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1.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 25(1): [9], abr. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440165

ABSTRACT

Fundamentación: En el período de gestación el organismo de la mujer sufre modificaciones, transformaciones fisiológicas y psicológicas, además de cambios en los tejidos bucales y cambios de conducta que pueden iniciar enfermedades bucodentales o agravar las ya establecidas. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad del programa educativo "Sonrisas desde el vientre" en embarazadas del Hogar Materno Isabel María de Valdivia en Sancti Spíritus. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio preexperimental, con diseño antes y después en el período de enero a junio del 2022, la población estuvo constituida por 20 embarazadas ingresadas en el Hogar Materno Isabel María de Valdivia en Sancti Spíritus. Se utilizaron métodos del nivel teórico, empírico (encuesta) y estadísticos. Se midió la variable conocimiento sobre salud bucodental. Resultados: Los conocimientos antes de la aplicación de programa educativo eran insuficientes (65 %), después de aplicado el programa educativo el 75 % de las embarazadas presentó conocimientos suficientes. Conclusiones: Al culminar la implementación del programa educativo "Sonrisas desde el vientre", se logró un nivel de conocimiento suficiente sobre salud bucodental en la tercera parte de las embarazadas de este hogar materno.


Background: During pregnancy, the women's body goes through many changes, physiological and psychological transformations, as well as changes in the oral cavity tissues and behavioral changes that may initiate oral diseases or aggravate the stablished ones. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the educational program "Smile from the Womb" among pregnant women at the Isabel María de Valdivia Maternity Home in Sancti Spíritus. Methodology: A pre-experimental study with a before and after design was conducted from January to June 2022, the population consisted of 20 pregnant women hospitalized at Isabel María de Valdivia Maternity Home in Sancti Spíritus. Theoretical, empirical (survey) and statistical methods were used. The variable oral health knowledge was measured. Results: Before applying the educational program the knowledge was insufficient (65%), after applying the educational program 75% of pregnant women showed sufficient knowledge. Conclusions: By the end of the "Smile from the Womb" educational program, one third of the pregnant women in this maternity home had achieved a sufficient level of knowledge about oral and dental health.


Subject(s)
Dental Health Surveys/methods , Oral Health/education , Health Education, Dental/methods , Pregnant Women/education
2.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2023. 112 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1452346

ABSTRACT

Cárie na primeira infância (CPI) e má oclusão podem afetar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) de crianças e suas famílias. Fatores psicossociais relacionados às crianças, suas famílias e comunidade na qual estão inseridas devem ser estudados. Diante disso, os objetivos desta tese foram: 1) verificar a associação entre fatores psicossociais associados à CPI e à QVRSB em pré-escolares e suas famílias (Artigo 1); 2) avaliar o impacto da mordida aberta anterior (MAA) e da mordida profunda (MP) na QVRSB de préescolares, e verificar o papel da resiliência parental como um fator moderador nessa associação (Artigo 2). Foi realizado um estudo transversal representativo com pré-escolares de 4-6 anos de idade e seus pais/responsáveis em Ribeirão das Neves, MG, Brasil. Os pais/responsáveis responderam às versões brasileiras do Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) e Escala de Resiliência, e um questionário com dados socioeconômicos e de comportamento de saúde bucal da criança. Os pré-escolares foram examinados por duas dentistas treinadas e calibradas para o diagnóstico de CPI e consequências pulpares de lesões cariosas não tratadas (Kappa>0,95), utilizando-se a versão epidemiológica do International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDASepi) combinado com o índice pufa e, assim categorizados: sem cárie, estágio inicial (opacidade notável/pigmentação retida em fundo de fóssulas e fissuras), estágio moderado (cavitação em esmalte/sombreamento em dentina subjacente), estágio extenso sem consequências pulpares (cavitação com exposição dentinária) e estágio extenso com consequências pulpares (cavitação com exposição dentinária, com envolvimento pulpar e/ou presença de fístulas/abscessos). A presença de MAA e MP foi avaliada através do índice de Foster e Hamilton. Os dados foram analisados por meio da modelagem por equações estruturais, utilizando-se o software Mplus, versão 8.6 (Artigo 1) e por meio da análise de moderação, utilizando-se o PROCESS (PROCESS for SPSS, version 3.4) (Artigo 2). Os resultados do artigo 1 demonstraram que menor status socioeconômico (ß =-0,250; p<0,001) e maior frequência de consumo de açúcares livres (ß=0,122; p=0,033) foram associados diretamente com estágio extenso de cárie com consequência pulpar, enquanto menor resiliência dos pais impactou indiretamente estágios mais avançados da CPI, por meio da variável frequência de consumo de açúcares livres (ß =-0,089; p=0,048). Além disso, CPI foi associada com piores escores tanto da QVRSB da criança (b=0,587; p<0,001) quanto da família (ß =0,506; p<0,001). Os resultados do artigo 2 demonstraram que préescolares filhos de pais com baixa resiliência, e que possuíam MAA apresentaram impacto negativo na QVRSB (ß:3,95;p=0,025) em comparação àqueles que apresentaram oclusão normal. A resiliência parental não atuou como fator moderador na associação entre MP e QVRSB (p>0,05). Conclui-se que quanto maior a gravidade da CPI, maior o impacto negativo na QVRSB de pré-escolares e suas famílias. Os principais fatores associados à CPI mais grave foram menor nível socioeconômico, maior frequência de consumo de açúcar livre e menor resiliência parental (Artigo 1). MAA interferiu negativamente na QVRSB dos pré-escolares, sendo essa associação mais forte quando a resiliência parental era baixa. Portanto, a resiliência dos pais atuou como fator moderador na relação entre MAA e QVRSB (Artigo 2).


Early childhood caries (ECC) and malocclusion can affect the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children and families. Psychosocial factors related to children, their families and the community in which they are inserted must be studied. Therefore, the objectives of this thesis were: 1) to verify the association between psychosocial factors with ECC and OHRQoL in preschoolers and their families (Manuscript #1); 2) to evaluate the impact of anterior open bite (AOB) and deep bite (DB) on the OHRQoL of preschool children and the role of parental resilience as a moderating factor in such association (Manuscript #2). A representative crosssectional study was carried out with 4-to-6-year-old preschoolers and their parents/caregivers from Ribeirão das Neves, MG, Brazil. Parents/caregivers selfadministered the Brazilian versions of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) and the Resilience Scale, as well as a questionnaire about socioeconomic and child's oral health behavior data. Preschoolers were examined by two trained and calibrated dentists for the diagnosis of ECC and pulpal consequences of untreated carious lesions (Kappa>0.95), using the epidemiological version of the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDASepi) index combined with the pufa index: no caries, early stage (notable opacity/retained pigmentation in the background of pits and fissures), moderate stage (cavitation in enamel/shading in underlying dentin), extensive stage without pulpal consequences (cavitation with dentin exposure) and extensive stage with pulpal consequences (cavitation with dentin exposure, and pulp involvement and/or fistulas/abscesses). The presence of AOB and DB were evaluated using the Foster and Hamilton index. Data were analysed through Structural Equation Model (SEM), using the Mplus software, version 8.6 (Manuscript #1) and through moderation analysis, using PROCESS (PROCESS for SPSS, version 3.4) (Manuscript #2). The results of the Manuscript #1 demonstrated that lower socioeconomic status (b=-0.250; p<0.001) and higher frequency of consumption of free sugars (ß=0.122; p=0.033) were directly associated with an extensive stage of caries with pulpal consequences, while lower parental resilience indirectly impacted more advanced stages of ECC, through the variable frequency of consumption of free sugars (b=-0.089; p=0.048). In addition, ECC was associated with worse scores in both the child's (ß=0.587; p<0.001) and the family's (ß=0.506; p<0.001) OHRQoL. The results of the Manuscript #2 demonstrated that preschoolers whose parents presented low resilience, and preschoolers who presented OAB, had a negative impact on OHRQoL (ß:3.95; p=0.025) compared to those who had normal occlusion. Parental resilience did not act as a moderating factor in the association between DB and OHRQoL (p>0.005). It is concluded that the severity of ECC negatively impacted the OHRQoL of preschoolers and their families, and the main factors associated with the severity of ECC were lower socioeconomic status, higher frequency of free sugar consumption and lower parental resilience (Manuscript #1). OAB negatively interfered with the OHRQoL of preschoolers, with this association being stronger when parental resilience was low. Therefore, parental resilience acted as a moderating factor in the relationship between OAB and OHRQoL (Manuscript # 2).


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Dental Health Surveys , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries , Malocclusion
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226288, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366204

ABSTRACT

Aim: To describe the pattern of toothache experience in a cohort of children aged 2-5 over 21 years and to find the relationship between previous toothache experience and later reports of toothache to get finding on the most critical period of toothache as a problem in life. Methods: This is a secondary data analysis from Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS). A total of 1,927 children from IFLS-1 with complete data were included as baseline participants. They were followed up four times within 21 years (age 6-9y, age 9-12y, age 16-19y, age 23- 26y). Toothache was based on the question of self-reported toothache experience during the last four weeks. After 21 years, a total of 1,098 individuals could be traced and completed every cohort of the survey. Toothache experiences were reported for frequencies in every cohort and accumulative experiences over 21 years. Logistic regression tests were performed to analyze the association of previous toothache experience and later toothache experience. Results: Almost 40% of the respondents reported toothache at least once in their life. The age of 6-9 years is the period when a high percentage of children had teeth-related pain. The experience of toothache at this period was significantly related to every period of age in life. Conclusions: The period of early mixed dentition is important. Oral health status in this period is associated with future oral health. A comprehensive dental health prevention program targeting this population is essential to increase the quality of life


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Toothache/epidemiology , Oral Health , Socioeconomic Factors , Dental Health Surveys , Prevalence , Longitudinal Studies , Indonesia/epidemiology
4.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(2)ago. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386590

ABSTRACT

Resumen Evaluar los resultados del impacto de la salud oral en la calidad de vida mediante el OHIP-14 en relación a la caries dental y los determinantes sociales en migrantes venezolanos. Se realizó un estudio transversal en una población de 350 migrantes venezolanos (30.1±7,4 años; 52% Varones). Donde para evaluar el impacto de la salud oral en la calidad de vida se utilizó el cuestionario Oral Health Impact Profile spanish versión Lima (OHIP-14sp Lima), contrastándose tanto con factores clínicos (índice CPOD) como sociodemográficos, para poder determinar la influencia de estos sobre el instrumento. Se determinó el impacto de la salud oral en la calidad de vida (OHIP-14), según el promedio de puntaje general y por dimensiones. Posteriormente, se realizó un examen clínico evaluando la presencia de lesiones de caries dental (Índice CPOD) y se recolectaron datos sociodemográficos por medio de una encuesta. El promedio del OHIP-14sp Lima generó un impacto negativo del 10.6% en la población migrante. Donde la dimensión de Malestar Psicológico fue la que demostró una mayor frecuencia de impacto negativo con un porcentaje de 38,3%. Los resultados del OHIP-14 sp Lima en el total de migrantes evaluados, fueron bajos en términos porcentuales, generando en su mayoría un promedio de un impacto positivo. Sin embargo, no se puede descartar que factores sociodemográficos como el sexo y niveles de escolaridad; fueron factores que sí generaron un impacto negativo, afectando significativamente los resultados observados en una o varias de las dimensiones evaluadas mediante el instrumento OHIP-14 en el presente estudio.


Abstract To evaluate the results of the impact of oral health on quality of life through the OHIP-14 in relation to dental caries and social determinants in Venezuelan migrants. A cross-sectional study was carried out in a population of 350 Venezuelan migrants (30.1±7.4 years; 52% Men). Where to evaluate the impact of oral health on quality of life, the Oral Health Impact Profile Spanish version Lima questionnaire (OHIP-14sp Lima) was used, contrasting with both clinical (DMFT index) and sociodemographic factors, in order to determine the influence of these on the instrument. The impact of oral health on quality of life (OHIP-14) was determined, according to the average general score and by dimensions. Subsequently, a clinical examination was carried out evaluating the presence of dental caries lesions (DMFT Index) and sociodemographic data were collected through a survey. The average of the OHIP-14sp Lima generated a negative impact of 10.6% on the migrant population. The dimension of "Psychological Discomfort" was the one that showed a higher frequency of negative impact with a percentage of 38.3%. The results of the OHIP-14 sp Lima in the total of evaluated migrants were low in percentage terms, generating mostly an average of a positive impact. However, it cannot be ruled out that sociodemographic factors such as sex and levels of education; they were factors that did generate a negative impact, significantly affecting the results observed in one or more of the dimensions evaluated using the OHIP-14 instrument in the present study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Transients and Migrants , Dental Health Surveys , Peru , Venezuela
5.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 59(1)mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408369

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La calidad de vida relacionada con la salud oral es un indicador relevante de salud pública; por lo tanto, es necesario contar con instrumentos para su medición, contextualizados y con adecuadas propiedades métricas. Objetivo: Adaptar y validar el instrumento Perfil de impacto de la salud oral en la calidad de vida en una muestra de adultos peruanos. Métodos: Estudio de tipo instrumental, participaron 415 adultos de la provincia de Ica, Perú. Se realizó un análisis factorial exploratorio para valorar la estructura interna de la escala y un análisis factorial confirmatorio que incluyó el método de estimación de máxima verosimilitud robusta. Luego se evaluó la confiabilidad del instrumento y, finalmente, se comparó el impacto de la salud bucal en la calidad de vida, según variables de caracterización. Resultados: Se obtuvo una versión de 14 ítems agrupados en siete factores que explicaron el 88,50 por ciento de la varianza total y un ajuste aceptable, x2/gl = 3,72; NNFI = 0,98; CFI = 0,99; SRMR = 0,031; RMSEA =0,081 (IC 90 por ciento: 0,070-0,093). La consistencia interna de la escala global mostró un índice satisfactorio (α = 0,95) y las subescalas valores que oscilaron entre α = 0,88 y α=0,78; con excepción de la dimensión malestar psicológico (α = 0,66). La validez discriminante fue demostrada al encontrar diferencias significativas entre las variables sociodemográficas y los puntajes de severidad. Conclusiones: La nueva versión del instrumento presenta propiedades métricas aceptables, por lo tanto, puede ser usado en futuras investigaciones y estudios de validación(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Oral health-related quality of life is a relevant public health indicator. Therefore, its measurement should be performed with contextualized tools and appropriate metric techniques. Objective: Adapt and validate the tool Oral Health Impact Profile in the quality of life of a sample of Peruvian adults. Methods: An instrumental study was conducted of 415 adults from the province of Ica, Peru. The internal structure of the scale was evaluated by exploratory factor analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis was also performed, which included robust maximum likelihood estimation. The reliability of the tool was then tested, and a comparison was finally made of the impact of oral health on quality of life, according to characterization variables. Results: The version obtained consists of 14 items grouped into seven factors explaining 88.50 percent of the total variance and an acceptable fit, x2/gl = 3.72; NNFI = 0.98; CFI = 0.99; SRMR = 0.031; RMSEA = 0.081 (CI 90 percent: 0.070-0.093). Internal consistency of the overall scale exhibited a satisfactory index (α = 0.95), whereas the subscales showed values of α = 0.88-0.78, except for the dimension of psychological distress (α = 0.66). Discriminant validity was demonstrated by finding significant differences between sociodemographic variables and severity scores. Conclusions: The new version of the tool has acceptable metric properties. Therefore, it may be used in future research and validation studies(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Dental Health Surveys/methods , Oral Health , Psychological Well-Being , Factor Analysis, Statistical
6.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20220029, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1424226

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a busca por atendimento odontológico é um parâmetro importante para averiguar como os indivíduos compreendem a saúde bucal. Objetivo: avaliar a utilização de serviços odontológicos e fatores associados em pacientes oncológicos em Minas Gerais, Brasil. Material e método: estudo transversal, realizado com uma amostra de 441 pacientes adultos frequentadores de uma associação voluntária de apoio a pacientes oncológicos no Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. O desfecho foi avaliado por meio do autorrelato de consulta odontológica no último ano. As variáveis independentes incluíram condições socioeconômicas, saúde geral e relacionada ao câncer, saúde bucal e cuidados odontológicos. As associações entre o desfecho e as variáveis independentes foram testadas por meio de regressão logística bivariada e múltipla, sendo os resultados expressos por meio de odds ratio (OR) e intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC95%). Resultado: a prevalência de consulta odontológica no último ano foi de 33,3%. Os indivíduos que possuem entre quatro e sete (OR: 1,80; IC95%: 1,02-3,18) e aqueles com oito ou mais anos de estudo (OR: 3,20; IC95%: 1,07-9,60) apresentaram maiores, enquanto os edêntulos (OR: 0,44; IC95%: 0,21-0,92) apresentaram menores chances de consulta odontológica no último ano, independentemente de condições socioeconômicas, saúde geral e saúde bucal. Conclusão: foi baixa a procura por consulta odontológica no último ano entre os pacientes oncológicos. Além disso, houve desigualdades relacionadas à escolaridade e ao número de dentes remanescentes na utilização dos serviços. A identificação e priorização dos grupos com acesso desfavorável aos serviços são fundamentais no planejamento da prestação de cuidados odontológicos a essa população.


Introduction: the search for dental care is an important parameter to determine how individuals understand the oral health. Objective: to evaluate the use of dental services and associated factors in cancer patients in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Material and method: a cross-sectional study carried out with a sample of 441 adult patients attending a voluntary association to support cancer patients in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The outcome was assessed through self-report of dental appointments in the last year. Independent variables included socioeconomic status, general and cancer-related health, oral health, and dental care. The associations between the outcome and the independent variables were tested using bivariate and multiple logistic regression, and the results were expressed as odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Result: the prevalence of dental appointments in the last year was 33.3%. Individuals who have between four and seven (OR: 1.80; 95%CI: 1.02-3.18) and those who have eight or more years of schooling (OR: 3.20; 95%CI: 1.07-9 .60) had greater, whereas, the edentulous (OR: 0.44; 95%CI: 0.21-0.92) had less odds to have had a dental appointment in the last year, independently of socioeconomic status, general health and oral health conditions. Conclusion: recent dental care was uncommon among cancer patients. Furthermore, there were inequalities related to schooling and the number of remaining teeth in the use of services. The identification and prioritization of groups with unfavorable access to services are fundamental in planning the provision of dental care to this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Dental Health Surveys , Oral Health , Epidemiology , Dental Care , Medical Oncology , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dental Offices
7.
RFO UPF ; 26(2): 339-352, 20210808. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1452540

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a influência do capital social individual na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) de adultos do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Métodos: este estudo transversal incluiu adultos adscritos às Estratégias da Saúde da Família (ESFs) de Santa Maria, RS. A coleta de dados foi realizada de novembro de 2019 a março de 2020 em quatro ESFs por examinadores calibrados e treinados. O capital social individual, avaliado pela participação em atividades voluntárias e a confiança em vizinhos e amigos, foi considerado o preditor do estudo. Características sociodemográficas, comportamentais e de saúde periodontal também foram coletadas. A QVRSB, considerada o desfecho, foi mensurada pelo questionário OHIP-14. Modelos de regressão de Poisson avaliaram a associação entre variáveis independentes e QVRSB. Resultados: ao total, 80 adultos foram incluídos. Indivíduos do sexo feminino, da cor da pele não branca, com menor renda familiar mensal, fumantes, que visitaram o serviço odontológico a menos de um ano e que possuíam sangramento gengival apresentaram altos scores totais de OHIP-14 (P<0,05). A não participação em atividades voluntárias [razão de média (RR): 1,24; intervalo de confiança (IC) 95%: 1,03-1,50] e a ausência de confiança em vizinhos e amigos (RR: 1,24; IC 95%: 1,08-1,43) foram associadas a uma pior QVRSB dos adultos. Conclusão: a ausência de um capital social individual influenciou negativamente a QVRSB de adultos usuários do SUS.(AU)


Objective: To evaluate the influence of individual social assets on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of adult users of the Brazilian Unified Health System (UHS). Methods: This cross-sectional study included adults of the Family Health Strategy (FHS) of Santa Maria, RS. Data collection was performed from November 2019 to March 2020 in four FHSs by calibrated and trained examiners. Individual social capital, assessed by participation in volunteer activities and trust in neighbors and friends, was considered the predictor of the study. Sociodemographic, behavioral, and periodontal health characteristics were also collected. The OHRQoL, considered the outcome, was measured using the OHIP-14 questionnaire. Poisson regression models assessed the association between independent variables and OHRQoL. Results: In total, 80 adults were included. Female subjects, of non-white skin color, with lower monthly family income, smokers, who visited the dental service less than one year ago and who had gingival bleeding had high total OHIP-14 scores (P<0.05). Non-participation in voluntary activities [rate ratio (RR): 1.24; confidence interval (CI) 95%: 1.03-1.50] and the lack of trust in neighbors and friends (RR: 1.24; 95% CI: 1.08-1.43) were associated with a worse OHRQoL of adults. Conclusion: The absence of individual social assets negatively influenced the OHRQoL of adult UHS users.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Unified Health System , Dental Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Social Capital , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Poisson Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Age and Sex Distribution
8.
RFO UPF ; 26(2): 347-360, 20210808. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1452541

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: verificar a relação da condição de cárie da criança com a experiência autopercebida de cárie da mãe através de um estudo observacional transversal. Métodos: O estudo foi realizado na Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Pelotas com crianças entre 8 e 11 anos e suas mães. A amostra contou com 105 pares mãe-filho. Os responsáveis responderam um questionário relacionado à situação socioeconômica e demográfica, a mãe respondeu sobre sua saúde bucal: experiência de cárie (restauração ou dente cariado e perda dentária por cárie). Nas crianças os desfechos foram avaliados através de exame clínico com a soma de dentes decíduos e permanentes cariados, perdidos e obturados (ceod/CPOD) e para severidade de cárie foi utilizado Significant Caries Index (SiC), ceod/CPOD≥3. Para testar a associação entre as variáveis relacionadas à mãe e o desfecho severidade de cárie foi realizado o teste Qui-quadrado, para média de cárie na criança (ceod/CPOD) foi utilizado o Teste Mann-Whitney. Resultados: Com relação à severidade de cárie não foi encontrada associação estatisticamente significante. A média do ceod/CPOD foi quase três vezes maior nas crianças cujas mães relataram que haviam tido ou estavam com algum dente cariado ou restaurado em função da cárie em comparação àquelas que não relataram esta experiência. As mães mais jovens apresentaram filhos com maior média de cárie do que as mães mais velhas. Conclusão: Entre as crianças atendidas neste serviço existe uma relação de uma maior média de cárie nas crianças com cujas mães tem ou tiveram experiência de cárie e mais jovens.(AU)


Objective: to verify the relationship between the child's caries condition and the mother's self-perceived caries experience through a cross-sectional observational study. Methods: The study was carried out at the Faculty of Dentistry of the Federal University of Pelotas with children between 8 and 11 years old and their mothers. The sample had 105 mother-child pairs. The guardians answered a questionnaire related to the socioeconomic and demographic situation, the mother answered about her oral health: caries experience (restoration or decayed tooth and tooth loss due to caries). In children, the outcomes were evaluated through clinical examination with the sum of decayed, missing and filled deciduous and permanent teeth (DMFT/DMFT) and for caries severity we used the Significant Caries Index (SiC), DMFT/DMFT≥3. To test the association between the variables related to the mother and the outcome of caries severity, the Chi-square test was performed, for mean caries in children (dmft/DMFT) the Mann-Whitney Test was used. Results: Regarding caries severity, no statistically significant association was found. The mean dmft/DMFT was almost three times higher in children whose mothers reported that they had had or had a decayed or restored tooth due to caries compared to those who did not report this experience. Younger mothers had children with a higher average of caries than older mothers. Conclusion: Among the children assisted in this service, there is a relation of a higher average of caries in children whose mothers have or had caries experience and younger.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Dental Health Surveys , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Mother-Child Relations , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Methods , Age and Sex Distribution
9.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(3)jul.-set. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1372000

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho teve como objetivo compreender a relação entre o Senso de Coerência (SOC) dos responsáveis e a experiência de cárie dentária dos escolares de 5 a 10 anos da Escola de Educação Básica da Universidade Federal da Paraíba (EEBAS/UFPB). Participaram do estudo 120 crianças e responsáveis. Os exames clínicos foram realizados na própria escola, após assinatura do Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido (TCLE) pelos responsáveis. Os responsáveis responderam o SOC-13. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva e inferencial. Foi encontrado que os valores de ceo-d e CPO-d variaram 0 a 8, com 76,2% de valor para o componente cariado. Não houve associação estatisticamente significante entre o SOC dos responsáveis e a experiência de cárie dos alunos. Também não foi encontrada relação entre o SOC e ceo-d, idade, sexo e série escolar. No entanto, o SOC parece ter uma influência significativa no comportamento e impactar em aspectos socioeconômicos... (AU)


This study aimed to comprehend the relationship between parental Sense of Coherence (SOC) and dental caries experience in children aged 5-10 years at the Basic School of Federal University of Paraiba. The sample was composed of 120 children and their parents. Clinical examinations were performed at the school, after signing the Term of Free and Informed Consent (TFIC) by the parents. The parental SOC was measured using the 13-item version (SOC-13). The data obtained were submitted to descriptive and inferential statistical analyses. The values of dmft and DMFT ranged from 0 to 8, with a predominance of the decayed component (76.2%). There was no statistically significant association between parental SOC and dental caries experience in the students. In addition, parental SOC was not significantly associated with dmft, age, gender, or school grade. Nonetheless, the SOC seems to have a significant influence on behavior and impact on socio-economic aspects... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Socioeconomic Factors , Child , Dental Health Surveys , Oral Health , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries , Sense of Coherence
10.
RFO UPF ; 26(1): 69-77, 20210327. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1428586

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a influência da equipe de saúde bucal (eSB) na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bu-cal (QVRSB) de adultos. Métodos: a amostra deste estudo transversal foi composta por adultos adscritos às Estratégias de Saúde da Família (ESFs) de Santa Maria, RS. Variáveis sociodemográficas, como idade, sexo, cor da pele, renda familiar e escolaridade, foram avaliadas através de questionário semiestruturado. Variáveis de serviço odontológico foram mensuradas através do motivo de procura ao serviço e da presença de eSB, avaliada a partir dos dados oficiais do município. Biofilme dental, sangramento gengival e cárie dental foram coletados através de exame clínico odontológico. O desfecho foi a QVRSB mensurada pelo questionário OHIP-14. Modelos foram construídos por meio de regressão de Poisson, para avaliar a associação entre presença de eSB e QVRSB. Resultados: ao total, 80 adultos adscritos a quatro ESF (duas com eSB) foram in-cluídos. A ausência da eSB influenciou negativamente a QVRSB de adultos (razão de média: 1,21; intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,07-1,36). Além disso, idade, cor da pele não branca, menor renda familiar, menor escolaridade, procura ao serviço odontológico por dor dental e pior saúde bucal foram associados a uma pior QVRSB (P<0,05). Conclusão: indivíduos sem acesso à eSB apresentaram uma pior QVRSB. Estratégias de promoção de saúde devem incluir a ampliação do acesso à ESF, aumentando a equidade no acesso aos cuidados odontológicos.(AU)


Objective: to assess the influence of dental health team (DHT) on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of adults. Methods: the sample of this cross-sectional study consisted of adults enrolled in the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in Santa Maria, RS. Sociodemographic variables such as age, sex, skin color, family income and education level were assessed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Dental service variables were measured through the reason for attending for the service and the presence of DHT, evaluated from the official data of the municipality. Dental biofilm, gingival bleeding and dental caries were collected through clinical dental examination. The outcome was OHRQoL, measured by the OHIP- 14 questionnaire. Models were built using Poisson regression to assess the association between the presence of DHT and OHRQoL. On total, 80 adults enrolled in four FHS (two with DHT) were included. The absence of DHT negatively influenced the OHRQoL of adults [mean ratio: 1.21; 95% confidence interval: 1.07-1.36]. In addition, age, non-white skin color, lower family income, less education, attending dental care due to dental pain and poorer oral health were associated with worse OHRQoL (P<0.05). Conclusion: individuals without access to DHT had a worse OHRQOL. Health promotion strategies should include expanding access to FHS, increasing equity in access to dental care.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , National Health Strategies , Dental Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Dental Care Team/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Poisson Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Age and Sex Distribution
11.
RFO UPF ; 26(1): 84-92, 20210327. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1428589

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a condição bucal de mulheres com diabetes mellitus gestacional (DMG) internadas no Hospital Escola (HE) da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel). Métodos: trata-se de um estudo transversal retrospectivo de base hospitalar, em que dois residentes treinados realizaram a coleta dos dados por meio da avaliação dos prontuários médicos e odontológicos, no período de setembro de 2019 a março de 2020. Os dados socioeconômicos e demográficos e o diagnóstico de DMG foram coletados dos prontuários médicos, enquanto hábitos e condição bucal, dos prontuários odontológicos. A análise dos dados foi realizada no programa Stata 11.0, usando os testes Exato de Fisher e Regressão de Poisson. Resultados: foram avaliados os prontuários de 83 gestantes, destas, 37 (44,6%) apresentavam DMG. A presença de DMG esteve asso-ciada com as gestantes de maior faixa etária (62,2%) e no terceiro trimestre de gestação. Em sua maioria, tinham renda de até dois salários mínimos, eram solteiras, tinham filhos e realizaram pré-natal. Em relação à avaliação bucal, apenas a presença de cálculo dental e inflamação gengival foi estatisticamente associada à presença de DMG (p= 0,030 e 0,014 respectivamente). A autopercepção do sorriso foi considerada ruim por 40,5%, e a maioria teve dentes perdidos por cárie (64,9%). Conclusões: a prevalência de DMG foi alta entre as gestantes internadas, sendo maior em mulheres de mais idade. Presença de cálculo dental e inflamação gengival foram fortemente associadas à presença de DMG, enquanto hábitos bucais e presença de cárie não apresentaram associação. Novas pesquisas, com exames periodontais completos, são necessárias para verifi-car as condições periodontais dessas mulheres.(AU)


Aim: to assess the oral condition of women with Gestacional Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) admitted in a School Hospital (HE)/UFPel. Methods: medical and dental records, from September 2019 to March 2020, were evaluated in this hospital-based retrospective cross-sectional study. Socioeconomic and demographic data were collected from medical records, while oral condition and habits were obtained from the dental records. Statistical analysis was performed with Stata 11.0 software using Fisher's exact test and Poisson regression. Results: the medical records of 83 pregnant women were evaluated, of which 37 (44.6%) had GDM. The presence of GDM was associated with pregnant women of older age (62.2%) and most in the third trimester of pregnancy. Most of them had an income of up to two minimum wages, were single, had children and underwent prenatal care. Regarding the oral evaluation, only the presence of dental calculus and gingival inflammation was statistically associated with the presence of GDM (p = 0.030 and 0.014 respectively). The self-perception of the smile was considered bad to 40.5% and many of them had lost teeth due to caries (64.9%). Conclusions: the prevalence of GDM was high in hospitalized pregnant women, being higher in older women. Presence of dental calculus and gingival inflammation were strongly associated with the presence of GDM, while oral habits and the presence of caries were not associated. Further research, with complete periodontal examinations is necessary to verify the periodontal conditions of these women.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Dental Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Diabetes, Gestational/epidemiology , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Oral Hygiene/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Poisson Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gestational Age , Inpatients/statistics & numerical data
12.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 37: e37003, Jan.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359844

ABSTRACT

This article aims to verify the use of dental services, oral health self-perception, and the impacts of oral health on the daily lives of transgender people. A controlled cross-sectional study was conducted in which transvestites, transsexuals, and transgender people were compared to cisgender people. For data collection, the oral health self-perception questionnaire was applied to 90 people, from which 45 were cisgender and 45 were transgender. There were no differences regarding access to dental services. The data analysis revealed that transgender people perceive their teeth to cause nervousness (p=0.002) and shame (p=0.033), respectively 3.8 and 5.0 times higher than that observed for cisgender people. Although differences in access were not observed, there was a difference in the perception of the need for treatment and the impacts of oral health. Therefore, it is important to consider that comprehensive care for the transgender population should go beyond the treatment of oral diseases and include aesthetic expectations as well.


Subject(s)
Self Concept , Dental Health Surveys , Oral Health , Dental Care , Transgender Persons
13.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 37: e37008, Jan.-Dec. 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359868

ABSTRACT

Several studies have suggested that athletes with disabilities experience more difficulties having access to oral health care than the population in general. The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of socio-demographic/socio-economic factors, oral hygiene habits and clinical oral health conditions on the OHRQoL ­ Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (assessed with the Oral Health Impact Profile 14 ­ OHIP-14) on a sample of athletes with heterogeneous types of disabilities. Altogether, 105 athletes with disabilities were evaluated. Cross-sectional data was collected including interviews to obtain socio-demographic/socio-economic data, the OHIP-14 and clinical oral examinations parameters. The outcome variable was the OHIP-14 severity score. The explanatory variables were sex, age, monthly household income, level of schooling, frequency of toothbrushing and flossing, gingival bleeding, periodontal disease, trauma in incisors, prosthesis wearing and needs, number of sound teeth, DFMT (decayed, filled and missing teeth) index and its isolate components. Mann-Whitney, Kruskall-Wallis and Spearman tests used to compare OHIP-14 severity scores associated with the explanatory variables. The mean OHIP-14 severity score for the sample was 9.32 (SD 8.99) and the most affected domain was Physical Pain (mean 2.63; SD 1.97), followed by Psychological Discomfort (mean 1.81; SD 2.02). Significant differences in mean OHIP-14 scores were found for periodontal disease, need for complete dentures, number of sound teeth, DFMT index and its components. These results suggest that these clinical parameters can be related to impaired OHRQoL for this population.


Subject(s)
Oral Hygiene , Quality of Life , Dental Health Surveys , Oral Health , Para-Athletes
14.
Rev. Investig. Innov. Cienc. Salud ; 3(2): 3-23, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1392560

ABSTRACT

Introduction:Pansori is a traditional Korean dramatic art form, which likely ap-peared in the mid-eighteenth century in the southern region of Korea. In pansorithere is a strong inclination toward preserving tradition, especially in regard to train-ing, which is generally considered particularly demanding in terms of risks to vo-cal health. Nevertheless ­as highlighted by recent studies­ some innovations took place in pansori characteristics and performances in the last few decades.Objective: We hypothesize that these innovations have impacted the attitudes of singers and teachers towards pansori training and vocal health issues, and that a new approach to voice training in pansori might be recommended.Method: Starting with recent evolutions of pansori and considering previous studies, we discuss how these changes might produce innovations ­or at least a demand for innovation­ in pansori's training. We also try to capture the viewpoint of pansori stu-dents and performers, through an anonymous survey.Results: Although further investigation is required, the results suggest that a new approach in teaching pansori is emerging and it is increasingly requested by the train-ee performers, despite some criticisms from traditionalists.Conclusion: Unlike previously thought, perhaps a more scientific and health-con-scious approach to pansori voice training will be something from which many pansorisingers can benefit.


Introducción: Pansori es una forma de arte dramático tradicional coreano que pro-bablemente apareció a mediados del siglo XVIII en la región sur de Corea. En pansorihay una fuerte inclinación a preservar la tradición, especialmente en lo que respecta al entrenamiento, que generalmente se considera particularmente exigente en térmi-nos de riesgos para la salud vocal. Sin embargo, como destacan estudios recientes, se produjeron algunas innovaciones en las características y actuaciones del pansori en las últimas décadas.Objetivo: Hipotetizamos que estas innovaciones han impactado las actitudes de can-tantes y profesores hacia la formación del pansori y los problemas de salud vocal, y que podría recomendarse un nuevo enfoque para el entrenamiento de la voz en pansori.Método: Comenzando con las evoluciones recientes de pansori y considerando es-tudios previos, discutimos cómo estos cambios pueden producir innovaciones, o al menos una demanda de innovación, en la formación de pansori. También tratamos de captar el punto de vista de los estudiantes e intérpretes de pansori, a través de una encuesta anónima.Resultados: Aunque se requiere más investigación, los resultados sugieren que está surgiendo un nuevo enfoque en la enseñanza del pansori y es cada vez más solicitado por los artistas en formación, a pesar de algunas críticas de los tradicionalistas.Conclusión: A diferencia de lo que se pensaba anteriormente, quizás un enfoque más científico y consciente de la salud para el entrenamiento de la voz en pansori será algo de lo que muchos cantantes de pansori puedan beneficiarse


Subject(s)
Voice Training , Oral Health , Singing/physiology , Voice Disorders , Dental Health Surveys , Hoarseness , Music
15.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 25: e210349, 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340066

ABSTRACT

Considerando-se as especificidades dos problemas éticos em saúde bucal, esta pesquisa objetivou construir uma proposta de Inventário de Problemas Éticos na Atenção Primária à Saúde (IPE-APS) para a saúde bucal (SB), estudo metodológico desenvolvido por um comitê de juízes. Após levantamento prévio de 32 problemas éticos específicos, fez-se sua equivalência com quarenta itens do IPE-APS: de itens; de semântica e conteúdo; de avaliação dos itens não equivalentes; de avaliação dos problemas específicos não equivalentes. Apontaram-se 18 itens do IPE-APS equivalentes a 17 problemas específicos, confluindo para 16 itens finais. Dos 22 itens não equivalentes, 5 foram mantidos. Incluíram-se os 15 problemas éticos específicos não equivalentes. Evidenciou-se a complexidade do trabalho de equivalência de inventários de natureza ética. Chegou-se à proposta de um IPE-APS-SB de 36 itens. (AU)


Considering the specificities of ethical problems in oral health, the aim of this study was to develop a proposal for an Inventory of Ethical Problems in Primary Health Care (IPE-APS) for oral health (SB). A methodological study was developed by a committee of judges. Thirty-two previously identified specific ethical problems were matched to the 40 items of the IPE-APS: items; semantics and content; evaluation of unmatched items; evaluation of unmatched specific problems. Eighteen of the items of the IPE-APS were matched to 17 specific problems, converging into 16 final items. Five of the 22 unmatched items were maintained and 15 unmatched specific ethical problems were included. The findings reveal the complexity of matching ethical Inventories. We achieved the aim of proposing a 46-item IPE-APS for oral health. (AU)


Llevando en consideración las especificidades de los problemas éticos en salud bucal, esta investigación tuvo el objetivo de construir una propuesta de Inventario de Problemas Éticos en la Atención Primaria de la Salud (IPE-APS) para la salud bucal (SB). Estudio metodológico desarrollado por un comité de jueces. Después de un levantamiento de 32 problemas éticos específicos, se realizó su equivalencia con cuarenta ítems del IPE-APS: de ítems; semántica y de contenido; evaluación de los ítems no equivalentes; evaluación de los problemas específicos no equivalentes. Se señalaron 18 ítems del IPE-APS equivalentes a 17 problemas específicos, confluyendo para 16 ítems finales. De los 22 ítems no equivalentes, 5 se mantuvieron. Se incluyeron los 15 problemas éticos específicos no equivalentes. Se dejó en evidencia la complejidad del trabajo de equivalencia de inventarios de naturaleza ética. Se llegó a la propuesta de un IPE-APS-SB de 36 ítems. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care/ethics , Dental Health Surveys/methods , Dental Health Services/ethics , Bioethics , Ethics, Dental
16.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 266-273, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352686

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar as naturezas do sofrimento psicológico ocasionado por problemas bucais. Métodos: Esta pesquisa adotou uma abordagem qualitativa e caráter exploratório-descritivo, utilizando-se da entrevista semiestruturada e da observação assistemática como instrumentos de coleta de dados. Para a análise dos dados da pesquisa foi utilizada a análise do conteúdo e a amostra da pesquisa foi de 25 participantes, entre homens e mulheres, que buscaram atendimento odontológico em uma clínica de Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil nos meses de maio e junho de 2020. Resultados: todos os participantes foram afetados psiquicamente pela existência de problemas bucais, o que gerou problemas de autoestima e autoimagem. Com o início do tratamento, os participantes relataram uma melhora na autoestima, não minimizando, contudo, outros tipos de sentimentos provenientes do problema bucal, como desconforto, dores e bullying. Conclusão: Problemas bucais podem gerar sofrimento psicológico aos pacientes, prejudicando sua autoimagem, acarretando, muitas das vezes, no isolamento e dificuldade em relacionar-se com outras pessoas. Portanto, um sorriso harmonioso é importante não somente por questões estéticas, mas para que o indivíduo se sinta bem consigo mesmo.


Aim:To investigate the nature of psychological distress caused by oral problems. Methods: This research adopted a qualitative approach and exploratory-descriptive design, employing, as data collection tools, a semi-structured interview and an unsystematic observation. For the research's data analysis, content analysis was used, and the research sample featured 25 participants, between men and women, who sought out dental care in a Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil dental clinic between May and June 2020. Results: All the participants were affected psychologically by the existence of oral problems, which led to self-esteem and self-image problems. With the start of treatment, the participants reported an improvement in self-esteem and self-image, not minimizing, however, other types of feelings that come with oral problems, like discomfort, pain, and bullying. Conclusion: Oral problems can cause psychological pain to the patients, harming their self-esteem and self-image, often leading to isolation and trouble interacting with other people. Therefore, a harmonious smile is important not only for esthetic reasons, but also for individuals to feel good about themselves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Self Concept , Smiling/psychology , Dental Care/psychology , Psychological Distress , Dental Health Surveys , Oral Health , Interviews as Topic , Bullying/psychology , Embarrassment
17.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287488

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess clinical dental status in military firefighters of Rio de Janeiro State and compare data with Brazilian National and Regional oral health surveys. Material and Methods: A sample of 926 military firefighters was examined using the visible biofilm index, the DMFT index and the Community Periodontal Index (CPI). Clinical exams were performed by 15 trained dentists. The Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test with Bonferroni correction were used. Results: Higher biofilm accumulation was associated with increased age. The mean DMFT index for the whole sample of this study was 12.74 (±7.03), and the 'filled' component was the most prevalent (69.9%), whereas the 'decayed' and 'missing' components were, respectively, 8.4% and 21.7%. There was a higher prevalence of periodontal diseases with increasing age, ranging from 57.1% in firefighters of 34 years or less to 70.5% in the ones between 35 and 44 years old and 75.4% in participants at age 45 years or older. Clinical dental status of the military firefighters who belonged to the age group 35-44 was better than the one observed for the Brazilian population at the same age range. However, pathological conditions that can be solved with health promotion strategies associated with dental procedures of low complexity still persist. Conclusion: These results suggest that the availability of dental health care services itself does not represent the most effective approach to the oral health problems found in the studied population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Brazil/epidemiology , Dental Health Surveys/methods , Oral Health , Health Care Surveys/methods , Firefighters , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Clinical Diagnosis/diagnosis , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Health Services , Dental Plaque , Dentists
18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-11, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1293076

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim is to evaluate the perspectives of dentists' clinical approaches in terms of their knowledge and education regarding oral-systemic health relation of geriatric patients with a digital survey. Materials and Methods: The demographics, oral-systemic health-related lectures in participants' dentistry education, the level of awareness of the oral-systemic health relationship, and behaviors related to clinical applications were investigated on a digital platform with 49 multiple-choice questions. The results were analyzed with the SPSS 24.0 program. Results: Of a total of 410 dentists (206 women and 204 men), 23% have doctoral and/or specialty titles. While 93.1% of dentists had taken systemic health-related lectures, 21.3% of them rated these courses as "adequate" and 49.3% as weak. 72% of the participants received medical history only at the initial appointment, while 17.9% of them received it at each appointment. Dentists more often associate diabetes and cardiovascular diseases with periodontitis, compared to the development of dental caries. Dentists who think that they should work with physicians in the treatments of geriatric patients with systemic diseases refer more patients to physicians per year (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Dentists have found the lectures on the relationship between oral-systemic health of geriatric patients in dentistry education inadequate. Besides, there is a lack of information on the effects of systemic diseases on caries development, intra-oral findings, and knowledge on treatment approaches. Dentists believe that defining a curriculum that emphasizes interdisciplinary work and organizing scientific activities in partnership with medical associations will play an important role in establishing awareness of oral-systemic health. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo é avaliar as perspectivas das abordagens clínicas dos dentistas em relação ao seu conhecimento e educação sobre a relação da saúde oral e sistêmica de pacientes geriátricos através de um questionário digital. Material e Métodos: Os dados demográficos, as aulas relacionadas à saúde oral-sistêmica na educação odontológica dos participantes, o nível de conhecimento da relação saúde oral e sistêmica e os comportamentos relacionados às aplicações clínicas foram investigados em uma plataforma digital com 49 questões de múltipla escolha. Os resultados foram analisados com o programa SPSS 24.0. Resultados: De um total de 410 dentistas (206 mulheres e 204 homens), 23% possuem título de doutor e / ou especialidade. Enquanto 93,1% dos dentistas tiveram aulas sobre saúde sistêmica, 21,3% avaliaram esses cursos como "adequados" e 49,3% como fracos. 72% dos participantes recebem histórico médico apenas na consulta inicial, enquanto 17,9% deles recebem em cada consulta. Os dentistas associam mais frequentemente diabetes e doenças cardiovasculares à periodontite, em comparação ao desenvolvimento de cárie dentária. Os dentistas que acham que devem trabalhar em conjunto com médicos no tratamento de pacientes geriátricos com doenças sistêmicas encaminham mais pacientes ao médico por ano (p <0,001). Conclusões: Os cirurgiões-dentistas consideram inadequadas as palestras sobre a relação entre saúde oral e sistêmica de pacientes geriátricos no ensino de odontologia. Além disso, faltam informações sobre os efeitos das doenças sistêmicas no desenvolvimento de cárie, achados intraorais e conhecimento sobre as abordagens de tratamento. Os dentistas acreditam que a definição de um currículo que enfatize o trabalho interdisciplinar e a organização das atividades científicas em parceria com as associações médicas terá um papel importante no estabelecimento da consciência sobre a saúde oral e sistêmica (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Health Surveys , Oral Health , Interdisciplinary Communication , Education, Dental , Geriatric Dentistry
19.
Rev. odontopediatr. latinoam ; 11(1): 219152, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1147625

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Existen pocas investigaciones que muestren cómo la caries de aparición temprana (CAT) afecta a la mayoría de los niños peruanos. Sin embargo, es aún menor la cantidad de estudios que muestran cómo la CAT y la necesidad de tratamiento (NTx) afectan la calidad de vida de los menores. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la salud bucal sobre la calidad de vida según CAT y NTx en preescolares del Perú. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo-transversal conformado por una muestra de 360 niños de 3 a 5 años de una institución educativa pública del distrito de Independencia, en Lima. Los niños fueron examinados con el índice CEOD, NTx y el cuestionario de Escala de impacto de la salud oral en infancia temprana (ECOHIS). Los datos fueron analizados con estadística descriptiva y para relacionar se usó ANOVA y Kruskal Wallis (p<0,05). Resultados: La prevalencia de CAT fue de 73,6% y la NTx más requerida fue la "obturación superficial". Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas tanto para CAT como para NTx en relación con todos los dominios de calidad de vida. Conclusiones: La CAT y la NTx tienen impacto negativo en la calidad de vida de los preescolares.


Contexto: Existem poucas pesquisas que demonstrem como a cárie precoce na infância (CPI) afeta a maioria das crianças peruanas. No entanto, é ainda menor o número de estudos que mostram como a CPI e a necessidade de tratamento (NTx) afetam a qualidade de vida das crianças. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida segundo a CPI e a NTx em pré-escolares do Peru. Material e métodos: Foi realizado um estudo descritivo-transversal, com uma amostra de 360 crianças de 3 a 5 anos de uma instituição de ensino público do distrito de Independência, em Lima. As crianças foram examinadas com o índice CEOD, NTx e o questionário de a escala de impacto na saúde bucal na primeira infancia (ECOHIS). Os dados foram analisados com estatística descritiva e para relacioná-los foram usados ANOVA e Kruskal Wallis (p <0,05). Resultados: A prevalência de CPI foi de 73,6% e a NTx mais requerida foi a "obturação superficial". Foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas tanto para a CPI, quanto para a NTx em relação a todos os domínios da qualidade de vida. Conclusões: A CPI e a NTx tem impacto negativo na qualidade de vida dos pré-escolares.


Background: Few studies have investigated the effect of early childhood caries (ECC) on Peruvian children; there are even fewer studies of how ECC and treatment needs (TNs) affect the quality of life of these children. Objective: To assess the impact of oral health on the quality of life, according to ECC and TNs, of Peruvian preschool children. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted, consisting of a sample of 360 children aged 3 to 5 years from a public educational institution in the district of Independencia, Lima. The children were examined using the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index, the TNs index, and the early childhood oral health impact scale (ECOHIS) questionnaire. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics using ANOVA and the Kruskal-Wallis test to establish relationships (p <0.05). Results: The prevalence of ECC was 73.6%, and the most required TN was "surface filling." Statistically significant differences were found for both ECC and TNs in relation to all quality of life domains. Conclusions: ECC and TNs have a negative impact on the quality of life of preschool children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Peru , Socioeconomic Factors , Dental Health Surveys , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Caries/therapy , Health Services Needs and Demand
20.
RFO UPF ; 25(3): 474-480, 20201231. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1357833

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: o modelo de uso de serviços de saúde de um determinado grupo populacional é, em grande parte, explicadopor seu perfil de necessidades em saúde. O conhecimento deste é importante para estabelecer o modocomo a atenção odontológica será ofertada. Métodos: realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo a partir de dados secundários(prontuários) (n=381) de pacientes atendidos nas clínicas odontológicas da Universidade Franciscana(UFN) de Santa Maria, RS. Os dados deste estudo foram obtidos através da análise dos prontuários de pacientesatendidos nas clínicas odontológicas da UFN entre os anos de 2005 e 2019. Apenas prontuários com a assinaturado paciente ou responsável foram inseridos neste trabalho. Para a obtenção dos dados, foi construído uminstrumento de coleta, sendo obtidas informações sociodemográficas (idade, sexo, cor, estado civil, profissão elocal de residência) e sobre o estado de saúde (doenças sistêmicas, uso de medicação, perfil de saúde bucal eCPO-D). Cada sujeito selecionado recebeu uma codificação que garantiu seu anonimato. A análise estatísticafoi do tipo descritiva e foi realizada em software estatístico. Resultados: a maioria dos pacientes atendidos erado sexo feminino (68,5%), sendo que a faixa etária mais prevalente foi entre 31 e 50 anos (44,5%). A maioriados pacientes eram estudantes (20,3%), seguidos de trabalhadores do lar (10,9%) e aposentados (7,8%).A queixa principal mais reportada foi a dor de dente (25,2%). Nos resultados deste trabalho, a presença dedoença preexistente foi reportada por 87 (22,8%) pacientes, sendo todas classificadas como doenças crônicas,de acordo com a classificação proposta por Murow e Oglesby13 (1996); a mais prevalente foi problemas alérgicos,69 (18,1%), seguidos por problemas respiratórios, 42 (11%), e problemas gástricos, 39 (10%). A utilizaçãode medicação de uso contínuo foi relatada por 150 (39,3%) pacientes. Conclusão: os pacientes das clínicasodontológicas da UFN de Santa Maria, RS, são, em sua maioria, estudantes, aposentados e trabalhadores do lar,sendo a dor e a fratura dentária as principais queixas dos usuários. Dessa maneira, acredita-se que os discentesda instituição devem estar aptos a realizarem atendimentos de caráter emergencial. O conhecimento do manejoodontológico de pacientes com doenças crônicas não transmissíveis deve ser uma preocupação para daquialguns anos, visto que o envelhecimento da população é esperado para os próximos 30 anos.(AU)


Objective: the health services use model of a given population group is largely explained by its profile of health needs. The knowledge of this is important to establish how dental care will be offered. Methods: in view of this, a retrospective study was carried out using secondary data (medical records) (n = 381) of patients seen at the dental clinics at the Franciscana University (UFN) in Santa Maria, RS. The data of this study were obtained through the analysis of the medical records of patients seen at dental clinics at Universidade Franciscana, between the years 2005 and 2019. Only medical records with the signature of the patient or guardian were included in this work. To obtain the data, an instrument for collecting and collecting sociodemographic information (age, sex, color, marital status, profession and place of residence) and health status (systemic diseases, use of medication, oral health profile and CPO-D) were obtained. Each selected subject received a code that guaranteed their anonymity. The statistical analysis was descriptive and was performed using statistical software. Results: most of the patients seen were female (68.5%), with the most prevalent age group between 31 and 50 years old (44.5%). Most patients were students (20.3%), followed by household workers (10.9%) and retired (7.8%). The main complaint most reported was toothache (25.2%). In the results of this study, the presence of pre-existing disease was reported by 87 (22.8%) patients, all of whom were classified as chronic diseases, according to the classification proposed by Murow and Oglesby13 (1996). The most prevalent were allergic problems, 69 (18.1%), followed by respiratory problems, 42 (11%), and gastric problems, 39 (10%). The use of medication for continuous use was reported by 150 (39.3%) patients. Conclusion: patients at dental clinics at UFN in Santa Maria / RS are mostly students, retirees and home workers, with dental pain and fracture being the main complaints of users. Thus, it is believed that the institution's students must be able to provide emergency care. Knowledge of the dental management of patients with chronic non-communicable diseases should be a concern for some years to come, since the aging of the population is expected for the next 30 years.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Dental Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Dental Care/statistics & numerical data , Dental Clinics/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Age and Sex Distribution , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology
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