofold higher prevalence of impact on OHRQoL (PR = 2.19, 95%CI 1.29-3.71). This impact on OHRQoL was associated with a low SOC, even after adjusted by socioeconomic, behavioral and clinical factors. Future studies should consider the SOC in determining the oral health impact on quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Quality of Life , Dental Health Surveys , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Sense of Coherence , Periodontal Diseases/psychology , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Reference Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Sex Distribution , Sickness Impact Profile , Dental Caries/psychology , Dental Caries/epidemiology
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e39, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889477

ABSTRACT

Abstract To evaluate the impact of dental caries among Brazilian individuals with special health care needs (SHCN) on their families' oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). A cross-sectional study was carried out with a population-based sample of 227 subjects who were enrolled from the ACOLHER-PNE project conducted at the Fluminense Federal University. Parents/caregivers answered the Brazilian version of the 14-item Family Impact Scale (B-FIS) to assess the impact on family's quality of life (QoL). The main independent variable was dental caries experience, diagnosed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. The DMFT/dmft score was categorized into 0 = caries free; 1-2 = low; 3-4 = moderate; and ≥ 5 = high experience. Mother's schooling, age, sex, SHCN conditions, and socioeconomic factors were the other independent variables. QoL was measured through FIS domains and total score. Statistical analyses was performed using the Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney U tests and Poisson regression (p<0.05). The impact values observed in moderate and high caries experience were significantly higher than those found in subjects without caries and low level of parental emotions. Parents' years of schooling showed more impact on total score and on parental emotions. Older subjects showed significantly higher impact on total score and in all domains. The multivariate model demonstrated that families of older subjects (> 8 years old) experience a higher impact level compared to younger subjects (PR: 2.43; 95%CI: 1.80-3.29, p = 0.001). High caries experience and other socioeconomic factors were not associated with a greater negative impact on parents' QoL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Dental Caries/psychology , Disabled Children/psychology , Family/psychology , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Quality of Life/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , DMF Index , Severity of Illness Index , Socioeconomic Factors
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e52, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952158

ABSTRACT

Abstract Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by inappropriate levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or inattention. Individuals with ADHD may present limitations with regard to executive functions and performing activities that involve planning and/or attention/concentration. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between dental caries and signs of ADHD in a representative sample of schoolchildren. A representative sample of 851 schoolchildren aged seven to 12 years was randomly selected from public and private schools. Data acquisition involved a clinical dental examination for cavitated permanent and deciduous teeth using the DMFT/dmft indices. Neuropsychological evaluations, including the assessment of intelligence (Raven's Colored Progressive Matrix Test) and executive functions (Corsi Tapping Blocks tests and Digit Span test) were also performed. Parents/caregivers and teachers answered the SNAP-IV Questionnaire for the investigation of signs of inattention and hyperactivity in the family and school environment. Parents/caregivers also answered questionnaires addressing socioeconomic and socio-demographic characteristics. Descriptive analysis of the variables and Poisson regression with robust variance were performed. Parental reports of signs of inattention (PR: 1.28; p < 0.05) and hyperactivity (PR: 1.15; p < 0.05) were associated with a greater occurrence of caries. A better performance on the backward order of the Corsi Tapping Blocks tests (PR: 0.94; p < 0.05) and higher level of mother's schooling were associated with a lower frequency of caries. A better performance on executive function tasks was a protective factor against dental caries, whereas children considered inattentive and/or hyperactive by their parents had a higher prevalence rate of dental caries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/complications , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/epidemiology , Dental Caries/etiology , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Executive Function/physiology , Parents , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/physiopathology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Poisson Distribution , DMF Index , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Caregivers , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Caries/physiopathology , Dental Caries/psychology , Neuropsychological Tests
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(4): 523-530, July-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888665

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of clinical oral factors, socioeconomic factors and parental sense of coherence on affected self-confidence in preschool children due to oral problems. A cross-sectional study with probabilistic sampling was conducted at public and private preschools with 769 five-year-old children and their parents/caretakers. A questionnaire addressing socio-demographic characteristics as well as the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for Five-Year-Old Children (SOHO-5) and the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13) were administered. The dependent variable was self-confidence and was determined using the SOHO-5 tool. Dental caries (ICDAS II), malocclusion and traumatic dental injury (TDI) were recorded during the clinical exam. Clinical examinations were performed by examiners who had undergone training and calibration exercises (intra-examiner agreement: 0.82-1.00 and inter-examiner agreement: 0.80-1.00). Descriptive statistics and Poisson regression analysis were performed (a=5%). Among the children, 91.3% had dental caries, 57.7% had malocclusion, 52.8% had signs of traumatic dental injury and 26.9% had bruxism. The following variables exerted a greater negative impact on the self-confidence of the preschool children due to oral problems: attending public school (PR=2.26; 95% CI: 1.09-4.68), a history of toothache (PR=4.45; 95% CI: 2.00-9.91) and weak parental sense of coherence (PR=2.27; 95% CI: 1.03-5.01). Based on the present findings, clinical variables (dental pain), socio-demographic characteristics and parental sense of coherence can exert a negative impact on self-confidence in preschool children due to oral problems.


Resumo O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a interferência de fatores clínicos bucais, socioeconômicos e senso de coerência (dos pais) no prejuízo de autoconfiança devido alterações de saúde bucal em pré-escolares. Um estudo transversal com amostra probabilística foi realizado em pré-escolas públicas e privadas com 769 crianças de 5 anos de idade e seus responsáveis. Questionários de variáveis sociodemográficas, o Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for Five-Year-Old Children (SOHO-5) e Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13) foram aplicados na amostra. A variável dependente foi autoconfiança e coletada a partir do questionário SOHO-5. Cárie dentária (ICDAS II), má oclusão e traumatismo dentário foram registrados durante o exame clínico. Exames clínicos foram realizados nos pré-escolares por examinadores previamente calibrados (acordo intra-examinador: 0,82-1,00 e acordo inter-examinador: 0,80-1,00). Análise descritiva e Regressão de Poisson foram aplicadas (a=5%). Entre as crianças avaliadas, 91,3% apresentaram cárie dentária, 57,7% maloclusão, 52,8% traumatismo dentário e 26,9% bruxismo. As seguintes variáveis mostraram uma maior média de prejuízo na autoconfiança dos pré-escolares devido alterações de saúde bucal: frequentar pré-escola pública (PR=2,26; 95% CI: 1,09-4,68), histórico de dor de dente (PR=4,45; 95% CI: 2,00-9,91) e fraco senso de coerência dos pais (PR=2,27; 95% CI: 1,03-5,01). Com base nos resultados, pode-se concluir que variáveis clínicas, como a dor de dente, sociodemográfica e senso de coerência dos pais podem interferir na autoconfiança devido a alterações de saúde bucal em pré-escolares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Dental Caries/psychology , Malocclusion/psychology , Oral Health , Parents , Self Concept , Tooth Injuries/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pilot Projects , Quality of Life , Social Class
10.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 22: e1801, 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-950624

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução As doenças e desordens bucais, bem como hábitos orais, podem causar impacto na qualidade de vida das crianças. Objetivo Associar a cárie dentária, maloclusão e hábitos orais com a qualidade de vida de crianças pré-escolares. Métodos Estudo transversal com 93 crianças de 3 a 5 anos de idade, acometidas, ou não, por lesões de cárie não tratadas. Os responsáveis responderam ao questionário sobre hábitos orais e ao Questionário sobre a Qualidade de Vida Relacionada à Saúde Bucal de Crianças na Idade Pré-escolar (B-ECOHIS). Um odontopediatra avaliou a gravidade das lesões de cárie e a presença de alterações oclusais. O nível de significância utilizado foi de 5%. Resultados O B-ECOHIS evidenciou impacto na qualidade de vida, conforme o aumento da idade, nos domínios dos sintomas, aspectos psicológicos, autoimagem e interação social e de função familiar. A cárie dentária apresentou impacto sobre a qualidade de vida das crianças e de seus familiares, especialmente em relação aos domínios dos sintomas e limitações. Hábitos de respiração oronasal e chupeta também evidenciaram efeitos negativos na qualidade de vida das crianças e de seus familiares. Não foi observada associação entre maloclusão e qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde oral. Conclusão A cárie dentária, os hábitos de sução de chupeta e de respiração oronasal demonstraram impacto negativo na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde oral das crianças.


ABSTRACT Introduction Oral diseases and disorders as well as oral habits can impact the quality of life of children. Purpose To associate the dental caries, malocclusion and oral habits with the quality of life of preschool children. Methods Cross-sectional study with 93 children from three to five years of age who have or have not been affected by untreated carious lesions. Parents answered the questionnaire on oral habits and quality of life instrument related to oral health denominated Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS). A pediatric dentist assessed the severity of the carious lesions and the presence of occlusal disorders. The level of significance used was 5%. Results The B-ECOHIS demonstrated impact on quality of life with increasing age in the fields of symptoms, psychological aspects, self-image and social interaction and family function. Dental caries were shown to have an impact on the quality of life of children and their families, especially in relation the domains of symptoms and limitations. Oronasal breathing and pacifier habits negatively impacted the quality of life of children and their families. There was no association between malocclusion and quality of life related to oral health. Conclusion The dental caries, the pacifier suction habits and oronasal breathing demonstrated negative impact on quality of life related to oral health of children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Quality of Life , Dental Caries/psychology , Habits , Malocclusion , Self Concept , Family , Pacifiers/adverse effects , Dental Occlusion , Interpersonal Relations
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e24, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839504

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present study was to confirm the discriminant validity (obtained using traditional statistical methods) of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) between preschool children with and without caries (mean score) through an evaluation of the effect size. A systematic search of electronic databases and a manual search were performed for studies published up to December 2015 involving the use of the ECOHIS for the evaluation of the impact of dental caries on oral health–related quality of life (OHRQoL) among preschool children. Two independent raters performed the selection of the studies and data extraction. Only papers published in English and Spanish were selected. No restrictions were imposed regarding the year of publication. Twelve studies were included, and the magnitude of standardized differences between the means of the “without caries” and “with caries” groups was calculated using Cohen’s d. Most studies demonstrated a large magnitude in the difference between the groups evaluated. The estimate of the effect size confirmed the discriminant validity of the ECOHIS obtained through traditional statistics. Thus, the magnitude of the difference should be considered an important analytical tool for the confirmation of statistical findings regarding null hypotheses and demonstrates the clinical significance of these research results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Dental Caries/psychology , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Brazil , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results , Sample Size , Sickness Impact Profile
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e13, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839520

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and socioeconomic indicators associated with dental anxiety in preschool children with severe dental caries. A total of 100 children between 3 and 5 years of age were selected during a dental screening procedure. The selection criteria were having at least one tooth with dental caries and a visible pulpal involvement, ulceration, fistula, and abscess (PUFA) index of ≥1 in primary teeth. Before the clinical examination or any treatment procedure was performed, we evaluated the children’s dental anxiety using the Facial Image Scale (FIS). Parents completed a questionnaire on socioeconomic conditions, which included the family structure, number of siblings, parental level of education, and family income. A dentist blinded to FIS and socioeconomic data performed the clinical examination. Poisson regressions associate clinical and socioeconomic conditions with the outcome. Most of the children (53%) experienced extensive dental caries (dmf-t ≥ 6), and all children had severe caries lesions, with a PUFA index of ≥1 in 41% and that of ≥2 in 59%. The multivariate adjusted model showed that older children (4–5-year old) experienced lower dental anxiety levels compared with younger children (3-year old) (RR = 0.35; 95%CI: 0.17–0.72 and RR = 0.18; 95%CI: 0.04–0.76, respectively), and children with three or more siblings were associated with higher levels of dental anxiety (RR = 2.27; 95%CI: 1.06–4.87). Older age is associated with low dental anxiety, and more number of siblings is associated with high dental anxiety in preschool children, whereas the severity or extent of dental caries is not associated with dental anxiety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Dental Anxiety/etiology , Dental Caries/psychology , Dental Caries/therapy , Socioeconomic Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Family , Epidemiologic Methods , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Income
13.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 5(1): 43-49, Feb. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-869013

ABSTRACT

Abstract: there has been a significant growth in the elderly population of developing countries. This growth leads health systems in those countries to face an increase in consultations for oral diseases for this age group. Therefore, the biopsychosocial approach is essential for healthy aging in the elderly. The objectives of this review article are to identify the psychological factors that have a relationship with most prevalent oral diseases in elderly people (dental caries and periodontal disease), and then describe how tooth loss, the principal consequence of caries and periodontal disease, impacts the mental health of older people. Finally, some proposals for dental work in the elderly are discussed, considering the psychological factors related to oral health.


Resumen: este último tiempo, ha existido un aumento significativo de los adultos mayores en los países en desarrollo. Este aumento lleva a estas naciones a enfrentar un crecimiento en las consultas dentales para este grupo etáreo. Bajo este contexto, es que la aproximación biopsicosocial es esencial para el envejecimiento saludable en la tercera edad. El objetivo de este artículo de revisión sería, en primer lugar, dentificar los factores psicológicos que tienen relación con las enfermedades más prevalentes en el adulto mayor (caries dental y enfermedad periodontal), para luego describir como la pérdida de dientes, principal consecuencia de la caries y enfermedad periodontal, impacta en la salud mental del adulto mayor. Finalmente, se discuten algunas propuestas para el trabajo dental en el adulto mayor, considerando los factores psicológicos relacionados a la salud oral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Dental Caries/psychology , Periodontal Diseases/psychology , Oral Health , Tooth Loss/psychology
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e21, 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952009

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the impact of oral conditions of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) on their parents' quality of life (QoL). A cross-sectional study was performed with parents of outpatients suffering from SCD at a hematology referral center in Belo Horizonte, MG. A qualified dentist performed an intraoral exam. The Family Impact Scale (FIS) was used to assess the parents' perception of QoL. The parents answered some questions regarding sociodemographic and medical information about their children. The dmft/DMFT score, DAI, gum bleeding and SCD severity were evaluated in terms of their impacts on the overall mean FIS scores and subscale scores. The chance of more frequent impacts was greater in parents of adolescents (OR = 2.04; 95%CI = 1.2, 3.4) than of younger children. Dental caries (dmft/DMFT ≥ 1) had a negative impact on the QoL of parents of younger children and adolescents (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively). Among the parents of younger children, dental caries and SCD severity significantly affected the subscales for parental activities (PA) and parental emotions (PE) (p < 0.01, p < 0.05, respectively). Among parents of adolescents, dental caries (DMFT) and severe malocclusion adversely affected the PE and PA subscales (p < 0.01, p < 0.05, respectively). SCD severity affected the overall FIS score among young children's parents (p < 0.05). In conclusion, dental caries, age and SCD severity were associated with a negative impact on the QoL of parents of children with SCD


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Parents/psychology , Quality of Life/psychology , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Sickness Impact Profile , Anemia, Sickle Cell/psychology , Mouth Diseases/psychology , Psychometrics , Brazil , Epidemiologic Methods , Age Factors , Caregivers/psychology , Dental Caries/etiology , Dental Caries/psychology , Anemia, Sickle Cell/complications , Malocclusion/etiology , Malocclusion/psychology , Mouth Diseases/etiology
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e14, 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952005

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the study was to evaluate parental influence on children's answers to an oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) questionnaire. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a non-probabilistic sample of 84 pairs of 5-year-olds and parents/guardians. The participants were selected from a primary family healthcare center in Campina Grande, Brazil. First, the children and parents answered respective versions of the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for Five-Year-Old Children (SOHO-5). Seven days later, the children answered their version of the SOHO-5, without the presence of their parents/guardians, and underwent a clinical exam of dental caries, traumatic dental injury and malocclusion, by a previously calibrated researcher. Statistical analysis involved a comparison of mean scores and the calculation of the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Poisson regression models were used to associate the variables (α = 5%). No significant differences were found between the mean SOHO-5 scores of the children when alone or accompanied by parents/guardians (p > 0.05). The ICC between the answers of the children alone or accompanied was 0.84. White spot (PR = 6.32; 95%CI: 1.36 - 29.40) and cavitated lesions (PR = 9.81; 95%CI: 3.22 - 29.85) had an impact on OHRQoL, according to the children's self-report, whereas cavitated lesions (PR = 90.52; 95%CI: 13.26 - 617.74) and anterior open bite (PR = 1.95; 95%IC: 1.07 - 3.53) remained on the final model, according to the parents' version of the SOHO-5. In conclusion, parents did not influence the children's responses, and dental caries are the oral health problem exerting the greatest impact on the children's OHRQoL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Parent-Child Relations , Quality of Life/psychology , Dental Health Surveys/methods , Self Report , Parents/psychology , Self Concept , Brazil , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Caries/psychology , Legal Guardians/psychology , Malocclusion/psychology
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e117, 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952059

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the impact of molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) according to the perceptions of schoolchildren and their parents/caregivers. This cross-sectional study consisted of a sample of 594 schoolchildren between 11 and 14 years of age and their parents/caregivers who answered the questionnaires CPQ11-14ISF:16 and P-CPQ, respectively. The main independent variable of this study was MIH of the schoolchildren. Experience of dental caries, malocclusion, and socioeconomic status were treated as confounding variables. Statistical analysis used descriptive analysis and Poisson regression with robust variance. The prevalence of MIH was 18.9%. The overall P-CPQ score ranged from 0 to 35 (average = 7.26 ± 6.84), and the overall CPQ11-14ISF:16 score ranged from 0 to 47 (average = 11.92 ± 7.98). Severe MIH was associated with a greater negative impact of the "functional limitation" domain (RR = 1.41; 95%CI = 1.01-1.97), according to parents'/caregivers' perceptions. Severe MIH was associated with a greater negative impact of the "oral symptom" domain (RR = 1.30; 95%CI = 1.06-1.60) and functional limitation domain (RR = 1.42; 95%CI = 1.08-1.86), according to the schoolchildren's perceptions. Schoolchildren with severe MIH had a greater negative impact on the oral symptom and functional limitation domains than those without MIH. According to parents'/caregivers' perceptions, schoolchildren with severe MIH had a greater negative impact on the functional limitation domain than those without MIH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/physiopathology , Socioeconomic Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Poisson Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Caregivers , Dental Caries/physiopathology , Dental Caries/psychology , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/psychology , Incisor , Malocclusion/physiopathology , Malocclusion/psychology , Molar
17.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 89(2): 116-123, mar.-abr. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-671445

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Envolver modelos atuais e comprovações científicas sobre a influência de comportamentos de saúde bucal dos pais na cárie dentária de suas crianças. FONTES: Artigos do MEDLINE publicados entre 1980 e junho de 2012. Foram analisados artigos de pesquisa originais tratando do comportamento dos pais quanto à saúde bucal. Um total de 218 citações foi analisado e 13 artigos foram incluídos na análise. Os estudos foram considerados elegíveis para análise se atendessem aos seguintes critérios de inclusão: (1) avaliassem uma possível associação entre cáries dentárias e o comportamento dos pais relacionado à saúde bucal; e (2) se a metodologia do estudo incluísse exame clínico bucal. Os principais termos de pesquisa foram "saúde bucal", "atitudes dos pais", "conhecimento dos pais" e "cáries dentárias". RESUMO DOS ACHADOS: Ao todo, 13 estudos experimentais contribuíram com dados para a síntese. Também foram considerados trabalhos, revisões e capítulos originais em livros didáticos. CONCLUSÃO: Os hábitos de saúde dental dos pais influenciam a saúde bucal de seus filhos. São necessários programas de educação em saúde bucal com ações preventivas para proporcionar não apenas saúde bucal adequada às crianças, mas também uma melhor qualidade de vida. Deve ser dada atenção especial a toda a família, com relação a seu estilo de vida e hábitos relacionados à saúde bucal.


OBJECTIVE: To review current models and scientific evidence on the influence of parents' oral health behaviors on their children's dental caries. SOURCES: MEDLINE articles published between 1980 and June, 2012. Original research articles on parents' oral health behavior were reviewed. A total of 218 citations were retrieved, and 13 articles were included in the analysis. The studies were eligible for review if they matched the following inclusion criteria: (1) they evaluated a possible association between dental caries and parents' oral-health-related behaviors, and (2) the study methodology included oral clinical examination. The main search terms were "oral health", "parental attitudes", "parental knowledge", and "dental caries". SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: 13 experimental studies contributed data to the synthesis. Original articles, reviews, and chapters in textbooks were also considered. CONCLUSIONS: Parents' dental health habits influence their children's oral health. Oral health education programs aimed at preventive actions are needed to provide children not only with adequate oral health, but better quality of life. Special attention should be given to the entire family, concerning their lifestyle and oral health habits.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Dental Caries/psychology , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Parenting/psychology , Toothbrushing/psychology , Dental Caries/prevention & control
18.
Journal of the Royal Medical Services. 2013; 20 (2): 26-31
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-138392

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the prevalence of dental anxiety and to assess its relationship with caries prevalence among Jordanian adults A cross sectional study was conducted to choose a non-random convenient sample, consisting of 500 adult dentate patients, [265 males, 235 females] of age range between 19 and 55 years attending the diagnostic dental clinic at Marka Military Medical Center between November 2010 and January 2011. Data were collected through a questionnaire that was based on the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale. Patients were examined for dental caries prevalence using the decayed, missing and filled teeth [DMFT] index, according to World Health Organization guidelines. Only 44 patients [8.8%] had high dental anxiety scores [>/= 19, Modified Dental Anxiety Scale], while the remaining individuals [91.2%] showed moderate to low dental anxiety [/= 19, Modified Dental Anxiety Scale] had a mean decayed value of 3.16 while individuals with low dental anxiety had a mean decayed value of 2.05. The difference between both groups was statistically significant [p-value = 0.001, ANOVA test].The differences between other components of DMFT index were not statistically significant. Dental anxiety remains a significant problem for many patients of both gender and among different age groups of the examined Jordanian adults. Dental anxiety had negative effect on oral health status by increasing the prevalence of decayed teeth. Further studies should be carried out using larger random samples before generalizing this conclusion


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Dental Caries/psychology , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Groups
19.
Braz. oral res ; 26(6): 557-563, Nov.-Dec. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-656699

ABSTRACT

Parents may feel guilty about their children's oral problems, which can affect their quality of life. The aim of this study was to assess the presence of parental guilt and its association with early childhood caries (ECC), traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and malocclusion (AMT) in preschool children. All 2 to 5 year-old children (N = 305), and their parents, seeking dental care at the University of São Paulo Dental School one-week Screening Programme, were asked to participate in the study, and 260 agreed. Children were examined by two calibrated dentists, and their parents answered a socioeconomic and ECOHIS questionnaire; the question on guilt was used as the dependent variable. Regression analyses examined the association between parental guilt and ECC, TDI, AMT and socioeconomic factors. A total of 35.8% of parents felt guilty. This was only associated with caries severity. No association was found between guilt and TDI, AMT or socioeconomic factors. ECC was present in 63.8% of the children; the mean (± sd) dmf-t score was 7.29 (± 2.78). Thus, the number of parents feeling guilty increases with the increase of their children's dental caries severity. Parental guilt is related to caries but is not associated with TDI or AMT.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Dental Caries/psychology , Guilt , Malocclusion/psychology , Oral Health , Parents/psychology , Tooth Injuries/psychology , Age Factors , Epidemiologic Methods , Quality of Life , Socioeconomic Factors
20.
Braz. oral res ; 26(6): 564-570, Nov.-Dec. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-656700

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of socio-behavioral variables on the prevalence and severity of dental caries in 4- to 6-year-old children. A cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of 1993 children enrolled in 58 public preschools from Araçatuba City, São Paulo State, Brazil, during 2010. The exams were made using the decayed, missing, and filled teeth index (World Health Organization methodology) and detection criteria for non-cavitated lesions. A tested, self-administered questionnaire was sent to parents to obtain information about their socio-behavioral characteristics. Standardization was performed to verify concordance among examiners (kappa = 0.84). The prevalence of cavitated caries lesions was 41.2% (821), and the prevalence of both, cavitated and non-cavitated caries lesions, was 43.9% (875). The means ± standard deviations of the decayed, missing, and filled teeth index for children aged 4, 5, and 6 years were 1.18 ± 2.45, 1.65 ± 2.67, and 1.73 ± 2.77, respectively. Caries were significantly more prevalent in children from families with low incomes and low educational levels. The presence of dental caries was associated with access to dental services (p < 0.05). The associations between both, cavitated and non-cavitated dental caries lesions, and the frequency of oral hygiene were statistically significant. The prevalence of dental caries in preschoolers was strongly associated with factors related to the children's parents. Therefore, information about parents' socio-economic status, behaviors, and attitudes in relation to oral health should be considered when planning prevention and educational programs for the oral health of preschool children.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dental Caries/psychology , Severity of Illness Index , Tooth, Deciduous , Age Distribution , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epidemiologic Methods , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Oral Health , Socioeconomic Factors
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL