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1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(6): 309-313, nov.-dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354275

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El SARS-CoV-2 afecta el sistema respiratorio en diferentes grados. La cavidad oral es el lugar más colonizado por bacterias, por lo tanto, al no tener una adecuada higiene pueden presentarse diferentes enfermedades secundarias, lo que ha causado alerta en el gremio odontológico, ya que puede contribuir a complicaciones posteriores en los pacientes. Material y métodos: El estudio fue conformado por 47 pacientes voluntarios recuperados de SARS-CoV-2, residentes de Montemorelos, Nuevo León, México, donde fueron atendidos en Bucalia Dent, consultorio dental. Después del consentimiento informado de cada paciente, se realizó una historia clínica para conocer los síntomas, enfermedades sistémicas, ausencia de dientes y nivel de inflamación gingival de acuerdo al índice de Loe y Silness. A continuación, se tomó una muestra de biofilm microbiano (placa dentobacteriana), la cual se suspendió en una solución buffer de fosfato, posteriormente fue llevada al Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Ciencias de la Salud (CIDICS), Monterrey, N.L, México. Se extrajo DNA y se purificó, después se realizó PCR para detectar los patógenos orales; la PCR se visualizó en gel de agarosa (1.5%) por tinción de bromuro de etidio. Resultados: Se detectó 80.85% Porphyromona gingivalis y 68.09% Fusobacterium nucleatum en pacientes recuperados de SARS-CoV-2; 23.4% presentaron inflamación leve de acuerdo al índice de Loe y Silness, 54.5% fueron masculinos y 45.5% femeninos. Por otro lado, 36.4% de los pacientes con inflamación leve tenían de cuatro a seis dientes ausentes. En estos pacientes se detectó 18.18% únicamente con Fusobacterium nucleatum y 27.27% sólo con Porphyromona gingivalis; el sexo masculino tuvo predisposición en 66.6% y el femenino en 33.33%. Se observó infección con los dos patógenos presentes en 45.45%; y 60% de estos pacientes fueron masculinos. Conclusiones: Los pacientes recuperados de SARSCoV- 2 analizados en esta investigación mostraron mala higiene oral y alta prevalencia de los patógenos mencionados altamente relacionados a inflamación gingival o enfermedad periodontal, lo que nos indica que es indispensable la intervención del odontólogo al finalizar el periodo de infección de cada paciente (AU)


Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 affects the respiratory system to different degrees. The oral cavity is a colonized place by bacterias, therefore, by not having good hygiene, different secondary diseases can occur; this has caused an alert in the dental industry, since it can contribute to later complications in patients. Material and methods: The study was conducted in 47 SARS-CoV-2 recovered volunteers from the Montemorelos city of the Nuevo León state, Mexico, who were attended at the Bucalia Dent dental clinic. An informed consent was obtained from each of the patients, then their clinical history was documented in order to know the symptoms, previous systemic diseases, absence of teeth and degree of gingival inflammation, as suggested by Loe and Silness. Subsequently, a dental plaque sample was taken from all patients, which was suspended in a phosphate buffered solution and shipped to The Center for Research and Development in Health Sciences (CIDICS), Monterrey, NL, Mexico for storage. DNA extraction and purification was performed and PCR was carried out for the oral pathogens detection. All PCR products were visualized on 1.5% agarose gel by ethidium bromide staining. Results: Porphyromona gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum were detected in 80.85% and 68.09% of SARS-CoV-2 recovered patients, respectively. 23.4% showed mild inflammation based on the Loe and Silness criteria, 54.5% were male and 45.5% female. On the other hand, 36.4% of patients with mild inflammation had between 4 to 6 missing teeth. A single infection by Fusobacterium nucleatum was detected in 18.18% and by Porphyromona gingivalis in 27.27%; the male sex had a predisposition with 66.66% and 33.33% female; coinfection of both pathogens was observed in 45.45% where 60% were male. Conclusions: SARS-CoV-2 recovered patients show poor oral hygiene and a high prevalence of oral pathogens related to the development of inflammatory gingival or periodontal disease, this suggests the need for an odontological clinical intervention at the end of the course of infection or disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Oral Hygiene , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Porphyromonas gingivalis , SARS-CoV-2 , DNA , Oral Hygiene Index , Periodontal Index , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Age and Sex Distribution , Gingivitis/epidemiology , Mexico
2.
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 24(44): 40-47, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223492

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades del periodonto tienen una etiopatogenia compleja y puede considerarse multifactorial. El factor etiológico esencial en la patología inflamatoria periodontal es la biopelícula dental y cuando el desequilibrio entre el huésped y los microorganismos cambia la complejidad de la flora. Ciertas bacterias como Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens, Prevotella loescheii, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Tannerrella forsythia, Campylobacter rectus, Eikenella corrodens y Treponema spp., han sido comúnmente relacionadas con la periodontitis crónica y son consideradas como indicadores de riesgo para la progresión de dicha enfermedad. El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer la prevalencia de Prevotella spp y Porphyromona spp en los distintos estadios de periodontitis crónicas. Material y métodos: Se estudiaron 48 pacientes sistémicamente saludables con diagnóstico de periodontitis crónica. Se completó el consentimiento informado, se realizó historia clínica y examen periodontal. El estado periodontal se clasificó en distintos grados de severidad: leve, moderada y severa. Se tomaron muestras de dos sitios con mayor profundidad de sondaje con conos de papel absorbente estériles y se transportaron en un medio prerreducido. Para el aislamiento de Prevotella spp se utilizó agar Brucella más sangre ovina al 5%, hemina, vitamina K al que se agregaron vancomicina y kanamicina; Porphyromonas sp se aisló en el mismo medio con el agregado de bacitracina y colistina. Se sembraron 10 µl de muestra entera y las placas fueron incubadas en jarras de anaerobiosis por 5 a 7 días a 37ºC. Resultados: los distintos grados de periodontitis correspondieron a un 17% periodontits leve, 57% moderada y 26% severa. En el total de pacientes se determinó la presencia de Prevotella spp en el 54% de los casos y un 12,5% de Porphyromona spp. Conclusión: De los pacientes estudiados con periodontits crónica, un 52% correspondió al sexo masculino, un 57% de los casos correspondieron a periodontitis moderada. Se aisló Prevotella sp en todos los estadios de periodontitis crónica y Porphyromonas sp sólo en periodontitis severas (AU)


Periodontal diseases have a complex etiopathogenesis and can be considered multifactorial. The essential etiological factor in periodontal inflammatory pathology is the dental biofilm and when the imbalance between the host and the microorganisms changes the complexity of the flora. Certain bacteria such as Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens, Prevotella loescheii, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Tannerrella forsythia, Campylobacter rectus, Eikenella corrodens and Treponema spp., Have been commonly related to chronic periodontitis and are considered as risk indicators for the progression of said disease. The objective of this work was to establish the prevalence of Prevotella spp and Porphyromonas spp in the different stages of chronic periodontitis. Forty eight systemically healthy patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis were studied. Informed consent was completed, a medical history and periodontal examination was carried out. The periodontal state was classified into different degrees of severity: mild, moderate and severe. Samples were taken from two sites with greater depth of probing with sterile absorbent paper cones and transported in a prereduced medium. For the isolation of Prevotella spp, Brucella agar plus 5% sheep blood, hemin, vitamin K to which vancomycin and kanamycin were added. For Porphyromonas spp, the same medium was used and bacitracin and colistin were added. 10 µl of the whole sample was seeded and the plates were incubated in anaerobic jars for 5 to 7 days at 37 ° C. Different degrees of periodontitis corresponded to 17% mild periodontitis, 57% moderate and 26% severe. In the total number of patients, the presence of Prevotella spp was determined in 54% of the cases and 12.5% of Porphyromona spp. Of the patients studied with chronic periodontitis, 52% corresponded to the male sex, 57% of the cases corresponded to moderate periodontitis. Prevotella spp was isolated in all stages of chronic periodontitis and Porphyromonas sp only in severe periodontitis (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Porphyromonas gingivalis/isolation & purification , Prevotella intermedia/isolation & purification , Chronic Periodontitis/microbiology , Colony Count, Microbial , Risk Factors , Culture Media , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Age and Sex Distribution
3.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(2): e017, mayo-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1119286

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la contaminación bacteriana de los conos de gutapercha de tipo beta (ß) en los tiempos 0, 24, 47 y 72 horas de las diferentes proveedurías de la Clínica Odontológica de la Universidad Científica del Sur (Lima, 2020). Materiales y métodos: Se obtuvo 16 conos de gutapercha tipo beta (ß) de empaques cerrados bajo medidas asépticas, los cuales fueron colocados en viales con 2 ml de caldo BHI y, posteriormente, fueron sembrados en agar BHI, así como en medios selectivos agar manitol salado y agar MacConkey. Pasadas las 24 horas de incubación a 37 °C, se realizó la lectura de las placas y el conteo de UFC. El mismo procedimiento se realizó para los tiempos 24, 48 y 72 horas, lo que dio un total de 64 conos de gutapercha tipo ß. Resultados: Se observó que el nivel de contaminación bacteriana fue el mismo tanto entre las distintas proveedurías como a las 0, 24, 48 y 72 horas. Solo se hallaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p = 0,044) entre los distintos tiempos de la proveeduría número 5. Finalmente, todas las muestras sometidas a la prueba de la coagulasa arrojaron resultados negativos. Conclusión: Los conos de gutapercha de tipo beta (ß) se contaminaron por igual producto de su almacenamiento y manipulación, independientemente de la proveeduría en la que permanecieron. (AU)


Objective: The purpose of this study was to determinate the bacterial contamination of Beta (ß) gutta-percha cones at 0, 24, 47 and 72 hours of the different supplies of the Universidad Científica del Sur, Lima 2020. Materials and Methods: 16 ß-type gutta-percha cones were obtained of sealed packages under aseptic measurements, they were placed in vials with 2ml BHI and subsequently planted in BHI agar plates as well as in selective medias as Salted mannitol agar and MacConkey agar after 24 hours of incubation at 37 ° the plates were read and count in CFU, the same procedure was performed for the other times evaluated 24, 48 and 72 hours, giving a total of 64 ß-type gutta-percha cones. Results: It was observed that the level of bacterial contamination was the same among the different supplies in all the establish times of in this study 0, 24, 48 and 72 hours. Therefore, there were no significant differences in the level of bacterial contamination between the supplies. On the other hand, only statistically significant differences (p = 0.044) were found between the different times of the supply number 5. Finally, all the samples submitted to the coagulase test had a negative result. Conclusion: The gutta-percha cones of type ß were contaminated equally regardless of the supply in which they were stored or manipulated. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections , Coagulase , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Gutta-Percha
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33(supl.1): e064, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039323

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim was of this study was to determine the current weight of evidence for the existence of specific differences between the microbiota of healthy teeth and healthy implants, or of teeth with periodontitis and implants with peri-implantitis. A systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA statement. The MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched up to February 2018 for studies comparing microbiological data of biofilm samples collected from healthy teeth and implants or from teeth with periodontitis and implants with peri-implantitis. The weight of evidence was defined in three categories (strong, moderate and mild/some), according to the difference in number of studies showing statistically significantly higher counts and/or proportions and/or abundance and/or prevalence of microorganisms in health or in disease. Of the 132 articles identified, 8 were included. A wide range of microorganisms were present in different conditions but no microorganisms showed strong, moderate or mild/some evidence for a specific association with either teeth or implants. The results of this systematic review indicated that there is insufficient evidence in the literature to support specific differences between microorganisms colonizing teeth and implants, either in health or in disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis/microbiology , Dental Implants/microbiology , Peri-Implantitis/microbiology , Gingiva/microbiology , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Case-Control Studies , Biofilms/growth & development , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Microbiota
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(3): 296-300, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951548

ABSTRACT

Abstract In the search for the ideal treatment of periodontal disease various non-surgical techniques should be considered. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of full-mouth scaling (FMS) by clinical and microbiological parameters. 670 individuals were evaluated with 230 subjects meeting the selection criteria and were divided into two groups; 115 subjects treated with FMS and 115 treated with weekly sessions of scaling and root planning (SRP). The patient population had a mean age of 51.67 years, with moderate chronic periodontitis. Subjects were evaluated prior to treatment (T1) and 90 days after execution of therapy (T2), with regards to: probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and microbial detection for the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g.) and Prevotella intermedia (P.i.) by culture method and confirmed by biochemical tests. Subjects treated in the FMS group also rinsed with 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthwash for seven days following treatment. The results were analyzed using statistical Student's t-test and chi-square test. No statistically significant differences were observed for PD and CAL between T1 and T2 in both groups. For GI and PI significant difference was observed between the groups. For the evaluated microbial parameters was observed reduction of P.g. and P.i., but only for P.g. with a significant reduction in both groups. The full mouth scaling technique with the methodology used in this study provided improved clinical conditions and reduction of P.g. in subjects with moderate periodontitis, optimizing the time spent in the therapeutic execution.


Resumo Na busca do tratamento ideal da doença periodontal varias são técnicas não-cirúrgicas que podem ser consideradas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia da técnica de desinfecção total de boca (FMD, na sigla em Inglês) por parâmetros clínicos e microbiológicos. Foram avaliados 670 indivíduos com 230 indivíduos atendendo aos critérios de seleção e divididos em dois grupos; 115 indivíduos tratados com FMD e 115 tratados com sessões semanais de raspagem e alisamento corono radicular (SRP, na sigla em Inglês). A população avaliada tinha idade média de 51,67 anos, com periodontite crônica moderada. Os sujeitos foram avaliados antes do tratamento (T1) e 90 dias após a execução da terapia (T2), quanto à profundidade de sondagem (PS), nível de inserção clínica (NIC), índice de placa (IP), índice gengival (IG) e detecção microbiana da presença de Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g.) e Prevotella intermedia (P.i.) por método de cultura e confirmada por testes bioquímicos. Os indivíduos tratados no grupo FMD também realizaram bochechos com clorexidina 0,12% durante sete dias após o tratamento. Os resultados foram analisados ​​utilizando o teste estatístico t de Student e o teste de qui-quadrado. Não foram observadas diferenças estatisticamente significativas para PS e NIC entre T1 e T2 em ambos os grupos. Para IG e IP observou-se diferença significativa entre os grupos. Para os parâmetros microbianos avaliados foi observada redução de P.g. e P.i., mas apenas para P.g. com uma redução significativa em ambos os grupos. A técnica FMD com a metodologia utilizada neste estudo proporcionou condições clínicas melhoradas e redução da P.g. Em indivíduos com periodontite moderada, otimizando o tempo gasto na execução terapêutica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Dental Scaling/methods , Chronic Periodontitis/therapy , Periodontal Pocket/therapy , Chlorhexidine/therapeutic use , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Longitudinal Studies , Root Planing/methods , Periodontal Attachment Loss/therapy , Porphyromonas gingivalis/isolation & purification , Prevotella intermedia/isolation & purification , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Disinfectants/therapeutic use , Chronic Periodontitis/microbiology , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170318, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893723

ABSTRACT

Abstract Probiotics have provided benefits to general health, but they are still insufficient to dental health. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate milk supplemented with probiotic bacteria and standard milk, measured by levels of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and Lactobacillus spp., in 3-4-year-old children after 9 months of intervention. Material and Methods: The study was a triple-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial. The sample was composed of 363 preschoolers attending five child development centers in Cali, Colombia. They were randomized to two groups: children in the intervention group drank 200 mL of milk with Lactobacillus rhamnosus 5x106 and Bifidobacteruim longum 3x106, and children in the control group drank 200 mL of standard milk. Interventions occurred on weekdays and information was gathered through scheduled clinical examination. The primary result was the number of colony forming units (CFU) of S. mutans and Lactobacillus spp. in the saliva. Secondary results were dental caries, rated by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS), dental plaque, pH, and salivary buffer capacity. Results: The proportion of S. mutans was lower in the intervention group compared with the control group after 9 months; however, the differences did not reach statistical significance (p=0.173); on the other hand, statistically significant differences between groups were found in the CFU/mL of Lactobacillus spp. (p=0.002). There was not statistically significant difference in the prevalence of dental caries for both groups (p=0.767). Differences between groups were found in the salivary buffering capacity (p=0.000); neither salivary pH nor dental plaque were significantly different. Conclusions: Regular consumption of milk containing probiotics bacteria reduced CFU/mL of Lactobacillus spp. and increased salivary buffering capacity at 9 months of consumption.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Saliva/microbiology , Streptococcus mutans/isolation & purification , Probiotics/administration & dosage , Milk/chemistry , Lactobacillus/isolation & purification , Time Factors , Colony Count, Microbial , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Caries/microbiology , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Milk/microbiology
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170154, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893720

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between subgingival restorations and the target periodontopathogenic bacteria (Pg, Td and Pi) in subgingival biofilm during one year after combined restorative-periodontal treatment. Material and Methods Seventeen systemically healthy subjects, who were positive for the presence of three cervical lesions associated with gingival recessions in three different adjacent teeth, were included in the study. A total of 51 combined defects were treated with connective tissue graft plus a nanofilled composite resin (NCR+CTG), a resin-modified glass ionemer cement (RMGI+CTG) and a fluoride-releasing resin material with pre-reacted glass (PRG), called giomer (Giomer+CTG). Periodontal clinical measurements and subgingival plaque samples were obtained from all combined defects at baseline and at 6 and 12 months after the surgery. The number of bacteria were evaluated by the real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method. Results No statistically significant difference in the amount of DNA copies of Pg, Td and Pi was observed in any of the groups at any time points (p>0.05). In addition, there was no statistically significant difference in the amount of DNA copies of the bacteria at baseline and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively, regardless of treatment group (p>0.05). Conclusion This study suggests that subgingivally placed NCR, RMGI and giomer restorations can show similar effects on periodontopathogenic bacteria in the treatment of gingival recessions that are associated with noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Porphyromonas gingivalis/drug effects , Prevotella intermedia/drug effects , Composite Resins/pharmacology , Biofilms/drug effects , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Treponema denticola/drug effects , Glass Ionomer Cements/pharmacology , Periodontal Diseases/microbiology , Periodontal Diseases/prevention & control , Reference Values , Time Factors , DNA, Bacterial , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Porphyromonas gingivalis/genetics , Prevotella intermedia/genetics , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Dental Plaque/drug therapy , Treponema denticola/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/statistics & numerical data , Gingival Recession/therapy , Middle Aged
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170075, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893719

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this double-blind, placebo-controlled and parallel- arm randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus SP1-containing probiotic sachet and azithromycin tablets as an adjunct to nonsurgical therapy in clinical parameters and in presence and levels of Tannerella forsythia, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. Material and Methods: Forty-seven systemically healthy volunteers with chronic periodontitis were recruited and monitored clinically and microbiologically at baseline for 3, 6 and 9 months after therapy. Subgingival plaque samples were collected from four periodontal sites with clinical attachment level ≥1 mm, probing pocket depth ≥4 mm and bleeding on probing, one site in each quadrant. Samples were cultivated and processed using the PCR technique. Patients received nonsurgical therapy including scaling and root planing (SRP) and were randomly assigned to a probiotic (n=16), antibiotic (n = 16) or placebo (n = 15) group. L. rhamnosus SP1 was taken once a day for 3 months. Azithromycin 500mg was taken once a day for 5 days. Results: All groups showed improvements in clinical and microbiological parameters at all time points evaluated. Probiotic and antibiotic groups showed greater reductions in cultivable microbiota compared with baseline. The placebo group showed greater reduction in number of subjects with P. gingivalis compared with baseline. However, there were no significant differences between groups. Conclusions: The adjunctive use of L. rhamnosus SP1 sachets and azithromycin during initial therapy resulted in similar clinical and microbiological improvements compared with the placebo group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Lactobacillus rhamnosus/chemistry , Chronic Periodontitis/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Colony Count, Microbial , Placebo Effect , Periodontal Index , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Double-Blind Method , Analysis of Variance , Dental Scaling/methods , Treatment Outcome , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans/isolation & purification , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans/drug effects , Azithromycin/pharmacology , Porphyromonas gingivalis/isolation & purification , Porphyromonas gingivalis/drug effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Probiotics/pharmacology , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Dental Plaque/drug therapy , Tannerella forsythia/isolation & purification , Tannerella forsythia/drug effects , Middle Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170113, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893693

ABSTRACT

Abstract Dental caries is a chronic progressive disease occurring in the tooth hard tissue due to multiple factors, in which bacteria are the initial cause. Both Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis are main members of oral biofilm. Helicobacter pylori may also be detected in dental plaque, playing an important role in the development of dental caries. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of H. pylori culture supernatant on S. mutans and S. sanguinis dual-species biofilm and to evaluate its potential ability on affecting dental health. Material and methods The effect of H. pylori supernatant on single-species and dual-species biofilm was measured by colony forming units counting and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay, respectively. The effect of H. pylori supernatant on S. mutans and S. sanguinis extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) production was measured by both confocal laser scanning microscopy observation and anthrone-sulfuric acid method. The effect of H. pylori supernatant on S. mutans gene expression was measured by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) assays. Results H. pylori supernatant could inhibit both S. mutans and S. sanguinis biofilm formation and EPS production. S. sanguinis inhibition rate was significantly higher than that of S. mutans. Finally, S. mutans bacteriocin and acidogenicity related genes expression were affected by H. pylori culture supernatant. Conclusion Our results showed that H. pylori could destroy the balance between S. mutans and S. sanguinis in oral biofilm, creating an advantageous environment for S. mutans, which became the dominant bacteria, promoting the formation and development of dental caries.


Subject(s)
Streptococcus mutans/physiology , Streptococcus sanguis/physiology , Helicobacter pylori/physiology , Biofilms , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Plankton/growth & development , Polysaccharides, Bacterial/metabolism , Streptococcus mutans/genetics , Streptococcus sanguis/genetics , Time Factors , Colony Count, Microbial , Gene Expression , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Microscopy, Confocal , Dental Caries/microbiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
10.
Rev. clín. periodoncia implantol. rehabil. oral (Impr.) ; 10(3): 141-144, dic. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-900295

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Antecedentes: Gen fimA de Porphyromonas gingivalis es un importante factor de virulencia asociado al desarrollo y la progresión de periodontitis. Objetivo: Cuantificar los niveles de P. gingivalis y la prevalencia de genotipos fimA en pacientes chilenos con diferentes grados de severidad de periodontitis crónica. Metodología: Se analizaron 135 muestras subgingivales de 45 adultos (15 con leve, 15 con moderada y 15 con periodontitis severa) mediante qPCR para P. gingivalis y genotipos fimA (I-V and Ib). Resultados: Se detectó P. gingivalis en el 73,3% de los pacientes con periodontitis crónica (46,6%, 73,3% y 100% para las formas leve, moderada y severa, respectivamente). El gen fimA se detectó en el 66% de los sujetos positivos para P. gingivalis, siendo el fimA IV y I los genotipos más prevalentes. Además, se detectó fimA IV en el 75% y fimA I en el 62,5% de los casos severos y moderados de periodontitis, respectivamente. Los niveles aumentados de fimA IV se asociaron con periodontitis crónica severa. Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren una alta prevalencia de P. gingivalis y de sus genotipos fimA IV y I en pacientes con periodontitis crónica. Además fimA IV fue asociado con formas más severas de periodontitis crónica en esta población chilena.


ABSTRACT: Background: Porphyromonas gingivalis fimA gene is a key virulence factor and has been associated with development and progression of periodontal diseases. Aim: To quantify the levels of P. gingivalis and the prevalence of fimA genotypes in Chilean patients with different severity of chronic periodontitis. Methodology: One hundred and thirty five subgingival samples from 45 adults (15 with slight, 15 with moderate and 15 with severe chronic periodontitis, respectively) were analyzed by qPCR for P. gingivalis and fimA genotypes (I-V and Ib). Results: P. gingivalis was detected in 73.3% of patients (46.6%, 73.3% and 100% of patients with slight, moderate and severe chronic periodontitis, respectively). The genotype fimA was detected in 66% of positive subjects for P. gingivalis, whereas fimA IV and I were the most prevalent genotypes. In addition, fimA IV was detected in 75% and fimA I in 62.5% of severe and moderate cases, respectively. Increased levels of fimA IV were associated with severe chronic periodontitis. Conclusions: These findings suggest that there is a high prevalence of P. gingivalis and its fimA IV and I genotypes in chronic periodontitis patients. Furthermore, fimA IV was associated with severe chronic periodontitis in this Chilean population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Porphyromonas gingivalis/genetics , Chronic Periodontitis/microbiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Porphyromonas gingivalis/isolation & purification , Fimbriae Proteins/genetics , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Genotype
11.
Rev. ADM ; 74(2): 69-73, mar.-abr. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869356

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: uno de los objetivos del tratamiento endodónticoconsiste en lograr la eliminación de los microorganismos residentes enlos conductos radiculares. Sin embargo, los microorganismos presentesen la necrosis pulpar se adaptan a las condiciones de los conductosnecróticos penetrando en los túbulos dentinarios, lo que complica elpronóstico del tratamiento. Objetivo: El propósito de esta investigaciónfue describir histológicamente las zonas de formación y distribución dela biopelícula tanto en los conductos como en los túbulos dentinarios dedientes extraídos con patología pulpo-periapical. Material y métodos:Se estudiaron 34 muestras de dientes extraídos con lesiones periapicales.Ninguno de los especímenes tenía tratamiento de conductos previo, nilesión endoperiodontal, ni fractura longitudinal o fractura de la raíz.Los dientes fueron descalcifi cados en ácido fórmico al 5% en formolamortiguado durante siete semanas. Se realizó el procedimiento histoló-gico de rutina para inclusión de las muestras en parafi na. Se obtuvieroncortes seriados longitudinales del conducto pulpar para someterlos atinción con hematoxilina y eosina, tinción de ácido peryódico de Schiff ,metenamina de plata y de Gram & Taylor Brown-Brenn para identifi carlos túbulos dentinarios, la presencia de hongos y bacterias. Resultados:De los 544 cortes estudiados, 75% (405) tuvieron colonizaciónmicrobiana. No se encontraron evidencias de la presencia de hongos.Con respecto a la profundidad de penetración de los microorganismosen los túbulos se identifi caron 194 cortes (35.6%) con presencia debacterias en 150 μm y 211 muestras (38.7%) en los que la penetraciónfue más allá de 500 μm...


Background: one of the main goals of endodontic treatment is toachieve the elimination of resident microorganisms in the root canal.However, the microorganisms involved in the pulp necrosis adapt to theconditions of necrotic canals, penetrating the dentinal tubules, whichcomplicates treatment. Objective: The purpose of this research was tohistologically describe the areas of formation and distribution of biofi lmin both the canals and the dentinal tubules of teeth extracted with pulpand periapical pathology. Material and methods: 34 samples of teethwith periapical lesions were studied. None of the specimens had priorcanal treatment, endoperiodontal injury, fracture nor longitudinal rootfracture. Teeth were decalcifi ed with 5% formic acid and buff ered withformalin for 7 weeks. Histological routine procedure for includingsamples in paraffi n was conducted. Longitudinal serial sections wereobtained of the pulp canal space for submission to staining withhematoxylin and eosin, peryodic acid Schiff , methenamine silver, andGram & Taylor Brown-Brenn, to identify dentinal tubules and thepresence of fungi and bacteria. Results: Of the 544 histological sectionsunder study 75% (405) showed microbial colonization. No evidence offungi was found. 194 histological sections (35.6%) had microorganismspenetrating the dentinal tubules to a depth of 150 microns, and 211histological sections (38.7%) had microorganisms penetrating thedentinal tubules for more than 500 μm...


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Dentin/microbiology , Dental Pulp Necrosis/epidemiology , Dental Pulp Necrosis/microbiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Histological Techniques , Mexico , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Data Interpretation, Statistical
12.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(1): 53-60, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841164

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives This study analyzed the capacity of Candida spp. from dental biofilm of HIV infected (HIV+) children to demineralize primary molar enamel in vitro by Transversal Microhardness (TMH), Polarized Light Microscopy (PLM) and the quantity of calcium ions (Ca2+) released from the enamel. Material and Methods Candida spp. samples were isolated from the supragingival biofilm of HIV+ children. A hundred and forty (140) enamel blocks were randomly assigned to six groups: biofilm formed by C. albicans (Group 1); mixed biofilm formed by C. albicans and C. tropicalis (Group 2); mixed biofilm formed by C. albicans and C. parapsilosis (Group 3); mixed biofilm formed by C. albicans, C. parapsilosis and C. glabrata (Group 4); biofilm formed by C. albicans ATCC (Group 5) and medium without Candida (Group 6). Enamel blocks from each group were removed on days 3, 5, 8 and 15 after biofilm formation to evaluate the TMH and images of enamel were analyzed by PLM. The quantity of Ca2+ released, from Groups 1 and 6, was determined using an Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The SPSS program was used for statistical analysis and the significance level was 5%. Results TMH showed a gradual reduction in enamel hardness (p<0.05) from the 1st to 15th day, but mainly five days after biofilm formation in all groups. The PLM showed superficial lesions indicating an increase in porosity. C. albicans caused the release of Ca2+ into suspension during biofilm formation. Conclusion Candida species from dental biofilm of HIV+ children can cause demineralization of primary enamel in vitro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Candida/isolation & purification , Candida/pathogenicity , HIV Infections/microbiology , Dental Caries/microbiology , Dental Enamel/microbiology , Reference Values , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous/microbiology , Tooth, Deciduous/virology , Virulence , In Vitro Techniques , Candida/growth & development , Candida/virology , HIV Infections/complications , Calcium/metabolism , Analysis of Variance , Biofilms/growth & development , Dental Caries/virology , Dental Enamel/virology , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Dental Plaque/virology , Hardness Tests , Microscopy, Polarization
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(1): 82-89, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841158

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study evaluated the influence of glycemic control on the levels and frequency of subgingival periodontal pathogens in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and generalized chronic periodontitis (ChP). Material and Methods Fifty-six patients with generalized ChP and type 2 DM were assigned according to the levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) into one of the following groups: HbA1c<8% (n=28) or HbA1c≥8% (n=28). Three subgingival biofilm samples from sites with probing depth (PD)<5 mm and three samples from sites with PD≥5 mm were analyzed by quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) for the presence and levels of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Eubacterium nodatum, Parvimona micra, Fusobacterium nucleatum ssp. and Prevotella intermedia. Results The mean counts of F. nucleatum ssp. were statistically significantly higher in the sites with PD≥5 mm of the HbA1c≥8% group (p<0.05). Frequencies of detection of T. forsythia, E. nodatum, P. micra and F. nucleatum ssp. were all higher in the sites with PD≥5 mm of the patients with HbA1c≥8%, compared with those of patients with HbA1c<8% (p<0.05). Frequency of detection of P. intermedia was higher in the sites with PD<5 mm of the patients with HbA1c≥8% than those of the patients with HbA1c<8% (p<0.05). Conclusions Poor glycemic control, as indicated by HbA1c≥8%, is associated with increased levels and frequencies of periodontal pathogens in the subgingival biofilm of subjects with type 2 DM and ChP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Blood Glucose/analysis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/microbiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Chronic Periodontitis/microbiology , Chronic Periodontitis/blood , Gingiva/microbiology , Colony Count, Microbial , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Biofilms , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Bacterial Load , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Gram-Negative Bacteria/isolation & purification , Hyperglycemia/prevention & control
14.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 17(1): e3857, 13/01/2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-914471

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the antibacterial activity of tea tree EO on Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175), S. salivarius (ATCC 7073) and Lactobacillus rhaminosus (ATCC 9595). Material and Methods: The antibacterial activity of M. alternifolia EO was evaluated by the broth dilution method, by which minimum inhibitory and bactericidal concentrations (MIC and MBC) were determined. Serial dilutions range from 70243.90 µg/mL to 26.14 µg/mL. The MIC evaluation was performed in 96-well microplates, in which 100 µL of Brain Heart Infusion (BHI), 100 µL of the EO dilution and 5 µL of the inoculum (final concentration = 5x105 CFU/mL) were inserted. After 24 h of incubation, MIC was determined as the lowest concentration capable of inhibiting microbial growth, identified by the resazurin reaction (100 µg/mL). CBM was identified by the absence of subculture growths (50 µL) of dilutions equal to or greater than MIC. Tests were performed in triplicate and at three different times (n = 9). Pharmacological controls (0.05% and 0.12% Chlorhexidine), growth and sterility were used to validate the results. Results: The MIC of M. alternifolia compared to S. mutans, S. salivarius and L. rhaminosus was 1940.16 µg/mL, 3977.34 µg/mL and 3977.34 µg/mL, respectively. The MBC values were 70243.90 µg/mL, 3977.34 µg/mL and 34265.31 µg/mL, respectively. Conclusion: The essential oil of M. alternifolia presented antibacterial activity against the microorganisms evaluated when in high concentration.


Subject(s)
Anti-Infective Agents/immunology , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Phytotherapy , Streptococcus mutans , Tea Tree Oil , Brazil
15.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2017. 62 p. il., tab., graf..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-905388

ABSTRACT

Os micro-organismos estão se tornando cada vez mais resistentes aos antimicrobianos e cepas de Candida albicans resistentes aos antifúngicos tem sido isoladas, assim, torna-se importante e necessário a realização de pesquisas que avaliem os efeitos de novos métodos terapêuticos, como a inativação fotodinâmica antimicrobiana (aPDI). Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi verificar os efeitos da inativação fotodinâmica sobre biofilmes de Candida albicans, avaliando seus efeitos sobre a expressão dos genes TEC1 (fator de transcrição), HWP1 (proteína de parede celular das hifas), EFG1 (regulador transcricional relacionado com a morfogênese), BCR1 (regulador da formação de biofilme e da parede celular), CPH1 (regulador transcricional envolvido na morfogênese) e ALS3 (adesina) de C. albicans. Foram avaliadas 30 amostras isoladas de pacientes portadores de HIV e 30 amostras de pacientes com estomatite protética, quanto a produção de biofilme, peso seco e filamentação. Destas, foram selecionadas as amostras mais virulentas de cada grupo que apresentaram melhor capacidade de formação de biofilme e filamentação. Assim, foi utilizada uma amostra clínica de C. albicans isolada de paciente portador de HIV, uma amostra clínica de C. albicans isolada de paciente com estomatite protética e uma cepa padrão ATCC 18804. A quantificação da expressão dos genes foi relacionada à produção desses genes nas amostras clínicas e na cepa de referência utilizando-se ensaio de PCR em tempo real. Para a aPDI, foram utilizados os fotossensibilizadores azul de metileno a 300 µM e eritrosina a 400 µM sensibilizados com laser de Índio-Gálio-Alumínio-Fósforo de baixa potência (vermelho visível, 660 nm) e LED verde (532 ± 10 nm), respectivamente. Foram avaliados quatro grupos experimentais para a aPDI: a) F+L+: sensibilização com o corante e irradiação com luz; b) F+L-: somente tratamento com o fotossensibilizador; c) F-L+: somente irradiação com luz e d) F-L-: sem sensibilização com o corante e ausência de luz. Os resultados foram analisados por t-test, com um nível de significância de 5%. Após a análise fenotípica, as amostras Ca30 e 39 S foram selecionadas para a realização da aPDI. Como esperado, apenas para o grupo F+L+, quando comparado com o grupo F-L-, todos os genes analisados foram sub expressos após a aPDI. O fold-decrease para os genes ALS3, HWP1, BCR1, TEC1, CPH1 e EFG1 foram 0,73; 0,39; 0,77; 0,71; 0,67 e 0,60; para laser, respectivamente, e 0,66; 0,61; 0,50; 0,43; 0,54 e 0,66; para LED, respectivamente. Pode-se concluir que a aPDI mostrou uma redução na expressão dos genes de C. albicans, sugerindo a diminuição de sua virulência(AU)


Os micro-organismos estão se tornando cada vez mais resistentes aos antimicrobianos e cepas de Candida albicans resistentes aos antifúngicos tem sido isoladas, assim, torna-se importante e necessário a realização de pesquisas que avaliem os efeitos de novos métodos terapêuticos, como a inativação fotodinâmica antimicrobiana (aPDI). Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi verificar os efeitos da inativação fotodinâmica sobre biofilmes de Candida albicans, avaliando seus efeitos sobre a expressão dos genes TEC1 (fator de transcrição), HWP1 (proteína de parede celular das hifas), EFG1 (regulador transcricional relacionado com a morfogênese), BCR1 (regulador da formação de biofilme e da parede celular), CPH1 (regulador transcricional envolvido na morfogênese) e ALS3 (adesina) de C. albicans. Foram avaliadas 30 amostras isoladas de pacientes portadores de HIV e 30 amostras de pacientes com estomatite protética, quanto a produção de biofilme, peso seco e filamentação. Destas, foram selecionadas as amostras mais virulentas de cada grupo que apresentaram melhor capacidade de formação de biofilme e filamentação. Assim, foi utilizada uma amostra clínica de C. albicans isolada de paciente portador de HIV, uma amostra clínica de C. albicans isolada de paciente com estomatite protética e uma cepa padrão ATCC 18804. A quantificação da expressão dos genes foi relacionada à produção desses genes nas amostras clínicas e na cepa de referência utilizando-se ensaio de PCR em tempo real. Para a aPDI, foram utilizados os fotossensibilizadores azul de metileno a 300 µM e eritrosina a 400 µM sensibilizados com laser de Índio-Gálio-Alumínio-Fósforo de baixa potência (vermelho visível, 660 nm) e LED verde (532 ± 10 nm), respectivamente. Foram avaliados quatro grupos experimentais para a aPDI: a) F+L+: sensibilização com o corante e irradiação com luz; b) F+L-: somente tratamento com o fotossensibilizador; c) F-L+: somente irradiação com luz e d) F-L-: sem sensibilização com o corante e ausência de luz. Os resultados foram analisados por t-test, com um nível de significância de 5%. Após a análise fenotípica, as amostras Ca30 e 39 S foram selecionadas para a realização da aPDI. Como esperado, apenas para o grupo F+L+, quando comparado com o grupo F-L-, todos os genes analisados foram sub expressos após a aPDI. O fold-decrease para os genes ALS3, HWP1, BCR1, TEC1, CPH1 e EFG1 foram 0,73; 0,39; 0,77; 0,71; 0,67 e 0,60; para laser, respectivamente, e 0,66; 0,61; 0,50; 0,43; 0,54 e 0,66; para LED, respectivamente. Pode-se concluir que a aPDI mostrou uma redução na expressão dos genes de C. albicans, sugerindo a diminuição de sua virulência(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Candida albicans/immunology , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Virulence Factors/adverse effects
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e38, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839532

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to detect possible associations between respiratory pathogens from tracheal aspirate and oral biofilm samples in intubated patients in an intensive care unit (ICU), and to identify the most common respiratory pathogens in oral biofilm, particularly in patients that developed ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Two oral biofilm samples were collected from the tongue of intubated patients (at admission and after 48 hours) and analyzed by culture with the Antibiotic Sensitivity Test. The results from the tongue biofilm samples were compared with the tracheal secretions samples. A total of 59.37% of patients exhibited the same species of pathogens in their tracheal aspirate and oral biofilm, of which 8 (42.1%) developed VAP, 10 (52.63%) did not develop pneumonia and one (5.26%) had aspiration pneumonia. There was a statistically significant association between presence of microorganisms in the tracheal and mouth samples for the following pathogens: Klebsiella pneumoniae, Candida albicans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter gergoviae, Streptococcus spp and Serratia marcescens (p < 0.05). Pathogens that are present in tracheal aspirates of intubated patients can be detected in their oral cavity, especially in those who developed VAP or aspiration pneumonia. Thus, the results indicate that an improved oral care in these patients could decrease ICU pneumonia rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Biofilms , Mouth/microbiology , Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated/microbiology , Trachea/microbiology , Ventilators, Mechanical/microbiology , Candida albicans/isolation & purification , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Equipment Contamination , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects , Longitudinal Studies , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Pneumonia, Aspiration/microbiology , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Time Factors
17.
Rev. ADM ; 73(6): 280-285, nov.-dic. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869337

ABSTRACT

El Fusobacterium nucleatum es una bacteria anaerobia Gram negativa,es un residente común en el biofi lm oral y se ha encontrado una estrechaasociación entre las fusobacterias y las periodontitis. El Fusobacteriumnucleatum se ha asociado con el cáncer colorrectal, pero la causalidad y el mecanismo subyacente aún no se han establecido. La microbiota intestinal humana tiene un papel reconocido en el cáncer colorrectal. Se ha encontrado que el Fn se adhiere, invade, e induce respuestas inflamatorias oncogénicas que estimulan el crecimiento de las células de cáncer colorrectal a través de un factor de la adhesina FadA.


The anaerobic, Gram-negative bacterial species Fusobacterium nucleatumis common in oral biofi lm and the association between it andperiodontitis is well-established. Fusobacterium nucleatum has beenassociated with colorectal cancer, though causality and the underlyingmechanism have yet to be determined. The role of the human gutmicrobiota in colorectal cancer has been acknowledged. Fusobacteriumnucleatum has been found to adhere to, invade, and induce oncogenicand infl ammatory responses that stimulate the growth of colorectalcancer cells through its unique FadA adhesin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dysbiosis , Periodontal Diseases/microbiology , Fusobacterium nucleatum/pathogenicity , Colorectal Neoplasms/etiology , Adhesins, Bacterial/physiology , Drug Synergism , Periodontitis/etiology , Periodontitis/microbiology , Dental Plaque/microbiology
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(3): 229-238, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-787542

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives This cross-sectional study compared the frequency of oral periodontopathogens and H. pylori in the mouths and stomachs of obese individuals with or without periodontitis submitted to bariatric surgery. Material and Methods One hundred and fifty-four men and women aged 18-65 were conveniently distributed into four groups. Two groups were composed of individuals who underwent bariatric surgery with (BP) (n=40) and without (BNP) (n=39) periodontitis and two obese control groups with (CP) (n=35) and without (CNP) (n=40) periodontitis. The oral pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Parvimonas micra, Treponema denticola, Tannerella forsythia, Campylobacter rectus, and Helicobacter pylori were detected by a polymerase chain reaction technique using saliva, tongue and stomach biopsy samples. Results Statistical analysis demonstrated that periodontopathogens were highly frequent in the mouth (up to 91.4%). In the bariatric surgically treated group, orally, P. gingivalis, T. denticola and T. forsythia were more frequent in periodontitis, while C. rectus was more frequent in non-periodontitis subjects. Stomach biopsies also revealed the high frequency of five oral species in both candidates for bariatric surgery (91.6%) and the bariatric (83.3%) groups. H. pylori was frequently detected in the mouth (50.0%) and stomach (83.3%). In the stomach, oral species and H. pylori appeared in lower frequency in the bariatric group. Conclusions Obese individuals showed high frequencies of periodontopathogens and H. pylori in their mouths and stomachs. Bariatric surgery showed an inverse microbial effect on oral and stomach environments by revealing higher oral and lower stomach bacterial frequencies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Stomach/microbiology , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Bariatric Surgery , Mouth/microbiology , Obesity/microbiology , Periodontitis/microbiology , Reference Values , Saliva/microbiology , Biopsy , Body Mass Index , Periodontal Index , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Obesity/surgery
19.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 73(222): 7-11, jun. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-794298

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Down es un factor de riesgo no modificable para la enfermedad periodontal; los individuos con síndrome de Down tienen una mayor prevalencia y severidad de enfermedad periodontal que no puede ser explicada únicamente por una higiene bucal deficiente, y diversos estudios sugieren que esto se debe a cambios en su respuesta inmune y en la composición microbiológica de su biofilm. En este trabajo se hará una revisión de las siguiente anormalidades del sistema inmune que fueron encontradas: - defectos en la quimiotaxis de los neutrófilos - fagocitosis parcial de los leucocitos contra los estafilococos - distribución alterada de subclases de IgG en saliva - aumentados niveles de prostaglandinas E2 - aumentada cantidad de metaloproteinasas de la matriz en el fluido gingival crevicular - reducida expresión de IL-10. Por estos motivos, la atención periodontal de los pacientes son síndrome de Down es ligeramente diferente...


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Care for Chronically Ill/methods , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Down Syndrome/complications , Autoimmunity/physiology , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Periodontal Diseases/immunology , Tooth Diseases/etiology , Dental Plaque/therapy , Dental Scaling/methods
20.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 14(3): 191-198, jul. 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-853659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the antimicrobial and ant-adherent in vitro activity of tannins isolated from Anacardium occidentale Linn. (Cashew) on dental biofilm bacteria. Material and Methods:Streptococcus mutans ATCC 25175, Streptococcus mitis ATCC 903, Streptococcus sanguis ATCC 15300, Streptococcus oralis ATCC 10557, Streptococcus salivarius ATCC 7073 and Lactobacillus casei ATCC 9595 samples were used in this study. The tests were performed by the solid medium dilution method to determine the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC). The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration of Adherence (MICA) of bacteria to glass was determined in the presence of 5% sucrose. As a positive control, 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate was used. The substances were tested at concentrations of 1:1 (pure solution) up to 1:512. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the SPSS software,version 15.0. Results:Tannins isolated from Anacardium occidentale Linn. (cashew) formed inhibition halos ranging from 11 to 17 mm in diameter and were capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria tested at concentrations of 1:4 (S mutans), 1:16 (S mitis), 1:8 (Ssanguis), 1:4 (S oralis), 1:8 (S salivarius) and 1:2 (L casei). The tannin solution was effective in inhibiting the adherence of microorganisms to glass, and its effect on Streptococcus sanguis (1:512) and Lactobacillus casei (1:512) stood out, showing ant-adherent effect at all concentrations tested. Conclusion:Tannin isolates produced in vitro antimicrobial and ant-adherent activity on dental biofilm-forming bacteria and can be considered as an alternative treatment in infectious processes in clinical dentistry


Subject(s)
Anacardium , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Phytotherapy , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Salicylates , Brazil , Data Interpretation, Statistical , In Vitro Techniques/methods
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