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1.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3309, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289401

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las prótesis provisionales son restauraciones usadas en prótesis fijas durante un tiempo, hasta la cementación de la prótesis definitiva. Uno de los problemas que presentan este tipo de restauraciones es el cambio de color, que afecta a la estética y, en consecuencia, produce sensación de desagrado en los pacientes. Objetivo: Evaluar, para restauraciones provisionales, con y sin el pulido final de la superficie, la estabilidad del color de dos resinas al ser sumergidas en café. Métodos: Estudio experimental in vitro, realizado en el Laboratorio de Prótesis de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes-Argentina, 2019. Se comparó una resina acrílica (Duralay®) con una bisacrílica (ProtempIV 3M®) para restauraciones provisionales. Se elaboraron 40 discos de resinas a partir de moldes metálicos de 25 mm de diámetro y 2 mm de espesor. Se utilizaron 20 discos para cada tipo de resina, de ellos, 10 pulidos y 10 sin pulir. Las muestras fueron almacenadas en agua destilada en estufa a 37 °C durante 24 h para hidratarlos. Luego se procedió a la toma del color. Con posterioridad, cada grupo se sumergió en café, manteniéndolos en estufa a 37 °C durante 24 h más. Seguidamente, se realizó la segunda toma del color. Se utilizó el colorímetro Kónica Minolta®, determinando la diferencia total de color ΔE. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó ANOVA una vía y test de Tukey para identificar la diferencia entre grupos. Resultados: Se observó en el grupo de resina acrílica pulida una diferencia ΔE = 0,82 ± DS = 0,22 y de ΔE = 3,86 ± DS = 0,30 sin pulido. En el grupo de resina bisacrílica pulido se obtuvo ΔE = 4,84 ± DS = 0,25 y, para el no pulido, ΔE = 5,85 ± DS = 0,29. Conclusiones: Se comprobaron diferencias significativas en la estabilidad del color de ambas resinas. La resina bisacrílica fue la menos estable, independientemente del pulido(AU)


Introduction: Provisional prosthesis are restorations used in fixed prostheses for a while, until the definitive prosthesis is cemented. One of the problems posed by this type of restoration is the change in color, which affects esthetics and therefore creates a feeling of displeasure in patients. Objective: Evaluate, in the case of provisional restorations with and without final surface polish, the color stability of two resins when soaked in coffee. Methods: An in vitro experimental study was conducted in the Prosthesis Laboratory at the Dental School of the National University of the Northeast in Corrientes, Argentina, in the year 2019. A comparison was made of an acrylic resin (Duralay®) versus a bisacrylic resin (ProtempIV 3M®) for provisional restorations. Forty resin disks were made from metal molds 2 mm thick and 25 mm in diameter. Twenty disks were used for each type of resin, of which 10 were polished and 10 were not. The samples were stored in distilled water in a stove at 37ºC for 24 h to hydrate them. Color measurements were then taken. Next, each group was soaked in coffee and kept in the stove at 37ºC for another 24 h. A second color measurement was then taken. A Konica Minolta® colorimeter was used to determine total color difference ΔE. Statistical analysis was based on one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test was used to identify the difference between the groups. Results: In the polished acrylic resin group a difference was found of ΔE = 0.82 ± SD = 0.22, whereas in the non-polish group the difference was ΔE = 3.86 ± SD = 0.30. In the polished bisacrylic resin group the difference was ΔE = 4.84 ± SD = 0.25, whereas in the non-polish group the difference was ΔE = 5.85 ± SD = 0.29. Conclusions: Significant differences were found in the color stability of both resins. The bisacrylic resin was the least stable, regardless of polish(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Acrylic Resins/adverse effects , Cementation/methods , Dental Polishing/methods , Prosthesis Coloring/methods , Esthetics, Dental
2.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 61-73, maio 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282737

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Os sistemas adesivos possibilitama execução de restaurações estéticas e minimamente invasivas, sendo, portanto,objeto de pesquisas para contornar os problemas que se apresentam no procedimento restaurador.Objetivo:Avaliar in vitroa resistência de união de um sistema adesivo autocondicionante, e deste modificado com soluções extrativas de semente de uva.Metodologia:Duas soluções extrativas foram preparadas comextrato de semente de uva em pó dissolvido em acetona e etanol. A partir delas e de umadesivo,seis sistemas adesivos autocondicionantes experimentais foram preparados, diferindo quanto aosolvente utilizado eàsproporções entre adesivo puro e solução extrativa(7,5%, 15% e 30%). Setenta incisivos bovinos hígidos tiveram as raízes removidas com disco de carborundum e as faces vestibulares desgastadas comlixas d'água de granulação 120, 240, 600 e 1200 sob refrigeração até expor a dentina superficial. Os dentes foram distribuídos aleatoriamenteem sete grupos distintos: Controle; A7,5; A15; A30; E7,5; E15; e E30, contendo 10 elementos cada. A aplicação dos adesivos foi executada de acordo com as recomendações do fabricante do adesivo controle. A restauração foi realizada com uma matriz de silicone com dimensões 2mm de altura e 4mm de diâmetro e inserido o material restaurador em incremento único e fotopolimerizado por 40s. Após três meses armazenados em água destilada, os espécimes foram submetidos ao teste de resistência de união. Foi empregado ométodo estatísticoTeste Paramétrico Anova 1 Fator e pós-teste de Tamhane (p<0,05). Resultados:Os grupos A7,5, E7,5 e E30 não apresentaram diferença em relação ao grupo Controle; A15 e A30 mostraram desempenho estatisticamente semelhante entre si; e E15 não apresentou diferença estatística em relação aos outros adesivos.Conclusões:A adição de proantocianidina teve efeitos diferentes,dependendodos solventes e das concentrações utilizadas, mas sem alterar significativamente o desempenho do adesivo (AU).


Introduction:Adhesive systems make it possible to perform aestheticand minimally invasive restorations, being the subject of research to circumvent the problems that arise in the restorative procedure.Objective:Evaluate in vitrothe bond strength of a self-etching adhesive system,and modified with extractive grape seed solutions. Methodology:Two extractive solutions were prepared with powdered grape seed extract dissolved in acetone and ethanol. From them and an adhesive, six experimental self-etching adhesive systems were prepared, differing in terms of the solvent used and the proportions between pure adhesive and extractive solution(7.5%, 15% and 30%). Seventy healthy bovine incisors had their roots removed with carborundum disc and the vestibular faces were worn with sandpaper with granulation water 120, 240, 600 and 1200 under refrigeration until the superficial dentin was exposed. The teeth were randomly assigned to seven different groups: Control; A7.5; A15; A30; E7.5; E15; and E30, containing 10 elements each. The application of the adhesives was carried out according to the recommendations of the manufacturer of the control adhesive. The restoration was performed with a silicone matrix with dimensions 2mm high and 4mm indiameter and the restorative material was inserted in a single increment and light cured for 40s. After three months stored in distilled water, the specimens were submitted to the bond strength test. The statistical method Parametric Test Anova 1 Factor and Tamhane post-test (p<0.05) were used. Results:Groups A7.5, E7.5 and E30 showed no difference in relation to the Control group; A15 and A30 showed a statistically similar performance; and E15 showed no statistical difference in relation to the other adhesives. Conclusions:The addition of proanthocyanidin had different effects, depending on the solvents and concentrations used, but without significantly altering the performance ofthe adhesive (AU).


Introducción: Sistemas adhesivos permiten realizar restauraciones estéticas y mínimamente invasivas, siendo objeto de investigación para sortear problemas que surgen en elprocedimiento restaurador. Objetivo: Evaluar in vitrola fuerza de unión de un sistema adhesivoautograbante y modificado con soluciones extractivas de semilla de uva. Metodología: Se prepararon dos soluciones extractivas con extracto de semilla de uva en polvo disuelto en acetona y etanol. A partir de ellos y de un adhesivo, se prepararon seis sistemas experimentales de adhesivos autograbantes, que se diferencian en cuanto al solvente utilizado y las proporciones entre adhesivo puro y solución extractiva (7,5%, 15% y 30%). Setenta incisivos bovinos sanos fueron removidos con un disco de carborundo y las caras vestibulares fueron usadas com lija de agua de granulación 120, 240, 600 y 1200 bajo refrigeración hasta que la dentina superficial quedo expuesta. Los dientes se asignaron aleatoriamente a siete grupos diferentes: Control; A7,5; A15; A30; E7,5; E15; y E30, que contiene 10 elementos cada uno. La aplicación de los adhesivos se realizó siguiendo las recomendaciones del fabricante del adhesivo de control. La restauración se realizó con matriz de silicona con 2mm de altura y 4mm de diámetro y el material restaurador se insertó en un solo incremento y se fotopolimerizó durante 40s. Tres meses después, almacenados em agua destilada, las muestras se sometieron a la prueba de resistencia de la unión. Se utilizó el método estadístico Prueba Paramétrica Factor Anova 1 y post-prueba de Tamhane (p<0,05). Resultados: Los grupos A7,5, E7,5 y E30 no mostraron diferencias em relación con el grupo Control; A15 y A30 mostraron un desempeño estadísticamente similar; y E15 no mostró diferencia estadística en relación con los otros adhesivos. Conclusiones: La adición de proantocianidina tuvo diferentes efectos, dependiendo de los disolventes y concentraciones utilizadas, pero sin alterar significativamente el rendimiento del adhesivo (AU).


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dental Polishing/instrumentation , Proanthocyanidins , Material Resistance , Flexural Strength , Solvents , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Brazil , Epidemiology, Experimental , Analysis of Variance , Dental Cements/chemistry , Grape Seed Extract
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 47-60, maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282724

ABSTRACT

Introdução:As atuaisresinas Bulk-Fill apresentamcomovantagens e propriedades: menor tempo clínico, baixa contração de polimerização, maior translucidez, entre outros. Objetivo:Avaliar a topografia superficial de restaurações com diferentes tipos de resina composta antes e após submetê-las a diferentes sistemas de acabamento e polimento. Metodologia:Confecção de100 corpos de prova, sendo 50 de cada composto resinoso, apresentando cinco grupos (n=10) sorteados de forma aleatória, de acordo com o sistema de acabamento e polimento empregado. Foram utilizadas as resinas Filtek Z350 XT e a Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill e os sistemas de acabamento e polimento: Discos de Lixa Sof-Lex Pop On Kit;Discos Diamantado Espiral Sof-Lex; Ponta Enhance e Broca Carbide Multilaminada nº 0283F, que foram comparados com superfície deixada pela Tira de Poliester (Controle Negativo). Após 7 dias de armazenamento em água destilada, os corpos de provaforam submetidos aoMicroscópio Eletrônico de Varredura.Resultados:Os corpos de provada resina Bulk Fill tiveram como melhor resultado o sistema de acabamento e polimentocom broca carbidee resultado não satisfatório com discodiamantado espiral Sof-lex, enquanto a ponta Enhance e lixa Sof-lex Pop Ontiveram resultados semelhantes. Os corpos de prova da resina Filtek Z350 XT tiveram melhor aspecto visual de lisura no grupo controle negativoe pior resultado no grupo com disco diamantado espiral Sof-lex. Conclusões:Dessa forma, o sistema que apresentou melhor resultado foi a broca Carbidena resina Bulk Fill, enquanto a Filtek Z350 XT apresentou-se melhor no grupo controle. Porém, ainda são necessáriosestudos para se chegar em um protocolo de acabamento e polimento mais eficiente (AU).


Introduction:The current Bulk-Fill resins have the following advantages and properties: less clinical time, low polymerization shrinkage, greater translucency, among others.Objective:Toevaluate the topography of restorations with different types of composite resin before and after submitting them to different finishing and polishing systems.Methodology:Manufacture of 100 specimens, 50 of each resin compound, presenting five groups (n = 10) drawn at random, according to the finishing and polishing system employed. Filtek Z350 XT resins and Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill andfinishing and polishing systems were used: Sof-Lex Pop On Kit Sanding Discs; Diamond Spiral Sof-Lex Discs; Tip Enhance and Multilaminated Carbide Drill nº 0283F, which were compared with the surface left by the Polyester Strip (Negative Control). After 7 days of storage in distilled water, the specimens were submitted to a Scanning Electron Microscope.Results:The Bulk Fill resin specimens had the best result of the finishing and polishing system with carbide drill and unsatisfactory result with Sof-lex spiral diamond disc, while the Enhance tip and Sof-lex Pop On sandpaper had similar results. The Filtek Z350 XT resin specimens had a better visual aspect of smoothness in the negative control group and a worse result in the group with Sof-lex spiral diamond wheel.Conclusions:Thus, the system that showed the best result was the Carbide drill in Bulk Fill resin, while Filtek Z350 XT was better in the control group. However, studies are still needed to arrive at a more efficient finishing and polishing protocol (AU).


Introducción:Las actuales resinas Bulk-Fill tienen las siguientes ventajas y propiedades: menor tiempo clínico, baja contracción de polimerización, mayor translucidez, entre otras.Objetivo: Evaluar la topografía de restauraciones con diferentes tipos de resina compuesta antes y después de someterlas a diferentes sistemas de acabado y pulido.Metodología: Fabricación de 100 probetas, 50 de cada resina compuesta, presentando cinco grupos (n = 10) extraídos al azar, según el sistema de acabado y pulido empleado. Se utilizaron resinas Filtek Z350 XT y Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill y sistemas de acabado y pulido: Discos de lijado Sof-Lex Pop On Kit; Discos Sof-Lex en espiral de diamante; Broca Realce de Punta y Carburo Multilaminado nº 0283F, que fueron comparadas con la superficie dejada por la Tira de Poliéster (Control Negativo). Después de 7 días de almacenamiento en agua destilada, lasmuestras se sometieron a un Las muestras de resina Bulk Fill tuvieron el mejor resultado del sistema de acabado y pulido con broca de carburo y un resultado insatisfactorio con el disco de diamante en espiral Sof-lex, mientras que la punta Enhance y el papel de lija Sof-lex Pop On tuvieron resultados similares. Las muestras de resina Filtek Z350 XT tuvieron un mejor aspecto visual de suavidad en el grupo de control negativo y un peor resultado en el grupo con disco de diamante en espiral Sof-lex.Conclusiones: Así, el sistema que mejor resultado mostró fue la broca Carbide en resina Bulk Fill, mientras que Filtek Z350 XT fue mejor en el grupo control. Sin embargo, aún se necesitan estudios para llegar a un protocolo de acabado y pulido más eficiente (AU).


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Composite Resins , Dental Polishing/instrumentation , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Brazil , Protocols , Polymerization
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 91-97, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180719

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study investigated the effects of oxygen inhibition and finishing/polishing procedures on the composite resin properties. One bulk-fill and two conventional composite resins (nanoparticle and microhybrid) were evaluated. Specimens were prepared using 4 surface treatments: control, no treatment; Gly, oxygen inhibition with glycerin; FP, finishing and polishing; Gly + FP, glycerin followed by finishing and polishing. The degree of conversion (DC) was measured using Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) immediately and after 15 days (n=5). Color stability (ΔEab, and ΔE00) and opacity were evaluated using a spectrophotometer after 15 days of immersion in coffee, using the CIELAB system (n=5). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α=0.05) and opacity by two-way repeated-measures ANOVA. Glycerin usage increased significantly the DC however had no influence on the ΔEab, ΔE00 and, opacity values. Finishing and polishing reduced ΔEab and ΔE00 values, regardless of composite resins. Microhybrid showed higher opacity, followed by the nanoparticle and bulk fill, regardless of surface treatment. Post-polymerization polishing procedures resulted in lower conversion than using an oxygen inhibitor agent (Gly condition), but similar staining caused by coffee.


Resumo Este estudo investigou os efeitos da inibição de oxigênio e dos procedimentos de acabamento/polimento nas propriedades das resinas compostas. Foram avaliadas uma resina composta bulk fill e duas resinas convencionais (nanoparticulada e microhíbrida). Os espécimes foram confeccionados, variando o tratamento de superfície: controle, sem tratamento; glicerina (inibidor de oxigênio); acabamento e polimento; glicerina + acabamento e polimento. O grau de conversão (GC) foi medido pela Espectroscopia de Infravermelho Transformada de Fourier (FTIR) imediatamente e após 15 dias da confecção dos espécimes (n=5). Os índices de alteração de cor ΔEab, ΔE00 e opacidade foram avaliados por meio de espectrofotômetro, após 15 dias de imersão no café, utilizando o sistema CIELAB (n=5). Os dados da alteração da cor foram analisados pelos testes ANOVA de dois fatores e Tukey (α=0,05) e a opacidade por ANOVA de medidas repetidas. O uso de glicerina aumentou significativamente o GC, no entanto, não teve influência sobre os valores ΔEab e ΔE00. O acabamento e o polimento reduziram os valores de ΔEab e ΔE00, independentemente da resina composta. A resina microhíbrida apresentou maior opacidade, seguida pela nanoparticula e bulk-fill, independentemente do tratamento de superfície. O acabamento e polimento resultou em menor grau de conversão das resinas compostas se comparado ao uso de um agente inibidor de oxigênio (glicerina), porém apresenta resultados similares para a pigmentação pelo café.


Subject(s)
Oxygen , Composite Resins , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Color , Dental Materials , Dental Polishing
5.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(1): 17-20, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114887

ABSTRACT

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: The literature still lacks evidence regarding which polishing techniques have the ideal clinical outcomes for bulk-fill resin composites. PURPOSE: This study evaluated the surface gloss of two commercially available bulk-fill resin composites after different polishing procedures and characterized their micromorphology via scanning electron microscopy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 80 bulk-fill compactable composite resin discs were created. The control group was left untreated, and remaining samples were subjected to different polishing techniques. Gloss units were measured and surface morphology of disc samples was assessed. The Tukey post-hoc test was used to identify any differences. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found between the different polishing systems applied to Filtek BulkFill Posterior and Tetric N Bulk-Fill. No differences were found when the same polishing system was applied for both resins. The highest gloss values were obtained in the control group and the ENA Shiny system; the lowest were obtained with SofLex XT and Soflex Spiral Wheels for the bulk-fill composite resins studied. CONCLUSIONS. Diamond pastes have the highest gloss behavior, followed by diamond rubber points. The systems with aluminum oxide discs present the lower gloss behavior. SEM images provided useful evidence, and future studies should include an evaluation over time.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Polishing/methods , Surface Properties , Materials Testing
6.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 22(1): 81-92, ene.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091508

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Secondary caries is an important factor in the replacement of the restorations, and it is thought that fluoride-releasing materials may prevent this problem. Furthermore, the fluoride release of the materials may be increased by polishing process. Available knowledge about the effect of polishing systems (PS) on the fluoride release of materials is limited. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of PS on the fluoride release of fluoride-containing materials. Restorative materials were divided into 6 groups: Fuji IX GP, Fuji II, Dyract XP, Beautifil II, Beautifil-Bulk, and Filtek Ultimate. Each group was also divided into four subgroups: Mylar strip, Sof-Lex Discs, Sof-Lex Diamond, and OneGloss. Fluoride release was determined using a fluoride ion-selective electrode. Surface roughness was evaluated with a profilometer. Two- way repeated measure and one-way ANOVA tests were used for statistical analysis. The initial rapid fluoride release was observed only in Fuji IX. The PS increased the fluoride release of Fuji IX and Fuji II and Dyract XP materials while reducing the fluoride release of resin-based materials. The highest surface roughness values were obtained with OneGloss. Further, a significant relationship between fluoride release and surface roughness was found. The polishing provides an increase in fluoride release, especially in glass-ionomer-based materials. This article revealed that there is a relationship between fluoride release and surface roughness. Proper PS must be chosen according to the material to provide the best clinical benefits in terms of fluoride release and surface roughness.


RESUMEN La caries secundaria es un factor importante para el reemplazo de restauraciones y se considera que los materiales que liberan flúor pueden prevenir este problema. Además, la liberación de fluoruro de estos materiales podría incrementarse mediante el proceso de pulido. El conocimiento disponible sobre el efecto de los sistemas de pulido (SP) en la liberación de fluoruro de los materiales es limitado. Por lo tanto, este estudio se realizó para evaluar el efecto de los SP sobre la liberación de fluoruro de materiales que contienen fluoruro. Los materiales de restauración se dividieron en 6 grupos: Fuji IX GP, Fuji II, Dyract XP, Beautifil II, Beautifil-Bulk y Filtek Ultimate. Cada grupo también se dividió en cuatro subgrupos: Banda Mylar, Discos Sof-Lex, Sof-Lex Diamond y OneGloss. La liberación de fluoruro se determinó usando un electrodo selectivo de iones fluoruro. La rugosidad de la superficie se evaluó con un perfilómetro. Se utilizaron medidas repetidas bidireccionales y pruebas ANOVA de una vía para el análisis estadístico. La liberación inicial rápida de fluoruro se observó solo en Fuji IX. El SP aumentó la liberación de fluoruro de los materiales Fuji IX y Fuji II y Dyract XP al tiempo que redujo la liberación de fluoruro de los materiales a base de resina. Los valores más altos de rugosidad de la superficie se obtuvieron con OneGloss. Además, se encontró una relación significativa entre la liberación de fluoruro y la rugosidad de la superficie. El pulido proporciona un aumento en la liberación de fluoruro, especialmente en materiales a base de ionómero de vidrio. Este artículo reveló que existe una relación entre la liberación de fluoruro y la rugosidad de la superficie. El SP adecuado debe elegirse de acuerdo con el material para proporcionar los mejores beneficios clínicos en términos de liberación de fluoruro y rugosidad de la superficie.


Subject(s)
Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Polishing , Fluorine/therapeutic use , Dentifrices
7.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 49: e20200023, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139425

ABSTRACT

Introduction: One of the most commonly used corrective methods for staining teeth is tooth bleaching. However, subclinical alterations may occur in the micromorphology of dental tissues during the bleaching procedure, such as increases in porosity and surface roughness. Consequently, dental enamel may become more permeable and susceptible to staining. Objective: To evaluate the influence of tooth polishing after in-office bleaching treatment on color stability. Material and method: Thirty-three extracted human molars were used. The teeth were cut in the mesiodistal direction to obtain two samples per tooth (total of 66). The samples were randomly divided into six groups (n=11). Before and after the bleaching treatment, the lightness of the samples and change in lightness (∆L) were determined with a digital spectrophotometer (Easy Shade). The samples were bleached with 35% hydrogen peroxide (three sessions weekly). Three groups were submitted to polishing with felt discs and polishing paste after each session. To simulate the oral conditions during the consumption of colored beverages, the samples were submitted to alternating cycles of immersion in staining solutions (coffee, red wine, and Coca Cola). Result: Polishing resulted in an increase of mean lightness of 4.49 in the red wine group, 2.73 in the coffee group, and 4.08 in the cola group. The difference was significant in the red wine group (p<0.022), but not in the coffee or cola group. Conclusion: Polishing after in-office bleaching using felt discs and polishing paste can reduce the degree of pigment impregnation in patient with red wine rich diet.


Introdução: Um dos métodos mais usados ​​para dentes pigmentados é o clareamento dental. Entretanto, alterações subclínicas podem ocorrer na micromorfologia dos dentes durante procedimentos de clareamento, como aumentos na porosidade e rugosidade superficial. Consequentemente, o esmalte dental pode se tornar mais permeável e suscetível a manchas. Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do polimento dentário após o clareamento em consultório na estabilidade da cor. Material e método: Trinta e três molares humanos extraídos foram utilizados. Os dentes foram cortados na direção mesiodistal para obter duas amostras por dente (total de 66). As amostras foram divididas aleatoriamente em seis grupos (n = 11). Antes e após o tratamento clareador, a luminosidade das amostras e a alteração da luminosidade (∆L) foram determinadas com um espectrofotômetro digital (Easy Shade). As amostras foram clareadas com peróxido de hidrogênio 35% (três sessões com intervalos de 7 dias). Três grupos foram submetidos a polimento com discos de feltro e pasta de polimento após cada sessão. Para simular as condições orais durante o consumo de bebidas pigmentadas, as amostras foram submetidas a ciclos alternados de imersão em soluções (café, vinho tinto e Coca Cola). Resultado: O polimento resultou em um aumento da luminosidade média de 4,49 no grupo vinho tinto, 2,73 no grupo café e 4,08 no grupo cola. A diferença foi significativa no grupo vinho tinto (p <0,022), mas não no grupo café ou cola. Conclusão: O polimento após clareamento em consultório usando discos de feltro e pasta polidora pode reduzir o grau de impregnação em pacientes com dieta rica em vinho tinto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Bleaching , Wine , Porosity , Color , Dental Enamel , Dental Polishing , Coffee , Dental Offices
8.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 35(81): 73-77, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222960

ABSTRACT

El objetivo fue comparar la rugosidad de un composite nanoparticulado con diferentes técnicas de acabado y pulido. Se obtuvieron 20 discos en conformadores ad-hoc en los que se insertó un composite nanoparticulado en capas de 2mm. Se activó cada incremento durante 30s con una intensidad de 1450 mw/cm2. Todas las probetas se pulieron con la secuencia completa de discos Sof-lex a velocidad media y luego se asignaron a uno de 4 grupos (n=5) tratados de la siguiente manera: G1: sin tratamiento extra; G2: con cepillos Astrobrush y JC-SICRA-G; G3: con pasta de diamantes Diamond Gloss aplicada con fieltro; y pasta de óxido de aluminio Poligloss y fieltro; G4: igual que G3 + cepillos (igual que G2). Las superficies se evaluaron con un perfilómetro óptico tridimensional. Se registró la rugosidad promedio (Ra) en tres puntos de cada espécimen, se consideró la Ra a la media de los tres registros obtenidos. Los datos se analizaron mediante ANOVA de una vía y prueba de Tukey para comparaciones múltiples. Los resultados obtenidos fueron: G1: 132,20nm (26,16); G2: 77,20 nm (20,64); G3: 78,74 nm (10,04); G4: 66,47nm (31,08). Se encontró diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los grupos (P=0.0017); de las comparaciones múltiples surge que G1 presentó una rugosidad media significativamente mayor que los restantes. G1>G2 (P<0.01), G1>G3 (P<0,05), G1>G4 (P<0,01). En conclusión, el uso de sistemas anexos de pulido permite lograr mayor lisura superficial. El uso de más de un sistema complementario no mejora el resultado (AU)


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Composite Resins , Dental Polishing/methods , Nanoparticles , Materials Testing , Statistical Analysis , Analysis of Variance , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Aluminum Oxide
9.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 18(3): 397-401, dez 20, 2019. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359198

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: o objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar a influência de diferentes protocolos de polimento sobre a rugosidade superficial de uma resina composta nanoparticulada. Metodologia: foram confeccionados 30 corpos de prova (1,5 mm espessura e 6 mm diâmetro), divididos em 3 grupos (n=10), de acordo com o tipo de polimento realizado: 1. Grupo controle; 2. Borrachas abrasivas em 3 granulações (grossa, média, fina); 3 Borracha abrasiva de granulação única. Todos os grupos receberam acabamento com lixa d'água, simulando uma ponta diamantada fina, sendo que o grupo controle não recebeu o polimento com borracha, após esse acabamento. Após o polimento dos grupos 2 e 3, a rugosidade superficial de cada corpo de prova, dos três grupos, foi avaliada em 3 medidas, através de rugosímetro, sendo calculada a média aritmética dos 3 valores picos e vales. A análise estatística inferencial foi feita por meio da ANOVA a 1-critério e teste de Tukey, para comparações múltiplas, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: observaram-se maiores valores de rugosidade no grupo controle (3,31µm), seguido do polimento de 1 passo (1,53µm) e 3 passos (0,48µm). Conclusão: diante disso, observa-se alta rugosidade superficial no acabamento com pontas diamantadas, simulado pelo grupo controle, e sua redução após o polimento. Entretanto, apenas o sistema de 3 passos foi capaz de produzir uma lisura superficial clinicamente aceitável.


Aim: the aim of the present study was to compare the influence of different polishing protocols on the surface roughness of a nanoparticulate composite resin. Methodology: Thirty specimens (1.5 mm thickness and 6 mm diameter) were made and divided into 3 groups (n = 10), according to the type of polishing performed: 1. Control group; 2. 3 grit abrasive rubs (thick, medium, thin); 3 Single grain abrasive rubber. All groups were finished with sandpaper, simulating a fine diamond tip, and the control group did not receive rubber polishing after this finish. After groups 2 and 3 polishing, the surface roughness of each specimen of the three groups were evaluated in 3 measurements by means of roughness, and the arithmetic mean of the 3 peaks and valleys (Ra) values were calculated. Inferential statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey test for multiple comparisons, with a significance level of 5%. Results: higher roughness values were observed in the control group (3.31µm), followed by 1-step (1.53µm) and 3-step (0.48µm) polishing. Conclusion: therefore, it is noticed a high surface roughness in the diamond-tipped finish, simulated by the control group, which was reduced after polishing. However, only the 3-step system was able to produce a clinically acceptable surface smoothness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Resins, Synthetic , Composite Resins , Dental Polishing , Nanoparticles
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(5): 511-518, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039148

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the influence of zirconia surface finishes on the wear of an enamel analogue. 40 zirconia discs were divided into four groups: control (without finish); glazed; polished; polished and glazed. All samples were subjected to wear against steatite antagonists. The specimens underwent roughness, topographic, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and wettability analyses. Quantitative wear measurements were performed on both steatites and discs. To measure wear of steatites the weight before and after the test and the diameter after the test were used. Profilometer measurements were performed to determine the wear on discs. Roughness, volumetric wear and mass loss were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (5%), while contact angle values were analyzed with One-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (5%). The polished group had the lowest roughness means, being statistically different from the other groups (p-value=0.0001). The glazed group presented the lowest steatite volumetric wear (p-value=0.0001), but not statistically different from the polished and glazed group, whereas these groups presented the highest zirconia volumetric wear, with statistically different (p-value=0.0002) compared to the others. SEM showed irregularities on the control groups surface, grooves on the polished group, and a homogeneous surface for the glazed group with a few pores. All groups presented contact angles lower than 90 degrees, characterizing hydrophilic surfaces. It can be concluded that just glazed zirconia caused less wear on the antagonist when compared to no finish and polished zirconia.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a influência dos acabamentos superficiais da zircônia no desgaste de um análogo de esmalte. 40 discos de zircônia foram divididos em quatro grupos: controle (sem acabamento); glazeado; polido; polido e glazeado. Todas as amostras foram submetidas ao desgaste contra antagonistas de esteatita. Os espécimes foram submetidos à análise de rugosidade, topografia, microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) e análise de molhabilidade. Medidas quantitativas de desgaste foram realizadas nos antagonistas e nos discos de zircônia. Para medir o desgaste das esteatitas, foi mensurado o peso antes e depois do desgaste e o diâmetro após o teste. A análise de perfilometria mensurou o desgaste dos discos. Rugosidade, desgaste volumétrico e perda de massa foram analisados pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn (5%), enquanto os valores de ângulo de contato foram analisados com os testes One-way ANOVA e Tukey (5%). O grupo polido apresentou as menores médias de rugosidade, sendo estatisticamente diferente dos demais grupos (p-valor=0,0001). O grupo glazeado apresentou o menor desgaste volumétrico do antagonista (p-valor=0,0001), mas não foi estatisticamente diferente do grupo polido e glazeado, enquanto que esses grupos apresentaram o maior desgaste volumétrico da zircônia, com diferença estatisticamente diferente (p-valor=0,0002) em comparação com os outros. MEV mostrou irregularidades na superfície do grupo controle, sulcos no grupo polido e uma superfície homogênea para o grupo glazeado, com poucos poros. Todos os grupos apresentaram ângulos de contato menores que 90 graus, caracterizando superfícies hidrofílicas. Dentro das limitações deste estudo in vitro, é possível concluir que zircônia glazeada causou menos desgaste ao antagonista quando comparada a zircônia sem tratamento ou polida. Além disso, não foi encontrada diferença no desgaste do antagonista para os grupos de zirconia polida e controle.


Subject(s)
Zirconium , Dental Porcelain , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Dental Polishing
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(2): 164-170, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001442

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of different finishing-polishing protocols on surface roughness, gloss, morphology and biaxial flexural strength of pressable fluorapatite glass ceramic. Thirty ceramic discs (12x1 mm) were produced and divided into five groups (n=6): CT: control (glaze); DA: fine grit diamond bur; DG: DA + new glaze layer; DP: DA + felt disk with fine grit diamond paste; DK: DA+ sequential polishing with silicon abrasive instruments, goat hair brush and cotton wheel. The specimens were analyzed for surface roughness (Ra) under profilometry and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Gloss was measured with spectrophotometry and micromorphology with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Flexural strength was assessed by biaxial flexural strength test. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test (a=0.05). DK showed the lowest surface roughness values and DA presented the highest in the perfilometer analysis. No significant differences were observed in the AFM for the CT, DG and DK groups, which presented the lower surface roughness; DA and DP had the higher Ra values. The DA, DP and CT showed the lowest surface gloss values, and the reflectance was significantly different from those observed for DK and DG groups. SEM analysis revealed the smoothest surface for DK group, followed by DG and CT groups; DA and DP groups exhibited variable degrees of surface irregularities. No significant differences were observed among groups for the biaxial flexural strength. The polishing protocol used in DK group can be a good alternative for chairside finishing of adjusted pressable fluorapatite glass ceramic surfaces.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes protocolos de acabamento e polimento na rugosidade da superfície, brilho, resistência à flexão biaxial e morfologia de cerâmica prensada. Trinta discos de cerâmica (12x1 mm) foram produzidos e divididos em cinco grupos (n=6): CT- controle (glaze); DA- ponta diamantada de granulação fina; DG: DA + nova camada de glaze; DP: DA + disco de feltro com pasta de diamante de granulo fino; DK: DA + polimento sequencial com instrumentos abrasivos de silício, escova de cabra e roda de algodão. Os espécimes foram analisados quanto à rugosidade da superfície (Ra) sob profilometria e microscopia de força atômica (AFM). O brilho foi medido com espectrofotometria e a micromorfologia com microscopia eletrônica de varredura (SEM). A resistência à flexão foi avaliada pelo teste de resistência à flexão biaxial. Os dados foram analisados ​​usando ANOVA um fator e teste post hoc de Tukey (a=0,05). DK mostrou mais baixos valores de rugosidade da superfície e DA apresentou o maior na análise do perfilômetro. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas no AFM para os grupos CT, DG e DK, que apresentaram a menor rugosidade de superfície; DA e DP apresentaram os maiores valores Ra. O DA, DP e CT mostraram valores de brilho superficial mais baixos, e a reflectância foi significativamente diferente da observada para os grupos DK e DG. A análise de SEM revelou a superfície mais homogênea para o grupo DK, seguido de grupos DG e CT; Os grupos DA e DP exibiram graus variáveis de irregularidades da superfície. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas entre os grupos quanto à resistência à flexão biaxial. O protocolo de polimento utilizado no grupo DK pode ser uma boa alternativa para o acabamento em consultório das superfícies de cerâmicas prensadas após ajustes.


Subject(s)
Dental Polishing , Dental Porcelain , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Ceramics , Flexural Strength
12.
Rev. ADM ; 76(1): 30-37, ene.-feb. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-995811

ABSTRACT

La odontología de mínima invasión se ha convertido en la filosofía de tratamiento dental más aceptada en la actualidad. La posibilidad de incorporarla se ha debido en gran medida a la aparición de nuevos materiales dentales que se adhieren a la estructura dental, a técnicas más conservadoras de estructura dental sana y sobre todo a una nueva forma de pensar tanto de clínicos como de los mismos pacientes. La odontología estética contemporánea se ha visto infl uenciada por este nuevo paradigma. El tratamiento de pigmentaciones dentales también se ha visto benefi ciado por esta nueva tendencia y nuevos materiales han aparecido recientemente que conservan la mayor cantidad de tejido dental sano sin necesidad de preparaciones no conservadoras. Lo más importante al incorporar estas nuevas tecnologías es la realización de un diagnóstico adecuado entendiendo la causa que origina esta condición y así poder implementar el mejor tratamiento posible (AU)


Minimally invasive dentistry has become the standard of care most widely accepted today. This trend has been posible in great extent to the advent of new dental materials that adhere to dental structure, more conservative techniques of healthy dental tissue but mainly from clinicians and patients with a new way of thinking. Contemporary esthetic dentistry has been influenced by this new paradigm. Treatment of dental stainings has also been infl uenced by this new trend and new materials have recently surfaced that keep healthy dental tissue without the need of non conservative preparations. The most important aspect in order to incorporate this new technologies is a correct diagnosis understanding the cause that originated this condition in order to implement the best posible treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Discoloration/therapy , Enamel Microabrasion , Esthetics, Dental , Tooth Bleaching , Biocompatible Materials , Calcium Hydroxide , Dental Polishing , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Hydrochloric Acid , Fluorosis, Dental/therapy
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e121, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132648

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The objective of the study was to analyze the surface area (SA) of the wear caused by simulated chewing on human enamel and opposing restorative material, namely: composite resin (CR), porcelain fused to metal (PFM), lithium disilicate (LD), or monolithic zirconia (MZr). Forty-eight premolars were selected as enamel specimens and divided randomly into 4 groups (n = 48; n =12) used as antagonists in chewing simulation (250,000 loading cycles) against one of the four selected test materials. Enamel and material specimens were scanned and evaluated under digital microscope, and wear SA (mm2) were recorded. Descriptive statistics, paired t-test, one-way ANOVA, and post-hoc Tukey-HSD tests were used for statistics (p < 0.05). The smallest and largest SA were exhibited by enamel against LD (0.80 mm2) and PFM (1.74 mm2), respectively. PFM (3.48 mm2) showed the largest SA and CR (2.28 mm2) showed the smallest SA. Paired t-test for SA values showed significant difference (p < 0.05) in all wear comparisons between materials and enamel antagonists. The wear of materials were greater than that of their respective enamel antagonists (p < 0.05). One-way ANOVA of the logarithmic means of wear SA revealed significant differences (P<0.05). Post-hoc Tukey test revealed significance for PFM (p < 0.05) with other materials. Wear of all test materials was greater compared to the wear of enamel antagonists. PFM and LD caused the largest and the smallest enamel wear, respectively. CR, LD, and MZr are more resistant than PFM to wear after simulated chewing against enamel.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Zirconium/chemistry , Metal Ceramic Alloys/chemistry , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Dental Porcelain/chemistry , Tooth Wear/etiology , Mastication , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Materials Testing , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Polishing/methods , Microscopy/instrumentation
14.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191643, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1095224

ABSTRACT

Aim: The objective was to evaluate, quantitative and qualitative, the abrasive effect of three polishing systems on the monolithic zirconia ceramic. Methods: Thirty disk-shaped samples of Yttria Tetragonal Zirconia Polycrystal (Y-TZP) were randomly distributed in three groups (n = 10) according to polishing system: G1- Komet system (KO); G2 - CeraGloss system (CG); G3 - Eve Diacera system (EV). The surface roughness (Ra) was obtained with Rugosimeter in four different moments: a) initial - glaze sample (Ra0); b) after occlusal adjustment with diamond burs (Ra1); c) after polishing with the abrasive systems (Ra2); d) after polishing with felt disc and diamond paste (Ra3). Four additional samples were observed in scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results: According to the Generalized Estimating Equation followed by the Bonferroni test (α = 0.05), the CG provided the lowest Ra2 (0.63 µm), not differing significantly from the KO (0.78 µm). The highest Ra2 was obtained with the EV (0.97 µm), which did not differ significantly from the KO. There was no statistical difference in Ra between the polishing with the abrasive systems (Ra2) and the final polishing with diamond paste (Ra3). SEM images showed that the polishing systems did not completely remove the grooves caused by the diamond burs during the occlusal adjustment. Conclusion: It was concluded that CG promoted smoother surface of the monolithic zirconia ceramic compared to EV, and intermediate smoothness was obtained with KO


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Zirconium , Ceramics , Dental Polishing
15.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 38(2): 263-274, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051116

ABSTRACT

Introdução: uma superfície polida aumenta a resistência, a compressão, a corrosão e as fraturas marginais do amálgama. Objetivo: o presente estudo avalia a eficácia de quatro técnicas de polimento em restaurações de amálgama quanto à capacidade de promover lisura superficial nas mesmas, e se entre elas, existe, alguma mais eficaz em comparação às demais. Método: neste experimento, realizaram- -se polimentos em 60 corpos de prova de amalgama divididos em 4 grupos, de acordo com a técnica de polimento: taça de borracha +pedra pomes; pontas de silicone abrasiva; pontas de silicone abrasiva + pedra pomes; taça de borracha, pedra pomes + pontas de silicone abrasiva. Mensurou-se a rugosidade superficial em micrômetros, computando os dados em Microsoft Excel e submetendo-os ao teste de Kruskal-Wallis. Resultados e Conclusão: após a avaliação dos resultados, constatou-se que houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre uma das técnicas em relação às dos demais grupos: o tratamento feito com o grupo pontas de silicone abrasivas apresentou a melhor lisura de superfície.


Introduction: a polished surface increases the compression resistance, corrosion and marginal fractures of amalgam. Objective: the present study evaluates the effectiveness of four techniques for polishing in amalgam restorations, as well as its ability to promote surface smoothness in it, and if among them is there any more effective when compared to another. Methods: in the experimental phase, was carried out polishes in 60 specimens of amalgam, divided into four groups by the technique of polishing: rubber cup and pumice stone; abrasive silicone tips; abrasive silicone tips and pumice stone; rubber cup, pumice stone and abrasive silicone. Surface roughness was measured in micrometres, computing the data in Microsoft Excel and subjecting it to the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results and conclusion: the evaluation of the results showed that there was a difference statistically significant between one of the techniques regarding the other ones: the treatment done by the group of abrasive silicone tips presented the best smoothness of the surface.


Subject(s)
Dental Polishing , Dental Amalgam
16.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 48: e20180096, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-991493

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução Com o avanço estético e tecnológico dos compósitos restauradores diretos, a procura pela Odontologia Éstética tem aumentado. Objetivo Avaliar o manchamento e a rugosidade superficial dos compósitos Filtek Z350 (3M ESPE) e Filtek Bulk Fill (3M ESPE), polidos por diferentes sistemas: Disco SofLex e Disco SofLex diamantado espiral (ambos da 3M ESPE), após exposição repetitiva ao café. Material e método Neste estudo in vitro, um total de 80 discos de resina foi confeccionado, com 40 espécimes para cada compósito avaliado. Os espécimes foram ainda subdivididos em grupos (n=10) de acordo com o método de polimento ‒ SofLex e SofLex diamantado ‒ e a solução de armazenamento ‒ água deionizada (controle) e café (experimental). Após 24 horas de armazenamento em água deionizada, foi realizada a avaliação de cor e rugosidade inicial, bem como a execução dos protocolos de polimento testados. Posteriormente, os espécimes foram expostos ao processo de manchamento em café e água deionizada durante 42 dias. Após esse período, a cor e a rugosidade foram reavaliadas. Resultado A análise estatística paramétrica evidenciou que o manchamento superficial foi influenciado significativamente pelos fatores compósito e solução, mas não pelo fator polidor ou ainda por qualquer interação entre os fatores. Para o fator compósito, Filtek Z350 exibiu maior manchamento, e para o fator solução, foi observado maior manchamento para o café. Já na análise de rugosidade, não houve diferenças significativas. Conclusão Independentemente do sistema de polimento, a solução experimental de café alterou a cor de ambos os compósitos avaliados e verificou-se que a rugosidade não foi alterada.


Abstract Introduction The aesthetic and technological development of direct restorative composites has increased the search for an aesthetic dentistry. Objective Assess the surface staining and roughness of composites: Filtek Z350 (3M ESPE) and Filtek Bulk Fill (3M ESPE), polished by different systems: Disco SofLex and Disco SofLex diamond spiral (both from 3M ESPE), after repeated exposure to coffee. Material and method This study was carried out together with 80 resin discs were made, 40 articles for each study evaluated. The compounds were divided into groups (n = 10) according to the polishing method - Softex and Softex diamond, storage solution - deionized water (control) and coffee (experimental). After 24 hours of storage in deionized water, a color evaluation was performed initially, as well as the execution of the polishing protocols tested. Subsequently, the specimens were exposed to the staining process in coffee and deionized water for 42 days. After this period, the color and roughness were assessed again. Result The parametric statistical analysis showed that surface staining was affected significantly by the composite and solution factors, but not by the polisher factor or by any interaction among factors. For the composite factor, Filtek Z350 showed greater staining and for the solution factor, coffee showed greater staining. In contrast, the roughness analysis did not show significant differences. Conclusion Regardless of the polishing system, differences in composite composition affect the color stability of the composites; and coffee changes the color of both; the roughness was not altered.


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques , Composite Resins , Physical Properties , Dental Polishing , Coffee , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Esthetics, Dental
17.
Arq. odontol ; 55: 1-6, jan.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1052483

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a capacidade do sistema de polimento para reduzir a rugosidade superficial de cerâmicas IPS e.max após acabamento com brocas diamantadas. Métodos: Dez corpos de prova foram confeccionados a partir de blocos de cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio, cristalizados e glazeados (Grupo G1) antes de serem submetidos a leitura com rugosímetro portátil em três pontos diferentes. Foi simulado ajuste oclusal com brocas diamantadas cilíndricas de granulação fina (Grupo G2) e feita uma nova leitura antes de realizar a sequência de polimento com o Kit EVE Diapol H8 (Grupo G3), constituído de três discos de borrachas abrasivas de granulações decrescentes. Após análise da rugosidade superficial do último grupo, as médias das três medições foram submetidas à análise estatística ANOVA e ao teste Tukey com o nível de significância 5%. Resultados:A análise dos dados obtidos revelou diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os três grupos, sendo que no Grupo G2 a rugosidade foi maior que no Grupo G1, que por sua vez foi maior que no Grupo G3. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que o sistema de polimento EVE Diapol H8 reduziu efetivamente a rugosidade superficial após acabamento com brocas diamantadas e proporcionou uma lisura superficial superior àquela dada pelo glaze. (AU)


Aim: This study sought to verify the ability of the polishing system to reduce the surface roughness of IPS E.max ceramics after finishing with diamond drills. Methods:Ten specimens were made from lithium disilicate ceramic blocks, crystallized, and glazed (Group G1) before being subjected to reading with a portable rugosimeter at three different points. Occlusal adjustment was simulated with fine-grained cylindrical diamond burs (Group G2) and re-read before performing the polishing sequence with the EVE Diapol H8 Kit (Group G3), consisting of three rubber diamond discs with decreasing granulations. After analyzing the surface roughness of the last group, the means of the three measurements were submitted to ANOVA statistical analysis and to the Tukey test with a significance level of 5%. Results: The analysis of the data revealed a statistically significant difference between the three groups, with the roughness in the G2 Group being greater than that in the G1 Group, which in turn was greater than that in the G3 Group. Conclusion: It was therefore concluded that the EVE Diapol H8 polishing system effectively reduced surface roughness after finishing with diamond drills and provided a surface smoothness that is superior to that given by the glaze. (AU)


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Materials , Dental Polishing , Lithium
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742083

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of various protocols and systems for finishing and polishing monolithic zirconia on surface topography, phase transformation, and bacterial adhesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred monolithic zirconia specimens were fabricated and then treated with three finishing and polishing systems (Jota [JO], Meisinger [ME], and Edenta [ED]) using four surface treatment protocols: coarse finishing alone (C); coarse finishing and medium polishing (CM); coarse finishing and fine polishing (CF); and coarse finishing, medium polishing, and fine polishing (CMF). Surface roughness, crystal phase transformation, and bacterial adhesion were evaluated using atomic force microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and streptococcal biofilm formation assay, respectively. One-way and two-way analysis of variance with Tukey post hoc tests were used to analyze the results (α=.05). RESULTS: In this study, the surface treatment protocols and systems had significant effects on the resulting roughness. The CMF protocol produced the lowest roughness values, followed by CM and CF. Use of the JO system produced the lowest roughness values and the smallest biofilm mass, while the ME system produced the smallest partial transformation ratio. The ED group exhibited the highest roughness values, biofilm mass, and partial transformation ratio. CONCLUSION: Stepwise surface treatment of monolithic zirconia, combined with careful polishing system selection, is essential to obtaining optimal microstructural and biological surface results.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , Biofilms , Clinical Protocols , Dental Polishing , Microscopy, Atomic Force , X-Ray Diffraction
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742077

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of different finishing and polishing techniques on water absorption, water solubility, and microhardness of ceramic or glass-polymer based computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) materials following thermocycling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 150 disc-shaped specimens were prepared from three different hybrid materials and divided into five subgroups according to the applied surface polishing techniques. All specimens were subjected up to #4000 grit SiC paper grinding. No additional polishing has been done to the control group (Group I). Other polishing procedures were as follows: Group II: two-stage diamond impregnated polishing discs; Group III: yellow colored rubber based silicone discs; Group IV: diamond polishing paste; and Group V: Aluminum oxide polishing discs. Subsequently, 5000-cycles of thermocycling were applied. The analyses were conducted after 24 hours, 7 days, and 30 days of water immersion. Water absorption and water solubility results were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc tests. Besides, microhardness data were compared by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests (P.05). CONCLUSION: Surface finishing and polishing procedures might negatively affect physical properties of hybrid ceramic materials. Nevertheless, immersion periods do not affect the microhardness of the materials. Final polishing by using diamond polishing paste can be recommended for all CAD/CAM materials.


Subject(s)
Absorption , Aluminum Oxide , Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Polishing , Diamond , Immersion , Rubber , Silicon , Silicones , Solubility , Water
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742070

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Surface finishing of a zirconia restoration is essential after clinical adjustment. Herein, we investigated the effects of a surface finishing protocol for monolithic zirconia on final roughness and bacterial adherence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight disk-shaped monolithic zirconia specimens were fabricated and divided into four groups (n = 12) based on initial surface treatment, finishing, and polishing protocols: diamond bur+polishing bur (DP group), diamond bur+stone grinding bur+polishing bur (DSP group), no diamond bur+polishing bur (NP group), and no diamond bur+stone grinding bur+polishing bur (NSP group). Initial and final surface roughness was measured with a profilometer, and shown using scanning electron microscope. Bacterial adhesion was evaluated by quantifying Streptococcus mutans in the biofilm. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to compare results among groups, and two-way analysis of variance was used to evaluate the effects of grinding burs on final roughness (α=.05). RESULTS: The DP group had the highest final Ra value, followed by the DSP, NP, and NSP groups. Use of the stone grinding bur as a coarse-finishing step significantly decreased final Ra values when a diamond bur was used (P < .001). Omission of the stone grinding bur increased biofilm formation on specimen surfaces. Combining a stone grinding bur with silicone polishing burs produced the smallest final biofilm values, regardless of the use of a diamond bur in initial surface treatment. CONCLUSION: Coarse finishing of monolithic zirconia with a stone grinding bur significantly decreased final Ra values and bacterial biofilm formation when surfaces had been roughened by a diamond bur.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , Biofilms , Dental Instruments , Dental Polishing , Diamond , Silicon , Silicones , Streptococcus mutans
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