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1.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20160594, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893697

ABSTRACT

Abstract Denture adhesives (DA) improve the retention and stability of ill-fitting dentures, especially for older adults. These materials should be biocompatible, i.e., they cannot cause undesired biological responses and be non-cytotoxic to oral tissues. However, in vitro testing of DA biocompatibility employing primary cell culture may possibly be affected by other factors, such as the donor age. Objective To compare the cytotoxicity of three different denture adhesives when assessed in primary gingival fibroblasts from a young donor or from an older donor, as well as the release of the basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and the inflammatory response marker interleukin-6 (IL-6). Material and Methods Gingival fibroblasts isolated from a 30- and a 62-year-old donor were assayed for proliferation (1-7 days) and sensitivity to latex (positive control). Fibroblasts were indirectly exposed to Corega Ultra (cream), Corega powder and Fixodent Original for a 24 h period and assayed by XTT and Crystal Violet tests. The release of IL-6 and bFGF by exposed cells was determined by ELISA. Results While cells from the young donor presented higher cell growth after 7 days, the sensitivity to increasing concentrations of latex extracts was very similar between young and older cells. Both XTT and CVDE detected no difference between the DA and the control group. All materials induced higher levels of IL-6 and bFGF compared to control. Cells from the older donor exposed to Corega Ultra released lower levels of cytokine and growth factor. Conclusions All materials were considered non-cytotoxic, but affected cytokine and growth factor release. The biological differences found between fibroblasts from both donors could be due to individual or age-related factors. The authors suggest the use of cells from older donors on studies of dental products aimed at older patients, to better simulate their physiological response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Polymers/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Gingiva/cytology , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cell Count , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/analysis , Age Factors , Interleukin-6/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Formazans , Gentian Violet , Gingiva/drug effects , Middle Aged
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-900288

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Los adhesivos de cianoacrilatos (ACA) son materiales sintéticos con propiedades adhesivas. Al ser aplicados en los tejidos polimerizan uniéndose con el tejido subyacente. Desde la década de los 70' se han explorado sus aplicaciones quirúrgicas para el cierre de heridas y fístulas, control de sangrado y fijación de injertos, entre otros, siendo su uso como alternativa para el cierre de heridas en piel y mucosas uno de los más estudiados. Los ACA presentan un limitado grado de absorción, sin evidencia de efectos tóxicos sistémicos. Tienen la ventaja de ser aplicados de forma rápida, indolora, con efecto antibacteriano y hemostático según los reportes de la literatura, pero presentan una reducida fuerza de tensión. El objetivo de esta revisión de la literatura es describir los usos y aplicaciones de los ACA, con enfoque en la cirugía oral y maxilofacial, evaluando de forma crítica sus aplicaciones.


ABSTRACT: The cyanoacrylate adhesives (ACA) are synthetic materials with adhesive properties. When is applied in tissues, it polymerizes and bonds with the underlying tissue. Since the 70s' have been explored their surgical applications for closing wounds, fistulas, bleeding control, and graft fixation, among others. Its use as an alternative for closing wounds in skin and mucous is one of the most studied. The ACA have a limited absorption degree, with no evidence of systemic toxic effects. They have the advantage of being applied quickly, painlessly, with antibacterial effect and hemostatic according to the report of literature, but with reduced tensile strength. The objective of this literature review is to describe the use and applications of ACA, with focus on oral and maxillofacial surgery, with a critically evaluation of their applications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemostatics/therapeutic use , Suture Techniques , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Cyanoacrylates/therapeutic use , Dental Cements/therapeutic use , Sutures , Cyanoacrylates/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Wound Closure Techniques , Hemostasis/drug effects
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(1): 57-64, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839113

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the cytotoxicity of a calcium aluminate cement (EndoBinder) containing different radiopacifiers, Bi2O3, ZnO or ZrO2, compared with Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA). According to ISO 10993-12:2012 (E) recommendations, 0.2 g of each cement were applied in transwell inserts and placed in 24-well culture plates containing 1 mL of culture medium (DMEM). After 24 h of incubation, the extracts (DMEM containing components released from the cements) were applied to immortalized odontoblast-like MDPC-23 cells. Cell viability (MTT test), alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP), total protein production and cell morphology (Scanning Electron Microscopy - SEM) were evaluated. The volume of 50 µL of extract was used to determine the chemical elements released by the cements using Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS). The following groups were established (n=6): NC - negative control (without treatment); EB - EndoBinder without radiopacifier; EBBO - EndoBinder+Bi2O3; EBZnO - EndoBinder+ZnO; EBZrO - EndoBinder+ZrO2 and WMTA - White MTA. Data were subjected to statistical analysis (Kruskal-Wallis test, level of significance=5%). Cells exposed to the different versions of EndoBinder presented small reduction in viability, total protein production and ALP activity, with values similar to the NC and WMTA groups (p>0.05). Different elements (C, O, Na, Al, P, Si, Cl, Bi, K) released by the cements were detected in the extracts. However, the cells had no significant changes in their morphology. EndoBinder and MTA did not affect negatively the metabolism of the odontoblastic-like cells, showing it to be cytocompatible, irrespective of the used radiopacifier.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a citotoxicidade de um cimento de aluminato de cálcio (EndoBinder) contendo diferentes radiopacificadores, Bi2O3, ZnO ou ZrO2, comparativamente ao trióxido mineral agregado (MTA). Seguindo a norma ISO 10993-12:2012 (E), 0,2 g de cada cimento foi aplicada em insertos transwell, que foram colocados em placas de cultura de 24 wells contendo 1 mL de meio de cultura (DMEM). Após 24 h de incubação, os extratos (DMEM contendo componentes liberados dos cimentos) foram aplicados sobre células pulpares imortalizadas MDPC-23. Viabilidade celular (teste de MTT), atividade da fosfatase alcalina (ALP), produção de proteína total e a morfologia das células (Microscópio Eletrônico de Varredura - MEV) foram avaliadas. Um volume de 50 µL do extrato foi utilizado para determinar, através de Espectroscopia de Energia Dispersiva (EDS), os elementos químicos liberados pelos cimentos. Os seguintes grupos foram estabelecidos (n=6): NC - controle negativo (sem tratamento); EB - EndoBinder sem radiopacificador; EBBO - EndoBinder+Bi2O3; EBZnO - EndoBinder+ZnO; EBZrO - EndoBinder+ZrO2 e WMTA - MTA branco. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística (teste de Kruskal-Wallis, nível de significância=5%). Células expostas às diferentes versões de EndoBinder apresentaram pequena redução na viabilidade, produção de proteína total e atividade da ALP, com valores semelhantes aos grupos NC e WMTA (p>0,05). Diversos elementos (C, O, Na, Al, P, Si, Cl, Bi, K) liberados pelos cimentos foram detectados nos extratos. Entretanto, as células não apresentaram alterações significativas em sua morfologia. EndoBinder e MTA, não afetaram negativamente o metabolismo das células odontoblastóides, mostrando-se citocompatíveis, independente do radiopacificador utilizado.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Oxides/toxicity , Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Cell Line, Transformed , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cell Survival/drug effects , Silicates/toxicity , Drug Combinations
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e48, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952020

ABSTRACT

Abstract Several calcium silicate-based biomaterials have been developed in recent years, in addition to Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and apoptosis/necrosis in human osteoblast cells (SAOS-2) of pure calcium silicate-based cements (CSC) and modified formulations: modified calcium silicate-based cements (CSCM) and three resin-based calcium silicate cements (CSCR1) (CSCR 2) (CSCR3). The following tests were performed after 24 hours of cement extract exposure: methyl-thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT), apoptosis/necrosis assay and comet assay. The negative control (CT-) was performed with untreated cells, and the positive control (CT+) used hydrogen peroxide. The data for MTT and apoptosis were submitted to analysis of variance and Bonferroni's posttest (p < 0.05), and the data for the comet assay analysis, to the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (p < 0.05). The MTT test showed no significant difference among the materials in 2 mg/mL and 10 mg/mL concentrations. CSCR3 showed lower cell viability at 10 mg/mL. Only CSC showed lower cell viability at 50 mg/mL. CSCR1, CSCR2 and CSCR3 showed a higher percentage of initial apoptosis than the control in the apoptosis test, after 24 hours exposure. The same cements showed no genotoxicity in the concentration of 2 mg/mL, with the comet assay. CSC and CSCR2 were also not genotoxic at 10 mg/mL. All experimental materials showed viability with MTT. CSC and CSCR2 presented a better response to apoptosis and genotoxicity evaluation in the 10 mg/mL concentration, and demonstrated a considerable potential for use as reparative materials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Silicates/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Oxides/toxicity , Tetrazolium Salts , Biocompatible Materials/toxicity , Materials Testing , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Apoptosis/drug effects , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Comet Assay , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Drug Combinations , Formazans , Necrosis/chemically induced
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e28, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951998

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study aimed at evaluating the cytotoxic effects of a novel cement called CER on periodontal fibroblast-like cells of mice (MDPL-20), in comparison with different formulations of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA), by means of the cell viability test (MTT) and cell morphology analysis. Thirty-two round-shaped samples were fabricated with the following cements: white MTA, white and gray CER and experimental white MTA. The samples were immersed in serum-free culture medium for 24 hours or 7 days (n = 16). The extracts (culture medium + components released from the cements) were applied for 24 hours to previously cultured cells (40.000 cells/cm2) in the wells of 24-well plates. Cells seeded in complete culture medium were used as a negative control. Cell viability was assessed using the MTT assay. Two samples of each cement were used for cell morphology analysis by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The extracts obtained at the 7-day period presented higher cytotoxicity compared with the 24-hour period (p < 0.05). The gray CER obtained at 24 hours presented the highest cytotoxic effect, whereas the experimental white MTA presented the lowest, similar to the control (p > 0.05). However, at the 7-day period, the experimental white MTA presented no significant difference in comparison with the other cements (p > 0.05). At the 7-day period, CER cement presented cytotoxic effects on fibroblast-like cells, similar to different MTA formulations. However, the immersion period in the culture medium influenced the cytotoxicity of the cements, which was greater for CER cement at 24 hours.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Oxides/toxicity , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Silicates/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Time Factors , Biocompatible Materials , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured/drug effects , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Cements/chemistry , Drug Combinations
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(1): 42-48, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741586

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the response of rat subcutaneous tissue in implanted polyethylene tubes that were filled with GMTA Angelus and Portland cements containing different arsenic concentrations. Material and Methods: Atomic absorption spectrophotometry was utilized to obtain the values of the arsenic concentration in the materials. Thirty-six rats were divided into 3 groups of 12 animals for each experimental period. Each animal received two implants of polyethylene tubes filled with different test cements and the lateral of the tubes was used as a control group. After 15, 30 and 60 days of implantation, the animals were killed and the specimens were prepared for descriptive and morphometric analysis considering: inflammatory cells, collagen fibers, fibroblasts, blood vessels and other components. The results were analyzed utilizing the Kuskal-Wallis test and the Dunn's Multiple test for comparison (p<0.05). Results: The materials showed, according to atomic absorption spectrophotometry, the following doses of arsenic: GMTA Angelus: 5.01 mg/kg, WPC Irajazinho: 0.69 mg/kg, GPC Minetti: 18.46 mg/kg and GPC Votoran: 10.76 mg/kg. In a 60-day periods, all specimens displayed a neoformation of connective tissue with a structure of fibrocellular aspect (capsule). Control groups and MTA Angelus produced the lower amount of inflammatory reaction and GPC Minetti, the highest reaction. Conclusions: There was no direct relationship between the concentration of arsenic present in the composition of the materials and the intensity of the inflammatory reactions. Higher values, as 18.46 mg/kg of arsenic in the cement, produce characteristics of severe inflammation reaction at the 60-day period. The best results were found in MTA angelus. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Arsenic/toxicity , Bismuth/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Oxides/toxicity , Silicates/toxicity , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Arsenic/administration & dosage , Bismuth/chemistry , Blood Vessels/drug effects , Collagen/drug effects , Dental Cements/chemistry , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Materials Testing , Oxides/chemistry , Polyethylene/chemistry , Rats, Wistar , Reference Values , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Time Factors
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 22(6): 554-559, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732588

ABSTRACT

Objective Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) is composed of Portland Cement (PC) and bismuth oxide (BO). Replacing BO for niobium oxide (NbO) microparticles (Nbµ) or nanoparticles (Nbη) may improve radiopacity and bioactivity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiopacity and cytotoxicity of the materials: 1) PC; 2) White MTA; 3) PC+30% Nbµ; 4) PC+30% Nbη. Material and Methods For the radiopacity test, specimens of the different materials were radiographed along an aluminum step-wedge. For cell culture assays, Saos-2 osteoblastic-cells (ATCC HTB-85) were used. Cell viability was evaluated through MTT assay, and bioactivity was assessed by alkaline phosphatase activity assay. Results The results demonstrated higher radiopacity for MTA, followed by Nbµ and Nbη, which had similar values. Cell culture analysis showed that PC and PC+NbO associations promoted greater cell viability than MTA. Conclusions It was concluded that the combination of PC+NbO is a potential alternative for composition of MTA. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Nanoparticles/toxicity , Niobium/toxicity , Oxides/toxicity , Silicates/toxicity , Analysis of Variance , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials/toxicity , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Drug Combinations , Dental Cements/chemistry , Formazans , Materials Testing , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Niobium/chemistry , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Oxides/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Silicates/chemistry , Tetrazolium Salts , Time Factors
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 21(4): 351-357, Jul-Aug/2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-684567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the cytotoxic effects of endodontic cements on human tooth germ stem cells (hTGSCs). MTA Fillapex, a mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-based, salicylate resin containing root canal sealer, was compared with iRoot SP, a bioceramic sealer, and AH Plus Jet, an epoxy resin-based root canal sealer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To evaluate cytotoxicity, all materials were packed into Teflon rings (4 mmµ3 mm) and co-cultured with hTGSCs with the aid of 24-well Transwell permeable supports, which had a pore size of 0.4 µm. Coverslips were coated with MTA Fillapex, iRoot SP and AH Plus Jet and each coverslip was placed onto the bottom of one well of a six-well plate for scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. Before the cytotoxicity and SEM analysis, all samples were stored at 37ºC and at 95% humidity and 5% CO2 for 24 hours to set. The cellular viability was analyzed using MTS test (3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxy-methoxy-phenyl)-2-(4-sulfo-phenyl)-2H-tetrazolium). The cytotoxic effects and SEM visualization of the tested materials were analyzed at 24-hour, 72-hour, one-week and two-week periods. RESULTS: On the 1st day, only MTA Fillapex caused cytotoxicity compared to negative control (NC) group (p<0.008). No significant difference was observed between the other tested materials at this period (p>0.05). After 14 days of incubation with the test materials, MTA Fillapex exhibited significantly higher cytotoxicity compared with iRoot SP, AH Plus Jet and the NC group (P<0.008). In the SEM analysis, the highest levels of cell attachment were observed for iRoot SP and the control group. After 24 hours, MTA Fillapex reduced the number of cells attached to the surface. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, sealers exerted different cytotoxic effects on hTGSCs. Although all materials ...


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Silicates/toxicity , Stem Cells/drug effects , Tooth Germ/cytology , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Biocompatible Materials/toxicity , Cells, Cultured , Cell Survival/drug effects , Drug Combinations , Epoxy Resins/toxicity , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Oxides/toxicity , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 24(2): 111-116, Mar-Apr/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-675663

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to compare the in vitro cytotoxicity of white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), MTA Fillapex® and Portland cement (PC) on human cultured periodontal ligament fibroblasts. Periodontal ligament fibroblast culture was established and the cells were used for cytotoxic tests after the fourth passage. Cell density was set at 1.25 X10 4 cells/well in 96-well plates. Endodontic material extracts were prepared by placing sealer/cement specimens (5X3mm) in 1mL of culture medium for 72 h. The extracts were then serially two-fold diluted and inserted into the cell-seeded wells for 24, 48 and 72 h. MTT assay was employed for analysis of cell viability. Cell supernatants were tested for nitric oxide using the Griess reagent system. MTA presented cytotoxic effect in undiluted extracts at 24 and 72 h. MTA Fillapex® presented the highest cytotoxic levels with important cell viability reduction for pure extracts and at ½ and » dilutions. In this study, PC did not induce alterations in fibroblast viability. Nitric oxide was detected in extract-treated cell supernatants and also in the extracts only, suggesting presence of nitrite in the soluble content of the tested materials. In the present study, MTA Fillapex displayed the highest cytotoxic effect on periodontal ligament fibroblasts followed by white MTA and PC.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a citotoxicidade in vitro de agregado trióxido mineral (MTA) branco, MTA Fillapex® e cimento Portland (PC) em cultura de fibroblastos de ligamento periodontal humano. A cultura de fibroblastos de ligamento periodontal foi estabelecida e as células foram utilizadas para os testes citotóxicos após a quarta passagem. A densidade celular foi ajustada em 1,25X10 4 células/poço em placas de 96 poços. Extratos dos materiais endodônticos foram preparados por meio da inserção de corpos de prova dos cimentos (5 X 3 mm) em 1 mL de meio de cultura durante 72 h. Os extratos foram diluídos serialmente na razão de ½ e inseridos aos poços contendo as células por 24, 48 e 72 h. Ensaio de MTT foi realizado para a avaliação da viabilidade celular. O sobrenadante das células foi testado em relação à presença de óxido nítrico utilizando o sistema de reagentes de Griess. O MTA apresentou efeito citotóxico quando o extrato era aplicado sem diluição durante 24 e 72 h. O MTA Fillapex apresentou os maiores níveis de citotoxicidade com importante redução da viabilidade celular quando o extrato foi aplicado puro e em diluições de ½ e ». Neste estudo, PC não induziu alterações na viabilidade de fibroblastos. Óxido nítrico foi detectado no sobrenadante de células tratadas com os extratos e ainda nos extratos somente, o que sugere a presença de nitrito no conteúdo solúvel dos materiais testados. No presente estudo, MTA Fillapex foi o material que demonstrou o maior efeito citotóxico sobre fibroblastos de ligamento periodontal seguido do MTA branco e do PC. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Oxides/toxicity , Periodontal Ligament/drug effects , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Silicates/toxicity , Cell Count , Cell Culture Techniques , Cells, Cultured , Cell Survival/drug effects , Coloring Agents , Drug Combinations , Ferric Compounds/toxicity , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Materials Testing , Nitric Oxide/analysis , Nitrites/toxicity , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Time Factors , Tetrazolium Salts , Thiazoles
11.
Braz. oral res ; 27(1): 31-36, Jan.-Feb. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-660448

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the genotoxic potential of methyl methacrylate (MMA) vapor by simulating standard occupational exposure of 8 hours per day and using the micronucleus test. We used 32 adult male Wistar rats divided into three groups: A - 16 rats exposed to MMA for 8 hours a day, B - Eight rats receiving single subcutaneous doses of cyclophosphamide on the first day of the experiment (positive control), C - Eight rats receiving only water and food ad libitum (negative control). Eight rats from group A and all of the rats from groups B and C were sacrificed 24 hours after beginning the experiment (acute exposure in group A). The remaining animals in group A were sacrificed 5 days after the experiment began (repeated exposure assessment in group A, simulating occupational exposure 40 hours/week). Femoral bone marrow was collected from each rat at the time of sacrifice for use in the micronucleus test. Two slides were completed per animal and were stained with Giemsa staining. Two thousand polychromatic erythrocytes were counted per animal. The Kruskal-Wallis test followed by a multiple comparisons test (Dunn test) was used for statistical analysis. The median number of micronuclei was 7.00 in the group exposed to MMA for 1 day, 2.00 in the group exposed to MMA for 5 days, 9.00 in the group exposed to cyclophosphamide (positive control) and 0.756 in the negative control group (p < 0.0001). MMA was genotoxic when measured after 1 day of exposure but was not evidently genotoxic after 5 days.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Dental Cements/toxicity , Methylmethacrylate/toxicity , Bone Marrow/drug effects , Dental Materials/toxicity , Erythrocytes/drug effects , Femur/drug effects , Gases/toxicity , Micronucleus Tests , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 24(1): 10-14, 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-671352

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of rat subcutaneous tissue to MTA Fillapex® (Angelus), an experimental root canal filling material based on Portland cement and propylene glycol (PCPG), and a zinc oxide, eugenol and iodoform (ZOEI) paste. These materials were placed in polyethylene tubes and implanted into the dorsal connective tissue of Wistar rats for 7 and 15 days. The specimens were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, and evaluated regarding inflammatory reaction parameters by optical microscopy. The intensity of inflammatory response against the sealers was analyzed by two blinded and previously calibrated examiners for all experimental periods (kappa=0.96). The histological evaluation showed that all materials caused a moderate inflammatory reaction at 7 days, which subsided with time. A greater inflammatory reaction was observed at 7 days in the tubes filled with ZOEI paste. Tubes filled with MTA Fillapex presented some giant cells, macrophages and lymphocytes after 7 days. At 15 days, the presence of fibroblasts and collagen fibers was observed indicating normal tissue healing. The tubes filled with PCPG showed similar results to those observed in MTA Fillapex. At 15 days, the inflammatory reaction was almost absent at the tissue, with several collagen fibers indicating normal tissue healing. Data were analyzed by the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test (α=0.05). Statistically significant difference (p<0.05) was found only between PCPG at 15 days and ZOEI at 7 days groups. No significant differences were observed among the other groups/periods (p>0.05). MTA Fillapex and Portland cement added with propylene glycol had greater tissue compatibility than the PCPG paste.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a resposta do tecido subcutâneo de rato ao MTA Fillapex® (Angelus), a um cimento endodôntico experimental à base de cimento Portland e propilenoglicol, e à pasta de óxido de zinco e eugenol com iodofórmio. Estes materiais foram colocados em tubos de polietileno e implantados no tecido conjuntivo do dorso de ratos Wistar, por 7 e 15 dias. Os espécimes foram corados com hematoxilina e eosina e os parâmetros de reação inflamatória foram avaliados em microscópio óptico. A intensidade da resposta inflamatória provocada pelos cimentos foi analisada em todos os períodos por dois observadores previamente calibrados (kappa 0,96) e sem conhecimento dos grupos experimentais. O exame histológico mostrou que todos os materiais provocaram reação inflamatória moderada aos 7 dias que regrediu com o tempo. A maior resposta inflamatória do tecido foi observada aos 7 dias, nos tubos preenchidos com pasta de Óxido de Zinco e Eugenol com Iodofórmio. Os tubos com MTA Fillapex apresentaram algumas células gigantes, macrófagos e linfócitos após 7 dias. Aos 15 dias, a presença de fibroblastos e fibras de colágenas foi observada, indicando processo de cicatrização do tecido. Os tubos com o cimento Portland mostraram resultados semelhantes aos observados no grupo MTA Fillapex. Aos 15 dias, a reação inflamatória apresentada foi praticamente ausente, com muitas fibras colágenas, indicando cicatrização normal do tecido. A análise estatística mostrou diferença estatisticamente significante entre o grupo de cimento Portland (15 dias) e óxido de zinco eugenol com Iodofórmio (7 dias) (p<0,05). Nos outros grupos não houve diferença estatística significante. MTA Fillapex e cimento Portland são mais biocompatíveis do que os outros cimentos testados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Oxides/toxicity , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Silicates/toxicity , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/toxicity , Connective Tissue/drug effects , Drug Combinations , Hydrocarbons, Iodinated/toxicity , Materials Testing , Propylene Glycol , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry
13.
São Paulo; s.n; 2013. 74 p. ilus, tab, graf. (BR).
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-710762

ABSTRACT

Por ser comum a existência de lesão de mancha branca em superfícies proximais adjacentes à lesões de cárie já cavitadas, este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o efeito terapêutico de materiais que liberam flúor sobre lesões com as quais estejam em contato proximal, in vitro (I) e in situ (II). Para o estudo I, 130 blocos de esmalte obtidos de caninos decíduos passaram pelo processo de indução de lesão de cárie por ciclagem de pH, durante 10 dias. As medições do conteúdo mineral foram realizadas por meio da análise de fluorescência induzida pela luz (QLF e VistaProof), no momento inicial (esmalte hígido) e após a formação das lesões de mancha branca. Dez espécimes foram recolhidos e seccionados transversalmente, no centro da lesão, para análise de dureza transversal (Shimadzu Micro Hardness tester, 25g, 15s). Posteriormente, blocos cilíndricos foram preparados com 6 diferentes materiais restauradores (n=20): resina composta (Z350®), cimento de ionômero de vidro (CIV) de alta viscosidade (Ketac Molar® e Riva Self Cure®), CIV modificado por resina (Vitremer®), CIV modificado por resina nanoparticulado (Ketac Nano®) e resinas compostas modificadas por poliácidos (Dyract Extra®). Cada bloco de esmalte foi unido a um bloco de material, de modo que a face da lesão e a do material simulassem o ponto de contato existente em uma restauração ocluso-proximal. Estes conjuntos sofreram então novo desafio cariogênico (ciclagem de pH) durante 7 (n=10) ou 14 dias (n=10). Após o desafio, os 120 espécimes foram recolhidos e novamente analisados com relação à fluorescência induzida. Em seguida, foram seccionados transversalmente no centro da lesão para que fosse feita a análise de dureza transversal. Para o estudo II, os espécimes foram preparados de maneira semelhante ao estudo I, porém, para a etapa do desafio cariogênico (após o contato com os materiais restauradores), os 120 espécimes foram inseridos em dispositivos intra-orais.


Dez voluntários utilizaram os dispositivos em duas fases (7 e 14 dias), com intervalo de 1 semana entre elas. Os voluntários gotejaram solução de sacarose 20%, 8 vezes/dia e utilizaram dentifrício fluoretado (1.450 ppm) 3 vezes/dia durante o estudo. Ao final de ambos os estudos, todos os espécimes foram recolhidos e analisados com relação ao conteúdo mineral pelos métodos de fluorescência induzida e pelo teste de microdureza transversal. Para análise de normalidade e homogeneidade dos dados obtidos foram utilizados os testes de Anderson-Darling e Levene, respectivamente. Para o estudo I, ANOVA de dois fatores com teste complementar de Tukey não demonstrou diferença entre os valores obtidos com o QLF para os diferentes grupos e tempos após desafio (=0,05). Para os valores de dureza, no entanto, o mesmo teste confirmou que há menor perda mineral para as lesões em contato com o CIV de alta viscosidade, quando comparado com a resina composta e com o resinas compostas modificadas por poliácidos. Após 14 dias de desafio, o CIV de alta viscosidade mostra-se superior também aos CIVs modificados por resina e compômer. Para o estudo II, análise de multinível demonstrou haver maior perda para aquelas lesões em contato com a resina composta e o resinas compostas modificadas por poliácidos, para os valores obtidos com o QLF, enquanto que para os valores de dureza o mesmo teste demonstra que os CIVs de alta viscosidade desempenham melhor performance comparado a todos os outros grupos de materiais, independente do tempo de desafio. Os valores obtidos com o equipamento Vista Proof não diferiram estatisticamente com relação aos grupos ou períodos experimentais, em ambos os estudos, de acordo com os testes de Mann-Whitney e Kruskal-Wallis (=0,05). Embora diferentes materiais liberadores de flúor possam reduzir a progressão de lesões de cárie quando em contato proximal, o CIV de alta viscosidade mostra-se com uma melhor opção para este fim.


This study investigated the possibility of caries lesions arrest when in approximal contact with fluoride-releasing restorative materials, in vitro (I) and in situ (II). White-spot lesions were initially formed in 130 primary enamel specimens via a pH cycling regimen during 10 days. Light-induced fluorescence images (QLF and Vista Proof) were made of each enamel slab at the beginning and after the lesions induction to assess the mineral loss/gain of the artificial caries lesions. Ten specimens were collected and transversally cut for microhardness analysis. The rest of them were put in contact with cylindrical blocks of 6 different materials (n=20): composite resin (Z350®), high viscous glass ionomer (GIC) (Ketac Molar® and Riva Self Cure®), resin-modified GIC (Vitremer®), resin- modified nano-ionomer (Ketac Nano®) and compomer (Dyract Extra®). These settings were designed to simulate the contact point between the restoration and the approximal lesion. For the study I, they were subjected to a new cariogenic challenge (pH cycling) for 7 (n=10) or 14 days (n=10). For the study II, the specimens were prepared in a similar manner and a randomized double-blind in situ design was conducted in two phases (7/14 days) for the subsequent cariogenic challenge. Ten volunteers wore palatal devices containing 6 specimens (caries lesion + restorative). The volunteers used fluoride dentifrice 3x/day and a 20% sucrose solution was dripped onto the slabs 8x /day. At the end of both studies, specimens were collected for mineral analysis by fluorescence methods and traversal microhardnes. Distribution of data and equality of variances were determined using KolmogorovSmirnov and Levene tests.


Subject(s)
Dental Caries/pathology , Dental Cements/toxicity , Fluorine/analysis , Mandible , Osteogenesis , Bone and Bones/physiology
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 21(1): 43-47, 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-684994

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of root canal sealers on the cytotoxicity of 3T3 fibroblasts during a period of 5 weeks. Material and Methods: Fibroblasts (3T3, 1×105 cells per well) were incubated with elutes of fresh specimens from eight root canal sealers (AH Plus, Epiphany, Endomethasone N, EndoREZ, MTA Fillapex, Pulp Canal Sealer EWT, RoekoSeal and Sealapex) and with elutes of the same specimens for 5 succeeding weeks after immersing in simulated body fluid. The cytotoxicity of all root canal sealers was determined using the MTT assay. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test. Results: RoekoSeal was the only sealer that did not show any cytotoxic effects (p<0.05). All the other tested sealers exhibited severe toxicity initially (week 0). MTA Fillapex remained moderately cytotoxic after the end of experimental period. Toxicity of the other tested sealers decreased gradually over time. The evaluated root canal sealers presented varying degrees of cytotoxicity, mainly in fresh mode.Conclusions: RoekoSeal had no cytotoxic effect both freshly mixed and in the other tested time points. MTA Fillapex was associated with significantly less cell viability when compared to the other tested root canal sealers.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , /drug effects , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Biocompatible Materials/toxicity , Calcium Hydroxide/toxicity , Cell Survival/drug effects , Composite Resins/toxicity , Drug Combinations , Dental Cements/toxicity , Dexamethasone/toxicity , Epoxy Resins/toxicity , Formaldehyde/toxicity , Hydrocortisone/toxicity , Salicylates/toxicity , Time Factors , Thymol/analogs & derivatives , Thymol/toxicity
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 23(4): 344-350, 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-658008

ABSTRACT

This aim of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical and biological properties of novel experimental cements (Hybrid, Paste and Resin) based on synergistic combinations of existing materials, including pH, diametral tensile strength (DTS) and cytotoxicity comparing them with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA - Angelus®) and a glass ionomer cement (GIC) developed at our laboratory. For the physicochemical and biological tests, specimens with standard dimensions were produced. pH measurements were performed with digital pH meter at the following time intervals: 3, 24, 48 and 72 h. For the DTS test, cylindrical specimens were subjected to compressive load until fracture. The MTT assay was performed for cytotoxicity evaluation. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Paste group showed pH values similar to MTA, and Hybrid group presented pH values similar to GIC (p>0.05). The tested materials showed pH values ranging from alkaline to near neutrality at the evaluated times. MTA and GIC showed similar DTS values. The lowest and highest DTS values were seen in the Paste and Resin groups, respectively (p<0.05). Cell viability for MTA and experimental Hybrid, Paste and Resin groups was 49%, 93%, 90% and 86%, respectively, when compared with the control group. The photo-cured experimental resin cement showed similar or superior performance compared with the current commercial or other tested experimental materials.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar propriedades físico-químicas e biológicas de novos cimentos experimentais (Híbrido, Pasta e Resinoso) baseado na combinação sinérgica de materiais existentes, incluindo pH, resistência à tração diametral (RTD) e citotoxidade, comparando-os ao MTA (Angelus®) e a um cimento de ionômero de vidro (CIV) desenvolvido em nosso laboratório. Para a realização dos testes físico-mecânico e biológico, foram confeccionados espécimes com dimensões padrão. O teste de pH foi realizado por meio de pH-metro digital nos tempos: 3, 24, 48 e 72 h. Para o teste de RTD, espécimes cilíndricos foram submetidos a carga compressiva até sua fratura. Para avaliação da citotoxidade, utilizou-se o teste MTT. Os dados foram analisados utilizando ANOVA e teste de Tukey (α=0,05). O grupo Pasta apresentou valores de pH semelhantes ao MTA, assim como o grupo Híbrido seguiu os parâmetros do CIV (p>0,05). Todos os materiais apresentaram valores de pH alcalinos ou próximosà neutralidade nos tempos avaliados. MTA e CIV apresentaram valores de RTD similares. Os menores e maiores valores observados foram do grupo Pasta e Resinoso, respectivamente (p<0,05). A viabilidade celular para os grupos MTA, Híbrido, Pasta, Resinoso, quando comparados ao grupo controle foi de: 49, 93, 90 e 86%, respectivamente. O cimento experimental Resinoso apresentou desempenho similar ou superior aos materiais comerciais e experimentais avaliados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dental Cements/chemistry , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Bismuth/chemistry , Bismuth/toxicity , Chemical Phenomena , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Cell Survival/drug effects , Composite Resins/chemistry , Composite Resins/toxicity , Drug Combinations , Dental Cements/toxicity , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Glass Ionomer Cements/toxicity , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Materials Testing , Methacrylates/chemistry , Methacrylates/toxicity , Oxides/chemistry , Oxides/toxicity , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polyethylene Glycols/toxicity , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/toxicity , Polyurethanes/chemistry , Polyurethanes/toxicity , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/toxicity , Resin Cements/chemistry , Resin Cements/toxicity , Self-Curing of Dental Resins , Stress, Mechanical , Silicates/chemistry , Silicates/toxicity , Tensile Strength , Time Factors
16.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2011. 80 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-673676

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar, in vitro, a citotoxicidade dos cimentos endodônticos Densell Endo®, Pulp-Fill®, Endofill®, Sealer 26®, Pulp Canal Sealer® e GuttaFlow® após 12, 24 e 72 horas de tempo de contato, utilizando-se uma linhagem de células endoteliais ECV-304. Para a avaliação da viabilidade celular, utilizou-se o teste de citotoxicidade MTT. Para cada cimento foram preparados 12 corpos de prova que foram distribuídos em seis grupos experimentais de acordo com as marcas comerciais, sendo quatro para cada tempo. Foi criado um grupo controle que não foi submetido à ação de cimento. Para avaliação do efeito dos cimentos sobre as células endoteliais, os corpos de prova foram inseridos nos poços da placa cultura, incubados a 37ºC em presença de 5% de CO2 e 100% de umidade. Os testes MTT foram realizados, em quadruplicata, após 12, 24 e 72 horas de contato das amostras com o tapete celular. Foi utilizada a prova Two-Way Anova com o teste Post Hoc de Bonferroni com nível de significância de 5%. Na análise de 12 horas, foi possível observar que o cimento GuttaFlow® apresentou média de absorbância de 0,055, seguido do Sealer 26® (média = 0,038). Os cimentos Pulp Canal Sealer® e Densell Endo® apresentaram a mesma média de absorbância (0,031). O Pulp Fill® e o Endofill® foram os cimentos que apresentaram maior citotoxicidade (média de absorbância = 0,024 e 0,021, respectivamente). O grupo controle apresentou média de absorbância de 0,158. Em 24 horas observou-se que os cimentos GuttaFlow® e Sealer 26® apresentaram as maiores médias de absorbância (0,041 e 0,037, respectivamente), seguidos pelo cimento Pulp Canal Sealer® que apresentou média de absorbância de 0,035. Já os cimentos Densell Endo® e Pulp Fill® apresentaram médias de absorbância de 0,033 e 0,032, respectivamente. O cimento Endofill® apresentou uma média de 0,026 e o grupo controle de 0,086. Quando analisados em 72 horas, o cimento Pulp Canal Sealer® obteve média de absorbância...


This study aimed to evaluate, in vitro, cytotoxicity of root canal sealers Densell Endo®, Pulp-Fill®, Endofill®, Sealer 26®, Pulp Canal Sealer® and GuttaFlow® after 12, 24 and 72 hours of contact time, using a endothelial cell line ECV-304. For the assessment of cell viability, used the MTT cytotoxicity test. For any cement were prepared 12 specimens that were divided into six groups according to the trademarks, four for each time. Created a control group that was not subjected to action of cement. To assess the effects of cements on endothelial cells, the specimens were placed in culture plate wells, incubated at 37°C with 5% CO2 and 100% humidity. MTT tests were performed, in quadruplicate, after 12, 24 and 72 contact hours of the samples with monolayers. Was used to test Two-Way Anova with Bonferroni Post Hoc test with significance level of 5%. In the analysis of 12 hours, was observed that the cement GuttaFlow® had a mean absorbance of 0,055, followed by Sealer 26® (average = 0,038). Cements Pulp Canal Sealer® and Densell Endo® had the same mean absorbance (0,031). The Pulp Fill® and Enfofill® were the cements with higher cytotoxicity (mean absorbance = 0,024 and 0,021, respectively). The control group had a mean absorbance of 0,158. In 24 hours it was observed that the cements Sealer 26® and GuttaFlow® had the highest average absorbance (0,041 and 0,037, respectively), followed by cement Pulp Canal Sealer® that had a mean absorbance of 0.035. Already cements Densell Endo® and Pulp Fill® showed means absorbance of 0,033 and 0,032, respectively. Cement Endofill showed an average of 0,026 and the control group, 0,086. When analyzed at 72 hours, the cement Pulp Canal Sealer® had an average absorbance of 0,049, followed by cement GuttaFlow® and Pulp Fill®, both with 0,048. Cements Densell Endo®, Sealer 26® and Endofill® showed respectively, averaging 0,044, 0,040 and 0,036. The control group differed significantly...


Subject(s)
Endothelial Cells , Dental Cements/toxicity , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Analysis of Variance , Cell Line , Culture Media
17.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2011. 80 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-866121

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar, in vitro, a citotoxicidade dos cimentos endodônticos Densell Endo®, Pulp-Fill®, Endofill®, Sealer 26®, Pulp Canal Sealer® e GuttaFlow® após 12, 24 e 72 horas de tempo de contato, utilizando-se uma linhagem de células endoteliais ECV-304. Para a avaliação da viabilidade celular, utilizou-se o teste de citotoxicidade MTT. Para cada cimento foram preparados 12 corpos de prova que foram distribuídos em seis grupos experimentais de acordo com as marcas comerciais, sendo quatro para cada tempo. Foi criado um grupo controle que não foi submetido à ação de cimento. Para avaliação do efeito dos cimentos sobre as células endoteliais, os corpos de prova foram inseridos nos poços da placa cultura, incubados a 37ºC em presença de 5% de CO2 e 100% de umidade. Os testes MTT foram realizados, em quadruplicata, após 12, 24 e 72 horas de contato das amostras com o tapete celular. Foi utilizada a prova Two-Way Anova com o teste Post Hoc de Bonferroni com nível de significância de 5%. Na análise de 12 horas, foi possível observar que o cimento GuttaFlow® apresentou média de absorbância de 0,055, seguido do Sealer 26® (média = 0,038). Os cimentos Pulp Canal Sealer® e Densell Endo® apresentaram a mesma média de absorbância (0,031). O Pulp Fill® e o Endofill® foram os cimentos que apresentaram maior citotoxicidade (média de absorbância = 0,024 e 0,021, respectivamente). O grupo controle apresentou média de absorbância de 0,158. Em 24 horas observou-se que os cimentos GuttaFlow® e Sealer 26® apresentaram as maiores médias de absorbância (0,041 e 0,037, respectivamente), seguidos pelo cimento Pulp Canal Sealer® que apresentou média de absorbância de 0,035. Já os cimentos Densell Endo® e Pulp Fill® apresentaram médias de absorbância de 0,033 e 0,032, respectivamente. O cimento Endofill® apresentou uma média de 0,026 e o grupo controle de 0,086. Quando analisados em 72 horas, o cimento Pulp Canal Sealer® obteve média de absorbância ...


This study aimed to evaluate, in vitro, cytotoxicity of root canal sealers Densell Endo®, Pulp-Fill®, Endofill®, Sealer 26®, Pulp Canal Sealer® and GuttaFlow® after 12, 24 and 72 hours of contact time, using a endothelial cell line ECV-304. For the assessment of cell viability, used the MTT cytotoxicity test. For any cement were prepared 12 specimens that were divided into six groups according to the trademarks, four for each time. Created a control group that was not subjected to action of cement. To assess the effects of cements on endothelial cells, the specimens were placed in culture plate wells, incubated at 37°C with 5% CO2 and 100% humidity. MTT tests were performed, in quadruplicate, after 12, 24 and 72 contact hours of the samples with monolayers. Was used to test Two-Way Anova with Bonferroni Post Hoc test with significance level of 5%. In the analysis of 12 hours, was observed that the cement GuttaFlow® had a mean absorbance of 0,055, followed by Sealer 26® (average = 0,038). Cements Pulp Canal Sealer® and Densell Endo® had the same mean absorbance (0,031). The Pulp Fill® and Enfofill® were the cements with higher cytotoxicity (mean absorbance = 0,024 and 0,021, respectively). The control group had a mean absorbance of 0,158. In 24 hours it was observed that the cements Sealer 26® and GuttaFlow® had the highest average absorbance (0,041 and 0,037, respectively), followed by cement Pulp Canal Sealer® that had a mean absorbance of 0.035. Already cements Densell Endo® and Pulp Fill® showed means absorbance of 0,033 and 0,032, respectively. Cement Endofill showed an average of 0,026 and the control group, 0,086. When analyzed at 72 hours, the cement Pulp Canal Sealer® had an average absorbance of 0,049, followed by cement GuttaFlow® and Pulp Fill®, both with 0,048. Cements Densell Endo®, Sealer 26® and Endofill® showed respectively, averaging 0,044, 0,040 and 0,036. The control group differed significantly ...(AU)


Subject(s)
Endothelial Cells , Dental Cements/toxicity , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Analysis of Variance , Cell Line , Culture Media
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 18(5): 498-502, Sept.-Oct. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-564186

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to verify the hypothesis that no difference in biocompatibility exists between different orthodontic adhesives. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty male Wistar rats were used in this study and divided into five groups (n=6): Group 1 (control, distilled water), Group 2 (Concise), Group 3 (Xeno III), Group 4 (Transbond XT), and Group 5 (Transbond plus Self-Etching Primer). Two cavities were performed in the subcutaneous dorsum of each animal to place a polyvinyl sponge soaked with 2 drops of the respective adhesive in each surgical loci. Two animals of each group were sacrificed after 7, 15, and 30 days, and their tissues were analyzed by using an optical microscope. RESULTS: At day 7, Groups 3 (Transbond XT) and 4 (Xeno III) showed intense mono- and polymorphonuclear inflammatory infiltrate with no differences between them, whereas Groups 1 (control) and 2 (Concise) showed moderate mononuclear inflammatory infiltrate. At day 15, severe inflammation was observed in Group 3 (Transbond XT) compared to other groups. At day 30, the same group showed a more expressive mononuclear inflammatory infiltrate compared to other groups. CONCLUSION: Among the orthodontic adhesive analyzed, it may be concluded that Transbond XT exhibited the worst biocompatibility. However, one cannot interpret the specificity of the data generated in vivo animal models as a human response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Dental Cements/chemistry , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Dentin-Bonding Agents/toxicity , Inflammation/etiology , Materials Testing , Models, Animal , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 21(1): 24-31, Jan. 2010. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-552351

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the cytotoxic effects of 2 mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) cements - White-MTA-Angelus and a new formulation, MTA-Bio - on odontoblast-like cell (MDPC-23) cultures. Twenty-four disc-shaped (2 mm diameter x 2 mm thick) specimens were fabricated from each material and immersed individually in wells containing 1 mL of DMEM culture medium for either 24 h or 7 days to obtain extracts, giving rise to 4 groups of 12 specimens each: G1 - White-MTA/24 h; G2 - White-MTA/7 days; G3 - MTA-Bio/24 h; and G4 - MTA-Bio/7 days. Plain culture medium (DMEM) was used as a negative control (G5). Cells at 30,000 cells/cm² concentration were seeded in the wells of 24-well plates and incubated in a humidified incubator with 5 percent CO2 and 95 percent air at 37ºC for 72 h. After this period, the culture medium of each well was replaced by 1 mL of extract (or plain DMEM in the control group) and the cells were incubated for additional 2 h. Cell metabolism was evaluated by the MTT assay and the data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Cell morphology and the surface of representative MTA specimens of each group were examined by scanning electron microscopy. There was no statistically significant difference (p>0.05) between G1 and G2 or between G3 and G4. No significant difference (p>0.05) was found between the experimental and control groups either. Similar cell organization and morphology were observed in all groups, regardless of the storage periods. However, the number of cells observed in the experimental groups decreased compared to the control group. MTA-Bio presented irregular surface with more porosities than White-MTA. In conclusion, White-MTA and MTA-Bio presented low cytotoxic effects on odontoblast-like cell (MDPC-23) cultures.


Este estudo avaliou o efeito citotóxico de dois cimentos MTA - MTA Branco-Angelus e uma nova formulação, MTA-Bio - sobre células odontoblastóides (MDPC-23) mantidas em cultura. Vinte e quatro espécimes padronizados (2 mm diâmetro x 2 mm largura) foram confeccionados de cada material e imersos individualmente em compartimentos contendo 1 mL de meio de cultura DMEM por 24 h ou 7 dias para obtenção dos extratos, formando 4 grupos de 12 espécimes cada: G1 - MTA-Branco/24 h; G2 - MTA-Branco/7 dias; G3 - MTA-Bio/24 h; e G4 - MTA-Bio/7 dias. Meio de cultura puro (DMEM) foi utilizado como controle negativo (G5). Células na concentração de 30.000 células/cm² foram semeadas nas placas de 24 compartimentos e incubadas em incubadora com 5 por cento CO2 e 95 por cento ar a 37ºC por 72 h. Após esse período, o meio de cultura de cada compartimento foi substituído por 1 mL do extrato (ou DMEM puro no grupo controle) e as células foram incubadas pelo período adicional de 2 h. O metabolismo celular foi avaliado pelo teste do MTT e os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelo teste de ANOVA e Tukey (α=0,05). A morfologia celular e da superfície dos espécimes de MTA representativos de cada grupo foram avaliados em microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante (p>0,05) entre os gurpos G1 e G2 ou entre G3 e G4. Não foi encontrada diferença estatística (p>0,05) entre os grupos experimentais e controle. Morfologia e organização celular semelhante foram observadas em todos os grupos, independente do período de extração. Entretanto, o número de células observado nos grupos experimentais diminui quando comparado ao grupo controle. MTA-Bio apresentou uma superfície irregular com mais porosidades que o MTA-Branco. Pode-se concluir que os cimentos MTA-Branco e MTA-Bio apresentaram reduzido efeito citotóxico sobre células odontoblastóides (MDPC-23) mantidas em cultura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Odontoblasts/drug effects , Oxides/toxicity , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Silicates/toxicity , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Cell Count , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Line , Culture Media , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Cell Shape/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Coloring Agents , Drug Combinations , Dental Cements/chemistry , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Oxides/chemistry , Porosity , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Spectrophotometry , Surface Properties , Silicates/chemistry , Succinate Dehydrogenase/analysis , Temperature , Time Factors , Tetrazolium Salts , Thiazoles
20.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2010. 73 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-642751

ABSTRACT

Os autores tiveram como objetivo avaliar a citotoxicidade de elásticos ortodônticos de separação, elásticos em cadeia esterilizados por diferentes métodos e adesivos ortodônticos. Os elásticos de separação foram divididos em quatro grupos (n=15: M (Masel), D (Dentaurum), A (Aditek) e grupo O (OrthoSource). Para os elástico em cadeia, segmentos com cinco elos foram divididos em oito grupos de acordo com os métodos de esterilização utilizados: controle, álcool 70º, autoclave, glutaraldeido, microondas, ultra-violeta, óxido de etileno e raios gama. Os adesivos avaliados foram Transbond XT, Transbond Plus Color Change, Quick-Cure, Eagle Bond, Orthobond, Fill Magic Ortodôntico e Biofix. Três grupos adicionais foram utilizados: controle de célula, controle positivo constituído pelo detergente celular Tween 80 e controle negativo por solução tampão PBS. Os materiais foram imersos em meios de cultura por 24, 48, 72 e 168h para liberação de possíveis substâncias tóxicas. Passado esses períodos, o meio foi colocado em contato com as células L929 que foram coradas e analisadas, quanto a sua viabilidade, pela incorporação do corante vermelho neutro, em espectrofotômetro. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos a análise da variância (ANOVA) e ao teste de Tukey. Os resultados demonstraram que os elásticos de separação analisados apresentaram diferenças estatísticas entre si (p<0.05), entretanto a viabilidade celular apresentada por todos foi superior a 90% em todo experimento, podendo considera-los biocompatíveis. Com relação aos elásticos em cadeia os grupos esterilizados pelos meios químicos (álcool 70 e glutaraldeido) e pelos meios térmicos (autoclave e microondas) levaram ao aumento da citotoxicidade, apresentando diferenças estatística significativas com os demais grupos (p<0.05), dessa forma foi possível concluir que a esterilização dos elásticos em cadeia com radiação ultra-violeta, óxido de etileno e raios gama não alteram sua citotoxicidade. Os adesivos avaliados foram...


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Appliances/microbiology , Dental Cements/toxicity , Elastomers/toxicity , /prevention & control , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives
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