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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(2): 16-20, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361986

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão de literatura e discutir os mais atuais conceitos sobre abordagem conservadora de lesões cariosas profundas, facilitando o manejo clínico. Para que essa abordagem conservadora seja implementada, é imprescindível que se conheça a composição estrutural e funcional do biofilme para, assim, entender a evolução da doença cárie que acomete a estrutura dentária. No entanto, quando se trata de um dente com lesão de cárie ativa com grande comprometimento de esmalte e dentina, procedimentos operatórios mais invasivos e restauradores podem ser necessários, mesmo que fundamentados na maior preservação possível de estrutura dentária. As evidências mais atuais encontradas na literatura recomendam a remoção seletiva do tecido cariado que consiste na dentina infectada, ou seja, clinicamente amolecida, e restauração definitiva na mesma sessão. Portanto, desde que o dente apresente vitalidade pulpar clinicamente confirmada, acredita-se que a preservação estratégica da dentina, poderá aumentar as chances de sucesso no tratamento, evitando possível exposição da polpa dentária. Adicionalmente, ao optar por práticas conservadoras no contexto da Odontologia de mínima intervenção, resultará em um significativo aumento na longevidade das restaurações sempre associando promoção de saúde ao paciente(AU)


This paper aims to conduct a literature review and discuss the most current concepts on conservative approach to deep carious lesions in permanent posterior teeth, facilitating clinical management. For this conservative approach to be implemented, it is essential to know the structural and functional composition of the biofilm in order to understand the evolution of the caries disease that affects the dental structure. However, when it comes to a tooth with an active caries lesion with major enamel and dentin compromise, more invasive and restorative surgical procedures may be necessary, even if based on the greatest possible preservation of the dental structure. The most current findings in the literature recommend the selective removal of carious tissue consisting of infected dentin, that is, clinically softened, and definitive restoration in the same session. Therefore, as long as the tooth has clinically confirmed pulp vitality, it is believed that the strategic preservation of dentin may increase the chances of successful treatment, avoiding possible exposure of the dental pulp. Additionally, when opting for conservative practices in the context of Minimally Invasive Dentistry, it will result in a significant increase in the longevity of restorations, always associating health promotion to the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Caries , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Enamel , Dental Plaque , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dentin
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 283-290, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348323

ABSTRACT

Los cambios en la vida, así como también en el campo de la Odontología, deben ser para mejorar siempre en todos los aspectos posibles. Y muchos de los cambios recientes en la Odontología Restauradora están encaminados a la utilización de materiales estéticos para remplazo de restauraciones metálicas previas, sin generar certeza total de ser mejores opciones. Esto ha generado un marcado incremento en la tendencia a practicar, más enfáticamente, el remplazo de restauraciones previas (AU)


Changes in life, as so in the field of Dentistry, should always be for the improvement on most possible aspects. Many of the recent changes in Restorative Dentistry are focus on the use of cosmetic materials to replace previous metallic restorations, without total certainty of being better options. This has generated a marked increase in the tendency to practice, more emphatically, the replacement of previous restorations (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Materials , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Recurrence , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Esthetics, Dental , Conservative Treatment
4.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 229-234, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293367

ABSTRACT

La caries de la infancia temprana, al igual que otras formas de caries, se caracteriza por ser multifactorial, infecciosa y de rápida evolución. Puede presentarse como lesiones cavitadas o no cavitadas, se diagnostica principalmente en menores de seis años en la superficies de los dientes anterosuperiores, debido a que son los primeros órganos dentales en erupcionar y tienen mayor contacto con el estímulo cariogénico. En casos severos pueden llegar a ocasionar la pérdida de órganos dentales, influyendo en la salud general del paciente y repercutiendo en su autoestima y desarrollo psicosocial. Para devolver las características y funciones perdidas en ausencia de algún órgano dental, se recurre a sustituirlo mediante aparatología, mayormente en forma de un mantenedor de espacio funcional. Las necesidades estéticas individuales de cada caso generan diversas alternativas para adaptarnos a la situación del paciente (AU))


Early childhood caries, like other forms of caries, is characterized by being multifactorial, infectious, and rapidly evolving. It can present as cavitated or uncavitated lesions, it is mainly diagnosed in children under six years of age on the surfaces of the anterior superior teeth, because they are the first dental organs to erupt and have greater contact with the cariogenic stimulus. In severe cases they can cause the loss of dental organs, influencing the general health of the patient and impacting on their self-esteem and psychosocial development. In order to restore the lost features and functions in the absence of any dental organ, it is resorted to by means of appliances, mostly in the form of a functional space maintainer. The individual aesthetic needs of each case generate various alternatives to adapt to the patient's situation (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Space Maintenance, Orthodontic/methods , Zirconium , Crowns , Dental Caries/therapy , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Mexico
5.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3876, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289403

ABSTRACT

Introducción : El desarrollo científico-tecnológico en el tratamiento de la caries dental hace necesario la sistematización del proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje y una didáctica apropiada que permita que los educandos adquieran conocimientos y habilidades para su ejercicio. Objetivo : Diseñar y validar un instrumento para la medición de la correspondencia del plan de estudios y de la estrategia didáctica con las capacidades cognitivo-prácticas necesarias para el tratamiento de mínima intervención de la caries dental en la carrera de Estomatología. Métodos : Estudio de desarrollo tecnológico en el que participaron 28 expertos seleccionados sobre la base de su trayectoria docente, científica y experiencia en el tema. Los mismos ofrecieron sus opiniones a través de cuestionarios autogestionados respecto a la claridad, coherencia, precisión, relevancia y presentación del instrumento mencionado. Se empleó la Razón de validez de contenido, por el método de Tristán y el índice de validación de contenido. Resultados : La totalidad de los ítems fueron válidos en los 4 criterios medidos, por lo que coincidieron los índices de validación de contenido global y aceptable. El instrumento mostró coherencia, precisión y relevancia la claridad con cifras de índice de validación de contenido de 0,90; 0,93; 0,92; y 0,94, respectivamente. Conclusiones : Se diseñó y validó un instrumento efectivo en contenido y presentación, por lo que está disponible para continuar con la siguiente etapa para su aprobación final(AU)


Introduction: Scientific and technological development in the treatment of dental caries requires systematization of the teaching-learning process and an appropriate methodology fostering the acquisition of knowledge and skills necessary for professional practice. Objective: Design and validate a tool to measure the correspondence of the curriculum and the didactic strategy to the cognitive-practical capacities required for the minimal intervention treatment of dental caries in undergraduate dental training. Methods: A technological development study was conducted with 28 experts selected for their teaching experience, their scientific background and their knowledge about the topic. The experts contributed their opinions through self-administered questionnaires about the clarity, coherence, accuracy, relevance and layout of the tool. Use was made of content validity ratio by the Tristan method and the content validation index. Results: All the items were found to be valid in terms of the four criteria measured, showing agreement between global and acceptable content validation indices. The tool exhibited coherence, accuracy, relevance and clarity, with content validation index values of 0.90, 0.93, 0.92 and 0.94, respectively. Conclusions: A tool was designed and validated which is effective for its content and presentation. It is therefore available for final validation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Technological Development/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Caries/therapy , Education, Dental/methods
6.
Rev. ADM ; 78(2): 100-105, mar.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247906

ABSTRACT

Trastorno neurológico enmarcado dentro de los trastornos de espectro autista (TEA) cuyas manifestaciones se reflejan en los ámbitos de la comunicación, interacción e imaginación social. Se clasifica en el manual diagnóstico y estadístico de trastornos mentales (DSM IV), se caracteriza por un mayor o menor grado de deterioro en las habilidades de lenguaje y comunicación, así como patrones repetitivos o restrictivos de pensamiento y comportamiento. El síntoma más distintivo es el interés obsesivo en un solo objeto o tema y la exclusión de cualquier otro pero siempre conservando habilidades de lenguaje. El pronóstico es bueno, debido a la compensación cognitiva, el enfoque repetitivo y restrictivo a actividades humanas productivas o generadoras de deferencias particulares, aunque no hay tratamiento específico, sino más bien interdisciplinario e individualizado, éste consiste en manejar los síntomas conductuales y la comorbilidad de forma independiente ya sea farmacológica o intervencionista. Paciente masculino de cinco años de edad, con un peso de 26 kg, cuadro de inmunizaciones completas, previamente diagnosticado con trastorno de Asperger (2015); caries dental de diversos grados, manejo estomatológico para su rehabilitación. El objetivo de este reporte es dar a conocer los cuidados para el tratamiento dental en pacientes con este trastorno (AU)


Neurological disorder known as autism spectrum disorders (ASD) whose main manifestations are reflected in the areas of communication, interaction and social imagination. It was first classified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM lV), characterized by a greater or lesser degree of deterioration in language and communication skills, as well as repetitive patterns or restrictive of thought and behavior. The most distinctive symptom is obsessive interest in a single object or topic and the exclusion of any other, but always retaining language skills. The prognosis is good in most of the cases, due to the cognitive compensation, the repetitive and restrictive approach to productive or deferential human activities, although there is no specific treatment, but rather interdisciplinary and individualized, this consists of managing behavioral symptoms and comorbidity independently either pharmacologically or interventionally. Male patient with five years old and weight of 26 kg, complete immunization chart, previously diagnosed with Asperger's disorder (2015); with dental caries of various degrees implementing dental management. The objective of this report is to make aware of the care and behavior management for dental treatment in patients with this Disorder (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Dental Care for Disabled , Dental Care for Children , Asperger Syndrome , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Patient Care Team , Prognosis , Signs and Symptoms , Behavioral Symptoms , Rett Syndrome , Dental Caries/therapy , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Diagnosis, Differential , Mouth Diseases/therapy , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
7.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(83): 21-26, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342862

ABSTRACT

La pérdida de estructura dentaria por debajo del margen gingival y de la cresta ósea alveolar, ya sea por caries, fracturas traumáticas, desgaste, reabsorción radicular o perforaciones iatrogénicas, dificulta el tratamiento protésico y requiere un abordaje multidisciplinario para conseguir resultados óptimos y estables a largo plazo. Se presenta el caso de una paciente adulta que acude a consulta con la pieza 2.3, que no permite una adecuada restauración protésica sin invadir el espacio biológico. Dentro del abanico de posibilidades terapéuticas se selecciona la extrusión dentaria unitaria guiada, para poder exponer un remanente dentario adecuado supragingival, y conseguir un adecuado efecto ferrule para la posterior rehabilitación protésica. La técnica presentada es eficaz, simple, cómoda, higiénica y útil en pacientes que no desean realizarse tratamiento de ortodoncia en ambas arcadas (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Dental Implants , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Extrusion/methods , Orthodontic Wires , Patient Care Planning , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Post and Core Technique , Crowns , Dental Caries/therapy
8.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250439

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the dental practice patterns related to caries prevention in children aged 6-18 years and associated factors. Material and Methods: Dentists (n=162) from Araraquara, Brazil, completed two paper questionnaires: (1) one about characteristics of their practice and their patient population; and (2) a translated version of the "Assessment of Caries Diagnosis and Caries Treatment" Questionnaire from the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. Regression analyses were used for data analysis (p<0.05). Results: Dentists reported using in-office fluoride (IOF) and dental sealants (DS) in 74.2% and 45.1% of their pediatric patients, respectively. Regression analysis showed that female dentists (p=0.035 for DS; p=0.044 for IOF; p=0.011 for non-prescription fluoride rinse), those with advanced degrees (p=0.032 for prescription of fluoride), those who graduated from a private dental school (p=0.018 for chlorhexidine rinse), those who provided caries prevention regimens (p<0.001 for DS; p=0.004 for IOF; p=0.013 for non-prescription fluoride rinse), those with a greater percentage of patients interested in a caries prevention regimen (p=0.007 for non-prescription fluoride rinse), those working in a private practice model (p=0.047 for prescription of fluoride) were more likely to recommend some type of preventive methods to their pediatric patients. Conclusion: Dentists reported recommending IOF to most of their pediatric patients. Certain dentists', practices', and patients' characteristics were associated to some caries prevention regimens recommended by dentists.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Brazil/epidemiology , Preventive Dentistry , Practice Patterns, Dentists' , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries/therapy , Dentists , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Fluorine
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e058, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285725

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive and micro-invasive treatments on the arrest of occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included 27 subjects, aged 5-11 years, with 64 erupting permanent molars presenting active occlusal enamel carious lesions (as assessed by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System [ICDAS]; scores 1-3). The sample was randomly assigned into two treatment groups: 1) resin-modified glass ionomer cement sealant (Clinpro XT Varnish; 3M ESPE) and 2) 4-week topical fluoride varnish application (Duraphat; Colgate). All children and parents received oral hygiene and dietary instructions. Teeth were evaluated at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months regarding the eruption stage, biofilm accumulation, as well as severity and activity of the carious lesions. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the survival estimates for inactivation of the carious lesions for both treatment groups. Multivariate Cox regression models with shared frailty were performed to identify factors associated with the outcome (p < 0.05). After 12 months, 22% and 3% of the lesions treated with topical fluoride varnish and sealant, respectively remained active. The adjusted model demonstrated that younger children had a higher probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting (hazard ratio [HR] 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.22-0.78; p=0.01). However, the probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting after sealant application was 8.85 times higher compared with fluoride varnish applications (p=0.01). Sealing is a more effective approach than fluoride varnish for arresting occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Dental Caries/therapy , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Fluorides , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e004, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132741

ABSTRACT

Abstract: There is a lack of evidence about the best approach for cavitated caries lesions with the possibility of pulpal involvement in primary teeth. Thus, the present authors aimed to verify the best treatment for deep caries lesions with or without pulp involvement in primary teeth. The search was conducted in MEDLINE/Pubmed and Web of Science databases until May 2020. Studies that compared techniques to manage deep caries lesions with at least 12 months of follow-up were included. The risk of bias was evaluated using the RoB tool. Network meta-analysis and pairwise meta-analyses were conducted considering the treatment clinical success as an outcome, according to the pulp health condition. From 491 potentially eligible studies, 9 were included. For deep caries lesions with pulp vitality, the Hall Technique presented the highest probability of success (78%). In the event of accidental pulp exposure, pulpectomy presented a 76% chance of providing the best clinical results. For pulp necrosis, no difference was observed between a pulpectomy and non-instrumented endodontic treatment (RR = 0.69; 95%CI: 0.21-2.33) Thus, it was concluded that the Hall Technique may be a better option for deep caries lesions with pulp vitality. In cases of accidental pulp exposure of vital teeth during caries removal, a pulpectomy may be considered the best option. However, there are insufficient studies to build up evidence about the best treatment option when irreversible pulpitis or pulp necrosis is present.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous , Dental Caries/therapy , Pulpectomy , Dental Pulp , Network Meta-Analysis
11.
Rev. ADM ; 77(6): 301-305, nov.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151065

ABSTRACT

A finales de 2019 se identificó el virus SARS-CoV-2 (por su significado en inglés Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) como agente etiológico de la COVID-19 (por su significado en inglés coronavirus disease 2019) en la ciudad de Wuhan, China. Debido a su rápida propagación al resto del mundo durante el primer trimestre del año 2020, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) la declaró pandemia mundial en marzo del mismo año. Por el potencial de contagio de COVID-19 se ha considerado que el entorno clínico en el que se desenvuelve la odontología puede ser de alto riesgo para el paciente, el odontólogo y sus asistentes si no se tienen las medidas de bioseguridad adecuadas. En un principio se vieron suspendidas las consultas regulares; sin embargo, al volver a la actividad laboral se han adaptado protocolos para el control de infecciones como reforzar el uso de barreras de protección y minimizar tratamientos que involucren aerosoles. La caries es uno de los principales motivos de consulta en la odontología pediátrica, por lo que en este escrito se sugieren algunos protocolos basados en la mínima invasión que prescinden de instrumental rotatorio para salvaguardar al paciente en riesgo de contagio, reduciendo el número de visitas y tiempo en consulta e incluso controlando algunos aspectos de salud bucal fuera de consulta clínica por medio de estrategias preventivas que pueden llevarse a cabo desde casa. Esto significa también mantener la tranquilidad por parte de los tutores del paciente ante la pandemia que se vive actualmente (AU)


At the end of 2019, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was identified as the etiological agent of COVID-19 in the city of Wuhan China. Due to its rapid spread to the rest of the world during the first trimester of 2020, the WHO declared a global pandemic in March of the same year. Due to the contagion potential of COVID-19, it has been considered that the clinical environment in which dentistry operates may be in high risk for the patient if the appropriate biosafety measures are not taken, initially clinical practices were suspended. However, when returning to work, protocols have been adapted to the infection control procedures, reinforced the use of protective barriers, and minimize treatments that involve aerosols. Caries is one of the main reasons for consultation in Pediatric Dentistry, this article suggests some protocols based on minimal invasion that dispense with rotating instruments to safeguard the patient from the risk of contagion, reducing the number of visits and time in consultation and even controlling some aspects of the oral health outside the dental visit through preventive strategies that can be carried out from home. Modifications to Dental Home. This should include maintaining tranquility and calm on the part of the patient's tutors in the face of the pandemic that we are currently experiencing (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Coronavirus Infections , Dental Care for Children/methods , Aerosols , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Tooth Remineralization , Clinical Protocols , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Risk Factors , Composite Resins , Infection Control, Dental/methods , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment
12.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(4): e2985, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144448

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La salud bucal requiere un análisis contextual y social en poblaciones consideradas vulnerables. Objetivo: Describir la situación de salud bucal en un grupo de escolares con limitación visual y su relación con determinantes sociales, familiares e individual. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo en 21 escolares con limitación visual y 15 adultos significativos. Se realizó una encuesta que indagó por datos sociodemográficos, hábitos y utilización de servicios de salud bucal. Mediante examen clínico se aplicaron los siguientes indicadores: índice de O'Leary, índice gingival de Löe y Silness, índice COP-D de Klein y Palmer, tradicional y modificado, e índice significante de caries (SiC). Análisis descriptivo de frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: Los datos se agruparon bajo tres contextos: social, familiar e individual. En el contexto social se encontró que un 40 por ciento (n = 6) de los encuestados pertenecían al régimen subsidiado, además el 53,3 por ciento (n = 8) manifestó tener dificultades para acceder a los servicios de odontología. En cuanto al espacio familiar se detectó que el 53 por ciento (n = 8) de la población pertenece al estrato socioeconómico bajo y solo el 60 por ciento (n = 9) de los participantes en el estudio habían concluido la secundaria. Finalmente, el individual, el 100 por ciento de los escolares presentaban control de placa deficiente (73,3 por ciento ± 23,7). El índice significante de caries tradicional fue de 4,3 (± 2,4) y el modificado de 6,7 (± 1,7). Se encontró un índice gingival moderado en el 100 por ciento de los escolares con un promedio de 23,5 (± 24,5). Conclusiones: Las principales barreras se identifican en la posición social (ocupación, ingresos, educación), lo que repercute en la situación de salud bucal. Es necesario abordar este tipo de población desde un enfoque participativo, continuo e integral que empodere a sus cuidadores y transforme sus prácticas a través de la promoción de la salud(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Oral health requires a contextual and social analysis in populations considered vulnerable. Objective: Establish the oral health status of a group of visually impaired schoolchildren and its relationship to social, family and individual determinants. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted of 21 visually impaired schoolchildren and 15 significant adults. A survey was applied to collect sociodemographic information and data about habits and use of oral health care services. Clinical examination was based on the following indicators: O'Leary's index, Löe and Silness's gingivitis index, Klein and Palmer's COP-D index, both traditional and modified, and significant caries index (SiC). Descriptive analysis was performed of absolute and relative frequencies. Results: The data were distributed into three categories: social, family and individual. Social analysis found that 40 percent (n = 6) of the respondents were in the subsidized sector, whereas 53.3 percent (n = 8) reported difficulties to access dental care services. With respect to the family environment, it was found that 53 percent (n = 8) of the study population were from a low socioeconomic stratum and only 60 percent (n = 9) of the participants in the study had completed secondary education. Individual analysis revealed that 100 percent of the schoolchildren showed evidence of poor plaque control (73.3 percent ± 23.7). The traditional significant caries index was 4.3 (± 2.4), whereas the modified significant caries index was 6.7 (± 1.7). A moderate gingivitis index was found in 100 percent of the schoolchildren with an average 23.5 (± 24.5). Conclusions: The main hurdles identified had to do with the social status (occupation, income, education), all of which has an impact on the oral health status. It is necessary to address this type of population with a participative, continuous, integral approach which empowers care givers and transforms their practices via health promotion(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Oral Health , Health Surveys/methods , Visually Impaired Persons , Dental Caries/therapy , Health Promotion/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Dental Care/methods
13.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2053, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126490

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El edentulismo es la pérdida total o parcial de dientes, ocasionado principalmente por la caries y la enfermedad periodontal; es un proceso gradual que está comúnmente asociado al aumento de edad. Actualmente es considerado una discapacidad debido a la limitación funcional que ocasiona en quien lo presenta. Objetivo: Exponer el tratamiento rehabilitador multidisciplinario, funcional y estético en un paciente con desarmonías oclusales. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 74 años, diagnosticado con edentulismo parcial bimaxilar, mediante examen clínico y radiológico. Se sometió a terapia periodontal generalizada, cirugía preprotésica, restauración de plano oclusal de forma directa e indirecta y rehabilitación bucal con prótesis removibles total superior y parcial inferior; lo cual le permitió recuperar funcionalidad, estética y autoestima. Conclusiones: El edentulismo desencadena alteración en el estado funcional y emocional del paciente. Un diagnóstico integral y plan de tratamiento multidisciplinario y ordenado desencadenó éxito en el presente caso(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Edentulism is total or partial tooth loss mainly caused by dental caries and periodontal disease. It is a gradual process often associated to aging. At present edentulism is considered to be a disability, due to the functional limitations undergone by sufferers. Objective: Describe the multidisciplinary, functional and esthetic rehabilitation treatment provided to a patient with occlusal disharmony. Case presentation: A 74-year-old male patient was diagnosed with bimaxillary partial edentulism based on clinical and radiographic examination. The patient underwent generalized periodontal therapy, pre-prosthetic surgery, direct and indirect occlusal plane restoration, and oral rehabilitation with total upper and partial lower removable prostheses, as a result of which he recovered his functionality, esthetic appearance and self-esteem. Conclusions: Edentulism triggers changes in the functional and emotional state of patients. Comprehensive diagnosis and orderly multidisciplinary treatment led to success in the case herein presented(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Dental Caries/therapy , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Vertical Dimension , Dental Prosthesis/methods , Esthetics
14.
Medwave ; 20(1): e7758, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096477

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN La caries dental ha sido convencionalmente manejada mediante la remoción no selectiva del tejido carioso (remoción total), sin embargo, los efectos adversos de este procedimiento han promovido la utilización de técnicas de remoción de caries conservadoras (remoción selectiva), pero aún existe controversia respecto a su efectividad. MÉTODOS Para responder esta pregunta utilizamos Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante búsquedas en múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, reanalizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metaanálisis, preparamos tablas de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIONES Identificamos siete revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyeron siete estudios primarios, todos ellos correspondientes a ensayos aleatorizados. Concluimos que la remoción selectiva de caries podría disminuir la necesidad de tratamiento de endodoncia y el riesgo de exposición pulpar en dientes con caries profundas, pero la certeza de la evidencia es baja. No existe claridad de que la remoción selectiva de caries disminuya el riesgo de aparición de signos y síntomas de patología pulpar y el riesgo de fracaso de las restauraciones ya que la certeza de la evidencia es muy baja.


INTRODUCTION Dental caries have been conventionally managed by non-selective removal of carious tissue (total complete removal); however, the adverse effects of this procedure have promoted the use of conservative caries removal techniques (selective removal), but there is still controversy regarding its effectiveness. METHODS We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS We identified seven systematic reviews including seven studies overall, of which all were randomized trials. We concluded that selective caries removal may decrease the need for root canal treatment and the risk of pulp exposure in teeth with deep caries, but the certainty of the evidence is low. It is not clear whether the selective removal of caries reduces the risk of appearance of signs and symptoms of pulp disease and the risk of restorations failure, as the certainty of the evidence is very low.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Caries/therapy , Conservative Treatment/methods , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Risk Assessment , Dental Caries/pathology , Regenerative Endodontics
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e017, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089399

ABSTRACT

Abstract Prevention and health promotion are considered important strategies to control oral diseases. Dental caries is preventable disease and remains the most common chronic disease that affects mainly low income children and still considered the main cause of tooth loss in adulthood in Brazil. The aim of this study is to present a System Dynamics model (SDM) specifically developed with the Stella Architect software to estimate the cost and clinical hours required to control the evolution of dental caries in preschool children in Maringá, Brazil. Two main strategies to control caries were considered in the model: the application of fluoride varnish on teeth presenting white spots, and the use of Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) in cavitated carious lesions without pulp involvement. The parameters used in the model were: number of people covered by a local oral health team = 4,000; number of children up to 5 years = 7% of the population; children's decayed, missing, filled teeth (dmft) index = 2.4; time/cost of 4 applications of fluoride varnish = 5 minutes/US$ 0.716; and time/cost of each ART restoration = 15 minutes/US$ 1.475. The SDM generated an estimated total cost of US$698.00, and a total of 112 clinical hours to treat the population in question. The use of the SDM presented here has the potential to assist decision making by measuring the material and human resources required to prevent and control dental caries at an early age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Systems Analysis , Dental Caries/economics , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment/economics , Time Factors , Software/standards , Brazil , DMF Index , Fluorides, Topical/economics , Dental Materials/economics , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment/methods
16.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 18(6): 898-906, nov.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093915

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La reparación de restauraciones ha sido estudiada desde muy recientemente, pero a pesar de haber demostrado efectividad y mejoras en la terapéutica de la caries dental, aún tiene seguidores y detractores, lo que justifica la necesidad de estudios que sigan avalando tales prácticas. Objetivo: Describir, a través de la presentación de un caso, la reparación de un defecto localizado en una restauración de amalgama como tratamiento de mínima intervención en cariología. Presentación del caso: Paciente femenina de 16 años con antecedentes de salud acude a consulta refiriendo una pequeña fractura de restauración en diente 4.6 desde hace varias semanas. La regularización del defecto en la restauración, la mínima preparación cavitaria, la eliminación del fragmento de la base intermedia, la protección del complejo dentino-pulpar y el llenado de la cavidad resultante, fueron los primeros pasos de una técnica que se cumplimentó luego del pulido final de la interface tejido dentario-restauración y se evolucionó cinco años después. Se evidenció el estado y presencia de la reparación de la restauración realizada, sin fracturas añadidas, microfiltraciones, sintomatologías, desplazamientos ni pérdidas de la continuidad. Conclusiones: La reparación del defecto localizado de amalgama se realizó con el fin de preservar los tejidos dentarios no afectados como lo dicta la mínima intervención en cariología. Cinco años más tarde, la evolución evidencia una práctica que se tradujo en resultados satisfactorios e incremento de la calidad de vida de la paciente(AU)


Introduction: Restoration repair has been studied recently; but, even when it has demonstrated effectiveness and improvements in the therapy of dental caries, it still has followers and detractors that justify the need for studies that continue supporting such practices. Objective: To describe, through a case presentation, the repair of a defect located in a restoration with amalgam filling as minimal intervention treatment in cariology. Case presentation: Sixteen-year-old female patient with health history that went to the clinic reporting a small fracture of a restoration performed in tooth 4.6 several weeks ago. The regularization of the defect in the restoration, minimum cavity preparation, elimination of the fragment of the intermediate base, protection of the dentin-pulp complex, and filling of the resulting cavity were the first steps of a technique that was completed after the final polishing of the dental tissue/restoration interface that was evolved five years later. The status and presence of the restoration repair performed without added fractures, microfiltration, symptomatology, displacement or loss of continuity was evidenced. Conclusions: The repair of the localized defect in a restoration with amalgam filling was performed with the aim of preserving the unaffected dental tissues as dictated by minimal intervention in cariology. Five years later, the patient´s evolution shows a practice that resulted in satisfactory results and an increase in the patient's quality of life(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Dental Amalgam/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Restoration Repair/methods
17.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(2): e1686, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093218

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Caries diagnosis errors have become a public health problem. Objective: Verify the consistency in terms of decision-making between Brazilian dentists from the country's public health system and the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS), and evaluate the influence of professional experience on the management of the decay. Methods: There are 80 dentists in the public health service of Recife city, Brazil. All dentists were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study. Forty dentists agreed to answer questions about their decision-making in relation to the treatment of occlusal caries in low, moderate and high-risk caries situations. The time of clinical experience, the use of methods for the assessment of caries risk and the lesion activity were also inquired about. The T-test was applied with a significance level of 5 por ciento to compare the correlation between the International Caries Detection and Assessment System scores regarding the mean age of participants. Results: The disagreement between the dentists and the criteria used by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System for decision-making were mainly related to the sound surfaces or lesions restricted to the tooth enamel. It was thus verified that lack of consistency for the low-risk condition reached a score of 3 (32 percent), while moderate (95 percent) and high-risk (85 percent) conditions lay at a classification code of 0. The time of professional experience was not considered to have interfered with decision-making on any scale, regardless of the risk condition of the patient (p> 0.05). Conclusions: A divergence in terms of decision-making between dentists of the public health system and the International Caries Detection and Assessment System could be observed, specifically regarding sound surfaces or surfaces with lesions restricted to the tooth enamel. Furthermore, professional experience was seen as not influencing the management of caries(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: Los errores de diagnóstico de caries se han convertido en un problema de salud pública. Objetivo: Verificar la concordancia de la toma de decisiones entre los dentistas brasileños del sistema de salud pública del país y el Sistema Internacional de Detección y Evaluación de Caries (ICDAS), así como evaluar la influencia de la experiencia profesional en el manejo de la caries. Métodos: De los 80 dentistas que existen en servicio público de salud en la ciudad de Recife, Brasil, todos fueron invitados a participar en este estudio transversal. Cuarenta dentistas acordaron responder sobre su toma de decisión en relación con el tratamiento de la caries oclusal en situaciones de caries de bajo, moderado y alto riesgo. El tiempo de experiencia clínica, el uso de métodos para la evaluación del riesgo de caries y la actividad de la lesión también fueron cuestionados. La prueba T, para un nivel de significancia del 5 por ciento, fue aplicada para comparar la correlación entre los escores del Sistema Internacional de Detección y Evaluación de Caries en relación con el promedio de edad de los participantes. Resultados: El desacuerdo entre los dentistas y los criterios utilizados por el ICDAS para la toma de decisiones se concentró en los códigos de clasificación que representan superficies sanas o lesiones restringidas al esmalte de los dientes. Se verificó así que la falta de consistencia para la condición de bajo riesgo se concentró en la puntuación de 3 (32 por ciento), mientras que las condiciones moderada (95 por ciento) y de alto riesgo (85 por ciento) se concentraron en los códigos de clasificación de 0. El factor tiempo de experiencia profesional no interfirió en la prevalencia de concordancia de la toma de decisión para cualquier escore, independientemente de la condición de riesgo del paciente (p> 0,05). Conclusiones: Se pudo observar una divergencia en cuanto a la toma de decisiones entre los dentistas del sistema de salud pública y el Sistema Internacional de Detección y Evaluación de Caries, específicamente con respecto a superficies sanas o superficies con lesiones restringidas al esmalte de los dientes. Además, la experiencia profesional no influyó en el manejo de la caries(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Caries/therapy , Diagnostic Errors/adverse effects , Clinical Decision-Making/methods , Public Health Systems , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 107(1): 25-32, ene.-mar. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-998725

ABSTRACT

La ICCC (International Caries Consensus Cooperation) ­constituida por expertos de doce países de América del Norte y del Sur, Europa y Australasia­ se ha reunido en grupos de trabajo para producir documentos referidos a las definiciones y las terminologías de la caries dental, así como los abordajes actuales de su tratamiento. Recientemente, sus publicaciones fueron incluidas en un libro titulado Excavación de las caries. Evolución en el tratamiento de las lesiones de caries cavitadas. El presente trabajo tiene por objeto plantear y revisar los conceptos surgidos de esas publicaciones (AU)


Experts in cariology research from twelve countries covering North and South America, Europe and Australasia met at the International Caries Consensus Collaboration (ICCC), and published a series of papers related to modern caries definitions, terminology and current approaches for treating carious lesions. A book entitled Caries excavation. Evolution of treating cavitated caries lesions was recently published by this authors. The objetive of this paper is to communicate and review the concepts exposed in the mentioned documents (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Tooth, Deciduous , Tooth Remineralization , Composite Resins , Textbook , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Glass Ionomer Cements
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e124, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1100930

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to assess the association of demographic conditions, socioeconomic status, clinical variables, and psychosocial factors with the number of filled teeth in adolescents from public schools. This cohort study comprised 1,134 12-year-old adolescents enrolled in public schools in Santa Maria, Brazil, in 2012. They were followed-up in 2014, where 743 individuals were reassessed (follow-up rate of 65.52%) for the number of filled teeth. Data were collected via dental examinations and structured interviews. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were collected from parents or legal guardians. The psychosocial factor comprised students' subjective measurement of happiness (Brazilian version of the Subjective Happiness Scale - SHS). Dental examinations were performed to assess the number of filled teeth through decay, missing, and filled teeth index (DMF-T). Unadjusted and adjusted Poisson regression analyses were performed to assess the association between baseline variables and filled teeth at follow-up. The number of filled teeth in 2012 and 2014 were 193 (17.02%) and 235 (31.63%), respectively. The incidence of filled teeth in 2014 was 42 (5.65%). Adolescents with untreated dental caries, those who visited the dentist in the last 6 months, those that exhibited being happier, and those who had filled teeth at baseline were associated with a higher number of filled teeth at follow-up. We conclude that the number of filled teeth in adolescents was influenced by clinical and psychosocial factors, emphasizing the need to focus on oral health policies in individuals with higher disease burden and those who feel psychologically inferior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Schools/statistics & numerical data , Students/statistics & numerical data , Dental Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Public Sector/statistics & numerical data , Dental Restoration, Permanent/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Students/psychology , Brazil , Regression Analysis , Cohort Studies , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dental Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Dental Restoration, Permanent/psychology , Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e125, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1100928

ABSTRACT

Abstract Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) is one of the strategies used to control dental caries; it involves hand instruments for removal of carious tissue, and restorations using high-viscosity Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC). The present controlled clinical trial aimed to evaluate the performance of low-cost GIC indicated for ART in primary teeth, compared with high-viscosity GIC, after one year of follow-up. Two-to six-year-old children with dentin caries lesions on one or two surfaces of anterior and posterior teeth were selected. The children were randomly assigned to 2 groups according to the restorative material used: G1 (control) - Ketac Molar®; G2 (experimental) - Vitro Molar®. Treatments were performed in a school setting, following the guidelines of the ART. A total of 728 restorations were performed in 243 children. Descriptive analysis and Poisson regression were applied, with a significance level of p < 0.05. After 12 months, 559 (76.8%) restorations were re-evaluated. The success rate was evaluated by the prevalence ratio (PR), associated with restorations performed in primary second molars (PR = 1.21; 95%CI = 1.03-1.42), and with small (PR = 1.35; 95%CI = 1.14-1.60) or medium cavities (PR = 1.29; 95%CI = 1.08-1.55), using Ketac Molar® material (PR= 1.07; 95%CI = 1.01-1.15), considering p < 0.05. Small or medium restorations in primary second molars performed with high-viscosity GIC (Ketac Molar®) were more successful than restorations performed with low-cost GIC indicated for ART.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment/methods , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous , Viscosity , Materials Testing , Poisson Distribution , DMF Index , Treatment Outcome , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Glass Ionomer Cements/therapeutic use
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