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Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 516-522, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935895


Objective: To evaluate the effects of pre-sintering heating rate and powder size on dental recycled zirconia. Methods: Recycled zirconia powders were sieved to obtain the large (50 μm<particle diameter≤125 μm) and small (particle diameter≤50 μm) particles, these powders were then formed into green bodies. According to the pre-sintering heating rates, the recycled-zirconia green bodies were divided into 3 groups: group A, pre-sintering heating rate of 2 ℃/min; group B, pre-sintering heating rate of 5 ℃/min; group C, pre-sintering heating rate of 8 ℃/min. The relative density open porosity and machinability of the recycled zirconia pre-sintered bodies were evaluated and compared with the commercial zirconia pre-sintered bodies. Zirconia pre-sintered bodies were then fully sintered according to the manufacturer's instructions. The relative density, open porosity, linear shrinkage and flexural strength of fully sintered zirconia were further compared. The microstructure of fracture surfaces and the crystalline structure were analyzed by scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffractometer, respectively. Results: With the same particle size, the recycled zirconia pre-sintered at different heating rates showed no significant differences in the relative densities, and the open porosities (P>0.05). When the pre-sintering heating rates were 2 ℃/min, 5 ℃/min, and 8 ℃/min, the flexural strengths of the large-particle recycled zirconia were (421.2±54.7), (444.2±70.1) and (427.5±68.4) MPa, the flexural strengths of the small-particle recycled zirconia were (750.1±74.1), (777.2±95.5) and (746.7±73.0) MPa, respectively. The flexural strength of commercial zirconia was (988.4±129.8) MPa. The flexural strengths of the recycled zirconia were significantly lower than that of the commercial zirconia (P<0.05). At the same pre-sintering heating rate, the flexural strengths of the small-particle recycled zirconia were significantly higher than that of the large-particle recycled zirconia (P<0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the large particles, small-particle recycled zirconia powders can effectively improve the properties of recycled zirconia, while the pre-sintering heating rate has no effect on the properties of the recycled zirconia.

Ceramics , Dental Materials/chemistry , Heating , Materials Testing , Powders , Surface Properties , Yttrium , Zirconium
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210058, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365226


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate and compare the effect of 17% Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid (EDTA), 9% Etidronic acid (HEDP), and 7% Maleic acid (MA) on the push-out bond strength of NeoMTA Plus sealer to the coronal, middle, and apical thirds of root canal dentin. Material and Methods Forty single-rooted human maxillary central incisors were selected and decoronated to 12 mm long root fragments. Working length was established and root canals were then enlarged up to rotary Protaper F3. After each instrumentation, the root canal was irrigated with 2.5% NaOCl. For the final irrigation regimen, the specimens were divided into 4 groups (n=10) and treated with EDTA, HEDP, MA or Saline. Root canals were coated with NeoMTA Plus sealer, and obturation was done with single cone obturation technique. Subsequently, three horizontal sections were taken from the coronal, middle and apical thirds of each specimen, and POBS was measured using a universal testing machine. The type of bond failures was assessed under a stereomicroscope. Statistical analysis was done with One-way ANOVA with Tukey's Post hoc analysis. Results MA and EDTA showed the highest POBS. There was no significant difference in bond strength between MA and EDTA (p>0.05). HEDP and Saline showed lower POBS. Among all the four groups, the coronal third showed the highest values, followed by middle and apical thirds. Conclusion The type of chelating agent used during the root canal treatment significantly affects the bond strength of NeoMTA Plus to the root canal dentin.

Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tensile Strength , Chelating Agents/chemistry , Dental Cements , Endodontics , Analysis of Variance , Edetic Acid , Etidronic Acid , Dental Materials/chemistry , Incisor , India , Maleic Hydrazide
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190042, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056592


Abstract Gap formation of composite resin restorations is a serious shortcoming in clinical practice. Polymerization shrinkage stress exceeds the tooth-restoration bond strength, and it causes bacterial infiltration within gaps between cavity walls and the restorative material. Thus, an intermediate liner application with a low elastic modulus has been advised to minimize polymerization shrinkage as well as gap formation. Objective: The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess gap formation volume in premolars restored with different bulk-fill composites, with and without a resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (RMGIC) liner, using x-ray micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Methodology: Sixty extracted human maxillary premolars were divided into six groups according to bucco-palatal dimensions (n=10). Standardized Class II mesio-occluso-distal cavities were prepared. G-Premio Bond (GC Corp., Japan) was applied in the selective-etch mode. Teeth were restored with high-viscosity (Filtek Bulk Fill, 3M ESPE, USA)-FB, sonic-activated (SonicFill 2, Kerr, USA)-SF and low viscosity (Estelite Bulk Fill Flow, Tokuyama, Japan)-EB bulk-fill composites, with and without a liner (Ionoseal, Voco GmbH, Germany)-L. The specimens were subjected to 10,000 thermocycles (5-55°C) and 50,000 simulated chewing cycles (100 N). Gap formation based on the volume of black spaces at the tooth-restoration interface was quantified in mm3 using micro-computed tomography (SkyScan, Belgium), and analyses were performed. Data were analyzed using repeated-measures ANOVA and the Bonferroni correction test (p < 0.05). Results: The gap volume of all tested bulk-fill composites demonstrated that Group SF (1.581±0.773) had significantly higher values than Group EB (0.717±0.679). Regarding the use of a liner, a significant reduction in gap formation volume was observed only in Group SFL (0.927±0.630) compared with Group SF (1.581±0.773). Conclusion: It can be concluded that different types of bulk-fill composite resins affected gap formation volume. Low-viscosity bulk-fill composites exhibited better adaptation to cavity walls and less gap formation than did sonic-activated bulk-fill composites. The use of an RMGIC liner produced a significant reduction in gap formation volume for sonic-activated bulk-fill composites.

Humans , Composite Resins/chemistry , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Dental Cavity Preparation/methods , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Polymerization , In Vitro Techniques , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Dental Stress Analysis , X-Ray Microtomography
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135522


Abstract Objective: To compare the immediate microleakage of carious fissures sealed with a caries infiltrant covered by a flowable composite or solely with a flowable composite. Material and Methods: Extracted carious molars (n=20) were selected and paired among the experimental groups according to caries progression scores. Experimental groups (n=10) were divided according to the following sealing techniques: 1) caries infiltrant (Icon) + flowable composite (Z350 flow); 2) flowable composite (Z350 flow). Specimens were immersed in 3% methylene blue and evaluated in a stereomicroscope. Microleakage scores were attributed independently by two calibrated evaluators and the mode value was considered as the mean for the specimen. Binomial tests were used to test differences between two independent sample proportions at 5% significance level. Results: In the flowable composite group, a higher prevalence of dye penetration along the full depth of the fissure was observed, compared with caries infiltrant + flowable composite (p<0.05). For specimens showing dye penetration up to half of the fissure, in caries infiltrant + flowable composite group, all specimens showed dye penetration into the sealant, but not over the infiltrant. Conclusion: Using caries infiltrant as sealing material under a flowable composite cover is effective to improve the immediate sealing ability in carious fissures compared to sealing with flowable composite.

Humans , Pit and Fissure Sealants/chemistry , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Leakage/diagnostic imaging , Dental Materials/chemistry , Molar , Brazil , Methylene Blue
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135517


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effect of pre-polymerization heating of nanocomposite filling materials on their strength properties within one manufacture group. Material and Methods: Two nanocomposite filling materials Enamel Plus HRi Universal Dentin® and Universal Enamel® were used. The linear thermal expansion coefficient (LTEC), Young's modulus and penetration depth were determined during the tests. Changes in the structure of materials were evaluated using electron scanning microscopy. Results: Dentin nanocomposite samples after pre-heating and polymerization have higher LTEC after 30°C compared to dentine nanocomposite untreated samples with statistically significance started at 62°C (p<0.05) and higher temperature. Pre-polymerization heated samples had a statistically higher LTEC (p<0.05) at 57°С. It was revealed that Young's modulus of the dentin nanocomposite samples after thermal processing at 55°C was higher in total after the first heating cycle by 15% compared to the untreated dentin nanocomposite samples (p<0.05). The volume of total porosity after pre-heating decreased to 5-7% (p<0.05). Conclusion: The material that has undergone preliminary heat processing is significantly less deformed under load than the material that does not have thermal processing during the research was established and also has a denser structure.

Materials Testing , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Materials/chemistry , Nanocomposites , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Analysis of Variance , Russia/epidemiology , Dental Enamel , Dentin
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e020, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089398


Abstract: This in vitro study aimed to assess the effects of different pretreatments used to adapt glass-fiber posts cemented to root canals with different resin cements, regarding porosity percentage and bond strength. Twelve bovine incisor roots were prepared with Largo drills. After post space preparation, the specimens were randomized into two types of pretreatment groups (n = 3): water-wet bonding and ethanol-wet bonding. After the post were cemented, the roots were stored in 100% humidity at room temperature for 7 days. The samples were scanned by microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). Images were reconstructed by NRecon software, and CTAn software was used to analyze the porosity percentage (%) at the luting interface. Evaluation of the push-out bond strength was performed by serially cutting the roots, and submitting the slices to testing. Additionally, the resin cement post-gel shrinkage values (%) were measured using the strain-gauge method (n = 10). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA, Tukey's test and Student's t test (a = 0.05). The roots prepared with ethanol-wet bonding using RelyX™ U200 had significantly lower porosity in the coronal and apical thirds (p < 0.05). The group prepared with ethanol-wet bonding using RelyX™ ARC presented better bond strength results in the coronal and apical thirds (p < 0.05). RelyX™ ARC (0.97%) produced a higher post-gel shrinkage value than RelyX™ U200 (0.77%). Canals pretreated with ethanol-wet bonding presented better outcomes in regard to porosity percentage and push-out bond strength.

Animals , Cattle , Tooth Root/drug effects , Post and Core Technique , Dentin-Bonding Agents/pharmacology , Resin Cements/chemistry , Ethanol/pharmacology , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Materials Testing , Cattle , Porosity , Dental Bonding , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity , X-Ray Microtomography , Glass
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(2): 108-115, abr. 30, 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145301


Statement of problem : fracture of endodontically treated teeth is reduced by the use of a post with ferrule, but the effect of different ferrule configurations and dowel materials is not clear. Purpose: to evaluate the effect of ferrules with different configurations and heights on the stress of endodontically treated teeth restored with three different post and dowel materials. Materials and Methods: fifteen models of maxillary central incisors restored with porcelain fused to metal crowns were obtained using pro engineer software. the models were divided into three groups, each consisting of five models with ferrule heights of 0mm, 2mm, 4mm, 2mm with oblique fracture, 4mm with oblique fracture, the models under group GFR were restored with fiberglass reinforced post (GFR) and composite core build-up, group NiCr with a custom cast post metal alloy (NiCr), and group Zr with zirconia post (Zr) and composite core build-up. an oblique load of 100N and 150N at an angle of 135 degrees was applied to the palatal surface of the tooth, a vertical load of 100N and 150N at an angle of 90 degrees was applied to the incisal tip of the tooth. The maximum principal stress and the von mises stress was calculated for the remaining tooth structure and post apex using the finite element analysis (FEA) software. Results: the maximum von misses stress was observed in the apex of the post (p<0.05). Group Zr showed the highest mean stress (6.39Mpa) followed by group NiCr (5.65Mpa). There was a significant difference between post and between NiCr and Zr post for 2mm and 4mm ferrule height, while for 0mm ferrule there was a significant difference between the GFR and NiCr groups (p<0.05). Under oblique load, the maximum mean stress was observed in remaining tooth structures while for vertical load, it was observed at the apex of the post. Regarding ferrule heights, there were significant differences between 0mm-2mm, and 0mm-4mm uniform ferrule in post apex in the case of NiCr posts (p<0.05). Absence of ferrule resulted in higher stress for the NiCr group. Conclusion: higher loads that led to fracture were observed only at the apex of the post. Zirconia posts (group Zr) had higher fracture loads, whereas absence of ferrule resulted in higher fracture load with custom cast posts (group NiCr). Fracture thresholds were high on the remaining tooth structure for all the dowel systems especially for composite core build up irrespective of ferrule height and configuration. Clinical implications: appropriate selection of post and dowel materials in different configurations of ferrule heights ensures clinical success.

Indicación del problema: la fractura de los dientes tratados endodónticamente se reduce mediante el uso de un poste con férula, pero el efecto de diferentes configuraciones de férula y materiales de clavija no está claro. Propósito: evaluar el efecto de los casquillos con diferentes configuraciones y alturas sobre el estrés de los dientes tratados endodónticamente restaurados con tres materiales diferentes de postes y tacos. materiales y métodos: quince modelos de incisivos centrales superiores restaurados con porcelana fundida a coronas de metal se obtuvieron con el software Pro Engineer. Los modelos se dividieron en tres grupos, cada uno de los cuales consta de cinco modelos con alturas de casquillo de 0mm, 2mm, 4mm, 2mm con fractura oblicua, 4mm con fractura oblicua. los modelos del grupo GFR fueron restaurados con poste reforzado con fibra de vidrio (GFR) y acumulación de núcleo compuesto, grupo nicr con una aleación de metal de poste fundido personalizado (NiCr) y grupo Zr con poste de zirconia (Zr) y acumulación de núcleo compuesto. se aplicó una carga oblicua de 100N y 150N en un ángulo de 135º a la superficie palatina del diente. se aplicó una carga vertical de 100N y 150N en un ángulo de 90º a la punta incisal del diente. la tensión principal máxima y la tensión de von mises se calcularon para la estructura dental restante y después del vértice utilizando el software de análisis de elementos finitos (FEA). Resultados: el estrés máximo de von falta se observó en el vértice de la publicación (p<0.05). El grupo Zr mostró el mayor estrés medio (6.39Mpa) seguido del grupo NiCr (5.65Mpa). Hubo una diferencia significativa entre la publicación NiCr y Zr para la altura de la férula de 2mm y 4mm, mientras que para la férula de 0mm hubo una diferencia significativa entre los grupos GFR y NiCr (p<0,05), bajo la carga oblicua, la tensión media máxima en las estructuras dentales restantes, mientras que para la carga vertical, se observó en el vértice del poste. En cuanto a las alturas de la férula, hubo diferencias significativas entre la férula uniforme de 0mm-2mm y de 0mm-4mm en el post-apex en el caso de los postes de NiCr (p<0.05), la ausencia de férula dio como resultado un mayor estrés para el grupo NiCr. Conclusión: las cargas más altas que llevaron a la fractura se observaron solo en el vértice del poste; Los postes de zirconia (grupo Zr) tuvieron mayores cargas de fractura, mientras que la ausencia de férula dio como resultado una mayor carga de fractura con postes moldeados personalizados (NiCr de grupo). Los umbrales de fractura fueron altos en la estructura dental restante para todos los sistemas de clavijas, especialmente para la acumulación de núcleos compuestos independientemente de la altura y configuración de la férula. Implicaciones clínicas: la selección adecuada de materiales de postes y tacos en diferentes configuraciones de alturas de férulas asegura el éxito clínico.

Humans , Post and Core Technique/instrumentation , Dental Stress Analysis/methods , Incisor/physiology , Models, Biological , Stress, Mechanical , Tooth Fractures , Computer Simulation , Dental Prosthesis Design , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Materials/chemistry , Maxilla/physiology
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(2): 131-139, abr. 30, 2019. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145313


Purpose: De-bonding strength of ceramic veneers by laser use needs to be evaluated in detail. The aim of this study, is to determine the contribution of ceramic thickness and cementing agents to the de-bonding strength of ceramic veneers using Er,Cr:YSGG laser. Methods: A total of 120 maxillary central incisors specimens were randomly divided into twelve groups on the basis of disc thickness, cementing agent, and Er,Cr:YSGG laser use. Under laboratory conditions, 120 IPS Empress II system discs 0.5mm, 1mm, and 2mm in thickness were applied to the tooth surfaces, for laser use. An Er,Cr:YSGG laser system was applied to the central surface of the IPS Empress II discs on specimens in all laser groups (Groups 1,3,5,7,9,11). Then the shear bond strength (SBS) for all specimens were tested with a testing machine at a speed of 0.5mm/min. The SBS values were considered as the de-bonding strength. Results: The mean de-bonding strength values for Groups 9 and 11 (0,5 mm disc thickness + laser application) have the lowest median load (0.000 N), while Group 4 (2mm disc thickness + no laser) has the highest median load (573.885 N). The de-bonding strengths of all the groups without laser application were higher than those of all groups with laser use. When laser is applied, the mean de-bonding strength decreases with decreasing disc thickness, and it reaches zero at 0.5mm thickness of discs cemented by self- or total-etch adhesives. Conclusions: The de-bonding strength decreases with laser use, and decreasing disc thickness. In the absence of laser, the mean de-bonding values of discs cemented by a total etch adhesive system are always higher than those of discs cemented with a self-etch adhesive system. Without any extra load, all 0.5mm thick discs were dislodged from teeth while applying or testing the laser.

Propósito: La resistencia de desunión de las carillas de cerámica mediante el uso del láser debe evaluarse en detalle. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la contribución del espesor de la cerámica y los agentes de cementación a la resistencia de desunión de las carillas de cerámica utilizando el láser Er, Cr: YSGG. Métodos: Un total de 120 incisivos centrales maxilares se dividieron al azar en doce grupos según el grosor del disco, el agente de cementación y el uso del láser Er, Cr: YSGG. En condiciones de laboratorio, se aplicaron en las superficies de los dientes 120 discos del sistema IPS Empress II de 0,5mm, 1mm y 2mm de grosor, para uso con láser. Se aplicó un sistema láser Er, Cr: YSGG a la superficie central de los discos IPS Empress II en muestras de todos los grupos de láser (Grupos 1,3,5,7,9,11). Luego, la resistencia de la unión al cizallamiento (SBS) para todas las muestras se probó con una máquina de prueba a una velocidad de 0.5mm/min. Los valores de SBS se consideraron como la fuerza de desunión. Resultados: Los valores medios de resistencia de desunión para los Grupos 9 y 11 (espesor de disco de 0,5mm + aplicación de láser) demostró la carga media más baja (0,000 N), mientras que el Grupo 4 (espesor de disco de 2 mm + sin láser) tuvo la carga media más alta (573.885 N). Las fuerzas de desunión de todos los grupos sin aplicación de láser fueron superiores a las de todos los grupos con uso de láser. Cuando se aplica el láser, la fuerza media de desunión disminuye al disminuir el grosor del disco, y llega a cero con el grosor de 0,5mm de los discos cementados, para ambos adhesivos de grabado. Conclusiones: la fuerza de desunión disminuye con el uso del láser y disminuye con el grosor del disco. En ausencia de láser, los valores medios de desunión de los discos cementados con un sistema de adhesivo de grabado total son siempre más altos que los de los discos cementados con un sistema de adhesivo de autograbado. Sin ninguna carga adicional, todos los discos de 0,5mm de grosor se desprendieron de los dientes al aplicar el láser.

Humans , Ceramics/therapeutic use , Dental Bonding , Shear Strength , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Dental Enamel/radiation effects , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Veneers
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(1): 37-41, feb. 28, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145265


Background: Auto-polymerized acrylic resins are commonly used in many applications in dentistry including in maxillofacial rehabilitation such as interim prostheses, denture repair, reline, orthodontic appliances, record base, among others. These substances, however, have some negative aspects such as poor mechanical properties. Aim: The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effect of incorporating zinc oxide nanoparticles to auto-polymerized acrylic resins on their flexural strength. Materials and methods: Thirty specimens were made from auto-polymerized acrylic resins, divided into three main groups (1 control and 2 experimental). Each group had ten specimens. The two experimental groups comprised the zinc oxide powder at 1% and 2% concentrations, respectively. Acrylic specimens were fabricated with the dimension of 65mm length, 10mm width and 2.5mm thickness according to ISO 1567 specification 1999. Each specimen was subjected to the flexural strength test by a universal testing machine. The crosshead speed for the flexural strength test was 5mm/min until fracture occurred. The SPSS version 16 was utilized for the statistical analysis. The ANOVA and Tukey were used for the comparison among all groups. Results: there was a significant increase (p<0.001) in the flexural strength of the acrylic resins following the addition of zinc oxide particles (control group: 133.27 SD 1.73, ZnO 1%: 154.28 SD 2.90, ZnO 2%: 176.45 SD 0.94). Conclusions: The incorporation of zinc oxide nanoparticles has a significant effect on the flexural strength of auto-polymerized acrylic resins.

Antecedentes: Las resinas acrílicas autopolimerizadas se usan comúnmente en muchas aplicaciones en odontología, incluyendo la rehabilitación maxilofacial, en prótesis provisionales, reparación de prótesis, revestimientos, en aparatos de ortodoncia, bases de registro, entre otros. Estas sustancias, sin embargo, tienen algunos aspectos negativos tales como propiedades mecánicas deficientes. Objetivo: el objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar el efecto de la incorporación de nanopartículas de óxido de zinc en la resistencia a la flexión de resinas acrílicas autopolimerizadas. Materiales y métodos: Treinta muestras de resinas acrílicas autopolimerizadas fueron hechas, divididas en tres grupos principales (un grupo control y dos experimentales), cada grupo con diez especímenes. Se incorporó polvo de óxido de zinc en los dos grupos experimentales, en concentraciones de 1% y 2%, respectivamente. Las muestras de acrílico se fabricaron con una dimensión de 65mm de longitud, 10mm de ancho y 2,5mm de espesor según la especificación ISO 1567 1999. Cada muestra se sometió a la prueba de resistencia a la flexión mediante una máquina de prueba universal. La velocidad de la cruceta para la prueba de resistencia a la flexión fue de 5mm/min hasta que se produjo la fractura. Se utilizó la versión SPSS 16 para el análisis estadístico. El ANOVA y Tukey se utilizaron para la comparación entre todos los grupos. Resultados: Se observó un aumento significativo (p<0.0 01) en la resistencia a la flexión de las resinas acrílicas luego de la adición de partículas de óxido de zinc (grupo de control: 133,27 SD 1,73 MPa, ZnO 1%: 154,28 SD 2,90 MPa, ZnO 2%: 176,45 SD 0,94 MPa). Conclusiones: La incorporación de nanopartículas de óxido de zinc tiene un efecto significativo en la resistencia a la flexión de las resinas acrílicas autopolimerizadas.

Humans , Zinc Oxide , Acrylic Resins/chemistry , Dental Materials/chemistry , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Flexural Strength
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e019, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989473


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride (PHMGH) in the physico-chemical properties and antibacterial activity of an experimental resin sealant. An experimental resin sealant was formulated with 60 wt.% of bisphenol A glycol dimethacrylate and 40 wt.% of triethylene glycol dimethacrylate with a photoinitiator/co-initiator system. PHMGH was added at 0.5 (G0.5%), 1 (G1%), and 2 (G2%) wt.% and one group remained without PHMGH, used as control (GCTRL). The resin sealants were analyzed for degree of conversion (DC), Knoop hardness (KHN), and softening in solvent (ΔKHN), ultimate tensile strength (UTS), contact angle (θ) with water or α-bromonaphthalene, surface free energy (SFE), and antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans for biofilm formation and planktonic bacteria. There was no significant difference for DC (p > 0.05). The initial Knoop hardness ranged from 17.30 (±0.50) to 19.50 (± 0.45), with lower value for GCTRL (p < 0.05). All groups presented lower KHN after immersion in solvent (p < 0.05). The ΔKHN ranged from 47.22 (± 4.30) to 57.22 (± 5.42)%, without significant difference (p > 0.05). The UTS ranged from 54.72 (± 11.05) MPa to 60.46 (± 6.50) MPa, with lower value for G2% (p < 0.05). PHMGH groups presented no significant difference compared to GCTRL in θ (p > 0.05). G2% showed no difference in SFE compared to GCTRL (p > 0.05). The groups with PHMGH presented antibacterial activity against biofilm and planktonic bacteria, with higher antibacterial activity for higher PHMGH incorporation (p < 0.05). PHMGH provided antibacterial activity for all resin sealant groups and the addition up to 1 wt.% showed reliable physico-chemical properties, maintaining the caries-protective effect of the resin sealant over time.

Humans , Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , Biofilms/drug effects , Dental Materials/chemistry , Guanidines/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Biofilms/growth & development , Dental Materials/pharmacology , Guanidines/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemistry
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e008, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989480


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of conversion (DC) and the thermal stability of bulk-fill and conventional composite resins. Eleven composite resin samples were prepared to evaluate the DC, Vickers microhardness (VMH), mass and residue/particle loss, glass transition temperature (Tg), enthalpy, and linear coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) using infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), microdurometer analyses, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and dilatometry (DIL). The data were subjected to statistical analysis, with a significance level of 95%. DC and VMH were not influenced by the polymerized side of the sample, and statistical differences were recorded only among the materials. Decomposition temperature, melting, and mass and residue loss were dependent on the material and on the evaluation condition (polymerized and non-polymerized). Tg values were similar between the composites, without statistically significant difference, and CTE ranged from 10.5 to 37.1 (10-6/°C), with no statistical difference between the materials. There was a moderate negative correlation between CTE and the % of load particles, by weight. Most resins had a DC above that which is reported in the literature. TGA, Tg, and CTE analyses showed the thermal behavior of the evaluated composites, providing data for future research, assisting with the choice of material for direct or semidirect restorations, and helping choose the appropriate temperature for increasing the DC of such materials.

Surface Properties , Materials Testing/methods , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Materials/chemistry , Spectrophotometry, Infrared , Temperature , Composite Resins/analysis , Dental Materials/analysis , Hardness
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(6): 42-47, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975034


ABSTRACT Objective: This clinical study was conducted in order to evaluate force decay over time of latex and non-latex orthodontic intraoral elastics. Methods: Patients (n = 15) were evaluated using latex and non-latex elastics in the periods of : 0, 1, 3, 12 and 24 hours. The rubber bands were transferred to the testing machine (EMIC DL-500 MF), and force values were recorded after stretching the elastic to a length of 25mm. Paired t test was applied and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to evaluate the variation of force generated. LSD (Fisher's least significant difference) post-hoc test was thus employed. Results: As regards the initial forces (zero time), the values of force for non-latex elastic were slightly higher than for the latex elastic. In the subsequent times, the forces generated by the latex elastic showed higher values. Regarding the material degradation, at the end of 24 hours the highest percentage was observed for non-latex elastic. Conclusions: The latex elastics had a more stable behavior during the studied period, compared with non-latex.

RESUMO Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo clínico foi avaliar e comparar o comportamento dos elásticos de látex e não látex quanto à perda de força ao longo do tempo. Método: os pacientes (n = 15) foram avaliados usando ambos os tipos de material (látex e não látex) em cada tempo: 0, 1, 3, 12 e 24 horas. Os elásticos foram transferidos para a máquina de ensaios mecânicos (EMIC DL-500 MF) e os valores de força foram registrados após a distensão dos elásticos a uma distância de 25 mm. Foi aplicado o teste t pareado, e a análise de variância (ANOVA) foi realizada para verificar a variação das forças geradas em todos os tempos estudados. Em seguida, o teste post-hoc LSD (Fisher's least significant difference) foi aplicado. Resultados: quanto às forças iniciais (tempo zero), os valores de força dos elásticos não látex foram ligeiramente maiores do que dos elásticos de látex. Nos tempos subsequentes, as forças geradas pelos elásticos de látex apresentaram valores superiores às geradas pelos elásticos não látex. Em relação à degradação do material, ao fim do período de 24 horas, o maior percentual foi observado pelos elásticos não látex. Conclusões: os elásticos de látex apresentaram comportamento mais estável durante o período de estudo, em comparação aos não látex.

Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Orthodontic Appliances , Rubber/chemistry , Dental Materials/chemistry , Latex/chemistry , Silicone Elastomers/chemistry , Stress, Mechanical , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Analysis of Variance , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Dental Stress Analysis/methods , Elasticity , Mechanical Phenomena
Braz. dent. j ; 29(5): 469-474, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-974186


Resumo Este estudo objetivou determinar o limiar de redução na espessura do compósito de cor da dentina necessário para resultar em mudanças de cor perceptíveis e aceitáveis em restaurações simuladas. Três sistemas de compósitos (Charisma Diamond, IPS Empress Direct e Filtek Z350 XT) foram avaliados utilizando corpos-de-prova cilíndricos construídos com cores de dentina e esmalte. A opacidade dos compósitos foi avaliada usando cilindros de 1,0 mm de espessura sobre fundo preto e branco. Uma cor inicial padrão foi estabelecida para cada sistema pela combinação de esmalte de 1,0 mm de espessura com 3,0 mm de cilindros de resina na cor de dentina sobre um fundo escuro (n = 9). Em seguida, foram calculadas as alterações de cor (∆E00) causadas por reduções sequenciais de 0,1 mm nos cilindros de resina na cor de dentina. Mudanças de opacidade em cilindros na cor de dentina e cilindros combinados de esmalte e dentina foram também avaliadas após cada redução de espessura. Regressão polinomial foi realizada com médias de ∆E00 em função da espessura dos cilindros na cor de dentina; e os limiares de aceitabilidade (∆E00 = 1,77) e perceptibilidade (∆E00 = 0,81) foram calculados. Regressões lineares também foram realizadas para ∆E00 em função da opacidade dos cilindros na cor de dentina e do par combinado de cilindros de esmalte-dentina. Com exceção da Charisma, os compósitos de esmalte apresentaram menor opacidade do que os de dentina. Alterações de cor perceptíveis e aceitáveis foram observadas quando os cilindros na cor de dentina foram mais finos que 2,0-2,4 mm e 1,1-1,4 mm, respectivamente. Nenhuma diferença entre os sistemas compostos foi observada. Em conclusão, reduções no compósito de dentina menor que 0,6 mm não produziu mudanças de cor perceptíveis, e mudanças de cor clinicamente significantes apenas foram observadas com reduções maiores que 1,6 mm.

Abstract This study determined the reduction threshold in thickness of the dentin shade composite necessary to result in perceptible and acceptable color changes on simulated restorations. Three composite systems (Charisma Diamond, IPS Empress Direct, and Filtek Z350 XT) were evaluated using cylinder-shaped specimens built-up with dentin and enamel shades. The opacity of the composites was assessed using 1.0 mm thick specimens over black and white backgrounds. A baseline color was established for each system by combining 1.0 mm thick enamel shade with 3.0 mm of dentin shade cylinders over a dark background (n = 9). Then, the color changes (∆E00) caused by sequential 0.1 mm reductions on dentin shade cylinders were calculated. Opacity changes on dentin shade cylinders and combined enamel-dentin pair cylinders were also assessed after each thickness reduction. Polynomial regression was performed with averages of ∆E00 as a function of thickness of dentin shade cylinders; and acceptability (∆E = 1.77) and perceptibility (∆E = 0.81) thresholds were calculated. Linear regressions were also performed for ∆E00 as function of opacity of dentin shade cylinders and combined enamel-dentin pair of cylinders. Except for Charisma, enamel shades presented the lowest opacity than dentin one. Perceptible and acceptable color changes were observed for dentin shade cylinders thinner than 2.0-2.4 mm and 1.1-1.4 mm, respectively, were used. No difference among the composite systems was observed. In conclusion, reductions on dentin shade composite lower than 0.6-mm did not yield perceptible color changes, and clinically significant color changes only were observed within reductions higher than 1.6-mm.

Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , Surface Properties , In Vitro Techniques , Materials Testing , Dental Porcelain , Esthetics, Dental , Optical Phenomena , Aluminum Silicates
Braz. dent. j ; 29(5): 483-491, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974179


Abstract It evaluated the effect of aging by Low Temperature Degradation (LTD), executed after post- processing surface treatments (polishing, heat treatment and glazing), on the surface characteristics (micromorphology and roughness) and on the structural stability (phase transformation and mechanical behavior-flexural strength and structural reliability) of a ground yttrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) ceramic. Discs of Y-TZP (VITA In-Ceram YZ) were manufactured (ISO:6872-2015; 15 mm in diameter and 1.2 ± 0.2 mm in thickness) and randomly assigned into 10 groups according two factors: "aging" in 2 levels (with or without) and "surface treatment" in 5 levels (Ctrl: as-sintered; Gr: grinding with coarse diamond bur; Gr + HT: grinding plus heat treatment; Gr + Pol: grinding plus polishing; Gr + Gl: grinding plus glazing). Roughness (n=30), biaxial flexural test (n=30), phase transformation (n=2), and surface topography (n=2) analyses were performed. Aging led to an intense increase in monoclinic (m) phase content for all the tested conditions, being the as-sintered samples (Ctrl= 65.6%) more susceptible to the t-m phase transformation. Despite of increasing the m-phase content, aging was not detrimental for characteristic strength (except to the grinding condition). There was no significant reduction in the Weibull modulus after surface treatments. Additionally, heat treatment and glazing after grinding led to a decrease in characteristic strength, while polishing presented the highest characteristic strength values. Thus, polishing is mandatory after grinding the Y-TZP ceramic, while performing glazing or heat-treatment alone after grinding lead to the worst mechanical performance.

Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito do envelhecimento através da degradação a baixas temperaturas (low temperaturare degradation - LTD) após a realização de tratamentos de superfície pós- sinterização (polimento, tratamento térmico e glaze) nas características superficiais (micromorfologia e rugosidade), e na estabilidade estrutural (transformação de fase e comportamento mecânico - resistência flexural e confiabilidade estrutural) de uma cerâmica de zircônia tetragonal policristalina estabilizada por ítria (Y-TZP) desgastada. Discos de cerâmica Y-TZP (VITA In-Ceram YZ) foram confeccionados (ISO:6872-2015; 15mm de diâmetro e 1,2 ± 0,2mm de espessura) e randomicamente divididos em 10 grupos de acordo com dois fatores: "envelhecimento" (com e sem) e "tratamento de superfície" (Ctrl - sem tratamento; Gr - desgaste com ponta diamantada grossa; Gr + HT - desgaste mais tratamento térmico; Gr + Pol - desgaste mais polimento; Gr + Gl - desgaste mais glazeamento). Foram realizadas as análises de rugosidade (n=30), flexão biaxial (n=30), transformação de fase (n=2) e topografia de superfície (n=2). O envelhecimento levou a um aumento intenso no conteúdo de fase monoclínica (m) em todas as condições testadas, sendo observada uma maior susceptibilidade de transformação de fase t-m nas amostras do grupo controle (Ctrl= 65.6%). Apesar de provocar elevada transformação de fase, o envelhecimento não apresentou efeitos negativos nos desfechos avaliados. Não houve redução significativa do módulo de Weibull após os tratamentos. Além disso, o tratamento térmico e o glaze após desgaste levaram a uma redução da resistência característica, enquanto que o grupo polimento apresentou o mais alto valor de resistência característica. O glaze e o tratamento térmico geraram o pior desempenho mecânico, portanto a realização do polimento após desgaste de uma cerâmica Y-TZP é obrigatória.

Yttrium/chemistry , Zirconium/chemistry , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Polishing/methods , Surface Properties , X-Ray Diffraction , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Microscopy, Atomic Force , Flexural Strength , Hot Temperature
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(3): 262-268, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975743


ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate the chemical composition and radiopacity of new calcium-silicatebased cements. Discs of 10 mm x 1 ± 0.1mm were prepared of BiodentineTM, TheraCal, Dycal and GC Fuji IX (n=5). The samples were radiographed directly on an PSP occlusal plate adjacent to an aluminium step wedge. The radiopacity of each specimen was determined according to ISO 9917/2007. Statistical analyses were carried out using ANOVA and Tukey's test at a significance level of 5 %. The chemical constitution of materials was determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive x-ray element mapping. The radiopacities of the materials in decreasing order were: GC Fuji IX (3.45 ± 0.16 mm), Dycal (3.18 ± 0.17), BiodentineTM (2.79 ± 0.22), and TheraCal (2.17 ± 0.17). TheraCal showed the lowest radiopacity compared to the other materials, followed by BiodentineTM. Dycal and GC Fuji IX radiopacity values did not present significant statistical differences. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis revealed the presence of zirconium in BiodentineTM; and strontium, barium and zirconium in TheraCal as radiopacifying elements. The new calcium silicate cements present distinctive chemical composition. BiodentineTM contains zirconium as a radiopacifying element and has higher radiopacity values than TheraCal, which contains barium and strontium as radiopacifiers.

RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la composición química y la radiopacidad de nuevos cementos en base a silicato de calcio. Discos de 10 mm x 1 ± 0,1 mm fueron preparados con BiodentineTM, TheraCal, Dycal y GC Fuji IX (n=5). Las muestras fueron radiografiadas directamente en una película PSP oclusal adyacente a una cuña escalonada de aluminio. La radiopacidad de cada espécimen fue determinada de acuerdo a la norma ISO 9917/ 2007. Se realizaron los análisis estadísticos con las pruebas ANOVA y test de Tukey con un nivel de significancia de 5 %. La constitución química de los materiales fue determinada con microscopía electrónica de barrido y con mapeo por análisis con dispersión de energía de rayos X. La radiopacidad de los materiales en orden decreciente fue: GC Fuji IX (3,45 ± 0,16 mm), Dycal (3,18 ± 0,7 mm), BiodentineTM (2,79 ± 0,22 mm), y TheraCal (2,17 ± 0,17 mm). TheraCal mostró la menor radiopacidad comparada con los otros materiales, seguido de BiodentineTM. Los valores de radiopacidad de Dycal y GC Fuji IX no presentaron diferencias estadísticas significativas. Los análisis de microscopía electrónica de barrido y mapeo por análisis con dispersión de energía de rayos X revelaron la presencia de zirconio en BiodentineTM; y de estroncio, bario y zirconio en TheraCal, como elementos radiopacos. Los nuevos cementos en base a silicato de calcio presentan una composición química distintiva. BiodentineTM contienen zirconio como elemento que provee radiopacidad y tiene mayor valor de radiopacidad que TheraCal, el cual contiene bario y estroncio como agente radiopaco.

Humans , Silicate Cement/chemistry , Dental Materials/classification , Dental Materials/chemistry , Silicate Cement/analysis , Radiography, Dental , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Physical Phenomena
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e13, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889468


Abstract The aim of this study was to compare in vitro the bond strength (BS) between fiberglass posts and flared root canals reinforced with different materials. The roots of 48 premolars were endodontically treated. After one week, the root canals were prepared to simulate an oversized root canal, except for the positive control group (PCG), which was cemented with a prefabricated fiber post (PFP) compatible with the root canal size, simulating an ideal adaptation. The other samples (n=8/group) were used to test alternative restorative techniques for filling root canals: negative control group (NCG [PFP with a smaller diameter than of the root canal]), composite resin group - CRG, bulkfill group - BFG, self-adhesive cement group - SAG, and glass ionomer group - GIG. The posts were cemented and after 1 week, each root was sectioned transversely into six 1-mm thick discs and the push-out test was done to evaluate the BS. Data were analyzed by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α=0.05). The highest BS value was observed for PCG. The NCG and the GIG groups showed the lowest BS values. Root reinforcement with conventional and bulk-fill composite resins showed the highest BS values; however, the bulk-fill resin was the only treatment able to maintain high BS values in all regions of the root canal. The self-adhesive cement showed intermediate results between CRG and GIG. Root reinforcement with bulk-fill composite resin is an effective option for flared root canals before cementation of a prefabricated fiber post.

Humans , Dental Bonding/methods , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Glass/chemistry , Post and Core Technique , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Analysis of Variance , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Dental Restoration Failure , Materials Testing , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 11(4): 461-466, dic. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893289


ABSTRACT: Microwaves are an interesting alternative to process dental ceramics. It is well documented that Microwave Hybrid Sintering (MHS) allows important savings in time and energy consumption. However, little is known about its effect on lithium disilicate glass ceramics, a popular material in dentistry today. We analyzed the microstructure of lithium disilicate glass ceramics sintered with MHS compared with conventional sintering. We sintered lithium disilicate glass ceramics using MHS and conventional furnaces, and we analyzed the samples using X-Ray diffraction and SEM. Samples sintered with MHS showed an increased crystalline phase, with an increased number of crystals. These crystals have larger perimeters compared with samples sintered in conventional furnaces. MHS produced a different crystallization pattern and crystal/ matrix ration in lithium disilicate glass ceramics when compared to conventional sintering. This can be associated with the improved mechanical properties of these materials reported previously.

RESUMEN: Las microondas son una interesante alternativa para procesar cerámicas dentales. Está bien documentado que el Sinterizado Híbrido por Microondas (MHS) permite ahorros importantes de tiempo y energía. Sin embargo, poco se ha publicado respecto a sus efectos en cerámicas de disilicato de litio, un material bastante popular en odontología en estos días. En este artículo analizamos la micro estructura de cerámicas de disilicato de litio sinterizada con MHS comparada con el sinterizado convencional. Sinterizamos muestras de cerámicas de disilicato de litio usando MHS y hornos convencionales, y analizamos las muestras usando difracción de rayos X y SEM. Las muestras sintetizadas usando MHS tienen una mayor fase cristalina, con mayor número de cristales. Estos cristales tienen además perímetros mayores, comparados con las muestras sinterizadas en hornos convencionales. MHS produce patrones de cristalización y proporción de cristal/matrix diferentes a las producidos por sinterizado convencional. Esto puede asociarse a las mejoras en propiedades mecánicas reportadas previamente.

Ceramics/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Microwaves , X-Ray Diffraction , Analysis of Variance , Crystallization , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Porcelain/therapeutic use , Phase Transition , Graphite/analysis
Int. j. morphol ; 35(3): 1140-1146, Sept. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893106


This study evaluated the effect of chlorhexidine dentin treatment on shear bond strength (SBS) of adhesive systems after different storages. The work included 144 third molars that had their dentin exposed and were divided in 6 groups: G1 (ASB+CHX: Adper Scotchbond 1XT + chlorhexidine 2 % prior Primer); G2(ASB); G3 (APP+CHX: Adper Prompt L-Pop + CHX); G4(APP); G5 (SBU+CHX: Single Bond Universal + CHX); and G6(SBU). Resin build-up was performed and teeth were subdivided regarding storage times (n=8): 72 h, 3 and 6 months. Next, SBS test was performed. At 72 hours, all equivalent groups (same adhesive system, different dentin treatment) showed no significant difference in SBS (P.05). Self-etch adhesive groups (with or without CHX) presented lower SBS compared to other systems (P.05). After 3 and 6 months, all CHX-treated groups presented significantly higher SBS compared to equivalent non-treated groups (P.05). For both storage times, Single Bond Universal presented the highest SBS values within the same dentin treatment (P.05), while Adper Scotchbond and Adper Prompt-L-Pop were not significantly different among them, also within the same dentin treatments [3 months (with CHX: P=.966; without: P=.958) and 6 months (with CHX: P =.887; without: P=.990)]. CHX Dentin disinfection is indicated for all classes of adhesives studied.

Este estudio evaluó el efecto del tratamiento de la dentina con clorhexidina sobre la resistencia al cizallamiento (SBS) de sistemas adhesivos después de diferentes almacenamientos. Se removió el esmalte oclusal a 144 terceros molares y se dejó su dentina media expuesta, posteriormente se dividieron al azar en 6 grupos: G1 (ASB + CHX: Adper Scotchbond 1XT + clorhexidina 2 % antes del Primer); G2 (ASB); G3 (APP + CHX: L-Pop + CHX de Adper); G4 (APP); G5 (SBU + CHX: Single Bond Universal + CHX); y G6 (SBU). Se realizó la aplicación de la resina compuesta y se subdividieron los grupos con respecto a los tiempos de almacenamiento (n = 8): 72h, 3 y 6 meses. A continuación, se realizó la prueba SBS. A las 72 horas, todos los grupos equivalentes (el mismo sistema adhesivo, diferentes tratamientos de dentina) no mostraron diferencias significativas en los valores de SBS (P.05). Los grupos de adhesivo de auto-grabado (con o sin CHX) presentaron valores de SBS más bajos en comparación con otros sistemas (P.05). Después de 3 y 6 meses, todos los grupos tratados con CHX presentaron valores de SBS significativamente mayores en comparación con los grupos no tratados equivalentes (P.05). Para ambos tiempos de almacenamiento, Single Bond Universal presentó los valores de SBS más altos dentro del mismo tratamiento dentinario (P.05), mientras que el Adper Scotchbond y el Adper Prompt-L-Pop no fueron significativamente diferentes entre ellos, también dentro de los mismos tratamientos dentinarios 3 meses (con CHX: P = .966, sin: P = .958) y 6 meses (con CHX: P = .887; sin: P = .990). La desinfección de la dentina con CHX está indicada para todas las clases de adhesivos estudiados.

Humans , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/pharmacology , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dentin , Dental Materials/chemistry , Materials Testing , Shear Strength , Tensile Strength , Time Factors
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 11(3): 363-368, set. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-893274


RESUMEN: El propósito del presente estudio fue comparar la degradación de la fuerza entre los elásticos de látex y no látex de 3/16" y 6 oz. La muestra consistió en 30 elásticos por grupo e intervalo de tiempo haciendo un total de 180 elásticos de látex y 180 de no látex. Se midió la fuerza inicial de 30 elásticos de látex y 30 de no látex. Los demás fueron sometidos a tracción estática bajo condiciones orales de humedad y temperatura por 1, 3, 6, 12 y 24 horas antes de la medición de la fuerza con un dinamómetro (Correx 250 g, Alemania). Se emplearon las pruebas de Friedman, Wilcoxon y la U de Mann-Whitney para determinar si existían diferencias significativas. Se encontró que los elásticos de látex presentaron una degradación media de la fuerza de 13,8 %, 17,4 %, 18,2 %, 21 % y 23,4 % a las 1, 3, 6, 12 y 24 horas, respectivamente. Los elásticos de no látex presentaron una degradación media de la fuerza de 32,5 %, 39,6 %, 44,4 %, 51,1 % y 56% a las 1, 3, 6, 12 y 24 horas, respectivamente. Cuando se compararon los valores hallados entre los dos tipos de elásticos en todos los momentos evaluados se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p<0,001). Conclusión: La degradación de la fuerza para los elásticos de látex fue menor al de los elásticos de no látex en todos los intervalos de tiempo.

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare the force degradation between latex and non latex elastic 3/16" 6oz. The sample consisted of 30 elastics per group and time interval, 180 latex and 180 non latex elastics were used. The initial force was measured in 30 latex elastics and 30 non latex elastics. Others elastics were subjected to static traction in conditions of humidity and temperature for 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 hours. The force was measured with a dynamometer (Correx 250 g, Germany). Wilcoxon test and Mann-Whitney test was employed to determine significant differences. The latex elastics showed a mean force degradation of 13.8 % during the first hour, 17.4 % at 3 hours, 18.2 % at 6 hours, 21 % at 12 hours and 23. 4 % at 24 hours. The non elastics latex showed a mean force degradation of 32.5 % during the first hour, 39.6 % at 3 hours, 44.4 % at 6 hours, 51.1 % at 12 hours and 56% at 24 hours. It was concluded that the latex elastics force degradation was less than the non-elastics latex in all times.

Humans , Orthodontic Appliances , Dental Materials/chemistry , Latex , Stress, Mechanical , Time Factors , In Vitro Techniques , Materials Testing/methods , Intervention Studies , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Dental Stress Analysis/methods , Elasticity
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31(supl.1): e58, Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889454


Abstract The evolution of computerized systems for the production of dental restorations associated to the development of novel microstructures for ceramic materials has caused an important change in the clinical workflow for dentists and technicians, as well as in the treatment options offered to patients. New microstructures have also been developed by the industry in order to offer ceramic and composite materials with optimized properties, i.e., good mechanical properties, appropriate wear behavior and acceptable aesthetic characteristics. The objective of this literature review is to discuss the main advantages and disadvantages of the new ceramic systems and processing methods. The manuscript is divided in five parts: I) monolithic zirconia restorations; II) multilayered dental prostheses; III) new glass-ceramics; IV) polymer infiltrated ceramics; and V) novel processing technologies. Dental ceramics and processing technologies have evolved significantly in the past ten years, with most of the evolution being related to new microstructures and CAD-CAM methods. In addition, a trend towards the use of monolithic restorations has changed the way clinicians produce all-ceramic dental prostheses, since the more aesthetic multilayered restorations unfortunately are more prone to chipping or delamination. Composite materials processed via CAD-CAM have become an interesting option, as they have intermediate properties between ceramics and polymers and are more easily milled and polished.

Ceramics/chemistry , Computer-Aided Design/trends , Dental Materials/chemistry , Zirconium/chemistry , Dental Prosthesis Design/trends , Dental Veneers/trends , Materials Testing , Yttrium/chemistry