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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225136, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354771

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the influence of cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) coping fabrication methods and ceramic application on the marginal and internal fit of metal-ceramic crowns. Methods: Co-Cr copings for metal-ceramic crowns were prepared by lost wax casting or CAD-CAM machining of sintered blocks. The fit was analyzed using the silicone replica technique at four assessment points: marginal gap (MG), axial wall (AW), axio-occlusal (AO) angle, and central occlusal (CO) wall. After the initial analysis, the copings were ceramic-veneered with the layering technique, and the fit was again determined. Data were statistically analyzed by paired and unpaired Student's-t test (α=0.05). Results: Marginal and internal fit before ceramic application according to the coping manufacturing method showed significant differences only at CO (p < 0.001), with milled copings (137.98±16.71 µm) showing higher gap values than cast copings (112.86±8.57 µm). For cast copings, there were significant differences at MG (before 109.13±8.79 µm; after 102.78±7.18 µm) and CO (before 112.86±8.57 µm; after 104.07±10.63 µm) when comparing the fit before and after ceramic firing. For milled copings, there was significant difference only at AO (before 116.39±9.64 µm; after 108.54±9.26 µm). Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the coping fabrication method influenced the internal fit. Ceramic firing maintained or improved the fit of the metal-ceramic crowns. The marginal discrepancy of all restorations, before and after ceramic firing, can be considered clinically acceptable


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Crowns
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e214873, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254742

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the marginal fit of lithium disilicate CAD/CAM crowns and heat-pressed crowns fabricated using milled wax patterns, and evaluate its effect on stress distribution in implantsupported rehabilitation. Methods: A CAD model of a mandibular first molar was designed, and 16 lithium disilicate crowns (8/group) were obtained. The crown-prosthetic abutment set was evaluated in a scanning electron microscopy. The mean misfit for each group was recorded and evaluated using Student's t-test. For in silico analysis, a virtual cement thickness was designed for the two misfit values found previously, and the CAD model was assembled on an implant-abutment set. A load of 100 N was applied at 30° on the central fossa, and the equivalent stress was calculated for the crown, titanium components, bone, and resin cement layer. Results: The CAD/CAM group presented a significantly (p=0.0068) higher misfit (64.99±18.73 µm) than the heat-pressed group (37.64±15.66 µm). In silico results showed that the heat-pressed group presented a decrease in stress concentration of 61% in the crown and 21% in the cement. In addition, a decrease of 14.5% and an increase of 7.8% in the stress for the prosthetic abutment and implant, respectively, was recorded. For the cortical and cancellous bone, a slight increase in stress occurred with an increase in the cement layer thickness of 5.9% and 5.7%, respectively. Conclusion: The milling of wax patterns for subsequent inclusion and obtaining heat-pressed crowns is an option to obtain restorations with an excellent marginal fit and better stress distribution throughout the implant-abutment set


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Finite Element Analysis , Dental Materials
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-14, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282177

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate fracture resistance and survival rate of IPS Empress CAD versus Polished Celtra Duo ceramic laminate veneers. Material and Methods:Thirty-six ceramic laminate veneers were fabricated for maxillary anterior teeth. The patients were divided into two groups according to the material Group 1(control group) fabricated from IPS Empress CAD laminate veneers and group 2 (intervention group) fabricated from Polished Celtra Duo laminate veneers. Standardized the same preparation with butt joint design and chamfer finish line located supra gingival were performed for all the teeth. The fabrication of the veneers was performed using Cad\Cam (Ceramill motion) machine, with software (Exocad). The veneers surfaces were treated and silanated according to the manufacture instruction of each ceramic and enamel surfaces were etched where total etch adhesive protocol was obeyed using BISCO. Follow up sessions were done every two months up to one year for each patient using dental probe and operator vision to evaluate the fracture, survival rate, marginal adaptation, sensitivity and caries. according to USPHS criteria (United States Public Health Service). This was performed by an experienced, blinded investigator. Results: Fracture resistance, marginal adaptation, retention, caries and sensitivity were evaluated according to the criteria of USPHS and we found there is no significant difference as both groups scaled zero score. Conclusion: Both IPS Empress Cad and Polished Celtra Duo laminate veneers revealed successful clinical performance in terms of fracture resistance, marginal adaptation, retention, and sensitivity after one year follow up period (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar a resistência à fratura e a taxa de sobrevivência de laminados de cerâmica IPS Empress CAD versus Celtra Duo polidos. Material e Métodos: Trinta e seis facetas cerâmicas laminadas foram confeccionadas para dentes anteriores superiores. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos de acordo com o material Grupo 1 (grupo controle) confeccionado com laminados IPS Empress CAD e grupo 2 (grupo intervenção) confeccionado com laminados Celtra Duo polidos. A mesma forma de preparo e acabamento de chanfro localizado supra-gengival padronizados foram realizados para todos os dentes. A confecção das facetas foi realizada em máquina Cad \ Cam (Ceramill motion), com software (Exocad). As superfícies laminadas foram tratadas e silanizadas de acordo com as instruções do fabricante de cada cerâmica e as superfícies de esmalte foram condicionadas seguindo o protocolo adesivo de condicionamento ácido total com BISCO. Sessões de acompanhamento foram realizadas a cada dois meses durante um ano para cada paciente usando sonda exploradora e visão do operador para avaliar a fratura, taxa de sobrevivência, adaptação marginal, sensibilidade e cárie; de acordo com os critérios USPHS (Serviço de Saúde Pública dos Estados Unidos). Isso foi realizado por um investigador experiente e cego. Resultados: a resistência à fratura, adaptação marginal, retenção, cárie e sensibilidade foram avaliadas de acordo com os critérios da USPHS e não encontramos diferença significativa, pois ambos os grupos escalonaram pontuação zero. Conclusão: As facetas laminadas IPS Empress Cad e Celtra Duo polido revelaram desempenho clínico bem-sucedido em termos de resistência à fratura, adaptação marginal, retenção e sensibilidade após um período de acompanhamento de um ano. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Caries , Dental Veneers , Dentin Sensitivity , Flexural Strength
4.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-8, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1145442

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Estudos demostraram que a zircônia monolítica um dos materiais restauradores desenvolvidos recentemente, resolveu vários problemas de restauração de zircônia. Portanto, a precisão marginal e o ajuste interno são necessários para o sucesso clinico e para a qualidade da restauração, e o espaço do cimento pode influenciar o ajuste marginal. Assim, o presente estudo teve como objetivo investigar os efeitos da espessura do cimento e o tipo de restauração na discrepância marginal. Material e métodos: foram usadas para fabricação de coroa total. Dois tipos de materiais incluindo Zirconia monolítica (Zolid) e Sintron foram usadas para produzir a coroa total. As amostras de cada grupo foram digitalizadas em laboratório dentário por um scanner 3D, projetadas e acessadas usando CAD-CAM. As amostras foram divididas em quatro grupos de cinco com espaço de 30 e 50 mícrons de cimento. Para avaliar a discrepância marginal, as coroas foram colocadas em seus respectivos dentes sem o uso de qualquer intermediário e examinados em micro-CT. Os dados foram avaliados pelo software SPSS. Resultados: Descobriu-se que a discrepância marginal do Sintron é maior que a discrepância da zircônia monolítica. Na verdade, a zircônia monolítica com espaço de 50 µm de cimento exibiu uma menor discrepância marginal, e o espaço de cimento do Sintron não influenciou significantemente na discrepância marginal. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que os tipos de material e o espaço do cimento influencia na discrepância marginal da restauração construída pelo fluxo digital (AU)


Objective: Studies demonstrated that as one of then ewly developed restorative materials, monolithic zirconia resolved several issues of zirconia restoration. Therefore, marginal accuracy and internal fit are necessary for clinical success and quality of restorations, and cement space may influence the marginal fit. Thus, the present research aimed to investigate the effects of the cement thickness and kind of restoration on the marginal discrepancy. Material and methods: In this study, 20 maxillary left first molars, prepared by DRSK Co., were used to fabricate a full crown. Two types of material included monolithic zirconia (Zolid) and Sintron were used to make a full crown. Samples from each group were scanned by dental laboratory 3D scanner and designed and processed using CAD-CAM. The samples were divided into four groups of five with 30-and 50- µm cement spaces. In order to assess the vertical marginal discrepancy, the crowns were fittedon their respective teeth without using any mediator and examined by a micro-CT scanner. Data were analyzed by SPSS software. Results: It has been found that marginal discrepancy in Sintron is higher than the discrepancy of monolithic zirconia. In fact, monolithic zirconia with 50-micron cement space exhibited the least marginal discrepancy and the cement space in Sintron did not significantly influence the marginal discrepancy. Conclusion: It has been concluded that the material kinds and cement space influence the restoration marginal discrepancy constructed by digital workflow (AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Cements , X-Ray Microtomography
5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-13, 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1280983

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare gross fracture, patient satisfaction and marginal adaptation of anterior endocrowns restoring endodontically treated anterior teeth fabricated from IPS e.max press and CERASMART hybrid ceramics. Material and Methods: A total of 24 patients were selected to receive an aesthetic endocrown for an upper tooth in the aesthetic zone (central incisor, lateral and canine).The 24 patients were divided into two groups (n= 12 each), where Group 1, the control group, received an IPS e.max press anterior endocrown and Group 2, theintervention group, received a CERASMART anterior endocrown. After cementation all patients were followed up at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. During each follow-up examination, United States Public Health Servicecriteria were adopted for clinical evaluation to score margin integrity and gross fracture. Questionnaires were also used to evaluate the patients' satisfaction and potential postoperative discomfort. The X2 or Fisher's Exact test were used to compare qualitative variables in the two groups and Friedman's test was used to study the changes over time within each group. The significance level was set at P≤ 0.05. Results: With regard to gross fracture and marginal integrity, there was no statistically significant difference at any time interval between IPS e.max press and CERASMART endocrowns. All patients reported being satisfied with their restorations until the end of the follow-up period. Conclusions: CERASMART anterior endocrowns provided a promising treatment modality compared to IPS e.max press anterior endocrowns. (AU)


Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar e comparar a fratura grosseira, a satisfação do paciente e a adaptação marginal de endocrowns em dentes anteriores tratados endodonticamente, fabricados a partir de IPS e.max press e cerâmicas híbridas CERASMART. Material e Métodos: Um total de 24 pacientes foi selecionado para receber endocrown em um dente superior na zona estética (incisivo central, lateral e canino). Os 24 pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos (n = 12 cada), onde o Grupo 1, o grupo controle, recebeu uma endocrown anterior IPS e.max press e o Grupo 2, o grupo de intervenção, recebeu uma endocrown anterior CERASMART. Após a cimentação, todos os pacientes foram acompanhados em 3, 6, 9 e 12 meses. Durante cada exame de acompanhamento, os critérios do Serviço de Saúde Pública dos Estados Unidos foram adotados para avaliação clínica para pontuar integridade de margem e fratura grosseira. Questionários também foram usados para avaliar a satisfação dos pacientes e potencial desconforto pós-operatório. O teste X2 ou teste de Fisher foi usado para comparar as variáveis qualitativas nos dois grupos, e o teste de Friedman foi usado para estudar as mudanças ao longo do tempo dentro de cada grupo. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em P≤ 0,05. Resultados: Com relação à fratura grosseira e integridade marginal, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa em qualquer intervalo de tempo entre os endocrowns IPS e.max press e CERASMART. Todos os pacientes relataram estar satisfeitos com suas restaurações até o final do período de acompanhamento. Conclusão: os endocrowns anteriores CERASMART proporcionaram uma modalidade de tratamento promissora em comparação com os endocrowns anteriores IPS e.max press. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Satisfaction , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Tooth, Nonvital
6.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4, suppl 1): 1-12, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1349346

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of this double-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the clinical performance of two methacrylate-based flowable composite and ormocer-based flowable composite in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) of adult patients. Material and Methods: 183 restorations were performed on NCCLs using the Futurabond U adhesive system, applied in the selective enamel etching mode in all cavities. After the adhesive application, the cavities were restored with one out of the three evaluated flowable composites (n = 61 per group): ormocer-based flowable composite (Admira Fusion Flow, ORM), low viscosity methacrylate-based composite (GrandioSO Flow, LV) and high viscosity methacrylate-based composite (GrandioSO Heavy Flow, HV). After 12 months of clinical performance, these restorations were evaluated according to FDI and USPHS criteria in the following items: retention/fracture, marginal adaptation, marginal staining, postoperative sensitivity and caries recurrence. Results: eight restorations were lost/fractured after 12 months of clinical evaluation (1 in the ORM and 7 in the HV group). The retention rates for 12- months (95% confidence interval) were 98.4% (91.3%-99.7%) for the ORM group, 100% (94.5%-100%) for the LV group and 88.5% (78.1%-94.3%) for the HV group, with no statistical difference identified between any pair of groups (p > 0.05). Five restorations presented small marginal adaptation defects at the 12-months evaluation recall, and all of them were considered clinically acceptable. Conclusion: The clinical performance of the universal adhesive associated to ormocer-based or methacrylate-based flowable composite were found to be promising after 12-month of clinical evaluation (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo clínico duplo-cego randomizado foi comparar as taxas de retenção de um compósito fluido à base de Ormocer versus dois compósitos fluidos à base de metacrilato quando utilizados em lesões cervicais não cariosas (LCNCs) de pacientes adultos. Material e Métodos: 183 restaurações foram realizadas em LCNCs utilizando o sistema adesivo Futurabond U, aplicado no modo de condicionamento seletivo do esmalte em todas as cavidades. Após a aplicação do adesivo, as cavidades foram restauradas com um dos três compósitos fluidos avaliados (n = 61 por grupo): compósito fluido à base de ormocer (Admira Fusion Flow, ORM), compósito à base de metacrilato de baixa viscosidade (GrandioSO Flow, LV) e compósito à base de metacrilato de alta viscosidade (GrandioSO Heavy Flow, HV). Após 12 meses de desempenho clínico, essas restaurações foram avaliadas de acordo com os critérios FDI e USPHS nos seguintes itens: retenção / fratura, adaptação marginal, coloração marginal, sensibilidade pós-operatória e recorrência de cárie. Resultados: oito restaurações foram perdidas / fraturadas após 12 meses de avaliação clínica (1 no grupo ORM e 7 no grupo HV). As taxas de retenção por 12 meses (intervalo de confiança de 95%) foram 98,4% (91,3% -99,7%) para o grupo ORM, 100% (94,5% -100%) para o grupo LV e 88,5% (78,1% -94,3%) para o grupo HV, sem diferença estatística identificada entre nenhum par de grupos (p> 0,05). Cinco restaurações apresentaram pequenos defeitos de adaptação marginais no período de avaliação de 12 meses, e todas foram consideradas clinicamente aceitáveis. Conclusão: O desempenho clínico do adesivo universal associado ao compósito fluido à base de ormocer ou metacrilato mostrou-se promissor após 12 meses de avaliação clínica(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Clinical Trial , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Restoration, Temporary
7.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4, suppl 1): 1-13, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1349349

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To compare the clinical performance of milled PEEK-based single crowns to zirconia veneered single crowns through evaluation of restoration fracture, margin adaptation, and patient satisfaction. Material and Method: Twenty-four full coverage crowns were fabricated for posterior teeth. The patients were divided into two groups according to crowns' material: Group 1(control group) patients received Zr veneered crowns and Group2 (intervention group) patients received Bio HPP crowns. The preparations were standardized with supra-gingival, chamfer finish line for all teeth. The try-in and provisionalization were performed using CAD/CAM (CAM5-S1) machine with software (Exocad). The restorations were veneered according to manufactures instructions. The restoration surfaces were treated according to the manufacture instructions for each material. Self-adhesive resin cement (by BISCO) was used for both groups for crowns cementation. Fracture, margin integrity and biocompatibility (shade and function) were also evaluated during each recall visit using questionnaire to determine patient satisfaction. These measurements were repeated after two, four, six, eight, ten and twelve months respectively. Results: Fisher's Exact test was used to compare between the two groups; There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P-value = 1.000, Effect size = 0.478) for each time period, respectively. Conclusions: Both Zr veneered and Bio HPP crowns revealed successful clinical performance from the clinical performance aspect and patient satisfaction. No significant difference was recorded between the two materials; regarding the clinical performance and patient satisfaction. Therefore, careful checking of the surface of the veneering material one-year post-cementation is recommended (AU)


Objetivo: Comparar o desempenho clínico de coroas unitárias fresadas à base de PEEK com coroas unitárias estratificadas de zircônia por meio da avaliação da fratura da restauração, adaptação marginal e satisfação do paciente. Material e Métodos: Vinte e quatro coroas totais posteriores foram confeccionadas. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos de acordo com o material das coroas: os pacientes do Grupo 1 (grupo controle) receberam coroas estratificadas de Zr e os pacientes do Grupo 2 (grupo de intervenção) receberam coroas BioHPP. Os preparos foram padronizados com linha de término supragengival e chanfro para todos os dentes. O try-in e a provisionalização foram realizados em máquina CAD / CAM (CAM5-S1) com software (Exocad). As restaurações foram estratificadas de acordo com as instruções do fabricante. As superfícies da restauração foram tratadas de acordo com as instruções do fabricante de cada material. O cimento resinoso autoadesivo (BISCO) foi utilizado para a cimentação das coroas em ambos os grupos. Fratura, integridade marginal e biocompatibilidade (tonalidade e função) também foram avaliadas durante cada consulta de retorno usando um questionário para determinar a satisfação do paciente. Essas medições foram repetidas após dois, quatro, seis, oito, dez e doze meses, respectivamente. Resultados: o teste exato de Fisher foi usado para comparação entre os dois grupos; não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os dois grupos (P-valor = 1,000, tamanho do efeito = 0,478) para cada período de tempo, respectivamente. Conclusão: As coroas estratificadas de Zr e BioHPP revelaram um desempenho clínico bem-sucedido do ponto de vista do desempenho clínico e da satisfação do paciente. Nenhuma diferença significativa foi registrada entre os dois materiais; quanto ao desempenho clínico e satisfação do paciente. Portanto, recomenda-se a verificação cuidadosa da superfície do material de estratificação após um ano de cimentação.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Crowns , Flexural Strength
8.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 77-82, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252984

ABSTRACT

A pesar de los avances e innovaciones de los materiales dentales, la microfiltración marginal y la contracción durante la polimerización continúan siendo una de las causas principales del fracaso de los tratamientos en odontología restauradora. Un sellado marginal correcto será posible cuando las fuerzas de adhesión superen las fuerzas generadas por la contracción de polimerización y las fuerzas generadas por los cambios dimensionales térmicos posteriores a la polimerización, por lo que investigaciones previas demostraron que estas limitaciones pueden ser superadas con el uso de resinas Bulk Fill como material de relleno de cavidades extensas y profundas de dientes posteriores. Estas resinas. de relleno masivo, están recibiendo atención, principalmente porque se pueden colocar, a diferencia de las resinas convencionales, en incrementos de 4 mm sin afectar la contracción de la polimerización, la adaptación de la cavidad o el grado de conversión. El objetivo de la presente revisión bibliográfica es describir la contracción de polimerización y la consecuente filtración marginal que sufren las resinas compuestas para el sector posterior Bulk Fill con base de datos de la literatura (AU)


Despite advances and innovations in dental materials, marginal microfiltration and shrinkage during polymerization continue to be one of the main causes of treatment failure in Restorative Dentistry. A correct marginal seal will be possible when the adhesion forces exceed the forces generated by polymerization contraction and the forces generated by post-polymerization thermal dimensional changes, for which previous research has shown that these limitations can be overcome with the use of Bulk Fill resins as filling material for large and deep posterior tooth cavities, these massive filling resins are receiving attention mainly because they can be placed, unlike conventional resins, in 4 mm increments without affecting polymerization shrinkage. , cavity adaptation or degree of conversion. The objective of the present bibliographic review is to describe the polymerization contraction and consequent marginal filtration suffered by Composite Resins for the Bulk Fill posterior sector with a literature database (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins , Dental Leakage , Polymerization , Materials Testing , Physical and Chemical Properties , Dental Cavity Preparation , Dental Restoration, Permanent/instrumentation
9.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-8, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178045

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O estudo foi realizado para comparar a eficácia da retenção hidrofóbica e hidrofílica de selante de fóssulas e fissuras entre crianças de 7 a 10 anos de idade escolar. Material e métodos: O presente estudo randomizado de boca dividida foi realizado nas superfícies oclusais dos primeiros molares inferiores permanentes para comparação e avaliação da retenção junto com outras variáveis de resultado, como a cor, descoloração marginal, adaptação marginal, forma anatômica, sensibilidade pós-operatória, formação de cárie e rugosidade de superfícia de selantes hidrofóbicos e hidrofílicos de fóssulas e fissuras no 3º e 6º mês de aplicação. Os dados foram analisados usando o software SPSS e os resultados foram obtidos. Resultados: No presente estudo, entre as 50 restaurações com selantes hidrofóbico de fóssulas e fissuras (Grupo I), 48 (96%) das restaurações ficaram retidas no final do terceiro mês e 45 (90%) ficaram retidas no final do sexto mês. Entre as 50 restaurações nos selantes de fóssulas e fissuras hidrofílicas (Grupo II), 49 (98%) restaurações ficaram retidas no final do terceiro mês e 46 (92%) no final do sexto mês ficaram retidas. Não houve diferença significativa no número de restaurações totalmente retidas ao final de seis meses (p = 1,00) entre os dois grupos. A avaliação de todas as outras variáveis entre as duas intervenções mostrou que a diferença não foi estatisticamente significativa. Conclusão: O estudo concluiu que o selante de fóssulas e fissuras hidrofílico era semelhante ao selante de fóssulas e fissuras hidrofóbicas em termos de retenção, combinação de cor, descoloração marginal, adaptação marginal, forma anatômica e rugosidade de superfície. (AU)


Introduction: The study was done to compare the effectiveness of hydrophobic and hydrophilic pit and fissure sealant retention among 7-10 year old school children. Material and Methods: The present split mouth randomized trial was conducted on the occlusal surfaces of permanent first mandibular molars to compare and assess the retention along with other outcome variables like colour match, marginal discolouration, marginal adaptation, anatomic form, post-operative sensitivity, caries formation and surface roughness properties of Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic pit and fissure sealants at 3rdand 6th month. The data was compiled and analyzed using SPSS software and results were generated. Results: In the present study among the 50 restorations in the hydrophobic pit and fissure sealants (Group I), 48 (96%) restorations were retained at the end of third month and 45(90%) were retained at the end of sixth month. Among the 50 restorations in the hydrophilic pit and fissure sealants (Group II), 49(98%) restorations were retained at the end of third month, and 46(92%) at the end of sixth month were retained. There was no significant difference in the number of completely retained restorations at the end of six months (p = 1.00) among both the groups. The assessment of all the other outcome variables between both the interventions showed that the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: The study concluded that the hydrophilic pit and fissure sealant was similar to the hydrophobic pit and fissure sealant in terms of retention, colour match, marginal discolouration, marginal adaptation, anatomic form and surface roughness properties with (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Tooth , Dental Marginal Adaptation
10.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-12, 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1177776

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess patient satisfaction, gross fracture and marginal adaptation of e.max press endocrowns versus e.max press crowns retained with Fiber reinforced composite post (FRCP) and core in upper anterior teeth. Material and methods: The present study included 24 patients seeking root canal treatment in anterior upper arch. The patients received root canal treatment (RCT) then they were randomly assigned into two groups (n=12). The first group received preparation for the IPS e.max crowns retained with FRCP and core and the second group received preparation for the IPS e.max endocrowns. Press technique was used for the fabrication of both restorations using IPS e.max press ingots. Marginal integrity and gross fracture were evaluated using USPHS criteria and a questionnaire was conducted to evaluate patient satisfaction. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 23.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Results: There was no statistical significant difference regarding gross fracture of both groups after 12 months (p-value = 0.093, Effect size = 0.447), meanwhile; group 1 was statistically significantly higher than group 2 regarding marginal integrity (p-value = 0.037, Effect size = 0.513). Regarding patient satisfaction FRCP and core group showed statistical significant higher satisfaction than endocrown group (p-value = 0.047, Effect size = 0.447). Conclusion: E.max press endocrowns revealed successful performance similar to e.max press crowns retained with FRCP in terms of gross fracture, however better marginal adaptation and patient satisfaction was obtained with e.max press crowns retained with FRC post and core group. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a satisfação do paciente, grau de fratura grosseira e adaptação marginal de endocrowns e.max versus coroas de e.max retidas com pino de compósito reforçado com fibra (FRCP) e núcleo nos dentes anteriores superiores. Material e métodos: O presente estudo incluiu 24 pacientes que buscavam tratamento endodôntico na arcada superior anterior. Os pacientes receberam tratamento de canal radicular (RCT) e foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos (n = 12). O primeiro grupo recebeu preparação para as coroas IPS e.max retidas com FRCP e núcleo e o segundo grupo recebeu preparos para as endocrowns IPS e.max. A técnica de prensagem foi usada para a fabricação de ambas as restaurações usando os lingotes de prensagem IPS e.max. A integridade marginal e a fratura macroscópica foram avaliadas usando os critérios da USPHS e um questionário foi realizado para avaliar a satisfação do paciente. Os dados foram analisados usando IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, versão 23.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa em relação à fratura bruta de ambos os grupos após 12 meses (p-valor = 0,093, tamanho do efeito = 0,447), entretanto; o grupo 1 foi estatisticamente significativamente maior do que o grupo 2 em relação à integridade marginal (p-valor = 0,037, tamanho do efeito = 0,513). Em relação à satisfação do paciente, o FRCP e o grupo principal mostraram maior satisfação estatisticamente significativa do que o grupo endocrown (p-valor = 0,047, tamanho do efeito = 0,447). Conclusão: as endocrowns E.max press revelaram um desempenho bem-sucedido semelhante às coroas e.max press retidas com FRCP em termos de fratura bruta, no entanto, melhor adaptação marginal e satisfação do paciente foram obtidas com as coroas e.max press retidas com pilar FRC e núcleo de preenchimento (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Root Canal Therapy , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Tooth, Nonvital , Dental Pins
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 60-66, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056502

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to evaluate marginal adaptation of Class II mesial-occlusal-distal (MOD) restorations before and after thermo-mechanical loading and volumetric shrinkage of the bulk-fill vs conventional composite resin. For marginal adaptation assessment, 24 Class II MOD cavities with cervical margins extending 1.0 mm below (distal) and 1.0 mm beyond (mesial) the cement-enamel junction were prepared in extracted human molars. The teeth were filled as follows: Group A - bulk-fill with SureFil SDR flow (first increment, 4 mm; second increment, 2 mm); Group B - bulk-fill with SureFil SDR flow as a base (first increment, 4 mm) and covered with the conventional nanohybrid composite Esthet-X HD (second increment, 2 mm); and Group C - incrementally filled with Esthet-X HD. Marginal adaptation was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy before and after thermomechanical loading (240,000 loading cycles and simultaneous 600 thermal cycles). To evaluate volumetric polymerization shrinkage, a semi-spherical mold was filled with the tested composites and placed in an AccuVol device after light curing. Both before and after loading, marginal adaptation in cervical dentin was superior (p < 0.05) for Groups A and B compared with Group C. In cervical enamel, Group B showed better marginal adaptation than Group C, and Group A presented intermediary results, between Groups B and C. Furthermore, bulk-fill flow resulted in greater shrinkage than Esthet-X HD. A significant improvement of marginal adaptation was observed when bulkfill flow was used instead of conventional composite resin both before and after thermomechanical loading. However, the bulk-fill flow presented higher volumetric polymerization shrinkage than the conventional composite.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en evaluar la adaptación marginal de las restauraciones mesiales-oclusales-distales (MOD) de Clase II antes y después de la carga termo-mecánica y la contracción volumétrica de la carga compuesta de resina "bulk-fill" en comparación con resina convencional. Para la evaluación de adaptación, se prepararon 24 cavidades MOD de Clase II en molares humanos extraídos, los que se restauraron de la siguiente manera: Grupo A: restaurado con resina fluida Bulk-Fill SureFilSDR (primer incremento, 4 mm; segundo incremento, 2 mm); Grupo B: restaurado con resina fluida Bulk-Fill SureFil SDR (primer incremento, 4 mm) y cubierto con resina compuesta nanohíbrida Esthet-X HD (segundo incremento, 2 mm); y Grupo C - rellenado incrementalmente con Esthet-X HD. La adaptación marginal se evaluó mediante microscopía electrónica de barrido antes y después de la carga termomecánica (240.000 ciclos de carga y 600 ciclos térmicos simultáneos). Para evaluar la contracción volumétrica de la polimerización, se llenó un molde semiesférico con los compuestos probados y se colocó en un dispositivo AccuVol después del fotopolimerización. Tanto antes como después de la carga, la adaptación marginal en la dentina cervical fue superior (p <0,05) para los grupos A y B en comparación con el grupo C. En el esmalte cervical, el grupo B mostró una mejor adaptación marginal que el grupo C, y el grupo A presentó resultados intermedios, entre Grupos B y C. Se observó una mejora significativa de la adaptación marginal al utilizar la resina fluida Bulk-Fill en lugar de resina compuesta convencional tanto antes como después de la carga termomecánica. Sin embargo, la resina fluida 'Bulk-Fill' presentó una mayor contracción volumétrica de polimerización que el compuesto convencional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins , Dental Cavity Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Stress, Mechanical , Statistical Analysis , Ethics Committees , Dental Restoration Wear , Dental Cavity Preparation/standards , Polymerization
12.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 35(81): 25-32, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178997

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar la presencia de poros en los tres tercios del conducto radicular luego de la obturación con cementos biocerámicos. Se trataron endodónticamente 20 premolares inferiores unirradiculares, de anatomía oval. Los mismos fueron divididos en dos grupos y se obturaron con dos cementos biocerámicos diferentes. Todas las muestras fueron analizadas con microtomografía de rayos X para comparar la presencia de poros en los tres tercios radiculares, clasificando los mismos en internos, externos y combinados. En las 20 piezas dentarias obturadas y analizadas se encontraron poros. La cantidad de poros detectados no presentó diferencias significativas mediante análisis estadísticos cuantitativos ni cualitativos. Los poros se presentaron más frecuentemente en el tercio cervical, independientemente del cemento sellador. Ambos grupos presentan una buena adaptación a nivel apical, siendo esto imprescindible para la longevidad y éxito del tratamiento endodóntico (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Biocompatible Materials , Ceramics , X-Ray Microtomography , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Statistical Analysis , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Evaluation Studies as Topic
13.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(4): 1-9, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1121845

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the marginal fit of laminate veneers made of zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate with two thicknesses using different CAD/CAM systems. Material and methods: 42 Laminate veneers milled from zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate were divided into three main groups according to milling machine used into: group X5, laminate veneers fabricated by inLab MCX5 milling machine; group CM, laminate veneers fabricated by Ceramill motion 2 milling machine; and group XL, laminate veneers fabricated by inLab MCXL milling machine. Each group was divided into two subgroups according to veneer thickness into: subgroup I, 0.5 mm thickness laminate veneers and subgroup II, 0.3 mm thickness laminate veneers. The marginal fit was measured using stereomicroscope. The results were tabulated and statistically analyzed using two-way ANOVA test followed by Tukey's post hoc test. Comparisons of main and simple effects were done utilizing Bonferroni correction. The significance level was set at (p ≤0.05) for all tests. Results: The mean( ± SD) highest marginal discrepancy was recorded in subgroup CMII at 85.45 ± 1.82 µm while the least mean marginal discrepancy was recorded in subgroup X5I (71.24 ± 2.64 µm). Conclusion: Both thicknesses(0.5 mm thickness and 0.3 mm thickness) and all tested CAD/CAM systems produced zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate laminate veneers with clinically acceptable marginal gaps; however, the closed CAD/CAM systems produced veneers with superior marginal fit than open systems at 0.3 mm thickness. The CAD/CAM system with the 5-axis milling machine produced the best marginal fit with 0.5 mm thickness. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar a adaptação marginal de facetas laminadas de silicato de lítio reforçado com zircônia com duas espessuras, utilizando diferentes sistemas CAD / CAM. Material e métodos: 42 facetas laminadas fresadas a partir desilicato de lítio reforçado com zircônia foram divididos em três grupos principais de acordo com a fresadora usada em: grupo X5, facetas laminadas fabricados pela fresadora inLab MCX5; grupo CM, facetas laminadas fabricados por Ceramill motion 2; e grupo XL, facetas laminadas fabricados pelo inLab MCXL. Cada grupo foi dividido em dois subgrupos, de acordo com a espessura do laminado, em: subgrupo I, facetas laminadas com 0,5 mm de espessura e subgrupo II, facetas laminadas com espessura de 0,3 mm. A adaptação marginal foi medida usando estereomicroscópio. Os resultados foram tabulados e analisados estatisticamente usando o teste ANOVA de dois fatores seguido pelo teste post hoc de Tukey. Comparações dos efeitos principais e simples foram realizadas utilizando a correção de Bonferroni (P ≤ 0,05). Resultados: A maior discrepância marginal média ( ± DP) foi registrada no subgrupo CMII em 85,45 ± 1,82 µm, enquanto a menor discrepância marginal média foi registrada no subgrupo X5I 71,24 ± 2,64 µm. Conclusão: Ambas as espessuras (0,5 mm e 0,3 mm)e todos os sistemas CAD / CAM testados produziram facetas de laminado de silicato de lítio reforçadas com zircônia com lacunas clinicamente aceitáveis. No entanto, os sistemas CAD / CAM fechados produziam facetas com adaptação marginal superior aos sistemas abertos com 0,3 mm de espessura. O sistema CAD / CAM com a fresadora de 5 eixos produziu a melhor adaptação marginal com 0,5 mm de espessura (AU)


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Veneers
14.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(1): 1-11, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1049834

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the marginal fit and microleakage of monolithic zirconia crowns cemented by bio-active cements (Ceramir) compared to that cemented with glass ionomer cement, and to evaluate the effect of thermocycling on marginal fit. Material and Methods: Twenty sound human molar teeth were prepared to receive monolithic zirconia crowns. Teeth were divided randomly into two equal groups according to the type of luting cement: Group I (glass ionomer cement) and group II (Ceramir cement). After cementation, the vertical marginal gap was assessed using stereomicroscope before and after thermocycling. Twenty equidistant measurement points were taken for each crown. Leakage assessment was carried out using Fuchsin dye penetration followed by digital photography under a stereomicroscope. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test to compare between the two luting cements. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to evaluate the effect of thermocycling on the marginal fit (P ≤ 0.05). Results: Whether before or after thermocycling, the results showed no significant difference between the marginal gap values of the two tested groups. For both groups, there was a significant increase in marginal gap values after thermocycling. Also, there was no significant difference between leakage scores of the two tested groups. Conclusion: Similarity in the physical properties and chemical composition of the two cements resulted in a nonsignificant effect on the vertical marginal fit and the extent of microleakage of translucent zirconia crowns. Thermocycling had a negative impact on the vertical marginal gap of the two tested luting agents. (AU)


Objetivo: avaliar a adapatação marginal e a microinfiltração de coroas monolíticas de zircônia cimentadas com cimentos bioativos (Ceramir) em comparação com o cimento de ionômero de vidro e avaliar o efeito da termociclagem na adaptação marginal. Material e Métodos: Vinte molares humanos sadios foram preparados para receber coroas monolíticas de zircônia. Os dentes foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos iguais, de acordo com o tipo de cimento: Grupo I (cimento de ionômero de vidro) e grupo II (cimento Ceramir). Após a cimentação, a adaptação marginal vertical foi avaliada com estereomicroscópio antes e após a termociclagem. Vinte pontos de medição equidistantes foram obtidos para cada coroa. A avaliação da infiltração foi realizada utilizando a penetração do corante de fucsina, seguida de fotografia digital sob estereomicroscópio. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste de Mann-Whitney para comparação entre os dois cimentos. O teste de Wilcoxon foi usado para avaliar o efeito da termociclagem na adaptação marginal (P ≤ 0,05). Resultados: Antes ou depois da termociclagem, os resultados não mostraram diferença significativa entre os valores de fenda marginal dos dois grupos testados. Para ambos os grupos, houve um aumento significativo nos valores de fenda marginal após a termociclagem. Além disso, não houve diferença significativa entre os escores de infiltração dos dois grupos testados. Conclusão: A similaridade nas propriedades físicas e na composição química dos dois cimentos resultou em um efeito não significativo na adaptação marginal vertical e na extensão da microinfiltração de coroas translúcidas de zircônia. A termociclagem teve um impacto negativo na fenda marginal vertical dos dois agentes de cimentação testados. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Zirconium , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Crowns , Dental Cements , Dental Leakage , Temperature , In Vitro Techniques , Random Allocation , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar
15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(2): 1-10, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1096450

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different crowns finishing line location on the crown tensile bond strength, marginal adaption and nanoleakage. Material and Methods: Sixty healthy third molars were collected. For tensile bond strength, a self-adhesive resin cement was used. For marginal adaption, epoxy resin models were prepared. Prior to tensile bond strength test, images for the epoxy resin models were measured under scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Nanoleakage was measured using same protocol. Failure mode was evaluated through SEM and classified: adhesive failure, cohesive in cement, cohesive in dentin, cohesive in resin composite, cohesive in enamel, and mixed. Statistical analysis was performed using Shapiro-Wilk and Kolmogorov Smirnov normality tests, two-way ANOVA, Bonferroni (posthoc) parametric test, with significance level of 5% (P < .05), Spearman correlation test. Results: tensile bond strength was not statistically different between the cemented groups with composite resin and ceramic. Cementation of ceramic was not statistically different between the groups (enamel, 3.28 Pa; dentin, 3.14 Pa; resin, 2.85 Pa). Marginal adaption was statistically different between resin and ceramic; finish line location varied between enamel and resin (175.91 µm vs. 433.58 µm). Nanoleakage rate was statistically different among all groups, except for resin: with resin (9.49%) and ceramic (9.35%). There was a predominance of adhesive failure in all groups. Conclusion: finish line location can be performed safely in enamel and dentin. Composite resinas substrate present an alternative, but still need to be more studied. Regarding the crown's material, it is possible to perform a satisfatory restoration in both: resin and ceramic. With ceramics presenting better results. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência da localização do término marginal na cimentação de coroas, na resistência à tração, adaptação marginal e nanoinfiltração, de acordo com os fatores: término marginal (dentina, esmalte e resina composta), e material restaurador (resina composta e cerâmica). Material e Métodos: Foram coletados 60 terceiros molares hígidos. Para o teste de resistência à tração, todas as amostras foram praparadas com término em chanfro e um cimento resinoso autoadesivo foi utilizado para a cimentação. Para a avaliação da adaptação marginal, foram confeccionados modelos em resina epóxica da linha de cimentação das amostras, previamente ao teste de tração, e submetidas à avaliação em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), para obtenção de imagens que posteriormente foram mensuradas. Para a nanoinfiltração, foram confeccionados fragmentos dos substratos e materiais restauradores, que foram cimentados com o mesmo protocolo. As amostras/imagens foram obtidas em MEV e mensurada a área infiltrada. O padrão de fratura foi avaliado através de imagens obtidas no MEV e classificados em: falha adesiva, coesiva em cimento, coesiva em dentina, coesiva em resina composta, coesiva em esmalte e mista. A análise estatística foi realizada utilizando os testes de normalidade Shapiro-Wilk e Kolmogorov Smirnov, ANOVA a dois fatores, teste paramétrico Bonferroni (post-hoc), com nível de significância de 5% (P <0,05), teste de correlação de Spearman. Resultados: a resistência à tração não foi estatisticamente diferente entre os grupos cimentados com resina composta e cerâmica. A cimentação da cerâmica não foi estatisticamente diferente entre os grupos (esmalte, 3,28 Pa; dentina, 3,14 Pa; resina, 2,85 Pa). A adaptação marginal foi estatisticamente diferente entre resina e cerâmica; a localização da linha de chegada variou entre esmalte e resina (175,91 µm vs. 433,58 µm). Para a nanoinfiltração foi estatisticamente diferente entre todos os grupos, exceto a resina: com resina (9,49%) e cerâmica (9,35%). Houve predomínio de falha adesiva em todos os grupos. Conclusão: a localização da linha de chegada pode ser realizada com segurança no esmalte e dentina. O substrato em resina composta apresenta uma alternativa promissora, mas ainda precisa ser mais estudado. Em relação ao material da coroa, é possível realizar uma restauração satisfatória tanto em resina composta quanto em cerâmica. Sendo a cerâmica, o material que apresentou melhores resultados. (AU)


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins , Dental Leakage
16.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-8, 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1104434

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of finish line design and cement space thickness on the marginal accuracy of monolithic zirconia crowns. Materials and methods: Thirty crowns were fabricated from translucent zirconia (inCoris TZI) using Cerec in-Lab system and divided into three main groups (10 each) according to the finish line type of the die (knife-edge, chamfer, and shoulder). Every group was divided into two subgroups (5 each) according to cement space thickness (20 and50µm). Optical impressions were taken for the dies using the Cerec scanner and cement space was set twice for every finish line design; 20 and 50 µm. The completed crowns were cemented to the dies and the marginal gap was evaluated. The collected data was statistically analyzed using Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test and the significance level was set at P ≤ 0.05. Results: Regarding the marginal gap; there was no statistically significant difference between different finish line designs or between different cement space thicknesses. Conclusion: Neither finish line design nor cement space thickness has an effect on the marginal gap of inCoris TZI crowns. (AU)


Declaração do problema: A necessidade de um método minimamente invasivo de preparação de coroa única é inevitável, principalmente com dentes enfraquecidos e com alta probabilidade de irritação pulpar. Portanto, é necessária uma restauração durável e adaptada, com preparação menos invasiva da linha de término. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do design da linha de término e da espessura do espaço de cimento na precisão marginal das coroas monolíticas de zircônia. Material e Métodos: Trinta coroas foram fabricadas a partir de zircônia translúcida (inCoris TZI) usando o sistema Cerec em laboratório, e divididas em três grupos principais (n = 10), de acordo com o tipo de linha de término da matriz (lâmina, chanfro e ombro). Cada grupo foi dividido em dois subgrupos (5 cada), de acordo com a espessura do espaço do cimento (20 e 50 µm). Impressões ópticas foram obtidas para as matrizes usando o scanner Cerec e o espaço de cimento foi definido duas vezes para cada projeto de linha de chegada: 20 e 50 µm. As coroas confeccionadas foram cimentadas nos moldes e a diferença marginal foi avaliada. Os dados coletados foram analisados estatisticamente pelo teste U de Mann-Whitney e Kruskal-Wallis e o nível de significância foi estabelecido em P ≤ 0,05. Resultados: Em relação ao gap marginal não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre diferentes projetos de linha de acabamento ou entre diferentes espessuras de espaço de cimento. Conclusão: nem o design da linha de término, nem a espessura do espaço de cimento afetam a folga marginal das coroas inCoris TZI. (AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Marginal Adaptation , Tooth Crown , Dental Cements
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200311, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134798

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This randomized and clinical trial aimed to evaluate the performance of a new restorative Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC) for the restoration of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) of patients with systemic diseases compared with a posterior resin composite after 12 months. Methodology 134 restorations were placed at 30 patients presenting systemic diseases by a single clinician. NCCLs were allocated to two groups according to restorative system used: a conventional restorative GIC [Fuji Bulk (GC, Tokyo Japan) (FB)] and a posterior resin composite [G-ænial Posterior (GC, Tokyo Japan) (GP)] used with a universal adhesive using etch&rinse mode. All restorative procedures were conducted according to manufacturer's instructions. Restorations were scored regarding retention, marginal discoloration, marginal adaptation, secondary caries, surface texture, and post-operative sensitivity using modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria after 1 week (baseline), 6, and 12 months. Descriptive statistics were performed using chi-square tests. Cochran Q and Mc Nemar's tests were used to detect differences over time. Results After 12 months, recall rate was 93% and the rates of cumulative retention failure for FB and GP were 4.9% and 1.6% respectively. Both groups presented similar alpha rates for marginal adaptation (FB 86.2%, GP 95.5%) and marginal discoloration (FB 93.8%, GP 97%) at 6-month recall, but FB restorations showed higher bravo scores than GP restorations for marginal adaptation and marginal discoloration after 12 months (p<0.05). Regarding surface texture, 2 FB restorations (3.1%) were scored as bravo after 6 months. All restorations were scored as alpha for secondary caries and postoperative sensitivity after 12 months. Conclusion Although the posterior resin composite demonstrated clinically higher alpha scores than the conventional GIC for marginal adaptation and discoloration, both materials successfully restored NCCLs at patients with systematic disease after a year. Clinical relevance Due to its acceptable clinical results, the tested conventional restorative GIC can be used for the restoration of NCCLs of patients with systemic diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Glass Ionomer Cements , Follow-Up Studies , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dental Caries
18.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e200537, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1152077

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the marginal adaptation of ceramic and composite resin crowns fabricated with computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology using an intraoral digital scanner. Methods: A human mandibular right second molar was prepared for a ceramic crown. The impressions were made using intraoral scanning device and crowns were milled. Tem crowns were fabricated for each group (n=10): GF ­ Feldspathic Ceramic (Cerec Blocs, Sirona), GL - Lithium Disilicate Ceramic (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar), GG - composite resin (Grandio Blocs, VOCO) and GB - composite resin (Brava Block, FGM). The marginal gap was measured for each specimen at 4 points under magnification with a stereomicroscope. All data were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by the Tukey's test (α=.05). Results: The lowest marginal discrepancy value was observed in GB (60.95 ± 13.64 µm), which was statistically different from the GL (84.22 ± 20.86 µm). However, there was no statistically significant difference between these groups when compared with the other groups, GF (73.26 ±8.19 µm) and GG (68.42 ± 11.31 µm). Conclusion: It can be concluded that the composite resin presented the lowest variance compared to the lithium disilicate glass ceramic, although the marginal gap of all materials tested was within the acceptable clinical limit (120 µm)


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins , Crowns
19.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(3): 228-235, jul. 31, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145340

ABSTRACT

Objective. To evaluate the degree of marginal sealing and adhesive strength in Bulk-Fill resin by applying 18% EDTA gel compared to 37% phosphoric acid gel in dental conditioning. Materials and methods. The study was transversal, experimental comparative, and applied. The sample group consisted of 60 teeth with Class I cavities, which were later subjected to conditioning. This was carried out separately with phosphoric acid gel for 15 seconds, and 18% EDTA gel within two different time frames: 60 and 90 seconds. All samples were incubated at 37ºC for a period of 24 hours and thermocycled between 5 to 55ºC for 500 cycles. To assess microfiltration, they were immersed in methylene blue at 37ºC for 4 hours, and were later sectioned and observed through a stereomicroscope. In order to perform the traction, the conventional testing machine was used at a speed of 0.75mm/min until the screw with the resin detached. Results: Samples conditioned with 37% phosphoric acid showed a greater degree 1 microfiltration and a mean adhesive resistance of 7.97 MPa. The same number of microfiltration grades 1 and 2 was found when using EDTA gel for 60 seconds, with a mean tensile strength of 8.8 MPa. On the other hand, applying EDTA gel for 90 seconds showed mostly grade 1 microfiltrations, and to a lesser extent, grade 0 and 2, with a mean resistance of 9.2 MPa. Conclusion: There are no statistically significant differences regarding adhesive strength between the two gels; however, better marginal filling was observed when samples were conditioned with 18% EDTA gel for 90 seconds.


Objetivo. Evaluar el grado de sellado marginal y resistencia adhesiva en resina Bulk ­ Fill aplicando gel de EDTA al 18% en comparación al gel de ácido fosfórico al 37% en el acondicionamiento dental. Materiales y métodos. El tipo de estudio fue transversal, comparativo, de nivel aplicativo y diseño experimental. La muestra estuvo conformada por 60 dientes con cavidades clase I; se realizó el acondicionamiento con gel de ácido fosfórico, gel del EDTA al 18% en 60 segundos y 90 segundos. El total de las muestras fueron incubados a 37°C por 24 horas, se termocicló con 500 ciclos entre 5 a 55ºC. Para evaluar microfiltración, fueron sumergidos en azul de metileno a 37ºC por 4 horas, fueron seccionadas y observados al estereomicroscopio, para realizar la tracción se empleó la máquina de ensayos universales a una velocidad de 0.75mm/min hasta que se desprendiera el tornillo con la resina. Resultados. Las muestras acondicionadas con ácido fosfórico al 37% presenta mayor microfiltración grado 1 y el promedio de su resistencia adhesiva es de 7.97Mpa, la microfiltración obtenida con EDTA en 60 segundos presenta equidad entre grado 1 y 2; promedio de resistencia a la tracción de 8.8 Mpa y el EDTA 90 segundos presentó mayor microfiltración grado 1 y el resto 0 y 2; el promedio de resistencia fue 9.2 Mpa. Conclusión. No existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas al comparar los acondicionantes para la prueba de resistencia adhesiva, sin embargo se observó mejor sellado marginal cuando se acondicionó con gel de EDTA al 18 % por 90 segundos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Temperature , Acid Etching, Dental , Microstraining , Double-Blind Method , Cross-Sectional Studies , Edetic Acid , Dental Materials
20.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 107(2): 42-48, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015526

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar radiográficamente, en dientes extraídos, el grado de homogeneidad y adaptación de las obturaciones endodónticas realizadas por alumnos de grado, comparando las técnicas de condensación lateral e híbrida. Materiales y métodos: Entre 2003 y 2017, los alumnos de tercer año de la Escuela de Odontología de la Universidad del Salvador / Asociación Odontológica Argentina realizaron 5.384 tratamientos endodónticos ex vivo empleando, para la obturación, las técnicas de condensación lateral e híbrida. En las radiografías posoperatorias, un docente especialista en endodoncia evaluó la homogeneidad y la adaptación de cada obturación para categorizarla como correcta o incorrecta. Para la comparación entre técnicas, dentro de cada año lectivo, se utilizó la prueba exacta de Fisher, y para el análisis porcentual de las observaciones, la prueba de Chi cuadrado. El nivel de significancia fue establecido en P<0,05. Resultados: Del total de 5.384 tratamientos, 4.970 (92,3%) mostraron obturaciones correctas. Con la técnica de condensación lateral, de los 1.741 tratamientos, 1.560 (89,6%) mostraron obturaciones correctas con la técnica híbrida, de los 3.643 tratamientos, 3.410 (93,6%) tuvieron obturaciones correctas. En función del tamaño total de las muestras, sumando todos los años, puede estimarse con 95% de confianza que la diferencia de obturaciones incorrectas entre ambas técnicas está entre el 2,3% y el 5,7%. Con la prueba del Chi cuadrado, se observa una diferencia significativa de obturaciones correctas a favor de la técnica híbrida (P<0,01) Conclusiones: La evaluación radiográfica de los tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo por alumnos de pregrado mostró un alto porcentaje de obturaciones correctas. Así mismo, el empleo de la técnica híbrida dio, en general, mejores resultados de compactación de la masa del material obturador que la técnica de condensación lateral (AU)


Aim: To evaluate radiographically the degree of homogeneity and adaptation of endodontic obturations completed by undergraduate students in extracted teeth using lateral and hybrid condensation techniques. Materials and methods: Between 2003 and 2017, third year students of a the School of Dentistry of the Universidad del Salvador / Asociación Odontológica Argentina performed 5384 ex vivo endodontic treatments using lateral condensation and hybrid technique. In the postoperative radiographs, a specialist in endodontics assessed the homogeneity and adaptation of each obturation and categorize it as correct or incorrect. The data were submitted to statistical analysis to compare results obtained with the two techniques. Fisher and Chi-square tests were used and significance level was set at P<0.05. Results: Out of 5384 treatments, 4970 (92.3%) showed correct obturation. Within the 1741 treatments completed with the lateral condensation technique, 1560 (89.6%) were correct while within the 3634 where a hybrid technique was used, 3410 (93.6%) were correct. When the whole sample was considered (sum of treatment carried out during each of the academic years) a statistically significant difference (P<0.01) favoring the hybrid technique was found. The difference in incorrect cases can be estimated to be between 2.3% and 5.7% with 95% confidence. Conclusions: The radiographic evaluation completed by undergraduate students in extracted teeth showed a high percentage of correct fillings. The use of the hybrid technique showed, in general, better compaction of the obturation material than the lateral condensation technique (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Root Canal Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Tooth, Nonvital/diagnostic imaging , Education, Predental , Argentina , Statistical Analysis , Dental Marginal Adaptation
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