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Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e239056, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443592


Aim: This review investigated the effect of applying an adhesive after surface treatment of glass-ceramics on the bonding, mechanical or clinical behavior. Methods: Studies comparing the adhesive, mechanical or clinical behavior of glass-ceramics, with or without adhesive application after surface treatment, were included. Searches were performed in PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Sciences databases (January 2022), resulting in 15 included studies. Results: Regarding the evaluated outcomes, 13 studies assessed bond strength, 2 studies assessed biaxial flexural strength and 1 study assessed fatigue failure load, while no study evaluating clinical outcomes was included. It was possible to observe that the adhesive application after ceramic surface treatment was unfavorable or did not influence the evaluated outcomes. Conclusion: Most of the evidence available in the literature shows that the adhesive application after surface treatment does not improve the adhesive and mechanical behavior of glass-ceramics

Ceramics , Dental Cements , Flexural Strength
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(3): 613-623, 20221229. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416609


Introdução: os cimentos endodônticos obturadores à base de silicato de cálcio têm sido amplamente utilizados na endodontia, principalmente em razão de suas reconhecidas propriedades bioativas. Como consequência, uma quantidade expressiva de marcas comerciais foi lançada no mercado, dificultando a compreensão do profissional, principalmente no que diz respeito às diferentes composições químicas, apresentações, formas de uso e custo-benefício. Objetivos: o Objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar as diferenças composicionais, técnicas (indicações e apresentação comercial) e comerciais (custo e disponibilidade de venda) dos cimentos endodônticos obturadores à base de silicato de cálcio, disponíveis para uso e comercialização no Brasil. Metodologia: foi realizada uma busca sistemática no site da Anvisa, sendo identificados sete cimentos endodônticos obturadores biocerâmicos para uso no Brasil. As bulas dos produtos foram analisadas para verificação de composição, apresentação e indicação de uso. Sites especializados foram consultados para verificação de preço dos produtos. Resultados: observou-se que a composição química varia bastante, a depender do fabricante, sendo os silicatos tricálcico e dicálcico os componentes mais frequentes. A maioria dos cimentos é apresentada comercialmente pronta para uso, e possui óxido de zircônio como agente radiopacificador. A venda através de sites especializados ainda é restrita a alguns produtos, e o custo varia de acordo com a quantidade de material por embalagem. Conclusão: este trabalho apresentou as características composicionais, técnicas e comerciais de sete cimentos endodônticos obturadores à base de silicato de cálcio registrados na ANVISA e autorizados para uso no Brasil.

Introduction: calcium silicate-based endodontic sealers have been widely used in endodontics, mainly because of their recognized bioactive properties. As a result, a significant number of commercial brands were launched on the market, making it difficult for professionals their comprehension, especially with regard to different chemical compositions, presentations, forms of use and cost-effectiveness. Objective: the Objective of this work was to analyze the compositional, technical (indications and commercial presentation) and commercial (cost and availability) differences of calcium silicate-based endodontic sealers, available for use and commercialization in Brazil. Methodology: a systematic search was carried out on the Anvisa website, and seven bioceramic endodontic sealers for use in Brazil were identified. Product leaflets were analyzed to verify composition, presentation and indication of use. Specialized websites were consulted to verify the price of the products. Results: it was observed that the chemical composition varies a lot, depending on the manufacturer, with tricalcium and dicalcium silicates being the most frequent components. Most sealers are commercially available ready-to-use, and have zirconium oxide as a radiopacifying agent. The sale through specialized websites is still restricted to some products, and the cost varies according to the amount of material per package. Conclusion: this work presented the compositional, technical and commercial characteristics of seven calcium silicate-based endodontic sealers registered at ANVISA and authorized for use in Brazil.

Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation , Silicate Cement , Calcarea Silicata , Dental Cements , Endodontics
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(5): 1-13, nov. 23, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436941


Objetive: To compare the clinical behavior of two types of Bulk Fill composite resins and a nanohybrid resin at 18 months in occlusal restorations. Material and Methods: Three occlusal restorations were performed in each one of the 55 participants. They were randomly distributed into three groups, TN: Tetric-N-Ceram Bulk-Fill, FK: Filtek Bulk-Fill, and Z350: Filtek Z350XT. Adhesive techniques and restorative procedures were performed according to the manufacturer's instructions for each restorative material used. In TN and FK an increment of 4mm was applied, and in Z350 increments of ≤2mm depth were applied. Two calibrated operators evaluated the restorations at baseline and at 18 months using the FDI World Dental Federations system (1: excellent, 2: good, 3: satisfactory, 4: unsatisfactory, 5: poor) for clinical marginal staining (MS) properties, fracture-retention (FR), superficial texture (ST), marginal integrity (MI), postoperative sensitivity (PS) and caries (C). Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon were used to compare the 3 groups at 18 months (5% significance). Results: 38 patients with a total of 114 restorations were assessed, being evaluated with excellent clinical behavior; MI, 78.9% in Z350, 89.51% in TN and 81.6% in FK; ST 73.5% in Z350, 86.8% in TN, and 84.2% in FK; MS 84.2% in Z350, 84.2% in TN, and 91.2% in FK; PS 100% in Z350 and 97.3% in TN and FK; in C and FR, 100% in the 3 groups. There were no significant differences between the three groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: The three resins studied presented a good clinical performance at 18 months without showing significant differences in the clinical properties evaluated.

Objetivo: Comparar el comportamiento clínico a 18 meses en restauraciones oclusales entre dos tipos de resinas compuestas Bulk Fill y una resina nanohíbrida. Material y Métodos: En 55 participantes se realizaron 3 restauraciones oclusales en cada paciente, distribuidas aleatoriamente en 3 grupos, TN: Tetric-N-Ceram Bulk-Fill, FK: Filtek Bulk-Fill y Z350: Filtek Z350XT. Las técnicas adhesivas y procedimientos restauradores fueron realizados según las instrucciones de los fabricantes de cada material restaurador utilizado. En TN y FK se aplicó un incremento de 4mm y en Z350 se aplicó incrementos ≤ 2 mm de profundidad. Dos operadores calibrados evaluaron las restauraciones al baseline y a los 18 meses mediante el sistema FDI World Dental Federations (1: excelente, 2: aceptable, 3: suficiente, 4: insatisfactorio, 5: inaceptable) en las propiedades clínicas de tinción marginal (TM), fractura-retención (FR), textura superficial (TS), integridad marginal (IM), sensibilidad postoperatoria (SP) y caries (C). Se utilizó Kruskal-Wallis y Wilcoxon para la comparación de los 3 grupos a 18 meses (significancia de 5%). Resultados: Se controlaron 38 pacientes con un total de 114 restauraciones, siendo evaluados con comportamiento clínico excelente; IM, 78.9% en Z350, 89.51% en TN y 81.6% en FK; TS 73.5%, en Z350, 86.8% en TN y 84.2% en FK; TM, 84.2% en Z350, 84.2% en TN y 91.2% en FK; SP 100% en Z350 y 97,3% en TN y FK; en C y FR 100% en los 3 grupos. No hubo diferencias significativas entre los 3 grupos (p>0,05). Conclusión: Las 3 resinas estudiadas presentaron un buen desempeño clínico a 18 meses sin mostrar diferencias significativas en las propiedades clínicas evaluadas.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Chile/epidemiology , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Restoration Wear
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(1)abr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386577


Abstract This study evaluated the effects of alternative self-etch application modes on resin-dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of three commercially available "no wait" concept universal adhesives. In this study extracted impacted non-carious human third molars were used. The flat surfaces were prepared in mid-coronal dentin and prepared with a 600-grit SiC paper. The three universal adhesives that were used are as follows: Clearfil Universal Bond Quick (CUQ, Kuraray Noritake, Japan), G-Premio Bond (GPB, GC Corp, Japan), and a self-curing universal adhesive "Tokuyama Universal Bond" (TUB; Tokuyama Dental, Japan). The following three different application procedures were used for the dentin surfaces: the adhesives were applied and immediately subjected to air-dry; the adhesives were applied followed by a 10-second wait; or the adhesives were rubbed for 10 seconds. Then composite resin was applied to the dentin surface and light cured. After storage in 37°C distilled water for 24 h, all the bonded teeth were cut into 1mm² sections using a low-speed diamond saw (Micracut 125 Low Speed Precision Cutter, Metkon, Bursa, Turkey) under running water (n=15). The sections were subjected to a tensile force at a crosshead speed of 1mm/min in a testing apparatus (Microtensile Tester, Bisco, IL, USA) and µTBS values were measured. Data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney U test. Failure modes were analyzed under a stereomicroscope. Prolonged application time significantly affected the µTBS (p<0.005). A significant increase of µTBS on active application was observed for CUQ and GPB. The TUB with an active application had a significantly lower µTBS value compared with the other adhesives. Prolonged application time caused significant improvement of bond strength in all adhesives. The active application is effective at increasing the dentin bond strength except for TUB.

Resumen Este estudio evaluó los efectos de los modos alternativos de aplicación de adhesivos de autograbado en la resistencia de la unión microtensil entre resina y dentina (µTBS) de tres adhesivos universales de concepto "no espera" disponibles en el mercado. En este estudio se utilizaron terceros molares humanos impactados que fueron extraídos. Las superficies planas se prepararon en la dentina coronal media y se prepararon con un papel SiC de 600 granos. Los tres adhesivos universales que se utilizaron son los siguientes: Clearfil Universal Quick Bond (CUQ, Kuraray Noritake, Japón), G-Premio Bond (GPB, GC Corp, Japón), y un adhesivo universal autopolimerizable "Tokuyama Universal Bond" (TUB; Tokuyama Dental, Japón). Se utilizaron los tres procedimientos de aplicación siguientes para las superficies dentinarias: se aplicaron los adhesivos y se sometieron inmediatamente a un secado al aire; se aplicaron los adhesivos y se esperó 10 segundos; o se frotaron los adhesivos durante 10 segundos. Luego se aplicó resina compuesta a la superficie dentinaria y se fotopolimerizó. Después de su almacenamiento en agua destilada a 37°C durante 24 h, todos los dientes unidos se cortaron en secciones de 1mm² utilizando una sierra de diamante de baja velocidad (Micracut 125 Low Speed Precision Cutter, Metkon, Bursa, Turquía) bajo agua corriente (n=15). Las secciones fueron sometidas a una fuerza de tracción a una velocidad de cruceta de 1mm/min en una máquina de prueba universal (Microtensile Tester, Bisco, IL, USA) y se midieron los valores de µTBS. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando la prueba de Kruskal-Wallis y la prueba U de Mann-Whitney. Los modos de falla fueron analizados bajo un estereomicroscopio. El prolongado tiempo de aplicación afectó significativamente a los µTBS (p<0,005). Se observó un aumento significativo de µTBS en la aplicación activa para el CUQ y el GPB. El TUB con una aplicación activa tuvo un valor de µTBS significativamente más bajo comparado con los otros adhesivos. El tiempo de aplicación prolongado causó una mejora significativa de la fuerza de adhesión en todos los adhesivos. La aplicación activa es efectiva para aumentar la fuerza de adhesión de la dentina, excepto para el TUB.

Dental Cements/analysis
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2022. 97 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1428871


A cimentação de pinos de fibra de vidro à dentina intrarradicular, principalmente no terço apical, continua sendo um desafio na odontologia. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a influência do controle de umidade com etanol na resistência de união de pinos de fibra de vidro em diferentes terços de dentina intrarradicular, 24 horas e 6 meses após o processo de cimentação adesiva. Sessenta e quatro incisivos bovinos extraídos foram submetidos ao tratamento endodôntico e divididos em dois grupos, de acordo com o tipo de controle de umidade (técnica convencional e alcoólica). Cada grupo foi dividido em 4 subgrupos (n=8) de acordo com a cimentação: RXU: Single bond Universal + RelyX Ultimate; PNV: primer de dentes Panavia V5 + Panavia V5; U200: RelyX U200; SET: Set PP. A resistência de união do pushout foi medida em diferentes áreas da interface entre o pino e a superfície radicular, 24 horas e 6 meses após o procedimento de união. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste de Bonferroni (α = 0,05). Os menores valores de resistência de união foram encontrados para o grupo SET, com diferença estatisticamente significante entre os demais grupos para os terços cervical e médio. Os maiores valores de resistência de união foram encontrados para o grupo PNV com diferença estatisticamente significante para os demais grupos nos terços médio e apical em 24 horas. Avaliando os diferentes terços, em geral, os maiores valores de resistência de união foram encontrados para o terço cervical. O grupo PNV apresentou maiores valores de resistência de união para os terços cervical e médio, sem diferença estatisticamente significante entre eles. Quanto ao tipo de controle de umidade, pode-se observar que não há diferença estatisticamente significativa para o grupo PNV às 24 horas, U200 e SET aos 6 meses. Na comparação entre os tempos (24 horas e 6 meses), em geral, os valores de resistência de união diminuíram após o armazenamento. Diferenças significativas com menores valores foram observadas após o tempo de seis meses nos valores de envelhecimento para a resistência de união. Por meio de um microscópio óptico e um aparelho de microscopia eletrônica de varredura o padrão de fratura na interface adesiva foi caracterizado.

Cementation of fiberglass posts to intraradical dentin, especially in the apical third, remains a challenge in dentistry. The study was to evaluate the influence of moisture control with ethanol on the bond strength of fiberglass posts in different thirds of intraradicular dentin, 24 hours and 6 months after the adhesive cementation process. Sixty-four extracted bovine incisors were endodontically protected and divided into two groups, according to the type of moisture control (conventional and alcoholic technique). Each group was divided into 4 subgroups (n=8) according to cementation: RXU: Single bond Universal + RelyX Ultimate; PNV: Panavia V5 tooth primer + Panavia V5; U200: RelyX U200; SET: Set PP. The pushout bond strength was measured in different areas of the interface between the post and the root surface, 24 hours and 6 months after the bonding procedure. The data were confirmed by the Bonferroni test (α = 0.05). The lowest bond strength values were found for the SET group, with a statistically significant difference between the other groups for the cervical and middle thirds. The highest bond strength values were found for the PNV group, with a statistically significant difference for the other groups in the middle and apical thirds at 24 hours. Evaluating the different thirds, in general, the highest bond strength values were found for the cervical third. The PNV group showed higher bond strength values for the cervical and middle thirds, with no statistically significant difference between them. As for the type of humidity control, it can be observed that there is no statistically significant difference for the PNV group at 24 hours, U200 and SET at 6 months. In the comparison between times (24 hours and 6 months), in general, the bond strength values decreased after storage. Minor elevation differences with values were observed after the six-month time in the ageing values for bond strength. Using an optical microscope and a scanning electron microscopy device, the fracture pattern at the adhesive interface was characterized.

Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Cements , Dental Pins , Dentin
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354535


Objective: This study aimed to determine the push-out-bond-strength(PBS) of mineral trioxide aggregate (BIOMTA+) and calcium-enriched-mixture-cement (CEM) in retrograde cavities prepared using Er: YAG laser and stainless-steel bur. Material and Methods: The root canals of 60 extracted single-rooted human teeth were prepared, filled and their apical portion of 3-mm were resected using a diamond bur and randomly divided into four groups according to technique of retrograde preparation and filling material as follows(n=15): Group1: bur/ BIOMTA+ ,Group2: bur/ CEM, Group3: Er:YAG laser/ BIOMTA+, Group4: Er:YAG laser/ CEM. PBS test were performed to specimens and failure modes were evaluated. The data were statistically analyzed with ANOVA, Post-Hoc Tukey and t tests (p< 0.05). Results: CEM was exhibited higher than bond strength compared to BIOMTA+ in retrograde cavity prepared using laser (p= 0.021) and BIOMTA+ in retrograde cavity prepared using bur was exhibited higher than bond strength compared to in retrograde cavities prepared using laser (p= 0.024). Failure modes were dominantly cohesive in all groups tested and one representative specimen each failure mode was examined in SEM and the general characteristics of the failure modes were confirmed. Conclusion: With in the limitations of the present study, when used CEM, Er: YAG laser-assisted retrograde cavity preparation positively affected the bond strength values compared to BIO MTA+. Considering its optimal adhesion, the calcium-enriched-mixture-cement (CEM) might be a good option as a filling material in retrograde cavities in clinical use. (AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a força de união (PBS) de cimento de agregado trióxido mineral (BIO MTA+) e cimento enriquecido com cálcio (CEM) em preparos cavitários retrógrados realizados com: Laser Er-YAG e brocas de aço inoxidável. Material e Métodos: Canais radiculares de 60 dentes unirradiculares extraídos foram preparados, preenchidos e 3 mm de suas porções apicais foram ressecadas usando uma broca diamantada e divididos randomicamente em quatro grupos de acordo com a técnica de preparação retrógrada e o material de preenchimento (n=15): Grupo 1: Broca/BIO MTA+, Grupo 2: Broca/CEM, Grupo 3: Laser Er-YAG/BIO MTA+, Grupo 4: Laser Er-YAG/CEM. O teste de PBS foi realizado para as amostras e os modelos de falha foram avaliados. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelos testes de ANOVA, Post-Hoc Tukey e testes t (p< 0.05). Resultados: CEM apresentou maior força de união que BIO MTA+ em cavidades retrógradas preparadas com laser (p= 0.021) e BIO MTA+ em cavidades retrógradas preparadas com brocas apresentou maior força de união quando comparado à cavidades retrógradas preparadas com laser (p= 0.024). Os modelos de falha foram predominantemente coesos em todos os grupos testados e um espécime representativo de cada modelo de falha foi examinado em MEV e as características gerais dos modelos de falha foram confirmadas. Conclusão: Com as limitações do presente estudo, quando usou-se CEM, o preparo de cavidades retrógradas através de Laser Er-YAG afetou positivamente os valores da força de união quando comparados com BIO MTA+. Considerando sua ótima adesão, o cimento enriquecido com cálcio (CEM) pode ser uma boa opção como um material de preenchimento em cavidades retrógradas no uso clínico.

Dental Cements , Dental Pulp Cavity , Lasers, Solid-State
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352726


Objective: To evaluate the influence of immediate dentin sealing (IDS) and mechanical methods for removing the temporary cement on the bond strength between dentin and resin cements. Material and Methods: Bovine incisors were ground until dentin exposure and divided according to two factors: "dentin surface treatment"' - cleaning with manual dental excavator (DE), with Robinson bristle brush and pumice paste (PP) or IDS application with Single Bond 2 (IDS/SB+PP) or Single Bond Universal (IDS/SBU+PP) plus cleaning with PP; and "resin cement" - Self-adhesive (RelyX U200) or conventional cement with self-etching adhesive (Multilink Automix). Simulating provisional restoration, acrylic resin plates were cemented onto the dentin surface (with or without IDS) with a non-eugenol temporary cement, and stored in distilled water (37 ºC; 7 days). The acrylic plates were removed, the dentin surface was cleaned (PP or DE), and starch tubes were positioned on the dentin where the resin cements were applied. After 24 h, the specimens were submitted to a microshear test (wire-loop method). Results: Two-way analysis of variance showed statistically significant influence of dentine surface treatments (p< 0.001) and resin cement (p= 0.001) in the bond strength values. The IDS/SBU+PP/U200 (7.24 MPa) and IDS/SBU+PP/MULTI (6.40 MPa) groups presented higher values when compared to cleaning with DE (DE/U200= 4.60 MPa; DE/MULTI= 1.45 MPa) and PP (PP/U200= 3.74 MPa; PP/MULTI= 3.14 MPa). Statistical difference was also found between the cements when dental excavator treatment was used (RelyX U200 ˃ Multilink Automix). The IDS/SBU+PP protocol presented a higher percentage of cohesive failures. The micrographs showed differences in dentin surface characteristics among the groups. Conclusion: Immediate dentin sealing increased the bond strength of the resin cements to dentin compared to mechanical cleaning only, regardless the resin cement. (AU)

Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do selamento dentinário imediato (IDS) e dos métodos mecânicos de remoção do cimento provisório na resistência de união entre dentina e cimentos resinosos. Materiais e Métodos: Incisivos bovinos foram desgastados até a exposição da dentina e divididos de acordo com dois fatores: "tratamento da superfície dentinária" - limpeza com cureta dentária manual (DE), com escova de cerdas Robinson e pasta de pedra-pomes (PP) ou aplicação de IDS com Single Bond 2 (IDS/SB +PP) ou Single Bond Universal (IDS/SBU+PP) mais limpeza com PP; e "cimento resinoso" - autoadesivo (RelyX U200) ou cimento convencional com adesivo autocondicionante (Multilink Automix). Simulando a restauração provisória, placas de resina acrílica foram cimentadas na superfície dentinária (com ou sem IDS) com um cimento provisório sem eugenol e armazenadas em água destilada (37 ºC; 7 dias). As placas de acrílico foram removidas, a superfície dentinária foi limpa (PP ou DE) e tubos de amido foram posicionados na dentina onde os cimentos resinosos foram aplicados. Após 24 h, os corpos-de-prova foram submetidos ao ensaio de microcisalhamento (método wire-loop). Resultados: A análise de variância de dois fatores mostrou influência estatisticamente significativa dos tratamentos de superfície dentinária (p< 0,001) e cimento resinoso (p= 0,001) nos valores de resistência de união. Os grupos IDS/SBU+PP/U200 (7,24 MPa) e IDS/SBU+PP/MULTI (6,40 MPa) apresentaram valores maiores quando comparados à limpeza com DE (DE/U200= 4,60 MPa; DE/MULTI= 1,45 MPa) e PP (PP/U200= 3,74 MPa; PP/MULTI= 3,14 MPa). Uma diferença estatística também foi encontrada entre os cimentos quando o tratamento com cureta dentária foi usado (RelyX U200 ˃ Multilink Automix). O protocolo IDS/SBU+PP apresentou maior percentual de falhas coesivas. As micrografias mostraram diferenças nas características da superfície dentinária entre os grupos. Conclusão: O selamento dentinário imediato aumentou a resistência de união dos cimentos resinosos à dentina em comparação com a limpeza mecânica apenas, independentemente do cimento resinoso.(AU)

Cattle , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dentin
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361885


Objetivo: O objetivo foi avaliar a resistência de união de seis adesivos experimentais contendo sistemas fotoiniciadores binários ou ternários, associados a três diferentes concentrações de MDP (0-12% em peso) após 12 meses de armazenamento em água destilada. Material e Métodos: Adesivos experimentais foram preparados com: bis-GMA, UDMA, bis-EMA, TEGDMA, HEMA, BHT e etanol, contendo sistemas fotoiniciadores binários (CQ/amina) ou ternários (CQ/amina/DPIHFP ­ 0,5% em peso). Foi adicionado a esta composição 0%, 6% ou 12% em peso de MDP. Os sistemas adesivos foram aplicados seguindo o protocolo com condicionamento ácido. Moldes cilíndricos transparentes foram colocados sobre a dentina hibridizada, preenchidos com resina composta e fotopolimerizados. Os corpos-de-prova foram armazenados em água destilada a 37oC por 24h ou 12 meses e submetidos ao ensaio de microcisalhamento (n=6). Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA de três fatores e teste de Tukey (α=5%). Resultados: Para o sistema binário, após 12 meses de armazenamento, todos os valores de resistência de união foram semelhantes. Em relação à degradação da resistência de adesão ao longo do tempo, as formulações de MDP de 6% e 12% mostraram resistência de união mais estável do que 0% de MDP. Para o sistema ternário, todas as formulações (0%, 6% e 12% em massa de MDP) mostraram resistência de união estável em função do tempo. Conclusão: Para o sistema binário, as concentrações de 6 e 12% em massa de MDP foram capazes de manter a resistência de união em função do tempo, enquanto que para o sistema ternário, a estabilidade de união foi obtida independentemente da concentração de MDP. Pode-se concluir que, para a formulação dos adesivos utilizados neste estudo, independente do sistema fotoiniciador, a concentração de 12% MDP apresentou valores de resistência de união mais estáveis após 12 meses de armazenamento em água (AU)

Objective: The aim was to evaluate the bond strength of six experimental adhesives containing binary or ternary photoinitiator systems, associated with three different MDP concentrations (0-12wt%) after 12 months of storage in distilled water. Material and Methods: Experimental adhesives were prepared with: bis-GMA, UDMA, bis-EMA, TEGDMA, HEMA, BHT, and ethanol, containing binary (CQ/amine) or ternary (CQ/amine/DPIHFP (diphenyliodonium hexafluorophosphate) ­ 0.5wt%) photoinitiator systems. It was added to this composition 0wt%, 6wt%, or 12wt% of MDP. The adhesive systems were applied following the etch-and-rinse protocol. Transparent cylindrical molds were placed on the hybridized dentin, filled with composite resin and light-cured. The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37oC for 24h or 12 months and submitted to a microshear bond strength test (n=6). Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=5%). Results: For the binary system, after 12 months of storage, all bond strength values were similar. Regarding bond strength degradation over time, 6wt% and 12wt% MDP formulations showed more stable bond strength than 0wt% MDP. For the ternary system, all formulations (0wt%, 6wt% and 12wt%) showed stable bond strength over time. Conclusion: For the binary photoinitiator system, the 6wt% and 12wt% MDP concentrations were able to keep bond strength stable over time, while for the ternary system, bond strength stability was achieved regardless the MDP concentration. (AU)

Dental Cements , Photoinitiators, Dental
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 78 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1397436


Este estudo, desenvolvido em duas etapas, avaliou a ação remineralizadora da biopartícula α-wollastonita (BP), a partir da reação com H3PO4 residual Si-O-Ca + H3PO4 → SiO2 + Ca5(PO4)3(OH)n + H2O, na resistência longitudinal de união e características da interface adesiva, quando aplicada na forma de suspensão (etanol 99,5% + 10% de BP em peso) na superfície dentinária previamente condicionada com H3PO4 37%. Na primeira etapa foi realizado um estudo piloto onde, pelas características de precipitação, foi identificada a melhor concentração de biopartículas a serem inseridas na formulação da suspensão. Na segunda etapa, duzentas coroas hígidas de incisivos bovinos foram embutidas em resina acrílica, polidas para padronizar a smear layer e divididas aleatoriamente em 2 grupos (n=100), segundo a estratégia adesiva: A - controle (H3PO4 + Single Bond™ Universal (SB)); WAS ­ (H3PO4 + BP em suspensão + SB). Blocos de resina composta (Filtek Z250; 3M/ESPE) de 4mm foram confeccionados por técnica incremental sobre as áreas tratadas em todos os grupos, utilizando uma matriz de silicona. As amostras foram então seccionadas para obtenção de palitos retangulares (aproximadamente 1mm2 ), armazenadas em água deionizada a 4ºC em recipientes individuais e divididas em 2 subgrupos (n=50) de acordo com o tempo de armazenamento de 24 h (imediato) e 12 meses (longitudinal), seguidos do teste de resistência adesiva à microtração (10 kgf, 0,5mm/min). Os dados foram submetidos ao teste ANOVA 2 fatores (p< 0,05) e teste de Weibull 2 parâmetros. As interfaces adesivas foram analisadas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) para avaliar a morfologia da interface resina-dentina, e analisadas por espectroscopia FTIR, para compreensão das interações químicas formadas na superfície dentinária. Os Resultados evidenciaram maiores valores estatisticamente significativos de resistência de união (MPa) para o grupo WAS (37,39 ± 7,48), tratado com BP e armazenado por 24 h, em comparação ao grupo A armazenado por 24 h (27,58 ± 6,43); e, para o grupo WAS armazenado por 12 meses (32,05 ± 10,64) em comparação ao grupo A armazenado por 12 meses (22,84 ± 5,76). Dados do FTIR evidenciaram o efeito da α-wollastonita na preservação do colágeno. A biopartícula mostrou ser promissora na manutenção longitudinal da qualidade da interface adesiva. (AU)

This study, developed in two stages, evaluated the remineralizing action of the αwollastonite (BP) bioparticle, from the reaction with residual Si-O-Ca + H3PO4 → SiO2 + Ca5(PO4)3(OH)n + H2O, on the longitudinal bond strength and characteristics of the adhesive interface, when applied as a suspension (99.5% ethanol + 10% BP by weight) on the dentin surface previously etched with 37% H3PO4. In the first stage, a pilot study was carried out where, due to the precipitation characteristics, the best concentration of bioparticles to be inserted in the suspension formulation was identified. In the second step, two hundred sound bovine incisor crowns were embedded in acrylic resin, polished to standardize the smear layer and randomly divided into 2 groups (n=100), according to the adhesive strategy: A - control (H3PO4 + Single Bond™ Universal (SB)); WAS ­ (H3PO4 + BP in suspension + SB). Composite resin blocks (Filtek Z250; 3M/ESPE) of 4 mm were made by incremental technique on the treated areas in all groups, using a silicone matrix. The samples were then sectioned to obtain rectangular sticks (approximately 1mm2 ), stored in deionized water at 4ºC in individual containers and divided into 2 subgroups (n=50) according to the storage time of 24 h (immediate) and 12 months (longitudinal), followed by the microtensile bond strength test (10 kgf, 0.5 mm/min). Data were submitted to 2-way ANOVA (p<0.05) and 2-parameter Weibull test. The adhesive interfaces were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to evaluate the morphology of the resin-dentin interface, and analyzed by FTIR spectroscopy, to understand the chemical interactions formed on the dentin surface. The results showed higher statistically significant values of bond strength (MPa) for the WAS group (37.39 ± 7.48), treated with BP and stored for 24 h, compared to group A stored for 24 h (27, 58 ± 6.43); and for the WAS group stored for 12 months (32.05 ± 10.64) compared to group A stored for 12 months (22.84 ± 5.76). FTIR data evidenced the effect of α-wollastonite on collagen preservation. The bioparticle showed promise in the longitudinal maintenance of the quality of the adhesive interface (AU)

Animals , Cattle , Acrylic Resins , Analysis of Variance , Composite Resins , Dental Cements , In Vitro Techniques , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Collagen
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-6, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363727


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of material and processing methods on the bond strength of orthodontic brackets. Material and Methods: Five types of brackets were tested: Conventional metallic (CM), metallic sandblasted (SB), ceramic (C), polycarbonate (PC), and metallic fabricated by melting injection molding (MIM). Shear bond strength (SBS) was conducted to check bond strength of the brackets bonded to bovine teeth (n=10/group), and tensile bond strength (TBS) (20 brackets/group) to check bracket retention to bonding material (n=20/group). Both, SBS and TBS were conducted with 1mm/min crosshead speed in a universal testing machine. Bond strength was calculated in Megapascal (MPa) based on force (N) and bracket area (mm 2). Data normality was verified, and One-way ANOVA was the statistical test with Tukey post-hoc (α=0.05). Results: SB and MIM presented higher SBS compared to C, PC, and CM (p<0.05). SB and MIM also presented significantly higher TBS compared to CM and PC (p<0.05). However, MIM was not different of C for TBS. Conclusion: The type of material and method of fabrication are determinant factors that affect bond strength of orthodontic brackets and melting injection molding (MIM) is a remarkable technology to improve brackets retention during the orthodontic treatment. (AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos dos materiais e métodos de processamento na resistência de união de bráquetes ortodônticos. Material e Métodos: Cinco tipos de bráquetes foram testados: Convencionais metálicos (CM), metálicos jateados (SB), cerâmico (C), policarbonato (PC), e metálico fabricado por injeção de metal fundido em molde (MIM). A resistência de união ao cisalhamento (SBS) foi conduzida para verificar a resistência de união dos bráquetes aderidos a dentes bonivos (n=10/grupo) e a resistência à tração (TBS) (20 bráquetes/grupo) para verificar a retenção do bráquete ao material adesivo (n=20/grupo). SBS e TBS foram conduzidas com relação carga/velocidade de 1mm/min em uma máquina de ensaios universal. A resistência de união foi calculada em Megapascal (MPa) com base na força (N) pela área do bráquete (mm 2). A normalidade dos dados e a estatística foi realizada utilizando One-way ANOVA e Tukey post-hoc (α=0.05). SB e MIM apresentaram os maiores valores de SBS comparados com C, PC e CM (p<0.05). Resultados: SB e MIM também apresentaram valores significativamente maiores de TBS comparados com CM e PC (p<0.05). Contudo, os valores de TBS para o grupo MIM não foram significativamente diferentes de C. Conclusão: O tipo de material e o método de fabricação são fatores determinantes que afetam a resistência de união de bráquetes ortodônticos e a injeção de metal fundido em molde (MIM) é uma tecnologia relevante para melhorar a retenção dos bráquetes durante o tratamento ortodôntico. (AU)

Animals , Cattle , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Cements , Shear Strength
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210044, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365224


ABSTRACT Objective To assess the effects of coloring beverages on the color stability of two types of hybrid ceramics with different surface treatments. Material and Methods 180 specimens of two hybrid ceramics (Vita Enamic and Mazic Duro) and a feldspathic ceramic (Vita Mark II) were prepared (n=60 in each group). Half of the discs in each group were glazed while the other was polished. The specimens were then divided into three subgroups and immersed in distilled water, carrot juice, and coffee. The overall color difference (∆E) was calculated based on CIE L*a*b* color space. Data were analyzed using three-way and one-way ANOVA; Tukey's honest significant difference was also done for pairwise comparisons (α=0.05). Results Vita Mark II specimens revealed less overall color changes compared to other groups. The ∆E of the glazed Vita Enamic specimens was greater than polished specimens following immersion in distilled water (p=0.03) and coffee (p=0.001), but it was not significant for carrot juice. The same results were obtained for polished Mazic Duro specimens. Relatively similar amounts of ∆E were recorded in polished and glazed subgroups of Vita Mark II. Conclusion The ∆E of hybrid ceramics was higher than Vita Mark II. Polishing could be recommended for surface treatment of hybrid ceramics instead of glazing, saving time and facilitating the process.

Spectrophotometry/instrumentation , Surface Properties , Beverages , Color , Dental Cements , Distilled Water , Ceramics , Analysis of Variance , Dental Prosthesis , Computer-Aided Design/instrumentation , Coffee , Dental Porcelain , Coloring Agents , Fruit and Vegetable Juices , Iran/epidemiology
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210058, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365226


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate and compare the effect of 17% Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid (EDTA), 9% Etidronic acid (HEDP), and 7% Maleic acid (MA) on the push-out bond strength of NeoMTA Plus sealer to the coronal, middle, and apical thirds of root canal dentin. Material and Methods Forty single-rooted human maxillary central incisors were selected and decoronated to 12 mm long root fragments. Working length was established and root canals were then enlarged up to rotary Protaper F3. After each instrumentation, the root canal was irrigated with 2.5% NaOCl. For the final irrigation regimen, the specimens were divided into 4 groups (n=10) and treated with EDTA, HEDP, MA or Saline. Root canals were coated with NeoMTA Plus sealer, and obturation was done with single cone obturation technique. Subsequently, three horizontal sections were taken from the coronal, middle and apical thirds of each specimen, and POBS was measured using a universal testing machine. The type of bond failures was assessed under a stereomicroscope. Statistical analysis was done with One-way ANOVA with Tukey's Post hoc analysis. Results MA and EDTA showed the highest POBS. There was no significant difference in bond strength between MA and EDTA (p>0.05). HEDP and Saline showed lower POBS. Among all the four groups, the coronal third showed the highest values, followed by middle and apical thirds. Conclusion The type of chelating agent used during the root canal treatment significantly affects the bond strength of NeoMTA Plus to the root canal dentin.

Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tensile Strength , Chelating Agents/chemistry , Dental Cements , Endodontics , Analysis of Variance , Edetic Acid , Etidronic Acid , Dental Materials/chemistry , Incisor , India , Maleic Hydrazide
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210114, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365227


ABSTRACT Objective To compare the cytotoxicity of commercial reparative endodontic cements on human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). Material and Methods The culture of hPDLSCs was established. Cell density was set at 2 × 104 cells/well in 96-well plates. Extracts of Biodentine, Bio-C Repair, Cimmo HD, MTA Repair HP and White MTA were prepared. Then, the extracts were diluted (pure, 1:4 and 1:16) and inserted into cell-seeded wells for 24, 48, and 72 h to assess cell viability through MTT assay. hPDLSCs incubated with culture medium alone served as a negative control group. Data were analyzed by Two-Way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results At 24 h, pure extract of MTA Repair HP and Biodentine 1:16 presented higher cell viability compared to control. Lower cell viability was found for pure extract of Cimmo HD, MTA Repair HP 1:4 and 1:16, and White MTA 1:16. At 48 h, pure extract of Bio-C Repair and MTA Repair HP presented higher cell viability compared to control. At 72 h, only the pure extract of MTA Repair HP led to higher cell proliferation compared to control. Conclusion Biodentine, Bio-C Repair and MTA Repair HP were able to induce hPDLSCs proliferation. Cimmo HD and White MTA were found to be mostly cytotoxic in hPDLSCs.

Periodontal Ligament/anatomy & histology , Root Canal Filling Materials , Stem Cells/immunology , Cytotoxicity Tests, Immunologic/instrumentation , Dental Cements , Immunologic Tests/instrumentation , Brazil , Cell Count , Analysis of Variance , Endodontics , Primary Cell Culture
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 173-181, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935845


Objective: To study the effect of hydroxyapatite (HA) based agents on the bonding properties of universal adhesive with different application modes, and to provide evidence for the use of adhesives after desensitization treatment. Methods: Sixty impacted third molars were extracted and selected (acquired from Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University). Four third molars were used to prepare 1 mm thick dentin disks and treated with 1% citric acid to simulate sensitive tooth models. The dentin surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) after treating with no desensitization (control group), desensitized by HA based toothpaste Biorepair and Dontodent Sensitive respectively (desensitizing toothpaste A group and B group), or HA paste treatment (desensitizing paste group ) (n=2 per group). The remaining teeth were selected to expose the mid-coronal dentin and establish dentin sensitivity models. Then, the specimens were divided into 4 former groups and received corresponding treatment. Each group was randomly divided into 2 subgroups, and intermediately strong universal adhesive (G-Premio Bond) was applied on the desensitized dentin by either etch-and-rinse mode or self-etch mode. Resin-dentin slice specimens (n=4 per subgroup), microtensile specimens (n=20 per subgroup) and slice specimens (n=6 per subgroup) were prepared. The microstructure and nanoleakage of the adhesive interfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The microtensile strength (bond strength) and fracture mode were tested and recorded. The water permeability of the adhesive interface was observed by laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM). Results: SEM showed that desensitizing toothpaste and desensitizing paste could partially or entirely occlude most of the dentin tubules. For the etch-and-rinse mode, the bond strength of specimens treated with toothpaste A [(40.98±4.60) MPa], toothpaste B [(40.89±4.64) MPa] and HA paste [(41.48±3.65) MPa] was significantly higher than that of the control group [(38.58±4.28) MPa] (F=3.89,P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in bond strength among the 4 subgroups for self-etch modes (F=0.48,P>0.05). After desensitization, the bond strength of the control group and desensitizing groups in the self-etch mode was significantly higher than that in the etch-and-rinse mode (P<0.05). The overall fracture modes were mixed failure and interfacial failure in the control group and desensitizing groups. SEM showed speckled silver-stained particles deposited along the bottom of the hybrid layer on the bond interface of etch-and-rinse mode, and there were few silver-stained particles deposited on the bond interface of self-etch mode. LSCM showed continuous linear penetration in the hybrid layer of etch-and-rinse mode subgroups and discontinuous linear penetration in the hybrid layer of self-etch mode subgroups. Conclusions: HA based desensitizers have no adverse effect on the bond strength of intermediately strong universal adhesive and show good bonding performance accompanied with the self-etch mode.

Humans , Adhesives , Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Durapatite , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements , Tensile Strength
Araçatuba; s.n; 2022. 125 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1444801


O objetivo desse estudo de revisões sistemáticas e meta-análises foi responder se os cimentos biocerâmicos resultam melhores efeitos para a dor pós operatória, capacidade em penetração em túbulos dentinários e atividade antimicrobiana em comparação ao cimento AH Plus®. Foram conduzidas duas revisões sistemáticas, orientadas pelas diretrizes PRISMA e foram registradas na PROSPERO (CRD4202125928) (Capítulo 1) e na Open Science Framework (OSF) Registries ( (Capítulo 2). Uma pergunta foi feita com base na população, intervenção, comparação e resultado (PICO), Capítulo 1: "O uso dos cimentos biocerâmicos resulta em menos dor pós operatória em comparação ao uso do cimento AH Plus® em pacientes tratados endodonticamente?"; Capítulo 2: "Os cimentos obturadores biocerâmicos apresentam superioridade na penetração em túbulos dentinários e atividade antimicrobiana ao cimento obturador AH Plus®?". Foram definidas as estratégias de buscas e realizadas buscas nas bases de dados: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, e OpenGrey. O Capítulo 1 utilizou a escala Cochrane para avaliar o risco de viés e a ferramenta GRADE para avaliar a qualidade das evidências. Enquanto, o Capítulo 2 utilizou a escala The Joanna Briggs para avaliar o risco de viés de estudos in vitro. As metaanálises foram conduzidas usando o "Meta" package, version 3.6.3, a diferença média (MD) medida de efeito foi calculada para variáveis quantitativas e odds ratio (OR) (Capítulo 1) e diferenças de médias padronizadas (SMD) (Capítulo 2), com um intervalo de confiança (IC) de 95%. Os resultados do Capítulo 1, foram incluídos 13 artigos na revisão sistemática, 11 foram incluídos na meta-análise. Para as variáveis quantitativas, o cimento biocerâmico apresentou menor ocorrência de dor pós-operatória do que o cimento AH Plus® em 24h (MD - 0,4101 [-0,80; -0,02], p = 0,0386) e 48h (MD -0,31 [-0,59; -0,03], p = 0,0295). Para as variáveis binárias, não houve diferença observada entre os cimentos avaliados: 24h (OR 1,12 [0,69; 1,80] p = 0,6476), 48h (OR 1,56 [0,76; 3,20] p = 0,2267), 72h (OR 1,38 [0,55; 3,45] p = 0,4893) e 7 dias (OR 2,10 [0,55; 8,01], p = 0,2790). Em relação à análise de risco de viés, observou-se baixo risco para a maioria dos domínios, exceto alocação que foi considerada pouco clara, enquanto a certeza da evidência variou de moderada a baixa. Os resultados do Capítulo 2, foram um total de 54 estudos foram incluídos, e 16 estudos foram incluídos na meta-análise. De modo geral, os estudos apresentaram baixo risco de viés. Não foi observado diferença estatística entre os cimentos avaliados para penetração em túbulos dentinários, independentemente dos terços: coronal SMD 0.58 [0.14; 1.31], p = 0.12; médio SMD 0.07 [0.54; 0.39], p = 0.75; e apical: SMD 0.08 [0.73; 0.56], p = 0.80. Os cimentos biocerâmicos e AH Plus® demonstraram similar ação antimicrobiana SMD [3.42; 5.32], p = 0.67 e SMD 0.67 [1.89; 0.55], p = 0.2825. Dessa forma, conclui-se que os cimentos biocerâmicos apresentam menor dor pós operatória nas primeiras 24 e 48 horas, e apresentam respostas similares para penetração em túbulos dentinários e atividade antimicrobiana quando comparado ao cimento AH Plus®(AU)

The aim of this study of systematic reviews and meta-analyses was to answer whether bioceramic sealers have better effects on postoperative pain, ability to penetrate dentinal tubules and antimicrobial activity compared to AH Plus® sealer. Two systematic reviews, guided by PRISMA guidelines, were conducted and registered in PROSPERO (CRD4202125928) (Chapter 1) and Open Science Framework (OSF) Registries ( (Chapter 2). A question was asked based on population, intervention, comparison and outcome (PICO), Chapter 1: "Does the use of bioceramic sealers result in less postoperative pain compared to the use of AH Plus® sealer in endodontically treated patients?"; Chapter 2: "Do bioceramic filling sealers have superior penetration into dentinal tubules and antimicrobial activity compared to AH Plus® filling sealer?". Search strategies were defined and searches performed in the following databases: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, and OpenGrey. Chapter 1 used the Cochrane scale to assess the risk of bias and the GRADE tool to assess the quality of evidence. Meanwhile, Chapter 2 used The Joanna Briggs scale to assess the risk of bias from in vitro studies. Meta-analyses were conducted using the "Meta" package, version 3.6.3, the mean difference (MD) effect measure was calculated for quantitative variables and odds ratio (OR) (Chapter 1) and standardized mean differences (SMD) (Chapter 2), with a 95% confidence interval (CI). The results of Chapter 1 were included 13 articles in the systematic review, 11 were included in the meta-analysis. For quantitative variables, the bioceramic sealer had a lower occurrence of postoperative pain than the AH Plus® sealer in 24 hours (MD - 0.4101 [-0.80; - 0.02], p = 0.0386) and 48h (MD -0.31 [-0.59; -0.03], p = 0.0295). For the binary variables, there was no difference observed between the sealers evaluated: 24h (OR 1.12 [0.69; 1.80] p = 0.6476), 48h (OR 1.56 [0.76; 3.20] p = 0.2267), 72h (OR 1.38 [0.55; 3.45] p = 0.4893) and 7 days (OR 2.10 [0.55; 8.01], p = 0 .2790). Regarding the risk of bias analysis, a low risk was observed for most domains, except for allocation that was considered unclear, while the certainty of evidence ranged from moderate to low. The results of Chapter 2 were a total of 54 studies included, and 16 studies were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, the studies had a low risk of bias. There was no statistical difference between the sealers evaluated for penetration into dentinal tubules, regardless of the thirds: coronal SMD 0.58 [0.14; 1.31], p = 0.12; average SMD 0.07 [0.54; 0.39], p = 0.75; and apical: SMD 0.08 [0.73; 0.56], p = 0.80. Bioceramic sealers and AH Plus® demonstrated similar antimicrobial action to SMD [3.42; 5.32], p = 0.67 and SMD 0.67 [1.89; 0.55], p = 0.2825. Thus, it is concluded that bioceramic sealers have less postoperative pain in the first 24 and 48 hours, and have similar responses for penetration into dentinal tubules and antimicrobial activity when compared to AH Plus® sealer(AU)

Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation , Dental Cements , Anti-Infective Agents , Root Canal Therapy , Ceramics , Calcarea Silicata , Epoxy Resins
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(4)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408356


Introducción: Es frecuente el desprendimiento de los espigos de fibra de vidrio por pérdida de adhesión cuando son sometidos a las fuerzas masticatorias. Objetivo: Comparar in vitro la resistencia a las fuerzas de tracción de espigos de fibra de vidrio y anatomizado con un mismo cemento. Métodos: Estudio in vitro, de tipo experimental. Se seleccionaron 20 premolares extraídos por motivos ortodónticos que fueron distribuidos aleatoriamente en dos grupos. Se les realizó el tratamiento de conductos por un especialista, la preparación fue manual y la técnica de obturación por condensación lateral. Los dientes fueron preparados para, en forma estándar, recibir el espigo de fibra de vidrio y anatomizados con resina. Para ambos grupos la cementación siguió el protocolo sugerido por el fabricante de Allcem Core® (cemento dual). Los especímenes fueron troquelados en acrílico de autocurado. Para luego ser sometido a fuerza de tracción vertical en la máquina de pruebas de materiales (Instrom©). Resultados: En el grupo de dientes con espigos anatomizados se obtuvo una media de 31 Kg/F, postes de fibra de vidrio 12,47 Kg/F. Según las pruebas de Shapiro-Wilk, las muestras presentaron distribución normal (p > 0,05). Se contrastó la hipótesis con la prueba de t de Student y se encontró diferencia estadística altamente significativas entre los grupos (p = 0,001) Conclusiones: Existe una mayor resistencia a la tracción vertical en los espigos anatomizados(AU)

Introduction: Fiberglass posts often fall off their position due to loss of adhesive capacity when they are subjected to masticatory force. Objective: Compare in vitro the tensile bond strength of fiberglass and anatomized posts cemented with the same adhesive material. Methods: An in vitro experimental study was conducted. A selection was made of 20 premolars extracted by orthodontic indication which were then randomly distributed into two groups. The premolars underwent root canal treatment by a specialist. The preparation was manual and sealing was performed by lateral condensation. The teeth were prepared in the standard manner to receive the fiberglass and resin-anatomized posts. In both groups' cementation followed the protocol suggested by the manufacturer of Allcem Core® (dual cement). The specimens were stamped in self-curing acrylic. Next, they were subjected to vertical tensile strength in an materials testing machine (Instrom©). Results: The mean values obtained were 31 kg/F for teeth with anatomized posts and 12.47 kg/F for fiberglass posts. According to Shapiro-Wilk tests, the samples exhibited a normal distribution (p > 0.05). The hypothesis was contrasted with Student's t test, obtaining a highly significant statistical difference between the groups (p = 0.001). Conclusions: Vertical tensile bond strength is greater in anatomized posts(AU)

Humans , Bite Force , Dental Cements/adverse effects , Tensile Strength
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210445, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1253016


Aim. To evaluate the bond durability of two universal adhesives; mild and ultra-mild in both etch-and-rinse and self-etch modes after simulated in-vitro degradation by long-term water storage or thermocycling. Methods. A total of 144 specimens were used in this study; 120 specimens (prepared from 30 teeth) for microshear bond strength testing and fracture mode assessment, and 24 specimens for scanning electron microscopic evaluation (prepared from 24 teeth). Specimens were prepared from 54 recently extracted caries free third molars and randomly divided into 12 groups, according to the adhesive treatment (All Bond or Scotchbond Universal), etching mode (etch-andrinse or self-etch) and aging method (thermocycling or water storage). Each tooth was sectioned mesio-distally into two halves exposing free dentin surface for bonding where dentin substrate 1 mm below the dentino-enamel junction was used. After adhesive application and composite build up, specimens were tested in shear mode after storing in distilled water at 37˚C for 24 hours or 1 year, or after being thermocycled between 5 and 55 °C for 10,000 cycles (n=10). Microshear bond strength (µSBS) was tested using a universal testing machine. Adhesive-dentin interface was examined using scanning electron microscope (SEM) (n=2). Data were analyzed using 3 way AN0VA and pairwise comparisons was performed using Bonferroni correction at significance level of α ≤0.05. Results. Statistical analysis revealed non-significant difference for etching mode in both adhesives (p=0.596). After aging, the bond strength was only reduced in Scotchbond Universal after one year of water storage in both modes (p<0.001). SEM evaluation revealed intact hybrid layer and longer resin tags for etch-and-rinse mode than selfetch mode of both adhesives. Conclusion. The bond strength of universal adhesives is not affected by the etching mode, however its durability was shown to be material dependent

Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dentin
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(2)ago. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386542


ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare the shear bond strength of three high-viscosity bulk-fill composite resins applied as single layers of 4mm thickness and of one microhybrid composite resin applied incrementally with a thickness of 2mm on dentin surfaces prepared with different surface preparation methods. Materials and Methods: A total of 132 caries-free human molars whose dentines had been exposed were used. Three groups, each containing 44 teeth, were formed. The acid group was etched with 32% phosphoric acid; laser group was etched with Er, Cr; YSGG laser and the control group was prepared with silicon carbid paper. Following the application of bonding agent, composite resin materials were applied on teeth using teflon moulds of 4x4mm. The samples were then subjected to shear bond strength tests. Two-way variance analysis and Tukey HSD multiple comparison test were applied on collected data. Results: There was a significant difference between surface treatment methods used regarding shear bond strength (P0.05). Conclusions: Laser etching of the dentin tissues is not as effective as acid etching. Bulk-fill composites had similar effects compared with conventional composite resins with regard to bonding strength. More in vitro studies supported with clinical data are required to investigate the performance of bulk-fill composites and laser.

RESUMEN: Propósito: El objetivo de este estudio es comparar la resistencia adhesiva al cizallamiento de tres resinas compuestas de relleno de alta viscosidad aplicadas como capas individuales de 4 mm de espesor y de una resina compuesta microhíbrida aplicada de forma incremental con un espesor de 2mm en superficies de dentina preparadas con diferentes métodos de preparación de la superficie. Materiales y métodos: Se utilizaron un total de 132 molares humanos sin caries cuyas dentinas habían sido expuestas. Se formaron tres grupos, cada uno con 44 dientes. El grupo ácido se grabó con ácido fosfórico al 32%; el grupo láser se grabó con Er, Cr; el láser YSGG y el grupo de control se preparó con papel de carburo de silicio. Después de la aplicación del agente adhesivo, se aplicaron materiales de resina compuesta en los dientes utilizando moldes de teflón de 4x4mm. A continuación, las muestras se sometieron a pruebas de resistencia adhesiva al cizallamiento. Se aplicó el análisis de varianza bidireccional y la prueba de comparación múltiple Tukey HSD a los datos recogidos. Resultados: Hubo una diferencia significativa entre los métodos de tratamiento de superficie utilizados en cuanto a la resistencia adhesiva al cizallamiento (P0,05). Conclusiones: El grabado láser de los tejidos de la dentina no es tan eficaz como el grabado al ácido. Las resinas de relleno bulk-fill tuvieron efectos similares en comparación con las resinas compuestas convencionales en lo que respecta a la rsistencia adhesiva. Se necesitan más estudios in vitro apoyados con datos clínicos para investigar el rendimiento de los composites de relleno y el láser.

Composite Resins/analysis , Dental Cements , Turkey
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 21-31, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345507


Abstract This study assessed the fracture resistance of simulated immature teeth reinforced with calcium aluminate cement (CAC) or mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) containing calcium carbonate nanoparticles (nano-CaCO3). The microstructural arrangement of the cements and their chemical constitution were also evaluated. Forty-eight canines simulating immature teeth were distributed into 6 groups (n=8): Negative control - no apical plug or root canal filling; CAC - apical plug with CAC; CAC/nano-CaCO3 - apical plug with CAC+5% nano-CaCO3; MTA - apical plug with MTA; MTA/nano-CaCO3 - apical plug with MTA+5% nano-CaCO3; and Positive control - root canal filling with MTA. The fracture resistance was evaluated in a universal testing machine. Samples of the cements were analyzed under Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to determine their microstructural arrangement. Chemical analysis of the cements was performed by Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). The fracture resistance of CAC/nano-CaCO3 was significantly higher than the negative control (p<0.05). There was no significant difference among the other groups (p>0.05). Both cements had a more regular microstructure with the addition of nano-CaCO3. MTA samples had more calcium available in soluble forms than CAC. The addition of nano-CaCO3 to CAC increased the fracture resistance of teeth in comparison with the non-reinforced teeth. The microstructure of both cements containing nano-CaCO3 was similar, with a more homogeneous distribution of lamellar- and prismatic-shaped crystals. MTA had more calcium available in soluble forms than CAC.

Resumo Este estudo avaliou a resistência à fratura de dentes imaturos simulados reforçados com cimento de aluminato de cálcio (CAC) ou trióxido agregado mineral (MTA) contendo nanopartículas de carbonato de cálcio (nano-CaCO3). O arranjo microestrutural dos cimentos e sua constituição química também foram avaliados. Quarenta e oito caninos simulando dentes imaturos foram distribuídos em 6 grupos (n=8): Controle negativo - sem plug apical ou obturação do canal radicular; CAC - plug apical com CAC; CAC/nano-CaCO3 - plug apical com CAC + 5% nano-CaCO3; MTA - plug apical com MTA; MTA/nano-CaCO3 - plug apical com MTA + 5% nano-CaCO3; e Controle positivo - obturação dos canais radiculares com MTA. A resistência à fratura foi avaliada em máquina universal de ensaios. Amostras dos cimentos foram analisadas em Microscópio Eletrônico de Varredura (MEV) para determinar seu arranjo microestrutural. A análise química dos cimentos foi realizada por Espectroscopia de Energia Dispersiva de Raio-X (EDS). A resistência à fratura de CAC/nano-CaCO3 foi significativamente maior do que o controle negativo (p<0,05). Não houve diferença significativa entre os outros grupos (p>0,05). Ambos os cimentos apresentaram microestrutura mais regular com a adição de nano-CaCO3. As amostras de MTA apresentaram mais cálcio disponível em formas solúveis do que CAC. A adição de nano-CaCO3 ao CAC aumentou a resistência à fratura dos dentes em comparação aos dentes não reforçados. A microestrutura de ambos os cimentos contendo nano-CaCO3 foi semelhante, com uma distribuição mais homogênea de cristais de formato lamelar e prismático. MTA apresentou mais cálcio disponível nas formas solúveis do que CAC.

Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tooth Fractures , Oxides , Root Canal Obturation , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Tooth Apex , Dental Cements , Drug Combinations
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3283, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289402


Introducción: Las restauraciones indirectas de resina son ampliamente empleadas para realizar tratamientos estéticos en dientes posteriores. Recientemente se ha propuesto el uso de resinas precalentadas como agentes de unión. Objetivo: Evaluar la resistencia a la tracción de restauraciones indirectas cementadas con una resina precalentada comparándola con un cemento de resina autoadhesivo y un cemento resinoso. Métodos: Las preparaciones dentarias se realizaron en 45 premolares con piedras diamantadas calibradas. Las muestras se dividieron aleatoriamente en tres conjuntos (n = 15) según los grupos experimentales: grupo 1 (resina precalentada), grupo 2 (resina autoadhesiva) y grupo 3 (cemento de resinoso adhesivo). Las muestras fueron incluidas en acrílico autopolimerizable. Se realizaron restauraciones indirectas para cada muestra, las superficies internas fueron microarenadas y se aplicó silano antes de la cementación con los agentes de unión. La resistencia a la tracción se realizó utilizando una máquina universal de ensayos con una velocidad de cruceta de 5 mm/min. El análisis estadístico se llevó a cabo con ANOVA de un factor y la prueba post hoc de Tukey. Se adoptó un nivel de significancia de p < 0,05. Resultados: La resina Filtek Z250 XT precalentada a 60 °C durante 15 minutos tuvo una fuerza de resistencia a la tracción de 5,775 MPa, similar a RelyX Ultimate con 5,442 MPa (p > 0,05), ambos grupos poseen una fuerza de resistencia a la tracción significativamente mayor que RelyX U200 (3,430 MPa). Conclusiones: La resina precalentada (Filtek, Z250 XT) y el cemento resinoso (RelyX Ultimate) muestran las mismas propiedades de resistencia a la tracción cuando se usan como agentes adhesivos en restauraciones indirectas de resina(AU)

Introduction: Indirect resin restorations are widely used in the esthetic treatment of posterior teeth. Preheated resins have been recently proposed as luting agents. Objective: Evaluate the tensile bond strength of indirect restorations cemented with a preheated resin versus a self-adhesive resin cement and a resinous cement. Methods: Tooth preparation was conducted of 45 premolars using calibrated diamond-coated stones. The samples were randomly divided into three sets (n = 15) according to the following experimental groups: Group 1 (preheated resin), Group 2 (self-adhesive resin) and Group 3 (adhesive resinous cement), and soaked in self-polimerizable acrylic. Indirect restorations were performed for each sample. The inner surfaces were microsanded, and silane was applied before cementation with the luting agents. Tensile bond strength was verified with a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 5 mm/min. Statistical analysis was based on one-factor ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test. A significance level of p < 0.05 was established. Results: The Filtek Z250 XT resin preheated at 60°C for 15 minutes displayed a tensile bond strength of 5.775 MPa, similar to RelyX Ultimate with 5.442 MPa (p > 0.05). Both groups displayed a significantly greater tensile bond strength than RelyX U200 (3.430 MPa). Conclusions: The preheated resin (Filtek Z250 XT) and the resinous cement (RelyX Ultimate) exhibit the same tensile bond strength properties when used as luting agents in indirect resin restorations(AU)

Humans , Adhesives , Resin Cements/therapeutic use , Dental Cements/therapeutic use , Esthetics, Dental