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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 32618, 26 dez. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524472

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Em busca da estética e da função mastigatória,é cada vez mais crescente aprocurapor reabilitações implantossuportadas. O guia multifuncional surgepara orientar a disponibilidade óssea e contribuir no planejamento da instalação tridimensional dos implantes, seguindo os princípios do planejamento reverso.Objetivo:Descrever, por meio de um caso clínico, a possibilidade de obtenção de resultados de excelente previsibilidade em coroas unitárias implantossuportadas, por meio do uso de guias multifuncionais, no planejamento do início ao fim de tratamento.Relato decaso:Paciente A.M.F, 44 anos, sexo feminino, compareceu à clínica de Prótese dentária do Departamento de Odontologia/UFRN com queixa de insatisfação da sua prótese removível e harmonia do sorriso. Ao exame clínico e radiográfico, observou-se ausência do elemento 12, apresentando um espaço interoclusal de 5mm e distância médio-distal de 7mm. Foi confeccionado o guia em resina acrílica, o qual foi preenchido o espaço desdentado com um dente de estoque. Em seguida, o dente deste guia teve seu centro perfurado com uma broca esférica para peça reta na região de cíngulo e com isso, preenchida com guta percha em bastão. Após isso, o paciente foi encaminhado para realizar uma tomografia computadorizada cone beam com o guia multifuncional em posição.As imagens obtidas permitiram o planejamento para instalação do implante, como inclinação e posicionamento favorável, bem como ausência de disponibilidade óssea na região. Além disso, o guia funcionou em outras etapas do tratamento da paciente, como na fase provisória.Conclusão:Os guias auxiliam em diversas fases do tratamento e permitem maior previsibilidade dos resultados em reabilitações protéticas unitárias implantossuportadas, apresentando-se como um dispositivo promissorpara ocorreto posicionamento do implante (AU).


Introduction:In search of esthetics and improved masticatory function, the demand for implant-supported rehabilitation is increasing. Multifunctional guides emerge to assess bone availability and help plan the three-dimensional installation of implants, following the principles of reverse planning. Objective:To describe, through a clinical case, the possibility of obtaining excellent predictability in implant-supported single crowns, through the use of multifunctional guides, inthe planning of a treatment from beginning to end. Case report:Patient A.M.F, 44 years old, female, came to the Prosthodontics clinic at the Department of Dentistry/UFRN complaining of dissatisfaction with her removable prosthesis and the harmony of her smile. Clinical and radiographic examination revealed the absence of element 12, with an interocclusal space of 5mm and a mid-distal distance of 7mm. The acrylic resin guide was made and the edentulous space was filled with a stock tooth. The center of theguide tooth was then drilled with a spherical straight-bit burr in the cingulum region and filled with gutta-percha stick. The patient was then referred for a cone beam computed tomography with the multifunctional guide in position. The images obtained allowed planning for implant installation, such as favorable inclination and positioning, as well as the absence of bone availability in the region. In addition, the guide was effective during other stages of the patient's treatment, such as the provisional phase.Conclusion:The guides assist in various phases of treatment and allow greater predictability of results in implant-supported single prosthetic rehabilitations, presenting themselves as a promising device for correct implant positioning (AU).


Introducción:En busca de estética y función masticatoria, la demanda de rehabilitaciones implantosoportadas es cada vez mayor. La guía multifuncional hasurgido para orientar la disponibilidad ósea y ayudar a planificar la instalación tridimensional de implantes, siguiendo los principios de la planificación inversa. Objetivo: Describir, a través de un caso clínico, la posibilidad de obtener una excelente predictibilidad en coronas unitarias implantosoportadas, mediante el uso de guías multifuncionales, en la planificación desde el início hasta el final del tratamiento. Informe de caso: Paciente A.M.F, 44 años, sexo femenino, compareció a la clínica de Prostodoncia del Departamento de Odontología/UFRN quejándose estar insatisfecha con su prótesis removible y con la armonía de su sonrisa. El examen clínico y radiográfico reveló la ausencia del elemento 12, con un espacio interoclusal de 5 mm y una distancia medio-distal de 7 mm. Se confeccionó una guía de resina acrílica y se rellenó el espacio edéntulo con un diente provisorio. A continuación, se perforó el centro del diente guía con una broca recta esférica en la región del cíngulo y se le rellenó con gutapercha en barra. Posteriormente, el paciente fue remitido a una tomografía computarizada cone beamcon la guía multifuncional en posición. Las imágenes obtenidas permitieron planificar la instalación del implante, como inclinación y posicionamiento favorables, así como la ausencia de disponibilidad ósea en la región. La guía también funcionó en otras fases del tratamiento del paciente, como en la fase provisional. Conclusión:Las guías ayudan en varias fases del tratamiento y permiten una mayor previsibilidadde los resultados en rehabilitaciones protésicas unitarias implantosoportadas, presentándose como un dispositivo prometedor para el correcto posicionamiento de los implantes (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Dental Implants , Esthetics, Dental , Mastication/physiology , Mouth Rehabilitation , Dental Prosthesis Design , Immediate Dental Implant Loading
2.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 25(3): 55-66, Sep.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1529069

ABSTRACT

Abstract To evaluate the accuracy of complete arch scanning with multiple implant titanium scan bodies using laboratory scanners. A master model of an edentulous maxillary arch with 6 implants was fabricated. Titanium scan bodies were inserted into the model. Three laboratory scanners were used: D2000 (3Shape), Vinyl High Resolution (Smart Optics), and inEos X5 (Dentsply Sirona). The master model was consecutively scanned ten times using dental laboratory scanners (LS) without detaching and repositioning the scan bodies. Linear and angular accuracy between adjacent implants was measured using inspection software (Control X, Geomagic). The accuracy of the complete arch scans was calculated. Implant regions were defined as; parallel (R1: #24-26 and #16-14), angled (R2: #22-24 and #14-12), angled to occlusal plane (R3: #12-22), and cross-arch (R4: #16-26). The effect of LS and implant region on accuracy was compared using two-Way ANOVA (α=0.05). Significant greater linear distortion was noted in R4 (61.2±17.9µm) compared to R1 (23.4±15.5µm) and R2 (26±17.7µm) (p<0.01). Greater linear distortions were noted in R4 with D2000 (0.07±0.016 degrees) and Vinyl High Resolution (0.067±0.02 degrees) than inEos X5 (0.032±0.021 degrees) (p>0.05). Greater mean linear precisions were noted in R1 (9±8µm) and R3 (9.3±8.3µm) than R4 (12.6±10.3µm) (p<0.05). The highest linear precision was noted in D2000 (7.2±7.6µm) (p<0.05). The angular precision of D2000 (0.02±0.015 degrees) was the highest (p<0.01). The angular precisión of R4 (0.036±0.018 degrees) was the lowest (p<0.01). This study revealed that the trueness was affected by the implant region and the precision was affected by both LS and implant region.


Resumen Evaluar la precisión del escaneado de la arcada completa con cuerpos de escaneado de titanio de múltiples implantes utilizando escáneres de laboratorio. Se fabricó un modelo maestro de una arcada maxilar edéntula con 6 implantes. Se insertaron cuerpos de escaneo de titanio en el modelo. Se utilizaron tres escáneres de laboratorio: D2000 (3Shape), Vinyl High Resolution (Smart Optics) e inEos X5 (Dentsply Sirona). El modelo maestro se escaneó consecutivamente diez veces usando escáneres de laboratorio dental (LS) sin separar y reposicionar los cuerpos de escaneo. La precisión lineal y angular entre implantes adyacentes se midió utilizando un software de inspección (Control X, Geomagic). Se calculó la precisión de los escaneos completos del arco. Las regiones del implante se definieron como; paralelo (R1: #24-26 y #16-14), angulado (R2: #22-24 y #14-12), angulado al plano oclusal (R3: #12-22) y cruzado (R4: #16-26). El efecto de LS y la región del implante en la precisión se comparó mediante ANOVA de dos vías (α=0,05). Se observó una distorsión lineal significativamente mayor en R4 (61,2±17,9µm) en comparación con R1 (23,4±15,5µm) y R2 (26 ±17,7µm) (p<0,01). Se observaron mayores distorsiones lineales en R4 con D2000 (0,07±0,016 grados) y vinilo de alta resolución (0,067±0,02 grados) que en inEos X5 (0,032±0,021 grados) (p>0,05). Se observaron precisiones lineales medias mayores en R1 (9±8µm) y R3 (9,3±8,3µm) que en R4 (12,6±10,3µm) (p<0,05). La mayor precisión lineal se observó en D2000 (7,2±7,6 µm) (p<0,05). La precisión angular de D2000 (0,02±0,015 grados) fue la más alta (p<0,01). La precisión angular de R4 (0,036±0,018 grados) fue la más baja (p<0,01). Este estudio reveló que la veracidad se vio afectada por la región del implante y la precisión se vio afectada tanto por LS como por la región del implante.


Subject(s)
Titanium , Dental Implants , Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed , Dental Arch/diagnostic imaging
3.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514483

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el estado de salud de los tejidos periimplantarios es de vital importancia en el éxito de la rehabilitación implantosoportada, por esta razón, es necesario observar todos aquellos factores que contribuyen a mantener este estado y dentro de ellos, principalmente: la higiene bucal. Objetivo: determinar la influencia de la higiene bucal en el estado de salud de los tejidos periimplantarios. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional y transversal en el servicio de Prótesis de la Facultad de Estomatología de Villa Clara, en el período comprendido entre los años 2017 y 2019. El universo de estudio estuvo constituido por 45 pacientes portadores de rehabilitaciones implantosoportadas; las unidades de análisis fueron los implantes y los tejidos que rodean a las 85 prótesis fijas realizadas a dichos pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se emplearon la observación clínica y radiográfica, y se elaboró un formulario como instrumento. Se evaluó la higiene bucal y el estado de los tejidos periimplantarios como principales variables. La información obtenida se recopiló en una base de datos, se procesó y se sometió a pruebas de independencia (el estadígrafo Ji cuadrado y su posibilidad asociada) para mostrar la relación entre las variables. Resultados: las variables analizadas evidenciaron una relación significativa de la higiene bucal con el estado de salud de los tejidos periimplantarios a favor de la buena higiene y los tejidos sanos. Conclusiones: la buena higiene bucal evidenciada contribuyó a que los tejidos periimplantarios se mantuvieran sanos.


Introduction: peri-implant tissue health state is of vital importance in the success of implant-supported rehabilitation; for this reason, it is necessary to observe all those factors that contribute to maintaining this state, mainly oral hygiene. Objective: to determine the influence of oral hygiene on peri-implant tissue health status. Methods: a descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study was carried out in the Prosthesis service at the Dental Faculty of Villa Clara between 2017 and 2019. The universe of study consisted of 45 patients with implant-supported rehabilitations; the units of analysis were the implants and the tissues surrounding the 85 fixed prostheses performed on those patients who met the inclusion criteria. Clinical and radiographic observations were used, and a form was developed as an instrument. Oral hygiene and peri-implant tissue state were evaluated as the main variables. The information obtained was compiled in a database as well as processed and subjected to independence tests (the Chi-square statistic and its associated possibility) to show the relationship among the variables. Results: the analyzed variables showed a significant relationship between oral hygiene and the peri-implant tissue health status in favour of good hygiene and healthy tissues. Conclusions: the evidenced good oral hygiene contributed to the maintenance of healthy peri-implant tissues.


Subject(s)
Rehabilitation , Dental Implants , Biofilms , Microbiota
4.
Rev. ADM ; 80(4): 204-208, jul.-ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526314

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: disminuir el efecto de artefacto que generan objetos de alta densidad mediante la utilización de filtros de distintos materiales y espesores, ubicados en lugares estratégicos del tomógrafo. Material y métodos: se utilizaron filtros de aluminio y de cobre ubicados en lugares estratégicos en el equipo tomográfico. Se realizaron cortes oblicuos en piezas dentarias con restauraciones metálicas y en implantes; se midió la extensión del artefacto en ancho y alto en cada adquisición tomográfica. Resultados: se hallaron diferencias significativas respecto a la disminución de la dispersión de acuerdo con cada filtro con respecto a la no utilización de estos elementos. Conclusión: la utilización de filtros logró disminuir el efecto de artefacto en estructuras de alta densidad, obteniendo una mejor calidad de imagen para el diagnóstico, permitiendo que el software pueda reconstruir una imagen real (AU)


Objective: to diminish the artifact effect generated by high density objects by using filters of different materials and thickness, located in strategic places of the tomograph. Material and methods: aluminum and copper filters located in strategic places in the tomographic equipment were used. Oblique cuts were made on dental pieces with metal restorations and implants; the extension of the artifact in width and height was measured in each tomographic acquisition. Results: significant differences were found regarding the decrease of the dispersion according to each filter with respect to the non-use of these elements. Conclusion: the use of filters achieves to diminish the artifact effect in structures of high density, obtaining a better image quality for the diagnosis, allowing the software to reconstruct a real image (AU)


Subject(s)
Artifacts , Dental Equipment , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Implants , Filters , Aluminum
5.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(2): 332613, 31 ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1510095

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A reabilitação protética implantosuportada de espaços edêntulos na região do sorriso é um desafio para o cirurgião-dentista. Para obtenção da estética em próteses unitárias sobre implante é necessário considerar aspectos como o correto posicionamento do implante e sua harmonia com os tecidos moles e duros. Objetivo:relatar o resultado estético e funcional de um tratamento com auxílio de coroa provisória associada ao condicionamento gengival na reabilitação final com coroa unitária implantossuportada. Relato de caso clínico: Paciente MJFA, 36 anos, sexo feminino, compareceu à clínica de Prótese Dentária do Departamento de Odontologia/UFRN queixando-se de trauma dentário com perda do elemento dentário 15 e necessidade de "ficar com sorriso mais bonito". Após instalação de implante com conexão cônica e período de osseointegração, foi realizada a confecção da coroa provisória sobre implante e iniciada sessões de condicionamento gengival por meio de acréscimos com resina acrílica, utilizando a técnica de pressão gradual sob a margem gengival. Observou-se uma melhora no tecido periimplantar e um perfil de emergência adequado. O caso possui proservação de 3 anos. Conclusões:a realização de condicionamento gengival previamente a prótese final é uma etapa importante para alcançar umareabilitação com característicasestéticas e funcionais semelhantes à de dentes naturais (AU).


Introduction:Implant-supported prosthetic rehabilitation of edentulous spaces in the smile areais a challenge for dental surgeons. To achieve pleasing esthetics in single implant prostheses it is necessary to consider aspects such as the correct positioning of the implant and its harmony with the soft and hard tissues.Objective:to report the esthetic and functional results of a treatment with the aid of a provisional crown associated with gingival conditioning in the final rehabilitation with a single implant-supported crown.Clinical case report:Patient MJFA, 36 years old, female, attended the Prosthodonticsclinic of the Department of Dentistry/UFRN complaining of dental trauma with loss of tooth 15 and the need to "havea more beautiful smile". Afterinstalling an implant with a conical connection and a period of osseointegration, a temporary crown was made on the implant and gingival conditioning sessions were initiatedby means of acrylic resin augmentations, using the gradual pressure technique under the gingival margin. An improvement in the peri-implant tissue and an adequate emergenceprofile were observed. The case has a 3-year follow-up period.Conclusions:performing gingival conditioning prior to the final prosthesis is an important step in achieving rehabilitation with esthetic and functional characteristics similar to those of natural teeth (AU).


Introducción: La rehabilitación protésica implantosoportada de espacios edéntulos en el áreade la sonrisa es un desafío para el cirujano dentista. Para conseguir una buena estética en las prótesis unitarias sobre implanteses necesario tener en cuentaaspectos como el posicionamiento correctodel implante y su armonía con los tejidos blandos y duros.Objetivo: informar losresultadosestéticosy funcionalesde un tratamiento con ayuda de coronas provisionales asociado al acondicionamiento gingival en la rehabilitación final con corona única implantosoportada.Relato de caso clínico: Lapaciente MJFA, 36 años, sexo femenino, se dirigióa la clínica de Prostodonciadel Departamento de Odontología/UFRN quejándose de un traumatismodental con pérdida del diente 15 y de la necesidad de "tener una sonrisa más bonita". Después de la colocación de un implante con conexión cónica y de un período de osteointegración, se realizó una corona provisional sobre el implante y se iniciaron sesiones de acondicionamiento gingival con aumentos de resina acrílica, utilizando la técnica de presión gradual bajo el margen gingival. Se observó una mejora del tejido periimplantario y un perfil de emergencia adecuado. El caso tiene un seguimiento de 3 años. Conclusiones: el acondicionamiento gingival previo a la prótesis definitiva es una etapaimportante para conseguiruna rehabilitación con características estéticas y funcionales similares a las de los dientes naturales (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tissue Conditioning, Dental/instrumentation , Dental Implants , Esthetics, Dental , Mouth Rehabilitation , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/instrumentation
6.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 12-17, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443450

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O uso de membranas de barreira de exclusão de epitélio para regeneração óssea guiada tem sido apresentado na literatura como abordagem de tratamento bem sucedida, essas barreiras irão impedir a incorporação de células de tecidos moles no enxerto ósseo ou no es paço criado pelo defeito e permitir que apenas as células osteogênicas estejam presentes. Relato de caso: Trata-se de um caso clinico de um paciente que evoluiu com perda óssea significativa por lesão Endo-periodontal levando a perda dentaria, para a reabilitação com implantes se fez necessário uma reconstrução de um defeito crítico com a utilização de tela de titânio para arcabouço ósseo de mistura de enxerto autógeno e biomaterial e recobrimento com membrana de colágeno, o enxerto autógeno foi removido de área doadora na mandíbula e utilizado de forma particulada. Conclusão: As telas de titânio apresentam viabilidade e previsibilidade no aumento ósseo vertical, horizontal e tridimensional em decorrência da sua ampla aplicabilidade, elasticidade, plasticidade adequadas e boas propriedades mecânicas. Avanços na diminuição de suas taxas de exposição e risco de complicações no período de cicatrização melhoram a cada dia a previsibilidade da técnica, bem como a associação com outros materiais como os hemoderivados... (AU)


Introduction: The use of epithelial exclusion barrier membranes for guided bone regeneration has been presented in the literature as a successful treatment approach, these barriers will prevent the incorporation of soft tissue cells into the bone graft or the space created by the defect and allow that only osteogenic cells are present. Case report: This is a clinical case of a patient who evolved with significant bone loss due to an endo-periodontal lesion leading to tooth loss, for rehabilitation with implants it was necessary to reconstruct a critical defect using mesh titanium for bone framework of mixture of autogenous graft and biomaterial and covering with collagen membrane, the autogenous graft was removed from the donor area in the mandible and used in a particulate form. Conclusion: Titanium meshes are viable and predictable in vertical, horizontal and three-dimensional bone augmentation due to their wide applicability, adequate elasticity and plasticity, good mechanical properties. Advances in reducing their exposure rates and risk of complications during the healing period improve the predictability of the technique every day, as well as the association with other materials such as blood products... (AU)


Introducción: El uso de membranas de barrera de exclusión epitelial para la regeneración ósea guiada se ha presentado en la literatura como un enfoque de tratamiento exitoso, estas barreras evitarán la incorporación de células de tejido blando al injerto óseo o el espacio creado por el defecto y permitirán que solo presencia de células osteogénicas. Reporte de caso: Este es un caso clínico de un paciente que evolucionó con una pérdida ósea importante debido a una lesión endo-periodontal que lo llevó a la pérdida de un diente, para rehabilitación con implantes fue necesario reconstruir un defecto crítico utilizando malla de titanio para armazón óseo de mezcla de injerto autógeno y biomaterial y cubriendo con membrana de colágeno, el injerto autógeno se extrajo del área donante en la mandíbula y se usó en forma de partículas. Conclusión: Las mallas de titanio son viables y predecibles en el aumento óseo vertical, horizontal y tridimensional debido a su amplia aplicabilidad, adecuada elasticidad y plasticidad, buenas propiedades mecánicas. Los avances en la reducción de sus tasas de exposición y riesgo de complicaciones durante el periodo de cicatrización mejoran día a día la predictibilidad de la técnica, así como la asociación con otros materiales como los hemoderivados... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biocompatible Materials , Dental Implants , Bone Transplantation , Mandibular Reconstruction
7.
J. Health NPEPS ; 8(1): e11159, jan - jun, 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1513025

ABSTRACT

Objective: to present the radiographic clinical follow-up of the prosthetic rehabilitation of a patient with an atrophic mandible, with the installation of short implants associated with an implant of regular length. Method: case report of a completely edentulous patient with an atrophic mandible and a 6-year radiographic clinical follow-up conducted at the dental clinic of the Federal University of Piauí, Teresina, from February 2011 to January 2020. After collecting sociodemographic data, health records, clinical radiographic examinations, and prosthetic surgical planning, four dental implants were installed between the mental foramina. After three months, mini-conical abutments and a fixed prosthesis screwed onto the implants were installed and monitored every six months for a period of six years. Results: the clinical evaluation revealed tissue stability without significant peri-implant changes after the follow-up period. Radiographically, bone resorption was not observed around the implant. Stability of the prosthesis and absence of prosthetic complications were observed during the follow-up period. Conclusion: short implants associated with regular-length implants can be placed in the anterior region of an atrophic mandible for rehabilitation with fixed complete dentures.


Objetivo: apresentar o acompanhamento clínico radiográfico da reabilitação protética de um paciente com mandíbula atrófica com a instalação de implantes curtos associados a um implante de comprimento regular. Método: relato de caso de uma paciente desdentada total com mandíbula atrófica, e acompanhamento clínico radiográfico de seis anos, realizado na clínica odontológica da Universidade Federal de Piauí, Teresina, no período de fevereiro de 2011 a janeiro de 2020. Após coleta de dados sociodemográficos e registro de saúde, exames clínicos radiográficos e planejamento cirúrgico protético, foram instalados quatro implantes dentários entre os forames mentonianos. Após o período de três meses foram instalados mini pilares cônicos e uma prótese fixa aparafusada sobre os implantes que foi acompanhada a cada seis meses por um período de seis anos. Resultados: as avaliações clínicas mostraram estabilidade tecidual sem alterações peri-implantares significativas após o período de acompanhamento. Radiograficamente foi observada a manutenção sem reabsorção óssea ao redor dos implantes. A estabilidade da prótese e a ausência de complicações protéticas foram observadas clinicamente durante o período de acompanhamento. Conclusão: os implantes curtos associados a implante de comprimento regular podem ser colocados na região anterior da mandíbula atrófica para reabilitação com prótese total fixa.


Subject(s)
Prostheses and Implants , Dental Implants , Mouth Rehabilitation
8.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(2): 186-195, jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440357

ABSTRACT

Establecer un protocolo de cirugía guiada estática con técnicas referenciales para ser realizado de manera predecible, repetible y simple, en todos los tipos de casos. El protocolo abreviado guiado digital para cirugía guiada estática para implantes se centra en diseñar computacionalmente una guía quirúrgica que se apoye en el tejido remanente del paciente, siendo un protocolo digital versátil para la cirugía y rehabilitación implanto protésica, basada en registros clínicos, principalmente la línea de la sonrisa y la captación de ésta en tomografía de haz cónico (CBCT), además de establecer dimensión vertical oclusal (DVO). Logrando así, planificación de implantes hasta la inserción inmediata de la prótesis temporal. Se ejemplifica el trabajo con 2 casos clínicos. Se establece un protocolo con la intención de que pueda ser realizado en pacientes desdentados parciales (Técnica de Registro Silicona) o totales (Técnica de Marcadores Tisulares en prótesis), definiendo un flujo de trabajo tridimensional, digital y optimizado, con un consecuente ahorro de tiempo clínico. Como principio del protocolo de cirugía guiada es lograr el objetivo quirúrgico - protésico deseado con alta precisión. La cirugía y rehabilitación de implantes de manera convencional es altamente dependiente del operador por lo que la alternativa de cirugía guiada de manera estática es una herramienta más para mejorar el pronóstico del paciente. Se establece un protocolo digital simple y efectivo, de cirugía guiada, para la rehabilitación implanto protésica basada en la línea de la sonrisa, tomografía de haz cónico (CBCT), dimensión vertical oclusal (DVO). Protocolo predecible y que optimiza los tiempos clínicos, logrando una rehabilitación protésica inmediata acorde e individualizada para cada paciente.


Establish a static guided surgery protocol with referential techniques to be performed in a predictable, repeatable and simple way, in all types of cases. The abbreviated digital guided protocol for static guided surgery for implants focuses on computationally designing a surgical guide that rests on the patient's remaining tissue, being a versatile digital protocol for prosthetic implant surgery and rehabilitation, based on clinical records, mainly the line of the smile and its uptake in cone beam tomography (CBCT), in addition to establishing occlusal vertical dimension (OVD). Thus achieving implant planning until the immediate insertion of the temporary prosthesis. The work is exemplified with 2 clinical cases. A protocol is established with the intention that it can be carried out in partially edentulous patients (Silicone Registration Technique) or total (Tissue Marker Technique in prostheses), defining a three-dimensional, digital and optimized workflow, with a consequent saving of time. clinical. As a principle of the guided surgery protocol, it is to achieve the desired surgical-prosthetic objective with high precision. Conventional implant surgery and rehabilitation is highly dependent on the operator, so the alternative of statically guided surgery is one more tool to improve the patient's prognosis. A simple and effective digital protocol for guided surgery is established for prosthetic implant rehabilitation based on the smile line, cone beam tomography (CBCT), and occlusal vertical dimension (OVD). Predictable protocol that optimizes clinical times, achieving an immediate and individualized prosthetic rehabilitation for each patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Dental Implants , Clinical Protocols , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods , Smiling , Denture Design , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
9.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(2): 174-185, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440356

ABSTRACT

This in silico study aimed to evaluate the biomechanical behavior of a full-arch implant-supported prosthesis on titanium and zirconia monotype implants. A 3D mandible containing 1.0 mm thick cortical and cancellous bone was modeled. Four dental implants (3.3 x 10 mm) were inserted into the jaw model in each model. The implants consisted of Titanium (Ti-S group) and Zirconia Monotype/one-piece (Zr-S group). Fixed full-arch implant-supported prostheses were cemented onto the implant. The models were exported to the analysis software and divided into meshes composed of nodes and tetrahedral elements. All materials were considered isotropic, elastic, and homogeneous. Therefore, all contacts were considered bonded, the mandible model was fixed in all directions, applying a static structural axial load of 300 N on the bottom of the fossa of the left mola r teeth. Microstrain and von-Mises stress (MPa) were adopted as failure criteria. Comparable stress and strain values were shown in the peri-implant bone for both groups. However, the Ti-S group presented a lower stress value (1,155.8 MPa) than the Zr-S group (1,334.2 MPa). Regarding bone tissues, the Ti-S group presented 612 µε and the Zr-S group presented 254 µε. The highest strain peak was observed in bone tissues around the implant closer to the load for both groups. Evaluating monotype zirconia and titanium implants, it is suggested that the greater the rigidity of the implant, the greater the concentration of internal stre sses and the less dissipation to the surrounding tissues. Therefore, monotype ceramic implants composed of yttrium-stabilized tetragonal polycrystalline zirconia may be a viable alternative to titanium implants for full-arch prostheses.


El objetivo de este estudio in silico fue evaluar el comportamiento biomecánico de una prótesis implanto soportada de arcada completa sobre implantes monotipo de titanio y zirconia. Se modeló una mandíbula en 3D que contenía tejido óseo cortical y esponjoso de 1,0 mm de espesor. En cada modelo, se insertaron cuatro implantes dentales (3,3 x 10 mm) en el modelo de mandíbula. Los implantes consistieron en Monotipo de Titanio y Zirconia. Sobre el implante se cementaron prótesis implanto soportadas de arcada completa fija. Los modelos se exportaron al software de análisis y se dividieron en mallas compuestas por nodos y elementos tetraédricos. Todos los materiales se consideraron isotrópicos, elásticos y homogéneos. Por lo tanto, todos los contactos se consideraron cementados, el modelo mandibular se fijó en todas las direcciones, aplicando una carga vertical estructural estática de 300 N en el fondo de la fosa de los dientes molares izquierdos. Se seleccionaron la microesfuerzo y la tensión de Von-Mises (MPa) como criterios de falla. Se mostraron valores de tensión y deformación comparables en el hueso periimplantario para ambos grupos. Sin embargo, el grupo Ti-S presentó un valor de estrés menor (1.155,8 MPa) que el grupo Zr-S (1.334,2 MPa). En cuanto a los tejidos óseos, el grupo Ti-S presentó 612 µε y el grupo Zr-S presentó 254 µε. La mayor concentración de deformación en el tejido óseo se observó en los tejidos alrededor del implante más cerca de la carga para ambos grupos. Al evaluar los implantes monotípicos de zirconia y titanio, se sugiere que cuanto mayor sea la rigidez del implante, mayor será la concentración de tensiones internas y menor la disipación a los tejidos circundantes. Por lo tanto, los implantes cerámicos monotipo compuestos de zirconia policristalina tetragonal estabilizada con itrio pueden ser una alternativa viable a los implantes de titanio para prótesis de arcada completa.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Dental Materials , Stress, Mechanical , Biomechanical Phenomena , Finite Element Analysis , Mandible/diagnostic imaging
10.
Odontol. vital ; jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1431019

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La atresia o estrechez del maxilar superior es una patología de origen multifactorial que genera un colapso transversal, el mismo e implica la carencia de espacio necesario para la disposición correcta de las piezas dentales. Objetivo. El presente artículo está enmarcado en una revisión narrativa de la literatura, con el objetivo de describir el abordaje terapéutico del colapso transversal del maxilar superior con microimplantes (TAD´s), determinando los efectos esqueléticos y dentoalveolares en el maxilar superior, así como las ventajas y desventajas del tratamiento. Método. La búsqueda de artículos se realizó a través de mediante las plataformas de: Scielo, PubMed, Google Académico y Medline. Se seleccionaron 21 artículos cuyos textos completos fueron descargados para examinarlos a detalle y verificar que cumplieran con todos los criterios de inclusión, de los cuales se obtuvieron 16 artículos para elaborar esta revisión narrativa. Conclusiones. El abordaje terapéutico del colapso transversal se produce por medio de la expansión rápida del maxilar (ERM) o disyunción maxilar, en pacientes jóvenes en crecimiento; y en los pacientes adultos se suele emplear un tratamiento con técnica MARPE con microimplantes (TAD´s). El principal efecto esquelético es la apertura de la sutura maxilar que varía de 2 a 10 mm, muchos autores coinciden en que el manejo del colapso transversal del maxilar superior con microimplantes no genera efectos dentoalveolares negativos, al contrario, tiene ventajas biomecánicas debido al anclaje con el hueso, reduciendo el riesgo de movimiento dentales indeseados y permitiendo un control del crecimiento vertical.


Introduction. The atresia or narrowness of the upper jaw is a pathology of multifactorial origin that generates a transverse collapse, it implies the lack of space necessary for the correct arrangement of the dental pieces. Objective. This article is framed in a narrative review of the literature, with the aim of describing the therapeutic approach of transverse maxillary collapse with microimplants (TAD's), determining the skeletal and dentoalveolar effects in the maxilla, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of treatment. Method. The search for articles was carried out through the following platforms: Scielo, PubMed, Google Scholar and Medline. 21 articles whose full texts were downloaded were selected to examine them in detail and verify that they met all the inclusion criteria, of which 18 articles were obtained to prepare this narrative review. Conclusions. The therapeutic approach to transverse collapse occurs through rapid maxillary expansion (RME) or maxillary disjunction, in young growing patients; and in adult patients, treatment with the MARPE technique with microimplants (TAD's) is usually used. The main skeletal effect is the opening of the maxillary suture, which varies from 2 to 10 mm. Many authors agree that the management of the transverse collapse of the maxilla with microimplants does not generate negative dentoalveolar effects, on the contrary, it has biomechanical advantages due to the anchorage with the bone, reducing the risk of unwanted dental movement and allowing control of vertical growth.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Maxilla
11.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(1): 33-38, jan.-abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1427879

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A peri-implantite é uma condição patológica associada a placa que ocorre nos tecidos de suporte ao redor de implantes dentários. Se caracteriza pela presença de sinais clínicos proveniente de inflamação na mucosa periimplantar conhecido como mucosite e subsequente perda progressiva do osso de suporte denominado como periimplatite. Objetivo: Classificar os principais sinais e sintomas clínicos da doença periimplantar a fim de estabelecer um diagnóstico, apresentar quais fatores devem ser avaliados durante o planejamento e manutenções de implantes dentários, os fatores de risco locais e sistêmicos, o tratamento e a importância do implantodontista com o periodontista realizar planejamento correto visando um prognostico favorável. Metodologia: Revisão de literatura foi realizada no PubMed, buscando artigos dos anos de 2010 a 2021. Resultado: Os estudos mostraram que o acúmulo de placa bacteriana nos implantes resultará no desenvolvimento de mucosite e podendo posteriormente se estabelecer a peri-implantite. Uma história de doença periodontal, tabagismo e falta de terapia de suporte devem ser considerados como indicadores de risco para o desenvolvimento de peri-implantite. Conclusão: É de suma importância o trabalho simultâneo do implantodontista com o periodontista com o intuito de se obter um bom planejamento e consequentemente reduzir danos a curto e longo prazo nos tecidos periimplantares. O sucesso do tratamento de doenças periimplantares está na prevenção, envolvendo reforço de higiene oral e manutenções periódicas(AU)


Introduction: A peri-implantitis is a plaqueassociated pathological condition that occurs in the supporting tissues around dental implants. If indifferent to the presence of proven clinical signs of inflammation in the peri-implant mucosa known as mucosite and subsequent progressive loss of supporting bone termed as peri-implatite. Objective: To classify the main signs and clinical signs of peri-implant disease an objective to establish a diagnosis, present the factors to be adopted during the planning and maintenance of dental implants, the local and systemic risk factors, the treatment and the importance of the implantodontist with the periodontist carrying out correct planning, a favorable prognosis. Methodology: A literature review was performed in PubMed, looking for articles from 2010 to 2021. Results: Advanced studies show that the accumulation of bacterial plaque in implants will result in the development of mucositis and may subsequently establish peri-implantitis. A history of periodontal disease, smoking and lack of supportive therapy should be considered as risk indicators for the development of peri-implantitis. Conclusion: The simultaneous work of the implantodontist with the periodontist is of paramount importance in order to obtain a good planning and consequently reduce short and long-term damage to the peri-implant tissues. The successful treatment of peri-implant diseases lies in prevention, involving reinforcement of oral hygiene and periodic maintenance(AU)


Subject(s)
Dentists , Peri-Implantitis , Peri-Implantitis/diagnosis , Peri-Implantitis/therapy , Oral Hygiene , Periodontal Diseases , Tobacco Use Disorder , Dental Implants , Dental Plaque , Mucositis
12.
Rev. ADM ; 80(1): 24-32, ene.-feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1511015

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los implantes dentales se han convertido en uno de los tratamientos odontológicos con mayor demanda en todo el mundo, no sólo por el nivel máximo de funcionalidad y de estética, sino también debido a su estabilidad, osteointegración y facilidad en su rehabilitación. Es incierto si los implantes dentales se encuentran normados formalmente en México, lo que motiva a la revisión del estado actual. Objetivo: evidenciar el estado actual de la legislación de la práctica de la implantología dental en México a través de una revisión en la literatura. Material y métodos: revisión de las legislaciones existentes en México para la aplicación de implantes dentales y su contraparte en el mundo a través de la evaluación de normas expedidas en América y Europa. Resultados: se contabilizó un total de 17 escuelas de implantes dentales que cuentan con el reconocimiento de la Secretaría de Educación Pública, de las cuales tres son públicas y 14 privadas. Se presentó una discrepancia en los planes de estudio que va de 16 a 36 meses. Las escuelas no contaron con un aval normativo. Las normas internacionales para control de calidad y aplicación de la tecnología en implantes se ubicaron en Canadá, Estados Unidos, España, Reino Unido y Francia. Conclusiones: contar con un antecedente normativo establecido por los países de primer mundo y ausente en México permite evidenciar la necesidad de implementar una Norma Oficial Mexicana que regule la fabricación, distribución y almacenamiento de los implantes dentales en México. A la vez, la revisión sugiere que la Secretaría de Educación Pública norme los créditos mínimos necesarios en las instituciones educativas reconocidas para la formación de recursos humanos que ejercen la implantología dental (AU)


Introduction: dental implants have become one of the dental treatments with the highest demand in the world, not only because of the highest level of functionality and aesthetics, but also because of their stability, osseointegration and ease of rehabilitation. It is uncertain if dental implants are formally regulated in Mexico, which motivates the review of the current status. Objective: to demonstrate the current state of the legislation for the practice of dental implantology in Mexico through a review of the literature. Material and methods: review of the existing legislation in Mexico, for the application of dental implants and its counterpart in the world, through the evaluation of standards issued in America and Europe. Results: a total of 17 dental implant schools that have the recognition of the Ministry of Public Education were counted, of which 3 are public and 14 private. There was a discrepancy in the study plans that ranged from 16 to 36 months. Schools will not have regulatory backing. The international standards for quality control and application of technology in implants were located in Canada, the United States, Spain, the United Kingdom and France. Conclusions: having a normative antecedent established by the countries of the first world and absent in Mexico, allows to demonstrate the need for the implementation of an Official Mexican Standard, which regulates the manufacture, distribution and storage of dental implants in Mexico. At the same time, the review suggests that the Ministry of Public Education regulate the minimum necessary credits in recognized educational institutions, for the training of human resources that practice dental implantology (AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Implants/standards , Dental Facilities/legislation & jurisprudence , Health Care Coordination and Monitoring , Legislation, Dental/standards , Mexico
13.
Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 1(60): 45-55, jan.-abr. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411271

ABSTRACT

Amplamente utilizados para substituir dentes perdidos, os implantes dentários nos últimos anos vêm apresentando tecnologias como superfícies com micro e nanotopografia e ajustes nas composições químicas, dentre outros, para melhorar a osseointegração e reduzir o prazo de tratamento, permitindo, assim, carga funcional imediata ou precoce em pacientes com densidade óssea reduzida. Vários métodos são aplicados com intuito de modificar a superfície do implante, como jateamento com areia, corrosão ácida, oxidação anódica, tratamento com flúor, usinagem, pulverização de plasma de titânio e revestimento de fosfato de cálcio; esses métodos podem aumentar notavelmente a área de superfície quando operada a técnica adequadada de modificação, quer por procedimento de adição ou subtração. Tais modificações promovem superfícies rugosas, as quais aumentam a porcentagem de contato osso-implante (BIC) durante o processo de cicatrização óssea inicial. Os principais benefícios da modificação da superfície são melhorar a molhabilidade (hidrofilicidade), adesão e fixação de células a implantes e proliferação celular. Dentre os tratamentos de superfície de implantes dentários destaca-se o jateamento de areia com granulação grossa e ataque-ácido com HCL/H2SO4 (SLA) em altas temperaturas, o revestimento de superfície do implante com hidroxiapatita, oxidação anódica e o duplo ataque ácido. O objetivo deste trabalho é realizar uma revisão de literatura discutindo a importância e eficácia desses métodos para a osseointegração e, por conseguinte, para a redução do período de tratamento.


Widely used to replace lost teeth, dental implants have been presenting technologies such as surfaces with micro and nano topography and adjustments in chemical compositions, among others, to improve osseointegration and reduce treatment time, thus allowing immediate or early functional load in patients with reduced bone density. Several methods are applied to modify the implant surface, such as sandblasting, acid corrosion, anodic oxidation, fluoride treatment, machining, titanium plasma spraying, and calcium phosphate coating; these methods can notably increase the surface area when the appropriate modification technique is operated, either by the addition or subtraction procedure. Such modifications promote rough surfaces, which increase the percentage of bone-implant contact (BIC) during the initial bone healing process. The main benefits of surface modification are to improve wettability (hydrophilicity), adhesion and attachment of cells to implants, and cell proliferation. Among the surface treatments for dental implants, sandblasting with large grit and acid-etching with HCL/H2SO4 (SLA) stands out at high temperatures. The surface coating of the implant with hydroxyapatite, anodic oxidation, and double acid-etching. This work aims to conduct a literature review discussing the importance and effectiveness of these methods for osseointegration and, therefore, for reducing the treatment period.


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Therapeutics , Dental Implants , Osseointegration
14.
Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 1(60): 147-160, jan.-abr. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411400

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The goal of this pilot study was to evaluate the differences between checking occlusion on implants crowns using 16 or 200 µm thickness of articulating occlusal paper, and to compare the stained occlusal area between the groups after bite forces of 200 and 250 N. Methods: It was included 10 casts of articulated-type IV gypsum, 10 NiCr crowns, articulating occlusal papers (16 µm and 200 µm thick), and a compression test machine. Compressive forces (200 and 250 N.mm) were applied on models, to check the occlusal contact area of fixed and cemented crowns. The contact areas on the crowns were measured through images obtained by the scanning electron microscope. Statistical tests were performed considering the significant level of 5% (p≤0.05). Results: The stains found using 200 µm of articulating paper were higher than those with 16 µm, independent of the force applied. However, the stains obtained in lower teeth with different strengths (200 and 250N) marked with 16 µm articulating paper were not possible to score. The articulating paper variable had significant statistical results (p=0.002), while the variables force (p=0.443) and articulating paper-force interaction (p=0.607) were not significant. The mean area found in staining using the 200 µm and 16 µm papers was, respectively, 8.3380 mm2 and 3.4759 mm2. Conclusion: It was possible to confirm that 200 µm of articulating occlusal paper showed better and significant results to stain the occlusal area, permitting a more accurate adjustment independent of the force applied.


Subject(s)
Bite Force , Dental Implants , Compressive Strength , Crowns , Dental Articulators , Dental Occlusion , Molar
15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(2): 1-10, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1436570

ABSTRACT

The maxillary bone restriction can limit the implants position to support a full-arch prosthesis. Objective:Therefore, this study evaluated the biomechanical behavior of a full-arch prosthesis supported by six implants in different configurations: group A (implants inserted in the region of canines, first premolars and second molars), group B (implants inserted in the region of first premolar, first molar and second molar) and group C (implants in second premolar, first premolar and second molar). Material and Methods: The models were analyzed by the finite element method validated by strain gauge. Three types of loads were applied: in the central incisors, first premolars and second molars, obtaining results of von-Mises stress peaks and microstrain. All registered results reported higher stress concentration in the prosthesis of all groups, with group C presenting higher values in all structures when compared to A and B groups. The highest mean microstrain was also observed in group C (288.8 ± 225.2 µÎµ/µÎµ), however, there was no statistically significant difference between the evaluated groups. In both groups, regardless of the magnitude and direction of the load, the maximum von-Mises stresses recorded for implants and prosthesis displacements were lower in group A. Conclusion: It was concluded that an equidistant distribution of implants favors biomechanical behavior of full-arch prostheses supported by implants; and the placement of posterior implants seems to be a viable alternative to rehabilitate totally edentulous individuals. (AU)


A limitação óssea maxilar totais pode limitar o posicionamento dos implantes para suportar uma prótese de arco total. Objetivo: Sendo assim, este estudo avaliou o comportamento biomecânico de uma prótese de arco total suportada por seis implantes em diferentes configurações: grupo A (implantes inseridos na região de caninos, primeiros pré-molares e segundos molares), grupo B (implantes inseridos na região de primeiro pré-molar, primeiro molar e segundo molar) e grupo C (implantes em segundo pré-molar, primeiro pré-molar e segundo molar). Materiais e métodos: Os modelos foram analisados pelo método de elementos finitos validados por extensometria. Foram aplicados três tipos de cargas: nos incisivos centrais, primeiros pré-molares e nos segundos molares, obtendo resultados de picos de tensão de von-Mises e microdeformação. Todos os resultados registrados mostraram maior concentração de tensão na prótese de todos os grupos, sendo que o grupo C apresentou maiores valores em todas as estruturas quando comparado com os grupos A e B. A maior média de microdeformação também foi observada no grupo C (288,8 ± 225,2 µÎµ/µÎµ), no entanto, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos avaliados. Em todos os grupos, independentemente da magnitude e direção da carga, as tensões máximas de von-Mises registradas para os implantes e deslocamentos de próteses foram menores no grupo A. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que a distribuição de implantes de forma equidistante favorece o desempenho biomecânico das próteses de arco total suportada por implantes; e o posicionamento de implantes posteriores parece ser uma alternativa viável para reabilitar indivíduos densdentados totais. (AU)


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis , Finite Element Analysis , Maxilla
16.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238152, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1437694

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study evaluated the influence of a wide diameter on extra-short dental implant stress distribution as a retainer for single implant-supported crowns in the atrophic mandible posterior region under axial and oblique load. Methods: Four 3D digital casts of an atrophic mandible, with a single implant-retained crown with a 3:1 crown-to-implant ratio, were created for finite element analysis. The implant diameter used was either 4 mm (regular) or 6 mm (wide), both with 5 mm length. A 200 N axial or 30º oblique load was applied to the mandibular right first molar occlusal surface. The equivalent von Mises stress was recorded for the abutment and implant, minimum principal stress, and maximum shear stress for cortical and cancellous bone. Results: Oblique load increased the stress in all components when compared to axial load. Wide diameter implants showed a decrease of von Mises stress around 40% in both load directions at the implant, and an increase of at least 3.6% at the abutment. Wide diameter implants exhibited better results for cancellous bone in both angulations. However, in the cortical bone, the minimum principal stress was at least 66% greater for wide than regular diameter implants, and the maximum shear stress was more than 100% greater. Conclusion: Extra-short dental implants with wide diameter result in better biomechanical behavior for the implant, but the implications of a potential risk of overloading the cortical bone and bone loss over time, mainly under oblique load, should be investigated


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Finite Element Analysis
17.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e239079, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1413365

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the marginal fit of protocol bars milled from digital models obtained by conventional molding followed by bench scanning or digital molding with an intraoral scanner. Methods: Four morse-cone implants and the mini-pillars were installed in a 3D printed mandible model (master model). Digital models of the master model were obtained by (n=10): (Group A - Conventional) conventional (analog) molding of the master model followed by bench scanning or (Group B - Digital) molding of the master model with an intraoral scanner. All-on-four protocol bars were designed and milled from the digital models for both groups and screwed into the master model. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images from the distal, central, and mesial regions of each implant were obtained and the implant-protocol bar marginal fit was measured in an image software (Image J). The mean misfit of each region was analyzed by two-factor ANOVA, Tukey test, and Student's t-test (0,05 = 0.05). Results: The digital approach (B) showed higher misadaptation than the conventional approach (A, p < 0.05), regardless of the region evaluated. In group A, the central region showed higher maladjustment than the mesial region (p<0.05), however, there were no differences among regions of group B (p>0.05). Conclusion: The conventional method of acquiring digital models using the bench scanner produced bars for the All-On-Four protocol with better marginal fit than the digital models obtained with an intraoral scanner


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dental Implants , Computer-Aided Design
18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(1): 1-9, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1411432

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the stress distribution in a 3D model that simulates second molar mesialization using two different types of mini-implants. Material and Methods: a mandible bone model was obtained by recomposing a computed tomography performed by a software program. The cortical and trabecular bone, a lower second molar, periodontal ligament, orthodontic tube, resin cement and the mini-implants were designed and modeled using the Rhinoceros 4.0 software program. The characteristics of self-drilling orthodontic mini-implants were: one with 7 mm length, 1 mm transmucosal neck section and 1.6 mm diameter and another with 5 mm length and 1.5 mm diameter. A total of 235.161 and 224.505 elements were used for the mesh. These models were inserted into the bone block and then subjected to loads of 200 cN (centinewton). The results were calculated and analyzed by the Ansys 17.0 software program for qualitative verification through displacement and maximum principal stress maps. Results: it was possible to observe that the periodontal ligament presented low displacement and stress values. However, the physiological values presented are among those capable to provide orthodontic movement, with compression and tensile area visualization staggered between 0.1 and -0.1 MPa (megapascal). Conclusion: within the limitations of the study, the mini-implants tested showed similar results where the load on the tooth allowed dental displacement (molar mesialization), with a tendency to rotate it, theoretically allowing the second molar to take the location of the first molar. (AU)


Objetivo: analisar a distribuição de tensões em um modelo 3D que simula a mesialização do segundo molar usando dois tipos diferentes de mini-implantes. Material e Métodos: um modelo de osso mandibular foi obtido por recomposição de uma tomografia computadorizada realizada por um software. O osso cortical e trabecular, um segundo molar inferior, ligamento periodontal, tubo ortodôntico, cimento resinoso e os mini-implantes foram projetados e modelados no software Rhinoceros 4.0. As características dos mini-implantes ortodônticos auto perfurantes foram: um com 7 mm de comprimento, 1 mm de secção transmucosa e 1,6 mm de diâmetro e outro com 5 mm de comprimento e 1,5 mm de diâmetro. Para a malha, foram utilizados 235.161 e 224.505 elementos. Esses modelos foram inseridos no bloco ósseo e então submetidos a cargas de 200 cN (centinewton). Os resultados foram calculados e analisados pelo software Ansys 17.0 para verificação qualitativa por meio de mapas de deslocamento e tensões máximas principais. Resultados: foi possível observar que o ligamento periodontal apresentou baixos valores de deslocamento e tensões. Porém, os valores fisiológicos apresentados são capazes de proporcionar movimentação ortodôntica, com visualização da área de compressão e tração escalonada entre 0,1 e -0,1 MPa (megapascal). Conclusão: dentro das limitações do estudo, os mini-implantes testados apresentaram resultados semelhantes onde a carga sobre o dente permitiu o deslocamento dentário (mesialização do molar), com tendência a girá-lo, permitindo teoricamente que o segundo molar ocupe do lugar do primeiro molar (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Avulsion , Dental Implants , Finite Element Analysis , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed
19.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(1): 1-15, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411456

ABSTRACT

The rehabilitation of patients with dental implant-supported restorations is an ideal treatment option in contemporary dentistry. The aim of this review was to compile and to demonstrate the mechanical response during loading condition, on the stress distributions of implant-supported prostheses. The findings show that the majority of stresses were concentrated in the cervical region of the implant/abutment interface and that they can be affected by several clinical parameters and loading conditions. Finally, the final prosthetic design should combine superior mechanical response, long-term survival rate and allow patient satisfaction. (AU)


A reabilitação de pacientes com restaurações implanto-suportadas é uma opção de tratamento ideal na odontologia contemporânea. O objetivo desta revisão foi compilar e demonstrar a resposta mecânica durante a aplicação de carga, na distribuição de tensão de próteses implanto-suportadas. Os achados mostram que a maioria das tensões se concentram na região cervical da interface implante/pilar e pode ser afetada por diversos parâmetros clínicos e condições de carregamento. Por fim, o desenho protético final deve combinar uma melhor resposta mecânica, taxa de sobrevida a longo prazo e permitir a satisfação do paciente. (AU)


Subject(s)
Prostheses and Implants , Dental Implants , Finite Element Analysis , Biomechanical Phenomena , Review
20.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 39: e39036, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428171

ABSTRACT

This article aims to associate patient-reported pain intensity in the immediate seven days after dental implant surgery with surgical factors, sex and patient age. The sample was composed of 108 patients from a dental school in southern Brazilian, between 2018 and 2020. The variables torque, pre- and postoperative medication, healing of first and second intention, gender, age, number of quadrants, number of implants and type of surgery were related to the outcome pain. Pain was reported every day by the patient until the seventh day after surgery, using a visual analogic scale (VAS). Univariate Poisson regression models were used to assess the relationship among pain and the factors. Rate ratios were obtained with 95% of confidence intervals. Overall pain was reported as moderate/intense (VAS: 3-10) by 30.56% of patients, mild pain (VAS: 1-3) by 55.56%, and no pain symptoms were reported by 13.89% of patients. Individuals which the implants were installed with high torques (50-80 N) showed more pain (p=0.03) compared to patients which the implants were installed with regular torque (30-45 N). The other factors evaluated were not significant. The torque was the most relevant factor related to pain among the evaluated by the study. High torque generates more postoperative pain than lower torque. The factors gender, age, number of operated quadrants, number of installed implants, type of surgery and pre and postoperative analgesic did not interfere in the patient's pain during the first week after surgery.


Subject(s)
Pain, Postoperative , Dental Implants , Torque
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