Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 397
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(4): e3016, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144446


ABSTRACT Introduction: The passivity of prosthetic components is one of the most important prerequisites in oral implant rehabilitation for maintenance of osseointegration. Objective: Thus, the present study analyzed in vitro the accuracy of different molding techniques in prosthetic rehabilitation on angled implants installed in an anatomical model of a metallic edentulous maxilla. Methods: Laboratory experiment study. A reference metal model of an edentulous maxilla was used. A metal framework was used for the misadaptation assessment. Three groups (n= 10) were compared and impressions were made with vinyl-polysiloxane and casts were obtained with type IV stone: (1) Impression with a metallic open-tray without splinted transfers; (2) Impression with a metallic open-tray and metal splinted transfers; (3) Impression with a multifunctional guide and metal splinted transfers. Misadaptation was assessed with the aid of a stereomicroscope and measuring software. Data were submitted to ANOVA with Welch correction and the Games-Howell post-hoc test with the significance set at 5 percent. Results: Misadaptation (µm) was 110,23 ± 30,94, 37,53 ± 3,92, and 37,69 ± 2,79 for the the groups. Statistically significant differences between impression with a metallic open-tray with and without splinted transfers were observed (p < 0,001). No significant differences between the other types of impression. Conclusions: Impression with a metallic open-tray without splinted transfers and with a multifunctional guide splinted with metal transfers were the most precise methods resulting in higher accuracy in transferred implants(AU)

RESUMEN Introducción: La pasividad de los componentes protésicos es uno de los prerrequisitos más importantes para el mantenimiento de la osteointegración en la rehabilitación oral sobre implantes. Objetivo: Evaluar in vitro la precisión de diferentes técnicas de impresión en rehabilitación sobre implantes inclinados instalados en un modelo anatómico de un maxilar metálico desdentado. Métodos: Estudio de laboratorio de tipo experimental. Se utilizó un modelo metálico de referencia de un maxilar desdentado. Fue utilizada una barra metálica para la evaluación de la desadaptación. Se compararon tres grupos (n = 10), se realizaron impresiones con polivinilsiloxano y se obtuvieron modelos con yeso piedra tipo IV: (1) impresión con una cubeta metálica abierta sin unión de los transferentes; (2) impresión con una cubeta metálica abierta y unión de los transferentes con cilindros metálicos; (3) impresión con una guía multifuncional y unión de los transferentes con cilindros metálicos. La desadaptación se evaluó con la ayuda de un microscopio estereoscópico y un software de medición. Los datos se enviaron a ANOVA con la corrección de Welch y la prueba post-hoc de Games-Howell con la significación establecida en 5 por ciento. Resultados: La desadaptación (µm) fue de 110,23 ± 30,94; 37,53 ± 3,92 y 37,69 ± 2,79 para los grupos, respectivamente. Se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la impresión con cubeta abierta metálica con y sin unión de los transferentes (p <0,001). No hubo diferencias significativas entre los otros tipos de impresiones. Conclusiones: La impresión con cubeta abierta metálica sin unión de los transferentes y con una guía multifuncional con unión de los transferentes con cilindros metálicos fueron los métodos más precisos que dieron como resultado una mayor precisión en la transferencia de la posición de los implantes(AU)

Humans , Dental Implantation/methods , Dental Impression Materials/adverse effects , Dental Materials/therapeutic use
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(5): 414-422, oct. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179033


Purpose: Two important factors in dental prosthesis are making an accurate impression and producing a suitable cast which represents the exact relationship between prepared tooth and oral structures. This study, aimed to investigate the effects of different combinations of impression and pouring materials on marginal and internal adaptation of premolar zirconia crowns. Material and Methods: Forty maxillary premolars were prepared considering round shoulder finish line. The impressions were made either by additional (Panasil) or condensation (Speedex) silicon, and poured by two different types of gypsum materials (Siladent or GC gypsum) (N=10). Zirconia crowns were fabricated using a CAD-CAM system. The crowns were cemented, and the samples were cut in bucco-lingual direction. Marginal and internal gaps were measured by stereomicroscope (×25). Results: The mean marginal gaps for Pansil-Siladent, Panasil-GC, Speedex-Siladent, and Speedex-GC were 141 µm, 143 µm, 131 µm, and 137 µm respectively. The internal gaps were 334 µm, 292 µm, 278 µm, and 257 µm respectively. The independent T-Student test showed no significant differences in average marginal or internal gap among various impression and gypsum materials or their interactions (p>0.05). Two-way ANOVA test showed no significant differences in maximum marginal or internal gap among various impression and gypsum materials and their interactions (p>0.05). Conclusion: The present study revealed no statistically significant difference in marginal/internal gap among crowns prepared using different combinations of impression-pouring materials evaluated.

Introducción: Dos factores importantes en la prótesis dental son hacer una impresión precisa y la producción de un modelo adecuado que represente la relación exacta entre el diente preparado y las estructuras orales. Este estudio, tuvo como objetivo investigar los efectos de diferentes combinaciones de materiales de impresión y vertido sobre la adaptación marginal e interna de coronas de zirconio premolar. Material y Métodos: Se prepararon cuarenta premolares maxilares considerando la línea de meta del hombro redondo. Las impresiones se realizaron con silicio adicional (Panasil) o de condensación (Speedex) y se vertieron con dos tipos diferentes de materiales de yeso (yeso Siladent o GC) (N = 10). Las coronas de zirconio se fabricaron utilizando el sistema CAD-CAM. Las coronas se cementaron y las muestras se cortaron en dirección buco-lingual. La brecha marginal e interna se midió con estereomicroscopio (×25). Resultados: Las brechas marginales medias para Pansil-Siladent, Panasil-GC, Speedex-Siladent y Speedex-GC fueron de 141µm, 143µm, 131µm y 137µm, respectivamente. Las brechas internas fueron 334µm, 292µm, 278µm y 257µm, respectivamente. La prueba de T-Student independiente no mostró diferencias significativas en la brecha marginal o interna promedio entre varios materiales de impresión y yeso o sus interacciones (p>0.05). La prueba ANOVA bidireccional no mostró diferencias significativas en el espacio marginal o interno máximo entre varios materiales de yeso y de impresión y sus interacciones (p>0.05). Conclusión: El presente estudio no reveló diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la brecha marginal/interna entre las coronas preparadas con diferentes combinaciones de materiales de impresión y vertido evaluados.

Humans , Dental Prosthesis/methods , Crowns , Dental Impression Materials , Zirconium/chemistry , Bicuspid , Calcium Sulfate , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Cements , Dental Restoration, Permanent
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4137, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998205


Objective: To evaluate the dimensional changes in three types of alginate following three different delay times after casting. Material and Methods: In this laboratory study, a maxillary arch-shaped stainless steel model was prepared and three pins with similar and determined diameters and heights were placed (one at mid-line and two on the underside of the model) as reference points to compare the dimensional stability of the three types of alginates. A special metal tray was made from the main model. The main moldel was imprisoned by the metal tray, and these were kept for a specific time in a humid environment. Gypsum Type 4 was poured over the impression to obtain 90 gypsum casts for three types of alginate. The dimensions of casts obtained from each alginate were compared in two lateral and anterior-posterior dimensions, they were compared with each other, and the alginates were also compared to the main model. Results: At a time interval of 15 minutes, the dimensional accuracy of the casts obtained from the three types of alginates, with the main model in both anterior-posterior and transverse dimensions was not significantly different (p<0.05); but there was a significant difference at 60 minutes and 24 hours in both dimensions (p<0.05). Although there was no significant difference between the alginates in both dimensions and all three studied time periods, the least difference with the main model was related to Zhermack and the highest difference was related to Golchai alginates. Pairwise comparisons showed that none of the samples had a significant difference in terms of dimensions. Conclusion: The dimensional stability of alginate was a time-dependent type of alginate and had no significant effect on the dimensional accuracy of casts.

Dental Impression Technique , Dental Models , Alginates , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Analysis of Variance , Dental Impression Materials , Iran
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4474, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998256


Objective: To evaluate the change of diameter of different injection-molded thermoplastic materials. Material and Methods: Four thermoplastic injection-molded materials were analyzed (Bre.flex 2nd edition, Vertex ThermoSens, Perflex Biosens and Polyan IC). A total of 432 test samples were made in the form of an "hourglass". All samples were divided into three groups: Group I (Control) - consisting of 36 test samples for each type of material, that was not exposed to artificial aging or a wet environment; Group II - consisting of 36 test samples for each type of material, that were artificially aged through dehydration; Group III - specimen were subjected to artificial aging without dehydration. The diameter of each specimen was measured with a digital caliper. Data were analysed using the Student's t-test. Results: Regarding to shrinkage, the samples from the Bf Control group have a mean value of 1.56 mm and was observed a shrinkage of the injection-molded polyamide material within 0.25%. The comparison between the samples from Group II and Group III showed statistically significant differences (p<0.001). There were no significant differences between groups for Thermosens and Biosens (p>0.05). The comparison between Group II and Group III for Polyan IC samples shows that Group III has a higher arithmetic mean value (p<0.01). Conclusion: Shrinkage of the polymers during the injection process is present in all materials. The thermocycling and the storage in a dry or in a wet environment of the samples results in a change of the diameter in almost every single type of material.

Dental Prosthesis , Dental Impression Materials , Denture Bases , Material Resistance , Bulgaria , Data Interpretation, Statistical
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191603, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1095171


Aim: To evaluate the marginal adaptation of provisional crowns made of acrylic and bisacrylic resins using different impression materials. Methods: a metal die and a matrix applied through a direct technique were used to fabricate the specimens. The impression materials used as a matrix were divided into four groups: Irreversible hydrocolloid(IH), laboratory silicone (LS), condensation silicone (CS), and addition silicone (AS). After the impression procedures, each matrix was loaded with the provisional prosthetic materials, Alike, Duralay, Protemp 4, and Structur 3 (n = 12). Marginal discrepancy was evaluated using a stereomicroscope at ×45 magnification. The images obtained were transferred to the Corel Draw X7 program, and the distances from the cervical margins of the specimen to the reference lines at the metal die were measured vertically. The data were analyzed by using 2-way ANOVA followed by the Tukey test (α=.05). Results: the acrylic resins had higher values ​​of marginal discrepancy compared to the bisacrylic resins. A statistically significant difference was found between all impression materials, and the irreversible hydrocolloid presented higher values of discrepancy (303.28­613.31 µm), whereas addition silicone had the lowest (48.61­190.06 µm). Conclusions: the bisacrylic resins had a better marginal adaptation compared to the acrylic resins. The addition silicone promoted a better marginal adaptation of the provisional prosthetic materials tested, followed by condensation silicone, laboratory silicone, and irreversible hydrocolloid

Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Impression Materials , Dental Restoration, Temporary
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191692, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1095302


Aim: This study compared impression techniques and double pouring by means of cast's accuracy. Methods: For each patient (n=10), impressions from right maxillary canine to first molar were made with acrylic resin trays and vinyl-polysiloxane using one single-step, and four two-steps techniques: relief with poly(vinyl chloride) film; tungsten-carbide bur/scalpel blade; small movements of the tray; non-relief. Total visible buccal surface area of crowns was measured three times using photographs from patients (Baseline) and casts. Mean area values (mm2) between Baseline and casts differences were analyzed by two-way repeated-measures ANOVA (α=.05; 1-ß=85%). Results: No significant differences were observed for Impression Techniques (P=.525), Double Pouring (P=.281), and their interaction (P=.809). Conclusion: All impression techniques and double pouring produced casts with similar accuracy

Humans , Male , Female , Dental Impression Technique , Photography, Dental , Dental Impression Materials , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 48: e20190098, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1099193


Resumo Introdução Recentemente, vêm surgindo no mercado alguns alginatos de armazenamento prolongado. Não há, no entanto, um consenso na literatura a respeito da estabilidade dimensional destes materiais durante este armazenamento Objetivo Avaliar, por meio de método prático experimental, a estabilidade dimensional de um alginato de armazenamento tardio. Material e método O material de moldagem utilizado foi o alginato Hydrogum 5 (Zhermack). Uma matriz metálica cilíndrica foi utilizada para a realização das moldagens, com 38 mm de diâmetro externo, 30 mm de diâmetro interno e cuja superfície superior apresenta três linhas paralelas entre si com 25 mm de comprimento e 20, 50 e 75 µm de largura. Após o tempo de geleificação do material de moldagem, 16 moldes foram colocados em um umidificador e essas amostras foram fotografadas utilizando-se uma câmera digital (Canon EOS Rebel 3Ti, Canon) associada a um software para análise das imagens obtidas (ImageJ 1.52a, U.S. National Institutes of Health; DI). A calibragem da régua foi 10 cm e, posteriormente, três linhas foram medidas três vezes, para se obter uma média dos comprimentos das linhas. As amostras foram fotografadas nos seguintes intervalos: imediatamente, 24, 48, 72, 96 e 120 horas. Resultado Os dados mostraram diferenças estatisticamente significantes para o fator tempo quando comparada a leitura imediata com os demais períodos de tempo de leitura (p<0,001) e quando comparada a leitura após 24 h de armazenagem com os demais períodos de tempo (p<0,001). Não houve diferença estatística (p>0,05) quando os tempos de armazenamento de 48 h, 72 h, 96 h e 120 h foram comparados entre si. Todos os valores encontravam-se dentro dos valores preconizados pela ISO 21563:2013. Conclusão Os moldes dos alginatos testados podem ser armazenados por até cinco dias em 100% de umidade relativa.

Abstract Introduction Recently, some extended-pour alginate impression materials have been placed in the market. However, there is no consensus in the literature regarding the dimensional stability of these materials during these storage. Objective To evaluate, through the experimental model, the durability and velocity with respect to dimensional alteration, analyzing the material and detecting distortions. Material and method The material for molding in this test was alginate (Hydrogum 5, Zhermack). A cylindrical metallic matrix was used to make the moldings with: 38 mm of external diameter, 30 mm of internal diameter and superior of the upper series of the card 3d transport lines with each 25 mm in length and 20, 50 and 75μm in width. After the time of jellification / polymerization of the molding material, 16 molds were inserted in a doser and were photographed with a digital camera (Canon EOS Rebel 3Ti, Canon) associated with a software for analysis of sacred images (ImageJ 1.52a, US National Institutes of Health, DI). The calibration of the ruler was performed in 10 cm and then in 3 lines were means 3 (three) times to obtain a mean of the lengths of the lines. The photographs were taken at the following intervals: immediately, 24, 48, 72, 96 and 120 hours after being cast. Result The data were found when compared with the other parts of the reading time (p <0.001) and when compared to the execution after 24 hours of locomotion with the other parts of the time (p <0.001). The rest time of 48 hours, 72 hours, 96 hours and 120 hours were compared to each other. Conclusion The molds of the tested alginates can be stored for 5 days in 100% relative sauce.

Dental Impression Materials/standards , Alginates , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy
HU rev ; 45(2): 156-164, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048781


Introdução: O envelhecimento da população aumenta a necessidade de reabilitação protética e o custo do atendimento odontológico. Para reabilitar com qualidade e baixo custo é necessário conhecer os materiais odontológicos desse processo, como os materiais de moldagem. O mais utilizado no Brasil é a silicona de condensação, que possui limitações. Porém, o fabricante modificou a fórmula com o intuito de melhorar a estabilidade dimensional. Objetivo: avaliar a estabilidade dimensional da silicona de condensação Speedex com a nova tecnologia DCP, em diferentes tempos de vazamento nas moldagens para prótese fixa. Material e métodos: Foi confeccionado um modelo padrão metálico com dois cilindros de mesmos diâmetros e mesma altura para simular uma prótese fixa. Foi elaborada uma moldeira metálica padronizada com retenções e guias de inserção. A partir dessa, outras quatro, em acrílico incolor, foram reproduzidas pelo alginato reversível. No total, foram realizadas 20 impressões, sendo 5 impressões por grupo. Os grupos foram vazados com o gesso tipo IV em diferentes tempos: grupo 1 (n=5): imediato; grupo 2 (n=5): 30 min; grupo 3 (n=5): 36h; grupo 4 (n=5): 72h. O modelo padrão e todos os modelos de gesso do grupo 1, 2, 3 e 4 foram medidos por dois pesquisadores de forma cega com auxílio de um paquímetro digital. Foram analisadas as distâncias externas e internas entre os pontos de referência dos cilindros. Os grupos foram comparados pelo teste t de Student, o nível de significância considerado foi p<0,05. Resultados: não se observou diferença estatística entre as medidas do pesquisador 1 e 2 (p>0,05). Não houveram diferenças entre os grupos 1 e 2 e 1 e 3; porém houve diferença significativa entre o 1 e 4. Conclusão: A silicona de condensação Speedex, não altera a estabilidade dimensional com o vazamento em até 36 horas.

Introduction: The aging of the population increases the need for prosthetic rehabilitation and the cost of dental care. To rehabilitate with quality and low cost is necessary to know the dental materials of this process, such as impression materials. The most used in Brazil is condensation silicon, which has limitations. However, the manufacturer modified the formula to improve dimensional stability. Objective: To evaluate the dimensional stability of Speedex condensation silicon with the new DCP technology at different casting times in fixed prosthesis moldings. Material and methods: A standard metal model with two cylinders of the same diameters and the same height was made to simulate a fixed prosthesis. A standard metal tray with drawers and insertion guides was developed. This metal tray was duplicated using reversible alginate. From this, four colorless acrylic trays were reproduced. In total, 20 impressions were made, with 5 impressions per group. The groups were cast with type IV gypsum at different times: group 1 (n=5): immediate; Group 2 (n=5): 30 min; group 3 (n=5): 36h; group 4 (n=5): 72h. The standard model and all gypsum models of groups 1, 2, 3 and 4 were measured by two researchers blindly using a digital caliper. The external and internal distances between the reference points of the cylinders were analyzed. The groups were compared by Student's t test, the significance level considered was p<0.05. Results: no statistically significant difference was found between researcher 1 and 2 by (p<0.05). There were no differences between groups 1 and 2 and 1 and 3; however, there was a significant difference between 1 and 4. Conclusion: Speedex condensing silicone does not change dimensional stability with leakage within 36 hours. Key-words: Dental Impression Materials, Dental Prosthesis, Silicone Elastomers. Submetido: 14/06/2019Aceito: 16/08/2019 Rebeca Vidal Capelupi1,2,Viviam Salvato de Souza1,2,Marcelo Tarcísio Martins1,Júlio Marcos Gouvêa Chagas1,Rogério Teodoro de Aquino3,Thalyta dos Reis Furlani Zouain-Ferreira1,Fabiana Aparecida Mayrink de Oliveira1,21Faculdade de Ciências Médicas e da Saúde de Juiz de Fora, Curso de Odontologia ­ Juiz de Fora, MG. 2Programa Institucional de Bolsas de Iniciação Científica (PIBIC) ­ FCMS/JF 2018.2 3Usinagem Mecânica Industrial, SENAI, Juiz de Fora, MG. Avaliação da estabilidade dimensional da silicona de condensação em diferentes tempos de vazamento em moldagens para prótese fixaEvaluation of the dimensional stability of the condensation silico-ne in different leakage times in moldings for fixed prosthesis * Fabiana de OliveiraAvenida Barão do Rio Branco, 1871/1105, CentroJuiz de Fora ­ MG CEP: 36013-020 8

Humans , Male , Female , Silicone Elastomers , Aging , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Impression Materials , Denturists , Mouth Rehabilitation
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 48: e20190064, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1043186


Abstract Introduction Making accurate and dimensionally stable impressions to duplicate oral conditions and tooth morphology is an essential step of prosthetic dentistry for fabricating well-fitted indirect restorations and, consequently, ensure the longevity and success of the treatment. Several authors describe pros and cons of different impression techniques, although there is no unanimity among them about the best one. Objective This study evaluated casts' accuracy made by different impression techniques, trays and materials. Material and method 10 patients were selected and 20 impressions from teeth #13 to #16 were performed using single-step (SS) and two-step techniques, made with metal stock and customized acrylic resin partial trays, vinyl polysiloxane and condensation silicone rubbers. Type IV gypsum was used to pour the casts. Three photographs of each patient (baseline), as their respective gypsum casts, were taken, measured in their interested buccal surface area. Comparisons of area values among experimental groups and baseline were performed. Data showed adherence to normal curve, being submitted to 3-way ANOVA/Bonferroni test (α=.05). Result Technique produced significant differences (P=0.02). SS technique was more accurate than BUR one (P=0.003; 95=1.22 to 5.98), but both resulted in similar casts to PVC, MOV and NR techniques, which were similar to each other (P>0.05). Conclusion SS technique showed the closest absolute values to baseline.

Resumo Introdução Realizar moldagens precisas e dimensionalmente estáveis que dupliquem a condição oral é um passo essencial para a confecção de restaurações indiretas de qualidade, garantindo seu sucesso e longevidade. Diversos estudos tem demonstrado os prós e contras de diferentes técnicas de moldagem, mas nenhum consenso da melhor técnica ainda foi descrito. Objetivo Este estudo avaliou a exatidão de modelos de gesso confeccionados por diferentes técnicas de moldagem, moldeiras e materiais. Material e método 10 pacientes foram selecionados e 20 moldes dos dentes #13 até #16 foram realizados utilizando técnicas simultânea (SS) e de dois passos, realizados com moldeiras parciais metálicas e individuais de resina acrílica, silicones de adição e condensação. Gesso tipo IV foi usados para os vazamentos. Três fotografias de cada paciente (baseline), assim como dos seus respectivos modelos de gesso foram realizadas e sua área foi então mensurada, na porção vestibular. Comparações de valores de área entre os grupos experimentais e o baseline foram performadas. Os dados mostraram aderência a curva normal, sendo submetidos ao teste 3-way ANOVA/Bonferroni (α=.05). Resultado As técnicas produziram diferenças significativas (P=0.02).Técnica simultânea foi mais precisa que a BUR (P=0.0003; 95=1,22 a 5.98), mas ambas resultaram em modelos similares àqueles feitos por meio das técnicas de PVC, MOV e sem NR, que foram similares entre si (P>0.05). Conclusão Técnica simultânea demonstrou valores absolutos similares àqueles demonstrados pelo baseline.

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Silicone Elastomers , Measurements, Methods and Theories , Dental Impression Technique , Dental Impression Materials , Acrylic Resins
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(4): 368-375, dic. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975759


ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to carry out a literature review on the accuracy of conventional and digital dental impression methods, as well as present the various three-dimensional intraoral scanning systems. A bibliographic search was carried out in PUBMED's main health database, in which works published between 2008 and 2018 were collected. Laboratory studies, case reports and systematic reviews were included, addressing topics that deal with conventional digital materials, impression and precision. Articles that did not evaluate impression materials, their behavior and techniques to obtain a good impression of oral structures were excluded. Through a review in the literature, obtained the following findings: the most critical stage in macking a dental prothesis is to take the dental impression. The conventional technique of impression consists of obtaining a negative copy of the intra-oral situation that will be poured into gypsum, obtaining a positive copy, on which the work will be carried out. Digital scanning systems were not superior to conventional moldings when comparing fidelity, accuracy and detail reproduction; in contrast, they were superior to conventional impression when considering clinical chair time, patient and operator preference, and patient comfort.

RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio consistió en realizar una revisión bibliográfica sobre la precisión de los métodos de moldeo dental convencionales y digitales, así como presentar los diversos sistemas de escaneo intraoral tridimensionales. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en la base de datos de salud principal de PUBMED en la cual se recopilaron trabajos publicados entre 2008 y 2018. Se incluyeron estudios de laboratorio, informes de casos y revisiones sistemáticas, abordando temas que tratan con materiales digitales convencionales, moldeo y precisión. Se excluyeron los artículos que no evaluaron los materiales de moldeo, su comportamiento y técnicas para obtener una buena impresión de las estructuras orales. A través de una revisión exhaustiva en la literatura, obtuvimos los siguientes hallazgos: el paso más crítico en la preparación de una pieza protésica es la impresión de la preparación. La técnica convencional de moldeo consiste en obtener una copia negativa de la situación intraoral que se verterá en el yeso, obteniendo una copia positiva, sobre la cual se realizará el trabajo. Resulta que los sistemas de escaneo digital no fueron superiores a las molduras convencionales al comparar la fidelidad, precisión y reproducción de detalles; en cambio, fueron superiores a las molduras convencionales al considerar el tiempo de trabajo clínico, la preferencia del paciente y del operador y la comodidad del paciente.

Humans , Dental Impression Technique/classification , Dental Impression Technique/instrumentation , Dental Impression Materials/chemistry , Dental Prosthesis Design , Printing, Three-Dimensional
Rev. odontol. Univ. Cid. São Paulo (Online) ; 30(2): 157-168, abr.-jun. 2018. tab.; ilus.; graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-966165


En prótesis fija la integridad marginal o perfección del margen es de suma importancia así como una impresión que copie perfectamente el terminado de la preparación ya que de esto depende la adaptabilidade de la prótesis que permita la supervivencia de la restauración y el mantenimiento de la salud periodontal en la boca del paciente. En este estudio se compara la capacidad de tres materiales de impresión (2 siliconas por adición y 1 poliéter) para copiar el margen cervical de la preparación mediante las técnicas de doble hilo y cofia de trasferencia. Se utilizaron 96 primeros molares inferiores izquierdos divididos en 6 grupos de 16 c/u se restauraron los dientes con ionómero de vidrio, resina o poste colado según fuera el caso, se prepararon los dientes con terminación en chamfer, el grupo 1: técnica de doble hilo con silicone por adición (Silicona 1), grupo 2: técnica de doble hilo con poliéter, grupo 3: técnica de cofia de transferência con silicona (Silicona 1), grupo 4: técnica de cofia de transferencia con poliéter, grupo 5: Técnica de doble hilo con silicona (Silicona 2), grupo 6: Técnica de cofia con silicona (Silicona 2). Posteriormente fueron observados en el estereomicroscopio para evaluar la cantidad de burbujas e irregularidades en el margen cervical según la escala de Jokstad. Donde la prueba estadística de Chi-cuadrada con un nivel de confianza de < 0.05 no mostró diferencia estadística significativa entre las técnicas de impresión de doble hilo y la de cofia de trasferencia, independientemente del material usado. Aunque numéricamente la técnica de doble hilo se comportó mejor que la técnica de cofia por lo que se sugiere su uso.

In fixed prosthesis, the integrity of perfection of the margin is of utmost importance, as well as an impression that perfectly copies the finish of the preparations, since the adaptability of the prosthesis that ensures survival of the restoration and periodontal health depends on this. This study compares the capacity of 3 different materials (2 silicones addition and 1 polyether) to copy the cervical margin of the preparation in the impression between the techniques of double cord and coping. We used 96 lower left molars divided into 6 groups of 16 each. The teeth were restored with glass ionomer, resin or cast post and core depending on the case, the margins were finished in a chamfer (group 1), double thread with addition silicone (group 2), double thread with polyether, (group 3), coping with PVS, (group 4), coping with polyether, (group5) double cord with PVS (group 6), coping With PVS. They were subsequently evaluated in a stereomicroscope to observe the number of bubbles and irregularities in the cervical margin according to the Jockstad scale, where the Chi-square test with a confidence level of <0.05 showed no statistically significant difference between impression techniques and coping regardless of material used. Although numerically the double-thread technique behaved better than coping technique, so it is suggested its use.

Silicones , Dental Impression Technique , Dental Impression Materials
Prosthes. Esthet. Sci ; 7(26): 64-70, 20180100. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-885147


O objetivo deste estudo foi mensurar e comparar a precisão dimensional de modelos de gesso confeccionados por meio de moldagem de impressão única (material pesado/fluído de uma única vez) com quatro diferentes marcas comerciais de silicone polimerizados por reação de adição (Express XT®, Futura®, Aquasil® e Virtual®). Inicialmente, foi confeccionado um modelo acrílico mestre, o qual possuía três pilares metálicos paralelos entre si e equidistantes 50 mm um do outro. Para obtenção dos moldes foram utilizadas cinco moldeiras individuais em acrílico, cujas faces externas adaptavam-se perfeitamente na base do modelo padrão, promovendo o "stop" de inserção da moldeira. Após o procedimento de moldagem e confecção dos modelos experimentais, foram medidas as distâncias entre os três cilindros e o diâmetro de cada cilindro. Essas medições foram feitas por três vezes em um mesmo ponto e, destas, criou-se uma média obtendo os resultados finais. Os valores das distâncias foram analisados estatisticamente por meio de uma análise bifatorial, e as médias comparadas pelo teste de Tukey (5%). Os dados demostraram que todas as marcas analisadas apresentaram alteração dimensional e diferiram entre si quando comparadas.

The objective of this study was to measure and compare the dimensional accuracy of plaster models made by only impression molding (heavy material/fluid at one time) of four different brands of polymerized silicone through addition reaction (Express XT®, Futura ®, Aquasil® and Virtual®). Initially, a master acrylic model was manufactured, which had three parallel metal pillars and equidistant 50 mm from each other. To obtain the impressions, we used five individual acrylic trays, whose external faces perfectly adapted to the standard model base, thus promoting the "stop" of molding insertion. Following the molding procedure and the experimental models manufacturing, distances between the three cylinders and the diameter of each cylinder were measured. These measurements were made three times at the same point, and from these average results were obtained. The distance values were statistically analyzed using a two-factor analysis and the means compared by Tukey test (5%). The data demonstrated that all the analyzed brands presented dimensional changes and differed from each other when compared.

Humans , Calcium Sulfate , Dental Impression Materials , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Silicone Elastomers , Silicones/chemistry
Braz. dent. sci ; 21(1): 37-43, 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-881830


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate dimensional stability and detail reproduction in alginate molds stored at different times and temperatures. Material and Methods: Three different commercially available alginates (Cavex Color Change, Jeltrate Plus and Hydrogum 5) were tested at four different times (0 - control, 1, 3 and 5 days) and two temperatures (25ºC and 37ºC) (n=5). The alginates were handled following the manufacturer's instructions. The impression procedures occurred in an environment with controlled room temperature (25ºC) and relative humidity (50±5%). A metallic model (ISO 1563:1990) was used to perform the impressions. The tray containing alginate remained on the metallic model under constant pressure (2 kgf) until the alginate gelation process. The molds were stored (different times and temperatures) and analyzed in stereomicroscope at 30x magnification and 0.5 µm accuracy (Olympus Measuring Microscope STM). The molds and the metallic model measurements were compared, and the data were statistically analyzed by Kolmogorov-Smirnov and three-way ANOVA tests, and the means were compared by Tukey test (5%). Results: The results showed no double interactions (p>0.05) and the different alginates presented statistically similar values of dimensional stability (p=0.102). However, 25ºC (temperature) and control group (time) showed the highest values of dimensional stability (p <0.05). Jeltrate Plus was the only material that presented inaccuracy in details reproduction. Conclusion: It is recommended that, for tested alginates, the stone casts should be poured immediately, even though the molds are dimensionally stable up to 5 days when stored at 25ºC.(AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar a estabilidade dimensional e a reprodução de detalhes em moldes de alginatos armazenados em diferentes tempos e temperaturas. Material e Métodos: Foram testadas três diferentes marcas de alginato (Cavex ColorChange, Jeltrate Plus e Hydrogum 5), sendo que esses materiais foram armazenados por quatro diferentes tempos (0 - controle, 1, 3 e 5 dias) e duas diferentes temperaturas (25ºC e 37ºC) (n=5). Os alginatos foram manipulados seguindo as instruções do fabricante. A moldagem ocorreu em um ambiente com temperatura (25ºC) e umidade relativa (50±5%) controladas. Foi utilizado um modelo metálico (ISO 1563:1990) para a realização das moldagens. A moldeira contendo o alginato permaneceu sobre o modelo metálico sob pressão constante de 2 kgf até a geleificação do material. Em seguida, os moldes foram armazenados nos tempos e temperaturas testados, sendo posteriormente avaliados sob um microscópio comparador (Olympus Measuring Microscope STM) com precisão de 0,5 µm. As medidas dos moldes de alginato foram comparadas com as medidas do modelo metálico padrão, sendo os dados analisados estatisticamente pelos testes de Kolmogorov-Smirnov e ANOVA três fatores, sendo as médias foram comparadas pelo teste de Tukey (5%). Resultados: Os resultados mostraram nenhuma interação dupla (p>0,05), sendo que os diferentes alginatos apresentaram valores de estabilidade dimensional estatisticamente semelhantes entre si (p=0,102). Já a temperatura de 25ºC e o grupo controle (tempo) mostraram os maiores valores de estabilidade dimensional (p <0,05). O Jeltrate Plus foi o único material que apresentou imprecisão na reprodução de detalhes. Conclusão: Recomenda-se que os alginatos testados tenham os modelos de gesso vazados imediatamente, apesar dos moldes serem dimensionalmente estáveis até 5 dias desde que armazenados a 25ºC. (AU)

Dental Impression Materials , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e001, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889461


Abstract: This study aimed to compare the vertical marginal gap of teeth restored with lithium disilicate crowns fabricated using CAD/CAM or by pressed ceramic approach. Twenty mandibular third molar teeth were collected after surgical extractions and prepared to receive full veneer crowns. Teeth were optically scanned and lithium disilicate blocks were used to fabricate crowns using CAD/CAM technique. Polyvinyl siloxane impressions of the prepared teeth were made and monolithic pressed lithium disilicate crowns were fabricated. The marginal gap was measured using optical microscope at 200× magnification (Keyence VHX-5000, Japan). Statistical analysis was performed using Wilcoxon test. The lithium disilicate pressed crowns had significantly smaller (p = 0.006) marginal gaps (38 ± 12 μm) than the lithium disilicate CAD/CAM crowns (45 ± 12 μm). This research indicates that lithium disilicate crowns fabricated with the press technique have measurably smaller marginal gaps compared with those fabricated with CAD/CAM technique within in vitro environments. The marginal gaps achieved by the crowns across all groups were within a clinically acceptable range.

Humans , Dental Impression Technique , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation/standards , Crowns/standards , Dental Porcelain/chemistry , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Prosthesis Design , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Impression Materials
20180000; s.n; 20180000. 178 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997871


A confecção de trabalhos protéticos em um fluxo digital é possível a partir do escaneamento intra-oral e confecção da Prótese via CAD/CAM. A tecnologia atual de impressão 3D permite a obtenção de um modelo impresso, para a realização de determinados procedimentos. Entretanto, é necessário analisar e comparar estes modelos com os modelos de gesso, uma vez que existe uma diferença significativa na forma de obtenção, assim como, nos custos de cada tipo de modelo. O presente estudo teve como objetivo realizar uma análise da acurácia entre modelos impressos, obtidos por meio de escaneamento intra-oral e impressão 3D, e modelos de gesso obtidos pelo método de moldagem convencional. Foi utilizado um manequim odontológico como modelo mestre e foram confeccionados dez modelos de gesso (n= 10), pela técnica de moldagem da dupla impressão com silicone de adição. Foram utilizados dois tipos de escâneres intra-orais e dois tipos de impressoras 3D, que formaram quatro grupos experimentais com dez modelos por grupo (n= 10). Os modelos físicos de gesso e impressos foram comparados com o modelo mestre por meio de análises de medições lineares em seis sítios de medições, com o uso de uma máquina de medição por imagem (Quick Scope, Mitutoyo®). A análise dos modelos impressos incluiu as possíveis interações entre os fatores principais tipo de impressora, tipo de escâner e sítios de medições. Os resultados mostraram que em relação ao modelo mestre, no geral, as discrepâncias dos modelos de gesso foram menores que as discrepâncias dos modelos impressos. A análise das interações dos fatores principais indicou que o tipo de impressora exerceu a maior influência na acurácia dos modelos impressos, seguido do fator sítio de medição e tipo de escâner. Pôde-se concluir que os modelos de gesso apresentaram uma acurácia superior quando comparados com os modelos impressos. O acabamento superficial dos modelos impressos exerceu influência na sua acurácia.

Dental Impression Materials , Dental Models , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Printing, Three-Dimensional
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1269319


Le prothésiste dentaire est exposé à un risque élevé de transmission infectieuse par la manipulation des empreintes dentaires souillées par la salive et le sang. En effet, lors d'une prise d'empreinte au cabinet dentaire, le matériau entre en contact direct avec les mucosités et sérosités de la cavité buccale, abritant de nombreux germes. Ainsi la décontamination des empreintes, pour prévenir la contamination croisée. Cette étude a eu pour objectif d'évaluer les attitudes et pratiques des prothésistes dentaires dans la ville d'Abidjan, en matière de décontamination des empreintes. Il s'agit d'une étude transversale descriptive qui s'est déroulée sur une période de trois (03) mois. Elle a concerné 35 prothésistes dentaires exerçant tant dans les secteurs privés et publics. Plus de 97% des prothésistes dentaires interrogés, sont conscients de l'existence du risque infectieux liés aux empreintes dentaires. Aucune des empreintes reçues par les prothésistes, n'était accompagnée de fiche mentionnant son état de décontamination. 85,71% des prothésistes, affirment rincer systématiquement toutes les empreintes dès leur réception et près de 32% ne les décontaminent pas

Cote d'Ivoire , Cross Infection , Dental Impression Materials , Dental Prosthesis/methods , Dental Technicians , Disinfection
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1258362


L'empreinte sectorielle en occlusion est souvent citée dans la littérature comme une méthode alternative pour réaliser des empreintes en prothèse conjointe, avec une variété de matériaux et de techniques d'empreinte. Elle présente de nombreux avantages par rapport aux techniques d'empreintes classiques. Le présent article a pour but de passer en revue les différentes indications, avantages et limites de l'empreinte sectorielle en occlusion, pour ensuite présenter la mise en oeuvre de cette technique, à travers deux cas cliniques

Case Reports , Dental Impression Materials , Denture, Partial , Morocco
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 38(3): 27-33, set.-dez. 2017. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-881656


Este é um estudo cuja finalidade foi demonstrar as possíveis deformações que podem ocorrer nos modelos obtidos de moldes de alginato, dependentes da forma de vazamento. Foram obtidos 20 moldes de alginato da marca Hydrogum 5 (Zhermack, Badia Polesine, Italy), através de um modelo de resina acrílica previamente preparado, divididos em dois grupos de 10: com vazamento invertido e não invertido. Os modelos foram analisados por fotografias, mensurados por um programa de computação (Corel Draw X3 Graphics Suíte (Corel Corporation ­ USA) e comparados com o modelo padrão. Os resultados mostraram que os vazamentos invertidos e não invertidos apresentaram valores clínicos diferentes do modelo padrão, mas que na comparação entre as técnicas, dos quatro segmentos analisados, apenas um apresentou diferença estatística significante(AU)

This is a study whose purpose was to demonstrate the possible deformations that may occur in the models obtained from alginate molds, depending on the form of flow. 20 alginate molds of Hydrogum 5 (Zhermack, Badia Polesine, Italy) were obtained through a previously prepared acrylic resin model, divided into two groups of 10: with inverted and non inverted casting. The models were analyzed by photographs, measured by a computer program (Corel Draw X3 Graphics Suite (Corel Corporation - USA) and compared with the standard model.The results showed that inverted and non inverted flow presented clinical values different from the standard model, But that in the comparison between the techniques, of the four analyzed segments, only one presented significant statistical difference(AU)

Alginates , Dental Impression Materials
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 30(1): 13-18, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-907402


This study compared the surface detail reproduction anddimensional accuracy of molds after disinfection using 2% sodium hypochlorite, 2% chlorhexidine digluconate or 0.2% peracetic acid to those of molds that were not disinfected, forfour elastomeric impression materials: polysulfide (Light Bodied Permlastic), polyether (Impregum Soft), polydimethylsiloxane(Oranwash L) and polyvinylsiloxane (Aquasil Ultra LV). Themolds were prepared on a matrix by applying pressure, using aperforated metal tray. The molds were removed followingpolymerization and either disinfected (by soaking in one of thesolutions for 15 minutes) or not disinfected. The samples werethus divided into 16 groups (n=5). Surface detail reproductionand dimensional accuracy were evaluated using opticalmicroscopy to assess the 20 ­µm line over its entire 25 mm length. The dimensional accuracy results (%) were subjectedto analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the means were comparedby Tukey’s test (α=5%). The 20 ­µm line was completelyreproduced by all elastomeric impression materials, regardlessof disinfection procedure. There was no significant difference between the control group and molds disinfected with peraceticacid for the elastomeric materials Impregum Soft (polyether)and Aquasil Ultra LV (polyvinylsiloxane). The high­leveldisinfectant peracetic acid would be the choice material for disinfection.

Este estudo comparou a reprodução de detalhes da superfície e estabilidade dimensional de moldes obtidos após desinfecção utilizando hipoclorito de sódio 2%, digluconato de clorexidina 2%, ou ácido peracético 0,2% a moldes que não foram desinfetados com quatro elastômeros: polissulfeto (Light Bodied Permlastic), polieter (Impregum Soft), silicona reação porcondensação (Oranwash L) e silicona reação por adição (Aquasil Ultra LV). Os moldes foram preparados sobre matriz conten dolinhas de 20, 50 e 75 µm realizado sob pressão com moldeirade metal perfurada. Os moldes foram removidos após a polimerização e desinfetados (utilizando uma das soluções porimersão, armazenados em frascos fechados durante 15 minutos)ou não desinfetados. Assim, as amostras foram divididas em 16grupos (n=5). A reprodução detalhes da superfície e a precisão dimensional foram avaliadas usando microscopia óptica na linha 20 µm com 25 mm de comprimento, de acordo com a norma ISO 4823. Os resultados de precisão dimensional (%) foram submetidos à análise de variância (A NOVA) e as médias comparadas pelo teste de Tukey com 5% de nível de significância. A linha de 20 µm foi completamente reproduzida por todos os elastômeros, independentemente do processo de desinfecção. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o grupo controle e moldes desinfetados com acido peracético para os elastômeros Impregum Soft (polieter) e Aquasil Ultra LV (siliconareação por adição). O desinfetante de alto nível ácido peracético seria o material de escolha para a desinfecção.

Humans , Dental Impression Materials , Dental Models , Dental Disinfectants/chemistry , Surface Properties , Analysis of Variance , Chlorhexidine/chemistry , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Elastomers/classification , Microscopy/methods , Statistical Analysis , Siloxanes/classification , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Sulfides/classification
Braz. dent. j ; 27(6): 767-774, Nov.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828076


Abstract This case report describes an esthetic treatment to improve the shape and alignment of the anterior teeth, reestablishing smile harmony, using feldspathic porcelain veneers. Results of clinical follow up after 36 months are also presented. The advantages, disadvantages and limitations of the technique are detailed with reference to the relevant literature. This suggests that the success of treatment depends on adequate conditions of bonding between the veneers and the tooth complex, which involves parameters such as the strength and durability of the bond interface. Therefore, the clinical success of feldspathic porcelain veneers depends on the accurate selection of cases and correct execution of clinical and laboratory procedures. The rehabilitation involved from first right premolar to the left with feldspathic porcelain veneers made on refractory dies. After the 3-year follow up, excellent clinical results and patient satisfaction were achieved.

Resumo Este relato de caso descreve um tratamento estético para melhorar a forma e alinhamento dos dentes anteriores, restabelecendo a harmonia do sorriso por meio de laminados de porcelana feldspática. Resultados de acompanhamento clínico longitudinal de 36 meses também são apresentados. As vantagens, desvantagens e limitações da técnica são detalhadas com referência na literatura. Isto sugere que o sucesso do tratamento depende de adequadas condições de união entre o laminado e o complexo dental, o qual envolve parâmetros tais como resistência e durabilidade na interface de união. Assim, o sucesso clínico de laminados de porcelana feldspática depende de uma precisa seleção do caso e correta execução dos procedimentos clínicos e laboratoriais. A reabilitação envolveu de primeiro pré-molar direito a esquerdo com laminado de porcelana feldspática confeccionada em matriz refratária. Após 3 anos de acompanhamento, excelentes resultados clínicos e satisfação do paciente foram verificados.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Smiling , Dental Bonding , Dental Impression Materials , Follow-Up Studies