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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225263, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369650

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study was fulfilled to evaluate the flexural strength, micro-hardness, and release of two fluoride ions of bioactive restorative materials (Cention N and Activa Bioactive), a resin modified glass ionomer (Fuji II LC), and a resin composite (Filtek z250). Methods: Forty samples from four restorative materials (Activa Bioactive, Fuji II LC, Cention N, and Filtek Z250) were provided according to the current standards of ISO 4049/2000 guide lines. Subsequently, the samples were stored for 24 hours and 6 months in artificial saliva, and successively, flexural strength and micro-hardness of the samples were measured. For each studied groups the pH was decreased from 6.8 to 4 in storage solution. The rate of changes in fluoride ion release was measured after three different storage periods of 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 months in distilled water, according to the previous studies' method. Two-way ANOVA, One-way ANOVA, Tukey HSD Pair wise comparisons, and independent t-tests were used to analyze data (α= 0.05). Results: The highest flexural strength and surface micro-hardness after 24 hours and also after 6 month were observed for Cention N(p<0.001).Flexural strength of all samples stored for 6 months was significantly lower than the samples stored for 24 hours(p<0.001). The accumulative amount of the released fluoride ion in RMGI, after six-month storage period in distilled water was considerably higher (p<0.001) than 24 hours and 48 hours storage. The amount of fluoride ion release with increasing acidity of the environment (from pH 6.8 to 4) in Fuji II LC glass ionomer was higher than the bioactive materials (p<0.05). Conclusion: The flexural strength of RMGI was increased after storage against the Activa Bioactive,Cention N and Z250 composite. Storage of restorative materials in artificial saliva leads to a significant reduction in micro hardness. The behavior and amount of released fluoride ions in these restorative materials, which are stored in an acidic environment, were dependent on the type of restorative material


Subject(s)
Saliva, Artificial , Materials Testing , Dental Materials , Physical Phenomena
2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36(Jun): e082, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BNUY, BNUY-Odon | ID: biblio-1372593

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of irradiance and radiant exposure on the chemical-mechanical properties of a resin composite. A micro-hybrid resin composite (Clearfil AP-X, Kuraray) was investigated under two different irradiances: low (300 mW/cm2) and high (800 mW/cm2) and radiant exposures: 8 and 16 J/cm2. Four groups, named Low 8 J/cm2, High 8 J/cm2, Low 16 J/cm2, and High 16 J/cm2 were tested, and their flexural strengths, elastic moduli, depths of cure, and degrees of conversion were evaluated. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. A multiple linear regression model was used to correlate the irradiance and radiant exposure with dependent variables (α = 0.05). Irradiance and radiant exposure were found statistically significant for all dependent variables. The interaction between the factors was statistically significant only for the degree of conversion and elastic modulus. Group Low 16 J/cm2 exhibited a significantly superior performance in all the evaluated properties. Barring the degree of conversion, no significant differences were observed among the properties evaluated between the Low 8 J/cm2 and High 8 J/cm2 groups. The adjusted R2 values were high for the depth of cure and degree of conversion (0.58 and 0.96, respectively). Both irradiance and radiant exposure parameters play an important role in establishing the final properties of a micro-hybrid resin composite. Irradiance has a greater influence under higher radiant exposures.


Subject(s)
Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization , Flexural Strength , Surface Properties
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368562

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the effect of the restorative technique, material's opacity and the selected light sources on the curing potential (CP) in deep cavities. Material and Methods: The radiant exitance (mW/cm2) of two light curing units (Bluephase G2 and Radii-Cal) was determined at 0 and 8 mm distance from a power meter sensor (Ophir). Two bulk-fill composites of regular consistency (Opus, FGM; and Filtek One, 3M) and a conventional one (Sirius-Z, DFL) were considered and the level of their opacity were determined by a sphere-based spectrophotometer (SP60, X-Rite). The degree of C=C conversion (DC) was determined by spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR) at 0.05 and 8 mm depths and the CP considered the ratio between them. The "incremental technique" considered 4 increments of 2mm thickness each, whereas the "bulk-fill technique considered 2 increments of 4mm-thickness. Data were submitted to analysis of variance and Tukey's test (95%). Pearson's correlation tests were performed to calculate the possible relation between curing potential and materials' opacity. Results: With the incremental technique it was possible to achieve high CP regardless of the light source. The CP of bulk-fill composites was dependent on the light source, whereas Radii-Cal compromised the DC at 8 mm for both materials. The correlation between opacity and CP was dependent on the light source (r = 0.891707246 for Radii-Cal; r = 0.515703768 for Bluephase G2). Conclusion: The bulk-fill technique was dependent on the light source while the incremental was not. The influence of materials' opacity was dependent on the light curing unit.(AU)


Objetivo: Determinar o efeito da técnica restauradora, a opacidade do material e as fontes de luz selecionadas sobre o potencial de cura (PC) em cavidades profundas. Materiais e métodos: A saída radiante (mW/cm2) de duas unidades de cura por luz (Bluephase G2 e Radii-Cal) foi determinada a 0 e 8 mm de distância de um sensor de potência (Ophir). Dois compósistos bulkfill de consistência regular (Opus, FGM; e Filtek One, 3M) e um convencional (Sirius-Z, DFL) foram considerados e o nível de sua opacidade foi determinado por um espectrofotômetro (SP60, X-Rite). O grau de conversão C=C (DC) foi determinado por espectroscopia (FTIR-ATR) a 0,05 e 8 mm de profundidade e o PC considerou a relação entre eles. A técnica incremental considerou 4 incrementos de 2 mm de espessura cada, enquanto que a técnica bulkfill considerou 2 incrementos de 4 mm de espessura. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey (95%). Os testes de correlação de Pearson foram realizados para calcular a possível relação entre o potencial de cura e a opacidade dos materiais. Resultados: Com a técnica incremental foi possível obter um PC elevado, independentemente da fonte de luz. O PC de compósitos bulkfill foi dependente da fonte de luz, enquanto que Radii-Cal comprometeu o DC em 8 mm para ambos os materiais. A correlação entre opacidade e PC foi dependente da fonte de luz (r = 0,891707246 para Radii-Cal; r = 0,515703768 para Bluephase G2). Conclusão: O potencial de polimerização para a técnica bulkfill foi dependente da fonte de luz, enquanto para a técnica incremental não. A influência da opacidade dos materiais sobre a capacidade de polimerização foi dependente da unidade de fotoativação. (AU)


Subject(s)
Spectrophotometers , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization
4.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 59 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369214

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o comportamento biomecânico do pilar protético Link Universal (TiBase) com diferentes alturas em restaurações implanto-suportadas. Materiais e Métodos: foram utilizados 40 implantes cone morse Titaniumfix Profile (4 x 10 mm) em titânio, divididos em dois grupos (n=20): Link Universal curto (Short) e Link Universal longo (Long). Vinte implantes receberam o pilar protético Link Universal de 4,5 x 4 mm (Short) e vinte implantes receberam o pilar protético Link Universal de 4,5 x 5,5 mm (Long). Por meio da tecnologia CAD/CAM foram usinadas as coroas em zircônia, cimentadas sobre os pilares protéticos. No ensaio de carga máxima para fratura, o grupo Longo apresentou média de 41,1 ± 6,96 kgf, enquanto a média do grupo curto foi de 49,5 ± 7,68, sem diferença estatística entre eles. Os espécimes passaram pelo teste de sobrevivência em fadiga (2.000.000 ciclos na frequência de 2 Hz com aplicador de aço inoxidável de 1,6 mm de diâmetro), conforme parâmetros descritos na ISO 14801:2007 e não apresentaram falhas. Na sequência, foram submetidos ao teste de sobrevivência stepwise, os espécimes não apresentaram diferenças em relação ao número de ciclos para falha, porém, em relação à carga aplicada, o pilar Link Universal Longo mostrou-se mais resistente que o pilar Link Universal Curto. A análise por elementos finitos foi realizada com os parâmetros obtidos no teste stepwise, com aplicação de carga de 450 N em 30º, simulando a condição do teste de fadiga. Os desenhos foram montados com o software Rhinoceros (version 5.4.2 SR8, McNeel Noth America, Seattle, WA, EUA) e processados no software Ansys (version 19.2, ANSYS Inc., Houston, TX, USA). O comportamento biomecânico do conjunto composto por implante, pilar protético, parafuso passante e coroa monolítica foi semelhante entre os grupos. Concluiu-se que ambas alturas da área de cimentação do pilar Link Universal apresentaram comportamento à fadiga favorável à sobrevivência clínica. (AU)


Objective: Evaluate the biomechanical behavior of the Universal Link (Ti-Base) prosthetic abutment with different heights in implant-supported restorations. Materials and Methods: 40 Titaniumfix Profile implants (4 x 10 mm) in titanium were used, divided into two groups (n=20): Short Universal Link (Short) and Long Universal Link (Long). Twenty implants received the 4.5 x 4 mm Link Universal Prosthetic Abutment (Short) and twenty implants received the 4.5 x 5.5 mm Link Universal Prosthetic Abutment (Long). Using CAD/CAM technology, the zirconia crowns were machined and cemented on the prosthetic abutments. In the maximum fracture load test, the Long group presented an average of 41.1 ± 6.96 kgf, while the average of the short group was 49.5 ± 7.68, with no statistical difference between them. The specimens passed the fatigue survival test (2,000,000 cycles at a frequency of 2 Hz with a stainless steel applicator with a diameter of 1.6 mm), according to the parameters described in ISO 14801:2007 and showed no failures. Subsequently, they were submitted to the stepwise survival test, the specimens did not show differences in relation to the number of cycles to failure, however, in relation to the applied load, the Long Universal Link abutment was more resistant than the Short Universal Link abutment. The finite element analysis was performed with the parameters obtained in the stepwise test, with a load of 450 N at 30º, simulating the condition of the fatigue test. The drawings were assembled with Rhinoceros software (version 5.4.2 SR8, McNeel Noth America, Seattle, WA, USA) and processed in Ansys software (version 19.2, ANSYS Inc., Houston, TX, USA). The biomechanical behavior of the set consisting of implant, prosthetic abutment, through screw and monolithic crown was similar between the groups. It was concluded that the Link Universal abutment presented fatigue behavior favorable to clinical survival independently of it's height (AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Cementation , Crowns , Dental Materials , Inlays
5.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210058, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365226

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate and compare the effect of 17% Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid (EDTA), 9% Etidronic acid (HEDP), and 7% Maleic acid (MA) on the push-out bond strength of NeoMTA Plus sealer to the coronal, middle, and apical thirds of root canal dentin. Material and Methods Forty single-rooted human maxillary central incisors were selected and decoronated to 12 mm long root fragments. Working length was established and root canals were then enlarged up to rotary Protaper F3. After each instrumentation, the root canal was irrigated with 2.5% NaOCl. For the final irrigation regimen, the specimens were divided into 4 groups (n=10) and treated with EDTA, HEDP, MA or Saline. Root canals were coated with NeoMTA Plus sealer, and obturation was done with single cone obturation technique. Subsequently, three horizontal sections were taken from the coronal, middle and apical thirds of each specimen, and POBS was measured using a universal testing machine. The type of bond failures was assessed under a stereomicroscope. Statistical analysis was done with One-way ANOVA with Tukey's Post hoc analysis. Results MA and EDTA showed the highest POBS. There was no significant difference in bond strength between MA and EDTA (p>0.05). HEDP and Saline showed lower POBS. Among all the four groups, the coronal third showed the highest values, followed by middle and apical thirds. Conclusion The type of chelating agent used during the root canal treatment significantly affects the bond strength of NeoMTA Plus to the root canal dentin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tensile Strength , Chelating Agents/chemistry , Dental Cements , Endodontics , Analysis of Variance , Edetic Acid , Etidronic Acid , Dental Materials/chemistry , Incisor , India , Maleic Hydrazide
6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e214873, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254742

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the marginal fit of lithium disilicate CAD/CAM crowns and heat-pressed crowns fabricated using milled wax patterns, and evaluate its effect on stress distribution in implantsupported rehabilitation. Methods: A CAD model of a mandibular first molar was designed, and 16 lithium disilicate crowns (8/group) were obtained. The crown-prosthetic abutment set was evaluated in a scanning electron microscopy. The mean misfit for each group was recorded and evaluated using Student's t-test. For in silico analysis, a virtual cement thickness was designed for the two misfit values found previously, and the CAD model was assembled on an implant-abutment set. A load of 100 N was applied at 30° on the central fossa, and the equivalent stress was calculated for the crown, titanium components, bone, and resin cement layer. Results: The CAD/CAM group presented a significantly (p=0.0068) higher misfit (64.99±18.73 µm) than the heat-pressed group (37.64±15.66 µm). In silico results showed that the heat-pressed group presented a decrease in stress concentration of 61% in the crown and 21% in the cement. In addition, a decrease of 14.5% and an increase of 7.8% in the stress for the prosthetic abutment and implant, respectively, was recorded. For the cortical and cancellous bone, a slight increase in stress occurred with an increase in the cement layer thickness of 5.9% and 5.7%, respectively. Conclusion: The milling of wax patterns for subsequent inclusion and obtaining heat-pressed crowns is an option to obtain restorations with an excellent marginal fit and better stress distribution throughout the implant-abutment set


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Finite Element Analysis , Dental Materials
7.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 08, 2021. 89 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1362387

ABSTRACT

La revisión y actualización del Listado Oficial de material, instrumental y equipo odontológico del Ministerio de Salud (MINSAL), ha sido coordinada por la Oficina de Salud Oral, de la Dirección de Políticas y Gestión de Salud, con el apoyo de la Dirección de Regulación y la Dirección de Cadena de Suministros, así como también con odontólogos de las diferentes Regiones de Salud y Nivel Local. La actualización del documento, permite la inclusión de nuevos insumos, materiales, instrumental y equipo odontológico; con el fin de utilizarlos en base a los avances tecnológicos de la industria odontológica, eliminar aquellos que ya no se utilizan y que pueden ser reemplazados por otros de mejor calidad


The review and updating of the Official List of dental material, instruments and equipment of the Ministry of Health (MINSAL), has been coordinated by the Office of Oral Health, of the Directorate of Health Policies and Management, with the support of the Directorate of Regulation and the Supply Chain Department, as well as with dentists from the different Health Regions and the Local Level. Updating the document allows the inclusion of new supplies, materials, instruments and dental equipment; in order to use them based on technological advances in the dental industry, eliminate those that are no longer used and that can be replaced by others of better quality


Subject(s)
Dental Equipment , Dental Materials , Oral Health , El Salvador , Equipment and Supplies
8.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 283-290, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348323

ABSTRACT

Los cambios en la vida, así como también en el campo de la Odontología, deben ser para mejorar siempre en todos los aspectos posibles. Y muchos de los cambios recientes en la Odontología Restauradora están encaminados a la utilización de materiales estéticos para remplazo de restauraciones metálicas previas, sin generar certeza total de ser mejores opciones. Esto ha generado un marcado incremento en la tendencia a practicar, más enfáticamente, el remplazo de restauraciones previas (AU)


Changes in life, as so in the field of Dentistry, should always be for the improvement on most possible aspects. Many of the recent changes in Restorative Dentistry are focus on the use of cosmetic materials to replace previous metallic restorations, without total certainty of being better options. This has generated a marked increase in the tendency to practice, more emphatically, the replacement of previous restorations (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Materials , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Recurrence , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Esthetics, Dental , Conservative Treatment
9.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3278, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289400

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En la atención odontológica a niños es crucial seleccionar materiales restaurativos con buen rendimiento clínico y corto tiempo de aplicación, especialmente en pacientes con capacidad de atención limitada. Las resinas compuestas, con el mejoramiento de sus propiedades físicas y mecánicas, constituyen hoy uno de los materiales de mayor elección por el odontopediatra. Las resinas de relleno masivo son una alternativa atractiva para las restauraciones en el sector posterior. Objetivo: Comparar el grado de microfiltración marginal de resinas de relleno masivo y nanohíbrida en molares deciduos. Métodos: Estudio experimental, in vitro, en cuarenta molares deciduos; exodonciados por motivos terapéuticos, divididos en dos grupos. Grupo I: resina nanohíbrida con técnica incremental (Tetric® N Ceram - Ivoclar Vivadent) y Grupo II: resina de relleno masivo con técnica monoincremental (Tetric® N Ceram bulk fill - Ivoclar Vivadent). Se realizó un proceso de termociclado manual de 500 ciclos, entre 5 ºC ± 2 ºC y 55 ºC ± 2 ºC. Las muestras fueron sumergidas en azul de metileno al 0,5 por ciento durante 24 horas a 37 ºC. Se analizaron con el microscopio estereoscópico de luz a 40X. Resultados: Todas las muestras presentaron microfiltración. Con el uso de resina nanohíbrida, el 25 presentó microfiltración leve; el 30 por ciento, moderada; y el 45 por ciento, severa. En el grupo de la resina de relleno masivo, el 30 por ciento presentó microfiltración leve; el 35 por ciento, moderada; y el 35 por ciento, severa. No se encontró diferencia significativa entre ambos grupos (p = 0,55). Conclusiones: Ambas resinas, de relleno masivo y nanohíbrida, presentaron similar microfiltración marginal in vitro, en molares deciduos; por lo que la técnica de relleno masivo, por su fácil y rápida aplicación en un solo tiempo, es una buena alternativa en la rehabilitación dental odontopediátrica(AU)


Introduction: In children's dental care it is crucial to select restorative materials of proven clinical quality and a short application period, particularly with patients of limited attention capacity. Due to their improved physical and mechanical properties, composite resins are currently one of the materials of choice for children's dental care. Bulk fill resins are an attractive alternative for posterior restorations. Objective: Compare the degree of marginal microleakage of bulk fill and nanohybrid resins in deciduous teeth. Methods: An experimental in vitro study was conducted of 40 deciduous teeth extracted for therapeutic reasons, which were divided into two groups. Group I: nanohybrid resin by incremental technique (Tetric® N Ceram - Ivoclar Vivadent) and Group II: bulk fill resin by monoincremental technique (Tetric® N Ceram bulk fill - Ivoclar Vivadent). A manual 500-cycle thermocycling procedure was performed at 5ºC ± 2ºC to 55ºC ± 2ºC. The samples were soaked in 0.5 percent methylene blue at 37ºC for 24 hours and analyzed under a light stereo microscope at 40X. Results: Microleakage was present in all the samples. In the nanohybrid resin group, microleakage was mild in 25 percent, moderate in 30 percent and severe in 45 percent. In the bulk fill resin group, microleakage was mild in 30 percent, moderate in 35 percent and severe in 35 percent. No significant difference was found between the groups (p = 0.55). Conclusions: Both resins, bulk fill and nanohybrid, presented similar in vitro marginal microleakage in deciduous molars. The bulk fill technique is therefore a good alternative for children's dental rehabilitation, due to its easy and fast application in a single session(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Dental Care/methods , Composite Resins/administration & dosage , Dental Materials/adverse effects
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 92-104, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345500

ABSTRACT

Abstract This in vitro study evaluated the effect of the beam homogeneity of a multiple-peak light-curing unit on the surface microhardness and the effect of toothbrushing wear on the microhardness, surface roughness, roughness profile, volume loss, and gloss retention of incremental and bulk-fill resin-based composites (RBCs). A LED light-curing unit (VALO) with four LEDs at the tip end (405, 445, 465A, and 465B nm emission peak) was used according to each manufacturer-recommended time to obtain disks (n=10) of six RBCs: Estelite Sigma Quick, Charisma Classic, Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, Filtek Z250, Filtek Supreme Ultra, and Filtek Bulk Fill. Microhardness values were obtained according to each LED positioning of the light-curing unit on the top surface of the RBCs and were analyzed before and after toothbrushing regarding microhardness, surface roughness, roughness profile, volume loss, and gloss retention. Microhardness was considered homogeneous on the top surface regardless of the type of RBC or wavelength tested (p>0.05). Overall, toothbrushing did not reduce the microhardness of the RBCs but influenced the gloss values for most RBCs (p<0.001). Charisma Classic presented the greatest surface roughness and roughness profile after toothbrushing (p<0.05). Volume loss did not differ among RBCs (p>0.05). In conclusion, different wavelengths of the LED did not affect the top surface microhardness, regardless of the RBCs tested; and bulk-fill composites presented similar surface changes (microhardness, surface roughness, roughness profile, volume loss, and gloss retention) when compared to conventional composites after toothbrushing.


Resumo Este estudo in vitro avaliou a homogeneidade do feixe de um fotopolimerizador de múltiplos picos na microdureza superficial e o efeito da escovação na microdureza, rugosidade superficial, perfil de rugosidade, perda de volume e retenção do brilho de compósitos a base de resina (RBCs) incrementais ou bulk-fill. Um fotopolimerizador LED (VALO) com quatro LEDs na ponteira (405, 445, 465A e 465B nm de pico de emissão) foi usado de acordo com o tempo recomendado por cada fabricante para obtenção de discos (n=10) de seis RBCs: Estelite Sigma Quick, Charisma Classic, Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, Filtek Z250, Filtek Supreme Ultra e Filtek Bulk Fill. Os valores de microdureza foram obtidos seguindo o posicionamento de cada LED na superfície superior das amostras e foram analisados antes e após a escovação quanto a microdureza, rugosidade superficial, perfil de rugosidade, perda de volume e retenção do brilho. A microdureza foi considerada homogênea no topo da superfície, independentemente do tipo de RBCs ou comprimento de onda testados (p>0.05). No geral, a escovação não reduziu a microdureza das RBCs, mas influenciou o brilho para a maioria das RBCs (p<0.001). Charisma Classic apresentou os maiores valores de rugosidade superficial e perfil de rugosidade após a escovação (p<0.05). A perda de volume não diferiu entre as RBCs (p>0.05). Em conclusão, os diferentes comprimentos de onda do LED não alteraram a microdureza do topo da superfície, independentemente das RBCs testadas; e as resinas bulk-fill apresentaram alterações superficiais similares (microdureza, rugosidade superficial, perfil de rugosidade, perda de volume e manutenção do brilho) quando comparadas às resinas convencionais após a escovação.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Polymerization
11.
Sâo José dos Campos; s.n; 20210000. 129 p. il, graf, Tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1358945

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o comportamento biomecânico de diferentes pilares (pilar CMN [Grupo CMN] e minipilares [Grupo MP]) reabilitados com uma prótese múltipla parafusada de três elementos. Para os ensaios laboratoriais foram confecionados blocos em poliuretano para os grupos avaliados (n = 10). Cada bloco recebeu três implantes na configuração "off set", seus respectivos pilares (CMN ou minipilar) e uma prótese múltipla de três elementos. Foram colados quatro extensômetros na superfície de cada bloco tangenciando cada implante para a realização dos ensaios. Para análises pelo método de elementos finitos, os modelos tridimensionais dos dois grupos foram exportados para o software Ansys a fim de realizar uma análise estática estrutural. Todas as estruturas foram consideradas homogêneas, isotrópicas e elásticas. Os contatos entre as estruturas dos modelos tridimensionais foram considerados não lineares com coeficiente de atrito de 0,3 entre as estruturas metálicas e considerada colada entre o implante e o substrato. Foi aplicada uma carga axial de 300N sobre cada um dos 3 implantes (pontos A, B e C) para ambas metodologias. A microdeformação e a tensão máxima principal foram adotadas como critérios de falha. Os dados obtidos nas duas metodologias foram submetidos aos testes de Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis e ao teste de comparação múltipla de Dunn. Os resultados obtidos pela extensometria não apresentaram diferença estatística (p = 0,879) entre os grupos CMN (645,3 ± 309,2 µÎµ) e MP (639,3 ± 278,8 µÎµ), e ainda permitiu a validação dos modelos teóricos com uma diferença de 6,3 e 6,4% para as microdeformações nos grupos CMN e MP, respectivamente. De forma semelhante, os resultados apresentados pelos modelos teóricos na apresentaram diferença estatística (p = 0,932) para os grupos CMN (605,1 ± 358,6 µÎµ) e MP (598,7 ± 357,9 µÎµ). O estudo concluiu que a utilização de abutments CMN suportando uma prótese múltipla apresentou comportamento biomecânico compatível aos minipilares, sem que causassem uma deformação periférica deletéria (3.000 µÎµ).


The aim of this work was to evaluate the biomechanical behavior of Morse taper implants using different abutments (CMN abutment [CMN Group] and miniconical abutments [MC Group]), indicated to support a screw-retained 3-unit fixed partial denture. For the in vitro test, polyurethane blocks were made for both groups (n=10) and received three implants in the "off set" configuration and their respective abutments (CMN or MC) with a 3-unit fixed partial prosthesis. Four strain gauges were bonded to the surface of each block. For the finite element analysis, 3-D models of both groups were created and exported to the analysis software to perform a static structural analysis. All structures were considered homogeneous, isotropic and elastic. The contacts were considered non-linear with a friction coefficient of 0.3 between metallic structures and considered bonded between the implant and substrate. An axial load of 300N was applied in three points (A, B and C) for both methods. The microstrain and the maximum principal stress were considered as analysis criteria. The data obtained were submitted to the Mann-Whitney, Kruskal- Wallis tests and Dunn's multiple comparison test (α = 5%). The results obtained by strain-gauge showed no statistical difference (p = 0.879) between the CMN (645.3 ± 309.2 µÎµ) and MP (639.3 ± 278.8 µÎµ) and allowed the validation of computational models with a difference of 6.3 and 6.4% for the microstrains in the CMN and MC groups, respectively. Similarly, the results presented by the computational models showed no statistical difference (p = 0.932) for the CMN (605.1 ± 358.6 µÎµ) and MC (598.7 ± 357.9 µÎµ) groups. The study concluded that strain-gauge is an effective method for the validation of computational models and that the use of CMN or MC abutments to support a fixed partial denture cab be indicated without causing a deleterious strain magnitude (3,000 µÎµ) regardless the loading region.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Materials
12.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 6(1): 56-61, abr. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354542

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Minimally invasive dentistry aims to preserve the tooth structure and to achieve this, improved dental materials can be used. Among these, Icon®was developed for infiltration of non-cavitated enamel carious lesions or those located in the external third of dentin. Objective: To report two clinical cases in which Icon® was used to treat interproximal caries lesions in primary and permanent teeth. Case report: Two patients (10 and 13 years) attended the Pediatric Dental Clinic and the clinical and radiographic examination revealed non-cavitated enamel carious lesions and outer third of dentin on teeth 54 distal (D) and 55 mesial (M) (Patient 1), and teeth 24D and 25M (Patient 2), respectively. To restore the lesions, a resin infiltrant (Icon®) was used under rubber dam isolationand according to the manufacturer's recommendations. Results: The patients were assessed immediately after restoration, when complete sealing of the lesion was observed. Patient 1 returned for clinical and radiographic evaluation after 3 months and patient 2 returned after one month, where arrest of the carious lesions was detected. Conclusion: It is concluded that Icon® can be a good option of minimally invasive restorative material, with good applicability in Pediatric Dentistry.


Introdução: A odontologia minimamente invasiva visa maior preservação da estrutura dentária e novos materiais odontológicos vêm sendo utilizados para este fim. Dentre esses, o Icon® foi desenvolvido para infiltração de lesões de cárie não cavitadas localizadas em esmalte e/ou no terço externo de dentina. Objetivo: Relatar dois casos clínicos em que se utilizou o Icon® para tratamento de lesões de cárie interproximais em dentes decíduos e permanentes. Relato do caso: Dois pacientes (10 e 13 anos) compareceram à clínica de Odontopediatriada FO-UFRJ e ao exame clínico e radiográfico foram diagnosticadas lesões cariosas não cavitadas no terço externo de dentina e no esmalte dentário, nos dentes 54 distal (D) e 55 mesial (M) (Paciente 1) e dentes 24D e 25M (Paciente 2), respectivamente. Para restauração das lesões, foi utilizado o infiltrante de resina Icon® sob isolamento absoluto e de acordo com as recomendações do fabricante. Resultados: Os pacientes foram avaliados imediatamente após a restauração e observou-se um completo selamento da lesão. O paciente 1 retornou para avaliação clínica e radiográfica após 3 meses e o paciente 2 após 1 mês. Em ambos foi detectada paralisação da lesão cariosa. Conclusão: Conclui-se que o Icon® representa uma boa opção de material restaurador minimamente invasivo e com boa aplicabilidade em Odontopediatria.


Subject(s)
Pediatric Dentistry , Dental Caries , Dental Materials
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 91-97, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180719

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study investigated the effects of oxygen inhibition and finishing/polishing procedures on the composite resin properties. One bulk-fill and two conventional composite resins (nanoparticle and microhybrid) were evaluated. Specimens were prepared using 4 surface treatments: control, no treatment; Gly, oxygen inhibition with glycerin; FP, finishing and polishing; Gly + FP, glycerin followed by finishing and polishing. The degree of conversion (DC) was measured using Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) immediately and after 15 days (n=5). Color stability (ΔEab, and ΔE00) and opacity were evaluated using a spectrophotometer after 15 days of immersion in coffee, using the CIELAB system (n=5). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α=0.05) and opacity by two-way repeated-measures ANOVA. Glycerin usage increased significantly the DC however had no influence on the ΔEab, ΔE00 and, opacity values. Finishing and polishing reduced ΔEab and ΔE00 values, regardless of composite resins. Microhybrid showed higher opacity, followed by the nanoparticle and bulk fill, regardless of surface treatment. Post-polymerization polishing procedures resulted in lower conversion than using an oxygen inhibitor agent (Gly condition), but similar staining caused by coffee.


Resumo Este estudo investigou os efeitos da inibição de oxigênio e dos procedimentos de acabamento/polimento nas propriedades das resinas compostas. Foram avaliadas uma resina composta bulk fill e duas resinas convencionais (nanoparticulada e microhíbrida). Os espécimes foram confeccionados, variando o tratamento de superfície: controle, sem tratamento; glicerina (inibidor de oxigênio); acabamento e polimento; glicerina + acabamento e polimento. O grau de conversão (GC) foi medido pela Espectroscopia de Infravermelho Transformada de Fourier (FTIR) imediatamente e após 15 dias da confecção dos espécimes (n=5). Os índices de alteração de cor ΔEab, ΔE00 e opacidade foram avaliados por meio de espectrofotômetro, após 15 dias de imersão no café, utilizando o sistema CIELAB (n=5). Os dados da alteração da cor foram analisados pelos testes ANOVA de dois fatores e Tukey (α=0,05) e a opacidade por ANOVA de medidas repetidas. O uso de glicerina aumentou significativamente o GC, no entanto, não teve influência sobre os valores ΔEab e ΔE00. O acabamento e o polimento reduziram os valores de ΔEab e ΔE00, independentemente da resina composta. A resina microhíbrida apresentou maior opacidade, seguida pela nanoparticula e bulk-fill, independentemente do tratamento de superfície. O acabamento e polimento resultou em menor grau de conversão das resinas compostas se comparado ao uso de um agente inibidor de oxigênio (glicerina), porém apresenta resultados similares para a pigmentação pelo café.


Subject(s)
Oxygen , Composite Resins , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Color , Dental Materials , Dental Polishing
14.
São Paulo; s.n; 20210219. 78 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1147715

ABSTRACT

A resina acrílica é usada em larga escala nos mais diversos setores inclusive na odontologia. Apesar dessa difusão, esse material sofre um problema sério frente a adesão de microrganismos em sua superfície. Visando isso, o presente trabalho elaborou um biomaterial baseado na incorporação do biocida Poli (cloreto de dialildimetilamônio) (PDADMAC) na massa de resinas acrílicas auto e termopolimerizável, avaliou suas propriedades antifúngicas e citotoxicidade. O PDADMAC foi incorporado nas resinas acrílicas e sua atividade antifúngica foi testada frente aos fungos Candida albicans (ATCC 10231) e Aspergillus niger (ATCC 16404) seguindo os protocolos padrão G21-15 e E2149-13. Além disso, cepas isoladas da mucosa oral de pacientes sem doenças sistêmicas foram identificadas e a partir disso foram realizados os estudos de protease e de potencial antifúngico frente a essas cepas. Foram realizados também os testes de citotoxidade utilizando o ensaio de redução de MTT em células-tronco de polpa dentária cultivadas em contato com meio de cultura condicionado pelas resinas. Os resultados demostraram que ambas as resinas com PDADMAC exibiram eficácia significativa contra Candida albicans. Já com relação ao fungo Aspergillus niger, ficou evidente que esse material possui apenas eficácia fungistática. Com relação às cepas isoladas da mucosa oral de pacientes sem doenças sistêmicas, foi observado que a Candida albicans foi a mais prevalente e que independente da produção de protease produzidas por essas cepas as resinas acrescidas de PDADMAC são eficazes. Nos exames de citotoxidade a adição do biocida nas resinas não afetou a viabilidade celular quando comparada às células cultivadas em condições ideais. Portanto, conclui-se que a incorporação de PDADMAC nas resinas acrílicas foi determinante para alcançar o efeito antifúngico desejado, mantendo a biocompatibilidade. Este estudo encontrou resultados promissores para o uso futuro deste biocida em materiais odontológicos.


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins , Dental Materials , Antifungal Agents
15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-7, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178275

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of the present in-vitro study was to verify the efficacy of two spectrophotometer-based shade matching systems for color matching of ceramics after artificial accelerated aging (AAA). Material and Methods: The ceramics used were porcelain laminated veneers. Seventy standard-shaped discs (thickness x diameter: 0.5 mm x 10 mm) of B1 shades were used. Based upon the type of resin cement used, the specimens were divided into seven groups (10/group). The following light-cured cements were used: RelyX-Veneer (L-RV), Variolink-Veneer (L-VV), and Variolink-Esthetic (L-VE). The dual-cured cements were: RelyX Ultimate (D-RU), RelyX-Unicem (D-RC), and Variolink-Esthetics DC (D-VE). The control group consisted of ceramic only. All specimens were thermocycled in water for 3,500 cycles between 5 oC -55 oC, with dwell times of 30 s in each bath and a transfer time of 10 s between baths. All specimens were thermocycled in water for 3,500 cycles between 5 oC and 55 oC, and color measurement was done using the VITA Easyshade and ColorEye spectrophotometers. Baseline color reading was performed 24-hours after cementation. Differences in color (DE) of EasyShade and ColorEye before and after AAA were determined and compared statistically. Group comparisons were done using the paired t-tests. Level of significance was set at P< 0.05. Results: The mean differences in color (ΔE) values obtained from EasyShade spectrophotometer for light- and dual-cured cements, were 0.843±0.89 (L-RV ), 4.11±0.69 (L-VV) and 0.833±0.47 (L-VE); and 2.22±0.64 (D-RU), 3.37±0.83 (D-RC) and 0.38±0.92 (D-VE), respectively. The mean differences in color (ΔE) values obtained from ColorEye spectrophotometer for light- and dual-cured cements, were 0.68±0.86 (L-RV ), 4.55±0.83 (L-VV) and 2.68±0.26 (L-VE); and 2.06±0.84 (D-RU), 1.8±1.08 (D-RC) and 0.96±0.71 (D-VE), respectively. There was no significant difference in the mean DE values among the groups. Conclusion: The VITA Easyshade and ColorEye shade matching systems are comparable in terms of their efficacy for color matching of cerammics after AAA.(AU)


Objetivos: O objetivo do presente estudo in vitro foi verificar a eficácia de dois espectrofotômetros baseados em escalas de cor para avaliação de cor de cerâmicas após envelhecimento artificial acelerado (EAA). Material e Métodos: As cerâmicas utilizadas foram laminados cerâmicos. Foram usados setenta discos de formato padrão (0,5mm de espessura x 10 mm de diâmetro) de tonalidades B1. Com base no tipo de cimento resinoso utilizado, os corpos-de-prova foram divididos em sete grupos (10 / grupo). Foram utilizados os seguintes cimentos fotopolimerizáveis: RelyX-Veneer (L-RV), Variolink-Veneer (L-VV) e Variolink-Esthetic (L-VE). Os cimentos de cura dual foram: RelyX Ultimate (D-RU), RelyX-Unicem (D-RC) e Variolink-Esthetics DC (D-VE). O grupo controle consistia apenas de cerâmica. Todos os corpos-de-prova foram termociclados em água por 3.500 ciclos entre 5oC-55oC, com tempos de permanência de 30s em cada banho e um tempo de transferência de 10s entre os banhos. A medição da cor foi feita usando os espectrofotômetros VITA Easyshade e ColorEye. A leitura da cor inicial foi realizada 24 horas após a cimentação. As diferenças na cor (ΔE) do EasyShade e ColorEye antes e depois do EAA foram determinadas e comparadas estatisticamente. As comparações dos grupos foram feitas usando o teste t pareados. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em p <0,05. Resultados: os valores médios de diferenças na cor (ΔE) obtidos no espectrofotômetro EasyShade para cimentos fotopolimerizáveis e duais foram de 0,843 ± 0,89 (L-RV), 4,11 ± 0,69 (L-VV) e 0,833 ± 0,47 (L-VE ); e 2,22 ± 0,64 (D-RU), 3,37 ± 0,83 (D-RC) e 0,38 ± 0,92 (D-VE), respectivamente. os valores médios de diferenças na cor (ΔE) obtidos no espectrofotômetro ColorEye para cimentos fotopolimerizáveis e duais foram de 0,68 ± 0,86 (L-RV), 4,55 ± 0,83 (L-VV) e 2,68 ± 0,26 (L-VE); e 2,06 ± 0,84 (D-RU), 1,8 ± 1,08 (D-RC) e 0,96 ± 0,71 (D-VE), respectivamente. Não houve diferença significativa nos valores médios de ΔE entre os grupos. Conclusão: Os sistemas de combinação de cores VITA Easyshade e ColorEye são comparáveis em termos de eficácia para avaliação de cores de cerâmicas após EAA. (AU)


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques , Spectrophotometers , Dental Materials , Dental Veneers
16.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-5, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1177573

ABSTRACT

Objetives: this study aimed to fabricate electrospun-based polyetherimide (PEI) fibers, under controlled parameters, and to perform a diameter analysis for potential mechanical improvement of dental materials. Material and Methods: PEI pallets (0.75 g) were dissolved in 2 mL of chloroform and then processed by electrospinning, under a flow rate of 1mLh-1, three different electrical voltages (10kV, 15kV and 20kV) and three distances (10 cm, 15 cm and 18 cm) between the needle tip and collector. These parameter combinations resulted in nine experimental groups that were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and image processing program for diameter measurement. Statistical analysis was performed using two-way ANOVA with post-hoc Tukey (5% significance). Results: from SEM images it was possible to observe formation of solid, misaligned and flawless defect-free fibers. And from the statistical analysis, distance (p = 0,0026) and the electric tension (p = 0,0012) showed a significant difference, but not for interaction between then (p = 0,4486). Conclusion: thus, it can be concluded that there is a possibility of the morphology control of PEI electrospun fibers, such as diameter, that can be used for a variety of applications such as incorporation in dental materials in order to improve its properties. (AU)


Objetivos: o objetivo deste estudo foi fabricar fibras de polieterimida à base de eletrofiação (PEI), sob parâmetros controlados, e realizar uma análise de diâmetro para potencial aprimoramento mecânico de materiais odontológicos. Material e métodos: paletes de PEI (0,75 g) foram dissolvidos em 2 mL de clorofórmio e processados pela eletrofiação, sob uma razão de fluxo de 1 mLh-1, três tensões elétricas diferentes (10 kV, 15 kV e 20 kV) e três distâncias (10 cm, 15 cm e 18 cm) entre a ponta da agulha e o coletor. Essas combinações de parâmetros resultaram em nove grupos diferentes que foram analisadas usando microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) e programa de processamento de imagem para medição de diâmetro. Resultados: a partir das imagens de MEV foi possível observar a formação de fibras sólidas, desalinhadas e sem defeitos. E a partir da análise estatística, a distância (p = 0,0026) e a tensão elétrica (p = 0,0012) apresentaram diferença significativa, mas não para interação entre elas (p = 0,4486). Conclusão: assim, pode-se concluir que existe a possibilidade de controle da morfologia das fibras eletrofiadas PEI, como o diâmetro, que pode ser utilizado para uma variedade de aplicações, como incorporação em materiais dentários, a fim de melhorar suas propriedades (AU)


Subject(s)
Polymers , Tensile Strength , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dental Materials
17.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180870

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the effect of Maleic acid and Irritrol (combination of Chlorhexidine & Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) irrigation on the sealing ability of Biodentine when used as root-end filling material. Material and Methods: Thirty single-rooted human premolars were subjected to standardized root canal instrumentation and were irrigated with 2.5% Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) after each instrument change. Apical root resections were done by removing 3 mm of the apex at a 90° angle to the long axis of the root with a diamond bur. The root end cavity preparation was done using ultrasonic tips at a low power setting under water coolant. They were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=10). Group 1 was irrigated with 7% Maleic acid, Group 2 was irrigated with Irritrol, and Group 3 was irrigated with 0.9% Saline (Control). Then, the root end cavities of all the samples were restored with Biodentine and were subjected to leakage analysis using a glucose filtration test. The mean values for each group were calculated and the obtained data was statistically analysed using ANOVA with post-hoc Tukey's test, ANOVA with post-hoc Games-Howell test and repeated measures ANOVA with post-hoc Bonferroni test. Results: The specimens irrigated with Irritrol showed least microleakage as compared to 7% Maleic acid and 0.9% Saline. Conclusion: A regimen involving irrigation of the root-end cavity with Irritrol followed by root-end filling with Biodentine can improve the apical seal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acids , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Materials , Dental Pulp Cavity , Bicuspid , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Analysis of Variance , India
18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-7, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178409

ABSTRACT

Background: To present the benefits of high power lasers (Er: YAG and Nd: YAG) over the use of the high speed turbine for the extraction of ceramics restorations, without damaging the surfaces of the teeth; being a relatively easier and faster procedure without the use of anesthetic agents, and the preparation of the ceramic restorations and cementing in the single session; with a follow-up of 1 year. Objective: The benefits of lasers over high-speed turbine mechanical instrumentation for crown removal encompass efficient restoration recovery without damage to tooth surfaces; and a relatively easier and faster procedure without the use of anesthetic agents. Methods: The Er: YAG laser (no contact; 3.2-4.0 W, 20 Hz) was used to extract the porcelain prosthesis, followed by a gingivectomy with the Nd: YAG laser on tooth 12 to improve the gingival contour. The dental surfaces where the ceramic prosthesis will be cemented were scanned. Then, CAD / CAM technology was used to make the ceramic veneers that were cemented in the same session. Results: The efficacy the Er:YAG laser energy was observed by the decreased of the time to remove all-ceramic materials through ablation of bonding cements, reducing working time by 75% compared to a high-speed turbine. Conclusions: An Er: YAG laser can safely remove lithium disilicate crowns with the settings used in this study. Laser-assisted removal of all ceramic PDFs is a promising treatment protocol. The use of the Nd: YAG (2.0 W power, short 20Hz, 320 µm optical fiber, in contact) laser allowed gingivoplasty to be performed, automatically cauterizing avoiding post-operative bleeding, and facilitating the preparation of ceramic restorations the same day. The use of high-power lasers and the use of accompanying CAD / CAM technology allowed this clinical case to be completed in a single visit without the use of temporary restorations, achieving absolute patient satisfaction. (AU)


Antecedentes: Apresentar os benefícios dos lasers de alta potência (Er: YAG e Nd:YAG) sobre o uso da turbina de alta velocidade para a remoção de restaurações cerâmicas, sem danificar as superfícies dos dentes; sendo um procedimento relativamente mais fácil e rápido evitando o uso de agentes anestésicos, conseguindo fazer o preparo das restaurações de cerâmica e cimentação em uma única sessão; com seguimento de 1 ano. Objetivo: Os benefícios dos lasers sobre a instrumentação mecânica com turbina de alta velocidade para a remoção da coroa abrangem a recuperação eficiente da restauração sem danos às superfícies dos dentes; e um procedimento relativamente mais fácil e rápido sem o uso de agentes anestésicos. Métodos: O laser Er: YAG (sem contato; 3,2-4,0 W, 20 Hz) foi utilizado para remover a prótese de porcelana, seguido de gengivectomia com o laser Nd: YAG no dente 12 para melhorar o contorno gengival. As superfícies dentais onde a prótese de cerâmica será cimentada foram escaneadas. Em seguida, a tecnologia CAD / CAM foi utilizada para confeccionar as facetas de cerâmicas que foram cimentadas na mesma sessão. Resultados: A eficácia da energia do laser Er: YAG foi observada pela diminuição do tempo na remoção dos materiais cerâmicos por meio da ablação dos cimentos de ligação, reduzindo o tempo de trabalho em 75% em relação a uma turbina de alta velocidade. Conclusão: Um laser Er: YAG pode remover com segurança as coroas de dissilicato de lítio com as configurações usadas neste estudo. A remoção assistida por laser de todos os PDFs de cerâmica é um protocolo de tratamento promissor. O uso do laser Nd: YAG (2,0 W potência, curta 20Hz, 320 µm fibra ótica, em contato) permitiu a realização da gengivoplastia, cauterizando automaticamente evitando sangramento pós-operatório e facilitando o preparo das restaurações cerâmicas no mesmo dia. O uso de lasers de alta potência e o uso da tecnologia CAD / CAM que o acompanha permitiram que este caso clínico fosse concluído em uma única visita, sem o uso de restaurações temporárias, alcançando a satisfação absoluta do paciente (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Materials , Lasers, Solid-State
19.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346674

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the scientific evidence on direct and indirect bonding techniques to analyse the differences related to treatment time, number of appointments and number of bracket detachments. Material and Methods: The MEDLINE and Cochrane Library databases were searched through to March 2021. Reference lists from the retrieved publications were also examined. The following article types that described data on the different types of direct and indirect bonding techniques in orthodontics were included: prospective and retrospective cohort studies, case-control studies and randomized controlled clinical trials (RCCTs). Two review authors independently assessed eligibility, extracted data, and ascertained the quality of the studies. Results: The search strategy initially resulted in 824 articles, and after a careful selection comprising the inclusion criteria, 12 articles were picked for the final review, specifically 2 cohort studies, 4 case-control studies and 6 RCCTs. The methodological quality was low in 4 studies, medium in 2, and high in 6 articles. Conclusion: The evidence currently available suggests that the use of computer-aided bonding is related to a reduction in treatment time and the number of appointments compared to direct and manual indirect bonding. However, the total bonding time for computer-aided bonding technique, including digital bracket placement, was longer than for direct bonding. Further high-quality RCTs on the differences between direct and indirect bonding are necessary to determine more precise data, as well as additional advantages and disadvantages.


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding/instrumentation , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Materials , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Italy
20.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250463

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate in vitro the flexural strength of two newer composite resin materials. Material and Methods: Twenty-four samples were equally divided into two groups: G1 - Brilliant EverGlow and G2: Brilliant NG. The rectangular blocks of 25 mm in length, 2 mm in width and thickness were prepared from two composite materials. Blocks were created by applying composites to a customized split mold and formed between two parallel glass plates. Before light-curing, blocks were covered with Mylar strips and rinsed for 10 seconds in water. Subsequently, they were stored in distilled water for 24 hours at 37ºC and 100% humidity before testing. Each sample was placed within a suitable framework of aluminum. The length of gap between the support was 21 mm and the speed of crosshead at 1 mm/minute. The data were subjected to an independent t-test. The level of significance was set at p <0.05. Results: A less flexural strength was observed in G1 (77.43 Mpa) compared to G2 (118.70 Mpa) (p<0.001). Conclusion: Universal nanohybrid composite resin material was found to have greater flexural strength than universal submicron hybrid composite material.


Subject(s)
Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Nanocomposites , Flexural Strength , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , India
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