Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 994
Filter
1.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 81-85, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348364

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar el tiempo empleado por los instrumen- tos TruNatomy Medium y ProTaper Next X3 para penetrar hasta la longitud de trabajo la masa de obturaciones realizadas con Gut- taCore Primary y sellador en conductos curvos simulados. Materiales y métodos: Se prepararon 20 conductos curvos simulados con instrumentos rotatorios WaveOne Gold Primary y se obturaron con GuttaCore Primary y AH Plus. Las muestras fueron divididas en dos grupos de 10 cada uno. Grupo 1: El material de obturación fue penetrado hasta la lon- gitud de trabajo con instrumentos TruNatomy Medium. Gru- po 2: El material de obturación fue penetrado hasta la longitud de trabajo con instrumentos ProTaper Next X3. Se registraron los tiempos de penetración requeridos para cada grupo y los valores obtenidos fueron analizados mediante la prueba t de Student. Resultados: Los instrumentos ProTaper Next X3 pe- netraron la masa del material de obturación más rápidamente que los instrumentos TruNatomy MediumTM. Las diferencias observadas entre ambos instrumentos fueron estadísticamente significativas (P <0.01). Conclusión: Si bien los instrumentos ProTaper Next X3 y TruNatomy MediumTM penetraron la masa de Gutta- Core Primary de manera eficiente, ProTaper Next X3 penetró hasta la longitud de trabajo más rápidamente (AU)


Aim: Compare the time required by the instruments TruNatomy Medium and ProTaper Next X3 to penetrate up to the working length the mass of fillings made with GuttaCore Primary and sealant in simulated curved canals. Materials and methods: The simulated canals of 20 EndoTraining Blocks were prepared with WaveOne Gold Pri- mary and obturated with GuttaCore Primary and AH Plus. The sample was divided into two groups of 10 each. Group 1: The sealing material was penetrated up to working length with TruNatomy Medium. Group 2: The sealing material was penetrated up to working length with ProTaper Next X3. The penetration time was recorded in each group and the obtained values were statistically analyzed with the Student's t test. Results: ProTaper Next X3 instruments penetrated the sealing material mass faster than TruNatomy Medium. Statis- tically significant differences were observed between the two instruments (P <0.01). Conclusion: While the ProTaper Next X3 and TruNat- omy Medium penetrated the GuttaCore mass to the working length efficiently, the ProTaper Next X3 did it in less time (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Retreatment , Gutta-Percha , Time Factors , Dental High-Speed Equipment , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 176-180, mayo-jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255021

ABSTRACT

La microendodoncia involucra la visualización a través de un microscopio operatorio de todas las fases del tratamiento de conductos y procedimientos de cirugía apical y correctiva por parte del endodoncista. Existe sobrada evidencia acerca de las mejoras que puede aportar la magnificación al tratamiento; la literatura demuestra que la capacidad del operador mejora si su visión del campo gana claridad y precisión, ambos recursos pueden ser proporcionados por el microscopio operatorio, aunado a que posibilita diagnósticos más certeros junto con mejoras en el pronóstico, lo que permite evitar posibles complicaciones. La calidad de los tratamientos endodóncicos involucra infinidad de factores, cada uno relevante en sí mismo pero, en determinados casos, el microscopio puede significar la diferencia entre un tratamiento exitoso o un fracaso clínico. En la actualidad, se ha convertido en un tema de lo más relevante, por lo que el objetivo del presente trabajo es revisar la literatura con el fin de ayudar al entendimiento basado en evidencia científica de los criterios que determinan la relevancia del uso del microscopio en el ámbito endodóncico (AU)


Microendodontics involves the visualization through an operating microscope of all phases of root canal treatment and apical and corrective surgery procedures by the endodontist. There is plenty of evidence about the improvements that magnification can provide, the literature shows that the operator's ability improves if his vision of the field gains clarity and precision, both resources can be provided by the operating microscope, added to the fact that it enables more accurate diagnoses together with improvements in the prognosis allowing to avoid possible complications. The quality of endodontic treatments involves countless factors, each relevant in itself, but in certain cases the microscope can mean the difference between a successful treatment or a clinical failure. At present, it has become a very relevant topic, so the objective of this work is to review the literature in order to help understand the criteria that determine the relevance of the use of the microscope in the endodontic field based on scientific evidence (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Therapy/trends , Image Enhancement/instrumentation , Microscopy/methods , Periapical Diseases/diagnosis , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Diseases/diagnosis
3.
Dent. press endod ; 11(1): 63-71, Jan-Apr2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348216

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a resistência à fadiga cíclica e torcional de instrumentos rotatórios de níquel-titânio com secções transversais semelhantes e confeccionados com diferentes tipos de tratamentos térmicos: Hyflex CM (HCM 25/.06), Vortex Blue (VB 25/.06), Sequence Rotary File (SRF 25/.06) e EdgeSequel (EDF 25/.06) (n=20). Métodos: O teste de fadiga cíclica avaliou o tempo e o número de ciclos para a fratura (NCF) dos instrumentos em canal artificial com 60° de curvatura e 5mm de raio (n=10). O teste de torção avaliou o torque máximo e a deflexão angular para a fratura dos 3mm da ponta dos instrumentos (n=10). Após o teste de torção e de fadiga cíclica, os instrumentos foram avaliados em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) (n=10). Os dados foram analisados empregando-se os testes ANOVA e de Tukey, sendo selecionado um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: HCM apresentou o maior tempo e NCF entre todos os instrumentos avaliados (p<0,05). O SRF apresentou um tempo semelhante (p>0,05) e menor NCF (p<0,05) do que o VB. Em relação ao teste torcional, o HCM apresentou menor valor de torque e maior deflexão angular entre os grupos avaliados (p<0,05). Não houve diferenças significativas entre VB, SRF e EDF em relação à deflexão angular (p>0,05). Conclusão: O HCM apresentou maior resistência à fadiga cíclica e deflexão angular. Entretanto, o VB apresentou maior resistência torcional para a fratura (AU).


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cyclic and torsional fatigue resistance of Nickel-Titanium rotary instruments with similar cross-sectional design and manufactured by different thermal treatments: Hyflex CM (HCM 25/.06) Vortex Blue (VB 25/.06), Sequence Rotary File (SRF 25/.06) and EdgeSequel (EDF 25/.06) (n=20). Material and Methods: Cyclic fatigue test evaluated the time and number of cycles to failure (NCF) in an artificial stainless steel canal with 60° and 5-mm radius of curvature (n=10). The torsional test (ISO 3630-1) evaluated he maximum torque and distortion angle to failure at 3 mm from the tip (n=10). After the torsional and cyclic fatigue test the instruments were evaluated by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests, and the level of significance was set at 5%. Results: The HCM presented the longest time and highest NCF to fatigue than all the groups (P<0.05). The SRF presented similar time (P>0.05) and lower NCF (P<0.05) to fatigue than VB. Regarding to the torsional test, HCM presented the lowest torque load and the highest distortion angle of all the groups (P<0.05). No significant difference was found among VB, SRF and EDF regarding the distortion angle (P>0.05). Conclusion: The HCM presented the highest cyclic fatigue resistance and distortion angle to failure. However, the VB showed higher torsional load to failure. (AU).


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Torque , Dental Instruments , Endodontics , Titanium , Analysis of Variance , Fatigue , Nickel
4.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 6(2): 40-44, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1357524

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the amount of apical debris extrusion during root canal preparation using continuous and reciprocating systems. Material and Methods: Forty lower incisors were selected and randomly divided into four groups (n=10) for root canal preparation. Two multifile systems with continuous rotation (iRace® and Mtwo®) and two reciprocating single-file systems (Reciproc® and WaveOne®) were used. In the iRace® group, the R1 (15/.06), R2 (25/.04) and R3 (30/.04) instruments were used. In the Mtwo® group, the 10/.04, 15/.05, 20/.06, and 25/.06 instruments were used. In the Reciproc® and WaveOne® groups, the R25 and 25/.04 instruments were used, respectively. Apical debris extrusion was determined by calculating the difference between the pre- and post-instrumentation weight of the Eppendorf tubes. Statistical analysis was performed using the analysis of variance (ANOVA) test with the Bonferroni correction (p<0.05). Results: The iRace® group demonstrated significantly more apical extrusion than the Reciproc® group (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the Mtwo®, Reciproc®, and WaveOne® groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: All of the evaluated systems produced apical debris extrusion. The iRace® system produced more apical debris extrusion than the Reciproc® system, and there was no difference observed in this regard between the Mtwo®, Reciproc®, and WaveOne® systems.


Objetivo: avaliar a quantidade de debris extruidos apicalmente durante o preparo do canal radicular usando sistemas de rotação contínua e reciprocante. Materiais e Métodos: Quarenta incisivos inferiores foram selecionados e randomicamente divididos em quatro grupos (n=10) para o preparo do canal radicular. Dois sistemas de limas múltiplas de rotação contínua (iRace® e Mtwo®) e dois sistemas de limas únicas reciprocantes (Reciproc® e WaveOne®) foram usados. No grupo iRace®, foram utilizados os instrumentos R1 (15/.06), R2 (25/.04) e R3 (30/.04). No grupo Mtwo®, foram utilizados os instrumentos 10/.04, 15/.05, 20/.06, 25/.06. Nos grupos Reciproc® e WaveOne®, foram utilizados os instrumentos R25 e 25.04, respectivamente. A extrusão apical de debris foi calculada pela diferença entre os pesos dos tubos Eppendorf antes e após a instrumentação. A análise estatística foi feita usando o teste de análise de variância (ANOVA) seguida do teste de Bonferroni (p<0,05). Resultados: O grupo iRace® demonstrou significativamente mais extrusão quando comparado ao Reciproc (p<0,05). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos Mtwo®, Reciproc®, e WaveOne® (p>0,05). Conclusão: Todos os sistemas avaliados produziram extrusão apical de debris. O Sistema iRace® produziu mais extrusão apical de debris do que o Sistema Reciproc® e não foi observada diferença entre os sistemas Mtwo®, Reciproc® e WaveOne®.


Subject(s)
Endodontics , Root Canal Therapy , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Instruments
5.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 199-207, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348086

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar o aumento percentual da área da secção reta transversal de canais radiculares, no nível de 3 mm aquém do ápice radicular, após instrumentação com dois sistemas de instrumento único. Métodos: Dezenove primeiros molares inferiores extraídos tiveram as raízes mesiais seccionadas no nível de 3 mm aquém do ápice radicular, sendo os 2 milímetros finais de cada raiz removidos e descartados, para proceder a mensuração da área pré-operatória, através de estereomicroscopia. As raízes foram instrumentadas com os sistemas SAF e Reciproc R25.08 e procedeu-se nova mensuração para comparação do aumento percentual da área. O aumento percentual da área da secção reta transversal foi comparado e analisado estatisticamente pelo teste t de Student. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5% (p < 0,05). Resultados: O aumento percentual da área dos canais foi significativamente maior para o grupo Reciproc (p = 0,001) em comparação com o grupo SAF. Os canais instrumentados com o sistema SAF tiveram sua área aumentada em média 53,5%, enquanto que nos instrumentados com o sistema Reciproc a média foi 154,5%. Conclusão: O sistema Reciproc proporcionou um aumento percentual da área da secção reta transversal dos canais radiculares, no nível dos 3 mm apicais, 3 vezes maior que o sistema SAF.


Aim: To compare the percentage increase in the cross-sectional area of root canals, at the level of 3 mm from the root apex after instrumentation with two single instrument systems. Methods: The roots of 19 extracted mandibular first molars were sectioned 3 mm short of the apex level, with the final 2 millimeters of each root removed and discarded in order to enable the preoperative area to be measured by stereomicroscopy. Subsequently, the roots were instrumented with the SAF and Reciproc 25/.08 systems, alternating the technique used per canal from root to root, and a new measurement was performed. After, the percentage increase in area was calculated considering the values of the original and the final area. The Student'st-test was applied to the results, with a level of significance set at 5%. Results: The percentage increase in area of the root canals was significantly higher for the Reciproc (p = 0.001) when compared to the SAF group. In the canals instrumented with the SAF system, the mean increase in area was 53.5%, while in those using the Reciproc system, it was 154.5%. Conclusion:The Reciproc system produced a 3-fold higher percentage increase in the cross-sectional area of the root canals at the level of 3 mm from the root apex than did the SAF system.


Subject(s)
Tooth Root , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontics , Dental Instruments
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e021, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1153624

ABSTRACT

Abstrac The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cyclic fatigue, torsional resistance and surface roughness of Reciproc R25 instruments in four different situations, namely as new instruments and as instruments tested after clinical preparation of one, two or three maxillary molars with four root canals. The total time required to perform each root canal preparation was recorded. Cyclic fatigue resistance was determined by the time to fracture using a customized testing device (n = 10 per group). The torsional test evaluated the torque and angle of rotation to failure according to ISO 3630-1 (n = 10 per group). The roughness of the working parts of new and used instruments was evaluated with a profilometer (n = 5 per group). Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. The level of significance was set at 5%. No fractures or deformations were observed after clinical use. Higher preparation time was needed during the third use of the instruments for all root canals (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences among the groups in regard to either cyclic fatigue or torsional resistance (p > 0.05). Regarding the roughness measurements, groove depth was higher on new and one- versus two- or three-maxillary-molar-prepared instruments (p < 0.05). It can be concluded that the clinical use of Reciproc instruments increased preparation time and decreased surface roughness. However, clinical use did not affect the cyclic fatigue or torsional resistance of the Reciproc instruments.


Subject(s)
Titanium , Root Canal Preparation , Stress, Mechanical , Materials Testing , Torque , Dental Instruments , Equipment Design
7.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210010, 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1289855

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The treatment of periodontal disease in multiradicular teeth with furcation involvement is a challenge for dentists, with unpredictable results. Objective To evaluate the characteristics of the active tip of periodontal curettes used for scaling the furcation roof, comparing the manual versus digital method. Material and method Forty-two Pádua Lima (PL) curettes of the Millennium® brand (n = 6 for each model) were evaluated: PL 1-2, PL 3-4, PL 5-6, PLW 1-2, PLW 3-4, PLW 5 -6, and PLF. The following were measured: total length of the coronary face (CTc, millimeters, mm), total length of the lateral face (CTl, mm), width of the coronary face (Lc, mm), and width of the lateral face (Ll, mm). The measurements were performed in duplicate. Result The results showed that weight varied among the curettes (p <0.05), however the handle diameter was similar for all instruments (p> 0.05). Considering that seven different types of curettes were evaluated, the parameters of CTl and Ll showed a statistical difference for all evaluated curettes (7: 7 ratio), with higher values ​​for the caliper method compared to the software (p <0.05). There was a statistically significant difference between assessment methods for CTc and Lc measurements (p <0.05), showing that there was a coincidence of values ​​in the proportion of 4:7 for measurements of CTc and 5:7 for Lc. Conclusion The comparison between methods generally resulted in lower values ​​and greater variation for the digital method, thus favoring the use of the manual method to measure the active tip of periodontal curettes.


Resumo Introdução O tratamento da doença periodontal em dentes multirradiculares com envolvimento de furca tem sido um desafio para os cirurgiões-dentistas, com resultados imprevisíveis. Objetivo Avaliar as características da ponta ativa de curetas periodontais utilizadas para raspagem do teto de furca, comparando o método manual versus digital. Material e método Foram avaliadas 42 curetas de Pádua Lima (PL) da marca Millennium® (n=6 para cada modelo): PL 1-2, PL 3-4, PL 5-6, PLW 1-2, PLW 3-4, PLW 5-6 e PLF. Foram mensurados: comprimento total da face coronária (CTc, milímetros, mm), comprimento total da face lateral (CTl, mm), largura da face coronária (Lc, mm) e largura da face lateral (Ll, mm). As mensurações foram em duplicata. Resultado Os resultados mostraram que o peso variou entre as curetas (p<0,05), porém o diâmetro do cabo foi semelhante para todos os instrumentos (p>0,05). Considerando que foram avaliados sete tipos de curetas diferentes, os parâmetros de CTl e Ll se mostraram com diferença estatística para todas as curetas avaliadas (proporção 7:7), com valores maiores para o método do paquímetro em comparação ao software (p<0,05). Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre métodos de avaliação para as medidas de CTc e de Lc (p<0,05), mostrando que houve uma coincidência de valores na proporção de 4:7 para as mensurações de CTc e de 5:7 para Lc. Conclusão A comparação entre métodos resultou, em geral, menores valores e maior variação para o método digital, favorecendo, dessa forma, o uso do método manual para a mensuração da ponta ativa de curetas periodontais.


Subject(s)
Periodontal Diseases , Dental Instruments , Periodontics/instrumentation , Methods
8.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(3): 35-41, Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1342930

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o controle da qualidade no processo de fabricação dos instrumentos endodônticos é importante uma vez que defeitos e falhas superficiais podem comprometer o preparo dos canais. Objetivo: avaliar a presença de defeitos e falhas do processo de fabricação na superfície de instrumentos Reciproc (R25), Reciproc Blue (RB25) e XP-endo shaper (XP), por meio de microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). Materiais e Métodos: Ao total, foram avaliados 60 instrumentos de níquel titânio, sendo 20 por grupo: R25, RB25 e XP, em três regiões: 0mm (ponta do instrumento), 4mm e 7mm da ponta, no MEV, com aumento de 100x. As imagens foram avaliadas quanto ao número de falhas de fabricação (bordo irregular, ranhura, microcavidade e rebarba) e por um sistema de escores de 1 a 4, sendo 1, nenhuma área com defeito e 4, mais de cinco áreas com defeitos na superfície. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística utilizando o teste de Dunn (p<0,05). Resultados: Sobre a análise por regiões, foram identificadas diferenças significativas em grande parte dos instrumentos. Comparando os diferentes instrumentos, não foi observada diferença significativa para microcavidade (p=0,76), bordo irregular (p=0,98) e rebarba (p=0,40). O instrumento R25 mostrou maior número de ranhuras em comparação aos demais (p=0,0000*). RB25 mostrou maiores valores de escores que os instrumentos R25 (p= 0,0002) eXP (p=0,01). Conclusão: Todos os instrumentos avaliados apresentaram defeitos/falhas superficiais do processo de fabricação.


Introduction: The quality control of endodontic instruments is extremely importantsince defects and failures on their surface, during their manufacturing process, can compromise the preparation of root canal. Objective: this study evaluated the presence of defects and failures in the manufacturing process on the surface of Reciproc (R25), Reciproc Blue (RB25) and XP endo-shaper (XP) instruments by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Materials and Methods: In total, sixty nickel titanium instruments (n=20): R25, RB25 and XP were evaluated in the scanning electron microscope in three regions: 0mm (tip of the instrument), 4mmand 7mm of the tip, with a magnification of 100x. The images were evaluated in relation to the number of manufacturing faults (irregular border, groove, microcavity and burr) and by a system of scores, from 1 to 4, where 1 is no defective area and 4, more than five areas with defects on the surface. The data were submitted to statistical analysis using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p<0.05). Results: Regarding the analysis by regions, significant differences were identified in most of the instruments. Comparing the different instruments, no significant difference was observed for microcavity (p=0.76), irregular border (p=0.98) and burr (p=0.40). The R25 instrument showed a greater number of grooves compared to the others (p=0.0000*). RB25 showed higher scores than the R25(p=0.0002) and XP (p=0.01) instruments. Conclusion: All evaluated instruments showed defects/failures in the manufacturing process.Introduction: The quality control of endodontic instruments is extremely importantsince defects and failures on their surface, during their manufacturing process, can compromise the preparation of root canal. Objective: this study evaluated the presence of defects and failures in the manufacturing process on the surface of Reciproc (R25), Reciproc Blue (RB25) and XP endo-shaper (XP) instruments by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Materials and Methods: In total, sixty nickel titanium instruments (n=20): R25, RB25 and XP were evaluated in the scanning electron microscope in three regions: 0mm (tip of the instrument), 4mmand 7mm of the tip, with a magnification of 100x. The images were evaluated in relation to the number of manufacturing faults (irregular border, groove, microcavity and burr) and by a system of scores, from 1 to 4, where 1 is no defective area and 4, more than five areas with defects on the surface. The data were submitted to statistical analysis using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p<0.05). Results: Regarding the analysis by regions, significant differences were identified in most of the instruments. Comparing the different instruments, no significant difference was observed for microcavity (p=0.76), irregular border (p=0.98) and burr (p=0.40). The R25 instrument showed a greater number of grooves compared to the others (p=0.0000*). RB25 showed higher scores than the R25(p=0.0002) and XP (p=0.01) instruments. Conclusion: All evaluated instruments showed defects/failures in the manufacturing process.


Subject(s)
Dental Instruments/standards , Endodontics/instrumentation , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
9.
Dent. press endod ; 10(3): 49-55, Sept-Dec.2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344785

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O presente estudo usou micro-CT para avaliar a quantidade de material obturador remanescente em canais radiculares curvos que tinham sido obturados com cimento Endosequence BC/Cpoint ou com cimento AH/ guta-percha, depois do retratamento utilizando instrumentos rotatórios ou reciprocantes. Métodos: Sessenta canais mesiovestibulares de molares superiores foram instrumentados até MTwo #35.04. As amostras foram randomicamente alocadas em quatro grupos (n=15): os canais do G1 e G2 foram obturados com AH/guta-percha, e os canais do G3 e G4 foram obturados com BC/Cpoint. O material obturador foi removido usando instrumentos rotatórios ou reciprocantes ­ G1 e G3: R25 Reciproc + reinstrumentação com R40; e G2 e G4: Sistema ProTaper Universal Retratamento + reinstrumentação com MTwo 40.06. Micro-CTs foram usadas para medir a quantidade de material obturador remanescente (mm3 ) para o canal inteiro e para cada terço, em dois momentos: 1) após a remoção do material obturador; e 2) após a reinstrumentação. Resultados: Após a remoção do material obturador, BC/CPoint permaneceu mais dentro do canal do que AH/guta-percha quando o canal inteiro (29,92% x 19,25%, p=0,0290) e o terço apical foram analisados. Após a reinstrumentação, BC/CPoint permaneceu mais do que AH/guta-percha somente no terço apical. Protocolos de tratamento com instrumentos rotatórios ou reciprocantes removeram material obturador sem diferença para AH/guta-percha (G1 e G2: p> 0,05) e BC/CPoint (G3 e G4: p> 0,05). Conclusões: BC/Cpoint é mais difícil de ser removido de canais radiculares curvos do que AH/guta-percha. Instrumentos rotatórios e reciprocantes têm habilidade similar na remoção de material obturador (AU).


Objective: This study used micro-CT to evaluate the amount of remaining filling material in curved root canals obturated with Endosequence BC Sealer/Cpoint or AH/gutta-percha after a rotary or reciprocating retreatment. Methods: Sixty mesiobuccal canals of maxillary molars were instrumented up to MTwo #35.04. Samples were randomly assigned to four groups (n=15): canals from G1 and G2 were filled with AH/gutta-percha, and canals from G3 and G4 were filled with BC/Cpoint. Filling material was removed using rotary or reciprocating instruments: G1 and G3: R25 Reciproc + re-shaping with R40; and G2 and G4: ProTaper Universal Retreatment system + re-shaping with MTwo 40.06. Micro-CT was used to measure the remaining amount of filling material (mm3 ), for the whole canal, and for each third, in two moments: 1) after filling removal and 2) after canal re-shaping. Results: After filling removal, BC/CPoint remained more into the canal than AH/Gutta-percha when the whole canal (29.92% x 19.25%, p = 0.0290) and the apical third were analyzed. After re-shaping, BC/CPoint remained more than AH/Gutta-percha only in the apical third. Rotary or reciprocating retreatment protocols removed filling material without difference for AH/gutta-percha (G1 and G2: p > 0.05) and BC/CPoint (G3 and G4: p > 0.05). Conclusion: BC/Cpoint is more difficult to be removed from curved root canals than AH/gutta-percha. Reciprocating and rotary instruments have similar ability to remove filling material (AU).


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Biofilms , Dental Instruments , X-Ray Microtomography , Lifting , Retreatment , Gutta-Percha , Molar
10.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(3): 153-156, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147976

ABSTRACT

La alta incidencia de fracturas dentarias producidas a distancia del tratamiento endodóntico ha llevado a desarrollar cambios en los procedimientos operatorios, con el objeto de conservar la mayor cantidad de estructura dentaria durante la terapia de conductos radiculares. En relación con esta idea, el sistema TruNatomy trabaja sobre el concepto de endodoncia mínimamente invasiva. Una zona altamente sensible a ser considerada es el área pericervical, delimitada 4 mm por encima y 4 mm por debajo de la cresta ósea. El objetivo del presente informe es analizar las propiedades y las características técnicas del sistema de instrumentación Tru- Natomy y los cambios conceptuales que su utilización implica (AU)


The high incidence of dental fractures in the long-term after endodontic treatment has led to analyzed how to change the endodontic procedures to preserve the dental structure during root canal therapy. The TruNatomy system was developed based on the concept of Minimally Invasive Endodontics. A highly sensitive zone to be considered is the pericervical area, restricted to 4 mm above and 4 mm below the bone crest. The objective of this report is to analyze the properties and technical characteristics of the TruNatomy instrumentation system and the changes in the concepts in the clinical treatment procedures as a result of its use (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures/prevention & control , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Tooth Cervix
11.
Dent. press endod ; 10(2): 29-33, maio-ago.2020. Tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344315

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar três sistemas de instrumentação de NiTi, tratados termicamente, quanto ao número de condutos instrumentados até a fratura. Métodos: Foram utilizados 210 molares humanos inferiores e superiores com curvaturas leves a moderadas, comprimentos reais entre 19 e 21 mm e forames apicais até 200µm. Esses foram randomicamente divididos em três grupos de acordo com o sistema de instrumentação utilizado: Reciproc (REC; R25), ProDesign Duo Híbrido (PDH; #25/.01 e #25/.08) e TF Adaptive (TFA; #25/.08). Foram utilizados 5 instrumentos/kits de cada sistema. Registrou-se, então, o número de condutos instrumenta- dos até a fratura e o número de reinserções necessárias até o alcance do comprimento de trabalho. Resultados: A análise estatística apontou diferenças significativas quando comparada a durabilidade dos sistemas, tendo os instrumentos do grupo PDH oferecido os maiores valores (29,2), seguido de REC (21,6) e TFA (15,4) (p<0,05). Quanto ao número de reinserções, o sistema TFA foi o que necessitou do menor número de reinserções (p<0,05). Conclusão: Nas condições do estudo, pode-se concluir que o sistema ProDesign Duo Híbrido foi o mais durável; ainda que o sistema TF Adaptive tenha alcançado o comprimento de trabalho com maior facilidade


Objective: The present study compared three systems of thermally treated NiTi endodontic files regarding their achieved number of prepared root canals before fracture. Methods: Two hundred and ten slightly and moderately curved upper and lower molars with actual length ranging from 19 to 21 mm and apex foramens diameters up to 200 µm were used. The sample was allotted to three groups according to the instrumentation system in use: Reciproc (REC; R25), ProDesign Duo Hybrid (PDH; #25/.01 and #25/.08), and TF Adaptive (TFA; #25/.08). Five instruments/kits of each system were used. Then, it was registered the number of root canals prepared until the instrument fractured and the number of reinsertions needed until the working length was achieved. Results: The statistical analysis showed significant differences among the durability of the three systems, being the instruments of group PDH the ones that yielded higher reuses (29.2) followed by groups REC (21.6), and TFA (15.4) (P < .05). Regarding the number of insertions, the TFA system was the one that needed the lowest number of reinsertions (P < .05). Conclusion: Under this study conditions, ProDesign Duo Hybrid was the most durable system, whereas TF Adaptive system was the one that most easily achieved the working length.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fractures, Stress , Dental Instruments , Molar
12.
Dent. press endod ; 10(2): 42-47, maio-ago.2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344547

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a influência da liga (NiTi convencional e M-Wire) e do movimento (reciprocante e rotação contínua) na resistência à fadiga cíclica. Métodos: Quinze limas Reciproc R25 (VDW GmbH, Munique, Alemanha) foram usadas em movimento reciprocante (MR), enquanto trinta limas Mtwo 25.07 (VDW GmbH, Munique, Alemanha) foram usadas em MR (n=15) ou em rotação contínua (RC) (n=15). Os instrumentos foram submetidos a ensaios dinâmicos movidos por motor elétrico, que permitiram reproduzir o movimento de pecking motion, a 300rpm de velocidade. Os instrumentos simularam a instrumentação de um canal radicular curvo com 40o e 5mm de raio de curvatura. A fratura dos instrumentos foi detectada por um sensor digital, e o tempo e o número de ciclos foram registrados. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelos testes ANOVA e de Tukey (p<0,05). Resultados: Os instrumentos Reciproc R25 movidos por MR alcançaram número significativamente maior (p<0,05) de ciclos antes da fratura (1.777,68±334,2 ciclos), quando comparados aos instrumentos MT 25.07 movidos por MR (610,67±126,3 ciclos) ou RC (432,23±183,2 ciclos). Conclusões: O movimento reciprocante mostrou resistência à fadiga cíclica significativamente maior, e os instrumentos de NiTi M-Wire apresentaram maior resistência à fadiga cíclica do que os instrumentos rotatórios de NiTi convencional (AU).


Objective: The aim of present study was to evaluate the influence of alloy (conventional NiTi and M-Wire NiTi) and movement (reciprocating movement and continuous rotation) on resistance to cyclic fatigue. Methods: Fifteen Reciproc R25 files (VDW GmbH, Munich, Germany) were used in reciprocation motion (RM), while thirty MTwo 25/.07 files (VDW GmbH, Munich, Germany) were used either in RM (n=15) or in continuous rotation (CR) (n=15). The files were submitted to dynamic assays device moved by electric engine that allowed the reproduction of pecking motion under 300 rpm of speed. The files act simulating the instrumentation of a curved root canal with 40º and 5-mm of curvature radius. The fracture was detected by the device sensor and the time and number of cycles were obtained. Data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Tukeys tests (p<0.05). Results: The Reciproc R25 instruments moved by RM reached significantly higher number (p<0.05) of cycles before fracture (1777.68 ± 334.2 cycles) when compared with MTwo 25/.07 instruments moved by RM (610.67 ± 126.3 cycles) or CR (432.23 ± 183.2 cycles). Conclusions: The reciprocation motion showed significantly greater cyclic fatigue resistance and the M-Wire NiTi files showed higher cyclic fatigue resistance than conventional NiTi rotary files (AU).


Subject(s)
Rotation , Dental Instruments , Endodontics , Fatigue
13.
Dent. press endod ; 10(2): 48-59, maio-ago.2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344569

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O sucesso da terapia endodôntica depende não apenas de sua eficácia e conclusão adequada, mas também do mínimo desconforto do paciente. Objetivo: O objetivo dessa revisão sistemática e metanálise é avaliar o risco e a intensidade da dor endodôntica pós-instrumentação em pacientes adultos. Métodos: Uma pesquisa abrangente foi realizada no MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO e Cochrane Library e SIGLE, sem restrições. Também foram pesquisadas a conferência anual dos resumos da IADR (1990-2016) e o registro de ensaios não publicados e em andamento. As dissertações e teses foram pesquisadas utilizando-se os bancos de dados das dissertações ProQuest e das bases de teses Periódicos Capes. Apenas ensaios clínicos randomizados que compararam o risco ou a intensidade da dor resultante do tratamento endodôntico em pacientes adultos foram incluídos. Resultados: Após a remoção das duplicatas, 827 artigos foram identificados. Após a triagem do título e resumo, restaram 26 estudos, dos quais 13 foram ainda excluídos, permanecendo 10 para análise qualitativa e 7 para a metanálise. Não foi observada diferença significativa no risco/ intensidade da dor após o tratamento endodôntico nesse estudo. O risco de dor foi de 1,09, com intervalo de confiança de 95%, variando de 0,87 a 1,38 (p=0,45). A diferença padronizada g de Hedges nas médias da intensidade da dor após 24 horas foi de ­ 0,05, com intervalo de confiança variando de ­ 0,21 a 0,11 (p=0,53). Conclusões: Nessa metanálise, não foram encontradas diferenças no risco e na intensidade da dor após o tratamento endodôntico com ProTaper e outros sistemas rotatórios ou reciprocantes (AU).


Introduction: The success of endodontic therapy depends not merely on their efficacy and proper completion but also on minimal patient discomfort. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the risk and intensity of post instrumentation endodontic pain in adult patients. Methods: A comprehensive search was performed in the MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO and Cochrane Library and SIGLE without restrictions. The annual conference of the IADR abstracts (1990-2016), and unpublished and ongoing trials registry were also searched. Dissertations and theses were searched using the ProQuest Dissertations and the Periodicos Capes Theses Databases. Only randomized clinical trials that compared the risk or intensity of pain resulting from endodontic treatment in adult patients were included. Results: After the removal of duplicates, 827 articles were identified. After title and abstract screening, 26 studies remained. Thirteen studies were further excluded while 10 studies remained for qualitative analyses and 7 for the meta-analysis. No significant difference in the risk/intensity of pain after endodontic treatment was observed in this study. The risk of pain ratio was 1.09, with a 95% confidence interval of 0.87 to 1.38 (p = 0.45). The Hedges g standardized difference in means of pain intensity at 24 h was -0.05, with a confidence interval varying from -0.21 to 0.11 (p = 0.53). Conclusions: No differences in risk and intensity of pain after endodontic treatment with ProTaper and other rotatory or reciprocating systems were found in this meta-analysis (AU).


Subject(s)
Pain, Postoperative , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Patients , Dental Instruments
14.
Dent. press endod ; 10(2): 60-66, maio-ago.2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344589

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a resistência à fadiga cíclica e torcional dos sistemas reciprocantes WFile 25.07 (WF, TDKaFile, Cidade do México, México) e X1 Blue File 25.06 (X1 BF, MK Life, Porto Alegre, Bra- sil) à temperatura corporal. Material e Métodos: Foram utilizados 40 instrumentos reciprocantes WFile 25.07 (WF 25.07) e X1 BF 25.06 (n=20, cada grupo). O teste de fadiga cíclica foi realizada à temperatura corporal (36±1°C). Os instrumentos foram ativados com movimento reciprocante em um canal artificial de aço inoxidável com ângulo de 60o e 5mm de raio de curvatura (n=10). O teste torcional avaliou o torque e o ângulo de rotação necessários para a fratura dos instrumentos (n=10) nos 3mm iniciais da parte ativa do instrumento, de acordo com a norma ISO 3630-1. Os fragmentos fraturados foram avaliados em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). Os dados obtidos foram submetidos aos testes estatísticos de Kolmogorov-Smirnov e t de Student, sendo utilizado o nível de significância de 5%. Resultado: O X1BF25.06 apresentou maior tempo e número de ciclos para a fratura do que o WF 25.07 (p<0,05). O teste de torção demonstrou que o WF 25.07 apresentou maior torque do que o X1 BF 25.06 (p<0,05). Em relação ao ângulo de rotação, o X1 BF 25.06 apresentou maiores valores do que o WF 25.07 (p<0,05). Conclusão: O X1 BF apresentou maior resistência à fadiga cíclica e maior ângulo para a fratura do que o WF 25.07. Entretanto, o WF 25.07 apresentou maior torque para a fratura do que o X1 BF 25.06 (AU).


Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cyclic and torsional fatigue resistance of reciprocating single-file systems W File 25.07 (WF, TDKaFile, Mexico City, Mexico) and X1 Blue File 25.06 (X1 BF, MK Life, Porto Alegre, Brazil) at body temperature. Materials and Methods: Forty reciprocating instruments of the W File 25.07 (WF 25.07) and X1 BF 25.06 (n=20) were used. Cyclic fatigue tests were performed at body temperature (36° ± 1°C). The instruments were reciprocated until fracture occurred in an artificial stainless steel canal with a 600 angle and a 5-mm radius of curvature (n=10). The torsional test evaluated the torque and angle of rotation at failure of new instruments (n=10) in the portion 3 mm from the tip according to ISO 3630-1. The fractured surface of each fragment was observed by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests, and the level of significance was set at 5%. Results: X1 BF 25.06 had significantly higher time and NCF to failure than WF 25.07 (P<0.05). The torsional test showed that WF 25.07 had significantly greater torsional strength (p<0.05). In relation to angular rotation, the X1 BF 25.06 showed higher angular rotation values to failure than WF 25.07 (p<0.05). Conclusion: The X1 BF 25.06 had the highest cyclic fatigue resistance and highest angular rotation values to fracture in comparison with WF 25.07. However, WF 25.07 showed higher torsional resistance to fracture than X1 BF 25.06 (AU).


Subject(s)
Dental Instruments , Endodontics , Torsion, Mechanical , Titanium , Fatigue , Nickel
15.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(2): e018, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1119296

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Las limas rotatorias de níquel-titanio con tratamiento termomecánico se desarrollaron para permitir una mayor flexibilidad al instrumentar los conductos radiculares. Los instrumentos permitieron a los operadores tratar las curvaturas de los conductos con mayor facilidad. Los fabricantes están tratando de producir limas que funcionen de manera más eficiente y segura. Conocer las propiedades de las limas comercializadas es especialmente importante porque ayuda a elegir un sistema de lima apropiado. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la flexibilidad de tres limas diferentes de níquel-titanio (NiTi) con tratamiento termomecánico en dos puntos diferentes. Materiales y métodos: Se midió la flexibilidad de tres limas NiTi con tratamiento termomecánico (ProTaper Gold, 2Shape y V-Taper Fanta Gold). Cada lima fue sujetada a 3 mm y 7 mm (n = 10/longitud/lima) y se utilizó una máquina de ensayo universal para doblarla a una fuerza máxima. Todos los datos fueron analizados estadísticamente por análisis de varianza de una vía y prueba de Tukey post hoc (p = 0,05) para determinar cualquier diferencia significativa. Resultados: Se halló diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p < 0,05). En general, V-Taper Fanta Gold fue la más rígida, ProTaper Gold mostró los mayores valores de fuerza y su deformación fue significativamente más flexible. Conclusión: Las limas ProTaper Gold mostraron una mayor flexibilidad en comparación con las otras limas estudiadas. (AU)


Background: Nickel-titanium rotary files with thermomechanical treatment were developed to allow greater flexibility when instrumenting the root canals. The instruments allowed operators to deal with duct curvatures more easily. Manufacturers are trying to produce files that work better efficiently and safely. Knowing the properties of marketed files is especially important in helping you choose an appropriate file system. The objective of this study was to evaluate the flexibility of three different nickel-titanium (NiTi) files with thermomechanical treatment at two different points along the file. Materials and methods: The flexibility of three NiTi files with thermomechanical treatment (Protaper Gold, 2Shape and V-Taper Fanta Gold) was measured. Each file was clamped at 3 mm and 7 mm (n = 10 / length / file) and a universal testing machine was used to bend the files to a maximum strength. All data were statistically analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and post-hoc Tukey test (P = 0.05) to determine any significant differences. Results: There were statistically significant differences (P <0.05). In general, V-Taper Fanta Gold was the most rigid, Protaper Gold showed the highest values of force and deformation was significantly more flexible. Conclusión: Protaper Gold files showed greater flexibility compared to the other files studied. (AU)


Subject(s)
Titanium , Pliability , Dental Instruments , Alloys , Nickel
16.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 46-51, mayo-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121108

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Comparar ex vivo la eficacia del instrumento XP-endo Finisher y del sistema EndoActivator en la reducción/eliminación del biofilm microbiano en conductos radiculares infectados. Materiales y métodos: Se utilizaron 23 premolares inferiores humanos extraídos cuya longitud fue estandarizada en 17 mm. Todos los conductos se prepararon con el sistema WaveOne Gold Medium (#35.06). Los dientes se esterilizaron, se inocularon con Enterococcus faecalis y se separaron en dos grupos experimentales de 10 piezas cada uno. De los 3 dientes remanentes, 1 fue utilizado como control positivo y 2, como controles negativos. En el grupo 1, las soluciones irrigantes se agitaron con XP-endo Finisher. En el grupo 2, se utilizó EndoActivator. Se tomaron muestras antes de la contaminación, luego de esta y después de la agitación de los irrigantes mediante conos de papel estériles. La carga microbiana fue sembrada en agar sangre y los conos se cultivaron en caldo tripteína de soja. La remoción de la carga microbiana se determinó por la presencia o ausencia de turbiedad del medio. Las unidades formadoras de colonias (UFC) remanentes se cuantificaron y los resultados se categorizaron como R1 (≤10 UFC) o R2 (>10 UFC). Los datos fueron analizados mediante la prueba de Fisher. Resultados: No hubo diferencias significativas entre XP-endo Finisher y EndoActivator (P>0,05). El número de usos no influyó sobre la capacidad operativa de ambos instrumentos (AU)


Aim: To compare ex vivo the effectiveness of the XP-endo Finisher and the EndoActivator in biofilm reduction/ removal from infected root canals. Materials and methods: Twenty three extracted human single-rooted lower premolars were selected and standardised to 17 mm in length. All the canals were prepared with WaveOne Gold Medium reciprocating files (#35.06). The teeth were autoclaved and inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis. The infected teeth were then assigned to 2 experimental groups of 10 teeth each according to the final irrigation/agitation protocol. Of the three remaining teeth, one was used as a positive control, and the other two were used as negative controls. In Group 1 the irrigating solutions were agitated with XP-endo Finisher while in Group 2 the EndoActivator was used. All root canals were sampled before and after contamination, and again after irrigant agitation with sterile paper points. The microbial load was spread on blood agar plates and the paper points were cultured in sterile trypticase soy broth. The removal of the microbial load was determined by visual observation of the turbidity of the media and by quantification of the number of colony-forming units (UFC). The results were categorized as R1 (≤10 UFC) or R2 (>10 UFC). Data were analysed by the Fisher's exact test at P<0.05. Results: No significant differences was found between XP-endo Finisher and EndoActivator (P>0.05) regarding their effectiveness in the reduction/removal of the microbial biofilm. The number of uses of both instruments did not affect their operative performance (AU) Conclusion: XPF and EA were both equally effective for microbial biofilm reduction/removal from ex vivo infected root canals (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Dental High-Speed Equipment , Biofilms , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , In Vitro Techniques , Colony Count, Microbial/methods , Efficacy , Statistical Analysis , Enterococcus faecalis/isolation & purification , Culture Media
18.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 39(1): 43-51, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119413

ABSTRACT

Um dos meios eficazes para evitar a contaminação cruzada dentro dos consultórios odontológicos é a correta esterilização dos materiais pelo uso de autoclaves. O monitoramento desses equipamentos constitui estratégia importante no controle dos serviços prestados pela vigilância sanitária. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi comprovar a eficiência de autoclaves de consultórios odontológicos privados de cinco cidades diferentes do interior de Mato Grosso do Sul. O monitoramento das autoclaves foi realizado utilizando-se indicadores biológicos Clean-Test®. Das 37 autoclaves analisadas, apenas 2 apresentaram falhas do processo de esterilização.


One of the most effective ways to avoid cross-contamination inside dental offices is the correct sterilization of materials. The monitoring of this equipment is an important strategy in controlling the services provided by health surveillance. The objective of the present work was to prove the efficiency of autoclaves of autoclaves in private dental offices in five different cities in the interior of Mato Grosso of Sul. The monitoring of the autoclaves was performed using CleanTest® biological indicators. Of the 37 autoclaves analyzed, only 2 showed flaws in the sterilization process.


Subject(s)
Sterilization/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Biological Monitoring , Equipment Contamination/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Offices
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190145, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056576

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ultrasonic wave technology is widely used during dental treatments. We previously demonstrated that this method protects the gingival tissue. However, the physiological change on the gingival microvasculature caused by this method remains unclear. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the morphological and physiological effects on gingival microcirculation when preparing teeth, using the conventional dental turbine or ultrasonic method. Methodology The lower premolar teeth of beagle dogs were prepared along the gingival margin by using a dental turbine or ultrasonic wave instrument. Gingival vasculature changes were investigated using scanning electron microscopy for corrosion resin casts. Gingival blood flow at the preparation site was determined simultaneously by laser Doppler flowmetry. These assessments were performed immediately (Day 0), at 7 days and 30 days after tooth preparation. Results At day 0, in the turbine group, blood vessels were destroyed and some resin leaked. Furthermore, gingival blood flow at the site was significantly increased. In contrast, the ultrasonic group demonstrated nearly normal vasculature and gingival blood flow similar to the non-prepared group for 30 days after preparation. No significant alterations occurred in gingival circulation 30 days after either preparation; however, the turbine group revealed obvious morphological changes. Conclusions Based on multiple approach analyses, this study demonstrated that ultrasonic waves are useful for microvascular protection in tooth preparation. Compared with a dental turbine, ultrasonic wave instruments caused minimal damage to gingival microcirculation. Tooth preparation using ultrasonic wave instruments could be valuable for protecting periodontal tissue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Dogs , Tooth Preparation/instrumentation , Ultrasonic Waves , Gingiva/blood supply , Microcirculation/physiology , Time Factors , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Clinical Protocols , Reproducibility of Results , Laser-Doppler Flowmetry/methods , Tooth Preparation/methods , Dental Instruments
20.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135548

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the difference in torsional resistance, angular deflection and fragment length between two new rotary instruments: AF Blue S4 and S-One. These files share all features except cross-sectional design. Material and Methods: A total of 40 new Nickel-Titanium instruments of 25 mm in length were tested in this study and divided in two groups: 20 AF Blue S4, tip 25 and constant 6% taper and 20 AF-Blue S4 tip 25 and constant 6% taper. The torsional test was performed by the use of a torque recording endodontic motor (KaVo, Biberac, Germany). Torque to Fracture (TtF), Angular Deflection (AD) and Fragment Length (FL) was recorded for each instrument. To ensure an immovable block at 3mm of the instrument tip, an auto-polymerizing resin (DuraLay; Reliance Dental Mfg Co, Worth, IL) was used. Each file was rotated clockwise at a speed of 300 rpm until fracture occurred. Results: Group A (AF Blue S4) showed higher TtF and AD than Group B (S-One), and statistical analysis found significant differences between the two instruments (p<0.05). The mean values for FL showed no significant differences (p>0.05) between the two instruments. Conclusion: The AF Blue S4 seems to have a higher resistance to torsional stress in vitro. Clinically, the use of AF Blue S4 could be safer in narrow canals.


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , In Vitro Techniques , Torque , Dental Alloys , Torsion, Mechanical , Titanium , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dental Instruments , Endodontics/instrumentation , Italy/epidemiology , Nickel
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL