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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e212755, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254632

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate restorative decisions made by dentists and to examine what demographic characteristics are associated with the decisions for managing approximal and occlusal lesions. Methods: A questionnaire was randomly sent to 900 Palestinian dentists. It noted the demographic details of the dentists and the years of experience. The questionnaire evaluated the respondents for their treatment decisions regarding approximal and occlusal carious lesions. The data was analyzed using the IBM SPSS statistics for windows. The associations between gender and years of experience of the respondents and their restorative decisions were assessed. Results: The response rate was 58.2%. For occlusal carious lesions, 93.9% of the respondents would postpone operative treatment until the lesion was in dentine (grade 3 to 5). For approximal lesions, intervention was deemed appropriate by 92.6% of the respondents when there was radiographic evidence of a carious lesion reaching the DEJ or deeper. Around 53% preferred to prepare approximal lesions according to the traditional principles of cavity preparation. For both approximal and occlusal lesions, the participants opted for resin composites. Statistically, there was a significant association between the restorative decisions with the years since graduation and gender. Conclusion: The study showed variations between the treatment decisions of Palestinian dentists. The subjects chose conservative treatment plans but still adhered to traditional learned practices especially when cavity preparation for approximal lesions was concerned. The years since graduation and gender played a significant role in the choice of treatment opted for. Resin composites seemed to be a popular choice for treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Population Characteristics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Composite Resins , Practice Patterns, Dentists' , Dental Caries , Dental Cavity Preparation
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-10, 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282057

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze mechanical and thermal stresses of hybrid ceramic and lithium disilicate based ceramic of CAD/CAM inlays using 3D Finite element analysis. Material and Methods:A three dimensions finite element model of permanent maxillary premolar designed according to standard anatomy with class II cavity preparation for inlay restored with two different ceramic materials: 1- Hybrid ceramic (Vita Enamic), 2- Lithium disilicate based ceramic (IPS e.max CAD). Totally six runs were performed on the model as: One loading case for each restorative material was tested in stress analysis; seven points of loading with 140N vertically applied at palatal cusp tip and cusp slop, marginal ridges and central fossa while the models base was fixed as a boundary condition in the two cases. Two thermal analysis cases were performed for each restoration material by applying 5ºC and 55ºC on the crown surface including the restoration surface. Results:The results of all structures were separated from the rest of the model to analyze the magnitude of stress in each component. For each group, maximum stresses on restorative materials, cement, enamel, and dentin were evaluated separately. Both ceramic materials generated similar stress distribution patterns for all groups when a total occlusal load of 140 N was applied. Conclusion: Thermal fluctuations of temperature have a great influence on the stresses induced on both restoration and tooth structure. IPS e.max CAD produced more favorable stresses on the tooth structure than Vita Enamic. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o estresse mecânico e térmico de inlays de cerâmica hibrida e a base de dissilicato de lítio através da análise em 3D de elementos finitos. Material e Métodos: Foi realizado o design de um modelo de três dimensões em elementos finitos de um pré-molar superior de acordo com os padrões anatômicos de um preparo de cavidade classe II para restauração de inlay em dois tipos de cerâmicas diferentes: 1 Cerâmica hibrida (Vita Enamic), 2 ­ Cerâmica a base de dissilicato de lítio (IPS e.max CAD). No total, seis execuções foram realizadas no modelo como: Uma carga para cada material restaurador foi testado para análise de tensão; sete pontos de carga com 140N foi aplicado verticalmente na ponta da cúspide palatina, saliência da cúspide, cristas marginais e fossa central enquanto a base do modelo foi fixada como uma condição de limite nos dois casos. Duas análises térmicas foram realizadas para cada material de restauração, aplicando 5ºC e 55ºC na superfície da coroa, incluindo a superfície da restauração. Resultados: Os resultados de todas as estruturas foram separados do resto do modelo para analisar a magnitude do estresse de cada componente. Para cada grupo, o máximo de estresse nos materiais restauradores, cemento, esmalte e dentina foram avaliados separadamente. Padrões similares de distribuição de estresse foram gerados em todos os grupos para ambos os materiais cerâmicos, quando a carga oclusal de 140 N foi aplicada. Conclusão: As variações térmicas de temperatura têm uma grande influência nas tensões induzidas na restauração e na estrutura dentária. IPS e.max CAD produziu tensões mais favoráveis na estrutura dentária do que o Vita Enamic (AU)


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Finite Element Analysis , Dental Cavity Preparation , Dental Cementum , Dental Enamel , Dentin
3.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 77-82, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252984

ABSTRACT

A pesar de los avances e innovaciones de los materiales dentales, la microfiltración marginal y la contracción durante la polimerización continúan siendo una de las causas principales del fracaso de los tratamientos en odontología restauradora. Un sellado marginal correcto será posible cuando las fuerzas de adhesión superen las fuerzas generadas por la contracción de polimerización y las fuerzas generadas por los cambios dimensionales térmicos posteriores a la polimerización, por lo que investigaciones previas demostraron que estas limitaciones pueden ser superadas con el uso de resinas Bulk Fill como material de relleno de cavidades extensas y profundas de dientes posteriores. Estas resinas. de relleno masivo, están recibiendo atención, principalmente porque se pueden colocar, a diferencia de las resinas convencionales, en incrementos de 4 mm sin afectar la contracción de la polimerización, la adaptación de la cavidad o el grado de conversión. El objetivo de la presente revisión bibliográfica es describir la contracción de polimerización y la consecuente filtración marginal que sufren las resinas compuestas para el sector posterior Bulk Fill con base de datos de la literatura (AU)


Despite advances and innovations in dental materials, marginal microfiltration and shrinkage during polymerization continue to be one of the main causes of treatment failure in Restorative Dentistry. A correct marginal seal will be possible when the adhesion forces exceed the forces generated by polymerization contraction and the forces generated by post-polymerization thermal dimensional changes, for which previous research has shown that these limitations can be overcome with the use of Bulk Fill resins as filling material for large and deep posterior tooth cavities, these massive filling resins are receiving attention mainly because they can be placed, unlike conventional resins, in 4 mm increments without affecting polymerization shrinkage. , cavity adaptation or degree of conversion. The objective of the present bibliographic review is to describe the polymerization contraction and consequent marginal filtration suffered by Composite Resins for the Bulk Fill posterior sector with a literature database (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins , Dental Leakage , Polymerization , Materials Testing , Physical and Chemical Properties , Dental Cavity Preparation , Dental Restoration, Permanent/instrumentation
4.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(83): 35-40, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342884

ABSTRACT

El secado es uno de los factores clave para lograr una adhesión micromecánica exitosa en la dentina con los sistemas adhesivos de grabado independiente. El objetivo de este trabajo fue comparar los residuos remanentes luego de cuatro procedimientos diferentes de secado en preparaciones ex vivo en dentina. Se utilizaron cinco terceros molares ex-vivo, en cada uno de los cuales se realizó una preparación dentinaria en piso y paredes con al menos un socavado. Las unidades experimentales fueron almacenadas en solución fisiológica durante 7 días. Las distintas técnicas de secado (G1- G8) se aplicaron, luego de que las preparaciones fueron tratadas con gel de ácido fosfórico al 37% (Blue Gel etch Megadental) durante 15s y lavadas con jeringa y agua a presión durante 15s (Técnica de Grabado Ácido o TGA), de la siguiente manera: algodón común (Condesa) (G1), papel tisú (Achiss) cortado a mano (G2) y con tijera (G3), esponja (Sharpys) (G4), papel tisú (Simplicity) cortado a mano (G5)(AU)


Subject(s)
Waste Products , Dentin/drug effects , Acid Etching, Dental , Dental Bonding , Air Abrasion, Dental , Dental Cavity Preparation
5.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(83): 57-66, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343658

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este reporte de caso clínico es presentar una rehabilitación integral adhesiva resuelta por alumnos de grado de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (FOUBA), bajo un protocolo de abordaje terapéutico que simplifica su realización. Esta sistematización hace foco en un abordaje completamente aditivo con la finalidad de devolver la salud, la función y la estética de manera predecible. Un paciente de 55 años concurrió a la consulta por motivos estéticos. En el diagnóstico se evidenciaron desgastes severos producto de la parafunción. Se realizó una rehabilitación oral adhesiva seleccionando a la cerámica vítrea como material restaurador. El diagnóstico y la comprensión de su etiología son fundamentales para realizar un tratamiento conservador con restauraciones adheridas y con alto grado de predictibilidad, que se prolongará en el tiempo, gracias a la utilización de una placa orgánica y a los controles de mantenimiento correspondientes (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bruxism/rehabilitation , Ceramics , Dental Bonding , Esthetics, Dental , Patient Care Planning , Periodontitis/therapy , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Dental Cavity Preparation , Conservative Treatment , Inlays , Mouth Rehabilitation
6.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 60-66, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056502

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to evaluate marginal adaptation of Class II mesial-occlusal-distal (MOD) restorations before and after thermo-mechanical loading and volumetric shrinkage of the bulk-fill vs conventional composite resin. For marginal adaptation assessment, 24 Class II MOD cavities with cervical margins extending 1.0 mm below (distal) and 1.0 mm beyond (mesial) the cement-enamel junction were prepared in extracted human molars. The teeth were filled as follows: Group A - bulk-fill with SureFil SDR flow (first increment, 4 mm; second increment, 2 mm); Group B - bulk-fill with SureFil SDR flow as a base (first increment, 4 mm) and covered with the conventional nanohybrid composite Esthet-X HD (second increment, 2 mm); and Group C - incrementally filled with Esthet-X HD. Marginal adaptation was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy before and after thermomechanical loading (240,000 loading cycles and simultaneous 600 thermal cycles). To evaluate volumetric polymerization shrinkage, a semi-spherical mold was filled with the tested composites and placed in an AccuVol device after light curing. Both before and after loading, marginal adaptation in cervical dentin was superior (p < 0.05) for Groups A and B compared with Group C. In cervical enamel, Group B showed better marginal adaptation than Group C, and Group A presented intermediary results, between Groups B and C. Furthermore, bulk-fill flow resulted in greater shrinkage than Esthet-X HD. A significant improvement of marginal adaptation was observed when bulkfill flow was used instead of conventional composite resin both before and after thermomechanical loading. However, the bulk-fill flow presented higher volumetric polymerization shrinkage than the conventional composite.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en evaluar la adaptación marginal de las restauraciones mesiales-oclusales-distales (MOD) de Clase II antes y después de la carga termo-mecánica y la contracción volumétrica de la carga compuesta de resina "bulk-fill" en comparación con resina convencional. Para la evaluación de adaptación, se prepararon 24 cavidades MOD de Clase II en molares humanos extraídos, los que se restauraron de la siguiente manera: Grupo A: restaurado con resina fluida Bulk-Fill SureFilSDR (primer incremento, 4 mm; segundo incremento, 2 mm); Grupo B: restaurado con resina fluida Bulk-Fill SureFil SDR (primer incremento, 4 mm) y cubierto con resina compuesta nanohíbrida Esthet-X HD (segundo incremento, 2 mm); y Grupo C - rellenado incrementalmente con Esthet-X HD. La adaptación marginal se evaluó mediante microscopía electrónica de barrido antes y después de la carga termomecánica (240.000 ciclos de carga y 600 ciclos térmicos simultáneos). Para evaluar la contracción volumétrica de la polimerización, se llenó un molde semiesférico con los compuestos probados y se colocó en un dispositivo AccuVol después del fotopolimerización. Tanto antes como después de la carga, la adaptación marginal en la dentina cervical fue superior (p <0,05) para los grupos A y B en comparación con el grupo C. En el esmalte cervical, el grupo B mostró una mejor adaptación marginal que el grupo C, y el grupo A presentó resultados intermedios, entre Grupos B y C. Se observó una mejora significativa de la adaptación marginal al utilizar la resina fluida Bulk-Fill en lugar de resina compuesta convencional tanto antes como después de la carga termomecánica. Sin embargo, la resina fluida 'Bulk-Fill' presentó una mayor contracción volumétrica de polimerización que el compuesto convencional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins , Dental Cavity Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Stress, Mechanical , Statistical Analysis , Ethics Committees , Dental Restoration Wear , Dental Cavity Preparation/standards , Polymerization
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190042, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056592

ABSTRACT

Abstract Gap formation of composite resin restorations is a serious shortcoming in clinical practice. Polymerization shrinkage stress exceeds the tooth-restoration bond strength, and it causes bacterial infiltration within gaps between cavity walls and the restorative material. Thus, an intermediate liner application with a low elastic modulus has been advised to minimize polymerization shrinkage as well as gap formation. Objective: The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess gap formation volume in premolars restored with different bulk-fill composites, with and without a resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (RMGIC) liner, using x-ray micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Methodology: Sixty extracted human maxillary premolars were divided into six groups according to bucco-palatal dimensions (n=10). Standardized Class II mesio-occluso-distal cavities were prepared. G-Premio Bond (GC Corp., Japan) was applied in the selective-etch mode. Teeth were restored with high-viscosity (Filtek Bulk Fill, 3M ESPE, USA)-FB, sonic-activated (SonicFill 2, Kerr, USA)-SF and low viscosity (Estelite Bulk Fill Flow, Tokuyama, Japan)-EB bulk-fill composites, with and without a liner (Ionoseal, Voco GmbH, Germany)-L. The specimens were subjected to 10,000 thermocycles (5-55°C) and 50,000 simulated chewing cycles (100 N). Gap formation based on the volume of black spaces at the tooth-restoration interface was quantified in mm3 using micro-computed tomography (SkyScan, Belgium), and analyses were performed. Data were analyzed using repeated-measures ANOVA and the Bonferroni correction test (p < 0.05). Results: The gap volume of all tested bulk-fill composites demonstrated that Group SF (1.581±0.773) had significantly higher values than Group EB (0.717±0.679). Regarding the use of a liner, a significant reduction in gap formation volume was observed only in Group SFL (0.927±0.630) compared with Group SF (1.581±0.773). Conclusion: It can be concluded that different types of bulk-fill composite resins affected gap formation volume. Low-viscosity bulk-fill composites exhibited better adaptation to cavity walls and less gap formation than did sonic-activated bulk-fill composites. The use of an RMGIC liner produced a significant reduction in gap formation volume for sonic-activated bulk-fill composites.


Subject(s)
Humans , Composite Resins/chemistry , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Dental Cavity Preparation/methods , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Polymerization , In Vitro Techniques , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Dental Stress Analysis , X-Ray Microtomography
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(5): 484-490, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039137

ABSTRACT

Abstract Papain-based gel is used for chemical-mechanical caries removal and present antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities. However, its effects on dental pulp cells and on macrophages remains largely unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether the papain-based gel Papacárie Duo® acts as an immunomodulator in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated macrophages and its effects on dental pulp cells . J774.1 macrophage and OD-21 dental pulp cells were stimulated with 0.5% and 5% of Papacárie Duo®, following pre-treatment or not with LPS. After 24 h, a lactate dehydrogenase assay was used to measure cytotoxicity, a tetrazolium-based colorimetric assay (MTT) was used to measure cell viability, and qRT-PCR was used to analyze relative gene expression of Ptgs2, Il10, Tnf, Mmp9, Runx2, Ibsp and Spp1. Papacárie Duo® was cytotoxic and reduced cell viability at 5% but not at 0.5% in both cultures. In macrophages, Papacárie Duo® increased the expression Il10 and LPS-induced Ptgs2, but it did not affect Tnf or Mmp9. In OD-21 cells, Papacárie Duo® inhibited Runx2 and Ibsp expression, but stimulated Spp1 expression. Papain-based gel presented a concentration dependent cytotoxicity, without affecting cell viability, for dental pulp cells and macrophages. Interestingly, the gel presented an inhibitory effect on pulp cell differentiation but modulated the activation of macrophages stimulated with LPS. We speculate that in dental pulp tissue, Papacárie Duo® would impair reparative dentinogenesis but could activate macrophages to perform their role in defense and inflammation.


Resumo O gel à base de papaína é utilizando para remoção químico-mecânica do tecido cariado e apresenta propriedades antimicrobianas e anti-inflamatórias Entretanto, seu efeito sobre as células da polpa dentárias e macrófagos é desconhecido. Portanto, o objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o efeito de um gel de papaína (Papacárie Duo®) em células indiferenciadas da polpa dentária e a capacidade de induzir a ativação e síntese de mediadores inflamatórios por macrófagos estimulados com lipopolissacarídeo bacteriano (LPS). O gel de papaína foi diluído nas concentrações de 0,5 e 5%. Células indiferenciadas da polpa dentária OD-21 e macrófagos J774.1 foram mantidos em cultura com os diferentes estímulos por um período de estimulação de 24 h para realização do teste de citotoxicidade (Ensaio LDH) e para avaliação da viabilidade celular (Ensaio Colorimétrico MTT). A seguir foi realizada avaliação da expressão gênica relativa dos genes Ibsp, Runx2 e Spp1 em células OD-21; e dos genes Il10, Mmp9, Ptgs2 e Tnf em células J774.1, pelo método de transcrição reversa e reação em cadeia de polimerase em tempo real (qRT-PCR), após estimulação pelo período de 24 h. O extrato do gel diluído a 5% foi citotóxico às células da polpa dental, reduziu a viabilidade celular, inibiu a expressão de Runx2 e Ibsp e estimulou a expressão de Spp1. Em macrófagos, o extrato do gel foi citotóxico e reduziu a viabilidade celular na concentração de 5%. O LPS inibiu a viabilidade celular na presença ou não do extrato do gel, sem apresentar citotoxicidade. O extrato do gel induziu a expressão de Ptgs2 e Il10, sem alterar Tnf e Mmp9. O extrato do gel de papaína foi citotóxico, dependente da concentração, tanto em células da polpa dentária como em macrófagos, sem alterar a viabilidade celular. Interessantemente, apresentou efeito inibitório na diferenciação de células da polpa dentária e modulou a ativação de macrófagos estimulados com LPS. No tecido pulpar, o Papacárie Duo® poderia impedir a dentinogênese de reparação, porém ativar macrófagos para desempenhar seu papel na inflamação e defesa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papain , Dental Caries , Dental Cavity Preparation , Dental Pulp , Macrophages
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4628, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998246

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of cavity dimensions on the amount of microleakage in two different types of bulk-fill composite resins. Material and Methods: Forty class II cavities were prepared in the mesial and distal surfaces of human molars without any carious lesions. The samples were divided into 4 groups (n=10): Group 1: cavities with 3 mm of buccolingual width (known as the smaller cavity), filled with Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill composite resin; Group 2: cavities with 6 mm of buccolingual width (larger cavity), filled with Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill composite resin; Group 3: cavities with 3 mm of buccolingual width, filled with X-Tra Base composite resin; and Group 4: cavities with 6 mm of buccolingual width, filled with X-Tra Base composite. After the specimens were thermocycled for 500 cycles at 5/55°C, they were immersed in 1% methylene blue for 24 hours, and then cut into sections mesiodistally in the longitudinal axis of each tooth. Then, the samples were scored regarding the amount of dye penetration in two occlusal and gingival areas under a stereomicroscope (x32). Data was submitted to Kruskal- Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: The highest degrees of microleakage in larger cavities filled with X-Tra Base among the four groups. There was a significant statistic difference (p=0.012) between large and small cavities filled with X-Tra Base (Groups 3 and 4); however, there was no significant difference between the two cavity sizes of Tetric N-Ceram Bulk-filled groups. Conclusion: Microleakage of composite resins depends on the dimension of the cavity and the type of composite resin used.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Cavity Preparation , Dental Leakage/etiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Materials , Iran
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180631, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012520

ABSTRACT

Abstract Extensive restorations in posterior teeth always bring doubts to the clinicians regarding the best protocol, mainly when structures of reinforcement were lost. Objective This study aimed to evaluate the effect of beveling on the fracture resistance and pattern of class II (MOD) restored teeth. Methodology Ninety human premolars were randomly assigned into 9 groups: CTR (control/sound); NC (cavity preparation, non-restored); RU (restored, unbeveled); RTB (restored, entire angle beveling); RPB (restored, partial/occlusal beveling); EC (endodontic access/EA, non-restored); EU (EA, unbeveled); ETB (EA, entire angle beveling); EPB (EA, partial/occlusal beveling). Teeth were restored with Esthet X resin composite and stored in distilled water for 24 h before the inclusion in PVC cylinders. The axial loading tests were performed with 500 kgF at 0.5 mm/min crosshead speed until fracture of the specimens. Fracture resistance and pattern were accessed and data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test (α=0.05). Results Mean (±SD) failure loads ranged from 136.56 (11.62) to 174.04 (43.5) kgF in the groups tested without endodontic access. For endodontically accessed teeth, fracture resistance ranged from 95.54 (13.05) to 126.51 (19.88) kgF. Beveling of the cavosurface angle promoted the highest fracture resistance values (p<0.05) and prevented catastrophic fractures. Conclusions Cavosurface angle beveling is capable of improving fracture resistance and pattern for both endodonticaly accessed and non-accessed teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bicuspid , Dental Cavity Preparation/methods , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Reference Values , Tooth Fractures , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Tooth, Nonvital
11.
Rev. Soc. Odontol. La Plata ; 28(56): 11-18, dic. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-980846

ABSTRACT

El propósito de este trabajo fue analizar el cierre marginal de restauraciones semipermanentes de porcelanas para método directo. Para la metodología, se utilizó un diseño experimental verdadero transversal pues se basó en variables con única medición. Los grupos se conformaron al azar. Las unidades de análisis fueron los sistemas adhesivos y el medio de fijación. Las preparaciones de las muestras se basaron en la norma ISO 11405 tanto para la mantención, confección, número de muestras y valoración. La variable utilizada fue la presión ejercida durante la polimerización del medio de fijación. Para la realización de este trabajo se realizó el análisis colorimétrico a través de la penetración de un colorante en las interfases medio de fijación diente o medio de fijación porcelana; y el análisis microscópico de las interfases producidas entre el sistema adhesivo - medio cementante y material de restauración rígida (AU)


The purpose of this work was to analyze the marginal closure of semi-permanent ceramic restorations for direct method. For the methodology, a true cross-section experimental design was used because it was based on variables with only measurement. The groups were formed randomly. The units of analysis were the adhesive systems and the fixing medium. The sample preparations were based on ISO 11405 standard for both maintenance, preparation, number of samples and assessment. The variable used was the pressure exerted during the polymerization of the fixing medium. In order to carry out this work, the colorimetric analysis was carried out through the penetration of a dye in the interfaces between the teeth or the porcelain fixation medium; and the microscopic analysis of the interfaces produced between the adhesive system - cementing medium and rigid restoration material (AU)


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Dental Leakage , Inlays , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Dental Bonding , Cementation , Colorimetry , Dental Cavity Preparation
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(3): 268-274, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951545

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim was to evaluate the influence of different dentin preparation mode in the smear layer characteristics (SL), hybrid layer (HL), and microtensile bond strength (µTBS) to dentin with two resin cements. The occlusal dentin of 120 third molars was exposed. The teeth were divided into 4 groups (n=30) according to the dentin preparation mode: 1- fine grain diamond bur; 2- coarse grain diamond bur; 3- multi laminate carbide steel bur; and, 4- ultrasonic CV Dentus diamond bur. Each treated dentin group was divided into 2 sub-groups (n=15) according to the resin cement: (1) RelyX U200 and (2) RelyX ARC. Resin composite blocks were cemented on dentin. After storage at 37o C for 24 h, beams with a cross section area of 1.0 mm2 were obtained, and tested in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Two additional teeth for each sub-group were prepared to analyze the SL and HL on a scanning electron microscopy. According to Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn tests, there was no significant difference in µTBS among the rotary instruments within each resin cement group. RelyX ARC obtained higher µTBS values compared to RelyX U200 (p<0.05). RelyX ARC formed evident HL, which was not observed for RelyX U200. The dentin mode preparation did not influence the µTBS of the resin cements. The SL was different for all instruments. The cementing agent is more determinant in the hybrid layer formation and bond strength to dentin than the instruments applied on dentin.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência de diferentes modos de preparação da dentina nas características da smear layer (SL), da camada híbrida (CH) e na resistência de união à microtração (RUµT) à dentina com dois cimentos resinosos. A dentina oclusal de 120 terceiros molares humanos foi exposta. Os dentes foram divididos em 4 grupos (n=30) de acordo com o modo de preparação da dentina: 1 - ponta diamantada de granulação fina; 2 - ponta diamantada de granulação grossa; 3 - ponta de carboneto de aço multilaminada; 4 - ponta diamantada ultrassônica. Cada grupo foi subdividido em dois subgrupos (n=15) de acordo com o cimento resinoso: (1) RelyX U200 e (2) RelyX ARC. Blocos de resina composta foram cimentados na dentina. Após armazenamento a 37 °C por 24 h, as amostras foram cortadas para obter palitos com área de 1,0 mm2, os quais foram testados em máquina de ensaio universal com velocidade de 0,5 mm/min. Dois dentes adicionais por subgrupo foram preparados para analisar as características da SL e da CH em microscópio eletrônico de varredura. De acordo com o teste de Kruskal-Wallis e o teste de Dunn, não houve diferença significativa na RUµT entre os instrumentos rotatórios para cada cimento resinoso. RelyX ARC obteve maiores valores de RUµT em comparação ao RelyX U200 (p<0,05). RelyX ARC formou uma CH evidente, o que não foi observado para o RelyX U200. O modo de preparação da dentina não influenciou na RUµT dos cimentos resinosos. A SL foi diferente para todos os instrumentos. O agente de cimentação foi mais determinante na formação da camada híbrida e na resistência de união do que os instrumentos utilizados para preparar a dentina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tensile Strength , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Cavity Preparation/methods , Dentin/chemistry , Polyethylene Glycols , Polymethacrylic Acids , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Smear Layer , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate , Dental Stress Analysis , Molar, Third/chemistry
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(3): e6872, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889038

ABSTRACT

The primary objective of this in vitro study was to evaluate the efficiency of removal of cariogenic bacteria and carious dentin by ablation using two lasers: fluorescence-feedback controlled (FFC) Er:YAG laser and different pulses of Er:YAG laser based on variable square pulse technology (VSPt). The secondary objective was to measure the temperature during laser ablation of carious tissue. Seventy-two extracted human molars were used in this study. Sixty teeth with carious dentin were randomly divided into four experimental groups according to the treatment for caries removal: group 1: 400 µs (FFC group); group 2: super short pulse (SSP group, 50 µs pulse); group 3: medium short pulse (MSP group, 100 µs pulse); group 4: short pulse (SP group, 300 µs pulse) and one positive control group with no treatment. Twelve teeth without carious lesion were used as a negative control group. After caries removal, swabs were taken with cotton pellets and real-time PCR analysis was performed. During caries ablation, a thermal infrared camera was used to measure the temperature changes. In all experimental groups, specimens were free of bacterial contamination after the treatment. In the SSP, MSP and SP groups, temperatures measured during caries ablation were significantly higher compared to temperatures in the FFC group (P<0.001). In this in vitro study, laser treatment for removal of carious dentin and cariogenic bacteria was an efficient treatment modality without causing excessive temperatures that might adversely affect pulp vitality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Cavity Preparation/methods , Dentin/microbiology , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Pulp/physiology , Gram-Negative Bacteria/isolation & purification , Gram-Positive Bacteria/isolation & purification , Infrared Rays , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Temperature , Thermography
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20180004, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954510

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the cavity preparation and ceramic type on the stress distribution, tooth strain, fracture resistance and fracture mode of human molar teeth restored with onlays. Material and Methods Forty-eight molars were divided into four groups (n=12) with assorted combinations of two study factors: BL- conventional onlay preparation with boxes made from leucite ceramic (IPS-Empress CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent); NBL- conservative onlay preparation without boxes made from leucite ceramic; BD- conventional onlay preparation with boxes made from lithium disilicate glass ceramic (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent); NBL- conservative onlay preparation with boxes made from lithium disilicate glass ceramic cuspal deformation (µS) was measured at 100 N and at maximum fracture load using strain gauge. Fracture resistance (N) was measured using a compression test, and the fracture mode was recorded. Finite element analysis was used to evaluate the stress distribution by modified von Mises stress criteria. The tooth strain and fracture resistance data were analyzed using the Tukey test and two-way ANOVA, and the fracture mode was analyzed by the chi-square test (α=0.05). Results The leucite ceramic resulted in higher tooth deformation at 100 N and lower tooth deformation at the maximum fracture load than the lithium disilicate ceramic (P<0.001). The lithium disilicate ceramic exhibited higher fracture resistance than the leucite ceramic (P<0.001). The conservative onlay resulted in higher fracture strength for lithium disilicate ceramic. Finite element analysis results showed the conventional cavity preparation resulted in higher stress concentration in the ceramic restoration and remaining tooth than the conservative onlay preparation. The conservative onlays exhibited increased fracture resistance, reduced stress concentration and more favorable fracture modes. Conclusion Molars restored with lithium disilicate CAD-CAM ceramic onlays exhibited higher fracture resistance than molars restored with leucite CAD-CAM ceramic onlays.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ceramics/chemistry , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Cavity Preparation/methods , Dental Porcelain/chemistry , Aluminum Silicates/chemistry , Inlays/methods , Polyurethanes/chemistry , Reference Values , Tooth Fractures , Acrylic Resins/chemistry , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Restoration Failure , Finite Element Analysis , Dental Stress Analysis , Elastic Modulus , Molar
15.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 16: e17059, jan.-dez. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-883924

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate how acid-etching of the cavosurface enamel in Class I resin composite restorations influences the bond strength to the pulpal wall and the restoration, Knoop microhardness and nanoleakage after thermomechanical aging. For this research 76 fresh human molars were selected and restored with Silorane or Clearfil SEBond/Z350XT composite divided in 4 groups (Silorane system restored with or without enamel cavosurface acid-etching and Clearfil SEBond/Z350XT with or without enamel cavosurface acid-etching). To induce artificial aging, samples were subjected to thermomechanical cycling through 200,000 and thermal cycling between 5 and 55 °C with 30 second filling and 15-second drainage steps. Microhardness and microtensile bond strength were evaluated in 32 teeth (n=8) each and nanoleakage evaluation was performed in 12 teeth (n=3). Samples restored by Clearfil SEBond/Z350 XT without cavosurface acid-etching showed significantly lower microtensile bond strength results. The resin composite Z350XT presented higher values of Knoop microhardness. It was observed little or no infiltration for Silorane groups and moderate infiltration for Clearfil SE Bond groups. Acid-etching of the cavosurface enamel during restoration procedure with Clearfil Se Bond resulted in a stronger bond after thermomechanical cycling. Silorane groups showed less infiltration than Clearfil SE Bond groups (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adhesives , Composite Resins , Dental Cavity Preparation , Silorane Resins , Tensile Strength
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(6): 657-665, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893675

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare laser with conventional techniques in class V cavity preparation in gamma-irradiated teeth. Methods: Forty extracted human teeth with no carious lesions were used for this study and were divided into two main groups: Group I (n = 20) was not subjected to gamma radiation (control) and Group II (n=20) was subjected to gamma radiation of 60 Gray. Standard class V preparation was performed in buccal and lingual sides of each tooth in both groups. Buccal surfaces were prepared by the Er,Cr:YSGG laser (Waterlase iPlus) 2780 nm, using the gold handpiece with MZ10 Tip in non-contact and the "H" mode, following parameters of cavity preparation - power 6 W, frequency 50 Hz, 90% water and 70% air, then shifting to surface treatment laser parameters - power 4.5 W, frequency 50 Hz, 80% water and 50% air. Lingual surfaces were prepared by the conventional high-speed turbine using round diamond bur. Teeth were then sectioned mesio-distally, resulting in 80 specimens: 40 of which were buccal laser-treated (20 control and 20 gamma-irradiated specimens) and 40 were lingual conventional high-speed bur specimens (20 control and 20 gamma-irradiated specimens). Results: Microleakage analysis revealed higher scores in both gamma groups compared with control groups. Chi-square test revealed no significant difference between both control groups and gamma groups (p=1, 0.819, respectively). A significant difference was revealed between all 4 groups (p=0.00018). Conclusion: Both laser and conventional high-speed turbine bur show good bond strength in control (non-gamma) group, while microleakage is evident in gamma group, indicating that gamma radiation had a dramatic negative effect on the bond strength in both laser and bur-treated teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Caries/radiotherapy , Dental Cavity Preparation/methods , Dental Leakage/radiotherapy , Gamma Rays
17.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 11(1): 29-36, Jun.-2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-980822

ABSTRACT

Se desarrolló un estudio observacional comparativo, durante la cual se trabajó con toda la población estudio, la que estuvo constituida por 38 terceros molares sanos recolectados luego de extracción por causas odontológicas justificadas y con el consentimiento de los respecti-vos pacientes, cuyas edades oscilaron entre 20 y 25 años; la misma se distribuyó en dos grupo A (19) y grupo B (19); con el propósito de comparar la adherencia de la resina 3MZ250 en cavidades clase I de Black, utilizando dos tipos de fresas jota cilíndricas, de estas una de grano fino y otra grueso, en terceros molares in vitro. La investigación se desarrolló en cuatro etapas obteniendo los siguientes resultados: se estableció que en el grupo A, la adhesión de la resina a la estructura dentaria requirió una mayor fuerza de tracción promediando 215,49 N para desprenderla; mientras que en el B resultó de 167,7 N. El análisis estadístico mediante la prueba T permitió establecer que la diferencia de la resistencia a la tracción de la resina entre los grupos A y B resultó significativa. El uso de fresas de grano fino en la conformación de las cavidades clase I de Black crea paredes más lisas que permiten una mejor adhesión de la resina a la estructura dentaria; por lo que resultan más resistentes ante fuerzas de tracción.


A comparative observational study was carried out including the entire study population of 38 healthy third molars collected after extraction for medically justified reasons and with the consent of the respective patients. The ages ranged were from 20 to 25 years. It was distribu-ted in two strata: group A (19) and group B (19) in order to compare the adherence of resin 3MZ250 in class I GV Black cavities by using two types of cylindrical dental burs brand jota, the one of fine grained and the other thick, in third molars in vitro. The research was develo-ped in four stages obtaining the following results: in group A, the adhesion of the resin to the dental structure required a higher tensile force averaging 215.49 N to detach and in group B was 167.7 N. Statistical analysis using the T test allowed establishing that the difference in the tensile strength of the resin between groups A and B was significant. The use of dental burs of fine grained in the formation of class I GV Black cavities creates smoother walls that allow a better adhesion of the resin to the dental structure; so they are more resistant to tensile forces.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Tensile Strength , Dental Cavity Preparation , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Mouth Diseases , Root Canal Therapy , Dental Care , Dental Cements , Dental Instruments
19.
Univ. odontol ; 36(77)2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-996481

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Los hallazgos reportados en la literatura no relacionan directamente la efectividad de corte de las fresas de diamante de alta velocidad con la cantidad y calidad de diamantes en la superficie, ni su vida media después de un determinado número de usos. Objetivo: Evaluar la durabilidad de los diamantes de corte de la superficie activa de las fresas después de realizar desgastes en dientes naturales. Métodos: Este estudio ex vivo comparó 4 marcas comerciales de fresas de diamante con granos de 64-126 |zm, de forma troncocónica y punta redonda (norma ISO 850): MDT", Swisstech*, Pointech* y Jota". Se realizaron 5 cortes de 0,16 mm con cada fresa en la corona del diente. Luego se analizaron las fresas en microscopio electrónico de barrido para observar: a) adhesión de diamantes al sustrato en cabeza y cuerpo; b) estado de los diamantes en el sustrato en cabeza y cuerpo, tras los 5 cortes; y c) estadofinal de las fresas. Se realizó un análisis cualitativo y cuantitativo. Resultados: Todas las fresas de las 4 marcas presentaron similar desgaste después de los 5 usos, tanto en la cabeza como el cuerpo. Pese a que todas las muestras presentaban variaciones, en algunas fue más evidente el desalojo y fractura de los diamantes. Conclusión: El estudio sugiere que las fresas deberían cambiarse después de 5 usos clínicos para garantizar un desgaste adecuado y evitar daños pulpares ocasionados por la fricción.


Background: Outcomes reported in the literature do not relate cutting effectiveness of high-speed diamond drills directly to the diamond surface amount and quality, not either their average life after a specific number of uses. Objective: To evaluate the durability of diamond burrs in the drill active surface after doing removal in natural teeth. Methods: This ex vivo study compared dental drills of four different brand names with 64-126 pm, round tip, conical-trunk diamond grit (ISO 850): MDT", Swisstech", Pointech* and Jota". Five 0.16 mm cuts were carried out using each dental drill on a tooth crown. The dental drills were then analyzed under the scanning electron microscope in order to observe: a) any adhesion of diamond to substrate in the head and body; b) condition of the diamonds in the substrate, in head and body, after 5 cuts; and c) final condition of the dental drills. Then a qualitative and quantitative analysis was carried out. ResuJts: The four different dental drills showed a similar worn condition after five uses, both in the head and body. Despite all the samples showed variations, some of them had greater evidence of diamond fracture and displacement. Conclusion: This study suggests that the dental drills should be changed over after 5 clinical uses in order to ensure a desirable worn condition and prevent pulpal damage due to the friction.


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dental Cavity Preparation , Dental Instruments/classification , Dental Instruments/statistics & numerical data
20.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 36(1): 187-203, 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-876332

ABSTRACT

Introdução: uma complicação inerente a todas as resinas compostas é o stress gerado pela contração de polimerização. As resinas compostas da atualidade, após a polimerização, perdem entre 2% a 3% de todo o seu volume. Essa perda pode acarretar em alterações fortemente comprometedoras a nível micro e macroscópico. Objetivo: abordar a importância do uso de técnicas e manobras clínicas, que visam diminuir a contração de polimerização das resinas compostas, reduzindo seus efeitos na cavidade, para que se tenha um procedimento restaurador com elevado índice de sucesso clínico e boa aceitação pelos pacientes. Material e Métodos: foi realizada uma revisão da literatura por meio de uma busca bibliográfica nas seguintes bases de pesquisa online: PUBMED/MEDLINE, LILACS, BBO e SCIENCE DIRECT, através do rastreio de artigos relevantes publicados entre o período de 2000 a 2015. Resultados: comparando as formas de ativação dos compósitos, os compósitos fotopolimerizáveis possuem um menor escoamento e maior stress de contração se comparados a compósitos com ativação química, isso se dá devido à fotoativação que se destaca por ser uma reação rápida quando comparada a outros métodos, não dispondo de tempo para a resina se acomodar na cavidade e ter uma boa interação com o sistema adesivo previamente aplicado, levando a grande parte dos problemas clínicos das restaurações. Conclusão: questionamentos sobre os efeitos da contração de polimerização, ainda não foram completamente elucidados no meio científico, por isso algumas técnicas como a escolha de fotopolimerizadores a LED, manutenção da fase pré gel, manutenção do Fator C e técnica de inserção incremental, podem ser usadas para minimizar os efeitos dessa contração nas restaurações feitas com resina, afim de reduzir insucessos como, sensibilidade pós operatória, infiltração marginal e riscos de agressão pulpar levando a uma maior longevidade dos procedimentos restauradores com materiais resinosos. (AU)


Introduction: a complication inherent in all composite resins is the stress generated by the polymerization contraction. The present composite resins, after polymerization, lose between 2% and 3% of their entire volume. This loss can lead to strongly compromising micro and macroscopic changes. Objective: to address the importance of using technical and clinical maneuvers, which aim to reduce polymerization shrinkage of composite resins, reducing its effects in the cavity, in order to have a restorative procedure with high clinical success rate and good patient acceptance. Material and Methods: a review of the literature through a literature search in the following search online databases was performed: PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, BBO and SCIENCE DIRECT, through the screening of relevant articles published between 2000 to 2015. Results: comparing both activation of composites, the dental composites have a lower flow and higher stress of contraction compared to composites with chemical activation, this is the due to photoactivation that stands out for being a quick reaction when compared to other methods, not providing time for the resin to settle in well and have a good interaction with the previously applied adhesive system, leading to much of the clinical problems of restorations. Conclusion: questions about the effects of polymerization shrinkage have not been fully elucidated in the scientific community, so some techniques such as the choice of curing lights to LED, the pre gel phase maintenance, maintenance of Factor C and incremental insertion technique can It is used to minimize the effects of this contraction in restorations made with resin in order to reduce failures as post-operative sensitivity, microleakage and pulp assault risks leading to increased longevity of restorative procedures with resinous materials. (AU)


Subject(s)
Composite Resins/administration & dosage , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/instrumentation , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/instrumentation , Photoinitiators, Dental/classification , Resins, Synthetic/administration & dosage , Review Literature as Topic , Dental Cavity Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Leakage/rehabilitation , Dental Materials/adverse effects , Polymerization
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